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Latest news, sport, business, comment, analysis and reviews from the Guardian, the world's leading liberal voice



Published: Thu, 20 Jul 2017 12:48:42 GMT2017-07-20T12:48:42Z

Copyright: Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. 2017
 



Crime rise is biggest in a decade, ONS figures show

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:49:42 GMT2017-07-20T11:49:42Z

Police record 10% rise in crime in England and Wales, with 18% increase in violent crime and significant rise in murder rate

Police-recorded crime has risen by 10% across England and Wales – the largest annual rise for a decade – according to the Office of National Statistics.

The latest crime figures for the 12 months to March also show an 18% rise in violent crime, including a 20% surge in gun crime and knife crime. The official figures also show a 26% rise in the murder rate to 723 homicides, which includes the 96 cases of manslaughter at Hillsborough in 1989.

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EU calls on UK to urgently make offer on divorce bill

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 12:37:21 GMT2017-07-20T12:37:21Z

EU’s chief Brexit negotiator, Michel Barnier, says he needs to know what Britain is willing to pay before talks can move forward

The EU’s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, says Britain must urgently make an offer on its divorce bill if negotiations are to make any significant progress.

Related: UK and EU must compromise over Brexit divorce bill, says David Davis - Politics live

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Emily Maitlis mocks BBC pay gap as agent fights for new deal

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 10:10:44 GMT2017-07-20T10:10:44Z

Newsnight presenter tells tech conference: ‘You’re an industry doing so well, soon you’ll be able to afford a BBC man’

Emily Maitlis’s agent has criticised the BBC’s “madness” as the Newsnight presenter negotiates a new contract after she did not feature on the corporation’s first ever list of stars who earn more than £150,000 – while her male colleague Evan Davis did.

The BBC is facing a backlash from its female talent over pay after revealing that only a third of its 96 top earners are women and the top seven are all men.

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Grenfell fire investigators turn to 9/11 experts to help identify victims

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 12:44:11 GMT2017-07-20T12:44:11Z

London’s deputy police commissioner says scale and complexity of the disaster is comparable to 2001 attack in New York

Police investigating the Grenfell Tower fire have turned to US experts who investigated the remains of the World Trade Center after 9/11 to help identify the victims of the disaster.

Metropolitan police deputy commissioner Craig Mackey said the scale and complexity of the Grenfell crime scene was comparable to the 2001 attack in New York.

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Grayling sparks fury by scrapping rail electrification plans

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:21:48 GMT2017-07-20T11:21:48Z

Government accused of ‘years of broken promises’ after dropping schemes to make network faster and greener

Plans to make the railway network faster, greener and cleaner by electrifying lines have been scrapped by the government after massive budget overruns, prompting fury at “years of broken promises”.

The plans to modernise the line from Cardiff to Swansea, the Midland mainline and tracks in the Lake District were dropped on Thursday after Network Rail spent huge sums on engineering works, with costs in the Great Western region alone going as much as £1.9bn over budget.

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Google to radically change homepage for first time since 1996

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 12:37:36 GMT2017-07-20T12:37:36Z

Search company to integrate its app-based feed of news, events, sports and interest-based topics into Google.com page in the near future

Google’s famously simple homepage with its logo and single search box on a white background is set to undergo a radical change for the first time since its launch in 1996, with the addition of Google’s interest and news-based feed.

The feed of personalised information, which has been a mainstay of Google’s mobile apps for Android and iOS since 2012 as well as a home screen page on Google’s Nexus and Pixel smartphones and tablets, will become part of the main desktop experience in the near future, the Guardian understands.

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Berlin to change policy towards Turkey as German citizen is held

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:33:45 GMT2017-07-20T11:33:45Z

Foreign ministry also issues travel warning after Turkish authorities detain human rights activist for alleged terrorist activity

Germany’s foreign minister has announced a significant “reorientation” of its policy towards Turkey after a human rights activist became the latest German citizen to be detained for alleged terrorist activity.

“We need our policies towards Turkey to go in a new direction ... we can’t continue as we have done until now,” Sigmar Gabriel told reporters at a press conference in Berlin on Thursday. “We need to be clearer than we have been until now so those responsible in Ankara understand that such policies are not without consequences.”

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First same-sex marriage at Anglican church in UK to be held this summer

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 12:00:53 GMT2017-07-20T12:00:53Z

St Mary’s Cathedral in Glasgow will conduct wedding ceremony for couple from England, provost says

The first same-sex marriage at an Anglican church in the UK is expected to take place in Glasgow later this summer.

St Mary’s Cathedral has become the first in the country to be given permission to conduct gay weddings, a month after the Scottish Episcopal church general synod voted overwhelmingly to allow its churches to host the ceremonies.

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Scale of pangolin slaughter revealed – millions hunted in central Africa alone

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:00:19 GMT2017-07-20T11:00:19Z

Pangolins are the world’s most trafficked wild mammal and decimated Asian populations have sharply shifted the focus of exploitation to Africa

The true scale of the slaughter of pangolins in Africa has been revealed by new research showing that millions of the scaly mammals are being hunted and killed.

Pangolins were already known to be the world’s most trafficked wild mammal, with at least a million being traded in the last decade to supply the demand for its meat and scales in Asian markets. Populations of Asian pangolins have been decimated, leaving the creatures highly endangered and sharply shifting the focus of exploitation to Africa’s four species.

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French-Dutch culture clash revealed in leaked Air France-KLM report

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:07:14 GMT2017-07-20T11:07:14Z

French staff say KLM colleagues think only of money, while Dutch see Air France workers as aloof, report says

A clash of national cultures and an inability to understand each other’s languages threatens to make the merged Air France-KLM group of airlines unmanageable, according to a leaked internal company report.

French staff in the Franco-Dutch company complain their colleagues from the Netherlands are money-grubbing, while the Dutch regard the Air France staff as aloof, according to the report.

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Half in, half out: EU territories 'show the way for Northern Ireland'

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 09:58:17 GMT2017-07-20T09:58:17Z

More than a dozen enclaves and islands have special legal status within the EU that could provide a model after Brexit

A ski resort in Italy, a set of Swedish-language islands in Finland and a Spanish city in Africa could hold the key to Northern Ireland’s future post-Brexit, an Irish MEP has said.

They are among more than a dozen territories in, or linked to, the EU which have special legal status within the bloc allowing them to be half in and half out of the EU tax and customs union.

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Psychedelia, clubbing and Muppets: inside the world of Jim Henson

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:00:19 GMT2017-07-20T11:00:19Z

An expansive new exhibition goes through the career of the innovative creator of the Muppets from his offbeat early work to his globally successful later creations

I have seen the evidence first-hand and I am ready to confirm: Big Bird is, in fact, quite big.

Related: Save Kermit! Why the Muppets debacle is so devastating

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Trump supporters still fixate on Clinton as mood darkens

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 06:00:13 GMT2017-07-20T06:00:13Z

As Trump falters, supporters in a Pennsylvania county that swung Republican in 2016 blame the media for his woes and insist Hillary Clinton would be worse

Wayne Bisher, a lifelong Democrat, says he looks forward to voting for a Democrat for president again someday.

But when the 68-year-old heard Donald Trump’s message on the campaign trail last year, promising to protect American manufacturing and control immigration, there was no doubt whom he would vote for.

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Donald Trump Jr faces Russia grilling live on TV, but what will they ask?

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 12:17:46 GMT2017-07-20T12:17:46Z

Senate judiciary committee will want to know what happened when the president’s son met Russian individuals with dirt to dish on Hillary Clinton

The investigation into possible Russian collaboration with the Trump campaign to skew the outcome of the 2016 US presidential election moves another step closer to the incumbent in the Oval Office next Wednesday with the scheduled appearance of Donald Trump Jr and former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort at a congressional hearing.

The prospect of a public grilling by the Senate judiciary committee of the president’s son promises another live TV sensation to rival the testimony of the former FBI director James Comey last month. The event is being billed as a high-stakes spectacle that will give Congress the chance to glean new details relating to the interactions between key Trump associates and Russian individuals and political interests.

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Why all women need to know what their colleagues earn

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 05:00:12 GMT2017-07-20T05:00:12Z

The BBC salary revelations have exposed the gender pay gap among its top stars – could greater transparency across the board finally bring us full equality?

