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New Study: Young Undocumented Immigrants Pay $2 Billion a Year in State and Local Taxes

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 17:40:43 +0000

Immigrants who came to the United States as children and benefit from the 2012 executive action that gave them temporary legal status under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program pay $2 billion a year in state and local taxes that support schools, health care, and other essential services, a new study by the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy (ITEP) finds.




“This Is SNAP”

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 15:55:17 +0000

How much do you know about the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)? CBBP’s new “This Is SNAP” campaign is designed to help you get to know SNAP a little better.

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Roundup: Key Resources for Trump Tax Announcement

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 21:16:02 +0000

President Trump’s tax policy announcement slated for tomorrow reportedly includes a 15 percent rate for so-called “pass-through” business income, a 15 percent corporate tax rate, and child care tax subsidies similar to what he proposed during the campaign. Here are some key CBPP resources for understanding these policies:










Wisconsin Medicaid Proposals Don’t Merit Federal Approval

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 20:12:02 +0000

Wisconsin plans to seek federal permission to make unprecedented changes to its Medicaid program that would likely cause large numbers of adults without dependent children to lose coverage or fail to enroll. Under the Social Security Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services may only approve a state request for a waiver from federal Medicaid law if the proposed changes promote Medicaid’s objective of delivering health care to vulnerable populations who can’t otherwise afford it.




Trump Campaign and House GOP Tax Plans Violate Mnuchin Rule

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 16:31:36 +0000

Two major Republican tax proposals — the tax plan that President Trump proposed during his campaign and the House GOP’s “Better Way” tax plan spearheaded by Speaker Paul Ryan — fail the tax policy standard set by Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin that “there will be no absolute tax cut for the upper class” and violate Trump’s promise to “benefit American workers and American families” on every decision related to taxes.  

In an interview shortly after his nomination, Mnuchin stated:




Will New Trump Tax Plan Reflect GOP’s Own Stated Principles?

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 16:29:56 +0000

Will the tax plan that the Trump Administration will reportedly release this week meet three principles that key Republicans, including the President and other top Administration officials, have advanced: not reducing overall revenues, not cutting taxes for the wealthy, and focusing its benefits on workers and families? Trump’s campaign tax plan — a fiscally irresponsible tax cut for the nation’s highest-income households — failed all three.




Constitutional Revenue Limits Can Impede State Economies

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 21:17:53 +0000

A strong state economy requires high-quality public services like schools, public colleges and universities, and well-maintained infrastructure, among other services.  Businesses need well-educated and qualified workers.  They need convenient and well-functioning roads, bridges, and ports.  And they’re more likely to locate in places with a good quality of life that includes publicly financed amenities like parks and libraries.




Tight Expenditure Limits Can Impede State Economies

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 21:11:48 +0000

A strong state economy requires high-quality public services like schools, public colleges and universities, and well-maintained infrastructure, among other services.  Businesses need well-educated, healthy, and qualified workers.  They need convenient and well-functioning roads, bridges, and ports.   And they’re more likely to locate in places with a good quality of life that includes publicly financed amenities like parks and libraries.




SNAP Caseloads Continuing to Fall in 2017

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 18:31:29 +0000

SNAP (formerly food stamp) caseloads continued falling in January and have dropped by 11 percent or more than 5 million people since peaking in December 2012, the latest Agriculture Department data show. (See graph.)

 




Expanding Federal Housing Subsidies to Moderate-Income Households Would Waste Scarce Funds

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 18:07:11 +0000

In the current issue of Cityscape, a journal of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, CBPP’s Barbara Sard argues that except in special circumstances, middle-income households (those with incomes between 80 and 120 percent of local median income) shouldn’t be eligible for limited federal rental subsidies, as these households have substantially less need than their low-income counterparts.




In Case You Missed It…

Fri, 21 Apr 2017 20:44:15 +0000

This week at CBPP we focused on health care, the federal budget and taxes, housing, Social Security, and poverty and inequality.




