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MedWorm: Medical Ethics News



MedWorm.com provides a medical RSS filtering service. Thousands of medical RSS feeds are combined and output via different filters. This feed contains the latest news in Medical Ethics



Last Build Date: Sat, 21 Apr 2018 23:34:08 +0100

 



Global Health: Ethicists Call for More Scrutiny of ‘ Human-Challenge ’ Trials

Fri, 20 Apr 2018 20:25:51 +0100

A vaccine study in which subjects are to be deliberately infected with Zika is on pause after ethicists said it had “ insufficient value. ” (Source: NYT Health)

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Nasal spray of party drug shows promise as fast-acting antidepressant, researchers say

Fri, 20 Apr 2018 15:00:19 +0100

The latest clinical trial of esketamine, the nasal-spray form of the club drug ketamine, is boosting confidence among some psychiatrists that it could be a major advance in the treatment of suicidal depression. In a study published this week in the American Journal of Psychiatry, researchers report that an esketamine trial resulted in a “rapid improvement in depressive symptoms” […]Related:E. coli outbreak spreads as source of tainted lettuce remains a mysteryFirst marijuana-derived drug poised for FDA approval after winning support from advisersNew CDC chief stepped down from four groups to comply with ethics rules (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)



Gates Backs Gene Technologies in Fight to End Malaria Gates Backs Gene Technologies in Fight to End Malaria

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 21:22:35 +0100

Gene-editing technologies that alter mosquitoes'DNA could prove critical in the fight against malaria, Bill Gates said on Wednesday, and ethical concerns should not block progress in such gene-modifying research.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)



Accounts Payable Finance Assistant

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 19:55:04 +0100

DepartmentThe Finance Department support MSF in carrying out its mission in an effective, efficient, ethical and accountable manner to its donors and the public at large by managing MSFUSA's budgetary, financial and accounting practice.   The Finance team consist of 4 units -  Revenue, Accounts Payable, Grants, and Payroll. ProjectLanguage English (Source: MSF News)



Entering a Golden Age of Medical Materials

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 19:37:49 +0100

Materials science is a field that is constantly evolving as technologies advance around us at lightning pace. New trends and developments continue to drive device innovation, but they also push new materials to the forefront as well. Device makers and engineers have made great strides in using these new materials to create exciting new technologies, with recent discoveries made from advances in medical electronics, biomaterials, plastics, and soft materials. Jacqueline Anim is the principal material engineer for Ethicon, a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson that manufactures surgical systems and instruments. She currently serves as a subject matter expert for the company as it aims to leverage various blends of polymer technologies to innovate in the design and manufacturing of digital an...

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First marijuana-derived drug poised for FDA approval after winning support from advisers

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 17:59:27 +0100

Food and Drug Administration advisers on Thursday unanimously supported the first-ever government approval of a medication made from cannabis, paving the way for agency clearance by the end of June. The drug, Epidiolex, would be administered in a syrup form and is made from a purified ingredient in cannabis called cannabidiol, or CBD. It is […]Related:New CDC chief stepped down from four groups to comply with ethics rulesThese are the top priorities for the nation’s top cancer doctorFor advanced lung cancer, immune therapy plus chemo prolongs survival (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)



(When) is science reporting ethical? The case for recognizing shared epistemic responsibility in science journalism - Figdor C.

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 14:36:11 +0100

Internal mechanisms that uphold the reliability of published scientific results have failed across many sciences, including some that are major sources of science news. Traditional methods for reporting science in the mass media do not effectively compensa... (Source: SafetyLit)



ConTech 2018 announces core themes and call for speakers

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 13:49:21 +0100

ConTech 2018 – Transforming content through data science, ai and emerging technologies The ConTech 2018 chair team met yesterday to finalise a set of core themes and a call for speakers. Information providers and content owners are increasingly having to address the challenges of competing in a data world, driven by machine learning, artificial intelligence and other emerging technologies. ConTech 2018 will help you understand how data-ready you are and what opportunities exist for you in this exciting new world. Get practical advice and learn from the content pioneers embracing this new technology – whether you are making decisions about strategic people and technology investments, looking to explore how data technologies can transform your business or delivering data driven c...



STM Course – Elementary course in journal publishing – Europe

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 06:22:47 +0100

The Elementary Course in Journal Publishing is aimed at those who have recently started their career in journal publishing or who are considering a career within the industry. Their experience may be in editorial, sales, marketing or content management roles, but the course will also be valuable to people working in other roles such as finance, web publishing and technology, or customer service. Experience has shown that participants at the start of their careers can benefit tremendously. Scope of the course Intensive, interactive lectures will be provided on all aspects of journal publishing. From the history of scholarly communication, through production, dissemination, sales, finances, ethics, bibliometrics and much more. In addition, non-publishing specific topics like cultural awarene...



Ethics in Humanitarian Contexts

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 03:48:05 +0100

Johns Hopkins University. 03/28/2018 This one-hour, 14-minute presentation provides an overview of ethics in humanitarian contexts, and how the provision of health services for people affected by humanitarian crises requires evidence-informed practices and policies. It discusses three ethical challenges among displaced and vulnerable migrant populations: Community risk, community consent, and disparate power dynamics between researchers and researched populations. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)

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Intuitive Dominates in its 1Q18 Earnings

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 01:11:36 +0100

The competition might be mounting in the surgical robotics space, but it isn’t having much of an impact on Intuitive Surgical - yet. The Sunnyvale, CA-based company managed to beat out Wall Street analysts' expectations in its latest quarterly earnings. Intuitive brought in about $848 million in the first quarter of 2018. This was a 25% increase over the $680 million the company earned this time last year. “We had a strong first quarter in pursuit of our mission with customer use of our systems at the top of our growth range, continuing momentum in new system placements, and stepwise progress in the development of markets outside the U.S., said Gary Guthart, president and CEO of Intuitive, according to a transcript from Seeking Alpha. “While we're pleased with our performance in the ...



