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Preview: About.com Art History: Most Popular Articles

About.com Art History: Most Popular Articles



These articles are the most popular over the last month.



Published: Thu, 19 Jan 2017 11:12:13 +0000

 



What Should You Know About the Elements of Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Knowing the 7 Elements of Art (line, shape, form, space, texture, value and color) allows you to analyze, appreciate, write about, and discuss art.



How to Define Art

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

There are many things that contribute to the definition of art. Learn more about the best way to answer this complex question.



What Is Form in Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Form is one of the seven elements of art. At its most basic, a form is a three-dimensional geometrical figure as opposed to a shape, which is two-dimensional, or flat.



What Is Abstract Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Learn the definition of abstract art, and find out about both its history and influential practitioners.



The 3 Most Important Functions of Art

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Learn about the three main functions of art: its personal, social, and physical attributes, as well as the importance of context.



7 Surprising Facts About the Sistine Chapel...

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Discover the answers to some of the most common questions about Michelangelo's The Sistine Chapel ceiling, one of the world's most famous paintings.



10 Things You Might Not Know About 'The Last...

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Facts about Leonardo da Vinci's 'The Last Supper,' the famous religious painting located in the Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, Italy



What You Should Know About the Visual Arts

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

What is the definition of Visual Art? The visual arts are those creations we can look at, such as a drawing or a painting, and more.



What Is Balance in Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Balance in art refers to the ways in which the elements (lines, shapes, colors, textures, etc.) of a piece are arranged. A basic principle of art, specifically of design.



How Is Color Defined in Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

When artists and art historians define color in art, they are referring to the element that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.



What Exactly Is Contemporary Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Great question. Contemporary Art just means art that has been and continues to be created during our lifetimes. In other words, contemporary to us. Learn more..



What Dada Was and Why It Matters

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Learn about Dadaism and Dada Art including the history of this non-art movement and the defining features of Dada Art.



How to Define Contrast in the Art World

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Contrast art refers to the arrangement of opposite elements (light vs. dark colors, rough vs. smooth textures, large vs. small shapes, etc.) in a piece of art.



Learn About the Life of Michelangelo

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Michelangelo's output was, quite simply, stunning, in quality, quantity and scale. His most famous statues include the 18-foot David (1501-1504) and the Pietà (1499).



What Does Space Mean in Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

An element of art, Space refers to distances or areas around, between or within components of a piece.



How to Really Understand Surrealist Art

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Surrealist artists feasted on the unconscious, the exploration of the dream as a valid form of reality, and a willingness to depict images of perverse sexuality, scatology, decay and violence.



What Is Value in Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

An element of art, value refers to the visible lightness or darkness of a color. Value is synonymous with luminosity in this context.



How to Identify Synthetic Cubism

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Synthetic Cubism was invented by Picasso and Braque as they simplified a specific repertory of forms derived from their Analytic Cubism period of 1909/10 to 1912. Synthetic Cubism also incorporated collage and papier colle in Picasso and Braque's work.



Is Mary Magdalene in "The Last Supper"?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Learn who is at Jesus' right arm in Leonardo da Vinci's The Last Supper, the figure at Jesus' right arm. The figure appears feminine, but is it a woman?



What Is the Definition of Shape in Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Shapes in art are limited to two dimensions: length and width. Geometric shapes have the clear edges. Organic shapes have natural, less well-defined edges.



Explore the World of Pop Art!

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Pop Art was a post WWII reaction to American consumerism. By bridging high and low culture they reflected America's own growing dependence and fascination with mass production and images of celebrities.



How Do You Define Modern Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Learn more about what the art world means by Modern Art, which includes works from the nineteenth century's Impressionists to the end of the 1960s.



The Origins of the Impressionist Art Movement

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Impressionism is a style of painting characterized by short brushstrokes and quickly-painted surfaces. Its best-known practitioners include Claude Monet and Edgar Degas.



What Is Texture in Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

The definition of texture as an element of art, refers to the way a three-dimensional work actually feels when touched, or the visual 'feel' of a two-dimensional piece



Art History 101: What is Cubism?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Cubism art rebelled against Renaissance one-point perspective and illusionism through an emphasis on geometricity, simultaneity, and passage. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque pioneered Cubism's ideas and style.



