Published: Fri, 20 Jan 2017 11:10:57 +0000
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe top ten of the 200 Aztec gods and goddesses recognized by scholars include the most famous and the important figures of the Aztec religion.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZDrop in on a collection of quotes from historians--some professional, some decidedly not--trying their hand at defining the dark art of history.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZTonatiuh (pronounced Toh-nah-tee-uh) was the Aztec sun god. This deity had both a positive and negative aspect.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Solutrean-Clovis connection suggests that at least some of the first people in North America were direct descendants of European Solutreans.
2017-01-20T11:10:57Zclass="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >AD (or A.D.) is
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe discovery of fire was one of the earliest discoveries of humans, letting us add light, warmth, security, and companionship into our lives.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThis annotated animal domestication table lists the dates and places that scholars have discovered about when over 30 animals were domesticated
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Multiregional Hypothesis argues that our earliest hominid ancestors radiated out from Africa and Homo sapiens evolved from several different groups of Homo erectus in several places throughout the world.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZA collection of plant histories, when and where humans domesticated them, with a table of dates and places and links to the stories themselves.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZHave you always dreamed of being an archaeologist, but don't know how to become one? Here's how you can get started exploring that dream job.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZWhat kind of job can I get in archaeology? Does it pay well? What is a typical day like? An FAQ for aspiring archaeologists.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZPre-Clovis is the name archaeologists have given to the oldest and now fairly well-established human occupations of the Americas.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZWhen and where the partnership of dog and humans first occurred is currently under considerable debate.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Out of Africa or African Replacement Hypothesis argues that every living human being is descended from a small group in Africa.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZIn the 16th century, the Aztecs believed their world had been created and destroyed in violence four times before, and had reason to expect it again.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZMixed cropping, also known as inter-cropping or co-cultivation, is a type of agriculture that involves planting two or more of plants simultaneously in the same field.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe flawed and racist Aryan Invasion Myth was developed in the late 19th century to explain the blossoming of the Indus River Civilization.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Aztec capital city called Tenochtitlan was located a marsh in the middle of a lake surrounded by mountains--a place now called Mexico City.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZHuitzilopochtli was the Mexica god of the sun, war and sacrifice, and the founding patron god of the Aztec Empire
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZLandscape archaeology studies the way people of the past shaped the land around them, consciously or unconsciously.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Aztecs had a complex set of beliefs, ceremonies and gods, each one overlooking an aspect of human life and responding to the needs of the Aztec people.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZAnthropology is the study of human beings; their culture, their behavior, their beliefs, their ways of surviving; but that's just my opinion. Here is a collection of other definitions.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Aztec rain god, Tlaloc, was one of the most important in the Aztec pantheon, and distantly related to rain gods of other Mesoamerican cultures.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe history of the relationship between humans and cattle is a long and varied one, with at least two and perhaps three domestication events.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Triple Alliance was a military and political pact formed by three city-states of the Valley of Mexico, forming what was to become the Aztec Empire.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZArchaeologists use the term 'BP' to mean 'years before humans began to screw up the atmosphere by testing nuclear devices'.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZCro-Magnons are what scholars now call Anatomically Modern Humans or Early Modern Humans, our near-ancestors who started us down the path to modernity
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZHatshepsut's Deir el-Bahri (also spelled Deir el-Bahari) is one of the most beautiful temples in Egypt, built by the architects of Queen Hatshepsut.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZShort list of the main facts and aspects of Aztec culture
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZFiguring out the calendar dates of the ancient pharaohs and the rest of the Mediterranean communities of the Bronze Age is tougher than it seems.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZLearn more about the Homininae subfamily, including Hominini (humans and their ancestors), Panini (chimps), and Gorillini (gorillas).
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThis collection of ancient farming includes core concept definitions, archaeological research into ancient farming, and special farming techniques.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZModern human beings are the result of millions of years of evolution. But not just physical evolution:
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZNot all archaeologists are professors at college. There are many different allied jobs associated with archaeological investigations.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Mesolithic period in European history includes the history of the complex hunter-gatherers who developed the technology to cultivate crops.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZBy the 16th century, the Inca empire ruled much of South America, and they did it all without a written language. Did the quipu keep their records?
