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Preview: Drools - Business Logic integration Platform

Drools & jBPM

All things Artificial Intelligence related: Rules, Processes, Events, Agents, Planning, Ontologies and more :)

Last Build Date: Tue, 28 Mar 2017 18:02:56 +0000


DMN 1.1 XML: from modeling to automation with Drools 7.0

Tue, 21 Mar 2017 15:10:00 +0000

I am a freelance consultant, but I am acting today as a PhD student. The global context of my thesis is Enterprise Architecture (EA), which requires to model the Enterprise. As one aspect of EA is business process modeling, I am using BPMN from years, but this notation is not very appropriate to represent decision criteria: a cascade of nested gateways becomes quickly difficult to understand then to modify. So, when OMG published the first version 1.0 Beta of DMN specification in 2014, I found that DMN was a very interesting notation to model decision-making. I succeeded in developing my own DMN modeling tool, based on DMN metamodel, in using the Sirius plugin for Eclipse . But even the next “final” version 1.0 of DMN specification was not very accomplished.The latest version 1.1 of DMN, published in June 2016, is quite good. In the meantime, software editors (at least twenty) have launched good modeling tools, as Signavio Decision Manager (free for Academics) used for this article. This Signavio tool was already able to generate specific DRL files for running DMN models on the BRMS Drools current version 6. In addition to the graphics, some editors added recently the capability to export DMN models (diagram & decision tables) into “DMN 1.1 XML” files, which are compliant with the DMN specification. And the good news is that BRMS like Drools (future version 7, available in Beta version) are able to run theses DMN XML files for automating decision-making (a few lines of Java code are required to invoke theses high level DMN models).This new approach of treating “DMN 1.1 XML” interchange model directly is better for tool independency and model portability. Here is a short comparison between the former classic but specific solution and this new and generic solution, using the tool Signavio Decision Manager (latest version 10.13.0). MDA (Model Driven Architecture) and its three models CIM, PIM & PSM gives us the appropriate reading grid for this comparison: 3 MDA models Description Classic specific DMN solution from Signavio Decision Manager to BRMS Drools CIM (Computation Independent Model) Representation model for business, independent of computer considerations DRD (Decision Requirements Diagram) + Decision Tables PIM (Platform Independent Model) Design model for computing, independent of the execution platform û PSM (Platform Specific Model) Design model for computing, specific to the execution platform DRL (Drools Rule Language) + DMN Formulae Java8-1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar The visible aspect of DMN is its emblematic Decision Requirements Diagram (DRD) which can be completed with some Decision Tables for representing the business logic for decision-making. A DRD and its Decision Tables compose a CIM model, independent of any computer considerations.Then, in the classic but specific DMN solution, Signavio Decision Manager is able, from a business DMN model (DRD diagram and Decision Tables), to export a DRL file directly for a Drools rules engine. So, this solution skips the intermediate PIM level, that is not very compliant with MDA concept. Note that this DRL file needs a specific Signavio’s jar library with DMN formulae. 3 MDA models Description New generic DMN solution from Signavio Decision Manager(or other tools) to BRMS Drools (or other BRMS) CIM (Computation Independent Model) Representation model for business, independent of computer considerations DRD (Decision Requirements Diagram) + Decision Tables PIM (Platform Independent Model) Design model for computing, independent of the execution platform DMN 1.1 XML (interchange model) containing FEEL Expressions PSM (Platform Specific Model) Design model for computing, specific to the execution platform û The invisible aspect of DMN is its DMN XML interchange model, very useful for exchanging a model between modeling tools. DMN XLM is also very useful for going from model to automation. DMN XML model takes into account computer considerations, but as it is defined into DM[...]

DroolsJBPM organization on GitHub to be renamed to KieGroup

Sun, 12 Mar 2017 14:56:00 +0000

   In preparation for the 7.0 community release in a few weeks, the "droolsjbpm" organization on GitHub will be renamed to "kiegroup". This is scheduled to happen on Monday, March 13th.

   While the rename has no effect on the code itself, if you have cloned the code repository, you will need to update your local copy with the proper remote URL changing it from:


   Unfortunately, the URL redirect feature in GitHub will not support this rename, so you will likely have to update the URL manually on your local machines.

   Sorry for the inconvenience. 

AI Engineer - Entando are Hiring

Thu, 02 Feb 2017 20:41:00 +0000

Entando are looking to hire an AI Engineer, in Italy, to work closely with the Drools team building a next generation platform for integrated and hybrid AI. Together we'll be looking at how we can build systems that leverage and integrate different AI paradigms for the contextual awareness domain - such as enhancing our complex event processing,  building fuzzy/probability rules extensions or looking at Case Based Learning/Reasoning to help with predictive behavioural automation.

The application link can be found here.

Drools & jBPM are Hiring

Thu, 02 Feb 2017 20:22:00 +0000

The Drools and jBPM team are looking to hire. The role requires a generalist able work with both front-end and back-end code. We need a flexible and dynamic person who is able to handle what ever is thrown at them and relishes the challenge of learning new things on the fly. Ideally, although not a requirement, you'll be able to show some contributions to open source projects. You'll work closely with some key customers implementing their requirements in our open source products.

