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Preview: MedWorm: Neurology

MedWorm: Neurology News



MedWorm.com provides a medical RSS filtering service. Thousands of medical RSS feeds are combined and output via different filters. This feed contains the latest news in Neurology



Last Build Date: Wed, 25 Apr 2018 16:42:42 +0100

 



Dark chocolate health benefits: Sweet treat can BOOST brain power

Wed, 25 Apr 2018 15:07:53 +0100

A DAILY bite of dark chocolate is not only good for your health but boosts brain power too, research revealed today. (Source: Daily Express - Health)

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The darkest chocolate bars on the market are best for your health

Wed, 25 Apr 2018 14:16:23 +0100

While many wince at bars with more than 70 percent cacao, the team at  Loma Linda University in California found such a high concentration helps boost the brain and heart by reducing inflammation. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



How sensory deprivation and floating impacts the brain

Wed, 25 Apr 2018 12:52:29 +0100

Our series Pay Attention looks at how to retrain our focus and recapture our attention under the bombardment of technology and information that distracts us. "CBS This Morning" co-host John Dickerson explores if sensory deprivation can short-circuit the noise. (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)



WATCH: Does dark chocolate make you smarter?

Wed, 25 Apr 2018 12:36:03 +0100

Dr. Jennifer Ashton discusses what to know about a new study that says dark chocolate may improve brain health. (Source: ABC News: Health)



PixarBio CEO Faces Criminal Fraud Charges

Wed, 25 Apr 2018 11:02:36 +0100

In the latest turn of what has been one of the more peculiar medtech/biotech stories to develop over the past couple years, PixarBio CEO Frank Reynolds and two of his associates were arrested Tuesday on charges of securities fraud. The arrest comes just shy of two months after PixarBio threatened to sue Reynolds' former company, InVivo Therapeutics, for libel and patent rights to the company's scaffold device. The U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Massachusetts said Tuesday that Reynolds, Jay Herod, and Kenneth Stromsland were charged with engaging in a scheme to defraud PixarBio investors by making false and misleading statements about the company's prospects, financing, and the background and track record of Reynolds. The three are also accused of engaging in manipulative tradin...



SAMHSA Head Stands Firm on Marijuana's Dangers

Wed, 25 Apr 2018 10:35:02 +0100

(MedPage Today) -- Also says younger generation of providers is key to opioid fight (Source: MedPage Today Neurology)

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ARRS: DTI-MRI shows brain damage from cocaine use

Wed, 25 Apr 2018 07:00:00 +0100

WASHINGTON, DC - MRI scans with a diffusion-tensor imaging protocol (DTI-MRI)...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: DTI-MRI finds abnormal brain connections in autistic kids DTI-MRI ties lack of fitness to cognitive decline Court rules that DTI-MRI scans are not 'junk science' DTI-MRI poses new cause for schizophrenia DTI-MRI sheds light on Parkinson's disease (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)



Exercise and Cognitive Symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease Exercise and Cognitive Symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease

Wed, 25 Apr 2018 05:15:07 +0100

This study suggests that exercise may be effective in preserving the cognitive health of older adults at risk of or who have Alzheimer disease, with aerobic exercise providing the most benefit.Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)



Synaptic communication controls neuronal migration

Wed, 25 Apr 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science) Development of the mammalian neocortex requires the precise migration of billions of neurons. Synapses are structures that allow neurons to communicate with each other. Scientists at the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science have identified a novel role of synapses in neuronal migration during neocortical development. They show that transient synapses are formed between subplate neurons, which function as guidance cells, and newborn neurons. This interaction promotes the proper migration of newborn neurons. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



Brain cell's Achilles' heel may prompt hydrocephalus

Wed, 25 Apr 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(Duke University) Viruses may spark hydrocephalus by exploiting a surprising weakness of cells that circulate fluid in the brain, called ependymal cells, report Duke University scientists. The researchers discovered that ependymal cells from mice require a continuous production of a transcription factor called Foxj1 to maintain their shape and function. Viruses known to infect the brain have found a way to shut down the production of Foxj1 and disable the cells, the researchers show. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



American College of Physicians, April 19 - 21

Wed, 25 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)

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Healthy elderly brains DO grow new cells just as many as young adult brains, according to new research

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 22:34:31 +0100

(Natural News) Many older people don’t seem as mentally sharp as young people, and it’s long been believed that brains stop making new cells as they age. Some research has even indicated that adults do not grow new neurons. Now, a new study in the journal Cell Stem Cell casts these ideas in serious doubt... (Source: NaturalNews.com)