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZChetro Ketl is a Great House in the Chaco Culture National Historical Park of New Mexico, important for the pioneering use of the tree ring dating method.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZMonumental architecture refers to large man-made structures of stone or earth, made by the people and for the people beginning about 12,000 years ago.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Lower Paleolithic period (2.7 million to 200,000 years ago) is marked by the first evidence of what scientists consider human behaviors.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe history of chickens and when they were domesticated is something of a puzzle, but most likely it was about 8,000 years ago in Thailand.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Upper Paleolithic period saw great changes in the world as Homo sapiens became the only hominid running around on our planet.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Natufian culture is the name given to the sedentary hunter-gatherers living in the Levant region of the near east ~2,500 and 10,200 years ago.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Oasis Theory is a core concept in archaeology, referring to one of the main hypotheses about the origins of agriculture.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThis page describes the mythical and archaeological origins of the Aztec people, and the founding of their capital city of Tenochtitan
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe quipu (also spelled khipu or quipo) is the only known precolumbian information system in South America: it has yet to be fully deciphered.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZBeginning about 10,500 years ago, Neolithic people started keeping goats, for their milk, meat, dung, wool... but maybe not their sweet natures.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe end of the Khmer Empire (or Angkor civilization) came about as a direct result of the civilization's inability to adapt to an extended drought brought about by climate change.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Middle Paleolithic period (ca 200,000 to 45,000 years ago or so) is the period during which Archaic humans including Homo sapiens neanderthalensis appeared and flourished all over the world.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZWheat was one of the very first crops domesticated by our ancestors, some 10,000 years ago in southeastern Turkey.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZBoth North and South America were populated when the Europeans arrived in the late 15th century--and their civilizations were vast and sophisticated.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZWant to gain experience in archaeology? Thinking about a career or just looking for some interesting things to do with your summer vacation? Then the field school is for you.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, the Feathered Serpent, is one of the most famous pre-Columbian deities, worshiped by many different Mesoamerican cultures.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZBloodletting rituals and sacrifices were a widespread practice among the ancient people of Mesoamerica; royal Maya used them to speak to their gods.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Pre-Pottery Neolithic (abbreviated PPN) is the name given to the people who first developed farming in the Levant and Near East.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe traditional history of farming begins some 12,000 years ago, in the hilly flanks of the Zagros Mountains of southwest Asia
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZRCYBP (Radio Carbon Years Before the Present and abbreviated in many different ways) is a shorthand reference to the uncalibrated date recovered from carbon 14 dating.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZEggplants were likely first domesticated somewhere in southeast Asia, probably China or India, but post-domestication improvement is well-documented.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe modern day cat was permanently domesticated about 4000 years ago, in Egypt; but archaeologists say it may have been closer to 10,000 years ago.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZWhat does it mean to be human? Archaeological excavations at one of the earliest Homo sapiens site on the planet, the Klasies River Caves site in South Africa, teach us about our ancestors.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Chatelperronian period ca 40,000-33,000 years ago, is usually associated with Neanderthals, and bears evidence of some kind of interaction with African newcomers to Europe.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZSettlements of the Islamic empire range from single desert palaces to trade centers to villages to towns and great cities; here is a sample.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZIn 1969, archaeologist Grahame Clark defined a workable system for understanding the evolution of stone tools that is the basis for much of lithic studies today.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Three Sisters were what Native American groups called the combined intercropping of maize, beans and squash.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZEight founder crops made up the core of new agriculture on our planet--but recent scientific research has shown it wasn't that straightforward.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZOur modern domestic pig (Sus scrofa) was developed from the ferocious wild boar in two very distant places in the world: Turkey and China.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZChaco Canyon is one of the best known archaeological regions in North America: architectural beauty matched to the arid and forbidding landscape.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Popol Vuh, often dubbed the Bible of the Maya, narrates the creation myth of the Maya Quiché of Guatemala and the Story of the Hero Twins.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZViking society was highly stratified, with three distinct classes, from slave to aristocracy; and clearly defined professions that described life.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe mechanism of domestication is an evolutionary one, and very slow; archaeological evidence for domestication of a particular animal is subtle.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZChalchiuhtlicue was the Aztec goddess of running water as well as the patron of navigation and childbirth
