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MedWorm: Alcoholism



MedWorm.com provides a medical RSS filtering service. Over 7000 RSS medical sources are combined and output via different filters. This feed contains the latest news and research in the Alcoholism category.



Last Build Date: Tue, 22 Mar 2016 08:30:09 +0100

 



Smoking, Binge Drinking, and Drug Use Among Childhood Cancer Survivors: A Meta‐Analysis

Tue, 22 Mar 2016 05:34:44 +0100

ConclusionsChildhood cancer survivors engage in similar or lower rates of risk taking than their siblings/peers. Future studies should identify survivors most likely to benefit from focused interventions, and determine the impact of risk‐taking behaviors on the risk for late effects of cancer therapy. (Source: Pediatric Blood and Cancer)

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Could Alcohol Solve RF's Renal Denervation Shortcomings? (CME/CE)

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 18:00:00 +0100

(MedPage Today) -- A little ethanol may do the trick (Source: MedPage Today Cardiovascular)



Sleep Apnea and Fatty Liver Are Coupled Via Energy Metabolism.

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 17:30:01 +0100

CONCLUSIONS Our study shows that BMI and the average desaturation contribute to non-alcoholic fatty liver in subjects with OSA. In this regard, sleep apnea may trigger metabolic mitochondrial energy associated processes thereby altering lipid metabolism and obesity as well. PMID: 26993969 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Science Monitor)



B. Braun, ICU Medical ink long-term distro deal

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 17:01:54 +0100

This article originally appeared on MassDevice.com’s sister site, Medical Design & Outsourcing. The post B. Braun, ICU Medical ink long-term distro deal appeared first on MassDevice. (Source: Mass Device)



National Intervention Counseling Group Celebrates 8th Anniversary

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 15:07:01 +0100

Founded by Counselor Mike Loverde, Family First Intervention forges ahead into its eighth year of counseling drug and alcohol addicts and their families. Family First Intervention has helped stage...(PRWeb March 21, 2016)Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2016/03/prweb13276862.htm (Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals)



Capturing the Acid-base Reactions in Alcohol

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 13:14:17 +0100

A new study has been regarded as "very important" because it offers a new framework for understanding reactions in organic chemistry. In their study, the team addressed the cooperative role of alcohols, the simplest organic protic compounds, in one of elementary reactions in chemistry, the acid-base reaction, in a quantitative manner. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)

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The poppers ban is a veiled attack on pleasure | David Nutt

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 09:00:04 +0100

Whatever the reasoning behind the ban under the new act, it is fundamentally flawed. Alkyl nitrites are among the safest drugs we knowThe new psychoactive substances bill, when it comes into force in the UK in April, will ban the acquisition and sale of all psychoactive substances, whether existing now or to be discovered in the future, except for alcohol, tobacco/nicotine and caffeine. The driver for this draconian piece of legislation is supposedly to reduce the harms of so-called legal highs and to shut down the “head shops” that sell them. The fact that two exempted substances, alcohol and tobacco, each cause much more harm than all the legal psychoactive substances put together is ignored.Most of the drugs referred to as legal highs by the proponents of the bill are in fact alread...



Medical News Today: The smell of alcohol can affect behavior

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 08:00:00 +0100

Just smelling alcohol on a face mask can make it harder for people to control their behavior, says a new study with implications for addiction and substance use. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)



ULESFIA (Benzyl Alcohol) Lotion [Lachlan Pharmaceuticals]

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 05:00:00 +0100

Updated Date: Mar 21, 2016 EST (Source: DailyMed Drug Label Updates)



A new approach to synthesis of benzyl cinnamate: Optimization by response surface methodology

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: 1 September 2016 Source:Food Chemistry, Volume 206 Author(s): Dong-Hao Zhang, Jiang-Yan Zhang, Wen-Cai Che, Yun Wang In this work, the new approach to synthesis of benzyl cinnamate by enzymatic esterification of cinnamic acid with benzyl alcohol is optimized by response surface methodology. The effects of various reaction conditions, including temperature, enzyme loading, substrate molar ratio of benzyl alcohol to cinnamic acid, and reaction time, are investigated. A 5-level-4-factor central composite design is employed to search for the optimal yield of benzyl cinnamate. A quadratic polynomial regression model is used to analyze the experimental data at a 95% confidence level (P <0.05). The coefficient of determination of this model is found to be 0.9851. Th...



Benzaldehyde in cherry flavour as a precursor of benzene formation in beverages

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

In this study, model experiments were able to confirm that benzaldehyde does indeed degrade to benzene under heating conditions, and especially in the presence of ascorbic acid. Analysis of a large collective of authentic beverages from the market (n =170) further confirmed that benzene content is significantly correlated to the presence of benzaldehyde (r =0.61, p <0.0001). In the case of cherry flavoured beverages, industrial best practices should include monitoring for benzene. Formulations containing either benzoic acid or benzaldehyde in combination with ascorbic acid should be avoided. Graphical abstract (Source: Food Chemistry)

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Rapid Identification of the Foodborne Pathogen Trichinella spp. by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

by Anne Mayer-Scholl, Jayaseelan Murugaiyan, Jennifer Neumann, Peter Bahn, Sabine Reckinger, Karsten Nöckler Human trichinellosis occurs through consumption of raw or inadequately processed meat or meat products containing larvae of the parasitic nematodes of the genus Trichinella. Currently, nine species and three genotypes are recognized, of which T. spiralis, T. britovi and T. pseudospiralis have the highest public health relevance. To date, the differentiation of the larvae to the species and genotype level is based primarily on molecular methods, which can be relatively time consuming and labor intensive. Due to its rapidness and ease of use a matrix assisted laser desorption / ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) reference spectra database using Trichinella st...