How a head injury could make you see yourself differently

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 22:29:21 +0100

Amy Schumer's insecure character in her new movie I Feel Pretty gets a new leash on life after a head injury changes her brain and gives her new confidence - and science says it may be possible. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



Exposure to "safe" levels of BPA during pregnancy found to alter brain development, behavior

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 22:22:25 +0100

(Natural News) A new study provides an explanation for how exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) during pregnancy can affect brain development and behavior of the unborn child later in life, even at levels lower than the regulated “safe” human exposure level. BPA is a widely used chemical in a variety of plastic products, such as water... (Source: NaturalNews.com)



COLUMN: Knowing the health indicators of a brain aneurysm can save your life

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 22:06:39 +0100

A brain aneurysm is a silent, dangerous ticking time bomb. (Source: ABC News: Health)



Anesthesia Doesn't Seem to Harm Child's IQ: Study

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 21:14:05 +0100

At ages 8 to 12 and 15 to 20, all three groups were similar in terms of IQ, memory and several other measures of brain function, according to the study authors. (Source: WebMD Health)

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Mother Forms Company to Tackle Brain-Based Disorders

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 20:34:24 +0100

What do you do when you have a child that’s suffering from a neurological disorder and nothing seems to work? What do you do when each visit to the doctor leads to more questions and more confusions. It’s a scenario that no mother wants to go through, yet Malekeh Amini found herself in with her son. “He was diagnosed with one neurological disorder at the age of 5, then another when he was six and another,” Amini told MD+DI. “It just continued to become more and more complex. After running around from one clinic to another and not knowing how to manage his symptoms and not knowing really how to treat him, I walked away completely lost and alone in the process.” Amini, an engineer with more than 20 years in healthcare, took action by creating her own company to help develop appli...



Light effectively relieves chronic pain in study with mice

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 18:41:27 +0100

Scientists have developed a light-sensitive chemical that provides chronic neuropathic pain relief from touch, based on a study of mice. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)



Boston Sci Sees Strong Data From Parkinson & #039;s Treatment Study

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 18:29:30 +0100

This study meets a new level of rigor in evaluating the effectiveness of a DBS system," Jerrold Vitek, MD, Phd, McKnight professor and chair, Department of Neurology, University of Minnesota Medical School and coordinating principal investigator for the INTREPID study, said in a release. "The double-blind design gives us confidence that the improvements in patients on time with good symptom control, as evaluated by the diary data, are an objective measure of the outcomes and suggests patients will benefit from the Vercise System." Boston Scientific received FDA approval for Vercise late last year. The device is different from other DBS offerings because it does not stem from pacemaker technology. Instead the device is derived from cochlear implant technology and is able to stimulate the ar...



Predictive Factors ID'd for Neurodegeneration in Idiopathic RBD

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 18:00:00 +0100

(MedPage Today) -- Opens the door to intervening with neuroprotective therapy (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)



Girl With Rare Disease Races Time Via Virtual Tech Girl With Rare Disease Races Time Via Virtual Tech

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 17:34:13 +0100

Pediatric brain disease patients the latest to gather data for clinical trails from the comfort of their own home.WebMD Health News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)

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Feds arrest PixarBio CEO Reynolds on securities fraud charges

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 16:28:28 +0100

The bizarre saga of biotech executive Frank Reynolds took another turn today when federal authorities arrested the PixarBio (OTC:PXRB) CEO and two associates on securities fraud charges, claiming they misled investors about its opioid substitute and falsely claimed a $1 billion valuation. PixarBio is purportedly developing a drug to replace morphine and other opiates, but prosecutors alleged that the product is actually an older anti-convulsant called carbamazepine, sold under the trade name Tegretol, that’s used to treat epilepsy and neuralgia; PixarBio plans to re-formulate the drug as a time-release injection called NeuroRelease. Get the full story at our sister site, Drug Delivery Business News. The post Feds arrest PixarBio CEO Reynolds on securities fraud charges appeared first ...



How to live longer: Having a nap for this amount of time can help achieve longevity

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 16:15:49 +0100

HOW TO live longer: Quitting smoking, exercising and eating a balanced diet are obvious things to help a person achieve longevity. Scientists also say having a nap in the day is good for your health, and can prevent your brain from ageing - but the sleep should be for a certain amount of time and at a certain point in the day. (Source: Daily Express - Health)



Can Marijuana Be the Answer for Pain? Can Marijuana Be the Answer for Pain?

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 16:05:47 +0100

Could marijuana be the next pain reliever of choice?WebMD Health News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)



IBD and Parkinson's; Exercise and ALS; New Concussion Biomarker?

