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MedWorm.com provides a medical RSS filtering service. Over 7000 RSS medical sources are combined and output via different filters. This feed contains the latest news and research in the Speech Therapy category.



Last Build Date: Tue, 29 Mar 2016 16:20:30 +0100

 



Lyrica Plus Speech Therapy May Help in Chronic Cough (CME/CE)

Mon, 28 Mar 2016 16:35:05 +0100

(MedPage Today) -- Benecial effects continued for at least 4 weeks after cessation of pregabalin (Source: MedPage Today Pulmonary)

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Content analysis of the professional journal of the College of Speech Therapists II: coming of age and growing maturity, 1946-65.

Sat, 26 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The journal and its articles reflect the growing maturity of the newly unified profession of speech therapy and give an indication both of the expanding depth of knowledge available to speech therapists and of the rapidly increasing breadth of their work over this period. PMID: 27018211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)



Microcephaly: Alainah’s story

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 12:29:21 +0100

Sixteen-month-old Alainah Therrien of Cape Cod was probably never exposed to the Zika virus. But she has a smaller-than-normal head and was diagnosed with microcephaly even before she was born. “I was told when I was 24 weeks pregnant that we would have a daughter who was mentally retarded,” recounts her mother Melissa. Melissa’s labor was induced at 36 weeks because Alainah had stopped growing. After Alainah was born, a tiny 5 pounds, Melissa saw the word microcephaly for the first time on the bottom of a medical form. The pediatrician didn’t know what microcephaly was, but thought perhaps the bones of Alainah’s skull had fused together prematurely. If so, she would need neurosurgery. “I’m going to refer you to a neurosurgeon in Boston,” she told Melissa. Alainah’s skull...



Rehabilitation utilization following a work-related traumatic brain injury: a sex-based examination of workers' compensation claims in Victoria, Australia - Guerriero EN, Smith PM, Stergiou-Kita M, Colantonio A.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 06:34:47 +0100

OBJECTIVES: To report on and examine differences in the use of four types of rehabilitation services (occupational therapy, physiotherapy, psychology, and speech therapy) by men and women following a work-related traumatic brain injury in Victoria, Austral... (Source: SafetyLit)



Kelsey’s transformation: From stroke survivor to motivational speaker

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 10:57:14 +0100

“When I woke up after my stroke, all I wanted was to be normal again,” recalls Kelsey Tainsh. Normal — as in a healthy teen athlete who could brush her teeth and shower on her own, who wasn’t wheelchair-bound, who wasn’t compelled to hide her paralyzed right hand in her pocket everywhere she went, one who hadn’t lost all of her high school friends except for her two triplet sisters. Now, this world-champion athlete not only learned to walk and talk again but also to embrace her differences. “Our hardest obstacles can be our biggest opportunities,” she says. Kelsey’s first taste of being different came at age 5. She was diagnosed with a brain tumor — an optic pathway pilocytic astrocytoma. Her parents brought her from their home in Winter Park, Florida, to Boston Childr...



Practice variations in voice treatment selection following vocal fold mucosal resection

Sat, 12 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

ConclusionThe majority of Medicare patients do not undergo voice treatment following vocal fold mucosal resection. Further, the treatments analyzed here appear disproportionally utilized based on patient sex, age, and socioeconomic status. Additional research is needed to determine whether these observations reflect clinically explainable differences or disparities in care. Level of Evidence2c. Laryngoscope, 2016 (Source: The Laryngoscope)

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Speech therapy practice in the intensive care unit of a hospital of infectious diseases of Alagoas

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: speech therapy was an important help in the Intensive Care Unit, making bigger the possibility of discharge. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Family members group of individuals with language disorder: process of preparation and application of therapeutic activities

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: the study contributed to maturing description of interns over the supervision and raised the discussion on speech therapy approach towards family members, encouraging them to build with the subjects ways to benefit them regarding language disorder, without damaging connection and interaction relationships. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Oral injuries in children: a systematic review of speech therapy interest

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

RESUMO Este estudo tem como tema, fonoaudiólogos, médicos e dentistas que são profissionais que, frequentemente, em suas ações profissionais, realizam exames intrabucais em seus pacientes. Muitas crianças, desde seu nascimento, apresentam o acometimento por lesões bucais que podem trazer transtornos temporários ao cotidiano. O objetivo é apresentar aos profissionais de saúde uma revisão sistemática acerca das lesões bucais mais frequentes em crianças e de interesse da fonoaudiologia. Os profissionais de saúde devem buscar sempre aumentar seus conhecimentos melhorando a atenção à saúde de seus pacientes.ABSTRACT The backgrounds of this study are the speech therapists, physicians and dentists that are professionals that in their professional actions, conduct intraoral exam...



Therapy vocal and nasal sounds: effects on hyperfunctional dysphonia

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

RESUMO Buscou-se verificar os efeitos de um programa fonoterapêutico que incluiu orientação vocal e postural, adequação da função respiratória e a técnica de sons nasais em disfonias hiperfuncionais. Foi realizado um estudo de casos clínicos, observacional, longitudinal, não controlado, de caráter quantitativo que analisou três sujeitos do sexo feminino com idade média de 31,33 anos que apresentavam disfonias hiperfuncionais. Os sujeitos foram submetidos a: videolaringoscopia, avaliação vocal perceptivoauditiva e acústica, coleta de tempos máximos de fonação, triagem postural e determinação do tipo respiratório durante a fala, antes e após um programa terapêutico composto por orientação, conscientização e treinamento vocal com sons nasais durante 16 sessões de...



Speech therapy in sclerosis systemic: a case report

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

RESUMO A Esclerose Sistêmica é uma doença reumática autoimune do tecido conjuntivo, progressiva, pouco frequente, de etiologia desconhecida e com evolução variável. Atinge órgãos nobres e tecidos periorais, causando limitação na abertura da boca, hipertonia dos órgãos fonoarticulatórios, face com "aparência de máscara", dificuldades na mastigação e deglutição. Com o objetivo de comparar os resultados pré e pós-intervenção fonoaudiológica miofuncional orofacial em sujeitos com esclerose sistêmica, realizou-se estudo clínico exploratório qualiquantitativo no setor de Reumatologia do Hospital Universitário e na Clínica escola de Fonoaudiologia da Universidade Federal de Sergipe, no período de julho/2012 a dezembro/2013. A amostra foi composta por cinco indivídu...

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Ultrasound images of the tongue prior and post speech therapy

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a imagem de ultrassonografia do movimento de língua durante a produção de oclusivas alveolares e velares, pré e pós-terapia de fala. Um menino com cinco anos de idade e diagnóstico de desvio fonológico, apresentando o processo de anteriorização de oclusivas velares, participou da presente pesquisa. Foram coletados os dados articulatórios (imagem de ultrassom do movimento de língua) e perceptivo auditivo dos fones [t], [d], [k] e [g], antes e após 25 sessões de terapia. Quanto aos resultados obtidos no momento pré-terapia, aparentemente, foi detectada uma indiferenciação gestual ao serem observadas as três repetições da curva de língua das oclusivas velares, sugerindo a presença de uma dependência entre os articuladores de po...