Hormetic and regulatory effects of lipid peroxidation mediators in pancreatic beta cells

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 21 March 2016 Source:Molecular Aspects of Medicine Author(s): Giuseppe Maulucci, Bareket Daniel, Ofir Cohen, Yossef Avrahami, Shlomo Sasson Nutrient sensing mechanisms of carbohydrates, amino acids and lipids operate distinct pathways that are essential for the adaptation to varying metabolic conditions. The role of nutrient-induced biosynthesis of hormones is paramount for attaining metabolic homeostasis in the organism. Nutrient overload attenuate key metabolic cellular functions and interfere with hormonal-regulated inter- and intra-organ communication, which may ultimately lead to metabolic derangements. Hyperglycemia and high levels of saturated free fatty acids induce excessive production of oxygen free radicals in tissue and cells. This phen...



Clinical significance of serum Wisteria floribunda agglutinin positive Mac‐2‐binding protein level in non‐alcoholic steatohepatitis

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

ConclusionSerum WFA+‐M2BP level can be useful for assessing liver histological findings in patients with NASH. (Source: Hepatology Research)



Occipital event-related potentials to addiction-related stimuli in detoxified patients with alcohol dependence, and their association with three-month relapse

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Understanding the biological underpinnings of relapse in alcohol dependency is a major issue in addiction research. Based on recent evidence regarding the relevance of occipital visual evoked response potentia... (Source: BMC Psychiatry)



Pulmonary Delivery of Cationic Gold Nanoparticles Boost Antigen-Specific CD4+ T Cell Proliferation

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

To address how surface charge affects the fate of potential nanocarriers in the lung, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) coated with polyvinyl alcohol containing either positively (NH2) or negatively (COOH) charged functional groups were intra-nasally instilled in mice, and their uptake by antigen presenting cell populations (APC) in broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, trachea, and lung parenchyma, as well as trafficking to the lung draining lymph nodes (LDLNs) was assessed by flow cytometry. Furthermore, CD4+ T cell proliferation in LDLNs was investigated following instillation. (Source: Nanomedicine : Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine)

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Anti-proliferative and apoptosis-triggering potential of Disulfiram and Disulfiram-loaded polysorbate 80-stabilized PLGA nanoparticles on hepatocellular carcinoma Hep3B cell line

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

There is an emerging trend to restudy known drugs for their anti-cancer potential. One such anti-alcoholic drug, disulfiram, with significant anti-cancer potential was studied for its efficacy against Hep3B cell lines, an in vitro model of hepatocellular carcinoma. Simultaneously, we intended to study the effect of polysorbate 80- stabilized PLGA nanoparticles and its DSF-loaded counterpart. Cell and nuclear staining, comet assay, flow cytometry and western blots were performed. Results suggest that cell proliferation was inhibited by DSF and its PLGA nanoparticles through cell cycle arrest, triggering activation of apoptotic pathways that culminates with cell death. (Source: Nanomedicine : Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine)



Assessing global risk factors for non-fatal injuries from road traffic accidents and falls in adults aged 35-70 years in 17 countries: a cross-sectional analysis of the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiological (PURE) study

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions This study of persons aged 35–70 years found that some risk factors for NFI differ according to whether the injury is related to RTA or falls. Policymakers may use these differences to guide the design of prevention policies for RTA-related or fall-related NFI. (Source: Injury Prevention)



The Indirect Effects of Childhood ADHD on Alcohol Problems in Adulthood through Unique Facets of Impulsivity

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

ConclusionsElevated levels of emotional impulsivity (negative/positive urgency) may place children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at increased risk for alcohol problems in adulthood. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Addiction)



Neighborhood Contextual Factors, Alcohol Use, and Alcohol Problems in the United States: Evidence From a Nationally Representative Study of Young Adults

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

ConclusionsLiving in a more advantaged and educated urban neighborhood with greater densities of bars and restaurants is associated with greater alcohol involvement among 18‐ to 26‐year‐olds in the United States. In a nationally representative United States survey of 18‐ to 26‐year‐olds, those living in a neighborhood with a greater density of bars and restaurants (“on‐premises” alcohol outlets) were more likely to drink alcohol in the past year (panel a). Those living in a neighborhood with a greater density of liquor and convenience stores (“off‐premises” alcohol outlets), those who were more disadvantaged, or those living in a rural area (panels b–d) were less likely to consume alcohol in the past year. (Source: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research)



Drinking group characteristics related to willingness to engage in protective behaviors with the group at nightclubs.

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Electronic music dance events (EMDEs) in nightclubs are settings where young adults tend to engage in high-risk behaviors, such as heavy alcohol and drug use. Consequences of these behaviors may be prevented if young adults engage in protective strategies with their drinking group. It is important to identify drinking group characteristics that predict willingness to intervene with peers. Objectives of this study were to (a) examine whether young adults at EMDEs would be willing to intervene with members of their drinking group and (b) identify both individual and group characteristics of drinking groups that predict willingness to intervene. Nightclub patrons (N = 215 individuals; 80 groups) were surveyed anonymously as they entered clubs. Individual- and group-level characteristics were ...

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Within treatment therapeutic alliance ratings profiles predict posttreatment frequency of alcohol use.

