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Information Arena

Information is Wealth

Updated: 2017-09-03T05:03:25.635-07:00


Computer Shortcut keys for Windows 95/2000/XP/NT/VISTA/7


 BASIC SHORTCUT KEYSAlt + F File menu options in current programAlt + E Edit options in current programF1 Universal help (for all programs)Ctrl + A Select all textCtrl + X Cut selected itemShift + Del Cut selected itemCtrl + C Copy selected itemCtrl + Ins Copy selected itemCtrl + V PasteShift + Ins PasteHome Go to beginning of current lineCtrl + Home Go to beginning of documentEnd Go to end of current lineCtrl + End Go to end of documentShift + Home Highlight from current position to beginning of lineShift + End Highlight from current position to end of lineCtrl + f Move one word to the left at a timeCtrl + g Move one word to the right at a timeMICROSOFT® WINDOWS SHORTCUT KEYSAlt + Tab Switch between open applicationsAlt + Shift + Tab Switch backwards between open applicationsAlt + Print Screen Create screen shot for current programCtrl + Alt + Del Reboot/Windows® task managerCtrl + Esc Bring up start menuAlt + Esc Switch between applications on taskbarF2 Rename selected iconF3 Start find from desktopF4 Open the drive selection when browsingF5 Refresh contentsAlt + F4 Close current open programCtrl + F4 Close window in programCtrl + PlusKey Automatically adjust widths of all columns in Windows ExplorerAlt + Enter Open properties window of selected icon or programShift + F10 Simulate right-click on selected itemShift + Del Delete programs/files permanently Holding Shift During Bootup Boot safe mode or bypass system filesWINKEY SHORTCUTSWINKEY + D Bring desktop to the top of other windowsWINKEY + M Minimize all windowsWINKEY + SHIFT + M Undo the minimize done by WINKEY + M and WINKEY + DWINKEY + E Open Microsoft ExplorerWINKEY + Tab Cycle through open programs on taskbarWINKEY + F Display the Windows® Search/Find featureWINKEY + CTRL + F Display the search for computers windowWINKEY + F1 Display the Microsoft® Windows® helpWINKEY + R Open the run windowWINKEY + Pause/Break Open the system properties windowWINKEY + U Open utility managerWINKEY + L Lock the computer (Windows XP® & later)OUTLOOK SHORTCUT KEYSAlt + S Send the emailCtrl + C Copy selected textCtrl + X Cut selected textCtrl + P Open print dialog boxCtrl + K Complete name/email typed in address barCtrl + B Bold highlighted selectionCtrl + I Italicize highlighted selectionCtrl + U Underline highlighted selectionCtrl + R Reply to an emailCtrl + F Forward an emailCtrl + N Create a new emailCtrl + Shift + A Create a new appointment to your calendarCtrl + Shift + O Open the outboxCtrl + Shift + I Open the inboxCtrl + Shift + K Add a new taskCtrl + Shift + C Create a new contactCtrl + Shift+ J Create a new journal entryWORD SHORTCUT KEYSCtrl + A Select all contents of the pageCtrl + B Bold highlighted selectionCtrl + C Copy selected textCtrl + X Cut selected textCtrl + N Open new/blank documentCtrl + O Open optionsCtrl + P Open the print windowCtrl + F Open find boxCtrl + I Italicize highlighted selectionCtrl + K Insert linkCtrl + U Underline highlighted selectionCtrl + V PasteCtrl + Y Redo the last action performedCtrl + Z Undo last actionCtrl + G Find and replace optionsCtrl + H Find and replace optionsCtrl + J Justify paragraph alignmentCtrl + L Align selected text or line to the leftCtrl + Q Align selected paragraph to the leftCtrl + E Align selected text or line to the centerCtrl + R Align selected text or line to the rightCtrl + M Indent the paragraphCtrl + T Hanging indentCtrl + D Font optionsCtrl + Shift + F Change the fontCtrl + Shift + > Increase selected font +1Ctrl + ] Increase selected font +1Ctrl + Shift + < Decrease selected font -1Ctrl + [ Decrease selected font -1Ctrl + Shift + * View or hide non printing charactersCtrl + f Move one word to the leftCtrl + g Move one word to the rightCtrl + h Move to beginning of the line or paragraphCtrl + i Move to the end of the paragraphCtrl + Del Delete word to right of cursorCtrl + Backspace Delete word to left of cursorCtrl + End Move cursor to end of documentCtrl + Home Move cursor to beginning of documentCtr[...]

Hindu Rituals - Part3


Why do we do Namaste?

