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MedWorm: Dysentery News



MedWorm.com provides a medical RSS filtering service. Thousands of medical RSS feeds are combined and output via different filters. This feed contains the latest news in Dysentery



Last Build Date: Tue, 17 Apr 2018 18:50:05 +0100

 



Study finds NYC mice may be hotbeds of antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Tue, 17 Apr 2018 17:24:58 +0100

Apartment-dwelling rodents all over the city carry treatment-resistant C. difficile, E. coli, Shigella and Salmonella that can be transmitted to residents, the team found. (Source: the Mail online | Health)

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Study finds NYC mice are hotbeds of antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Tue, 17 Apr 2018 14:29:58 +0100

Apartment-dwelling rodents all over the city carry treatment-resistant C. difficile, E. coli, Shigella and Salmonella that can be transmitted to residents, the team found. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



NYC Mice Are Carrying Antibiotic-Resistant Germs

Tue, 17 Apr 2018 14:00:33 +0100

People who live in cities are used to the company of furry vermin. But a new study reveals that mice and men may be sharing much more than just living quarters. In a study published in the journal mBio, researchers led by Dr. Ian Lipkin, professor of epidemiology at the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University, studied the gut microbes of 416 mice collected from mostly residential buildings all over New York City. Lipkin and his team did a thorough genetic analysis of the microbes they extracted from the feces of the mice, and found that they contained a number of disease-causing bacteria. Nearly 40% of the mice carried at least one potentially disease-causing bacterium, including C. difficile, Salmonella, E. coli, Shigella, Klebsiella pneumonia, Clostridium perfringens and ...



UCLA pediatrician inspires humanism in young doctors

Sat, 03 Mar 2018 00:02:52 +0100

Dr. Lee Miller ’s journey began, as many do, with a train ride. Thirty years ago, he was a UCLA assistant professor traveling from Philadelphia to New York. After threading his way through the crowded aisles of every car, he eyed the last three vacant seats in the caboose.“I chose a fortuitous seat next to an elderly gentleman from Shanghai,” Miller recalled recently in a special address to UCLA medical students. “He was a pediatrician teaching students, just like me.”The ride passed quickly as the older physician recounted stories about his work in global health. When the two exchanged business cards at the end of the ride, Miller was astonished to learn that he ’d been chatting for two hours with Dr. Hu Ching-Li, assistant director general of the World Health Organization.Tha...



Researchers find transferable antibiotic resistance gene in pathogen of developing nations

Fri, 02 Mar 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(American Society for Microbiology) A team of investigators has found that the mcr-1 drug resistance gene, which encodes resistance to a drug that is used as a last resort, has been found for the first time in Shigella flexneri. Shigella are one of the leading causes of diarrhea worldwide. The research is published March 2 in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



The 8th Annual Alexander Awards: The Best Tox Reading of 2017

Tue, 02 Jan 2018 21:17:32 +0100

Alexander Gettler Once again, last year’s outstanding examples of long-form journalism dealing with topics related to medical toxicology were dominated by coverage of the opioid crisis, its origins and the resulting carnage. The must-read article of the year was “The Family That Built a Empire of Pain,” Patrick Radden Keefe’s massive history of the Sacklers, one of America’s richest clans, much of whose wealth comes from their ownership of Purdue Pharma and the marketing and distribution of Oxycontin. The article, which appeared in the New Yorker, notes that the clan’s patriarch, Arthur Sackler, worked his way through medical school in the 1940s by serving as a copywriter for a New York ad agency that targeted targeted physicians and medical workers. He...

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Gay man, 40, develops arthritis after catching a STI

Tue, 12 Dec 2017 15:48:57 +0100

Doctors at Leeds General Infirmary, who treated the unidentified patient and reported the strange case in a medical journal, said the shigella flexneri bacteria caused his reactive arthritis. (stock) (Source: the Mail online | Health)



Shigella: guidance, data and analysis

Wed, 06 Dec 2017 15:15:24 +0100

This guidance was updated in November 2017. A new sub-group added for non-travel associated infection reports The diagnosis, management and epidemiology of shigella (bacillary dysentery). (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))



When Medicines Don ’t Work Anymore

Mon, 04 Dec 2017 16:11:17 +0100

Credit: BigstockBy Martin KhorPENANG, Malaysia, Dec 4 2017 (IPS)The growing crisis of antibiotic resistance is catching the attention of policy makers, but not at a rate enough to tackle it.More diseases are affected by resistance, meaning the bacteria cannot be killed even if different drugs are used on some patients, who then succumb.We are staring at a future in which antibiotics don’t work, and many of us or our children will not be saved from TB, cholera, deadly forms of dysentery, and germs contracted during surgery.Martin Khor, Executive Director of the South Centre, a think tank for developing countries, based in GenevaThe World Health Organisation will discuss a resolution in May at its annual assembly of Health Ministers on microbial resistance, including a global action plan. ...



