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Preview: About.com Agnosticism / Atheism: Most Popular Articles

About.com Agnosticism & Atheism: Most Popular Articles



These articles are the most popular over the last month.



Published: Mon, 05 Dec 2016 11:11:18 +0000

 



What's the Difference Between Atheists and...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The difference between being an atheist and being an agnostic should be pretty clear. Learn more about the differences and similarities.



Atheism vs. Agnosticism: What's the Difference?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Many think agnosticism is more 'reasonable' than atheism and thus reject the label of atheist. The idea that atheism is dogmatic is incorrect.



State Laws on Flag Desecration, Burning, Abuse,...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Why do some state laws ban publicly desecrating the flag instead of banning it in private as well? Why do some specify that it doesn't matter if you deface your privately owned flag? What does it mean to make it a crime to 'cast contempt' upon or 'speak evilly' about the American flag? Why do some state that a crime occurs only when an act outrages the 'sensibilities' of those watching? Why do some states make it a crime to deface or cast contempt upon the Confederate flag?



Can Deontology Teach You to Be Ethical Without...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Deontological morality is defined by obedience to a set of independent moral rules. The most common are systems where the rules are established by some god.



Deductive and Inductive Arguments: What's the...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Arguments can be deductive or inductive and you need to know the difference in order to properly create or evaluate an argument. Learn more.



Karl Marx on Religion: The Opiate of the Masses?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Marx is well known for saying that religion is the opiate of the masses, but his perspective on religion is more complex and nuanced than many realize



If Flag Desecration is a Crime, What is...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Attempts to ban flag desecration, either through statute or through constitutional amendment, would ban much more than most people seem to realize. Usually people only think about trying to stop burning the American flag, but the truth is that past and current laws against flag desecration cover far more than just burning the flag. Perhaps if people thought more about just what they are outlawing, they wouldn't be so quick to support flag desecration bans.



What is Religion? Defining the Characteristics...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Identifying basic characteristics common to religions, which taken together make religion distinct from other belief systems.



Is It Moral or Immoral to Have an Abortion? 9...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The legality of abortion is debated more than the morality of abortion, so fundamental ethical questions aren't given the attention they deserve. Some believe that the law shouldn't legislate morality, but all good law is based upon moral values. A failure to openly discuss those values can obscure important discussions.



Why Ban Flag Burning? Evaluating Arguments for...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Although the connections may not be obvious, there are significant ties between efforts to ban the burning or desecration of the American flag and Christian Nationalism. Nothing profane can be desecrated, thus the very idea that the flag can be desecrated is derived from the belief that the flag is sacred in some fashion. This belief is most actively promoted by Christian Nationalists, for whom true patriotism and true religion have been fused into an anti-democratic political movement.



How to Critique an Argument

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

An argument might fail on its premises or its inferences. Because of this, it is necessary to distinguish between valid arguments and sound arguments.



What Are Virtue Ethics?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Virtue ethics focuses on the development of sound moral character rather than moral rules. It's believed that having a virtuous character leads to virtuous decisions.



The Problem of Defining Religion, Mythology and...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Defining what religion is and what is not isn't easy and has long been debated, but it is possible to construct a useful, strong definition of religion.



Religion as Opium of the People

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

According to Karl Marx, religion is like other social institutions in that it is dependent upon the material and economic realities in a given society. It has no independent history; instead it is the creature of productive forces. As Marx wrote, ‘The religious world is but the reflex of the real world.‘. Page 4.



Meaning of the American Flag

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

One vitally important issue in the debate over burning and desecrating the American flag tends to be ignored: what exactly does the American flag mean and why? The American flag is a symbol, which is to say that it represents America itself. Therefore, the question of what the American flag means is necessarily a question about what America means and what it stands for.



When Does a Fetus Become a Person with Rights?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Abortion is the focus of some of the most intense social, cultural, political, religious, and ethical debates in modern American society.



Why We Need Epistemology to Understand Knowledge

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Epistemology is the study of the nature of knowledge and how we acquire it. Most debates between atheists and theists are ultimately epistemological disagreements.



Existence Precedes Essence: Existentialist...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

'Existence precedes essence' has come to be a classic, even defining, formulation of the heart of existentialist philosophy.



Microevolution vs. Macroevolution: What's the...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

'Microevolution' and 'macroevolution' are often used by creationists who don't understand what they are. There is no real difference between them.



God as Abuser: Similarities Between the...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >God and Spousal



Pragmatic Theory of Truth

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

An American philosophy developed during the early and mid twentieth century. Pragmatists identified the nature of truth with the principle of action.



Secular Ways to Celebrate the Christmas Holidays

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Although Christmas has largely been a Christian religious holiday, that has changed dramatically. It already included many elements borrowed from other religions, which made it easy to transform in modern, secular culture.