This is a remote role, and we can potentially hire in any country there is a Red Hat office, although you may be expected to do very occasional travel to visit clients.

The application link for the role can be found here:


DMN runtime example with Drools

Sun, 08 Jan 2017 22:25:00 +0000

As announced last year, Drools 7.0 will have full runtime support for DMN models at compliance level 3.The runtime implementation is, at the time of this blog post, feature complete and the team now is working on nice to have improvements, bug fixes and user friendliness.Unfortunately, we will not have full authoring capabilities in time for the 7.0 release, but we are working on it for the future. The great thing about standards, though, is that there is no vendor lock-in. Any tool that supports the standard can be used to produce the models that can be executed using the Drools runtime engine. One company that has a nice DMN modeller is Trisotech, and their tools work perfectly with the Drools runtime.Another great resource about DMN is Bruce Silver's website Method & Style. In particular I highly recommend his book for anyone that wishes to learn more about DMN.Anyway, I would like to give users a little taste of what is coming and show one example of a DMN model and how it can be executed using Drools.The Decision Management Community website periodically publishes challenges for anyone interested in trying to provide a solution for simple decision problems. This example is my solution to their challenge from October/2016.Here are the links to the relevant files:* Solution explanation and documentation* DMN source file* Example code to execute the exampleI am also reproducing a few of the diagrams below, but take a look at the PDF for the complete solution and the documentation.Happy Drooling! [...]

Introducing Drools Fiddle

Sat, 17 Dec 2016 13:35:00 +0000

Drools Fiddle is the fiddle for Drools. Like many other fiddle tools, Drools Fiddle allows both technical and business users to play around with Drools and aims at making Drools accessible to everyone. The entry point to Drools Fiddle is the DRL editor (top left panel), which allows to define and implement both fact models and business rules, using the Drools Rule Language. Once the rules are defined, they can be compiled into a KieBase by clicking on the Build button.If the KieBase is successfully built, the visualization panel on the right will visualize the fact types as well as the rules as graph nodes. For instance, this DRL will be displayed as follows: declare MyFactType    value : intendrule "MyRule"when   f : MyFactType(value == 42)then   modify( f ) {setValue( 41 )}endAll the actions that are performed on the working memory will be represented by arrows in this graph. The purpose of the User icon is to identify all the actions performed directly by the user. For example, let's see how we can dynamically insert fact instances into the working memory. After the KieBase compilation, the Drools Facts tab is displayed on the left:This form allows you to create instances of the fact types that have been previously declared in the DRL. For each instances inserted in the working memory a blue node will be displayed in the Visualization tab. The arrow coming from the User icon shows that this action was performed manually by the user.Once your working memory is ready, you can trigger the fireAllRules method by clicking on the Fire button. As a result, all the events occurring in the engine: rule matching, fact insertion/update/deletion are displayed in the visualization tab.In the above example, we can see that the fact inserted by the user in step 1 triggered the rule "MyRule" which in turn modified the value of the fact from 42 to 41.Some additional features have been implemented in order to enhance the user experience: Step by step debugging of the engine events.Persistence: the Save button associates a unique URI to a DRL snippet in order to share it with the community, e.g.: far, only the minimum set of functionalities have been implemented to showcase the Drools Fiddle concept but there are still a lot of exciting features in the pipe:Multi tabbed DRL editorDecision  table supportSequence diagram representation of rule engine eventsFact history visualizationImprovement of log events visualizationKieSession persistence to resume stateful sessionsIntegration within Drools WorkbenchThe source code of Drools Fiddle is available on GitHub under Apache v2 License and you can access the application at Should you wish to contribute, pull requests are welcome ;)We would love to have the feedback of the Drools community in order to improve the fiddle and make it evolve in the right Julien Vipret & Matteo Casalino [...]

New 6.5.0.Final tags for community Docker images

Mon, 05 Dec 2016 17:43:00 +0000

The latest Docker community image tags for 6.5.0.Final are now available on Docker Hub.

More information at the following links:


Red Hat BRMS and BPMS Roadmap Presentation (Nov 22nd, London)

