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MedWorm: ADHD



MedWorm.com provides a medical RSS filtering service. Over 7000 RSS medical sources are combined and output via different filters. This feed contains the latest news and research in the ADHD category.



Last Build Date: Tue, 22 Mar 2016 08:30:27 +0100

 



Gestational weight gain, prepregnancy body mass index and offspring attention‐deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms and behaviour at age 10

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

ConclusionsIn a low‐income and high‐risk sample, we observed a small increase in child behaviour problems among children of obese mothers, which could have an impact on child behaviour in the population. Tweetable abstractMaternal obesity is associated with a small increase in child behaviour problems. (Source: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)

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The Indirect Effects of Childhood ADHD on Alcohol Problems in Adulthood through Unique Facets of Impulsivity

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

ConclusionsElevated levels of emotional impulsivity (negative/positive urgency) may place children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at increased risk for alcohol problems in adulthood. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Addiction)



The relationship between addictive use of social media and video games and symptoms of psychiatric disorders: A large-scale cross-sectional study.

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Over the last decade, research into “addictive technological behaviors” has substantially increased. Research has also demonstrated strong associations between addictive use of technology and comorbid psychiatric disorders. In the present study, 23,533 adults (mean age 35.8 years, ranging from 16 to 88 years) participated in an online cross-sectional survey examining whether demographic variables, symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety, and depression could explain variance in addictive use (i.e., compulsive and excessive use associated with negative outcomes) of two types of modern online technologies: social media and video games. Correlations between symptoms of addictive technology use and mental disorder symptoms w...



Reverse asymmetry and changes in brain structural volume of the basal ganglia in ADHD, developmental changes and the impact of stimulant medications.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 11:58:02 +0100

Authors: Paclt I, Pribilova N, Kollarova P, Kohoutova M, Dezortova M, Hajek M, Csemy L Abstract We discussed the cross section studies and the meta-analysis of published data in children and adolescents with ADHD (both drug naive and receiving stimulant medications), in comparison with healthy children and adolescents of the same age. In children and adolescents with ADHD the deceleration of the maturation dynamics of discrete CNS structures is found, volume reduction and decreased grey matter in prefrontal and occipital regions, which is accompanied by reverse asymmetry of the basal ganglia volume (putamen, nucleus caudate). The above mentioned developmental characteristics are valid only for the ADHD children, who have not been treated by stimulant medications. The stimulant trea...



Sex differences in reinstatement of cocaine-seeking with combination treatments of progesterone and atomoxetine

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 19 March 2016 Source:Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior Author(s): Natashia Swalve, John R. Smethells, Natalie E. Zlebnik, Marilyn E. Carroll Two repurposed medications have been proposed to treat cocaine abuse. Progesterone, a gonadal hormone, and atomoxetine, a medication commonly used to treat attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, have both been separately shown to reduce cocaine self-administration and reinstatement (i.e., relapse). The goal of the present study was to examine sex differences in the individual effects of PRO and ATO as well as the combination PRO+ATO treatment on cocaine (COC), caffeine (CAF), and/or cue-primed reinstatement of cocaine-seeking. Adult male and female Wistar rats lever-pressed under a FR 1 schedule for coc...



Risky decision making in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a meta-regression analysis - Dekkers TJ, Popma A, Agelink van Rentergem JA, Bexkens A, Huizenga HM.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 06:34:47 +0100

ADHD has been associated with various forms of risky real life decision making, for example risky driving, unsafe sex and substance abuse. However, results from laboratory studies on decision making deficits in ADHD have been inconsistent, probably because... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder status and baseline neurocognitive performance in high school athletes - Salinas CM, Dean P, LoGalbo A, Dougherty M, Field M, Webbe FM.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 06:34:46 +0100

Approximately 136,000 concussions occur annually in American high school sports. Neuropsychological data indicate that children with preexisting cognitive difficulties, such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), may have protracted recovery f... (Source: SafetyLit)



Factors associated with accidental injuries in children with ADHD-combined type: more than a motor problem? - Connolly A, Fielding J, Papadopoulos N, McGinley J, Murphy A, Rinehart NJ.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 06:34:46 +0100

OBJECTIVE: We explored the relationship between accidental injuries, motor impairment, and co-occurring autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms in children with ADHD-combined type (ADHD-CT). METHOD: Participants were 32 male children diagnosed with... (Source: SafetyLit)



Prevalence of motor problems in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Hong Kong - Tsui KW, Lai KY, Lee MM, Shea CK, Tong LC.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 06:34:46 +0100

INTRODUCTION: Local data on the occurrence of motor problems in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are not available but an understanding of this important issue may enable better planning of medical services. We aimed to determine the ... (Source: SafetyLit)



The effect of a family-based mindfulness intervention on children with attention deficit and hyperactivity symptoms and their parents: design and rationale for a randomized, controlled clinical trial (Study protocol) - Lo HH, Wong SY, Wong JY, Wong SW, Yeung JW.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 06:34:46 +0100

BACKGROUND: About 4 % of children in Hong Kong have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The parents of children with ADHD report higher levels of stress and show more negative parenting behavior. Medication and behavior training are evidence-... (Source: SafetyLit)



Frequency of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents with autism and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 02:24:35 +0100

Conclusions: Children and adolescents with ASD and ADHD are at a higher risk of overweight and obesity than children without developmental problems in the community.Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a frequência de sobrepeso e obesidade em crianças e adolescentes com transtorno do espectro do autismo (TEA) e transtorno do déficit de atenção/hiperatividade (TDAH) e em seus pais, em comparação com crianças e adolescentes da comunidade sem transtornos do desenvolvimento. Métodos Medidas antropométricas foram coletadas de 69 pacientes com TEA (8,4±4,2 anos), 23 com TDAH (8,5±2,4) e 19 controles sem transtornos desenvolvimentais (8,6±2,9) entre agosto e novembro de 2014. Os pais dos pacientes com TEA e TDAH também foram avaliados em relação aos parâmetros antropométricos. Sobrepeso foi ...

