2017-01-22T15:59:18.889-08:00A friend came over yesterday morning to help me with my abstract algebra class. I might almost possess the conceit that I'm beginning to understand something.
2017-01-21T12:34:15.290-08:00Here's Wisconsin, run pretty much by Republicans the last several years:
Wisconsin's biennial budget picture got $714 million brighter Wednesday, with a projected deficit turning into a small surplus, according to the nonpartisan Legislative Fiscal Bureau.
Fiscal bureau director Bob Lang reported tax revenues are expected to be $455 million higher than what the Department of Administration projected in November. Also, spending in the current fiscal year that ends June 30 is expected to be $226 million lower — largely due to lower-than-expected Medicaid enrollment — and other revenues are expected to be $33 million higher.
Gov. Jerry Brown’s administration miscalculated costs for the state Medi-Cal program by $1.9 billion last year, an oversight that contributed to Brown’s projection of a deficit in the upcoming budget, officials acknowledged this week.Are there any states that are run by Democrats that are in good financial shape, even in the short term?
The administration discovered accounting mistakes last fall, but it did not notify lawmakers until the administration included adjustments to make up for the errors in Brown’s budget proposal last week. The Democratic governor called for more than $3 billion in cuts because of a projected deficit he pegged at $1.6 billion...
Brown’s deficit projection was driven by more than just the accounting error, Palmer said, noting that California tax collections came in below expectations for most of the first half of the fiscal year.
The massive hole in the Medi-Cal budget surprised state lawmakers.
2017-01-21T12:42:06.512-08:00I was a big fan of Liping Ma's Knowing and Teaching Elementary Mathematics. She asserted that Chinese elementary teachers had PUFM (profound understanding of fundamental mathematics) and too many American elementary teachers did not. (I've written several posts mentioning Liping Ma.)
When the Chinese city of Shanghai took part in the three-yearly Pisa test of 15-year-olds' academic ability in 2009 and 2012 it topped the table in maths, leaving countries such as Germany the UK and the US - and even Singapore and Japan - trailing in its wake. What is its secret?There's something to be said for this approach. And if you believe that all children should learn, and you believe that education is the most likely approach to alleviating or eliminating the effects of poverty, then this should make sense.
The life of a teacher in a Shanghai primary school differs quite a bit from that of teachers in most other countries. For one thing each teacher specialises in a particular subject - if you teach maths, you teach only maths.
These specialist teachers are given at least five years of training targeted at specific age groups, during which they gain a deep understanding both of their subject and of how children learn.
After qualifying, primary school teachers will typically take just two lessons per day, spending the rest of their time assisting students who require extra help and discussing teaching techniques with colleagues.
"If you compare that to an English practitioner in a primary school now, they might have five days of training in their initial teacher training year, if they're doing the School Direct route, for example," says Ben McMullen, head teacher of Ashburnham Community School, London...
There are other differences too. School days are longer - from 07:00 until 16:00 or 17:00. Class sizes are larger. And lessons are shorter - each is 35 minutes long, followed by 15 minutes of unstructured play.
There is no streaming according to ability and every student must understand before the teacher moves on. In the early years of school basic arithmetic is covered more slowly than in the UK, says McMullen, who has travelled to Shanghai in one of the groups of British teachers sent every year by the Department of Education to watch and learn.
"They looked at our curriculum and were horrified by how much we were trying to teach," he says.
"They wouldn't teach fractions until year four or five. By that time, they assume that the children were very fluent in multiplication and division.
"This is essentially a 'teaching for mastery' approach: covering less and making smaller incremental movements forward, ensuring the class move together as one and that you go over stuff again and again until it's truly understood."
2017-01-20T20:55:48.013-08:00It was blasted 38 years ago--by Monty Python:
The Women’s March on Washington—ostensibly about feminism, but not-so-subtextually intended as a demonstration against the Trump presidency—has run into issues, if not problems.
Black feminists have turned off white women with calls to check their privilege. The march’s inclusion of a pro-life group as a partner in a march that cites abortion rights as one of its “unity principles” was proven controversial and “horrified” the usual suspects. The march has now disowned the pro-life group. Given the march’s problems with alienating women, it is not surprising that the enterprise has had some difficulty attracting men.Here's the clip:
The New York Times helpfully explains that “[t]his brand of feminism — frequently referred to as ‘intersectionality’ — asks white women [and presumably everyone else] to acknowledge that they have had it easier.” Moreover: “[T]hese debates over race also reflect deeper questions about the future of progressivism in the age of Trump. Should the march highlight what divides women, or what unites them? Is there room for women who have never heard of ‘white privilege’?”