Fri, 11 Nov 2016 02:17:00 +0000

Original Link : Drools, jBPM, OptaPlanner, DashBuilder, UberFire and ErraiFor our second JBUG this November we’re delighted to welcome back Red Hat Platform Architect, Mark Proctor who will be part of a panel of speakers presenting roadmap talks on each component technology.We’re fortunate to have this opportunity for so many project leads to be in one room at the same time, and it’s a fantastic opportunity to come along and ask questions about the future plans for BRMS and BPMS.The talk will look at how the 7 series is shifting gears, presenting a vision for low-code application development in the cloud - with a much stronger focus on quality and maturity over previous releases.Key topics will include:The new Rich Client PlatformThe new BPMN2 DesignerNew Case Management and ModellingImproved Advanced Decision Tables and new Decision Model NotationImproved Forms and Page buildingFully integrated DashBuilder reportingNew OptaPlanner features & performance improvementsThere will be opportunities for questions and the chance to network with the team over a beer and slice of pizza.RegistrationAttendees must register at the Skills Matter website prior to the meet-up. Please – only register if you intend to come along. Follow this link to register: – 18:45     Meet up at Skills Matter with a beer at the bar18:45 – 19:45     Part One19:45 – 20:00     Refreshment break20:00 – 20:30     Part Two20:30                    Pizza, beer and networkingSpeakersMark ProctorMark is a Red Hat Platform Architect and co-creator of the Drools project - the leading Java Open Source rules system. In 2005 Mark joined JBoss as lead of the Drools project. In 2006, when Red Hat acquired JBoss, Mark’s role evolved into his current position as platform architect for the Red Hat JBoss BRMS (Business Rules Management System) and BPMS (Business Process Management System) platforms - which incorporate the Drools and jBPM projects.Kris VerlaenenKris is the JBoss BPM project lead, and is interested in pretty much everything related to business process management. He is particularly fascinated by healthcare - an area that has already demonstrated the need for flexible business processes.Geoffrey De SmetGeoffrey is the founder and project lead of OptaPlanner (, the leading open source constraint satisfaction solver in Java. He started coding Java in 1999, regularly participates in academic competitions, and enjoys assisting developers in optimizing challenging planning problems of real-world enterprises. He is also a contributor to a variety of other open source projects.Mauricio SalatinoMauricio Salatino is a Drools/jBPM Senior Software Engineer in Red Hat, and author of the jBPM5 and jBPM Developer Guide, and the Drools 6 Developer Guide. His main task right now is to develop the next generation cloud capability for the BRMS and BPMS platforms - which includes the Drools and jBPM technologies.Max BarkleyMax is a Software Engineer at Red Hat and the Errai project lead. Joining Red Hat as an intern in 2013, he took on his current role after graduating H.B.Sc. Mathematics from the University of Toronto in 2015. [...]

Drools 7 to support DMN (Decision Model and Notation)

Mon, 31 Oct 2016 19:55:00 +0000

The Decision Model and Notation (DMN) specification is a relatively new standard by OMG (Object Management Group) that aims to do for business rules and business decisions what BPMN (it's sibling specification) did for business processes: standardize the notation and execution semantics to enable both its use by business users, and the interchange of models between tools from different vendors.The Drools team has been actively following the specification and the direction it is taking. The team believes that, in accordance with its long time commitment to open standards, it is now time to support the specification and provide a compliant implementation for the benefit of its users.The specification defines among other things:an expression language called FEEL used to express constraints and decisionsa graphical language to model decision requirementsa metamodel and runtime semantics for decision modelsan XML-based interchange format for decision modelsAs part of the investigation, the Drools team implemented a PoC that is now public and available here. The PoC already covers:a complete, compliance level 3, FEEL language implementation.complete support for the XML-based interchange format for marshalling and unmarshalling.A partial implementation of the metamodel and runtime semantics We expect to have a complete runtime implementation released with Drools 7.0 (expected for Q1/2017).On a related note, this is also a great opportunity for community involvement. This being a standard implementation, and relatively isolated from other existing components, it is the perfect chance for any community member that wishes to get involved with Drools and open source development to get his/her hands dirty and help bring this specification to life. Contact me on the Drools mailing list or on IRC if you would like to help.We will publish over the next few weeks several blogs on this subject, with both general explanations about the specification and with details of our plans and our implementation. Bellow you can find a quick Q&A. Feel free to ask additional questions you might have about this subject on the mailing list.Happy Drooling!Questions & Answers1. What DMN version and what compliance level will Drools support?Drools is implementing DMN version 1.1 support at compliance level 3.2. Is DMN support integrated with the Drools platform?Yes, the DMN implementation leverages the whole Drools platform (including, among other things, the deployment model, infrastructure and tooling). DMN models are a first class citizen in the platform and an additional asset that can be included in kjars. DMN models will be supported in the kie-server and decision services exposed via the usual kie-server interfaces.3. Is Drools DMN integrated with jBPM BPMN?At the moment of this announcement, the integration is not implemented yet, but we expect it will be fully functional by the time Drools and jBPM 7.0 release (Q1 2017).4. Will FEEL be a supported dialect for DRL rules? At the moment this is not clear and requires additional research. While FEEL works well as part of the XML-based interchange format, its syntax (that supports spaces and special characters as part of identifiers) is ambiguous and cannot be easily embedded into another language like DRL. We will discuss this topic further in the upcoming months. [...]