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The pharmacological management of psychiatric comorbidities in patients with epilepsy

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 18 March 2016 Source:Pharmacological Research Author(s): Marco Mula Psychiatric disorders represent a frequent comorbidity in patients with epilepsy affecting quality of life, morbidity and mortality. Evidence-based data on the management of these conditions are limited but a number of recommendations are now available to guide clinical practice. The present paper reviews the pharmacological treatment of psychiatric problems in epilepsy with special attention to data coming from randomised controlled trials (RCTs), pharmacological interactions with AEDs and the issue of seizure worsening during treatment with psychotropic drugs. Epidemiologically or clinically relevant psychiatric conditions are discussed namely mood and anxiety disorders, psychoses an...



Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in children with vocal fold nodules

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

The aim of this case-control study was to investigate the symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children with vocal fold nodules (VNs). (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)



Reply to "Does the association between ADHD and pediatric epilepsy signal a tolerance continuum to human environment exposure?

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 19 March 2016 Source:Epilepsy & Behavior Author(s): Jay A. Salpekar, Gaurav Mishra (Source: Epilepsy and Behavior)



An Astonishing Number Of Kids Have Psychological Disorders

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 21:24:56 +0100

Prioritizing mental well-being is crucial as you age, but alarming new research highlights just how important it is to monitor in kids.  Researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analyzed answers from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health and found that one in seven children experiences a psychological disorder, which is classified as a mental, behavioral or development problem. The data -- based on more than 35,000 children ages 2 to 8 -- looks at parents' responses about their child's language problems, learning disabilities, reported ADHD, anxiety, depression and more. The findings revealed that kids with psychological disorders were less likely than others to have comprehensive and continuous medical-care access. Additionally, children ...



Psychological Disorders Affect 1 in 7 U.S. Kids Under 9: CDC

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 13:00:00 +0100

Parents' mental health, lack of medical care contribute to disabilities, researchers say Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Child Mental Health, Learning Disorders (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)

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Bipolar disorder in children and adolecents: a clinical reality?

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 04:28:02 +0100

Authors: Reichart CG, Nolen WA, Wals M, Hillegers MH Abstract The appearance, the differential diagnosis and the prevalence of bipolar disorder in children and adolescents is discussed. Among adolescents bipolar disorder appears to have a similar prevalence in the US and The Netherlands. However, among children it is frequently diagnosed in the US and hardly in The Netherlands. It is concluded that bipolar disorder tends to start earlier in the US than in the Netherlands. It is hypothesized that this may be related to a higher use of stimulants and antidepressants by US children diagnosed as ADHD or depression, respectively. PMID: 26975272 [PubMed] (Source: Acta Neuropsychiatrica)



Pediatric mania: a developmental subtype of bipolar disorder?

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 04:28:02 +0100

Authors: Biederman J, Mick E, Faraone SV, Spencer T, Wilens T, Wozniak J Abstract Despite ongoing controversy, the view that pediatric mania is rare or non-existent has been increasingly challenged not only by case reports but also by systematic research. This research strongly suggests that pediatric mania may not be rare but that it may be difficult to diagnose. Since children with mania are likely to become adults with bipolar disorder, the recognition and characterization of childhood-onset mania may help identify a meaningful developmental subtype of bipolar disorder worthy of further investigation. The major difficulties that complicate the diagnosis of pediatric mania include: - its pattern of comorbidity may be unique by adult standards, especially its overlap with ADHD, ag...



Does the Environment Have an Enduring Effect on ADHD? A Longitudinal Study of Monozygotic Twin Differences in Children.

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This study analyses data from 1024 monozygotic (identical) twins in Australia, the United States, and Scandinavia who were assessed for ADHD in Preschool, Kindergarten, Grade 1, and Grade 2. Differences within each twin pair were used as a direct measure of non-shared environmental effects. The Trait-State-Occasion (TSO) model developed by Cole et al. (Psychological Methods, 10, 3-20, 2005) was used to separate the non-shared environmental effects into stable factors, and transient factors that excluded measurement error. Stable factors explained, on average, 44 % and 39 % of the environmental variance in hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive symptoms, respectively. Transient effects explained the remaining 56 % and 60 % of variance. The proportion of stable variance was higher than ex...



Prevalence of motor problems in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Hong Kong.

Thu, 17 Mar 2016 15:05:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: Motor problems are common in local children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and figures are comparable with those from other parts of the world. Despite the various limitations of this study, the magnitude of the problem should not be overlooked. PMID: 26980451 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Hong Kong Medical Journal)



Methylphenidate for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents - assessment of harmful effects in non-randomised studies

Thu, 17 Mar 2016 11:08:35 +0100

The objectives are as follows: To assess the harmful effects of methylphenidate treatment for children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in non-randomised studies. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))

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Amphetamines for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents

Thu, 17 Mar 2016 10:34:58 +0100

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric conditions affecting children and adolescents. Amphetamines are among the most commonly prescribed medications to manage ADHD. There are three main classes of amphetamines: dexamphetamine, lisdexamphetamine and mixed amphetamine salts, which can be further broken down into short- and long-acting formulations. A systematic review assessing their efficacy and safety in this population has never been conducted. To assess the efficacy and safety of amphetamines for ADHD in children and adolescents. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))



