Subscribe: MedWorm: Speech-Language Pathology
http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Speech-Therapy.xml
Preview: MedWorm: Speech-Language Pathology

MedWorm: Speech-Language Pathology



MedWorm.com provides a medical RSS filtering service. Over 7000 RSS medical sources are combined and output via different filters. This feed contains the latest news and research in Speech-Language Pathology



Last Build Date: Mon, 28 Mar 2016 03:34:32 +0100

 



When variables align: A Bayesian multinomial mixed-effects model of English permissive constructions

Mon, 28 Mar 2016 01:34:07 +0100

Journal Name: Cognitive LinguisticsIssue: Ahead of print (Source: Cognitive Linguistics)

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




The role of DO-auxiliary in subject-auxiliary inversion: Developing Langacker’s notion of existential negotiation

Mon, 28 Mar 2016 01:34:07 +0100

Journal Name: Cognitive LinguisticsIssue: Ahead of print (Source: Cognitive Linguistics)



Metaphor in culture: LIFE IS A SHOW in Chinese

Mon, 28 Mar 2016 01:34:07 +0100

Journal Name: Cognitive LinguisticsIssue: Ahead of print (Source: Cognitive Linguistics)



Number agreement in copular constructions: A treebank-based investigation

Sat, 26 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 27 March 2016 Source:Lingua Author(s): Frank Van Eynde, Liesbeth Augustinus, Vincent Vandeghinste This paper has both a theoretical and a methodological objective. The theoretical one concerns the modeling of number agreement in copular constructions. For that purpose it adopts the distinction, familiar from Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar, between morpho-syntactic agreement (also known as concord) and index agreement. The methodological objective concerns the demonstration of how treebanks can be exploited in order to guide the formulation of relevant generalizations. For that purpose we crucially rely on tools and resources that have recently been developed in the framework of the Dutch-Flemish stevin program (2004–2011) and the European cla...



Acoustic Data-Driven Grapheme-to-Phoneme Conversion in the Probabilistic Lexical Modeling Framework

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

This article presents a novel G2P formalism which learns the grapheme-to-phoneme relationship through acoustic data and potentially relaxes the need for an initial phonemic lexicon in the target language. The formalism involves a training part followed by an inference part. In the training part, the grapheme-to-phoneme relationship is captured in a probabilistic lexical modeling framework. In this framework, a hidden Markov model (HMM) is trained in which each HMM state representing a grapheme is parameterized by a categorical distribution of phonemes. Then in the inference part, given the orthographic transcription of the word and the learned HMM, the most probable sequence of phonemes is inferred. In this article, we show that the recently proposed acoustic G2P approach in the Kullback-L...



Short-term UV-B exposure induces metabolic and anatomical changes in peel of harvested lemons contributing in fruit protection against green mold

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Publication date: June 2016 Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 159 Author(s): V.E. Ruiz, R. Interdonato, L. Cerioni, P. Albornoz, J. Ramallo, F.E. Prado, M. Hilal, V.A. Rapisarda UV-B radiation (UVBR) is a small fraction of the solar spectrum from 280 to 315nm. UVBR produces photomorphogenic acclimation responses in plants, modulating their cellular structure and physiology. Here, changes in the peel of harvested lemons after short time exposure to UVBR were analyzed and its potential effects against fungal infection were studied. In the flavedo, UVBR treatment induced variations in the respiratory profiles and increased the phenolic compound contents. Final products of the flavonoid pathway (flavones, flavonols and anthocyanins) increased more m...

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Effects of language experience on the discrimination of the Portuguese palatal lateral by nonnative listeners.

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Authors: Santos Oliveira D, M Casenhiser D, Hedrick M, Teixeira A, Bunta F Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate (1) whether manner or place takes precedence over the other during a phonological category discrimination task and (2) whether this pattern of precedence persists during the early stages of acquisition of the L2. In doing so, we investigated the Portuguese palatal lateral approximant /ʎ/ since it differs from English /l/ only by the place of articulation, and from English /j/ only by the manner of articulation. Our results indicate that monolinguals' perception of the non-native sound is dominated by manner while Portuguese learners show a different pattern of results. The results are interpreted as being consistent with evidence suggesting that manner m...



Phonetic and phonological perspectives on the acquisition of voice onset time by French-speaking children.

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Authors: A N MacLeod A Abstract The goal of the present article is to describe the acquisition of the phonetic details and phonological categories of stop consonants in French. To this end, the stop consonants produced by children aged 2-4 years were transcribed and acoustically analysed. Stop consonants provide an interesting window in phonetic and phonological development since they are among the first phonemes to be acquired in French (MacLeod, Sutton, Thordardottir & Trudeau, 2011), yet the mastery of the phonetic detail of these phonemes can be more drawn out (Allen, 1985). The results of the study indicate that these children are producing significant voicing contrasts between homorganic stops using voice onset time, but at the phonetic level their productions are not yet...






Effect of Bolus Viscosity on the Safety and Efficacy of Swallowing and the Kinematics of the Swallow Response in Patients with Oropharyngeal Dysphagia: White Paper by the European Society for Swallowing Disorders (ESSD)

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusions The ESSD concludes that there is evidence for increasing viscosity to reduce the risk of airway invasion and that it is a valid management strategy for OD. However, new thickening agents should be developed to avoid the negative effects of increasing viscosity on residue, palatability, and treatment compliance. New randomised controlled trials should establish the optimal viscosity level for each phenotype of dysphagic patients and descriptors, terminology and viscosity measurements must be standardised. This white paper is the first step towards the development of a clinical guideline on bolus modification for patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia. (Source: Dysphagia)



Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Voice Handicap Index into Thai.

Thu, 24 Mar 2016 11:39:02 +0100

CONCLUSION: The Thai VHI has high reliability and validity. The Thai version of VHI is considered to be a self-assessment tool for the severity of voice disorders in Thai patients. PMID: 27004305 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Ablative fractional laser enhances MAL-induced PpIX accumulation: Impact of laser channel density, incubation time and drug concentration

Wed, 23 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Conclusion MAL-induced protoporphyrin accumulation is augmented by enhancing AFL densities up to 5%. Further, this model indicates that incubation time as well as drug concentration of MAL may be reduced with laser pretreatment. (Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology)



Ultra-efficient photocatalytic deprivation of methylene blue and biological activities of biogenic silver nanoparticles

Wed, 23 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

In this study, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were successfully synthesized using the aqueous extract of Lychee (Litchi chinensis) fruit peel and an aqueous solution of silver nitrate (AgNO3). The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by several analytical techniques i.e. UV–Vis Spectroscopy, XRD (X-ray diffraction spectroscopy), EDX (electron dispersive X-ray), SAED (selected area electron diffraction), HRTEM (high-resolution transmission electron microscopy), and FTIR (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy). HRTEM and XRD results indicated that the prepared AgNPs are spherical in shape, well dispersed and face centered cubic crystalline. AgNPs showed potent antibacterial properties against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Bacillus subtilis. The minimum inhibitory con...