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe natural yellow-red-brown pigment known as ochre was humankind's first paint pot, used by our hominid ancestors nearly 300,000 years ago.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Iceman is the name of a 5,300-year-old human body discovered high in the Swiss/Italian Alps in 1991.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe dust veil of AD 536 was a period of a year to 18 months when the world experienced some kind of calamity, based on historic and tree ring records.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Islamic Civilization is in reality a mosaic of wide variety of cultures, from North Africa to the western periphery of the Pacific Ocean, and from Central Asia to sub-Saharan Africa.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe common bean's colorful past includes two domestication events: one in the Andes mountains of South America, and one in central Mexico.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZSheep (Ovis aries) are among the earliest animals ever domesticated, developed and descended from the wild mouflon more than 10,000 years ago.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZBitumen is a naturally-occurring organic byproduct of decomposed organic materials used by humans for many very useful things for the past 40,000 years.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZClovis refers to mobile big game hunters who roamed the Americas hunting elephants and bison for a very brief time 12,000 years ago.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe name Aztec is a simply the incorrect term to define the ancient inhabitants of the city of Tenochtitlan or the inhabitants of the Valley of Mexico.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZSince at least the 1930s, the Ice Free Corridor hypothesis has been an accepted human colonization route for the American continents.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZAustralopithecus is one of several species of hominins who may or may not be Homo sapiens direct ancestor.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZStone boiling is what archaeologists and anthropologists call the cooking method where you put hot rocks into liquid, as a way of getting your soup hot. This method dates at least to Middle Paleolithic Period.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZOver the 250 years of the period called the Viking Age, the economics of the people known as the Vikings changed and adapted, and sometimes failed.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZLevallois is the name archaeologists have given to a distinctive flint knapping technique, which makes up part of the ancient Acheulean and Mousterian artifact assemblages.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Pacific Coast Migration Model is a theory concerning the original colonization of the Americas that proposes that people entering the continents followed the Pacific coastline
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Denisovans are a recently discovered human species, who lived (at least) in what is today Siberia and colonized the southeast Asian islands and China.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZTezcatlipoca was the Aztec god of night, north direction and patron deity of Aztec kings
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe ancient Vikings were undoubtedly raiders: in that the History Channel series is correct. But they were so much more interesting than television tells us...
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZDeposits in the Sima de los Huesos site in Spain contain 28 hominid individuals, who together represent evidence of human speciation.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZPost-Processual Archaeology is...
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZA kiva is a ceremonial structure used by ancient and modern Puebloan societies through the American southwest
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZProcessual Archaeology is the study of process, that is to say, investigations of the way humans do things, and the way things decay.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Kingdom of Aksum (first through sixth centuries AD) was one of the most powerful kingdoms in sub-Saharan Africa, connecting with Rome and Egypt.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe Linearbandkeramik Culture (LBK) is the name given by German archaeologist F. Klopfleisch in 1884 to the first true farming communities in central Europe.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZComplex hunter-gatherers or affluent foragers, are hunter-gatherers with benefits.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZCenotes are sacred geological formations found in the Yucatan peninsula and the only place where the ancient Maya could obtain freshwater.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZHilly Flanks is a geographic term describing a specific set of environmental conditions, and in archaeology it refers to a theory about the origins of agriculture
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZChaac was the Mayan god of rain, storms, water and lightning. Masks of the god's face called Chaac Masks are carved on many Maya temples.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZSimple human societies of the past developed into more and more complex societies, for a variety of reasons and characterized by a variety of traits.
2017-01-20T11:10:57ZThe hardest thing a student does is pick a research paper topic. Archaeology, two million years of human behavior, is an excellent starting place.