Indians greet each other with namaste. The two palms are placed together in front of the chest and the head bows whilst saying the word namaste. This greeting is for all - people younger than us, of our own age, those older than friends, even strangers and us.
There are five forms of formal traditional greeting enjoined in the shaastras of which namaskaram is one. This is understood as prostration but it actually refers to paying homage as we do today when we greet each other with a namaste.
Namaste could be just a casual or formal greeting, a cultural convention or an act of worship. However there is much more to it than meets the eye. In Sanskrit namah + te = namaste. It means - I bow to you - my greetings, salutations or prostration to you. Namaha can also be literally interpreted as "na ma" (not mine). It has a spiritual significance of negating or reducing one’s ego in the presence of another.
The real meeting between people is the meeting of their minds. When we greet another, we do so with namaste, which means, "may our minds meet," indicated by the folded palms placed before the chest. The bowing down of the head is a gracious form of extending friendship in love and humility
The spiritual meaning is even deeper. The life force, the divinity, the Self or the Lord in me is the same in all. Recognizing this oneness with the meeting of the palms, we salute with head bowed the Divinity in the person we meet. That is why sometimes, we close our eyes as we do namaste to a revered person or the Lord – as if to look within. The gesture is often accompanied by words like "Ram Ram,” "Jai Shri Krishna", "Namo Narayana", "Jai Siya Ram", "Om Shanti" etc - indicating the recognition of this divinity.
When we know this significance, our greeting does not remain just a superficial gesture or word but paves the way for a deeper communion with another in an atmosphere of love and respect.

Hindu Rituals - Part2


Why do we have a prayer room?

Most Indian homes have a prayer room or altar. A lamp is lit and the Lord worshipped each day. Other spiritual practices like japa - repetition of the Lord’s name, meditation, paaraayana - reading of the scriptures, prayers, and devotional singing etc are also done here. Special worship is done on auspicious occasions like birthdays, anniversaries, festivals and the like. Each member of the family - young or old - communes with and worships the Divine here.
The Lord is the entire creation. He is therefore the true owner of the house we live in too. The prayer room is the Master room of the house. We are the earthly occupants of His property. This notion rids us of false pride and possessiveness.
The ideal attitude to take is to regard the Lord as the true owner of our homes and us as caretakers of His home. But if that is rather difficult, we could at least think of Him as a very welcome guest. Just as we would house an important guest in the best comfort, so too we felicitate the Lord’s presence in our homes by having a prayer room or altar, which is, at all times, kept clean and well-decorated.
Also the Lord is all pervading. To remind us that He resides in our homes with us, we have prayer rooms. Without the grace of the Lord, no task can be successfully or easily accomplished. We invoke His grace by communing with Him in the prayer room each day and on special occasions.

Each room in a house is dedicated to a specific function like the bedroom for resting, the drawing room to receive guests, the kitchen for cooking etc. The furniture, decor and the atmosphere of each room are made conducive to the purpose it serves. So too for the purpose of meditation, worship and prayer, we should have a conducive atmosphere - hence the need for a prayer room.
Sacred thoughts and sound vibrations pervade the place and influence the minds of those who spend time there. Spiritual thoughts and vibrations accumulated through regular meditation, worship and chanting done there pervade the prayer room. Even when we are tired or agitated, by just sitting in the prayer room for a while, we feel calm, rejuvenated and spiritually uplifted.

Hindu Rituals - Part1


Why do we light a lamp?

In almost every Indian home a lamp is lit daily before the altar of the Lord. In some houses it is lit at dawn, in some, twice a day – at dawn and dusk – and in a few it is maintained continuously - Akhanda Deepa. All auspicious functions commence with the lighting of the lamp, which is often maintained right through the occasion.
Light symbolizes knowledge, and darkness - ignorance. The Lord is the "Knowledge Principle" (Chaitanya) who is the source, the enlivener and the illuminator of all knowledge. Hence light is worshiped as the Lord himself.
Knowledge removes ignorance just as light removes darkness. Also knowledge is a lasting inner wealth by which all outer achievement can be accomplished. Hence we light the lamp to bow down to knowledge as the greatest of all forms of wealth.
Why not light a bulb or tube light? That too would remove darkness. But the traditional oil lamp has a further spiritual significance. The oil or ghee in the lamp symbolizes our vaasanas or negative tendencies and the wick, the ego. When lit by spiritual knowledge, the vaasanas get slowly exhausted and the ego too finally perishes. The flame of a lamp always burns upwards. Similarly we should acquire such knowledge as to take us towards higher ideals.
Whilst lighting the lamp we thus pray:
Deepajyothi parabrahma
Deepa sarva tamopahaha
Deepena saadhyate saram
Sandhyaa deepo namostute
I prostrate to the dawn/dusk lamp; whose light is the Knowledge Principle (the Supreme Lord), which removes the darkness of ignorance and by which all can be achieved in life.

