Subscribe: Professional Psychology: Research and Practice - Vol 40, Iss 6
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Professional Psychology: Research and Practice - Vol 47, Iss 6

Professional Psychology: Research and Practice publishes articles on the application of psychology, including the scientific underpinnings of the profession of psychology.

Last Build Date: Mon, 23 Jan 2017 17:00:25 EST

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Psychological Association

LGBTQ perceptions of psychotherapy: A consensual qualitative analysis.


Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals face mental health disparities secondary to minority stress and utilize psychological services at greater rates than their heterosexual/cisgender counterparts. Despite pressing demand for culturally competent care for this population, significant gaps in the literature exist, particularly related to the tailoring of psychotherapy to LGBTQ clients’ unique sociocultural context. As such, the current article utilized consensual qualitative research (CQR) methods to distill core themes regarding the manner in which contextual factors and ideographic values of LGBTQ individuals inform their experiences in psychotherapy. Results highlight the importance of interpersonal connectedness and authentic affirmation as central to clients’ sense of mental health and wellness. Moreover, findings revealed multiple and intersecting axes of identity shaping participant experiences of psychotherapy. Specific recommendations for clinicians are provided in the service of advancing culturally competent care for LGBTQ individuals that is as complex and nuanced as the clients themselves. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)(image)

A critical feminist phenomenological study of social justice identity among professional psychologists and trainees from a feminist multicultural practicum.


Guided by intersectionality, this study defines social justice identity as the self-constructed process of embodying social justice within one’s sociocultural context. The study examined the meaning of social justice identity for professional psychologists and trainees who engage in social justice work. Participants were recruited who had previously been trainees at 1 social justice-oriented, feminist multicultural practicum site. The most frequent race, sexual identity, and gender were White, heterosexual, and woman, which was representative of the practicum site. Thirteen participants from a site population of 37 engaged in interviews, focus groups, and follow-up interviews (35% response rate). Critical feminist phenomenological analysis yielded the following themes: (a) Being Authentic, (b) Resisting Oppression, (c) Taking Responsibility, (d) Leveraging Privilege, (e) Accepting Self and One’s Efforts, and (f) Covert Action. Future research should examine how professionals experience social justice identity, including the struggles and tensions of professionals with both privileged and marginalized statuses. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)(image)

Clinical judgment faith bias: Unexpected findings for psychology research and practice.


Professional psychologists sometimes make more pathological judgments for clients with socially deviant faith (high religiousness or spirituality) than for otherwise identical clients with socially normative faith (low religiousness or spirituality). This phenomenon is called clinical judgment faith bias, and this study used mathematical modeling to investigate whether this occurs in psychological practice. Previously, Harris (2011) surveyed a national random sample of 141 psychologists in clinical practice to investigate clinical judgment faith bias with a specially designed clinical vignette. The current study reanalyzed the data from Harris (2011), testing 2 alternative regression models with multivariate multiple regressions. The test of the first model was not significant; neither the faith magnitude of a vignette (ranging from low to high) nor its faith type (religious or spiritual) influenced the diagnostic or prognostic judgments of most psychologists. The analysis of the second model yielded significant results—but, unexpectedly, an inverse clinical judgment faith bias was found for the prognostic judgments of highly spiritual psychologists. The more spiritual (but not religious) psychologists were, the more they responded to socially deviant cases by making more positive prognostic judgments. Furthermore, a multicultural knowledge prognostic bias was found—the more multicultural knowledge (but not awareness) psychologists had, the more positive prognostic judgments they made for all cases. These findings are unexpected, contradict predictions, and must be interpreted with caution but suggest prognostic overshadowing, an entirely unanticipated bias in the clinical judgments of spiritual and multicultural psychologists. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)(image)

What you should want from your professional: The impact of educational information on people’s attitudes toward simple actuarial tools.


The ability to increase positive attitudes toward the usage of simple actuarial tools by presenting educational information regarding the benefits of such tools (i.e., accurate and efficient) was assessed. Using a 2 (accuracy information vs. no accuracy information) × 2 (efficiency information vs. no efficiency information) between-participants design, participants were presented with details of a simple actuarial decision-making tool in either a medical scenario (Study 1; N = 404) or a legal scenario (Study 2; N = 325), and asked to report their attitudes toward the tool. Results from both studies showed that informing people of the benefits of simple actuarial tools led to increases in levels of satisfaction and willingness to adopt the tools, as well as increased ratings regarding the fairness and ethicalness of the tools. The initial acceptance of the tool and relative impact of the type of educational information, however, did differ across the 2 scenarios. Implications for the implementation of simple actuarial tools in real world decision-making contexts are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)(image)

Qualitative and quantitative feedback following workshop training in evidence-based practices: A dissemination study.


It is often difficult for evidence-based practices (EBPs) to find their way into addiction treatment programs. One goal of the National Institute on Drug Abuse’s Clinical Trials Network (CTN) is to disseminate these EBPs into community treatment programs. The Southwest Node of CTN hosted a series of 13 local workshops in EBPs led by experts in the topic areas. Participants (N = 327) were asked to complete an online evaluation of the training with a follow-up rate of 75.8%. Respondents reported that the trainings had been applied in their workplace. Qualitative analysis revealed themes of gratitude and a need for additional training opportunities. Participant enthusiasm for training was indicated by the willingness to travel up to a thousand miles and independently pay for travel expenses. Frontline providers are aware of EBPs and eager for further trainings. Future studies should include formal assessments of training needs and measures of skill acquisition. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)(image)

Pain catastrophizing, perceived pain disability, and pain descriptors in veterans: The association with neuropsychological performance.


This study examined neuropsychological performance in relation to specific aspects of pain. Pain catastrophizing, pain disability, and sensory, affective, and evaluative descriptors of pain were examined in relation to neuropsychological test performance to understand the relationship between chronic pain and altered cognitive function. Diagnostic interviews, symptoms measures, and neuropsychological testing were completed with veteran participants to examine pain conditions and objective neuropsychological performance. Participants completed the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM–IV–TR, clinician-rated symptom measures (Hamilton Depression and Hamilton Anxiety rating scales), and a neuropsychological battery (Controlled Oral Word Association test, Stroop, Trail Making Test, Ruff 2 & 7, and California Verbal Learning Test, 2nd edition). Pain was measured with the McGill Pain Questionnaire, the Pain Disability Index, and the Pain Catastrophizing Scale. Findings revealed that learning and memory were associated with both pain catastrophizing and perceived pain disability, but not affective or evaluative descriptions of pain. Executive function and attention were not related to any of the pain characteristics examined in this study. Of important note, neuropsychological performance was not related to mental health functioning in this veteran sample. These findings suggest that separate from anxiety and depression, learning and memory specifically are influenced by pain-specific catastrophizing as well as pain-specific perceived disability. Understanding the cognitive mechanism associated with chronic pain and neuropsychological performance may result in new treatment targets. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)(image)