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World news | The Guardian

Latest World news news, comment and analysis from the Guardian, the world's leading liberal voice

Published: Wed, 26 Apr 2017 02:17:12 GMT2017-04-26T02:17:12Z

Copyright: Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. 2017

Ivanka Trump met with jeers in Berlin over defense of her father

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 16:23:11 GMT2017-04-25T16:23:11Z

US president’s daughter hears boos at W20 summit for calling him a ‘champion of supporting families’ as Angela Merkel tries hard to make her guest feel welcome

One of the issues at the top of the agenda of the W20 summit in Berlin on Tuesday was how working women can better balance family and work.

So perhaps it was inevitable that the first question for Ivanka Trump – a woman accused of mixing business interests and dynastic ambition in ways the White House has rarely seen – should have focused on alleged conflicts of interest.

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US may avoid government shutdown as Trump softens demand for border wall

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 22:04:18 GMT2017-04-25T22:04:18Z

Congressional leaders sounded confident that they will be able to row back from the brink as the president took funding for the wall off the table

Congressional leaders sounded confident on Tuesday that they would be able to row back from the brink of a government shutdown after Donald Trump signaled a softening on his demand for immediate funding of the wall along the US-Mexico border.

Though Trump insisted that his controversial plan to build a barrier along the southern border would begin “soon”, Republican lawmakers on Capitol Hill were reportedly pressing ahead with a spending plan that included no such funding. Congress has until Friday to approve a spending package to avoid a shutdown of the federal government.

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North Korea conducts live-fire drill with US submarine nearby, raising tensions

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 18:22:14 GMT2017-04-25T18:22:14Z

Exercise using 300 to 400 long-range artillery pieces was a clear reminder that North Korea could destroy large swaths of the South Korean capital

The North Korean army conducted a live-fire drill with massed artillery hours after a US submarine armed with cruise missiles docked at a South Korean base for naval exercises, further raising tensions in a volatile battle of nerves in north-east Asia.

Between 300 and 400 long-range artillery pieces, capable of hitting Seoul, took part in the drill on Tuesday, according to the Yonhap news agency quoting government officials.

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Hackers have targeted election campaign of Macron, says cyber firm

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 17:56:07 GMT2017-04-25T17:56:07Z

Trend Mirco says it detected fake web domains for French presidential candidate on digital infrastructure used by group named Pawn Storm

The campaign of the French presidential frontrunner, Emmanuel Macron, has been targeted by hackers linked to Russia, according to researchers with a Japanese anti-virus firm.

The researchers added to previous suggestions that the centrist politician was being singled out for electronic eavesdropping by the Kremlin.

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'Heist of the century': Brazilian gang hits security vault and police HQ in Paraguay

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 16:39:45 GMT2017-04-25T16:39:45Z

Using automatic rifles, dynamite and anti-aircraft guns, around 50 gangsters turned city into a battle zone before fleeing in speedboats with about $8m

Brazilian gangsters have taken armed robbery to a lethal new level with a cross-border attack on a Paraguayan security vault and police headquarters using automatic rifles, dynamite and anti-aircraft guns in what local media have described as “the heist of the century”.

One police officer was murdered in the assault and three suspects were killed by police after they fled the scene and crossed the river border in speedboats with an estimated $8m.

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Couple charged in shooting of protester at Milo Yiannopoulos event in Seattle

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 19:47:11 GMT2017-04-25T19:47:11Z

Elizabeth Hokoana charged with first-degree assault for shooting 34-year-old protester in abdomen, and her husband was charged with third-degree assault

Prosecutors on Monday charged a couple in connection with a Seattle shooting during a demonstration over an appearance by the rightwing provocateur Milo Yiannopoulos in January.

Elizabeth Hokoana, 29, was charged with first-degree assault for shooting a 34-year-old protester in the abdomen. Her husband, Marc Hokoana, was charged with third-degree assault. Lawyers for the two said they acted in self-defense.

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Two-thirds of people in Mexico, Chile and Ecuador are obese, UN finds

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 19:29:41 GMT2017-04-25T19:29:41Z

Study calls epidemic frightening and finds that ‘overnutrition’ and sedentary lifestyles are costing countries tens of billions of dollars every year

More than two-thirds of people living in Mexico, Chile and Ecuador are overweight or obese, costing their economies tens of billions of dollars every year, driving rates of disease and straining health services, according to a new UN report.

While the number of hungry people in Latin America and the Caribbean has halved in the past 25 years, the region is now struggling to combat an obesity epidemic.

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Stock markets surge to new highs ahead of Trump's tax reform plan

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 19:43:28 GMT2017-04-25T19:43:28Z

US technology shares rise while investors bet on Emmanuel Macron victory in French election

World markets have hit new peaks, pushed higher by continuing optimism about the outcome of the French presidential election, a series of positive US company results and growing anticipation over Donald Trump’s promised tax reforms.

The biggest gains on Tuesday came from the US, with the technology-heavy Nasdaq Composite breaking the 6,000 barrier for the first time, 17 years after it first reached 5,000 during the height of the dotcom boom. The index was boosted by technology giants such as Amazon, Apple, Microsoft, Google and Facebook, which will be among the main beneficiaries of any Trump tax reforms.

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Facebook under pressure after man livestreams killing of his daughter

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 15:38:54 GMT2017-04-25T15:38:54Z

Distressing footage of murder of 11-month old in Thailand was accessible to Facebook users for approximately 24 hours before being taken down

Facebook is coming under fresh pressure over its Facebook Live service after a Thai man broadcast a video of himself killing his 11-month-old daughter.

Wuttisan Wongtalay, 20, filmed the murder of his daughter on the rooftop of a deserted hotel in two video clips streamed on Facebook, before committing suicide, police in the Thai town of Phuket said on Tuesday. Relatives reportedly saw the distressing footage on Monday evening and alerted the police, who arrived too late to save either Wuttisan or his daughter.

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Macron and Le Pen pay tribute to officer killed in Champs Élysées attack

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 11:02:32 GMT2017-04-25T11:02:32Z

French election candidates pause from campaign to attend memorial for Xavier Jugelé, who was murdered last week

For a brief moment on Tuesday morning, France’s battling presidential candidates suspended a bitter campaign to honour the police officer shot dead on the Champs-Elysées in Paris last week.

François Hollande, the outgoing president, led the tribute to Xavier Jugelé, 37, as the independent centrist Emmanuel Macron and the far-right leader Marine Le Pen looked on.

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Justin Trudeau: father's influence made my brother's marijuana charge 'go away'

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 18:06:33 GMT2017-04-25T18:06:33Z

  • Canada prime minister’s brother Michel charged with possession in 1998
  • Government facing calls for blanket pardon for pot convictions

Days after his government confirmed that its plans to legalise marijuana will not include a blanket pardon for those with past pot convictions, Justin Trudeau has admitted that his late brother was once charged with marijuana possession – and that their father’s resources and connections helped make the charge “go away”.