Yamamoto new scalp acupuncture, applied kinesiology and breathing exercises for facial paralysis in a young boy caused by Lyme disease – A case report

Tue, 08 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Discussion The case shows a multimodal approach to facial paralysis integrating pharmacological treatment and CAM including YNSA, Applied Kinesiology and breathing exercises. (Source: EXPLORE: The Journal of Science and Healing)



Ultrasonic vocalization in murine experimental stroke: A mechanistic model of aphasia.

Sat, 20 Feb 2016 21:40:02 +0100

CONCLUSION: These findings set a foundation for further studies of mechanisms and novel treatment strategies for post-stroke vocalization impairments. PMID: 26889967 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience)



Subjective outcomes after treatment for velopharyngeal dysfunction.

Thu, 18 Feb 2016 04:08:02 +0100

CONCLUSION: In conclusion, most patients with VPD in this study who underwent evaluation and treatment felt that surgery and speech therapy had improved their speech, but only about half of them were in the end satisfied with the quality of their speech. PMID: 25623517 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery)



Success of Anomia Treatment in Aphasia Is Associated With Preserved Architecture of Global and Left Temporal Lobe Structural Networks

Fri, 12 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions. Preservation of global and left temporal structural connectivity broadly explains the variability in treatment-related naming improvement in aphasia. These findings corroborate and expand on previous classical lesion-symptom mapping studies by elucidating some of the mechanisms by which brain damage may relate to treated aphasia recovery. Favorable naming outcomes may result from the intact connections between spared cortical areas that are functionally responsive to treatment. (Source: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair)

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Better Speech Therapy for Children with Down syndrome

Fri, 05 Feb 2016 16:20:50 +0100

Study shows children with Down syndrome who have motor speech deficits have been inadequately diagnosed (Source: Disabled World)



More effective speech therapy approach for children with Down Syndrome

Fri, 05 Feb 2016 15:08:48 +0100

Children with Down syndrome who have motor speech deficits have been inadequately diagnosed, which could have a major impact on the interventions used by speech pathologists when treating patients, a new study indicates. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)



Study suggests more effective speech therapy approach for children with Down syndrome

Thu, 04 Feb 2016 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Vermont) A new study indicates that children with Down syndrome who have motor speech deficits have been inadequately diagnosed, which could have a major impact on the interventions used by speech pathologists when treating patients. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)



Ask the Expert: Is my child’s language development on track? 10 things to consider

Mon, 01 Feb 2016 13:11:42 +0100

It’s normal for children to acquire speech and language at different rates — just as they learn to walk at different rates. But if you feel your child is having more trouble communicating than she should, don’t ignore your concerns. Early understanding and expression of language can affect other parts of your child’s development such as play skills, social interaction and the ability to self-regulate. When should you request an evaluation? Drs. Carol Wilkinson, of Boston Children’s Division of Developmental Medicine, and David Urion, of the Department of Neurology, offer their advice and 10 tips on things to watch for. Don’t wait too long: It’s true that children start to talk at different ages, but you should see steady progress over time. If you’re concerned about your ...



Protein‐energy malnutrition is frequent and precocious in children with cri du chat syndrome

Mon, 01 Feb 2016 00:00:00 +0100

The objective was to determine the nutritional status at different ages in children with CDCS and factors associated with PEM. A questionnaire focused on growth and nutritional care was sent to 190 families. Among 36 analyzable questionnaires, growth and nutritional indices compatible with PEM occurred in 47% of patients: 19% before 6 months of age, 24% between 6–12 months and 34% after 12 months. Eight patients received enteral feeding. Speech therapy for swallowing education was performed more often in malnourished children (63% vs. 22%, P < 0.02). PEM is frequent and occurs early in this disease, requiring closed nutritional monitoring. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A)

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Perceptions of parents/guardians of children with phonological disorders about the phonological disorders and the speech therapy

Sat, 23 Jan 2016 02:04:23 +0100

Conclusion: this way, parents/guardians exposed their views about their experience related to the difficulty of speech and language therapy. So, we believe in a contribution to the reflection of the therapeutic procedures adopted in speech therapy, as well as to the maturing of the therapist-patient relationship and therapist-parents. Therefore, it encourages the inclusion and closeness to caregivers in therapy. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Evaluation of orofacial characteristics and breastfeeding in preterm newborns before hospital discharge

Sat, 23 Jan 2016 02:04:23 +0100

Conclusions: the study elucidated some characteristics of the oral sensory motor system and of breastfeeding. Additionally, relationships were found between the oral sensory motor system and breastfeeding in premature infants. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Auditory-perceptual judgment of velar stops associated to cleft palate by judges with and without experience

Sat, 23 Jan 2016 02:04:23 +0100

Conclusion: experience of judges and phonetic composition from the speech samples influence perceptual judgments of CA. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Teaching portuguese as a foreign language in the city of Blumenau - SC and its connection with the speech therapy

Sat, 23 Jan 2016 02:04:23 +0100

Conclusion: it was considered that the speech therapist can help with the performance of teachers of Portuguese, for foreigners with guidance that involves listening skills and pronunciation, among other more specific communication matters, pertaining to speech pathology, particularly in the area Educational Speech Therapist and the development of new learning materials. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Effectiveness of speech therapy in the treatment of vocal fold polyps

Sat, 23 Jan 2016 02:04:23 +0100

RESUMO: O objetivo dessa revisão de literatura foi verificar a efetividade da fonoterapia no tratamento do pólipo em pregas vocais, a partir de levantamento bibliográfico. Foi realizada pesquisa bibliográfica na plataforma PublicMedline e nas bases de dados Scopus, Science Direct, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature e Web of Science, seguindo etapas de seleção e análise crítica dos artigos. Foram incluídos artigos originais que utilizaram a fonoterapia como tratamento para o pólipo vocal, sem restrições de data de publicação ou língua. Foram excluídos artigos que abordassem exclusivamente outros tratamentos para pólipo vocal e os que utilizaram a fonoterapia somente após a cirurgia laríngea. Foram encontrados inicialmente 905 artigos. Após as etapas...

