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Preview: Ratheesh KrishnaVadhyar's Journal

Ratheesh KrishnaVadhyar's Journal

Ratheesh KrishnaVadhyar's Journal -

Last Build Date: Tue, 27 Jun 2017 12:23:11 GMT



Tue, 27 Jun 2017 12:23:11 GMT

Hostage, a brilliant graphic novel by Guy Delisle, is based on the real life story of Christophe Andre, who was kidnapped by a Chechnyan gang in 1997, when he was working at an NGO located in Nazran, Ingushetia. He was kept in captivity in Chechnya for close to four months.

Most of the panels in this 432 page book include simple portrayals of the various places where Christie was kept - in a small room without furniture, handcuffed and attached to a radiator box most of the time, in a store room, in a closet, etc. The events shown are mostly repetitive in nature - like serving food (with the same menu of vegetable soup, tea and bread all the time), going to the toilet, etc. and the text mostly consists of monologues by Christophe. Through these pictures and text, we get a feeling of being with Christophe as a hostage through these 100+ days.

Caste based Discriminations

Sat, 24 Jun 2017 06:44:40 GMT

It is a shame to see such an open debate on caste even for identifying a candidate for the post of President of the country. The "opposition parties" are now trying to find a suitable "Dalit" for contesting against the candidate of NDA, and many of the constituent parties have declared that they will not support anyone other than a "Dalit". The caste of a person would be his foremost qualification which would play a key role in various political game plans.

The hypocritical nature of the Left Front (who claim to me the most progressive) is most evident in these kind of discussions, and they keep on proving again and again that they are one of the most communal and fascist political elements in the country.

Smart City!! Really?

Sat, 24 Jun 2017 06:42:05 GMT

Bangalore is now in the list of "Smart Cities" marked for development in India, and is going to get several hundreds of crores of rupees as funding from the Center as part of the project in coming years.

It sounds like a joke to me. An urban slum where the corrupt, clueless and inefficient Government officials, politicians, greedy landlords, builders and Water Mafia, etc. are busy inventing various schemes to extract the last bit of natural resources and converting to cash, and where an average citizen has pretty much nothing to hope for and feel optimistic about, is now going to be called as a Smart City!


Tue, 20 Jun 2017 04:02:54 GMT

The Malayalam film Sasneham (1990), directed by Sathyan Anthikkad during his vintage days in his typical family-sentiments-humor format, showed how the relatives of a married couple (played by Balachandra Menon and Shobhana) interfere in their lives and create a mess. Alamara, directed by Midhun Manuel Thomas, picks up the same subject set in the present times. It shows how a simple thing like a Cupboard can play a pivotal role in married life.

It was a pleasure to watch this light-hearted comedy with likable characters (or rather caricatures), interesting dialogues and some gentle humor and satire.

The Best We Could Do

Tue, 20 Jun 2017 02:40:06 GMT

The Best We Could Do - An Illustrated Memoir by Thi Bui is yet another work that shows the power of Graphic Novels as a medium for narrating serious subjects autobiographical in nature, like Persepolis or Maus.

The author, in her forties now, living in America with her aging parents, reconstructs the story of her parents, grandparents and family (including herself as a small child) going through the political turmoil in Vietnam, and eventually "escaping" to a refugee camp in Malaysia in 1975 after The Fall of Saigon, and then finally immigrating to America. Along with the historical events of Vietnam War as seen from the perspective of her parents, Thi Bui also touches upon various other subjects like the kind of permanent scars that a War would leave on people, the combination of generation gap and cultural differences that the immigrant parents face during interactions with their growing children, and the general feelings related to parenthood. The illustrations are brilliant, and the book gives the experience of watching a feature film.


Mon, 19 Jun 2017 14:24:35 GMT

Watched Hindi film Haraamkhor, which tells the story of an affair between a school teacher (Nawazuddin Siddiqui) and his student named Sandhya (Shweta Tripathi). In parallel runs another thread that shows the crush Sandhya's classmate has on her, and his various adventurous activities to win her attention, with enthusiastic support and advice from his best friend.

Haraamkhor is debut feature film by director Shlok Sharma, and he deserves appreciation for making an entertaining film with a touch of humor (the thread involving Sandhya's classmates mostly contributing to the humor element) based on a serious theme which is rather unconventional even for non-mainstream Hindi Cinema. The performances are all brilliant too.

