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change  coping styles  coping  error management  error  job  management  related  stress  study  styles  transformational leadership 
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Preview: International Journal of Stress Management - Vol 16, Iss 4

International Journal of Stress Management - Vol 24, Iss 1



International Journal of Stress Management is a forum for the publication of peer-reviewed and thus high-quality original articles—empirical, theoretical, review, and historical articles as well book reviews and editorials. International Journal of Stre



Last Build Date: Wed, 22 Mar 2017 20:00:02 EST

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Psychological Association
 



Coping with terrorism: Coping types and effectiveness.

2016-04-07

Ongoing terrorist attacks in Israel provide a unique opportunity to examine the employed coping styles. This study examines various coping styles and their efficiency in dealing with terrorism. The sample consisted of 400 Israeli adults. Four coping styles were derived by combining 2 axes scores: high–low problem coping and high–low emotion coping, using the median as the cutoff point. Stress symptoms were measured as indicators of the effectiveness of each coping style. A typology of 4 coping styles was found. Two coping types employed a single and unidimensional coping strategy: problem-targeted coping and emotion-targeted coping. Two additional multidimensional coping types combined various coping styles: integrated coping (IC) and adaptive coping (AC). We found that AC, composed of the least coping strategies, was the most effective, whereas IC, composed of the most coping strategies, was the least effective. Another finding was the gender differences in the use of coping types. Whereas the most prevalent type among men was the AC type, the most prevalent type among women was the IC type. In addition, the interaction between exposure, coping styles, and stress symptoms are discussed. Ongoing terrorism in Israel requires the use of several coping styles. The combining of coping styles indicates that coping with terrorism is a dynamic and interactive process. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)(image)



Working with the stress of errors: Error management strategies as coping.

2016-04-07

Workplace error management research has focused on performance, especially in training settings. The connection of error management strategies to employees’ well-being has not been examined despite the fact that errors can include making mistakes that are threatening to one’s sense of self-worth. The present study connects the number of errors committed to employees’ psychological strain through interpretations of errors, or error management. The transactional theory of stress provides a framework for the study. Sampling from various organizations and Mechanical Turk, 356 cases were analyzed. Positive error management (PEM) did not appear to reduce strains, but negative error management (NEM) increased them. NEM mediated the relationship between errors and error strain, and error strain mediated the relationship between NEM and emotional exhaustion. Future research on error management could focus on individual and organizational differences that may affect employees’ interpretations and management of errors, and on the examination of errors and error management strategies cross-culturally. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)(image)



Relationships between transformational leadership and health: The mediating role of perceived job demands and occupational self-efficacy.

2016-04-07

The present study tests a multiple mediation model concerning complex relationships between transformational leadership and employee health. Based on recent transformational leadership research, we suggest that transformational leadership may be able to decrease cognitive and emotional strain by reducing perceived job demands and enhancing personal resources among employees. A sample of 1,074 employees participated in a cross-sectional study in Germany. Results confirmed the hypothesized multiple mediation model. Thus, transformational leadership and employees’ short-term work related strain were negatively associated. However, the study suggests that a health-promoting effect of transformational leadership may better be explained due to the reduction of job demands and an enhancement of personal resources. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)(image)



Regular versus cutback-related change: The role of employee job crafting in organizational change contexts of different nature.

2016-04-07

The present study addresses how job characteristics (e.g., autonomy, workload, and their interaction) relate to employee job crafting (i.e., seeking resources, seeking challenges, and reducing demands), and whether job crafting relates to employee work-related well-being (i.e., work engagement and exhaustion) across 2 distinct organizational change contexts: a context of threatening, cutback-related change (i.e., due to the financial recession in Greece) and a context of regular change (i.e., due to reorganization in the Netherlands). In both contexts, workload related positively to seeking resources when job autonomy was low, suggesting that employees seek resources to deal with the demanding context of organizational change. Furthermore, seeking resources and seeking challenges were generally associated with better work-related well-being, while reducing demands related positively to employee exhaustion only in the context of regular change (i.e., Dutch sample). Promising avenues for future research are discussed and practical recommendations are proposed to managers who deal with excessive (regular or cutback-related) organizational change. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)(image)



The effectiveness of the Mitchell Method Relaxation Technique for the treatment of fibromyalgia symptoms: A three-arm randomized controlled trial.

2016-04-28

This study evaluates the effectiveness of the Mitchell Method Relaxation Technique (MMRT) in reducing symptoms of fibromyalgia. A randomized controlled trial was used to compare the effectiveness of self-administered MMRT (n = 67) with attention control (n = 66) and usual care (n = 56) groups. Primary outcomes included self-reported fatigue, pain, and sleep. Secondary outcomes were daily functioning, quality of life, depression, coping, anxiety, and perceived stress. Outcomes were assessed at baseline, postintervention (4 weeks) and follow-up (8 weeks). A significant combined improvement on outcomes (p < .005) and specific significant effects for sleep problems (d = 0.29, p < .05), sleep inadequacy (d = 0.20, p < .05), and fatigue (d = 0.47, p < .05) were present in the MMRT group. At the follow-up, the fatigue score did not differ from the postintervention score (p = .25), indicating short-term sustainability of the effect. The effects on sleep problems and sleep inadequacy were not sustained. The pain levels decreased when the MMRT was practiced 3 times a week (p < .001). MMRT proved to be effective in reducing pain, sleep problems, and fatigue. High rates of relative risk reduction for fatigue (37%) and pain (42.8%) suggest clinical significance. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)(image)