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Telehealth use in speech, language and hearing pathology in Brazil: systematic review

Sat, 23 Jan 2016 02:04:23 +0100

RESUMO: A Fonoaudiologia, a exemplo de outras profissões, absorveu as aplicações da Telessaúde e os serviços prestados à distância já fazem parte do cenário fonoaudiológico. Apesar disso, a Telessaúde em Fonoaudiologia no país ainda necessita de maior aprofundamento científico e de amplo acesso à população. Esta revisão sistemática objetivou analisar os estudos relativos à Telessaúde em Fonoaudiologia no Brasil nos últimos dez anos, categorizando-os segundo os níveis de evidência científica apontados pela American Speech and Hearing Association - ASHA (2005), as áreas da Fonoaudiologia contempladas, o ramo da Telessaúde envolvido e a instituição de origem dos estudos. Foram identificadas 26 publicações elegíveis com predominância de estudos clínicos (nível...



Language development and hearing impairment: literature review

Sat, 23 Jan 2016 02:04:23 +0100

RESUMO: Este estudo tem como objetivo revisar as produções científicas acerca das relações entre desempenho da linguagem e deficiência auditiva, assim como analisar os estudos observacionais sobre a temática. Trata-se de revisão de literatura, no qual foram utilizados os descritores "Hearing Loss", "Child Language", "Perda Auditiva", "Linguagem", "Fonologia" e "Vocabulário" nas bases de dados do Portal Capes, Bireme, Scielo e Pubmed no período de julho a dezembro de 2012. Os critérios de inclusão foram artigos disponíveis em periódicos publicados no período de 2007 a 2012. Foi critério de exclusão não ter como foco principal a aquisição/desenvolvimento da linguagem de crianças e/ou adolescentes portadores de deficiência auditiva. Os estudos analíticos observacionais ...



Language and aging: written autobiographical practices with elderly

Sat, 23 Jan 2016 02:04:23 +0100

This study aims to analyze the effects of written autobiographical practices developed by elderly subjects in generating individual autonomy and well-being. The study included five women and three men, between 60 and 87 years of age. This is a case report, with qualitatively analyzed data. The body of analysis consists of fragments of answers recurrently given by the research subjects in a semi-structured interview. This interview focused on questions about the activities of reading and writing developed by the subjects before and after they participated in meaningful practice with the language. From the analysis of the responses provided, it is possible to say that autobiographical writing can constitute an effective literacy practice, able to provide well-being, self-esteem, personal ful...



Echolalia's types in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Sat, 23 Jan 2016 02:04:23 +0100

RESUMO: O Transtorno do Espectro Autista (TEA) é uma síndrome caracterizada por prejuízos persistentes na comunicação social recíproca, com interação social restrita e padrões repetitivos de comportamentos, interesses e atividades. Os comportamentos repetitivos na linguagem podem manifestar-se pelo aparecimento da ecolalia, fenômeno persistente caracterizado como um distúrbio de linguagem, com repetição da fala do outro, dividida em imediata ou tardia. Teve como objetivo a verificação do tipo de ecolalia e das habilidades comunicativas em sete meninos com TEA, com idades entre quatro e sete anos, que fazem uso da comunicação oral. Foram realizadas duas atividades distintas: avaliação das crianças em uma sessão de atendimento fonoaudiológico em situação lúdica, anal...



Childhood and [re]habilitation: pragmatic political realities in the Colombian context

Sat, 23 Jan 2016 00:35:20 +0100

Resumen En este artículo esbozamos algunas intersecciones entre los conceptos de infancia y [re]habilitación, los cuales han tenido desarrollos paralelos, especialmente desde el siglo XX. Esta compleja interacción está mediada y construida a partir de los discursos científicos consolidados en función de la infancia. Enfatizamos este análisis desde dos perspectivas: 1) posturas académicas que, desde profesiones como fisioterapia, fonoaudiología, y terapia ocupacional, abordan la [re] habilitación en la infancia y 2) las miradas desde las políticas públicas, que aportan a la constitución de lugares para el ejercicio profesional de la [re]habilitación. Una revisión documental orientada por la pregunta ¿qué significa [re]habilitar la infancia en Colombia?, emplazó cada aparta...

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A Networking of Community-Based Speech Therapy: Borabue District, Maha Sarakham.

Tue, 12 Jan 2016 19:30:03 +0100

CONCLUSION: A networking of KKU Community-Based Speech Model, Non Thong Tambon Health Promotion Hospital, Borabue, and Maha Sarakham was a good way to enhance speech therapy in Thailand or other developing countries, where have limitation of speech services or lack of professionals. PMID: 26742379 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)



Speech Correction for Children with Cleft Lip and Palate by Networking of Community-Based Care.

Tue, 12 Jan 2016 19:30:03 +0100

CONCLUSION: Networking by Kosumphisai and Maha Sarakham of KKU Community-Based Speech Therapy Model was a valid and efficient method for providing speech services for children with cleft palate and could be extended to any area in Thailand and other developing countries, where have similar contexts. PMID: 26742381 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)



Speech Therapy for Children with Cleft Lip and Palate Using a Community-Based Speech Therapy Model with Speech Assistants.

Tue, 12 Jan 2016 19:30:03 +0100

CONCLUSION: The Community-Based Speech Therapy model is a valid and efficient method for providing speech therapy in cleft palate children. PMID: 26742382 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)



Physical activity in chronic home-living and sub-acute hospitalized stroke patients using objective and self-reported measures.

Sat, 09 Jan 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: In HOM significantly more steps were performed and higher EE values were measured. However, participation in moderate activities and time spent on therapy were less in HOM. Evaluating PA with quantitative measures is feasible in both chronic home-living and sub-acute hospitalized patients with stroke. PMID: 26751778 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)



Interdisciplinary rehabilitation approach for functional neurological symptom (conversion) disorder: A case study.

Mon, 21 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Objective: To describe a coordinated interdisciplinary approach to the treatment of functional neurological symptom (conversion) disorder (FNSD), mixed symptoms, including motor dysfunction, in a rehabilitation setting. Design: Adult patient was admitted with worsening neurological symptoms in the absence of contributory clinical pathology. Interdisciplinary diagnostic and treatment approach included physiatry, neuro- and rehabilitation- psychology, occupational, physical, recreational, and speech therapy. Providers coordinated care and delivered psychologically informed therapies consistent with the standards appropriate to the setting. Results: Diagnosis of FNSD was made 5 weeks after admission. The patient achieved symptom remission at 13 weeks after admission. He remained symptom free ...

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Management of cerebral palsy varies by healthcare region.

Sat, 12 Dec 2015 20:02:14 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: Regional differences in the management of CP cannot be explained by social differences or differences in the severity of the disability. FUNDING: This study was funded by the Research Foundation from the Central Denmark Region and the Department of Clinical Medicine at Aarhus University Hospital, the Augustinus Foundation, the Bevica Foundation, the Dagmar Marshalls Foundation, the Ludvig and Sara Elsass Foundation, and the Civil Engineer Frode V. Nyegaard's and his Wife's Foundation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant. PMID: 26522483 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Danish Medical Journal)



Strategies for treating compensatory articulation in patients with cleft palate.