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

In this study, we examined the association between alliance characteristics during treatment and 4-month follow-up drinking reports. Sixty-five treatment-seeking alcohol dependent clients who participated in 12 weeks of individual outpatient treatment provided weekly TA ratings during treatment and reported on pretreatment, during treatment, and posttreatment alcohol use. Latent profile analysis was conducted to discern distinct profiles of client and therapist ratings of therapeutic alliance with similar alliance characteristics. TA profiles were based on clients’ and therapists’ mean alliance rating, minimum alliance rating, maximum alliance rating, the range of alliance ratings, and the difference in session number between maximum and minimum alliance ratings. One- through 4-class m...



Reciprocal relations between internalizing symptoms and frequency of alcohol use: Findings from a longitudinal study of Mexican-origin youth.

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Conclusions: The findings provide evidence of reciprocal relations between alcohol use and internalizing symptoms, but also highlight the danger of treating all symptoms of anxiety and depression as interchangeable components of a single broad domain. Instead, symptoms common to both anxiety and depressive disorders (e.g., general distress) have the most robust reciprocal relations with alcohol use. Thus, intervention programs aimed at reducing early alcohol use by Mexican-origin youth should target this component of the internalizing domain. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors)



Prosecutor who led DOJ‐ONDCP heroin task force talks about treatment

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly)



Data indicate growing problems from marijuana but little treatment

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly)



42 CFR Part 2: Early feedback from EHRs and researchers

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly)

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Senate passes CARA 94–1; next step is the House of Representatives

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly)



HHS announces $94 million in grants for treating SUDs

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly)



Health officials call on FDA to put black‐box warnings on benzodiazepines and opioids

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly)



Briefly Noted

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly)



Coming Up

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly)

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In Case You Haven't Heard

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

(Source: Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly)



Population attributable fractions of risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma in the United States

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

CONCLUSIONSAmong US Medicare recipients, metabolic disorders contribute more to the burden of HCC than any other risk factor, and the fraction of HCC caused by metabolic disorders has increased in the last decade. Cancer 2016. Published 2016. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA. (Source: Cancer)



The association between non‐alcoholic steatohepatitis and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: A hospital based case‐control study

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

ConclusionNASH is a possible risk factor for ICC development. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Journal of Surgical Oncology)



Microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS)-UHPLC-UV: A simple and efficient method for the determination of five benzodiazepines in an alcoholic beverage

Mon, 21 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This article describes a nano-scale method for the determination and quantification of five benzodiazepines (BDZ) in an alcoholic grappa drink (chlordiazepoxide; lorazepam; diazepam; oxazepam; medazepam). BDZ are typically used in drug-facilitated crimes (DFC) for their accessibility and synergistic effects with alcohol. Specimens collected on the crime scene must be rapidly analyzed to prove the crime, though, in most cases, a very small amount is available. Off-line MEPS extraction of diluted grappa samples proved to be an efficient and reliable method for the recovery of the selected compounds. Requiring a very small amount of extraction solvents, MEPS is an environment-friendly technique. LC separation with UV detection was used as the analytical technique because it is simple, robust,...



"This is the way we were raised": alcohol beliefs and acculturation in relation to alcohol consumption among Native Americans - Fish J, Osberg TM, Syed M.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

Native Americans have the highest rates of alcohol use in comparison to other ethnic groups, placing them at risk for experiencing alcohol-related problems. The present study examined the beliefs that some Native Americans may have related to alcohol use; ... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Associations between LGBTQ-affirmative school climate and adolescent drinking behaviors - Coulter RW, Birkett M, Corliss HL, Hatzenbuehler ML, Mustanski B, Stall RD.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

BACKGROUND: We investigated whether adolescents drank alcohol less frequently if they lived in jurisdictions with school climates that were more affirmative of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) individuals. METHODS: Data ... (Source: SafetyLit)



University students' beliefs about unit-based guidelines: a qualitative study - Furtwängler NA, de Visser RO.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

This study employed semi-structured interviews to explore university students' knowledge of, attitudes towards, and use of unit-based guidelines. Thematic analysis revealed ... (Source: SafetyLit)



Acupuncture for substance use disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Grant S, Kandrack R, Motala A, Shanman R, Booth M, Miles J, Sorbero M, Hempel S.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

BACKGROUND: This systematic review aims to estimate the effects of acupuncture for adults with substance use disorders (SUDs). METHODS: We searched 7 electronic databases and bibliographies of previous studies to identify eligible randomized trials... (Source: SafetyLit)



Acute and chronic glue sniffing effects and consequences of withdrawal on aggressive behavior - Bouchatta O, Ouhaz Z, Ba-Mhamed S, Kerekes N, Bennis M.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

Drug abuse act on brain mechanisms that cause a high-risk individual to engage in aggressive and violent behavior. While a drug-violence relationship exists, the nature of this relationship is often complex, with intoxication, neurotoxic, and withdrawal ef... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Alcohol consumption as a risk factor for suicidal behavior: a systematic review of associations at the individual and at the population level - Norström T, Rossow I.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

OBJECTIVES: To provide an updated review of the magnitude of the relationship between alcohol use and suicidal behaviour at the individual and the population level. METHODS: Systematic literature searches retrieved 14 reviews of individual level st... (Source: SafetyLit)



Blood alcohol and injury in Bhutan: targeted surveillance in a national referral hospital emergency department - Dorji G, Pradhan S, Tenzin T, Miller P, Connor J, Kypri K.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

Bhutan is a low-middle-income country with poor roads, rapidly increasing motor vehicle use and heavy alcohol consumption. We estimated the proportion of emergency department patients presenting with injury who had positive blood alcohol. We sought to brea... (Source: SafetyLit)



Cocaine and benzoylecgonine oral fluid on-site screening and confirmation - Ellefsen KN, Concheiro M, Pirard S, Gorelick DA, Huestis MA.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