Preschool hyperactivity increases costs into early adulthood

Thu, 17 Mar 2016 10:29:42 +0100

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is quite common in childhood, can have a major impact on the child and family and can be the source of problems that persist long into adulthood. Previous UK studies have shown long-term economic impacts through the effects on service utilisation1 and disrupted employment patterns.2 International evidence supports these associations across much of the life-course and demonstrates the high personal and social costs.3 More than 4000 3-year-old children in southern England were assessed between 1989 and 1997 on a range of measures. Between … (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))



A randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavioral therapy for ADHD in medication‐treated adolescents

Thu, 17 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

ConclusionsThis study demonstrates initial efficacy of CBT for adolescents with ADHD who continued to exhibit persistent symptoms despite medications. (Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry)



Nightmare frequency in adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 16:57:01 +0100

Authors: Schredl M, Bumb JM, Alm B, Sobanski E Abstract Nightmare frequency in adult ADHD patients has not yet been studied systematically. In a sample of 65 patients, it could be shown that nightmare frequency was elevated in ADHD patients compared to a sample representative for Germany. Frequent nightmares (once a week or more often) were reported by 4.62 % of the patients and 1.77 % of the controls. This increase was neither explained by the increased dream recall in general nor by the presence of a comorbid mental disorder. Questions about nightmares should be included in the diagnostic procedures for ADHD patients, and it should be tested whether well-established nightmare treatment strategies like imagery rehearsal treatment might be beneficial to those patients with nightm...



Youngest kids in class have higher risk of ADHD diagnosis

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 16:11:23 +0100

(Reuters Health) - Parents of children with birthdays right before the cutoff date for school enrollment often worry these kids will struggle academically and socially with being the youngest and smallest in class. (Source: Reuters: Health)

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Why the 'Disease Model' Fails to Convince Americans That Addiction Is a Health Issue

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 14:58:33 +0100

By Maia Szalavitz These days, everyone from Obama's "drug czar" Michael Botticelli to former Republican presidential candidate Chris Christie strenuously emphasizes that addiction is a disease, not a sin. Such proclamations have been earnestly made for over two centuries now, starting with physician and Declaration of Independence signer Benjamin Rush in the early 1800s. Indeed, the American Medical Association declared alcoholism a disease in 1956 and did the same for other drug addictions in 1989. But these declarations have a hollow ring to them: They wouldn't need to be remade constantly if the idea were truly accepted. No one goes around issuing statements about how "cancer is a disease" or "AIDS is a disease" or even "schizophrenia is a disease," because it's pretty obvious that they...



Midcingulate Cortex: Structure, Connections, Homologies, Functions and Diseases

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 15 March 2016 Source:Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy Author(s): A. Brent Midcingulate cortex (MCC) has risen in prominence as human imaging identifies unique structural and functional activity therein and this is the first review of its structure, connections, functions and disease vulnerabilities. The MCC has two divisions (anterior, aMCC and posterior, pMCC) that represent functional units and the cytoarchitecture, connections and neurocytology of each is shown with immunohistochemistry and receptor binding. The MCC is not a division of anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the “dorsal ACC” designation is a misnomer as it incorrectly implies that MCC is a division of ACC. Interpretation of findings among species and developing models of human dise...



Your Guide to the Basics of ADD and ADHD

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: About.com Mental Health)



Self-concept in children and adolescents with epilepsy: The role of family functioning, mothers’ emotional symptoms and ADHD

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This study aimed to identify the associated factors of poor self-concept in children and adolescents with epilepsy. (Source: Brain and Development)



Partial validation of a French version of the ADHD-rating scale IV on a French population of children with ADHD and epilepsy. Factorial structure, reliability, and responsiveness

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion The studied French version of the ADHD-RS IV is thus validated regarding construct validity, reliability, and responsiveness. It can now be used in French-speaking countries in clinical trials of treatments involving children with ADHD and epilepsy. The full validation requires further investigations. (Source: Epilepsy and Behavior)

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Does the association between ADHD and pediatric epilepsy signal a tolerance continuum to human environmental exposures? A reply to Salpekar and Mishra (2014)

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 15 March 2016 Source:Epilepsy & Behavior Author(s): Keith Fluegge (Source: Epilepsy and Behavior)



Clinical Impact of Epileptiform Discharge in Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and clinical significance of epileptiform discharges in patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The authors retrospectively reviewed 180 children who were diagnosed with ADHD and had an electroencephalography (EEG) recording. Epileptiform discharges were found in 29 (16.1%) of 180 patients with ADHD. Of these, 15 (8.3%) had generalized epileptiform discharges and 14 (7.7%) had focal epileptiform discharges. The focal epileptiform discharges were most prevalent from the frontal (5/14) and rolandic area (5/14). Among the 29 patients with epileptiform discharges and ADHD, 5 patients had previous history of epilepsy and 4 patients developed epilepsy later, whereas none of the normal EEG group developed epilepsy. The...



Using Clinical Data to Predict Accurate ADHD Diagnoses Among Urban Children

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Diagnosing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) requires reports of child behavior from 2 settings—most commonly home and school. Obtaining this information from teachers, however, is often challenging. We sought to determine if clinical data, supplementary to parent symptom scales, could be useful in predicting DSM-compliant diagnoses. Parents and teachers reported ADHD symptoms for 156 children using Vanderbilt scales; care managers collected clinical data; a team of specialists determined whether children met diagnostic criteria for ADHD. The ability of a parent Vanderbilt alone to predict an ADHD diagnosis was 56% (95% confidence interval = 45%, 67%). By adding child age and grade retention history to the multivariable model, the probability rose to 78% (95% confidence...