Dynamic measures of voice stability in young and old adults.

Wed, 23 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Authors: Bier SD, Watson CI, McCann CM Abstract This paper examines age-related differences in voice quality between 15 young and 15 old speakers, using electroglottographic (EGG) recordings of three elicitation types: sustained vowels, hVd word lists, and readings of the Rainbow Passage. For each elicitation type, fundamental frequency (F0), contact quotient (Qx), and their standard deviations are analysed. Results found, for all three elicitations, that Qx was significantly lower for older speakers. F0 was higher for the older speakers, but this was only significant for the hVd word lists. Sustained vowels were used to examine the effect of target pitch and loudness on F0 and Qx. Both Qx and F0 were raised with increased target loudness. The hVd word lists were used to examine th...



Same, different, or closely related: What is the relationship between language production and comprehension?

Tue, 22 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 22 March 2016 Source:Journal of Memory and Language Author(s): Antje S. Meyer, Falk Huettig, Willem J.M. Levelt (Source: Journal of Memory and Language)



The independence of syntactic processing in Mandarin: Evidence from structural priming

Tue, 22 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

We report five experiments that used a structural priming paradigm to investigate the independence of syntactic processing in Mandarin. In a recognition memory task, Mandarin native speakers described ditransitive events after repeating prime sentences with a double object (DO) or prepositional object (PO) structure. Participants tended to repeat syntactic structure across prime and target sentences. Critically, this tendency occurred whether or not semantic features (animacy of the recipient) were also repeated across sentences, both when the verb was repeated and when it was not. We conclude that Mandarin speakers compute independent syntactic representations during language processing. (Source: Journal of Memory and Language)

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Complex prosodic focus marking in Finnish: Expanding the data landscape

Tue, 22 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Publication date: May 2016 Source:Journal of Phonetics, Volume 56 Author(s): Anja Arnhold By investigating prosody beyond pitch and duration, this article provides a detailed and multifaceted picture of focus marking in a language that differs substantially from more extensively studied languages like English. A production study examined prosodic focus marking in Finnish based on acoustic analyses of 947 short SVO sentences spoken by 17 native speakers. The results indicated effects of information structure on five acoustic measures: f0, duration, intensity, the use of pauses and non-modal voice quality. Words in narrow focus had a larger f0 range, longer duration, larger intensity range and were followed by pauses more often than words in other information structural conditions. Conver...



Scientism in the language sciences

Tue, 22 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Publication date: May 2016 Source:Language & Communication, Volume 48 Author(s): Jon Orman The article identifies two broad strands of scientism in modern linguistic thought. The first is that of mainstream linguistics which consists in the unwarranted scientisation of a culture-specific, second order metalinguistic discourse. The second, and the main focus of the paper, is that found in more recent naturalistic approaches to language and cognition, notably the Distributed Language Approach (DLA), which involves a dogmatic rejection of attempts to make sense of folk metalinguistic discourse. Both forms of scientism are characterised by their strong reductionism. It is argued that if enquiry into language is to be reconceived along more fruitful and humanistic lines, such scienti...



Grammatical encoding and learning in agrammatic aphasia: Evidence from structural priming

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 21 March 2016 Source:Journal of Memory and Language Author(s): Soojin Cho-Reyes, Jennifer E. Mack, Cynthia K. Thompson The present study addressed open questions about the nature of sentence production deficits in agrammatic aphasia. In two structural priming experiments, 13 aphasic and 13 age-matched control speakers repeated visually- and auditorily-presented prime sentences, and then used visually-presented word arrays to produce dative sentences. Experiment 1 examined whether agrammatic speakers form structural and thematic representations during sentence production, whereas Experiment 2 tested the lasting effects of structural priming in lags of two and four sentences. Results of Experiment 1 showed that, like unimpaired speakers, the aphasic sp...



Acoustic-articulatory relationships and inversion in sum-product and deep-belief networks

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 21 March 2016 Source:Speech Communication Author(s): Frank Rudzicz, Arvid Frydenlund, Sean Robertson, Patricia Thaine We provide the first direct comparison of sum-product networks (SPNs) and deep-belief networks on speech, and the first application of SPNs to acoustic-articulatory inversion. Interestingly, speech from individuals with cerebral palsy is reconstructed significantly more accurately across all manners of articulation using SPNs than when using DBNs. In order to select appropriate input parameters, we first compare MFCCs, wavelets, scattering coefficients, and vocal ‘tract variables’ as predictor variables to phonological features. Here, MFCCs provide for more accurate classification over a broad array of phonological categories (in...



Volubility of the human infant: Effects of parental interaction (or lack of it).

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Authors: Iyer SN, Denson H, Lazar N, Oller DK Abstract Although parental volubility, or amount of talk, has received considerable recent attention, infant volubility has received comparatively little attention despite its potential significance for communicative risk status and later linguistic and cognitive outcomes. Volubility of 16 typically developing infants from 2 to 11 months of age was longitudinally investigated in the present study across three social circumstances: parent talking to infant, parent not talking to infant and parent talking to interviewer while the infant was in the room. Results indicated that volubility was least in the Interview circumstance. There were no significant differences in volubility between the parent Talk and No Talk circumstances. Volubility...

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Linguistic analysis of discourse in aphasia: A review of the literature.

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Authors: Bryant L, Ferguson A, Spencer E Abstract This review examined previous research applications of linguistic discourse analysis to assess the language of adults with aphasia. A comprehensive literature search of seven databases identified 165 studies that applied linguistic measures to samples of discourse collected from people with aphasia. Analysis of methodological applications revealed an increase in published research using linguistic discourse analysis over the past 40 years, particularly to measure the generalisation of therapy outcomes to language in use. Narrative language samples were most frequently subject to analysis though all language genres were observed across included studies. A total of 536 different linguistic measures were applied to examine language beh...



Microcephaly: Alainah’s story

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 12:29:21 +0100

Sixteen-month-old Alainah Therrien of Cape Cod was probably never exposed to the Zika virus. But she has a smaller-than-normal head and was diagnosed with microcephaly even before she was born. “I was told when I was 24 weeks pregnant that we would have a daughter who was mentally retarded,” recounts her mother Melissa. Melissa’s labor was induced at 36 weeks because Alainah had stopped growing. After Alainah was born, a tiny 5 pounds, Melissa saw the word microcephaly for the first time on the bottom of a medical form. The pediatrician didn’t know what microcephaly was, but thought perhaps the bones of Alainah’s skull had fused together prematurely. If so, she would need neurosurgery. “I’m going to refer you to a neurosurgeon in Boston,” she told Melissa. Alainah’s skull...