Accurate on-site devices to screen for drug intake are critical for establishing whether an individual is driving under the influence of drugs (DUID); however, on-site oral fluid (OF) cocaine device performance is variable. We evaluated the performance of ... (Source: SafetyLit)



Codeine-spiked beer in a date rape case? - Havig SM, Wiik E, Karinen R, Brochmann GW, Vevelstad M.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

A case of suspected drug-facilitated sexual assault, involving codeine and acetaminophen, possibly mixed in beer, was recently addressed at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. To examine the case, a small study was performed, spiking beer with prepar... (Source: SafetyLit)



Continuity of cannabis use and violent offending over the life course - Schoeler T, Theobald D, Pingault JB, Farrington DP, Jennings WG, Piquero AR, Coid JW, Bhattacharyya S.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

BACKGROUND: Although the association between cannabis use and violence has been reported in the literature, the precise nature of this relationship, especially the directionality of the association, is unclear. METHOD: Young males from the Cambridg... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Determinants of trends in prescription opioid use in British Columbia, Canada, 2005-2013 - Smolina K, Gladstone E, Morgan SG.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

PURPOSE: To explore the determinants of total opioid consumption in a Canadian province, and to examine patterns of opioid dispensations by sex, age, and income quintile. METHODS: We used population-based administrative data on prescription drug di... (Source: SafetyLit)



Electronic nicotine delivery systems: overheating, fires and explosions - Rudy SF, Durmowicz EL.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

BACKGROUND: Electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS)-associated overheating, fire or explosion (OH/F/EXP) events have occurred since at least 2009. OBJECTIVE: To identify the number and nature of ENDS OH/F/EXP events in the USA. METHODS: ... (Source: SafetyLit)



Engagement in a National Naloxone Programme among people who inject drugs - McAuley A, Munro A, Bird SM, Hutchinson SJ, Goldberg DJ, Taylor A.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

BACKGROUND: Availability of the opioid antagonist naloxone for lay administration has grown substantially since first proposed in 1996. Gaps remain, though, in our understanding of how people who inject drugs (PWID) engage with naloxone programmes over tim... (Source: SafetyLit)



Estimating under- and over-reporting of drinking in national surveys of alcohol consumption: identification of consistent biases across four English-speaking countries - Stockwell T, Zhao J, Greenfield T, Li J, Livingston M, Meng Y.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Questions about drinking " yesterday" have been used to correct under-reporting of typical alcohol consumption in surveys. We use this method to explore patterns of over- and under-reporting of drinking quantity and frequency by popula... (Source: SafetyLit)



Evaluating the impact of criminalizing drunk driving on road-traffic injuries in Guangzhou, China: a time-series study - Zhao A, Chen R, Qi Y, Chen A, Chen X, Liang Z, Ye J, Liang Q, Guo D, Li W, Li S, Kan H.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

BACKGROUND: Road-traffic injury (RTI) is a major public-health concern worldwide. However, the effectiveness of laws criminalizing drunk driving on the improvement of road safety in China is not known. METHODS: We collected daily aggregate data on ... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Forensic features of a fatal Datura poisoning case during a robbery - Le Garff E, Delannoy Y, Mesli V, Hédouin V, Tournel G.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

Datura poisonings have been previously described but remain rare in forensic practice. Here, we present a homicide case involving Datura poisoning, which occurred during a robbery. Toxicological results were obtained by second autopsy performed after one p... (Source: SafetyLit)



Identification of three cannabimimetic indazole and pyrazole derivatives, APINACA 2H-indazole analogue, AMPPPCA, and 5F-AMPPPCA - Jia W, Meng X, Qian Z, Hua Z, Li T, Liu C.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

This paper reports analytical properties of three cannabimimetic indazole and pyrazole derivatives seized from a clandestine laboratory. These three new synthetic cannabinoids include N-(1-adamantyl)-2-pentyl-2H-indazole-3-carboxamide (APINACA 2H-indazole ... (Source: SafetyLit)



Impact of alcohol on outcomes in hospitalized major trauma patients: a literature review - Leonard EA, Buckley T, Curtis K.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

To critically appraise available studies investigating the impact of alcohol outcomes in hospitalized patients after major trauma. Outcomes included injury severity, mortality, complications, and hospital/intensive care length of stay. Data were sourced fr... (Source: SafetyLit)



Influence of Islam and the globalized alcohol industry on drinking in Muslim countries - Assanangkornchai S, Talek M, Edwards JG.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)



Injuries caused by explosion of electronic cigarette devices - Colaianni CA, Tapias LF, Cauley R, Sheridan R, Schulz JT, Goverman J.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Integrated cognitive behavioral intervention reduces intimate partner violence among alcohol dependent men, and improves mental health outcomes in their spouses: a clinic based randomized controlled trial from South India - Satyanarayana VA, Nattala P, Selvam S, Pradeep J, Hebbani S, Hegde S, Srinivasan K.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Alcohol abuse has been associated with intimate partner violence (IPV). The current study examined the effectiveness of an integrated cognitive-behavioral intervention (ICBI) in reducing intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration amon... (Source: SafetyLit)



Life expectancy and cause of death in popular musicians: is the popular musician lifestyle the road to ruin? - Kenny DT, Asher A.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

Does a combination of lifestyle pressures and personality, as reflected in genre, lead to the early death of popular musicians? We explored overall mortality, cause of death, and changes in patterns of death over time and by music genre membership in popul... (Source: SafetyLit)



Longitudinal effects of sexual assault victims' drinking and self-blame on posttraumatic stress disorder - Peter-Hagene LC, Ullman SE.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

