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MedWorm: Occupational Health



MedWorm.com provides a medical RSS filtering service. Over 7000 RSS medical sources are combined and output via different filters. This feed contains the latest news and research in Occupational Health



Last Build Date: Mon, 28 Mar 2016 03:07:37 +0100

 



Pleural mesothelioma in a school teacher: asbestos exposure due to DAS paste.

Sun, 27 Mar 2016 15:04:02 +0100

CONCLUSION: This case suggests i) the need to carry out any possible detailed studies of the circumstances and exposure sources whenever any mesothelioma case is classified as "asbestos exposure unknown", according to the guidelines of the National Mesothelioma Register, ii) handling of DAS paste can be considered as sure asbestos exposure and iii) it should be borne in mind that mesothelioma cases can occur even after cumulative low, occupational exposure, even only to chrysotile. PMID: 27015029 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)

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Psychosocial risks in Psychiatry and Anaesthesiology residents in a Portuguese General and University Hospital.

Sun, 27 Mar 2016 15:04:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that residents have a health risk which derives from the cognitive demands of their work and that it increases with the workload.  This implicates the need for occupational health measures to be taken to manage and reduce these psychological risks. PMID: 27015028 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)



Conservative treatment of tendinopathies of upper limbs in occupational health: a literature review.

Sun, 27 Mar 2016 15:04:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: After a timely diagnosis, a prompt start of the rehabilitation programme and a limitation of complete rest are useful to relieve pain, increase functionality and reduce work absenteeism in the long term. Conservative treatment combinations, such as manual therapy, specific exercises focused on increasing flexibility and muscle strength and specific-gesture training, achieves more significant results than a single isolated treatments. Currently, there is no strong scientific evidence to support prolotherapy and Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP). However, current promising results will encourage further studies. Awareness among both employers and employees about prevention and risk factors should be enhanced. PMID: 27015027 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina del ...



Exposure to hand-arm vibrations in orthopaedic plaster room: risk management.

Sun, 27 Mar 2016 15:04:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: The values of acceleration and noise detected on the instruments  were  in line with those reported in the literature. The preventive measure adopted (replacing plaster saws currently used in the hospital with similar ones with lower vibration emission) was an adequate means of protection. Health surveillance activities  recorded a higher level of wellbeing, both environmentally and individually and, specifically, an increased protection level for the hyper-susceptibility conditions observed during health checks of exposed personnel  which will be monitored regularly by the Occupational Health Service. PMID: 27015026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)



Work-related stress disorders: variability in clinical expression and pitfalls in psychiatric diagnosis.

Sun, 27 Mar 2016 15:04:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that  positive family psychiatric history, pathological personality traits and  spectrum manic symptoms represent markers of vulnerability and low resilience for workers exposed to occupational stress. These characteristics could weaken the etiological relationship between work-related stress and an initial  major depressive episode when it is under investigation as a possible occupational disease. PMID: 27015025 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)



Occupational asthma in a fruit and vegetables vendor.

Sun, 27 Mar 2016 15:04:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: The clinical history and the results of the allergologic investigations, plus an on-the-spot inspection, permitted us to ascertain that this subject had developed occupational asthma due to Pleurotus ostreatus spores. We advised her to stop handling and selling mushrooms, and she has no longer suffered asthmatic symptoms, over seven years of follow-up, and regularly continued to work without needing to take anti-asthma drugs. PMID: 27015024 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)

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Eye care services utilisation among pregnant women in Nigeria.

Sun, 27 Mar 2016 03:07:01 +0100

Authors: Ibraheem WA, Ibraheem AB, Owonikoko M, Tijani A, Olamoyegun MA, AbdSalam S Abstract One hundred and sixty-five pregnant Nigerian women attending the antenatal clinic of LAUTECH teaching hospital, Ogbomoso, Nigeria between January and April 2014 were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents were obtained. Respondents were also asked: if they had had their eye examined by an eye specialist during the index pregnancy, frequencies of visit to eye care centers and indications for their visitation. A history of previous eye examination by eye care specialist/visit to eye clinic was considered as eye care utilisation. Selection of eligible subjects who consented to participate in the study was done using simple random tech...



Preventing Transmission of Zika Virus in Labor and Delivery Settings Through Implementation of Standard Precautions - United States, 2016.

Sat, 26 Mar 2016 14:09:02 +0100

Authors: Olson CK, Iwamoto M, Perkins KM, Polen KN, Hageman J, Meaney-Delman D, Igbinosa II, Khan S, Honein MA, Bell M, Rasmussen SA, Jamieson DJ Abstract Zika virus transmission was detected in the Region of the Americas (Americas) in Brazil in May 2015, and as of March 21, 2016, local mosquito-borne transmission of Zika virus had been reported in 32 countries and territories in the Americas, including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.* Most persons infected with Zika virus have a mild illness or are asymptomatic. However, increasing evidence supports a link between Zika virus infection during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes (1), and a possible association between recent Zika virus infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome has been reported (2). Although Zik...