Ancient Astrology - Hindu Myth - Vedic Samprada


Vedic astrology is an ancient system of astrology originated in India. This ancient science has been practiced in India for more than eight thousand years. It is called "Jyotish" in Hindi, which means the knowledge or science of light. Since Vedic astrology or Jyotish is a part (Vedanga) of Vedas (ancient Indian Hindu scripts), it is known as Vedic astrology.  There are many differences between Vedic astrology and Western astrology, but the main difference is that the Vedic astrologers use the Sidereal system or fixed zodiac while Western astrologer use the Tropical system or moving zodiac. The difference between both zodiac (Ayanamsa) is now roughly 23 degrees which is almost a whole sign. This means that your Sun-sign that you see in the Magazines or Newspapers usually is not the same as your Vedic Sun-sign. In most cases it is one sign back. For example, if your Sun sign is Taurus according to a Newspaper, which uses Western astrology, it is most likely that you will be an Aries when a Vedic astrologer does your chart using the system of Vedic astrology. Another important difference is that Western astrology mostly deals with one's psychological patterns and personality while Vedic astrology deals with more of practical matters and one's karmic patterns. The Basic Components of Vedic Astrology The most basic elements of Vedic astrology are the nine planets or heavenly bodies and the twelve signs of the zodiac and the twelve houses of the chart. When studying Vedic astrology, it is important to become familiar with the Sanskrit words for all the main components. To begin with, let it be known that the words planets and "grahas" are synonymous. The twelve signs of the zodiac are called "rashis" and the houses are called "bhavas" or "sthanas" . The nine planets used in Vedic astrology are: Common Name Sanskrit Name SunRaviMoonChandraMarsKuja or Mangala MercuryBudhaJupiterGuruVenusShukraSaturnShaniRahuRaahuKetuKetuThe twelve signs, their lords, and their characteristics are given below: Sun Sign Sanskrit Name LordNatureSexMotionAries Mesha Mars Fire M Movable Taurus Vrishaba Venus Earth F Fixed Gemini Mithuna Mercury Air M Common Cancer Karkata Moon Water F Movable Leo Simha Sun Fire M Fixed Virgo Kanya Mercury Earth F Common Libra Thula Venus Air M Movable Scorpio Vrishchika Mars Water F Fixed Sagittarius Dhanus Jupiter Fire M Common Capricorn Makara Saturn Earth F Movable Aquarius Kumbha Saturn Air M Fixed Pisces Meena Jupiter Water F Common The following figures shows the astrology chart or horoscope in South-Indian and North-Indian styles which are used to predict ones nature, future etc., Each house spans 30 degrees and the whole chart takes 360 degrees. Always, in the south-indian chart, the house where the ascendent is present is taken as the first house and going in clockwise fashion 2,3, .. and the 12th house to complete 360 degrees. The parameters that are required to cast a chart are: Date of Birth Time of Birth Place of Birth (Latitude and Longitude) Based on the above parameters, the chart of the individual is casted. If there are any discrepancy in the above parameters, then the casting of the chart will result in worng casting of the chart which will result in wrong predictions. Please make sure that you provide accurate information for casting the chart. There are different types of charts derived from the main chart (raashi chart), these are : Raashi Chart (The Basic chart) Hora Drekkana Chaturthamsha Sapthamsha Astamsha Navamsha Kundali (Important and seen along with Raashi chart) Dashamsha Shodashamsha Vimshamsha Chaturvimshamsha Bhamsha Thrimshamsha Khavedamsha Akshavedamsha Shastyamsha What does these houses signify? First House - Lagnasthan, Tanusthan This house signifies life,longevity, self, health, nature and appearance of native. Complexion,vitality, sorrows, gains and profits to younger brothers and his friends. It governs [...]

