Preview: IT Professional
Published: Mon, 3 Nov 2014 15:35:20 GMT
PrePrint: Job recruitment and job seeking processes: how technology can help
Job seeking and job recruiting processes drastically changed during the last decade. Today companies exploit new alternatives (job portals, websites,… ) to make job advertisements reaching a wide audience, but then spend a large post-processing burden to skim off the curricula received. Similarly, job seekers spend a considerable amount of efforts, both in filtering job offers and in structuring their curriculum to communicate their strong points. In this paper we present how technology can help this process also known as “job matchmaking”. We look at the current state-of-the-art and the tools supporting job search/offer. We then focus on the sematic approach applied to job matchmaking and present our experience and results obtained while designing a tool in a European Project framework. We highlight future research directions on this important application area, which, because of its high social impact, has all the potentials to bring direct and immediate benefit to humanity.
PrePrint: Development of Standardization Clinical Document Generation System for Medical Information Exchanges
Patients' medical records in hospitals are complicated. It is difficult to exchange information among hospitals without followed standard format. In order to facilitate the exchange of medical information, a standardization project is supported by government and has developed guidelines for electronic medical records. More than 100 paper forms are collected from hospitals and have been reviewed by experts. Then, the fields in each form have been converted into the standardized format of Clinical Document Architecture (CDA), as a reference for inter-hospital information exchange. We have included real situation sample codes and the validation constrains for each of the forms. We have also set up a system in order to create the more than 100 types of standard document samples. Extensible Markup Language (XML) based CDA documents can be quickly generated automatically through the system. It will facilitate the medical information exchange and to enhance the quality of medical services.
PrePrint: Constructing a Resource-Sharing Platform for Biomedical IP Trading
This project aims at designing and building a resource-sharing and online transaction platform to support and facilitate the technology transfer from the biotech academia to the industry and to prosper Biotech industry in Taiwan. This project constructs a web-based platform, namely BioIPMall, for biomedical IP trading, analyzing and developing strategy. To facilitate the classification and categorization of biotechnology, a tree-structured classification framework was constructed to create the taxonomy system in this project. The framework is composed of two main categories: “Industrial Application” and “Biotechnology” and 259 sub-categories totally. This biotechnology classification tree has been used to facilitate data mining and tech matchmaking process in BioIPMall. A prototypical business model was developed for providing IP management and technology transfer services. Currently 342 bio-related patents or technologies have been gathered from research institutes and have been posted on BioIPMall. Website available at: http://www.bioipmall.com.tw/.
PrePrint: Medical Image Viewing On Multi-Core Platforms Using Software Patterns For Parallel Computing
Software patterns codify the collective knowledge and experience of software experts. Over the years, the parallel programming community has accumulated a significant amount of experience in the form of software patterns. We show that parallel programming patterns can be used in medical imaging applications on multi-core platforms. We discuss two problem decomposition patterns – task and data decomposition, which can be used to expose concurrency in programming tasks; and three program structuring patterns – task parallelism, data parallelism, and pipelining, which can be exploited to structure a parallel program. We illustrate how to use those patterns to improve the startup time, runtime throughput, and algorithm reliability in medical image viewing, visualization, and analysis on multi-core platforms. Our experience suggests that the computing power provided by multi-core and many core platforms can be systematically exploited in medical imaging applications by following the best practices established by software patterns for parallel programming.
PrePrint: Information Technology in the Development of Electronic Health Records in Taiwan
The use of electronic medical record is the developmental tendency in Hospital Information Systems (HIS). It can be expanded to form Electronic Health Records (EHR). Its value consists of its ability to integrate the health information of patients from different sources. The Taiwan Electronic Medical Record Template (TMT) was developed to provide a basic structure of reference for establishing electronic medical records in the unique medical environment in Taiwan. This paper will review past developments in electronic medical record between 2004 and 2009 in Taiwan and scrutinize the current application and development of international electronic medical record exchange standards. Additionally, this study will address the TMT construction process and its information architecture as well as its information safety design and describe the TMT information transfer mechanism and present some application samples. Finally, the researchers will present concrete suggestions conducive to the study of future medical information exchange standards.
PrePrint: BUSINESS–IT STRATEGIC ALIGNMENT MATURITY:
PREDICTING THE IMPACT ON TRANSFORMATIONAL STRATEGY
AND BUSINESS RESULTS
Academic and management literature hypothesize that organizations that adopt organizational and management practices (“complementary factors”) that improve IT-business communications and partnership are better able to transform their business models. This implies that these firms obtain higher productivity and profitability from IT investments than organizations with comparable levels of IT investment. This study employs a stage-growth model (the “strategic alignment maturity model”) that focuses on the evolution of a bilateral and ideally co-adaptive relationship between business and information technology functions to empirically test that hypothesis. Employing the results of a survey of pharmaceutical industry business and IT executives, this research provides new insights into the relationship between IT-business strategic alignment maturity and firm-level productivity and profitability. This study also helps to quantify important “complementary factors” that provide transformational impact on a firm’s production function by its investments in IT.