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MedWorm.com provides a medical RSS filtering service. Thousands of medical RSS feeds are combined and output via different filters. This feed contains the latest news in Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia



Last Build Date: Thu, 16 Nov 2017 18:29:58 +0100

 



Inside the NICU: Shining light on the healing power of touch

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 11:57:46 +0100

Abigail underwent open-heart surgery and received care in Boston Children’s Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Traveling through Boston Children’s Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), you feel the warmth of natural light and a soothing sense of calm. One mom, leaning delicately over her son’s bedside, caresses his forehead and gently whispers a lullaby. Only a few steps away, a father rests in a chair with his tiny son on his chest. Lifesaving technology fills the 24-bed NICU and a reassuring team of specialized physicians, nurses and Child Life Specialists monitor, treat and embrace their delicate patients. Nearly 15 million babies, about 1 in 10, are born prematurely each year and in many cases, require complex medical and surgical care. Equally critical to preemie and newborn health...

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Drexel researchers identify 'master regulator' involved in infant lung damage

Fri, 27 Oct 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(Drexel University) Blocking the micro-RNA miR-34a significantly reduced bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in mice. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



How the lungs of premature babies can undergo damage

Fri, 29 Sep 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(Helmholtz Zentrum M ü nchen - German Research Center for Environmental Health) Premature babies that need ventilation to support their breathing often suffer from a condition known as bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Researchers at the Helmholtz Zentrum M ü nchen, partner in the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), have now discovered a molecular mechanism that plays a key role in the development of the disease. The study has been published in 'EMBO Molecular Medicine'. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



What Causes Microcephaly?

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:22:33 +0100

Discussion Microcephaly is usually defined as an occipitofrontal head circumference (OFC) more than 2 standard deviations (SD) below the mean for sex, age and ethnicity. Severe microcephaly is used for OFC < 3 standard deviations. Rates of microcephaly range from 0.5-12 patients/10,000 live births. The OFC should be measured at every well child visit and at other opportunities and plotted on standard growth charts. The OFC is measured using a nonelastic tape measure around the largest part of the head with the tape measure held above the eyebrows and ears. It is a highly reproducible measurement. There are several different international standard growth charts that can be used and those used should reflect the population the patient is drawn from the best. For example, the World Health...



Low-Dose Steroids in Preemies: No Adverse Effects on Brain Low-Dose Steroids in Preemies: No Adverse Effects on Brain

Tue, 04 Apr 2017 21:09:42 +0100

Administration of steroid to extremely preterm infants was not associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes and holds promise to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia, a new study has found.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)



Enteral DHA Doesn ’ t Cut Preemie Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Risk

Thu, 30 Mar 2017 17:00:00 +0100

Relative risk of physiological bronchopulmonary dysplasia up for infants born before 29 weeks (Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge)

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DHA Shows No Benefit, Possible Harm, in Preemies DHA Shows No Benefit, Possible Harm, in Preemies

Thu, 30 Mar 2017 16:00:00 +0100

DHA did not lower the risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature infants and may be associated with increased risk, a new study has found.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)



DHA Fails to Prevent Lung Disease in Preemies (CME/CE)

Wed, 29 Mar 2017 21:00:00 +0100

(MedPage Today) -- Supplementation may have upped risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (Source: MedPage Today Pediatrics)



Hydrocortisone in Managing Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Hydrocortisone in Managing Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Fri, 03 Mar 2017 10:29:39 +0100

Is hydrocortisone a safe and effective treatment option for the prevention and treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia?Pediatric Pharmacotherapy (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)



Adjunctive Therapies in Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Tue, 28 Feb 2017 23:00:00 +0100

This article focuses on the pathogenesis of BPD, the adjunctive therapies used in relation to BPD, and the mechanisms of action of these adjunctive therapies. (Source: NeoReviews recent issues)



After 3 Months In The NICU, This Preemie Got A Surprise Homecoming

Mon, 06 Feb 2017 20:35:29 +0100

A Kentucky community came out in full force to support a local family whose daughter was born three months early. Nicole and Blaine Mike of Middlesboro tried to have a baby for 10 years. After unsuccessful fertility treatments, a failed adoption and a painful ectopic pregnancy, they welcomed their daughter, Meredith, on Oct. 24. But they faced another slew of challenges as the baby arrived before her due date and struggled to survive in the NICU. After three months at the University of Tennessee Medical Center in Knoxville, Meredith was finally able to go home. The Mikes made the 90-minute drive back to Middlesboro, where they were greeted with a special surprise.  The town organized a welcome home “parade” featuring almost 100 cars, pink fireworks, balloons and stre...