Lease Agreement Template


            THIS AGREEMENT OF LEASE executed this xxth day of -->Month<-- -->Year<-- (Year in words) between the -->Name of House Owner<-- residing at -->Complete Address<-- herein after called the LESSORS which expression shall mean and include their successors and assigns of the one part and -->Tenant Name<--, -->Tenants Current/Permanent Address<--, which shall include its successors and assigns of the other part, WITNESSETH:            WHEREAS THE LESSORS is the owner of the house bearing -->Address of house to be rented<-- and the LESSORS has agreed to rent out the above premises herein called the DEMISED PREMISES. The LESSE has also agreed to take on lease the demised premises for self residential purpose for a period of 11 months commencing from (-->DD MMM YYYY<--) on a monthly rent of Rs.-->Rent Amt<--/- (Amount in words).3. THE LESSE HEREBY AGREES:     (i)            That the monthly rent & maintenance charges will be payable regularly and without abatement or any reduction whatsoever except as provided ion the agreement on or before the 5th day of each month succeeding for which it is payable.   (ii)            To pay the LESSORS as advance amount of Rs.-->Advance Amt<--/- (-->Amount in words<--) being advance and security deposit and the receipt of which the LESSORS hereby ACKNOWLADGES and this advance as INTEREST FREE security deposit will be refunded in one lump sum by the LESSORS at the time of vacation or adjusted against arrears of rental, repairs & damages if any. (iii)            To pay all charges relating to electricity and water consumed the demised premises. (iv)            To keep the premises in good and habitable condition and on the expiry of the lease for with handover possession of the premises in the same condition, as then let, subject to normal wear and tear and acts of GOD, if the lease is not renewed for a further period as provided elsewhere in the agreement.   (v)            Not to make any structural alteration to the demised premises, without the prior consent, in writing, from the LESSORS. (vi)            Shall use the DEMISED premises only for the residential purpose and shall not use it for any offensive or objectionable purposes.(vii)            Not to sub-let the above mentioned premises in the whole or part to anyone and shall handover the possession of the premises to the LESSORS at the time of vacation.4. THE LESSORS HEREBY AGREES:(a)    To pay the house tax, municipal tax and any other taxes or cess levied by the GOVT or local bodies pertaining to the demised premises.(b)   To allow the LESSE to enjoy the demised premises without any hindrance or let from the LESSORS or any other person claiming through him.(c)    To permit the LESSE to remove from the premises at the expiry or sooner termination of the tenance, all the fixtures and fittings installed by the LESSEE.(d)   The rent is valid for 11 months of this agreement and If required for further period an increase of rent of 10% is payable.5. IT IS HEREBY EXPREESLY AGREED BETWEEN THE PARTIES THAT:(a)    The lease agreement is terminable on 3 months (three months) notice on either side.(b)   IF THE LESSEE shall be desirous of continuing the tenancy hereby created for a further term at the expiration of the term hereby agreed to, [...]

Advanced Unix Commands


Some more Unix Commands for you in addition to those posted earlier. Watch this space for --- lists your currently active jobs (those that you put in the background) and their job numbers. Useful to determine which one you want to foreground if you have lots of them. bg --- background a job after suspending it. fg %jobnumber --- foreground a job !! --- repeat the previous command (but CTRL-p, is safer, because you have hit return in addition) !pattern --- repeat the last command that starts with pattern echo $VARIABLE --- shows the value of an environment variable setenv --- lets you set environment variables. For example, if you typed a wrong value for the TERM variable when logging in, you don't have to log out and start over, but you can just do setenv TERM vt100 (or whatever). To see what all your environment variables are set to, type env. The one that you're most likely to have to set is the DISPLAY variable, when using an X-display. unset VAR --- lets you un-set environment variables. Useful, for example, if you've usually set autologout but want to stay logged on for a while without typing for some reason, or if you set the DISPLAY variable automatically but want to avoid opening windows for some reason. source filename --- you need to source your dotfiles after making changes for them to take effect (or log off and in again) load --- will show you the load average graphically ispell filename --- will check the spelling in your file. If you're running it on a LaTeX file use the -T option to tell it to ignore the LaTeX commands. You can create and use your own dictionary to avoid having it tell you that your own name, those of fellow linguists, and linguistics terminology are a typos in every paper you write. weblint --- checks the syntax of html files latex2html --- translates LaTeX files into HTML wn word option --- lets you access the WordNet database and display, for example, synonyms, hypernyms, or hyponyms, depending on the option you select Command editing in the tcshThese things are the same as in emacs:Backspace --- delete previous character CTRL-d --- delete next character CTRL-k --- delete rest of line CTRL-a --- go to start of line CTRL-e --- go to end of line CTRL-b --- go backwards without deleting CTRL-f --- go forward without deleting Other useful thingsTAB --- complete filename or command up to the point of uniqueness CTRL-u --- cancel whole line CTRL-p --- show the last command typed, then the one before that, etc. (you can also use the cursor up key for this) CTRL-n --- go forwards in the history of commands (you can also use the cursor down key for this) CTRL-c --- cancel the processes after it has started CTRL-z --- suspend a running process (e.g. in order to do something else in between) you can then put the process in the background with bg CTRL-l --- redraws the screen | (piping) --- Lets you execute any number of commands in a sequence. The second command will be executed once the first is done, and so forth, using the previous command's output as input. You can achieve the same effect by putting the output in a file and giving the filename as an argument to the second command, but that would be much more complicated, and you'd have to remember to remove all the junkfiles afterwards. Some examples that show the usefulness of this: ls | more --- will show you one screenful at a time, which is useful with any command that will produce a lot of output, e.g. also ps -aux man ls | grep time --- checks whether the man page for ls has something to say about listing files by time - very useful when you have a suspicion some command may be capable of doing what you want, but you aren't sure. ls -lR | grep dvi --- will show you all your dvi files - useful to solve disk space problems, since they're large and usually can be deleted. [...]

