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MedWorm: Anorexia



MedWorm.com provides a medical RSS filtering service. Over 7000 RSS medical sources are combined and output via different filters. This feed contains the latest news and research in the Anorexia category.



Last Build Date: Tue, 22 Mar 2016 08:29:01 +0100

 



Anorexic Essex woman who was a SIZE ZERO is saved by Instagram

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 11:50:45 +0100

Hayley Harris, 23, Chelmsford. Essex, was a size four and weighed six stone. She now charts her progress on social media and credits it with helping her recover and reach a healthier 8 stone. (Source: the Mail online | Health)

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Cognitive Remediation Therapy for Anorexia...

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Cognitive Remediation Therapy is a new treatment for anorexia nervosa that focuses on the patient's process of thinking. (Source: About.com Eating Disorders)



Modified irinotecan and infusional 5-fluorouracil (mFOLFIRI) in patients with refractory advanced pancreas cancer (APC): a single-institution experience

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Abstract Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is the fourth leading cause of cancer death. Recently, MM-398 (nanoliposomal irinotecan) was shown to be associated with significant improvement in outcome measures with acceptable toxicities when combined with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/leucovorin (LV) compared to 5-FU/LV alone in patients failing one line of gemcitabine-based therapy. There is a paucity of data evaluating the role of irinotecan in combination with 5FU in advanced pancreas cancer (APC). We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients who received mFOLFIRI (minus bolus 5FU and LV). All patients with metastatic disease who had failed at least one line of gemcitabine-based therapy prior to receiving mFOLFIRI were included in this study. Descriptive statistics were used to assess ...



Mass Media and Body Dissatisfaction: Root Cause or Just a Reminder?

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 20:55:34 +0100

Beliefs in links between "thin ideal" media and body dissatisfaction among women, perhaps even full-blown eating disorders, has been one of the "truisms" or sacred cows of media psychology for at least a generation or two. But just as the media violence/video game debate has spiraled into confusion and chaos, debates about the extent to which media actively cause body dissatisfaction and eating disorders can often leave readers confused and sometimes mislead. It's not at all uncommon to hear it expressed that there are no doubts media ideals cause body dissatisfaction, but we used to hear this with video game violence too. Just as with most areas of media effects, looking at the data reveals that the truth is complex. First, let's dispense with the obvious. There's little question that th...



Cytokines in de obsessief compulsieve stoornis en in anorexia nervosa: een overzicht.

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 04:28:02 +0100

Authors: van West D, Maes M Abstract The alterations in the inflammatory response system (IRS) appear to be quite different between OCD and anorexia nervosa and are also different from the changes observed in major depression. In anorexia nervosa, there is some evidence for increased production of monocytic cytokines, i.e. tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and decreased production of Th-1 like cytokines, i.e. IL-2 and IFNγ. In the same patients there are also signs of immunosuppression, e.g. lowered numbers of CD4 and CD8 T cells and increased production of transforming growth factor-beta (TGFβ). The increased production of monocytic cytokines may be the consequence of the hyponutritional status of those patients. The diminished production of the Th-1 lik...



Changes in the Small Intestine of a Cat Associated with Barium Sulphate Following Contrast Radiography

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 17 March 2016 Source:Journal of Comparative Pathology Author(s): H. Igarashi, M. Oishi, K. Ohno, M. Tsuboi, N. Irie, K. Uchida, H. Tsujimoto A 7-year-old neutered male domestic short-haired cat that had undergone contrast radiography of the bowel with barium sulphate after acute episodes of vomiting 2 months previously, was presented with chronic vomiting, anorexia and weight loss. Abdominal radiography and ultrasonography revealed residual contrast enhancement and an obstruction of the small intestine. A contracted and stenosed ileum and distal jejunum were identified by exploratory laparotomy and surgically resected; subsequently, the clinical signs resolved. Histopathological examination of the ileum revealed mucosal ulceration with severe sub...



Self-assessment/CPD – Questions

Thu, 17 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

A 42-year-old man was referred with a rash, presumed to be secondary to amoxicillin. He had presented to his general practitioner 5 days previously with a 6-day history of anorexia, fever and headache, and a 3-day history of dry cough and mild dyspnoea. There was no other medical history. He smoked 10 cigarettes per day. He had been treated with amoxicillin 500 mg 8-hourly. (Source: Medicine)



The Bidirectional Associations Between Psychotic Experiences and DSM-IV Mental Disorders.

Thu, 17 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: While temporally primary psychotic experiences are associated with an elevated risk of several subsequent mental disorders, these data show that most mental disorders are associated with an elevated risk of subsequent psychotic experiences. Further investigation of the underlying factors accounting for these time-order relationships may shed light on the etiology of psychotic experiences. PMID: 26988628 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry)



Lauren Houston shares a powerful image of the stages of her recovery from anorexia

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 23:38:54 +0100

Lauren Houston, 17, from Belfast told how she had to be tube fed when her weight fell. However even when she appeared healthy on the outside, she was in the grips of bulimia and desperately ill. (Source: the Mail online | Health)

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Anorexia and the internet is destroying childhood writes SARAH VINE

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 09:35:21 +0100

Dame Joan Bakewell attributed the rise of anorexia to an 'obsession with being beautiful' but in 2016 children face unbearable psychological pressures, says SARAH VINE. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



Salivary alpha-amylase, secretory IgA and free cortisol as neurobiological components of the stress response in the acute phase of anorexia nervosa.

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: The behavior of cortisol, sAA and sIgA levels can be assessed as effect of stress reaction among AN patients with hyperactivity of HPA axis and ANS dysregulation. The effect of stress response can be assessed reliably in saliva. PMID: 26983011 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry)



Doxorubicin Blocks Cardiomyocyte Autophagic Flux by Inhibiting Lysosome Acidification.

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: -Doxorubicin blocks autophagic flux in cardiomyocytes by impairing lysosome acidification and lysosomal function. Reducing autophagy initiation protects against doxorubicin cardiotoxicity. PMID: 26984939 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Circulation)



A comprehensive review of psychodynamic treatments for eating disorders.