In the wake of these stories, Heather Wilhelm and Noah C. Rothman have written about the self-devouring ouroboros of intersectionality. However, it may be up to a British comedy troupe to demonstrate the more basic political problem. In “Monty Python’s Life of Brian,” a man born next door to Jesus Christ endures mistaken identity problems. Along the way, for personal and political reasons, Brian attempts to join the People’s Front of Judea, a group rebelling against the Roman occupation of Judea...
This sketch-within-a-movie did not come out of nowhere. In the video commentary for the film, John Cleese (Reg) explains that the scene was a satire on the proliferation of left-wing revolutionary parties in the United Kingdom during the period when the movie was written and shot.
Incidentally, no one will mistake Cleese for a Tory, let alone an American conservative. He has, for example, cited Fox News as an example of the Dunning-Kruger effect, which is the theory that the incompetent fail to realize their own incompetence or accurately estimate the skills of others. Yet Cleese and his fellow white, male comics (now old and some dead, not just resting) understood that splinter parties of any ideology generally start off as counter-productive and usually end as just plain silly.
2017-01-20T12:15:12.082-08:00Who doesn't admire this pre-euro note from Greece?
2017-01-19T17:29:54.855-08:00Today one of our administrators told me that principals in our district had all been sent an email regarding tomorrow's inauguration. There were to be no displays of partisanship or anything that might possibly conceivably cause any student not to feel "welcome" or "safe" in our schools. When a nearby teacher suggested that I put "Make Math Great Again" on the board as a joke, this administrator--who is usually as cool as a cucumber--was pointed in his (we only have men as administrators at my school) response, and it was a big fat NO. I got the impression from our subsequent conversation that our district was looking to jump on someone even for something so innocuous.
2017-01-18T17:22:00.447-08:00I've written many times about what an abject failure Barack Obama has been as president. What's less often identified, however, is how much of a failure he has been by his own standards:Ten years ago today, then-Sen. Barack Obama of Illinois announced he was taking the first steps to run for president in 2008. In a three-minute video, he explained why — and what he hoped to accomplish.It's remarkable as a historic artifact — God bless YouTube! — but if you watch the whole thing (it's only 187 seconds long!), you are reminded of the central reason Obama ran for president: to fix broken politics.Here's the key passage in Obama's exploratory committee announcement:America's faced big problems before. But today our leaders in Washington seem incapable of working together in a practical, common-sense way. Politics has become so bitter and partisan, so gummed up by money and influence that we can't tackle the big problems that demand solutions. That's what we have to change first. We have to change our politics and come together around our common interests and concerns as Americans.The big idea at the heart of Obama's candidacy was that he — because of his background, proven résumé and the historic nature of his candidacy — was uniquely suited to solve the partisan gridlock that had seized our politics under Presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush. That he could bring us all together through an appeal to our better angels and our shared values — and, in so doing, create a government that worked for all of us.Looking back now, Obama's announcement video feels almost quaint.Quaint is one word for it.Given his history there was no reason to believe that Obama would be anything other than what has shown himself to be--arrogant, inflexible, exceedingly partisan, incompetent. Very early on in the Obama presidency, Instapundit Glenn Reynolds would state that a repeat of the Carter administration would be the best case scenario, and he would repeat that statement periodically--because he turned out to be not only correct, but prescient.I have a friend who voted for President Obama at least once, certainly in 2008. He was convinced that Obama was uniquely positioned to help race relations in this country, and on that basis alone voted for him. Today that friend doesn't have much that's good to say about Obama, and with good reason--he turned most everything he touched into a disaster, especially race relations:There is little doubt, except to his die-hard supporters (which includes a vast majority of the mainstream media), that his failures are legion. Perhaps the most telling and egregious of which is the current state of race relations in the United States. As President and a man of African descent, Barack Obama was in a position to permanently mend fences and end the racial politics bubbling beneath the surface over the past few decades. However true to his quasi-Marxist upbringing as well as being steeped in racial identity politics, he chose to exploit and exacerbate racial tensions for political objectives. The end-product of this nihilistic approach is revealed in a poll taken by Washington Post/ABC News in July of 2016 wherein 64% of Americans believe race relations are generally bad as compared to 66% who thought race relations were generally good in April of 2009.Barack Obama, and virtually all of his fellow travelers, both white and black, on the Left (i.e. the Democratic Party), view the African-American population as both useful pawns in their quest for power and as helpless mascots to be pitied, paraded about and bought off whenever useful to either the overriding political or societal cause...That the President of the United States would deliberately and with malice be party to this exploitation and extortion is beyond the pale and will forever be a sta[...]
