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An aggregation of all of the recent Blog@Case postings.



Last Build Date: Wed, 28 Sep 2016 12:52:21 -0500

 



View. Eat. Talk.

Wed, 28 Sep 2016 12:52:21 -0500

We want your thoughts on the changing meanings of freedom and equality, as prompted by the four-documentary PBS series, Created Equal: America’s Civil Rights Struggle. Join us on Thursday, September 29 and Friday, September 30 as we show the four films, two simultaneously at 12:30 p.m. on both days. All take a different angle on the struggle and efforts of the civil rights movement.

The Abolitionists [being shown in LL-06 A]: The struggles of the men and women who led the battle to end slavery.

Slavery by Another Name [being shown in the Dampeer Room, 2nd Floor]: Stories of men, some charged with crimes like vagrancy and others guilty of nothing, who were bought, sold, abused and subjected to sometimes-deadly working conditions as unpaid convict labor.

The Loving Story [being shown in LL-06 A]: The story of an interracial married couple from Virginia in 1958 who ensured a legal battle for breaking the Virigina Racial INTEGRITY Act of 1924, which forbade interracial marriage.

Freedom Riders [being shown in LL-06 B&C]: In 1961, a diverse group of volunteers rode buses throughout states in the deep south telling their stories of being jailed and beaten as local and state authorities ignored or encouraged violent attacks.

Please join us us as we nosh and talk about this important and relevant issue.




Remembering 1997-1998: Week 5

Tue, 27 Sep 2016 00:30:45 +0000

Amid disturbing reports of a rape and racially derogatory chalkings targeting one of the candidates for freshman class president, the 9/26/1997 Observer also covered the events planned to celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month. La Alianza, CWRU’s Latin American Society invited people of all ethnic backgrounds, “La Alianza is open to all students with an open mind and a willing heart.”

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Other headlines included:

• Family Weekend reunites parents with students

• Acquaintance rape shocks CWRU community

• New internship program offered for A&S students

• New program markets students' inventions: Weatherhead Entrepreneurs Society formed

• Editorial: Use substance, not style, in fighing racism

• Letters to the editor: Ignore racism no longer; Celebrate, don't tolerate

• CWRU alumni dance in Two-Twos

• Skalars, Scofflaws stomp and Grog Saturday

• History symposium to be held at Valleevue Farm

• Men's soccer gains first win of the season

• Spartan Spotlight featured senior cross country and track athlete, Tanetta Anderson

And here's the entire issue: Observer, 9/26/1997

This is one in a series of weekly blog postings describing what was happening at CWRU, as covered by The Observer, during the year many of the Class of 2020 were born.


Media Files:
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Some Comments on Making Better Use of this Blog

Thu, 22 Sep 2016 19:43:22 -0500

Sometimes the most recently published entries presented here may not have any relevance to your current research service needs, which is understandable. Please be aware that over several years during which I have been managing this blog, I have covered various and sundry topics related to our interlibrary loan services and the pragmatic use of the ILLiad application, and these commentaries are still relevant to scholarship and accessible from this site. In order to make it easier to retrieve the existing entries that may address your needs, we suggest that you take advantage of the features provided by our hosting blog service, in order to locate and narrow down those that will best serve your needs. I will proceed to discuss the relative usefulness of each of these functions, as follows... * Archives - Since, for most of the history of this blog, I have published only one single entry per month, and the "Archives" lists by month only (with no reference to topic), this option is not terribly useful. * Categories - You can narrow down your search by selecting entries based on this criterion, which includes "Citations", "Features", "Indexes", "Policies", "Recommendations" and "Services". The associated links will pull up all entries classed by either primary or secondary category from among these. Selecting "Indexes" will bring up all the annual cumulative tables of contents I have created to date, the most recent containing links directly to each listed entry--this may better serve you than pulling up the "Archives". * RSS - This will bring up the most recent 15 entries, as links or fully displayed (depending on your browser), which is a bit of an improvement over "Archives", but still not as good as pulling up the "Indexes" category. Feel free to subscribe to the feed, if you like. * Search - Perhaps the most useful option of all. Simply enter your search term or terms into the input box and click on "Search" (or use the "Enter" or "Return" key on your keyboard if your browser does not display this button). Entering multiple terms appears to narrow down the search to entries containing all the specified words anywhere within the text, rather than to all those containing at least any one of them. (For those familiar with geometric logic, the "intersection" rather than the "union".) Please note you cannot further narrow your search by category, as the "Categories" option is a separate function altogether. Keep in mind that the "Search" option available in this blog should employed only in the context of the functional use of your ILLiad account services, and not for general searches related to your research subject area. We recommend that you consult Summon or any of our Research Databases or Research Guides, or enlist the services of one of our Research Services Librarians for that purpose. Here are some suggestions for the type of search terms appropriate to this blog: "ISBN", "ISSN", "OCLC" or any combination of these "Thesis", "Dissertation" or both "Foreign", "Language", "Title", "English" or any combination of these "Status", "Department" or both "Password", "Security" or both "Citation", "Source", "Notes", "Reference" or any combination of these "Abbreviation", "Journal", "Monograph" or any combination of these "Renewal", "Due" or both "Request", "Clone", "Re-submit", "Cancel" or any combination of these On the other hand, the following, by themselves or in combination (including with any of the "good" suggestions above), will not produce any results: "Banana", "Chicken", "Xylophone" or "Feldspar" As always, hope this has been in some way helpful. Questions regarding this *blog, ILLiad or ILL services? You are welcome to contact the Kelvin Smith Library ILL staff by phone at 216-368-3463 or 216-368-3517, or by e-mail at smithill@case.edu. *FYI: Carl's ILLiad Blog is currently closed to comments (sorry)--please address any suggestions or observations to the e-mail address above. Thank you. [...]



Remembering 1997-1998: Week 4

Thu, 22 Sep 2016 12:38:16 +0000

One of the recurring themes in the September 19, 1997 issue of The Observer was connections.

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The Res Hall Rumble was intended to bring north side and south side student residents together. The article announcing the opening of the Baker-Nord Center for the Humanities describes the Center’s emphasis on connecting faculty and students across disciplines and connecting the university to the community. An invitation to submit letters to the editor aspired to provide “an open forum for all voices in the CWRU community.”

Other Observer headlines 19 years ago included:

• Lynyrd Skynyrd to perform at Severance on Sunday
• CWRU ranks 37th in U.S. News and World Report (up 1-1/2 places)
• USG election results announced
• CWRU to receive special citation from the Cleveland Arts Prize for its "role in promoting the arts"
• Music fest to celebrate independence of India
• Spartan Spotlight featured senior football team member Mike Chanpong

And here's the entire issue: Observer, 9/19/1997

This is one in a series of weekly blog postings describing what was happening at CWRU, as covered by The Observer, during the year many of the Class of 2020 were born.


Media Files:
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Join us for Library Resource Lab on September 29!

Fri, 16 Sep 2016 11:07:07 -0500

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You’re invited to 356 Nord Hall for Library Resource Lab on September 29, 2016 from 12:30 to 4:00. This event is open to all Case Western Reserve University students, faculty and staff but geared toward science and engineering students. You will experience all of the research resources, study tools and learning opportunities available at Kelvin Smith Library, CWRU’s main library. Resource Lab will feature free food, prize giveaways and demos. For more information, contact Daniela Solomon at dsx594@case.edu. We look forward to seeing you!


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Remembering 1997-1998: Week 3

Wed, 14 Sep 2016 00:19:31 +0000

This announcement of the benefit to protest police brutality could easily be found in current news. It appeared in the September 12, 1997 issue of The Observer
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Other Observer headlines 19 years ago included:
• Academic scholarship changes ease student stress: G.P.A. requirements lowered for both the President and Provost scholarships
• World mourns the loss of two remarkable women [Princess Diana of Wales and Mother Teresa]
• WRUW drums up Saturday music fest: folk and international music featured in day-long event
• Music legend to be honored next weekend: Jimmie Rodgers celebrated in [American Music Masters] conference, concert
• Scream to be screened outside: UPB sponsors "Drive-In" movie
• In sports, the volleyball team won 4 straight; women's soccer team won their first 2 games

On a lighter note, the Fun Page Photo of the Week was a weekly feature of the last page of the 1997/98 Observer.
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And here's the entire issue Observer, 9/12/1997


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Remembering 1997-1998: Week 2

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 12:41:31 +0000

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Eyes On... was a recurring feature of the 1997/98 Observer, each week highlighting a different student group

Continuing our look at The Observer’s coverage of campus life 19 years ago, here are some of the headlines from the Augsut 29, 1997 issue.:

• Twenty-mill bond helps to give campus a makeover

• Students have new ways to get computer help

• Students have a new voice with "electronic suggestion box"

• Commuter appreciation week featured movie day and ice cream social, pool & ping-pong tournament

• Editorial supported dry rush: helps freshmen make wise decisions

• Michael A. Choma urged freshmen to "become an activist" "People who make a difference are those who use the power vested in their leadership role to realize their ideals."

• The sports section recruited writers, "Write about cool people playing even cooler games"

And here’s the entire issue


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Apply Now for Your Personal Study Carrel at KSL

Tue, 06 Sep 2016 12:53:19 -0500

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Welcome back to CWRU and Kelvin Smith Library! We are excited for you to visit, study, collaborate, produce and learn.

Graduate students, time to submit your application for the study carrels available at KSL. Our carrels, located on the main floor near the journal shelving and on the third floor in the Quiet Reading Room and along the perimeter of the bookshelves, are a great place to work quietly and keep personal study items. Each carrel features two locking bins to store your materials, a mounted task light and electrical outlets.

Applications for carrel assignments will be reviewed, beginning Wednesday, September 14, 2016. Winners choose and check out their carrels for this academic year. Keys will be due back on Friday, August 11, 2017.

For all information on carrels, please visit the policy/application page. To download an application, please visit here and then return it to the KSL administrative suite on the library’s second floor during these hours.


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Remembering 1997-1998: Week 1

Fri, 02 Sep 2016 12:37:26 +0000

Many members of the CWRU Class of 2020 were born in 1997 and 1998. Some of our blog postings this year will highlight the campus events, issues, and personalities in those years. To see the student perspective, we’re digitizing The Observer. Each week I’ll post some of the headlines. More importantly, a searchable PDF of The Observer that week in 1997/98 will be available here.

I’m getting a late start, so here are some of the headlines from last week’s Observer from 1997 - August 22.

- Mystery writer James Patterson was the Fall Convocation speaker.
- Early enrollment figures reported the Class of 2001 as 752 students, 63% male.
- Observer editors warned the freshman class about their worst enemy: Apathetic Upperclassmen.
- As the headline below shows, Observer writers offered lots of tips for exploring Cleveland.

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The Observer, 8/22/1997


Media Files:
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Shakespeare on the Stage

Wed, 31 Aug 2016 14:41:05 +0000

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The earliest performance of a Shakespeare play on campus that the University Archives could document was Love’s Labour’s Lost, given by the Dramatic Club of the College for Women on January 19 and 20, 1898. The Dramatic Club also performed Twelfth Night in 1910 and The Taming of the Shrew in 1915.

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The Dramatic Club was organized in 1894 originally as The Dramatic Association. The club presented at least 1 play each year, and, until 1902, performed in Guilford House. In 1922 the Dramatic Club changed its name to The Curtain Players. They continued to periodically perform Shakespeare, such as The Winter’s Tale and Romeo and Juliet. They presented A Midsummer Night’s Dream with the Sock and Buskin Club of Adelbert College as part of the University’s Centennial in 1926.

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The Sock and Buskin Club dates to 1908 when the Literary Society of Adelbert College presented a play, Rivals, by Sheridan. The cast then organized Sock and Buskin to present at least 1 play a year, similar to the Dramatic Club. Beginning in 1923, Sock and Buskin began offering more than 1 play. The Archives could not document an earlier presentation of a Shakespeare play (by Sock and Buskin) than the 1926 performance previously mentioned.

There was no theater-related department at WRU during this late 19th and early 20th century time period. The first Dramatic Arts Department was established at the Graduate School in 1931. Barclay Leathem was the first chair of the department. He had originally taught in the English Department (while a Law School student) and moved to the Speech Department in 1927 to teach the first theater classes. He retired in 1971 when he was named Professor Emeritus of Dramatic Arts.

The home of the Theater Department eventually became Eldred Hall. As part of the 50th anniversary of theater in Eldred in 1973-1974, As You Like It was performed.

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1955 program for A Midsummer Night's Dream and 1974 program for As You Like It

See our previous blog posts related to Shakespeare on campus: Shakespeare beginnings on campus, and Shakespeare Performance as part of WRU’s Centennial Celebration.


Media Files:
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Slack vs IRC

Sun, 28 Aug 2016 10:46:00 -0500

I was looking for a technical-ish discussion on the differences between IRC and Slack, and I found this thread on Hacker News, which sufficed.

It consisted of what I expected. IRC is old. IRC has problems. IRC3 fixes stuff. Slack is closed. Slack is proprietary. Slack has all your data. No one wants to run their own IRC server. Slack is easier to post "richer content."

Plus, there was plenty of discussions of other "chat protocols" (for lack of a better name). And plenty of links to XKCD standards comic.

This portion of the thread stuck out to me:

> > I'm really happy zulip was opened up

> we would love to work with Zulip to federate it into Matrix

Ping me over email (tabbott@mit.edu) and we can discuss

A dozen different "chat protocols" being discussed -- almost all in the form of a closed homogenous system or one that seeks to octopus tentacle into as many of the different systems as it can (like Trillian for AIM/MSN/Yahoo/etc.). History repeating itself, but then there's this -- "ping me over email... to discuss".

"Ping me over email."

I have probably 500 more words I would like to type as commentary to that. But I think leaving it with none is just as poignant.




Getting Started with ILLiad -- Some Basics

Thu, 18 Aug 2016 10:21:47 -0500

It's the start of another academic year, so here are some brief reminders about how to get yourself ready to use Kelvin Smith Library's interlibrary loans services...

* Set up your new ILL account at Kelvin Smith Library's ILLiad site -- click on "First Time Users" and follow the instructions.

* Remember to verify your Case Account Number first before you register -- use your Case ID login and password to access this page.

* Determine what materials you need for your coursework or individual research -- we recommend you first consult with one of our Research Services Librarians for assistance.

* Check the Case Library Catalog for locally accessible materials in campus library or virtual collections, before using interlibrary loan services.