What Was Analytical Cubism?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Analytic Cubism was developed by Picasso and Braque to refer to real objects in terms of identifiable details that become, through repetitive use, signs that indicate the idea of the object, just like we find in cartoon characters.



The Easiest Way to Understand Representational...

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

What is Representational Art? The word 'representational', when used to describe art, means that the work depicts something easily recognized by most people.






What about the disembodied hand?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Last Supper , Peter's arm appears to be twisted. His right shoulder and elbow seem to be at odds with



How Mannerism Signaled the End for the Italian...

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Mannerism refers to the art of the Late Italian Renaissance, before the Baroque period began, when artists used clashing colors and many bizarre themes in their work.



Romanticism - Art History 101 Basics

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Romanticism is precisely situated neither in choice of subject nor in exact truth, but in a way of feeling. - Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867)



What Art Was Like During the Paleolithic Age

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Roughly 40,000 years ago marked the start of the Paleolithic Art period, which saw the the rise of Homo sapiens and their ability to create tools, weapons and ultimately, art.



What Was the Renaissance, Really?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

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What Is Artistic Unity?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

A principle of art, Unity occurs when all of the elements of a piece combine to make a balanced, harmonious, complete whole.



What You Should Know About Op Art

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Take a closer look at Op Art, a 1960s style of art that utilized illusion, contrast and a precise, mathematically-based composition to trick the eye.



The First Impressionist Exhibition - 1874

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

The first Impressionist exhibition, when the group was given this name, took place in 1874 and included 30 artists and 165 works of art. The idea for this independent exhibition was radical for this time in French art history and its opening day changed the course of art history forever.



Why Should I Study Art History?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Students may take Art History because it is required, or it seems like a good choice for AP credit in High School, or even because it is the only elective that fits into that semester's class schedule. When one of the latter three scenarios apply, questions invariably arise: how come I took this class? What's in it for me? Why should I study art history? Here are five compelling reasons.



Get to Know Andy Warhol

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

A biographical profile of Andy Warhol (1928-1987), American painter, filmmaker and Pop icon.



Funk Art - Art History 101 Basics

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Funk Art's heyday was in the mid- to late-1960s. Naturally, its beginnings were much earlier; the (very) late-1950s seem to be the point of origin. By the end of the 1970s, things were pretty much over as far as artistic movements go. To include all possibilities, we can say Funk Art was produced for no more than two decades -- and 15 years would be more realistic. It was fun while it lasted, but Funk did not have a long life.



What is Emphasis in Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Emphasis is a principle of art which occurs any time an element of a piece is given dominance by the artist. Frequently, emphasis is achieved by means of contrast.



The Story Behind “Christina’s...

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Andrew Wyeth painted this in 1948. His father, N. C. Wyeth, had been killed at a railway crossing just three years earlier, and Andrew's work underwent a significant change after the loss. His palette became muted, his landscapes barren and his figures--if present--seemed plaintive. Christina's World epitomizes these traits.



What Is Nonobjective Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

A work of art that does not represent or depict a person, place or thing in the natural world. Also called Abstract art or nonrepresentational art.



How to Understand Performance Art

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

The term. Art History.



What Makes Abstract Expressionism?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Abstract Expressionism was a movement or artists that began during the 1940s, and incorporated a deeply personal, unrecognizable style of painting.



Artists in 60 Seconds: Marcel Duchamp

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

A biographical profile of Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968), French-born American painter, sculptor and conceptual artist.



Definition and Examples of Appropriation Art

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Appropriation art takes images from well-known contexts and puts these images into other contexts, usually paintings, sculpture, collages, combines or installations. Recontextualizing the image adds meaning and associations to the original image (or real thing) as well as completes the meaning of the Appropriation artist's own work.



What Does Medium Mean in Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

In art, Medium refers to the substance the artist uses to create his or her artwork. For example, the medium Michelangelo used to create David was marble.



What Is a Bas Relief?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

A French term from the Italian basso-relievo (low relief), bas relief is a sculpture technique in which figures and/or other design elements are just barely more prominent than the (overall flat) background.



Art of the Mesolithic Age (ca 10,000-8,000 BC)

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

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Famous Artists Who Committed Suicide (Some May...

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Check out this list of 52 famous artists who committed suicide. Some may surprise you!