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 16:00:00 +0100

(MedPage Today) -- News and commentary from the world of neurology and neuroscience (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)



A Bedside Test to Differentiate Dementias? A Bedside Test to Differentiate Dementias?

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 15:10:44 +0100

From the AAN Annual Meeting, Medscape speaks with Dr Aman Deep about his research into differentiating two forms of dementia.Medscape Neurology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)

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Could eating fish stave off Parkinson's disease?

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 15:00:00 +0100

We know that eating fish protects brain health. A new study identifies the protein responsible for this and explains how it fights 'Parkinson's protein.' (Source: Parkinson's Disease News From Medical News Today)



Medical News Today: Could eating fish stave off Parkinson's disease?

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 15:00:00 +0100

We know that eating fish protects brain health. A new study identifies the protein responsible for this and explains how it fights 'Parkinson's protein.' (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)



Soccer Heading & mdash;Not Collisions & mdash;Cognitively Impairs Players

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 14:24:02 +0100

April 24, 2018—(BRONX, NY)—Worse cognitive function in soccer players stems mainly from frequent ball heading rather than unintentional head impacts due to collisions, researchers atAlbert Einstein College of Medicine have found. The findings suggest that efforts to reduce long-term brain injuries may be focusing too narrowly on preventing accidental head collisions. The study published online today in the Frontiers in Neurology. (Source: Einstein News)



Parkinson’s disease: Add this 28p meal to your shopping list to slash brain condition risk

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 14:09:05 +0100

PARKINSON ’S disease symptoms include tremors, slow movement, and muscle stiffness. But, you could prevent the brain condition by adding this cheap meal to your diet, scientists have revealed. (Source: Daily Express - Health)



Do I Have to Lose Me to Love You?

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 14:00:11 +0100

As codependents we lose ourselves in relationships, unaware that losing our Self is the greatest despair. When the relationship inevitably ends, it’s devastating because we are lost. We lack autonomy because that task wasn’t completed by adulthood. Often there are power struggles, characterized by repeated, unresolved arguments, either about a single recurring issue or numerous trivial things. Many of them boil down to the question of who has control, whose needs will be met, or how intimate they will be. Intimacy problems are a common symptom of codependency. Avoidance of intimacy, and the vulnerability that occurs when we open up, is a way to maintain control and autonomy. We fear that closeness makes us more dependent on our partner and exposed to being judged and hurt. These ...

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Boston Scientific touts 1-year data on Vercise DBS in Parkinson ’ s

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 13:38:55 +0100

This study meets a new level of rigor in evaluating the effectiveness of a DBS system,” coordinating principal investigator Dr. Jerrold Vitek, of the University of Minnesota Medical School, said in prepared remarks. “The double-blind design gives us confidence that the improvements in patients on time with good symptom control, as evaluated by the diary data, are an objective measure of the outcomes and suggests patients will benefit from the Vercise System.” Vercise won CE Mark approval in the European Union to treat essential tremor in 2014. FDA approval to treat Parkinson’s followed last December, backed by data from the Intrepid study. The post Boston Scientific touts 1-year data on Vercise DBS in Parkinson’s appeared first on MassDevice. (Source: Mass Devic...



Controversial epilepsy drug that causes birth defects is banned

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 13:36:06 +0100

The Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency has changed the licence for sodium valproate, which controls electrical functions in the brain to prevent life-threatening seizures. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



Heading footballs may cause brain injuries

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 13:30:33 +0100

Researchers from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, claim that heading may cause brain injury and, as players are in control, the consequences can be prevented. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



A Round-Up of Seven New Neurology Studies A Round-Up of Seven New Neurology Studies

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 13:24:09 +0100

Dr Diener reports on a wide range of studies in neurology and critical care medicine published in February and March, 2018.Medscape Neurology (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)



Boston Scientific Announces Positive Late-Breaking Data From The INTREPID Study

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 12:46:07 +0100

MARLBOROUGH, Mass., April 24, 2018 -- (Healthcare Sales & Marketing Network) -- Boston Scientific Corporation (NYSE: BSX) today announced one-year data from the INTREPID study, the first and only prospective, double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled, mul... Devices, Neurology Boston Scientific, INTREPID study, deep brain stimulation, Parkinson's disease (Source: HSMN NewsFeed)

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AAN 2018: Lilly's Galcanezumab Significantly Reduced Monthly Migraine Headache Days in Patients with Migraine Who Previously Failed to Respond to Multiple Preventive Therapies

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 12:39:48 +0100

INDIANAPOLIS, April 24, 2018 -- (Healthcare Sales & Marketing Network) -- Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY) announced today results from a post-hoc subgroup analysis which demonstrated efficacy of galcanezumab in patients with episodic and chronic migrain... Biopharmaceuticals, Neurology Eli Lilly, galcanezumab, migraine (Source: HSMN NewsFeed)