British man who deliberately infected five partners with HIV is sentenced to life in prison

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:04:40 +0100

A British man found guilty for intentionally infecting five men with the HIV was sentenced to life in prison on Wednesday, the conclusion of a unique case that was a first for the country and has drawn coverage from around the world. Daryll Rowe, who was convicted of five counts of causing grievous bodily harm with intent, is […]Related:A 4-year-old had been growling at preschool — so this naturopath says she gave him rabid dog salivaThe world’s first recipient of a second face transplant? A 43-year-old who says he feels 22 again.New CDC chief stepped down from four groups to comply with ethics rules (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)



A 4-year-old had been growling at preschool — so this naturopath says she gave him rabid dog saliva

Wed, 18 Apr 2018 18:48:02 +0100

A Canadian naturopath claims that she treated a 4-year-old boy's behavioral problems with a controversial homeopathic remedy — this is, saliva from a rabid dog. The recent claims have caused concern in the medical community and prompted questions about why the saliva — known as lyssinum, lyssin or hydrophobinum — has been approved by the Canadian government as a legitimate homeopathic product. […]Related:The world’s first recipient of a second face transplant? A 43-year-old who says he feels 22 again.New CDC chief stepped down from four groups to comply with ethics rulesThe disturbing reason behind the spike in organ donations (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)



Gates backs gene technologies in fight to end malaria

Wed, 18 Apr 2018 18:15:02 +0100

LONDON, April 18 (Reuters) - Gene-editing technologies that alter mosquitoes' DNA could prove critical in the fight against malaria, Bill Gates said on Wednesday, and ethical concerns should not block progress in such gene-modifying research. (Source: Reuters: Health)



Constance Blackwell obituary

Wed, 18 Apr 2018 16:30:29 +0100

My mother, Constance Blackwell, an intellectual historian who has died aged 83, played a key role in fostering deeper understanding of the development of 16th- and 17th-century science and philosophy in Europe.As the founder, in 1994, of the International Society for Intellectual History (ISIH), she supported several national and international conferences and saw their proceedings through to publication. According to Constance, innovation in early modern central European philosophy arose from multidisciplinary commentaries on Aristotelian works covering physics, metaphysics, logic, rhetoric and ethics.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

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Designer baby decisions envisioned for parents of the future

Wed, 18 Apr 2018 15:02:10 +0100

Biomedical ethics experts envision dozens of choices for which of your embryos should be placed in the womb to become your child in 20 to 40 years. (Source: CBC | Health)



The world ’s first recipient of a second face transplant? A 43-year-old who says he feels 22 again

Wed, 18 Apr 2018 01:04:11 +0100

Jerome Hamon is the first person in the world to receive two face transplants. And a few months after receiving his second transplant in January, he spoke to reporters and told them that he was feeling well. “I still have moments when I’m exhausted, but overall I feel well,” he said. Doctors removed Hamon’s first face transplant […]Related:New CDC chief stepped down from four groups to comply with ethics rulesThe disturbing reason behind the spike in organ donationsWoman was sickened by E. coli after eating contaminated romaine lettuce at Panera Bread, suit says (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)



New CDC chief stepped down from four groups to comply with ethics rules

Tue, 17 Apr 2018 19:39:31 +0100

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Robert Redfield has resigned from positions at four groups, including a gene therapy biotechnology company and a conservative AIDS organization, to comply with government ethics rules, according to his financial disclosures. Redfield, a longtime HIV/AIDS researcher who started the job March 26, succeeded Brenda Fitzgerald, the former Georgia […]Related:These are the top priorities for the nation’s top cancer doctorFor advanced lung cancer, immune therapy plus chemo prolongs survivalThis 3-year-old has ‘a sparkle’ in her heart: The world’s smallest mechanical heart valve (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)



Memorandum of understanding on data-sharing between NHS Digital and the Home Office.

Tue, 17 Apr 2018 10:15:07 +0100

This report investigates the Memorandum of Understanding which exists between the Home Office, the Department of Health and Social Care and NHS Digital regarding tracing immigration offenders. The Committee is not satisfied that the Chair and Chief Executive of NHS Digital have been sufficiently robust in upholding the interests of patients, understanding the ethical principles underpinning confidentiality, or in maintaining the necessary degree of independence from Government. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))



Psychometric properties of the Patient Dignity Inventory in an acute psychiatric ward: an extension study of the preliminary validation - Di Lorenzo R, Ferri P, Biffarella C, Cabri G, Carretti E, Pollutri G, Spattini L, Giovane CD, Chochinov HM.

Mon, 16 Apr 2018 09:39:31 +0100

This study is an extension of the preliminary validation of the Patient Dignity Inventory (PDI) in a psych... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Ethical predispositions to violate or obey traffic rules and the mediating role of driving styles - Holman AC, Popu șoi SA.

Mon, 16 Apr 2018 09:39:30 +0100

This study examined the influence of drivers' ethical perspective on their traffic violations and the mediating role of driving styles in these relationships. A sample of 313 ... (Source: SafetyLit)



A qualitative study of paramedic duty to treat during disaster response - Smith E, Burkle F, Gebbie K, Ford D, Bensimon C.

