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Preview: Alcohol / Addiction / Illegal Drugs News From Medical News Today

Alcohol / Addiction / Illegal Drugs News From Medical News Today

Substance addiction is a complex disorder characterized by compulsive drug use. While addiction is difficult to understand, all abused substances share one thing in common - repeated use could change the way the brain looks and functions. Some people can

Copyright: Copyright 2016 Medical News Today

Risk for misuse of opioids and stimulants: what does employment status have to do with it?

Wed, 07 Dec 2016 06:00:00 PST

Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health found that employment status is a factor in nonmedical use of prescription opioids and prescription stimulants.

'Baby boomers' on dope: Recreational marijuana use is on the rise among adults over 50

Tue, 06 Dec 2016 06:00:00 PST

The recent legalization of recreational marijuana (cannabis) use in California, Colorado, and Washington reflect the sweeping changes in the attitudes and perceptions towards marijuana use in the...

Geophagy: "soil-eating" as an addictive behaviour

Tue, 06 Dec 2016 02:00:00 PST

Between 30 and 80% of people in Africa, especially women, regularly eat clayey soil - this habit is known as geophagy. They consume between 100 and 400 g per day.

Moderate drinking may cause irregular heartbeat

Tue, 06 Dec 2016 02:00:00 PST

Although some research suggests that light to moderate drinking is good for the heart, a new study shows it may lead to a form of arrhythmia.

White wine may raise melanoma risk

Sat, 03 Dec 2016 00:00:00 PST

New study suggests alcohol intake should be considered a risk factor for melanoma, after finding white wine may be independently linked to the skin cancer.

Magic mushroom compound may help ease cancer-related depression

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 08:00:00 PST

Two new studies suggest the hallucinogenic compound in magic mushrooms - psilocybin - may ease anxiety and depression in patients with advanced cancer.

Study suggests prescribing of baclofen for alcohol dependence "should be reconsidered"

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:00:00 PST

The drug baclofen has received high visibility as a possible breakthrough treatment for alcohol dependence1.

Use of syringe services programs increases, but access must improve for greater HIV prevention

Wed, 30 Nov 2016 06:00:00 PST

Use of syringe services programs (SSPs) has increased substantially during the past decade, but most people who inject drugs still don't always use sterile needles, according to a new CDC Vital...

Could marijuana use increase vulnerability to Alzheimer's?

Tue, 29 Nov 2016 08:00:00 PST

Researchers have uncovered evidence that marijuana reduces blood flow in the brain, particularly in the hippocampus - the region affected by Alzheimer's.

Alcohol: Link between liver and brain may control consumption

Tue, 29 Nov 2016 07:00:00 PST

Researchers discover a previously unrecognized genetic basis for alcohol consumption in a pathway that links a liver hormone to a brain receptor.

Fatal opioid overdose could be prevented with new vaccine

Sat, 26 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

Scientists have created a vaccine that they say can stop opioid painkillers from reaching the brain, reducing the risk of death from opioid overdose.

Can alcohol reduce calorie intake?

Fri, 25 Nov 2016 08:00:00 PST

How alcohol intake influences the amount of calories we consume is a hot topic for debate. New research using a rat model yields surprising results.

How does alcohol affect stroke risk? Study investigates

Fri, 25 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

New, large-scale research examines the association between different patterns of alcohol consumption and different types of stroke.

Study in rats finds low blood alcohol levels have no effect on total calories consumed

Fri, 25 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

Laboratory rats will drink alcohol if it's available, and may even get a little tipsy, researchers report in a new study. But they won't voluntarily drink until they're drunk.

New test for cocaine in urine and oral fluid could lead to rapid, low cost roadside testing

Tue, 22 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

Academics in the University of Surrey's Department of Chemistry have developed a new diagnostic test for cocaine and benzoylecgonine (the main metabolite for cocaine) in urine and oral fluid.

Marijuana and mental illness: Low dopamine levels may play a role

Mon, 21 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

New study says there is sufficient evidence that marijuana lowers dopamine levels in the brain, which may explain why some users experience mental illness.

135,000 alcohol-related cancer deaths predicted by 2035 in the UK

Fri, 18 Nov 2016 06:00:00 PST

Alcohol will cause around 135,000 cancer deaths over the next 20 years and will cost the NHS an estimated £2 billion in treatments, according to estimates from a new report by Sheffield...

Marijuana may help combat substance abuse, mental health disorders

Wed, 16 Nov 2016 09:00:00 PST

A new review suggests marijuana has the potential to treat substance use disorders - such as opioid addiction - and some mental health disorders.

Research finds that antibiotic may help in treatment of alcohol use disorder

Wed, 16 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

To date, there are not particularly effective therapies for AUD, with only three FDA approved drugs along with behavioral modification programs such as Alcoholics Anonymous.

Sex-related differences in the brain may affect pathways to substance abuse in adolescents with bipolar disorder

Tue, 15 Nov 2016 03:00:00 PST

A new study has found that adolescents suffering from bipolar disorder are more likely to develop substance use disorders if they have lower gray matter volume in the brain, a clue that can help in...

The war on drugs has failed and doctors should lead calls for change, says The BMJ

Tue, 15 Nov 2016 03:00:00 PST

The enforcement of prohibition - a ban on the production, supply, possession, and use of some drugs for non-medical purposes - causes huge harm, and doctors should lead calls for drug policy...

New compound eases pain like marijuana, without the 'high'

Tue, 15 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

Researchers have identified a compound that alleviates chronic pain in the same way as marijuana, but without the side effects of the drug.

Marijuana use may temporarily weaken heart muscle

Mon, 14 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

A new study links the use of marijuana to stress cardiomyopathy, a rare heart malfunction that has the same symptoms as a heart attack.

Moderate drinking may benefit 'good' cholesterol levels

Mon, 14 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

Researchers find moderate alcohol intake - especially intake of beer and hard liquor - may slow the decline of 'good' low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.

How marijuana causes memory loss

Sat, 12 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

Researchers find chemicals in marijuana called cannabinoids activate specific receptors in mitochondrial cells of the hippocampus to cause memory loss.