Basic Unix Commands


Filesls --- lists your files ls -l --- lists your files in 'long format', which contains lots of useful information, e.g. the exact size of the file, who owns the file and who has the right to look at it, and when it was last modified. ls -a --- lists all files, including the ones whose filenames begin in a dot, which you do not always want to see. There are many more options, for example to list files by size, by date, recursively etc. more filename --- shows the first part of a file, just as much as will fit on one screen. Just hit the space bar to see more or q to quit. You can use /pattern to search for a pattern. emacs filename --- is an editor that lets you create and edit a file. mv filename1 filename2 --- moves a file (i.e. gives it a different name, or moves it into a different directory (see below) cp filename1 filename2 --- copies a file rm filename --- removes a file. It is wise to use the option rm -i, which will ask you for confirmation before actually deleting anything. You can make this your default by making an alias in your .cshrc file. diff filename1 filename2 --- compares files, and shows where they differ wc filename --- tells you how many lines, words, and characters there are in a file chmod options filename --- lets you change the read, write, and execute permissions on your files. The default is that only you can look at them and change them, but you may sometimes want to change these permissions. For example, chmod o+r filename will make the file readable for everyone, and chmod o-r filename will make it unreadable for others again. Note that for someone to be able to actually look at the file the directories it is in need to be at least executable. File Compression gzip filename --- compresses files, so that they take up much less space. Usually text files compress to about half their original size, but it depends very much on the size of the file and the nature of the contents. There are other tools for this purpose, too (e.g. compress), but gzip usually gives the highest compression rate. Gzip produces files with the ending '.gz' appended to the original filename. gunzip filename --- uncompresses files compressed by gzip. gzcat filename --- lets you look at a gzipped file without actually having to gunzip it (same as gunzip -c). You can even print it directly, using gzcat filename | lpr printing lpr filename --- print. Use the -P option to specify the printer name if you want to use a printer other than your default printer. For example, if you want to print double-sided, use 'lpr -Pvalkyr-d', or if you're at CSLI, you may want to use 'lpr -Pcord115-d'. See 'help printers' for more information about printers and their locations. lpq --- check out the printer queue, e.g. to get the number needed for removal, or to see how many other files will be printed before yours will come out lprm jobnumber --- remove something from the printer queue. You can find the job number by using lpq. Theoretically you also have to specify a printer name, but this isn't necessary as long as you use your default printer in the department. genscript --- converts plain text files into postscript for printing, and gives you some options for formatting. Consider making an alias like alias ecop 'genscript -2 -r \!* | lpr -h -Pvalkyr' to print two pages on one piece of paper. dvips filename --- print .dvi files (i.e. files produced by LaTeX). You can use dviselect to print only selected pages. SDirectoriesDirectories, like folders on a Macintosh, are used to group files together in a hierarchical structure. mkdir dirname --- make a new directory cd dirname --- change directory. You basically 'go' to another directory, and you will see the files in that directory when you do 'ls'. You always start out in your 'home directory', and you can get back there by typing [...]

C Coding Algorithm for producing Beep Sound with Different frequency


// beepcodes.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.

#include "stdafx.h"

void GenerateSoundPattern(unsigned short code)
unsigned short temp;
while(code > 0)
temp = code & 0xC000;
 case 0x0000:
 case 0x4000:
 case 0xC000:
code <<= 2;


int main()
  GenerateSoundPattern(0x543C);  //01 01 01 00 00 11 11 00
  return 0;

Windows Genuine Advantage Notification


If you are using XP and if you have installed a Third Party OS, then a Windows Genuine Advantage Notification will POP out during the system startup. This may be very irritating to many users. Here are some simple methods to remove it.

Step1: Go to C:\WINDOWS\system32
Step2: Rename the following files whichever is present and then give an extension of your choice other than *.dll

Step1: Go to Run option in the Start Menu in the desktop
Step2: Type regedit.exe and press OK
Step3: Registry Editor window will open and in that go to the following folder structure
Step4: In the Notify folder search for wgalogon folder and delete it.

KSY Trailer


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Food Adulteration at its peak in India


Sad Day for India especially to the Growing Kids after the Food Agency Corp has announced that the Milk supplied in India isn't pure. They are either diluted or contaminated. 

Long before the Food Safety Standards Authority of India undertook its recent nationwide survey to study the level of adulteration in milk, milkmen across the country have been routinely mixing milk with generous doses of water (its purity levels notwithstanding) before delivering it at our doorsteps. 

