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The American Psychologist is the official journal of the American Psychological Association. As such, the journal contains archival documents and articles covering current issues in psychology, the science and practice of psychology, and psychology's cont



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Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Application of Psychology: Robert J. Gatchel.

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Gold Medal Awards recognize distinguished and engaging records of accomplishment in 4 areas of psychology. The 2017 Recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Application of Psychology is Robert J. Gatchel, PhD, ABPP. Terence M. Keane, PhD, president of the APF, will present the APF Gold Medal Awards at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association on August 4, 2017, at 4:00 p.m. Members of the 2017 APF Board of Trustees are Terence M. Keane, PhD, president; Melba J. T. Vasquez, PhD, vice president/interim secretary; Richard C. McCarty, PhD, treasurer; Elisabeth R. Straus, executive vice president/executive director; Camilla Benbow, EdD; Rosie Phillips Bingham, PhD; Connie S. Chan; Arthur C. Evans Jr., PhD; Linda M. Forrest, PhD; Douglas C. Haldeman, PhD; Anthony W. Jackson, PhD; Archie L. Turner; W. Bruce Walsh, PhD; and Stewart E. Cooper, PhD, APA Board of Directors liaison. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Practice of Psychology: Rodney R. Baker.

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Gold Medal Awards recognize distinguished and engaging records of accomplishment in 4 areas of psychology. The 2017 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Practice of Psychology is Rodney R. Baker, PhD. Terence M. Keane, PhD, president of the APF, will present the APF Gold Medal Awards at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association on August 4, 2017, at 4:00 p.m. Members of the 2017 APF Board of Trustees are: Terence M. Keane, PhD, president; Melba J. T. Vasquez, PhD, vice president/interim secretary; Richard C. McCarty, PhD, treasurer; Elisabeth R. Straus, executive vice president/executive director; Camilla Benbow, EdD; Rosie Phillips Bingham, PhD; Connie S. Chan; Arthur C. Evans, Jr., PhD; Linda M. Forrest, PhD; Douglas C. Haldeman, PhD; Anthony W. Jackson, PhD; Archie L. Turner; W. Bruce Walsh, PhD; and Stewart E. Cooper, PhD, APA Board of Directors liaison. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychology in the Public Interest: Joseph Everett Trimble.

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Gold Medal Awards recognize distinguished and engaging records of accomplishment in 4 areas of psychology. The 2017 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychology in Public Interest is Joseph Everett Trimble, PhD. Terence M. Keane, PhD, president of the APF, will present the APF Gold Medal Awards at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association on August 4, 2017, at 4:00 p.m. Members of the 2017 APF Board of Trustees are: Terence M. Keane, PhD, president; Melba J.T. Vasquez, PhD, vice president/interim secretary; Richard C. McCarty, PhD, treasurer; Elisabeth R. Straus, executive vice president/executive director; Camilla Benbow, EdD; Rosie Phillips Bingham, PhD; Connie S. Chan; Arthur C. Evans, Jr., PhD; Linda M. Forrest, PhD; Douglas C. Haldeman, PhD; Anthony W. Jackson, PhD; Archie L. Turner; W. Bruce Walsh, PhD; and Stewart E. Cooper, PhD, APA Board of Directors liaison. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Science of Psychology: Lynn Nadel.

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Gold Medal Awards recognize distinguished and engaging records of accomplishment in 4 areas of psychology. The 2017 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Science of Psychology is Lynn Nadel, PhD. Terence M. Keane, PhD, president of the APF, will present the APF Gold Medal Awards at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association on August 4, 2017, at 4:00 p.m. Members of the 2017 APF Board of Trustees are Terence M. Keane, PhD, president; Melba J. T. Vasquez, PhD, vice president–interim secretary; Richard C. McCarty, PhD, treasurer; Elisabeth R. Straus, executive vice president–executive director; Camilla Benbow, EdD; Rosie Phillips Bingham, PhD; Connie S. Chan; Arthur C. Evans, Jr., PhD; Linda M. Forrest, PhD; Douglas C. Haldeman, PhD; Anthony W. Jackson, PhD; Archie L. Turner; W. Bruce Walsh, PhD; and Stewart E. Cooper, PhD, APA Board of Directors liaison. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology: Regan A. R. Gurung.

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology recognizes exemplary career contributions to the teaching of psychology. The 2017 recipient of the Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology is Regan A. R. Gurung, PhD. Terence M. Keane, PhD, president of the APF, will present the APF Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association on August 4, 2017, at 4:00 p.m. Members of the 2017 APF Board of Trustees are Terence M. Keane, PhD, president; Melba J. T. Vasquez, PhD, vice president/interim secretary; Richard C. McCarty, PhD, treasurer; Elisabeth R. Straus, executive vice president/executive director; Camilla Benbow, EdD; Rosie Phillips Bingham, PhD; Connie S. Chan; Arthur C. Evans, Jr., PhD; Linda M. Forrest, PhD; Douglas C. Haldeman, PhD; Anthony W. Jackson, PhD; Archie L. Turner; W. Bruce Walsh, PhD; and Stewart E. Cooper, PhD, APA Board of Directors liaison. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Integrating psychobiography into psychology’s mainstream: Introduction to the special section.

