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MedWorm: Environmental Health News



MedWorm.com provides a medical RSS filtering service. Thousands of medical RSS feeds are combined and output via different filters. This feed contains the latest news in Environmental Health



Last Build Date: Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:53:14 +0100

 



Study: Fracking Fluids Alter Mice At 'Environmentally Relevant' Exposure Levels

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:11:11 +0100

AMHERST, Mass. - Researchers at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and the University of Missouri-Columbia on Feb. 7 released a hydraulic fracturing study that suggests that the mammary gland in female mice is sensitive to mixtures of chemicals used in fracking at exposure levels that are "environmentally relevant." The researchers conclude that "the impact of these findings on the long-term health of the mammary gland, including its lactational capacity and its risk of cancer, should be evaluated in future studies." (Source: LexisNexis® Mealey's™ Emerging Toxic Torts Legal News)

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Judge Affirms Denial Of Resident's Intervention Request In Contamination Suit

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:11:11 +0100

HAMMOND, Ind. - A federal judge in Indiana on Feb. 9 upheld a magistrate judge's ruling denying a motion to intervene filed by nearby residents of a Superfund site, holding that the request, which came two years after a settlement was reached between companies and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, was untimely (United States of America v. Atlantic Richfield Co., et al., No. 14-cv-312, N.D. Ind., 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 21524). (Source: LexisNexis® Mealey's™ Emerging Toxic Torts Legal News)



Groups: Review Of EPA Permit For Dumping Fracking Waste In Gulf Of Mexico Needed

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:11:11 +0100

NEW ORLEANS - The Center for Biological Diversity (CBD) and two other environmental advocacy groups on Feb. 13 filed a petition in the Fifth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals contending that the Circuit Court should review an Environmental Protection Agency permit that allows oil companies to discharge toxins into the Gulf of Mexico, which the CBD argues puts coastal communities at risk (Center for Biological Diversity, et al. v. Environmental Protection Agency, et al., No. N/A, 5th Cir.). (Source: LexisNexis® Mealey's™ Emerging Toxic Torts Legal News)



Winemaker Agrees To Pay $330,000 For Deadly Ammonia Leak

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:11:11 +0100

FRESNO, Calif. - Gibson Wine Co. on Jan. 29 entered into an agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in which it said it would pay a $330,000 civil penalty and spend $300,000 to make improvements to its facility following a deadly leak of anhydrous ammonia at its Sanger, Calif., site (United States of America v. Gibson Wine Co., No. 15-cv-1900, E.D. Calif.). (Source: LexisNexis® Mealey's™ Emerging Toxic Torts Legal News)



Shell To Pay $10M To Reduce Excessive Emissions From Industrial Flares

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:11:11 +0100

NEW ORLEANS - Shell Chemical LP on Feb. 12 entered into a consent decree in Louisiana federal court with the government and Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality (LDEQ) in which the company agreed to spend $10 million to reduce emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from the use of four industrial flares at its Norco, La., facility (United States of America, et al. v. Shell Chemical LP, No. 18-cv-104, E.D. La.). (Source: LexisNexis® Mealey's™ Emerging Toxic Torts Legal News)



Corindus wins FDA 510(k) PVI indication for CorPath GRX

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 17:39:23 +0100

Corindus Vascular Robotics (OTC:CVRS) said today it won FDA 510(k) clearance for its CorPath GRX system, now indicated for use in peripheral vascular interventions. The Waltham, Mass.-based company touts the CorPath system as the first and only FDA-cleared robotic device cleared for both percutaneous coronary interventions and peripheral vascular interventions. “My colleagues and I have seen first-hand how CorPath GRX can overcome the challenges of manual PCI and I am excited to apply the capabilities of robotics to effectively treat PAD patients. As a training site for future robotic interventionalists, I look forward to teaching these techniques to further enhance the quality of care for patients with both CAD and PAD,” Dr. Alan Lumsden of Houston Methodist Hospital said in...

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Greg Laurie Talks Steve McQueen, Faith and Mesothelioma

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 13:42:24 +0100

“Steve McQueen: American Icon” — a feature documentary about the life, faith and cancer battle of the legendary actor — arrives on DVD and digital HD release Tuesday. Nicknamed “The King of Cool,” McQueen is known for his tough guy roles and action-packed sequences in films such as “Bullitt,” “The Great Escape” and “The Towering Inferno.” He received an Academy Award nomination in 1967 for his leading role in “The Sand Pebbles” and became the highest-paid movie star in the world in 1974. Shortly after, McQueen disconnected from Hollywood in search of a life away from the drugs, the drinking and the fame. He became a born-again Christian late in life after the influence of his flying instructor Sammy Mason, his pastor Leonard DeWitt and his third wife Barbara Min...



Scientists race to explore Antarctic marine life revealed by giant iceberg

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 10:37:42 +0100

British Antarctic Survey is trying to reach a newly revealed ecosystem that had been hidden for 120,000 years below the Larsen C ice shelfA team of international scientists is due to set off for the world ’s biggest iceberg on Wednesday, fighting huge waves and the encroaching Antarctic winter, in a mission aiming to answer fundamental questions about the impact of climate change in the polar regions.The scientists, led by the British Antarctic Survey (BAS), are trying to reach a newly revealed ecosystem that had been hidden for 120,000 years below the Larsen C ice shelf on the Antarctic peninsula.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Nitrate flux in the Arctic not following the decreasing NOx emissions in neighboring countries

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(Hokkaido University) Nitrate deposits in the Arctic remains high even after the turn of the century, despite environmental policies adopted by neighboring countries in the late 20th century to cut nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



Oil-eating microbes are challenged in the Arctic

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(Aarhus University) Bacteria play a major role in cleaning up oil spills and mitigating its environmental impacts. In a review published in Science of the Total Environment, researchers from Aarhus University, Denmark, examine the major limiting factors for microbial degradation in Arctic environments. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