* Check in OhioLINK and SearchOhio catalogs for items available for request as well, before using ILL.

* If you cannot locate the returnable materials (e.g., books, theses, music scores, audio-visual) you need locally in our campus libraries, or from OhioLINK or SearchOhio, log back into ILLiad and submit your requests using one of the appropriate menu forms.

* If you cannot locate the non-returnable materials (e.g., articles, book chapters, conference papers) you need locally in our campus libraries, log back into ILLiad and submit your requests using one of the appropriate menu forms.

* Wait for an e-mail contact from the ILLiad system or from KSL's interlibrary loan staff regarding the delivery status of your requested materials, or about any possible complications with an ILL transaction.

* Log into your ILLiad account to download your electronically delivered articles -- any time, from anywhere.

* Or... Pay a visit to KSL's Service Center during regular operating hours to pick up your interlibrary loan books or other returnable materials.

* Stay alert for any follow-up communications regarding your current interlibrary loan transactions (e.g., overdue loans, renewals, cancellations).

We hope this has been a helpful primer for your interlibrary loan needs. Good luck with your studies and research in the coming year!

Questions or concerns about ILLiad or ILL services? Feel free to contact the Kelvin Smith Library ILL staff by phone at 216-368-3463 or 216-368-3517, or by e-mail at smithill@case.edu.




The only thing that you absolutely have to know, is the location of the library. - Albert Einstein

Wed, 29 Jun 2016 20:18:17 +0000

In 1828 the first bequest given to Western Reserve College was half of Reverend Nathan B. Derrow's library. For the next nearly-190 years generous donors have supported CWRU’s libraries and generations of students, faculty, and staff have used library collections and services. In 2016 our most recent library, Kelvin Smith Library, celebrates its 20th anniversary. Below is a summary of KSL’s predecessor library buildings. Henry R. Hatch Library (1896-1943) Hatch Library was Western Reserve University's first building constructed and used entirely as a library. Before Hatch libraries occupied parts of multiple campus buildings, including Adelbert Hall, Clark Hall, and Case Main. Hatch was the library of Adelbert College, the undergraduate men’s college, until 1943, when its collection was integrated into the University Library in Thwing Hall. The building, on the southwest corner of Euclid and Adelbert, was razed in 1956. Henry R. Hatch, a trustee, donated the funds for the original building and for two additions in 1898. His generosity is memorialized in the Hatch Reading Room on the second floor of Kelvin Smith Library. Thwing Hall (1934-1956) Western Reserve University president, Charles F. Thwing had stated that if a building was ever named for him, he wanted it to be a library. In 1929 WRU purchased the Excelsior Club for $650,000. In 1934 it was converted to a library and dedicated on President Thwing’s 81st birthday. Freiberger Library (1956-1996) Along with several other buildings, Freiberger’s construction was financed by Western Reserve University’s 125th Anniversary Campaign. Construction was completed in 1956 and the University Library moved from Thwing Hall. Named for I.F. Freiberger, alumnus, trustee, and benefactor, whose generosity is memorialized in the I.F. Freiberger Pavilion on the second floor of Kelvin Smith Library. Sears Library (1961-1996) Constructed in 1960 as the Library-Humanities Building, Sears was Case Institute of Technology’s first library building. Previously, a reading room was housed in the Case Main Building and most academic departments maintained their own libraries. The building was re-dedicated in 1966 as the Lester M. and Ruth P. Sears Library-Humanities Building. Kelvin Smith Library (1996-) Constructed between 1994 and 1996, at a cost of $29.5 million dollars, the 150,000 square-foot Kelvin Smith Library merged the Sears and Freiberger collections and services. The lead gift was made by the Kelvin and Eleanor Smith Foundation. A. Kelvin Smith, for whom the library is named, was an alumnus, trustee, and friend. In pursuit of brevity, this summary does not include the Cleveland Health SciencesLibrary and its predecesssors or the Judge Ben C. Green Law Library or the Harris Library of the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences.[...]


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The only classroom that is available for life - the library – Ralph M. Besse

Mon, 15 Aug 2016 14:43:56 +0000

At the 1961 dedication of Case Institute of Technology’s (CIT) Library Humanities Building, Ralph M. Besse described the challenge facing higher education in a world of exploding knowledge. “Yet the dilemma of higher education is that a normal college time span permits only the development of either an undisciplined generalist or a narrowly-trained specialist, and neither is adequately equipped to achieve the objective of leadership in cultural improvement. No such gap in the training of leaders is endurable in a progressive society. If the great constructive goals of democracy are to be achieved, a solution must be found. We cannot long sustain leadership in a world in which competition among ideologies increases as fast as competition for material power if our best human talent is trained in only half of the arts of leadership.” He went on to point out the role of the library in meeting this challenge. “The dedication of this great new library suggests one of the answers. Within these walls all of the past and most of the developments of the present are recorded. The educational dilemma could be solved at Case if every one of its graduates were to leave college equipped with the skill of extracting knowledge from a library and motivated by a desire to do so.” That CIT’s first library building was a Library-Humanities Building symbolized the role envisioned for both in a technical institute. “This building recognizes two fundamental educational needs. It is a center where students, faculty, and representatives of business, industry and other elements of the community can pursue intellectual and cultural activities in attractive surroundings designed to be conducive to learning... The gallery available for displays, the lecture and seminar rooms, the Kulas Hall of Music and the Kulas Record Library bring together the broad cultural interests of the campus.” (Library-Humanities Building brochure, 1961) Library-Humanities Building at the center of the new Case Institute of Technology entrance The building itself was envisioned as a key component of the New Face of Case. “Located at the mid-point of the campus, the Library-Humanities Building is the most prominent and accessible of all Case buildings.” enthused a 1961 brochure describing the building. The library originally occupied 34,000 square feet on the first three floors of the 83,345 square foot, six-story, building. It had seating for just under 450. This sounds more impressive when compared to the library reading room in Case Main, which seated thirty-two. The original collection capacity was 160,000 volumes, with growth to 250,000 volumes planned. Frederick L. Taft, librarian, described some of the technical innovations of the new library in a December 1960 Library Journal article. “... conveyors include a horizontal chain drive conveyor which moves books and other materials to and from the receiving and shipping room; a vertical conveyor which carries books from all the upper floors to the circulation workroom... and a dumbwaiter which lifts books from the lower level bookstack to the circulation workroom... The Stromberg-Carlson Pagemaster system has been installed at the circulation desk. This small radious communications system enables a desk attendant to signal by transistor radio certain staff personnel anywhere in the building. The circulation desk is also equipped with pneumatic tubes which carry call slips to and from page stations on all stack floors. There is provision for photo-duplication services including a darkroom...” Kresge Gallery Other floors had classrooms, seminar rooms, conference rooms and the offices of the departments of Humanities and Social Studies an[...]


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Shakespeare Performance as part WRU’s Centennial Celebration

Mon, 08 Aug 2016 19:24:27 +0000

Let's continue our summer theme of Shakespeare on campus and in the classroom. During commencement week, on June 15 and 16, 1926, students from the Sock and Buskin Club of Adelbert College and the Curtain Players of Mather College performed Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream. This was part of Western Reserve University’s Centennial Celebration and in dedication of the Shakespeare Garden Theatre (also known as the Municipal Outdoor Theatre) in Rockefeller Park. The theatre was dedicated to Marie Bruot, former drama teacher at Central High School. City Manager William R. Hopkins requested the production. The theatre was on East Boulevard between Superior and St. Clair Avenues. Over 1500 watched the performance the first night. Seats were erected on the hillside where part of the audience was seated. Others watched from various vantage points. Spotlights were the only modern stage equipment used. The play had participation from various groups on and off campus. The costumes were designed by Agnes Brooks Young of the Cleveland Play House and created by Mary Geary and students of the Household Administration Department at Mather College. The choreography of the fairy ensemble was supervised by Muriel East Adams of the Mather College Physical Education Department. The music was written by Quincy Porter of the Cleveland Institute of Music and performed by students of the Music School Settlement. Staging and lighting were under the direction of Max Eisenstat from the designs of Archie Lauterer, both of the Cleveland Play House. The director was K. Elmo Lowe, also of the Cleveland Play House. Lowe stated, “When we dedicate the Shakespeare Theatre we want comedy to be the occasion keynote. Just fun for everyone.” Cast members included: Allen Goldthwaite as Theseus and Doris Young as Hippolyta; Ralph A. Colbert as Lysander, Fred W. Walter as Demetrius, Nadine Miles as Hermia, Fredrica Crane as Helena; Sidney Andorn as Oberon, Eleanor Koob as Titania, Emiah Jane Hopkins as Puck. The mechanicals were: John Maurer as Quince, Arlin Cook as Snug, Milton Widder as Bottom, Sterling S. Parker as Flute, Will Carlton as Snout, and Vincent H. Jenkins as Starveling. The fairies were Katherine M. Squire, Evelyn Fruehauf, Helen Shockey, Lucile McMackin, Gladys M. Benesh, Miriam Cramer, Fay Hart, Alice Sorensen Caroline Hahn. Other parts were played by Sydney Markowitz (Egeus), Richard Barker (Philostrate), Harriette Winch, Helen Bunnell, Robert Glick and Maurice Rusoff (ladies and gentlemen of the Court). Titania and several fairies (left), Milton Widder as Bottom portraying Pyramus (right) Learn about the beginnings of Shakespeare in the classroom. [...]


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Kelvin Smith Library - Origins, Innovations, and a Few Numbers

Thu, 14 Jul 2016 12:32:57 +0000

The history of libraries at Case Western Reserve University has been a lengthy process of consolidation. In 1929 Western Reserve University had thirteen school and sixteen department libraries. In his 1928/29 annual report President Vinson wrote, “There is a large and increasing number of libraries in and around the University the coordination of which would, it is thought, work to the great advantage of all.” In December 1929, that coordination began with the appointment of Herbert Hirshberg as Director of University Libraries. It might be said that Kelvin Smith Library’s organizational geneaology begins with the establishment of University Libraries under Hirshberg. In the almost 90 years since, libraries have experienced an intriguing mix of continuity and change. Below are a few examples: Library card catalog (left); Freiberger Library computer laboratory, 1991 (right) 1930: Western Reserve University’s libraries held a total of 360,000 volumes and spent $58,513.59 on books. 1936: The Cleveland Regional Union Catalog brought together, in a single card catalog, the holdings of over 40 libraries in the Cleveland area, including both WRU and Case libraries. The catalog was housed at WRU. 1945: WRU’s University Library’s total budget was $66,678.60. 1949: WRU’s University Library established an Audio-Visual Aids service to identify, order, and show films. In the first year over 7,300 students viewed 300 films. 1950: WRU’s University Library held 421,712 volumes, managed by a staff of thirty-two. Its total budget was $150,614. Nine other libraries existed for Flora Stone Mather College, Cleveland College, Law, Medicine, Nursing, Applied Social Sciences, Dentistry, Library Science, and Architecture. Freiberger Library staff, 1959 1960: The total budget of WRU’s University Library was $295,060. 1965: Besides the University Library, WRU had separate libraries for the schools of Law, Medicine, Nursing, Applied Social Sciences, Dentistry, and Library Science. University Library’s budget was $468,620. 1968: James V. Jones was hired as Case Western Reserve University's Director of University Libraries. Although they would remain physically distinct for nearly 30 more years, Western Reserve University's Freiberger Library and Case Institute of Technology's Sears Library administratively became a single unit. 1971: University Library held 840,000 volumes and had a total budget of $1,544,191. 1975: Sears Library was one of several campus buildings flooded by severe thunderstorms. Over 50,000 volumes were damaged. While most of the volumes were restored, 10,000 were lost. Collection losses totalled $800,000. Sears Library flood, 1975 (left); Instruction in using dedicated database terminal, 1978 (right) 1979: Access to over 200 Lockheed Information Systems, SDC, and BRS indexing and abstracting databases was available through dedicated terminals in Freiberger and Sears libraries. 1986: A new microcomputer laboratory, featuring Apple computers, opened in Freiberger Library. Almost 2,400 people used the lab during its first 20 weeks. 1987: EUCLID, the combined catalog for all campus libraries, went on-line. Terminals were available in all the libraries and it was hoped that dial-in access would be available soon. 1989: A new computer lab opened in Sears Library. It featured Macintosh SEs and ImageWriter LQs. Software such as PageMaker 3.02, Hypercard, and Microsoft Word 4.0 was available. Laser printing was 25 cents per page. 1990: Databases on CD-ROM allowed library users to conduct their own database searches on specially equipped workstations in Freiberger and Sears libraries. The Mail[...]


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Paralyzed riders use new technology to race bikes

Mon, 25 Jul 2016 13:58:04 +0000

Time trials in Cleveland Heights will determine who reaches upcoming international competition News Release: July 25, 2016 CLEVELAND—Four men and a woman from across the United States, who are paralyzed below the waist, will race on recumbent trikes at the Cleveland Heights Recreation Center at the Team Cleveland Cybathlon Trials, Tuesday, July 26. The time trials, from 5:30 to 8 p.m. are free and open to the public. The racers, or pilots as they’re called, are vying for two spots to travel to the international Cybathlon, a version of the Olympics for technology-assisted competitors, in Zurich, Switzerland. All of the pilots in the Cleveland trials employ neural stimulation systems to power themselves around a track. Engineers, scientists and medical professionals from Case Western Reserve University, the Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, University Hospitals Case Medical Center and MetroHealth Medical Center originally customized each system to help individual pilots do such tasks as stand, walk, maintain balance and posture and more. “An implanted neural stimulator can activate up to 16 muscle groups,” explained Ronald Triolo, a professor of orthopaedics and biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve and executive director of the Advanced Platform Technology Center at the Stokes Cleveland VA. “It was developed by the VA and Case Western Reserve and consists of a surgically implanted pulse generator and electrodes inserted into the muscles near the motor nerves, or wrapped around them,” Triolo said. “There's an external controller that communicates with the implant by radio waves transmitted through the skin by an antenna taped to the skin. “ A simple encoder senses where the pedal crank is and turns the right muscle on at the right time to propel the bike forward, he said. Triolo, who leads the team supporting the pilots, agreed to enter the competition “to encourage the development of all sorts of assistive technologies and educate the public about their potential to impact the lives of people with disabilities,” he said. Plus, he thought it would be fun for the pilots and their support team, who have continued to conduct research sponsored by the VA, National Institutes of Health and Department of Defense while they've trained and prepared for the competition over the past year. The five pilots maintain active lives following their spinal cord injuries. They are: • John Barber, of Medina, Ohio, a father of two who’s been married 24 years. He travels extensively as general manager for an electro-mechanical ceramic manufacturer. • Don Crago, a veteran from Youngstown, Ohio, has been using a hand-powered cycle for decades. He also water and snow skis, shoots skeet and more. • Jennifer French, of St. Petersburg, Fla., an author and editor, earned a silver medal in sailing in the 2012 Paralympic Games. She kayaks, fishes and scuba dives. • Michael McClellan, of Rocklin, Calif., has been renovating a casita in Mulege, Mexico. He plays tennis and scuba dives and returned to college after his injury. • Mark Muhn, of Morgan Hill, Calif., manages his construction company, travels with his wife and lives with their blended family of 10 children, along with goats, chickens and more, at their rural home. Each pilot will ride two time trials on an oval track laid out inside the Cleveland Heights Community Center at Monticello Boulevard and Mayfield Road. Riders with the top two times will advance to the Cybathlon, Oct. 8. They’ll compete in 750-meter races on an oval track in Zurich. The competitions and demonstrations at [...]