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: The body of literature on psychodynamic treatments is sparse and sometimes methodologically questionable; nevertheless, current data provide support to the effectiveness of these interventions, particularly for AN. However, both a defined approach (focus, themes, and techniques) and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are warranted to clarify the effectiveness of psychodynamic psychotherapies. PMID: 26980319 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)



Joan Bakewell is right that anorexia is linked to vanity

Mon, 14 Mar 2016 11:33:45 +0100

The broadcaster has revealed an uncomfortable truth about our selfie culture and its effect on young girls (Source: Telegraph Health)

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Bakewell 'sorry' over anorexia comments

Sun, 13 Mar 2016 20:55:25 +0100

Labour peer Joan Bakewell says she is "deeply sorry" for causing "distress" by suggesting the rise of eating disorders among teenagers was a sign of "narcissism" in society. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)



Eating disorders like anorexia are a sign of 'narcissism' and 'overindulgence', says Joan Bakewell

Sun, 13 Mar 2016 18:05:50 +0100

Eating disorder charities have criticised the broadcaster's comments, after she said anorexia was 'called hunger when we were young' (Source: Telegraph Health)



Dosimetric and clinical toxicity comparison of critical organ preservation with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy, intensity-modulated radiotherapy, and RapidArc for the treatment of locally advanced cancer of the pancreatic head.

Sun, 13 Mar 2016 18:01:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: Compared with 3D-crt or imrt, RapidArc showed better sparing of oars, especially duodenum, small bowel, and right kidney. Also, fewer acute grades 3 and 4 gastrointestinal toxicities were seen with RapidArc than with 3D-crt or imrt. A technique with better sparing of oars and better target dose distributions could result in decreased clinical toxicities during radiation treatment for lapcc. PMID: 26966412 [PubMed] (Source: Current Oncology)



Veritas applies to relocate adolescent eating disorder services

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 20:05:49 +0100

Specialty hospital Veritas Collaborative has filed an application with state regulators to relocate some specialty eating disorder services. If approved, Veritas would relocate its existing child and adolescent psychiatric hospital from Douglas Street to 4024 Stirrup Creek Drive in Durham County. The project would cost $9.1 million and be completed in January. Veritas specializes in treating people with eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating. The existing adolescent… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)



Does My Child Have an Eating Disorder?

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 18:45:51 +0100

Whether your child is 11 years-old or 17 years-old, watching as she sits at the dinner table and refuses to eat what used to be her favorite foods, hearing him throwing up in the bathroom after meals, witnessing as he or she transforms from a robust thriving young person into an increasingly empty shell … these are some of the scariest things that can happen for a parent. The dread. The fear. The panic. Oh no, it’s happening. I think my child might have an eating disorder. If you are worried that your child might have an eating disorder, here are the six most important steps to take as you decide whether to seek treatment for your child and enter into the process of recovery. Know the signs. Sometimes the signs of an eating disorder are obvious. If you know your child is forcing hers...



Treatment of infantile hemangioma by intralesional injection of propranolol combined with compound betamethasone.

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 11:56:03 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of infantile hemangioma lesions with an injection of propranolol combined with betamethasone showed good efficacy. The method is safe and reliable with clear curative effect, convenient, less complicated, and especially suitable for patients with a small area infantile hemangioma. PMID: 26957280 [PubMed - in process] (Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences)



The DSM-5 Diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa may change its population prevalence and prognostic value

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

We examined the impact of these changes on the prevalence and prognosis of anorexia nervosa. In a nationwide longitudinal study of Finnish twins born 1975–1979, the women (N=2825) underwent a 2-stage screening for eating disorders at mean age 24. Fifty-five women fulfilled DSM-IV criteria for lifetime anorexia nervosa. When we recoded the interviews using DSM-5 criteria, we detected 37 new cases. We contrasted new DSM-5 vs. DSM-IV cases to assess their clinical characteristics and prognosis. We also estimated lifetime prevalences and incidences and tested the association of minimum BMI with prognosis. We observed a 1.6-fold increase in the lifetime prevalence of anorexia nervosa using the new diagnostic boundaries, from 2.2% to 3.6%. The new cases had a later age of onset (18.8 y vs. 16...



Internet and smartphone application usage in eating disorders: A descriptive study in Singapore.

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 17:05:02 +0100

In conclusion, Internet and smartphone app usage is significant, and they are associated with greater severity of illness. It is necessary to include interventions in this aspect as part of treatment of eating disorders. PMID: 26957338 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)



The importance of loss of control while eating in adolescents with purging disorder

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

DiscussionPD was largely similar to other eating disorders characterized by purging, regardless of whether LOC eating was present. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2016) (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)

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Effects of Dexamethasone and Placebo on Symptom Clusters in Advanced Cancer Patients: A Preliminary Report

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion. The results of this preliminary study suggest significant correlation over time and improvement in the FAD cluster at day 8 and day 15 after treatment with dexamethasone. These findings suggest that fatigue, anorexia-cachexia, and depression may share a common pathophysiologic basis. Further studies are needed to investigate this cluster and target anti-inflammatory therapies. Implications for Practice: Results of this preliminary study suggest that fatigue-anorexia/cachexia/depression cluster scores significantly improved in the dexamethasone treatment group as compared with placebo. These findings indicate that symptoms in the fatigue/anorexia-cachexia/depression cluster might share a common causative mechanism. Further studies are needed to validate these findings. (Source:...