Simulation as a training tool for intimate partner violence screenings - Wood L.

Sat, 26 Mar 2016 11:13:34 +0100

Background This project developed an intimate partner violence (IPV) training program that included a simulation experience for a Midwestern nursing school's undergraduate curriculum. The IPV training program incorporated both traditional teaching modalit... (Source: SafetyLit)



User involvement in the ergonomic development of a medical instrument: a longitudinal case study.

Sat, 26 Mar 2016 03:10:02 +0100

In this study the focus is on the continuous ergonomic-focused development of a medical instrument that is capable of performing blood group serological tests. Primarily, a medical device must be clinically effective and safe. At the same time it must also meet the needs of its users. This calls for consideration of numerous ergonomic aspects. The development process of the product line in question was supported by a longitudinal series of carefully designed focus groups. Altogether, the 23 focus groups conducted included 245 participants from 72 laboratories. The aim of the empirical research was to collect users' experiences, ideas and needs as inputs for the following phase of the product development process. During the mentioned focus group analyses, around 100 development proposals we...

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In this issue of Occupational Medicine

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

(Source: Occupational Medicine)



The new EU occupational safety and health strategic framework 2014-2020: objectives and challenges

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

(Source: Occupational Medicine)



PTSD induced by the trauma of subordinates: the Robert Gates syndrome

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

(Source: Occupational Medicine)



Jean-Etienne Liotard, Das Schokoladenmädchen (The Chocolate Girl) 1744-45

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

(Source: Occupational Medicine)

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A review of occupational physical activity and sedentary behaviour correlates

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Intervention efforts to increase occupational physical activity and reduce sedentary time may be most effective when targeted at white-collar workers. Research is needed to identify additional modifiable correlates of occupational physical activity and sedentary behaviour, in white-collar workers. (Source: Occupational Medicine)



Asthma in furniture and wood processing workers: a systematic review

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Work in this sector was associated with a significantly increased risk of respiratory symptoms and asthma. The evidence for wood dust exposure causing impaired lung function is less clearly established. Further study is required to better understand the prevalence, and causes, of respiratory problems within this sector. (Source: Occupational Medicine)



Occupational exposure to volatile anaesthetics: a systematic review

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Evidence for adverse effects of volatile anaesthetics on exposed personnel is scarce and inconsistent, but there is no evidence of adverse effects when environmental levels are kept within legal threshold values. Further studies are needed to improve our knowledge of the effects of occupational exposure to volatile anaesthetics. New surveillance methods that include systematic data collection, clinical signs and biomarkers of exposure are required to formulate consistent and reproducible surveillance criteria for exposed personnel. (Source: Occupational Medicine)



Hearing conservation in the primary aluminium industry

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusions We observed a substantial decline in hearing shift rates during the study period. We describe the hearing conservation initiatives that were collectively associated with this decline. We suspect these initiatives could be deployed relatively easily and at modest cost in other industries with noise-exposed employees. (Source: Occupational Medicine)



Patient-reported factors influencing return to work after joint replacement

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Return to work is influenced by a combination of patient, clinician and occupational factors. The relationship between each of these needs to be explored in greater depth through further qualitative work to gain a wider understanding of the variables influencing patients’ RTW following hip and knee replacement. (Source: Occupational Medicine)

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Australian insurance costs of jockeys injured in a race-day fall

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusions The economic costs of jockey injuries sustained in race-day falls are considerable. Identification of differences in incidence and costs of insurance claims between jockey characteristics will assist decision makers in the development and assessment of targeted safety strategies. (Source: Occupational Medicine)



Age-related effects of job characteristics on burnout and work engagement

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Age and its covariates, such as job tenure and position type, should be considered in developing age-sensitive occupational health models. (Source: Occupational Medicine)



Accompanied consultations in occupational health

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Accompanied consultations are likely to be more challenging in terms of the reason for referral, the presenting medical problems, the complexity of the case and the duration of the consultation. However, the companion is more likely to be of benefit than cause difficulty. Occupational health practitioners may benefit from better understanding of accompanied consultations and guidance on their management. (Source: Occupational Medicine)



Cause-specific mortality in Finnish ferrochromium and stainless steel production workers

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Working in the Finnish ferrochromium and stainless steel industry appears not to be associated with increased mortality. (Source: Occupational Medicine)



Decision-making in job attendance within health care--a qualitative study

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusions The findings highlight the complexity of managing work when experiencing musculoskeletal symptoms, and the dilemmas faced by those affected. The importance of work environment factors and the fact that some women feel compelled to work part-time in order to prioritize their own health require further consideration. (Source: Occupational Medicine)