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By causing cells to cannibalize themselves, researchers prevent lung injury in mice

Tue, 19 Jul 2016 15:11:16 +0100

Study offers a new solution to prevent Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD), the most common chronic lung disease in premature infants. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)



Early echocardiography to study pulmonary hypertension in mouse model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Fri, 15 Jul 2016 04:00:00 +0100

(Baylor College of Medicine) Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine who focus on bronchopulmonary dysplasia and pulmonary hypertension, a common lung disease in premature infants, have shown that echocardiography can be used to detect the pulmonary hypertension in neonatal mice at an earlier time point than previously thought. Their report appears today in the International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Study: Steroid may heal damaged lungs in newborns

Mon, 25 Apr 2016 20:27:00 +0100

Stephen FellerCHICAGO, April 25 (UPI) -- Hydrocortisone may prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia, or BPD, in premature newborns given oxygen treatments after birth, according to a recent study. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)



Immunization need not be delayed in most preterm infants with BPD

Mon, 11 Apr 2016 13:12:39 +0100

Despite concerns that preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are more likely to experience respiratory decompensation after immunization than those without BPD, no difference in the... (Source: Pediatric News)



Hydrocortisone Curbs Lung Problems in Extremely Preterm InfantsHydrocortisone Curbs Lung Problems in Extremely Preterm Infants

Wed, 02 Mar 2016 22:02:59 +0100

Early low-dose hydrocortisone prompts a significant increase in bronchopulmonary dysplasia-free survival in extremely preterm infants, according to French researchers. Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines)



Researchers identify process that causes chronic neonatal lung disease

Fri, 15 Jan 2016 19:01:28 +0100

A key component of the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a devastating and sometimes fatal lung disease that affects premature infants, has been uncovered by researchers. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)



UT Southwestern researchers identify process that causes chronic neonatal lung disease

Fri, 15 Jan 2016 05:00:00 +0100

(UT Southwestern Medical Center) Pediatric researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified a key component of the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a devastating and sometimes fatal lung disease that affects premature infants. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



Nutritional Management of the Infant With Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Tue, 01 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0100

This article reviews concepts related to these challenges and provides recommendations for achieving successful nutrition in this population. (Source: NeoReviews recent issues)



Hydrocortisone effects on neurodevelopment for extremely low birthweight infants

Fri, 18 Sep 2015 15:38:51 +0100

First placebo-controlled study on stress dose hydrocortisone and neurodevelopment shows that higher doses of hydrocortisone are not associated with brain injury or neurodevelopmental impairments, but may not be effective in reducing risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)

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Hair Sample Tests Reveal Underreported Exposure to Tobacco Smoke Among Preemies With Lung Disease - 2/23/15

Mon, 23 Feb 2015 12:00:00 +0100

Public health experts have long known that tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) can be harmful for children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, a lung disease that often accompanies premature birth. (Source: Johns Hopkins Medicine News)



Tests reveal under-reported exposure to tobacco smoke among preemies with lung disease

Mon, 23 Feb 2015 05:00:00 +0100

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Public health experts have long known that tobacco smoke exposure can be harmful for children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, a lung disease that often accompanies premature birth. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



What Are Risk Factors for Progression To Severe Disease with Bronchiolitis?

Mon, 15 Dec 2014 00:19:51 +0100

Discussion Bronchiolitis is a clinical disease with following features: begins usually with rhinitis and cough that may progress to also having tachypnea, rales, wheezing and increased work of breathing shown by nasal flaring and/or accessory muscle use. The increased work of breathing may cause problems with feeding and hydration and also with mental status changes. It is usually seen in infants and children < 2 years of age. It is also usually seasonal (winter in upper North America) with 60-70% of cases being caused by respiratory syncytial virus but also human rhinorvirus, human metapneumovirus, influenza, adenovirus, coronavirus and human and parainfluenza viruses. Co-infections also are relatively common. Diagnosis is clinical. Treatment includes secretion removal from the nose, ...



Revised Article-Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 15:10:30 +0100

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, or BPD, is a serious lung condition that affects infants. (Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Health Topics)

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Minimally Invasive Surfactant Therapy: An Update

Tue, 01 Jul 2014 00:00:00 +0100

Preterm infants who have respiratory distress syndrome have for many years been managed with a combination of early intubation and exogenous surfactant therapy. It is now recognized that applying continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in an extremely preterm infant is a reasonable alternative to early intubation after birth. Meta-analysis of large controlled trials comparing these two approaches suggests a benefit of CPAP, with a small reduction in the risk of the composite outcome of death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia. In the past decade, there has been an upsurge in the use of CPAP as primary therapy for preterm infants, bringing with it the dilemma of whether and how to give exogenous surfactant. In an effort to circumvent this problem, techniques of minimally invasive surfactant t...