Psychopathic traits mediate the association of serotonin transporter genotype and child externalizing behavior

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Although the promoter polymorphism of the serotonin transporter (5‐HTTLPR) gene is associated with externalizing behavior, its mediating pathways are unknown. Given their sensitivity to serotonin neurotransmission and unique association with attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), we tested callous‐unemotional (CU) traits and narcissism as separate mediators of the association of 5‐HTTLPR with ADHD and ODD. We evaluated 209 5–9 year‐old children with and without ADHD at baseline; approximately 2 years later (i.e., Wave 2), parents and teachers separately rated ADHD and ODD symptoms and youth self‐reported antisocial behavior. Controlling for race‐ethnicity and baseline ADHD/ODD, narcissism uniquely mediated predictions of mul...



Complexity analysis of brain activity in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A multiscale entropy analysis.

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Authors: Chenxi L, Chen Y, Li Y, Wang J, Liu T Abstract The multiscale entropy (MSE) is a novel method for quantifying the intrinsic dynamical complexity of physiological systems over several scales. To evaluate this method as a promising way to explore the neural mechanisms in ADHD, we calculated the MSE in EEG activity during the designed task. EEG data were collected from 13 outpatient boys with a confirmed diagnosis of ADHD and 13 age- and gender-matched normal control children during their doing multi-source interference task (MSIT). We estimated the MSE by calculating the sample entropy values of delta, theta, alpha and beta frequency bands over twenty time scales using coarse-grained procedure. The results showed increased complexity of EEG data in delta and theta frequency ...

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Excessive crying in infants.

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSION: Excessive crying in the early months is a prevalent symptom; the pediatrician's attention is necessary to understand and adequately manage the problem and offer support to exhausted parents. The prescription of drugs of questionable action and with potential side effects is not a recommended treatment, except in extreme situations. The effectiveness of dietary treatments and use of probiotics still require confirmation. There is incomplete evidence regarding alternative treatments such as manipulation techniques, acupuncture, and use of the herbal supplements and behavioral interventions. PMID: 26994450 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Jornal de Pediatria)



Gene Mutation Linked to Persistent ADHDGene Mutation Linked to Persistent ADHD

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 21:21:44 +0100

A polymorphism in a gene for a subunit in the NMDA receptor may predict persistent attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, new findings show. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)



ADHD Diagnosis More Likely for Kids Young for Their Grade

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 12:08:55 +0100

Rates of ADHD diagnoses have been rising in recent years. (Source: ABC News: Health)



Neuropsychological and neurophysiological benefits from white noise in children with and without ADHD

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Optimal stimulation theory and moderate brain arousal (MBA) model hypothesize that extra-task stimulation (e.g. white noise) could improve cognitive functions of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity d... (Source: Behavioral and Brain Functions)



Validity of proposed DSM-5 ADHD impulsivity symptoms in children

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Abstract The American Psychiatric Association (APA) working group on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) proposed the inclusion of four new impulsivity symptoms. However, they were not included in DSM-5 due to the lack of sufficient evidence. The aim of this study is to investigate the performance of the proposed four ADHD impulsivity symptoms with respect to: (a) ADHD factor structure; (b) performance in predicting clinical impairment; (c) specificity for ADHD diagnosis and (d) best symptomatic threshold to predict clinical impairment. The sample comprised 416 children (31 ADHD subjects according to both DSM-IV and proposed DSM-5, 20 ADHD subjects according to just one diagnostic system and 365 controls) from 12 schools. Diagnoses were derived using semi-structured in...

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The effect of a family-based mindfulness intervention on children with attention deficit and hyperactivity symptoms and their parents: design and rationale for a randomized, controlled clinical trial (Study protocol)

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

About 4 % of children in Hong Kong have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The parents of children with ADHD report higher levels of stress and show more negative parenting behavior. Medication a... (Source: BMC Psychiatry)



Similarities between emotional dysregulation in adults suffering from ADHD and bipolar patients

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Emotional dysregulation in subjects with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a topic of growing interest among clinicians and researchers. The present study aims at investigating components of emotional dysregulation in adults ADHD compared to subjects suffering from bipolar disorder (BD). (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)



The connection of temperament with ADHD Occurrence and Persistence into adulthood – an Investigation in 18 year old Males

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This study intended to determine whether certain traits of temperament are associated with former and current ADHD symptomatology in a non-clinical sample of 18 year old males. (Source: Journal of Affective Disorders)



Partial validation of a French version of the ADHD-rating scale IV on a French population of children with ADHD and epilepsy. Factorial structure, reliability, and responsiveness.

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSION: The studied French version of the ADHD-RS IV is thus validated regarding construct validity, reliability, and responsiveness. It can now be used in French-speaking countries in clinical trials of treatments involving children with ADHD and epilepsy. The full validation requires further investigations. PMID: 26991745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour)



Does the association between ADHD and pediatric epilepsy signal a tolerance continuum to human environmental exposures? A reply to Salpekar and Mishra (2014).

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Authors: Fluegge K PMID: 26992665 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour)

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Kids with August birthdays are more likely to get an ADHD diagnosis. Here’s why.