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Identifying British Army infantry recruit population characteristics using biographical data

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Substance misuse and poor behaviour are highly prevalent among recruits prior to enlistment. Taken alongside existing evidence that some of these problems are commonplace among personnel in regular service, the assumption that the British Army infantry is, in itself, a cause of these behaviours should be questioned. (Source: Occupational Medicine)



Doctors health--addressing the knowledge gap

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

(Source: Occupational Medicine)



Modified Fatigue Impact Scale - 5-item version (MFIS-5)

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

(Source: Occupational Medicine)



Promoting Health, Preventing Disease: The Economic Case

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

(Source: Occupational Medicine)



Constructive Ergonomics

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

(Source: Occupational Medicine)

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In this issue of Occupational Medicine

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

(Source: Occupational Medicine)



Occupational Medicine Calendar

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

(Source: Occupational Medicine)



Critical gap estimation for pedestrians at uncontrolled mid-block crossings on high-speed arterials

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Publication date: July 2016 Source:Safety Science, Volume 86 Author(s): Digvijay S. Pawar, Gopal R. Patil This paper aims to explore pedestrian temporal and spatial gap acceptance at uncontrolled mid-block street crossings, where vehicles do not yield to pedestrians and pedestrians have to choose safe gap on their own. This results in complex interactions between pedestrians and vehicles. Analyzing the interactions is important from both safety and performance evaluation of pedestrian crossings. The paper reports the applicability and generality of driver’s gap acceptance models to the pedestrian’s gap acceptance. Temporal and spatial critical gaps are estimated using both deterministic (Raff’s and Ashworth’s method) as well as probabilistic approaches (Maximum Likelihood metho...



High levels of heavy metal accumulation in dental calculus of smokers: a pilot inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry study

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

ConclusionWithin the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that the elementary composition of dental calculus may be affected by environmental factors such as tobacco smoke. Therefore, dental calculus may be utilized as a non‐invasive diagnostic biological material for monitoring chronic oral heavy metal exposition. However, further studies are required to evaluate its diagnostic potential. (Source: Journal of Periodontal Research)



Increased levels of oxidative stress biomarkers in metal oxides nanomaterial-handling workers.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 18:52:01 +0100

This study assessed oxidatively damaged DNA and antioxidant enzyme activity in workers occupational exposure to metal oxides nanomaterials. Exposure to TiO2, SiO2, and ITO resulted in significant lower antioxidant enzymes (glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase) and higher oxidative biomarkers 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) than comparison workers. Statistically significant correlations were noted between plasma and urine 8-oxodG, between white blood cells (WBC) and urine 8-oxodG, and between WBC and plasma 8-oxodG. In addition, there were significant negative correlations between WBC 8-oxodG and SOD and between urinary 8-oxodG and GPx levels. The results showed that urinary 8-oxodG may be considered to be better biomarker. PMID: 27010249 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]...

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Impact of occupational, physical, and speech and language therapy in preschoolers with hyperactive/inattentive symptoms: A naturalistic 2-year follow-up study.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 18:19:02 +0100

DISCUSSION: The apparent lack of benefit suggests the need for further investigation into efficacy of these treatments in hyperactive/inattentive preschool children. PMID: 27011416 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Children's Health Care)



Continuing education—“The action level”®

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 16:25:02 +0100

(Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene)



Erratum

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 16:25:02 +0100

(Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene)



A method for evaluating aerosol leakage through the interface between protective suits and full-face respirators

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 16:25:02 +0100

(Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene)



Mass and number size distributions of emitted particulates at five important operation units in a hazardous industrial waste incineration plant

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 16:25:02 +0100

(Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene)

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Hexavalent chromium and isocyanate exposures during military aircraft painting under crossflow ventilation

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 16:25:02 +0100

(Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene)



Investigation of the flow-field in the upper respiratory system when wearing N95 filtering facepiece respirator

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 16:25:02 +0100

(Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene)



Prevalence of permanent threshold shifts in the United States Air Force hearing conservation program by career field, 2005–2011

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 16:25:02 +0100

(Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene)

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Predicting future protection of respirator users: Statistical approaches and practical implications

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 16:25:02 +0100

(Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene)



Risk of occupational accidents in workers with obstructive sleep apnea: systematic review and meta-analysis - Garbarino S, Guglielmi O, Sanna A, Mancardi GL, Magnavita N.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 16:13:53 +0100

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the single most important preventable medical cause of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and driving accidents. OSA may also adversely affect work performance through a decrease in productivity, and an in... (Source: SafetyLit)



Managing safety and operations: the effect of joint management system practices on safety and operational outcomes - Tompa E, Robson L, Sarnocinska-Hart A, Klassen R, Shevchenko A, Sharma S, Hogg-Johnson S, Amick BC, Johnston DA, Veltri A, Pagell M.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 16:13:53 +0100