Voice/Non-voice Detection Using Phase of Zero Frequency Filtered Speech Signal

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 19 March 2016 Source:Speech Communication Author(s): Sunil Kumar S. B., K.Sreenivasa Rao Voice/non-voice detection refers to the task of detecting the presence or absence of vocal folds activity regions in the speech signal. Most of the existing state-of-the-art methods depend exclusively on the amplitude of the signal either in time or frequency domains, and their performance is significantly affected for weakly voiced, laryngeal transitions and noisy segments of speech. In this paper, we propose a robust method for detecting voice/non-voice regions in the speech signal based on the harmonics of the phase of the source signal. Here, the source signal is derived by removing the effect of vocal tract resonances from the speech signal by using zero freq...



An Acoustic Investigation of the Developmental Trajectory of Lexical Stress Contrastivity in Italian

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

We examined whether typically developing Italian children exhibit adult-like stress contrastivity for word productions elicited via a picture naming task (n=25 children aged 3-5 years and 27 adults). Stimuli were 10 trisyllabic Italian words; half, began with a weak-strong (WS) pattern of lexical stress across the initial 2 syllables, as in patata, while the other half began with a strong-weak (SW) pattern, as in gomito. Word productions that were identified as correct via perceptual judgements were analysed acoustically. The initial 2 syllables of each correct word production were analysed in terms of the duration, peak intensity, and peak fundamental frequency of the vowels using a relative measure of contrast – the normalised pairwise variability index (PVI). Results across the majori...



Influences of selective adaptation on perception of audiovisual speech

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

We examined how selective adaptation to audio and visual adaptors shift perception of speech along an audiovisual test continuum. This test-continuum consisted of nine audio-/ba/-visual-/va/ stimuli, ranging in visual clarity of the mouth. When the mouth was clearly visible, perceivers “heard” the audio-visual stimulus as an integrated “va” percept 93.7% of the time (e.g., McGurk & MacDonald, 1976). As visibility of the mouth became less clear across the nine-item continuum, the audio-visual “va” percept weakened, resulting in a continuum ranging in audio-visual percepts from /va/ to /ba/. Perception of the test-stimuli was tested before and after adaptation. Changes in audiovisual speech perception were observed following adaptation to visual-/va/ and audiovisual-/va/,...

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Optimization of process parameters for the rapid biosynthesis of hematite nanoparticles

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 19 March 2016 Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology Author(s): Kumar Rajendran, Shampa Sen Hematite (α-Fe2O3) nanoparticles are widely used in various applications including gas sensors, pigments owing to its low cost, environmental friendliness, non-toxicity and high resistance to corrosion. These nanoparticles were generally synthesized by different chemical methods. In the present study, nanoparticles were synthesized rapidly without heat treatment by biosynthesis approach using culture supernatant of Bacillus cereus SVK1. The physiochemical parameters for rapid synthesis were optimized by using UV–visible spectroscopy. The time taken for hematite nanoparticle synthesis was found to increase with the increasing concentrati...



Cadmium oxide nanoparticles grown in situ on reduced graphene oxide for enhanced photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue dye under ultraviolet irradiation

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 19 March 2016 Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology Author(s): Sumeet Kumar, Animesh K. Ojha, Bernd Walkenfort Cadmium oxide (CdO) nanoparticles (NPs), reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and rGO-CdO nanocomposites have been synthesized using one step hydrothermal method. The structural and optical properties of CdO NPs, rGO, and rGO-CdO nanocomposites were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), Raman spectroscopy (RS), ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy (UV–Vis.) and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy techniques. The rGO has a sharp 2D peak compared to GO. The sharp nature of 2D band may be due to the larger contribution from single layer s...



Use of outcome measurement by paediatric AHPs in Northern Ireland.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Clinicians would benefit from protected time and support from experts/role models to promote and facilitate best practice in the use of OM. Furthermore, funding for AHP services based on measurable outcomes for service users would facilitate their use in practice. Further research teasing out the different types of OM and the supports and barriers to their use would be very valuable. PMID: 26997123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)



Raffaele Simone and Francesca Masini: Word classes: Nature, typology and representations

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 08:34:09 +0100

Journal Name: Cognitive LinguisticsIssue: Ahead of print (Source: Cognitive Linguistics)



IALP News

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 08:34:02 +0100

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2015;67:219-220 (Source: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica)

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Rehabilitation utilization following a work-related traumatic brain injury: a sex-based examination of workers' compensation claims in Victoria, Australia - Guerriero EN, Smith PM, Stergiou-Kita M, Colantonio A.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 06:34:47 +0100

OBJECTIVES: To report on and examine differences in the use of four types of rehabilitation services (occupational therapy, physiotherapy, psychology, and speech therapy) by men and women following a work-related traumatic brain injury in Victoria, Austral... (Source: SafetyLit)



Effects of Cleft Width and Veau Type on Incidence of Palatal Fistula and Velopharyngeal Insufficiency After Cleft Palate Repair

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 18:19:30 +0100

Conclusions: This retrospective review is one of the first from the United States to explore the associations between measured cleft width and outcomes after palatoplasty. Overall rates of palatal fistula and VPI were low, corroborating previous studies showing good outcomes with the 2-flap palatoplasty. After adjusting for multiple variables including Veau type, cleft width was associated with higher VPI rates but not with fistula formation. Cleft width is a unique preoperative factor that should be considered and studied as a potential predictor of outcomes. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)



Detecting Aspiration and Penetration Using FEES With and Without Food Dye

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

The objective of this investigation was to determine if there were differences in identifying airway invasion (penetration or aspiration) during fiberoptic endoscopic evaluations of swallowing (FEES) for green-dyed versus non-dyed liquids. Forty adult inpatients in an acute care hospital underwent FEES, with both green-dyed liquids and naturally white liquids. Three speech-language pathologists rated aspiration and penetration for trials of nectar-thick milk and thin milk, both with and without green food dye. A subset of participants having excess pharyngeal/laryngeal secretions, as measured by the Secretions Severity Scale, were also analyzed for a difference in the detection of airway invasion and pharyngeal residue. No significant differences were found between dyes in airway invasion ...



Synthesis, interactions, molecular structure, biological properties and molecular docking studies on Mn, Co, Zn complexes containing acetylacetone and pyridine ligands with DNA duplex

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 18 March 2016 Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology Author(s): V. Thamilarasan, N. Sengottuvelan, N. Stalin, P. Srinivasan, G. Chakkaravarthi Three metal complexes (1–3) of the type [Mn(acac)2(py)·H2O] (1), [Co(acac)2(py)·H2O] (2) and [Zn(acac)2(py)·H2O] (3), [Where acac=acetylacetone, py=pyridine] were synthesized and characterized by spectral (UV–vis, FT-IR, ESI-mass) analysis. The structure of complex 2 has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies and the configuration of ligand-coordinated to metal(II) ion was well described as distorted octahedral coordination geometry. The interaction of the complexes with CT-DNA has been explored by absorption, fluorescence, circular dichromism spectroscopy, v...