Mon, 14 Mar 2016 14:17:22 +0100

One of the most contentious debates in child development in the United States is what's leading to the sharp rise in cases of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). More than one in 10 children ages 4 to 17 are estimated to have the diagnosis, and scientists are looking at the role things such as genetics, environmental exposures and low […] (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)



Nightmare frequency in adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Mon, 14 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Abstract Nightmare frequency in adult ADHD patients has not yet been studied systematically. In a sample of 65 patients, it could be shown that nightmare frequency was elevated in ADHD patients compared to a sample representative for Germany. Frequent nightmares (once a week or more often) were reported by 4.62 % of the patients and 1.77 % of the controls. This increase was neither explained by the increased dream recall in general nor by the presence of a comorbid mental disorder. Questions about nightmares should be included in the diagnostic procedures for ADHD patients, and it should be tested whether well-established nightmare treatment strategies like imagery rehearsal treatment might be beneficial to those patients with nightmares. (Source: European Archives of Psychiatry...



Gambling behaviors and psychopathology related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in problem and non-problem adult gamblers

Mon, 14 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Previous studies showed that Pathological Gambling and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often co-occur. The aim of this study was to examine whether ADHD is associated with specific severity patterns in terms of gambling behavior, psychopathology and personality traits. 599 problem and non-problem-gamblers were recruited in addiction clinics and gambling places in France. Subjects were assessed with the Wender-Utah Rating Scale-Child, the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, the Temperament and Character Inventory, the South Oaks Gambling Screen and questionnaires assessing gambling related cognitive distortions and gambling habits. (Source: Psychiatry Research)



Emotional and Behavioral Disorders in 1.5th Generation, 2nd Generation Immigrant Children, and Foreign Adoptees

Mon, 14 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Abstract Existing theories (e.g., acculturative stress theory) cannot adequately explain why mental disorders in immigrants are less prevalent than in non-immigrants. In this paper, the culture-gene co-evolutionary theory of mental disorders was utilized to generate a novel hypothesis that connection to heritage culture reduces the risk for mental disorders in immigrant children. Four groups of children aged 2–17 years were identified from the 2007 United States National Survey of Children’s Health: 1.5th generation immigrant children (n = 1378), 2nd generation immigrant children (n = 4194), foreign adoptees (n = 270), and non-immigrant children (n = 54,877). The 1.5th generation immigrant children’s connection to their heritage culture is stronger than or similar t...



Hot executive control and response to a stimulant in a double-blind randomized trial in children with ADHD.

Sun, 13 Mar 2016 17:04:04 +0100

Authors: Yarmolovsky J, Szwarc T, Schwartz M, Tirosh E, Geva R Abstract Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is thought to involve an executive inhibitory control (IC) deficit, yet it is not clear if this is a general deficit affecting both cold and hot EC, and if methylphenidate (MPH) affects both systems in treated children. We explored this by using a Stroop-like task in children with ADHD as compared to controls, containing different types of emotional stimuli (six levels), and we investigated the role of intervention with MPH on IC as compared to placebo. Children with ADHD and controls (N = 40; 7-13 years old) were tested with a hot and cold Stroop-like task. This was followed by a double-blind placebo-controlled crossover trial of the effect of MPH on these ski...

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Pediatric pesticide poisoning: a clinical challenge - Samples S, Easton A, Wiles H.

Sun, 13 Mar 2016 03:34:31 +0100

The patient in this case was an otherwise healthy 12-year-old boy who presented to our hospital for monitoring after exposure to a pesticide. His medical history was significant only for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, for which he took daily ... (Source: SafetyLit)



Natural Product-Derived Treatments for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Safety, Efficacy, and Therapeutic Potential of Combination Therapy.

Sat, 12 Mar 2016 16:03:02 +0100

In conclusion, the risk-benefit balance of natural product-derived ADHD treatments should be carefully monitored when used as standalone treatment or when combined with other conventional ADHD treatments. PMID: 26966583 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Neural Plasticity)



Birth Date May Influence Child's Risk For ADHD Diagnosis

Sat, 12 Mar 2016 01:51:12 +0100

A child's birth date could play a role in determining which kids will be diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and subsequently put on medication to treat it, a new study from Taiwan suggests.   The researchers found that preschool and school-age children who were born in August had an increased risk of being diagnosed with ADHD and receiving medication for it compared to their classmates who were born in September. But this finding did not hold true in teenagers, according to the study, published today (March 10) in The Journal of Pediatrics. Because the cutoff birth date for entering school in Taiwan is August 31, children born in August are typically the youngest in their grades, while children born in September are typically the oldest. A child's age ...



Well: Is It Really A.D.H.D. or Just Immaturity?

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 21:02:19 +0100

New research shows that the youngest students in a classroom are more likely to be given diagnoses of attention disorders than the oldest. (Source: NYT)



How Do Stimulant Medications Affect Sleep in Children With ADHD?How Do Stimulant Medications Affect Sleep in Children With ADHD?

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 15:26:15 +0100

Dr Peter Yellowlees discusses a recent meta-analysis that found that stimulant medication use in children with ADHD is associated with worse sleep. Medscape Psychiatry (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)



ADHD or Immaturity? School Entry Age Study

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 14:49:27 +0100

New study reveals age of child at school entry may have an effect on ADHD diagnosis (Source: Disabled World)



The New Health Care: Maria Sharapova and the Pharmaceutical Quest for an Edge

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 14:08:10 +0100

A surprising number of healthy people use drugs intended for ill people because they think — often mistakenly — that it will give them an advantage. (Source: NYT Health)



Ditch the addictive Adderall: What is ADHD and can changing your diet reverse it?