Mon, 16 Apr 2018 09:39:30 +0100

OBJECTIVES: Disasters place unprecedented demands on emergency medical services and can test paramedics personal commitment as health care professionals. Despite this challenge, guidelines and codes of ethics are largely silent on the issue, providing litt... (Source: SafetyLit)



FDA Issues Draft Guidance on Pregnant Women in Clinical Trials FDA Issues Draft Guidance on Pregnant Women in Clinical Trials

Fri, 13 Apr 2018 22:07:23 +0100

The draft guidance for industry outlines the scientific and ethical issues to address when considering the inclusion of pregnant women in clinical trials of drugs and biological products.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)



Self-driving car companies should not be allowed to investigate their own crashes

Fri, 13 Apr 2018 15:37:24 +0100

Following another fatal Tesla crash, accident investigators have announced that they have stopped working with the company. Self-driving cars urgently need ‘ethical black boxes’ so that we can all learn from their mistakes.Self-driving cars are learning to drive. The algorithms that control them need to be fed vast quantities of real world data in order to improve. Cities and freeways, particularly in the US, are the laboratories in which they are being trained. Companies like Waymo, Uber and Tesla would argue that this real-world experience is vital for machine learning. Others would say that it creates an experiment in which other road users are unwitting test subjects. When technologies fail and people die,as happened with the Uber crash in Tempe last month, everyone, not just self-...



Vitamin D is so important researchers worry about ethics of limiting supplementation to perform research trials

Fri, 13 Apr 2018 11:34:30 +0100

(Natural News) In case you needed any more proof of how essential vitamin D is to good health, researchers have warned that placebo-controlled trials that involve limiting some people’s intake of the all-star nutrient could be considered unethical. This presents a serious quandary for researchers. Demonstrating the efficacy of vitamin D in studies is essential... (Source: NaturalNews.com)

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Is the "ghost surgery" the subject of legal punishment in Korea? - Hong SE, Hong MK, Park BY, Woo KJ, Kang SR.

Thu, 12 Apr 2018 06:42:47 +0100

PURPOSE: Recently a controversy has arisen about so-called "ghost surgery" practices, and people have voiced their opinions for legal sanction against such practices, which clearly undermine the foundation of medical ethics. However, there has been a lack ... (Source: SafetyLit)



The Trolley Problem version of autonomous vehicles

Thu, 12 Apr 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(Bentham Science Publishers) The Trolley Problem is a very well-known ethics dilemma about actively killing one or sometimes even more persons in order to save more persons. The problem can occur in situations involving autonomous vehicles when the vehicle realizes that there is no way to prevent a collision, the computer of the vehicle should analyze which collision is considered to be the least harmful collision. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)



Bystander risk, social value, and ethics of human research

Thu, 12 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: ScienceNOW)



Deep learning performs superresolution MSK MRI

Wed, 11 Apr 2018 07:00:00 +0100

A deep-learning algorithm can transform low-resolution, thick-slice knee MR...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Machine learning may identify medulloblastoma subtypes Is artificial intelligence ethical in healthcare? Deep learning may produce sharp reductions in DBT dose AI can help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans Can AI help in the fight against gadolinium deposition? (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)



Why Grindr's Privacy Breach Matters To Everyone

Tue, 10 Apr 2018 14:09:00 +0100

Even if Grindr did not break a law, it breached important ethical mores. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)

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The ethical dangers and merits of predictive policing - Kutnowski M.

Tue, 10 Apr 2018 10:42:08 +0100

Predictive policing is an emerging law enforcement technique that uses data and statistical analysis to aid in the identification of criminal activity. Its intention is to proactively reduce crime by providing police forces with likely areas of high risk v... (Source: SafetyLit)



Harmful or helpful? A systematic review of how those bereaved through suicide experience research participation - Andriessen K, Krysinska K, Draper B, Dudley M, Mitchell PB.

Tue, 10 Apr 2018 10:42:08 +0100

BACKGROUND: Many of the bereaved through suicide are interested in participating in postvention studies. However, there is a contradiction between the positive experiences of research participation and concerns raised by ethical boards. AIMS: To review stu... (Source: SafetyLit)



The "good" smuggler: the ethics and morals of human smuggling among Syrians - Achilli L.

Tue, 10 Apr 2018 10:42:08 +0100

This article challenges the categorization of smugglers as wicked villains by exploring smuggling's moral economy. I present findings from two years of ethnographic field research on Syrian refugees and smugglers in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Italy, and alon... (Source: SafetyLit)



Doctors Urge Elite Academy to Expel a Member Over Charges of Plagiarism

Mon, 09 Apr 2018 18:46:59 +0100

National Academy of Medicine was asked to tighten ethics rules following the strange case of a member accused of plagiarism and false claims of top scientific honors. (Source: NYT Health)



Welsh Government cracks down on zero-hour contracts in homecare

Mon, 09 Apr 2018 12:29:07 +0100

UNISON has welcomed the Welsh Government’s decision to curb the use of zero-hours contracts for thousands of homecare workers. Care providers are now required to give homecare workers a choice of contract after a three-month period of employment. New regulations also oblige those providers to ensure that time allocated for travel and care is ‘clearly and transparently set out’ – with the aim of tackling ‘call-clipping’ and preventing care time being cut short by travel time between visits. The move follows Welsh Government research that found a “substantial number” of Wales’s 18,000 homecare workers – possibly as many as 80% – were on zero-hours contracts. Social care minister Huw Irranca-Davies said that the new regulations “offer staff in the social care s...

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Graduate student awarded Lush prize for work to end animal research in toxicology

Mon, 09 Apr 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) Carolina Motter Catarino, a graduate student in chemical and biological engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has been awarded £ 10,000 from the Lush Prize, which is a collaboration between cosmetics company Lush and research organization Ethical Consumer. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



Sunday Shows Shirk Climate Experts After A Firestorm Week For EPA Chief Scott Pruitt

Sun, 08 Apr 2018 15:00:00 +0100

This comes the same week the EPA, amid Pruitt's ballooning ethics scandals, rolled back the federal government's only major climate policy. (Source: Science - The Huffington Post)



Gun owners, ethics, and the problem of evil: a response to the Las Vegas shooting - Anderson J.