2017-01-17T16:46:27.229-08:00This one is so good that I have to lift it in its entirety from Instapundit:
WHAT OTHER KIND IS THERE? A Defense of Obama That Cherry-Picks the Facts.Peter Berkowitz:Chait’s case for Obama largely ignores the case against. It is one thing to defend the utility of deficit spending in a recession; it is quite another to blink away doubling American debt in eight years to a staggering $20 trillion and growing. It is appropriate to credit Obama for expanding access to health care, but it is deceptive to gloss over his repeated deceptions concerning insurance cost, keeping one’s doctor, and keeping one’s insurance. The reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is good, but no excuse for undermining constitutional government by extravagant exploitation of executive orders to skirt the people’s representatives in the legislative branch. And while the Middle East was unstable and dangerous before Obama, it is negligent to overlook how his determination to circumscribe America’s international role has emancipated the forces of chaos and destruction in the region.
Overreach and underperformance have consequences. Not the least part of Obama’s legacy is a shrunken and enfeebled Democratic Party in the states, a successor in the White House he tried hard to derail, and Republican majorities in both houses of Congress who are determined to overturn his signature domestic and foreign policy achievements.Obama’s real legacy will be sworn into office on Friday.
2017-01-16T18:40:16.629-08:00I don't pay into Social Security; rather, I pay into the California State Teachers Retirement System, or CalSTRS. This pension fund is in such bad shape that the state, the school districts, and the teachers themselves all now have to pay higher amounts into it--in order to fund the retirements we were promised at the lower contributions. In other words, we're paying more for the same amount.
CalSTRS is considering building a second office tower, adding to the growing skyline along West Sacramento’s riverfront but raising fresh questions about the financial state of the teachers’ pension fund.Are teachers the agency's priority, or not? How much space does managing assets require?
The 10-story building, expected to cost $181 million, would be erected alongside CalSTRS’ 20-story headquarters on the Sacramento River. CalSTRS officials said they need more space; they expect to outgrow the headquarters building, which opened in 2009, about three years from now...
Construction of the tower is not a done deal, however. CalSTRS board members, meeting last month, expressed concerns about spending $181 million when investment returns are weakening and the pension fund is barely two years removed from a financial rescue plan approved by the Legislature. The bailout, designed to erase a long-term funding gap, is costing the state, school districts and teachers billions of dollars a year in additional contributions to CalSTRS. The California State Teachers’ Retirement System controls $193 billion in assets and is about 69 percent funded.
“We’re in a low-return environment probably for quite some time to come, and we’re going to be asking more, frankly, of the state and our employers and our employees,” said state Controller Betty Yee, a board member, during last month’s meeting. “I’d like to wait a couple of years to evaluate our funding status and our staff space needs.”
CalSTRS doesn’t need legislative approval to build the tower and would fund the project itself.
2017-01-15T10:47:55.634-08:00I lived in Alameda County when Al Davis moved the Raiders from Los Angeles back to Oakland. I didn't live in Oakland, I lived in the Fremont/Newark area, about a half an hour drive away. Still, though, my taxes went up to build "Mount Davis", an addition to the Oakland Coliseum that allowed for more people to attend Raiders games.Sacramento has just finished building the Golden 1 (Credit Union) Center for the Sacramento Kings. Living in suburban Sacramento County in a different incorporated city, I'm glad the county didn't decide to tax me to build that arena so that rich people could get richer.This position is actually very conservative.This is how such things are sold: they'll raise the sales tax, for instance, a half a cent for 15 years to raise the needed revenue that the city (or whatever governmental level is kicking in) will put towards the new stadium/arena. The justification is that this will be good for the city/county, as it will bring in tourists and diners, etc., and their expenditures will help the economy and their sales taxes will be good for the government. This is called an "investment".If I'm paying for this investment, when do I get my return? Here's how it should work, if government is going to kick in money at all: You raise the sales tax half a cent for 15 years. At the end of that 15 years, not only does that half a cent tax go away, but so does another half a cent--after all, all that tax money that the stadium/arena is bringing in should have the governmental coffers overflowing, shouldn't it? Shouldn't government--the people--get back that money they "invested"? Keep the sales tax a half a cent lower