Drools 6.5.0.Final is available

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 21:33:00 +0000

The latests and greatest Drools 6.5.0.Final release is now available for download.This is an incremental release on our previous build that focus on a few key improvements to round up the 6.x series.You can find more details, downloads and documentation here:Drools websiteDownloadsDocumentationRelease NotesRead below some of the highlights of the release.You can also check the new releases for:jBPMOptaplannerHappy drooling.What's new?Core EngineConfigurable ThreadFactory Some runtime environments (like for example Google App Engine) don't allow to directly create new Threads. For this reason it is now possible to plug your own ThreadFactory implementation by setting the system property drools.threadFactory with its class name.Use of any expressions as input for a query It is now possible to use as input argument for a query both the field of a fact as in:query contains(String $s, String $c) $s := String( this.contains( $c ) )endrule PersonNamesWithA when $p : Person() contains( $, "a"; )thenend Update with modified properties Property reactivity has been introduced to avoid unwanted and useless (re)evaluations and allow the engine to react only to modification of properties actually constrained or bound inside of a given pattern. However this feature is automatically available only for modifications performed inside the consequence of a rule. Conversely a programmatic update is unaware of the object’s properties that have been changed, so it is unable of using this feature.To overcome this limitation it is now possible to optionally specify in an update statement the names of the properties that have been changed in the modified object as in the following example:Person me = new Person("me", 40);FactHandle meHandle = ksession.insert( me );me.setAge(41);me.setAddress("California Avenue");ksession.update( meHandle, me, "age", "address" ); Monitoring framework improvements A new type of MBean has been introduced in order to provide monitoring of the KieContainers, and the JMX MBeans hierarchical structure have been revisited to reflect the relationship with the related MBeans of the KieBases. The JMX objectnaming has been normalized to reflect the terminology used in the Kie API.A new type of MBean has been introduced in order to provide monitoring for Stateless KieSession, which was not available in previous releases. Drools WorkbenchGuided Rule Editor : Support formulae in composite field constraints Composite field constraints now support use of formulae. When adding constraints to a Pattern the "Multiple Field Constraint" selection ("All of (and)" and "Any of (or)") supports use of formulae in addition to expressions.Authoring - Project Editor - Reimport button The "Reimport" button invalidates all cached dependencies, in order to handle scenarios where a specific dependency was updated without having its version modified. [...]

Google Summer of Code 2016: Drools & Minecraft

Thu, 29 Sep 2016 11:49:00 +0000

Another successful Google Summer of Code program took place this year. We worked together with Samuel Richardson from the USA to get the first integration between the Drools Engine and the popular game engine Minecraft. The scope of the project was to experiment how Drools can be used to declaratively define a game's logic. I initially thought about modelling point & click games such as Escape The Room, Monkey Island, Maniac Mansion, etc but after looking at how to work with Minecraft I've opened the concept to wider game definitions. We worked with Sam into creating a generic game engine that will take the Rules Definitions and drive the game (the Minecraft Mods) . Sam created a couple of Minecraft MODs that provides a scenario for the game which interacts and delegate to Drools the game's logic.You can find the work for the Drools Game Engine here: the two mods projects here: and two games are using the rules described here: here: spent a lot of time in trying to get the separation right, so now you can consume the game server itself indepentendly of the UI. This opens up the doors so you can use the engine withoug Minecraft. For that reason we have created also a set of services that exposes the Game Engine via rest in case that you want to interact with it remotely.You can take a look at the main GameSession interface which is in charge of defining how to create new game sessions and enables the UI to register callbacks so actions can be executed when the logic of the game says so. of this separation you will see that each game has its own test suite where both, the Rules and the GameSession API is tested to make sure that new games can be created and the rules are behaving as expected.There is a lot of things to improve still, both in the Game Engine and in the MODs, so feel free to get in touch with us if you want to participate on the project. Hopefully we can build enough features to include it in the Drools Project. [...]

Red Hat BPMS and BRMS 7.0 Roadmap Document - With a Focus on UI Usability

Wed, 17 Aug 2016 00:27:00 +0000

BPMS and BRMS  6.x put in a lot of foundations, but the UI aspects fell short in a number of areas with regards to maturity and usability.In the last 4 years Red Hat has made considerable investment into the BPMS and BRMS space. Our engineering numbers have tripled, and so have our QE numbers. We also now have a number of User Experience and Design (UXD0 people, to improve our UI designs and usability.The result is we hope the 7x series will take our product to a whole new level, with a much stronger focus on maturity and usability, now with the talent and bandwidth to deliver.We had an internal review where we had to demonstrate how we were going to go about delivering a kick ass product in 7.0. I thought I would share, in this blog, what we produced, which is a roadmap document with a focus on UI Usability. The live version can be found at google docs, here - feel free to leave comments.Enjoy :)MarkBPMS and BRMS Platform Architect.Other Links:Drools 7.0 Happenings  (Includes videos)Page and Form Builder Improvements (Video blog)Security Management (Detailed blog on 7.0 improvements)User and Group Management (Default blog on 7.0 improvements)--------About This DocumentThis document presents the 7.0 roadmap with an eye on usability, in terms of where, how and who for. It is an aggressive and optimistic plan for 7.0 and it is fully expected that some items or a percentage of some items will eventually be pushed to 7.1, to ensure we can deliver close to time. Longer term 7.1 and onward items are not discussed or presented in this document, although it does touch on some of the items which would be raised as a result of reading this document - such as the “What’s not being improved” (for 7.0) section.Wider field feedback remains limited, with a scarcity of specifics. This creates challenges in undertaking a more evidence based approach to planning, which can stand up strongly to scrutiny on all sides. However, engineering and UXD have been working with the field, primarily through Jim Tyrrell and Justin Holmes over the last year on this topic and this document represents the culmination of many discussions over the last year. As such it represents a good heuristic, based on the information and resources available to us at the time.Understanding Feedback from the  FieldBroadly speaking, we have two types of customers:Those who want developers to use our product, often times embedded in their appsThose who want a cross-functional team to use our productGenerally speaking, we do quite well with customer 1, but we have a huge challenge with customer 2. The market has set a pretty clear expectation, on features and quality for targeted audiences, with IBM ODM and Pega’s BPM/Case Management. Almost every customer type 2 either has a significant deployment of these two competitors in place, or the decision maker has done significant work with these products in the past. Moreover, customer 2 is interested in larger, department or organization wide deployments. Customer 1 is usually interested on project level deployments.Customer 2 is primarily upset with our authoring experience, both in eclipse and in Business Central. It is uncommon that customer 1 or 2 is upset with missing features or functions from our runtime (especially now that 6.3 has been released with a solid execution server and management function), and when she is, our current process to resolve these gaps works well. Therefore, the field feedback in this document (and our current process) is focused on the authoring experience. This isn’t to say other elements of the product are perfect, but simply an acknowledgement that we have limited time and energy and that the authoring experience is the most important barrier to success with cust[...]