Gelatinous transformation of the bone marrow from anorexia nervosa

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: Blood)



Transarterial embolization of hypervascular tumors using trisacryl gelatin microspheres (Embosphere): a prospective multicenter clinical trial in Japan

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion TAE using TGMs was technically feasible and safe for devascularization of hypervascular tumors. (Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology)



‘Feelings stronger than reason’: conflicting experiences of exercise in women with anorexia nervosa

Wed, 09 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions The material provides increased insight into the multi-layered meanings of exercise for individuals with anorexia nervosa. It also suggests alternatives to current ways of understanding and approaching exercise that may enable this issue to be addressed in a more meaningful way in therapy. Qualitative approaches can make a valuable contribution to furthering such understanding. (Source: Journal of Eating Disorders)



Impact of female adult eating disorder inpatients’ attitudes to compulsive exercise on outcome at discharge and follow-up

Wed, 09 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions The results demonstrated significant improvements in attitudes towards compulsive exercise during treatment and follow-up. The change in compulsive exercise scores predicted the longer-term course of eating disorder symptoms and BMI. (Source: Journal of Eating Disorders)

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Planning Abilities in Patients with Anorexia Nervosa Compared with Healthy Controls.

Wed, 09 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests the presence of subtle planning difficulties in women with AN which might be better detected using tasks with increased ecological validity. PMID: 26959649 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)



Safety Profile of Artemether-Lumefantrine: A Cohort Event Monitoring Study in Public Health Facilities in Tanzania

Mon, 07 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions The safety profile of AL for treatment of malaria continues to be favourable. CEM as a pharmacovigilance tool has proven to provide reliable safety data in a short period. (Source: Clinical Drug Investigation)



Sip-jeon-dea-bo-tang, a traditional herbal medicine, ameliorates cisplatin-induced anorexia via the activation of JAK1/STAT3-mediated leptin and IL-6 production in the fat tissue of mice.

Sun, 06 Mar 2016 05:15:02 +0100

In conclusion, the present results revealed that SJDBT ameliorated cisplatin-induced anorexia, suggesting its usefulness in the prevention of anorexia during chemotherapy. PMID: 26936678 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Molecular Medicine Reports)



Bulimic teen Jasmin Heaney now flaunts her sexy curves on Instagram

Fri, 04 Mar 2016 12:48:08 +0100

Jasmin Heaney, 19, from Dublin, Ireland, developed bulimia and anorexia while at school. She shrunk to 6st 7lbs after becoming obsessed with websites that promoted eating disorders. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



7 Things Not to Say To Someone With Anorexia...

Fri, 04 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: About.com Eating Disorders)

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Immunomodulation for treatment of drug and device refractory gastroparesis

Fri, 04 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Immunomodulatory therapy shows positive outcomes in improving vomiting symptom in some gastroparetic patients who have coexisting positive autoimmune profiles. This preliminary data suggests the need for further investigations in immunotherapy targeted to patients with gastroparetic symptoms refractory to approved drug and device therapies. (Source: Results in Immunology)



An Older Adult with Headache and Visual Blurring

Fri, 04 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

A 64-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with a constant and gradually worsening headache, lasting more than 1 week. The pain was described as a severe bitemporal ache with intermittent throbbing. The headache was accompanied by mild visual blurring and occasional tearing, without vision loss. Other symptoms included fatigue, anorexia, and a low-grade fever. Over-the-counter analgesics provided no relief. The patient’s medical history was significant for hypertension and hyperlipidemia, which were well controlled with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and a statin agent. (Source: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN)



Temporal relationships between awakening cortisol and psychosocial variables in inpatients with anorexia nervosa – A time series approach

Fri, 04 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Upon awakening, the cortisol of all AN patients was in the standard range but elevated as compared to healthy controls. Patients with HSS appeared to show less stable awakening cortisol time series compared to patients with LSS. (Source: International Journal of Psychophysiology)



Do reward and punishment sensitivity change after treatment for anorexia nervosa?

Fri, 04 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: July 2016 Source:Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 96 Author(s): Amy Harrison, Lot Sternheim, Caitlin O'Hara, Anna Oldershaw, Ulrike Schmidt An important question in eating disorders (EDs) is why people continue to pursue the perceived benefits of the illness in spite of devastating physical, psychological and social consequences. In investigating this, previous studies have highlighted a profile of low reward and high punishment sensitivity in anorexia nervosa. Treatments have attempted to target this presentation in therapy although little is known about whether it is possible to do so, thus helping individuals to use more flexible, adaptive and less anxiety-driven responses to their own internal and external environments. In this longitudinal study,...



A systematic review of the health-related quality of life and economic burdens of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder.

Fri, 04 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: AN, BN, and BED have a serious impact on patient's HRQoL and are also associated with increased healthcare utilization and healthcare costs. The burden of BED should be examined separately from that of BN. The limited evidence suggests that further research is warranted to better understand the differences in long-term HRQoL and economic burdens of AN, BN, and BED. PMID: 26942768 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)

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Description of an intensive nutrition therapy in hospitalized adolescents with anorexia nervosa.

Fri, 04 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSION: The presented intensive nutrition therapy with initially high energy and nutrient intakes produced substantial weight gain, increased fat and muscle mass and decreased food related anxiety in AN patients, without any clinical side effects. PMID: 26970731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating Behaviors)



Muscle wasting in cancer patients treated with anamorelin

Thu, 03 Mar 2016 10:22:00 +0100

Anamorelin could fulfil an unmet need for anorexia and cachexia treatments, study finds. (Source: Clinical Pharmacist)



Anorexic told weight loss was 'just a phase' reveals she was just HOURS from death

Thu, 03 Mar 2016 09:59:12 +0100

Emma Carlill, 21, from Brough, East Yorkshire, has created a chilling video about her fight to get treatment for the condition. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



Reexpansion pulmonary edema after surgery for spontaneous pneumothorax in a patient with anorexia nervosa

Thu, 03 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion We present a case of RPE after VATS for spontaneous pneumothorax in a patient with AN. Malnutrition owing to AN results in critical complications such as RPE. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)



Girl with anorexia weighed three and a half stone when she died

Wed, 02 Mar 2016 19:30:26 +0100

Parents of Sligo teenager said they had unanswered questions over HSE care (Source: The Irish Times - Health)

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The perception of affective touch in Anorexia Nervosa

Wed, 02 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a disorder characterized by restricted eating, fears of gaining weight, and body image distortions. The etiology remains unknown; however impairments in social cognition and reward circuits contribute to the onset and maintenance of the disorder. One possibility is that AN is associated with reduced perceived pleasantness during social interactions. We therefore examined the perception of interpersonal, ‘affective touch’ and its social modulation in AN. We measured the perceived pleasantness of light, dynamic stroking touches applied to the forearm of 25 AN patients and 30 healthy controls using C Tactile (CT) afferents-optimal (3cm/s) and non-optimal (18cm/s) velocities, while simultaneously displaying images of faces showing rejecting, neutral and accepting e...



