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The Small Dog Apple Blog

Updated: 2017-01-24T18:43:53Z


How To Enter Emoji On Your Mac


I remember the first day I got a new computer, ok a new-to-me computer. It was a hand-me-down PC of sorts. I think it ran some DOS operating system and the screen was always orange. AOL had just come out and I loved nothing more than the sound of my modem and the eventual entry into a chat room where I learned things like :-) was a smiley face and :-P meant I was sticking my tongue out.

Fast-forward many years and my basic AOL symbols are now referred to as emojis. I admit the basic smile is probably still my most commonly used one, but there’s a world of emojis out there and they can make everyday conversations just a little bit more fun.

I use emojis frequently on my iPhone and iPad, but it’s just as easy to use emojis on your Mac once you know where to find them. On your Mac it might not be as obvious where you might find these because you can’t just pull them up from your keyboard (unless you know the shortcut). If you want to insert a smiley face in a post with Messages or a note in Mail, you need to use the characters viewer. To bring up the Character viewer in most Mac apps, choose edit > emoji & symbols or use the keyboard shortcut: Command-Control-Space. When the characters viewer opens you can insert an emoji from a few different ways, you might need to play around and see which method works best depending on which app you are using.

*While the curser is active in a text area, double-click a character in the viewer.
*Drag a character out of the viewer and into a text area.
*Drag a character out of the viewer to the Desktop to create a text clipping with it. Then drag that text clipping anywhere you can type.

Once you insert a character or emoji, it will appear in the frequently used category. You can feel free to add your most commonly used emojis to your favorites category. You’ll find all the same emojis on your Mac as you do on iPhone, making your conversations on your Mac now just as fun as those on your iPhone or iPad.

Customize Your Toolbar


Many Mac users don’t realize just how customizable their Macs are, and a part of the Mac interface that’s simultaneously among the most useful and the most overlooked is the toolbar that appears in every Finder window. By default, the toolbar contains buttons for navigating back and forth, changing the view, arranging the files in the window, performing a variety of actions, sharing the selected file, working with tags, and searching. There’s nothing wrong with these controls, and you may even use them regularly. But those defaults are just the tip of the iceberg. Choose View > Customize Toolbar and a dialog appears with a slew of additional controls that you can drag to the toolbar, after which they appear in every Finder window. None of these controls are unique—they’re all available from Finder menus and via keyboard shortcuts—but it’s often easier to click a button that’s front and center in a Finder window rather than hunting through menus or trying to remember a key combo. The most useful toolbar controls include: Arrange: The choices in this menu let you group files and folders by different criteria, such as file kind, what app owns each file, or the date each file was modified. It’s great when you’re working in a folder with a lot of similar files. Action: This menu duplicates many of the options in the Finder’s File menu but can be easier to access. Space/Flexible Space: Drag Space to the toolbar to separate controls by a fixed amount so you can group related items. Flexible Space works similarly, except it can expand or contract to match the window width. *New Folder: *Click it and you get a new folder. Handy, if unsurprising. Delete: Equally unsurprising is the Delete button, which moves selected files and folders to the Trash when you click it. Search: Enter some text here to search for it within your files (or choose the “Name matches” item that pops down from the Search field to search for it in just filenames). You can set the default search to be the entire Mac or just the current folder in Finder > Preferences > Advanced. Share: When you want to share a file with someone else, look here for sharing extensions for AirDrop, Mail, Messages, and more. You can also import files into some apps, like Notes, using the Share menu. Edit/Add Tags: If you rely on Finder tags to group and find related files, this menu makes it easy to add and edit tags for selected files and folders. Don’t miss the Show pop-up menu, which lets you customize your toolbar to show icons with names, just icons, or only text. What if you want to get rid of a toolbar button? Just drag it off the toolbar while the Customize Toolbar dialog is open. But that’s not all! While the Customize Toolbar dialog is open, you can drag buttons around on the toolbar to rearrange them. Even better, you can drag any app, document, or folder into the toolbar (from another Finder window) to add it. It’s a great place to put that spreadsheet you open every day or the utility app you use to upload a weekly report. You can even drop a file on an app in the toolbar to open the document in that app. To modify the toolbar quickly without opening the Customize Toolbar dialog, just hold down the Command key. With that key down, you can move items around on the toolbar, drag unnecessary items off, and drag new files on. No matter what you do on your Mac, taking a few minutes to customize the toolbar with controls you’ll use and your primary apps and documents will make using the Mac faster and easier every day. Give it a try! [...]