The Basics of Post-Impressionism Art

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Post Impressionist artists' work was inspired by the Impressionist movement,with individual arists pushing different aspects of Impressionism to an extreme.



The Entire History of Art in 5 Steps

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

The entirety of art history broken up chronologically into five chunks, beginning with Ancient Art (circa 30,000 B.C. to 400 A.D.) through the present.



What's the Difference Between the Northern and...

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

The Northern Renaissance took place across Europe, but outside of Italy, in countries including France, the Netherlands and Germany.



How to Write an Art History Paper

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Advice on how to write an art history paper, written by an art history professor, offering dos and don'ts that will help you complete the assignment on time. Appropriate for high school and college students.



Art History - Italian Proto-Renaissance:...

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

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assemblage

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

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The Hierarchy of Genres in Academic Art

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Believe it or not, artists used to have an official list detailing which types of paintings were more important than others.



The Problem We All Live With by Norman Rockwell

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

The first thing that stands out in The Problem We All Live With is its focal point: the girl. She is slightly to the left of center, but balanced by the large, red splotch on the wall right of center.



What Was Renaissance Art Like in Venice?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

During the Renaissance Venice gave birth to a distinct school of painting. There was just something about the light there that begged to be captured on canvas.



What Is Rhythm in Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Rhythm is a principle of art that's difficult to summarize in words. Assuming that you've picked up on a rhythm in music before, take what you heard with your ears and try to translate that to something you'd see with your eyes. Rhythm, in art, is a visual beat.



Explore the High Renaissance in Italy

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

When and where was the High Renaissance? And what roles did Leonardo, Michelangelo and Raphael play in this important period of art history?



Victor Vasarely, Leader of the Op Art Movement

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Learn more about Victor Vasarely (1908-1997), the Hungarian-born French painter and sculptor who created the Pop Art Movement.



Learn About Leonardo da Vinci

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Leonardo da Vinci, often referred to by just his first name, was the epitome of the term



Artists in 60 Seconds: Tezuka Osamu 手...

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

The Japanese artist (1928-1989) created more than 700 manga series with about 170,000 pages of drawings, and 200,000 pages of anime storyboards and scripts.



The Story of Bridget Riley

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Learn more about Bridget Riley (b. 1931), an English painter and printmaker best known for her Op Art pieces.



Fast Facts About the Great Pablo Picasso

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, was a Spanish painter best known for (co-)inventing Cubism, inspired and invented nearly every art movement in the twentieth century.



Neolithic Art - Art History 101 Basics

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

After the rather ho-hum art of the Mesolithic era, art in the Neolithic (literally:



Was Leonardo da Vinci Gay?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Discussion on Leonardo da Vinci's sexual orientation.



Color Field Painting: Art History 101 Basics

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Color Field Painting is a branch of Abstract Expressionism that concentrates on colorful shapes and expanses of color which emphasize the literal flatness of the canvas or paper.



What Is the Sfumato Painting Technique?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Sfumato means that there are no harsh outlines (as in a coloring book) present; areas blend into one another through miniscule brushstrokes, which makes for a rather hazy, albeit more realistic, depiction of light and color.



What's the Difference Between an Era, a Period...

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

An era is usually long: the Baroque Era lasted 200 years. A movement describes a group of artists who banded together. A period is more slippery.



Yves Tanguy - French-Born American Surrealist...

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

A biographical profile of Yves Tanguy (1900-1955), French-born American Surrealist painter.



Before You Write an Essay on Impressionism

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

There are a few common misconceptions about Impressionism that you may want to avoid including. There are also a few truisms that you should include.



Was Leonardo a Vegetarian?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

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What's a Line in Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

A line is a basic element of art, referring to a continuous mark, made on a surface, by a moving point. A line is long relative to its width. It can define a space, create an outline or pattern, imply movement or texture and allude to mass or volume. Absolutely essential in creating art, the line.



tone

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Tone is a quality of color. Art History.



Quick Overview of High Renaissance Painter...

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Biography of High Renaissance painter Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio) (1483-1520). Description of famous works and influences like Leonardo and Michelangelo.



Franz Kline Biography

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Learn more about Franz Kline (1910-1962), a well-known American abstract expressionist painter.