Sat, 07 Apr 2018 15:24:29 +0100

This article examines the ways in which American gun owners deploy a particular ethical system in their responses to instances of mass gun violence. I argue that anthropology is uniquely situated to provide a better understanding of how this ethical system... (Source: SafetyLit)



Medical studies in humans often launched on faulty evidence base

Fri, 06 Apr 2018 15:29:31 +0100

(Reuters Health) - New research reveals serious flaws in the animal studies that regulators and ethicists use to decide if an experimental drug should be tested in humans. (Source: Reuters: Health)



Human drug trials are compromised by poor reporting of animal research

Fri, 06 Apr 2018 08:00:00 +0100

Poor animal study design and reporting thwarts the ethical review of proposed human drug trials, according to a study led by researchers at Hannover Medical School, Germany, in cooperation with researchers from McGill University, Canada. The study, publishing 5 April in the open access journal PLOS Biology, analyzed the descriptions of animal studies found in "investigator brochures" - (Source: World Pharma News)

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NIAAA Director Under Ethics Cloud

Thu, 05 Apr 2018 21:30:00 +0100

(MedPage Today) -- George Koob accused of favoring alcohol industry (Source: MedPage Today Public Health)



At Least 22 Ethical Issues Are Dogging EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt

Thu, 05 Apr 2018 20:05:30 +0100

It's a lot deeper than his $50-a-night rental from industry lobbyists. (Source: Science - The Huffington Post)



At Least 23 Ethical Issues Are Dogging EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt

Thu, 05 Apr 2018 20:05:30 +0100

It's a lot deeper than his $50-a-night rental from industry lobbyists. (Source: Science - The Huffington Post)



Consumer-driven and commercialised practice in dentistry: an ethical and professional problem?

Thu, 05 Apr 2018 19:28:00 +0100

Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy pp 1 –7AbstractThe rise and persistence of a commercial model of healthcare and the potential shift towards the commodification of dental services, provided to consumers, should provoke thought about the nature and purpose of dentistry and whether this paradigm is cause for concern. Within this article, whether dentistry is a commodity and the legitimacy of dentistry as a business is explored and assessed. Dentistry is perceived to be a commodity, dependent upon the context of how services are to be provided and the interpretation of the patient –professional relationship. Commercially-focused practices threaten the fiduciary nature of the interaction between consumer and provider. The solution to managing commercial elements within dentistry is not...



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Thu, 05 Apr 2018 16:41:00 +0100

Compliance, risk management and ethics: annual report (Source: WHO Governing Body Documentation)

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Blog: Every signing really matters

Thu, 05 Apr 2018 08:41:52 +0100

It was a huge pleasure to be in Ebbw Vale yesterday to celebrate Blaenau Gwent Council signing our Ethical Care Charter – the first Welsh council to sign. Every council which signs the charter means more UNISON members gaining guarantees about their rights and their pay – and better care for the most vulnerable in those communities. That means every signing really matters. Now that Blaenau Gwent have become the first Welsh signatory to the charter, we hope this incentivises other councils to follow suit. Thank you to Ian, Dave and Isabel from the branch for all of their work in securing the council’s support for the charter, and to the council for their support for local care workers. The Ethical Care Charter is something I’m really proud of, and is a concrete example of ho...



Review of Vitamin D Research identifies ethical issues in placebo use

Thu, 05 Apr 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(George Washington University) George Washington University's Dr. Leigh Frame reviewed several studies using placebo groups in clinical trials that may pose ethical issues. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Thank you for your support

Wed, 04 Apr 2018 23:00:00 +0100

Today we publish theannual reports and accounts for Arthritis Research UK for 2016/17, it presents our continued focus on working towards the 2020 goal to improve the quality of life for people with arthritis.It also provides information about our finances, how we raise and spend our money, as well as the processes that we go through to ensure that we are operating in an ethical and responsible way. In November 2017 Arthritis Research UK and Arthritis Care merged so that we can do more to help people with arthritis to live full and active lives. The annual reports and accounts for Arthritis Care for 2016-17 will be published separately in Spring 2018 and we’ll look to produce our first set of annual reports and accounts that reflect our new merged charity later this year.Highlig...



Emergency Legal Preparedness and Response Resource Collection

Wed, 04 Apr 2018 20:47:30 +0100

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Network for Public Health Law. 03/2018 This 15-page document provides links to key resources in emergency legal preparedness in 12 topic areas: Latest Resources, Federal Public Health Emergencies, Social Distancing Powers, Liability of Health Care Workers and Entities, Hospital Emergency Legal Preparedness, State and Local Preparedness, Emergency Declarations and Powers, Mental and Behavioral Health Preparedness, Model Emergency Laws, Emerging Threats Preparedness and Response, Crisis Standards of Care, and Public Health Emergency Ethics. The main Web page also discusses Primary Legal Issues. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)



UK use of doctors to find migrants raises ethical concerns

Wed, 04 Apr 2018 17:14:21 +0100

To track down people in Britain who may have broken immigration rules, the government is turning to a new and controversial source of information: doctors. (Source: CBC | Health)

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U.K. use of doctors to find migrants raises ethical concerns

Wed, 04 Apr 2018 17:14:21 +0100

To track down people in Britain who may have broken immigration rules, the government is turning to a new and controversial source of information: doctors. (Source: CBC | Health)



Voluntary Stopping Eating and Drinking Voluntary Stopping Eating and Drinking

Wed, 04 Apr 2018 04:14:57 +0100

When and for whom is voluntary stopping of eating and drinking appropriate? How can associated symptoms be managed? Review counseling as well as ethical and legal considerations in this article.Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)



UCLA receives $8.4 million award to improve advance care planning

Tue, 03 Apr 2018 22:28:43 +0100

A UCLA-led team has received a five-year, $8.4 million award from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute to develop effective approaches to improve advance care planning for seriously ill patients treated in primary care clinics.The award, one of seven granted nationally by the research institute, an independent nonprofit, nongovernmental organization, is intended to fund a research project that addresses the needs of both patients and caregivers.UCLADr. Neil WengerUCLA, in collaboration with UC San Francisco and UC Irvine, will compare three planning approaches that could be used in primary care clinics among people with advanced cancer, heart failure and lung disease, said  Dr. Neil Wenger, the project ’s principal investigator. The aim is to determine which approach, or app...