“Ambition & Action ” Needed to End Open Defecation

Mon, 27 Nov 2017 20:46:32 +0100

Women village councilors in Penakota, a village in southeast India, go out into a field to relieve themselves, as there are no toilets in their workplace. Credit: Stella Paul/IPSBy Will HigginbothamUNITED NATIONS, Nov 27 2017 (IPS)What would life be like without access to a toilet? What if our waste was not properly disposed of?For those in the developed world, such questions are hard to fathom, but for 2.3 billion people around the world it’s a reality. Without access to a toilet many are forced to defecate in the open, significantly increasing the changes of spreading diseases.The sixth Sustainable Development Goal (SDG’s) include a pledge that aims to provide everyone with access to toilets and improved sanitation services by 2030.“It is possible to reach these targets, we all sha...



Can I Give Cholera Vaccine?

Mon, 27 Nov 2017 00:11:44 +0100

Discussion Cholera is caused by more than 200 serogroups of Vibrio cholerae, a Gram-negative rod that is waterborne. Only two (serogroup O1 which causes about 99% of the cases, and O139) cause disease. There are biotypes of each of these serotypes. The only known hosts are humans. The organism colonizes the epithelial lining of the gut. Cholera toxin is produced by some species and if produced binds to specific receptors on host cells, activating a series of steps which cases massive loss of sodium, potassium, chloride, hydrogen carbonate, and fluids in vomitus and feces. A review of causes of diarrhea can be found here. More than 1 billion people are at risk for cholera in endemic countries with an estimated 2.86 million cases and ~95,000 deaths annually Cholera is endemic in sub-Saharan...

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University of Maryland School of Medicine receives grant to develop vaccine

Thu, 03 Aug 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(University of Maryland School of Medicine) University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers will develop a vaccine against Shigella and Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Mass. General researchers show how Shigella survives the gastrointestinal tract

Wed, 31 May 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(Massachusetts General Hospital) Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital have discovered how the bacteria Shigella survives its journey from the mouth to the colon, taking advantage of substances that would kill many less persistent organisms. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Increasing Antibiotic Resistance in Shigella spp. in NYC Increasing Antibiotic Resistance in Shigella spp. in NYC

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 11:41:43 +0100

A new report of shigellosis cases in New York City provides insight into the increasing resistance to antibiotics commonly prescribed to treat the infection.Emerging Infectious Diseases (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)



CDC Issues Health Advisory on < i > Shigella < /i >

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 21:30:00 +0100

The CDC has released a Health Alert Network health advisory warning clinicians about emergingShigella strains that show possible reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin. (Source: AAFP News)



CDC Offers New Advice for Managing Shigella Infection Given Reduced Antibiotic Susceptibility (FREE)

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 +0100

By Kelly Young Edited by Richard Saitz, MD, MPH, FACP, DFASAM The CDC is emphasizing that clinicians not treat Shigella infection with antibiotics unless it is clinically indicated — for example, in patients who … (Source: Physician's First Watch current issue)

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6 Expressions Of Gratitude People Have For The Inspiring Nurses They’ve Encountered

Wed, 19 Apr 2017 02:06:52 +0100

Nursing is not the kind of profession one goes into seeking fame and prestige. Ask any of the nurses in your life, and they’ll all tell you the same story: It involves long hours and hard work, with little acknowledgement of the day-to-day sacrifices. And yet, according to a U.K. survey, nurses are among the world’s most satisfied professionals, along with teachers and engineers, of those who most enjoy their jobs. That’s because, despite the stress and burnout, there’s a shared sense of purpose among those who work in healthcare. In addition to the time and energy they sacrifice to care for their patients, they also give up a bit of themselves to each patient who comes into their care. These are the moments we remember the most about the nurses we’ve encounte...



Hilleman Labs, NICED to develop Shigella Vaccine

Thu, 30 Mar 2017 04:02:55 +0100

The two aim to complete the development of this vaccine by 2024, according to Hilleman Labs chief executive officer Davinder Gill. (Source: The Economic Times)



These 3 Superbugs Pose The Greatest Risk To Human Health

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 16:28:46 +0100

The World Health Organization is issuing a warning about a group of deadly bacteria: Recently, the WHO released its first-ever list of “priority pathogens,” a list of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that the organization says pose the greatest threat to human health. The list is divided into three categories: critical-, high- and medium-priority. Three pathogens made it into the critical-priority group. These bacteria are resistant to multiple antibiotics and pose a high risk to people in hospitals and nursing homes, the WHO says. Multidrug-resistant bacteria, sometimes called “superbugs,” are a critical priority because infections with these germs can be deadly, according to the WHO. For example, people who get infections from a type of multidrug-resistant bacte...



No Water, No Life – Don’t Waste It!