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New book: Is the Roberts Court pro-business? Not necessarily

Tue, 19 Jul 2016 17:56:09 +0000

Case Western Reserve School of Law Professor Jonathan Adler and business law experts examine U.S. Supreme Court’s record on business cases News Release: Tuesday, July 19, 2016 CLEVELAND—At first glance, the new book Business and the Roberts Court (Oxford University Press) is a valuable read for lawyers practicing business law, and for the academics who teach it. Digging deeper, it’s a captivating mystery. Does the United States Supreme Court under Chief Justice John Roberts live up to a pro-business tag attached by some court watchers? Or does the court shift in directions that make it seem anti-business? “The goal was to create a volume that had value to corporate counsel, partners in firms, appellate practitioners and people who follow the court in a professional capacity,” said Jonathan H. Adler, the book’s editor and contributor of its introduction and final chapter, Business as Usual? The Roberts Court and Environmental Law. Adler is the Johan Verheij Memorial Professor of Law and director of the Center for Business Law and Regulation at Case Western Reserve University School of Law. Business and the Roberts Court provides clues about how the nation’s high court may respond to business cases put before it in the years ahead, when a replacement is eventually chosen for conservative Justice Antonin Scalia, who was found dead in Texas on Feb. 13. The book was compiled before Scalia’s death. Business law and regulatory cases touch on many important legal doctrines and can have far-reaching effects. Understanding the basis on which the Supreme Court decides business-related cases is of tremendous importance to practitioners and academics, Adler said. Business and the Roberts Court covers extensive ground by: • Examining the treatment of "business law" issues. • Involving prominent scholars who look closely at recent decisions of interest to business. • Evaluating the extent to which it is "pro-business" and what that means. • Analyzing its approach to various business cases. Roberts was appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 2003. President George W. Bush nominated Roberts as chief justice of the United States, and Roberts took his seat on Sept. 29, 2005. The nominee of a politically conservative president was widely assumed to be pro-business. Adler’s introduction, In Search of the Pro-Business Court, raises the prospect that the Supreme Court under Roberts hasn’t been predictable. Taken together, the book’s chapters lead to a conclusion, according to Adler, that where business interests seek outcomes that are in line with the justices’ doctrinal commitments, they can expect to prevail. Yet, where a business is unable to marshal arguments that appeal to the justices’ underlying judicial philosophies, its odds are less favorable, no matter how much a business may believe is at stake. “This volume should make clear that the Court’s tendencies in business-related cases are not easily reduced to a hashtag slogan,” Adler said. Since Roberts was confirmed, the Court has handed the business community its share of victories, but it has also handed business groups substantial losses, Adler wrote. For example, businesses would likely approve of decisions raising the formal bar for filing many lawsuits, upholding broad arbitration clauses and rejecting new avenues of class-action litigation against large corporations. The Court has also refused to pre-empt litigation against drug makers or block state immigration laws penalizing businesses that hire undocu[...]


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Researchers build a crawling robot from sea slug parts and a 3-D printed body

Mon, 18 Jul 2016 18:44:09 +0000

Swarms could one day search the depths of fresh and saltwater News Release: July 18, 2016 CLEVELAND—Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have combined tissues from a sea slug with flexible 3-D printed components to build “biohybrid” robots that crawl like sea turtles on the beach. A muscle from the slug’s mouth provides the movement, which is currently controlled by an external electrical field. However, future iterations of the device will include ganglia, bundles of neurons and nerves that normally conduct signals to the muscle as the slug feeds, as an organic controller. The researchers also manipulated collagen from the slug’s skin to build an organic scaffold to be tested in new versions of the robot. In the future, swarms of biohybrid robots could be released for such tasks as locating the source of a toxic leak in a pond that would send animals fleeing, the scientists say. Or they could search the ocean floor for a black box flight data recorder, a potentially long process that may leave current robots stilled with dead batteries. “We’re building a living machine—a biohybrid robot that’s not completely organic—yet,” said Victoria Webster, a PhD student who is leading the research. Webster will discuss mining the sea slug for materials and constructing the hybrid, which is a little under 2 inches long, at the Living Machines conference in Edinburgh, Scotland, this week. Webster worked with Roger Quinn, the Arthur P. Armington Professor of Engineering and director of Case Western Reserve’s Biologically Inspired Robotics Laboratory; Hillel Chiel, a biology professor who has studied the California sea slug for decades; Ozan Akkus, professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering and director of the CWRU Tissue Fabrication and Mechanobiology Lab; Umut Gurkan, head of the CWRU Biomanufacturing and Microfabrication Laboratory, undergraduate researchers Emma L. Hawley and Jill M. Patel and recent master’s graduate Katherine J. Chapin By combining materials from the California sea slug, Aplysia californica, with three-dimensional printed parts, “we’re creating a robot that can manage different tasks than an animal or a purely manmade robot could,” Quinn said. The researchers chose the sea slug because the animal is durable down to its cells, withstanding substantial changes in temperature, salinity and more as Pacific Ocean tides shift its environment between deep water and shallow pools. Compared to mammal and bird muscles, which require strictly controlled environments to operate, the slug’s are much more adaptable. For the searching tasks, “we want the robots to be compliant, to interact with the environment,” Webster said. “One of the problems with traditional robotics, especially on the small scale, is that actuators—the units that provide movement—tend to be rigid.” Muscle cells are compliant and also carry their own fuel source—nutrients in the medium around them. Because they’re soft, they’re safer for operations than nuts-and-bolts actuators and have a much higher power-to-weight ratio, Webster said. The researchers originally tried using muscle cells but changed to using the entire I2 muscle from the mouth area, or buccal mass. “The muscle already had the optimal structure and form to provide the function and strength needed,” Chiel said. Akkus said, “When we integrate the muscle with its natural biological structure, it’s hundreds to 1,000 times better.” In their first robots, the buccal muscle, which naturally has two “arms,[...]


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ILLiad Loans and "My Library Account"

Tue, 12 Jul 2016 09:27:13 -0500

"Why can't I view all my current loan check-outs in the same place?" This is a question that comes up on occasion, and deserves at least some explanation to our users for whom it is a constant concern... The scenario is this-- You go to the Case Library Catalog and click on the My Library Account link (which appears in the navigation bar at the top of many of our catalog pages) to view or renew your current loans, and you see all the items you currently have checked out or on hold (if any) through your CWRU library account, except ... those dog-gone interlibrary loan items you requested through your ILLiad account. The reason for this is-- ILLiad is not in any way directly synchronized with or incorporated within the CWRU libraries' joint patron checkout system, which only handles loans of items held within the university's four campus location library systems, and of those held within the OhioLINK and SearchOhio consortium member libraries. (The latter of these, though technically direct checkouts from these external host collections, are often conceptualized as "interlibrary loans" by many patrons.) ILLiad is essentially a separate and (for the most part) independent system, and this is why ILLiad loan transactions (whether "in process", "on hold", "checked out" or "returned") are not encapsulated within or accessible through the "My Library Account" logon site display. As a side note-- ILLiad does draw upon a patron's current status in the library's circulation system (through a tangential interface protocol known as "API authentication") to determine whether or not a potential registrant or current user is in good standing. In other words, you may not be allowed to set up a new account or you may be blocked from signing into an existing account, if you have fines in excess of $15.00 or if you have not properly entered your Case Account Number into the new user registration form. Getting back on topic-- You can only view your ILL statuses for returnable items by logging into the account you have already created at the Kelvin Smith Library ILLiad website (or the corresponding sites for MSASS Harris Library, the CWRU Law Library or the Cleveland Health Sciences Library). Click on the "Checked Out Items" link from your account's Main Menu, to view the list of all your current ILLiad loans, conveniently displayed in table format, then select a specific transaction number to open up the corresponding request record. This, of course, is also where you would request a renewal, provided the loan in question is eligible for one. Hopefully this has clarified some common misconceptions. For further assistance in determining your appropriate service point, please consult the Libraries of Case Interlibrary Loan Directory or my blog entry for August 7, 2009. If you have any questions or concerns about ILL loans through ILLiad, please contact the Kelvin Smith Library ILL staff by phone at 216-368-3463 or 216-368-3517, or by e-mail at smithill@case.edu.[...]



Dr. Jeffrey Pigott receives AGU Award

Tue, 12 Jul 2016 10:53:39 -0500

Dr. Jeffrey Pigott, an NSF Postdoctoral Scholar in the department, is a recipient of the 2016 AGU Mineral and Rock Physics Graduate Research Award. The award, established in 1990, recognizes 1-2 promising young scientists each year for outstanding contributions achieved during their PhD research. Congratulations, Jeff!




Researchers developing quick, inexpensive test to assess ER+ breast cancers

Mon, 11 Jul 2016 14:01:30 +0000

National Cancer Institute awards $3.3 million to develop digital image analytics News Release: July 11, 2016 CLEVELAND—Researchers from Case Western Reserve University are teaming with industry and other academics to develop a quick and inexpensive test to predict which women with ER+ breast cancer need chemotherapy and which need only the more tolerable hormonal therapy. The National Cancer Institute has awarded the group a $3.3 million, five-year grant to produce software that recognizes minute features in pathology images to distinguish between the two groups and develop an image based risk score. Estrogen receptor-positive, or ER+, is the most common form of breast cancer with nearly 1 million women worldwide diagnosed with the disease annually. Medical guidelines recommend chemotherapy and hormonal therapy, even though researchers estimate that more than half of women who suffer from ER+ don’t require or benefit from harsh chemotherapy. The only test to predict which women require chemo costs about $4,000 and takes up to two weeks to produce results. For many women, especially in developing nations, the test isn’t a realistic option. “With this technology, any woman with suspected breast cancer will have a biopsy, the slides of which can be digitized and analyzed for pennies on the dollar,” said Anant Madabhushi, the F. Alex Nason professor II of biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve and leader of the research. “This will be especially attractive in low- and middle-income countries,” said Madabhushi, who also directs Case Western Reserve’s Center for Computational Imaging and Personalized Diagnostics and a member of the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center. “If you can accurately determine the cancer does not require chemotherapy, you are not only sparing the patient from the detrimental effects of the therapy, but sparing your resources.” Because images can be sent electronically worldwide, patients would be able to receive their results in a day, even hours, saving them weeks of worry, the researchers say. The academics are partnering with Florida-based Inspirata Inc., to develop a pathway to translate and commercialize the technology quickly. Inspirata will ensure that the software development follows the protocols necessary for U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval. The company will work with the university-based researchers and plans to create a pre-commercial prototype. The researchers will use slides from two clinical trial cooperatives: the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group and the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project, to validate the tools they develop. Madabhushi’s lab is working with Case Western Reserve School of Medicine’s Hannah Gilmore, MD, assistant professor of pathology, and Pingfu Fu, associate professor of biostatistics; Rutger’s University’s Shridar Ganesan, MD, associate professor of medicine and pharmacology; University of Pennsylvania’s Michael Feldman, MD, associate professor of pathology and laboratory medicine; and State University of New York, Buffalo’s John Tomaszewski, MD, chairman of pathology and anatomical sciences. Inspirata founder and Executive Vice President Mark Lloyd, PhD, and Lead Scientist James Monaco, PhD, are leading the company’s effort. Inspirata has licensed eight technologies Madabhushi has helped develop. Madabhushi is a scientific consultant and a member of the company’s scientific advisory board and has equity in Insp[...]


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Changes in benign tissue next to prostate tumors may predict biomedical recurrence of cancer, scientists find

Wed, 06 Jul 2016 20:54:41 +0000

News Release: July 6, 2016 CLEVELAND—Changes in benign tissues next to prostate tumors may provide an early warning for patients at higher risk for biochemical recurrence after a radical prostatectomy, a study by researchers at Case Western Reserve University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions shows. Biochemical recurrence, which is increasing prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, can be used to predict which prostate cancer patients will develop local recurrence, distant metastases and death. In a small sampling, image analysis of the adjacent tissue was a better predictor than the current standard for prognosis following the prostatectomy. If preliminary findings are confirmed by further studies, they may help doctors decide sooner which patients need more follow-up therapies after surgery or should return for more regular monitoring. “In a sense, this study is validating what a lot of people think regarding these cancers—that there is a field effect, as if the tumor has hard-to-see tentacles that can affect the patient and outcomes,” said Anant Madabhushi, the F. Alex Nason professor II of biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve and leader of the research. Madabhushi worked with Case Western Reserve’s George Lee, a research assistant professor, and Sahirzeeshan Ali, a PhD student, and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions’ Robert W. Veltri, associate professor of urology, and Jonathan I. Epstein, the Reinhard Professor of Urologic Pathology. Their study is published in the journal European Urology Focus. The researchers analyzed records from 70 patients who underwent radical prostatectomies from 2000 to 2004 with up to 14 years follow-up. They digitized images of the resected prostate specimens and analyzed the tumor regions and surrounding tissue that appeared to be benign. Of the group studied, 22 suffered from biochemical recurrence, metastasis or died. The scientists used computers to search for and identify image features that may be undetectable with the human eye, but which may correlate with a biochemical recurrence. They used the top 10 features to develop a risk score. They were surprised to find that nuclear shape and architecture in the benign-looking tissue were greater predictors of recurrence than features found in the tumor, Madabhushi said. “Its an amazing finding, completely unexpected.” Among the risk calculators used to assess prostate cancer recurrence is a nomogram of variables known to influence recurrence, and a Gleason score, which is based on the cancer tissue pattern compared to normal tissue. “We were able to do better than nomograms and the Gleason score,” Madabhushi said. But by combining the benign-field features with tumor features extracted from patient’s pathology images and Gleason scoring, they were able to further improve the prediction of recurrence. All of the specimens and images used in this study came from Johns Hopkins. To validate the computer image analysis is universal, the researchers will test images and specimens from hospitals in Cleveland. “We know information from different labs tend to be slightly different,” Madabhushi said. “We’ll see how the image analysis handles these variables.” The researchers suggest that if the features they identified prove to be reliable indicators, that they be used in combination with the traditional tools. “There’s a clear path to a clinical/translational test,” Mad[...]