A brief guide to getting a pay rise

The great reveal of the salaries of the BBC’s highest-paid stars has, for the most part, been grim fun. Should we not cheer that public sector workers are paid so generously? And can Alan Shearer’s most obvious of observations really be worth up to £450,000 a year? How many Clare Baldings could you get for one Gary Lineker? (Nine.) Who – if you don’t live in Northern Ireland – has heard of Stephen Nolan? (He’s a BBC Radio Five Live and BBC Northern Ireland presenter who earns £400,000-£449,999 a year.) Wouldn’t the corporation have saved an awful lot of money had Charlie from Casualty (in the £350,000-£399,999 bracket) not survived gunshot wounds, a hostage situation, about 10 heart attacks, being run over by an ambulance and that time the car he was in plunged into the sea?

It has also been awkward and undignified for the stars who have had to defend their huge pay packets – Lineker blamed his agent for doing an agent’s job; the BBC breakfast presenter Dan Walker justified his salary (compared with his breakfast sofa colleagues) by pointing out he also had another job as a football presenter. At the corporation, bosses must have been awaiting the onslaught while celebrity agents – according to one person I spoke to – were “seething” at the disclosures.

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The Open 2017: Poulter and Spieth set pace in first round – live!

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 12:44:38 GMT2017-07-20T12:44:38Z

Anirban Lahiri hit six bogeys in eight holes in the middle of his round, sinking to +5, but he’s turned things round in style, with a birdie on the 14th and now a lovely, long curling putt for an eagle at the 17th! He’s back to +2.

Koepka ends up on the hill to the left of the 14th green, chips off it and the ball rolls towards the hole, skirts around it, curls around the cup and stays out! That was sole leadership right there. And then it wasn’t.

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Tour de France 2017: stage 18 rolls on through the Alps – live!

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 12:45:16 GMT2017-07-20T12:45:16Z

Recommended reading: “It all combines to turn the race into a petri dish of skinny, sniffly men trying not to cough on each other.”

A good article here from the Wall Street Journal’s Joshua Robinson on the extraordinary lengths teams on the Tour go to in a bid to prevent their riders from getting sick (hat tip - Miguel Delaney).

103km to go: Pauwels, Tulik, Brambilla, Clarke, Vachon, Swift and Chavanel are 32 seconds clear of the previous breakaway and have 6min 41sec on the peloton.

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From the army to Bristol Rovers: Tom Broadbent’s extraordinary journey

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 12:00:20 GMT2017-07-20T12:00:20Z

The defender describes being shot at in Afghanistan, having his biceps squeezed by Chelsea’s Ruben Loftus-Cheek at the FA Cup final and reveals why he is leaving the army to pursue his dream

Tom Broadbent leans across the table at a coffee shop in Bristol, stretching out the huge, muscular frame that turned the heads of a few Chelsea players a couple of months ago, and casually tells the story about the time he was shot at in Afghanistan while listening to the Red Hot Chili Peppers.

It is quite a tale, even if Broadbent’s unassuming, laid-back demeanour suggests otherwise, and forms part of a fascinating and colourful story that includes handing over FA Cup medals in the royal box, working behind the hot food counter in Sainsbury’s and filing an entry for “Speedo fan of the year” via a photograph on social media. “Bloody hell, you have been digging around,” Broadbent says, breaking into laughter.

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Australia v India: Women's World Cup semi-final – live!

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 12:46:44 GMT2017-07-20T12:46:44Z

Players on the way out. Adam Collins Tweet bunged in here simply for the use of “flogging”.

FYI: 42 overs breaks down into nine overs of Power Play up top and then a four-over batting Power Play to come.

India unchanged after flogging New Zealand in their final group game. Ekta misses out on a recall. #WWC17 pic.twitter.com/Kr35ZqH6Z1

It’s 42-a-side (overs, not players – this isn’t a madhouse) and we get underway at 1345. Australia are unchanged from their match against India back in the group stages, which means Meg Lanning plays. Shoulder still attached. Let’s take a moment of reflection for the undroppable Elyse Villani.

Australia: B Mooney, N Bolton, M Lanning, E Perry, E Villani, A Blackwell, A Healy, A Gardner, J Jonassen, M Schutt, K Beams

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Tom Westley and Dawid Malan named in England squad for third Test

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:31:47 GMT2017-07-20T11:31:47Z

• Westley to make Test debut at No3 in place of Gary Ballance
• Surrey opener Mark Stoneman overlooked for Oval Test

Tom Westley will make his Test debut against South Africa at the Oval next week, with Dawid Malan is hoping to join him, after England named a 13-man squad on Thursday.

With Gary Ballance ruled out of the third Test following the fractured left index finger the No3 suffered during the 340-run defeat at Trent Bridge, the England selectors have resisted the claims of Surrey opener Mark Stoneman and instead opted to draft in two middle order players.

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Going global: how Besiktas are aiming to become the Turkish Chelsea | Emre Sarigul

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 09:44:10 GMT2017-07-20T09:44:10Z

The Black Eagles president, Fikret Orman, tells the Guardian of his plans to make the club a global brand in an era when the Super Lig is finally about to get some TV coverage abroad

Five years ago it looked like the Istanbul big three – Galatasaray, Fenerbahce and Besiktas – were about to become two. Besiktas were struggling with £250m of debt, 142 lawsuits and a suspension from Uefa competitions.

“Nobody else wanted to run this club, we were on the verge of collapse,” Fikret Orman said after his election as Besiktas president in 2012 – and he was probably right.

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Annemiek van Vleuten wins La Course stage one with Lizzie Deignan second

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:14:55 GMT2017-07-20T11:14:55Z

• Dutch rider surged clear in final kilometres of Col d’Izoard climb
• Deignan responded but could not maintain contact

Lizzie Deignan will start Saturday’s second stage of La Course by le Tour de France with a chance of victory after finishing second to Annemiek van Vleuten at the summit finish on top of the Izoard, but given the time trial format of the race in Marseille she may struggle to close her 43sec deficit on the Dutchwoman.

Having won the Dutch national time trial championship in 2015, and this year taken a time trial stage in the Giro Rosa, Van Vleuten has a stronger time trial pedigree than Deignan, who does not profess to any particular liking for the discipline, and over the 22km in Marseille she may find 43sec is enough, with the third rider Elisa Longo Borghini set to start 1min 29sec back.

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Bob Higgins, former Southampton youth coach, denies child sexual abuse charges

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 10:12:17 GMT2017-07-20T10:12:17Z

  • Higgins faces 65 counts of non-recent sexual abuse against 23 boys
  • Case to be tried at Winchester crown court

The former Southampton youth coach Bob Higgins has appeared before magistrates charged with 65 sexual offences against boys as young as 12.

Higgins, 64, was accused of 63 indecent assaults and two attempted indecent assaults between 1970 and 1996. The court was told the alleged offences relate to 23 boys.

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Football quiz: the Premier League's French connection

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 09:41:56 GMT2017-07-20T09:41:56Z

Alexandre Lacazette and Tiemoué Bakayoko are the latest in a long list of French players to move to England. How much do you know about their predecessors?

Who was the only French player to make an appearance on the first day of the Premier League in August 1992?

Rémi Garde

Eric Cantona

David Ginola

Frank Leboeuf

How long did it take Thierry Henry to score for Arsenal when he joined the club in 1999?

Fourteen minutes

Four matches

Nine matches

Fifteen matches

How many of the 11 players who started for France in the Euro 2000 final spent some of their careers in the Premier League?

Five

Six

Eight

All 11

Before Paul Pogba signed for Manchester United at the start of the 2016-17 season, which of these players held the distinction of being the most expensive French footballer in Premier League history?

Eliaquim Mangala

Samir Nasri

Morgan Schneiderlin

Anthony Martial

Who has captained France more than any another player?

Didier Deschamps

Marcel Desailly

Hugo Lloris

Laurent Blanc

Claude Makélélé didn't score a goal for Chelsea until the last few weeks of his second season in England. What type of goal was it?

A free-kick from 30 yards

An overhead kick from a corner

A rebound off a penalty he missed

A towering header in which he outjumped Rio Ferdinand

Christophe Dugarry became a cult hero when he scored five goals in four games to save which club from relegation in 2003?

West Brom

Birmingham City

Leicester City

Norwich City

Which Premier League club has fielded the most French players over the last 25 years?