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether management system practices directed at both occupational health and safety (OHS) and operations (joint management system [JMS] practices) result in better outcomes in both areas than in alternative... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Perceived safety management practices in the logistics sector - Auyong HN, Zailani S, Surienty L.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 16:13:53 +0100

BACKGROUND: Malaysia's progress on logistics has been slowed to keep pace with its growth in trade. The Government has been pressing companies to improve the safety of their activities in order to reduce society's loss due to occupational accidents and ill... (Source: SafetyLit)



Culture of bullying at Birmingham hospital prevented staff from reporting high cardiac death rates - Iacobucci G.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 16:13:53 +0100

[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)



Documentary analysis of risk-assessment and safety-planning policies and tools in a mental health context - Higgins A, Doyle L, Morrissey J, Downes C, Gill A, Bailey S.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 16:13:53 +0100

Despite the articulated need for policies and processes to guide risk assessment and safety planning, limited guidance exists on the processes or procedures to be used to develop such policies, and there is no body of research that examines the quality or ... (Source: SafetyLit)



Tough love or bullying? New nurse transitional experiences - Leong YM, Crossman J.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 16:13:53 +0100

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This qualitative paper reports on the transition experiences of new nurses and preceptors in Singapore, focussing on the construction of a supervisor strategy termed 'tough love'. The authors discuss the concept of tough love, as a met... (Source: SafetyLit)



U.S. Regulators: New Silica Limits for Construction IndustryU.S. Regulators: New Silica Limits for Construction Industry

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 14:37:30 +0100

Capping a decades-long effort, U.S. workplace regulators on Thursday announced a final rule to boost protections against occupational exposure to crystalline silica, a carcinogenic dust ubiquitous in construction, foundries and fracking. Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)

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Current prevalence rate of latex allergy: Why it remains a problem?

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 12:49:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: Latex-derived products are ubiquitous, and latex allergy remains a highly prevalent health risk in many occupations and to the general population. Developing alternative materials and increasing the ability to identify and label latex-derived products will be practicable approaches to effectively control the health risks associated with latex. PMID: 27010091 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Occupational Health)



A biological indicator of inorganic arsenic exposure using the sum of urinary inorganic arsenic and monomethylarsonic acid concentrations.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 12:49:02 +0100

CONCLUSION: We propose 14.8 and 20.1 μg As/l of urinary iAs + MMA as the biological indicators of 3 and 10 μg As/m(3) iAs exposure, respectively. PMID: 27010090 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Occupational Health)



Effects of occupational illness on labor productivity: A socioeconomic aspect of informal sector workers in urban Bangladesh.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 12:49:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: Although the informal sector contributes the most to the economy of Bangladesh, the workers in this sector have hardly any financial protection. This study provides critical clues to providing financial and social protection to informal sector workers in Bangladesh. PMID: 27010089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Occupational Health)

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Effect of age and social connection on perceived anxiety over radiation exposure among decontamination workers in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 12:49:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: Decontamination workers who do not have a written contract or who are in socially isolated situations have greater anxiety over radiation exposure. Thus, it is important to both create supportive human relationships for consultation and enhance labor management in individual companies. PMID: 27010088 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Occupational Health)



Comparison of the oral health problems and behavior of male daytime-only and night-shift office workers: An Internet survey.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 12:49:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate a relationship between night shift work and oral health problems. Night shift workers may require additional support for oral health maintenance. PMID: 27010087 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Occupational Health)



2,5-hexanedione induced apoptosis of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells by reactive oxygen species.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 12:49:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: 2,5-HD-induced apoptosis in rat BMSCs is potentially mediated by excessive ROS production. PMID: 27010086 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Occupational Health)



Predictive value and construct validity of the work functioning screener-healthcare (WFS-H).

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 12:49:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: The screener (WFS-H) had good predictive value and good construct validity. Its score could offer occupational health professionals a helpful preliminary insight into the work functioning of healthcare workers. PMID: 27010085 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Occupational Health)



Associations between anthropometric factors and peripheral neuropathy defined by vibrotactile perception threshold among industrial vibrating tool operators in Japan.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 12:49:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: Among IVTOs, factors reflecting body heat production, such as weight and BMI, were associated with a decreased risk of VPT-defined PN, regardless of the task engaged. PMID: 27010084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Occupational Health)

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Occupational Safety and Health Measures in Micro-scale Enterprises (MSEs) in Shiraz, Iran.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 12:49:02 +0100

CONCLUSION: Given the high percentage of enterprises with very poor to poor levels for the SHRI and the high prevalence of occupational accidents and injuries among the studied MSEs, feasible protective strategies and job safety training programs are required to promote occupational health and safety in the studied MSEs. PMID: 27010083 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Occupational Health)



Sickness absence among health workers in belo horizonte, brazil.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 12:49:02 +0100

CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest a paradox in how healthcare is organized: good results in terms of its global objective of providing healthcare for citizens contrast with lack of effective measures for protecting healthcare workers. PMID: 27010082 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Occupational Health)



Work stress and cardiovascular disease: a life course perspective.