I will be getting my new MacBook Pro which will sport four Thunderbolt 3 ports and I am going to need to connect various things to my new Mac. Actually, I really only have my display because I have gone wireless with keyboard, mouse and printer. Back at my Vermont office, though, when I get back I will have a USB scanner, a USB keyboard, a USB backup drive and a display to deal with so I thought it would be a good time to review the various Thunderbolt 3 and USB-C adapters from Apple. While Apple provides quite a few, 3rd party companies also have some handy adapters. For this article we will stick with Apple products. Okay, first what is the difference between USB-C and Thunderbolt 3? USB-C basically describes the port and cable end. The USB-C port is used by ThunderBolt 3 to provide additional capabilities. Basically, Thunderbolt 3 runs on USB-C so with Thunderbolt 3 you can enjoy 40Gbps bandwidth and reduced power consumption, while being able to move as much as 100 watts of power. A USB-C port with Thunderbolt 3 means a single cable is all you need to power and move a large amount of information, up to and including two 60Hz 4K displays. It is also bi-directional with four lanes of PCI Express Gen 3 and eight lanes of DisplayPort 1.2. Computer companies are quickly taking advantage of the new Thunderbolt 3 standard and as usual Apple is leading the way. Apple USB-C Digital AV Multiport Adapter This is the first Apple adapter I will buy. It connects to one of the Thunderbolt 3 ports on the new MacBook Pros or the USB-C port on a MacBook. The USB-C Digital AV Multiport Adapter lets you connect to an HDMI display, while also connecting a standard USB device and a USB-C charging cable. This will be perfect – I can use my existing large display, connect my charger and have a free USB port. This adapter also allows you to mirror your MacBook or MacBook Pro display to your HDMI-enabled TV in up to 1080p at 60Hz or UHD (3840 by 2160) at 30Hz. It also outputs video content like movies and captured video. Simply connect the adapter to the USB-C port on your MacBook or any of the Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) ports on your MacBook Pro and then to your TV or projector via an HDMI cable. Use the standard USB port to connect devices such as your flash drive or camera or a USB cable for syncing and charging your iPhone, iPad, or iPod. You can also connect a charging cable to the USB-C port to charge your MacBook or MacBook Pro. Apple USB-C VGA Multiport Adapter This is the same adapter but instead of HDMI connector it provides a VGA connector. Most modern displays and TVs have HDMI so you will probably want the HDMI adapter. Apple Thunderbolt 3 to Thunderbolt 2 Adapter The Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) to Thunderbolt 2 Adapter lets you connect Thunderbolt and Thunderbolt 2 devices — external hard drives and Thunderbolt displays, for example — to any of the Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) ports on your MacBook Pro. As a bidirectional adapter, it can also connect new Thunderbolt 3 devices to a Mac with a Thunderbolt or Thunderbolt 2 port. It will NOT work with the MacBooks USB-C ports. If you have a wired ethernet network you might want this adapter and the Apple Thunderbolt to Gigabit Ethernet adapter to connect to the network. I will need this once I am back in Vermont to connect to our secure wired network. Apple USB-C to USB Adapter The USB-C to USB Adapter lets you connect iOS devices and many of your standard USB accessories to a MacBook with USB-C port or MacBook Pro with Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) ports. Plug the USB-C end of the adapter into the USB-C port on your MacBook or any Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) port on your MacBook Pro, and then connect your flash drive, camera, or other standard USB device. You can also connect a Lightning to USB cable to sync and charge your iPhone, iPad, or iPod although I think I might just invest in one of the Apple USB-C to Lightning cables. Apple USB-C to Lightning Cable Okay so you have a brand new iPhone and a b[...]