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Shakespeare beginnings on campus

Fri, 24 Jun 2016 21:05:58 +0000

To help commemorate the 400th anniversary of William Shakespeare’s death, the Folger Shakespeare Library is sending a First Folio on a tour of the country. From June 20 through July 30, 2016, the Cleveland Public Library will be the host site in Ohio. To join in this celebration we wanted to touch on Shakespeare in the classroom and on stage at CWRU.

For much of the 19th century the classical curriculum was taught and required of all students. In the late 19th century electives began to be offered.

On 2/29/1892, as reported in the College for Women faculty minutes, a committee was appointed to consider forming a lectureship on Shakespeare. On 5/3 the “Committee on Lectureship on Shakespeare reported that arrangement had been made with Professor Lounsbury to deliver 8 lectures.” A week later, the WRU Board of Trustees Executive Committee approved the appointment of “Professor Thomas R. Lounsbury of Yale Scientific as lecturer on Shakespeare at a salary of $500.” These lectures were given in the Spring 1893 semester.

The first course in Shakespeare at the College for Women was taught in the 1893-1894 academic year. Here is the description from the Catalogue:

“Shakspere. Four plays selected for their illustration of different stages in the development of Shaksperian art, and as a basis for textual criticism. The prescribed work will include the Rolfe edition of the plays, the Shakspere Primer (Dowden), Shakspere’s Versification (Browne), and collateral reading from Shakspere: His Mind and Art (Dowden), and Shakspere as a Dramatic Artist (Moulton).” The class was taught by Mr. C. W. Ayer.

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Lemuel S. Potwin

The first Shakespeare class at Adelbert College was taught in 1895-1896 by Lemuel Potwin. However, according to the 1892-1893 annual report by Potwin, a class was held (1892-1893) studying English poets from Chaucer to Tennyson. During the second half of the year a class of six seniors and juniors “read the whole of Shakespeare, one play being discussed on each day of recitation. Points of discussion were: The characteristics of the different periods of the poet’s work. A comparison with some earlier dramas, and the merits of select passages.” There was also held a class in the Elizabethan Dramatists. A graduate of Yale, Potwin was professor of Latin at Western Reserve College and Adelbert College (1871-1892), professor of English Language and Literature, Adelbert College (1892-1906) and professor emeritus (1906-1907).

In the library’s catalog of 1849 there was a Shakespeare book listed but no title given. It was book 604 on shelf 62. In the 1851 catalog the listing was for Shakspeare William, Dramatic Works.

Coming: Shakespeare performances on campus


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Scientists ditch approximations, begin modeling universe with Einstein’s full theory of General Relativity

Fri, 24 Jun 2016 13:59:00 +0000

Researchers find small-scale structures produce important effects using new computer codes News Release: June 22, 2016 CLEVELAND—Research teams on both sides of the Atlantic have shown that precise modeling of the universe and its contents will change the detailed understanding of the evolution of the universe and the growth of structure in it. One hundred years after Einstein introduced general relativity, it remains the best theory of gravity, the researchers say, consistently passing high-precision tests in the solar system and successfully predicting new phenomena such as gravitational waves, which were recently discovered by the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory. The equations of general relativity, unfortunately, are notoriously difficult to solve. For the past century, physicists have used a variety of assumptions and simplifications in order to apply Einstein’s theory to the universe. On Earth, that’s something like averaging the music made by a symphony. The audience would hear a single average note, keeping the overall beat, growing generally louder and softer rather than the individual notes and rhythms of each of the orchestra’s instruments. Wanting details and their effects, U.S. and European teams each wrote computer codes that will eventually lead to the most accurate possible models of the universe and provide new insights into gravity and its effects. While simulations of the universe and the structures within it have been the subject of scientific discovery for decades, these codes have made some simplifications or assumptions. These two codes are the first to use Einstein’s complete theory of general relativity to account for the effects of the clumping of matter in some regions and the dearth of matter in others. Both groups of physicists were trying to answer the question of whether small-scale structures in the universe produce effects on larger distance scales. Both confirmed that’s the case, though neither has found qualitative changes in the expansion of the universe as some scientists have predicted. “Both we and the other group examine the universe using the full theory of general relativity, and have therefore been able to create more accurate models of physical processes than have been done before,” said James Mertens, a physics PhD student at Case Western Reserve University who took the lead in developing and implementing the numerical techniques for the U.S. team. Mertens worked with John T. Giblin Jr., the Harvey F. Lodish Development Professor of Natural Science at Kenyon College and an adjunct associate professor of physics at Case Western Reserve; and Glenn Starkman, professor of physics and director of the Institute for the Science of Origins at Case Western Reserve. They submitted two manuscripts describing their work to the arXiv preprint website on Nov. 3, 2015. Less than two weeks later, Marco Bruni, reader in cosmology and gravitation at the University of Portsmouth, in England, and Eloisa Bentivegna, Senior Researcher
and Rita Levi Montalcini Fellow at the University of Catania, Italy, submitted a similar study. Letters by the two groups appear back-to-back in the June 24th issue of The Physical Review Letters, and the U.S. group has a second paper giving more of the details in the issue of The Physical Review Part D to be published on the same day. The work will be highlighted[...]


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Kelvin Smith Library Exhibits News

Thu, 23 Jun 2016 15:12:19 -0500

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The Kelvin Smith Library’s Special Collections has so much news in the way of exhibits!

To begin, the first floor Art Gallery is getting a makeover! Coming this fall, the Art Gallery will feature new wall panels, like those in professional art galleries and museums. Such panels adapt to the needs of each exhibit (panels are paintable and movable), permitting a more natural flow through an exhibit. 

Currently running in the Hatch Reading Room on the second floor of KSL is the Epicurean Adventures exhibit, which explores the evolution of cookbooks and gastronomic-related texts as documents of history, culture, gender roles and the growing interest in sustainable food practices. In the end, you’ll walk away from this experience feeling encouraged to reconsider the cookbook as an historical primary document. On display throughout the summer, Epicurean Adventures is a beautiful, interesting and informative exhibit you need to see!

On July 14 beginning at 5:30 in the evening, to complement the Epicurean exhibit, KSL will be hosting a panel discussion featuring local food journalists David Farkas, Mary Sweeney and Elaine Cicora. Discussions will be centered around how food journalism has changed in light of technology, how gender plays into food documentation, changes in food and hospitality industry and a few lighter questions about the speakers' experiences related to food memories. If you’re interested in attending, please email ksl-mail@case.edu.

Lastly, this year marks the 400th anniversary of the death of William Shakespeare. As a nod to Bill and his affect on pop culture, KSL will be hosting Shakespeare Goes Pop! We are currently seeking submissions from all CWRU and CIA community members. Anything goes regarding your view of how this iconic writer has affected what we see and hear daily — commercials, movies, posters, etc. Submissions are due September 9 to kslexhibits@case.edu. 


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CWRU researcher scaling up knotty polymer research

Wed, 22 Jun 2016 14:24:00 +0000

Advincula receives $300,000 National Science Foundation grant News Release: June 22, 2016 CLEVELAND—Turning the art of a trefoil knot into polymer science is no easy process, but researchers at Case Western Reserve University developed a technique that produces a long chain molecule with the desired pretzel-like shape. Knotted polymers, sometimes found in nature, produce different properties than a relatively straight polymer chain, and scientists and manufacturers hope to take advantage. “There are indications knotted polymers could be used to make more stable protein structures in drugs or imaging biomarkers—making both more effective,” said Rigoberto Advincula, Case Western Reserve professor of macromolecular science and engineering and leader of the research. “Or they may be used to make high value polymers with lower viscosity and lower melting points, which would make them less expensive to produce.” In the year since he announced the new technique, physicists and polymer researchers worldwide have been requesting and receiving samples from Advincula, most often to test for new properties the knots may offer, compared to the simpler chains used to make polymer films and fibers. Now, the National Science Foundation has awarded, a $300,000, three-year grant to develop methods for producing knots at an industrial level. Advincula worked with CWRU graduate students Peng-Fei Cao and Joey Mangadlao to develop the original technology. Their research, published in the journal Angewandte Communications, drew a congratulatory email from Jean-Pierre Sauvage, an emeritus professor of chemistry at Université de Strasbourg, France, who is considered the father of supramolecular knot synthesis. Trefoil knots are common in Celtic art: three intertwining loops resembling the outlines of three overlapping leaves. A trefoil knot can be made with rope by first tying an overhand knot then connecting the two loose ends. But that strategy doesn’t work well when trying to tie a long-chain molecule. Instead, Advincula’s group created a copper-based template, then grew a polymer knot along the template’s architecture through a process called ring-expansion. Like the trefoil and other knots studied by mathematicians using knot theory, the molecule appears to have no beginning and no end. When the grant starts in July, Advincula’s lab will focus on designing and synthesizing new compositions of catenated polymers (monomers connected in a chain) and block copolymers (two polymers joined at the ends) using ring opening and ring expansion polymerization techniques. The researchers will collaborate with polymer physicists, theorists, and rheologists in the U.S. and around the world. They will use knot theory to develop various knotted macromolecules with controlled entanglements as well as block copolymer compositions with high yields and high molecular weight. The knots are expected to produce different physical and chemical properties in plastics, coatings, rubber, composites and more. print | e-mail | feeds [...]


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CWRU physicists deploy magnetic vortex to control electron spin

Wed, 15 Jun 2016 16:31:34 +0000

Potential technology for quantum computing, keener sensors News Release: June 15, 2016 CLEVELAND—Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to swiftly and precisely control electron spins at room temperature. The technology, described in Nature Communications, offers a possible alternative strategy for building quantum computers that are far faster and more powerful than today’s supercomputers. “What makes electronic devices possible is controlling the movement of electrons from place to place using electric fields that are strong, fast and local,” said physics Professor Jesse Berezovsky, leader of the research. “That’s hard with magnetic fields, but they’re what you need to control spin.” Other researchers have searched for materials where electric fields can mimic the effects of a magnetic field, but finding materials where this effect is strong enough and still works at room temperature has proven difficult. “Our solution,” Berezovsky said, “is to use a magnetic vortex.” Berezovsky worked with physics PhD students Michael S. Wolf and Robert Badea. The researchers fabricated magnetic micro-disks that have no north and south poles like those on a bar magnet, but magnetize into a vortex. A magnetic field emanates from the vortex core. At the center point, the field is particularly strong and rises perpendicular to the disk. The vortices are coupled with diamond nanoparticles. In the diamond lattice inside each nanoparticle, several individual spins are trapped inside of defects called nitrogen vacancies. The scientists use a pulse from a laser to initialize the spin. By applying microwaves and a weak magnetic field, Berezovsky’s team can move the vortex in nanoseconds, shifting the central point, which can cause an electron to change its spin. In what’s called a quantum coherent state, the spin can act as a quantum bit, or qubit—the basic unit of information in a quantum computer, In current computers, bits of information exist in one of two states: zero or one. But in a superposition state, the spin can be up and down at the same time, that is, zero and one simultaneously. That capability would allow for more complex and faster computing. “The spins are close to each other; you want spins to interact with their neighbors in quantum computing,” Berezovsky said. “The power comes from entanglement.” The magnetic field gradient produced by a vortex proved sufficient to manipulate spins just nanometers apart. In addition to computing, electrons controlled in coherent quantum states might be useful for extremely high-resolution sensors, the researchers say. For example, in an MRI, they could be used to sense magnetic fields in far more detail than with today’s technology, perhaps distinguishing atoms. Controlling the electron spins without destroying the coherent quantum states has proven difficult with other techniques, but a series of experiments by the group has shown the quantum states remain solid. In fact, “the vortex appears to enhance the microwave field we apply,” Berezovsky said. The scientists are continuing to shorten the time it takes to change the spin, which is a key to high-speed computing. They are also investigating the interactions between the vortex, microwave magnetic field and electr[...]


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Burning for knowledge: researchers ignite fire in space

Wed, 15 Jun 2016 16:15:16 +0000

News Release: June 15, 2016 CLEVELAND—Researchers from Case Western Reserve University, NASA John H. Glenn Research Center and around the world performed the largest fire-safety experiment ever in space when the unmanned Cygnus cargo module backed a safe distance from the International Space Station (ISS), Tuesday afternoon. Small-scale experiments on materials about the size of an index card, done on the ISS, indicate that flames behave differently in microgravity than on Earth. This experiment, called Saffire-I, is expected to show how fire may grow and spread at a size that aerospace researchers consider dangerous. NASA and other space agencies say this and the series of five more experiments over the next two years are essential to verifying fire-safety protocols or developing new rules and perhaps materials for the ISS and manned flights to Mars. "Because flames behave so differently in space, we worry about fire safety," said James T'ien, a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at Case Western Reserve and member of the research team. "You can't escape fire in space. You can't just jump out a window." A second use David L. Urban, branch chief at NASA Glenn, devised the idea to place the experiment in an unmanned space vehicle that delivers supplies to the ISS and hauls away the station’s garbage. The Orbital ATK Cygnus is regularly burned up on re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean. The experiment series, called Spacecraft Fire Experiment, or Saffire for short, cost $24 million and includes researchers from European, Japanese and Russian space agencies. T'ien and Ya-Ting Tseng Liao, an assistant professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at Case Western Reserve, have recently been running computer simulations of the fire, based on the ISS work and burns lasting about 5 seconds in drop towers that simulate microgravity on Earth. Their model predicts that, on the large scale, the flame will grow to approximately 6 centimeters in length and spread steadily through the sample. “The Saffire experiment will provide unique data for us to validate and fine tune parameters of our model,” Liao said. Fire on board The fire was contained in a 3-by-5-foot chamber that's subdivided to keep the monitoring and control equipment safely away from the burning material. The experiment was placed aboard the Cygnus before it lifted off to resupply the station in March. A heated wire ignited a cloth that's 75 percent cotton and 25 percent fiberglass, 16 inches by 40 inches. The researchers chose cotton because most astronauts like to wear the material in space, Tien said. On Earth, buoyancy is the force that raises a flame. Because there is no buoyancy in space, fans blowing at one end of the chamber provide a force, moved air as slow as 5 centimeters per second. Video from two cameras that provide a top-down view of the burning material will help determine the length of the flame. Data from temperature gauges called thermocouples will be used to trace the temperature changes of the flame and help reconstruct the three-dimensional shape. During the 2½-hour experiment, the researchers monitored the oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations and temperatures in the chamber. Due to the volume of video, transm[...]