The Canadian prime minister’s comments, made at a town hall meeting hosted by Vice Media, came in response to a young Canadian who said he had been charged with pot possession.

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Trump tries to mend relationship with Jewish community after past slights

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 18:00:15 GMT2017-04-25T18:00:15Z

The US president spoke out against Holocaust deniers and promised to confront antisemitism on Tuesday, following his administration’s recent missteps

Donald Trump sought to rebuild his administration’s relationship with the Jewish community on Tuesday as he spoke out against Holocaust deniers and promised to confront antisemitism.

The US president was criticised after an official White House statement to commemorate International Holocaust Remembrance Day failed to mention Jews, his spokesman claimed that Hitler did not use chemical weapons against “his own people” and Trump himself described far-right Marine Le Pen as the “strongest” candidate in the French election, despite her party’s history of xenophobia and antisemitism.

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Michael Flynn's Russia payment likely broke disclosure laws, lawmakers say

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 17:20:42 GMT2017-04-25T17:20:42Z

It appeared Trump’s ex-national security adviser didn’t receive permission for or properly report foreign funds and that White House refused to provide files

Donald Trump’s former national security adviser, Michael Flynn, likely violated the law when he failed to disclose payments he had received from Russia and Turkey, the leading Republican and Democrat on the House oversight committee said on Tuesday.

Committee chairman Jason Chaffetz, a Republican from Utah, and ranking member Elijah Cummings, a Democrat from Maryland, said it appeared Flynn had not received permission for or properly reported the funds he received from a 2015 speech in Russia and lobbying work his firm did for Turkey.

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Passengers don't want overweight flight crew, say Aeroflot officials after lawsuits

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 15:20:32 GMT2017-04-25T15:20:32Z

Airline representatives claim customers choose it partly on basis of employees’ appearance, after court rejects complaints

Representatives of the Russian airline Aeroflot have said it is reasonable for female flight attendants to face financial penalties if they are deemed to be overweight.

At a press conference on Tuesday following two recent lawsuits, two Aeroflot representatives appeared to attempt to justify the airline’s alleged policing of its female employees’ appearance.

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Israel snubs German foreign minister in row over human rights talks

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 15:19:34 GMT2017-04-25T15:19:34Z

Benjamin Netanyahu cancels talks with Sigmar Gabriel after German foreign minister vows to meet Israeli rights groups

Israel’s prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, has abruptly cancelled a meeting with the visiting German foreign minister, Sigmar Gabriel, in a high-profile diplomatic row over the German minister’s plan to meet two Israeli rights groups.

Netanyahu’s snub came after he issued an ultimatum to Gabriel to cancel meetings with military whistleblower group Breaking the Silence and human rights group B’Tselem.

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University chief appeals for EU help to fight Hungarian clampdown

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 16:33:25 GMT2017-04-25T16:33:25Z

Rector of Central European University hopeful EU will launch infringement proceedings against Orbán government

The head of a leading university threatened with closure in Hungary has made an emotional plea for help from the EU and accused the country’s rightwing, authoritarian prime minister, Viktor Orbán, of effectively putting a gun to his head.

Michael Ignatieff, rector of the US-linked Central European University (CEU), said he was “cautiously optimistic” that the EU would launch infringement proceedings against the Hungarian government for its “outrageous” attack on academic freedoms.

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Yemen hunger crisis: UN only raises half of $2.1bn aid target

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 15:29:29 GMT2017-04-25T15:29:29Z

António Guterres tells humanitarian donors conference the war-torn country is facing ‘a tragedy of immense proportions’

The UN secretary general, António Guterres, has said the UN has now been promised half the amount requested for its humanitarian appeal for Yemen, which is facing “a tragedy of immense proportions”.

Speaking before donors at a fundraising conference in Geneva pledged sums to take the total promised to $1.1bn (£860m), Guterres said: “Our humanitarian appeal for 2017 is $2.1bn and only 15% has been met until the present moment.”

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Alcohol ruling drives Indian bar-goers round bends

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 04:45:38 GMT2017-04-25T04:45:38Z

Business owners walk a fine line in ingenious efforts to skirt supreme court ban on sale of alcohol within 500 metres of highways

Locals say the maze appeared around December. Outside the Aishwarya Restrobar in north Paravoor – one of the few places you could get a drink in Kerala, a dry state – there had suddenly sprung up a series of winding grey walls, forcing patrons to walk extra metres to the bar.

And that may have been the point. An Indian supreme court judgment delivered in December and enforced since 1 April has banned the sale of alcohol within 500 metres of India’s state and national highways.

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'Mass murder' complaint filed against Philippines' President Duterte at ICC

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 04:23:51 GMT2017-04-25T04:23:51Z

Filipino lawyer Jude Sabio launches action over ‘terrifying, gruesome and disastrous’ drug war that has left more than 7,000 people dead

A Filipino lawyer has filed a complaint at the international criminal court (ICC) accusing president Rodrigo Duterte and 11 other Philippine officials of mass murder and crimes against humanity.

In the first publicly known filing to the Hague court against Duterte, Jude Sabio submitted the 77-page complaint that says the president has “repeatedly, unchangingly and continuously” committed extra-judicial executions or mass murders over three decades, amounting to crimes against humanity.

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Venezuela anti-government protesters paralyse major roads as more die

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 00:10:54 GMT2017-04-25T00:10:54Z

Turmoil has been caused by food shortages, rising unemployment and anger at president’s authoritarian restrictions on elections and democratic institutions

Venezuela’s major transport arteries juddered to a halt on Monday as opposition protesters blocked major roads and staged sit-ins across the country.

Related: Are you taking part in protests in Venezuela?

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Eastern Europe failing on Jewish restitution pledges, study finds

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 13:59:40 GMT2017-04-24T13:59:40Z

Poland in particular accused of not meeting Terezin declaration promises on mass theft during Holocaust and communist eras

Eastern European countries, in particular Poland, have failed to live up to their pledges to ensure the return of property taken from Jewish people during the second world war, a study has found.

Eight years ago, governments from 46 states promised in the so-called Terezin declaration to try to bring some justice to the victims of the mass thefts of the 1930s and 1940s, in recognition of the advancing age of Holocaust survivors.

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'Winter White House': US embassy's Mar-a-Lago web page removed amid criticism

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 21:07:46 GMT2017-04-24T21:07:46Z

US embassy in London devoted page to Donald Trump’s private country club, conflating public institutions and president’s business interests, experts say

The US embassy in London has taken down a web page publicising Donald Trump’s country club at Mar-a-Lago in Florida, triggering outrage as the latest example of the blurring of lines between public institutions and the president’s business interests under the new administration.