Certified for Safety!


People are buying more and more technology online these days, and given the time of year, I think the topic of this article will be very timely. It also has to do with many of the things I’ve been writing about regarding electronics and electrical safety. In recent years there’s been a proliferation of tech companies (and random people on sites like and amazon marketplace) selling all kinds of electronic devices. Many of them appear quite sophisticated and are offered at extremely cheap prices, but the reality is often not so great. Here are some things to look out for in cheap, poorly constructed products. One of the biggest ways manufacturers cut corners to save money is by using materials that are insufficient for the task. The most critical and dangerous way this shows up in electronics is insufficient insulation. If insulation breaks down, short circuits can be created resulting in catastrophic failure of the device. This failure can cause fire, electrocution or other damage. Under normal use, the device will probably be ok, but well-constructed devices are often built with excess for those unforeseen situations. Another shortcut is good old poor construction. This could be anything from skipping solder points on PCBs to poor component choice. Depending on the device, these shortcuts can create very dangerous situations. Fortunately, there’s a very simple way to identify a product that’s safe. Almost all devices that use or create electricity will have a label on them with electrical properties of the device. Take a look at Apple’s own iPad charger. The writing on it is in tiny grey letters, but if you look at it, you’ll see many things including a number of symbols. There are two that you really want to look for: a “UL” in a circle and “CE”. The UL symbol stands for Underwriters Laboratories. Founded in 1894, Underwriters Laboratories is a certification company in the US that certifies the safety of electrical devices. They provide certification services for many organizations including OSHA. The CE symbol stands for Conformité Européenne (European Conformity). All products sold within the European Economic Area must have this symbol. We find the symbol on products even in the US because companies generally make one version of their products that will pass regulations in all markets. A CE label means the device complies with all relevant safety directives as declared by EU legislation. A few years ago when I was building my photovoltaic power station, I was looking for a high quality pure-sine inverter. This class of device is notorious for being produced cheaply and unsafely. Any time you have something where the promise of results is high (power 120V appliances from the 12V socket in your car!) and the cost is relatively low, you should be extra cautious. Obviously, buying from a reputable manufacturer is one good way to get a safe, high quality product, but if the product is UL-certified, you can rest easier. I ended up purchasing a 300-watt Samlex pure-sine inverter. If you look at the specifications tab on the product page, you can see that it’s ETL and UL certified. ETL is a competing testing laboratory based in London. Having two certifications including UL means this device is likely very safe. Samlex is also a large, well-established and known manufacturer. It’s just not worth saving a few bucks on a product that could be dangerous. Many retailers won’t necessarily list on their websites the safety certifications of products, but they can be easily found on the packaging. This is something I’ve gotten into a habit of doing, much like reading the nutrition facts label on food I buy. Typically, retail stores (including Small Dog Electronics) only carry devices from well-known, reputable manufacturers. These items will virtually always bear the CE or UL label. Also remember that I’m speaking of these certificatio[...]

Use Tabs in Apps in Sierra


We’ve all become accustomed to opening web pages in separate tabs in Safari, Google Chrome, and Firefox. In OS X 10.9 Mavericks, Apple gave us the capability to open different folders in tabs in Finder windows, making it easy to work in multiple folders with limited screen real estate.

In macOS 10.12 Sierra, Apple has gone one step further, building tab support system-wide so you can open windows in tabs in most Mac apps. Tab support is ‘free’ in apps, developers don’t need to do anything to support it and you won’t need to download an update to take advantage of it in most of your apps. So how do you get started with tabs and how can you use them in your everyday work?

First, to determine whether Sierra was able to add tab support to a particular app, look in the app’s View and Window menus. If you see View > Show Tab Bar and tab-related commands in the Window menu you’re good to go.