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 12:49:02 +0100

Authors: Li J, Loerbroks A, Bosma H, Peter Angerer A Abstract Individuals in employment experience stress at work, and numerous epidemiological studies have documented its negative health effects, particularly on cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although evidence on the various interrelationships between work stress and CVD has been accumulated, those observations have not yet been conceptualized in terms of a life course perspective. Using the chain of risk model, we would like to propose a theoretical model incorporating six steps: (1) work stress increases the risk of incident CVD in healthy workers. (2) Among those whose work ability is not fully and permanently damaged, work stress acts as a determinant of the process of return to work after CVD onset. (3) CVD patients experience...



German version of the Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire (CMDQ): translation and validation

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Musculoskeletal disorders are a public health problem with significant effects on work ability. In the context of the promotion and prevention of work-related health, there is a need for valid, simple, time-sa... (Source: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology)



A recommended epidemiological study design for examining the adverse health effects among emergency workers who experienced the TEPCO fukushima daiichi NPP accident in 2011

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

(Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene)

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Environment, beliefs and behaviour

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 24 March 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Selena Gray (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)



Models of probability of failure on demand for safety instrumented system using atmospheric elements

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Publication date: August 2016 Source:Safety Science, Volume 87 Author(s): Rachid Ouache, Muhammad Nomani Kabir Safety instrumented system (SIS) is an essential device to protect the industries from dangerous situations. Reliability of SIS is measured by the analysis of probability of failure on demand (PFD) which is an integral part in quantitative risk and safety assessment to determine the risk and safety integrity level. PFD varies from location to location due to atmospheric effects. In this paper, new mathematical models are proposed to compute the failure probability of the equipment due to corrosion considering three atmospheric factors: temperature, humidity and wind speed. The models are solved by least squares methods using standard data to identify the parameters involved in...



Using a case study fatality to depict the limits of proximity detection systems for articulating, underground machinery

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Publication date: August 2016 Source:Safety Science, Volume 87 Author(s): Alison Godwin, Nicholas Schwabe Proximity detection systems are actively being marketed to the underground mining section as a way to provide enhanced information for operators of large underground machinery. To date, many of the systems are lacking the reliability and validity ratings that researchers would like to see them have. Due to this, they may not interact in a predictable way to always improve operator awareness. In fact, Burgess-Limerick (2011) noted that in many fatalities that occurred on underground machinery, the operator was aware of the location of the victim, or they were the victim themselves. This work recreates one of the accidents from that review in a computer simulation environment, models...



Expert elicitation and Bayesian Network modeling for shipping accidents: A literature review

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Publication date: August 2016 Source:Safety Science, Volume 87 Author(s): Guizhen Zhang, Vinh V. Thai The Bayesian Network (BBN) has been a popular method for risk assessment especially for the modeling of rare accidents. It could make use of experts’ domain knowledge when historical data were not enough to support the use of other statistical methods. In the maritime domain, the Bayesian Network has been widely used for risk prediction by modeling the causal relationship of shipping accidents where a lot of human and organizational factors are involved. Most of the models depend on experts’ elicitation for model construction and parameterization. The involvement of experts’ judgment brings uncertainty and biases. In contrast, data-driven BBN is considered more objective since it...

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A phase of comprehensive research to determine marine-specific EPC values in human error assessment and reduction technique

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Publication date: August 2016 Source:Safety Science, Volume 87 Author(s): Emre Akyuz, Metin Celik, Selcuk Cebi Human Error Assessment and Reduction Technique (HEART) is a well-known approach for performing critical operations in safety analysis. It has various applications in many different disciplines such as nuclear energy, railway transportation, aviation and healthcare services. In addition to identifying human error categories, determining and weighting of error-producing conditions (EPCs) is the key aspect of human reliability quantification. Although EPC values are defined specifically for some disciplines, for the maritime industry these values have not been derived yet in terms of ship operational management. The aim of this paper is to produce marine specific EPC values (m-E...



Display-control stereotype strength of left- and right-handers

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Publication date: May 2016 Source:International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Volume 53 Author(s): Alan H.S. Chan, Errol R. Hoffmann, K.M. Lam Many aspects of the performance of left and right handed persons have been reported. It is generally found that (a) Performance of left-handers, when the workplace is set up according to their handedness, is as good as that of right-handers when using their preferred hand. (b) When using the non-preferred hand, left-handers performance is generally superior to that of right-handers, possibly due to their having had to adapt to a right-handed world. There has been little reported research on the difference of stereotype strength or expectancies of device operation for right- and left handers. This paper reports such research using a set of r...