The page on the embassy site devoted to Mar-a-Lago, described it as “the winter White House”, although it continues to be a private club with annual membership fees of $200,000.

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'Run! Run! Run!' First day on the job for groundbreaking Shanghai reporter

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 02:07:36 GMT2017-04-26T02:07:36Z

Female voices are still a rarity among China’s war correspondents, but Yuan Wenyi hopes she is helping to shake off outdated conceptions

When Yuan Wenyi touched down in Tripoli in 2011 to witness the downfall of Colonel Gaddafi for Shanghai’s Dragon TV she became the first female war correspondent from the city since Mao founded the People’s Republic of China in 1949.

The 36-year-old reporter remembers her action-packed debut as a conflict reporter as a “sheer delight”. But her first experience of war was almost her last.

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US businesswoman Phan Phan-Gillis sentenced in China on spying charges

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 01:45:40 GMT2017-04-26T01:45:40Z

‘Sandy’ Phan-Gillis disappeared while on a business trip to China in 2015 and little had been heard of her case until her sentence

An American woman detained during a business trip to China and charged with spying was sentenced on Tuesday to three and a half years in prison, raising the possibility that she may be allowed to return home soon.

Phan Phan-Gillis has faced an uncertain fate since March 2015 when she disappeared from her group traveling in southern China. She was later accused of espionage, which carries a possible death sentence. A United Nations panel has said her detention violated international norms and the US has long pressed China to resolve the case fairly.

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'You will not have my hatred': moving eulogy for slain French policeman – video

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 01:28:27 GMT2017-04-26T01:28:27Z

Etienne Cardiles delivers a moving eulogy at his partner’s funeral at Paris police headquarters on Tuesday. Politicians and dignitaries attended to pay their respects to the officer, Xavier Jugelé, who was shot dead on the Champs-Elysées in Paris last week. President François Hollande led the tributes, while Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen, the two candidates vying to replace him also attended

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China's new generation of war correspondents hit the front line

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 01:00:23 GMT2017-04-26T01:00:23Z

Beijing’s state-run press expands its global footprint as part of an ambitious media offensive designed to project the country’s voice across the world

Chen Xu credits Confucian philosophy with calming his nerves as he raced down Israel’s Highway 4 towards his first taste of war.

It was 15 November 2012 and the young Chinese journalist was heading for the Gaza Strip after the start of a major Israeli assault dubbed Operation Pillar of Defence.

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Brazil goalkeeper guilty of murder back in prison after brief return to football

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:12:09 GMT2017-04-26T00:12:09Z

An earlier court decision had allowed Bruno Fernandes de Souza to sign for a second-division soccer club, causing a public uproar

Brazil’s Supreme Court has ordered the re-arrest of a professional footballer who was convicted of murdering his girlfriend, then prematurely released and allowed to sign for a club.

Bruno Fernandes de Souza - who was an icon during his period as goalkeeper for Brazil’s most popular club Flamengo - handed himself in to police, ending two months of liberty that had generated fierce debate about the violence and misogyny of Latin America’s biggest country.

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Australia 'ripping off' New Zealand with citizenship changes

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 22:52:52 GMT2017-04-25T22:52:52Z

Kiwis could spend 10 years waiting for citizenship while living and paying taxes in Australia

New Zealand citizens living in Australia are rallying to block the proposed citizenship rule changes in the Senate after the office of the immigration minister, Peter Dutton, confirmed longer waiting times would also apply to Kiwis.

The changes appear to junk a commitment given last year to the former NZ prime minister John Key that citizenship would be fast tracked for Kiwis who met income requirements for five years and had passed health and security checks.

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Trash talk: how beautiful, progressive Lviv became overrun with rubbish

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 11:06:38 GMT2017-04-24T11:06:38Z

The Ukrainian city of Lviv – long noted for its Habsburg-era buildings and vibrant cafes – is in the throes of a trash crisis. Who is really to blame?

An enchanting city in western Ukraine, Lviv has gained a pleasant reputation for its rugged, Habsburg-era beauty and vibrant cafe scene. More recently, however, it has become known for something entirely different: heaping piles of trash.

For months, Lviv has struggled to properly dispose of the several hundred tonnes of waste it produces each day. Municipal officials say local trash collectors face restricted access to nearby landfills, leaving them few other places to turn with the city’s rubbish.

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Decline of the diner: New York's last retro eateries – in pictures

Fri, 21 Apr 2017 16:05:19 GMT2017-04-21T16:05:19Z

Home to iconic movie scenes and late-night cheap feasts, New York’s diners have been dramatically declining as a result of rising rents. Photographer Riley Arthur set out to document those remaining

New York-based freelance photographer Riley Arthur has an obsession with diners in the Big Apple. In fact, she has photographed more than 135 of them in all five boroughs (@dinersofnyc). “I see it as both a living archive as well as a historic one,” she says. “I’m rushing to document as many as possible.”

New York City was once home to thousands of diner establishments; now roughly 215 are left, according to the city’s public records. Even in the 18 months since Arthur began her project, eight diners she had photographed have closed. Some of these – Hector’s, Pearl Diner, Square Diner – count among the five last standalone diners in the city.

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Silent Siófok: Hungary's 'summer capital' without the crowds – in pictures

Wed, 19 Apr 2017 11:11:30 GMT2017-04-19T11:11:30Z

Famous for its beaches and nightlife, Hungary’s favourite holiday destination empties out in the colder months, leaving it a bleak ghost town. Former resident Marietta Varga captures a surreal urban landscape devoid of people

Born in 1992, Marietta Varga (@mattivarga) grew up in the Hungarian city of Siófok by the beaches of Lake Balaton. After a decade living abroad, she recently returned to capture a nostalgic portrait of her hometown.

“Siófok is often called Hungary’s summer capital as so many people flock there in the warm months,” she says, “so for most people the city is only known as their holiday destination. But those who grow up here can see the town in an entirely different way.”

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Where is the world's most sprawling city?

Wed, 19 Apr 2017 06:15:13 GMT2017-04-19T06:15:13Z

Driving to work, driving to dinner, driving to meet friends … this quintessentially American invention requires a limitless supply of land and resources. Los Angeles is infamously sprawling but is it the worst offender?

As a young child in Glasgow I was desperate to visit the United States, to see its incredible landscapes and its legendary urbanism: the Grand Canyon, the Manhattan skyline. But it wasn’t until visiting much later that I experienced what is truly the iconic American landscape: the strip, that stretch of multi-lane road leading off into the distance, surrounded on either side by fast-food restaurants, islands of retail lost in seas of asphalt.

Strip development, and its cousin the shopping mall, are symbols of America’s gift to urbanism: sprawl. Los Angeles may be the world’s most famously sprawling city but is it the worst culprit? What about Montreal, or Brisbane, both low density cities in countries with no shortage of space and a strong love of the car?