Rice People

Mon, 19 Jun 2017 04:03:57 GMT

Khmer film Rice People (1994) narrates the tragic story of a farmer family in a Cambodian village, struggling to cultivate their paddy, adjusting with various elements of nature. Narrated in a very realistic way with no touches of melodrama, the entire film focuses on the lives of the family members, who seem to have pretty much nothing other than their paddy as the sole thing in life, about which they constantly think even in their dreams, or even when they are in their deathbed. The performances of all actors (including the child actors) are so natural that it would appear as if the camera captured some moments from their real lives.

In certain aspects, this film reminded me of the Japanese classic The Naked Island, but that one was not such a sad and depressive tale like Rice People.


Mon, 05 Jun 2017 17:05:24 GMT

Watched Maanagaram, a Tamil film that narrates events of a day in the life of a few people living in Chennai city. There are multiple story threads, and the actions of some people affect others in different threads, all of which finally converge in the climax. Though such narrative techniques have been used very often these days in many of the "new generation films", Maanagaram still looks interesting for its clever arrangements of various sequences, and an engaging plot.


Tue, 30 May 2017 02:59:30 GMT

I don't think there have been many true survival drama films made in India. I liked director Vikramaditya Motwane's recent film Trapped, which tells the story of a man (Rajkummar Rao) who gets trapped in a flat in one of the top floors of an unoccupied, tall apartment complex. The electricity supply gets cut, and water also gets over, and the film shows how he survives and finally escapes from the place. The narrative is gripping, and I think the director deserves credits for attempting a genre that is not often tried before in Indian Cinema.


Fri, 26 May 2017 08:36:13 GMT

Watched Thithi, a brilliant debut film by director Raam Reddy.

The film starts with showing the sudden death of Century Gowda, a 101 year old man living in a Karnataka village. Gowda's son Gaddappa is a fun-loving old man who likes to roam around and play games like "Lambs and Tigers" with children, and he has a kind of detached attitude towards materialistic things. Gaddappa's son Thammanna is an ambitions man, who wants to get his late grandfather's property transfered to his name quickly, so that he can sell it off and get some cash in hands. Thammanna's son is a youngster who likes to spend time playing cards with his friends or earning some quick money stealing timber from the forests, but his main focus during the length of the film is to woo a girl from a gypsy group settled in the village, who graze their sheep in the surrounding grasslands. The film shows Century Gowda's funeral, and the various drama unfolding in the lives of three generations of his successors during the next 11 days, till the ritual of "Thithi".

Thithi has all non-professional actors from villages, and it is amazing to see how naturally they perform, and almost live in their roles contributing to the realistic narrative of the film. There is absolutely no background music used, and there is no elaborate camera work or attempts to romanticize "village life" etc.; The film just follows the events in the village and presents in a kind of raw form. I think Thithi would be a masterpiece of Kannada Cinema, and one of the best Indian films of recent times.


Thu, 25 May 2017 09:27:41 GMT

I think director Jayaraj has always been very unpredictable. Sometimes, he would bring out atrocious films like Camel Safari, Rain Rain Come Again and Of the People, while occasionally, he would also make touching and memorable films like Deshadanam and Kaliyattam. Off late, his films have been in the former category more often, but through Ottaal, Jayaraj returns to meaningful film-making once again. Jayaraj has been successful multiple times (Kaliyattam, Kannaki) in adapting plays and stories from outside India to Kerala environment, and Ottaal is an adaptation of an 1886 short story named Vanka by Chekhov. It is amazing to see that the social issues that were touched upon in the 19th century story are still relevant in the Indian context today.

Ottaal starts with showing a little boy named Kuttappayi, who is forced to work at a fireworks factory, writing a letter to his grandfather in a remote Kerala village, requesting him to come and rescue him. The film shifts to a flashback then, and we see Kuttappayi's carefree life with his grandfather in a Kuttanad village. His parents, who were debt-ridden farmers, had committed suicide and Kuttappayi was being brought up by his grandfather since then, who earned a living taking care of ducks grazing in the backwaters. As he is diagnosed with a terminal disease, the grandfather is worried about Kuttappayi, who does not have any other relatives. He decides to hand over Kuttappayi to his "boss", the owner of the ducks, hoping that the little boy would be able to get something to eat at least. The boss promptly "sells" the boy to the fireworks factory owner, where he would now start his "lessons of life".