Page and Form builder for Bootstrap responsive grid views - a progress update

Fri, 05 Aug 2016 23:54:00 +0000

Eder has made great progress on the page and form builder,  which are built on top of Bootstrap responsive grid views.

We love the responsive aspects of Bootstrap grid views, but felt existing tools (such as Layoutit) exposed the construction of the grid too much to users. Further changing the structure of a page after it was made and populated is not easy. We wanted something that built the grid automatically and invisibly based on the dragging and positioning of components.

The latest results can be seen in this youtube video (best to watch full screen and select HD):
width="320" height="266" class="YOUTUBE-iframe-video" data-thumbnail-src="" src="" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

We have other videos, from earlier revisions of the tool, that you can also watch, as well as peripheral related tools.
Page Builder
Form Builder
Page/App Deployment
Page Permissions
User and Groups


Security management in jBPM & Drools workbenches

Fri, 29 Jul 2016 06:58:00 +0000

The jBPM 7 release will include an integrated security management solution to allow administrator users to manage the application’s users, groups and permissions using an intuitive and friendly user interface. Once released, users will be able to configure who can access the different resources and features available in the workbench.In that regards, a first implementation of the user & group management features was announced about 3 months ago (see the announcement here). This is the second article of this series and it describes what are permissions and how they extend the user and group management features in order to deliver a full security management solution. So before going further, let's introduce some concepts:Basic conceptsRoles vs GroupsUsers can be assigned with more than one role and/or group. It is always mandatory to assign at least one role to the user, otherwise he/she won’t be able to login.Roles are defined at application server level and they are defined as  entries in the application’s web.xml descriptor. On the other hand, groups are a more flexible concept, since they can be defined at runtime. Both can be used together without any trouble. Groups are recommended as they are a more flexible than roles.PermissionsA permission is basically something the user can do within the application. Usually, an action related to a specific resource. For instance: View a perspective Save a project View a repository Delete a dashboard A permission can be granted or denied and it can be global or resource specific. For instance: Global: “Create new perspectives” Specific: “View the home perspective” As you can see, a permission is a resource + action pair. In the concrete case of a perspective we have: read, update, delete and create as the actions available. That means that there are four possible permissions that could be granted for perspectives. Permissions do not necessarily need to be tied to a resource. Sometimes it is also neccessary to protect access to specific features, like for instance "generate a sales report". That means, permissions can be used not only to protect access to resources but also to custom features within the application. Authorization policyThe set of permissions assigned to every role and/or group is called the authorization (or security) policy. Every application contains a single security policy which is used every time the system checks a permission. The authorization policy file is initialized from a file called WEB-INF/classes/ under the application’s WAR structure. NOTE: If no policy is defined then the authorization management features are disabled and the application behaves as if all the resources & features were granted by default. Here is an example of a security policy file: # Role "admin" Role "user" entry defines a single permission which is assigned to a role/group. On application start up, the policy file is loaded and stored into memory. UsageThe Security Management perspective is available under the Home section in the workbench's top menu bar.The next screenshot shows how this new perspective looks:                          Security Management Perspective             Compared to the previous version this new persp[...]

UberFire Forms Builder for jBPM

Fri, 17 Jun 2016 18:04:00 +0000

The new UberFire form builder, that will be part of the jBPM 7.0 distribution, is making great progress. Underneath it is a Bootstrap grid system, but it addresses the issue of other Bootstrap layout builders that require the user to explicit add the grid layout first. Instead it dynamically alters the underlying grid as the user drags and places the components. The same builder code will be used for the latest DashBuilder dashboards too. There are more CSS improvements to come, but you can watch a video below (don't forget to turn on HD and watch it full screen), demonstrating nested form capabilities. Eventually you should be able to build and deploy these types of applications live on OpenShift. Good work Pere and Eder.

allowfullscreen="" class="YOUTUBE-iframe-video" data-thumbnail-src="" frameborder="0" height="266" src="" width="320">


Tutorial oriented user guides for Drools and jBPM

Wed, 08 Jun 2016 14:15:00 +0000

Community member Nicolas Heron, is creating tutorial oriented user guides for Drools and jBPM (Red Hat BRMS and BPMS). He’s focusing on the backends first, but it will eventually cover all the web tooling too, as well as installation and setup.