New Trump Executive Action Could Make It Easier for Profitable Corporations to Avoid U.S. Taxes

Fri, 21 Apr 2017 20:04:15 +0000

During his presidential campaign, Donald Trump railed against corporate “inversions,” through which U.S.-based firms move their headquarters overseas to avoid paying U.S. taxes — while continuing to benefit from American customers, employees, and infrastructure. Referring to one high-profile inversion, President Trump said, "Frankly, I'm disgusted with it and I'm tired of seeing it and there's no reason for it. It's just gross incompetence at the highest level.




Reported Amendment to House ACA Repeal Bill Guts Protections for People with Pre-Existing Conditions

Fri, 21 Apr 2017 19:41:46 +0000

The amendment fixes none of the House bill's underlying problems.  




GOP Tax Plans Would Emulate Failed Kansas Experiment

Fri, 21 Apr 2017 16:23:38 +0000

Massive tax cuts Kansas enacted in 2012 were among the largest ever adopted by a state, and delivered lopsided benefits to the wealthy. Key architects of Kansas’ tax cuts, including Governor Sam Brownback and long-time tax cut advocates Stephen Moore and Art Laffer, are urging federal lawmakers to mimic Kansas’ plan.







Tax Reform Must Not Lose Revenues — and Should Increase Them

Wed, 19 Apr 2017 17:51:49 +0000

Otherwise, the entire burden of reducing the deficit to prevent unsustainable debt levels will fall on federal programs, including Social Security and Medicare.




Vouchers Work: Huge Demand, Insufficient Funding for Housing Vouchers Means Long Waits

Wed, 19 Apr 2017 14:55:00 +0000

This is the next post in our “Vouchers Work" blog series, which provides the latest facts and figures about the Housing Choice Voucher program, the largest rental assistance program to help families with children, working people, seniors, and people with disabilities afford decent, stable housing.




Providing an Explicit Appropriation for Cost-Sharing Reductions Wouldn’t Require a Budgetary Offset

Wed, 19 Apr 2017 14:18:03 +0000

Recent statements by President Trump and an ongoing lawsuit have left health insurers uncertain whether they will continue to receive billions of dollars they’re owed in cost-sharing reduction payments. Congress could resolve this uncertainty by clarifying the law and providing an explicit appropriation for these payments. Such an appropriation would not require an offsetting tax increase or reduction in other spending to avoid adding to the deficit.




New York Times Highlights How Income Boosts Can Help Low-Income Children Succeed

Wed, 19 Apr 2017 13:15:19 +0000

Programs that boost income and help families afford basic needs also enhance poor children’s future health, education, and projected earnings, as the New York Times recently wrote.




Adding a Work Requirement to MaineCare Would Harm Maine’s Families

Tue, 18 Apr 2017 20:52:41 +0000

Maine’s Governor Paul LePage reportedly plans to seek federal approval to require low-income adults to prove they are employed in order to keep their Medicaid benefits, basing the approach on a misleading report about the state’s experience with a three-month time limit for childless adults in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly food stamps).




More Evidence that Medicaid Expansion Hasn’t Hurt State Budgets

Tue, 18 Apr 2017 20:13:12 +0000

Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) did not lead to significant increases in state spending on Medicaid even as millions of low-income people gained health coverage, a new study in Health Affairs found.




Medicaid Helps Schools Help Children

Tue, 18 Apr 2017 18:43:17 +0000

Many children receive Medicaid-covered health care not only at the doctor’s office, but also often at school.




Tax Foundation Figures Do Not Represent Typical Households’ Tax Burdens

Tue, 18 Apr 2017 15:47:46 +0000

The Tax Foundation released its annual “Tax Freedom Day” report today that, once again, can leave a strikingly misleading impression of tax burdens — showing an average federal tax rate across the United States that’s likely higher than the tax rate that 80 percent of U.S. households actually pay.




