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Preview: Alcohol / Addiction / Illegal Drugs News From Medical News Today

Alcohol / Addiction / Illegal Drugs News From Medical News Today



Substance addiction is a complex disorder characterized by compulsive drug use. While addiction is difficult to understand, all abused substances share one thing in common - repeated use could change the way the brain looks and functions. Some people can



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Moderate drinking linked to lower risk of some - but not all - heart conditions

Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Moderate drinking is associated with a lower risk of several, but not all, cardiovascular diseases, finds a large study of UK adults published by The BMJ.



Consumption of 'Cannibal drug' in adolescence has prejudicial effects on adulthood

Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Consumption of the synthetic drug MDPV - a powerful psychostimulant known as 'cannibal drug'- in adolescence, can increase vulnerability of cocaine addiction during adulthood, according to a study...



Energy drinks mask alcohol's effects, increase injury risk

Wed, 22 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

People who mix highly caffeinated energy drinks with their alcoholic beverages may be at increased risk for injury, according to a review in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.



Review confirms link between drug use and poor dental health

Thu, 16 Mar 2017 06:00:00 PDT

A new review published online in the scientific journal Addiction has found that dental patients with substance use disorders have more tooth decay and periodontal disease than the general...



Combining opioids with anti-anxiety medicines linked to greater risk of overdose

Thu, 16 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Taking opioids (strong prescription painkillers) together with benzodiazepines (widely used to treat anxiety and sleep problems) is associated with greater risk of opioid overdose, finds a study in...



Marijuana use may raise stroke, heart failure risk

Fri, 10 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

An analysis of more than 20 million health records has uncovered an association between marijuana use and greater risk of stroke and heart failure.



Component of marijuana may help treat anxiety and substance abuse disorders

Thu, 09 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Cannabidiol, a major component of cannabis or marijuana, appears to have effects on emotion and emotional memory, which could be helpful for treating anxiety-related and substance abuse disorders.



Young people do not associate e-cigarettes with increased likelihood of smoking

Thu, 09 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

New peer-reviewed research published in Drugs Education Prevention and Policy shows that e-cigarettes are not increasing the likelihood of tobacco consumption and may in fact be contributing to...



Aggression disorder linked to greater risk of substance abuse

Thu, 02 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

People with intermittent explosive disorder (IED) - a condition marked by frequent physical or verbal outbursts - are at five times greater risk for abusing substances such as alcohol, tobacco and...



Experts ask: Can cannabis be made safer?

Thu, 02 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

As cannabis laws become liberalised in many countries, experts writing in The Lancet Psychiatry argue that there is an urgent need to explore how cannabis use can be made safer.



Experts warn of the need to control doping also in amateur athletes

Thu, 02 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

A study led by the University of Granada (UGR) has shown that doping is not only a problem exclusive to professional sports, but also occurs in amateur sports.



Given the choice, patients will reach for cannabis over prescribed opioids

Wed, 01 Mar 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Chronic pain sufferers and those taking mental health meds would rather turn to cannabis instead of their prescribed opioid medication, according to new research by the University of British...



Animal study finds sons of cocaine-using fathers have profound memory impairments

Mon, 27 Feb 2017 06:00:00 PDT

Fathers who use cocaine at the time of conceiving a child may be putting their sons at risk of learning disabilities and memory loss.



Many patients receive prescription opioids during treatment for opioid addiction

Mon, 27 Feb 2017 00:00:00 PDT

More than two in five people receiving buprenorphine, a drug commonly used to treat opioid addiction, are also given prescriptions for other opioid painkillers - and two-thirds are prescribed...



Brain scans could help doctors predict adolescents' problem drug use before it starts

Fri, 24 Feb 2017 06:00:00 PDT

There's an idea out there of what a drug-addled teen is supposed to look like: impulsive, unconscientious, smart, perhaps - but not the most engaged.



Brainy teens may be less likely to smoke, but more likely to drink and use cannabis

Fri, 24 Feb 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Brainy teens may be less likely to smoke, but more likely to drink alcohol and use cannabis, than their less academically gifted peers, suggests research published in the online journal BMJ Open.



Cocaine addiction leads to build-up of iron in brain

Thu, 23 Feb 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Cocaine addiction may affect how the body processes iron, leading to a build-up of the mineral in the brain, according to new research from the University of Cambridge.



Heavy drinking may raise cardiovascular risk by aging the arteries

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 00:00:00 PDT

A new study suggests long-term, consistent heavy drinking may cause arteries to age prematurely and increase cardiovascular risk, especially in men.



Nicotine changes how nicotinic receptors are grouped on brain cells

Tue, 14 Feb 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Nicotine the primary compound found within tobacco smoke is known to change the grouping of some subtypes of nicotinic receptors, but the mechanisms for nicotine addiction remain unclear.



Amphetamine use may 'speed up' heart aging

Sat, 11 Feb 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Using amphetamines may accelerate aging of the heart, suggest researchers. They emphasize that stimulant abusers do physiological and cardiovascular harm.



Mixing opioids and alcohol may increase likelihood of dangerous respiratory complication

Thu, 09 Feb 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Taking one oxycodone tablet together with even a modest amount of alcohol increases the risk of a potentially life-threatening side effect known as respiratory depression, which causes breathing to...



Addicted individuals less responsive to reward-anticipation

Fri, 03 Feb 2017 06:00:00 PDT

It may be difficult for addicted individuals to learn when they can expect a reward.



Scientists show deep brain stimulation blocks heroin relapse in rats

Fri, 03 Feb 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have found that deep brain stimulation (DBS) can greatly reduce the compulsion to use heroin in standard rat models of addiction.



'Synthetic marijuana' may cause serious harm to health

Thu, 02 Feb 2017 09:00:00 PDT

A new review summarizes the adverse health effects linked to synthetic cannabinoids - drugs often marketed as a safe and a legal alternative to marijuana.



Bulimia symptoms reduced with electrical brain stimulation

Sat, 28 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Symptoms of bulimia nervosa may be reduced through the delivery of electricity to certain areas of the brain, according to King's College London.