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Global Skill Partnerships: A Proposal for Technical Training in Settings of Forced Displacement

Wed, 11 Oct 2017 14:54:03 +0000

Publications

The world urgently needs innovation to shape how international migration happens. Today people who are forcibly displaced are seen and treated largely as a burden, not as a resource that can bring shared benefits. A new type of private-public partnership can offer new opportunity for some of those who are forcibly displaced. It can be called a Global Skill Partnership, and this note illustrates how it might work for Syrians displaced into Turkey.




Global Skill Partnerships: A Proposal for Technical Training in a Mobile World (brief)

Wed, 11 Oct 2017 14:17:30 +0000

Publications

Within a decade, Europe will require hundreds of thousands more nurses than it is likely to train. To meet the growing need, nurses will move in large numbers to Western Europe from other countries, including those in Eastern Europe. But Eastern Europe currently lacks nurses already relative to Western Europe, while Eastern European youths crave opportunities in skilled employment. How can nurses trained in Eastern Europe move to Western Europe in a way that benefits both regions?




Different Strokes for Different Folks: Experimental Evidence on the Effectiveness of Input and Output Incentive Contracts for Health Care Providers with Different Levels of Skills - Working Paper 464

Fri, 06 Oct 2017 21:35:53 +0000

Publications

A central issue in designing performance incentive contracts is whether to reward the production of outputs versus use of inputs: the former rewards efficiency and innovation in production, while the latter imposes less risk on agents.




What’s In, What’s Out: Designing Benefits for Universal Health Coverage: Key Messages for Donors and Advocates

Fri, 06 Oct 2017 20:20:29 +0000

Publications

Many low- and middle-income countries aspire to universal health coverage (UHC), but for rhetoric to become reality, the health services offered must be consistent with the funds available, which may require tough tradeoffs. An explicit health benefits package—a defined list of services that are and are not subsidized—is essential in creating a sustainable UHC system.




Can Africa Be a Manufacturing Destination? Labor Costs in Comparative Perspective - Working Paper 466

Fri, 06 Oct 2017 17:26:27 +0000

Publications

Our central question is whether African countries can break into global manufacturing in a substantial way. Our results suggest that for any given level of GDP, labor is more costly for firms that are located in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, we also find that there are a few countries in Africa that, on a labor cost basis, may be potential candidates for manufacturing—Ethiopia in particular stands out.




Testing for Repugnance in Economic Transactions: Evidence from Guest Work in the Gulf - Working Paper 463

Wed, 04 Oct 2017 19:25:15 +0000

Publications

Workers from poor countries can find enormous economic opportunity by working temporarily in a rich country. But agencies that fight global poverty do little to facilitate guest work. This may be because guest workers are perceived to typically suffer negative side effects that outweigh the benefits. This paper uses a natural experiment to test several perceptions of harmful side-effects on Indian guest workers in the Gulf. The research shows little evidence that the harmful side-effects often ascribed to guest work are typical and systematic, though this does not contradict the occurrence of many individual cases of harmful side-effects.




Norms and Reform: Legalizing Homosexuality Improves Attitudes - Working Paper 465

Wed, 04 Oct 2017 19:08:49 +0000

Publications

This analysis examines the relationship between legal reform and social norms surrounding homosexuality. First, about a fifth of the variation in individual preferences can be explained at a country level. Second, using a difference-in-differences strategy, legalizing homosexuality improves how individuals view the tone of their communities. Third, we provide further evidence supporting a legal origins argument by examining former colonies. We conclude that adopting legal reform can improve societal attitudes.




Solving the Private Sector Imbroglio

Mon, 02 Oct 2017 18:41:26 +0000

Publications

Disagreement over how investments in the private sector are counting to aid is threatening to overwhelm the OECD Development Assistance Committee. There are no perfect solutions here; governments must find the least-bad compromise. We point the way forward.




Advancing the Evidence Agenda at USAID

Tue, 26 Sep 2017 16:16:13 +0000

Publications

Front and center in discussions around the reform and redesign of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) are the objectives of increased efficiency and effectiveness. The agency’s new administrator, Mark Green, who has highlighted these goals from day one, has an excellent opportunity to improve the agency’s efficiency and effectiveness through better generation and use of evidence to inform policy and programming decisions.




Global Business and Refugee Crises: A Framework for Sustainable Engagement

Wed, 20 Sep 2017 19:57:56 +0000

Publications

Global businesses can make unique and valuable contributions to refugee response by engaging refugees not as aid recipients, but as employees, producers, investees, and customers.

The position of global enterprises as market leaders, policy influencers, and innovators gives them distinctive capacities for engagement and advocacy that do not exist within the traditional refugee response community.