Study of mollusk epidemic could help save endangered sea snail

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(University of California - San Diego) Overfishing and environmental change have pushed abalone species on the US west coast to the edge of extinction. Now a fatal disease threatens their recovery. But new research shows that some abalone species may be less susceptible to the disease than others, providing initial data that could help map where abalone could survive and thrive despite the disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

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Tracking wastewater is difficult: Artificial sweeteners turn out to be reliable chemical markers

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 21:16:39 +0100

(Natural News) No one really thinks twice about the wastewater generated by sinks and toilets, but a team of Canadian scientists has recently discovered an unusual way to track the water “to ensure it doesn’t end up in unwanted places.” John Spoelstra, a research scientist with Environment and Climate Change Canada, says that artificial sweeteners “are... (Source: NaturalNews.com)



Toxic stress and protective factors in multi-ethnic school age children: a research protocol - Condon EM, Sadler LS, Mayes LC.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

Exposure to stressful environments in early childhood can cause a toxic stress response and lead to poor health outcomes, including obesity, cardiac disease, diabetes, and mental illness. In animals and maltreated children, the presence of a nurturing care... (Source: SafetyLit)



A lack of aquatic rescue competency: a drowning risk factor for young adults involved in aquatic emergencies - Petrass LA, Blitvich JD.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

Drowning is an important public health issue with major impacts on young adults aged 15 –24 years, yet little is known about the causal factors for drowning for this group. As young adults recreate with peers in unpatrolled aquatic environments, the ca... (Source: SafetyLit)



Experimental evidence that density mediates negative frequency-dependent selection on aggression - Kilgour RJ, McAdam AG, Betini GS, Norris DR.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

1.Aggression can be beneficial in competitive environments if aggressive individuals are more likely to access resources than non-aggressive individuals. However, variation in aggressive behaviour persists within populations, suggesting that high levels of... (Source: SafetyLit)



Children's cycling participation, injuries, fatalities and helmet legislation in the United States - Gillham C, Rissel C.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

There is general consensus that cycling participation is associated with good individual health, as well as contributing positively to societal and environmental benefits such as improved air quality, reduced traffic congestion and reduced motor vehicle in... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Novel methods for environmental assessment of pedestrian injury: creation and validation of the Inventory for Pedestrian Safety Infrastructure - Nesoff ED, Milam AJ, Pollack KM, Curriero FC, Bowie JV, Gielen AC, Furr-Holden DM.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

Nationally, 80% of pedestrian fatalities occur in urban environments, yet the distribution of injuries across urban areas is not uniform. Identifying street-level risk factors for pedestrian injury is essential for urban planning and improvement projects, ... (Source: SafetyLit)



Explaining the spatio-seasonal variation of fires by their causes: the case of southeastern France - Ganteaume A, Guerra F.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

This paper explains the spatial variation of the fire metrics throughout SE France which was divided into three regions, each characterized by environmental and socio-economic trends. The most deleterious causes were identified as well as their evolution t... (Source: SafetyLit)



Long-term exposure to air pollution and the risk of suicide death: a population-based cohort study - Min JY, Kim HJ, Min KB.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

Suicide is a major public health problem. Previous studies have reported a significant association between acute exposure to air pollution and suicide; little attention has been paid to the long-term effects of air pollution on risk of suicide. We inves... (Source: SafetyLit)



In-play cooling strategies for sport in hot and humid conditions - Chalmers SM.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)



Variability in cross-domain risk perception among smallholder farmers in Mali by gender and other demographic and attitudinal characteristics - Cullen AC, Anderson CL, Biscaye P, Reynolds TW.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

Previous research has shown that men and women, on average, have different risk attitudes and may therefore see different value propositions in response to new opportunities. We use data from smallholder farm households in Mali to test whether risk percept... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Understanding the plume dynamics of explosive super-eruptions - Costa A, J Suzuki Y, Koyaguchi T.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

Explosive super-eruptions can erupt up to thousands of km3 of magma with extremely high mass flow rates (MFR). The plume dynamics of these super-eruptions are still poorly understood. To understand the processes operating in these plumes we used a fluid... (Source: SafetyLit)



Projecting future climate change impacts on heat-related mortality in large urban areas in China - Li Y, Ren T, Kinney PL, Joyner A, Zhang W.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

Global climate change is anticipated to raise overall temperatures and has the potential to increase future mortality attributable to heat. Urban areas are particularly vulnerable to heat because of high concentrations of susceptible people. As the world's... (Source: SafetyLit)



Addicted to hate: identity residual among former white supremacists - Simi P, Blee K, Demichele M, Windisch S.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

The process of leaving deeply meaningful and embodied identities can be experienced as a struggle against addiction, with continuing cognitive, emotional, and physiological responses that are involuntary, unwanted, and triggered by environmental factors. U... (Source: SafetyLit)



Is the childhood home food environment a confounder of the association between child maltreatment exposure and adult body mass index? - Mason SM, Santaularia NJ, Berge JM, Larson N, Neumark-Sztainer D.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

Childhood maltreatment is consistently associated with adult obesity, leading to calls for tailored weight interventions for people with maltreatment histories. However, it is possible that the maltreatment-obesity association is spurious and driven by ... (Source: SafetyLit)



Neighborhood built environment and socioeconomic status in relation to physical activity, sedentary behavior, and weight status of adolescents - Sallis JF, Conway TL, Cain KL, Carlson JA, Frank LD, Kerr J, Glanz K, Chapman JE, Saelens BE.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

INTRODUCTION: The study examined the association of neighborhood walkability to multiple activity-related outcomes and BMI among adolescents and evaluated socioeconomic status as an effect modifier. METHOD: Cross-sectional study, with adolescents r... (Source: SafetyLit)