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Rauma in the spotlight: city celebrates 575 years as Finland turns 100

Tue, 18 Apr 2017 06:15:21 GMT2017-04-18T06:15:21Z

As Rauma reaches its 575th year, residents of this surprisingly cosmopolitan city will celebrate its the beauty of its Unesco-listed old town, and its history as an important medieval port

The city of a smidgen under 40,000 people on Finland’s west coast, clustered around an immaculate Unesco-garlanded wooden old town, celebrates its 575th anniversary this week. Depending on how you classify these things, that makes Rauma either the country’s third, fourth or fifth oldest chartered town. Anyway, it’s old … with enough of a concentration of culture to make Unesco look twice: the bronze age cairns at nearby Sammallahdenmäki also made it on to the World Heritage list.

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Did Seattle's mandatory helmet law kill off its bike-share scheme?

Tue, 18 Apr 2017 06:00:21 GMT2017-04-18T06:00:21Z

Seattle has become the first major US city to shut a public bike share scheme. Was it the helmet law … or the lack of cycle lanes and the notorious hills and rain?

A small group of supporters, journalists and a city councilman gathered at the end of last month to take Seattle’s cycle share bikes out for one last spin. Mayor Ed Murray had pulled the plug on the Pronto system after two-and-a-half years of low ridership, financial troubles and waning political support.

Sitting tall on the clunky, lime green bikes, our group of 10 pedalled through downtown’s heavy evening rush hour traffic, picking up a few more mourners on Pronto bikes en route.

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How the Dodger baseball stadium shaped LA – and revealed its divisions

Wed, 12 Apr 2017 06:30:28 GMT2017-04-12T06:30:28Z

When the Dodgers moved to Los Angeles 60 years ago, the construction of their stadium was meant to forge the city’s rise to modernity. Instead it provoked a racially charged battle of eviction and protest that shaped LA for decades to come

On 10 April 1962, amid ceremony and celebration, Dodger Stadium, major league baseball’s modern showpiece, opened in Los Angeles. It was a day of pride and accomplishment for Walter O’Malley, the 58-year-old owner of the Los Angeles Dodgers, who had moved his team from New York in 1957 in order to build the ballpark of his dreams, one with every possible amenity and convenience. Now here it stood in the former Chavez Ravine neighbourhood, a beautiful setting overlooking downtown Los Angeles to the south and the San Gabriel Mountains to the north.

The city of Los Angeles also had reason to be proud. It had attracted the Brooklyn Dodgers, a storied and successful baseball franchise, with the promise of the finest stadium in America. Here it was, adorned in vibrant earth-to-sky colours, with unobstructed field views and the biggest and most technologically advanced scoreboard in the game. It was already being called the wonder of the baseball world, a grand civic monument befitting a world-class city. O’Malley, the Dodgers and Los Angeles had done it.

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Antigua in the spotlight: hundreds of thousands descend for Semana Santa

Mon, 10 Apr 2017 11:23:40 GMT2017-04-10T11:23:40Z

This small city in Guatemala hosts one of the world’s most famous Holy Week parades – but the influx of visitors brings new challenges to its ancient streets

In much of the Catholic world, especially Spanish-speaking countries, huge religious parades – procesiónes – are staged to mark the days leading up to Easter. Religious collectives, often grouped around brotherhoods or guilds, parade shrines of Christ or the Virgin Mary through the streets, often with burning incense, spine-chilling chants and a little light flagellation.

The city of Antigua, in southern Guatemala, is no exception – in fact, it leads the pack, with spectacular procesiones that are among the world’s most iconic. Antigua’s parades are a voluptuous, baroque, often dramatic affair – and not a brief one. “A parade can easily come out at 3pm and finish at 2am,” says Mary Bolaños, a local photographer. She says the marches are an experience “one should live at least once”.

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'Don't worry, I won't kill you': the strange boom in homeless tourism

Mon, 10 Apr 2017 09:02:14 GMT2017-04-10T09:02:14Z

From Prague to Los Angeles, tours led by homeless guides are showing visitors the dark heart of familiar cities – but does it help, or is it just poverty porn?

It is a Friday afternoon in late winter and I am standing outside Prague’s central train station, near a bronze statue of Woodrow Wilson, stripping to my long underwear. A few minutes earlier I’d met Klára, from the tourism group Pragulic, who hauled carrier bags filled with the clothes I would wear over the next 24 hours as a homeless person.

Along with my new outfit, she gave me two things: a late-model Nokia programmed with contacts for the police, fire department, Pragulic’s staff and my guide, Robert, and an envelope containing my budget – 20 koruna (60p). “You can use it to change in the bathrooms in the station,” she says, “or you can save it and change out here.”

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The city Le Corbusier built: inside Chandigarh – in pictures

Fri, 07 Apr 2017 06:00:02 GMT2017-04-07T06:00:02Z

In 1950, India’s prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru invited the architect Le Corbusier to design a modernist city that broke with the country’s colonial past. Shaun Fynn explored the world heritage site

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Trump: 100 days that shook the world – and the activists fighting back

Sun, 23 Apr 2017 09:00:09 GMT2017-04-23T09:00:09Z

Three months in, the future is totally unpredictable. But a dramatic fightback is under way. Four activists tell us how they are adapting to the new normal

The first 100 days of President Donald Trump: how has my life changed? First of all, there was the mourning period. Not for me, but for my fellow citizens. I was just mad. And I wasn’t even maddest at the Trump voters. I understood that the critical battle lines now are not left versus right, but the 1% neoliberal globalisers making off with all of the loot and disembowelling the middle class. So when I saw the campaign, I knew that in the US, just as in the UK, a candidate who said anything at all about people forgotten in the neoliberal race would have a solid chance.

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People whose 'brain age' is older than their real age more likely to die early

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 23:02:52 GMT2017-04-25T23:02:52Z

Scientists at Imperial College London used MRI scans and algorithms to produce computer-generated brain age and spot risk of dying young

Doctors may be able to warn patients if they are at risk of early death by analysing their brains, British scientists have discovered.

Those whose brains appeared older than their true age were more likely to die early and to be in worse physical and mental health, a study by Imperial College London found.

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International prize for Arabic fiction goes to Mohammed Hasan Alwan

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 17:00:11 GMT2017-04-25T17:00:11Z

A Small Death, the Saudi novelist’s historical novel about a Sufi mystic and adventurer, takes $50,000 honour for ‘striking artistry’

A historical novel about the life and adventures of an Andalusian adventurer and Sufi mystic has taken the most prestigious prize in Arabic fiction.

Saudi author Mohammed Hasan Alwan won the $50,000 (£39,000) International prize for Arabic fiction for A Small Death, his fictional account of the life of Sunni scholar Muhyiddin Ibn ‘Arabi. The novel follows him from his birth in Muslim Spain in 1165 to his death in Damascus in 1240, taking in journeys from Andalusia to Azerbaijan, and his reflections on the violence witnesses in Morocco, Egypt, the Hejaz (now part of Saudi Arabia), Syria, Iraq and Turkey. A contentious figure in history, Ibn ‘Arabi has been declared the foremost spiritual leader in Sufism by some, but condemned as an apostate by others.