Next, if Show Tab Bar doesn’t have a checkmark in the View menu, choose it to reveal the tab bar, which appears between the app’s main toolbar and the document itself. You’ll see a tab for the current document or window, and (in most apps) a + button at the right side of the tab bar.


One final setup step: By default, documents open in separate windows. To make them open in tabs, open System Preferences> Dock, and choose always from the Prefer tabs when opening documents pop-up menu. This setting applies to both existing documents and those you create by choosing File > New. Now that you have everything configured, here is what you can do:

Create a new, empty tab:

Click the + button in the tab bar

Move between tabs:

1. Click the desired tab
2. Choose Window > Show Next Tab or Show Previous Tab
3. Press the control-tab (next) or control-shift-tab (previous) keyboard shortcuts
4. Choose Window > Tab Name

Merge multiple windows into tabs in one window:

1. Drag a document’s tab from one window’s tab bar to the tab bar window in another window
2. Choose Window > Merge All Windows

Move a tab to it’s own window:

1. Drag the tab out of it’s tab bar until it becomes a thumbnail of the document
2. Choose Window > Move Tab to New Window

Rearrange the order of the tabs:

Drag a tab to the desired position

Close a tab:

1. Hover over the tab to see the X button at the left side of the tab; click the X
2. Choose File > Close Tab
3. Press Command-W

Getting used to tabs may require a little adjustment, but if you configure your Mac to always prefer tabs when opening documents, using tabs will quickly become second nature just as it likely did for you in web browsers.

Filter Mailboxes in iOS 10


If your e-mail load is like mine or just someone who’s an organization freak ( OK, also me ) then you will love some of the filtering features in iOS 10. I use my phone exclusively at times so being able to better navigate through my Mail app helps a lot. Apple has enhanced the Mail app in iOS 10 to help you filter your email and focus on what’s important. The filters are like searches in that all they do is show messages in the current mailbox that match the filter, hiding everything else. They don’t move or modify messages in any way, but allow you to quickly access the e-mails you need.


To start using these filters in iOS 10 tap the Filter button in the bottom-left corner. By default, mailboxes are set to show only unread messages. You can click or tap Unread to bring up all the preset filter choices which fall into four categories:

E-mail Account: This section appears only if Mail checks more than one account. These choices tell Mail to include mail from specific accounts. Perhaps you want to be able to stay more focused while at work, you can specify to look only at your work e-mail account. When you’re at home, you can help yourself to disconnect from office concerns by only viewing your personal account. You will want to make sure to specifically select “all mailboxes” or individual accounts depending on your viewing and filtering preferences.

Status: You’ll likely want to keep Unread selected most of the time, after all half the point of these features to keep things more filtered and organized! You can also select flagged e-mails specifically, a huge time saver for me when I’m planning my meetings.


Addressed: Sometimes it may be helpful to see only messages that have your address in the TO line, versus those where the sender CC’d you. These options will also hide most mailing list messages, automated e-mails and marketing offers.

Attachment and VIPs: I am constantly having to reference e-mails with specific attachments that I need so this is a huge time saver for me when I am on the run. Being able to specifically pull up e-mails with attachments has really saved me from unnecessary headaches while on the move. You can do the same with VIPs, I must admit though that I do not use this feature. I tried to use VIPs once but quickly found I put too many senders in my VIP list so it didn’t save me any time.

Any of these filter options can be easily turned on and off with a quick tap, so as your needs change so can your filters. Give filters a try, hopefully you find them as useful as I have!