All this work is available from bitbucket, using asciidoc and gitbook (free for public projects), so I encourage you all to get involved and help Nicolas out by reviewing and providing feedback.

Click the Table of Contents, to get started

Or just read the pdf:

He’s just finished the Drools parts, and will moving onto other areas next.

DecisionCamp And RuleML 2016, 6-9 July New York

Tue, 07 Jun 2016 23:29:00 +0000

This year RuleML 2016 is hosted by Stony Brook University, New York USA. Decision Camp 2016 is co-locating at the same event. I'll be presenting at DecisionCamp and helping to chair the industrial track at RuleML. Looking forward to seeing everyone there and spending a week immersed in discussions on reasoning systems :)http://2016.ruleml.org ScheduleDecision Camp Schedule(pasted below)July 6, 2016OMG DMN 1.2 RTF Meeting at DecisionCAMP 10:00 - 17:00 The Revision Task Force (RTF) for DMN 1.2 will be meeting in at the Stony Brook University, room NCS 220. The meeting is open only to members of the RTF, but others are welcome to meet members of the RTF at the DecisionCAMP on 7th and 8th. July 7, 2016StartEndTitleAuthors9:009:15Welcome and KickoffJacob Feldman9:1510:00Modeling Decision-Making Processes: Melding Process Models and Decision ModelsAlan Fish10:0010:15Coffee Break10:1510:50Oracle Decision Modeling ServiceGary Hallmark, Alvin To10:5011:25Decision Management at the Speed of EventsDaniel Selman11:2512:00Factors Affecting Rule PerformanceCharles Forgy 12:0012:35DMN: how to satisfy multiple objectives?Jan Vanthienen12:3514:00Lunch Break14:0015:00Natural Language Access to Data: It Needs Reasoning(RuleML Keynote)Richard Waldinger15:0015:35Welcome to Method for Parsing Regulations into DMNTom Debevoise, Will Thomas15:3516:10Using Machine Learning, Business Rules, and Optimization for Flash Sale PricingIgor Elbert, Jacob Feldman16:1016:25Coffee Break16:2517:00Improving BRMS Efficiency and Performance and Using Conflict ResolutionJames Owen, Charles Forgy17:00.18:00QnA Panel "DMN from OMG, Vendor, and Practitioner Perspectives"Moderated by Bruce Silver19:00-Joint DinnerJuly 8, 2016 StartEndTitleAuthors9:0010:00DMN as a Decision Modeling Language(RuleML Keynote)Bruce Silver10:0010:15Coffee Break10:1510:50Solving the "Last Mile" in model based developmentLarry Goldberg10:5011:25What-If Analyzer for DMN-based Decision Models(Challenge Demo)Jacob Feldman11:2512:00Advanced Decision Analytics via Deep Reasoning on Diverse Data: For Health Care and MoreBenjamin Grosof, Janine Bloomfield12:0012:35The Decision Boundary Map: An Interactive Visual Interface to Make Informed Decisions and Selections in the Presence of TradeoffsShenghui Cheng, Klaus Mueller12:3514:00Lunch Break15:1515:50Learning Rule Base Programming with Classic Computer GamesMark Proctor [...]

Parallel Drools is coming - 12 core machine benchmark results

Wed, 01 Jun 2016 18:54:00 +0000

We are working on a number of different usage patterns for multi-core processing. Our first attempt is at fireAllRules batch processing (no rule chaining) of 1000 facts against increasing 12, 48, 192, and 768 rules - one join per rule. The break even point is around 48 rules. Below 48 rules the running time was less than 100ms and the thread co-ordination costs starts to cancel out the advantage. But after 48 rules, things get better, much faster.

Smaller is better (ms/op)

The running machine is 12 cores, which we put into 12 partitions and rules are evenly split across partitions. This is all organised by the engine, and not end user code. There are still a lot more improvements we can do, to get more optimal rule to partition assignment and to avoid sending all data to all partitions.

Next we'll be turning out attention to long running fireUntilHalt stream use cases.

We don't have any code yet that others can run, as it's still a bit of hack. But as we progress, we'll tidy things up and try and get it so others can try it.

Drools & jBPM are Hiring - Web Developer needed for Low-Code/No-Code framework

Fri, 27 May 2016 18:29:00 +0000

This position is now filed. Thank you.
The Drools & jBPM projects are looking to hire a web developer to help build and improve our low-code/no-code web framework and workbench. This framework is trying to make it possible to model business applications, end to end, fully within a web based environment - utilising data models, forms, workflow, rules, and case management.

The initial focus of the work will be around improving how the workbench uses and exposes Git and Maven. You'll be expected to figure out a Git workflow, suitable for our target users and build a UI to simplify how they work with that. This will also include some pull request like system, to control code reviews and code contributions. The main aim will be to simplify and hide as much complexity as possible. You will be working extensibly with our User Experience group to achieve these goals.

Over time you will tackle other aspects of our low-code/no-code framework and it will be expected that a percentage of your time will help with general sustaining across the product - i.e. bug fixing and maintenance.