Linear Link for Physical Activity, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 12:00:10 +0100

TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- There is a linear correlation for physical activity (PA) with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), according to a study published online April 23 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery& Psychiatry. Anne E. Visser,... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)



Cannabidiol Cuts Seizure Severity, Frequency in Resistant Epilepsy Cannabidiol Cuts Seizure Severity, Frequency in Resistant Epilepsy

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 11:54:57 +0100

One of the main components of cannabis, cannabidiol, decreased seizure frequency by 50% to 60% in children and adults with treatment-refractory epilepsy.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)



Outcomes and Costs in Revision Cervical Spine Surgery Outcomes and Costs in Revision Cervical Spine Surgery

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 04:14:56 +0100

What do we know about revision cervical spine surgery in terms of costs and outcome measures?Spine (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)



Electrode shape improves neurostimulation for small targets

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(Purdue University) A cross-like shape helps the electrodes of implantable neurostimulation devices to deliver more charge to specific areas of the nervous system, possibly prolonging device life span, says research published in March in Nature Scientific Reports. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)

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Brain activity linked to stress changes chemical codes

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(University of California - San Diego) UC San Diego scientists have identified light-induced electrical activity as the brain mechanism controlling chemical code switching in relation to stress. While investigating neurotransmitter switching in rats, the researchers found that specific brain neurons were responsible, with possible implications for chemical imbalances in the brain underlying mental illness. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Burning tumors away

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(University of Southern California) A team of USC Viterbi School of Engineering researchers are now making it easier, faster and safer for doctors to use an emerging procedure -- one that involves burning away tumors in more patients, including those with brain tumors. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)



Organoids reveal how a deadly brain cancer grows

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(Salk Institute) Salk scientists developed a new model for glioblastoma using gene-edited organoids. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)



In Huntington's disease, heart problems reflect broader effects of abnormal protein

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(Children's Hospital of Philadelphia) Researchers investigating a key signaling protein in Huntington's disease describe deleterious effects on heart function, going beyond the disease's devastating neurological impact. By adjusting protein levels affecting an important biological pathway, the researchers improved heart function in experimental animals, shedding light on the biology of this fatal disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



What if you could know that your mild cognitive impairment wouldn't progress

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(IOS Press) Researchers from the Lisbon School of Medicine, University of Lisbon found that, in some mild cognitive impairment patients, real neuropsychological stability over a decade is possible and that long-term stability could be predicted based on neuropsychological tests measuring memory and non-verbal abstract reasoning. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

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Managing chronic pain with light

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(European Molecular Biology Laboratory) Scientists from EMBL Rome have identified the population of nerve cells in the skin that are responsible for sensitivity to gentle touch, and which cause severe pain in neuropathic pain patients. The team developed a light-sensitive chemical that selectively binds to this type of nerve cell. By first injecting the affected skin area with the chemical and then illuminating it with near-infrared light, the targeted cells retract from the skin's surface, leading to pain relief. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



How bacteria are changing your mood

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 00:05:48 +0100

Scientists think "mood microbes" are a new frontier for improving the health of the brain. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)



Sleep deprivation increases Alzheimer ’s protein

Tue, 24 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0100

In a small study, losing just one night of sleep led to an increase in beta-amyloid, a protein in the brain associated with Alzheimer ’s disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))



New AAN Guidelines Advocate Early MS Treatment New AAN Guidelines Advocate Early MS Treatment

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 23:55:27 +0100

New guidelines update guidance on starting, switching, and stopping disease-modifying therapies in multiple sclerosis and recommend an earlier, rather than later, start to treatment.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)



White Sox pitcher remains hospitalized after suffering hemorrhage

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 23:13:27 +0100

"About two percent of the population will have them, so in a room of 50 at least one person has a brain aneurysm, they may not know about it" (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)

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Having “fiddle fingers” is a good thing: Research shows busy hands alter your brain’s chemistry, making you happier

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 22:15:32 +0100

(Natural News) Many people say, “the eyes have it”, but some researchers insist that “the hands have it”, instead.  That’s because our hands hold the key to our happiness. Kelly Lambert, a neuroscientist at the University of Richmond says “our brains reward us for getting a grip on the world.” She explains that we change... (Source: NaturalNews.com)



Doctors Warned About Prescribing Sedatives And Opioids

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 21:45:25 +0100

BOSTON (CBS) — Opioids can be risky when taken alone, but when taken with sedatives called benzodiazepines, the combination can be particularly dangerous, even deadly. Yet, according to a recent study in JAMA Psychiatry, the chances of receiving a new opioid prescription is 83%  higher for patients on benzodiazepines compared with the general population. Benzodiazepines include medications like Valium, Xanax, Klonopin, and Ativan. Both opioids and benzodiazepines can cause drowsiness and can suppress the part of the brain which controls your breathing, so if you use too much of either one or use them in combination, you could essentially stop breathing. Doctors are urged to avoid prescribing opioids like oxycodone and morphine to patients on sedatives, and patients themselve...