In that sense, the issue of milk adulteration is perhaps as old as the human habit of consuming milk itself. But the dilution of milk with water is one thing; adding harmful chemicals to it that can lead to an array of diseases and health conditions is another. This explains the public furore over the FSSAI’s National Survey on Milk Adulteration 2011 which has revealed that a dangerous assortment of adulterants, including fat, solid-not-fat (SNF), neutralisers, acids, hydrogen peroxide, sugar, starch, glucose, urea, salt, skimmed milk powder, formalin, vegetable fat and even detergent were found in milk samples across the country.

In fact, not only loose samples of milk produced and distributed by the unorganised sector but also samples of store-bought, branded milk were found to contain traces of adulterants. This has comes as a rude shock to consumers who have always believed that branded milk, even though more expensive, would at least be free of adulteration. Expectedly, over the past few days major dairy brands have gone into damage-control mode but that has done little to quell consumer fears.

The Government’s lackadaisical attitude towards the issue has only made matters worse. Not only has the Government woefully failed to monitor the safe production and distribution of an essential commodity like milk, it has also not cared to put on even a charade of concern since the publication of the report. Hence, there is little reason to believe that there will be any appreciable change in the quality of the milk we consume.

Remember how nothing happened in 2010 after the Navi Mumbai Police busted an adulteration racket in which sealed milk packets were injected with contaminants and then sold primarily in rural areas. Indeed, it is with regard to such indifferent attitude of the authorities that the consumers have the most to worry about. A similarly callous disregard by Government officials had recently claimed 125 lives in West Bengal, when victims consumed adulterated alcohol sold from an outlet that had been allowed to operate despite its dubious credentials.

Perhaps, then, it is not surprising that all the milk samples taken from that State, along with those collected from other States ,were found to be contaminated. However, the fact that even the more developed States, including the national capital, did only nominally ‘better’ — with Delhi reporting a contamination in 70 per cent of the samples that were collected — underlines the gravity of the issue and the need for the Government to act.

Wonderful Creativity by students


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Rahul Gandhi - Man Behind Congress Party Glourious future


Rahul Gandhi is the great grand son of Nehruji's family. He may not have a political exerience when he entered the arena. But when he stepped in the shoes, the bllod of that familt triggerred him to take Congress party to the next level.
He should be applauded to take UP on it's own and succeeded to the greatest extent in fetching results in the previous general elections. I also want to appreciate this person in getting the youngsters into politics. I say this because, this is the time where youngsters are moving away from politics for various reasons. But this person has the power to bring in as many youngsters into the party which was not expected.
I also want to recall my earlier post just posting the profile of Rahul Gandhi and received comments where many graduates that too those who completed M.B.A wants to join politics. This is really encouraging part of this man behind Congress. This is the reason i term Rahul as the future of Congress party. I hope that Congress will rule India like the time of Independence.

Will Sachin bring back India's Glory in New Zealand


Indian Cricket team started in a losing note in New Zealand. But it was not a bad start at all. They gave a spirited and a tough award to the Kiwis. But this is not a good sign for the champions point of view. With Sachin joining the squad for the ODI's and Test, the Indian team will have a great hope to turn it over. Lets hope that Sachin brings laurels in Kiwi soil where he started his career in a great fashion. Come on India!!!! Do Well!!!! We will be behind you as a big force to support you in all corners. Good Luck guys!!!!

I am back into blogging circle


Hi for those who are visiting this blog. O was inactive for almost 5 months due to my professional commitments. I am now in a very good position to restart from where i left. I am Back!!!! I am going to enjoy again like u guys. Do visit and share with me your information. COOL!!!

I give 100 reasons to you for being a vegetarian!!!