Sat, 12 Dec 2015 01:53:32 +0100

Authors: Del Carmen Pamplona M, Ysunza A, Morales S Abstract Patients with cleft palate frequently show compensatory articulation (CA). CA requires a prolonged period of speech intervention. Some scaffolding strategies can be useful for correcting placement and manner of articulation in these cases. The purpose of this paper was to study whether the use of specific strategies of speech pathology can be more effective if applied according to the level of severity of CA. Ninety patients with CA were studied in two groups. One group was treated using strategies specific for their level of severity of articulation, whereas in the other group all strategies were used indistinctively. The degree of severity of CA was compared at the end of the speech intervention. After the speech therap...



Unmet Need for Therapy Among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Results from the 2005–2006 and 2009–2010 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs

Thu, 10 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions for Practice Children with ASD require supportive services such as occupational, physical, and speech therapy but are less likely to receive such services than other CSHCN. Receiving a well-child visit in the past year was strongly associated with receipt of needed therapy services. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)



Interventions in the Alteration on Lingual Frenum: Systematic Review

Tue, 08 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion Surgical intervention is effective for the remission of the limitations caused by the alteration on lingual frenum, but there is a deficit of studies with higher methodological quality. The benefits of speech therapy in the post surgical period are described from improvement in the language of mobility aspects and speech articulation.[...]Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, BrazilArticle in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text (Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology)



Prevalence of Psychiatric Symptoms and Mental Health Services in Students with Specific Learning Disabilities in Tehran, Iran

Mon, 07 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Abstract Children with specific learning disabilities are at a greater risk of mental health problems than their non-disabled peers. Further interventions and research will be required. This is a cross-sectional study. A sample of 107 students (7 to 11 years old) with specific learning disabilities were randomly selected from educational and rehabilitation settings in Tehran. The Child Symptom Inventory-4 (CSI-4) (parent checklist) was administered. Among children studied, 86 subjects (82.8 %) in some of the categories of psychiatric symptoms gained scores above the cut-off point. The most prevalent psychiatric symptoms were related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and oppositional defiant disorder. There were not any statistically signif...

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[Potentials for research and innovations in allied health professions in Germany].

Wed, 02 Dec 2015 15:03:16 +0100

Authors: Voigt-Radloff S, Lang B, Antes G Abstract In order to address the increasing complexity and continuously changing needs and demands in the German healthcare system, there is a need to strengthen knowledge translation, evidence-based practice and the conduct of clinical trials in the field of allied health professions. An interdisciplinary working group representing the fields of nursing, midwifery, physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy developed a guide and a concept for seminars to provide potential analyses for research and innovations in the allied health professions in Germany. These potential analyses compare the current state of health care delivery for specific health problems and the corpus of evidence for the effectiveness of related interventions...



[Potential analysis of research on speech therapy-led communication training in aphasia following stroke].

Wed, 02 Dec 2015 15:03:16 +0100

Authors: Kempf S, Lauer N, Corsten S, Voigt-Radloff S Abstract HEALTH PROBLEM: In Germany, about 100,000 people currently suffer from aphasia. This speech disorder occurs as a result of neurologic events such as stroke or traumatic brain injury. Aphasia causes major limitations in social participation and quality of life and can be associated with unemployability and social isolation. For affected persons, it is essential to regain and maintain autonomy in daily life, both at work and with family and friends. The loss of autonomy is perceived much more dramatically than the loss of speech. Clients wish to minimise this loss of autonomy in daily life. As full recovery is not achievable in chronic aphasia, treatment must focus on improved compensatory approaches and on supporting the...



Preliteracy Speech Sound Production Skill and Linguistic Characteristics of Grade 3 Spellings: A Study Using the Templin Archive

Tue, 01 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Findings were consistent with predictions from dual route models of spelling that SSPS is one of many variables associated with spelling skill and that children with impaired SSPS are at risk for spelling difficulty. (Source: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research)



Parent-professional agreement on diagnosis and recommendations for children with developmental disorders.

Thu, 26 Nov 2015 22:56:03 +0100

Authors: Ho HH, Miller A, Armstrong RW Abstract Twenty-eight children with developmental disorders underwent an interdisciplinary assessment for diagnosis and recommendations about management. Following this assessment, the degree of agreement on diagnosis and recommendations between parents and the team was determined. There was substantial agreement for diagnosis of clearly identifiable conditions such as genetic disorders, autism, and mental retardation but less agreement for milder disorders such as learning disabilities, attention deficit disorder, and emotional disorders. Agreement on management varied, being higher for speech therapy and psychosocial interventions but lower for use of stimulant medication and diet. The parents identified additional diagnostic labels in their...



Multidisciplinary management of ankyloglossia in childhood. Treatment of 101 cases. A protocol.

Thu, 26 Nov 2015 03:54:15 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: The chosen surgical technique for moderate-severe ankyloglossia in our centre is the frenectomy and lingual plasty. The myofunctional training begins one week before the surgical intervention so that the patients learn the exercises without pain. PMID: 26595832 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal)

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Tizanidine and Speech Therapy for Spastic Dysarthria: A Case Study

Mon, 23 Nov 2015 22:42:45 +0100

To evaluate tizanidine with speech therapy for dysarthria associated with spastic tetraplegia. (Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)



What Is the Rate of Stuttering Recovery?

Mon, 23 Nov 2015 00:36:17 +0100

Discussion Stuttering is defined as to utter with involuntary repetition of sounds. This commonly occurs in young children especially of initial sounds (Li-li-li-like he can’t do that!) but it can be whole word repetition (Like-like-like he can’t do that!). Stuttering as a normal utterance markedly decreases by age 6, so by age 7 if the child has stuttering the child should be evaluated by a professional speech and language pathologist (SLP). Indications for referral to a SLP for stuttering and other problems can be found here. A recent review of stuttering epidemiology found: Initiation of stuttering occurs usually before age 5, most often around 3 years of age Females are more affected than males Higher socio-economic status has been shown to occur in some studies, but ther...



The influence of (central) auditory processing disorder in speech sound disorders

Mon, 23 Nov 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion The comparison among the tests evaluated between the two groups showed differences in some phonological and metalinguistic abilities. Children with an index value above 0.54 demonstrated strong tendencies towards presenting a (central) auditory processing disorder, and this measure was effective to indicate the need for evaluation in children with speech sound disorder. (Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology)



Which Children Are Not Getting Their Needs for Therapy or Mobility Aids Met? Data From the 2009-2010 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs.