Clickity Clack


You know, the weird thing is that the only class I ever got an “F” in was typing class. Now, I can type as fast as most people and actually the lessons in typing class served me well as I do not have to look at my keyboard and I use all ten fingers. I have been fascinated by ergonomic keyboards for some time. This started way back when Small Dog got its start at my house in Warren. About a year after we launched the company I was having severe discomfort in my wrists and arms. It was so severe that it would keep me up at night as my arm and hands got numb. So, I went to see about it and was sent to a neurologist who confirmed that I had carpal tunnel syndrome in both wrists. The neurologist was Dr. Freize, ironically. He hooked up electrodes and shot current and measured it. This is memorable to me because his equipment was sort of old and he kept banging on it to make it work. Nevertheless, I went to see a surgeon and scheduled the surgery to open up the tunnel. They didn’t want to do both at the same time but I insisted and looked pretty pathetic leaving the hospital with both arms immobilized. It took some “special” tools for me to do daily functions and I wasn’t typing too much for awhile. Artie and Hapy had to do all my work for me. So, I got interested in ergonomic keyboards and here in Kibbles & Bytes, I wrote a series of articles about some of the best boards. My favorite and the one I have used for almost 20 years is the Advantage Pro by Kinesis. Kinesis Technology is the leader in ergonomic keyboards and pointing devices. It took me about 3 weeks to get used to the very strange looking keyboard but it is clearly a superior design. It has the added advantage that no one else wants to use my keyboard so they stay away from my desk. Now that I am about to move to the new MacBook Pro with Touch Bar I am looking for a Bluetooth keyboard that has the same ergonomic features. Luckily, Kinesis came through again. They have recently sent me their new Freestyle2 Blue keyboard for the Mac. It is what I am using now and I love it. If you are old enough to remember the Apple ergonomic keyboard, the Freestyle2 is a bit like that. The Freestyle2 has a bunch of cool features. It is Bluetooth (cool feature #1) so no cables to my Mac. Not only that but the Freestyle2 features multichannel technology that allows you to not only connect to your Mac but also simultaneously to your iPhone or iPad. It has 3 channels so you can instantly switch between them. Most keyboards, including ergonomic models, have a 10 degree positive slope from front to back. These designs tend to bend your wrists. The Freestyle2 has a zero degree slope which minimizes the height, effectively creating negative slope and reducing wrist extension. The slim design provides you a 2-in-1 office and travel keyboard. It has even more versatility. From small to tall and body types in between, the Freestyle2 allows for maximum flexibility catering to each individual’s unique needs. Out of the box both modules are connected together by a flexible pivot tether allowing an infinite range of splay. Disconnecting the pivot tether allows up to 9 inches of complete separation of both left and right keying modules. Perfect for individual needs ranging from a narrow footprint to complete separation. This design greatly reduces and/or eliminates ulnar deviation. For even more versatility you can add the VIP3 kit which I did. The VIP3 and V3 accessories attach easily to the base of the Freestyle2 keyboard allowing quick and reproducible tent settings of 5, 10 and 15 degrees greatly reducing forearm tension. For people who want integrated palm supports get the VIP3, and for people who prefer tenting without palm supports get the V3. It is quiet, too. Rob Amon has the company’s loudest keyboard, I think it is an old Datadesk, that he loves [...]