IJERPH, Vol. 13, Pages 360: Influence of Occupational and Environmental Exposure to Low Concentrations of Polychlorobiphenyls and a Smoking Habit on the Urinary Excretion of Corticosteroid Hormones

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

The effects of occupational exposure to low concentrations of polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) on the urinary excretion of corticosteroid hormones were evaluated, taking into account the influence of cigarette smoking. The study included 26 males working as electrical maintenance staff in a steel factory, previously exposed to a mixture of PCBs (exposed workers), and 30 male workers with no occupational exposure to PCBs (controls). Serum PCBs (33 congeners), urinary 17-hydroxycorticosteroids, 17-ketosteroids (KS) and pregnanes, and their respective glucuronidated and sulfonated compounds, were determined for each subject. PCBs were significantly higher in the exposed workers than controls, and were correlated with age. Both the urinary concentrations of the total 17-KS and pregnanes, and those o...



National education systems and gender gaps in STEM occupational expectations

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

This study examines associations between features of national education systems and the gender gap in STEM-related occupational expectations across 49 countries. Using data from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), the study finds no association between uniformity of curricula at the national level (standardization) and the gender gap in STEM occupational expectations; in contrast, the availability of more school types at the secondary level (stratification) is associated with a larger gender gap in STEM occupational expectations. In addition, this positive association between stratified systems and the gender gap in STEM occupational expectations is stronger for top-performers than for low-performers. (Source: International Journal of Educational Development)



Solid cancer incidence among Chinese medical diagnostic x‐ray workers, 1950–1995: Estimation of radiation‐related risks

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

The objective of this study was to estimate solid cancer risk attributable to long‐term, fractionated occupational exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation. Based on cancer incidence for the period 1950–1995 in a cohort of 27,011 Chinese medical diagnostic X‐ray workers and a comparison cohort of 25,782 Chinese physicians who did not use X‐ray equipment in their work, we used Poisson regression to fit excess relative risk (ERR) and excess absolute risk (EAR) dose–response models for incidence of all solid cancers combined. Radiation dose reconstruction was based on a previously published method that relied on simulating measurements for multiple X‐ray machines, workplaces and working conditions, information about protective measures, including use of lead aprons, and work hi...

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Indoor radon exposure and lung cancer: a review of ecological studies

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

In this study, we aimed to review domestic and foreign research into indoor radon concentrations and to outline correlations between indoor radon concentrations in homes and lung cancer incidence, as reported in ecological studies thereof. Herein, we noted large differences in radon concentrations between and within individual countries. For Korea, we observed tremendous differences in indoor radon concentrations according to region and year of study, even within the same region. In correlation analysis, lung cancer incidence was not found to be higher in areas with high indoor radon concentrations in Korea. Through our review, we identified a need to implement a greater variety of statistical analyses in research on indoor radon concentrations and lung cancer incidence...



Trend of Fire Outbreaks in Ghana and Ways to Prevent These Incidents

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusion Finally, this study presents several recommendations to help prevent and mitigate fire incidents in Ghana. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)



Unions, Health and Safety Committees, and Workplace Accidents in the Korean Manufacturing Sector

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusion Health and safety committees were found to reduce the incidence of accidents whereas unionized establishments have higher incidence of accidents than nonunionized establishments. We also found that health and safety committees can more effectively reduce accidents in nonunionized establishments. By contrast, nonexclusive joint committees can more effectively reduce accidents in unionized establishments. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)



The health of temporary foreign workers in Canada: a scoping review - Salami B, Meherali S, Salami A.

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 21:13:23 +0100

The objective of this scoping review is to examine the ... (Source: SafetyLit)



U.S. regulators finalize new silica limits for construction, other industries

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 16:44:03 +0100

(Reuters) - Capping a decades-long effort, U.S. workplace regulators on Thursday announced a final rule to boost protections against occupational exposure to crystalline silica, a carcinogenic dust ubiquitous in construction, foundries and fracking. (Source: Reuters: Health)



Etiology and pathogenesis of dental erosion

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 15:15:54 +0100

Kanzow, Philipp / Wegehaupt, Florian J. / Attin, Thomas / Wiegand, AnnettePage 275 - 278The condition of dental erosion is defined as acid-related loss of tooth structure which does not involve microorganisms. Depending on the origin of the acid, extrinsic (usually caused by acids in food) and intrinsic (caused by endogenous acid) erosion can be distinguished. The presence and severity of erosive defects depend on various parameters such as nutrition, saliva, general diseases, and mechanical stress by abrasion and attrition. As an example, dietary habits which involve frequent intake of acidic food and beverages, occupational acid exposure, as well as certain drugs or diseases that affect saliva flow rate are accompanied by an increased risk of erosive dental hard tissue defects. By a thor...