Tue, 21 Mar 2017 14:55:15 +0100

Pastoralists in the Ufeyn region of Puntland are walking further and further to find water for their livestock. Credit: @WFP/K DhanjiBy Baher KamalROME, Mar 21 2017 (IPS)During the final exams of Spanish official high school of journalists, a student was asked by the panel of professors-examiners: If scientists discover that there is water in Planet Mars, how would you announce this news, what would be your title? The student did not hesitate a second: “There is life in Mars!” The student was graduated with the highest score. In spite of this simple truth, human beings have been systematically wasting this primordial source of life. So much, that the United Nations has warmed ahead of this year’s World Water Day, marked on March 22, “We’re all wasters when it comes to wastewater....



Shigella: guidance, data and analysis

Fri, 03 Mar 2017 14:51:23 +0100

This Guidance Collection covers the diagnosis, management and epidemiology of shigella (bacillary dysentery) (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))

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Impending Water Crisis Could Affect Your Health

Wed, 01 Mar 2017 19:31:09 +0100

Most Americans take clean water for granted.We turn on the tap and safe water to drink, bathe in, and cook and clean with comes out of the faucet.But according to a new study, there’s a growing water affordability problem on the horizon that could soon make water scarcer and more costly.The fallout has the potential to be devastating to public health in the United States.The true cost of waterUtility companies actually take a loss on the cost of water.However, between individual households’ water bills and government subsidies, they have historically made enough money to keep operating their businesses while also tackling long-term, fixed-cost infrastructure projects.But these infrastructure projects are increasingly eating up an unduly large part of most water and sewer companies’ c...



Shigellosis symptoms: Warning over contagious bacteria similar to winter vomiting bug

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 08:30:00 +0100

SHIGELLOSIS - a contagious bug - has spread through three schools in the UK - causing chronic diarrhoea or dysentery, nausea, fever and stomach cramps among those affected. While it does display symptoms similar to the winter vomiting bug - experts said diarrhoea is the most likely symptom. (Source: Daily Express - Health)



Shigellosis symptoms: Warning issued over contagious bug which causes severe diarrhoea

Wed, 15 Feb 2017 08:20:00 +0100

SHIGELLOSIS - a contagious bug - has spread through three schools in the UK - causing chronic diarrhoea or dysentery, nausea, fever and stomach cramps among those affected. (Source: Daily Express - Health)



Genomic sequencing gives insight into Shigella outbreaks

Fri, 23 Dec 2016 18:13:33 +0100

Amy WallaceSACRAMENTO, Dec. 23 (UPI) -- Researchers have sequenced and analyzed genomes from bacteria associated with major shigellosis outbreaks in California in 2014 and 2015. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)



Genomic sequencing illuminates recent Shigella outbreaks in California

Fri, 23 Dec 2016 16:57:54 +0100

In a study that could have significant impact on how disease outbreaks are managed, researchers have sequenced and analyzed genomes from Shigella sonnei (S. sonnei) bacteria associated with major shigellosis outbreaks in California in 2014 and 2015. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)

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Antimicrobial-Resistant Shigella Infection Risk Among MSM Antimicrobial-Resistant Shigella Infection Risk Among MSM

Wed, 23 Nov 2016 07:13:20 +0100

Shigella infection is becoming increasingly resistant to certain antimicrobial agents. What's the best course of action for this high-risk population?Emerging Infectious Diseases (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)



Harnessing the power of predatory bacteria as a 'living antibiotic'

Wed, 23 Nov 2016 05:00:00 +0100

(Wellcome Trust) A naturally occurring predatory bacterium is able to work with the immune system to clear multi-drug resistant Shigella infections in zebrafish, according to a study published today in Current Biology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Flint’s Water Crisis Is Even Affecting Hand Washing

Wed, 05 Oct 2016 16:53:31 +0100

The city of Flint, Michigan, is seeing a rise in cases of a bacterial illness called shigellosis, and the ongoing water crisis there may be in part to blame, according to news reports. So far this year, there have been 85 cases of shigellosis in Genesee County, which includes Flint, according to The New York Times. That’s the highest number of shigellosis cases among all counties in Michigan this year. A statement from Genesee County Health Department in September said that cases of the bacterial illness are up in both the county and the state. In the entire state of Michigan, there were 454 cases of shigellosis this year, and there were 515 cases in 2015. That compares to 175 cases in 2013 and 249 cases in 2012. Shigellosis is a very contagious gastrointestinal disease caused by the...



Life With A Traumatic Brain Injury -- Acknowledging The Truth And Moving On

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 18:38:02 +0100

I have a brain injury, but... I have a brain injury. There. I've said it. Publicly. It's so much easier to not say it, to not admit it, to not talk about it. For the first five months after my accident, I didn't talk about my brain injury with anyone. Because I didn't want to talk about it. I didn't want to explain how I felt, or discuss my symptoms, or detail how my healing was going. Even now, I'd rather my injury not be there (and I know how obvious and stupid that statement sounds). I'd rather not be injured, but I am. I have what neurologists classify as a traumatic brain injury, a TBI. Specifics: For the first time in my life, I can't spell. Since the car accident on December 4th, 2014, I've had to relearn more than 500 words. Sometimes simple words. Three days ago, I relearned ...