Arsenal

Manchester United

Newcastle United

Sunderland

Which French player has scored in a Manchester derby and a Merseyside derby in the same year?

Louis Saha

Nicolas Anelka

Gael Clichy

Mikael Silvestre

Who was the first French player to win the Premier League golden boot?

Thierry Henry

Nicolas Anelka

Louis Saha

Eric Cantona

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IAAF clears eight Russian athletes to compete as neutrals but rejects 53 more

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 09:58:03 GMT2017-07-20T09:58:03Z

• Sergei Litvinov, Ilya Ivaniuk and Alayna Lutkovskaya among those approved
• Majority of Russia’s athletes will still miss London 2017 world championships

The IAAF has allowed eight Russian athletes to compete as neutrals but declined the applications of a further 53 competitors hoping to be awarded a similar status, the world governing body said on Thursday.

Russia’s national athletics federation, RUSAF, remains suspended as a result of widespread and systematic doping, meaning that the majority of the country’s athletes will miss next month’s world championships in London.

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USA striker Jozy Altidore bitten in Gold Cup win over El Salvador – video

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:20:07 GMT2017-07-20T11:20:07Z

American striker Jozy Altidore is bitten by El Salvador defender Henry Romero during a Gold Cup quarter-final in Philadelphia on Wednesday night. Romero also appears to twist the US player’s nipple for good measure. Away from the skirmishing, the United States won the match 2-0 and will now face Costa Rica in the semi-finals this weekend

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Rory McIlroy's best moments, indoor cricket and expert drone destruction | Classic YouTube

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 08:16:46 GMT2017-07-20T08:16:46Z

This week’s roundup also features baseball behemoth Aaron Judge, an inspired catch from a cricket fan and a furious bodybuilder

1) With the Open starting, Rory McIlroy isn’t exactly firing on all cylinders. Let’s look back at some happier times, starting in 2007 when he burst on to the scene with a fine performance as an amateur at that year’s Open. Here he is winning the Silver Medal at Carnoustie. McIlroy had to wait a few years for his first major but managed it at the 2011 US Open. Here is the fresh-faced champion being interviewed on the 18th after breaking his duck. The following year he won the US PGA Championship, and did so again in 2014. In the same year he won the Open, this time at Royal Liverpool. Finally, here he is sinking a monster at the Ryder Cup. So Rory, if you’re reading and feeling glum, watch all that and cheer yourself up a bit.

2) Drones may be the first hint of Earth’s dystopian future, but they are no match for an expertly flung toilet roll, as this Argentinian football fan proved:

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José Mourinho says Lukaku still has to prove himself at the highest level

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 02:24:00 GMT2017-07-20T02:24:00Z

José Mourinho says Manchester United have acquired a top player in Romelu Lukaku, but the £75m striker still has to prove himself in big games

José Mourinho says Manchester United have acquired a top player in Romelu Lukaku but the manager admits the striker still has to prove himself at the highest level.

The Belgian was signed from Everton for £75m at the start of last week and scored his first goal for United in Tuesday’s 2-1 victory over Real Salt Lake. Lukaku has registered 85 times in the Premier League since 2012 – second only to Manchester City’s Sergio Agüero – but has never played in the Champions League, as he will next term.

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'That thing is a beast': Mick Fanning pulled from surf after shark sighting

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 01:36:36 GMT2017-07-20T01:36:36Z

Mick Fanning insists he feels safe at his beloved Jeffreys Bay despite enduring two shark scares in three years, this time avoiding what he called a ‘beast’

Mick Fanning insists he feels safe at his beloved Jeffreys Bay despite enduring two shark scares in three years. On Wednesday, the Australian and Gabriel Medina were plucked from the water while contesting their J-Bay Open quarter-final because of a three-metre great white shark in the line-up.

It was the second shark sighting in two days at the notorious break.

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Jodie Taylor’s hat-trick gives England a flying start to Euro 2017

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 22:17:00 GMT2017-07-19T22:17:00Z

• England 6-0 Scotland
• Taylor 10, 26, 53; White 32, Nobbs 87, Duggan 90

Jodie Taylor simultaneously ruined Scotland’s European Championship debut and sent English optimism levels soaring courtesy of a master class in intelligent movement and perfectly weighted finishing.

Such attributes brought the Arsenal striker a hat-trick as Mark Sampson’s England suggested their status as one of the favourites to win Euro 2017 is anything but overblown.

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Chelsea confirm deal agreed to sign Álvaro Morata from Real Madrid

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 16:06:08 GMT2017-07-19T16:06:08Z

  • Chelsea agree to pay club record fee which could reach £70m
  • Forward will fly to England from United States for medical

Chelsea are on the verge of bolstering their attack for their Premier League title defence after agreeing a club record deal worth an initial £58m with Real Madrid to sign the Spain forward Álvaro Morata.

Discussions have been ongoing with Madrid since Chelsea lost out on their first-choice, Romelu Lukaku, to Manchester United, with a breakthrough achieved on Wednesday. United have paid an initial £75m to Everton for the Belgian. Chelsea’s fee for Morata eclipses the £50m they gave Liverpool for Fernando Torres in 2011 and could rise to £70m with achievable add-ons.

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F1 confirms controversial halo device will be mandatory for 2018 season

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 19:15:24 GMT2017-07-19T19:15:24Z

• Cockpit safety device will be required in all F1 cars next year
• Move has been made to reduce injuries from flying debris

Formula One cars will look radically different next season after the sport’s governing body confirmed the controversial cockpit safety device known as the halo is to become mandatory.

Following a meeting of the sport’s major players in Geneva yesterday, the FIA revealed it has given the go-ahead to introduce the concept next year.

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Investigation into possible Wimbledon match-fixing not linked to retirements

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 19:22:00 GMT2017-07-19T19:22:00Z

• One main draw match and two qualifying matches spark concern
• One match at French Open also raised alert

An investigation into the possibility that a match at Wimbledon was subject to match-fixing is not connected to any of the retirements that took place during the tournament.

The London-based Tennis Integrity Unit announced on Wednesday that it is looking into alerts over unusual betting patterns involving one match at the French Open and three at Wimbledon, two of them in the qualifying tournament at Roehampton and one in the main draw at the All England Club.

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It’s not just the BBC: pay disparity is a blight on the whole UK | Polly Toynbee

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 10:49:08 GMT2017-07-20T10:49:08Z

Yes, the corporation underpays women, but even its most bloated salaries are dwarfed by those dished out to FTSE 100 CEOs

• Polly Toynbee is a Guardian columnist

I can add my own story to the BBC pay brouhaha. In the 1990s, as social affairs editor, one of four newsroom editors leading specialist departments, I was the only woman and, by reliable gossip, I was near as dammit certain I was paid a lot less than the rest.

Related: Angry about the salaries of BBC stars? They are the least of our worries | Abi Wilkinson

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Nothing about the Trump presidency is normal. Keep remembering that | Francine Prose

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 10:00:18 GMT2017-07-20T10:00:18Z

In the past six months most – if not all – of us have gone on with our lives. And inevitably, an updated version of normality has evolved, a ‘new normal’

Right after the November 2016 election, one often heard the promise, by Donald’s Trump’s opponents, never to allow his presidency to become normalized, to seem acceptable or routine.

Trump’s bullying style, his ignorance of the US constitution, the rhetoric of his campaign – anti-immigrant, racist, misogynistic, mocking a free press and free speech – should (and would) continue to seem unprecedented, extreme, dangerous and outrageous. In many ways, Trump has helped the opposition keep that promise.

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Why my ‘gig economy’ review favours gradual change over quick fixes | Mathew Taylor

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 09:09:07 GMT2017-07-20T09:09:07Z

My report has been misunderstood by some. It advocates opening up new possibilities that could offer significant benefits for workers and unions

• Matthew Taylor led the Review of Employment Practices in the Modern Economy

In the city of Gotha, 142 years ago, the German Social Democratic party inspired by Eduard Bernstein infuriated Karl Marx by deciding that socialism could be achieved through reform rather than revolution. In 2017, a week after the prime minister launched my independent review of modern employment, the reaction shines a light on today’s manifestation of that classic political dilemma.

