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Preview: About.com Archaeology: Most Popular Articles

About.com Archaeology: Most Popular Articles



These articles are the most popular over the last month.



Published: Mon, 13 Mar 2017 11:55:43 +0000

 



What is the Evidence for a 6th Century Fog in...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The dust veil of AD 536 was a period of a year to 18 months when the world experienced some kind of calamity, based on historic and tree ring records.



The 10 Most Important Aztec Gods and Goddesses

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The top ten of the 200 Aztec gods and goddesses recognized by scholars include the most famous and the important figures of the Aztec religion.



The Archaeological Site of Devil's Lair...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Devil's Lair is one of the oldest securely dated archaeological cave sites in Australia.



What Is History, Anyway? A Handful of...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Drop in on a collection of quotes from historians--some professional, some decidedly not--trying their hand at defining the dark art of history.



Predmostí­ (Czech Republic)

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Predmostí­ is an early modern human Upper Paleolithic site, located in the Moravian region of what is today the Czech Republic.



Along the Silk Road

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Archaeological investigations extend the known age of the ancient road connecting Asia and central Europe known as the Silk Road.



The Aztec Rain God Tlaloc was Based on a...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Aztec rain god, Tlaloc, was one of the most important in the Aztec pantheon, and distantly related to rain gods of other Mesoamerican cultures.



Invention of Accelerator Mass Spectrometry...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

AMS radiocarbon dating is a form of radiocarbon dating that is more precise and requires less carbon than conventional radiocarbon methods.



An Aztec God of Fertility and Patron of Warriors

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Tonatiuh (pronounced Toh-nah-tee-uh) was the Aztec sun god. This deity had both a positive and negative aspect.



The Long History of Humans Taming Plants on...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

A collection of plant histories, when and where humans domesticated them, with a table of dates and places and links to the stories themselves.



The Very Opposite of Monocultural Agriculture...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Mixed cropping, also known as inter-cropping or co-cultivation, is a type of agriculture that involves planting two or more of plants simultaneously in the same field.



When Did People Begin Using and Controlling Fire?

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The discovery of fire was one of the earliest discoveries of humans, letting us add light, warmth, security, and companionship into our lives.



Cognitive Archaeology - What is Cognitive...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Cognitive archaeology is a theoretical underpinning of archaeological research that is interested in the material expression of human ways of thinking about things.



What is Prehistoric Archaeology?

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Prehistoric archaeology (as compared to historic archaeology) refers to the archaeological remains of cultures that are primarily pre-urban.



Anthropology Defined

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Anthropology is the study of human beings; their culture, their behavior, their beliefs, their ways of surviving; but that's just my opinion. Here is a collection of other definitions.



Who Were the Vikings, Anyway?

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Vikings were a farming culture, who originated in Scandinavia about the 4th century AD, and began to spread out and conquer the Europe in the 9th century AD. They were mostly defeated or subsumed into other cultures by the 13th century AD.



Skhul Cave (Israel)

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Skhul Cave is an important Neanderthal site located on Mount Carmel is modern-day ISrael.



Great Zimbabwe, the Great Stone House of the...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Great Zimbabwe is an important African Iron Age site and the capital of the Zimbabwe kingdom between the 10th and 15th centuries AD.



What Science has Learned about Olmec Beginnings...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The ancient city of La Venta was a major regional center of the Olmec civilization, despite being located in a wetland environment.



Was the Squash Plant Domesticated for its...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The domesticated squash, including pumpkins and gourds, is an American domesticate, first farmed by people perhaps as long ago as 10,000 years.



Interested in a Career in Archaeology? Read...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Have you always dreamed of being an archaeologist, but don't know how to become one? Here's how you can get started exploring that dream job.



BCE (or B.C.E.) and CE (or C.E.)

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

BCE (or B.C.E.) and CE (or C.E.) definitions and proper usage examples.



How did we ever manage to domesticate so many...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

This annotated animal domestication table lists the dates and places that scholars have discovered about when over 30 animals were domesticated



Mother Earth for the Aztecs Was a Horrific,...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Tlaltecuhtli was the Aztec Earth Goddess, a terrifying being whose monstrous body was turned into the earth after a battle with Quetzalcoatl



What You've Always Wanted to Know about Otzi...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Iceman is the name of a 5,300-year-old human body discovered high in the Swiss/Italian Alps in 1991.