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South Africa’s divided communities – drone video

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 12:24:46 GMT2017-04-25T12:24:46Z

Aerial images show divided communities in South Africa, as well as Kenya and Mexico. The drone footage, taken by Johnny Miller for his Unequal Scenes project, shows communities of extreme wealth and privilege metres away from shack dwellings. Miller explains in an article for the Guardian how these images have caused a stir

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NSW police establish 'fixated persons' unit to help counter lone wolf attacks

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 02:04:10 GMT2017-04-26T02:04:10Z

Combined law enforcement-health unit will focus on those who are marginalised but not on counter-terrorism radar

The New South Wales police force has formed a new unit aimed at countering lone wolf attacks from “fixated” people who may be vulnerable to extremist groups.

On Wednesday the commissioner, Mick Fuller, announced the Fixated Persons Investigations Unit would be comprised of police officers and mental health specialists to identify potentially vulnerable people who may be at risk of exposure to extremist material.

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Mexico talks tough to Trump as border wall funding appears to stall

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:03:37 GMT2017-04-26T00:03:37Z

Foreign minister called plans ‘hostile’ and an ‘absolute waste of money’, as Trump appears to back down on demand for funding from Congress

Mexican foreign minister Luis Videgaray tore into the idea of building a border, calling it “unfriendly, “a hostile act” and “unlikely to fulfill the objectives” of stopping the flow of migrants and illegal merchandise into the United States.

Appearing before the international relations commission in the lower house of Congress, Videgaray unleashed uncharacteristically tough talk on Donald Trump’s demand that Mexico pay for building a border, telling lawmakers that Mexico would not put a peso towards the construction costs. He also called plans for fencing off the frontier “an absolute waste of money” and said Mexico would pursue legal measures if its borders were infringed upon by the wall.

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Justin Trudeau: ‘My father’s resources cleared brother’s cannabis charge’ – video

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 19:31:46 GMT2017-04-25T19:31:46Z

The Canadian prime minister, Justin Trudeau, speaks to Vice Canada about his government’s plans to legalise marijuana. He tells a story about how his late brother was charged with cannabis possession nearly two decades ago but his father’s connections made the charge ‘go away’

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Macron will not change this crisis of globalisation | Letters

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 18:56:37 GMT2017-04-25T18:56:37Z


Like Natalie Nougayrède, I too felt a huge sense of relief that Emmanuel Macron had made it through to the second round of the French presidential election (The nightmare of a Le Pen win, 25 April). But there is clearly something wrong with a French system which so easily could have selected the far-left candidate Jean-Luc Mélenchon, who was only a few percentage points behind Macron. I agree that anti-establishment sentiment that is indifferent to the outcome it produces (Brexit/Trump) results in chaos and nihilism, not renewal. A Mélenchon v Le Pen vote-off would have been a disaster for France and for Europe.
Stan Labovitch
Windsor, Berkshire

Here’s why I voted for Macron in the French presidential elections: I see myself as part of this new generation of French voters that believes in free trade and responsible public spending, while (as Macron famously says, “en même temps”) setting up regulations to control globalisation. These voters recognise the need for reforms and more flexible employment laws, as well as worker protection and lifelong learning. France represents 3% of world GDP and the challenges of today’s world – including terrorism, military defence and global warming and innovation – will have to be tackled at European level. French voters outside of France understand that, so it is not surprising that 40% of us voted for Macron. He has brought optimism to depressed French voters with a programme that puts progressivism and Europe at the centre of his aspirations.

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Ditch the outrage over Macron’s marriage age gap – we all have fascists to fight

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 13:09:35 GMT2017-04-25T13:09:35Z

The reaction to the age disparity between the French presidential hopeful and his wife proves one thing: endemic ageism and sexism are alive and kicking

I have no great desire to do a feminist analysis of the marriage of Emmanuel Macron, the last non-fascist standing in the forthcoming French elections, but the fathomless nastiness of the Daily Mail has made it necessary. “How can I get the world to take me seriously,” writes Jan Moir, channelling Macron’s interior voice, “if they think I am a mummy’s boy with a wife who is 25 years older than him?”

This idea is dispatched relatively easily: men don’t need authority over their wives in order to be taken seriously, except in the Sopranos and the 12th century. One of these days, that entire newspaper will realise how close it is in outlook to Isis and cut those medieval terrorists some solidarity slack.

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Macron and Le Pen supporters in Arras united by desire for change

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 08:04:33 GMT2017-04-25T08:04:33Z

Town in northern France is in Front National territory, but many voters determined to keep Marine Le Pen out

In the northern French town of Arras they have been commemorating the 100th anniversary of a first world war battle that resulted in almost 280,000 casualties. The streets have been filled with poster-sized photographs of a few of the 35,000 Allied soldiers from Britain, Australia, Canada and South Africa who died in the Battle of Arras, along with the flags of all the countries who took part, giving the town an unusually international feel.

It is the morning after the night before – when the voters of Arras closely matched the national result of the first round of the presidential election, giving Emmanuel Macron 24.6% and Marine Le Pen 21.49% – and residents and tourists who have come to honour the war dead are enjoying an early lunch in the pretty town hall square.

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Le Pen attacks Macron as she steps aside as head of Front National

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 07:09:11 GMT2017-04-25T07:09:11Z

Far-right candidate in French presidential election accuses centrist rival of being weak on terror

Far-right French presidential candidate, Marine Le Pen, has attacked her centrist rival Emmanuel Macron, suggesting he is a “hysterical, radical Europeanist” who is weak on jihadi terror.

Her tirade came as the country’s demoralised mainstream parties threw their weight behind her opponent on the first day of campaigning for the presidential runoff on 7 May.

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Russian and western dispute over Syria chemical attack further muddies truth

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 07:00:41 GMT2017-04-25T07:00:41Z

Russian officials accuse Organisation for Prohibition of Chemical Weapons of siding with the west after rejecting plan to reinvestigate evidence of sarin gas

An increasingly bitter dispute between Russia and the west over an inquiry into the recent chemical weapons attack that killed about 80 people in Syria has revealed the extent to which the two sides are unable to agree on basic facts – or even agree a process to ascertain the truth.

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Tuesday briefing: Welcome back, Barack

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 05:02:11 GMT2017-04-25T05:02:11Z

Ex-president returns to public stage … Trump summons entire Senate for briefing on North Korea … and laptops may be banned on flights out of UK

Good morning, it’s Warren Murray getting you up to speed.