Alcohol plays a major role in sexual assaults, but few studies have examined its impact on recovery outcomes, particularly in longitudinal studies. In a longitudinal study of 1,013 adult sexual assault survivors, we investigated the effects of victim drink... (Source: SafetyLit)



Neighborhood context and binge drinking by race and ethnicity in new york city - Chauhan P, Ahern J, Galea S, Keyes KM.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

We examined the relations between neighborhood characteris... (Source: SafetyLit)



Non-fatal injury in Thailand from 2005 to 2013: incidence trends and links to alcohol consumption patterns in the Thai Cohort Study - Wakabayashi M, Berecki-Gisolf J, Banwell C, Kelly M, Yiengprugsawan V, McKetin R, Seubsman SA, Iso H, Sleigh A, Thai Cohort Study Team T.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

BACKGROUND: We analyzed population-based injury trends and the association between injury and alcohol consumption patterns in Thailand, a middle-income country undergoing rapid social change. METHODS: A nationwide cohort of 42 785 Thai adult Open U... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Patterns and trends in accidental poisoning deaths: Pennsylvania's experience 1979-2014 - Balmert LC, Buchanich JM, Pringle JL, Williams KE, Burke DS, Marsh GM.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine county and state-level accidental poisoning mortality trends in Pennsylvania from 1979 to 2014. METHODS: Crude and age-adjusted death rates were formed for age group, race, sex, and county for ... (Source: SafetyLit)



Prevalence of alcohol and drug use in injured British Columbia drivers - Brubacher JR, Chan H, Martz W, Schreiber W, Asbridge M, Eppler J, Lund A, Macdonald S, Drummer O, Purssell R, Andolfatto G, Mann R, Brant R.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

OBJECTIVES: Determine the prevalence of drug use in injured drivers and identify associated demographic factors and crash characteristics. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Seven trauma centres in British Columbia, Canada (2010-20... (Source: SafetyLit)



The moderation of blood alcohol levels on higher odds of survival among American Indians with violent, blunt-force traumatic brain injuries - Linton KF, Kim BJ.

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 19:34:31 +0100

This study assessed the moderation of blood alcohol level (BAL) and American Indian race on survival of patients with violent traumatic brain injury (TBI). An initial logistic regression model indicated that those who were American Indian and insured had h... (Source: SafetyLit)



Effect of M. Citrifolia leaves extract on osteoarthritis in monosodium iodoacetate induced rat model

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 18:07:29 +0100

This study was to investigate the effect of the plant alcoholic leaves extract on osteoarthritis-induced rats. (Source: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage)



HPV prevalence and p16INKa overexpression in non smoking non drinking oral cavity cancer patients

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 09:34:07 +0100

ConclusionsNSND are a specific population of OCSCC patients. In contrast to oropharyngeal cancer, HPV and p16 expression in OCSCC are negative predictive factors, especially in NSND patients.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Oral Diseases)

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Role of surface synergistic effect on the performance of Ni-based hydrotalcite catalyst for highly efficient hydrogenation of furfural

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: June 2016 Source:Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, Volume 417 Author(s): Marimuthu Manikandan, Ashok Kumar Venugopal, Kandasamy Prabu, Ratnesh Kumar Jha, Raja Thirumalaiswamy The selective vapor phase hydrogenation of furfural at ambient pressure has been investigated using a facile and robust hydrotalcite derived Ni containing mixed oxide catalyst. The systematic characterization results conferred that the difficulty in the reduction of Ni species due to the strong interaction between Ni and support, which facilitated from the homogeneous distribution of hydrotalcite structure. It was also found that the structure and catalytic performance of the catalysts were greatly influenced by Ni loading. Through fine-tuned surface elemental sites and reaction cond...



Interaction of VOCs with Pyrene Tetratopic Ligands Layered on ZnO Nanorods under Visible Light

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: Available online 19 March 2016 Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry Author(s): Yuvaraj Sivalingam, Palani Elumalai, Surya V.J. Yuvaraj, Gabriele Magna, Velappa J. Sowmya, Roberto Paolesse, Ki-Whan Chi, Yoshiyuki Kawazoe, Corrado Di Natale In this work, the relationship between photosensitivity and chemical sensitivity of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods coated with pyrene based tetratopic ligands (PTL) is investigated under visible light. The electrical resistance of ZnO-PTL is affected by adsorption of different volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as ethanol, n-hexane, trimethylamine, and triethylamine. The illumination strongly affects the response to the VOCs. To elucidate the interaction mechanism between PTL and VOCs, the experimental...



In-depth study of the transesterification reaction of Pongamia pinnata oil for biodiesel production using catalyst-free supercritical methanol process

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

This study also covers the evolution of intermediate products such as monoglycerides (MG) and diglycerides (DG) and the thermal decomposition of fatty acid chains for the stated reaction conditions. Optimal reactions conditions were found at 300°C and 90min reaction with almost complete triglyceride conversion. Significant thermal decomposition was observed from 325°C, mainly caused by the degradation of polyunsaturated fatty acid methyl esters. Maximum degree of thermal decomposition of 38% was determined at 350°C after 90min reaction time. Graphical abstract (Source: The Journal of Supercritical Fluids)



Dimorphism in inflorescence scent of dioecious wild grapevine

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: June 2016 Source:Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, Volume 66 Author(s): Pietro Zito, Antonina Scrima, Maurizio Sajeva, Francesco Carimi, Stefan Dötterl Wild grapevine (Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris) is the dioecious ancestral form of grapevine, from which the domesticated cultivars have derived (V. vinifera subsp. vinifera). Little is known about the floral scent compounds of wild grapevine that is considered as being partly insect pollinated. The knowledge of volatiles released by male and female inflorescence may contribute to the understanding of the pollination biology of this endangered taxon. Inflorescence scents of male and female individuals were collected by dynamic headspace and analysed by thermal desorption-GC/MS. A total of 17 compounds of C5-br...