Duty hours and incidents in flight among commercial airline pilots.

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 15:15:02 +0100

This study aimed to test a work hours/incident model to identify the interplay of factors contributing to incidents within the aviation industry. METHODS: Nine hundred and fifty-four European-registered commercial airline pilots completed a 30-item survey investigating self-report attitudes and experiences of fatigue. Path analysis was used to test the proposed model. RESULTS: The fit indices indicated this to be a good fit model (χ(2) = 11.066, df = 5, p = 0.05; Comparative Fit Index = 0.991; Normed Fit Index = 0.984; Tucker-Lewis Index = 0.962; Root Mean Square of Approximation = 0.036). Highly significant relationships were identified between duty hours and sleep disturbance (r = 0.18, p < 0.001), sleep disturbance and fatigue in the cockp...



“Art is a great distraction.”

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 14:51:17 +0100

(Katherine C. Cohen/Boston Children’s Hospital) Phyllis Beinart Artist-in-Residence I love my art cart. It’s filled with wonderful things and I just keep adding more. I wear this apron so patients know that I’m an artist and not here to poke or prod or ask medical questions. No matter a patient’s age or ability or language, I can find an art project we can do together. When I first go into a room, I try to quickly size up what’s going on and then offer a few different things that might work. With some of the older kids, I’ll suggest cartooning or making flip-books. No one said ‘no’ to art today! Art starts out as a great distraction, but once a patient becomes interested, it’s more about the experience. Kids love learning something new, and I love exposing t...



‘Art is a great distraction.’

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 14:51:17 +0100

(Katherine C. Cohen/Boston Children’s Hospital) Phyllis Beinart Artist-in-Residence I love my art cart. It’s filled with wonderful things and I just keep adding more. I wear this apron so patients know that I’m an artist and not here to poke or prod or ask medical questions. No matter a patient’s age or ability or language, I can find an art project we can do together. When I first go into a room, I try to quickly size up what’s going on and then offer a few different things that might work. With some of the older kids, I’ll suggest cartooning or making flip-books. No one said ‘no’ to art today! Art starts out as a great distraction, but once a patient becomes interested, it’s more about the experience. Kids love learning something new, and I love exposing t...



Temporary relief for the NHS as nurses stay on the UK’s job shortage list, says UNISON

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 14:06:13 +0100

Commenting on the announcement from the Migration Advisory Committee –that nurses are to be allowed to remain on the occupational shortages list for another three years – UNISON head of nursing Gail Adams said: “The NHS is still desperately short of nurses, so hospital trusts across the country will have breathed a collective sigh of relief at the news that they are to be allowed to continue recruiting staff from overseas. “Ministers knew back in 2010, when they slashed the number of trainee nurse places, that they were storing up problems for the future. That ill-judged decision gave trusts no option but to look abroad to make up their depleted nursing numbers. “While more student nurse places have since been made available, it will be another two years before the NHS starts to ...



ATS supports Osha's more protective crystalline silica exposure standard

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 04:00:00 +0100

(American Thoracic Society) While it took nearly three years of waiting, the American Thoracic Society is pleased that OSHA has issued its final rule establishing a more protective standard for occupational silica. The new more protective standard will greatly reduce exposure to this known and potentially deadly occupational hazard. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Real‐time transformation of outdoor aerosol components upon transport indoors measured with aerosol mass spectrometry

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 02:34:07 +0100

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Indoor Air)

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A study on institutional improvement for military accident prevention - focusing on the reserve forces's firearms accidents - Shin KW.

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 02:14:48 +0100

The purpose of this study is to review the Reserve forces's outline, progress and related to the offender's types and characteristics of depressive disorder, look at the Reserve forces's the organization and formation process and the Reserve forces's armed... (Source: SafetyLit)



Australian nurses' perceptions of the use of manual restraint in the Emergency Department: a qualitative perspective - Chapman R, Ogle KR, Martin C, Rahman A, McKenna B, Barnfield J.

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 02:14:48 +0100

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore emergency nurses perceptions of the use of manual restraint. BACKGROUND: Manual restraint of patients has historically been an accepted practice, though little is known about the use of manual restraint in general ho... (Source: SafetyLit)



Challenges and solutions in immigrant occupational health in the United States: a literature review and comparative analysis - Tsuji H, Usuda K, Takahashi Y, Kono K, Tamaki J.

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 02:14:48 +0100

【Objectives】Because of the declining birthrate in Japan, an increasing number of companies are hiring immigrants to fill the labor shortage. Although research on migrant occupational health has progressed in the United States, this topic has received l... (Source: SafetyLit)



Creating a Nurse-Led Culture to Minimize Horizontal Violence in the Acute Care Setting: A Multi-Interventional Approach - Parker KM, Harrington A, Smith CM, Sellers KF, Millenbach L.