A Look At The Ethical Questions EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt Is Facing

Tue, 03 Apr 2018 20:21:17 +0100

A new report in The Atlantic says that Scott Pruitt, head of the Environmental Protection Agency, bypassed the White House to grant raises to two of his closest aids. Reporter Robinson Meyer speaks with NPR's Audie Cornish about his reporting and other ethics questions Pruitt is facing. (Source: NPR Health and Science)



EPA Chief Pruitt Faces Mounting Scrutiny For Ethics Violations

Tue, 03 Apr 2018 18:32:06 +0100

Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Scott Pruitt is fending off accusations that he misused taxpayer funds and maintained improper ties to companies regulated by the EPA. (Image credit: Andrew Harnik/AP) (Source: NPR Health and Science)

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Society for Scholarly Publishing Annual Meeting Focuses on Scholarly Publishing at the Crossroads

Tue, 03 Apr 2018 15:32:37 +0100

The Society for Scholarly Publishing (SSP) 40th Annual Meeting will be held at the Sheraton Grand in Chicago, May 30-June1, 2018. The theme for this year’s meeting is Scholarly Publishing at the Crossroads: What’s working, what’s holding us back, where do we go from here? “Chicago has been the crossroads of America for over 150 years,” said Laura Ricci, co-chair of the Annual Meeting Program Committee. “Like the diverse influences that have fostered Chicago’s dynamic culture, scholarly publishing involves the blended efforts of a variety of stakeholders. This year’s 40th anniversary meeting will let us reflect on the past few decades of scholarly publishing and come together to define where we will go from here.” The SSP Annual Meeting includes timely and thoughtful ...



UCLA receives $8.4-million award to improve advance care planning

Tue, 03 Apr 2018 00:32:43 +0100

A UCLA-led team has received a five-year, $8.4-million award from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute to develop effective approaches to improve advance care planning for seriously ill patients treated in primary care clinics.The award, one of seven granted nationally by the research institute, an independent nonprofit, nongovernmental organization, is intended to fund a research project that addresses the needs of both patients and caregivers.UCLADr. Neil WengerUCLA, in collaboration with UC San Francisco and UC Irvine, will compare three planning approaches that could be used in primary care clinics among people with advanced cancer, heart failure and lung disease, said  Dr. Neil Wenger, the project ’s principal investigator. The aim is to determine which approach, or app...



New CDC Director Named

Mon, 02 Apr 2018 15:23:28 +0100

Dr. Robert Redfield has been named the new director for the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) by Secretary of Health and Human Services Alex Azar. The position does not require Senate confirmation. The announcement came on March 21, 2018, a couple of months after former CDC Director Brenda Fitzgerald resigned from the position because of her myriad conflicts of interest arising from her failure to divest from investments in tobacco and healthcare companies. Redfield, a virologist and professor at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, has an extensive background in HIV/AIDS research. He manages clinical programs at the Institute for Human Virology that offer HIV care in the Washington, D.C.-Baltimore region, as well as on an international scale under the U.S. P...



Aneesh Chopra urges innovators to embrace'Digital Hippocratic Oath '

Mon, 02 Apr 2018 14:32:23 +0100

Aneesh Chopra said that the healthcare industry needs to start looking at privacy and ethics, especially in the midst of recent Cambridge Analytics and Facebook problems.   (Source: mobihealthnews)



The ethical minefield of 'mind reading' by recording brain activity

Mon, 02 Apr 2018 08:00:29 +0100

Researchers at the University of Toronto say ethical questions are arising as they make progress in the lab to unlock the secrets of the mind. (Source: CBC | Health)

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Medical ethics: UK uses data from doctors to find migrants

Sun, 01 Apr 2018 08:51:05 +0100

To track down refugees in Britain who may have broken immigration rules, the government is turning to a new and controversial source of information: doctors (Source: ABC News: Health)



Magic March

Thu, 29 Mar 2018 14:44:32 +0100

NHS breakthrough Never let anyone say that campaigning and perseverance don’t make a difference. UNISON’s fight to make the government act positively across public service pay has been long and hard. And it’s not over yet. But this month the union was in the news for spearheading a major breakthrough on NHS pay in England. Health unions, employers and the government have agreed a proposed framework for a new-look Agenda for Change structure, after months of behind-the-scenes negotiations in which UNISON took a leading role. The proposal goes to consultation with members in the middle of April. If they approve it, the new structure would bring over 100,000 staff above the living wage, and lead to long-overdue pay rises of at least 6.5% over the next three years for most staff in En...



Radiology and AI: From bête noire to nuts and bolts

Thu, 29 Mar 2018 07:00:00 +0100

SAN JOSE, CA - Radiologists appear to have overcome their fears of artificial...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: 4 reasons why AI won't replace radiologists AIUM: Radiologists must get out of their comfort zone AIUM: Can deep learning classify liver fibrosis on US? Is artificial intelligence ethical in healthcare? AI will bring doctors and machines together in radiology (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)



Kitzhaber agrees to settle ethics charges for $20K: reports

Wed, 28 Mar 2018 23:05:14 +0100

Former Gov. John Kitzhaber, who resigned in 2015 in the middle of an influence-peddling scandal, agreed to settle his ethics case for $20,000, the Portland Tribune reported. The Oregon Ethics Commission had voted in February to pursue 10 alleged violations of state ethics law by the former governor. It had rejected a $1,000 settlement Kitzhaber had reached with staff in November. Most of the violations related to former first lady Cylvia Hayes’ paid advocacy for g reen energy through her consulting… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines)



Research ethics, trauma and self-care: reflections on disaster geographies - Eriksen C.