A novel biocompatible conducting polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-hydroxyapatite (HAP) composite scaffolds for probable biological application

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: 1 July 2016 Source:Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 143 Author(s): B. Chaudhuri, B. Mondal, S.K. Ray, S.C. Sarkar We have prepared biocompatible composites of 80wt% polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-(20wt%) polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) blend with different concentrations of bioactive nanohydroxyapatite, Ca10(PO4)6(HO)2 (HAP). The composite films demonstrated maximum effective conductivity (σ∼1.64×10−4 S/m) and effective dielectric constant (ε∼290) at percolation threshold concentration (∼10wt% HAP) at room temperature. These values of σ and ε are much higher than those of PVA, PVP or HAP. Our preliminary observation indicated excellent biocompatibility of the electrospun fibrous meshes of two of these composites with different HAP contents (8.5 and 5w...

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Hydroxyapatite-hybridized chitosan/chitin whisker bionanocomposite fibers for bone tissue engineering applications

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

Publication date: 25 June 2016 Source:Carbohydrate Polymers, Volume 144 Author(s): Autchara Pangon, Somsak Saesoo, Nattika Saengkrit, Uracha Ruktanonchai, Varol Intasanta Biomimetic nanofibrous scaffolds derived from natural biopolymers for bone tissue engineering applications require good mechanical and biological performances including biomineralization. The present work proposes the utility of chitin whisker (CTWK) to enhance mechanical properties of chitosan/poly(vinyl alcohol) (CS/PVA) nanofibers and to offer osteoblast cell growth with hydroxyapatite (HA) mineralization. By using diacid as a solvent, electrospun CS/PVA nanofibrous membranes containing CTWK can be easily obtained. The dimension stability of nanofibrous CS/PVA/CTWK bionanocomposite is further controlled by expos...



Meta‐Analysis of Gene Expression Patterns in Animal Models of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Suggests Role for Protein Synthesis Inhibition and Chromatin Remodeling

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

ConclusionsOur meta‐analysis shows that existing studies, despite superficial dissimilarity in findings, share features that allow us to identify a common core signature set of transcriptome changes in PAE. This is an important step to identifying the biological processes that underlie the etiology of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. We performed a meta‐analysis of 10 gene expression profiling studies of rodent models of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), with the goal of finding commonalities across the studies and determining biological processes that underlie the etiology of FASD. We identified genes consistently differentially expressed across studies, despite the reports of the original studies being largely discordant. Functional analysis suggests PAE acts as a net inhibitor of g...



The Interaction of Ethanol Ingestion and Social Interaction with an Intoxicated Peer on the Odor‐Mediated Response to the Drug in Adolescent Rats

Sun, 20 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0100

ConclusionsEtOH's component chemosensory qualities are known to be central contributors to its acceptance and increases in the acceptability of EtOH's odor, resulting from a social transmission experience, are predictive of enhanced EtOH avidity in adolescence. Our findings demonstrate that combined exposure as an observer and demonstrator, within a socially relevant framework, may represent a higher risk scenario for increased EtOH avidity in adolescence (and by extension adult persistence) as compared to the individual effects of direct ingestion or social experience with the drug. The flavor qualities (smell, taste, oral irritation) of ethanol are central contributors to its acceptance, and increased ethanol odor preference, resulting from a social transmission experience, is predictiv...



An Inside Look at Homeless Youths' Social Networks: Perceptions of Substance Use Norms.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 22:43:02 +0100

Authors: Melander LA, Tyler KA, Schmitz RM Abstract Substance use among homeless young people is a pervasive problem, and there have been many efforts to understand more about the dynamics of this health compromising behavior. The current study examined perceived substance use norms within homeless youths' social networks utilizing in-depth interviews. The sample included 19 homeless individuals aged 16 to 21. Four elements of substance use within networks emerged: substance use choices, drug use safety issues, encouragement and/or discouragement, and appropriate situations in which substance use is condoned. These findings provide unique insight into the norms associated with drug and alcohol use within homeless youths' social networks. PMID: 26989340 [PubMed - as supplied by ...



Iudicium: An Educational Intervention for addressing Risk Perception of Alcohol Abuse in Adolescents.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 18:04:02 +0100

This article describes the implementation and evaluation of Iudicium, an educational drama-based intervention designed to increase risk perception of alcohol abuse. In this activity, high school students judge a case in which alcohol consumption had negative consequences (e.g., fights, unwanted pregnancy, and car accident). A trial is simulated and after that, a debriefing takes place during which the activity is discussed and informational materials on the effects of alcohol is provided and commented. A total of 318 students (55.7% females and 44.3% males) from five high schools participated in the study. Data regarding risk perception of alcohol abuse and adequacy of the activity was collected before and after the intervention. Results suggest that Iudicium was effective in increasing ri...

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Alcohol-related expectancies in adults and adolescents: Similarities and disparities.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 18:04:02 +0100

This study aimed to contrast student and not student outcome expectancies, and explore the diversity of alcohol-related cognitions within a wider student sample. Participants (n=549) were college students (higher education-typically aged 15-18 years), university students (further education-typically aged 18-22 years) and business people (white collar professionals <50 years) who completed questionnaires in their place of work or education. Overall positive expectancies were higher in the college students than in the business or university samples. However, not all expectancy subcategories followed this pattern. Participant groups of similar age were therefore alike in some aspects of their alcohol-related cognitions but different in others. Similarly, participant groups whom are div...