Opioids Are Over-Prescribed In Patients On Benzodiazepines

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 21:45:25 +0100

BOSTON (CBS) — Opioids can be risky when taken alone, but when taken with sedatives called benzodiazepines, the combination can be particularly dangerous, even deadly. Yet, according to a recent study in JAMA Psychiatry, the chances of receiving a new opioid prescription is 83%  higher for patients on benzodiazepines compared with the general population. Benzodiazepines include medications like Valium, Xanax, Klonopin, and Ativan. Both opioids and benzodiazepines can cause drowsiness and can suppress the part of the brain which controls your breathing, so if you use too much of either one or use them in combination, you could essentially stop breathing. Doctors are urged to avoid prescribing opioids like oxycodone and morphine to patients on sedatives, and patients themselve...



ACHIEVE I: Ubrogepant Meets Endpoints for Acute Migraine ACHIEVE I: Ubrogepant Meets Endpoints for Acute Migraine

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 20:09:40 +0100

Phase 3 trial results show that two doses of oral ubrogepant, a novel CGRP-targeting medication, met the primary endpoints of decreasing acute migraine pain and symptoms compared with placebo.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)



Start MS Drugs Early, New Guideline Says

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 20:00:00 +0100

(MedPage Today) -- AAN updates multiple sclerosis treatment recommendations (Source: MedPage Today Neurology)

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Girl With Rare Disease Races Time Via Virtual Tech

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 19:00:48 +0100

Pediatric brain disease patients the latest to gather data for clinical trials from the comfort of their own home. (Source: WebMD Health)



Fish supplements protect the brain from chronic stress, study suggests

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 18:52:30 +0100

A study by researchers at John's Hopkins University found that fish oil supplements could help protect a person's brain from the harmful effects of chronic stress and post-traumatic stress disorder. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



Oral Drug Increases SMN Protein in Spinal Muscular Atrophy Oral Drug Increases SMN Protein in Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 18:34:03 +0100

Preliminary results of the FIREFISH study show a 6.5-fold increase in a protein that's diminished in babies with spinal muscular atrophy.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines)



Exploring the Latest in Sensor Technologies for Medtech

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 18:22:13 +0100

When it comes to exciting new breakthroughs, you really don’t need to look any further than the industry of sensor technologies. From a biosensor technology that measures brain activity to a wearable sensor that can prevent pressure injuries, new sensor technologies are leading the charge in medtech innovation—and these developments are just the tip of the iceberg. Roger Grace, president of strategic marketing firm Roger Grace Associates, has been working in the sensor technology market since 1982. Grace has spent years as a technology marketing consultant, providing a broad range of services from strategy development to custom market research and new product introductions. In 2016 Grace was awarded the “Sensor Industry Impact Award” by Sensors Magazine for his contributions to the...



Aging Brains Gain More From Exercise With Good Hydration

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 18:15:11 +0100

The researchers noted that previous studies have shown that dehydration reduces exercise performance and brain function in young people, but less is known about its impact on seniors. (Source: WebMD Health)

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Medical News Today: Why do some people sneeze after eating?

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 18:00:00 +0100

If a person sneezes after eating all or certain foods, they may either have gustatory rhinitis, snatiation, or a food allergy. Hot or spicy foods are the most common triggers. Sneezing after eating is a common complaint that can be managed by avoiding certain foods or taking nasal decongestants or antihistamines. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)



Behavioral interventions for inappropriate sexual behavior in individuals with developmental disabilities and acquired brain injury: a review - Clay CJ, Bloom SE, Lambert JM.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

Inappropriate sexual behavior (ISB) is a common, but understudied, issue for individuals diagnosed with developmental disabilities (DD), intellectual disability (ID), and/or acquired brain injuries (ABI). We conducted a systematic review to identify, analy... (Source: SafetyLit)



The dynamics of concussion: mapping pathophysiology, persistence, and recovery with causal-loop diagramming - Kenzie ES, Parks EL, Bigler ED, Wright DW, Lim MM, Chesnutt JC, Hawryluk GWJ, Gordon W, Wakeland W.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