We are looking for someone passionate about software development, who can demonstrate they love what they do - such as contributing to open source projects in their own time.

The work will make extensive use of Java, GWTErrai and UberFire.  You do not need GWT, Errai or UberFire experience, but you should have a strong understanding of general web technologies and a willingness to learn. A working knowledge of Git and Maven will be necessary, and you will be asked to give ideas on how to achieve a workflow that is more suitable for less technical people. No prior experience of rules or workflow is necessary, but helps.

The role is remote and can be in any location for which Red Hat has an office. Salaries are based on country ranges and you should check salary suitability with the recruiter. You may apply through this generic job requisition page.

#Drools & #jBPM @ #JBCNConf 2016 (Barcelona, June)

Fri, 13 May 2016 09:05:00 +0000

Great news! Once again the amazing and flamboyant leaders of the Java User Group from Barcelona manage to put together their anual conference JBCNConf. And, of course, Drools & jBPM will be there. Take a look at their website for more information about the talks and speakers, and if you are close enough to Barcelona I hope to see you all there.This year I will be doing a Drools Workshop there (Thursday, first day of the conference), hoping to introduce people to Drools in a very hands on session. So if you are looking to start using Drools straight away, this is a great opportunity to do so. If you are a more advanced user and wants to bring your examples or issues to the workshop you are more than welcome. I will be sharing the projects that I will be using on the workshop a couple of weeks before the event so  can take a look and bring more questions to the session. It is also probable that I will be bringing with me freshly printed copies of the new Mastering Drools book, so you might be able to get some copies for free :)Maciej Swiderski will be covering the jBPM and Knowledge Driven Microservices this year. I totally recommend this talk to anyone interested in how to improve your micro services by adopting tools to formalise and automate domain specific knowledge.Finally, this year Maciej and I will be given the closing talk of the conference titled : The Open Source Way were we will be sharing with the audience the main benefits of getting involved with the open source community & projects but most importantly we will be sharing how to do achieve that. If you are already an Open Source project contributor and you plan to attend to the conference, get in touch!Stay tuned for more news, and get in touch if you want to hang around with us before and after the conference! [...]

New 6.4.0.Final tags for community Docker images

Mon, 09 May 2016 18:11:00 +0000

The latest Docker community image tags for 6.4.0.Final are now available on Docker Hub.

More information at the following links:


Drools 6.4.0.Final is available

Mon, 18 Apr 2016 15:50:00 +0000

The latests and greatest Drools 6.4.0.Final release is now available for download.This is an incremental release on our previous build that brings several improvements in the core engine and the web workbench.You can find more details, downloads and documentation here:Drools websiteDownloadsDocumentationRelease NotesRead below some of the highlights of the release.You can also check the new releases for:jBPMOptaplannerHappy drooling.Drools WorkbenchNew look and feelThe general look and feel in the entire workbench has been updated to adopt PatternFly. The update brings a cleaner, lightweight and more consistent user experience throughout every screen. Allowing users focus on the data and the tasks by removing all unnecessary visual elements. Interactions and behaviour remain mostly unchanged, limiting the scope of this change to visual updates. Various UI improvementsIn addition to the PatternFly update described above which targeted the general look and feel, many individual components in the workbench have been improved to create a better user experience. This involved making sure the default size of modal popup windows is appropriate to fit the corresponding content, adjusting the size of text fields as well as aligning labels, and improving the resize behaviour of various components when used on smaller screens. New LocalesLocales ru (Russian) and zh_TW (Chineses Traditional) have now been added.New Decision Server Management UIThe KIE Execution Server Management UI has been completely redesigned to adjust to major improvements introduced recently. Besides the fact that new UI has been built from scratch and following best practices provided by PatternFly, the new interface expands previous features giving users more control of their servers.Core EngineBetter Java 8 compatibilityIt is now possible to use Java 8 syntax (lambdas and method references) in the Right Hand Side (then) part of a rule.More robust incremental compilationThe incremental compilation (dynamic rule-base update) had some relevant flaws when one or more rules with a subnetwork (rules with complex existential patterns) were involved, especially when the same subnetwork was shared among different rules. This issue required a partial rewriting of the existing incremental compilation algorithm, followed by a complete audit that has also been validated by brand new test suite made by more than 20,000 test cases only in this area.Improved multi-threading behaviourEngine's code dealing with multi-threading has been partially rewritten in order to remove a large number of synchronisation points and improve stability and predictability.OOPath improvementsOOPath has been introduced with Drools 6.3.0. In Drools 6.4.0 it has been enhanced to support a number of new features. [...]