First, some clarification. Perhaps because the review’s full 120 pages and 54 recommendations weren’t made available until after the launch, many people gave reactions before they could get their head round the detail. This led to some false impressions.

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Porn warps culture. I hope credit-card checks nudge adults out of the habit | Christina Patterson

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 07:00:14 GMT2017-07-20T07:00:14Z

Porn use may soon have a more tangible ‘footprint’ under new plans. That’s good news for all of us
• Christina Patterson is a freelance writer and broadcaster

Many of us can remember the shock. Naked ladies! In a magazine! A magazine your best friend found in a pile under her brother’s bed! The ladies wore high heels. They were smiling. They were having a lovely time. But, still, to see those naked ladies, as you giggled with your friend, was a shock.

Porn has moved on a bit since then. Now, when children stumble across it, what they find is – well, let’s not go there while you’re eating your breakfast or lunch. And they do stumble across it, on their phones. According to a report commissioned by the NSPCC last year, about half of 11- to 16-year-olds have seen explicit sexual material online. They were, the report said, more likely to find it accidentally than to seek it out.

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Kensington and Chelsea may be rich, but it has no money for housing | Martin Wicks

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 06:25:10 GMT2017-07-20T06:25:10Z

Government policy means Kensington and Chelsea had £274m in reserves, but an £87m housing deficit – and other councils are in the same boat

Many events and decisions have come under scrutiny in light of the Grenfell Tower catastrophe. These include the use flammable cladding, compromised compartmentation and inadequate building regulations. But another issue that deserves public scrutiny is the fact that the borough’s housing account is in debt.

Kensington and Chelsea is a rich borough that should have been able to avoid the disaster at Grenfell Tower, partly because of the £274m in reserves it is said to have.

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Daniel Kitson can’t reclaim a racist word he’s never been the target of | Nosheen Iqbal

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:08:59 GMT2017-07-19T17:08:59Z

Comedian’s use of the P-word was designed to show how attitudes have changed – but standups pushing boundaries don’t have the right to be offensive

Daniel Kitson called me a Paki last week. Well, not literally: he stood up at his sold-out show at the Roundhouse in north London, where he’s in the middle of a three-week residency, and spray-gunned the word six, seven or more times in the space of what might have been 30 seconds, a minute at most, at a room of hundreds of people in which I was very possibly one of only two brown people, the other sitting next to me.

Now, as comedians are wont to obsessively tell you, context is everything. So let’s start again.

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Now we know what cost Labour in 2015: Ed Miliband didn’t go far enough | Owen Jones

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 06:00:13 GMT2017-07-20T06:00:13Z

In the light of Jeremy Corbyn’s surge, it’s now clear that the former Labour leader’s election defeat was caused by pandering to the right of his party


• Owen Jones is a Guardian columnist

So now we know Labour suffered its 2015 rout not because it was too leftwing, but because it was not radical enough. Why conduct a postmortem on the long-deceased, or pick at an old scab, when there are now so many fresher wounds? 2015, after all, was another political age. “2015 politics: Ed Miliband eats a sandwich a bit weirdly,” as one tweet put it last year. “2016 politics: everything is on fire.” Trump, Brexit, Corbyn, a snap election that calamitously rebounded: it sometimes feels as though 50 years of politics have been compressed into just two.

It matters because the debate over ideas has yet to be settled. During the initial rise of Jeremy Corbyn, Tony Blair – taking time off from advising brutal dictators – confessed that he would not want a leftwing Labour party to win, even if he thought that was a plausible electoral route, which he did not. He advised Corbyn’s supporters to seek a heart transplant. He now has the honesty to say that this radical platform could indeed triumph, but he still would not wish it to do so. This perspective is not shared by the large majority of Labour MPs, many of whom believed the combined array of leftwing policies would lead to electoral Armageddon but are relieved – even excited – to discover otherwise. There remains a faction, however, that leans towards Blair’s perspective and its view is grossly overrepresented in the commentariat.

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The BBC’s gender pay gap should galvanise all working women | Anne McElvoy

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 18:19:15 GMT2017-07-19T18:19:15Z

The skewing of rewards goes well beyond the corporation. This new rich list is a moment to demand changes in workplaces everywhere
• Anne McElvoy is senior editor of the Economist

The BBC’s gender pay gap is not so much a single chasm as a series of geological faultlines. The most egregious discrepancy is that top rates of pay are skewed towards men by two-thirds, and that on-air talent is doing remarkably similar jobs for very different rewards.

Related: Angry about the salaries of BBC stars? They are the least of our worries | Abi Wilkinson

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Don’t write off Theresa May. Like Margaret Thatcher, she can bounce back | Simon Jenkins

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:17:14 GMT2017-07-19T17:17:14Z

Unpopular. Enemies everywhere. The parallels with 1981 are uncanny. But if the prime minister keeps her nerve, she can buy time to see off any challenge
• Simon Jenkins is a Guardian columnist

She’s in trouble, big trouble. Westminster is alive with leaks of cabinet rows. Government policy is a shambles. The lobby is a cauldron of midsummer madness. The prime minister has lost her grip. She must go, by Christmas if not by the party conference. It’s only a matter of when, not if.

Related: My Tory party has gambled away its reputation. It needs more than a new leader | Kate Maltby

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Pensions need to be smarter, not just start later | Ros Altmann

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 16:56:33 GMT2017-07-19T16:56:33Z

At the moment, the state pension is flexible only for those healthy and wealthy enough not to have to take it at the statutory age. Is this really the best we can do?

• Ros Altmann is a Conservative peer and pensions campaigner

The government’s decision to increase the UK state pension age to 68 sooner than previously expected is in line with recommendations of John Cridland’s recent official review. By 2039, nobody will be able to start their state pension before the age of 68.

This rise is based on forecasts of average longevity. It does not take any account of the significant differences in life expectancy across the country, between social classes and also between occupations. The current national insurance system makes no allowance for people who will not live long enough to reach state pension age, or who will die soon afterwards.

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Hillary Clinton is more unpopular than Donald Trump. Let that sink in | Daniel José Camacho

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 13:50:32 GMT2017-07-19T13:50:32Z

The reasons for her low appeal need to be confronted by the Democratic establishment. And it would be wrong to pin it all on sexism

Donald Trump is one of the least popular politicians in the history of the United States. Yet, Trump is still more popular than Hillary Clinton. Let that sink in.

According to the latest Bloomberg National Poll, Trump has a net favorability of 41% whereas Clinton has a net favorability of 39%. If Democrats are to escape the political wilderness, they will have to leave Clinton and her brand of politics in the woods.

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The Queen has hit the jackpot again. But why does she need so much money? | David McClure

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 14:37:20 GMT2017-07-19T14:37:20Z

Revenue from her estate has doubled in a decade – to nearly £20m. Now is the time for her to disclose fully what she spends it all on

• David McClure is author of the financial investigation Royal Legacy

When queens grow old, a blind eye is turned to their personal finances. Such was the case with the Queen Mother, whose extravagant expenditure on racing and entertaining in her 90s was indulged with barely a murmur. Similarly no one seems the least perturbed about how our nonagenarian Queen is spending the extra millions that have recently swelled her privy purse.

Without fanfare it was disclosed on Tuesday that Her Majesty had hit the jackpot, receiving a record £19.2m from the Duchy of Lancaster in 2016-17, up 7.9% on last year’s profits.

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Justine Damond's death is a tragedy – as every police killing in America is | Steven W Thrasher

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 12:08:25 GMT2017-07-19T12:08:25Z

Let’s honor Damond, not by elevating her as an exceptionally innocent victim, but by honoring her right alongside all the other people shot down by police

We must not look at the shooting death of a white woman by a black male police officer (both who seem to have been immigrants) and think to ourselves that somehow this tragedy is worse than the thousands of police shootings the nation has had to confront since Eric Garner was killed three years ago this week and Michael Brown was killed three years ago next month.

Police killings are not unusual in the US. They happen almost every day – on average about three times a day. Instances of people calling 911 to ask for help, only to have the cops show up and shoot them instead, are also not unusual. Just ask Charleena Lyles. (Actually, you can’t ... because police shot the pregnant woman dead when she called for help.)