Despite increasing public awareness and a growing body of literature on the subject of concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury, an urgent need still exists for reliable diagnostic measures, clinical care guidelines, and effective treatments for the cond... (Source: SafetyLit)



Mindfulness-based treatment of addiction: current state of the field and envisioning the next wave of research - Garland EL, Howard MO.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

Contemporary advances in addiction neuroscience have paralleled increasing interest in the ancient mental training practice of mindfulness meditation as a potential therapy for addiction. In the past decade, mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been... (Source: SafetyLit)



Common transdiagnostic cognitive deficits among people with psychiatric disorders exposed to childhood maltreatment: a meta-analysis - R-Mercier A, Masson M, Bussi ères ÈL, Cellard C.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

The objectives of the present meta-analysis were to... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Predictive simulations of neuromuscular coordination and joint-contact loading in human gait - Lin YC, Walter JP, Pandy MG.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

We implemented direct collocation on a full-body neuromusculoskeletal model to calculate muscle forces, ground reaction forces and knee contact loading simultaneously for one cycle of human gait. A data-tracking collocation problem was solved for walking a... (Source: SafetyLit)



Plasma metabolomic biomarkers accurately classify acute mild traumatic brain injury from controls - Fiandaca MS, Mapstone M, Mahmoodi A, Gross T, Macciardi F, Cheema AK, Merchant-Borna K, Bazarian J, Federoff HJ.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

Past and recent attempts at devising objective biomarkers for traumatic brain injury (TBI) in both blood and cerebrospinal fluid have focused on abundance measures of time-dependent proteins. Similar independent determinants would be most welcome in diagno... (Source: SafetyLit)



When light hurts:  comparative morphometry of human brainstem in traumatic photalgia - Likova LT, Tyler CW.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

Traumatic brain injury is an increasingly common affliction, although many of its serious repercussions are still underappreciated. A frequent consequence is the development of light-induced pain, or 'photalgia', which can often lead to prolonged debilitat... (Source: SafetyLit)



Preventing fractures and falls: a limited role for calcium and vitamin D supplements? - Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Bhasin S, Manson JE.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

Vitamin D and calcium are key nutrients to support bone development in children and young adults and to maintain muscle strength and neuromuscular coordination throughout the life span. Vitamin D deficiency is a well-defined risk factor for falls and hi... (Source: SafetyLit)



Trait attentional control modulates neurofunctional response to threat distractors in anxiety and depression - Klumpp H, Kinney KL, Kennedy AE, Shankman SA, Langenecker SA, Kumar A, Phan KL.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

Accumulating data suggest attentional control capability varies across psychiatric diagnostic boundaries. The Attentional Control Scale (ACS) assesses self-reported trait attentional control (TAC) and tracks the anterior attention system. Greater TAC is as... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Single mild concussion increases risk of Parkinson's disease, study suggests - Torjesen I.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

People who have been diagnosed with a mild traumatic brain injury have a 56% increased risk of developing Parkinson ’ disease, new research has suggested. The study, published in Neurology, included 325 870 US veterans, half of whom had been diagn... (Source: SafetyLit)



The neuroergonomics of aircraft cockpits: the four stages of eye-tracking integration to enhance flight safety - Peysakhovich V, Lefran çois O, Dehais F, Causse M.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

Commercial aviation is currently one of the safest modes of transportation; however, human error is still one major contributing cause of aeronautical accidents and incidents. One promising avenue to further enhance flight safety is Neuroergonomics, an app... (Source: SafetyLit)



Maternal depressive symptoms during and after pregnancy and child developmental milestones - Tuovinen S, Lahti-Pulkkinen M, Girchenko P, Lipsanen J, Lahti J, Heinonen K, Reynolds RM, H ämäläinen E, Kajantie E, Laivuori H, Pesonen AK, Villa PM, Räikkönen K.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

BACKGROUND: Maternal depressive symptoms during and after pregnancy predict poorer child neurodevelopment. The effects of timing, symptom severity, and additive influences remain unclear. METHODS: A total of 2,231 mothers of the Prediction and Prev... (Source: SafetyLit)



Disturbances of sleep and alertness in Parkinson's disease - Videnovic A.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. Sleep dysfunction is one of the most common non-motor manifestations of PD that has gained significant interest over the past two decades due to its impact on... (Source: SafetyLit)



Return to work after severe traumatic brain injury: a national study with a one-year follow-up of neurocognitive and behavioural outcomes - Sigurdardottir S, Andelic N, Wehling E, Anke A, Skandsen T, Holthe OO, Manskow US, Roe C.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