Thu, 19 Nov 2015 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: This evidence serves as a baseline about the future impact of the ACA. Pediatric rehabilitation professionals should be aware that children with special health care needs whose condition more frequently affects function and who have insurance discontinuity may need more support to meet therapy or mobility aid needs. PMID: 26586857 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physical Therapy)



A Randomized Trial of 12-Week Interventions for the Treatment of Developmental Phonological Disorder in Francophone Children

Sun, 01 Nov 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion In this context, in which the children received a brief period of direct therapy and a home program component provided sequentially, the most effective strategy was to teach the parents to use treatment procedures at home that were congruent with the direct therapy component. (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)

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The influence of auditory processing disorder in phonological disorders

Fri, 23 Oct 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion The comparison among the tests evaluated between the two groups showed differences in some phonological and metalinguistic features. Children with an index value above 0.54 demonstrated strong tendencies towards presenting an auditory processing change, and this measure was effective to indicate the need for evaluation in children with speech sound disorder. (Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology)



Surgery for Velopharyngeal Insufficiency: the outcomes of the University Hospitals Leuven

Mon, 19 Oct 2015 00:00:00 +0100

We reviewed the outcomes of patients who underwent a velopharyngoplasty and subsequent speech therapy for velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) to determine possible prognostic variables. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)



Unmet Health Care Service Needs of Children With Disabilities in Penang, Malaysia

Thu, 15 Oct 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Information on unmet health care needs reveal problems that are related to unavailability and inaccessibility of services. The study objectives were to determine the prevalence, and the reasons for unmet service needs among children with disabilities in the state of Penang, Malaysia. Caregivers of children with disabilities aged 0 to 12 years registered with the Penang Social Welfare Department in 2012 answered a self-administered mailed questionnaire. A total of 305 questionnaires were available for analysis (response rate 37.9%). Services that were very much needed and yet highly unmet were dental services (49.6% needed, 59.9% unmet), dietary advice (30.9% needed, 63.3% unmet), speech therapy (56.9% needed, 56.8% unmet), psychology services (25.5% needed, 63.3% unmet), and communication ...



Emergence and Prevalence of Persistent and Residual Speech Errors.

Wed, 14 Oct 2015 12:02:06 +0100

This report reviews the existing literature on the emergence and prevalence of speech sound errors in older children and adults. Findings from several different sources suggest that 1 to 2% of the young adult population overall may present with these errors. Up to 75% of these errors may resolve on their own between the end of the developmental period (i.e., age 9 years) and the end of high school, though speech therapy services may still be justified to reduce any negative social consequences of these errors. At least two different sources of these errors are postulated. Residual speech errors (the more common of the two types) appear to arise as a leftovers from a much earlier speech delay and were originally omission or substitution errors but migrated closer to normal to become distort...



Emergence and Prevalence of Persistent and Residual Speech Errors

Mon, 12 Oct 2015 00:00:00 +0100

This report reviews the existing literature on the emergence and prevalence of speech sound errors in older children and adults. Findings from several different sources suggest that 1 to 2% of the young adult population overall may present with these errors. Up to 75% of these errors may resolve on their own between the end of the developmental period (i.e., age 9 years) and the end of high school, though speech therapy services may still be justified to reduce any negative social consequences of these errors. At least two different sources of these errors are postulated. Residual speech errors (the more common of the two types) appear to arise as a leftovers from a much earlier speech delay and were originally omission or substitution errors but migrated closer to normal to become distort...

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Vocal warm-up and breathing training for teachers: randomized clinical trial

Sat, 10 Oct 2015 00:47:39 +0100

CONCLUSIONS Both interventions were similar regarding their effects on the teachers’ voice quality. However, each contribution has individually contributed to improve the teachers’ voice quality, especially the vocal warm-up.TRIAL RECORD NCT02102399, “Vocal Warm-up and Respiratory Muscle Training in Teachers”.OBJETIVO Comparar a efetividade de duas intervenções fonoaudiológicas, aquecimento vocal e treino respiratório, na qualidade vocal de professores.MÉTODOS Realizou-se ensaio clínico randomizado, cego ao avaliador, com delineamento em paralelo 1:1. Participaram da pesquisa 31 professores da rede estadual de ensino de Salvador, BA, entre 20 e 60 anos de idade, carga laboral mínima de 20h semanais, com ou sem alteração vocal autorreferida. Os critérios de exclusão foram...



Mother with life-long stammer now spends all day of the phone - thanks to speech therapy

Thu, 08 Oct 2015 13:19:13 +0100

Yinka Dolan, 49, from Warrington, developed her stammer as a child after being scolded by her stepfather for talking too fast. She now runs a support group for other stammerers. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



Prevalence and Correlates of Educational Intervention Utilization Among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Mon, 21 Sep 2015 00:00:00 +0100

This study examined the prevalence and correlates of educational intervention utilization among U.S. preschool aged children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) prior to recent policy changes. The analysis was based on a nationally representative longitudinal survey of children receiving special education services during the 2003-2004 school year. All children with parent or teacher identified ASD over a 3-year study period were analyzed. Outcomes included utilization of speech therapy, occupational therapy, behavior therapy, and mental health services by service sector. The analysis revealed low rates of behavioral therapy and mental health services. Parents reported that the overwhelming majority of services were received inside school only. This study identified gaps in the provision of...



A Randomized Trial of Twelve Week Interventions for the Treatment of Developmental Phonological Disorder in Francophone Children.

Fri, 18 Sep 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion: In this context, in which the children received a brief period of direct therapy and a home program component provided sequentially, the most effective strategy was to teach the parents to use treatment procedures at home that were congruent with the direct therapy component. PMID: 26381229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology)



Preliteracy Speech Sound Production Skill and Linguistic Characteristics of Grade 3 Spellings: A Study Using the Templin Archive.

Thu, 17 Sep 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions: Findings were consistent with predictions from dual route models of spelling that SSPS is one of many variables associated with spelling skill and that children with impaired SSPS are at risk for spelling difficulty. PMID: 26380965 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)

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Schooling of hearing-impaired children and benefit of early diagnosis

Wed, 16 Sep 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion This study confirms that moderate-to-severe congenital bilateral hearing loss has an impact on the child's schooling, with grade retention that depends, but not exclusively, on the degree of hearing loss. A growing number of children with moderate bilateral hearing loss fitted with a hearing aid now attend a regular school. (Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases)



The Most Beautiful Dance I Ever Enjoyed With My Husband

Tue, 15 Sep 2015 00:44:39 +0100

This past weekend my husband, Dan danced at our friend's daughter's wedding. Well, if you consider swaying from side to side dancing, then it qualifies. While it may not seem so remarkable, the fact that Dan wiggled on a dance floor is amazing and wonderful! It was just five years ago that his life took a cruel turn and he suffered a devastating stroke. He couldn't walk, talk or eat. He had a feeding tube in his stomach, and we were told he was "gravely" ill. The stroke had affected his brain stem where bodily functions were regulated, paralyzed the optic nerve and traveled beyond. He received tPA -- tissue plasminogen activator -- in the hours following the stroke, a sometimes lifesaving clot busting treatment, but after a brief period of lucidity, he lapsed back into oblivion. Dan was ...