The key characters of Kuttappayi and his grandfather are played by new actors, and I felt that there was scope for improvement in their performances at least in some of the scenes. However, Jayaraj makes up for that by having Kuttanad itself as a main character of the film, capturing the mood and atmosphere of the pristine landscapes like never before. He is greatly helped by MJ Radhakrishnan's camera, and the few lines of poems by Kavalam Narayana Panicker. We see panoramic views of the waters covered with beautiful lilies, and a flock of ducks making various patterns in the canals; We see the sun setting gradually with a couple of static silhouette images of erumadams and huts in the foreground, and can sense the way the sort of sad but beautiful loneliness spreads in the evenings. Jayaraj's attempts to make a forceful emotional impact on the viewers is evident in some of the scenes, but he has managed to never let the film slip into melodrama, and I think Ottaal would be one of the best films from him.

Panchari Melam

Tue, 16 May 2017 09:27:37 GMT

I had a short visit to Irinjalakuda, and could watch Sheeveli processions at Koodalmanikyam temple for three days. I could also see Shree Rama Pattabhishekam Kathakali performance after a long time.

I have been listening to the Panchari and Chembada Melam at the annual temple festival from my schooldays. I don't know any technical aspects of Melam yet, and I have been a layman listener all this while. One aspect I greatly look forward in the 5+ hours long Melam is how it induces various visualizations, especially the geometric ones, and creates unique experiences through its symphony of instruments. At times, I see it as a construction of a three dimensional pyramid, but with exponentially slopping edges and blurry tips. At other times, the music feels like carving out a rectangle out of various curvy patterns, chiseling out parts of them to form sharp edges and corners. From another angle, the Melam looks like zooming into a mesh shape in multiple steps, each time focusing and expanding on a cell of the mesh, only to see there can be several smaller cells in that single cell, which can be expanded further. Every time I listen to the Melam, I get some new perspective of it at some point, and I feel deep respect for the folks who developed this music and tradition, which might be unique in the World.

The Three Colors Trilogy

Mon, 08 May 2017 09:25:07 GMT

Watched Kieslowski's Three Colors Trilogy over the weekend. The films Blue, White and Red point to colors on the French flag, and they represent the concepts of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. Though the stories narrated in the three films are completely different, there are some common scenes between the first and second, and second and third films in which the characters are shown to come together, or are indicated to have potentially co-existed at a location. In the end of the last film, the key characters of all three films are shown again, as they are among the survivors of a yacht accident.

I liked the films for the intense portrayals of the inner emotions of the characters. When watched together, the three films provide a unique cinematic experience.

Toni Erdmann

Sat, 06 May 2017 11:26:58 GMT

German film Toni Erdmann shows the happenings in the life of a father and daughter. The career-oriented daughter works in a business consulting firm. Her workaholic nature and ambitions suck her continuously into a 24x7 loop of work and stress, leaving no time for interactions with her aging father. "What is the meaning of Life? Is it so often about getting things done? How are we supposed to hang on to moments?", Her father asks one time. He likes playing practical jokes, and comes in various disguises (though they are intentionally left very obvious to his daughter) and lands in front of his daughter at various places - in restaurants, party halls, and even in her office.

I found Toni Erdmann to be an enjoyable film, with some interesting and thought-provoking scenes that are brilliantly acted.

After the Storm

Fri, 05 May 2017 14:09:16 GMT

After the Storm, the latest film from Japanese director Hirokazu Koreeda, is made in the same pattern as some of his earlier films I have watched, narrating the story of relationships in a family in a gentle and touching way, with great focus on character development. Actors Hiroshi Abe and Kirin Kiki, who were there in his earlier films like Still Walking and Like Father, Like Son, are there in this movie too.

8 Thottakkal

Thu, 04 May 2017 12:58:40 GMT

Watched 8 Thottakkal, debut film by director Sri Ganesh. The official gun of a young police officer gets stolen, and it is eventually lands up in the hands of a group of people who rob a bank. The film shows the efforts to catch the robbers and recover the gun. Though a part of the narrative is in the format of a thriller, the main focus of the film is on the character development of the leader of the gang, an old man, played by MS Bhaskar.

The actor who plays as the police officer (I think he is a newcomer) has the same sort of bewildered expressions throughout the length of the movie; But that doesn't matter much because the real hero of the film is MS Bhaskar, and it is worth a watch for his performance. I remember seeing him in a few small roles in Tamil films in the past, but this is the first time I see him in a major role.


Wed, 03 May 2017 13:06:19 GMT

In the graphic novel Logicomix - An Epic Search For Truth, authors and artists Apostolos, Christos, Alecos and Annie bring the life of Bertrand Russell in pictures. The comic is narrated as a "self-referential" book, showing the making of a comic book on the great Philosopher-Mathematician-Logician. The life story of Russell unravels through a speech given by Russell himself, and a lot of focus is given on his quest for developing logical foundations for Mathematics, and the 10 years he spent on development of Principia Mathematica. Though some of the timelines of events in his life have been altered and some fictional events added in the book for creating dramatic effect, the authors claim that they have made sure it remains true to the spirit of the underlying philosophy and principles.