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A prospective investigation of neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and physical activity and sedentary behavior in older adults - Xiao Q, Keadle SK, Berrigan D, Matthews CE.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

Neighborhood conditions may have an important impact on physical activity and sedentary behaviors in the older population. Most previous studies in this area are cross-sectional and report mixed findings regarding the effects of neighborhood environment... (Source: SafetyLit)



Detection-response task-uses and limitations - Stojmenova K, Sodnik J.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

The Detection-Response Task is a method for assessing the attentional effects of cognitive load in a driving environment. Drivers are presented with a sensory stimulus every 3-5 s, and are asked to respond to it by pressing a button attached to their finge... (Source: SafetyLit)






Durability design of a sea-crossing bridge in Zhejiang, China - Wu L, Dai P, Liang T.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

Durability design of a sea-crossing bridge in Zhejiang Province was carried out. Exposure condition of the marine environment was divided into four zones, i.e., atmospheric zone, splash zone, tidal zone and subsea zone. Environment condition surrounding th... (Source: SafetyLit)



Cultural and moral dimensions of sexual aggression: the role of moral disengagement in men's likelihood to sexually aggress - Scarpati AS, Pina A.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

Social norms inform individuals in a given society about what is right and wrong, and it is through their environment (and its symbolic elements) that people learn how to behave morally. These norms help shape not only people's behaviors, but also the way ... (Source: SafetyLit)

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UK-based terrorists' antecedent behavior: a spatial and temporal analysis - Griffiths G, Johnson SD, Chetty K.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

Background and purpose Terrorism is a real and present danger. The build-up to an attack includes planning, travel, and reconnaissance which necessarily require the offender to move through their environment. Whilst research has examined patterns of terro... (Source: SafetyLit)



Clinical chameleons: an emergency medicine focused review of carbon monoxide poisoning - Ng PCY, Long B, Koyfman A.

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 18:03:30 +0100

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless gas that is found in the environment, in the home, and in the human body as a normal part of mammalian metabolism. Poisoning from CO, a common exposure, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality if... (Source: SafetyLit)



Blood, Urine Test Could Help Diagnose Autism Earlier In Children

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 17:56:06 +0100

This study does not tell us how effectively this measure can differentiate between autism and other neurodevelopmental or mental health conditions such as ADHD and anxiety.” Autism is a developmental disorder that mainly affects social interaction, causing a wide spectrum of behavioral problems, including hyperactivity, anxiety or speech disturbances. An estimated 30% of cases have been found to have genetic causes. The remaining 70% are thought to be caused by a combination of environmental factors, mutations and genetics, according to the study. Currently, if a child is suspected of having autism, doctors carry out a series of behavioral tests, which take time and may not not give an accurate diagnosis. A biological test, like a blood test, would provide a faster and more definitiv...



Mesothelioma Immunotherapy Trial Involves Targeted Radiation

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 16:37:35 +0100

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City has opened a clinical trial for mesothelioma involving a combination of targeted radiation and the novel immunotherapy drug avelumab. Hopes are high for the first-of-its kind study. The trial will be conducted at Memorial Sloan Kettering’s main campus and regional sites. It is open to pleural and peritoneal mesothelioma patients. Radiation oncologist Dr. Andreas Rimner and medical oncologist Dr. Marjorie Zauderer are the lead investigators of the trial, which is expected to run through 2020. Avelumab is designed to block a specific protein (PD-L1) found on the surface of most mesothelioma tumor cells. The immunotherapy drug will be given through an IV every two weeks, along with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). Individ...



Life after death: how we hatched live shark pups from dead parents

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 15:34:05 +0100

Six years ago, researchers asked a radical question: could eggcases taken from trawler-caught sharks still hatch live, healthy young?Back in December 2012, I met up with Greg Nowell, co-founder ofSharklab-Malta, a non-profit NGO founded in 2008. Sharklab collaborates with shark researchers on a global and local scale, with an overall mission to highlight the current plight of sharks in our oceans whilst increasing awareness and education of the public.Greg was interested in my experience working with neonate small spotted catsharks (Scyliorhinus canicula) and the greater spotted catshark (Scyliorhinus stellaris);in the UK these are usually known as the lesser spotted dogfish and bull huss, respectively. At Macduff Marine Aquarium I ’d worked with both species, as well as on the maintenan...

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World ’s most controversial fruit may depend on giant bats for pollination

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 14:48:15 +0100

While we debate whether the durian is the best or worst food on the planet, it turns out this wonderful oddity may require healthy populations of flying fox for survival.Durian. Depending on whom you talk to it ’s either the most beloved or the most despised fruit on the planet. It suffers no moderation, no wishy-washiness. It is the king of fruits or the worst thing you’ve ever tasted. Due to its potent odour – delicate and sweet to its advocates and sewage-like to its detractors – durian has been banned from airplanes, subways, and hotels (though punishments appear light if non-existent). But arecent study inEcology and Evolution finds there may be no durians at all without bats: big, threatened bats. The scientists found that flying foxes – bats in thePteropus andAcerodon genu...



World ’s most controversial fruit depends on giant bats for pollination

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 14:48:15 +0100

While we debate whether the durian is the best or worst food on the planet, it turns out this wonderful oddity requires healthy populations of flying fox for survivalDurian. Depending on whom you talk to it ’s either the most beloved or the most despised fruit on the planet. It suffers no moderation, no wishy-washiness. It is the king of fruits or the worst thing you’ve ever tasted. Due to its potent odour – delicate and sweet to its advocates and sewage-like to its detractors – durian has been banned from airplanes, subways, and hotels (though punishments appear light if non-existent). But arecent study inEcology and Evolution finds there may be no durians at all without bats: big, threatened bats. The scientists found that flying foxes – bats in thePteropus andAcerodon genus an...