Maya Highlands - Archaeology of the Maya Highland

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Maya Highlands includes the southeastern part of the Maya civilization, located in the volcanic mountains of Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras and el Salvador.



The Creation Myth of the Aztecs Was One of...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

In the 16th century, the Aztecs believed their world had been created and destroyed in violence four times before, and had reason to expect it again.



How the Dog Came to Be Domesticated

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

When and where the partnership of dog and humans first occurred is currently under considerable debate.



Who Were the Semitic Tribes?

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The term Semitic tribes (or Semites) refers to several groups of nomads and camel pastoralists who spoke related Semitic languages and included Arabs, Aramaeans, Jews, Carthaginians, Ethiopians, Abyssinians, and Phoenicians.



The Legend of Huitzilopochtli, Founding Deity...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Huitzilopochtli was the Mexica god of the sun, war and sacrifice, and the founding patron god of the Aztec Empire



What Do the Discoveries of Neanderthal and...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Out of Africa or African Replacement Hypothesis argues that every living human being is descended from a small group in Africa.



Tollund Man - What is Tollund Man

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Tollund Man is the name given to an Iron Age man whose body was recovered in amazingly pristine state from the Bjældskovdal peat bog near Tollund, Denmark.



The Archaeology of Kinship

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Bradley E. Ensor's 2013 book The Archaeology of Kinship argues that elements of kinship studies, the way that society's organize themselves, are readily recognizable in archaeological sites.



Which Society Cultivated Wheat First?

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Wheat was one of the very first crops domesticated by our ancestors, some 10,000 years ago in southeastern Turkey.



What 125 Years of Scientific Excavation Have...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The site of Hisarlik in Turkey, is the probable location of Troy, a principal setting in the Greek poet Homer's great masterpiece, The Iliad.



Archaeological Dating Techniques Used to...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

A short course on the various dating methods used in archaeological science over the centuries. Part 1: Relative Dating, Stratigraphy and Seriation



Saint-Césaire

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The archaeological site of Saint-Cesaire has Middle and Upper Paleolithic occupations that are associated with Neanderthals.



Considering a Career in Archaeology? Read These...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

What kind of job can I get in archaeology? Does it pay well? What is a typical day like? An FAQ for aspiring archaeologists.



What Scientists Have Learned about the Ancient...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Cave art refers to paintings, murals, drawings, etchings, carvings, and pecked artwork on the interior of rockshelters and caves.



Natufian Hunter-Gatherers were Ancestral to...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Natufian culture is the name given to the sedentary hunter-gatherers living in the Levant region of the near east ~2,500 and 10,200 years ago.



Learn All about Maya Civilization with This...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Maya Civilization refers to several independent, loosely affiliated city states who shared a cultural heritage beginning about 2,500 years ago.



Why Are the Eyes of the Mesopotamian Asmar...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The 12 statues of Mesopotamian gods and goddesses known as Asmar sculpture hoard were buried at Tell Asmar in Iraq about 5,000 years ago.



Site Formation Processes

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

In archaeology, the term Site Formation Processes refers to the events that created an archaeological site.



The Secret Innovations and Inventions of...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

This collection of ancient farming includes core concept definitions, archaeological research into ancient farming, and special farming techniques.



What is the Study of Taphonomy?

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The study of taphonomy in general is interested in how animals and plants become part of the fossil record.



Tenochtitlan: How a City in a Swamp Became the...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Aztec capital city called Tenochtitlan was located a marsh in the middle of a lake surrounded by mountains--a place now called Mexico City.



The Famous Aztec Calendar Stone Isn't a...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Aztec Calendar Stone, known more properly as the Aztec Sun Stone, is a basalt sculpture with carvings related to the sun god Tonatiuh and other calendar symbols



The Collapse of Angkor - The End of the Khmer...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The end of the Khmer Empire (or Angkor civilization) came about as a direct result of the civilization's inability to adapt to an extended drought brought about by climate change.



Alphabetic Listing: A and B

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

An alphabetic listing of graduate schools in archaeology, whether in classics, religion, anthropology, geology or archaeology.