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Clemson scientist receives $424,000 grant to study parasite that infects tens of millions

Tue, 14 Jun 2016 04:00:00 +0100

(Clemson University) Clemson University scientist Cheryl Ingram-Smith has been awarded a three-year, $424,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to study the inner workings of a parasite that causes 50 million cases of amoebic dysentery each year and kills 50,000 to 100,000. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



[Feature] The Truest Test

Thu, 19 May 2016 22:00:00 +0100

Over the past few years, there has been a surge in studies that intentionally infect volunteers with a wide variety of pathogens to test novel drugs and vaccines. The so-called "human challenge model" has a long and checkered past that began with 18th century experiments by smallpox vaccine developer Edward Jenner and later fell under intense scrutiny when they were conducted by Nazi doctors, military researchers, and academic scientists working with prisoners. Today, challenge experiments follow strict ethical guidelines, minimize risks to volunteers at every turn, and face increased scrutiny from regulatory agencies. The list of diseases being studied includes malaria, influenza, shigella, dengue, norovirus, tuberculosis, rhinovirus, Escherichia coli, typhoid, giardia, and campylobact...



Thanks, Public Health!

Mon, 04 Apr 2016 21:56:42 +0100

If you're like most people you experience gratitude many times each day. Most often, we're thankful for things that happen -- from the simple act of someone holding a door for you to experiencing the recovery of a loved one following an illness. You probably say "thanks" so many times in a day that you can't recall each specific instance. While it's easy to be thankful for kind acts, good experiences, and things that bring joy and satisfaction into your life, it's harder to recognize and be thankful for things that don't happen. Such it is with public health -- a discipline whose achievements are often notable for what it prevents. When public health is working, bad things don't happen -- and as a result public health programs tend to be invisible. As we celebrate National Public Health w...



Genomic study of epidemic dysentery reveals how Europe exported a scourge worldwide

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 04:00:00 +0100

(Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute) The largest genetic study on the bacterium responsible for epidemic dysentery has revealed that the Shigella dysenteriae pathogen, which remains a real scourge in Africa and Asia, probably originated in Europe. This research, which was carried out by scientists from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and Institut Pasteur in Paris, also charts the development of the pathogen's resistance to antibiotics, and is published in the journal Nature Microbiology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



What is Shigella? Everything you need to know about the bacterial infection from SEX

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 14:57:00 +0100

POSTERS warning about a serious bacterial gut infection caught by faeces getting into people's mouths during sex have been published by the government. (Source: Daily Express - Health)

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Key step in process of Shigella infection identified

Wed, 09 Mar 2016 18:58:48 +0100

Researchers have discovered a key mechanism used by Shigella to delivery proteins into target host cells. Their findings may apply to additional bacterial species, including those responsible for typhoid fever, bubonic plague and many hospital-acquired pneumonias. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)



Mass. General research team identifies key step in process of Shigella infection

Wed, 09 Mar 2016 05:00:00 +0100

(Massachusetts General Hospital) Researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital Division of Infectious Diseases have discovered a key mechanism used by Shigella to delivery proteins into target host cells. Their findings may apply to additional bacterial species, including those responsible for typhoid fever, bubonic plague and many hospital-acquired pneumonias. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



'World's Loneliest Chimp,' Abandoned On A Small Island, Gets Cuddly Teddy Bear

Tue, 08 Mar 2016 20:01:23 +0100

(function(d, s, id) { var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; if (d.getElementById(id)) return; js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; js.src = "//connect.facebook.net/en_US/sdk#xfbml=1&version=v2.3"; fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs);}(document, 'script', 'facebook-jssdk'));Posted by SOS PONSO on Thursday, February 25, 2016 The "world's loneliest chimp" just got a warm and fuzzy gift. Ponso was one of 20 chimps that were dumped on a tiny island off the Ivory Coast by the New York Blood Center, a medical testing company, in the early 1980s, the Humane Society of the United States told The Huffington Post. According to SOS PONSO -- a Facebook page which advocates for the chimp -- Ponso is the sole survivor.  The rest of the 19 monkeys died of starvation and ...