ACA Marketplaces Poised for Greater Price Stability and Competition, But Also Vulnerable to Sabotage

Tue, 18 Apr 2017 14:50:33 +0000

A new analysis from Standard and Poor’s Global Ratings show that major individual-market insurers made significant progress toward profitability in 2016.




Middle-Class Americans’ Big Stake in Social Security

Mon, 17 Apr 2017 13:55:10 +0000

While Social Security provides a foundation of economic security for people at all income levels, new research from the Social Security Administration (SSA) illustrates its importance for those in the middle. Among beneficiaries over age 65:




Housing Vouchers’ Success Reflects Bipartisan Collaboration

Mon, 17 Apr 2017 12:56:31 +0000

This is the next post in our “Vouchers Work” blog series, which provides the latest facts and figures about the Housing Choice Voucher program, the largest rental assistance program to help families with children, working people, seniors, and people with disabilities afford decent, stable housing.




In Case You Missed It…

Fri, 14 Apr 2017 18:36:14 +0000

This week at CBPP, we focused on federal and state taxes, housing, health care, family income support, and the economy.




More Supplemental Medicaid Funding in Florida Won’t Improve Coverage or Access

Fri, 14 Apr 2017 18:07:55 +0000

Florida Governor Rick Scott announced Wednesday that Florida is “working with the Trump Administration to secure a commitment of $1.5 billion in LIP [Low-Income Pool] funding,” about $900 million more than the state was scheduled to receive.




How the House Republican Health Plan Would Affect Your State

Fri, 14 Apr 2017 15:00:13 +0000

We’ve issued brief state-by-state reports on the impact of the House Republican health care bill (the American Health Care Act).  Among other things, the reports give state-specific data on the Medicaid costs that the bill would shift to the state and how much it would raise marketplace consumers’ premiums and out-of-pocket costs.




Trump Administration Finalizes Rule that Will Raise Consumer Costs, Discourage Enrollment and Weaken Marketplaces

Thu, 13 Apr 2017 22:41:42 +0000

The Trump Administration released a final rule for the individual health insurance market that will raise consumers' deductibles and other out-of-pocket costs, reduce premium tax credits that help millions of people buy insurance and make it harder for people to enroll in coverage.




Tax Cuts for the Rich Aren’t an Economic Panacea — and Could Hurt Growth

Thu, 13 Apr 2017 20:55:03 +0000

Tax cuts — particularly for high-income people — are an ineffective way to spur economic growth.




Examining TANF, in Brief

Thu, 13 Apr 2017 16:21:33 +0000

We’ve issued policy briefs on three key issues regarding the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant:  whether it reaches most poor families, whether benefits give them adequate help to meet basic needs, and whether state TANF spending focuses on core welfare reform areas.  Unfortunately, TANF falls short in all three areas, providing compelling evidence of why block grants shouldn’t be considered a model for other programs. 




State Reports: House Republican Health Plan Would Mean More Uninsured, Costlier Coverage

Thu, 13 Apr 2017 15:05:10 +0000

The House Republican health care bill – the American Health Care Act, or AHCA -- would cause 24 million people to lose coverage by 2026, the Congressional Budget Office estimates. That means 1 in 10 non-elderly Americans who’d have health insurance under current law (the Affordable Care Act, or ACA) would lose it under the House bill. Click on a state on the map below to access a report showing the impact of the AHCA in that state.




Vouchers Work: Helping Seniors, People with Disabilities Afford Homes That Meet Their Needs

Thu, 13 Apr 2017 13:47:20 +0000

This is the next post in our “Vouchers Work” blog series, which provides the latest facts and figures about the Housing Choice Voucher program, the largest rental assistance program to help families with children, working people, seniors, and people with disabilities afford decent, stable housing.




Tax Day 2017: Top State Tax Charts

Wed, 12 Apr 2017 14:03:32 +0000

To accompany our series of federal tax charts, here are six charts putting state taxes — and the services they support — into context.