Wed, 28 Mar 2018 09:36:31 +0100

In this Research Note, I reflect on researcher trauma in the discipline of geography, and explore ways to build a framework for researcher self-care by facilitating conversations about mental health in collaboration with Human Research Ethics Committees, P... (Source: SafetyLit)



Info International announces brand new conference – ConTech 2018

Wed, 28 Mar 2018 07:04:06 +0100

Transforming content through data science, AI and emerging technologies Every organisation creating and managing content collects mountains of data, some valuable, some not. ConTech 2018 will examine where data science, content and technology come together. At ConTech 2018 delegates will learn how a new generation of technology is impacting the world of content. Hear from the content pioneers who are already seeing the benefits of using data science, the data science visionaries who are building new content tools and understand how you can start applying data science to your own work – whether you are a publisher, content strategist or managing content for your organisation. Some of the issues ConTech 2018 will focus on include:- Leveraging value from content assets Knowledge to intelli...



Want people to fund your Kickstarter project? Sell them on your reputation first

Wed, 28 Mar 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(Binghamton University) When trying to entice people to invest in your product on a crowdfunding website, potential funders are more concerned about your ethical characteristics than your actual ability to make and deliver the product, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)






Mom fears losing access to experimental drug that helped daughter after study ends

Tue, 27 Mar 2018 20:59:09 +0100

Arzu Ozkose's 10-year-old daughter suffered debilitating seizures caused by Dravet syndrome, but has improved dramatically while taking a cannabis oil being tested as part of a clinical trial. Ozkose's predicament highlights the question do pharmaceutical companies have an ethical obligation to keep supplying experimental medications to patients? (Source: CBC | Health)

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4 reasons why AI won't replace radiologists

Tue, 27 Mar 2018 20:04:21 +0100

Are you worried about artificial intelligence (AI) eliminating your job? Don't...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AIUM: Radiologists must get out of their comfort zone AIUM: Can deep learning classify liver fibrosis on US? AI method lowers radiation dose, speeds scanning times Is artificial intelligence ethical in healthcare? Deep learning may produce sharp reductions in DBT dose (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)



DBJ Best Places to Work Honoree Alternate Solutions Health Network

Tue, 27 Mar 2018 13:18:44 +0100

The company, which has more than 600 local employees, strives to provide ethical leadership to ensure systems are in place to facilitate ethical and legal conduct. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)



Coding at birth: Nuffield Council on Bioethics publishes briefing note on whole genome sequencing of babies

Tue, 27 Mar 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(Nuffield Council on Bioethics) The Nuffield Council on Bioethics has today published a briefing note that examines the ethical issues raised by whole genome sequencing of babies. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)



Ethical Guidance for Volunteer Medical Trips Issued by ACP Ethical Guidance for Volunteer Medical Trips Issued by ACP

Mon, 26 Mar 2018 21:56:43 +0100

An ACP position paper reminds readers that trips must improve the health of people and places without burdening the hosts. Editorialists applaud the paper, but say it raises some questions.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)



Clinicians Join Throngs in March for Our Lives Clinicians Join Throngs in March for Our Lives

Mon, 26 Mar 2018 18:13:52 +0100

Physicians said it was their ethical and moral obligation to support a mission to reduce patient harm.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)

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Kids with Autism —And Their Siblings—Are Less Likely To Be Vaccinated

Mon, 26 Mar 2018 15:00:23 +0100

Doctors say that there is no scientific evidence suggesting a link between vaccines that infants and young children receive in the first few years of life and the risk of autism, but that has not stopped parents from questioning the connection — and in some cases, forgoing vaccinations for their kids. In the latest study published in JAMA Pediatrics, researchers led by Ousseny Zerbo, from the Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, found that children diagnosed with autism are less likely to receive additional vaccines, and that their younger siblings are less likely to receive the full schedule of childhood vaccinations as well, which doctors say could put them at higher risk for the diseases that the shots protect against. The study included more than 3,700 children with autism s...



Kids with Autism Are Less Likely to Be Vaccinated

Mon, 26 Mar 2018 15:00:23 +0100

Doctors say that there is no scientific evidence suggesting a link between vaccines that infants and young children receive in the first few years of life and the risk of autism, but that has not stopped parents from questioning the connection — and in some cases, forgoing vaccinations for their kids. In the latest study published in JAMA Pediatrics, researchers led by Ousseny Zerbo, from the Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, found that children diagnosed with autism are less likely to receive additional vaccines, and that their younger siblings are less likely to receive the full schedule of childhood vaccinations as well, which doctors say could put them at higher risk for the diseases that the shots protect against. The study included more than 3,700 children with autism s...



AI method lowers radiation dose, speeds scanning times

Fri, 23 Mar 2018 07:00:00 +0100

An artificial intelligence (AI) technique developed at Massachusetts General...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI advances MRI for prostate cancer patients Is artificial intelligence ethical in healthcare? Deep learning may produce sharp reductions in DBT dose AI can help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans Can AI help in the fight against gadolinium deposition? (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)



Q & amp;A: How to Merge R & amp;D with Business Goals

Fri, 23 Mar 2018 02:29:40 +0100

Device makers from around the world realize the importance of a robust research and development team. R&D departments are where the magic happens. Where ideas are born and exciting breakthroughs give way to transformative technologies. But how do companies learn to identify viable projects that are actually worth pursuing? Evaluating the fruits of your R&D projects is often the most crucial element to success for medical device makers. Chris Loose is the chief scientific officer and co-founder of Frequency Therapeutics. He has led the technology team in developing a wide variety of medical products, including a line of technologies with surface modifications designed to reduce infection and clotting. Loose has spent years overseeing research and development projects and has recen...