I think it was a brave attempt to make a comic book based on dry subjects like Logic and Mathematics. I felt that the makers have succeeded in giving the readers glimpses of the passion, frustrations, dilemmas that Russell and others might have gone through during their years of research. Even though the book doesn't go deep into technical aspects, we get a high level view from layman's perspective regarding why would someone write 300+ pages to prove the arithmetical consistency for "1+1=2", and also regarding the deep impact on the study of Logic and Mathematics caused first by Russell's Paradox, and then later by Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems. Moreover, the book also presents Russell as a person, and shows how his research affected his personal life and vice versa. The book is wonderfully illustrated too, often giving the feeling of watching a feature film.

The Thrilling Adventures of Lovelace and Babbage

Sun, 30 Apr 2017 13:23:16 GMT

Charles Babbage and Ada, Countess of Lovelace collaborated for the design of what is known as the "first computer in the world" in the 19th century. The gigantic mathematical machines, "Difference Engine" and a more advanced "Analytical Engine", both operating on steam, were designed on paper into elaborate details by Babbage, while Ada wrote what is known as the first computer program, to be executed by the Analytical Engine.

Ada passed away at a young age, soon after her first, and only publication, which was a translation of a paper on the Analytical Engine, with special notes added by her, which were nearly three times the length of the paper (her computer program was part of these notes). Though Babbage lived to a ripe old age, he could never really make a working model of his machine ever. He kept on revising, improvising and optimizing his designs on paper, along with several other futuristic propositions, including a network system in which the messages would be enclosed in steam powered "packets" and sent through a hierarchical system of wires.

In the graphic novel The Thrilling Adventures of Lovelace and Babbage, author Sydney Padua brings back Babbage and Ada, continuing their collaborations in an "imaginary pocket universe". The brilliantly conceived comic book is unlike anything I have read before. Babbage and Ada are presented as very likable and funny characters, going through various other crazy innovations and inventions and associated adventures, like a steam powered spell-check machine, for example (George Eliot is shown to feed in her manuscript for a beta version of the machine, resulting in some disastrous consequences). The book has very detailed footnotes (printed in very small eye-straining fonts, though) and endnotes, which are from the author's elaborate research in the Internet, presenting various facts, anecdotes and gossips regarding the characters in the book. Overall, it was an interesting experience reading this one.

The Journey Continues

Sat, 29 Apr 2017 05:56:36 GMT

I read the book The Journey Continues by Sri M, sequel to his autobiographical work, Apprenticed to a Himalayan Master. When I read his first book, I was coming to hear about Sri M for the first time; But after that over last six years I have been closely following his speeches and discourses in the digital media, and I could attend some of his talks given in Bangalore in person as well. I have been very eagerly waiting for this new book.

Like in the first book, Sri M gives a note in the beginning that the discussions in the book are mostly on concepts unexplainable by today's scientific mind and people may find them as results of his "unusually fertile imagination", but he hopes people to read it with an open mind and appreciate the possibilities of "unknown vistas to which consciousness can expand than the so-called rational brain can think of".

This book is not really a continuation of the autobiography written in chronological order, but a collection of articles which can be read independently without any particular order. In some articles, Sri M writes about the experiences in his "past lives", while in others he writes about the extraordinary experiences he had had in his present life and about his interactions with Yogis, known and unknown. There are a few chapters in which he reproduces his conversations with his Guru Maheshwarnath Babaji, which go deep into the some of the aspects of Yoga and spirituality.

Kejriwal and AAP

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 12:57:45 GMT

A few years back, Arvind Kejriwal and the Aam Aadmi Party which was just founded then, were seen as some sort of new hopes in the Indian Political Arena by many people. In spite of having gone through several such hopes and disappointments in the past through various other political parties and forums, people wanted to remain optimistic with this new party, which was obvious in its record win in 2014 Delhi State Elections.

Two years down the line, the moment I think about Kejriwal, his numerous images seen on news media would flash in my mind. He creates the impression of a person filled with frustration and hatred in most of his images presented in the media. He cries about "growing intolerance" in the country, but ironically he himself appears as an intolerant person when he attributes his election losses to electronic voting machines, which he says are tampered. Constantly complaining and giving silly remarks on various things, I think he has become not just a joker, but a joke itself in the minds of common man, and today's Delhi municipal election results are indicative of that. However, I hope it would trigger some retrospection in the party, and some positive action.