Zambia: New Malaria Drug Elating

Fri, 26 Feb 2016 10:50:57 +0100

[Times of Zambia] Malaria killed the Scottish explorer David Livingstone, who also suffered from dysentery, on May 1, 1873 at the age of 60 in Chief Chitambo's Village in the then Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia). (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)



Nigeria: Suspected Typhoid Fever, Dysentery Kills 13 in Abuja

Wed, 24 Feb 2016 05:37:54 +0100

[Premium Times] The executive secretary of the Federal Capital Territory Primary Health Care Development Board, Rilwanu Muhammad, said unknown disease suspected to be typhoid fever or shigella dysentery had killed 13 people in Saburi community of AMAC in Abuja. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)

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India’s Children: Plagued by Preventable Diseases from Poor Sanitation

Thu, 14 Jan 2016 05:46:32 +0100

Though the state of Karnataka in India counts for a higher Human Development Index of 0.478 against the national average of 0.472 in the subcontinent, the continued deficit in water and sanitation continues and the children there are bearing the brunt of the lack of infrastructure. Coupled with the so called Godzilla El Nino of […] (Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health)



Shigella Infection: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention & Treatment of Shigellosis

Tue, 27 Oct 2015 19:39:05 +0100

Shigella infection or, 'shigellosis,' is an intestinal disease caused by a family of bacteria known as, 'shigella.' The main sign of shigella infection is diarrhea, which is often times bloody. Shigella may be passed through direct contact with the bacteria in the stool. (Source: Disabled World)



Nearly 200 sickened by Shigella outbreak in San Francisco area: officials

Mon, 26 Oct 2015 20:34:37 +0100

SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - Nearly 200 people in the San Francisco area have been sickened by an intestinal disease caused by the highly contagious Shigella bacteria since an outbreak began at a Mexican seafood restaurant 10 days ago, health officials said on Monday. (Source: Reuters: Health)



93 Sick After Shigella Outbreak at California Restaurant

Thu, 22 Oct 2015 19:13:43 +0100

Outbreak was linked back to Bay Area restaurant that has been shut down. (Source: ABC News: Health)



Shigella outbreak at restaurant sickens nearly 100 in California

Thu, 22 Oct 2015 16:57:45 +0100

Stephen FellerSAN JOSE, Calif., Oct. 22 (UPI) -- Health officials in California are investigating an outbreak of shigellosis in California that sickened 93 people, some of whom ate at a San Juan restaurant. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)

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Dozens hospitalized after eating at California restaurant

Wed, 21 Oct 2015 17:29:55 +0100

A seafood restaurant in San Jose was shut down by the health department after at least 80 people got sick from an outbreak of Shigella bacteria (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)



Kansas City sees spike in Shigella infections

Sun, 27 Sep 2015 00:33:11 +0100

(Source: CNN.com - Health)



Updates to the Adult and Adolescent Opportunistic Infections Guidelines

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 +0100

The Bacterial Enteric Infections section of the Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents was recently updated. This update provides new data on ciprofloxacin resistance in Shigella sonnei and improved clinical success when Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is treated with vancomycin. Limited data suggest fecal microbiota therapy for recurrent CDI may be safe and successful in HIV-infected patients.   (Source: AIDSinfo At-a-Glance: Offering Information on HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention, and Research, A Service of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS))



[Editors' Choice] Taking the STING out of infection

Wed, 19 Aug 2015 09:50:33 +0100

Analysis of how Shigella inhibits STING activity reveals that STING becomes activated upon reaching the Golgi membranes. (Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment)



Superbug threat prompts West to revisit Soviet-era virus therapy

Thu, 02 Jul 2015 14:39:18 +0100

Alarmed by rising resistance to antibiotics scientists and governments are taking a fresh look at bacteria-chomping viruses first isolated a century ago from the stools of patients recovering from dysentery. (Source: Reuters: Health)

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Growing Concern Over Drug-Resistant Shigella in USGrowing Concern Over Drug-Resistant Shigella in US

Sat, 06 Jun 2015 05:00:56 +0100

Recent outbreaks of Shigellosis in the United States that are resistant to ciprofloxacin, azithromycin, and other antibiotics prompts a Health Alert Network advisory from federal health officials. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)






Azithromycin Unlikely to Be Effective for Shigellosis in Men Who Have Sex With Men (FREE)

Fri, 05 Jun 2015 00:00:00 +0100

By Cara Adler Edited by André Sofair, MD, MPH, and William E. Chavey, MD, MS All tested Shigella isolates from two recent outbreaks among men who have sex with men showed … (Source: Physician's First Watch current issue)



Giant panda gut bacteria can't efficiently digest bamboo

Tue, 19 May 2015 14:57:03 +0100

It's no wonder that giant pandas are always chewing and eating, say Chinese researchers: their gut bacteria are not the type for efficiently digesting bamboo. The bamboo-eating giant panda actually harbors a carnivore-like gut microbiota predominated by bacteria such as Escherichia/Shigella and Streptococcus, according to new research. Giant pandas evolved from bears that ate both plants and meat, researchers said, and started eating bamboo exclusively about two million years ago. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)



UK agencies in quake health warning

Tue, 05 May 2015 06:37:09 +0100

There is a risk of serious outbreaks of disease such as cholera and dysentery in the aftermath of the Nepal earthquake, UK aid agencies warn. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)