To Hug or Not: Physicians Differ on What's the Right Behavior To Hug or Not: Physicians Differ on What's the Right Behavior

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 14:00:00 +0100

Some physicians want to offer patients support; others say hugs have no business in the medical office. In today's environment, do doctors think hugs are appropriate?Medscape Family Medicine (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)



Namibia:Windhoek Mayor Blames Street Vendors for City's Health Risks

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 10:20:41 +0100

[New Era] Windhoek -Street vendors, especially those trading in the informal settlements, are the greatest contributors to poor hygiene as they carelessly dispose of their waste even in their trading environment, Windhoek Mayor Muesee Kazapua said over the weekend. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)



Are we poisoning our children with plastic?

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 06:00:05 +0100

The chemical BPA is widely added to food and drink packaging, and more than 80% of teenagers have it in their bodies. But how dangerous is it?Can exposure to plastics harm your health? It ’s a question currently being explored by researchers after a recent study suggested that traces of a synthetic chemical called Bisphenol A (BPA) can be found inmore than 80% of teenagers. BPA is added to plastic to create a special form called polycarbonate plastic, used in making robust, impact-resistant materials for everything from food and drink packaging to DVD cases and medical devices. First created in 1891, it has been used commercially since the 1950s and is now one of the most commonly produced chemicals in the world, with 3.6bn tonnes of BPA generated every year.The problem is that BPA can b...

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How the insulin receptor works

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(Helmholtz Zentrum M ü nchen - German Research Center for Environmental Health) Researchers from the Helmholtz Zentrum M ü nchen at the University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus of TU Dresden together with colleagues from Rockefeller University New York succeeded for the first time in the visualization of the insulin receptor activation. The results of this collaborative work have now been published in the 'Journal of Cell Biology'. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Nitrate in drinking water increases the risk of colorectal cancer

Sun, 18 Feb 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(Aarhus University) Nitrate in groundwater and drinking water, which primarily comes from fertilisers used in the agricultural production, has not only been subject to decades of environmental awareness -- it has also been suspected of increasing the risk of cancer. The largest epidemiological study ever carried out in this area now shows that there is a correlation - also when the amount of nitrate in the drinking water is far below the current drinking water standard. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)



Using mutant bacteria to study how changes in membrane proteins affect cell functions

Sun, 18 Feb 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(Biophysical Society) Phospholipids are water insoluble " building blocks " that define the membrane barrier surrounding cells and provide the structural scaffold and environment where membrane proteins reside. During the 62nd Biophysical Society Annual Meeting, held Feb. 17-21, William Dowhan from the University of Texas-Houston McGovern Medical School will present his group's work exploring how the membrane protein phospholipid environment determines its structure and function. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



How long can we treat the suffering of animals as an inconvenient truth? | Michael Brooks

Sun, 18 Feb 2018 00:02:29 +0100

A revolution is coming in our relationship with ‘lower’ creatures, provoked by a greater knowledge of their cognition. Labour’s new plans for animal welfare are just a startScientific insight is a powerful thing, but will it ever override the human lust for health, prosperity and, saddest of all, convenience? This question entered my head as I read of the Labour party ’s newly announcedpolicies for animal welfare“informed and underpinned by the latest evidence on animal sentience”. Such an approach would lead to laudable bans on foie gras imports and nonsensical badger culling. But let ’s be careful what we wish for: further down the line, it would also lead to some uncomfortable dilemmas. In fact, how we redraw our relationship with animals promises to be one of the dominant...



A routine activity approach: assessing victimization by gender in transit environments and other public locations - Savard DM.

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 10:36:27 +0100

The purpose of this research is to examine how transit environments and other public spaces shape women's and men's victimization for simple assault, aggravated assault, sexual assault, robbery, and kidnapping crimes. This research applies routine activiti... (Source: SafetyLit)

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U.S. Marines' perceptions of environmental factors associated with alcohol binge drinking - Woodruff SI, Hurtado SL, Simon-Arndt CM.

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 10:36:27 +0100

INTRODUCTION: Alcohol misuse, in particular binge drinking, is a serious concern among military personnel because it is strongly associated with adverse consequences and has a deleterious effect on readiness. Although most alcohol misuse studies have focus... (Source: SafetyLit)



Correction for Das, Unfounded assumptions in linking crop-damaging temperature and suicide in India -

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 10:36:27 +0100

[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)



Oklahoma's induced seismicity strongly linked to wastewater injection depth - Hincks T, Aspinall W, Cooke R, Gernon T.

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 10:36:27 +0100

The dramatic rise in Oklahoma seismicity since 2009 is due to wastewater injection. The role of injection depth is an open, complex issue, yet critical for hazard assessment and regulation. We developed an advanced Bayesian Network to model joint condition... (Source: SafetyLit)



Correction for Kumar et al., Climate change and agricultural suicides in India -

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 10:36:27 +0100

[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)



Work-related threats and violence in human service sectors: the importance of the psycho-social work environment examined in a multilevel prospective study - Andersen LP, Hogh A, Biering K, Gadegaard CA.

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 10:36:27 +0100

BACKGROUND: Threats and violence at work are major concerns for employees in many human service sectors. The prevention of work-related violence is a major challenge for employees and management. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Long-term follow-up of whiplash injuries reported to insurance companies: a cohort study on patient-reported outcomes and impact of financial compensation - Rydman E, Ponzer S, Brisson R, Ottosson C, Pettersson-J ärnbert H.

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 10:36:27 +0100

PURPOSE: The long-term outcome of Whiplash-associated disorder (WADs) has been reported to be poor in populations from medical settings. However, no trials have investigated the long-term prognosis of patients from medico-legal environment. For this group,... (Source: SafetyLit)



Factors affecting the role of local councils in disaster management - Seo I, Hee CW.