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Jean-Marie Le Pen holds key to second round - archive, 25 April 1988

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 04:00:38 GMT2017-04-25T04:00:38Z

25 April 1988: Despite his elimination from the race to be president, Le Pen said his National Front party’s strong showing indicated ‘a radical transformation’ of the political scene

The French National Front leader, Mr Jean-Marie Le Pen, emerged in yesterday’s presidential poll as the deciding influence in the second-round run off next Sunday.

President François Mitterrand and the Prime Minister, Mr Jacques Chirac, were left facing a tough and morally difficult election battle.

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China bans religious names for Muslim babies in Xinjiang

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 03:11:44 GMT2017-04-25T03:11:44Z

List of banned baby names released amid ongoing crackdown on religion that includes law against veils and beards

Many couples fret over choosing the perfect name for their newborn, but for Muslims in western China that decision has now become even more fraught: pick the wrong name and your child will be denied education and government benefits.

Officials in the western region of Xinjiang, home to roughly half of China’s 23 million Muslims, have released a list of banned baby names amid an ongoing crackdown on religion, according to a report by US-funded Radio Free Asia.

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MH370: independent experts mistrust 'confidence' about plane's location

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 01:32:39 GMT2017-04-25T01:32:39Z

Australian authorities accused of using report by national science agency to bolster preconceived ideas

Independent investigators looking into the loss of Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 have expressed scepticism about the Australian authorities’ statement they are newly confident about the plane’s location.

On Friday Australia’s national science agency, CSIRO, published its modelling of the drift of a Boeing 777 flaperon consistent with the one from MH370 that was found washed up on La Réunion in July 2015.

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US considers cabin laptop ban on flights from UK airports

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 00:13:15 GMT2017-04-25T00:13:15Z

All travellers from Europe could face ban aimed at thwarting terrorists who want to smuggle explosives in electronic gadgets

The Trump administration is considering barring passengers flying to the US from UK airports from taking laptops into the cabins, sources have told the Guardian.

The proposed ban would be similar to one already imposed on travellers from several Middle Eastern countries.

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Former Perth student pleads not guilty to murdering his family with axe in South Africa

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 23:43:51 GMT2017-04-24T23:43:51Z

Henri van Breda says he fought with laughing attacker during killings at Stellenbosch home

A former Perth student accused of murdering three members of his family with an axe in South Africa pleaded not guilty on Monday, saying he fought with a laughing attacker during the slaughter at their upscale home.

The trial of Henri van Breda began more than two years after his parents and older brother were killed in Stellenbosch, a scenic wine-growing region. Van Breda also is charged with attempting to murder his sister during the alleged killing spree on 27 January 2015. Marli, then 16, suffered severe injuries and is reported to be unable to remember the incident.

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Two-tier refugee system leaves many destitute and homeless, say MPs

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 23:01:32 GMT2017-04-24T23:01:32Z

Cross-party group report finds support differs for refugees who come to UK via asylum route rather than resettlement

A costly “two-tier system” of providing protection for refugees in Britain has developed, leaving many at risk of homelessness and destitution, according to a report from a cross-party group of MPs.

The study by the parliamentary group on refugees says the way the system is structured seriously damages the prospect of integrating new refugees and reports that the British Red Cross had to help more than 1,200 destitute refugees in just nine months last year.

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Chile earthquake: major quake strikes off coast but no tsunami expected

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 22:50:27 GMT2017-04-24T22:50:27Z

Authorities initially ordered a preventative evacuation of the coastal area near Valparaíso before quake of magnitude 7.1 hit 22 miles off of the west coast

A powerful earthquake of magnitude 7.1 has struck off the west coast of Chile, rocking the capital Santiago and generating at least two significant aftershocks.

No major damage was immediately apparent, according to an assessment by Chile’s emergency services. The Chilean navy and the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said the quake was not expected to cause a tsunami.

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Marine Le Pen steps aside from Front National leadership – video

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 21:13:29 GMT2017-04-24T21:13:29Z

Leader of France’s far-right Front National, Marine Le Pen, announces she is focusing on her campaign to become president in the runoff against centrist candidate Emmanuel Macron

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Suspected Maoist rebels kill 24 soldiers in India

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 19:08:09 GMT2017-04-24T19:08:09Z

At least 24 paramilitary commandos have been killed and six injured in one of the deadliest attacks on security forces in a long conflict

Suspected Maoist rebels have killed at least 24 paramilitary commandos and wounded six in a remote part of central India in one of the deadliest attacks of a long-running internal conflict.

The soldiers were guarding road workers in the Sukma district of Chhattisgarh state, a hotbed of insurgent violence, when they came under heavy fire.

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UN 'utterly horrified' by video appearing to show murder of two experts in Congo

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 18:53:30 GMT2017-04-24T18:53:30Z

  • American Michael Sharp and Swedish-Chilean Zaida Catalán died in March
  • Pair were investigating violation of UN arms embargo in DRC’s Kasai region

The United Nations has said it was horrified by a grisly video screened by the government of Democratic Republic of Congo that appeared to show the murder of two UN investigators.

Congo’s government showed the film to reporters in Kinshasa on Monday, saying it showed members of an anti-government militia carrying out the act.

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Frontrunner Macron can take nothing for granted in French election runoff | Angelique Chrisafis

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 18:09:53 GMT2017-04-24T18:09:53Z

Well ahead in the polls, centrist candidate must come out of his comfort zone to show he understands France’s divisions

The independent centrist Emmanuel Macron, who is now favourite to win the French presidential election against the far-right Front National’s Marine Le Pen, spent much of his first day of the final-round campaign behind closed doors, fine-tuning strategy. His triumphant victory speech after topping the first-round vote had given way to discussion across France of the difficult challenge he now faces.

The election map of France was a reality check. Far from an outright victory for Macron’s moderate centrist brand of business-friendly, internationally minded, socially liberal values, it showed a country more fractured than ever. The Front National cemented its place on the French political scene, winning swaths of the deindustrialised north and east, as well as the south, while Macron took the west. He was strong in cosmopolitan cities, while she was strong in small towns and rural areas that felt abandoned.

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A government of death is plundering our ancient Munduruku lands. Help us stop it

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 13:05:19 GMT2017-04-25T13:05:19Z

As the UN forum on indigenous issues meets in New York, we, the Munduruku people of Brazil, demand an end to the destruction of our territory

We, the Munduruku people, send our thoughts and words to you who live far away. We echo the cry for help from our mother, the forest, and from all the indigenous peoples in Brazil.

Our home of Mundurukânia and all 13,000 of our people are threatened by the Brazilian government’s plans to build more than 40 hydroelectric dams in the Tapajós basin, as well as an industrial waterway and other major projects.

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UK overseas aid budget fraud levels do not seem credible, watchdog says

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 11:41:58 GMT2017-04-25T11:41:58Z

Commons committee questions official figures for how much the Department for International Development has lost

The government’s claims of low levels of fraud in Britain’s overseas aid budget do not seem credible given mounting evidence of missing money, the House of Commons financial watchdog has said.