Speech perception, production and intelligibility in French-speaking children with profound hearing loss and early cochlear implantation after congenital cytomegalovirus infection

Fri, 11 Sep 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion CI showed positive impact on hearing and speech in children with post-cCMV profound hearing loss. Our study demonstrated the key role of maximizing post-CI hearing gain. A few children had insufficient progress, especially in case of bilateral vestibular areflexia and/or brain abnormality on MRI. This led us to suggest that balance rehabilitation and speech therapy should be intensified in such cases. (Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases)



Nasalance in Cochlear Implantees.

Sat, 05 Sep 2015 12:34:13 +0100

CONCLUSION: The quality of speech of the cochlear implantees was superior to that of the hearing aid users, but did not match with the normal controls. The study suggests that acoustic variables still exist after cochlear implantation in children, with hearing impairments at deviant levels, which needs attention. Further research needs to be carried out to explore the effect of the age at implantation as a variable in reducing nasality in the speech and attaining normative values in cochlear implantees, and also between unilateral versus bilateral implantees. PMID: 26330912 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)



Otolaryngologic manifestations of Noonan syndrome.

Tue, 01 Sep 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Authors: Geelan-Hansen K, Anne S Abstract Noonan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder with associated anomalies that include short stature, congenital heart defects, developmental delay, and characteristic facial features among other abnormalities. Articulation deficiency and language delay are often present and require speech therapy. Otitis media and hearing loss have been reported to be common in these patients. We performed a retrospective chart review of pediatric patients who were diagnosed with Noonan syndrome at our tertiary care center from January 1979 through December 2009. We found 19 such patients. Of these, 8 had received single-specialty care at our hospital; it is not known if they had received otolaryngologic care from an outside provider. These 8 patients we...

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More than 13,000 awaiting assessment for speech therapy

Mon, 31 Aug 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Backlog a ‘disgrace’ requiring coherent reponse, says FF health spokesman Billy Kelleher (Source: The Irish Times - Health)



Mason’s story: A newborn with a peach-sized tumor

Wed, 26 Aug 2015 15:09:58 +0100

When Tara Johnson found out— after 10 years of trying to get pregnant—she was carrying boy-girl twins, she was thrilled. “It was so exciting, it felt like a double blessing,” she remembers. The pregnancy progressed normally until her 21-week checkup when everything changed. Doctors found a large growth on the neck of her unborn son. Tara’s care was transferred to Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and doctors from Endocrinology and Otolaryngology at Boston Children’s Hospital formed a team to manage her son’s care. When she was 31 weeks pregnant, Tara and husband Bruce were in Boston to meet with Boston Children’s Associate Otolaryngologist-in-Chief Dr. Reza Rahbar for the first time, when she unexpectedly went into labor. Doctors were able to stop the labor, and Tara was put ...



Management of Children with Severe, Severe-profound, and Profound Sensorineural Hearing Loss.

Tue, 18 Aug 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Authors: Iseli C, Buchman CA Abstract Management of children with severe, severe-profound, and profound sensorineural hearing loss is best achieved using a family-centered approach by a team of health professionals, including audiologists, speech pathologists, otolaryngologists, pediatricians, genetic counselors, and early intervention programs. Early diagnosis and intervention offers the best chance for speech and language acquisition. Although hearing aids can provide some of the needed information, they are often not sufficient for spoken language development and a cochlear implant is needed. This must be combined with a strong audiology and speech therapy rehabilitation program. PMID: 26293693 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Medical Clinics of North America...



Management of Children with Severe, Severe-profound, and Profound Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Tue, 18 Aug 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Management of children with severe, severe-profound, and profound sensorineural hearing loss is best achieved using a family-centered approach by a team of health professionals, including audiologists, speech pathologists, otolaryngologists, pediatricians, genetic counselors, and early intervention programs. Early diagnosis and intervention offers the best chance for speech and language acquisition. Although hearing aids can provide some of the needed information, they are often not sufficient for spoken language development and a cochlear implant is needed. This must be combined with a strong audiology and speech therapy rehabilitation program. (Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America)



Cost Effectiveness of Childhood Cochlear Implantation and Deaf Education in Nicaragua: A Disability Adjusted Life Year Model

Sat, 15 Aug 2015 20:19:32 +0100

Conclusion: Using a conservative DALY analysis, both CI and deaf education are cost-effective treatment alternatives for severe-to-profound SNHL. CI intervention costs are not only influenced by the initial surgery and device costs but also by rehabilitation costs and the lifetime maintenance, device replacement, and battery costs. The major CI cost differences in this low resource setting were increased initial training and infrastructure costs, but lower medical personnel and surgery costs. (Source: Otology and Neurotology)

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Patient effort in traumatic brain injury inpatient rehabilitation: course and associations with age, brain injury severity, and time postinjury - Seel RT, Corrigan JD, Dijkers MP, Barrett RS, Bogner J, Smout RJ, Garmoe W, Horn SD.

Fri, 07 Aug 2015 20:29:30 +0100

OBJECTIVE: To describe patients' level of effort in occupational, physical, and speech therapy sessions during traumatic brain injury (TBI) inpatient rehabilitation and to evaluate how age, injury severity, cognitive impairment, and time are associated wit... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))



Changes of some functional speech disorders after surgical correction of skeletal anterior open bite

Fri, 07 Aug 2015 18:10:28 +0100

In conclusion, the surgical treatment of skeletal AOB does not lead to deterioration in voice, resonance and articulation qualities. Despite surgical correction of the unfavourable skeletal situation of the speech apparatus, the pre-existing articulation disorder cannot improve without professional intervention. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)



Effects of Low-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Combined with Intensive Speech Therapy on Cerebral Blood Flow in Post-Stroke Aphasia

Fri, 07 Aug 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Abstract We provided an intervention to chronic post-stroke aphasic patients using low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (LF-rTMS) guided by a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) evaluation of language laterality, combined with intensive speech therapy (ST). We performed a single photon emission-computed tomography (SPECT) scan pre- and post-intervention and investigated the relationship between cerebral blood flow (CBF) and language function. Fifty right-handed chronic post-stroke aphasic patients were enrolled in the study. During their 11-day hospital admission, the patients received a 40-min session of 1-Hz LF-rTMS on the left or right hemisphere, according to language localization identified by the fMRI evaluation, and intensive ST daily for 10 ...



[Hypoglossofacial anastomosis for facial palsy treatment: Indications and results].