Oficial Wildfly Swarm #Drools Fraction

Mon, 18 Apr 2016 13:21:00 +0000

Oficial what? Long title for a quite small but useful contribution. Wildfly Swarm allows us to create rather small and self contained application including just what we need from the Wildfly Application Server. On this post we will be looking at the Drools Fraction provided to work with Wildfly Swarm. The main idea behind this fraction is to provide a quick way to bundle the Drools Server among with your own services inside a jar file that you can run anywhere.Microservices WorldNowadays, while micro services are a trending topic we need to make sure that we can bundle our services as decoupled from other software as possible. For such a task, we can use Wildfly Swarm that allows us to create our services using a set of fractions instead of a whole JEE container. It also saves us a lot of time by allowing us to run our application without the need of downloading or installing a JEE container. With Swarm we will be able to just run java -jar and we are ready to go.In the particular case of Drools, the project provides a Web Application called Kie-Server (Drools Server) which offers a set of REST/SOAP/JMS endpoints to use as a service. You can load your domain specific rules inside this server and create new containers to use your different set of rules. But again, if we want to use it, we will need to worry about how to install it in Tomcat, Wildfly, Jetty, WebSphere, WebLogic, or any other Servlet Container. Each of these containers represent a different challenge while it comes to configurations, so instead of that we can start using the Wildfly Swarm Drools Fraction, which basically enables the Drools Server inside your Wildfly Swarm application. In a way you are bundling the Drools Server with your own custom services. By doing this, you can start the Drools Server by doing java -jar and you ready to go.Imagine the other situation of dealing with several instances of Servlet Containers and deploying the WAR file to each of those containers. It gets worst if those containers are not all the same "brand" and version.So let's take a quick look at an example of how you can get started using the Wildfly Swarm Drools Fraction.ExampleI recommend you to take a look at the Wildfly Swarm Documentation first, to get you started on using Wildfly Swarm. If you know the basics, then you can include the Drools Fraction.I've created an example using this fraction here: main goal of this example is to show how simple is to get you started with the Drools Fraction, and for that reason I'm not including any other service in this project. You are not restricted by that, and you can expose your own endpoints.Notice in the pom.xml file two things:The Drools Server Fraction: By adding this dependency, the fraction is going to be activated while Wildfly Swarm bootstrap.The wildfly-swarm plugin: Notice in the plugin configuration that we are pointing to the App class which basically just start the container. (This can be avoided, but I wanted to show that if you want to start your own services or do your own deployments you can do that inside that class)If you compile and package this project by doing mvn clea[...]

User and group management in jBPM and Drools Workbenches

Wed, 06 Apr 2016 18:17:00 +0000

IntroductionThis article talks about a new feature that allows the administration of the application's users and groups using an intuitive and friendly user interface that comes integrated in both jBPM and Drools Workbenches.User and group managementBefore the installation, setup and usage of this feature, this article talks about some previous concepts that need to be completely understood for the further usage.So this article is split in those sections:Security management providers and capabilitiesInstallation and setupUsageNotes: This feature is included from version 6.4.0.Final.Sources available here.Security management providersA security environment is usually provided by the use of a realm. Realms are used to restrict the access for the different application's resources. So realms contains information about the users, groups, roles, permissions and and any other related information.In most of the typical scenarios the application's security is delegated to the container's security mechanism, which consumes a given realm at same time. It's important to consider that there exist several realm implementations, for example Wildfly provides a realm based on the files, Tomcat provides a realm based on the tomcat-users.xml file, etc. So keep in mind that there is no single security realm to rely on, it can be different in each installation.The jBPM and Drools workbenches are not an exception, they're build on top Uberfire framework (aka UF), which delegates the authorization and authentication to the underlying container's security environment as well, so the consumed realm is given by the concrete deployment configuration. Security management providersDue to the potential different security environments that have to be supported, the users and groups management provides a well defined management services API with some default built-in security management providers. A security management provider is the formal name given to a concrete user and group management service implementation for a given realm.At this moment, by default there are three security management providers available:Wildfly / EAP security management provider - Realms based on properties files. Tomcat security management provider - Realms based on XML files. Keycloak security management provider - For the administration of Keycloak based realms. This provider is included as technical preview for the next 7.0 series, currently in development.Keep updated on new security management providers on further releases. You can easily build and register your own security management provider if non of the defaults fits in your environment. Security management providers's capabilitiesEach security realm can provide support different operations. For example consider the use of a Wildfly's realm based on properties files,  The contents for the is like:admin=207b6e0cc556d7084b5e2db7d822555csalaboy=d4af256e7007fea2e581d539e05edd1bmaciej=3c8609f5e0c908a8c361ca633ed23844kris=0bfd0f47d4817f2557c91cbab38bb92dkaty=fd37b5d0b82ce027bfad677a54fbcceejohn=afda4373c6021f3f5841cd6c0a027244jack=984ba30e11dda7b9ed86ba7b73d01481director=6b7f87a92b62bedd0a5a94c98bd83e21user=c5568adea472163dfc00c19c6348a665guest=b5d048a237bfd2874b6928e1f37ee15ekiewb=78541b7b451d8012223f29ba5141bcc2kieserver=16c651[...]

Mastering #Drools 6 book is out!

Mon, 04 Apr 2016 09:02:00 +0000

Hi everyone, just a quick post to share the good news! The book is out and ready to ship! You can buy it from Packt or from Amazon directly. I'm happy to announce also that we are going to be presenting the book next week in Denmark, with the local JBug: if you are around or know someone that might be interested in attending please let them know!

Mastering Drools 6
The book covers a wide range of topics from the basic ones including how to set up your environment and how to write simple rules, to more advanced topics such as Complex Event Processing and the core of the Rule Engine, the PHREAK algorithm.