Vouchers Work: Providing Stable Housing to Low-Wage Workers

Wed, 12 Apr 2017 13:32:06 +0000

This is the next post in our “Vouchers Work” blog series, which provides the latest facts and figures about the Housing Choice Voucher program, the largest rental assistance program to help families with children, working people, seniors, and people with disabilities afford decent, stable housing.




Renters’ Tax Credit Would Complement Existing Housing Development Credit

Tue, 11 Apr 2017 15:20:08 +0000

As we’ve written, establishing a renters’ tax credit would enable more families with incomes around or below the poverty line to afford decent, stable housing. It would also help address the mismatch in federal housing spending, most of which goes to families with little need for assistance.




Tax Day 2017: Top Federal Tax Charts

Tue, 11 Apr 2017 14:13:32 +0000

With Tax Day approaching, it’s a good time to examine our federal tax system and proposals to reform it.




Building on ACA’s Success Would Help Millions with Substance Use Disorders

Mon, 10 Apr 2017 20:26:28 +0000

The need for substance use disorder treatment is acute.  A record 52,000 people died of drug overdoses in 2015, with 33,000 due to opioid use.[1]  Drug overdose deaths rose by statistically significant amounts in 19 states between 2014 and 2015, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.[2]  Millions of Americans have gained access to treatment through the Affordable Care Act (ACA) — coverage that must be maintained and expanded despite Republicans’ e




Celebrating Free Tax Preparation Services as Tax Day Approaches

Mon, 10 Apr 2017 14:20:30 +0000

As we approach Tax Day on April 18, it’s the perfect time to celebrate the work of the Internal Revenue Service’s (IRS) Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) and the AARP Foundation’s Tax-Aide programs. Both programs provide free tax preparation services to low-income households through dedicated IRS-certified tax volunteers.




In Case You Missed It…

Fri, 07 Apr 2017 20:23:03 +0000

This week at CBPP, we focused on health, the federal budget and taxes, housing, family income support, state budgets and taxes, Social Security, and the economy.




Vouchers Work: Vouchers the Best Tool to End Homelessness

Thu, 06 Apr 2017 18:28:09 +0000

This is the next post in our “Vouchers Work” blog series, which provides the latest facts and figures about the Housing Choice Voucher program, the largest rental assistance program to help families with children, working people, seniors, and people with disabilities afford decent, stable housing.




Tweak to House GOP Health Bill Much Ado About Nothing

Thu, 06 Apr 2017 17:56:51 +0000

House Republican leaders seeking to revive their bill to repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA) have unveiled a new provision intended to help stabilize the individual insurance market, which they cite as evidence that they’re making significant progress.




Kansas Can’t Afford To Keep Its Cut to the Top Income Tax Rate

Thu, 06 Apr 2017 14:01:25 +0000

Kansas voters overwhelmingly want their legislature to reverse the damaging tax cuts enacted five years ago at the behest of Governor Sam Brownback, but the governor and some of the state’s lawmakers are determined to keep a particularly costly provision — the state’s deep reduction in its top income tax rate.




Tax Refund Delays Strain Working Families

Wed, 05 Apr 2017 18:08:39 +0000

A Senate Finance Committee hearing tomorrow will examine taxpayers’ experiences during the 2017 tax filing season. A major new policy that has affected millions of taxpayers requires the IRS to delay refunds for taxpayers filing early in the tax season who claim the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and low-income part of the Child Tax Credit (CTC).




Policy Brief: TANF Reaching Few Poor Families

Wed, 05 Apr 2017 18:02:28 +0000

TANF provides strong evidence that block granting exacerbates, rather than reduces, poverty.




Improving Economic Opportunity in the United States

Wed, 05 Apr 2017 16:45:42 +0000

Testimony of Jared Bernstein, Senior Fellow, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Before the Joint Economic Committee




Pass-Through Tax Break Would Benefit the Wealthiest and Encourage Tax Avoidance

Wed, 05 Apr 2017 15:26:27 +0000

About half of pass-through income flows to the top 1 percent of households, while only about 27 percent goes to the bottom 90 percent of households.