Fri, 07 Aug 2015 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSION: Hypoglossofacial anastomosis is a simple and reliable surgical procedure for rehabilitation of paralysed face. The quality of the result is linked with an early surgery and a specific physiotherapy. PMID: 26260974 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthetique)



Health-related quality of life and mental distress in patients with partial deafness: preliminary findings

Wed, 05 Aug 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Abstract The aim of the study was to evaluate mental distress and health-related quality of life in patients with bilateral partial deafness (high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss) before cochlear implantation, with respect to their audiological performance and time of onset of the hearing impairment. Thirty-one patients and 31 normal-hearing individuals were administered the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the State-Trait-Anxiety-Inventory (STAI) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF). Patients also completed the Nijmegen-Cochlear-Implant-Questionnaire (NCIQ), a tool for evaluation of quality of life related to hearing loss. Patients revealed increased depressive and anxiety symptoms, as well as decreased health-related quality of ...

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Abstract CT227: MC1273: Phase II evaluation of aggressive dose de-escalation for adjuvant chemoradiation in HPV associated oropharynx cancer

Sun, 02 Aug 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Background: Traditional adjuvant therapy for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) consists of 60-66 Gy of radiation therapy (XRT) given in 2 Gy daily fractions along with high dose cisplatin if the patient has high risk factors. Despite the excellent cure rates for HPV+ OPSCC, one in three patients treated with conventional treatment will develop grade >3 long-term sequelae from therapy. There is intense interest in de-intensifying adjuvant therapy for this patient population in order to maximize quality of life while maintaining excellent historical rates of disease control.Methods: MC1273 is a phase II non-randomized trial open at Mayo Clinic Rochester testing a novel course of aggressive therapy de-escalation following surgery for HPV+ OPSCC. The primary endpoint is local/regio...



Patient Effort in Traumatic Brain Injury Inpatient Rehabilitation: Course and Associations With Age, Brain Injury Severity, and Time Postinjury

Sat, 01 Aug 2015 00:00:00 +0100

To describe patients' level of effort in occupational, physical, and speech therapy sessions during traumatic brain injury (TBI) inpatient rehabilitation and to evaluate how age, injury severity, cognitive impairment, and time are associated with effort. (Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)



Occupational, Physical, and Speech Therapy Treatment Activities During Inpatient Rehabilitation for Traumatic Brain Injury

Sat, 01 Aug 2015 00:00:00 +0100

To describe the use of occupational therapy (OT), physical therapy (PT), and speech therapy (ST) treatment activities throughout the acute rehabilitation stay of patients with traumatic brain injury. (Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)



Chronic Otitis Media with Effusion Is Associated with Increased Risk of Secondary Speech Surgery

Fri, 31 Jul 2015 09:16:21 +0100

Conclusions: The authors demonstrate that chronic otitis media with effusion requiring two or more myringotomy tube procedures is associated with a significantly increased likelihood of requiring secondary speech surgery. Using otitis media with effusion as a clinical predictor for secondary velopharyngeal insufficiency could lead to early identification of at-risk patients in need of intensive speech therapy and timely secondary speech surgery. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, III. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)



Institutional Variation in Traumatic Brain Injury Acute Rehabilitation Practice.

Thu, 30 Jul 2015 01:26:14 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: This study provides preliminary evidence that there is significant institutional variation in rehabilitation practice and that center effects play a stronger role than patient factors in determining how TBI inpatient rehabilitation is delivered. PMID: 26212397 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Physics)

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Occupational, Physical, and Speech Therapy Treatment Activities During Inpatient Rehabilitation for Traumatic Brain Injury.

Thu, 30 Jul 2015 01:26:13 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: The pattern of activities engaged in was both similar to and different from patterns seen in previous practice-based evidence studies with different rehabilitation diagnostic groups. PMID: 26212399 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Physics)



Patient Effort in Traumatic Brain Injury Inpatient Rehabilitation: Course and Associations With Age, Brain Injury Severity, and Time Postinjury.

Thu, 30 Jul 2015 01:26:12 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: Patients' level of effort can be observed and reliably rated in the TBI inpatient rehabilitation setting using the Rehabilitation Intensity of Therapy Scale. Patients who sustain TBI show varying levels of effort in rehabilitation therapy sessions, with effort tending to increase over the stay. PTA and agitated behavior are primary risk factors that substantially reduce patient effort in therapies. PMID: 26212400 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Physics)



Group Therapy Use and Its Impact on the Outcomes of Inpatient Rehabilitation After Traumatic Brain Injury: Data From Traumatic Brain Injury-Practice Based Evidence Project.

Thu, 30 Jul 2015 01:26:08 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: Group therapy is commonly used in TBI rehabilitation, to varying degrees among disciplines, sites, and cognitive impairment subgroups. Various therapeutic activities take place in group therapy, indicating its perceived value in addressing many domains of functioning. Variation in outcomes is not explained well by overall percentage of therapy time delivered in groups. PMID: 26212404 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Physics)



Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation Referrals in a Concussion Clinic Cohort: An Exploratory Analysis

Mon, 27 Jul 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Relatively little has been described about the typical rehabilitation requirements of individuals recovering from concussion. While rest and guided return to usual activities have been emphasized as mainstays of management, a large number of patients in this concussion cohort were determined to require additional rehabilitation services to assist in recovery. (Source: PMandR)



Hypersialorrhea in Wilson’s Disease

Sat, 25 Jul 2015 00:00:00 +0100

This study confirmed the hypothesis of a multifactorial origin of hypersialorrhea in patients who have been diagnosed in Wilson’s disease. It was essential to evaluate drooling with a multidisciplinary consultation to better identify the underlying mechanisms and to implement strategies for speech therapy and therapeutic adaptation. (Source: Dysphagia)

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Speech and voice disorders in patients with psychogenic movement disorders

Mon, 20 Jul 2015 14:25:07 +0100

Abstract Psychogenic speech and voice disorders (PSVDs) may occur in isolation but more typically are encountered in the setting of other psychogenic disorders. We aimed to characterize the phenomenology, frequency, and correlates of PSVDs in a cohort of patients with psychogenic movement disorders (PMDs). We studied 182 consecutive patients with PMDs, 30 of whom (16.5 %) also exhibited PSVD. Stuttering was the most common speech abnormality (n = 16, 53.3 %), followed by speech arrests (n = 4, 13.3 %), foreign accent syndrome (n = 2, 6.6 %), hypophonia (n = 2, 6.6 %), and dysphonia (n = 2, 6.6 %). Four patients (13.2 %) had more complex presentations with different combinations of these patterns. No differences in gender, age at onset, and distribution of PMDs wer...