Play Therapy Is More Than Child’s Play

Tue, 01 Mar 2016 18:45:31 +0100

“You can discover more about a person in an hour of play than in a year of conversation.” – Plato Some issues that clients bring to the counseling office can be addressed via talk therapy, while others respond more adroitly to non-verbal interactions. For those in the younger set, being able to express themselves beyond words is an essential aspect of healing. Play Therapy is best suited for those ranging in age from 3-16 years old. The Association for Play Therapy (APT) defines play therapy as “the systematic use of a theoretical model to establish an interpersonal process wherein trained play therapists use the therapeutic powers of play to help clients prevent or resolve psychosocial difficulties and achieve optimal growth and development.” There are many indicati...



Acupuncture and Related Therapies for Symptom Management in Palliative Cancer Care: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Tue, 01 Mar 2016 06:00:00 +0100

Abstract: Available systematic reviews showed uncertainty on the effectiveness of using acupuncture and related therapies for palliative cancer care. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize current best evidence on acupuncture and related therapies for palliative cancer care. Five international and 3 Chinese databases were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing acupuncture and related therapies with conventional or sham treatments were considered. Primary outcomes included fatigue, paresthesia and dysesthesias, chronic pain, anorexia, insomnia, limb edema, constipation, and health-related quality of life, of which effective conventional interventions are limited. Thirteen RCTs were included. Compared with conventional interventions, meta-ana...



Epigastric Distress Caused by Esophageal Candidiasis in 2 Patients Who Received Sorafenib Plus Radiotherapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Case Report

Tue, 01 Mar 2016 06:00:00 +0100

In this study, we present the 2 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients suffered from epigastric distress caused by esophageal candidiasis who received sorafenib plus RT. Two patients who had received sorafenib and RT for HCC with bone metastasis presented with hiccups, gastric ulcer, epigastric distress, anorexia, heart burn, and fatigue. Empiric antiemetic agents, antacids, and pain killers were ineffective at relieving symptoms. Panendoscopy revealed diffuse white lesions in the esophagus. Candida esophagitis was suspected. Results of periodic acid-Schiff staining were diagnostic of candidiasis. Oral fluconazole (150 mg) twice daily and proton-pump inhibitors were prescribed. At 2-weak follow-up, esophagitis had resolved and both patients were free of gastrointestinal symptoms. Phys...



Oxytocin acting in the nucleus accumbens core decreases food intake

Tue, 01 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Journal of Neuroendocrinology)

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Weight restoration on a high carbohydrate refeeding diet promotes rapid weight regain and hepatic lipid accumulation in female anorexic rats

Tue, 01 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

There is currently no standard clinical refeeding diet for the treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN). To provide the most efficacious AN clinical care, it is necessary to define the metabolic effects of current r... (Source: Nutrition and Metabolism)



Ventriculoperitoneal shunt for treatment of hydrocephalus in a French bulldog puppy.

Tue, 01 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Authors: Giacinti JA Abstract A 6.5-week-old bulldog was presented with lethargy, anorexia, and stunted growth. A domed skull, ventrolateral strabismus, hypermetria, and delayed hopping were observed. Congenital hydrocephalus was diagnosed and a ventriculoperitoneal shunt was placed. After surgery, a shunt obstruction occurred but resolved with treatment. The puppy responded well and neurological deficits continued to improve after surgery. PMID: 26933271 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)



Comparison of efficacy and toxicity of doxorubicin and mitoxantrone in combination chemotherapy for canine lymphoma.

Tue, 01 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Authors: Wang SL, Lee JJ, Liao AT Abstract Forty-four dogs with multicentric lymphoma were treated using a cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (CHOP) induction protocol or treated using a cyclophosphamide, mitoxantrone, vincristine, and prednisolone (CMOP) induction protocol. There was no statistical difference in signalment and the presence of historical negative prognostic factors between the groups. The median progression-free survival (PFS) in the CHOP and CMOP groups were 222 d and 162 d, respectively (P = 0.75). The median survival time (MST) of dogs in CHOP and CMOP groups were 318 d and 242 d, respectively (P = 0.63). Anorexia and diarrhea episodes were significantly higher in the CHOP group than in the CMOP group (P = 0.02 and P = 0.01, respectivel...



Fixation patterns, not clinical diagnosis, predict body size over‐estimation in eating disordered women and healthy controls

Tue, 01 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

DiscussionSince the over‐estimating controls did not share the same body image concerns that women with rAN report, their over‐estimation cannot be explained by attitudinal concerns about body shape and weight. These results suggest that a distributed fixation pattern is associated with over‐estimation of body size and should be addressed in treatment programs. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2016). (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)



Student's health kick turned her anorexic after she dropped to a SIX stone

Mon, 29 Feb 2016 12:42:45 +0100

Charlotte Allinson, 22, was a law student at Hallam University, Sheffield, when she became obsessed with food. She said she went home and 'cried uncontrollably' after being diagnosed with anorexia. (Source: the Mail online | Health)

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Anorexia is associated with stress‐dependent orexigenic responses to exogenous neuropeptide Y

Mon, 29 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

In conclusion, the loss of responsiveness to exogenous NPY in stressed LWS chicks may be due to the decreased and increased hypothalamic expression of AgRP and MC3R, respectively. Such may induce an intensification of anorexigenic melanocortin signaling pathways in LWS chicks that block the orexigenic effect of exogenous NPY. These results provide insights onto the anorexic condition across species, and especially so for forms of inducible anorexia such as human anorexia nervosa. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Journal of Neuroendocrinology)



Weight restoration therapy rapidly reverses cortical thinning in anorexia nervosa: A longitudinal study

Sun, 28 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: 15 April 2016 Source:NeuroImage, Volume 130 Author(s): Fabio Bernardoni, Joseph A. King, Daniel Geisler, Elisa Stein, Charlotte Jaite, Dagmar Nätsch, Friederike I. Tam, Ilka Boehm, Maria Seidel, Veit Roessner, Stefan Ehrlich Structural magnetic resonance imaging studies have documented reduced gray matter in acutely ill patients with anorexia nervosa to be at least partially reversible following weight restoration. However, few longitudinal studies exist and the underlying mechanisms of these structural changes are elusive. In particular, the relative speed and completeness of brain structure normalization during realimentation remain unknown. Here we report from a structural neuroimaging study including a sample of adolescent/young adult female patients wit...