Validity and Reliability of the Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) in University Students.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 18:04:02 +0100

The objective of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the self-administered ASSIST test in university students in Mexico. This was an ex post facto non-experimental study with 1,176 undergraduate students, the majority women (70.1%) aged 18-23 years (89.5%) and single (87.5%). To estimate concurrent validity, factor analysis and tests of reliability and correlation were carried out between the subscale for alcohol and AUDIT, those for tobacco and the Fagerström Test, and those for marijuana and DAST-20. Adequate reliability coefficients were obtained for ASSIST subscales for tobacco (alpha = 0.83), alcohol (alpha = 0.76), and marijuana (alpha = 0.73). Significant correlations were found only with the AUDIT (r = 0.71) and the alcohol subscale. The best balance of sens...



Psychiatric comorbidity in a sample of cocaine-dependent outpatients seen in the Community of Madrid drug addiction care network.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 18:04:02 +0100

The objective of this study was to estimate the current prevalence of psychiatric disorders in cocaine-dependent patients who attend different treatment centres in the Community of Madrid. A prospective multicentre study was used, and a total of 197 cocaine-dependent subjects were assessed. The assessment instrument used for diagnosis was the Psychiatric Research Interview for Substance and Mental Disorders (PRISM-IV). The main findings of this study were a high prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity in cocaine-dependent patients seeking treatment (64.0%). The most common Non Substance Use Disorders found were attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorders (34.5%) and depressive disorders (13.7%). The most common Substance Use Disorder was alcohol dependence (28.4%). Cocaine-dependent patients w...



Drug abuse in slum population.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 16:49:03 +0100

Authors: Ghulam R, Verma K, Sharma P, Razdan M, Razdan RA Abstract Substance abuse is an important health problem throughout the world including India, but prevalence and pattern of abuse varies from country to country and in different types of population. Slums have their own social and economic problems so that substance abuse may be different in this population and might be related with these problems. The aim of the present study was to study the prevalence and pattern substances in slum population. Prakash Chandra Sethi Nagar slum area of Indore district was selected for the purpose of this study. In first phase of the study, first a camp was organized to sensitize local leaders, key persons, and local inhabitants about drug abuse at Chandra Prakash Sethi Nagar. After that bas...



Alcohol intake, morbidity, and mortality.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 16:49:03 +0100

Authors: Rao TS, Andrade C PMID: 26985096 [PubMed] (Source: Indian Journal of Psychiatry)

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Altered function of monocytes/macrophages in patients with autoimmune hepatitis.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 16:30:04 +0100

Authors: Lin R, Zhang J, Zhou L, Wang B Abstract The pathogenesis of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) involves the intervention of the innate and adaptive immune responses. In the current study, the alterations in monocytes/Kupffer cells (KCs) were investigated in patients with AIH. A total of 21 patients with AIH at different stages of the disease, and 7 controls with non‑alcoholic fatty liver disease were selected. The abundance of VAV1 and p21‑activated kinase 1 (PAK1) in the liver and KCs was analyzed. In addition, the expression levels of HLA‑DR and CD80 in the peripheral blood monocytes (PBMs) were measured, and phagocytosis of PBMs was assessed. KCs of AIH patients exhibited higher expression levels of VAV1 and PAK1. This upregulated expression was associated with disease...



Heme oxygenase-1 alleviates alcoholic liver steatosis: histopathological study.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 14:30:02 +0100

In conclusion, HO-1 could alleviate alcoholic hepatic steatosis in male Wistar rats and may be useful in development of a new therapeutic approach. PMID: 26989297 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Toxicologic Pathology)



My Journey to Sobriety Wasn't Easy, But It Was Worth It

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 13:56:55 +0100

"My name is Brittney and I'm an alcoholic." I stood and said that sentence for the first time almost two years ago. I definitely didn't believe that at the time, but I said it anyway. I was about 2,000 miles away from home when I walked into my first AA meeting. I won't lie and say that I didn't have visions of what AA may be like. In my mind, I always pictured a room full of grumpy, homeless-looking people that had nowhere else to go and that was far from what I saw when I entered the room that night. When I stood up and introduced myself, they made me walk to the front of the room and get my 24 hour chip while a stranger hugged me and all of these women clapped for me. I thought to myself there is no way these girls don't drink. They are all liars, they must be forced to be here because...



Involvement of stakeholders in determining health priorities of adolescents in rural South Africa.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 12:09:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: The process brought researchers and stakeholders to consensus on the most important health issues facing adolescents, and a stakeholder forum was developed within which to address the issues. Stakeholder involvement as part of a research engagement strategy can be of mutual benefit to the researchers and the community in which the research is taking place. PMID: 26983724 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)



Selective electrochemical reduction of CO2 to different alcohol products by an organically doped alloy catalyst

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 11:07:15 +0100

Green Chem., 2016, Advance ArticleDOI: 10.1039/C6GC00091F, CommunicationHeng-Pan Yang, Ying-Na Yue, Sen Qin, Huan Wang, Jia-Xing LuA highly recyclable organically doped alloy catalyst for electrochemical reduction of CO2 to different alcohols.To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above.The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry (Source: RSC - Green Chem. latest articles)

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Flaxseed supplementation in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a pilot randomized, open labeled, controlled study.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 10:37:02 +0100

In conclusion, flaxseed supplementation plus lifestyle modification is more effective than lifestyle modification alone for NAFLD management. PMID: 26983396 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition)



The Effect of Transcutaneous Electrıcal Nerve Stımulatıon on Post-Thoracotomy Paın.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 10:26:02 +0100