ONE HUNDRED ONE REASONS TO BE VEGETARIANPEOPLE1. Every year in the UK we feed our livestock enough food to feed 250,000,000 people while in the world 30,000,000 people die of starvation 2. 20 vegetarians can live off the land required by one meat eater 3. Every 3 seconds a child dies of starvation somewhere in the world 4. If Americans reduced their meat consumption by 10% it would free 12,000,000 tons of grain - enough to feed 60,000,000 people (the population of Great Britain) 5. If all Americans became vegetarian, it would free enough grain to feed 600,000,000 people (the population of India) 6. Intensification in animal farming has displaced 1,000,000's of people from their traditional lands - eg. indigenous people in south & central america, native americans in north america & crofters in Great Britain - this is continuing today 7. People displaced from their lands into cities succumb to dietary deficiency, diseases, parasites & opportunistic diseases 8. In third world countries 1 in 10 babies die before their first birthday 9. The UK imports ?46,000,000 worth of grain from third world countries to feed our livestock 10. Due to overgrazing 850,000,000 people live on land threatened by desertification & over 230,000,000 already live on land so severely desertified that they are unable to sustain their existence & face imminent starvation 11. 1,000,000,000 people in the west gorging on meat & dairy leave 1,000,000,000 to waste away & 3,500,000,000 teeter on the brink LAND12. If they continue to clear American forests to raise cattle at the present rate, in 50 years there will be none left 13. 1 acre yields 165 lbs of beef or 20,000 lbs of potatoes 14. 8/10 of cultivated land in the UK is used to grow food for animals (14,732,000 hectares) 15. It takes 16lbs of high protein soya to produce 1 lb of beef 16. Since 1945 in the UK we have lost 95% of flower meadows, 50% of ancient woodlands, 40% of heathlands, 50% of wet lands & 224,000 km of hedgerows all due to animal farming 17. Pressure on land due to meat farming leads to soil erosion 6billion tons/year in the USA 18. If everyone went vegetarian upto 90% of land used for animal farming could be taken out of production & used to replant woodlands, leisure activities etc. 19. 25% of Central america's forests have been destroyed for cattle grazing since 1960 20. Between 1966-1983 38% of the Amazon rain forest was destroyed for cattle grazing 21. 90% of cattle ranches established on cleared forest land go bankrupt in less than 8 years as the land becomes barren due to nutrient loss & overgrazing 22. Overgrazing by cattle is destroying the land & increasing desertification, nearly 430 million acres in the USA alone has suffered a 25-50% reduction in yield since first grazed 23. An inch of topsoil takes 200-1000 years to develop - yet in the USA they have lost around 1/3 of their prime topsoil in 200 years (around 7 inches) due to animal farming 24. Land will be lost due to rises in sea level due to global warming due to animal farming AIR25. The destruction of the rainforest by cattle farmers is destroying the lungs of the planet & reducing the worlds capacity to replenish our oxygen supply 26. The 1,300,000,000 cattle in the world emit 60,000,000 tons of methane per year (methane is a greenhouse gas & leads to global warming) 27. Burning of forests, grasslands & agricultural waste associated with animal farming releases 50-100,000,000 tons of methane per year 28. Combining these figures, 25% of methane emissions are due to animal farming (not including the billions of sheep, pigs &am[...]

Don Bradman : Stats


  • Don Bradman played test cricket ONLY against 4 countries - England, India, South Africa and West Indies. He did not play a test against New Zealand (the only Australia v New Zealand test match during his career was in 1946).
  • Bradman captained Australia 24 times, winning 15 matches and losing 3.
  • Don Bradman was Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1931.
  • Against India, Don Bradman averaged 178.75 in 6 innings. Bradman scored 4 centuries and 1 half century in 6 innings. Phew!
  • Don Bradman averaged 201.50 in 5 tests against South Africa.
  • Although he made his highest test score (334) in the 3rd test of the 1930 series in England, Bradman considered his 254 in the second test of the series to be his best innings technically.
  • Don Bradman described himself as "predominately a back foot player".
  • When he first saw the Sydney Cricket Ground in 1921, Don Bradman said to his father "I shall never be happy until I play at this ground" - in 1930, he scored a record 452 not out at that ground.
  • Don Bradman's batting average over his career in test matches against all countries was 99.94 - if he had scored 4 more runs, he would have averaged 100 per innings.
  • Don Bradman scored his first century (115 not out) for Bowral High School against Mittagong when he was 12 years old.
  • Bradman’s fastest century was against South Africa in 1931-32. He took just 98 minutes to reach 100 runs mark, however it is unknown that how many balls he faced.
  • Don Bradman converted seven consecutive centuries into a score of 150 or more. Our Veeru (Sehwag) has done better.
  • Bradman’s dismal score in his first Test (18 and 1) and his last Test (0) is well known but very few know that he holds the record for the scoring the highest runs by any Austrailan in his second Test (79 and 112) and second last Test (33 and 173 n.o.).
  • Bradman is said to have had more than one nickname. Braddles, Goldie, The babe Ruth of Cricket, The Little Fella are a few of them.

Warner back with Hostage Movie


Warner Bros. has acquired an untitled action thriller pitch about the rescue last year of fifteen hostages in Colombia reports Variety. The story will focus on Operacion Jaque, a five-year plan to locate and rescue three Americans who had been captured in 2003 by Colombian guerilla group FARC. The covert effort involved numerous governments, diplomats and intelligence services and a vast network of spies, military advisers and soldiers plus high-tech surveillance measures.Peter Landesman has been set to write the script which Lorenzo di Bonaventura and Scott Z. Burns will produce.Screen Gems is at work on a rival drama "Operation Checkmate" that Jessica Postigo is penning and Simon Brand will direct.