P.2.021 The endocannabinoid system: possible new pharmacological target in the treatment of anorexia nervosa

Sat, 27 Feb 2016 09:35:47 +0100

(Source: European Neuropsychopharmacology)



One-year outcome and incidence of anorexia nervosa and restrictive eating disorders among adolescent girls treated as out-patients in a family-based setting.

Fri, 26 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion Restrictive eating disorders, including AN, in children and adolescents can be successfully treated in a family-based specialized out-patient service without in-patient care. PMID: 26915921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences)



Dichotomous life of DNA Binding High Mobility Group box1 Protein in human health and disease.

Fri, 26 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Authors: Lohani N, Rajeswari MR Abstract The High mobility box 1 (HMGB1) protein is an extremely versatile, highly conserved nuclear protein, with its unique intracellular and extracellular functions mediated by its relatively simple domain structure. Within the nucleus, HMGB1 binds to DNA minor groove in a non-specific manner and causes bends in the double helix thus helps in recruiting a number of DNA binding protein and transcription factors, to facilitate transcription of various genes. HMGB1 also helps in DNA repair, chromatin remodeling, V (D) J recombination, and assembly of nucleosome on the chromatin. On contrary, under pathological conditions HMGB1 displays inflammatory response by interaction with specific cell surface receptors like RAGE, TLR-4, TLR9, and TLR2 and activ...

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Leptin secretory dynamics and associated disordered eating psychopathology across the weight spectrum.

Thu, 25 Feb 2016 22:05:02 +0100

CONCLUSION: Secretory dynamics of leptin differ across weight spectrum, with mean pulse amplitude, mean pulse mass and TPS being low in AN and high in OB. Pulsatile, rather than basal secretion, is the major contributor to leptin AUC. Decreased pulsatile leptin is associated with disordered eating psychopathology, possibly reflecting low percent body fat in AN. PMID: 26903591 [PubMed - in process] (Source: European Journal of Endocrinology)



Age differences in the last week of life in advanced cancer patients followed at home

Thu, 25 Feb 2016 10:35:11 +0100

Abstract A retrospective analysis of a consecutive sample of patients admitted to a home care program was performed. Data were recorded in the last week through a backward analysis from the day before death as follows: 1 week before dying (−1W), 3 days before death (−3D), and the day before dying (−1D). Data to be collected included the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS), background pain intensity, the prevalence of breakthrough pain, the use of opioids in the last week, and the need for palliative sedation, with indications, duration, and drugs used. Patients were distributed according to the following age ranges: adults (<65 years, A) and aged (≥65 years, O). Of the latter group, three subgroups were assessed: old (65–74 years, O1), very old (75–84 y...



A Phase I Study of S-1 and Gemcitabine with Concurrent Radiotherapy in Patients with Non-Metastatic Advanced Pancreatic Cancer.

Wed, 24 Feb 2016 20:16:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: The combination of S-1 and gemcitabine with concurrent radiotherapy is a feasible regimen at the level 1 dose. PMID: 26902051 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Hepato-Gastroenterology)



Maidstone student who was hospitalised with anorexia aged TWELVE charts recovery

Wed, 24 Feb 2016 04:35:44 +0100

Alice Cachia, 21, from Maidstone, Kent, plummeted to five-and-a-half stone at the height of her illness. She now refuses to weigh herself and loves eating cake and chocolate biscuits. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



Voluntary Emotion Regulation in Anorexia Nervosa: A Preliminary Emotion-Modulated Startle Investigation

Wed, 24 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This study is the first to use the emotion-modulated startle paradigm (EMSP) to investigate emotional reactivity and voluntary emotion regulation in individuals with AN. Twenty women with AN viewed negative, positive, neutral, and food images and were asked to enhance, suppress, or maintain their emotional responses mid-way through picture presentation. Startle eyeblink magnitudes in response to startle probes administered prior, and subsequent, to regulation instructions indexed emotional reactivity and regulation, respectively. On emotional reactivity trials, startle magnitudes were greater for negative, positive, and food images, compared to neutral images. Participants had difficulty suppressing startle responses to negative and food images, as indicated by non-significant suppress-mai...

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Anorexia Nervosa, Major Depression, and Suicide Attempts: Shared Genetic Factors.

Wed, 24 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Authors: Thornton LM, Welch E, Munn-Chernoff MA, Lichtenstein P, Bulik CM Abstract The extent to which genetic and environmental factors influenced anorexia nervosa (AN), major depressive disorder (MDD), and suicide attempts (SA) were evaluated. Participants were 6,899 women from the Swedish Twin Study of Adults: Genes and Environment. A Cholesky decomposition assessed independent and overlapping genetic and environmental contributions to AN, MDD, and SA. Genetic factors accounted for a substantial amount of liability to all three traits; unique environmental factors accounted for most of the remaining liability. Shared genetic factors may underlie the coexpression of these traits. Results underscore the importance of assessing for signs of suicide among individuals with AN. PM...