The objectives were to investigate the frequency of return-to-work (RTW) one year after severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI: Glasgow Coma Scale, GCS 3-8) and to identify which demographic and injury-related characteristics and neurocognitive factors are as... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Regionally clustered

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

OBJECTIVE: ABCC8 encodes sulfonylurea receptor 1, a key regulatory protein of cerebral oedema in many neurological disorders including traumatic brain injury (TBI). Sulfonylurea-receptor-1 inhibition has been promising in ameliorating cerebral oedem... (Source: SafetyLit)



Mild TBI and risk of Parkinson disease: a Chronic Effects of Neurotrauma Consortium Study - Gardner RC, Byers AL, Barnes DE, Li Y, Boscardin J, Yaffe K.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess risk of Parkinson disease (PD) following traumatic brain injury (TBI), including specifically mild TBI (mTBI), among care recipients in the Veterans Health Administration. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study... (Source: SafetyLit)



Immoral behaviour following brain damage: a review - Roberts S, Henry JD, Molenberghs P.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

Despite the apparent sociability of human kind, immoral behaviour is ever present in society. The term 'immoral behaviour' represents a complex array of conduct, ranging from insensitivity to topics of conversation through to violent assault and murder. To... (Source: SafetyLit)



Fear avoidance and clinical outcomes from mild traumatic brain injury - Silverberg ND, Panenka W, Iverson GL.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

Characterizing psychological factors that contribute to persistent symptoms after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) can inform early intervention. To determine whether fear avoidance, a known risk factor for chronic disability after musculoskeletal injury... (Source: SafetyLit)



Standard of care, controversies and innovations in the medical treatment of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury (STBI) - Scerrati A, De Rosa S, Mongardi L, Cavallo MA, Trapella G, De Bonis P.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

Severe traumatic brain injury (STBI) is characterized by a primary injury which cannot be reversed and a secondary injury that can be prevented or reversed. Management of STBI patients in intensive care mainly aims at preventing the secondary injury. Treat... (Source: SafetyLit)

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MEG working memory N-back task reveals functional deficits in combat-related mild traumatic brain injury - Huang MX, Nichols S, Robb-Swan A, Angeles-Quinto A, Harrington DL, Drake A, Huang CW, Song T, Diwakar M, Risbrough VB, Matthews S, Clifford R, Cheng CK, Huang JW, Sinha A, Yurgil KA, Ji Z, Lerman I, Lee RR, Baker DG.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

Combat-related mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a leading cause of sustained cognitive impairment in military service members and Veterans. However, the mechanism of persistent cognitive deficits including working memory (WM) dysfunction is not fully ... (Source: SafetyLit)



Regional brain volume changes in alcohol-dependent individuals during short-term and long-term abstinence - Zou X, Durazzo TC, Meyerhoff DJ.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

BACKGROUND: Widespread brain atrophy in alcohol-dependent individuals (ALC) has been consistently documented in pathological and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies. Longitudinal MRI studies have shown that the regional brain volume losses in ALC are ... (Source: SafetyLit)



Neuropsychological performance in alcohol dependent patients: a one-year longitudinal study - Ioime L, Guglielmo R, Affini GF, Quatrale M, Martinotti G, Callea A, Savi E, Janiri L.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

OBJECTIVE: Despite several studies that have highlighted the harmful effects of alcohol consumption on cognitive functions it remains unclear whether certain brain areas are more sensitive than others are or whether alcohol causes widespread cognitive defi... (Source: SafetyLit)



Rehabilitation and school services following traumatic brain injury in young children - Haarbauer-Krupa J, Lundine JP, Depompei R, King TZ.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

BACKGROUND: Preschool children have the highest incidence of emergency department visits for traumatic brain injury (TBI) with the majority discharged home without a single point of entry into follow-up services. This paper describes families' experience w... (Source: SafetyLit)



Cognitive profiles of older adults with a prior traumatic brain injury versus healthy controls: a meta-analysis - An KY, Monette MCE.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

OBJECTIVE: To determine cognitive outcomes in older adults ( ≥ 50 years old) having sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) using meta-analysis. METHODS: MedLine and PsycInfo databases were searched to identify studies comparing neuropsychologica... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Using biological factors to individualize interventions for youth with conduct problems: current state and ethical issues - Glenn AL.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

A growing body of evidence suggests that biological factors such as genes, hormone levels, brain structure, and brain functioning influence the development and trajectory of conduct problems in youth. In addition, biological factors affect how individuals ... (Source: SafetyLit)