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Renovations Happening at KSL

Wed, 15 Jun 2016 09:30:48 -0500

Please pardon our mess for the next few weeks, as we are working efficiently to improve the Kelvin Smith Library. Though flexible and may be adjusted, the schedule of changes and floors affected is as follows: 

Beginning June 15: Tear-out and installation of 3rd Floor Atrium and Quiet Study Area

Beginning June 27: Tear-out and installation of 2nd Floor Atrium, O’Neill Reading Room, Research Commons, Dampeer Room and Hatch Reading Room

Beginning July 5: Tear-out and installation of Cramelot, Reference Collection, Lower Level Atrium and Collaboration Rooms

Please note the following regarding changes and construction at KSL:

The Service Desk is available for any help at all, including finding alternative workspaces

All collections will remain available throughout the entire installation process

Updates will be provided regularly to keep the transition as easy as possible on all KSL visitors

Thank you in advance for your cooperation!

 




Case Western Reserve University’s landmark polymer science program launches dual-PhD with students from Brazil

Tue, 24 May 2016 18:17:14 +0000

News Release: Tuesday, May 24, 2016 CLEVELAND—The polymer science and engineering program at Case Western Reserve University, already historic as the first of its kind in the country when launched 53 years ago, has reached another milestone: the start of an innovative PhD dual-degree with four leading Brazilian universities. The collaboration, funded by the Coordenação de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), the Brazilian equivalent of the National Science Foundation, will eventually support 80 PhD students in polymer science and engineering. Each will devote the first and fourth years at their home institutions in Brazil, and the second and third years in residence at Case Western Reserve. The first group of 12 Brazilian PhD students began the Case School of Engineering program this month, marking a milestone five years in the making as part of the university’s agreement with CAPES, part of Brazil’s Ministry of Education. Associate Professor João Maia, in Case Western Reserve’s Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering, helped arrange the program through meetings in Brazil that began in 2011, leading to an agreement signed in 2014. The Brazil program is expected to push Case Western Reserve’s PhD enrollment in polymers research to more than 100 students this fall, and to as many as 160 by fall 2019. “For the Brazilians, they gain international ties to a university in the United States with very strong programs,’’ Maia said. Through the same international collaboration, Case Western Reserve’s biomedical engineering program will soon also welcome students from Brazil, he said. The agreement was finalized with support from David A. Schiraldi, the Peter A. Asseff, PhD, Professor of Organic Chemistry and chair of the Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering at Case School of Engineering, and Associate Provost for International Affairs David Fleshler. “To welcome the first Brazilian PhD students after five years of planning is a true reflection of the dedication and effort of everyone involved, both at CWRU and in Brazil,” Fleshler said. “I commend everyone for their support of this exciting program, and I look forward to increasing our educational initiatives in Brazil.” Arranging the program required considerable coordination because of the distance and contrasting academic seasons. The students will have U.S. and Brazilian co-advisers for their research and receive PhD degrees from both Case Western Reserve and their home universities. “This program represents a major investment by the Brazilian government in polymer PhD students, supporting the growth of this industry in their country,” Schiraldi said. Macromolecular science is the study of the synthesis, structure, processing, properties and use of polymers—giant molecules that serve as the basis of synthetic materials including plastics, fibers, rubber, films, paints, membranes and adhesives. “The advances in computation power have completely changed the paradigm in how we work and what kind of information we can extract,” Maia said. ”It’s a very exciting time for the field. We are getting a really good understanding about how polymers behave, from th[...]


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Alternative Request Forms & Resources

Tue, 08 Dec 2009 11:10:14 -0500

This is not meant to dissuade anybody from making use of our ILLiad interlibrary loan services, but just another friendly reminder to make sure to use the many other resources available through the university's libraries first... Of course you will want to check the CASE Online Catalog to find out if anything you need is already available in the collections of Kelvin Smith Library or any of the other library systems here on campus. If you can't locate what you require locally, then be sure to check the holdings in OhioLINK next. When copies of books are available there, you can submit requests there to borrow them directly. (If you experience difficulty using the OhioLINK system, you may instead submit a loan request through ILLiad, as long as you indicate this in your notes.) If you need to have a journal article supplied from OhioLINK holdings, of course you will still need to submit your request in ILLiad, and a comment about such availability in the 'Notes' field is always helpful. Another resource you may wish to consult for your research needs is CPL Books at KSL, especially if you are seeking more popular or leisure-type materials. Always remember to check into our Electronic Journals and Electronic Books for quick access to online materials. You can print out or save copies many journal articles, and view a large collection of online books, without ever having to go to the shelves. Also, be aware that much of our collections are held off-campus at our R.R.C.C. Storage (local) and Iron Mountain (remote) facilities, and you may request items for same-day or next-day retrieval. Catalog entries for electronic items will usually contain links to access and download these materials, and those for items in storage will normally include links to the appropriate retrieval request forms. If you need access to CASE theses or dissertations, you may be able to locate these in the Kelvin Smith collections, including Iron Mountain and University Archives (non-circulating), or in the other campus library systems. You may also be able to access a large number of electronic versions of these by searching in Digital Case Electronic Theses. Case electronic theses, as well as many from OhioLINK member universities, can also be searched at OhioLINK Electronic Theses. When you have exhausted all these resources, then it's time to submit your interlibrary loan requests through your ILLiad account. If the item you need is particularly new or rare, you may concurrently choose to suggest a purchase for addition to the KSL collections, as well as attempting an ILL request. However, we ask that you do NOT submit this information in the 'Notes' field of your ILLiad request form--instead, use the Suggest a Purchase request form. By following these few recommendations, you can make better, more efficient use of the libraries' convenient services, and avoid unnecessary delays in obtaining the materials you require.[...]



Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised V)

Mon, 13 Jun 2016 15:51:09 -0500

I realize it doesn't take much imagination to create another one of these, so I'm putting a little more effort into this one than I have in the past... So, in order to allow interested parties to better navigate this site, I have now provided this present index (and very likely all forthcoming ones) with direct links to each entry, including previous Cumulative Indexes -- Why? Well, why not? And yes, I know there technically is a difference between an "index" and a "table of contents", but for my purposes, these terms are synonymous. Well, then, here it is -- Textbooks on Interlibrary Loan -- August 26, 2008 Archives of American Art Holdings -- September 9, 2008 Requesting Renewals in ILLiad -- September 25, 2008 Proper Entry of Data into Article Request Forms -- October 14, 2008 One Item per ILLiad Transaction, Please -- October 29, 2008 Checking Local & OhioLINK Holdings First -- November 19, 2008 Blocked ILLiad Accounts -- December 3, 2008 ILLiad Loans vs. OhioLINK Loans & Local Checkouts -- December 18, 2008 Abbreviated Titles -- January 23, 2009 'Notes' and 'Source of Citation' Fields in ILLiad Request Forms -- February 13, 2009 Authorized Users -- March 4, 2009 'Library-Use-Only' Materials Borrowed through ILLiad -- March 25, 2009 Other' Request Form (Miscellaneous Loans) -- April 16, 2009 Retrieving Electronic Delivery Articles -- May 5, 2009 Viewing E-Mail Notifications from ILLiad -- June 3, 2009 Tracking in Your ILLiad Requests & Explanation of Statuses -- July 7, 2009 Which ILLiad Site or ILL Service Point to Use? -- August 7, 2009 Variation in Electronic Delivery Quality -- September 8, 2009 Theses & Dissertations -- Availability through Interlibrary Loan -- October 6, 2009 Cancelling ILLiad Requests Already Submitted -- November 4, 2009 Alternative Request Forms & Resources -- December 8, 2009 Foreign Language Titles in Interlibrary Loan Requests -- January 22, 2010 Copyright Issues & ILL -- February 24, 2010 Converted ILL Requests -- March 24, 2010 ILLiad System Alerts -- April 27, 2010 Requesting Specific Editions & New Books on ILL -- May 19, 2010 Keeping Your ILLiad User Information Up-to-Date -- June 28, 2010 Requesting Books vs. Book Chapters -- July 28, 2010 ☛ Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date) -- August 27, 2010 Requesting '[Epub ahead of print]' Articles on ILL -- September 24, 2010 Multiple-Part Loans Borrowed through ILL -- October 27, 2010 Blocked from Using ILLiad - Revisited -- November 17, 2010 OCLC WorldCat and ILLiad Requests -- December 15, 2010 E-Books through Interlibrary Loan? -- January 26, 2011 Your ILLiad Password -- February 22, 2011 Requesting Entire Series through ILL -- March 25, 2011 Duplicate Requests in ILLiad -- April 21, 2011 Paperwork with Loaned ILL Books -- May 25, 2011 ILLiad Menu in Your Login Session -- June 23, 2011 Case Account Number and ILLiad New User Registration -- July 25, 2011 Courtesy Electronic Delivery Materials for Faculty ILLiad Users at KSL -- August 24, 2011 ☛ Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised) -- September 20, 2011 One Item per ILLiad Transaction, Please - Revisited -- October 25, 2011 ILL Do's and Don't's - 1st Installment -- November 23, [...]



Drug candidate shrinks tumor when delivered by plant virus nanoparticle

Wed, 08 Jun 2016 18:46:53 +0000

Phenanthriplatin outperformed cisplatin in mouse model of triple-negative breast cancer when encapsulated into nanocarrier News Release: June 8, 2016 CLEVELAND—In a pair of firsts, researchers at Case Western Reserve University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology have shown that the drug candidate phenanthriplatin can be more effective than an approved drug in vivo, and that a plant-virus-based carrier successfully delivers a drug in vivo. Triple-negative breast cancer tumors of mice treated with the phenanthriplatin -carrying nanoparticles were four times smaller than those treated either with cisplatin, a common and related chemotherapy drug, or free phenanthriplatin injected intravenously into circulation. The scientists believe the work, reported in the journal ACS Nano, is a promising step toward clinical trials. “We may have found the perfect carrier for this particular drug candidate,” said Nicole Steinmetz, an assistant professor of biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve, who has spent 10 years studying the use of plant viruses for medical purposes. She teamed with Stephen J. Lippard, Arthur Amos Noyes Professor of chemistry at MIT, and an expert in biological interactions involving platinum-based chemotherapies. 
Platinum-based drugs are used to treat more than half of cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Two of the most commonly used drugs are cisplatin and carboplatin. They form bifunctional cross-links with DNA in cancer cells, which block the DNA from transcribing genes and result in cell death, Lippard explained. Despite widespread use, cisplatin has been shown to cure only testicular cancer, and many cancers have or develop immunity to the drug. Lippard’s lab altered cisplatin by replacing a chloride ion with phenanthridine and found that the new molecule also binds to DNA. Instead of forming cross-links, however, phenanthriplatin binds to a single site but still blocks transcription. In fact, his lab found that phenanthriplatin is up to 40 times more potent than traditional platins when tested directly against cancer cells of lung, breast, bone and other tissues. The molecule also appears to avoid defense mechanisms that convey resistance.   But when injected into mouse models of cancer, the drug candidate performed no better than standard platins.   Lippard realized phenanthriplatin wasn’t reaching its target. He had a drug delivery problem. He found a potential solution while visiting Case Western Reserve’s campus and heard Steinmetz explain her work investigating tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) for drug delivery more than a year ago. “I envisioned that TMV would be the perfect vehicle,” Lippard said. “So we had a beer and formed a collaboration.” The long, thin tobacco mosaic virus nanoparticles are naturals for delivering the drug candidate into tumors, said Steinmetz, who was appointed by the Case Western Reserve School of Medicine. The virus particles, which won’t infect humans, are hollow. A central tube about 4 nanometers in diameter runs the length of the shell and the lining carries a negative charge. Phenanthriplatin is about 1 nanometer [...]


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Practicing how to play during school can improve student imaginations and creative problem-solving, study shows

Tue, 07 Jun 2016 18:59:46 +0000

News Release: Wednesday, June 07, 2016 Elementary students who practiced playing at school significantly improved their organization of stories, imagination and frequency in showing emotion, according to a study by researchers at Case Western Reserve University. Students who struggled using their imaginations before the study also saw marked improvement in their creative problem-solving abilities—considered essential to navigate the adult world, according to researchers. “Sometimes people think you’re creative or not,” said Sandra Russ, the study’s co-author and Distinguished University Professor and Louis D. Beaumont University Professor of psychology at Case Western Reserve. “Everybody has potential to be creative; it’s a skill that can be improved with practice. It doesn’t take a year or two. We showed significant improvements in how the students were playing in a brief time during the school day.” For the study, children were asked to use their imaginations to create and act out stories about everyday life through a number of activities organized by researchers, such as pretending toy blocks were other objects and making up stories, while using gestures and expressions to indicate a range of emotions. All students improved their abilities to generate a variety of ideas—apparent in actions such as making up alternate story endings or envisioning blocks as multiple props. “Helping kids develop play skills transfers to other tasks that require creativity,” said Russ. “Children who play better, cope better. They can think of more things to do if something doesn’t go according to plan.” “These 5-year olds are future 16-year-olds,” said Jessica Hoffmann, lead author of the study and a postdoctoral research associate at the Yale Center for Emotional Intelligence. “Playing helps prepare them for what they’ll face later in life.” Teaching by playing The findings show the benefits of practicing play in schools for developing creativity in children, say researchers. Yet with limited room in curriculums, there has been a reduction in play and recess time in schools. “This study suggests that, with a little bit of play guidance, we can make a positive difference. It fights the idea that play is a waste of time. It’s not,” said Russ. “It’s how kids, for centuries have developed. It’s how kids deal with problems.” Children use play as a safe space to practice using and regulating emotional content, allowing them to express fears or concerns in a distanced way, such as pretending a doll is mad at a parent, when it’s the child who is angry. “Play activities are a way schools can work with kids to help them feel comfortable expressing feelings, start to handle unpleasant thoughts, knowing what to do with aggression and sadness and being overly excited,” said Hoffmann. With a brief teacher training, play sessions can be integrated into recess time or after-school activities, and parents can do similar activities at home, say researchers. The research For the study Hoffmann and Russ held six 30-minute play activities during the school[...]