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




The effect of He-Ne and Ga-Al-As lasers on the healing of oral mucosa in diabetic mice

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This study aims to determine the effect of LLLT (He-Ne and Ga-Al-As laser) on the process of wound healing in the hard palate among diabetic and non-diabetic mice. 90 adult male mice were divided into six groups. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus was induced in three groups by means of injection of STZ. Of these, one group was irradiated with He-Ne laser (DH group), one with Ga-Al-As laser (DG group) and one did not undergo any LLLT (DC group). The remaining groups were non-diabetic which were allotted to laser therapy with He-Ne laser (NH group) or with Ga-Al-As laser (NG group) or no LLLT (NC group). Five animals from each group were killed on the third, seventh, and 14days after surgery, and biopsies were made for histological analysis. On the 3rd and 7th day after the surgery, the number of pol...



“Tell me what you are thinking”: An investigation of five Latina LTELs constructing meaning with academic texts

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This article uses a literacy-as-social-practice perspective to examine the reading practices that five high school LTELs vocalized during think-alouds with biology and English language arts texts. The findings document the focal students’ detailed understandings of the texts and identify four categories of meaning-making practices in which students engaged to differing extents during think-alouds: summarizing and identifying important information; making connections to background knowledge; going beyond the text; and recognizing limitations. These findings are significant because they provide a much-needed depiction of the actual reading practices of students who have remained classified as ELs for all or most of their academic trajectory. (Source: Linguistics and Education)



Oropharyngeal exercises in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea: our experience.

Fri, 18 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSION: Graded oropharyngeal exercise therapy increases the compliance and also reduces the severity of mild to moderate OSAS. PMID: 26993338 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)



Synergistic effects of ultraviolet-B and methyl jasmonate on tanshinone biosynthesis in Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy roots

Thu, 17 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 17 March 2016 Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology Author(s): Cong Hui Wang, Li Ping Zheng, Hao Tian, Jian Wen Wang Tanshinones are major bioactive diterpenoids of Salvia miltiorrhiza roots used for the treatment of cardiocerebral diseases. To develop effective elicitation and bioprocess strategies for the enhanced production of tanshinones, ultraviolet-B (UV-B) irradiation and methyl jasmonate (MeJA) elicitation were applied alone or in combination respectively in S. miltiorrhiza hairy root cultures. Our results showed 40-min UV-B irradiation at 40μW/cm2 stimulated tanshinone production without any suppression of root growth, suggesting a new effective elicitor to S. miltiorrhiza hairy root cultures for tanshinone productio...



Enhanced apoptotic cancer cell killing after Foscan photodynamic therapy combined with fenretinide via de novo sphingolipid biosynthesis pathway

Thu, 17 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

In this study we tested the hypothesis that combining Foscan-mediated PDT with desaturase inhibitor fenretinide (HPR) enhances cancer cell killing. We discovered that by subjecting SCC19 cells, a human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell line, to PDT+HPR resulted in enhanced accumulation of C16-dihydroceramide, not ceramide. Concomitantly, mitochondrial depolarization was enhanced by the combined treatment. Enhanced activation of caspase-3 after PDT+HPR was inhibited by FB. Enhanced clonogenic cell death after the combination was sensitive to FB, as well as Bcl2- and caspase inhibitors. Treatment of mouse SCCVII squamous cell carcinoma tumors with PDT+HPR resulted in improved long-term tumor cures. Overall, our data showed that combining PDT with HPR enhanced apoptotic cancer cell k...

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Misperception patterns of American English consonants by Japanese listeners in reverberant and noisy environments

Thu, 17 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 16 March 2016 Source:Speech Communication Author(s): Hinako Masuda Perceiving non-native sounds in adverse listening environments is challenging, even for proficient learners. An identification experiment in quiet, three reverberant (RT=0.78s, 1.12s, 1.43s) and multispeaker babble+reverberant environments was carried out to investigate the relation of listening environments and non-native language proficiency. This research aims to elucidate 1) Japanese and English listeners’ identification of intervocalic English consonants in quiet and adverse listening environments, and 2) the correlation of identification rates with the Japanese listeners’ TOEIC® scores, age of onset of English acquisition and length of residence in English-speaking countries....



Relations Among Detection of Syllable Stress, Speech Abnormalities, and Communicative Ability in Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Thu, 17 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions: Our findings provide empirical evidence for deficits on primary syllable stress perception in ASD and its role on sociocommunicative difficulties. This information could facilitate the development of effective interventions for speech and language therapy and social communication. PMID: 26985778 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR)



Phonological processing in children with specific language impairment with and without reading difficulties.

Thu, 17 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This is the first study contrasting input and output processes associated with phonological processing. The results suggest that deficits in SLI plus RDI may be associated with impairment in actively maintaining phonological representations for phonological processing, which is not present in those without RDI and which leads to reading decoding difficulties. PMID: 26992032 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)



Comments on Selected Recent Dysphagia Literature

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

(Source: Dysphagia)

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Parameters of Instrumental Swallowing Evaluations: Describing a Diagnostic Dilemma

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Abstract The aim of this study was to compare selected parameters of two swallow evaluations: fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) and the modified barium swallow (MBS) study. This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study. Fifty-five clinicians were asked to watch video recordings of swallow evaluations of 2 patients that were done using fluoroscopy and endoscopy simultaneously. In a randomized order, clinicians viewed 4 edited videos from simultaneous evaluations: the FEES and MBS videos of patient 1 and 2 each taking one swallow of 5 mL applesauce. Clinicians filled out a questionnaire that asked (1) which anatomical sites they could visualize on each video, (2) where they saw pharyngeal residue after a swallow, (3) their overall clinical impression of the phar...



Kelsey’s transformation: From stroke survivor to motivational speaker

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 10:57:14 +0100

“When I woke up after my stroke, all I wanted was to be normal again,” recalls Kelsey Tainsh. Normal — as in a healthy teen athlete who could brush her teeth and shower on her own, who wasn’t wheelchair-bound, who wasn’t compelled to hide her paralyzed right hand in her pocket everywhere she went, one who hadn’t lost all of her high school friends except for her two triplet sisters. Now, this world-champion athlete not only learned to walk and talk again but also to embrace her differences. “Our hardest obstacles can be our biggest opportunities,” she says. Kelsey’s first taste of being different came at age 5. She was diagnosed with a brain tumor — an optic pathway pilocytic astrocytoma. Her parents brought her from their home in Winter Park, Florida, to Boston Childr...