Past & Curious

Sun, 23 Apr 2017 14:20:53 GMT

Past & Curious is a collection of 40 short articles written by Stanley Carvalho, who was born and brought up in Bangalore during 1960-80 time period. The author mentions a quote by Pomeroy in this book: " Nostalgia is like a grammar lesson: you find the present tense, but the past perfect!", and in these articles, he writes about how Life was in Bangalore during his childhood days. With not much population or traffic in the city, people mostly lived peacefully in independent houses surrounded by an ecosystem of trees, plants and animals, leading a relaxed way of life. Carvalho presents various representative images of those days (which need not always be unique to Bangalore alone) - the postman, barber, street vendors, bakers, old restaurants, cinema halls, photo studios, radio, Anglo-Indians, and so on. While some of the articles (like the one on circus) are very plain like some school essays, there are many interesting articles too in this collection, like the one on making of Christmas tree, where the author describes some of his experiences in a very humorous way. The cartoons by Paul Ferandes which accompany these articles are charming, but I wished that the book also included some photographs from old days.

It has been more than 20 years since I came to Bangalore. I can't say I was ever greatly excited about the city; Most of the time I have been complaining about the bad infrastructure and pollution, etc. But interestingly, looking back to my early days in this city, I too feel like it has been so long now that feelings of Nostalgia are creeping into my mind too! At evening time, during most of the Sundays 20 years back, I would be sitting on a double-decker BMTC bus from Kempegowda Bus Station to Jeevan Bima Nagar after watching various pathetic movies at some of those numerous single screen theaters at Majestic area, and the journey used to take just around 30 minutes! I remember going to Lakshmi Bhavana for "luxurious" dinner of roti and mixed vegetable curry, reading Samakalika Malayalam Varika while eating, and cooking rice with payar at home using the kerosene stove during weekdays. I greatly miss the crispy masala dosa and vada at Brindavan Restaurant, and the excitement of finding a book at Premier Book Shop, and the experience of watching a Malayalam film at Sangeeth Theater, sitting with more number of rats in the hall than human beings.


Sat, 22 Apr 2017 12:31:33 GMT

I don't think many real "Ghost" films have been made in Malayalam. Bhargaveenilayam (1964) still remains as an example for an aesthetic portrayal of a ghost story, while Sreekrishna Parunthu (1984), Atharvam (1989) and Ananthabhadram (2005) have been attempts to tell stories surrounding sorcery in a reasonably engaging way. But other than that, the horror elements of a "ghost narrative" have mostly been used in conjunction with other tracks (predominantly, comedy) in Malayalam. Probably Vinayan is the only director who has experimented with such themes, though the results have been mostly B-grade in nature. However, Bollywood has progressed much from their horror movies of 1980s and 1990s surrounding serpent women, and have brought out some genuinely scary movies in the recent past (though they derived inspirations from Hollywood).

While Ezra cant be called as a memorable horror film, there are certain aspects of it I liked - The topmost being the way the flashback scenes were shown in a minimalistic way over a song, which I found to be touching.