Unmet rehabilitation needs after hospitalization for traumatic brain injury - Fuentes MM, Wang J, Haarbauer-Krupa J, Yeates KO, Durbin D, Zonfrillo MR, Jaffe KM, Temkin N, Tulsky D, Bertisch H, Rivara FP.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

In this study, we describe unmet service needs of children hospitalized for traumatic brain injury (TBI) during the first 2 years after injury and examine associations between child, family, and injury-related characteristics and unmet needs in... (Source: SafetyLit)



Readiness to recognize: a qualitative case study of educational identification of TBI - Greene D, Sample PL, Johns N, Palmer M.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

BACKGROUND: The educational identification (ED-ID) of students with traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been legislated in numerous states, and TBI has become its own special education category. Questions abound as to whether these changes will lead to more r... (Source: SafetyLit)



Pediatric head injury: a study of 403 cases in a tertiary care hospital in a developing country - Wani AA, Sarmast AH, Ahangar M, Malik NK, Chhibber SS, Arif SH, Ramzan AU, Dar BA, Ali Z.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Falls are the most common type of injury, followed by motor vehicle-related accidents and child abuse. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim ... (Source: SafetyLit)



Hospital to school transition following traumatic brain injury: a qualitative longitudinal study - Todis B, McCart M, Glang A.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

The objective of this study is to look closely at what transition se... (Source: SafetyLit)

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An international perspective on educators' perceptions of children with traumatic brain injury - Kahn LG, Linden MA, McKinlay A, Gomez D, Glang A.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

BACKGROUND: Educators lack understanding of traumatic brain injury (TBI), which can lead to a lack of appropriate assessment and intervention methods for these students. OBJECTIVE(S): This qualitative study explored what experienced teachers percei... (Source: SafetyLit)



A systematic review and meta-analysis of educational interventions for children and adolescents with acquired brain injury - Linden MA, Glang AE, McKinlay A.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

BACKGROUND: Children with brain injuries face significant challenges in their recovery. One of the greatest is transitioning from hospital/home to school where they face issues such as reintegration, lack of understanding and catching up with missed work. ... (Source: SafetyLit)



A cross-sectional study on cerebral hemodynamics after mild traumatic brain injury in a pediatric population - Thibeault CM, Thorpe S, O'Brien MJ, Canac N, Ranjbaran M, Patanam I, Sarraf A, LeVangie J, Scalzo F, Wilk SJ, Diaz-Arrastia R, Hamilton RB.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

The microvasculature is prominently affected by traumatic brain injury (TBI), including mild TBI (concussion). Assessment of cerebral hemodynamics shows promise as biomarkers of TBI, and may help inform development of therapies aimed at promoting neurologi... (Source: SafetyLit)



The Dyad-Adaptive Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (DA-PASAT): normative data and the effects of repeated testing, simulated malingering, and traumatic brain injury - Woods DL, Wyma JM, Herron TJ, Yund EW, Reed B.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

The Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT) is widely used to evaluate processing speed and executive function in patients with multiple sclerosis, traumatic brain injury, and other neurological disorders. In the PASAT, subjects listen to sequences of ... (Source: SafetyLit)



Extracellular vesicles: pathogenetic, diagnostic and therapeutic value in traumatic brain injury - Mondello S, Thelin EP, Shaw G, Salzet M, Visalli C, Cizkova D, Kobeissy F, B üki A.

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:42:28 +0100

INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Accurate classification according to injury-specific and patient-specific characteristics is critical to help informed clinical decision-making and to the purs... (Source: SafetyLit)

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First look for subscribers: Meet our 2018 Excellence in Healthcare winners

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:41:20 +0100

Among this group are medical professionals who have worked to improve family health in our community, enhanced training in pathology labs, and explored deep brain imaging and diagnostics. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care News Headlines)



Bogachan Sahin, M.D., Ph.D., Named Highland Hospital Chief of Neurology

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:36:02 +0100

Bogachan Sahin, M.D., Ph.D., has been appointed as the new Chief of Neurology for Highland Hospital. (Source: University of Rochester Medical Center Press Releases)



Hydration May Be Key to a Beneficial Workout

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 17:00:00 +0100

(Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)



Scientists plan huge European AI hub to compete with US

Mon, 23 Apr 2018 16:39:02 +0100

Exclusive: In an open letter, the scientists say the proposed Ellis institute is essential to avoid brain drain to big tech firmsLeading scientists have drawn up plans for a vast multinational European institute devoted to world-class artificial intelligence (AI) research in a desperate bid to nurture and retain top talent in Europe.The new institute would be set up for similar reasons asCern, the particle physics lab near Geneva, which was created after the second world war to rebuild European physics and reverse the brain drain of the brightest and best scientists to the US.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)