Perceptual, durational and tongue displacement measures following articulation therapy for rhotic sound errors.

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This study described perceptual, durational and tongue displacement changes over 10 sessions of articulation therapy for /ɹ/ in six children. Four of the participants also received ultrasound biofeedback of their tongue shape. Speech and tongue movement were recorded pre-therapy, after 5 sessions, in the final session and at a one month follow-up. Perceptually, listeners perceived improvement and classified more productions as /ɹ/ in the final and follow-up assessments. The durations of VɹV syllables at the midway point of the therapy were longer. Cumulative tongue displacement increased in the final session. The average standard deviation was significantly higher in the middle and final assessments. The duration and tongue displacement measures illustrated how articulation therapy affe...



The perceived impact of stuttering on personality as measured by the NEO-FFI-3.

Wed, 16 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Authors: Banerjee S, Casenhiser D, Hedinger T, Kittilstved T, Saltuklaroglu T Abstract The NEO-FFI has been widely used to demonstrate personality differences between people who stutter (PWS) and those who do not. These differences can be interpreted as indicators of internal sources of disability that contribute to handicaps associated with stuttering. The aim of the current study was to use this same tool to determine the perceived impact of stuttering on personality in order to provide a similar indicator of how external factors may contribute to the stuttering disability. A total of 49 non-stuttering young adults were given the NEO-FFI-3 after watching a video of someone stuttering (moderately to severely) and after watching a video of someone speaking fluently. Participants we...



Conducting Real-Time Videofluoroscopic Swallow Study via Telepractice: A Preliminary Feasibility and Reliability Study

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Abstract A small number of studies have examined the feasibility of conducting videofluoroscopic swallow studies (VFSS) via telepractice. While the results have confirmed this potential, the systems tested to date have either reported issues that impacted the ability to analyze/interpret the VFSS recordings in real time, or they were not designed to enable real-time interpretation. Further system design is needed to establish a telepractice model that enables the VFSS assessment to be both guided and interpreted live in real time. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and reliability of using a telepractice system to enable live VFSS assessment. Twenty adult patients underwent a VFSS assessment directed by a telepractice SLP with competency in VFSS located in anoth...

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Audiovisual perceptual learning with multiple speakers

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: May 2016 Source:Journal of Phonetics, Volume 56 Author(s): Aaron D. Mitchel, Chip Gerfen, Daniel J. Weiss One challenge for speech perception is between-speaker variability in the acoustic parameters of speech. For example, the same phoneme (e.g. the vowel in “cat”) may have substantially different acoustic properties when produced by two different speakers and yet the listener must be able to interpret these disparate stimuli as equivalent. Perceptual tuning, the use of contextual information to adjust phonemic representations, may be one mechanism that helps listeners overcome obstacles they face due to this variability during speech perception. Here we test whether visual contextual cues to speaker identity may facilitate the formation and maintenance of distr...



Synthesis, characterization, crystal structure, DNA and BSA binding, molecular docking and in vitro anticancer activities of a mononuclear dioxido-uranium(VI) complex derived from a tridentate ONO aroylhydrazone

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: May 2016 Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 158 Author(s): Maryam Mohamadi, S. Yousef Ebrahimipour, Jesus Castro, Masoud Torkzadeh-Mahani A mononuclear dioxido-uranium(IV) complex [UO2(L)(DMSO)2], was prepared from the reaction of (2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)benzohydrazide [HL] with UO2(OAc)2·2H2O in DMSO. The obtained complex was fully characterized. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis of [UO2(L)(DMSO)2] revealed that U(VI) ion has been coordinated by ONO donor atoms of the dianionic ligand (L2−), oxo groups and two DMSO molecules in a pentagonal bipyramid geometry. In addition, interactions of the complex with salmon sperm DNA and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were thoroughly investigated using UV–vis absorption, volta...



Effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on the nutritional and active ingredient contents during the floral development of medicinal chrysanthemum

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: May 2016 Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 158 Author(s): Chun Hui Ma, Jian Zhou Chu, Xiao Fei Shi, Cun Qi Liu, Xiao Qin Yao The paper mainly studied the effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on the nutritional and active ingredient contents during the floral development of medicinal chrysanthemum. The experiment included two levels of UV-B radiation (0 and 400μWcm−2). The contents of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), anthocyanin, UV-B absorbing compounds, total chlorophyll and carotenoids, and the activities of phenylalanine ammonia lyase enzyme (PAL) and cinnamic acid-4-hydroxylase enzyme (C4H) in flowers significantly decreased with the floral development. However, the contents of soluble sugar, amino acid and total vitamin C in flower...



Functional metal sulfides and selenides for the removal of hazardous dyes from Water

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 15 March 2016 Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology Author(s): Umair Shamraiz, Raja Azadar Hussain, Amin Badshah, Bareera Raza, Sonia Saba Water contamination by organic dyes, is among the most alarming threats to healthy green environment. Complete removal of organic dyes is necessary to make water healthy for drinking, cooking, and for other useful aspects. Recently use of nanotechnology for removing organic dyes, became fruitful because of high surface to volume ratio and adsorption properties. Among these materials, metal chalcogenides emerge as new class of active materials for water purification. In this review article, we gathered information related to sulfide and selenide based nanomaterials which include metal sulfi...



Do acting out verbs with dolls and comparison learning between scenes boost toddlers' verb comprehension?

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Authors: Schwarz AL, VAN Kleeck A, Maguire MJ, Abdi H Abstract To better understand how toddlers integrate multiple learning strategies to acquire verbs, we compared sensorimotor recruitment and comparison learning because both strategies are thought to boost children's access to scene-level information. For sensorimotor recruitment, we tested having toddlers use dolls as agents and compared this strategy with having toddlers observe another person enact verbs with dolls. For comparison learning, we compared providing pairs of: (a) training scenes in which animate objects with similar body-shapes maintained agent/patient roles with (b) scenes in which objects with dissimilar body-shapes switched agent/patient roles. Only comparison learning boosted verb comprehension. PMID: 269...

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Electrophysiological indices of brain activity to content and function words in discourse.

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The results of this study support the view that the right LAP is an index of general discourse processing rather than an index of word class. These findings demonstrate that the LAP can be used to study discourse processing in populations with compromised metalinguistic skills, such as adults with aphasia or traumatic brain injury. PMID: 26992119 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)



Diagnostic accuracy of repetition tasks for the identification of specific language impairment (SLI) in bilingual children: evidence from Russian and Hebrew.

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The results are very promising for identifying SLI in bilingual children and for showing that testing in the majority language with bilingual cut-off points can provide an accurate classification. PMID: 26990037 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)



Narrative abilities of monolingual and bilingual children with and without language impairment: implications for clinical practice.