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Drug-resistant intestinal superbug imported to America from other countries

Tue, 05 May 2015 06:00:00 +0100

(NaturalNews) A new drug-resistant "superbug" is circulating the country, and health officials say it was brought in from overseas. The Associated Press says Shigella has already triggered more than 200 illnesses since last May, and experts worry that the bacteria might be here to... (Source: NaturalNews.com)



Disease fears in the aftermath of Nepal disaster

Tue, 05 May 2015 00:00:00 +0100

Struggle to provide shelter and sanitation to prevent cholera, dysentery and other water-borne conditionsRelated items from OnMedicaWHO declares Ebola outbreak an international emergencyEmotional support offered to Britons in Haiti WHO activates its response to the tsunami and earthquakeUN lacks resources to defeat EbolaGood medical planning cut quake death toll (Source: OnMedica Latest News)



Transmission of Shigella sonnei Resistant to CiprofloxacinTransmission of Shigella sonnei Resistant to Ciprofloxacin

Mon, 20 Apr 2015 08:25:51 +0100

Although ciprofloxacin is the first-line treatment for adults with shigellosis, a new strain has recently been identified which shows resistance to this antibiotic. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)



GastroBreak: MDR Shigella Hits U.S., Art Goes Gluten-Free

Wed, 08 Apr 2015 16:00:00 +0100

(MedPage Today) -- The latest news and research in gastroenterology. (Source: MedPage Today Gastroenterology)



Multidrug-resistant shigellosis spreading in the United States

Tue, 07 Apr 2015 15:21:00 +0100

International travelers are bringing a multidrug-resistant intestinal illness to the United States and spreading it to others who have not traveled, according to a new report. Shigella sonnei bacteria resistant to the antibiotic ciprofloxacin sickened 243 people in 32 states and Puerto Rico between May 2014 and February 2015. Research by the CDC found that the drug-resistant illness was being repeatedly introduced as ill travelers returned and was then infecting other people in a series of outbreaks around the country. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)

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World Health Day 2015: How Scientists Track Food Poisoning

Tue, 07 Apr 2015 13:49:00 +0100

Last week’s post on antibiotic resistance in the environment, promoted by herbicides and spread by dust storms from factory farms is a good segue into this week’s observance of the World Health Organization’s Safe Food Day. We also just had news of an outbreak of antibiotic resistant Shigella infections in the U.S., important because the bacteria is unexpectedly resistant to Ciprofloxacin, the oral antibiotic commonly used to treat it, and because it was widespread across the country. Before that there was a Listeria outbreak from ice cream. It seems like there is always something. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)



Importation and Domestic Transmission of Shigella sonnei Resistant to Ciprofloxacin — United States, May 2014–February 2015

Fri, 03 Apr 2015 22:11:42 +0100

(Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report)



Drug Resistant Shigellosis Spreading in U.S.

Fri, 03 Apr 2015 18:17:08 +0100

Shigella sonnei bacteria resistant to the antibiotic ciprofloxacin sickened 243 people in 32 states and Puerto Rico between May 2014 and February 2015. Research by the CDC found that the drug-resistant illness was being repeatedly introduced as ill travelers returned and was then infecting other people in a series of outbreaks around the country. (Source: Disabled World)



Shigella: What to Know About America's New Drug-Resistant Bug

Fri, 03 Apr 2015 16:42:01 +0100

The stomach bug Shigella isn't deadly, but it's becoming antibiotic resistant, CDC says. (Source: ABC News: Health)



Travelers Bringing Drug-Resistant Shigella Back Into the USTravelers Bringing Drug-Resistant Shigella Back Into the US

Fri, 03 Apr 2015 10:02:21 +0100

Recent clusters of ciprofloxacin-resistant Shigella sonnei have been identified in the United States that are arriving via infections brought to the country by international travelers. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines)

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Travelers Bringing Drug-Resistant Bacteria to United States

Thu, 02 Apr 2015 20:15:14 +0100

Strain of Shigella is easily transmitted and causes tough-to-treat diarrhea, CDC says (Source: WebMD Health)



Get A Grip On Aging

Tue, 31 Mar 2015 20:43:40 +0100

If you can jump to your feet after reading this and give someone a strong and energetic handshake, I’ve got good news for you. It means you’re probably going to live a healthy life for many years to come. But if your hands are so weak that you can’t open a jelly jar… or a water bottle… or a car door… Well, I have good news for you, too. You can get your grip-strength back – and it doesn’t involve monotonous iron-pumping sessions, trips to the gym, difficult physical exertion, steroids or anything like that. The stronger your grip, the younger your body – regardless of how many birthdays you’ve celebrated. But make no mistake: A weakening grip is a warning sign… Recent research confirms what I’ve observed for years among the patients w...