" Black Panther " , an Orthodontist, and a Possible HIPAA Violation

Thu, 22 Mar 2018 21:00:00 +0100

(MedPage Today) -- Davis Liu, MD, reviews the ethics of blogging about patients (Source: MedPage Today Public Health)

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AIDS Researcher Robert Redfield Is the New CDC Director. Here ’s Why the Pick Is Controversial

Thu, 22 Mar 2018 18:21:49 +0100

The Trump administration has tapped HIV researcher Dr. Robert Redfield to be the new leader of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Redfield will be replacing Dr. Brenda Fitzgerald, who stepped down from CDC director after Politico reported that she had bought shares in a tobacco company after accepting the position. Redfield will not require Senate confirmation. However, reactions to his selection have been mixed. Before joining the CDC, Redfield was a professor at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and the co-founder of the university’s Institute of Human Virology. Over his career, he is credited with making important observations on the transmission of HIV, and he has studied the care of people with chronic viral infections. However, his reputatio...



Machine learning may identify medulloblastoma subtypes

Thu, 22 Mar 2018 07:00:00 +0100

The combination of machine learning and radiomics can predict the molecular...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Is artificial intelligence ethical in healthcare? Deep learning may produce sharp reductions in DBT dose Deep learning can detect intracranial calcifications on CT Deep learning can quantify CAC on low-dose CT Deep-learning algorithm can stratify lung nodule risk (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)



Research Misconduct Allegations Shadow New CDC Director

Wed, 21 Mar 2018 22:32:52 +0100

Critics say the Trump administration failed to properly vet Dr. Robert Redfield. Sen. Patty Murray says a past research controversy suggests a "pattern of ethically and morally questionable behavior."(Image credit: Craig Barritt/Getty Images for Aid for Aids/Getty Images) (Source: NPR Health and Science)



Call for Papers: Community, Psychology, And Indigenous Peoples

Wed, 21 Mar 2018 05:00:00 +0100

Call for Papers for a special issue of the American Journal of Community Psychology seeking articles related to research, practice, or teaching and navigating the intersections of indigenous psychology through "project-based" examples, the conflicts or ethical issues relevant to collaborating with indigenous communities, and engagement with indigenous communities and partners to advance a social justice agenda or incorporate indigenous knowledge. Proposals must be submitted to the Guest Editors by March 30, 2018. (Source: News stories via the Rural Assistance Center)



New publication helps us understand how narratives expand our sense of the possible

Tue, 20 Mar 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(University of Turku) Cultural models of sense-making shape our views about who we are and who we could be -- what is possible for us as individuals and as communities. Hanna Meretoja's new book, The Ethics of Storytelling, provides us with tools for analyzing cultural narrative models and understanding the power of literary narratives to expand our sense of the possible. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

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ICU documentary shows ethical discussions by docs and nurses

Mon, 19 Mar 2018 17:35:00 +0100

A new documentary filmed on the paediatric intensive care unit at a children ’s hospital is hoping to show the public the complex, but also caring, discussions that occur when clinicians are treating children with life-limiting conditions, according to a nurse involved in the programme. (Source: Nursing Times)



Reporting suspected abuse or neglect in research involving children - Resnik DB, Randall DC.

Mon, 19 Mar 2018 07:13:15 +0100

In this article, we explore the ethical issues related to the reporting of suspected abuse or neglect in research involving children. Ethical dilemmas related to reporting child maltreatment are often complex because the rights of children and their adult ... (Source: SafetyLit)



York council agrees to sign Ethical Care Charter

Fri, 16 Mar 2018 14:28:27 +0100

York council has agreed to adopt stages one and two of UNISON’s Ethical Care Charter. The decision came last night at a meeting of the City of York Council’s executive, after a passionate speech from UNISON convenor and branch secretary Andrea Dudding (pictured). UNISON welcomed the decision by the Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition – the first time a Conservative, Liberal Democrat or coalition-run council in England has signed up to the charter. National officer Matt Egan described it as “a really good achievement from the branch that has been campaigning on this for a number of years”. You can watch Ms Dudding’s speech from four minutes on this video of the meeting, while the councillors’  discussion of the move starts at just after 19 min...



Manchester City Council moves to lift carers ’ pay

Fri, 16 Mar 2018 13:17:37 +0100

Carers in Manchester are set to get a £1 an hour pay rise, the city council has announced. The move means that home care assistants – who are often some of the lowest-paid people in the city – will see their wage rise to £8.75 an hour, which is the Manchester living wage. This is one of the key aims in UNISON’s Ethical Care Charter, which Manchester committed itself to last October. The charter also aims to ensure adequate staffing levels and enough time for workers to look after vulnerable people. It is being driven by a £1.5m cash boost from the council to commissioned organisations that supply care staff – on the condition that the money means employees will receive a proper living wage. Currently, Manchester pays those home care businesses an average of £13.50 per hour for ...



Artificial Intelligence Is Infiltrating Medicine -- But Is It Ethical?

Fri, 16 Mar 2018 13:15:00 +0100

A growing number of healthcare organizations are deploying technology designed to improve the diagnosis and treatment of patients. But one group of physicians is concerned that artificial intelligence could insert unwanted biases into patient care. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)

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Is artificial intelligence ethical in healthcare?