Art History Definition: The Fourth Dimension

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

The Fourth Dimension refers to time among the other dimensions: length, width and depth, or it refers to the mental processes, such as perceiving and feeling.



Salon Cubism or Salon Cubists

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

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Florence's Importance to the Early Renaissance

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Learn five key reasons Florence, Italy became center stage for Early Italian Renaissance art and the place where many artists launched their careers during in the 15th-century.



Leonardo da Vinci's 'Study of Hands'

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

This beautiful sketch of three hands is in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle exemplifies Leonardo da Vinci's intense attention to, even fascination with, anatomical correctness and the effects of light and shadow.



Fauvism - Art History 101 Basics

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Some art historians have questioned if Fauvism was indeed a movement, but there is no denying that the brief heyday of the Wild Beasts had a huge impact on Modern Art.



Art History Definition: Action Painting

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Abstract artworks that emphasize the process of or gesture in the creative act through various techniques of application, including dripping, smearing and flinging paint.



What Was Leonardo's Name?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

: What Was Leonardo's Name? : In The Da Vinci Code , Robert Langdon refers to Leonardo as "Da Vinci."



What Is the Definition of “Salon”?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

A salon, based on the French word living room, is a conversational gathering of intellectuals, artists and politicians. The French Salon was the official annual exhibition sponsored by the French government from 1667 to 1890; it continues under the private stewardship of the Societe des Artistes Francais.



Art History Definition: Academy, French

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

The French Academy was founded in 1648 during the reign of King Louis XIV as the Academie Royale de peinture et de sculpture. After the French Revolution it became the Academie de peinture et de sculpture and then it was merged with the Academie de musique and the Academie d'architecture to form the Academie des Beaux-Arts. The annual government-sponsored exhibition called the Salon was controlled by the Academie des Beaux-Arts.



Artists in 60 Seconds: Camille Pissarro

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Camille Pissarro was among the founders of Impressionism and exhibited in all eight exhibitions. An anarchist, he lent to the movement a social consciousness about modernity's effects on the country and city.



Elements of Art

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

The elements of art are those components that one combines with principles of design to construct art.



What Is a Landscape Painting?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Landscape is an academic category that refers to works of art which feature views of nature, including seascapes, cityscapes and waterscapes.



The Turbulent Life of Van Gogh

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Vincent van Gogh lived a short, deeply tormented life, throughout which he sought (in vain) his place in the world. He died, by his own hand, feeling his life was a miserable failure. Unbeknownst to Vincent, the work he did pioneered the Expressionistic style and, 150 years after his birth, his name would be world famous.



Artists in 60 Seconds: Shepard Fairey

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Frank Shepard Fairey (born February 15, 1970), an American contemporary street artist, first began to appear in the news for wheat pasting, sticker tagging, and the numerous accompanying arrests that now comprise his official criminal record.



Artists in 60 Seconds: Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

A biographical profile of Titian (Tiziano Vecellio), Venetian painter in the Italian High Renaissance.



Art History Definition: Gestural Abstraction

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Abstract artworks that emphasize the process of or gesture in the creative act through various techniques of application, including dripping, smearing and flinging paint.



Art History Definition: History Painting or...

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

History Painting or Sculpture is a category in the old Academic tradition that places this subject matter far above all other subject matter in artmaking. History Painting was considered more important than portraiture, landscapes, still life, and genre painting. This academic system of evaluation no longer holds sway in art schools or art exhibitions.



What Is the Golden Ratio?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Golden Ratio is a term (with an astounding number of aliases) used to describe aesthetically pleasing proportioning within a piece.



papier collé

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Papier collé is a kind of collage composed only of glued papers on a flat surface, usually a canvas or paper, sometimes in combination with depicted images.



Leonardo da Vinci's Unfinished Masterpiece

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

Of the numerous unfinished canvases begun by Leonardo, The Adoration of the Magi is surely one of the most ambitious, and remains impressive, even in its unfinished state.



Definition of Venus Pudica

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

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What Is a Pattern in Art?

2017-01-19T11:12:13Z

A principle of art - and probably the universe itself - pattern means the repetition of an element (or elements) in a work. An artist achieves a pattern through the use of colors (children playing with Legos® know this instinctively), lines (think: Op Art) or shapes (as with mosaics, tessellations, etc.).