Published: Tue, 06 Dec 2016 11:08:20 +0000
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe top ten of the 200 Aztec gods and goddesses recognized by scholars include the most famous and the important figures of the Aztec religion.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZTonatiuh (pronounced Toh-nah-tee-uh) was the Aztec sun god. This deity had both a positive and negative aspect.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZDrop in on a collection of quotes from historians--some professional, some decidedly not--trying their hand at defining the dark art of history.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZCro-Magnons are what scholars now call Anatomically Modern Humans or Early Modern Humans, our near-ancestors who started us down the path to modernity
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe discovery of fire was one of the earliest discoveries of humans, letting us add light, warmth, security, and companionship into our lives.
2016-12-06T11:08:20Zclass="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >AD (or A.D.) is
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThis annotated animal domestication table lists the dates and places that scholars have discovered about when over 30 animals were domesticated
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZHave you always dreamed of being an archaeologist, but don't know how to become one? Here's how you can get started exploring that dream job.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZA collection of plant histories, when and where humans domesticated them, with a table of dates and places and links to the stories themselves.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZWhat kind of job can I get in archaeology? Does it pay well? What is a typical day like? An FAQ for aspiring archaeologists.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Aztec capital city called Tenochtitlan was located a marsh in the middle of a lake surrounded by mountains--a place now called Mexico City.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZWhen and where the partnership of dog and humans first occurred is currently under considerable debate.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZIn the 16th century, the Aztecs believed their world had been created and destroyed in violence four times before, and had reason to expect it again.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe end of the Khmer Empire (or Angkor civilization) came about as a direct result of the civilization's inability to adapt to an extended drought brought about by climate change.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZMixed cropping, also known as inter-cropping or co-cultivation, is a type of agriculture that involves planting two or more of plants simultaneously in the same field.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Aztecs had a complex set of beliefs, ceremonies and gods, each one overlooking an aspect of human life and responding to the needs of the Aztec people.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Mesolithic period in European history includes the history of the complex hunter-gatherers who developed the technology to cultivate crops.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Aztec rain god, Tlaloc, was one of the most important in the Aztec pantheon, and distantly related to rain gods of other Mesoamerican cultures.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZHuitzilopochtli was the Mexica god of the sun, war and sacrifice, and the founding patron god of the Aztec Empire
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZBoth North and South America were populated when the Europeans arrived in the late 15th century--and their civilizations were vast and sophisticated.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZAnthropology is the study of human beings; their culture, their behavior, their beliefs, their ways of surviving; but that's just my opinion. Here is a collection of other definitions.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe flawed and racist Aryan Invasion Myth was developed in the late 19th century to explain the blossoming of the Indus River Civilization.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZArchaeologists use the term 'BP' to mean 'years before humans began to screw up the atmosphere by testing nuclear devices'.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe history of the relationship between humans and cattle is a long and varied one, with at least two and perhaps three domestication events.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZBy the 16th century, the Inca empire ruled much of South America, and they did it all without a written language. Did the quipu keep their records?