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Testing of backlogged rape kits yields new insights into rapists and major implications for how sexual assaults should be investigated

Mon, 06 Jun 2016 16:12:52 +0000

News Release: Monday, June 06, 2016 New data challenges conventional wisdom about rape among scholars, advocates, police and prosecutors. The testing of nearly 5,000 forgotten and backlogged rape kits in Cuyahoga County has led to investigations, indictments, prosecutions—and, already more than 250 convictions. But besides bringing justice to long-ignored victims and taking scores of violent offenders off the streets, the efforts of the Cuyahoga County Sexual Assault Kit Task Force are also helping to change how law enforcement agencies and the academic community view and prosecute rape. That’s because the Task Force has partnered with researchers from the Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research and Education at Case Western Reserve University’s Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, and has given unprecedented access to information on hundreds of sexual assaults committed between 1993 and 2010. The research team discovered serial rapists are far more common than previous research suggested—a finding that could change how sexual assaults, including so-called acquaintance rapes, are investigated. They are also learning more about how rapists operate and their victims. “By working together, we can help change the way sexual assaults are investigated and how the system and society view sexual assaults, victims, and offenders,” said Daniel J. Flannery, the Dr. Semi J. and Ruth W. Begun Professor at the Mandel School, director of the Begun Center, and co-lead researcher of the Cuyahoga County Sexual Assault Kit Pilot Research Project. “We have an historical opportunity and obligation to make a difference,” he said. “These rape kits have been the greatest gold mine of information and leads for law enforcement that I have seen in my four-decade career,” said Cuyahoga County Prosecutor Timothy J. McGinty. “We are going to end up prosecuting a thousand criminals, and that will make our county significantly safer. But we also want to learn from mistakes that created this backlog and never allow them to be repeated.” “The thousand or more cases we expect to solve will help us understand the behavior of these career criminals so that police can more effectively and promptly investigate and prosecute rapes. This task force will prevent new victims from being attacked because these criminals will be in prison,” McGinty added. Among the research team’s early findings, available in a series of briefs now online (begun.case.edu/begun-center-selected-assist-cuyahoga-county-sexual-assault-kits). • Serial rapists are far more common than previous studies had suggested. Of the 243 sexual assaults studied, 51 percent were tied to serial offenders, who generally had more extensive and violent criminal histories than one-time sexual offenders. “Our findings suggest it is very likely that a sexual offender has either previously sexually assaulted or will offend again in the future,” said Rachel Lovell, a senior research associate at the Begun Center and co-leader of the Cuyahoga County Sexual Assault Kit Pilot Re[...]


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Cleveland researchers developing GPS for rectal cancer surgery

Wed, 25 May 2016 20:26:37 +0000

Risk score would determine who would benefit from chemoradiation alone News Release: May 25, 2016 CLEVELAND—Researchers estimate that up to 10,000 rectal cancer patients undergo unnecessary surgery, and more than 25,000 suffer from pelvic sepsis, wound infection and permanent impairments from aggressive surgery in the United States annually. That’s because it’s difficult to reliably tell which patients treated with chemotherapy and radiation still need surgery. Another challenge is surgeons lack strong guidance on just how much tissue beyond the cancerous tumor they should remove. A researcher at Case Western Reserve University aims to provide answers to both uncertainties by analyzing features found in magnetic resonance images regularly taken before surgery and pathological specimens removed during surgery. The features are too small to be seen by the human eye, but can be measured with computers. When associated with the known outcomes of past patients, the features may be used to make risk assessments and surgical maps for new patients. “Because we have access to the images and the pathology, we can create accurate maps of residual disease,” said Satish Viswanath, research assistant professor in biomedical engineering and member of the Center for Computational Imaging and Personalized Diagnostics (CCIPD) at Case Western Reserve. “These analytics can be used as a guide for the surgical margins—a GPS for surgeons.” Viswanath has received a $569,000, three-year grant from the Department of Defense to fund the project. While obviously not limited to those who serve in the military, colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer among veterans and active duty military personnel. Although studies show less invasive laparoscopic surgery yields more benefit, more than 90 percent undergo radical surgery due largely to the lack of reliable guidance. Still, 5 percent to 10 percent suffer local recurrence, a significant cause of death among older veterans. By mining the images and data, Viswanath and co-investigators aim to learn which features, such as textures associated with lesions or fibrosis, are associated with residual disease. The researchers will co-register, or align and fuse, the post-chemoradiation MR images with post-surgery pathology images. They will then try to determine which features on MRI are associated with patients’ outcomes—whether the cancer returned, they suffered incontinence or other impairments, or they beat the disease with little collateral damage with or without surgery. Researchers will develop a risk-assessment scoring system based on those associations. The score will help doctors determine which patients need surgery after chemotherapy and radiation treatments and which don’t. For those who need surgery, the associations will be used to define the boundaries. The goal is to remove enough tissue to prevent recurrence of cancer, but no more. Researchers believe that will reduce metastasis and also the number of impairments caused by overly aggressive surgery. Co-investigators on t[...]


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Same book, different culture, new meaning

Wed, 25 May 2016 19:36:44 +0000

News Release: Wednesday, May 25, 2016 In the 1960’s, when matchmakers paired writers with receptive readers overseas, so-called “World Literature” was born The spark for William Marling’s new book—Gatekeepers: The Emergence of World Literature and the 1960s—came 20-odd years ago, while lecturing on the hard-boiled detective story as a Fulbright professor at the University of Vienna. A student stood up and asked why he wasn’t teaching Charles Bukowski. How a student living in the shadow of Eastern Europe during the Cold War read (and found resonance in) the works of a Southern California beatnik fascinated Marling, who set out to understand how literature crosses not only language, but cultures “When an author’s work makes sense to a new audience in a new context, it gains meaning—and becomes ‘World Literature,’ ” said Marling, professor of English at Case Western Reserve University. “For readers, it’s often about imagining a world that’s better or more interesting than their own.” This cross-cultural matchmaking with works of literature is no accident; the agency of individuals whom Marling dubs “gatekeepers”—translators, literary scouts, friends, entrepreneurs, promoters—began opening doors for writers to find literary success in unlikely places starting the 1960’s. Gatekeepers focuses on such four internationally known authors (including Bukowski). Marling traveled the world to study their unpublished letters and manuscripts in multiple languages, including those of Paul Auster, an American writer with a significant French following; Marling spotted an Auster novel for sale at a grocery check out aisle in the 1990’s and wondered: How did this get here? “Books require a tighter cultural fit than movies or music, and literary gatekeepers have needed a subtle understanding of different cultures to produce these matches,” said Marling. “Exposing writers to overseas audiences used to be the domain of pretty rarified specialists, who would master languages, translate and compare works. Very few people have these skills anymore.” Book reviewers are among the most influential gatekeepers of all, writes Marling, who ends his new book with a criticism of Michiko Kakutani, the lead literary critic at The New York Times. Through a statistical analysis of the books Kakutani reviewed in a five-year period, Marling shows she has promoted a rather limited scope of “World Literature.” “She writes about mostly people with foreign names who came to the United States and are native speakers of English,” said Marling. “My book tries to expand our understanding of World Literature and the fascinating individuals who helped create it.” By highlighting the shift in how literature finds audiences, Marling hopes to contribute to a growing theory in his field stressing the role of behind-the-scenes players in determining what people are reading when—and where. In the process, Marling calls on theories across the academic spectrum, including prospect theory and ag[...]


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Blowing cancer away one note at a time

Mon, 16 May 2016 19:31:15 +0000

News Release: Monday, May 16, 2016 When Ryan Anthony first felt sharp pains in ribs blowing into his trumpet, he never imagined he’d be diagnosed with multiple myeloma—a cancer of the cells formed in his bone marrow—and given 2 to 3 years to live. Anthony was just 43, with an extremely rare and incurable disease that tends to afflict the elderly. Hailed as one of the top trumpeters in the world, Anthony never stopped playing. In fact, the day after his diagnoses, he performed the Star-Spangled Banner with the Dallas Symphony to open the annual NFL Thanksgiving Day game in front of 100,000-plus spectators in Dallas and tens of millions watching on television. After undergoing a stem-cell transplant, Anthony has been in remission for three years and continues to receive maintenance treatments. Even now, Anthony—a graduate of the Cleveland Institute of Music (CIM)—continues to play trumpet and raise money for cancer research. On May 20, he returns to Severance Hall (where he first soloed with the Cleveland Orchestra at just 17 years old) to perform a concert dubbed “CancerBlows.” Tickets are available online. “When you look at a piece of music, it’s black and white: There’s nothing there other than notes and rhythms, and it’s up to the performer to find the soul of the music,” said Gary Ciepluch, director of bands and associate professor at Case Western Reserve University, and a teacher of Anthony’s. “Ryan finds the spirit of music better than anyone I’ve ever heard, and he has a radiant personality on stage that’s second to none,” continued Ciepluch, who was recently awarded the Outstanding Music Educator award by the Ohio Music Education Association. CancerBlows comes at the end of a week that will see Anthony working and playing with local high school musicians, including the Cleveland Youth Wind Symphony (CYWS). “Students will have a whole new idea of what it means to be musicians at the highest level,” said Ciepluch, who founded and directs CYWS. “This concert will be a life changing experience. They’ll never be on stage with someone like Ryan again.” For his part, Anthony skipped his own high school graduation to solo at the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C.—after receiving a Presidential Scholar medallion from President Ronald Reagan at the White House. “All the teachers were after him,” said Ciepluch. “He’s like the LeBron James of trumpet.” The opportunity to study with Bernard Adelstein, former principal trumpeter in the Cleveland Orchestra, helped CIM land Anthony and he continued with David Zauder, former second trumpet, and Michael Sachs, current principal. “Ryan was the first student I heard in 1988 my first day on the job, a Monday morning,” said Ciepluch. “I literally said, ‘I am in the wrong place.’ He was a sophomore. I never heard anyone play any instrument at that level in my whole life.’” Since graduating, Anthony performed for several years with the Canadian Brass and remains the prin[...]


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Namesakes - Morley Chemical Laboratory and Edward W. Morley

Tue, 24 May 2016 19:38:39 +0000

Edward Williams Morley A small building on campus, surrounded by Rockefeller Physics and Strosacker Auditorium, Eldred Hall, and Millis Science Center is the Morley Chemical Laboratory. The building honored former faculty member Edward Williams Morley, renowned scientist, internationally known for his accurate determination of the atomic weights of hydrogen and oxygen. He also worked with Albert A. Michelson on the 1887 ether drift experiment now known as the Michelson Morley Experiment. Edward Williams Morley was born 1/29/1838 in Newark, New Jersey. The family moved when he was a small child to Hartford, Connecticut. At age 19 Morley entered Williams College and received the A.B. in 1860 and the M.A. in 1863. He attended Andover Theological Seminary, 1861-1864 becoming an ordained minister. He served in the Sanitary Commission 1864-1865. Morley continued his studies for a year and then taught at the South Berkshire Institute 1866-1868. He was offered a ministry in Twinsburg, Ohio and was appointed to the Western Reserve College faculty in 1868. He and his wife Isabella Birdsall Morley arrived in Hudson 1/1/1869, and were met at the station by Professor Carroll Cutler, who later became president of the College. Morley served as Hurlbut Professor of Natural History and Chemistry at WRC (later Western Reserve University),1869-1906, as well as Professor of Chemistry and Toxicology (1873-1881) and Professor of Chemistry (1881-1889) in the Medical Department (now the School of Medicine). He was Emeritus Professor of Chemistry, 1906-1923. In his early years at WRC, Morley taught a range of scientific subjects including botany, geology, mineralogy, zoology, mathematics, astronomy as well as chemistry. He offered practical instruction in the use of a microscope and field work. This was in an era when all students were taught the classical curriculum. Professor Morley was one of the professors who made the move with the College from Hudson to Cleveland in 1882. He recounted the details of the move in letters to his parents. Transcripts of these letters were made available on the Archives blog, Recollections, in 2012. Edward Morley retired from WRU in 1906 and moved to Hartford, Connecticut where he died 2/24/1923. The Morley Chemical Laboratory was constructed after his retirement. It was used by the Chemistry and Geology Departments upon its opening. It was in continuous use by academic departments through the 1999-2000 academic year. Several plans have been made over the last 20 years, including renovating it as well as razing it and constructing a courtyard in its place. The final fate of the building has not yet been communicated to the university community. Professor Morley had a long and distinguished career in science. Some of the many honors he received were the Sir Humphrey Davy medal of the Royal Society, the Elliot Cresson medal of the Franklin Institute, and the Willard Gibbs medal of the Chicago section of the American Chemical Society. He received honorary deg[...]


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CWRU leads effort to replace prostheses with engineered cartilage 5-year, $6.7 million federal grant for new Center for Multimodal Evaluation of Engineered Cartilage; aims to make cartilage knee implants from patients’ cells

Mon, 23 May 2016 15:12:52 +0000

News Release: Monday, May 23, 2016 CLEVELAND—Case Western Reserve University will open a new center designed to develop evaluation technology and set standards for testing and improving engineered cartilage that could one day replace a variety of prosthetic devices. Biology Professor Arnold Caplan and colleagues have received a 5-year, $6.7 million grant from the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering to open and direct the Center for Multimodal Evaluation of Engineered Cartilage. “The grant supports a research center developing state-of-the-art technology to be used by experimentalists from all over the world,” Caplan said. Researchers from across the United States and as far as Europe and Asia who have committed to both contribute to and use the center will meet at Case Western Reserve Monday, May 23. They will review current technologies and discuss areas to improve. Their first target is knee cartilage. “Your long-term goals for the center are both remarkable and far-reaching,” President Barbara R. Snyder told the scientists gathered Monday morning. “… We are proud to host this center and are grateful to Professor Caplan for his leadership in its development.” Engineered cartilage can be made with a patient’s own adult stem cells, cartilage cells taken from a patient’s knee or, as researchers in Switzerland recently showed, by growing and manipulating cells removed from the nasal septum and implanted in cartilage defects in the knee. “But no one has been successful yet in providing a hunk of cartilage that can be implanted in someone’s knee or hip, integrate into the joint and function,” Caplan said. “Our objective is to non-destructively interrogate cartilage that’s forming and being put together outside the body to determine when it’s of sufficient quality to put inside the body.” The long-term goal is to make engineered cartilage a viable option for patients who suffer cartilage damage or loss in the knee, shoulder and other joints, and apply what’s learned to engineer other tissues. But for that to happen, the variability caused by using human cells in the process and the unpredictable quality that results must be strictly controlled. The process of making and comprehensively assessing engineered cartilage is complex. Experts from a breadth of fields, including molecular and cell biology; biomedical, chemical, mechanical and electrical engineering; advanced imaging and computer modeling are involved in the new center. The center will serve as a resource where academic and industrial labs may access information and receive assistance in planning and methods, and use specialized facilities. It will also disseminate its findings and provide training. To ensure the work is shared with a similar center housed at Tufts University, its director, David Kaplan, also chairs the advisory committee of the center based at Case Western Reserve. To develop and employ non-destr[...]


