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Inflated Expectations about Mineral Export Misinvoicing are Having Real Consequences in Tanzania

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 19:22:04 +0000

Inflated Expectations about Mineral Export Misinvoicing are Having Real Consequences in Tanzania

Blog Post

In May, President Magufuli of Tanzania appointed two special committees to investigate the contents of 277 containers stuck at Dar-es-Salaam. The committees' belief that they have uncovered a case of massive misinvoicing (i.e., misrepresentation of the value or quantity of exports) does not seem plausible for five reasons. For starters, the scale of mineral smuggling required for it to be true is implausible.




Value of minerals in 20 tonne container (USD mn)

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 16:46:14 +0000

Charts and Graphics



Where Is Trump Headed on Foreign Aid? Five Takeaways from the Tillerson and Green Hearings

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 14:31:08 +0000

Where Is Trump Headed on Foreign Aid? Five Takeaways from the Tillerson and Green Hearings

Blog Post

After months of speculation, we are finally getting some clarity on the broad outlines—and internal debates—of development policy under the Trump administration. Here are five main takeaways from hearings with Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and USAID administrator nominee Mark Green:




Economic Advancement or Economic Empowerment: What to Measure and Why?

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 20:19:00 +0000

Economic Advancement or Economic Empowerment: What to Measure and Why?

Blog Post

The terminology describing economic programs for women has changed—actions to “empower women economically” have replaced efforts to “increase women’s economic participation and income.” This shift in language makes sense intuitively and has solid conceptual backing (in the work of Amartya Sen, for example) but, is there a difference between economic advancement and empowerment? And have measures changed in tandem with this change in terminology?




Results, Not Receipts: Tackling Corruption in Development – Charles Kenny

Wed, 21 Jun 2017 20:01:45 +0000

Podcasts

What impact does corruption have on development, and what’s the best way to stamp it out? In a new book called Results, Not Receipts, CGD senior fellow Charles Kenny offers a way to strengthen the case for aid and reduce corruption at the same time: focus on outcomes, rather than inputs. 




Why Do People Think Nigeria Might Be Losing $1 Trillion to Corporate Tax Evasion?

Wed, 21 Jun 2017 19:19:36 +0000

Why Do People Think Nigeria Might Be Losing $1 Trillion to Corporate Tax Evasion?

Blog Post

Misunderstandings about the scale of multinational tax avoidance are common. The origin story for an erroneous $1 trillion figure is a case of bad lip reading, but its proliferation reflects the belief that there are absolutely huge sums of money for development at stake from cracking down on multinational tax avoidance. The figure itself may be ridiculous but these myths are serious—they undermine both trust in revenue authorities and businesses, overheat disputes, and make it harder to judge practical progress on improving tax systems and compliance.




Results, Not Receipts: Tackling Corruption in Development – Podcast with Charles Kenny

Wed, 21 Jun 2017 18:31:57 +0000

Results, Not Receipts: Tackling Corruption in Development – Podcast with Charles Kenny

Blog Post
What impact does corruption have on development, and what’s the best way to stamp it out? In a new book called Results, Not Receipts, CGD senior fellow Charles Kenny offers a way to strengthen the case for aid and reduce corruption at the same time: focus on outcomes, rather than inputs. 



Corruption and Development: Counting Results not Receipts

Tue, 20 Jun 2017 21:29:20 +0000

Video

Join us to celebrate the launch of Charles Kenny's latest book, Results Not Receipts: Counting the Right Things in Aid and Corruption. This work illustrates a growing problem: an important and justified focus on corruption as a barrier to development has led to policy change in aid agencies that is damaging the potential for aid to deliver results. Donors have treated corruption as an issue they can measure and improve, and from which they can insulate their projects at acceptable costs by controlling processes and monitoring receipts. Results Not Receipts highlights the weak link between donors’ preferred measures of corruption and development outcomes related to our limited ability to measure the problem. It discusses the costs of the standard anti-corruption tools of fiduciary controls and centralized delivery, and it suggests a different approach to tackling the problem of corruption in development: focus on outcomes.




Do Weak Governments Doom Developing Countries to Poverty?

Mon, 19 Jun 2017 21:03:48 +0000

Do Weak Governments Doom Developing Countries to Poverty?

Blog Post

When you read what economists have to say about development, it is easy to be disheartened about the prospects for poor countries. One big reason is that slow changing institutional factors are seen as key to development prospects. I’ve just published a CGD book that’s a little more optimistic: Results Not Receipts: Counting the Right Things in Aid and Corruption.




Results Not Receipts: Counting the Right Things in Aid and Corruption (Brief)

Mon, 19 Jun 2017 20:02:52 +0000

Publications

Results Not Receipts explores how an important and justified focus on corruption is damaging the potential for aid to deliver results. Noting the costs of the standard anticorruption tools of fiduciary controls and centralized delivery, Results Not Receipts urges a different approach to tackling corruption in development: focus on outcomes.