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 10:36:27 +0100

We were wondering about what changes a catastrophic disaster brings about to people and how such changes can affect the damaged areas and the surrounding environment. In particular, we focused on various attributes of individuals such as experience, emotio... (Source: SafetyLit)



Neighborhood-based PA and its environmental correlates: a GIS- and GPS based cross-sectional study in the Netherlands - Jansen M, Kamphuis CBM, Pierik FH, Ettema DF, Dijst MJ.

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 10:36:27 +0100

BACKGROUND: To improve our understanding of the neighborhood environment - physical activity (PA) relationship, it is of importance to assess associations between neighborhood environmental characteristics and neighborhood-based PA. METHODS: Partic... (Source: SafetyLit)



Nursing students' perceptions of teachers' uncivil behaviors: a qualitative research - Masoumpoor A, Borhani F, Abbaszadeh A, Rassouli M.

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 10:36:27 +0100

One of the main issues in nursing education that teachers and students frequently encounter is uncivil behaviors. This type of behavior is destructive for the teaching and learning environment. As teachers play an important role in nursing students' educat... (Source: SafetyLit)



Analyzing driving environment effects on severity of elderly driver's traffic accidents -

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 10:36:27 +0100

Motor vehicle deaths are in a decreasing trend in Korea, but the nation is still ranked worst among OECD member countries. This ranking indicates Korean government-level efforts are less efficient compared to those of other advanced nations. Traffic accide... (Source: SafetyLit)

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FDA & #039;s Root Causes and Use Error

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 08:05:38 +0100

Since 2016, the FDA Recalls Database has had a pull-down menu of the FDA-determined root cause of each recall. There are 43 items on the list, including "other," "pending," "under investigation by firm," and "undetermined/unknown." This list appears to have hierarchical issues in that some items (e.g., device design) seem to encompass other items (e.g., component design/selection and software design change). I have not been able to find any explanation of these 43 terms or the methodology by which FDA selects them, and my inquiries to FDA in this regard went unanswered despite an autoreply from DICE that I would get a response in one to two days. Recalls have been tagged with these terms on the individual recall pages long before they appeared in the pull-down search menu. It might a...



Graphene resonators can stand the heat

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 04:54:38 +0100

Carbon-based electromechanical devices operating at over 900 °C would work in harsh or extreme environments. (Source: Nanotechweb.org News)



Want to monitor air pollution? Test a pigeon

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 21:00:56 +0100

Feral pigeons are exposed to the same environmental factors as humans, so help explore the affect of contaminants, say researchersPigeons might be seen as the scourge of cities, but researchers say they could help us explore both the levels and impacts of a host of toxins in the air, from lead to pesticides.Scientists say feral pigeons are a valuable way of probing contaminants in environment, since they are exposed to the same air, water, food and other factors as humans, and don ’t venture far from home.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



An Early Look at Tobacco Legislative Trends in 2018

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 17:23:23 +0100

Less than two months into 2018, ASTHO is already tracking close to 300 pieces of legislation that impact tobacco control efforts, including tobacco cessation promotion, smoke-free environment promotion and expansion, licensing and enforcement, tobacco pricing, youth access prevention, and sales/advertising restrictions. (Source: PHPartners.org)



Environmental Health Matters Initiative

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 16:10:11 +0100

A large-scale effort to work across disciplines and sectors in developing lasting solutions to improve health. The Initiative brings together corporate, government, and university leaders, along with other engaged stakeholders in this field to explore the latest science, identify promising options and solutions, and create innovative pathways toward improving environmental health. (Source: PHPartners.org)

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Weekly Postings

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 15:32:49 +0100

See something of interest? Please share our postings with colleagues in your institutions! Spotlight Member Highlights: North Pocono Public Library, Moscow, PA – learn about this library’s community education series designed to address difficult life planning decisions. Is your organization working on a similar project? Tell us about it! NNLM MAR is always interested in learning about health outreach activities that are happening in Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey and Delaware. Weekly Funding Tips: Funding Tip 1- Talk it through – through mid-April, NNLM MAR will offer weekly tips for members who intend to apply for our next round of funding. In just a few weeks we will announce opportunities to apply for projects starting May 15, 2018. Contact us to set up a consultat...



Scientists altered data proving fracking causes earthquakes

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 11:00:08 +0100

(Natural News) Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, has been wreaking havoc all over the nation despite claims that it is not harmful to people or the environment, and now it has emerged that scientists are being forced to cover up the role it plays in earthquakes. The process of fracking involves extracting natural gas by drilling... (Source: NaturalNews.com)



Oxfam ’s Sexual Abuse Episode Must Inspire a Culture Shift

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 10:44:53 +0100

A UN peacekeeper holds a child as her mother is helped down from a relocation truck in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Credit: UN Photo/Logan AbassiBy Siddharth ChatterjeeNAIROBI, Kenya, Feb 16 2018 (IPS)Sexual abuse allegations against Oxfam staff, and failings in the charity’s response to them, delivered a body blow to an organisation renowned for years of humanitarian and development work. At the very least the accusations will leave a stain on the reputation of a charity that works in some of the toughest environments in the world, and has made a positive difference in the lives of the most vulnerable. The Oxfam reports come in the wake of a wave of revelations of sexual misconduct that spans churches to faith based organizations to children being abused in orphanages and schools in some of t...