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Why ‘Fredo’ Trump has been thrown to the lions | Peter Bradshaw

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 15:02:53 GMT2017-07-19T15:02:53Z

The president’s hapless son may have blabbed on Twitter, but his indiscretion will have taken the pressure off Dad
• Peter Bradshaw is a Guardian columnist

It is now pretty much mandatory for all media commentators to call the US president’s hapless son Donald Jr the “Fredo” of the Trump political clan. You’ll remember that Fredo Corleone is the cringing, pathetic loser in Francis Ford Coppola’s Godfather films, played by John Cazale, a disloyal and cowardly mobster who lets down his dad and siblings, and winds up betraying them. It’s a tasty insult. Will it get under the president’s skin? I wonder. It’s not entirely accurate, not as accurate as, say, calling Ivanka the young Michael Corleone.

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Angry about the salaries of BBC stars? They are the least of our worries | Abi Wilkinson

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 10:17:52 GMT2017-07-19T10:17:52Z

This BBC report should be used to spark a sincere debate about regional and economic inequality: billionaires buy up homes while others sleep in the streets

• Abi Wilkinson is a freelance journalist

As a leftwinger, I was thrilled to discover this morning that people are very angry about income inequality. Even the normally right-leaning Daily Mail and Sun have published stories – whipping up outrage about an elite class earning more than five times the average UK salary of £27,600.

The focus is on workers at the BBC, which has published a report today on some of its employees’ salaries, but presumably the main points can be generalised: it’s simply not fair that a small minority of people earn so much more than the rest of us. Arguments about preventing talent being poached by competitors don’t cut it. Nobody is worth these sorts of amounts. There should be less of a gap between the highest and lowest earners within an organisation – and between the rich and poor more generally.

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A despot in disguise: one man’s mission to rip up democracy | George Monbiot

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 04:29:10 GMT2017-07-19T04:29:10Z

James McGill Buchanan’s vision of totalitarian capitalism has infected public policy in the US. Now it’s being exported

• George Monbiot is a Guardian columnist

It’s the missing chapter: a key to understanding the politics of the past half century. To read Nancy MacLean’s new book, Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right’s Stealth Plan for America, is to see what was previously invisible.

The history professor’s work on the subject began by accident. In 2013 she stumbled across a deserted clapboard house on the campus of George Mason University in Virginia. It was stuffed with the unsorted archives of a man who had died that year whose name is probably unfamiliar to you: James McGill Buchanan. She says the first thing she picked up was a stack of confidential letters concerning millions of dollars transferred to the university by the billionaire Charles Koch.

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We can cure Alzheimer’s – if we stop ignoring it | Joseph Jebelli

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 11:20:50 GMT2017-07-19T11:20:50Z

The disease is now the leading cause of death among the oldest people. Given focus and funding, however, Alzheimer’s will yield to science and reason

• Joseph Jebelli is a neuroscientist and author

The terror of Alzheimer’s is that it acts by degrees, and can therefore bewilder family members as much as its victims. Those who first notice the onset of Alzheimer’s in a loved one tell of forgotten names and unsettling behaviour, of car keys found in the fridge and clothing in the kitchen cabinet, of aimless wanderings.

Naturally, they want to understand the boundaries of normal ageing and whether these are being crossed. Often, the answer arrives when they’re greeted as complete strangers, when the patient’s mind becomes irrevocably unmoored from its past. The disease is terrifying for its insidiousness as well as its long-term manifestations.

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Manchester has a Soviet statue of Engels. Shame no one asked the city’s Ukrainians | Kevin Bolton

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 13:45:47 GMT2017-07-19T13:45:47Z

The monument is a piece of propaganda. Efforts to celebrate it have ignored the voices of all those Mancunians who suffered under communism

• Kevin Bolton is an archives consultant living in Stockport

I first heard that Manchester’s city centre had a new statue when pictures appeared on my Twitter timeline on Monday morning. The media coverage of the project had passed me by. For those of you who also missed it, Turner prize-nominated artist Phil Collins has moved a Soviet-era statue of Friedrich Engels from Ukraine and permanently installed it in Manchester as part of the Manchester International Festival. On Sunday, the festival closed and the statue was unveiled as part of a live film event called Ceremony.

My first reaction was anger. Why have we put up a piece of Soviet propaganda in the centre of Manchester? I then wondered what the communities in Manchester who have been affected by communism would think.

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Labour is taking on the crisis of Englishness with a bold campaign | Liam Byrne

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 09:35:19 GMT2017-07-19T09:35:19Z

The English Labour Network aims to think radically about championing this country, from St George’s Day celebrations to regional ministers

• Liam Byrne is Labour MP for Birmingham Hodge Hill

Identity is one of the most powerful forces in politics today, yet in England Labour has danced around it – until now. The launch of the English Labour Network is bold and overdue. Its radical potential needs mining fast.

In the last Labour government, I was a leading advocate of “Britishness”, in a debate led by Gordon Brown with much passion and merit. But we were swimming against the tide. The truth is that Scottish and Welsh devolution, the pace of social change and the decline in trust, which we can see accelerating across the west, has provoked a crisis of Englishness. Rather than avoid the issue, Labour needs to address, shape and draw rejuvenating energy from it. That’s why I am a passionate convert to the debate.

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Turkey’s democracy is dying – but this brutal crackdown can’t last | Ersin Şenel

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 08:30:15 GMT2017-07-19T08:30:15Z

Any lingering hopes that Erdoğan would return to the path of democracy have wilted. Instead he has solidified his power to push his political agenda

• Ersin Şenel is an economist and a political scientist based in Istanbul, Turkey

A year after Turkey’s failed coup attempt, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s regime faces a dilemma: first it fears any kind of street-based movement. Erdoğan’s harsh response to the Gezi Park protests in 2013 or the protests that were brutally quashed in the Kurdish cities of south-east Turkey last year are examples. Yet with the president’s power built on a friend-or-foe dichotomy, he also needs a street-based legitimacy. Witness the weekend ceremonies marking the anniversary of 15 July in which he whipped up public support for punishing coup plotters with the death penalty and talked about “ripping the heads” off so-called traitors.

And as a result of disabling parliamentary opposition and governing by decree under a continuous state of emergency it is not possible for him to prevent oppositional street-based movements from erupting. Last week’s justice march led by Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, chair of the opposition Republicans People’s party, (CHP) which brought at least 1.5 million people for a final rally proves this point.

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'Lunch-shaming' humiliates poorer kids. We can't afford these stigmas

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 10:00:17 GMT2017-07-19T10:00:17Z

Wealth and class are difficult topics to discuss – but as children grapple with inequality, it’s our job to address it

Recently, in a Maryland suburb, a high school baseball team competed against players from a wealthier suburb nearby. A mother was happily chanting for her son’s team when she heard the “cheers” of the other team, issued by both adults and kids. “They chanted: ‘Lower average income! Lower average income!’” said the mother, Jodi Jacobson. The taunts continued: “Can’t your parents afford to feed you? Can we call child protective services?” At another game, players sang “That’s all right, that’s OK! You will work for us someday!”

“It was disgusting,” Jacobson concluded. “I was astounded at the crude and cruel things said by the people in the stands”.

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Jane Austen's Great House launches urgent appeal to stay open

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 12:35:35 GMT2017-07-20T12:35:35Z

Chawton, home to Austen manuscripts and a library of early women writers, has launched a fundraising push to secure its place as a literary destination

As Jane Austen becomes the new face of the £10 note, Chawton House Library, the “Great House” where she whiled away many an hour, is hoping that at least some of the currency bearing her image will be directed its way. The charity is looking to raise around £150,000 over the next 18 months to stay afloat after its main backer withdrew support. It will also be applying for millions in capital grants over the next few years to transform its focus.

The Elizabethan residence in Hampshire, built by the Knight family in the 1580s, was inherited by Jane’s brother Edward centuries later. He offered the nearby bailiff’s residence, now the Jane Austen’s House Museum, to his mother and sisters Jane and Cassandra. But the author was a frequent visitor to her brother’s home, eating and reading there, and walking in its grounds. “I went up to the Great House between 3&4, & dawdled away an hour very comfortably,” she wrote in 1814.

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Mr Kipling maker hit by shoppers' switch to own-label products

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 08:29:00 GMT2017-07-20T08:29:00Z

Premier Foods – which also makes Ambrosia rice pudding and Bisto gravy –reports dip in first-quarter sales

The trend among shoppers to switch to cheaper non-branded products as household budgets come under mounting pressure has been underlined by a 9% leap in sales of own-label groceries produced by food group Premier Foods over the last three months.