Beckham goes to AC Milan


The England midfielder, 33, plays for Los Angeles Galaxy, whose Major League Soccer season ends this weekend. Speaking on Wednesday morning, Milan vice-president Adriano Galliani said: "Beckham has chosen Milan. He'll stay here in Milan on loan for a few months. "Our squad is ultra-competitive and it will remain this way but Beckham is something different and intriguing."
The former Manchester United and Real Madrid star, who needs two more appearances to eclipse Bobby Moore as England's most-capped outfield player with 108, is eager to stay in contention for his country during the MLS close season. However, England coach Fabio Capello has made it clear he will only select players who are active and in form.

India goes to Moon


India has successfully launched its first mission to the Moon. The unmanned Chandrayaan 1 spacecraft blasted off smoothly from a launch pad in southern Andhra Pradesh to embark on a two-year mission of exploration. The robotic probe will orbit the Moon, compiling a 3-D atlas of the lunar surface and mapping the distribution of elements and minerals.
The launch is regarded as a major step for India as it seeks to keep pace with other space-faring nations in Asia. Indian PM Manmohan Singh hailed the launch as the "first step" in a historic milestone in the country's space programme. "Our scientific community has once again done the country proud and the entire nation salutes them," Mr Singh said in a message.
The launch was greeted with applause by scientists gathered at the site. The chief of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Madhavan Nair, said it was a "historic moment" for the country. "Today what we have charted is a remarkable journey for an Indian spacecraft to go to the moon and try to unravel the mysteries of the Earth's closest celestial body and its only natural satellite," Mr Nair said.

Is Kumble in the trap?


The next question have already rosen up as Amit Mishra performed exceptionally well in his debut match against Aussies. The youngster has troubled the Aussies in almost all the occasions in a pitch where even Bajji could not do. Will this performance show the gate for Anil Kumble to retirement after DADA. But i feel that this is the right time and series to call it a day as the next generation of talented and original leg spinners are on the queue.

Can Barrack Obama stop IT Outsourcing???


Hi all!!! The buzz atpresent in the IT field especially in India is that wheather Barrack Obama can stop outsourcing. Barack Obama in his statement to his countrymen has said that he will stop outsourcing to provide the employment for the unemployed peoples of USA.
My Question is that wheather Software and IT related people can sustain the loss that will occur if Obama brings this change. The reason why i say is :
1. IT people have invested crores of money in India for better profit which they could not afford in USA or any other foreign country. If they do so, they will have to invest ten times the amount they have invested in India.
2. Next thing is that, IT concerns need people who can work for a very long time in a day to complete their projects at a rapid speed and fetch them more projects from other clients which is possible in countries like India. They can hire people from India at a low cost which is not at all possible in any other countries.
3. The main and the important resource that the IT concerns expects is the amount of brilliant brains which is available only in India.
When such conditions prevails, how could IT concerns stop Outsourcing. Not only that, if they go on to take people from US and stop outsourcing then they could not withstand even for one year which can lead to closing of their company which they will never think of at any cost. In such circumstances how could Barrack Obama stop IT Outsourcing.

is training for joining airways is safe?


Have you seen the Frankfin airhostess Institute Ad which says " mein alag thi,mein udnachahti thi(i was different,i wanted to fly)"?Now i realised all those dreams which a air-hostess training company claims is a illusion.In real life you have to struggle to achieve small success.The sacking of the cabin-crewby Jet airways is a fantastic example of this fact.Jet airways who sacked 1000 employees yesterday,has certainly made the intentions ofthe Industry clear. Either be the best or get sacked.In this time of financial crisisin every industry in India and abroad,only a smart person can keep his job intact.Heshould be smart in his work,must flatter his boss and keep him happy.These are difficult times for Indian aviation. Airfares are going up, passenger load factoris coming down, and every airline is losing money. Unless airlines take some bold stepscarrying on may be in this context,sacking of employees is justified.but more than that i would like to emphasize on one point: why air-hostess/crewtraining companies sell false dreams?Why they are playing with the careers of young people?They show in newspaper Ads that Indian Aviation industry needs 1000's of employees andtheir is shortfall of the skilled people in Indian Aviation Industry.Why they don'ttell freshers about the incidents and risks involved in this industry?Its true that everyone is different and wants to fly.But don't sell false dreams.

Dont Forget the journey


Hi all!!! This is for those who forget the journey of life. Many people miss out on a lot of life because they look past the journey. We all come up with many goals in life. It could be that we want to become managers at work, own a company. It could have something to do with our weight, or health. It could be that we have some family goals.Whatever the goal is, we usually can't wait to achieve it. We forget the gift of the journey. We don't usually look at it as a gift, but rather as a hardship to get us where we want to be. In so doing we miss out on many special moments in life. We get so focused on the finish line that we miss the great moments of the steps that it takes to get there. It is unfortunate.There are some God given moments hidden in the journey that should be recognized as "rewards". It is in the journey that people grow closer together. It is in the hardships the love is truly shown.Don't let the journeys of life pass you buy. Embrace them and enjoy them.