The Glasgow Prognostic Score Predicts Response to Chemotherapy in Patients with Metastatic Breast Cancer

Tue, 23 Feb 2016 21:35:37 +0100

Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that GPS assessment is associated with poor clinical outcomes and severe chemotherapy-related toxicities in patients with metastatic breast cancer who have undergone chemotherapy, without any specific indication regarding the type of chemotherapy applied.Chemotherapy 2015–16;61:217–222 (Source: Chemotherapy)



Student who was hospitalised with anorexia aged TWELVE charts her recovery with selfies to prove 'food doesn't own her' after a ten-year battle

Tue, 23 Feb 2016 16:06:10 +0100

Alice Cachia, 21, from Maidstone, Kent, plummeted to five-and-a-half stone at the height of her illness. She now refuses to weigh herself and loves eating cake and chocolate biscuits. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



A novel approach to promote motivation to change in the treatment of anorexia nervosa using visualisation and imagery

Tue, 23 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)



Anorexia nervosa deaths higher than for other eating disorders

Tue, 23 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: Mental Health Weekly)

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Efficacy and safety of chiropractic therapy in infantile anorexia: A systematic review

Tue, 23 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Chiropractic therapy in infantile anorexia was superior to traditional Chinese medicine or Western medicine treatment. However, the quality of trials included was low. Therefore, more rigorous studies with high-quality trials and large samples were needed to prove the benefit of chiropractic therapy and provide high levels of evidence. (Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine)



Influence of negative affect on decision making in women with restrictive and binge-purge type anorexia nervosa

Tue, 23 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

The present study aims to examine the influence of negative affect on decision making in women with anorexia nervosa (AN) compared to healthy control women and, secondly, to assess differences between the restrictive (ANR) and binge-purge (ANBP) subtypes. One hundred four women (32 with ANR, 32 with ANBP, and 40 healthy controls) participated. All women were asked to watch either a negative or a control film fragment, both followed by the Bechara Gambling Task (BGT). Before and after the fragments negative affect was measured. (Source: Psychiatry Research)



National Eating Disorders Awareness Week: Mind the Gap

Mon, 22 Feb 2016 22:08:23 +0100

National Eating Disorders Awareness Week: February 21-27, 2016 A few days ago, I was swiveling back and forth in the beauty salon chair, paging through the latest issue of Vogue, and waiting for the timer to ping! so that my stylist could wash the purple-that-turns-black dye from my hair. My gray strands aren't like Emmylou Harris's silvery waterfall, but more wiry crone variety. For better or worse, I fight time, and, added bonus, at the salon I read all the glossy magazines that I don't buy for myself in the forty minutes it takes for the dye's transformative magic to work. Except this time, as I flipped the pages, what should have been a vapid fashion ad knocked the breath from me. A beautiful model (redundancy) with long, achromatic hair pinned in a disheveled up-do, wore a Nappa leath...



National Eating Disorders Awareness Week (Feb. 21-27)

Mon, 22 Feb 2016 15:47:58 +0100

This week is National Eating Disorders Awareness Week.  Why focus the focus on eating disorders? According to the National Association of Anorexia and Related Disorders (ANAD),  over one-half of teenage girls and nearly one-third of teenage boys use unhealthy weight control behaviors such as skipping meals, fasting, smoking cigarettes, vomiting, and taking laxatives.  ANAD also reports that eating disorders are the number one fatal mental health disorder. Mortality rates can vary and part of the reason why is that the causes of reported deaths are often listed for complications (organ failure, malnutrition, suicide, heart failure) resulting from rather than the actual eating disorder itself. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, “An eating disorder is an illness tha...



Hepatoblastoma in childhood, long term survival achieved: 2 case reports and literature review

Mon, 22 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSION Hepatoblastoma are rare tumors of the pediatric age group. Management depends highly on combined surgical and pediatric oncological knowledge. A complete disease remission can be achieved when both modalities are treatment are optimal. Therefore Hepatoblastoma cases should be referred to specialized centers for management. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)

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Eating disorders: what age at onset?

Mon, 22 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Age at onset (AAO) of eating disorders has classically been described in adolescence. We analyzed data from 806 subjects with anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN) and performed a normal distribution admixture analysis to determine their AAO. No significant differences were found concerning the AAO functions of AN and BN subjects. Both groups had a mean AAO of about 18 years. Most of the subjects with AN (75.3%) and BN (83.3%) belonged to the early onset group. The definition of AAO for ED may be crucial for planning treatment modalities, with specific consideration of their clinical history and course. (Source: Psychiatry Research)



Brain effects of computer-assisted cognitive remediation therapy in anorexia nervosa: A pilot fMRI study

Mon, 22 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Poor cognitive-behavioral flexibility is considered a trait marker in anorexia nervosa (AN) that can be improved by Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT). The present pilot study aimed at identifying changes in brain function potentially associated with CRT in AN. Data was obtained from a randomized, controlled trial. Twenty-four patients were assessed before and after 30 sessions of either CRT or a non-specific neurocognitive therapy. Voxel-wise analysis of whole brain functional magnetic resonance imaging was applied. (Source: Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging)



Prevalence of orthorexia nervosa is less than 1 %: data from a US sample.

Mon, 22 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSION: As in other countries, a large proportion of a non-clinical US sample scored in the orthorexia range on the ORTO-15. However, this instrument is likely unable to distinguish between healthy eating and pathologically healthful eating. Our estimate is that orthorexia nervosa like anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, is not a common condition. PMID: 26902744 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)



Immunomodulatory properties of gamithromycin and ketoprofen in lipopolysaccharide-challenged calves with emphasis on the acute-phase response

Sun, 21 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

In conclusion, KETO entirely inhibited PGE2 synthesis, fever development and depression, while GAM did not exert any effect in this model. These results promote the concomitant use of an antimicrobial drug and a NSAID in the treatment of calf diseases associated with LPS, both to enhance clinical recovery and to improve animal welfare. (Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology)



Contemporary Views on the Genetics of Anorexia Nervosa

Sat, 20 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a serious mental illness characterized by severe dietary restriction that leads to high rates of morbidity, chronicity, and mortality. Unfortunately, effective treatment is lacking and few options are available. High rates of familial aggregation and significant heritability suggested that the complex etiology of AN is affected by both genetic and environmental factors. In this paper, we review studies that reported common and rare genetic variation that influence susceptibility of AN through candidate gene studies, genome-wide association studies, and sequencing-based studies. (Source: European Neuropsychopharmacology)