At the same time sales of Premier’s branded products – which include Mr Kipling cakes, Ambrosia rice puddings and Bisto gravy – slumped by nearly 8%.

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Government cover-ups revealed in secret files on Profumo and Philby

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 09:30:17 GMT2017-07-20T09:30:17Z

Establishment’s tendency to look after its own laid bare in historical Whitehall papers showing signs of scandal that went ignored

The establishment’s tendency to cover up its own scandals is on full display in the latest releases from Whitehall’s cupboard of secret “too hot to handle” files.

The “top secret and strictly personal” files, known as the cabinet secretary’s miscellaneous papers, date back to 1936 and include material on double agents Kim Philby and John Cairncross, the Profumo affair and corruption concerns over a future Tory home secretary, Reginald Maudling.

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9/11 survivors urge May to publish UK terror funding report

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 09:57:17 GMT2017-07-20T09:57:17Z

PM asked to subject extremism report expected to highlight Saudi Arabia to ‘cleansing light of public consciousness’

A group of September 11 attack survivors and bereaved relatives have urged Theresa May to publish a report into the funding of extremism in Britain, with ministers still facing questions as to whether the report highlights Saudi Arabia.

Last week, the home secretary, Amber Rudd, said the report had been concluded but would not be published, citing reasons of national security.

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Culture secretary keeps Rupert Murdoch waiting over Sky deal

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:26:27 GMT2017-07-20T11:26:27Z

Karen Bradley says she is still ‘minded to’ refer takeover to competition regulator, but needs more time to consider submissions

Rupert Murdoch’s bid to take over Sky has been dealt a blow after the culture secretary said she needs more time to review submissions opposing the £11.7bn deal.

Karen Bradley said she had “hoped” to have been able to make a final decision on whether to ask the Competition Markets Authority to investigate the deal before parliament breaks up for summer on Friday.

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Number of UK degree students receiving firsts soars

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 08:59:22 GMT2017-07-20T08:59:22Z

One-third of UK universities and colleges awarded top grade for 25% of degrees in 2015-16, four times as many as in 2010-11

One-third of UK universities and colleges are awarding firsts to at least 25% of their students, four times as many as five years ago, figures show.

In 2015-16, 50 institutions gave at least one-quarter of degrees the top grade, while 10 awarded more than one-third a first. This compares with 12 and two respectively in 2010-11, before tuition fees were raised to a maximum of £9,000 a year starting from the 2012-13 academic year.

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Call to introduce Oyster-style security passes for Houses of Parliament

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:58:35 GMT2017-07-20T11:58:35Z

System would show how much time peers and MPs spend in Westminster and help in emergency situations, says SNP spokesman

Peers and MPs should use security cards to tap in and out of parliament so the public can see how much time they are spending in Westminster, a senior MP has proposed.

Tommy Sheppard, SNP spokesman in the Commons, has written to the Speakers of both houses and the head of security in the Palace of Westminster asking them to consider his proposal. He suggests it would not only help transparency, but would also aid the authorities in emergency situations.

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TSB bank app to start using iris recognition

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:41:32 GMT2017-07-20T11:41:32Z

Customers will be able to use iris scanner on some Samsung Galaxy phones to log into accounts from September

TSB is to introduce iris recognition as a way for customers to unlock its bank app and access their accounts, making it the first in Europe to use this form of biometric technology.

From September, TSB customers with a Samsung Galaxy S8 or S8+ will be able to use the phone’s built-in iris scanner to log into their account on the mobile app by glancing at their phone, instead of inputting an ID and password.

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Sports Direct blames weak pound as profits dive by nearly 60%

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 06:53:53 GMT2017-07-20T06:53:53Z

Founder Mike Ashley insists retailer is still on track to become the ‘Selfridges of sport’ despite disappointing results

Sports Direct has reported a near-60% drop in annual profits but insisted it is still on track to become the “Selfridges of sport”.

Underlying profits before tax at the sportswear chain slumped by 58.7% from £275.2m to £113.7m in the year to the end of April. The retailer also announced it has appointed a finance director for the first time since 2013.

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Lifestyle changes could prevent a third of dementia cases, report suggests

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:10 GMT2017-07-20T04:00:10Z

Researchers admit prevention estimate is a ‘best-case scenario’, but stress that action can be taken to reduce dementia risk

More than a third of dementia cases might be avoided by tackling aspects of lifestyle including education, exercise, blood pressure and hearing, a new report suggests.

Approximately 45 million people worldwide were thought to be living with dementia in 2015, at an estimated cost of $818bn.

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Liam Fox: EU trade deal after Brexit should be 'easiest in history' to get

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 09:59:15 GMT2017-07-20T09:59:15Z

International trade secretary tells Today programme the government is not making contingency plans for leaving without deal

Liam Fox has said a post-Brexit free trade deal with the EU should be the “easiest in human history”, but insisted that the UK could survive without one.

Speaking to BBC Radio 4’s Today programme on Thursday, the international trade secretary said: “The free trade agreement that we will have to do with the European Union should be one of the easiest in human history.

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UK retail sales bounce back as warm weather drives shoppers to stores

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:00:57 GMT2017-07-20T11:00:57Z

Rise beats expectations but economists warn it could prove temporary amid inflation squeeze on pay

Retail sales rebounded in June as the sunny weather put consumers in the mood to update their summer wardrobes.

Sales rose by 0.6% last month, beating the 0.4% increase forecast by economists and following a sharp 1.1% drop in May, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).

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Thousands of mental health patients spend years on secure wards

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 23:01:04 GMT2017-07-19T23:01:04Z

Critics condemn ‘Victorian approach’ to treatment after NHS watchdog reveals 3,500 patients are kept locked in

Thousands of mental health patients are being kept in secure wards for years at a time when they should be being rehabilitated and preparing to leave hospital, a NHS watchdog has revealed.

The Care Quality Commission (CQC) criticised both NHS and for-profit mental health providers for forcing such a large number of patients to endure what it called “outdated and sometimes institutionalised care”, often miles from home. The practice leaves already vulnerable patients feeling isolated and less likely to recover, the CQC warned.

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British Gas to pay customers £1.1m over missed appointments

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 07:26:32 GMT2017-07-20T07:26:32Z

Energy firm to pay 12,000 customers about £90 each after its agents failed to keep appointments or turned up late

British Gas is to pay £1.1m to compensate customers after its agents missed appointments, breaching industry standards.

The energy firm will make the payments to domestic and micro-business customers after its third-party agents missed appointments or turned up late, and did not compensate them as required by the regulator Ofgem.

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Stirling prize 2017 shortlist: from a cool crowdfunded pier to a giant hole in the ground

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 23:55:50 GMT2017-07-19T23:55:50Z

The biggest truck-lift in Europe, built by Richard Rogers for the British Museum, is vying with a gloriously ungaudy pier and a Glasgow tower that thinks it’s a town. Read our critic’s take on the full shortlist here

Hastings’ revived seaside pier will go head to head with a stealthy addition to the British Museum and a photographer’s concrete studio in west London in the race to win the RIBA Stirling prize for the UK’s best new building. They are joined on a diverse shortlist by a new visitor centre at Chatham’s historic naval dockyard, a little brick tower of six apartments in east London and a gargantuan complex for the City of Glasgow College – the second year running that the young institution has made the shortlist.

Last year, the handsome riverside campus for its maritime faculty was designed by Reiach and Hall and Michael Laird. Now the further education college is back in the spotlight with a project by the same architects, who have squeezed an entire town into a 60,000-sq-metre building in the city centre. Sharing a similar stripped back architectural language, with grids of crisp aluminium mullions and marching colonnades of sharp white concrete columns, the £162m 10-storey complex houses everything from salons and industrial kitchens to film studios and aircraft cabins to train its 30,000 students in myriad technical and vocational skills. Arranged around a vast atrium and an external courtyard, with a high street frontage and a big public staircase spilling on to a planned park, this gleaming temple to practical skills has the noble civic presence worthy of a small national parliament.