Notes from the Field: Outbreak of Diarrheal Illness Caused by Shigella flexneri — American Samoa, May–June 2014

Fri, 16 Jan 2015 04:17:18 +0100

(Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report)



World War I Soldier Gives New Clues to Fighting Dysentery

Fri, 07 Nov 2014 07:00:00 +0100

Title: World War I Soldier Gives New Clues to Fighting DysenteryCategory: Health NewsCreated: 11/6/2014 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 11/7/2014 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Crohn's Disease General)

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Drug-resistant superbug found in 1915 soldier killed by dysentery

Fri, 07 Nov 2014 01:48:21 +0100

Private Ernest Cable of the East Surrey Regiment - who died in March of 1915, could hold the key to understanding superbugs, say researchers at the Wellcome Trust. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



World War I Soldier Gives New Clues to Fighting Dysentery

Fri, 07 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0100

Sample of bacterium that killed British man in 1915 shows how germ changed over time, researchers saySource: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Bacterial Infections, Diarrhea (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)



WHO warns about threat of drug resistance

Thu, 01 May 2014 11:00:00 +0100

“WHO calls for urgent action to preserve power of antibiotics and make new ones,” The Guardian reports. The World Health Organization (WHO), has published a report highlighting the growing global threat of drug resistance. Expert opinions on the implications of the WHO report have been informative, such as the quote, on BBC News, from Dr Jennifer Cohn, medical director of Médecins sans Frontières' Access Campaign, who said that this report should be “a wake-up call to governments to introduce incentives for industry to develop new, affordable antibiotics that do not rely [on] patents and high prices and are adapted to the needs of developing countries”.   What is the basis for these current reports? The WHO has produced a report entitled “Antimicrobial resistance: Global repo...



World water day: are filters the future?

Sat, 22 Mar 2014 08:00:00 +0100

780 million people still lack access to clean drinking water. A new breed of filter could change that but must be made more affordable alongside wider sanitation effortsSince 1990 more than 2 billion people have gained access to improved water sources. It's a huge achievement that has saved thousands of lives, but the biggest challenge will be getting water to the remaining 780 million, many of whom live in the most remote and underdeveloped places on earth.Another considerable but necessary task is to provide clean water to those hit by humanitarian disasters. According to the UK government, diseases caused by dirty water and poor sanitation account for 80% of deaths in children under two during humanitarian emergencies.One easy to deliver solution that NGOs are now using is the Sawyer wa...



Shigella

Wed, 19 Mar 2014 07:00:00 +0100

Title: ShigellaCategory: Diseases and ConditionsCreated: 1/13/2010 4:06:00 PMLast Editorial Review: 3/19/2014 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Hepatitis C General)






Shigella dysentery on the rise in gay and bisexual men

Mon, 03 Feb 2014 11:19:46 +0100

An increasing number of sexually-acquired shigella dysentery cases have been reported in men who have sex with men (MSM), leading Public Health England to launch a new campaign Hide related content:  Show related content read more (Source: Nursing in Practice)



Newspath November 2013 - Shigellosis: Past, Present, and Future

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 02:10:47 +0100

In 1898, a young microbiologist named Dr. Kiyoshi Shiga1 isolated a gram-positive bacillus from patients suffering from sekiri, or "red diarrhea." That organism, now known as Shigella, is responsible for an estimated 1.1 million deaths a year worldwide. (Source: NewsPath - Pathology News for the Medical Community)



Zimbabwe: Diarrhoea Kills 26

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 08:10:42 +0100

[The Herald]Twenty-six people died of diarrhoeal diseases countrywide in one week alone during the festive season, a weekly disease surveillance report has revealed. According to the report, 16 died of common diarrhoea while 10 others died from dysentery in week ending December 26. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)

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Clemson hosting scientists who study devastating diseases

Thu, 24 Oct 2013 04:00:00 +0100

(Clemson University) Clemson University is hosting the region's leading scientists for discussions about the causative agents of some of the most devastating and intractable diseases of humans, including malaria, amoebic dysentery, sleeping sickness, Chagas disease and fungal meningitis. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Aid increased for refugees fleeing violence in DRC

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 14:08:00 +0100

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is providing urgently needed medical care and water and sanitation in western Uganda, following an influx of tens of thousands of refugees fleeing insecurity in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), in mid-July. Uganda 2013 © Andres-Romero/MSFMSF staff providing services to Congolese refugees who have fled into Uganda. Around 22,000 refugees are now living in the Bubukwanga transit camp,18 kilometresfrom the DRC border, in a space designed for only 12,500 people. MSF is providing medical care including maternity healthcare, vaccinations and nutrition treatment, as well as working to improve a potentially dangerous water and sanitation situation. Medical care is provided both to refugees and locals, reaching a population of 50,000. Next week,...