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 02:14:48 +0100

Horizontal violence (HV) is prevalent in nursing. However, few strategies are identified to address this phenomenon that undermines communication and patient safety. Nurses at an acute care hospital implemented multiple interventions to address HV resultin... (Source: SafetyLit)



Perception of paramedical technicians and professionals about physical violence and its related factors in pre-hospital care - Rodríguez Campo VA, Paravic Klijn TM, González Rubilar UDT.

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 02:14:48 +0100

Physical violence is a phenomenon that has become a public health issue. OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception of paramedical technicians and professionals from the Emergency Medical Assistance Service (SAMU) about physical violence and its associ... (Source: SafetyLit)

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The hidden advantage in shoot/don't shoot simulation exercises for police recruit training - Davies A.

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 02:14:48 +0100

During the past thirty-five years, developments in computer-related technology have been providing increasingly more sophisticated simulation alternatives for training law enforcement officers. Such developments have leveraged on the back of progress achie... (Source: SafetyLit)



Psychobiological stress response to a simulated school shooting in police officers - Strahler J, Ziegert T.

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 02:14:47 +0100

INTRODUCTION: Police work is one of the most demanding professions with various sources of high occupational stress. Among the most demanding tasks are amok situations, such as school shootings. Hardly anything is known about endocrine and cardiovascular m... (Source: SafetyLit)



Anthropometry approach in workplace redesign in Indonesian Sundanese roof tile industries

Wed, 23 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

The objective of this study is to redesign workplace in Indonesian Sundanese roof tile industries based on anthropometry approach and to develop corresponding anthropometric database for Indonesian Sundanese worker. Six hundred and sixty Sundanese workers were measured—411 male and 249 female. A set of 17 static anthropometric measures (8 and 9 dimensions in standing and sitting positions respectively) was measured for each participant. Redesign of workplace of roof tile industries in Indonesia is then discussed. (Source: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics)



Exploring the design criteria of website interfaces for gender

Wed, 23 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

This study investigated the website interface design criteria for users of different genders based on usability principles. Undergraduate and graduate students in Taiwan were selected as the target sample. A total of 236 valid questionnaires were analyzed. The results showed significant gender differences in scaling of the importance of website interface design criteria. The three most important website interface design criteria for males were compatibility, minimal action, and flexibility, whereas the three most important design criteria for females were compatibility, learnability, and user guidance. This paper discusses the possible explanations for the gender differences and their implications for website design. (Source: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics)



Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens among health care workers in Botswana: Reporting and utilization of postexposure prophylaxis

Wed, 23 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Underreporting of occupational exposures and dissatisfaction with PEP management is common among HCWs. Improved PEP management strategies and regular monitoring are needed. (Source: American Journal of Infection Control)

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Occupational dose constraints for the lens of the eye for interventional radiologists and interventional cardiologists in the UK.

Wed, 23 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Authors: Mairs WD Abstract The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has recommended a 20 mSv/year dose limit for the lens of the eye which has been adopted in the European Union (EU) Basic Safety Standards. Interventional radiologists (IRs) and interventional cardiologists (ICs) are likely to be affected by this. The effects of radiation in the lens are somewhat uncertain and the ICRP explicitly recommend optimisation. Occupational dose constraints are part of the optimisation process and define a level of dose which ought to be achievable in a well-managed practice. This commentary calls on the professional bodies to review a need for national constraints to guide local decisions. Consideration is given to developing such constraints using maximum expected do...



Risk Factors of Acoustic Neuroma: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Wed, 23 Mar 2016 09:24:03 +0100

CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis is suggestive of an elevated risk of acoustic neuroma among individuals who were ever exposed to leisure noise, but not to occupational noise. Our study also indicated a lower acoustic neuroma risk among ever and current cigarette smokers than never smokers, while there was no significant relationship for ex-smokers. No significant associations were found between acoustic neuroma and history of any allergic diseases, such as asthma, eczema, and seasonal rhinitis. PMID: 26996581 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Yonsei Medical Journal)



Tackling the stigma of doctors asking for help

Tue, 22 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Amid increasing scrutiny, difficulty and pressure, doctors need support more than everRelated items from OnMedicaNearly one in ten doctors in training has experienced bullying Burnt-out GPs to get new occupational health services from next yearNHS pressures could cause staff ‘burnout’Merely the absence of infirmityUnderstaffing and bullying remain problems for NHS (Source: OnMedica Views)



Age and retirement status differences in associations between the built environment and active travel behaviour

Tue, 22 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Transit accessibility and walkability can support active travel behaviour in middle-aged and older adults. Transit access may be especially important in older age groups and walkability may be especially important for middle-aged and older adults who are still working. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)