Environmental Factors and Quality of Life in Older Adults Environmental Factors and Quality of Life in Older Adults

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 05:15:15 +0100

What role do environmental factors such as housing and neighborhood characteristics, noise, and traffic play in the quality of life of community-dwelling older people?The Gerontologist (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)

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Immune signature predicts asthma susceptibility

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology) Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease driven by the interplay of genetics, environmental factors and a diverse cast of immune cells. In their latest study, researchers at La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology (LJI) identified a subset of T cells, whose frequency serves as early childhood immune signature that predicts the risk of developing asthma later on. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Critics blast EPA for lowering Syngenta pesticide fine

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 00:24:01 +0100

Critics are blasting the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for dramatically lowering a fine on agribusiness giant Syngenta for violations of pesticide regulations (Source: ABC News: Health)



Developing a taste for high-protein plants

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0100

An EU-funded project is investigating protein-rich crops in Europe as attractive alternatives to meat - a means to reduce the environmental impact of livestock on the planet and provide farmers with a new source of income. (Source: EUROPA - Research Information Centre)



Spotlight on cancer-fighting foods: What to eat to beat different kinds of cancer

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 22:00:07 +0100

(Natural News) Dr. Michael Greger remarked in a Daily Mail article that the consumption of wholefood vegetarian diets can reduce the risks of various forms of cancer. “Food is the single greatest way our bodies face exposure to the outside environment,” explained the author of the 2016 bestseller “How Not To Die”. He warned about... (Source: NaturalNews.com)



2. How does MSF address allegations of sexual abuse and misconduct?

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 20:26:03 +0100

MSF promotes a working environment free of harassment and abuse in countries where we operate. Our leadership has unequivocally committed to fight abuse and to reinforce mechanisms and procedures to prevent and address it. This includes enhancing grievance channels at all levels of the organization and supporting victims and complainants. Victims or witnesses in the communities where MSF works are likewise encouraged to report misconduct to us so that allegations can be properly addressed.Language English (Source: MSF News)

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Fighting Abuse, Exploitation, and Harassment in the Countries Where We Work

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 20:02:43 +0100

Doctors Without Borders/M édecins Sans Frontières (MSF) promotes a working environment free of harassment and abuse in countries where we operate. Our leadership has unequivocally committed to fight abuse and to reinforce mechanisms and procedures to prevent and address it. This includes enhancing grievance channels at all levels of the organization and supporting victims and complainants.The integrity of our organization is upheld by the good conduct of each individual staff member, in any location, with full respect for the communities we serve.Language English (Source: MSF News)



How GE is Helping Olympians Go for the Gold

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 19:59:48 +0100

Olympic athletes know that tracking every possible metric can go a long way toward winning the gold. At this year’s games, GE Healthcare has partnered with the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to debut a new analytics tool that works to track a variety of different metrics, from vital signs and nutritional data to environmental conditions sport-specific information. The new platform, known as the Athlete Management Solution (AMS), can also provide imaging scans, venue data, and detailed medical history information on real-time dashboards that can be monitored by medical staff to provide personalized treatment for athletes across the winter games. The goal for GE was to help support athlete health, performance, and safety at the winter games while also providing long-term health and...



Scientists Just Issued a Grim New Warning on Climate Change: ‘We Are Not Prepared’

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 17:32:08 +0100

New research shows that countries around the world are falling short of greenhouse gas goals in the Paris climate deal, and the consequences will likely be unprecedented extreme weather. Published in the journal Science Advances this week, the study found that the likelihood of extreme heat, dryness and precipitation will increase across as much of 90% of North America, Europe and East Asia if countries do not accelerate their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. “We are not prepared for today’s climate, let alone for another degree of global warming,” says study author Noah Diffenbaugh, a Stanford University professor of earth system science. The 2015 Paris Agreement, which President Donald Trump has promised to exit when the U.S. is eligible to do so, aims to ke...

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Cochrane Evidence used in new WHO guideline on intrapartum care for a positive birth experience

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 16:47:25 +0100

The World Health Organization (WHO) has issued new recommendationsto establish global care standards for healthy pregnant women and reduce unnecessary medical interventions.Worldwide, an estimated 140 million births take place every year. Most of these occur without complications for women and their babies. Yet, over the past 20 years, practitioners have increased the use of interventions that were previously only used to avoid risks or treat complications, such as oxytocin infusion to speed up labour or caesarean sections.“We want women to give birth in a safe environment with skilled birth attendants in well-equipped facilities. However, the increasing medicalization of normal childbirth processes are undermining a woman’s own capability to give birth and negatively impacting her bir...



Children's Environmental Health Indicators: A Summary and Assessment

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 15:05:06 +0100

Report reviews and discusses existing indicator efforts, including the agencies that are leading these efforts, indicators relevant to children's environmental health, the contributions and challenges associated with each effort, potential gaps, and the purpose and intended use. (Source: PHPartners.org)



Treatment of Hoarding-Induced Trauma and Perpetration

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 15:01:40 +0100

The American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic Standards Manual, Edition V (2013) reports that between 2 and 6% of the general population have a hoarding disorder. Once considered a type of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), hoarding is now regarded as a serious clinical condition co-morbid with diagnoses of depression, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorders, attention deficit disorder, and sometimes psychosis given the delusional levels of denial that hoarders often present (Frost, Stekelee, Tolin, 2011). Hoarders engage in excessive acquisition of items, whether those items have real world value or not, as well as excessive shopping. This behavior often results in living environments that are seriously compromised, if not uninhabitable: blocked entrances and exits, leading ...