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

Psychobiography, the intense study of a particular person, has long existed at the fringes of mainstream psychology. This special section is comprised of two articles that take important steps to integrate psychobiography into the mainstream of psychology. Schultz and Lawrence (2017) do so by reviewing recent examples of how contemporary psychobiographers have used empirically supported methods and theories to reach conclusions about the individuals under study. Ponterotto and Reynolds (2017) do so by articulating important ethical issues relevant to the practice of psychobiography, a topic on which the American Psychological Association’s current ethical code provides little guidance (American Psychological Association, 2017). This introduction closes by proposing that mainstream psychology might better appreciate how psychobiography contributes to psychological knowledge and practice if psychobiographers also clearly articulated their criteria for “good science,” better explained how psychobiographical methods complement more mainstream methodological approaches, and empirically tested whether training in psychobiography helps clinicians better understand and treat their clients. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Psychobiography: Theory and method.

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

Psychobiography is best understood as a branch of applied personality science in which experimental findings are used to explore the lives and personalities of public figures, from artists to politicians. This article introduces the field, addresses questions commonly raised about it, and explores, among other subjects, what psychobiographical research might offer to the field of psychology. Two recent model psychobiographies are described in detail—McAdams’s (2010) profile of George W. Bush and Kasser’s (2013) analysis of John Lennon—both of which are oriented scientifically and rooted in experimentally derived concepts. Lastly, criteria for evaluating psychobiographical studies are summarized, as well as attributes of effective psychobiography that tend to include the components of fact, fit, and function. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Ethical and legal considerations in psychobiography.

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

Despite psychobiography’s long-standing history in the field of psychology, there has been relatively little discussion of ethical issues and guidelines in psychobiographical research. The Ethics Code of the American Psychological Association (APA) does not address psychobiography. The present article highlights the value of psychobiography to psychology, reviews the history and current status of psychobiography in the field, examines the relevance of existing APA General Principles and Ethical Standards to psychobiographical research, and introduces a best practice ethical decision-making model to assist psychologists working in psychobiography. Given the potential impact of psychologists’ evaluative judgments on other professionals and the lay public, it is emphasized that psychologists and other mental health professionals have a high standard of ethical vigilance in conducting and reporting psychobiography. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Attitude roots and Jiu Jitsu persuasion: Understanding and overcoming the motivated rejection of science.

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

There is a worryingly large chasm between scientific consensus and popular opinion. Roughly one third of Americans are skeptical that humans are primarily responsible for climate change; rates of some infectious diseases are climbing in the face of anti-immunization beliefs; and significant numbers of the population worldwide are antievolution creationists. It is easy to assume that resistance to an evidence-based message is a result of ignorance or failure to grasp evidence (the “deficit model” of science communication). But increasingly, theorists understand there are limits to this approach, and that if people are motivated to reject science, then repeating evidence will have little impact. In an effort to create a transtheoretical language for describing these underlying motivations, we introduce the notion of “attitude roots.” Attitude roots are the underlying fears, ideologies, worldviews, and identity needs that sustain and motivate specific “surface” attitudes like climate skepticism and creationism. It is the antiscience attitude that people hear and see, but it is the attitude root—what lies under the surface—that allows the surface attitudes to survive even when they are challenged by evidence. We group these attitude roots within 6 themes—worldviews, conspiratorial ideation, vested interests, personal identity expression, social identity needs, and fears and phobias—and review literature relevant to them. We then use these insights to develop a “jiu jitsu” model of persuasion that places emphasis on creating change by aligning with (rather than competing with) these attitude roots. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



A developmental perspective on the link between parents’ employment and children’s obesity.

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

Despite public concerns about the negative implications of the increased labor force participation of mothers for child development, decades of research have revealed few risks and some benefits. One potential risk—a consistently observed association between maternal employment and childhood obesity—offers a window into how some dimensions of family health may be undermined by work in an economic and policy context that is not family friendly. The purpose of this article is to identify ways that a developmental perspective can enrich the literature on how children’s weight may be related to the work experiences of both mothers and fathers across diverse populations, a literature that heretofore has been dominated by economic and demographic perspectives, focused almost solely on women, and largely ignored racial/ethnic variation. After reviewing the extant literature, we put forward a conceptual model that uses ecological and developmental insights to identify the mechanisms by which parents’ employment might matter to children’s weight and discuss this model in the context of the contemporary landscape of family policy. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Reconsidering what is vital about vital signs in electronic health records: Comment on Matthews et al. (2016).

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

The inclusion of psychosocial variables into electronic health records provides a unique opportunity for the translation of findings from social, psychological, and behavioral domains into patient care. This commentary is a response to the recommendations of a committee convened by the Institute of Medicine to address this opportunity (Matthews, Adler, Forrest, & Stead, 2016). We concur with the committee that the inclusion of psychosocial variables in electronic health records will broadly benefit researchers, practitioners, and patients and that there is clear need for a recommended panel of psychosocial measures that is ready for implementation in clinical settings. In fact, it seems likely that these recommendations will have lasting consequences. Given this, our response highlights several concerns about the recommendations and criteria. We suggest further clarification of the audience for these recommendations, reconsideration of the overly restrictive inclusion criteria, and more extensive engagement of psychosocial researchers to achieve broader consensus. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Optimal standard measures: Comment on Matthews et al. (2016).