Angkor Temples

Sat, 15 Apr 2017 13:53:13 GMT

The town of Siem Reap looked somewhat familiar to us when we landed there - The kanikkonna trees standing on both sides of the roads were fully bloomed with golden yellow flowers, reminding of villages in Kerala (though we now don't see so many kanikkonna trees in Kerala anymore). The Khmer script seen on various boards looked like some design work initially, but on closer examination, many of the letters look familiar - and indeed, we later realized during visit to the Angkor National Museum that this script too has its origins in the Brahmi script system.Apasara Dancers at Angkor Wat TempleWe spent one whole day at the magnificent Angkor Wat temple, built by Khmer king Suryavarman II. The challenges the architects and builders might have faced during the construction of this massive temple complex is explained in detail in multiple National Geographic documentaries, and it looks unbelievable that such a construction was completed within the span of a few decades in 12th century, when the workers had access to only limited tool sets. The makers of the temple have paid attention to the scale as well as details - The four outer walls of the main temple complex have elaborate decorative carvings of several scenes from Hindu mythology. The wars of Mahabharata and Ramayana feature on the western wall, on both sides of the main entrance, each spanning more than 150 feet in length, over 10 feet in height. The eastern walls have carvings of similar size depicting the Churning of the Ocean, and Vishnu's war with Asuras. The northern wall has carvings on Krishna's wars with Asuras like Bana, while the south-western gallery has a massive 280+ feet long portrayal of the possession of King Suryavarman. The south-eastern gallery is over 200 feet long, and it shows images from the swarga and from different types of narakas as described in Hindu mythology. The last section has beautifully carved stone tiles fixed on the roof. The level of preservation of all these carvings is excellent, and I haven't seen such detailed carvings on these Hindu mythological stories anywhere in temples of India. Interestingly, today's Khmer people don't seem to be very familiar with any of these stories except for the names of some of the Gods, even though the name "Angkor" features on almost everything in Siem Reap - starting from Angkor Beer to Angkor Restaurant and Angkor Pharmacy.Dronacharya at Mahabharatha War, Angkor Wat TempleKarna's Death, Mahabharatha War, Angkor Wat TempleRavana Trying to Lift Kailasa, Angkor Wat TempleThe second day was spent at Angkor Thom complex, the walled city constructed by Jayavarman VII, another great Khmer king, in late 12th century. The city today is mostly covered by forests, and in the center of it stands the enigmatic temple of Bayon. Bayon would look like a crumbled pile of stones from far, but when we come closer, its famous "face towers" become distinguishable. Most of the constructions in Angkor area don't make use of any material to connect or fix individual stones; Instead, the stones are just interconnected and stacked, with "corbel arch" method used for the curved roofs of the corridors as well as main temple complexes. It is a great experience standing on the topmost storey of Bayon, feeling awe at the engineering marvel, and at the same time observing those meditative smiling faces in almost every direction we look at.Other than Bayon, Angkor Thom complex also contains several other buildings and the key among them [...]

The Ghazi Attack

Mon, 03 Apr 2017 16:32:21 GMT

Watched Hindi film The Ghazi Attack, debut from director Sankalp Reddy, which is said to be loosely based on the events associated with destruction of Pak submarine PNS Ghazi during the 1971 India-Pakistan War.

I guess it would probably the first war film from India that gives full focus on the acts of confrontation with no diversions in terms of flashbacks, etc. Though the technical aspects shown in the film may be debatable, the director deserves credit for making a film that is engaging from start to finish.

Water Worries

Fri, 24 Mar 2017 02:49:05 GMT

Summer is just starting now, but bore wells have all already started drying out and I guess this year Bangalore is going to face the worst Water Crisis in recent times. In spite of taking huge property taxes and even advance payments and deposits from the residents for BWSSB water supply, the pathetic Karnataka Government hasn't been able to extend water pipelines to many parts of the city. The pipelines in fact have reached till just a few hundred meters away from the place where we live, but the authorities are saying that we will have to financially sponsor the laying of extension pipelines from the current endpoint to our area in case we need water! However, there is no guarantee that we would get a drop of water even if we spend money for the pipelines, as the situation of Cauvery water availability is overall grim anyways.

Water has become like a luxury material now, and even the tankers supplying water from faraway places are not able to get enough supply, even though consumers are ready to pay higher amounts than usual. Near my home, at least 10000 apartments are nearing completion in the coming few months, and construction work by some more builders have started, just adjacent to a lake-bed, making mockery on the order by National Green Tribunal. I am not sure what is going to happen when people start living in these apartments and would need another couple of millions of liters of water every day.

Lakes are frothing with chemicals, Stench from compost processing plants setup in the middle of the city have become a part of the landscape.. and when all this is going on, the Government, which is not even able to provide basic necessities to its people, is working on crazy proposals like steel flyovers and what not!

Perhaps my age is making me rant on very pessimistic lines, but I am now getting seriously skeptical about the future of our species beyond probably a couple of centuries. There are types of animals like river dolphins which had survived multiple cataclysmic events over a span of millions of years, but Man managed to make them extinct by just a couple of decades of industrialization. How will our future be after a hundred years, if the current political and government systems continue as they are? I earn a living working for a company that takes pride in being "environmentally conscious". But beneath those colorful banners advertising the "green initiatives", the reality remains that the company is hoping to monetize by various means Man's laziness and craze for fancy means for convenience - by filling the world with sensor devices to do funny things like operating the toilet flush by staring at them, to give an example.

I think the current school eduction system needs radical changes to give primary emphasis on creating consciousness about the state of our planet, rather than on generation of more batches of potential IT professionals prepared for the so-called "competitive world". It is likely that the coming few generations of humans would be the last ones which would have realistic chances to initiate changes to reverse the current trends.