National Academies Announce Initiative on Environmental Health, Appoint Advisory Committee

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 15:00:00 +0100

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine are launching an Academies-wide initiative to transform how the nation addresses the complex issues associated with environmental health— a field that examines how the environment affects human health. The initiative will bring together expertise across the institution, including environmental, medical, and social science, energy, and engineering, and involve leaders from government, corporate, and academic entities to explore the latest science, identify promising solutions, and create innovative pathways toward improving environmental health. Read More (Source: News from the National Academies)



Sustainable Community Indicator Catalog

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 14:42:12 +0100

Catalog helps communities identify indicators that can measure progress toward their sustainability objectives. The indicators in this catalog focus on the relationships among land use, housing, transportation, human health, and the environment. (Source: PHPartners.org)

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Public Health Handbook for Communities Under Emergency Management: A Case Study of the Flint Water Crisis: Legal Mapping Tools and Lessons Learned

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 12:29:33 +0100

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Network for Public Health Law. 01/2018 This 28-page handbook is intended to help policymakers and practitioners incorporate the lessons learned from the Flint water crisis to avert and/or mitigate future crises. It provides guidance for implementing several overarching recommendations produced through extensive research and analysis aimed at answering a key legal question with respect to the Flint water crisis: Given the emergency manager's appointment, what legal authority could state, local, and federal public health and environmental agencies use to avert or mitigate the crisis? (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)



Ammonia emissions rise in UK, as other air pollutant levels fall

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 12:18:12 +0100

Levels of powerful air pollutant rose by 3.2% from 2015 to 2016 according to government statisticsEmissions of ammonia have been on the rise in the UK, new statistics from the government show, even while the amount of other pollutants entering the atmosphere has fallen.Levels of the powerful air pollutant rose by 3.2% from 2015 to 2016, the latest year for which statistics are available, according to a report published by the Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs on Thursday morning. The rise came despite an overall fall of 10% in ammonia emissions since 1980.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Nigeria:Lassa Fever - Lagos Advocates Personal, Environmental Hygiene As Control Measures

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 07:23:29 +0100

[This Day] The Lagos State Government has again reiterated the need for members of the public to ensure and maintain adequate personal hygiene and environmental sanitation at all times as part of prevention and control measures against the spread of the Lassa fever disease in the state. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)



What predicts the quality of children's friendships? Study shows cognition, emotion together play

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences) Child development researchers at U of I wanted to look at what predicts the quality of children's friendships. In a recent study published in the journal Child Development, the researchers measured a child's cognitions about negative but ambiguous peer events (attribution biases) and the child's tendency to experience and express strong emotions (emotional intensity). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)



Maximizing the environmental benefits of autonomous vehicles

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Michigan) The added weight, electricity demand and aerodynamic drag of the sensors and computers used in autonomous vehicles are significant contributors to their lifetime energy use and greenhouse gas emissions, according to a new study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)

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World Health Organization: 142nd Session of the Executive Board

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 03:47:52 +0100

World Health Organization. 02/2018 This Web page provides information, materials, and videos from the 142nd session of the World Health Organization Executive Board, held on January 22-27, 2018. It provides links to the agenda, and to documentation that includes reports on Public Health Preparedness and Response; Health, Environment and Climate Change; and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Framework for the Sharing of Influenza Viruses and Access to Vaccines and Other Benefits. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)



Medical Adhesive Secures a Golden Mousetrap Award

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 00:57:47 +0100

As wearable medical devices continue to emerge, a growing older population coupled with an increasing incidence of chronic diseases requiring active monitoring is driving the need for durable yet comfortable adhesives, reports John Dugas, global business manager, 3M’s Critical and Chronic Care Solutions Division. “Whether it’s affixed for several hours, a day, or even a week, the device needs to stay attached to do its job,” he said. 3M’s 4076 Extended Wear Medical Tape, launched last August, was recently recognized with a Golden Mousetrap Award in the Materials & Assembly: Adhesives category. “Medical device manufacturers and engineers needed a long-term wear adhesive solution that increases patient comfort and provides a strong and reliable bond in challenging applicatio...



Climber's Death on Popular Oregon Peak Underscores Dangers

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 00:08:00 +0100

GOVERNMENT CAMP, Ore. (AP) — Oregon's tallest peak rises above the streets of downtown Portland, its gorgeous snow-capped slopes luring 10,000 climbers a year. The picture postcard view of Mount Hood makes it one of the most visited snow-capped peaks in America, a destination to check off during any respectable visit to the City of Roses. "It just stands there and calls to you — and during clear weather like we've had the past couple of days, that mountain is there calling to anyone who's ever thought about climbing it," said Mark Morford, spokesman for Portland Mountain Rescue. But Mount Hood's accessibility and beauty also obscure a treacherous history that once again came into focus Tuesday, when one man plummeted 1,000 (305 meters) feet to his death while summiting and th...



Natural selection and the predictability of evolution in Timema stick insects

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0100

Predicting evolution remains difficult. We studied the evolution of cryptic body coloration and pattern in a stick insect using 25 years of field data, experiments, and genomics. We found that evolution is more difficult to predict when it involves a balance between multiple selective factors and uncertainty in environmental conditions than when it involves feedback loops that cause consistent back-and-forth fluctuations. Specifically, changes in color-morph frequencies are modestly predictable through time (r2 = 0.14) and driven by complex selective regimes and yearly fluctuations in climate. In contrast, temporal changes in pattern-morph frequencies are highly predictable due to negative frequency-dependent selection (r2 = 0.86). For both traits, however, natural selection drives evoluti...

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Lipopolysaccharide is transported to the cell surface by a membrane-to-membrane protein bridge

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0100

Gram-negative bacteria have an outer membrane that serves as a barrier to noxious agents in the environment. This protective function is dependent on lipopolysaccharide, a large glycolipid located in the outer leaflet of the outer membrane. Lipopolysaccharide is synthesized at the cytoplasmic membrane and must be transported to the cell surface. To understand this transport process, we reconstituted membrane-to-membrane movement of lipopolysaccharide by incorporating purified inner and outer membrane transport complexes into separate proteoliposomes. Transport involved stable association between the inner and outer membrane proteoliposomes. Our results support a model in which lipopolysaccharide molecules are pushed one after the other in a PEZ dispenser–like manner across a protein ...