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Grenfell fire survivors heckle Kensington and Chelsea council leader

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 21:42:04 GMT2017-07-19T21:42:04Z

Elizabeth Campbell faces calls to resign as she is elected at chaotic borough council meeting in west London

The new leader of Kensington and Chelsea council has been met with shouts of disbelief and calls to resign, after she promised survivors of the Grenfell Tower fire that she would oversee fundamental cultural change among local officials and politicians.

Elizabeth Campbell was elected at a chaotic council meeting on Wednesday evening, which was dominated by emotional speeches and interruptions from scores of survivors of the fire.

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Thatcher overruled minister to keep Moors murderers locked up for life

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 23:01:04 GMT2017-07-19T23:01:04Z

Letter released by National Archives reveals PM disagreed with her home secretary’s advice on parole for Myra Hindley and Ian Brady

Margaret Thatcher intervened to overrule the home secretary and ensure that the Moors murderers, Myra Hindley and Ian Brady, were never released from prison, Downing Street papers have revealed.

Thatcher told Leon Brittan in February 1985 that his proposed minimum sentences of 30 years for Hindley and 40 years for Brady were too short.

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Salvador Dalí's remains due to be exhumed to settle paternity case

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 11:42:40 GMT2017-07-20T11:42:40Z

Stone slab above his grave in Figueres will be removed on Thursday evening to allow experts to take DNA samples

The remains of Salvador Dalí are due to be exhumed on Thursday evening, almost three decades after his death, to help settle a long-running paternity claim from a 61-year-old fortune-teller who insists she is the Spanish artist’s only child.

Dalí, who died in 1989, is buried in a crypt beneath the museum he designed for himself in his home town of Figueres, Catalonia.

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Donald Trump Jr and Paul Manafort to testify before Congress about Russia

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 22:30:08 GMT2017-07-19T22:30:08Z

Hearing to come less than two weeks after revelations of meeting with Kremlin-linked lawyer alongside Jared Kushner, who will testify in separate closed session

Donald Trump Jr, along with the former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort, are scheduled to testify publicly before Congress on 26 July.

In a hearing entitled Oversight of the Foreign Agents Registration Act and Attempts to Influence US Elections: Lessons Learned from Current and Prior Administrations, the president’s eldest son and his former top campaign aide will appear before the Senate judiciary committee as further scrutiny mounts of the Trump campaign’s connections to Russia.

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DRC: vast business network of president who won't step down revealed

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 09:04:48 GMT2017-07-20T09:04:48Z

All the President’s Wealth report may help explain why Joseph Kabila, who was due to leave presidency last year, argues DRC cannot afford to hold elections

The president currently clinging to power in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and his family have a vast network of businesses reaching into almost every sector of the country’s economy that are thought to have generated hundreds of millions of dollars in revenues since 2003, according to a report.

Joseph Kabila was supposed to step down last year after 16 years as president, but has refused to go, arguing that his country cannot afford to hold elections.

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'They threw us into the street': Cubans tell of struggles to enter US

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 09:00:16 GMT2017-07-20T09:00:16Z

Since Obama ended the ‘wet-foot, dry-foot’ preferential treatment, 1,000 Cuban migrants have gathered in Nuevo Laredo to try to gain US citizenship

Ana and Víctor arrived worn out and weary on an early morning bus and made their way straight for the bridge across the Rio Grande into Texas. The Cuban couple headed toward the US immigration offices, where they planned to apply for political asylum.

But American border officers blocked their way before they could plead their case.

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ECJ to rule on whether 'right to be forgotten' can stretch beyond EU

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 09:19:43 GMT2017-07-20T09:19:43Z

Final step in three-year legal battle between Google and France will determine whether nations get to choose whether data is removed

The European court of justice (ECJ) is set to rule on a landmark case over whether or not the so-called “right to be forgotten” can and should stretch beyond EU borders.

It will be the final step in a three-year legal battle between Google and France to determine how far the search engine should go to guarantee the privacy of European citizens who want their pasts to be wiped from the historical record.

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Get out! Chinese agents bar access to the 'free' wife of Liu Xiaobo

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:19 GMT2017-07-20T04:00:19Z

Plainclothes agents surround Guardian within seconds of arriving at Beijing apartment of Liu Xia, who activists say has ‘fallen off the face of the Earth’

Chinese authorities claim Liu Xia is a free woman. But one week after the death of her husband, the Nobel laureate and democracy activist Liu Xiaobo, a visit to the couple’s Beijing home immediately gives the lie to that claim.

Related: Devotion amid despair: the great contemporary love story of Liu Xia and Liu Xiaobo

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UN warned not to whitewash 'grave violations against children' in Yemen

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 23:01:04 GMT2017-07-19T23:01:04Z

Charities claim failure to blacklist Saudi-led coalition over bombings in which children were killed or injured would establish ‘dangerous precedent’

Charities have urged the UN to name and shame the Saudi-led coalition over child rights violations in Yemen after research showed more than 120 children were killed or maimed in airstrikes by the alliance last year.

A briefing by Save the Children and Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict said the coalition committed “grave violations against children” in a series of 23 attacks in 2016. In each case, the alliance bombed hospitals or schools, or killed or injured children.

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Suspected Isis fighter seized in Mosul may be missing German girl, 16

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 15:55:14 GMT2017-07-19T15:55:14Z

German authorities urgently investigate if girl shown in footage is Linda Wenzel, who vanished from Saxony home last year

German authorities are investigating whether a suspected Islamic State fighter seized by Iraqi forces in the war-torn city of Mosul is a 16-year-old German schoolgirl who disappeared from her parents’ home in Saxony a year ago after apparently being groomed by jihadist groups online.

The parents of Linda Wenzel have been searching in vain for their daughter since she vanished from her home in the village of Pulsnitz on 1 July last year after converting to Islam in secret.

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US ends controversial laptop ban on flights from Middle East

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 06:30:47 GMT2017-07-20T06:30:47Z

Block affecting nine airlines flying from 10 airports is lifted, but restrictions remain on flights from region to UK

The United States has ended a four-month ban on passengers carrying laptops onboard US-bound flights from certain airports in the Middle East and North Africa, bringing to an end one of the controversial travel restrictions imposed by President Donald Trump’s administration.

Riyadh’s King Khalid international airport was the last of 10 airports to be exempted from the ban, the US department of homeland security (DHS) confirmed in a tweet late on Wednesday local time.

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Justine Damond shooting: US lawyer hits back at officer's ambush claims

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 06:06:53 GMT2017-07-20T06:06:53Z

Robert Bennett, who is representing the family of the Australian shot dead by police, says Damond ‘obviously wasn’t armed’ and ‘was not a threat to anyone’

A US lawyer representing the family of Justine Damond, the Australian who was shot dead by police in Minneapolis, has hit back at claims the officer who fired the shots may have thought he was being ambushed.

Robert Bennett, who has represented police shooting victims including Philando Castile, told US network CBS that Damond was in her pyjamas at the time and clearly did not present a threat.

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Dutch prisoners given cold-case calendars in hope of solving crimes

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 05:30:12 GMT2017-07-20T05:30:12Z

Police received 160 tipoffs after trial run of calendars featuring unsolved murders

Prisoners across the Netherlands are to be issued with calendars for their cells featuring unsolved murders or disappearances as part of a drive by the Dutch police to crack unsolved cases.

The so-called cold case calendars will be handed to all 30,000 prisoners in the country after a trial run in five jails in the north resulted in 160 tips to the police.

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House of horrors: inside the US wildlife repository – photo essay

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 05:00:11 GMT2017-07-20T05:00:11Z

Photographer Matthew Staver and writer Oliver Milman visited the US National Wildlife Property Repository, where illegal wildlife products, from stuffed tigers to worked ivory, are stored and counted

If the US had a national house of horrors, it would probably be the federal government compound that lies on the fringes of Denver, Colorado, incongruously set within a wildlife reserve where bison languorously dawdle against a backdrop of the snow-crowned Rockies.

The National Wildlife Property Repository, operated by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), is a warehouse of the macabre. It’s a Noah’s ark of protected deceased biodiversity that smugglers attempted to get into the US before being caught by FWS staff at airports and ports.

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Paradise Lost 'translated more often in last 30 years than previous 300'

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 05:01:11 GMT2017-07-20T05:01:11Z

Global study finds Milton’s verse epic rendered in languages from Tamil to Tongan, and argues interest is linked to social turmoil and political revolutions

Three hundred and fifty years after it was first published, John Milton’s epic revolutionary poem about the fall of man, Paradise Lost, continues to find relevance around the world, with research revealing that new translations in the last 30 years outnumber the previous three centuries’ output combined.