Tue, 15 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This study confirms the hypothesis that measures of narrative macro-structure are not biased against children who have less experience with a particular language, like bilinguals. In addition, it indicates that using narratives to assess children's language abilities can support the identification of LI in both a monolingual and a bilingual context. PMID: 26989878 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)



Dissociations among linguistic, cognitive, and auditory-motor neuroanatomical domains in children who stutter.

Mon, 14 Mar 2016 23:00:00 +0100

Authors: Choo AL, Burnham E, Hicks K, Chang SE Abstract The onset of developmental stuttering typically occurs between 2 to 4 years of age, coinciding with a period of rapid development in speech, language, motor and cognitive domains. Previous studies have reported generally poorer performance and uneven, or "dissociated" development across speech and language domains in children who stutter (CWS) relative to children who do not stutter (CWNS) (Anderson, Pellowski, & Conture, 2005). The aim of this study was to replicate and expand previous findings by examining whether CWS exhibit dissociated development across speech-language, cognitive, and motor domains that are also reflected in measures of neuroanatomical development. Participants were 66CWS (23 females) and 53CWNS (26 f...



When do language comprehenders mentally simulate locations?

Mon, 14 Mar 2016 18:19:08 +0100

Journal Name: Cognitive LinguisticsIssue: Ahead of print (Source: Cognitive Linguistics)



Practice variations in voice treatment selection following vocal fold mucosal resection

Sat, 12 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

ConclusionThe majority of Medicare patients do not undergo voice treatment following vocal fold mucosal resection. Further, the treatments analyzed here appear disproportionally utilized based on patient sex, age, and socioeconomic status. Additional research is needed to determine whether these observations reflect clinically explainable differences or disparities in care. Level of Evidence2c. Laryngoscope, 2016 (Source: The Laryngoscope)



Utility of a Clinical Swallowing Exam for Understanding Swallowing Physiology

Sat, 12 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Abstract A clinical swallowing examination (CSE) is generally believed to be inadequate for making judgments regarding swallowing physiology compared to objective assessments. A large volume of studies has heavily focused on identifying aspiration using a CSE and research addressing physiologic information gathered from a CSE is sparse. The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of the CSE for assessing physiology compared to videofluoroscopic swallowing studies (VFSS). Data were derived from a prior investigation of sixty adult patients post-stroke tested with CSE and VFSS. The CSE included an examination of historical measures, oral motor/speech/voice, and trial swallows. The VFSS consisted of swallows of controlled portions of thin, thick, puree, and solid boluses...



A Systematic Review of the Prevalence of Oropharyngeal Dysphagia in Stroke, Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimer’s Disease, Head Injury, and Pneumonia

Sat, 12 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Abstract Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a common condition after stroke, Parkinson’s disease (PD), and Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and can cause serious complications including malnutrition, aspiration pneumonia, and premature mortality. Despite its high prevalence among the elderly and associated serious complications, dysphagia is often overlooked and under-diagnosed in vulnerable patient populations. This systematic review aimed to improve understanding and awareness of the prevalence of dysphagia in susceptible patient populations. MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, PROSPERO, and disease-specific websites were systematically searched for studies reporting oropharyngeal dysphagia prevalence or incidence in people with stroke, PD, AD, traumatic brain injury, and community-acqu...



Direct measurement of singlet oxygen by using a photomultiplier tube-based detection system

Sat, 12 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 12 March 2016 Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology Author(s): In-Wook Kim, Jae Myung Park, Yoon Jin Roh, Ju Hee Kim, Myung-Gyu Choi, Tayyaba hasan The effective dosimetry for photodynamic therapy (PDT) can be specified by direct measurement of singlet oxygen (1O2) production. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of a newly developed photomultiplier tube (PMT)-based singlet oxygen detection (SOD) system. The lowest and highest 1O2 concentrations detectable by the PMT-SOD system were 15nM and 10μM, respectively. Dose-dependent quenching, by NaN3, of the fluorogenic reaction was observed, which was negatively correlated with the 1O2 level measured by the PMT-SOD system. The lifetime of 1O2, as measured...

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Variation in word formation in situations of language contact: The case of Cappadocian Greek

Sat, 12 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: May 2016 Source:Language Sciences, Volume 55 Author(s): Dimitra Melissaropoulou This paper deals with variation in word-formation, i.e. derivational prefixation and suffixation, in situations of language contact and uses as a starting point dialectal innovations attested in Cappadocian Greek. The analysis involves both social and linguistic explanatory parameters, in order to offer further insights into contact-induced morphological change. Our data show that a unified account, whether primarily intra-linguistic or primarily extra-linguistic, cannot provide an adequate overall interpretation of the phenomena we investigate. Only a combined account, which addresses both internal and external developments, offers a perspective wide enough to offer an adequate explanation...



Editorial

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

(Source: Revista CEFAC)



Otoneurological screening of civil construction workers performing work at height

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: one third of the construction workers who perform work at height presented otoneurological screening results that indicate alteration. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Long latency auditory evoked potential: differences in count form of rare stimulus

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: there were no differences for the latencies and amplitudes of the long latency potentials in comparison of the rare stimulus score (counting mentally and marking on paper) for almost all potentials except for P2 potential regarding to amplitude and latency. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Study about the consequences of different sound pressure levels emitted by magnetic resonance imaging equipment

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: the use of hearing protectors is relevant as a preventive measure for controlling the level of noise that affects the individual's cochlea, thus minimizing the physical and psycho-social effects resulting from noise exposure. (Source: Revista CEFAC)

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Effects of age, schooling and hearing loss on temporal processing in elderly

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: Temporal resolution ability in elderly individuals with hearing loss and a lesser level of education are impaired to a greater extent. There was no correlation between age and performance at temporal tests. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Quality of life and aspects of hearing of collective urban transport workers

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: the workers of public transport in the present study showed a good level of quality of life, considerable knowledge and limited complaints with regard to hearing issues, tinnitus and dizziness. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Brainstem auditory evoked potentials in smokers

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: the results of the study led to the conclusion that tobacco is a risk factor for the central auditory nervous system, interfering with latencies and with BAEP inter-wave latencies in the group of smokers when compared to the group of non-smokers. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Family and therapist perception of child evolution in an interdisciplinary approach on early intervention

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusions: the perception of therapists and parents demonstrated positive effects of interdisciplinary early intervention as manifested in the concordance between therapists and parents views in seven out of nine individuals analyzed. This study also reinforced the importance of conducting a qualified monitoring of family difficulties regarding to limitation of their children and guide them appropriately depending on the disease or disorder presented. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Comparison of reading of school-age children who stutter in two listening situations: usual and delayed

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusions: the delayed auditory feedback did not cause significant effects during oral reading in both groups, however the effect may tend to be considered as positive for the group with severe / very severe stuttering. (Source: Revista CEFAC)