Fri, 16 Mar 2018 07:00:00 +0100

Artificial intelligence technology holds much promise for improving the quality...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Deep learning may produce sharp reductions in DBT dose AI can help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans AI, radiomics help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans AI can spot large pneumothoraces on chest x-ray Artificial intelligence shows promise for breast cancer metastases (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)



Energy's Perry: No interest in heading Veterans Affairs

Thu, 15 Mar 2018 16:43:34 +0100

Veterans Affairs Secretary David Shulkin, under fire for ethics violations, says he has no intention of leaving his job even as his standing with President Donald Trump erodes and the White House floats names of possible replacements (Source: ABC News: Health)



Fertility Clinic Meltdowns Destroyed Frozen Eggs and Embryos. What Happens Now?

Tue, 13 Mar 2018 14:51:53 +0100

Simultaneous refrigeration failures at two fertility clinics in San Francisco and suburban Cleveland have damaged or destroyed potentially thousands of frozen eggs and embryos in the biggest such loss on record in the U.S. The malfunctions have left parents-to-be heartbroken and baffled experts. Here are some questions and answers about the two cases. ___ What happened? In Ohio, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center estimates 2,000 eggs and embryos may have been damaged or destroyed when an unexplained storage tank malfunction caused temperatures to rise on March 4. The medical center apologized. On the same day in San Francisco, an embryologist at the Pacific Fertility Clinic noticed the liquid nitrogen level in one tank was very low during a routine check, clinic president Dr. Ca...



Study: Doctors Who Prescribe More Opioids Make More Money

Mon, 12 Mar 2018 12:56:44 +0100

This study suggests that conflicts of interest with the pharmaceutical industry may influence oncologists in high-stakes treatment decisions for patients with cancer,” the authors concluded. Some studies have looked at whether the amount of money a doctor receives makes a difference. Studies by researchers at Yale University, the George Washington University Milken Institute of Public Health and Harvard Medical School have all found that the more money physicians are paid by pharmaceutical companies, the more likely they are to prescribe certain drugs. Dr. Patrice Harris, a spokeswoman for the American Medical Association, said that the CNN and Harvard data raised “fair questions” but that such analyses show only an association between payments and prescribing habits and ...

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Johnson & Johnson ’ s Ethicon loses $35m pelvic mesh lawsuit

Mon, 12 Mar 2018 12:09:55 +0100

An Indiana jury hit Johnson & Johnson (NYSE:JNJ) subsidiary Ethicon with a $35 million verdict in a product liability lawsuit brought over its Prolift pelvic mesh. Barbara Kaiser and her husband Anton Kaiser sued Ethicon in March 2012, after learning that the Prolift mesh her doctor implanted in 2009 to treat her pelvic organ prolapse might be causing her low pelvic pain. The lawsuit accused J&J and Ethicon of concealing the problems with Prolift, which allegedly include high failure, injury, and complication rates and “frequent and often debilitating re-operations,” according to the Kaiser’s complaint. Prolift “caused severe and irreversible injuries, conditions, and damage to a significant number of women, including plaintiff,” according to the comp...



Novartis announces changes to the Executive Committee to support strategic priorities

Mon, 12 Mar 2018 11:00:00 +0100

Novartis announced today changes to its senior leadership team to support the implementation of its strategic priorities. Bertrand Bodson, Chief Digital Officer, Steffen Lang, Global Head Novartis Technical Operations, and Shannon Klinger, Chief Ethics, Risk and Compliance Officer, have been appointed to the Executive Committee of Novartis (ECN). (Source: World Pharma News)






Sir John Sulston obituary

Sun, 11 Mar 2018 15:19:05 +0100

Pioneering biologist best known for his work on the human genome who was a fierce advocate of free access to scientific dataIn 2002 the biologist John Sulston, who has died of stomach cancer aged 75,shared a Nobel prize for physiology. He won it for elucidating the entire sequence in which the daughters of a single cell divide and sometimes disappear as an embryo grows into an adult in the tiny roundwormCaenorhabditis elegans. However, he is much better known for leading the British team that sequenced a third of the human genome, and for the fierce integrity with which he successfully argued that all genomic data should be openly accessible to the scientific community without commercial involvement.Previously content to pursue his work out of the public eye, in 1998 Sulston found himself ...



The Genius Within review – a smart look at boosting our brains

Sun, 11 Mar 2018 11:00:44 +0100

David Adam explores the history of intelligence and ways to improve his own, raising timely questionsWhich of us would not want to enhance our intelligence? Indeed, some ethicists, such asJohn Harris at Manchester University, argue that it is our duty to improve ourselves if we can, and in turn society and the quality of life for future generations. If we were more intelligent, perhaps we would invent better ways to generate energy efficiently at less cost and damage to the environment. Or generate ideas for solving political disputes without engaging in aggression and conflicts.It is interesting that when we think of improving ourselves as individuals, we immediately consider boosting “cold” cognition – logic, critical thinking, memory capacity, etc – rather than “hot” cogniti...

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Insurers Are Getting Into Health Care, But Is It Good for You?

Sat, 10 Mar 2018 15:43:29 +0100

In the not-too-distant future, your health insurance, your prescription drugs and some of your treatment may come from the same company. Insurers are dropping billions of dollars on acquisitions and expansions in order to get more involved in customer health. They say this push can help cut costs and improve care, in part by keeping the sickest patients healthy and out of expensive hospitals. That’s a huge potential benefit for employers and other customers stressed by rising costs. But is this good for your health? That question worries some health care insiders who wonder if the patient’s best interest — and not profits — will remain the focus as insurers dive deeper into care. “The fights about price and cost are only going to get worse. Now you’ve g...



Veteran participation in intensive suicide research protocols: no evidence of iatrogenic effects - Poindexter EK, Nazem S, Barnes SM, Hostetter TA, Smith PN.

Fri, 09 Mar 2018 03:42:25 +0100

Suicide research remains fraught with ethical and methodological issues, including researchers' reservations about conducting intensive suicide research protocols due to potential iatrogenic effects and liability concerns. Such issues significantly impede ... (Source: SafetyLit)