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Ohio Innocence Project case continues to provide valuable experience for CWRU law students

Fri, 20 May 2016 20:10:49 +0000

Successes in trial and appeal are resulting in more innocence cases for CWRU Law’s Kramer Clinic News Release: Friday, May 20, 2016 Now that a faculty member and students at Case Western Reserve University School of Law have had success in a high-profile innocence case, they are getting involved with more. New law school graduate Sarah Stula said being close to a wrongful conviction reversal in a murder case was “inspiring.” She was with Carmen Naso, senior instructor of law, when both learned that a three-judge panel in the Ohio Eighth District Court of Appeals in Cleveland ruled unanimously earlier this month in favor of three Cleveland-area men who are free on bond and due a new trial. “The 3-0 decision is important because all of the appeals judges agreed Derrick Wheatt, Laurese Glover and Eugene Johnson were denied a fair trial, and it is reasonable to conclude that new evidence will produce a different result,” Naso said. He and several Case Western Reserve law students over four semesters assisted in the cases of Wheatt and Glover. A key eyewitness recanted testimony, and lawyers for the three men argued that information from police reports cast doubt on the defendants’ guilt at their 1995 trial in Cuyahoga County but was not disclosed to the defense. The case was made primarily through the Ohio Innocence Project (OIP), which operates out of the University of Cincinnati’s Rosenthal Institute for Justice in the College of Law. The OIP partnered with Naso, who provides experiential education to Case Western Reserve law students in the Criminal Justice Clinic of the Milton A. Kramer Law Clinic Center. His students can expect to remain involved in this case, helping with legal briefs and other preparation, whether the case returns to trial court or is appealed to the Ohio Supreme Court. The case is also significant, Naso said, because it shows how law students can impact the reversal of a wrongful conviction. And more such cases are expected in collaboration with the OIP or through the recently formed Northeast Ohio Board of Advocates, a group of lawyers in the region and law faculty at Case Western Reserve interested in innocence cases. He said one case from the OIP and two from the board of advocates are in the early stages at the Kramer Clinic. Stula, who soon will clerk for a Kansas Supreme Court justice for two years, said she and four other students were nervous about how the three-judge appellate panel would rule on an argument that exculpatory evidence (favorable to the defendant in a criminal trial) was not provided at the trial of the defendants. The students took on the role of appeal judges and helped “moot” the case for the case attorneys on the first day of CWRU Law’s recent semester, the day before the real appeal arguments. The appeal decision occurred on the final day of the semester, allowing them to experience the result of their work. “Those[...]


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Case Western Reserve University and The Cleveland Museum of Art Announce Innovative Landscape Project: The Nord Family Greenway

Fri, 20 May 2016 15:11:23 +0000

News Release: Friday, May 20, 2016 CLEVELAND, May 20, 2016—Case Western Reserve University and the Cleveland Museum of Art today announced an innovative urban landscape project that will connect the western edge of the university’s main campus to its West Campus parcel, home of The Milton and Tamar Maltz Performing Arts Center at The Temple – Tifereth Israel. Stretching from the Tinkham Veale University Center through to East 101st Street, the Nord Family Greenway will include an event lawn, an amphitheater with sloped grass steps, a paved walkway and a cantilevered bridge and overlook of Doan Brook. Designed by Sasaki Associates, the 430,000-square-foot commons exemplifies the ideals of connection and community central to Case Western Reserve’s 2015 master plan. “This open civic space builds upon the extraordinary vision of those responsible for some of Cleveland’s most striking physical landmarks,” President Barbara R. Snyder said. “We are immensely grateful to the museum for its partnership, and to our donors for their support in helping us to realize a truly inspiring vision.” Among the project's individual supporters are an Alumnae Trustee who launched the fundraising for the project with a $3 million gift. The Trustee, who prefers to remain anonymous, was attracted by a beautiful green gathering space that would serve both as a connector for the university’s campus and for the community with its museums. In addition, longtime supporters of the university, the Eric and Jane Nord Family, provided the lead naming gift for the project. The family previously provided major gifts to programs in engineering and the humanities, as well as buildings that house the disciplines. This commitment marks the Nord family’s first philanthropic engagement in an outdoor landscape project. Cleveland Museum of Art Director and President William M. Griswold said the project will beautifully complement the Fine Arts Garden designed by the Olmsted Brothers landscaping firm, which features both Wade Lagoon and the “Fountain of Waters” created by artist Chester Beach. “Launching this project as the museum celebrates its 100th anniversary provides a wonderful opportunity to reflect upon our founders’ commitment to the City of Cleveland,” Griswold said. “As we usher in our second century, we eagerly anticipate the opening of a grand public space, heralding a bright future characterized by collaboration and a profound commitment to the diverse community that both we and our colleagues at the university serve.” To date, the university has raised $15 million for the project. This amount will allow construction to begin, but donors still are being sought to contribute to an endowment to assure its upkeep and to support needed enhancements over time. The connector’s roots date back to 2010, when Case Western Reserve first announced the proposed performing arts [...]


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Renewals -- Another Look

Thu, 19 May 2016 16:00:06 -0500

Though it's been commented on tangentially upon several occasions throughout this blog, the last time the topic of ILL renewals was specifically and exclusively covered in earnest was September 25, 2008. So, it's about time to re-visit the subject of renewing your ILLiad loans with a quick primer, covering some basic points.... First things, first -- you cannot "renew" an ILLiad loaned item, per se. Indeed, you can only "request" a renewal. It is then up to the lender library to decide whether or not they will grant an extension, and if so, for how long. As such, ILL renewals will not take place in "real time", and there will always be more or less of a delay in the response to your request. This is a distinguishing feature of loans with ILLiad, in contrast with the case of direct checkouts of KSL and OhioLINK items. Next -- is your loan actually eligible for a renewal request? When you received your original e-mail notification letting you know that your item was ready for pick-up, a line in the text read either "Is this loan renewable? Yes" or "Is this loan renewable? No". When you actually came to sign out the materials, the label on the cover was either marked with "NO RENEWALS" or it was not. Keep in mind that any restriction prohibiting renewals is one that has been indicated by the lending library, not by the KSL ILL staff. When to request a renewal -- the rule is "within 5 days prior to the original due date". You will be sent an automated "Due Soon" notification at the appropriate time, well ahead of your loan's due date. The first "Overdue" notice will not go out until the day after this date. If you loan has become overdue, you will need to contact KSL ILL staff (see below), since the window of opportunity will have already passed. How to request a renewal -- you will be instructed to log into your ILLiad account, and then go to the list of "Checked Out Items" (under the "View" section of your Main Menu). From there you will select the corresponding loan transaction number, and when the page opens click (once only) on "Renew Request" at the top. A confirmation message will appear if your request was successful, as long as you submitted it within the appropriate time range. If this link is not present, your loan is not eligible for renewals, for one of the reasons already mentioned above. But wait -- your renewal is not complete immediately. You will need to be on alert for an e-mail reply message regarding your renewal request, which should normally be sent out within 24 hours. The subject heading will either be "ILL Renewal OK" or "ILL Renewal Denied", and this again is at the discretion of the lender library. Also keep in mind that the new due date assigned (if the renewal was granted) may vary according to the policies of the lender, and cannot be expected to be uniform in all cases (again in contrast to local and OhioLINK direct che[...]



Color Our Collections

Fri, 20 May 2016 12:39:44 +0000

(image)

During reading days and final exams at the end of each semester, Kelvin Smith Library offers a range of support activities to help our students. Librarians are available for help finishing up research projects. Therapy dogs comfort and soothe. Collaboration rooms and study areas are available - and heavily used. This year the Scholarly Resources and Special Collections (SRSC) team contributed a de-stressing activity - coloring.

Archives, libraries, and museums have embraced adult coloring. Pages from unique collections are digitized and transformed into coloring pages. In early February this year Color Our Collections Week was organized by the New York Academy of Medicine. Over 200 institutions participated. SRSC's University Archives and Special Collections was unable to participate at that time, but began preparing for an end of semester activity.

Drawings from student yearbooks, maps, bookplates, a poster, and even a football program were selected to offer a range of coloring challenges. The pages and crayons, colored pencils, and markers were available in the Hatch Reading Room on the second floor of Kelvin Smith Library during reading days and finals. The pages are now available for download as a PDF for anyone who'd like to try their hand. We'd love to receive copies of finished artwork via email to archives@case.edu. Checking almost any social media platform (Twitter, Facebook, Flickr, Instagram, Pinterest) for #ColorOurCollections will reveal a wealth of coloring opportunities. Locally, our colleagues at the Dittrick Medical History Center also have a coloring book.

We had fun making our coloring book and hope you enjoy using it.


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Three university-based technologies secure translational state funding awards

Wed, 11 May 2016 14:52:41 +0000

News Release: Wednesday, May 11, 2016 Three university-based projects, working through Case Western Reserve University's Technology Transfer Office (TTO), secured translational state funding awards from the Ohio Third Frontier Technology Validation and Start-Up Fund (TVSF) and I-Corps@Ohio, both designed to help researchers assess and build on the commercial potential of their new ideas and inventions. The TVSF award provides funding to move technology developed by Ohio universities and other nonprofit research institutions through testing and prototyping into the marketplace. The goal is to license the technology to start-up and early-stage companies. I-Corps@Ohio provides hands-on training to faculty and graduate students to understand the technology commercialization process and the market potential of their technologies. The program is an initiative of the Ohio Department of Higher Education. All three funded projects are potentially life-changing: • Imaging software that can distinguish between brain tumor and benign effects of radiation treatment. • A device that protects against infection from contamination through IV ports. • Technology that tests babies for Cystic Fibrosis faster and easier than existing methods. Pallavi Tiwari, assistant professor of biomedical engineering in the School of Medicine and an associate member of the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, is leading the development of imaging software, NeuroRadVision, that distinguishes between a recurrent brain tumor and benign effects of radiation, which can appear similar on a routine MRI scan, resulting in unnecessary surgeries. The researchers estimate that 30,000 unnecessary brain surgeries are performed annually in the United States and more than 100,000 worldwide because of this issue. James D. Reynolds, associate professor of anesthesiology and a member of the Institute for Transformative Molecular Medicine, and James R. Rowbottom, professor and chair of the anesthesiology department at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, are leading a team that is developing a port sterilizer to reduce the number of catheter-related bloodstream infections. Patients can get infections from the catheters placed in their arteries and veins. To reduce infection risks, the catheter injection ports are supposed to be wiped with an alcohol swab before a needle is inserted and medication administered. This is an effective but time-consuming cleaning method because the process must be repeated each time the port is used. Swabbing compliance is known to be poor, increasing the likelihood of patients getting infected from the catheter. The team developed a sterile strip dispenser that clips over the injection port. The device is easy to use and, more importantly, would eliminate the need for manually swabbing the port befor[...]


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CWRU's Inamori International Center selects anti-corruption pioneer, Transparency International founder Peter Eigen for 2016 Inamori Ethics Prize

Mon, 09 May 2016 13:32:24 +0000

News Release: Monday, May 9, 2016 The Inamori International Center for Ethics and Excellence at Case Western Reserve University has selected Peter Eigen, founder of Transparency International and pioneer of the global fight against corruption, for the 2016 Inamori Ethics Prize. Case Western Reserve has awarded the Inamori Ethics Prize annually since 2008 to honor an individual for significant and lasting contributions to ethical leadership on the global stage. Eigen has developed and led groundbreaking initiatives to improve governance and raise awareness of the devastating effects of corruption on economic growth, social welfare and justice. Eigen, a lawyer by training, has worked in economic development for several decades. He has seen how abuses of power can undermine the public’s trust and cost people their freedom, health, money and, sometimes, their lives. Following positions with the World Bank in Latin America and Africa, Eigen founded Transparency International (TI) in 1993. With chapters in more than 100 nations, TI has become the leading non-governmental organization promoting transparency and accountability in development. TI collaborates with governments, businesses and citizens to stop the abuse of power, bribery and secret deals. The organization’s impact spans the public sector and industries ranging from finance to oil to sport. The Inamori Center presents the Inamori Ethics Prize Ceremony as part of its mission to foster ethical leadership. Eigen is scheduled to receive the award and present a lecture Sept. 8 in the Milton and Tamar Maltz Performing Arts Center at The Temple–Tifereth Israel at Case Western Reserve. The following day, Sept. 9, he will participate in a panel discussion on his work for the Inamori Ethics Prize Academic Symposium in Severance Hall. Other p¬anelists are Brian Gran, associate professor of sociology at Case Western Reserve, and Katherine Marshall, senior fellow at Georgetown University’s Berkley Center for Religion, Peace and World Affairs and Professor of the Practice of Development, Conflict and Religion in the School of Foreign Service. ¬¬ The Inamori Center was endowed by a generous gift from Kazuo Inamori, who established Kyocera Corp. and is a global telecommunications leader and founder of the Inamori Foundation that presents the annual Kyoto Prize in Kyoto, Japan. “Peter Eigen and Transparency International have been strategic, tenacious and effective in their global efforts to curb corruption, expose abuses of power and teach people how to build and sustain more ethical organizations,” notes Inamori Center Director Shannon E. French. “We are excited to bring Peter to Cleveland to honor and learn from his important work.” In particular, TI has spurred national elections won and lost on tackling [...]