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Contributions of phonological awareness and rapid serial naming for initial learning of writing

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: the rapid serial naming contribute to early learning of reading and writing, with the encouragement of these important skills before literacy cycle, favoring this process and signaling potential learning problems early. The poor performance on tasks can be suggestive of the influence of socioeducational factors, one should consider the context of the child's life and the lived educational experiences in the family and school. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Feeding profile and oral motor development of low birth weight infants

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: this study shows that babies who went through the kangaroo method do not revealed statistically significant difference in relation to the feeding profile and oral sensory motor system, when compared to babies who did not went through this method. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Determining the mandibular range of motions in children from Bahia state

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: the values of the mandibular range of motions according to age, gender and height, for the subjects studied, were described and could serve as a reference assisting the functional evaluation of the masticatory system. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Clinical and electromyographic evaluation of mastication within different facial growth patterns

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: the results of clinical and electromyographic evaluations of mastication did not differ within the facial types, suggesting that the pattern of facial growth itself is not a determinant in the modifications of the masticatory function and these modifications might be related to other variations not taken into account in this study. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Clinical and psychosocial aspects assessed by the research diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorder

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: some clinical and psychosocial factors are associated in patients with temporomandibular disorder, observing a variety of clinical diagnoses with a significant relationship between clinical diagnoses and the presence of non-specific physical symptoms with pain. Complaints of greater severity of physical symptoms were found in patients with multiple clinical diagnoses. (Source: Revista CEFAC)

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Evaluation of functional capacity and functional disability in tracheostomized patients at a public hospital in Curitiba

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: there was capacity hindrance and functional disability in the tracheostomized patients, which demands a new look on the part of the multidisciplinary team confronting disabilities, and showing that despite tracheostomy facilitates weaning off mechanical ventilation and consequently the hospitalization period, it causes important impact on quality of life. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Correlation between speech pathology screening and diagnosis of children aged 0-12 years

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: there was correlation between the results for screening and diagnosis, in number and speech pathology areas, with the highest values concerning the classification of complaints and diagnoses for Orofacial Motricity. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Integral care to premature infant: implications of practices and public policy

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: the misfits are clear in all health services, so there is not compliance with the policy. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Laryngeal cancer patients in the Northeast of Brazil: surgical intervention and speech rehabilitation

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: the provision of hospital care to patients with laryngeal cancer contemplates strategies such as surgical procedures and speech rehabilitation. This care should include aspects associated with disease prevention, as health information conveyed by means of educational programs may contribute to the early diagnosis and treatment of the illness. (Source: Revista CEFAC)

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Vocal symptoms and self-reported causes in teachers

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: therefore, this study data indicate that teachers participating in this survey perceive that both external factors (exposure to noise) and aspects related to health and voice (allergies, respiratory infections and the intensive use of voice) interfere in vocal production. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Self-perception of working conditions by primary school teachers

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: primary school teachers show high number of vocal discomfort symptoms. The vocal discomfort is significantly associated to the presence of noise within the classroom. The relation between the psychosocial aspects of the work and the voice disorders needs to be investigated, although there was no difference in the number of vocal symptoms found in the current study. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Speech therapy practice in the intensive care unit of a hospital of infectious diseases of Alagoas

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: speech therapy was an important help in the Intensive Care Unit, making bigger the possibility of discharge. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Family members group of individuals with language disorder: process of preparation and application of therapeutic activities

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusion: the study contributed to maturing description of interns over the supervision and raised the discussion on speech therapy approach towards family members, encouraging them to build with the subjects ways to benefit them regarding language disorder, without damaging connection and interaction relationships. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Speech Language pathology undergraduates' views about Educational Speech Language pathology from their theoretical and practical experiences

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

Conclusions: through the undergraduates' reports, it was possible to notice that graduation courses at this area tend to discuss speech language pathology actions inside school in a clinical perspective. However, it was possible to perceive that a minority of the undergraduates was capable to discuss speech language pathology actions in school through language and education promotion. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Oral injuries in children: a systematic review of speech therapy interest

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

RESUMO Este estudo tem como tema, fonoaudiólogos, médicos e dentistas que são profissionais que, frequentemente, em suas ações profissionais, realizam exames intrabucais em seus pacientes. Muitas crianças, desde seu nascimento, apresentam o acometimento por lesões bucais que podem trazer transtornos temporários ao cotidiano. O objetivo é apresentar aos profissionais de saúde uma revisão sistemática acerca das lesões bucais mais frequentes em crianças e de interesse da fonoaudiologia. Os profissionais de saúde devem buscar sempre aumentar seus conhecimentos melhorando a atenção à saúde de seus pacientes.ABSTRACT The backgrounds of this study are the speech therapists, physicians and dentists that are professionals that in their professional actions, conduct intraoral exam...

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Conceptual aspects and factors associated with Functional Health Literacy: a literary review

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

This study verified the positive associations between functional health literacy, low education, advanced age, the male gender and low income. Most scenarios were healthcare environments. Functional health literacy presented an association with social-demographic variables, such as sex, age and education. Most studies presented in this study had the goal of relating literacy to pathologies and were done in clinical environments such as hospitals and health clinics. All eight observational articles included in the review fit the methodological criteria for the elaboration of this type of study. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



Use of middle latency auditory evoked potentials in children: an integrative review

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

This study aimed to investigate, in the literature, the use of middle latency auditory evoked potentials in children to study the auditory system in its normal and deviant processes. The integrative scientific literature review consisted of searching studies using PubMed, Scopus and Scielo databases. The search terms descriptors were: "auditory middle latency response ", "auditory middle latency potential", "children", "child", "childhood", "maturation" and "development". The selected studies were full papers whose participants were children who underwent middle latency auditory evoked potentials exams. The analysis of the studies, individually, verified aspects related to the aim of the research, the methodology used and the conclusion of each study. A total of 11 studies retrieved from P...



Natural breastfeeding of pre- term newborns from the perspective of the mother: an integrative review

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

This study aimed to studying the natural nursing process to the preterm child pointing the maternal account. It sort about a full review in the Portuguese Language using information based in SCIELO, BIREME and LILACS from April to July in 2014 through the key-words 'difficulty, maternal nursing, premature. It has included some Health magazines and periodic, published in Portuguese between 2004 and 2014, which considerate the Nutrient account concerning the difficulties found. The difficulties found to the starting of the natural nursing to premature newborn babies, according the maternal view can be associated to the breast operation, to the Nurses particular questions and also associated to the new-born babies. We're not found any account describing the professionals who worked in this pr...