than it was originally, and do it for the same 15 year time period. If this isn't justified economically, then the government shouldn't be helping fund private entities like sports leagues in the first place. (But I'd say don't do it anyway, because that's not the purpose of government at any level.)But Darren, you say, you just don't like the Kings! You want Sacramento to go back to being a cow town! To which I reply, if the Kings are the only thing keeping Sacramento from being a cow town, then we're already a cow town--with a basketball team. Honestly, I don't care if the Kings stay in Sacramento or not, they don't impact my life in the slightest, but I'd resent having to pay more in taxes to keep them here.I didn't get anything out of my paying more taxes for Mount Al Davis. I wouldn't get anything out of paying more taxes for the Golden 1 Center, had Sacramento County (not City) wanted to tax me more for it. I'm not the only person who thinks this way:The people of San Diego won by losing.Chargers owner Dean Spanos did the corporate equivalent of taking his ball and going home Thursday, bolting for Los Angeles because San Diego residents had balked at building his team a fancy new stadium. Imagine the nerve of those people! Refusing to spend millions for a stadium that, studies have shown, would likely end up costing taxpayers more than what is originally estimated while providing less in return...But he (Dean Spanos) and pretty much every other owner think they’re owed civic welfare as a show of gratitude for their benevolence in owning a sports franchise. Franchises that already line owners’ pockets with millions of the public’s money each year in the form of merchandise, ticket sales, concessions and parking, mind you...Yes, it’s devastating to lose a team that has been part of the city’s identity for more than a half-century, and Chargers fans were understandably outraged at being jilted. In the hours after Spanos made his announcement, fans littered the sidewalk in front of the team’s headquarters with jerseys and o[...]
2017-01-16T18:08:34.716-08:00Protesting is one thing, but stopping someone else's freedom of speech is un-American:
Milo Yiannopoulos, the alt-right-friendly media figure and Breitbart tech editor who is permanently banned from Twitter, was scheduled to speak at the University of California-Davis on Friday, but student-protesters mobbed the scene, forcing event organizers to cancel his appearance.Leftists are the fascists they decry.
Given the unruly state of the protesters, university officials informed Yiannopoulos's hosts, the Davis College Republicans, that they could no longer guarantee anyone's safety. This prompted the CRs to cancel the event before Yiannopoulos had a chance to speak.
Martin Shkreli was supposed to speak as well, but because of the actions of irate students, his lecture did not take place, either.
The university initially remained committed to letting the event go forward, despite the administration's fervent opposition to Yiannopoulos's message. But fights broke out, according to local news reporters. Someone even poured hot coffee on a photojournalist.
2017-01-15T10:49:24.186-08:00On current and previous coins, Liberty has appeared either as white or Native American. These new representations will be welcome additions to our numismatic heritage.
The 2017 American Liberty 225th Anniversary Gold Coin design is unique in that it portrays Liberty as an African-American woman, a departure from previous classic designs. The obverse (heads) design depicts a profile of Liberty wearing a crown of stars, with the inscriptions "LIBERTY," "1792," "2017," and "IN GOD WE TRUST." The reverse (tails) design depicts a bold and powerful eagle in flight, with eyes toward opportunity and a determination to attain it. Inscriptions include "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA," "E PLURIBUS UNUM," "1OZ. .9999 FINE GOLD," and "100 DOLLARS."
The obverse was designed by Mint Artistic Infusion Program (AIP) Designer Justin Kunz and sculpted by Mint Sculptor-Engraver Phebe Hemphill, while the reverse was designed by AIP Designer Chris Costello and sculpted by Mint Sculptor-Engraver Michael Gaudioso.
The 2017 American Liberty 225th Anniversary Gold Coin will be struck in .9999 fine 24-karat gold at the West Point Mint in high relief, with a proof finish. The one-ounce coin will be encapsulated and placed in a custom designed, black wood presentation case. A 225th anniversary booklet with Certificate of Authenticity will accompany each coin.
The 2017 American Liberty 225th Anniversary Gold Coin is the first in a series of 24-karat gold coins that will feature designs which depict an allegorical Liberty in a variety of contemporary forms-including designs representing Asian-Americans, Hispanic-Americans, and Indian-Americans among others-to reflect the cultural and ethnic diversity of the United States. These 24-karat gold coins will be issued biennially. A corresponding series of medals struck in .999 silver, with the same designs featured on the gold coins, will also be available.
2017-01-14T13:22:08.138-08:00OK, let’s be honest. Sulu was a “bit part”. He wasn’t a big deal.