Food waste is costing us all: The environmental and financial cost of spoiled food

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 22:21:30 +0100

(Natural News) You wouldn’t suspect bananas, apples, tomatoes, salad, sweet peppers, pears and grapes to be the primary culprits of a costly crime. Yet according to an AlphaGalileo article, a Swedish research team identified those aforementioned fresh produce to comprise nearly half of the food that goes to waste on the shelves of retail stores.... (Source: NaturalNews.com)



'Paramedic ants' observed treating injured comrades

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 18:05:19 +0100

The social insects have been seen cleaning wounds and possibly administering antibiotics to prevent infectionWhen the battle is done the victors head home, their march broken only to gather the wounded, who are hauled back to base for life-saving treatment.Not a heroic scene from the second world war, but the daily grind for African Matabele ants, which leave their nests in the hundreds to launch raids on feeding termites – and risk life and limb in the process.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Marine scientists urge protection for endangered shellfish reefs

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 17:00:52 +0100

Shellfish reefs, formed by oysters or mussels in or near estuaries, have declined by up 99% since British colonisationMarine scientists are lobbying the federal government to ensure protection for Australia ’s most endangered – but least known – ocean ecosystem.Shellfish reefs, formed by millions of oysters or mussels clustering together in or near the mouths of estuaries, have declined by up 99% since British colonisation.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Nektar lands record $3.6B deal with Bristol-Myers Squibb for cancer immunotherapy

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 16:47:19 +0100

Bristol-Myers Squibb (NYSE:BMY) could fork over as much as $3.63 billion for the rights to Nektar Therapeutics‘ (NSDQ:NKTR) cancer immunotherapy drug, according to a deal announced today by the two companies. Nektar’s NKTR-214, which is still in development, is designed to boost the number of cancer-killing T-cells around the tumor’s micro-environment. Bristol-Myers Squibb plans to pair the investigational therapy with its own cancer drug, Opdivo, across more than 20 indications in nine tumor types. Get the full story at our sister site, Drug Delivery Business News. The post Nektar lands record $3.6B deal with Bristol-Myers Squibb for cancer immunotherapy appeared first on MassDevice. (Source: Mass Device)

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Integrating Oral Health, Primary Care, and Health Literacy: Considerations for Health Professional Practice, Education and Policy (2017)

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 15:40:15 +0100

Paper reports on an environmental scan commissioned by the National Academies to explore ways in which health literacy principles and practices can promote effective integration of oral health and primary care. (Source: HSR Information Central)



Only U.S. Cryotherapy Trial for Mesothelioma Finds Success

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 13:48:52 +0100

Thoracic surgeon Dr. Shanda Blackmon at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, believes there is a place for cryotherapy in the future multidisciplinary treatment of pleural mesothelioma. She wants to show it with this groundbreaking clinical trial. “We think [cryotherapy] could play an important role in treatment,” Blackmon told Asbestos.com. “So far, things look promising, but you can’t say anything specific without more numbers. Right now, it’s a little like telling a story.” Cryotherapy involves destroying cancer cells, or any abnormal tissues, by freezing them with controlled nitrogen vapors. It is often used for external tumors and applied directly with a spraying device. It also is used internally with a tube called a cryoprobe for several types of cancers and precance...



What fossils reveal about the spider family tree is far from horrifying | Susannah Lydon

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 13:09:39 +0100

Recent fossils in amber tell us how spiders evolved into their modern groups, but the fossil record for arachnids goes much deeperThe discovery of a100m-year-old spider ancestor with a whip-like tail, bearing a more than slight resemblance to everyone ’s favourite parasitoid alien –the facehugger– gained a lot of media interest last week. Some arachnologists were upset by both the language of fear in the coverage (“creepy” and “horrifying” were popular descriptions) and by some folks expressing a desire to nuke it from orbit. It seems that despite (or perhaps because) of the inten se responses that spiders evoke in people, there is always an interest in where and how they evolved.The newly described species,Chimerarachne yingi, was based on two specimens found in amber of abo...



Common chemicals in environment could have an impact in body weight

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 12:00:00 +0100

PFASs, chemicals commonly found in consumer products, may be linked to a dysregulation in body weight, according to a study inPLOS Medicine.Science Daily (Source: Society for Endocrinology)



Nursing in nature: Matabele ants observed treating injured comrades

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 06:30:00 +0100

The social insects have been seen cleaning wounds and possibly administering antibiotics to prevent infectionWhen the battle is done the victors head home, their march broken only to gather the wounded, who are hauled back to base for life-saving treatment.Not a heroic scene from the second world war, but the daily grind for African Matabele ants, which leave their nests in the hundreds to launch raids on feeding termites – and risk life and limb in the process.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

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'Evolution in real time': silent crickets still singing for a mate

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 06:01:10 +0100

Scientists are fascinated that Hawaiian crickets still perform their vigorous mating call, despite having evolved to lose their song to avoid a deadly new parasiteMale field crickets traditionally attract a mate by “singing” – creating a sound by rhythmically scraping their wings back and forth.In Hawaii, however, their song attracts a less welcome female: parasitic flies, whose larvae devour and kill the crickets from the inside out.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Monitoring bacteria on whale skin

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution) Just like with humans, the skin on marine mammals serves as an important line of defense against pathogens in their environment. A new study sheds light on the skin microbiome--a group of microorganisms that live on skin--in healthy humpback whales, which could aid in future efforts to monitor their health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



Uniting diverse research areas to drive autonomous cars

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(Worcester Polytechnic Institute) Two engineers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) are combining their work in decision making for self-driving cars and wireless communications to find the key to developing self-driving cars that can operate safely and efficiently, even in complex city environments. With a three-year, $425,000 award from the National Science Foundation, they seek to create a network that will enable these vehicles to share information about everything from traffic flow to road conditions and accidents. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)