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A Qualitative Analysis of Aspects of Treatment that Adolescents with Anorexia Identify as Helpful

Sat, 20 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This study aimed to identify aspects of treatment that adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) believe are helpful or unhelpful. Adolescent females receiving treatment for AN or subthreshold AN (n=21) were prompted during semi-structured interviews to generate responses to open-ended questions on what they felt would be most helpful or unhelpful in treating adolescents with eating disorders. Eight codes were developed and the two most frequently endorsed categories were (1) Alliance, where the therapist demonstrates clinical expertise and also expresses interest in the patient (n=21, 100.0%), and (2) Client Involvement in treatment (n=16, 76.2%). (Source: Psychiatry Research)



Will mouth wash solutions of water, salt, sodium bicarbonate or citric acid improve upper gastrointestinal symptoms in chronic kidney disease

Fri, 19 Feb 2016 20:07:20 +0100

ConclusionSimple mouthwashes can be used to relieve or eliminate some uraemic symptoms. Rinsing the mouth with a sodium bicarbonate solution cleanses receptors on taste buds, may alter mouth pH thereby reducing some upper GI symptoms that CKD patients can experience. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Nephrology)



Phase II trial of docetaxel, bevacizumab, lenalidomide and prednisone in patients with metastatic castration‐resistant prostate cancer

Fri, 19 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

ConclusionsWith appropriate supportive measures, combination angiogenesis inhibition can be safely administered and potentially provide clinical benefit. These hypothesis‐generating data would require randomized trials to confirm the findings. (Source: BJU International)



Morning Break: Hospital Held Hostage; Pay for Primary Care; Autism and Anorexia

Thu, 18 Feb 2016 13:45:00 +0100

(MedPage Today) -- Health news and commentary from around the Web, gathered by the MedPage Today staff (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)



Blogger documents her anorexia recovery with before and after photos on Instagram

Thu, 18 Feb 2016 10:33:27 +0100

Claire Mercer, 20, from Adelaide, Australia, whose weight dropped to four stone, now counsels British girls online. She posts photos on Instagram to help others with eating disorders. (Source: the Mail online | Health)

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Patients with celiac disease may have normal weight or may even be overweight

Thu, 18 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions In our practice, only one third of patients with CeD had low BMI. A diagnosis of CeD should not be excluded if patient has normal or high BMI. (Source: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology)



Recovering anorexic opens Jessica's Patisserie in Bolton, Manchester

Wed, 17 Feb 2016 19:31:55 +0100

Jessica Humphreys, 20, from Bolton, Manchester was referred to a psychiatric unit after her weight fell below six stone. Now healthy she opened her own bakery Jessica's Patisserie this month. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



Pifithrin-μ Attenuates Acute Sickness Response to Lipopolysaccharide in C57BL/6J Mice

Wed, 17 Feb 2016 19:19:45 +0100

This study aims at investigating the potential effect of pifithrin-μ, an inhibitor of heat shock protein 70 substrate binding activity, on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sickness response. C57BL/6J mice were submitted to the forced swimming test (FST), tail suspension test (TST), open field test (OFT) and light-dark box test. Food intake and body weight were also evaluated. The serum corticosterone level was measured using an ELISA kit. Treatment of mice with LPS (0.33 mg/kg, i.p.) markedly increased the floating and immobility time in the FST and TST, respectively, and depressed locomotor activity in the OFT. LPS administration prolonged the latency to first transition and reduced the total number of transitions in the light-dark box test. In addition, LPS induced anorexia and increase...



Altered SPECT 123I-iomazenil Binding in the Cingulate Cortex of Children with Anorexia Nervosa

Wed, 17 Feb 2016 12:37:30 +0100

Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Rieko Sakurai, Michiko Matsuoka, Hiromi Chiba, Shuichi Ozono, Hitoshi Tanigawa, Yushiro Yamashita, Hayato Kaida, Masatoshi Ishibashi, Tatsuki Kakuma, Paul E. Croarkin, Toyojiro Matsuishi (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)



Examining the Utility of Narrowing Anorexia Nervosa Subtypes for Adults

Wed, 17 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether narrowing the criteria of anorexia nervosa (AN) subtypes among adults based on further delineations of current binge eating and purging (i.e., binge eating only, purging only, binge eating and purging, and restricting only) improves the potential clinical utility of the current DSM-5 system that specifies two types (i.e., current binge eating and/or purging and restricting, specified as the absence of current binge eating and/or purging). (Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)

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Emotion-focused treatments for anorexia nervosa: a systematic review of the literature.

Wed, 17 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: Future controlled trials should compare emotion-focused treatments against each other and against other AN treatments. Future studies should also examine the mechanisms of action for the emotion-focused treatments and treatment moderators. PMID: 26886827 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD)



Effects of Dexamethasone and Placebo on Symptom Clusters in Advanced Cancer Patients: A Preliminary Report.

Wed, 17 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: The results of this preliminary study suggest significant correlation over time and improvement in the FAD cluster at day 8 and day 15 after treatment with dexamethasone. These findings suggest that fatigue, anorexia-cachexia, and depression may share a common pathophysiologic basis. Further studies are needed to investigate this cluster and target anti-inflammatory therapies. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Results of this preliminary study suggest that fatigue-anorexia/cachexia/depression cluster scores significantly improved in the dexamethasone treatment group as compared with placebo. These findings indicate that symptoms in the fatigue/anorexia-cachexia/depression cluster might share a common causative mechanism. Further studies are needed to validate these findings. ...