The public accounts committee questioned official findings on how much the Department for International Development (DfID) has lost to overseas corruption after its budget increased by more than a quarter to nearly £10bn since 2011.

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Satellite images trigger payouts for Kenyan farmers in grip of drought

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 06:00:40 GMT2017-04-25T06:00:40Z

Innovative insurance scheme gives a lifeline to vulnerable pastoralists, as three years of poor rains kill thousands of livestock across northern Kenya

The Kenyan government is scaling up an innovative livestock insurance programme that uses satellite imagery of drought-hit areas to offer a safety net to vulnerable farmers. The Kenya Livestock Insurance Programme (Klip) monitors forage conditions throughout the two annual rainy seasons, triggering payouts to pastoralists when vegetation dies back to critical levels.

The payments are designed to enable families that depend on livestock to purchase animal feed to keep their herd alive.

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Development aid is a matter of justice, not generosity | Letters

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 16:58:52 GMT2017-04-24T16:58:52Z

We import poor countries’ health workers, we extract their raw materials on unfair terms, and we exploit their cut-price labour, writes Richard Middleton

Most defences of development aid are, well, too defensive (Editorial, 21 April). What is classed as “aid” is more properly described as a small repayment towards the much greater sums we extract from poor countries. We free-ride on their education systems, especially by importing health workers. We extract raw materials under trade terms that systematically disadvantage them. We boost our corporate profits (some of which find their way into tax revenues) by exploiting their cut-price labour, exporting carbon emissions as a bonus. Our banks launder the proceeds of corruption among their elites (and again our treasuries benefit – at least some of the time). Our industrial fishing fleets decimate their waters. The list is endless. And all this before even considering historical factors such as colonial looting, slavery and past greenhouse gas emissions (now contributing to the very environmental and food crises which some of our “aid” then attempts to ameliorate). It’s not a question of “generosity”; it’s a question of justice.
Richard Middleton
Crossmichael, Dumfries and Galloway

• Join the debate – email

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Matt Damon: ‘Children are drinking water so dirty it looks like chocolate milk’ | David Smith

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 16:41:22 GMT2017-04-24T16:41:22Z

The Hollywood star reveals how a conversation with an ambitious 14-year-old in Zambia inspired a project to help people in dire need of clean water

Jetlagged after a flight from Australia, Matt Damon is wearing a smart dark suit with a crisp white shirt as he sits at the headquarters of the World Bank in Washington. He is barely distinguishable from countless technocrats converging on this cathedral of global capitalism.

The Hollywood actor and co-founder of is here to be interviewed by the Guardian but first he has some questions of his own. What’s going to happen in the British election? And will there be another Scottish referendum?

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'Horrific’ levels of child abuse in unsafe refugee camps, warns EU

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 13:05:15 GMT2017-04-24T13:05:15Z

Study says squalid Greek and Italian camps lack adequate security, food and medical facilities, with 23,000 unaccompanied minors at risk of exploitation

Urgent action is needed to help at least 23,000 unaccompanied child refugees stranded in squalid and unsafe Greek and Italian refugee camps, an official EU audit has warned.

Camp life in Greek and Italian “hotspots” – holding centres set up at migrant arrival points – is plagued by a lack of security safeguards, water, decent food, blankets and medical facilities, the new study says.

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Radio Monsoon aims to ensure safety reigns among fishermen in south India | Nicola Slawson

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 04:00:01 GMT2017-04-24T04:00:01Z

With the rainy season approaching in Kerala state, a radio station is providing a low-tech forecast service to encourage 30,000 families to fish more safely

For the fisherfolk of India’s southern state of Kerala, risking life and limb is part of everyday life.

As fish stocks deplete in coastal waters because of overfishing and climate change, fishermen have no option but to venture ever further out to sea on small boats, flimsy canoes and catamarans. These modest craft are prone to accidents, especially during the monsoon season from June to August. The absence of navigational aids, radio communication or safety devices heightens the risks.

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Campaigners refuse to throw in the towel over India's 'tax on blood'

Fri, 21 Apr 2017 12:30:34 GMT2017-04-21T12:30:34Z

Petition urging MPs to scrap levy on sanitary towels spirals into viral Twitter campaign as Bollywood stars throw their weight behind calls for change

In India, it is a subject usually spoken about in whispers or behind closed doors. But after a social media campaign by a local politician, Bollywood stars, comedians and writers have joined thousands of people in tweeting videos of themselves urging finance minister Arun Jaitley to scrap sales taxes on sanitary towels.

Related: Banished for menstruating: the Indian women isolated while they bleed | Gagandeep Kaur

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Former archbishop of Canterbury defends Britain's aid budget

Fri, 21 Apr 2017 11:35:15 GMT2017-04-21T11:35:15Z

Rowan Williams says UK’s commitment to world’s poorest people is ‘something to be proud of, not a political football’

Rowan Williams, the former archbishop of Canterbury, has made a powerful defence of Britain’s aid budget, which he describes as a “badge of honour”, in an rare intervention during a general election campaign.

As chair of Christian Aid, Williams issued a statement on Friday amid speculation that the Conservatives will drop an existing commitment, enshrined in law, to spend 0.7% of Britain’s gross national income on aid in the party’s election manifesto.

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Haitian mothers claim UN unresponsive over support for peacekeeper children

Fri, 21 Apr 2017 06:00:11 GMT2017-04-21T06:00:11Z

Lawyers trying to obtain financial assistance for 10 women who gave birth to children of departed peacekeepers say UN has ignored requests for information

The UN has been accused of refusing to cooperate with a human rights group that is pursuing child support payments for women left pregnant by its peacekeeping forces.

Lawyers representing 10 women in Haiti plan to pursue child support cases through civil action, but say they need the UN’s assistance to proceed because most of the men involved are no longer in the country.

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100 days of Trump Resistance: the wins so far and battles to come

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 10:30:16 GMT2017-04-24T10:30:16Z

As President Trump approaches 100 days in office, Adam Gabbatt surveys the resistance movement’s biggest moments so far, key groups, and challenges ahead

It’s not just by chance that Donald Trump’s first 100 days have been so underwhelming. The president’s failure to pass healthcare reform, to ban people from entering the country, and arguably to achieve anything of note (beyond his supreme court justice) is down, in no small part, to the efforts of hundreds of thousands of people across the country.

Activists have pressured their representatives, held mass demonstrations and scrambled to protect those at risk in a rollercoaster few months. Trump has until January 2021 to turn things around, but there seems little sign of the resistance fading away.