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZAlthough known to the local Lacandon Maya people, Bonampak's mural paintings were first seen by non-Maya eyes in the early 20th century
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Pre-Pottery Neolithic (abbreviated PPN) is the name given to the people who first developed farming in the Levant and Near East.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Iceman is the name of a 5,300-year-old human body discovered high in the Swiss/Italian Alps in 1991.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZShort list of the main facts and aspects of Aztec culture
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZHatshepsut's Deir el-Bahri (also spelled Deir el-Bahari) is one of the most beautiful temples in Egypt, built by the architects of Queen Hatshepsut.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Khmer Empire, also known as the Angkor civilization, were compelled to manage water through a complex of man-made canals and reservoirs, the result of which was to permanently alter the local hydrology.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZLandscape archaeology studies the way people of the past shaped the land around them, consciously or unconsciously.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Out of Africa or African Replacement Hypothesis argues that every living human being is descended from a small group in Africa.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Triple Alliance was a military and political pact formed by three city-states of the Valley of Mexico, forming what was to become the Aztec Empire.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe natural yellow-red-brown pigment known as ochre was humankind's first paint pot, used by our hominid ancestors nearly 300,000 years ago.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZPre-Clovis is the name archaeologists have given to the oldest and now fairly well-established human occupations of the Americas.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZNot all archaeologists are professors at college. There are many different allied jobs associated with archaeological investigations.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Multiregional Hypothesis argues that our earliest hominid ancestors radiated out from Africa and Homo sapiens evolved from several different groups of Homo erectus in several places throughout the world.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZModern human beings are the result of millions of years of evolution. But not just physical evolution:
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZWant to gain experience in archaeology? Thinking about a career or just looking for some interesting things to do with your summer vacation? Then the field school is for you.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Natufian culture is the name given to the sedentary hunter-gatherers living in the Levant region of the near east between about 12,500 and 10,200 years ago.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe history of chickens and when they were domesticated is something of a puzzle, but most likely it was about 8,000 years ago in Thailand.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZLearn more about the Homininae subfamily, including Hominini (humans and their ancestors), Panini (chimps), and Gorillini (gorillas).
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZBitumen is a naturally-occurring organic byproduct of decomposed organic materials used by humans for many very useful things for the past 40,000 years.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThis page describes the mythical and archaeological origins of the Aztec people, and the founding of their capital city of Tenochtitan
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZEight founder crops made up the core of new agriculture on our planet--but recent scientific research has shown it wasn't that straightforward.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThis collection of ancient farming includes core concept definitions, archaeological research into ancient farming, and special farming techniques.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZBloodletting rituals and sacrifices were a widespread practice among the ancient people of Mesoamerica; royal Maya used them to speak to their gods.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZTezcatlipoca was the Aztec god of night, north direction and patron deity of Aztec kings
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe hardest thing a student does is pick a research paper topic. Archaeology, two million years of human behavior, is an excellent starting place.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe traditional history of farming begins some 12,000 years ago, in the hilly flanks of the Zagros Mountains of southwest Asia
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Middle Paleolithic period (ca 200,000 to 45,000 years ago or so) is the period during which Archaic humans including Homo sapiens neanderthalensis appeared and flourished all over the world.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe modern day cat was permanently domesticated about 4000 years ago, in Egypt; but archaeologists say it may have been closer to 10,000 years ago.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Temple of the Warriors is the only known Late Classic Maya building sufficient big enough for large gatherings of people. Page 7.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZChalchiuhtlicue was the Aztec goddess of running water as well as the patron of navigation and childbirth
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe quipu (also spelled khipu or quipo) is the only known precolumbian information system in South America: it has yet to be fully deciphered.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Lower Paleolithic period (2.7 million to 200,000 years ago) is the first archaeology, that is to say, that period when the first evidence of what scientists consider human behaviors occurred.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZIn 1969, archaeologist Grahame Clark defined a workable system for understanding the evolution of stone tools that is the basis for much of lithic studies today.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Chatelperronian period ca 40,000-33,000 years ago, is usually associated with Neanderthals, and bears evidence of some kind of interaction with African newcomers to Europe.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZBeginning about 10,500 years ago, Neolithic people started keeping goats, for their milk, meat, dung, wool... but maybe not their sweet natures.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZViking raids were a characteristic of the Scandinavian early medieval pirates called the Vikings, particularly during the first 50 years of the Viking Age (~793-850)