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Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised)

Tue, 20 Sep 2011 12:53:35 -0500

In case you're still interested in what I've written in the past, here is an updated chronological list of the ILL- and ILLiad-related topics covered here previously. You can locate them in 'Archives' link in the toolbar above, based on the dates listed next to the topics. Thanks for reading. Textbooks on Interlibrary Loan -- August 26, 2008 Archives of American Art Holdings -- September 9, 2008 Requesting Renewals in ILLiad -- September 25, 2008 Proper Entry of Data into Article Request Forms -- October 14, 2008 One Item per ILLiad Transaction, Please -- October 29, 2008 Checking Local & OhioLINK Holdings First -- November 19, 2008 Blocked ILLiad Accounts -- December 3, 2008 ILLiad Loans vs. OhioLINK Loans & Local Checkouts -- December 18, 2008 Abbreviated Titles -- January 23, 2009 'Notes' and 'Source of Citation' Fields in ILLiad Request Forms -- February 13, 2009 Authorized Users -- March 4, 2009 'Library-Use-Only' Materials Borrowed through ILLiad -- March 25, 2009 'Other' Request Form (Miscellaneous Loans) -- April 16, 2009 Retrieving Electronic Delivery Articles -- May 5, 2009 Viewing E-Mail Notifications from ILLiad -- June 3, 2009 Tracking in Your ILLiad Requests & Explanation of Statuses -- July 7, 2009 Which ILLiad Site or ILL Service Point to Use? -- August 7, 2009 Variation in Electronic Delivery Quality -- September 8, 2009 Theses & Dissertations -- Availability through Interlibrary Loan -- October 6, 2009 Cancelling ILLiad Requests Already Submitted -- November 4, 2009 Alternative Request Forms & Resources -- December 8, 2009 Foreign Language Titles in Interlibrary Loan Requests -- January 22, 2010 Copyright Issues & ILL -- February 24, 2010 Converted ILL Requests -- March 24, 2010 ILLiad System Alerts -- April 27, 2010 Requesting Specific Editions & New Books on ILL -- May 19, 2010 Keeping Your ILLiad User Information Up-to-Date -- June 28, 2010 Requesting Books vs. Book Chapters -- July 28, 2010 ☛ Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date) -- August 27, 2010 Requesting '[Epub ahead of print]' Articles on ILL -- September 24, 2010 Multiple-Part Loans Borrowed through ILL -- October 27, 2010 Blocked from Using ILLiad - Revisited -- November 17, 2010 OCLC WorldCat and ILLiad Requests -- December 15, 2010 E-Books through Interlibrary Loan? -- January 26, 2011 Your ILLiad Password -- February 22, 2011 Requesting Entire Series through ILL -- March 25, 2011 Duplicate Requests in ILLiad -- April 21, 2011 Paperwork with Loaned ILL Books -- May 25, 2011 ILLiad Menu in Your Login Session -- June 23, 2011 Case Account Number and ILLiad New User Registration -- July 25, 2011 Courtesy Electronic Delivery Materials for Faculty ILLiad Users at KSL -- August 24, 2011[...]



Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised II)

Wed, 22 May 2013 12:00:12 -0500

Well, it looks about time for another one of these -- hope this is helpful. Textbooks on Interlibrary Loan -- August 26, 2008 Archives of American Art Holdings -- September 9, 2008 Requesting Renewals in ILLiad -- September 25, 2008 Proper Entry of Data into Article Request Forms -- October 14, 2008 One Item per ILLiad Transaction, Please -- October 29, 2008 Checking Local & OhioLINK Holdings First -- November 19, 2008 Blocked ILLiad Accounts -- December 3, 2008 ILLiad Loans vs. OhioLINK Loans & Local Checkouts -- December 18, 2008 Abbreviated Titles -- January 23, 2009 'Notes' and 'Source of Citation' Fields in ILLiad Request Forms -- February 13, 2009 Authorized Users -- March 4, 2009 'Library-Use-Only' Materials Borrowed through ILLiad -- March 25, 2009 'Other' Request Form (Miscellaneous Loans) -- April 16, 2009 Retrieving Electronic Delivery Articles -- May 5, 2009 Viewing E-Mail Notifications from ILLiad -- June 3, 2009 Tracking in Your ILLiad Requests & Explanation of Statuses -- July 7, 2009 Which ILLiad Site or ILL Service Point to Use? -- August 7, 2009 Variation in Electronic Delivery Quality -- September 8, 2009 Theses & Dissertations -- Availability through Interlibrary Loan -- October 6, 2009 Cancelling ILLiad Requests Already Submitted -- November 4, 2009 Alternative Request Forms & Resources -- December 8, 2009 Foreign Language Titles in Interlibrary Loan Requests -- January 22, 2010 Copyright Issues & ILL -- February 24, 2010 Converted ILL Requests -- March 24, 2010 ILLiad System Alerts -- April 27, 2010 Requesting Specific Editions & New Books on ILL -- May 19, 2010 Keeping Your ILLiad User Information Up-to-Date -- June 28, 2010 Requesting Books vs. Book Chapters -- July 28, 2010 ☛ Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date) -- August 27, 2010 Requesting '[Epub ahead of print]' Articles on ILL -- September 24, 2010 Multiple-Part Loans Borrowed through ILL -- October 27, 2010 Blocked from Using ILLiad - Revisited -- November 17, 2010 OCLC WorldCat and ILLiad Requests -- December 15, 2010 E-Books through Interlibrary Loan? -- January 26, 2011 Your ILLiad Password -- February 22, 2011 Requesting Entire Series through ILL -- March 25, 2011 Duplicate Requests in ILLiad -- April 21, 2011 Paperwork with Loaned ILL Books -- May 25, 2011 ILLiad Menu in Your Login Session -- June 23, 2011 Case Account Number and ILLiad New User Registration -- July 25, 2011 Courtesy Electronic Delivery Materials for Faculty ILLiad Users at KSL -- August 24, 2011 ☛ Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised) -- September 20, 2011 One Item per ILLiad Transaction, Please - Revisited -- October 25, 2011 ILL Do's and Don't's - 1st Installment -- November 23, 2011 OCLC Non-Supplier Locations -- December, 27, 2011 [...]



Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised III)

Tue, 13 May 2014 13:06:46 -0500

Well... got "writer's block" this month, so here we go again -- as always, hope this list is helpful. Textbooks on Interlibrary Loan -- August 26, 2008 Archives of American Art Holdings -- September 9, 2008 Requesting Renewals in ILLiad -- September 25, 2008 Proper Entry of Data into Article Request Forms -- October 14, 2008 One Item per ILLiad Transaction, Please -- October 29, 2008 Checking Local & OhioLINK Holdings First -- November 19, 2008 Blocked ILLiad Accounts -- December 3, 2008 ILLiad Loans vs. OhioLINK Loans & Local Checkouts -- December 18, 2008 Abbreviated Titles -- January 23, 2009 'Notes' and 'Source of Citation' Fields in ILLiad Request Forms -- February 13, 2009 Authorized Users -- March 4, 2009 'Library-Use-Only' Materials Borrowed through ILLiad -- March 25, 2009 'Other' Request Form (Miscellaneous Loans) -- April 16, 2009 Retrieving Electronic Delivery Articles -- May 5, 2009 Viewing E-Mail Notifications from ILLiad -- June 3, 2009 Tracking in Your ILLiad Requests & Explanation of Statuses -- July 7, 2009 Which ILLiad Site or ILL Service Point to Use? -- August 7, 2009 Variation in Electronic Delivery Quality -- September 8, 2009 Theses & Dissertations -- Availability through Interlibrary Loan -- October 6, 2009 Cancelling ILLiad Requests Already Submitted -- November 4, 2009 Alternative Request Forms & Resources -- December 8, 2009 Foreign Language Titles in Interlibrary Loan Requests -- January 22, 2010 Copyright Issues & ILL -- February 24, 2010 Converted ILL Requests -- March 24, 2010 ILLiad System Alerts -- April 27, 2010 Requesting Specific Editions & New Books on ILL -- May 19, 2010 Keeping Your ILLiad User Information Up-to-Date -- June 28, 2010 Requesting Books vs. Book Chapters -- July 28, 2010 ☛ Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date) -- August 27, 2010 Requesting '[Epub ahead of print]' Articles on ILL -- September 24, 2010 Multiple-Part Loans Borrowed through ILL -- October 27, 2010 Blocked from Using ILLiad - Revisited -- November 17, 2010 OCLC WorldCat and ILLiad Requests -- December 15, 2010 E-Books through Interlibrary Loan? -- January 26, 2011 Your ILLiad Password -- February 22, 2011 Requesting Entire Series through ILL -- March 25, 2011 Duplicate Requests in ILLiad -- April 21, 2011 Paperwork with Loaned ILL Books -- May 25, 2011 ILLiad Menu in Your Login Session -- June 23, 2011 Case Account Number and ILLiad New User Registration -- July 25, 2011 Courtesy Electronic Delivery Materials for Faculty ILLiad Users at KSL -- August 24, 2011 ☛ Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised) -- September 20, 2011 One Item per ILLiad Transaction, Please - Revisited -- October 25, 2011 ILL Do's and Don't's - 1st Installment -- November 23, 2[...]



Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised IV)

Wed, 24 Jun 2015 14:30:43 -0500

Short on ideas again, so here it is -- as always, hope this is useful. Textbooks on Interlibrary Loan -- August 26, 2008 Archives of American Art Holdings -- September 9, 2008 Requesting Renewals in ILLiad -- September 25, 2008 Proper Entry of Data into Article Request Forms -- October 14, 2008 One Item per ILLiad Transaction, Please -- October 29, 2008 Checking Local & OhioLINK Holdings First -- November 19, 2008 Blocked ILLiad Accounts -- December 3, 2008 ILLiad Loans vs. OhioLINK Loans & Local Checkouts -- December 18, 2008 Abbreviated Titles -- January 23, 2009 'Notes' and 'Source of Citation' Fields in ILLiad Request Forms -- February 13, 2009 Authorized Users -- March 4, 2009 'Library-Use-Only' Materials Borrowed through ILLiad -- March 25, 2009 'Other' Request Form (Miscellaneous Loans) -- April 16, 2009 Retrieving Electronic Delivery Articles -- May 5, 2009 Viewing E-Mail Notifications from ILLiad -- June 3, 2009 Tracking in Your ILLiad Requests & Explanation of Statuses -- July 7, 2009 Which ILLiad Site or ILL Service Point to Use? -- August 7, 2009 Variation in Electronic Delivery Quality -- September 8, 2009 Theses & Dissertations -- Availability through Interlibrary Loan -- October 6, 2009 Cancelling ILLiad Requests Already Submitted -- November 4, 2009 Alternative Request Forms & Resources -- December 8, 2009 Foreign Language Titles in Interlibrary Loan Requests -- January 22, 2010 Copyright Issues & ILL -- February 24, 2010 Converted ILL Requests -- March 24, 2010 ILLiad System Alerts -- April 27, 2010 Requesting Specific Editions & New Books on ILL -- May 19, 2010 Keeping Your ILLiad User Information Up-to-Date -- June 28, 2010 Requesting Books vs. Book Chapters -- July 28, 2010 ☛ Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date) -- August 27, 2010 Requesting '[Epub ahead of print]' Articles on ILL -- September 24, 2010 Multiple-Part Loans Borrowed through ILL -- October 27, 2010 Blocked from Using ILLiad - Revisited -- November 17, 2010 OCLC WorldCat and ILLiad Requests -- December 15, 2010 E-Books through Interlibrary Loan? -- January 26, 2011 Your ILLiad Password -- February 22, 2011 Requesting Entire Series through ILL -- March 25, 2011 Duplicate Requests in ILLiad -- April 21, 2011 Paperwork with Loaned ILL Books -- May 25, 2011 ILLiad Menu in Your Login Session -- June 23, 2011 Case Account Number and ILLiad New User Registration -- July 25, 2011 Courtesy Electronic Delivery Materials for Faculty ILLiad Users at KSL -- August 24, 2011 ☛ Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised) -- September 20, 2011 One Item per ILLiad Transaction, Please - Revisited -- October 25, 2011 ILL Do's and Don't's - 1st Installment -- November 23, 2011 [...]



To All To Whom These Presents May Come...

Fri, 29 Apr 2016 19:03:59 +0000

Since we are approaching Commencement, it seems a good time to consider one of its established elements - the diploma. As a document type, diplomas represent an interesting mix of continuity and change. The diploma’s purpose, tanglble testimony that a student has met the requirements of a course of study and that a degree was conferred by a university, has endured for centuries. Its form, however, has undergone some intriguing changes. At Western Reserve, for most of the 19th century, the diplomas were in Latin, not English. The School of Medicine voted to adopt English for its diplomas in 1883. 1842 Western Reserve College diploma - in Latin 1884 Western Reserve University School of Medicine diploma - now in English The size of our diplomas has varied, from approximately 9x12 inches to 18x24 inches. Generally, the size of the diploma has decreased in size over time. These size changes have not been universally applauded. In 1930, the Law School students objected on the basis that the smaller diploma, “is inadequate for the needs of a professional man.” In 1966, the Law and Dental School students objected both to the size and to the simplicity of the typography and decoration of the diplomas. In supporting the students, the Dean of the Law School, Louis A. Toepfer, wrote, “...a great many lawyers take special pride in having a handsome diploma which they display in their offices.” When the issue was brought to the School of Medicine students, the Associate Dean of Student Affairs, John L. Caughey, Jr. reported that, “the decision of the members [of Student Council] was that they didn’t really care enough to get involved.” Parchment was used in the early days of WRU and Case, eventually replaced by paper. At various times, ribbons were affixed to the diplomas, as were colored and embossed seals. Ribbon on Western Reserve diploma from the 1870s and Seal on Case School of Applied Science diploma, 1895 For many years, diplomas were rolled when presented to the graduates, such as these College for Women students in 1910. One of my favorite diploma graphics is the picture of Leonard Case, Jr. that adorned the Case diplomas from the 1880s through the 1910s. Leonard Case, Jr. on an 1887 Case School of Applied Science diploma After Federation in 1967, the question of what university’s name would appear on diplomas lingered for several years. Requests for post-1967 diplomas with pre-1967 university names were considered by the Board of Trustees on a case-by-case basis through much of the 1970s. In 1981 the Trustees approved a single diploma style and size to be used by all the schools. Diplomas have lasting significance, both f[...]


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EEPS Colloquium: Friday, April 29, 2016 Noon

Thu, 28 Apr 2016 12:51:56 -0500

Friday, April 29, 2016
Noon, AW Smith, Rm. 104

Insights on Climate Dynamics and Physical Ice Properties from the WAIS Divide Deep Core: What the Bubbles are Telling Us by Dr. John Fegyveresi (CRREL)