The Biochemical Role Of Crucial TonB Protein In Bacterial Iron Transport And Pathogenesis

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 08:00:00 +0100

A Kansas State University-led study has discovered the role of a protein in bacteria that causes a wide variety of diseases, including typhoid fever, plague, meningitis and dysentery. The results may lead to new and improved antibiotics for humans and animals. Phillip E. Klebba, professor and head of the department of biochemistry and molecular biophysics, made the findings with two colleagues in the department: Lorne D. Jordan, doctoral candidate, Manhattan, and Salete M. Newton, research professor... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)



Study finds biochemical role of crucial TonB protein in bacterial iron transport and pathogenesis

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 04:00:00 +0100

(Kansas State University) Scientists have discovered the role of the membrane protein TonB in bacteria that cause a wide variety of diseases, including typhoid fever, plague, meningitis and dysentery. The results may lead to new and improved antibiotics for humans and animals. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Vitamins: stop taking the pills

Fri, 07 Jun 2013 14:00:00 +0100

This article was corrected on 7 June 2013. During editing, a line in the fifth from last paragraph, beginning 'Another example is St John's wort…' was accidentally transposed, leading to the suggestion that serotonin was a medicine rather than a brain chemical.Alternative medicineHealth & wellbeingHealthCancerCancerMedical researchPharmaceuticals industryDepressionguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds     (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

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Shigella Uses Natural 'Thermometer' To Trigger Diarrheal Disease

Thu, 23 May 2013 08:00:00 +0100

How does the bacterium Shigella - the cause of a deadly diarrheal disease - detect that it's in a human host? Ohio University scientists have found that a biological "RNA thermometer" monitors whether the environment is right for the bacterium to produce the factors it needs to survive within the body, according to a study published in the journal PLOS ONE. The scientists have been seeking more information about the genetic pathways of Shigella in the hope of finding new treatment options for the disease it causes... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)



Rates Of Foodborne Illness Cases On The Rise

Thu, 18 Apr 2013 20:00:00 +0100

Rates of food borne illnesses - also known as "food poisoning" are on the rise, according to a new report released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The report compared rates of food borne infections from 2012 to rates from the period spanning 2006-2008 and found that the prevalence of infections from bacteria called Campylobacter and Vibrio increased. Additionally, they found that rates of infections from Cryptosporidium,�Listeria,�Salmonella,�Shigella, Shiga toxin-producing�Escherichia coli�(STEC) O157, and�Yersinia�remained the same... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)



Water Shortage Hits Pacific Women

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 06:10:38 +0100

The Solomon Islands, a developing island nation in the south-west Pacific Islands, has one of the highest urbanisation rates in the region, and the basic service infrastructure is struggling to cater for the influx of people from the provinces to the capital, Honiara. Thirty-five percent of the city’s population, who live in informal settlements, are facing the health consequences of a dire shortage of clean water and sanitation. Located on the main island of Guadalcanal, Honiara is a coastal city and port of 64,600 people growing at 2.7 percent a year. Thirty informal settlements in the capital are home to more than 22,500 people. Many have come for economic opportunities and better access to public services, while others were displaced during the ‘Tensions’ (1999-2003), a civil con...



NIH-Funded Researchers Begin Trial of Shigella Vaccine Candidates

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 06:08:16 +0100

Source: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases - Related MedlinePlus Page: Bacterial Infections (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)



NIH-funded researchers begin trial of Shigella vaccine candidates

Wed, 20 Feb 2013 05:00:00 +0100

(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) Researchers have launched an early-stage human clinical trial of two related candidate vaccines to prevent infection with Shigella, bacteria that are a significant cause of diarrheal illness, particularly among children. The Phase I clinical trial, funded by NIAID, part of NIH, will evaluate the vaccines for safety and their ability to induce immune responses among 90 healthy adults ages 18 to 45 years. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

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From the Archives…

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 21:13:48 +0100

Supporting the Troops: Red Cross and the Spanish American War February 15 marks 115 years since the USS Maine exploded in Cuba’s Havana Harbor. The explosion resulted in more than 200 deaths and served as a catalyst for the Spanish American War of 1898. It was also the first time the American Red Cross responded to a military event.   Wreckage of the USS Maine, 1898, U.S. Bureau of Ships, National Archives The U.S. government signed the 1864 Geneva Convention in 1882, providing the mandate for the Red Cross to support the military. So in 1898 the young Red Cross set out to assist the troops who went off to fight the Spanish in Cuba and the Philippines.  Clara Barton recruited nurses to serve with the troops, despite the Army surgeon general’s reluctance to allow women to care fo...



News: Updated Lab manual from GFN

Thu, 25 Nov 2010 08:19:18 +0100

The GFN Lab Subcommittee are pleased to announce the updated laboratory manual on the Isolation of Salmonella and Shigella from Faecal Specimens. Please see the link below to access the manual online: http://www.antimicrobialresistance.dk/232-169-215-protocols.htm (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries: Announcements)