2017-01-13T12:10:03.580-08:00You might recall that I started this "cool currency" theme in a post in which I denigrated the appearance of US money--I think it's drab and uninspiring--and said I should post pictures of some of the beautiful notes I have from around the world. This one from Bhutan certainly fits that requirement, no?
2017-01-12T19:20:00.741-08:00Last weekend I wrote about Kentucky, poised to be our country's 27th right-to-work state. Here's some good news we supporters of right-to-work laws can point to:
2017-01-12T19:07:46.610-08:00If you want to learn about so-called imaginary numbers, you could do a lot worse than watching the thirteen short videos from Welch Labs (the first is here). I've watched only the first 11 so far, and I'm still not convinced that the parabola graphic in Video #1 is correct, but my department chair--who, incidentally, turned me on to these videos--assures me that I'll be convinced after I've watched the last one. Anyway, if you're at all interested in the so-called imaginary numbers, then give the videos a watch. I thought it interesting how they showed multiplication of complex numbers and, by extension, DeMoivre's Theorem. The integration of algebra and geometry was exceptional.
Prior to 1969, Great Britain didn't use a decimal system for money like they do (and almost every other country does) today. Their system was:No, pre-decimal British money has nothing to do with angles, but the method of calculation is the same as that of degrees/minutes/seconds to decimal degrees. I just wanted to see if my students could make the connection, and to my delight, most did.
12 pence = 1 shilling
20 shillings = 1 pound
If an item cost £3 5s 4p, how many decimal pounds did it cost?
2017-01-11T17:46:32.293-08:00Socialism not only isn't cheap, it isn't even affordable:
Less than four years after declaring California’s budget balanced for the foreseeable future, Gov. Jerry Brown on Tuesday said the state is projected to run a $1.6-billion deficit by next summer — a noticeable shift in the state’s fiscal stability that could worsen under federal spending cuts championed by President-elect Donald Trump.
2017-01-10T19:11:08.914-08:00This author is so biased that he cannot see his own biases. He can't comprehend how anyone can possibly think differently than he does.
A vote cast for Trump is kind of like a murder; there may be context to consider — a disadvantaged background, extenuating circumstances, understandable motives — but the choice itself is binary and final, irrevocable. There's a case to be made that it's indefensible; that his supporters have forfeited any right to be respected or taken seriously. The conservatives of the heartland have lashed back against the coastal elites' condescending, classist prejudices by defiantly confirming them: that they're pathetically dumb and gullible, uncritical consumers of any disinformation that confirms their biases, easy dupes for any demagogue who promises to bring back the factories and keep the brown people down.How many conservatives does this author know? Or, to have a little more fun, does he know anyone who owns a pickup?
Ignorance and bigotry are actually the best possible motives for having voted for Trump — they are at least honest, if not honorable. But I don't believe all Trump voters are ignorant, or bigoted; most of them are just evil — evil being defined not as anything so glamorous as beheading journalists or gunning down grade schoolers, but simply as not much caring about other people's suffering. They're willing to consign someone else — someone Mexican, or Muslim, or trans, not anyone they know — to exile, arrest, or second-class status, in exchange for... what? A tax break? To send a message to Washington, or the mainstream media? Just out of spiteful, petulant rage?
2017-01-10T17:45:32.213-08:00Live by the sword, die by the sword.
2017-01-10T17:41:56.222-08:00Yep, this is how narratives are made:
2017-01-15T12:35:28.377-08:00It's been a week and half now since I lost my voice. It's coming back very slowly but also surely, but the problem is that I have to teach tomorrow.