CONCLUSIONS: Administering TENS in patients that have undergone posterolateral thoracotomy reduced postoperative pain and analgesic consumption. Thus, the use of TENS as an easy and reliable analgesic method in post-thoracotomy pain control can be recommended. PMID: 26986188 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Contemporary Nurse)



Safety reports on the off-label use of baclofen for alcohol-dependence: recommendations to improve causality assessment.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 10:10:02 +0100

Authors: Rolland B, Auffret M, Franchitto N Abstract INTRODUCTION: The off-label use of high-dose baclofen (HDB) for alcohol-dependence has recently spread. However, HDB has been associated with numerous reports of adverse events (AEs). Pharmacovigilance reporting is supposed to differentiate AEs from adverse drug reactions (ADRs), for which the causality of the drug is determined using validated methods. Areas covered: Since 2010, we found 20 publications on baclofen-related AEs in alcohol dependence, in Medline-referenced journals or national pharmacovigilance reports. We focused on whether these reports used causality algorithms, and provided essential elements for determining baclofen causality and excluding the involvement of alcohol and other psychoactive substances or psycho...



Lifestyles in Brazilian capitals according to the National Health Survey and the Surveillance System for Protective and Risk Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel), 2013

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 09:19:16 +0100

Conclusion: In the majority of indicators, the results were similar, especially when the questions and response options were equal. Surveys are useful for the monitoring of risk and protective factors of noncommunicable diseases and can support health promotion programs. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)



Recommendations and practice of healthy behaviors among patients with diagnosis and diabetes in Brazil: National Health Survey (PNS), 2013

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 09:19:16 +0100

Conclusion: Results evidenced that people with diagnosis of hypertension and diabetes give priority to not use (stop) harmful health behaviors than to adopt practices that will bring benefits to their health. It is necessary to promote not only the adverse effects of harmful habits, but also the benefits of healthy behaviors to aging well. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)

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Alcohol consumption and driving in Brazilian capitals and Federal District according to two national health surveys

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 09:19:16 +0100

Conclusion: The study estimated the prevalence of the habit of driving after alcohol consumption among drivers and in the general population. There was consistency between the results from two nationwide surveys. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)



Risk and protective factors for chronic diseases by telephone survey in capitals of Brazil, Vigitel 2014

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 09:19:16 +0100

Conclusion: The results from Vigitel 2014 indicate that risk factors are, in general, more frequent among men, older adults and less educated individuals, characterizing the socioeconomic and cultural dimensions in determining chronic diseases. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia)



Alcohol: a simple nutrient with complex actions on bone in the adult skeleton - Gaddini GW, Turner RT, Grant KA, Iwaniec UT.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 06:34:47 +0100

BACKGROUND: Alcohol is an important nonessential component of diet, but the overall impact of drinking on bone health, especially at moderate levels, is not well understood. Bone health is important because fractures greatly reduce quality of life and are ... (Source: SafetyLit)



A survey of adulterants used to cut cocaine in samples seized in the Espírito Santo State by GC-MS allied to chemometric tools - de Souza LM, Rodrigues RR, Santos H, Costa HB, Merlo BB, Filgueiras PR, Poppi RJ, Vaz BG, Romão W.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 06:34:47 +0100

Cocaine is a stimulant drug of the central nervous system (CNS) extracted from the leaves of Erytroxylum coca. It is defined as a tropane alkaloid containing 1R-(exo,exo)-3-(benzoyloxy)-8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxylic acid methyl esther. Ho... (Source: SafetyLit)



An ethical exploration of barriers to research on controlled drugs - Andreae MH, Rhodes E, Bourgoise T, Carter GM, White RS, Indyk D, Sacks H, Rhodes R.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 06:34:47 +0100

We examine the ethical, social, and regulatory barriers that may hinder research on therapeutic potential of certain controversial controlled substances like marijuana, heroin, or ketamine. Hazards for individuals and society and potential adverse effects ... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Assessing illicit drugs in wastewater - Vandam L, Griffiths P, Castiglioni S.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 06:34:47 +0100

Background Monitoring illicit drug use is di cult because of the hidden and complex nature of drug- using behaviours. 'Wastewater analysis', or 'wastewater-based epidemiology', holds promise for complementing established methods of drug use measurement.... (Source: SafetyLit)



Can progress in reducing alcohol-impaired driving fatalities be resumed? Results of a workshop sponsored by the Transportation Research Board Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Transportation Committee (ANB50) - Fell JC, Beirness DJ, Voas RB, Smith GS, Jonah B, Maxwell JC, Price J, Hedlund J.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 06:34:47 +0100

OBJECTIVE: Despite successes in the 1980s and early 1990s, progress in reducing impaired driving fatalities in the United States has stagnated in recent years. Since 1997, the percentage of drivers involved in fatal crashes with illegal blood alcohol conce... (Source: SafetyLit)



Contribution of the mission in Afghanistan to the burden of past-year mental disorders in Canadian Armed Forces personnel, 2013 - Boulos D, Zamorski MA.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 06:34:47 +0100

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the contribution of the mission in Afghanistan to the burden of mental health problems in the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). Methods: Data were obtained from the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Surv... (Source: SafetyLit)



Creative responses to a drug- or alcohol-related death a sociocultural analysis - Valentine C, Walter T.

Sat, 19 Mar 2016 06:34:47 +0100

This article takes a sociocultural approach to examining creative responses to a traumatic death and loss and their contribution to further understanding of grief, identity, and continuing bonds. Based on qualitative interviews with family members bereaved... (Source: SafetyLit)