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZMonumental architecture refers to large man-made structures of stone or earth, made by the people and for the people beginning about 12,000 years ago.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, the Feathered Serpent, is one of the most famous pre-Columbian deities, worshiped by many different Mesoamerican cultures.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Upper Paleolithic period saw great changes in the world as Homo sapiens became the only hominid running around on our planet.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZItzamna is one of the most important ancient Maya gods and considered the god of creation and the inventor of writing, and divination.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZWheat was one of the very first crops domesticated by our ancestors, some 10,000 years ago in southeastern Turkey.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZChaac was the Mayan god of rain, storms, water and lightning. Masks of the god's face called Chaac Masks are carved on many Maya temples.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZHunahpu and Xbalanque are two semi-god twins whose story is narrated in the Popol Vuh,the sacred book of the Maya Quiché of Guatemala.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZViking society was highly stratified, with three distinct classes, from slave to aristocracy; and clearly defined professions that described life.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Three Sisters were what Native American groups called the combined intercropping of maize, beans and squash.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZMount Sandel is the name of a small cluster of the oldest houses in Ireland, first built about 9,000 years ago.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe House of the Faun is among the most visited of the domestic ruins at Pompeii, famous for its mosaics and its bronze statue of a dancing faun.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Kingdom of Aksum (first through sixth centuries AD) was one of the most powerful kingdoms in sub-Saharan Africa, connecting with Rome and Egypt.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe avocado (Persea americana) is a plant domesticated by ancient Americans, discovered and cultivated in central Mexico perhaps 7,000 years ago.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Islamic Civilization is in reality a mosaic of wide variety of cultures, from North Africa to the western periphery of the Pacific Ocean, and from Central Asia to sub-Saharan Africa.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZAustralopithecus is one of several species of hominins who may or may not be Homo sapiens direct ancestor.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZPreclovis is the name given to what archaeologists are coming to consider the founding population of the American continents
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe common bean's colorful past includes two domestication events: one in the Andes mountains of South America, and one in central Mexico.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZRCYBP (Radio Carbon Years Before the Present and abbreviated in many different ways) is a shorthand reference to the uncalibrated date recovered from carbon 14 dating.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe mechanism of domestication is an evolutionary one, and very slow; archaeological evidence for domestication of a particular animal is subtle.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Linearbandkeramik Culture (LBK) is the name given by German archaeologist F. Klopfleisch in 1884 to the first true farming communities in central Europe.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe ancient Vikings were undoubtedly raiders: in that the History Channel series is correct. But they were so much more interesting than television tells us...
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZCoatepec, or Snake Mountain, is one of the most sacred places of Aztec mythology and religion and the birthplace of the Aztec patron god Huitzilopochtli.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZChaco Canyon is one of the best known archaeological regions in North America: architectural beauty matched to the arid and forbidding landscape.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZFiguring out the calendar dates of the ancient pharaohs and the rest of the Mediterranean communities of the Bronze Age is tougher than it seems.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Popol Vuh, often dubbed the Bible of the Maya, narrates the creation myth of the Maya Quiché of Guatemala and the Story of the Hero Twins.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZTlaltecuhtli was the Aztec Earth Goddess, a terrifying being whose monstrous body was turned into the earth after a battle with Quetzalcoatl
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Solutrean-Clovis connection suggests that at least some of the first people in North America were direct descendants of European Solutreans.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZMegalithic structures are immense collections of stone, earth and wood, some of which were built during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods of Europe.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZLevallois is the name archaeologists have given to a distinctive flint knapping technique, which makes up part of the ancient Acheulean and Mousterian artifact assemblages.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZIn their new colonies, Viking settlers lived on isolated, regularly spaced farmsteads surrounded by grain fields, and led by chieftains.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZSettlements of the Islamic empire range from single desert palaces to trade centers to villages to towns and great cities; here is a sample.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Sacred Cenote at Chichen Itza is a karst pool, used by the Maya residents for religious purposes, including human sacrifice. Page 19.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZA brief introduction of the Stone Age, more commonly known to scholars as the Paleolithic era.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZClovis refers to mobile big game hunters who roamed the Americas hunting elephants and bison for a very brief time 12,000 years ago.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZA kiva is a ceremonial structure used by ancient and modern Puebloan societies through the American southwest
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZPost-Processual Archaeology is...
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZOur modern domestic pig (Sus scrofa) was developed from the ferocious wild boar in two very distant places in the world: Turkey and China.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZChetro Ketl is a Great House in the Chaco Culture National Historical Park of New Mexico, important for the pioneering use of the tree ring dating method.
2016-12-06T11:08:20ZThe Rosetta stone is a block of dark granite found in Egypt in 1799, that literally transformed modern understanding of 3,000 years of Egyptian history.