2017-01-09T18:59:10.359-08:00Everyone, at one time or another. Even Democrats, if the timing is right. There was a time when Americans agreed that illegal immigration was bad, now apparently only Republicans do:
All Americans, not only in the States most heavily affected but in every place in this country, are rightly disturbed by the large numbers of illegal aliens entering our country. The jobs they hold might otherwise be held by citizens or legal immigrants. The public service they use impose burdens on our taxpayers. That's why our administration has moved aggressively to secure our borders more by hiring a record number of new border guards, by deporting twice as many criminal aliens as ever before, by cracking down on illegal hiring, by barring welfare benefits to illegal aliens. In the budget I will present to you, we will try to do more to speed the deportation of illegal aliens who are arrested for crimes, to better identify illegal aliens in the workplace as recommended by the commission headed by former Congresswoman Barbara Jordan. We are a nation of immigrants. But we are also a nation of laws. It is wrong and ultimately self-defeating for a nation of immigrants to permit the kind of abuse of our immigration laws we have seen in recent years, and we must do more to stop it.--President Clinton's 1995 State of the Union Address
Democrats remember that we are a nation of immigrants. We recognize the extraordinary contribution of immigrants to America throughout our history... Today's Democratic Party also believes we must remain a nation of laws. We cannot tolerate illegal immigration and we must stop it...--1996 Democratic Party Platform
2017-01-08T14:56:15.624-08:00The following are excerpts from the 1996 Democratic Party Platform. Do they have any relation to the Democratic Party of today? Do you think this is what we could have expected from a 2nd President Clinton? Do you think Barack Obama agrees with any of this? This was only 21 years ago.That is what today's Democratic Party offers: the end of the era of big government...In the last four years we worked to get the American economy going: cutting the deficit, expanding trade, and investing in our people. In the next four years we have to make the new economy work for all Americans: balancing the budget... The only deficit left today is interest payments on the debt run up over the 12 Republican years before fiscal responsibility returned to the White House. President Clinton is the first President to cut the deficit four years in a row since before the Civil War.Now the Democratic Party is determined to finish the job and balance the budget...Today's Democratic Party believes in a government that works better and costs less. We know that government workers are good people trapped in bad systems, and we are committed to reinventing government to reform those systems...We believe that if we want the American economy to continue strong growth, we must continue to expand trade, and not retreat from the world...In the next four years, we must do even more to make sure America has the best public schools on earth. If we want to be the best, we should expect the best: We must hold students, teachers, and schools to the highest standards... Teachers in this country are among the most talented professionals we have. They should be required to meet high standards for professional performance and be rewarded for the good jobs they do. For the few who don't measure up to those high standards, there should be a fair process to get them out of the classroom and the profession...Today's Democratic Party knows that the era of big government is over. Big bureaucracies and Washington solutions are not the real answers to today's challenges. We need a smaller government...Today's Democratic Party believes the first responsibility of government is law and order...Today's Democratic Party stands with America's police officers...We believe that people who break the law should be punished, and people who commit violent crimes should be punished severely. President Clinton made three-strikes-you're-out the law of the land, to ensure that the most dangerous criminals go to jail for life, with no chance of parole...We must keep drugs off our streets and out of our schools. President Clinton and the Democratic Party have waged an aggressive war on drugs...Democrats remember that we are a nation of immigrants. We recognize the extraordinary contribution of immigrants to America throughout our history... Today's Democratic Party also believes we must remain a nation of laws. We cannot tolerate illegal immigration and we must stop it...Today's Democratic Party knows there is no greater gap between mainstream American values and modern American government than our failed welfare system...Now, because of the President's leadership and with the support of a majority of the Democrats in Congress, national welfare reform is going to make work and responsibility the law of the land. Thanks to President Clinton and the Democrats, the new welfare bill includes the health care and child care people need so they c[...]
2017-01-08T13:54:55.437-08:00Those taxes will hit the poor the hardest, as they always do. But you tree-huggers can feel good about yourselves, so screw those poor and middle-class people:
The carbon tax will cost Alberta school boards an extra $8 million to $12 million this year, and as much as $18 million next year, according to a government briefing note obtained by the official Opposition.“The numbers are just huge,” Wildrose education critic Leela Aher said Friday.Ultimately, the higher cost of heating schools and transporting students will be borne by parents paying higher school fees, Aher said.In rural school divisions, where children sometimes spend hours each day on school buses, the costs will be even more substantial, Aher said. The additional expenses may stop cash-strapped families from enrolling kids in school band, sports teams or other activities that require travel, she said.
The tax, intended to encourage a reduction in fuel consumption, is an environmentally responsible step students expect from government, she said.
2017-01-08T13:57:28.951-08:00As far as unions are concerned, in the United States there are two types of states: "right to work" states, wherein workers have a right to work without paying a union, and "fair share" or "forced unionism" states, wherein workers can be compelled to pay a union even if they choose not to be union members.
Kentucky is poised to become the 27th right-to-work state in the country after the state’s House of Representatives passed legislation on Thursday evening.
The Republican-controlled House voted 58-39 to end coercive union dues just a day after a House committee advanced the bill. Though Kentucky has long sent Republicans to Washington, D.C., Democrats controlled the statehouse for nearly a century before the GOP won majorities in both houses in 2016. John Cox, spokesman for Senate President Robert Stivers, said the party sees right to work as part of the mandate it received from voters.