Capturing Unmet Therapy Need Among Young Children With Developmental Delay Using National Survey Data

Fri, 17 Jul 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions Relying on parent-reported unmet therapy need, without considering children with DD whose therapy needs go unrecognized, likely underestimates overall unmet therapy need among children with DD. Exploring the mechanisms underlying racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in overall unmet therapy need should facilitate the development of effective interventions aimed at improving therapy access for children with DD. (Source: Academic Pediatrics)



The Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT®) speech therapy in progressive supranuclear palsy.

Fri, 03 Jul 2015 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSION: These results, along with previous findings, add further support to the generalized therapeutic impact of intensive voice treatment on respiratory and laryngeal functions in individuals with PSP. CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: The positive results, the absence of dropout and collateral effect following this clinical treatments with LSVT technique encouraged to use this technique in PSP patients. PMID: 26138088 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine)



Quality of evidence of rehabilitation interventions in long-term care for people with severe disorders of consciousness after brain injury: A systematic review.

Thu, 02 Jul 2015 05:28:02 +0100

CONCLUSION: There are a multitude of different rehabilitation interventions for individuals with disorders of consciousness, which are established in clinical practice and supported by expert opinion. However, evidence regarding these interventions is weak and recommendations are strictly limited. The findings of this review may represent a basis for further research. PMID: 26122074 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)



Person-Centered Care in the Home Setting for Parkinson's Disease: Operation House Call Quality of Care Pilot Study.

Sat, 20 Jun 2015 08:24:04 +0100

Conclusion. This program is a pilot program that has demonstrated that it is possible to provide person-centered care in the home setting for PD patients. This program could provide a proof of concept for the construction of a larger visiting physician or nurse program. PMID: 26078912 [PubMed] (Source: Parkinsons Disease)

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Epidemiology of communication disorders in childhood phoniatric clinical practice

Tue, 09 Jun 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion The studied population is predominantly male, the diagnosis points to a higher incidence in cases of impairment in speech, language, and fluency; the most common treatment was speech therapy. (Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology)



Implementation of an Integrative Holistic Healthcare Model for People Living with Parkinson's Disease.

Mon, 01 Jun 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Authors: Pretzer-Aboff I, Prettyman A Abstract PURPOSE: Research demonstrates that people with Parkinson's disease (PD) benefit greatly from multidisciplinary medical care. Delaware does not have a Movement Disorder Center or a movement disorder specialist. To address this issue, the University of Delaware Nurse Managed Health Center (NMHC) developed a novel PD Telehealth Clinic serving individuals with PD and their caregivers throughout Delaware. DESIGN AND METHODS: The PD clinic is based on a collaborative framework that uses synchronous videoconferencing telehealth technology to bring together out-of-state clinicians and scientists with expertise in PD to help deliver specialized care to PD patients and their caregivers. The team includes a movement disorder specialist, psyc...



Treatment of verb anomia in aphasia: efficacy of self-administered therapy using a smart tablet.

Tue, 26 May 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Authors: Lavoie M, Routhier S, Légaré A, Macoir J Abstract Aphasia is a chronic condition that usually requires long-term rehabilitation. However, even if many effective treatments can be offered to patients and families, speech therapy services for individuals with aphasia often remain limited because of logistical and financial considerations, especially more than 6 months after stroke. Therefore, the need to develop tools to maximize rehabilitation potential is unquestionable. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of a self-administered treatment delivered with a smart tablet to improve written verb naming skills in CP, a 63-year-old woman with chronic aphasia. An ABA multiple baseline design was used to compare CP's performance in verb naming on three equivalent list...



The use of electroglottography, electromyography, spectrography and ultrasound in speech research - theoretical review

Fri, 15 May 2015 21:16:28 +0100

O emprego de novas tecnologias na avaliação e terapia de fala a partir de uma revisão de artigos publicados nos últimos 5 anos é o tema deste estudo, que tem por objetivo realizar uma revisão bibliográfica dos estudos nacionais e internacionais que utilizaram os recursos: eletroglotografia, espectrografia, ultrassonografia e eletromiografia na avaliação e terapia das alterações de fala. Existe um crescente interesse da inserção desses recursos nos estudos de fala, contudo, os trabalhos existentes que os correlacionam ainda são escassos.The use of new technologies in the evaluation and speech therapy from a review of articles published over the past 5 years is the theme of this study which also has as a purpose to conduct a literature review of national and international studi...



Comparison between the classification based on features and percentage of correct consonants in speech disorders

Fri, 15 May 2015 21:16:28 +0100

CONCLUSION: based on the results underscores the importance of joint evaluations, which combine qualitative with quantitative measures, especially for the differentiation and characterization of intermediate degrees of severity of phonological disorders. (Source: Revista CEFAC)

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The details in the therapeutic process to the consonant clusters acquisition in the speech of children with phonological disorder

Fri, 15 May 2015 21:16:28 +0100

CONCLUSION: the variable 'severity' is very relevant to the success of the therapy as well as to the use of strategies to repair the problem. It was also observed that children who were under different kinds of therapies had different results to each of the therapies and had better performance using the phonetic therapy. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Cognitive and affective benefits of combination therapy with galantamine plus cognitive rehabilitation for Alzheimer's disease

Fri, 08 May 2015 00:00:00 +0100

ConclusionThe combination therapy of galantamine plus ambulatory cognitive rehabilitation showed a superior benefit both on cognitive and affective functions than galantamine only therapy in Alzheimer's disease patients. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2015; ●●: ●●–●●. (Source: Geriatrics and Gerontology International)



Office-based Laryngeal Injection of Botulinum Toxin for Paradoxical Vocal Fold Motion in a Child

Fri, 08 May 2015 00:00:00 +0100

We describe the case of a 13-year-old girl with paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) who failed to improve with repeated medical treatment, speech therapy and psychotherapy, but was successfully treated with botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) injection to the vocal folds. For delivering the BTX-A we used a channeled fibre-optic laryngoscope under local anesthesia, in an office setting. The patient remained asymptomatic of PVFM for 5 months, was successfully treated again with the same method, and had no important side effects. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)



“I got a bike!”: Adaptive bike brings freedom to boy with cerebral palsy

Tue, 05 May 2015 14:57:27 +0100

Seven-year-old Hunter Ripley is a boy of few words. There’s a rare “bye-bye” to his mother as he sets off for school and an occasional “whee” when he’s pushed on his adaptive swing.  So when Hunter screamed, “I got a bike!” at the local pool where he does aquatic therapy every Thursday evening, everyone in the pool went silent. “Then the cheering started,” recalls his mother Bekah Ripley. In February, Bekah and her husband Bart learned about The Great Bike Giveaway, a national contest in which children with special needs can win their own adaptive bike. In order to win, Hunter needed votes and lots of them. Within 48 hours of entering the contest, Hunter had 500 votes—not enough to win, but enough for Bekah to believe that it was possible. So she pulled out all the s...