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 06:00:00 +0100

(NaturalNews) The condition known as ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – is largely treated with potentially harmful and addictive medications like Adderall, but it doesn't have to be. In fact, according to a growing body of research, adjusting dietary intake... (Source: NaturalNews.com)

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Methylphenidate on Cognitive Improvement in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury: A Meta-Analysis.

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 02:04:02 +0100

Authors: Huang CH, Huang CC, Sun CK, Lin GH, Hou WH Abstract Although methylphenidate has been used as a neurostimulant to treat patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, its therapeutic role in the psychomotor or cognitive recovery of patients with traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) in both intensive care and rehabilitation settings has not been adequately explored. To address this issue, this meta-analysis searched the available electronic databases using the key words "methylphenidate", "brain injuries", "head injuries", and "traumatic brain injury". Analysis of the ten double-blind RCTs demonstrated significant benefit in using methylphenidate for enhancing vigilance-associated attention (i.e., selective, sustained, and divided attention) in patients with TBIs (stand...



EEG correlates of visual short-term memory as neuro-cognitive endophenotypes of ADHD

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This study aimed at identifying markers of the brain abnormalities underlying vSTM reductions in adult ADHD. We combined behavioral parameter-based assessment with electrophysiology in groups of adult ADHD patients and healthy age-matched controls. Amplitudes of ERP markers of vSTM storage capacity, the contralateral delay activity (CDA) and the P3b, were analyzed according to (i) differences between individuals with higher vs. lower storage capacity K and (ii) differences between ADHD patients and control participants. We replicated the finding of reduced storage capacity in adult ADHD. Across groups, individuals with higher relative to lower storage capacity showed a larger CDA and P3b. We further found differences between the patient and control groups in the ERPs: The CDA amplitude was...



Children Who Are Young for Their Grade More Likely to Be Diagnosed with ADHD (FREE)

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

By Cara Adler Edited by André Sofair, MD, MPH, and William E. Chavey, MD, MS The youngest children in a school grade are more likely than the oldest to be diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and to receive treatment, according to a study from Taiwan in … (Source: Physician's First Watch current issue)



Developmental brain trajectories in children with ADHD and controls: a longitudinal neuroimaging study

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

The symptom profile and neuropsychological functioning of individuals with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), change as they enter adolescence. It is unclear whether variation in brain structure ... (Source: BMC Psychiatry)



Pharmaceutical Approval Update.

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 22:55:02 +0100

Authors: Fellner C Abstract Elbasvir/grazoprevir (Zepatier) for chronic hepatitis C virus; sumatriptin nasal powder (Onzetra Xsail) for migraine; eribulin mesylate (Halaven), now for liposarcoma; and extended-release amphetamine (Adzenys XR-ODT) for ADHD. PMID: 26957881 [PubMed] (Source: P and T)

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Youngest Kids In Class At Higher Risk Of ADHD Diagnosis

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 17:00:00 +0100

But researchers say getting the diagnosis doesn't necessarily mean that these students have the disorder. (Source: NPR Health and Science)



ADHD children 'may just be immature'

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 12:19:39 +0100

Taiwanese researchers suggest many children diagnosed with ADHD may just be the youngest in the class. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)



Medical News Today: School entry age may impact risk of ADHD diagnosis

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 08:00:00 +0100

The age at which a child starts school may affect their likelihood of being diagnosed with ADHD and their prescription of medication for the disorder, new research suggests. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)



Youngest kids in class at higher risk of ADHD diagnosis

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 05:02:00 +0100

Children who are at the young end of their grade cohort are more likely to get an ADHD diagnosis than their older classmates. (Source: PsycPORT.com)



Are children with ADHD just immature? Children born in August are more likely to be diagnosed with the condition

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 05:00:46 +0100

Researchers from Taipei and Taoyuan, in Taiwan, found increasing age and maturity may lessen the impact of the birth month on the diagnoses and treatment of ADHD. (Source: the Mail online | Health)

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ADHD is vastly overdiagnosed and many children are just immature, say scientists

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 05:00:10 +0100

Many children are needlessly prescribed drugs to combat ADHD when they are just immature, a study suggests (Source: Telegraph Health)



Executive functioning – a key construct for understanding developmental psychopathology or a ‘catch‐all’ term in need of some rethinking?

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

For the past few decades, the role of executive functions in developmental psychopathology has been the focus of considerable research and a feature of conceptual models for a range of conditions including, but not limited to, ADHD, autism, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, learning disorders, and aggression/conduct problems. Consistent with its prominence throughout the field, executive functioning plays a central role in approximately a third of the papers in this issue of JCPP, and notably, with foci largely on different conditions. These papers, all of which make valuable contributions to the field, propose or test the possibility of a causal role for executive functions in the emergence of psychopathology. (Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry)



Editorial Perspective: How to optimise frequency band neurofeedback for ADHD

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This article considers this intervention approach and the opportunities for optimising treatment for executive control dysfunctions in ADHD using theta/beta neurofeedback. (Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry)



Commentary: How can family‐based quasi‐experimental designs and national registers be used to address confounding in risk factor studies of psychopathology? A reflection on Obel et al. (2016)

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Standard observational studies have reported a robust correlation between maternal smoking during pregnancy and risk of ADHD in offspring. In the accompanying article, Obel et al. used sibling‐comparisons to explore the extent to which unmeasured familial confounding explains this association. This commentary highlights three important implications of the study. At a general level, Obel et al. illustrates how (1) family‐based quasi‐experimental designs and (2) national registers can be used to address confounding in risk factor studies of psychopathology. At a more specific level, the study suggests that maternal smoking during pregnancy is probably not a causal risk factor for ADHD. (Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry)



Risk-taking propensity and sensitivity to punishment in adolescents with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder symptoms and/or reading disability

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: June–July 2016 Source:Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volumes 53–54 Author(s): Kean Poon, Connie Suk-Han Ho Many studies reported that adolescents with ADHD/RD more frequently engage in risk-taking behaviors. Very few have examined their risk taking patterns and the impact of their comorbidity. The present study compared the risk-taking propensity, sensitivity to punishment and delinquency outcome in Chinese adolescents with ADHD symptoms (AS) and/or RD using a simulated risk task, the Balloon Analogous Risk Task (BART). Adolescents with AS (n =37), RD (n =35), AS+RD (n =35), and control (n =36) were recruited from local secondary schools. Results showed that adolescents with ADHD, despite their great risk-taking propensity, were sensitive to immediate pun...

