2016-10-20T11:01:43ZLike evolution, creationism can have more than one meaning. At its most basic, creationism is the belief that the universe was created by a deity of some sort - but after that, there is quite a lot of variety among creationists as to just what they believe and why. Some believe that a god simply started the universe off and then left it alone; others believe in a deity that has been actively involved in the universe since creation.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZLike evolution, creationism can have more than one meaning. At its most basic, creationism is the belief that the universe was created by a deity of some sort - but after that, there is quite a lot of variety among creationists as to just what they believe and why. People may lump all creationists together in one group, but it is important to understand where they differ and why. Not every critique of creationism and creationist ideology will apply equally well to all creationists.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZAs a general principle, existentialist philosophers have emphasized the importance of psychologically critical moments where basic truths about human nature and existence come crashing down upon us, upsetting our preconceptions and shocking us into a new awareness about life. These 'existential moments' of crisis then lead to more generalized feelings of dread, anxiety, or fear.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZIt's not unusual for me to get emails from people who say that they intend to pray for me - but as often as I hear such things, I continue to have trouble understanding why people would do so and, if they must pray, why they would feel the need to tell me about it. Neither seems to make much sense and I frequently find myself saying so to the Christian in question - explaining that whatever their reasons or intentions behind praying for me, none could be furthered by announcing it.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZBecause existentialism is treated as a 'lived' philosophy that is understood and explored through how one lives one's life rather than a 'system' that must be studied from books, it is not unexpected that much existentialist thought can be found in literary form (novels, plays) and not just in the traditional philosophical treatises. Indeed, some of the most important examples of existentialist writing are literary rather than purely philosophical.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZCatholics believe that the bishop of Rome inherits the mantle of Peter, apostle of Jesus Christ who was entrusted with the administration of his church after he died. Peter travelled to Rome where he is believed to have established a Christian community before he was martyred. All popes are, then, successors of Peter not only as leading the Christian community in Rome, but also as leading the Christian community in general, and they maintain a direct connection to the original apostles.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZChristians present their religion as a religion of love and peace, but Christian history is filled with violence justified via Christianity. Why is this? How and why does religion become a source of justifications for violent behavior?
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZAlthough secularism can certainly be understood as simply the absence of religion, it is also often treated as a philosophical system with personal, political, cultural, and social implications. Secularism as a philosophy must be treated a bit differently than secularism as a mere idea, but just what sort of philosophy can secularism be? For those who treated secularism as a philosophy, it was a humanistic and even atheistic philosophy that sought the good of humanity in this life.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZThe Christian Right regularly claims that America is a 'Christian Nation' and was founded on Christian principles. If this is the case, then those principles should be identifiable in America's founding legal document, the Constitution. If the Constitution explicitly reflects Christian principles and doctrines, then the Christian Right is correct that America was founded on Christianity; otherwise, their claims are wishful thinking at best. So where are God and religion in the Constitution?
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZThe best defenses and justifications for keeping 'under God' in the Pledge of Allegiance offer no good reasons not to get rid of it.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZToday a Christian church, the Pantheon is the best preserved of all ancient Roman buildings and has been in near-continuous use since its reconstruction.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZThe text of the Gospel According to Mark does not identify anyone as the author. Not even 'Mark' is listed as the author. Learn more.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZTheists often claim that their gods are perfect beings; they describe gods, however, in contradictory and incoherent ways. Numerous characteristics are attributed to their gods, some of which are impossible and some combinations of which are impossible. As described, it's unlikely or impossible for these gods to exist. This doesn't mean that no god could possibly exist, just that the ones theists claim to believe in don't.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZA list of all of the popes who reigned during the 20th century with short biographies of each pope and what impact they had on the Roman Catholic Church.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZThis definition makes it clear that being agnostic and being an atheist are not mutually exclusive.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZFor whom was Mark writing? It is easier to make sense of the text if we read it in light of what the author intended, and that in turn would be heavily influenced by the audience he wrote for. Mark likely wrote for one specific Christian community, the one he was part of. He certainly can’t be read as if he were addressing all of Christendom down through the ages, centuries after his own life ended.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZAppeal to Numbers This fallacy occurs any time the sheer numbers of people who agree to something is used as a reason to get you to agree to it and takes the general form: When most people agree on a claim about subject S, the claim is true (normally an unstated premise). Claim X is one which most people agree on. Therefore, X is true.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZThe Crusades were an incredibly violent undertaking, even by medieval standards. The Crusades have often been remembered in a romantic fashion, but perhaps nothing has deserved it less. Hardly a noble quest in foreign lands, the Crusades represented the worst in religion generally and in Christianity specifically. Page 4.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZAnalyzing the Painting To Jesus' immediate right are Judas, Peter , and John in another group of three.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZOne of the vital animating principles of existentialist philosophy has always been the importance of subjectivity over objectivity. This subjectivity extends over a wide range of issues: morality, values, truth, commitment, faith, and so forth. Indeed, most of the basic themes of existentialism can't be fully understood without appreciating the importance of subjectivity.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZAn important component of existentialist philosophy is the portrayal of existence as being fundamentally irrational in nature. Whereas most philosophers have attempted to create philosophical systems that produce a rational account of reality, existentialist philosophers have focused upon the subjective, irrational character of human existence.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZAlthough secularism and secularization are closely related, they nevertheless differ because they do not necessarily offer the same answer to the question of the role of religion in society. Secularism argues generally for a sphere of knowledge, values, and action that is independent of religious authority, but it does not necessarily exclude religion from having any authority over political and social affairs. Secularization, however, is a process which does involve such an exclusion.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZA number of people in the New Testament are named Mark and any could, in theory, have been the author behind the gospel of Mark. Tradition has it that the Gospel According to Mark was written by Mark, a companion of Peter, who simply recorded what Peter preached in Rome (1 Peter 5:13), and this person was in turn identified with 'John Mark' in Acts (12:12,25; 13:5-13; 15:37-39) as well as the 'Mark' in Philemon 24, Colossians 4:10, and 2 Timothy 4:1.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZLeonardo Da Vinci is thought of first and foremost as an artist but he was also a very important humanist, scientist, and naturalist in the Renaissance.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZA selection of quotes on ethics, morality, humanity and universal causation from Albert Einstein: Humans, not Gods, define morality.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZIn the sixth chapter of Marks gospel, Jesus continues his ministry, his healing, and his preaching. Now, though, Jesus also sends out his apostles to try to do the same things on their own. Jesus also visits his family where he receives something less than a warm welcome.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZWhat authority does the government have over religious rituals like prayer? Can the government write specific prayers for public school students to recite every day?
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZCoyolxauhqui was the Aztec goddess of the moon and the stars. Coyolxauhqui is usually depicted with bells on her cheeks and surrounded by lunar symbols.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZBecause Modern Humanism is so often associated with secularism, it is sometimes easy to forget that humanism also has a very strong and very influential religious tradition associated with it. Early on, especially during the Renaissance, this religious tradition was primarily Christian in nature; today, however, it has become much more diverse.
2016-10-20T11:01:43ZIt is not possible to get an accurate picture of evolution from creationist literature - creationists simply won't use key scientific terminology the same way scientists do. Because the subject is scientific, though, this means they are using key terminology incorrectly. What's more, it's implausible that they are ignorant of the fact that they are using that terminology incorrectly. So, it's difficult not to conclude that they are simply lying about science for the sake of a religious agenda.