Clinical and echocardiographic findings in an 8 year old Brown Swiss cow with myocardial abscess

Tue, 16 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 16 February 2016 Source:Journal of Veterinary Cardiology Author(s): C. Gerspach, C.C. Schwarzwald, M. Hilbe, S. Buczinski Intramyocardial abscesses are rare in cattle and may lead to unspecific clinical signs. This case report describes the clinical and echocardiographic findings in an 8 year old Brown Swiss cow presented with an intramural myocardial abscess. The main clinical findings were anorexia, drop in milk yield, fever, tachycardia, and hyperfibrinogenemia. Neither heart murmurs nor cardiac arrhythmias were present on auscultation. Transthoracic echocardiographic examination revealed a prominent intramural mass embedded in the left ventricular free wall and bulging into the lumen of the left ventricle. Diagnosis was confirmed at necropsy. A ...



Pharmacokinetics of Cannabis in Cancer Cachexia-Anorexia Syndrome

Tue, 16 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Abstract Anorexia can affect up to 90 % of people with advanced cancer. It is a complex symptom associated with changes in taste, lack of hunger at mealtimes and lack of food enjoyment. Associated weight loss is part of the physical decline that occurs as cancer worsens. Weight loss can also occur from cachexia, the increased metabolism of energy due to raised inflammatory cytokines, liver metastases and other factors seen in several advanced cancers. Independent of anorexia, although frequently associated (where it is referred to as the cachexia-anorexia syndrome), it accounts for a significant amount of morbidity and deaths in people with cancer. In particular, quality of life for the patient and the family is significantly affected with this syndrome as it causes anxiety and d...



Chemical Senses in Cancer Patients.

Tue, 16 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSION: Further studies are needed on the loss of appetite in cancer patients, and specific treatments should be identified according to the pathologic mechanism responsible for anorexia and particularly for taste and smell dysfunctions. Because sufficient nutrition and energy intake can help patients overcome the cancer and its treatment-related complications. PMID: 26881440 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design)

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The anorexic voice and severity of eating pathology in anorexia nervosa

Mon, 15 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This study examines whether the perceived power and nature of that voice are related to eating pathology in anorexia nervosa. MethodSixty‐three women and one man with an ICD‐10 diagnosis of anorexia nervosa participated in this study (mean age = 27.3 years; mean BMI = 16.0). Participants completed questionnaires measuring severity of eating pathology, perceived voice power, and beliefs about voices, either at the start or during treatment. ResultsA more powerful anorexic voice was associated with more negative eating attitudes in this clinical group. However, BMI was related to a moderating effect, with the interaction of greater voice power and malevolence being associated with a lower BMI. DiscussionThese findings suggest the anorexic voice may function as a maintenance facto...



What Would It Be Like to Live for a Day as...

Mon, 15 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Learn what it's like to be anorexic in this fictional account of a person who's obsessing about weight, avoiding food, and exercising too much. (Source: About.com Eating Disorders)



Trends in hospital admission rates for anorexia nervosa in Oxford (1968-2011) and England (1990-2011): database studies

Mon, 15 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions In recent years, anorexia nervosa has become a greater burden on secondary care: not only have admission rates increased but so too have multiple admissions per person with anorexia nervosa. The increase in admission rates might reflect an increase in prevalence rates of anorexia nervosa in the general population, but other explanations, including lower clinical thresholds for admission, are possible and are discussed. (Source: JRSM)



Reconfiguring Relatedness in Anorexia.

Sun, 14 Feb 2016 21:12:02 +0100

Authors: Warin MJ Abstract Anthropological concepts of relatedness have not been addressed in any of the writings on anorexia, despite the literature being replete with negative connotations of sociality such as withdrawal, regression, and toxic families (in the form of 'obsessive mothers' or 'absent fathers'). As a departure to the vast literature on this topic, this multi-sited ethnographic project draws on the recent critiques and broadening of the concept of kinship to examine the ways in which a group of people with a diagnosis of anorexia understood and experienced relatedness in their everyday lives, that is, how they continually transformed connections by truncating, creating, sustaining and abandoning them. Those practices that are taken for granted as creating and sustain...



A review of the father-child relationship in the development and maintenance of adolescent anorexia and bulimia nervosa.

Sun, 14 Feb 2016 19:09:04 +0100

This article reviews the key themes within the literature around the potential impact of the father-child relationship on the development and maintenance of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa in young people. The critical review searched relevant health and social care databases, as well as manually searching key journals in the eating disorder field. In these results, 13 studies met the inclusion/exclusion criteria and were critiqued, with 8 being taken forward for discussion. The 8 studies identified key themes within the relationship of the father and child (particularly daughters) around conflict and communication, parental protection and psychological control, emotional regulation and self-esteem, and self-perfectionism. All of these factors appear to influence the child's level of self-det...

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Post-Ebolavirus disease syndrome: what do we know?

Sun, 14 Feb 2016 16:32:09 +0100

Authors: Carod-Artal FJ Abstract As the current Zaire ebolavirus disease outbreak in West Africa fades, the health problems of the more than 16,500 survivors have come to light. A wide range of mental and physical symptoms may occur during the convalescence stage. Reported symptoms of "post-Ebolavirus disease syndrome" (PEVDS) include chronic joint and muscle pain, fatigue, anorexia, hearing loss, blurred vision, headache, sleep disturbances, low mood and short-term memory problems. PEVDS has been associated with a decrease in functionality and difficulties to return to work. Further studies are needed to fully categorize the clinical spectrum of PEVDS. Diagnostic criteria and surrogate markers for the early diagnosis of PEVDS, and implementation of specialized health services to t...



Post-Ebolavirus disease syndrome: What do we know?

Sun, 14 Feb 2016 16:32:09 +0100

Authors: Carod-Artal FJ Abstract As the current Zaire ebolavirus disease outbreak in West Africa fades, the health problems of the more than 16,500 survivors have come to light. A wide range of mental and physical symptoms may occur during the convalescence stage. Reported symptoms of "post-Ebolavirus disease syndrome" (PEVDS) include chronic joint and muscle pain, fatigue, anorexia, hearing loss, blurred vision, headache, sleep disturbances, low mood and short-term memory problems. PEVDS has been associated with a decrease in functionality and difficulties to return to work. Further studies are needed to fully categorize the clinical spectrum of PEVDS. Diagnostic criteria and surrogate markers for the early diagnosis of PEVDS, and implementation of specialized health services to t...