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Influence of Relative Age on Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Taiwanese Children

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

To determine the potential influence of relative age on the diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), especially in reference to an Asian country. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)



Hot executive control and response to a stimulant in a double-blind randomized trial in children with ADHD

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Abstract Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is thought to involve an executive inhibitory control (IC) deficit, yet it is not clear if this is a general deficit affecting both cold and hot EC, and if methylphenidate (MPH) affects both systems in treated children. We explored this by using a Stroop-like task in children with ADHD as compared to controls, containing different types of emotional stimuli (six levels), and we investigated the role of intervention with MPH on IC as compared to placebo. Children with ADHD and controls (N = 40; 7–13 years old) were tested with a hot and cold Stroop-like task. This was followed by a double-blind placebo-controlled crossover trial of the effect of MPH on these skills. Children with ADHD showed a specific difficulty inh...



Pharmacotherapy for Dravet Syndrome.

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This article reviews treatments for DS, with an emphasis on pharmacotherapy. While many medications are used in treating the seizures associated with DS, these patients typically have medically refractory epilepsy, and polytherapy is often required. First-line agents include valproate and clobazam, although there are supportive data for topiramate, levetiracetam, stiripentol and the ketogenic diet. Other agents such as fenfluramine are promising therapies for Dravet syndrome. Sodium channel-blocking anticonvulsants such as carbamazepine and lamotrigine are generally contraindicated in this syndrome. Nonpharmacologic therapies (such as neurostimulation or surgery) are understudied in DS. Because DS is a global encephalopathy, pharmacologic treatment of non-epileptic manifestations of the di...



Pre- and Perinatal Risk for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Does Neuropsychological Weakness Explain the Link?

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Authors: Wiggs K, Elmore AL, Nigg JT, Nikolas MA Abstract Etiological investigations of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive behavior problems support multiple causal pathways, including involvement of pre- and perinatal risk factors. Because these risks occur early in life, well before observable ADHD and externalizing symptoms emerge, the relation between risk and symptoms may be mediated by neurodevelopmental effects that manifest later in neuropsychological functioning. However, potential dissociable effects of pre/perinatal risk elements on ADHD and familial confounds must also be considered to test alternative hypotheses. 498 youth aged 6-17 years (55.0 % male) completed a multi-stage, multi-informant assessment including parent and teacher symptom...



Pharmacotherapy for Dravet Syndrome

Thu, 10 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This article reviews treatments for DS, with an emphasis on pharmacotherapy. While many medications are used in treating the seizures associated with DS, these patients typically have medically refractory epilepsy, and polytherapy is often required. First-line agents include valproate and clobazam, although there are supportive data for topiramate, levetiracetam, stiripentol and the ketogenic diet. Other agents such as fenfluramine are promising therapies for Dravet syndrome. Sodium channel-blocking anticonvulsants such as carbamazepine and lamotrigine are generally contraindicated in this syndrome. Nonpharmacologic therapies (such as neurostimulation or surgery) are understudied in DS. Because DS is a global encephalopathy, pharmacologic treatment of non-epileptic manifestations of the di...

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Most Teens Who Abuse ADHD Meds Get Them From Others

Wed, 09 Mar 2016 07:00:00 +0100

Title: Most Teens Who Abuse ADHD Meds Get Them From OthersCategory: Health NewsCreated: 3/8/2016 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 3/9/2016 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General)



Kansas State University researcher finds integrated approach critical to teen health

Wed, 09 Mar 2016 05:00:00 +0100

(Kansas State University) Bryant Miller, master's student in marriage and family therapy, is studying how an integrative approach is critical in addressing hot topics for teens, including substance use, obesity, teen pregnancy and parenting, depression, anxiety, ADHD, self-harm, harm to others and suicide. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)



Most teens who abuse ADHD meds get them from others

Tue, 08 Mar 2016 19:42:38 +0100

HealthDay News Abuse of ADHD stimulant drugs such Ritalin or Adderall is on the rise, and a new study finds that most teens who abuse the drugs get them from someone else. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)



Most Teens Who Abuse ADHD Meds Get Them from Others

Tue, 08 Mar 2016 19:00:00 +0100

Study finds 54 percent of kids surveyed use medications for non-medicinal purposes Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Page: Drugs and Young People (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)



Most Teens Who Abuse ADHD Meds Get Them From Others

Tue, 08 Mar 2016 19:00:00 +0100

Study finds 54 percent of kids surveyed use medications for non-medicinal purposes (Source: U.S. News - Health)

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Alcohol and ADHD Medication

Tue, 08 Mar 2016 01:20:11 +0100

Can you have alcohol when you're on ADHD medications? WebMD asks the experts. (Source: WebMD Health)



Your NEJM Group Today: Menopause Management, Guanfacine & ADHD, Montana Internist & Hospitalist Opportunities (FREE)