Labrets

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Learn more about the ancient art of bodily decorations and piercing called labrets.



Astrophyicist David Dearborn Discusses His Work...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

An interview with David Dearborn, on his research at the interface between astronomy and archaeology.



How Cattle Came to Be Domesticated - Perhaps...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The history of the relationship between humans and cattle is a long and varied one, with at least two and perhaps three domestication events.



Need Ideas for a Research Paper? Pick a Topic...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The hardest thing a student does is pick a research paper topic. Archaeology, two million years of human behavior, is an excellent starting place.



Pedestrian Survey

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The archaeological technique of pedestrian survey, also called surface survey or reconnaissance survey, involves walking the surface of an archaeological site or large region in stratified patterns.



Did the "Aryans" Exist and Did They Destroy the...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The flawed and racist Aryan Invasion Myth was developed in the late 19th century to explain the blossoming of the Indus River Civilization.



Egypt's Gorgeous Deir el Bahri Temple Was Based...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Hatshepsut's Deir el-Bahri (also spelled Deir el-Bahari) is one of the most beautiful temples in Egypt, built by the architects of Queen Hatshepsut.



Northwest Coast Timeline

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Detailed timeline of the Native American history of the Northwest Coast.



Guided Tour of the 11 Cities of the Silk Road

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

A guided tour to the cities of the Silk Road



Why Does Our Modern Calendar Use Christian...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >AD (or A.D.) is



Did the Aztecs Really Think Cortes was the...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, the Feathered Serpent, is one of the most famous pre-Columbian deities, worshiped by many different Mesoamerican cultures.



Horticulture

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The archaeological use of the term horticulture is used to describe a subsistence strategy between hunting and gathering and full fledged agriculture.



Maize: a 10,000 Year Old Radical Experiment in...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Maize ( Zea mays



Who were the human species known as the...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Denisovans are a recently discovered human species, who lived (at least) in what is today Siberia and colonized the southeast Asian islands and China.



Despite Violent Reputations, the Vikings Were...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

In their new colonies, Viking settlers lived on isolated, regularly spaced farmsteads surrounded by grain fields, and led by chieftains.



Processual Archaeology

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Processual Archaeology is the study of process, that is to say, investigations of the way humans do things, and the way things decay.



Nenana Complex - What is the Nenana Complex

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Nenana Valley of central Alaska is the site of one of the earliest archaeological occupations in the North American continent



10 Things to Know About the Vikings

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The ancient Vikings were undoubtedly raiders: in that the History Channel series is correct. But they were so much more interesting than television tells us...



Did European Solutrean Upper Paleolithic People...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Solutrean-Clovis connection suggests that at least some of the first people in North America were direct descendants of European Solutreans.



What Is a Hominin and How Is It Different from...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Learn more about the Homininae subfamily, including Hominini (humans and their ancestors), Panini (chimps), and Gorillini (gorillas).



Tezcatlipoca

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Tezcatlipoca was the Aztec god of night, north direction and patron deity of Aztec kings



Olmec Timeline and Definition

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

A guide to the Olmec civilization, including timelines, important sites, important facts, subsistence and settlement, burning issues, and a bibliography



Bloodletting Rituals allowed Maya Nobles to...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Bloodletting rituals and sacrifices were a widespread practice among the ancient people of Mesoamerica; royal Maya used them to speak to their gods.



The Vikings had a well-earned reputation for...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Viking raids were a characteristic of the Scandinavian early medieval pirates called the Vikings, particularly during the first 50 years of the Viking Age (~793-850)



Three Cultural Groups which Combined to Make...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Triple Alliance was a military and political pact formed by three city-states of the Valley of Mexico, forming what was to become the Aztec Empire.



Crickley Hill (UK)

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Crickley Hill is an important Neolithic and Iron Age occupation in Gloucestershire, primarily known for its archaeological evidence of a violent history.



Tlatilco (Mexico)

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The early Mesoamerican site of Tlatilco, Mexico, Tlatilco figurines, Tlatilco burials,



Why Are Scientists Interested in Large-Bodied...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Megafauna is a term used by archaeologists and paleontologist to refer to large-bodied mammals, that is, any mammal weighing more than 100 pounds (45 kilograms)



What Was Living in the Indus Valley Capital...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

About 5,000 years ago, Harappa was one of a handful of capitals of the Indus Civilization located on the bank of the Ravi River in Punjab, Pakistan.