Preventing lung injuries in very premature babies: Current therapies less effective than expected

Sat, 17 Aug 2013 07:00:00 +0100

A neonatologist at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia is the senior author of a large new study that found that current non-invasive techniques for respiratory support are less effective than widely assumed, in reducing the incidence of severe lung injury in very premature infants. Neonatologists commonly use non-invasive nasal ventilation instead of mechanical ventilation via a breathing tube, in hopes of avoiding bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)



Current therapies less effective than expected in preventing lung injuries in very premature babies

Wed, 14 Aug 2013 04:00:00 +0100

(Children's Hospital of Philadelphia) A neonatologist at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia is the senior author of a large new study that found that current non-invasive techniques for respiratory support are less effective than widely assumed, in reducing the incidence of severe lung injury in very premature infants. Neonatologists commonly use non-invasive nasal ventilation instead of mechanical ventilation via a breathing tube, in hopes of avoiding the lung disease bronchopulmonary dysplasia. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Chorioamnionitis and Bronchopulmonary DysplasiaChorioamnionitis and Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 13:05:17 +0100

This retrospective study examines the correlation between chorioamnionitis and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants. Journal of Perinatology : Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)



Hydrocortisone Safe in Infantile Bronchopulmonary DysplasiaHydrocortisone Safe in Infantile Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 16:00:00 +0100

In preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, hydrocortisone does not seem to have adverse effects, according to European researchers. Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)

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What Causes Spontaneous Pneumothorax?

Mon, 20 May 2013 00:22:40 +0100

Discussion “A pneumothorax is a collection of air in the pleural space, and it can be categorized into spontaneous, traumatic or iatrogenic. Spontaneous pneumothorax can be further classified into primary with no clinical evidence of underlying lung disease or secondary due to pre-existing lung disease.” Spontaneous pneumothorax is a condition that is relatively rare in pediatrics. There is a bimodal age distribution – neonates and late adolescence. It is caused by tearing of the visceral pleural. Clinical signs include chest pain, dyspnea, tachycardia, tracheal deviation towards contralateral side, hypotension, cyanosis. There is a wide variation in treatment practices particularly for large pneumothoraces. For small ones, most are treated conservatively with or without...



Noninvasive Strategies for Management of Respiratory Problems in Neonates

Wed, 01 May 2013 04:00:00 +0100

Multiple techniques have been developed to provide noninvasive strategies for respiratory support of the newborn that provide positive airway pressure continuously, with or without ventilation cycles, in nonintubated infants. The core physiologic variable is positive airway pressure used clinically as nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). CPAP can be augmented with intermittent positive pressure breaths that are, or are not, synchronized to the breathing of the infant. Pressures delivered by high-flow nasal cannula are less predictable than those delivered by a CPAP device. A renewed interest in testing and innovating to improve noninvasive respiratory support techniques has resulted from efforts to avoid intubation, mechanical ventilation, and ultimately bronchopulmonary dyspl...



Update on Mechanical Ventilatory Strategies

Wed, 01 May 2013 04:00:00 +0100

Mechanical ventilation is essential for survival of many extremely premature infants, but all forms of positive pressure ventilation are to some degree injurious to the lungs. A variety of sophisticated devices are used to provide respiratory support, yet substantial uncertainty remains regarding the optimal ways in which these tools can be used to minimize ventilator-associated lung injury. A good understanding of the unique aspects of respiratory physiology of extremely preterm infants is key to obtaining the greatest benefit from modern ventilator technology. Early lung volume recruitment with adequate end-expiratory pressure, avoidance of volutrauma during the immediate postnatal period, and noninvasive respiratory support as the initial strategy are now accepted as important factors i...



Chronic Lung Disease in the Neonate: Past, Present, and Future

Wed, 01 May 2013 04:00:00 +0100

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), the chronic lung disease (CLD) in the neonate described over 40 years ago, remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Because of advances in perinatal care, the disease now appears in infants that are far more immature than in 1967. Soon, infants born at the limit of viability (based on the developmental stage of the lung and its actual incapacity to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide) will be routinely resuscitated. Neonatologists will then be confronted with new dilemmas (predicting viability) and new therapeutic opportunities. This review takes a quick look at past achievements that have led to the current status of BPD and projects on the potential of stem cell-based therapies to protect the ever more immature lung from injury. (Source: NeoRevie...



What Causes Spontaneous Pneumothorax?

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 00:19:00 +0100

Discussion “A pneumothorax is a collection of air in the pleural space, and it can be categorized into spontaneous, traumatic or iatrogenic. Spontaneous pneumothorax can be further classified into primary with no clinical evidence of underlying lung disease or secondary due to pre-existing lung disease.” Spontaneous pneumothorax is a condition that is relatively rare in pediatrics. There is a bimodal age distribution – neonates and late adolescence. It is caused by tearing of the visceral pleural. Clinical signs include chest pain, dyspnea, tachycardia, tracheal deviation towards contralateral side, hypotension, cyanosis. There is a wide variation in treatment practices particularly for large pneumothoraces. For small ones, most are treated conservatively with or without...

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