The All New MacBook Pro


After weeks of anticipation and months of speculation, Apple finally announced updates to the MacBook Pro lineup. Before we get into the details let’s pause for a moment of silence. Apple has officially eliminated the optical disk drive from the entire computer lineup by removing the entry-level MacBook Pro 13in 2.5GHz which hadn’t been updated since 2012. The new MacBook Pros offer some pretty remarkable upgrades. They have up to 130% faster graphics, screens that are 67% brighter, up to 58% more storage volume and are 17% thinner. Apple has also removed the function keys from most MacBook Pro models and replaced them with the all new Touch Bar which also allows for integrated Touch ID. The 13in MacBook Pro has slimmed down from 4.5lbs to just 3lbs. The removal of the optical drive, the traditional spinning disk drive and most of the ports has allowed this dramatic reduction in weight. The Force Touch Trackpad is now 2x bigger on each MacBook Pro, the flash storage is up to 100% faster and the battery life has been increased to 10 hours. Thunderbolt 3 Thunderbolt 3 has been introduced to the new MacBook Pro and now supports 5K. Like previous generations of Thunderbolt, these new ports allow the user to connect multiple devices through the same port configuration. The base model 13in unit comes with two Thunderbolt 3 ports while the stepped-up 13in and the 15in models have four Thunderbolt 3 ports. The 15in MacBook pro can support up to two additional 5K displays and dual RAID systems allowing for some pretty incredible productivity and amazing work experience from a portable machine. Touch Bar and Touch ID The all new Touch Bar replaces the function keys on all the MacBook Pros except for the base model. For those users who still aren’t ready to let go of the physical function buttons Apple still leaves these keys on their $1499 model and by pressing the function key the Touch Bar will digitally display function keys. The Touch Bar is a small digital screen where the traditional functional keys once resided and changes depending on the application that you are running. If you’re in mail you can customize your Touch Bar much like the graphical tool bar in mail. You can now file, forward or delete with the touch of your finger and never have to use your track pad. For users who edit photos you can now relocate many drop down menu options to the Touch Bar allowing for full screen editing with ease. You can accept an incoming call, text someone your favorite emoji and now even Apple Pay all from your Touch Bar. Touch ID allows you to now unlock your computer with the touch of your finger and even use Apple Pay on your favorite sites. Second Generation Butterfly and Larger Touch Pad The butterfly switch mechanism was first introduced in the MacBook and it’s what helps to give the keyboard on the MacBook an even lower profile and faster response time. The keys are now even more stable allowing for a more comfortable typing experience and more responsive keys. The Touch Pad is now 2x larger than previous generation models giving users more space and flexibility to work and manipulate graphics. Faster Graphics and a Brighter Display The 15in MacBook Pro now has up to 130% faster graphics performance than previous models while the 13in is up to 103% faster. The new displays in the MacBook Pros feature a 67% brighter contract ratio and 25% more colors. The new LED display delivers deeper blacks, brighter whites and more vibrant greens and reds. Just when you thought that the display couldn’t get much better Apple managed to make it even more impressive. [...]

Enter the 3rd Dimension and Push!


I got my first experience with 3D Touch or Force Touch as it was known then on my Apple Watch. I noticed that Grace was able to answer calls on her watch like Dick Tracey but for some reason I could not. So, I called Apple support and learned the difference between a tap and a press. Apple took this one step further with when Apple first unveiled 3D Touch in iOS 9 with the iPhone 6s and 6s Plus, giving users of those iPhones a new way of interacting with apps, but 3D Touch never really caught on. Now, with the release of the iPhone 7 and 7 Plus, and broader support in iOS 10, 3D Touch is worth learning if you have one of the supported iPhones. 3D Touch works in two ways: “peek and pop” and “quick actions.” Apps use peek and pop to let you glance (peek) at an item by pressing down on it (not just a touch, but a press into the screen), and then jump to that item (pop) by pressing harder still. In Safari, for instance, you can preview a link by pressing it, and then either release to dismiss the preview or continue to load it in its own tab by pressing harder. Or move your finger up on the screen without letting go or pressing harder to get controls for opening the link, adding to your reading list, or copying the URL. This trick applies to links in other apps like Mail, Messages, and Notes, too. You can also use peek and pop with email message summaries in Mail, headlines in News, thumbnails in Photos, people in Find My Friends, dates and events in Calendar, and even the previously taken photo box in Camera. Support for peek and pop in third-party apps isn’t as widespread as it is in Apple’s apps, but it’s still worth trying whenever you want to preview something. More interesting are quick actions, which present a menu of common actions when you press down on an app’s icon on the Home screen, or on various controls and other items throughout iOS. Home screen quick actions are great, since they let you kickstart an app into doing something with just a hard press on its icon. If the app has a widget, a 3D Touch press shows that as well. For instance, using 3D Touch on the Phone app shows its widget, which gives you buttons to call people in your Favorites list, along with actions to view the most recent call, search for a contact, create a new contact, or view the most recent voicemail. The Clock app lets you start a timer or the stopwatch, or create an alarm. Messages quick actions can create a new message or open a recent conversation. Use 3D Touch on Safari’s icon and you can create a new tab or see your bookmarks or reading list. You can even press on a folder to rename it quickly. Quick actions and widgets are much more commonplace among third-party apps than peek and pop support, so be sure to try 3D Touch on all your favorite apps. If all you see is a Share item, the app has no quick actions or widget, but many apps provide both static actions that are always the same and dynamic actions that reflect your past usage. iOS 10 brings 3D Touch to Control Center too. Press the Flashlight button to adjust the brightness of the light, the Timer button for some pre-canned times, the Calculator button to copy the last calculation result, or the Camera button to take a photo, slo-mo, video, or selfie. On the Lock screen, press a Messages notification to expand it and reply directly from the notification. More notifications will become interactive in the future too. And in Notification Center, you can press a notification to expand it, or use 3D Touch on the X button for any day to reveal a Clear All Notifications option. It’s too bad that there’s no way to know in advance if an app supports quick actions or peek and pop, but as the number of iPhone users who can use 3D Touch increases, developers will incorporate 3D Touch [...]