More than 50 academics around the world collaborated to research a new book, Milton in Translation, discovering that the works of the 17th-century author have been translated more than 300 times and into 57 different languages. These range from Faroese and Manx to Tamil and Tongan, from Persian and Hebrew to Frisian and Welsh.

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Shares in Asia head for 10-year high on back of US profit surge

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:19:56 GMT2017-07-20T04:19:56Z

Investors await monetary policy reading from the ECB as key index hits 2007 levels after the Dow, S&P and Nasdaq hit new all-time highs

Shares in Asia have reached their highest point for nearly 10 years bolstered by a surge in stock markets around the world on the back of strong US corporate earnings.

As investors awaited the European Central Bank meeting for clues on its policy outlooks, the MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan added 0.15%, hovering near its highest level since December 2007.

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Poland may be stripped of EU voting rights over judicial independence

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:12:05 GMT2017-07-19T17:12:05Z

Rightwing government’s planned reforms for legal system could prompt triggering of article 7 for the first time

The EU is on the brink of taking the nuclear option of stripping Poland of its voting rights in Brussels in response to plans by its rightwing government to “abolish” the independence of the country’s judiciary.

Frans Timmermans, the first vice-president of the European commission, accused Warsaw of seeking to put judges under full political control as he warned that the EU was “very close” to triggering article 7, a never-before-used sanction in the treaties that allows a member state’s voting rights in the council of ministers to be suspended.

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Hot dogs: rising heat makes it too hot for Africa’s wild dogs to hunt

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 05:00:11 GMT2017-07-20T05:00:11Z

The endangered wild dogs are well adapted to high temperatures but a warming world means pup survival is plummeting, study shows

Rising temperatures are making it too hot for African wild dogs to hunt and the number of their pups that survive is plummeting, according to a new study. The research is among the first to show a direct impact of increased heat on wildlife that appears well adapted to high temperatures.

There are only 7,000 African wild dogs left in the wild and they have lost 93% of their historic ranges to humans. Research earlier in July suggested that a “biological annihilation” of wildlife in recent decades means a sixth mass extinction in Earth’s history is already under way.

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Plastic pollution risks 'near permanent contamination of natural environment'

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 18:00:03 GMT2017-07-19T18:00:03Z

First global analysis of all mass–produced plastics has found humans have produced 8.3bn tonnes since the 1950s with the majority ending up in landfill or oceans

Humans have produced 8.3bn tonnes of plastic since the 1950s with the majority ending up in landfill or polluting the world’s continents and oceans, according to a new report.

The first global analysis of all mass–produced plastics has found that it has outstripped most other man-made materials, threatening a “near permanent contamination of the natural environment”.

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Cameroon 'torturing people accused of supporting Boko Haram'

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:01:05 GMT2017-07-20T00:01:05Z

Amnesty says it has documented more than 100 cases of detention and torture by security forces across numerous sites

Cameroon’s security forces have been accused in an Amnesty International report of torturing hundreds of people in secret chambers.

Dozens of testimonies, as well as satellite imagery, photographs and videos add up to a pattern of terrible violence against people accused of supporting the Islamist group Boko Haram, which Amnesty says amounts to war crimes.

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Tobacco companies interfere with health regulations, WHO reports

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:00:02 GMT2017-07-19T17:00:02Z

Tobacco industry is interfering with government attempts to regulate products and aggressively pursuing new markets in Africa, World Health Organization says

Cigarette manufacturers are attempting to thwart government tobacco controls wherever possible, even as governments make progress regulating the products, a new World Health Organization report has found.

World health officials also warn that tobacco companies have moved their fight to the developing world, such as Africa, where smoking rates are predicted to rise by double digits in the coming decades.

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Saudi woman arrested for wearing a skirt is released without charge

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 23:39:09 GMT2017-07-19T23:39:09Z

‘Model Khulood’ said the video was posted online without her knowledge as many lament double standards about ‘indecency’

A Saudi woman who appeared in an online video wearing an “indecent” skirt and crop top has been freed.

The woman, identified as Model Khulood, was released after she told investigators that the video was posted on social media without her knowledge.

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Trump's election commission meets as critics condemn president's 'biggest lie'

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:45:16 GMT2017-07-19T17:45:16Z

  • Opponents say group exists to soothe Trump’s ego over losing popular vote
  • Trump warns of voter fraud despite Pence’s claim of ‘no preconceived notions’

Donald Trump warned darkly of potential voter fraud at the first meeting of his election integrity commission on Wednesday, minutes after its chair, Mike Pence, insisted that the commission had “no preconceived notions”.

Related: Six ways Trump is 'dismantling' the US after six months in office

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Netanyahu attack on EU policy towards Israel caught on microphone

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 12:55:15 GMT2017-07-19T12:55:15Z

Israeli PM overheard saying bloc would wither and die unless it changed attitude towards his country at meeting of eastern European leaders

Israel’s prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, has launched a withering attack on the European Union at a closed-door meeting of eastern European leaders in Budapest, saying the political grouping would wither and die if it did not change its policy towards Israel.

The remarks, caught on an open microphone, underlined Netanyahu’s often barely disguised contempt for the European political union, which has criticised Israel – and his government in particular – over issues including Jewish settlement building in the occupied Palestinian territories and the peace process.

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Trump changes mind again, telling senators to get health bill 'on my desk'

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 18:36:39 GMT2017-07-19T18:36:39Z

Within a day of telling Republicans to simply ‘let Obamacare fail’, president says they should cancel their August break to address healthcare reform

Less than 24 hours after Donald Trump advised Republicans to “let Obamacare fail”, he once again switched course and told senators to cancel their August recess and remain in Washington until they overhaul the healthcare law.

During what appeared to be an uncomfortable prelude to a White House luncheon on Wednesday, Trump warned Republican senators that “inaction” was not an option and said simply repealing the healthcare law without a replacement was not enough.

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Justine Damond: police lawyer claims officers may have feared an ambush

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 18:09:33 GMT2017-07-19T18:09:33Z

Officer Matthew Harrity told investigators he heard a loud sound before his partner, Mohamed Noor, shot Australian woman

The attorney for a Minneapolis police officer whose partner fatally shot an Australian woman has said it was reasonable for the officers to have believed that they might be targets of an ambush.

Related: Minneapolis officer who allegedly shot Justine Damond offers condolences

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British American Tobacco to acquire Reynolds as activists decry merger

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 18:51:28 GMT2017-07-19T18:51:28Z

Shareholders approved buyout to make BAT the world’s largest listed tobacco company amid concerns over industry pushing back on government regulations


British American Tobacco (BAT) has come under fire from health campaigners after shareholders approved its buyout of American firm Reynolds on Wednesday, which will create the world’s biggest tobacco company.

Shareholders of both companies approved the deal, which will take BAT back into the US market after a 12-year absence. It ends American ownership of Reynolds American Incorporated (RAI), a tobacco company headquartered in the US south since 1875.

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Head of French military quits after row with Emmanuel Macron

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 09:45:51 GMT2017-07-19T09:45:51Z

Pierre de Villiers says he no longer feels able to command sort of armed forces he thinks necessary, amid dispute over funding

The head of the French armed forces has resigned amid a bitter public row with the president, Emmanuel Macron – an unprecedented dispute that has highlighted the strain on the French military, deployed in numerous operations abroad and at home.

The military chief, Gen Pierre de Villiers, said in a resignation statement on Wednesday that he no longer felt able to command the sort of armed forces “that I think is necessary to guarantee the protection of France and the French people”.

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Chile takes steps to legalize abortion in certain cases

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 17:30:38 GMT2017-07-19T17:30:38Z

After fraught debate, senate votes to legalize abortion when a woman’s life is in danger, when a fetus is unviable and when a pregnancy results from rape

Chile’s senate has narrowly passed a bill to legalize abortion in certain cases, in a win for President Michelle Bachelet’s center-left coalition and for rights groups that have campaigned for years against the country’s strict ban.

After a long and sometimes fractious overnight debate, the senate voted to legalize abortion when a woman’s life is in danger, when a fetus is unviable and when a pregnancy results from rape.

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