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

Matthews, Adler, Forrest, and Stead (2016) implied that measures of mental health constructs such as depression can be made interchangeable by standardizing their scores. The present author contends that content differences in the measures a priori prevent their equivalence and that, instead, we need to agree on a standard definition of the construct and then use only a definition-fitting optimal standard measure. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Getting started: Reply to Condon et al. (2017) and Rossiter (2017).

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

Condon, Weston, and Hill (2017) and Rossiter (2017) expressed concerns about the recommended panel of psychosocial vital signs that should be included in electronic health records (EHRs). Condon et al. (2017) would prefer a broader array of measures and Rossiter (2017) a set of optimal measures based on consensus. Our task was to identify a core set of measures to be used now in all EHRs based on usefulness and low burden. We anticipate that with new evidence, changing needs, and greater input from stakeholders, the recommended measures will be elaborated or modified. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Leonard D. Goodstein (1927–2016).

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

Presents an obituary for Leonard D. Goodstein, who died in Scottsdale, Arizona, on July 20, 2016, at the age of 89. Goodstein was CEO of APA at a crucial time in its history when it faced both crippling financial difficulties and intramural conflict regarding the purpose of the organization. His efforts yielded important financial results and lasting structural changes to the organization. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Eugene Cullen Kennedy (1928–2015).

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

Presents an obituary for Eugene Cullen Kennedy, who died at age 86 on June 3, 2015, from heart and lung failure. Kennedy was trained as a counseling psychologist, but his impact went far beyond psychology, spanning 50 years and satisfying the intellectual tastes of a diversity of enthusiasts. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Laverne (Vern) C. Johnson (1925–2016).

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

Presents an obituary for Laverne (Vern) C. Johnson, who died at his home in La Mesa, California on October 1, 2016. Vern was a clinical psychologist who for two decades focused on a major program of research on sleep and biological rhythms, with particular emphasis on the relation of sleep loss and recovery to human performance, a matter of particular relevance to military service operations, in which variable work shift schedules and sustained performance over extended time periods are common. His publications attest to a core value he advanced throughout his career, namely, that scientific research at its best is a collaborative, team endeavor. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Allan Urho Paivio (1925–2016).

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

Presents an obituary for Allan Urho Paivio, who passed away on June 19, 2016. One of his many accomplishments was the development of a dual-coding theory. Dual-coding theory, while very influential, has, unfortunately, been discussed all too often as a theory of mental imagery, and not within its larger context wherein mental imagery and verbal processes are separable but interconnected representational systems, an academic battle in clarification that Paivio waged much of his life. He published prodigiously, even in the decades after retirement. Among his many honors, he served as president of the Canadian Psychological Association (1975) and was appointed a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (1978). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Steven (Steve) Walfish (1953–2016).

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

Presents an obituary for Steven (Steve) Walfish, who passed away in Atlanta, Georgia, on April 27, 2016. Walfish was a passionate clinical scholar and educator for independent practitioners. Well respected for his evaluations and consultations (presurgical weight loss, substance abuse, psychiatric issues), he became the go-to person for referrals for evidence-based practice with adults and couples. His untimely death to cancer deeply saddened the innumerable clients whose lives he touched and his diverse professional collaborators. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Summary Report of Journal Operations, 2016.

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

Presents a summary report of journal operations compiled from the 2016 annual reports of the Council of Editors and from Central Office records. Also includes a summary report of division journal operations compiled from the 2016 annual reports of the division journal editors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Supplement to listing of accredited doctoral, internship, and postdoctoral training programs in health service psychology.

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

Provides an announcement from the Commission on Accreditation for the following status changes for accredited doctoral (clinical, counseling, school, or a combination there of and developed practice area), doctoral internship, and postdoctoral residency programs in health service psychology as of April 2, 2017. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)



Correction to "Summary Report of Journal Operations, 2014".

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 04:00:00 GMT

Reports an error in "Summary report of journal operations, 2014" by (American Psychologist, 2015[Jul-Aug], Vol 70[5], 455-456). In the report on p. 455 the columns displaying average publication lag time for online first and print articles were reversed. In addition, the reported number of accepted manuscripts for the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology should be 118, not 65, and the rejection rate should be 86% rather than 91%. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2015-33530-012.) [Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported in Vol 71(9) of American Psychologist (see record 2016-61507-015). In the report, the reported number of manuscripts received, accepted, and pending along with their accompanying rejection rates had errors in the following journals: Journal of Abnormal Psychology; Journal of Applied Psychology; Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology; Journal of Counseling Psychology; Journal of Experimental Psychology: General; Journal of Family Psychology; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology; Psychological Assessment; Psychological Methods; Psychological Review; Psychology and Aging; Psychology of Addictive Behaviors; Psychology, Public Policy, and Law; and Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy. The online version of this report has been corrected.] Presents the American Psychological Association's summary report of its journal operations and division journal operations for 2014. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)