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François Fillon: defeat from jaws of victory for candidate tainted by scandal | Jon Henley and Mark Rice-Oxley

Sun, 23 Apr 2017 19:12:02 GMT2017-04-23T19:12:02Z

Former PM bows out after leading centre-right to rare defeat in first round of presidential election

François Fillon’s disappointing ejection from the presidential race completes a humiliating journey from possible president to yesterday’s man for a candidate fatally tarnished by a string of embezzlement allegations.

Fillon, the choice of the centre-right Les Républicains party, was languishing in third place according to most projections issued immediately after polls closed. Some even forecast that he might lose third spot to the leftist maverick Jean-Luc Mélenchon.

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US carrot and stick approach to North Korea is clumsy but significant

Sun, 23 Apr 2017 14:41:30 GMT2017-04-23T14:41:30Z

Behind the rhetoric and mind games, Donald Trump depends almost entirely on China not to have Pyongyang call his bluff

It used to be North Korea’s intentions that baffled analysts. Now, amid wild talk of thermonuclear war between the US and Kim Jong-un’s isolated regime, it is contradictory signals from Donald Trump’s administration that present the bigger challenge.

Mike Pence, Trump’s vice-president, deepened confusion over US policy at the weekend, insisting repeatedly in Australia that “all options are on the table” including military action.

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Trump's 25 executive orders in 100 days: more cosmetic than substantive

Sun, 23 Apr 2017 07:00:07 GMT2017-04-23T07:00:07Z

The president’s 25 executive orders, 24 memorandums and 20 proclamations establish big goals, but few provide legislative prescriptions

Since taking office on 20 January, Donald Trump has signed dozens of executive orders – aiming to fulfil a campaign pledge to undo what he called his predecessor’s “unconstitutional” acts and take unilateral action on the economy and immigration.

Related: Donald Trump's first 100 days as president – daily updates

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French polls show populist fever is here to stay as globalisation makes voters pick new sides | Christophe Guilluy

Sat, 22 Apr 2017 23:03:26 GMT2017-04-22T23:03:26Z

Rift between global market’s winners and losers has replaced the old left-right split

All over Europe and the US, the populist dynamic is surfing on two basic trends: the demise of the traditional middle classes and the emergence of a multicultural society. The populist fever that has seized France, the UK and the US is consequently here to stay, reflecting a profound shift in western society and heralding political re-alignment along new social, territorial and cultural faultlines.

One of the forces driving the populist dynamic is the gradual sapping of the social categories which used to form the basis of the middle classes. In France, Britain, the Netherlands, Austria and the US the same people – blue- and white-collar workers, intermediate occupations and farmers – are joining the populist revolt. Moreover, this movement started long ago. Support for Trump is rooted in the rise of financial capitalism which started during the Clinton era. Brexit goes back to the rollback of industry initiated by Thatcher. In France, the (far-right) Front National (FN) began gaining momentum when heavy industry went into decline in the 1980s.

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French elections 2017: disintegrating left-right divide sets stage for political upheaval

Sat, 22 Apr 2017 21:00:24 GMT2017-04-22T21:00:24Z

Squeezed by Jean-Luc Mélenchon on one side and Emmanuel Macron on the other, the presidential contest could mean destruction for the Socialist party

French voters go to the polls on Sunday in the first round of a presidential election that to the very end has brought little consensus or comfort and only one certainty: the result will be a political upheaval, whoever wins.

Even as they walk into their bureau de vote, many will still be undecided, faced with paper slips for an unprecedented 11 candidates, only four of them thought to be serious contenders for the Elysée palace. There is a nail-biting sense that anything could happen.

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In macho Chechnya, being gay is an act of intolerable rebellion

Sat, 22 Apr 2017 07:00:07 GMT2017-04-22T07:00:07Z

Strict social codes and taboos leave victims of anti-gay repression in an impossible situation, with nowhere to turn

When Novaya Gazeta published shocking material on anti-gay repression in Chechnya, it was initially disregarded as an April fool by some. However, as the harrowing testimonies of the victims began to surface, the severity of the situation became obvious.

Chechnya is a deeply conservative, patriarchal republic with a strict social code that contains many intricate rules. Women, for instance, are not allowed to discuss pregnancy in front of men – it is indecent. Public displays of intimacy are strictly prohibited, even something as innocent as holding hands.

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The sinister rush to blame Islamists for Dortmund bombing

Fri, 21 Apr 2017 23:14:01 GMT2017-04-21T23:14:01Z

Rightwingers including Nigel Farage were quick to point the finger in the wrong direction after the attack on football club bus

Early on in their investigation into the bomb attack on the Borussia Dortmund football team, German police said they were working on the assumption they were dealing with terrorism.

Related: Borussia Dortmund team bus hit by three explosive devices, injuring player

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Trump pledges on Holocaust Remembrance Day to stamp out antisemitism – video

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 21:05:31 GMT2017-04-25T21:05:31Z

The US president gives a speech on Capitol Hill on Tuesday to mark Holocaust Remembrance Day and says he will always stand with ‘our great friend and partner, the state of Israel’. Trump has previously been criticised for his administration’s remarks on the Holocaust after spokesman Sean Spicer claimed that Hitler had not used chemical weapons against ‘his own people’

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Audience groans as Ivanka Trump defends father at G20 women’s summit – video

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 13:03:13 GMT2017-04-25T13:03:13Z

Ivanka Trump defends her father’s attitude to women at the G20 women’s summit in Berlin on Tuesday. Some members of the audience groaned as she spoke of the US president being a ‘tremendous champion of supporting families and enabling them to thrive’ and blamed the media for publicising his public denigration of women in the past

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Obama’s sage advice on selfies – video

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 06:58:36 GMT2017-04-25T06:58:36Z

Barack Obama says people should be more ‘circumspect’ with selfie-taking, as he ‘probably wouldn’t have been president of the United States’ if certain high school photos had surfaced. The former US president was speaking at the University of Chicago on Monday in his first public appearance since leaving the White House

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‘So what’s been going on?’: Barack Obama returns to public stage – video

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 21:50:42 GMT2017-04-24T21:50:42Z

Former US president Barack Obama takes part in an event at the University of Chicago, saying that he believes the most important thing he could do now would be to “prepare the next generation of leadership to take up the baton”

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Storming of Reichstag re-enacted at Russian theme park – video

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 13:45:28 GMT2017-04-24T13:45:28Z

State TV footage shows nearly 2,000 people taking part in a reconstruction of the 1945 storming of the Reichstag at a theme park on the outskirts of Moscow. Known as a ‘military Disneyland’, Patriot Park hosted 5,000 spectators at the event on Sunday

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French presidential election: Macron and Le Pen through to final round – video

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 10:35:25 GMT2017-04-24T10:35:25Z

Independent centrist Emmanuel Macron is estimated to have taken 23.75% of the first round vote in the French presidential election on Sunday. National Front leader Marine Le Pen finished second with 21.53%. François Fillon and Benoît Hamon, who both conceded defeat, called on their supporters to back Macron

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