Working Together


In a direct challenge to Google Docs, Apple has introduced collaboration to the iWork suite of apps. Pages, Numbers and Keynote now support collaboration through iCloud. You can use iWork collaboration with these devices: A Mac with macOS Sierra and Pages 6.0, Numbers 4.0, or Keynote 7.0 or later An iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch with iOS 10 and Pages 3.0, Numbers 3.0, or Keynote 3.0 or later A Mac with Safari 6.0.3 or later, or Google Chrome 27.0.1 or later A Windows PC with Internet Explorer 11 or later, or Google Chrome 27.0.1 or later If you find collaboration is not available to you, make sure that you have the latest versions of the iWork apps. I have run into this issue a few times here at Small Dog. I am always a bit ahead of the rest of the team in terms of running Apple software so if I send a Pages 6.0 document sometimes I get push back from those that haven’t upgraded. I do recommend that you update to the latest versions in order to take advantage of the new features, especially collaboration. To invite others to collaborate on your document in Pages, Numbers or Keynote you must be signed into iCloud and have iCloud Drive turned on. I was struggling a bit as we were testing this because collaboration is very dependent upon iCloud addresses. You need to use the iCloud email address to invite someone or it may get stuck in the “verification link cannot be sent” bug. Keep in mind that the title of the document will be included in the link that you send so if it is confidential- like “” you might want to tell the recipient to not forward that link. You can invite people to collaborate on your Mac, iOS device or from iCloud. To invite from the Mac simply click on the handy “collaborate” button in the menu bar. By default, people that you invite can edit your document. You can change share options and limit who can access it. If you set Who Can Access to “Anyone with the link”, and you want to add a password, click Add Password. Type your password and hint. You and other participants need this password to open the document. Then choose how you want to invite others to work on your document. If you choose to email your invitation, type an email address or phone number for each person you want to invite. Add any other information, then send or post the message. To invite from your iOS device, tap the ***, then tap Collaborate With Others. Again, you will be given the options to limit access or add a password. Click on Add People and you have the same choices on how to inform them via email, Messages, copying the link, Twitter or Facebook. Inviting from iCloud in Safari is the same as doing so from within Pages on the Mac. You may not want everyone to be able to edit the document but do want them to be able to read it. You can set this all up when you share. When you invite others to collaborate on your document, you can set restrictions on who can view and make changes to your document. In the Who Can Access menu: Choose “Only people you invite” if you want only specific participants to access the document. To open it, those participants must sign in to iCloud or with an Apple ID. If they don’t have an Apple ID, they can create an Apple ID after you share the document with them. Choose “Anyone with the link” if you want anyone who has the link to the shared document to be able to open it. In the Permissions menu: Choose “Can make changes” if you want anyone who can access the document to be able to edit and print it. Choose “View only” if you want anyone who can access the document to be able to view and print, but not edit it. [...]