Tue, 08 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

By the Editors NEJM Group offers so many valuable resources for practicing clinicians. Here's what we chose for you today:NEJM Clinical Practice Center: Perspective: Use of systemic hormone therapy … (Source: Physician's First Watch current issue)



Emerging roles of Na+/H+ exchangers in epilepsy and developmental brain disorders

Tue, 08 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 8 March 2016 Source:Progress in Neurobiology Author(s): Hanshu Zhao, Karen E. Carney, Lindsay Falgoust, Jullie W Pan, Dandan Sun, Zhongling Zhang Epilepsy is a common central nervous system (CNS) disease characterized by recurrent transient neurological events occurring due to abnormally excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain. The CNS is affected by systemic acid-base disorders, and epileptic seizures are sensitive indicators of underlying imbalances in cellular pH regulation. Na+/H+ exchangers (NHEs) are a family of membrane transporter proteins actively involved in regulating intracellular and organellar pH by extruding H+ in exchange for Na+ influx. Altering NHE function significantly influences neuronal excitability and plays...



Development of a symptom validity index to assist in identifying ADHD symptom exaggeration or feigning.

Tue, 08 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSION: The results strongly suggest that the EI may be a useful adjunct to existing validity measures when identifying exaggerated or implausible symptoms of ADHD. PMID: 26954905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Clinical Neuropsychologist)

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A high-throughput assay for complex activity behaviors in Drosophila.

Tue, 08 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Authors: Rohde PD, Madsen LS, Arvidson SM, Loeschcke V, Demontis D, Kristensen TN Abstract Fruit flies are important model organisms in functional testing of candidate genes in multiple disciplines, including the study of human diseases. Precise and well-defined phenotypes are a necessity in this respect. Here we propose a high-throughput locomotor activity assay for Drosophila melanogaster and decompose this trait into several distinct sub-traits. Insertional gene disruption mutants were used to investigate the impact of disruption of fourteen candidate genes for human attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on fly behavior. We demonstrated that obtaining a range of measures describing the space of variables for behavioral activity, some mutants display similar phenotypic ...



ADHD Drugs May Harm Bone Health: StudyADHD Drugs May Harm Bone Health: Study

Mon, 07 Mar 2016 19:01:32 +0100

Preliminary evidence points to "real and nontrivial" differences in bone health of children taking an attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) drug relative to those not on an ADHD drug. Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Orthopaedics Headlines)



A Call for Better Awareness and Diagnosis of ADHD in Older Adults

Mon, 07 Mar 2016 11:00:00 +0100

Both health care providers and patients need to be better informed about the prevalence of ADHD in people over 50. (Source: U.S. News - Health)



Long-Term Outcomes of ADHD: A Systematic Review of Self-Esteem and Social Function

Mon, 07 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion: Untreated ADHD was associated with poorer long-term self-esteem and social function outcomes compared with non-ADHD controls. Treatment for ADHD was associated with improvement in outcomes; however, further long-term outcome studies are needed. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)



Vulnerability to the Irrelevant Sound Effect in Adult ADHD

Mon, 07 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion: The results demonstrate that adults with ADHD exhibit impaired short-term memory and a low resistance to distraction; however, their capacity for sustained attention is preserved as the impact of irrelevant sound diminished over the course of the task. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)

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The Effects of Preresponse Cues on Inhibitory Control and Response Time in Adults With ADHD

Mon, 07 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion: These findings suggest that adults with ADHD are less able to utilize predictive environmental information to facilitate behavioral control. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)



ADHD and Hyperkinetic Disorder Symptoms in Australian Adults: Descriptive Scores, Incidence Rates, Factor Structure, and Gender Invariance

Mon, 07 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion: The theoretical and clinical implications of the findings are discussed. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)



Social Interaction Behavior in ADHD in Adults in a Virtual Trust Game

Mon, 07 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion: Alterations in interaction behavior and in the formation of a general attitude toward social partners could be shown in adults with ADHD. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)



Determining the Accuracy of Self-Report Versus Informant-Report Using the Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scale

Mon, 07 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion: Results did not establish greater accuracy of self-report versus informant-report of ADHD symptomatology, rather demonstrate the need for multimodal assessment of ADHD in adults. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)



No Evidence for Inhibitory Deficits or Altered Reward Processing in ADHD: Data From a New Integrated Monetary Incentive Delay Go/No-Go Task

Mon, 07 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion: The integration of the monetary incentive delay and go/no-go paradigms was successful. Surprisingly, there was no evidence of inhibitory control deficits or altered reward anticipation in the clinical groups. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)

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The Role of Emotional Distress and ADHD on Institutional Behavioral Disturbance and Recidivism Among Offenders

Mon, 07 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusion: Our results provide support for the conceptual association between ADHD and its related emotional dimension with behavioral disturbance in prison, suggesting a link to reactive violence. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)



ADHD medication overdose and misuse: the NSW Poisons Information Centre experience, 2004-2014.

Sun, 06 Mar 2016 08:02:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: NSWPIC data show a dramatic increase in intentional exposures to ADHD medications between 2004 and 2014, mainly to methylphenidate. Further, the data suggest that illicit use of these substances is increasing. The potential harm related to misuse of prescription stimulants and the close correlation between these exposures and the prescribing of these drugs causes concerns about their diversion, and highlights the importance of the quality use of medicines (ie, ensuring that they are used safely, appropriately and in an evidence-based manner, including considering non-medical or non-stimulant alternatives) and of risk assessment for misuse when prescribing ADHD drugs. PMID: 26937669 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Journal of Australia)