Implications of mouth breathing on the pulmonary function and respiratory muscles

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

RESUMO A Síndrome do Respirador Oral é caracterizada por um conjunto de sinais e sintomas que podem estar presentes em indivíduos que substituem o modo adequado e eficiente da respiração nasal pelo modo respiratório oral ou misto, por um período igual ou superior a seis meses. O modo respiratório oral ou misto pode estar associado a mudanças na função e mecânica ventilatória. Esta revisão tem como objetivo investigar mais profundamente as consequências da respiração oral na função pulmonar e músculos respiratórios, ressaltando o desenvolvimento de tais alterações desde a infância até a idade adulta. Foram selecionados 18 artigos por meio das bases de dados Pubmed e Web of Science e foram agrupados no texto, compreendendo os seguintes tópicos: 1) Implicações da r...



Interventions in aphasia: an integrative review

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

RESUMO O objetivo desta revisão foi identificar, avaliar e discutir artigos sobre intervenções e avanços terapêuticos em afasia, publicados periódicos científicos nos últimos cinco anos, em plataformas de livre acesso aos profissionais. Foi realizada uma revisão integrativa nas bases de dados SciELO, LILACS, Periódicos Capes e PubMed, com os descritores em português e inglês: afasia, reabilitação e tratamento. Foram incluídos artigos que descrevessem tratamentos para afasia ou histórias de reabilitação, publicados em inglês ou português. Os estudos que atenderam aos critérios foram lidos e analisados segundo instrumento para revisão integrativa, e posteriormente categorizada. Dos 96 artigos levantados 26 foram incluídos na revisão. Houve predominância de estudos qu...



Therapy vocal and nasal sounds: effects on hyperfunctional dysphonia

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

RESUMO Buscou-se verificar os efeitos de um programa fonoterapêutico que incluiu orientação vocal e postural, adequação da função respiratória e a técnica de sons nasais em disfonias hiperfuncionais. Foi realizado um estudo de casos clínicos, observacional, longitudinal, não controlado, de caráter quantitativo que analisou três sujeitos do sexo feminino com idade média de 31,33 anos que apresentavam disfonias hiperfuncionais. Os sujeitos foram submetidos a: videolaringoscopia, avaliação vocal perceptivoauditiva e acústica, coleta de tempos máximos de fonação, triagem postural e determinação do tipo respiratório durante a fala, antes e após um programa terapêutico composto por orientação, conscientização e treinamento vocal com sons nasais durante 16 sessões de...



Speech therapy in sclerosis systemic: a case report

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

RESUMO A Esclerose Sistêmica é uma doença reumática autoimune do tecido conjuntivo, progressiva, pouco frequente, de etiologia desconhecida e com evolução variável. Atinge órgãos nobres e tecidos periorais, causando limitação na abertura da boca, hipertonia dos órgãos fonoarticulatórios, face com "aparência de máscara", dificuldades na mastigação e deglutição. Com o objetivo de comparar os resultados pré e pós-intervenção fonoaudiológica miofuncional orofacial em sujeitos com esclerose sistêmica, realizou-se estudo clínico exploratório qualiquantitativo no setor de Reumatologia do Hospital Universitário e na Clínica escola de Fonoaudiologia da Universidade Federal de Sergipe, no período de julho/2012 a dezembro/2013. A amostra foi composta por cinco indivídu...

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




Ultrasound images of the tongue prior and post speech therapy

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a imagem de ultrassonografia do movimento de língua durante a produção de oclusivas alveolares e velares, pré e pós-terapia de fala. Um menino com cinco anos de idade e diagnóstico de desvio fonológico, apresentando o processo de anteriorização de oclusivas velares, participou da presente pesquisa. Foram coletados os dados articulatórios (imagem de ultrassom do movimento de língua) e perceptivo auditivo dos fones [t], [d], [k] e [g], antes e após 25 sessões de terapia. Quanto aos resultados obtidos no momento pré-terapia, aparentemente, foi detectada uma indiferenciação gestual ao serem observadas as três repetições da curva de língua das oclusivas velares, sugerindo a presença de uma dependência entre os articuladores de po...



Phonological disorders treatment effect with a stimulability and segment complexity strata model with speech intervention software (SIFALA)

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

In conclusion, the Model and the use of Speech Intervention Software had a positive effect, contributing to the planning and treatment of phonological speech disorders. However, further studies should be conducted with larger samples to confirm the findings. (Source: Revista CEFAC)



The aphasia therapeutic process: implications of enunciative-discursive neurolinguistics

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

RESUMO Na perspectiva da Neurolinguística Enunciativo-Discursiva busca investigar as relações entre a linguagem e o cérebro a partir do contexto sócio-histórica e cultural em que o sujeito se insere. Nesta perspectiva, a terapia fonoaudiológica das afasias propõe situações em que o sujeito afásico pode experienciar a reversibilidade de papéis discursivos inerentes ao uso social da língua. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar as estratégias utilizadas por um sujeito afásico (estudo de caso), durante o processo terapêutico em uma Clínica de Fonoaudiologia de uma universidade particular do Brasil, ilustrando exemplos de aplicação dos pressupostos da Neurolinguistica Enunciativo-Discursiva. As sessões foram gravadas e analisadas sob a vertente enunciativo-discursiva, com a...

MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.




In regards to: Voice Symptom Scale - VoiSS: administration and score calculation

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

RESUMO Na perspectiva da Neurolinguística Enunciativo-Discursiva busca investigar as relações entre a linguagem e o cérebro a partir do contexto sócio-histórica e cultural em que o sujeito se insere. Nesta perspectiva, a terapia fonoaudiológica das afasias propõe situações em que o sujeito afásico pode experienciar a reversibilidade de papéis discursivos inerentes ao uso social da língua. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar as estratégias utilizadas por um sujeito afásico (estudo de caso), durante o processo terapêutico em uma Clínica de Fonoaudiologia de uma universidade particular do Brasil, ilustrando exemplos de aplicação dos pressupostos da Neurolinguistica Enunciativo-Discursiva. As sessões foram gravadas e analisadas sob a vertente enunciativo-discursiva, com a...



Related to the reply to the letter to the editor about the application form and calculations of Voice Symptom Scale (VoiSS)

Fri, 11 Mar 2016 16:34:11 +0100

RESUMO Na perspectiva da Neurolinguística Enunciativo-Discursiva busca investigar as relações entre a linguagem e o cérebro a partir do contexto sócio-histórica e cultural em que o sujeito se insere. Nesta perspectiva, a terapia fonoaudiológica das afasias propõe situações em que o sujeito afásico pode experienciar a reversibilidade de papéis discursivos inerentes ao uso social da língua. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar as estratégias utilizadas por um sujeito afásico (estudo de caso), durante o processo terapêutico em uma Clínica de Fonoaudiologia de uma universidade particular do Brasil, ilustrando exemplos de aplicação dos pressupostos da Neurolinguistica Enunciativo-Discursiva. As sessões foram gravadas e analisadas sob a vertente enunciativo-discursiva, com a...