Angkor or Khmer Empire Ruled Southeast Asia...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Angkor Civilization (or Khmer Civilization) is the name given to an important civilization of southeast Asia, including all of Cambodia and southeastern Thailand and northern Vietnam



Was Otzi the Iceman a Victim of Ritual...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Mummies Alive!



The Main Belief System and Multi-Deity Universe...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Aztecs had a complex set of beliefs, ceremonies and gods, each one overlooking an aspect of human life and responding to the needs of the Aztec people.



Learning About Archaeology Before You Go To...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

You don't have to wait until college to start getting ready for a career in archaeology. Here are some tips for the would-be archaeologist for back-to-school.



Is Ancient Hisarlik Really Troy, the Royal...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Heinrich Schliemann believed that the site of Hisarlik was in fact the ancient city of Troy, site of Homer's Trojan War stories. But was he right?



The History of the Domestication of Chocolate

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Theobroma spp is the official name of several varieties of tropical trees that are native to the northern Amazon region of South America and were cultivated and domesticated in central America to produce the wonderful elixir of the gods, chocolate.



Is Your Cat Truly Domesticated? According to...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The modern day cat was permanently domesticated about 4000 years ago, in Egypt; but archaeologists say it may have been closer to 10,000 years ago.



How the Water Management System in the Khmer...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Khmer Empire, also known as the Angkor civilization, were compelled to manage water through a complex of man-made canals and reservoirs, the result of which was to permanently alter the local hydrology.



Were the Ancient Vikings Really a Bunch of...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Viking Age was a time of great change on the European continent. The Viking Age traditionally refers to the period in northern Europe between the first Scandinavian raid on England, in AD 793, and ends with the death of Harald Hardrada in 1066, in a failed attempt to attain the English throne.



Coatepec: Mythical Birthplace of the Aztec Sun...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Coatepec, or Snake Mountain, is one of the most sacred places of Aztec mythology and religion and the birthplace of the Aztec patron god Huitzilopochtli.



Ochre is the First Pigment Known to Have Been...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The natural yellow-red-brown pigment known as ochre was humankind's first paint pot, used by our hominid ancestors nearly 300,000 years ago.



How Did the First Inhabitants of the Tibetan...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

How the high altitude regions of the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China were settled includes a story of overcoming and adapting to harsh climates.



Mapungubwe - African Iron Age Polity in South...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Mapungubwe dates to the middle to late Iron Age in Africa, and it was the seat of power for the region during the 13th century AD.



The Domestication Process of the Eggplant from...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Eggplants were likely first domesticated somewhere in southeast Asia, probably China or India, but post-domestication improvement is well-documented.



Chalchiuhtlicue

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Chalchiuhtlicue was the Aztec goddess of running water as well as the patron of navigation and childbirth



Pre-Pottery Neolithic: The First Farmers of the...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Pre-Pottery Neolithic (abbreviated PPN) is the name given to the people who first developed farming in the Levant and Near East.



Vedbaek (Denmark)

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The archaeological site of Vedbaek is an Ertebølle culture Mesolithic cemetery site located in Denmark, with early evidence of social stratification.



How the Iron Age Kingdom of Aksum Flourished in...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

The Kingdom of Aksum (first through sixth centuries AD) was one of the most powerful kingdoms in sub-Saharan Africa, connecting with Rome and Egypt.



What is That Archaeologist Doing in My...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Ethnoarchaeology is the use of anthropological data from living groups as a somewhat fuzzy analogy for understanding of past human behaviors.



Hand Stencils and Finger Markings in the...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Koonalda Cave is a karst limestone cave in the middle south of the continent of Australia, in the dry and desolate area called the Nullarbor Plain.



Who doesn't want to be an archaeologist when...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Not all archaeologists are professors at college. There are many different allied jobs associated with archaeological investigations.



Who Were the First People Who Arrived in the...

2017-03-13T11:55:43Z

Pre-Clovis is the name archaeologists have given to the oldest and now fairly well-established human occupations of the Americas.