Thirteen Different Fields of Philosophical...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Philosophy addresses issues from all facets of life - an expert on all of philosophy would have to be an expert on all of life's most fundamental questions.



How Does an Atheist View Ethics and Morality?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

You can't debate the nature of morality or even specific moral issues unless you understand what sorts of disagreements can exist and how to address them.



Why C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien Argued Over...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

CS Lewis and JRR Tolkien were close friends who also had serious disagreements over theology, apologetics, and the quality of Lewis' Narnia books.



School Prayer Cases - Court Rulings on Prayer...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

To what extent, if any, may the government allow prayers at the graduation ceremonies of public schools? The answer is simple, although difficult to apply in practice: if the government has any say or controlling function over the words being said, then prayer and evangelism may not be a part of those words. This is the underlying principle which ties together a number of important court cases dealing with school prayer during football games, graduation ceremonies, and other school events.



What's so Christian about Santa Claus?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The most common, popular, and recognized symbol for Christmas today isn't an infant Jesus or even a manger scene, but Santa Claus. It's Santa who graces all the ads and decorations, not Jesus. Santa Claus is not, however, a religious figure or symbol.



10 Common Arguments Against Gay Marriage

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The most common and popular arguments against gay marriage, mostly religious in nature, are easy to refute because they're based on serious errors.



What Are Barack Obama's Religious Beliefs?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Obama has been accused of being a Muslim and an atheist; the truth is that his background is more secular and diverse than has been traditional.



Ah Puch - Mayan God of Death

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Ah Puch was the Mayan god of death, disaster, and destruction. He ruled Mitnal, the lowest level of the Mayan underworld. Learn about this god.



Catholic Liberation Theology in Latin America

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The primary architect of liberation theology in the Latin-American and Catholic context is Gustavo Gutierrez. A Catholic priest who grew up in grinding poverty in Peru, Gutierrez employed Marx’s critiques of ideology, class, and capitalism as part of his theological analysis of how Christianity should be used to make people’s lives better here and now rather than simply offer them hope of rewards in heaven.



Hillary Clinton's Religious Background &...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Hillary Clinton grew up in a Methodist household, she taught Methodist Sunday school like her mother, is a member of a Senate prayer group, and regularly attends the Foundry United Methodist Church in Washington. Hillary Clinton can be placed in the moderate to liberal wing of American Christianity, but she appears to share a number of attitudes with more conservative American Christians. Clinton's liberalism is a relative matter



What Is an Argument?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

You need to know what an argument is in order to construct a sound, valid argument or to evaluate another person's argument.



What is Logic? What is Critical Thinking?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

If you want to better evaluate the claims, ideas, and arguments you encounter, you need a better understanding of basic logic and critical thinking.



Why Don't Atheists Believe in Gods? 10 Common...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Atheists are often asked 'why don't you believe in God?' Here are some of the most common reasons why atheists don't believe in any gods.



Introduction to Agnosticism: What Is Agnostic...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Agnostic theism is explored, as well as its relation to agnosticism, and how these two views differ in terms of spiritual belief and doubt in god(s).



What Is Idealism? History of Idealist Philosophy

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Idealism is a category of philosophical systems which argue that reality is somehow dependent upon the mind rather than independent of the mind.



Crusading Against Christians

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Most histories of the Crusades tend to focus on the Crusaders themselves and the perspectives of European Christians seeking conquest and plunder in the Holy Land. But what about the Muslims whose lands were invaded and cities sacked? What did they think about these religious armies marching out of Europe? Page 2.



Jean Paul Sartre Biography

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Jean-Paul Sartre was a French novelist and philosopher who is perhaps most famous for his development and defense of atheistic existential philosophy.



We Wish You a Godless Xmas: What's Secular,...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Many Christians insist that Christmas is a Christian religious holiday which belongs exclusively to them. While there are many ways to celebrate Christmas in a Christian manner, the simple fact is that there are many important elements to popular Christmas celebrations which have nothing whatsoever to do with religion or Christianity. These secular elements of Christmas are at least as important as the religious ones. So if you want to celebrate Christmas, you can do so without religion.



Theists Fail to Provide Good, Rational, Sound...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Perhaps the most basic reason for not believing in any gods is the absence of good reasons for doing so. Since the burden of support lies first and foremost with those making the positive the claim — the theistic, religious believers who say their god exists — non-believers don't need reasons not to believe. They may help, but they aren't particularly necessary. Instead, what is required are reasons to believe.



Why Does Religion Exist?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

There have been as many theories as theorists and all offer important insights on the nature of religion and possible reasons why religion has persisted through human history.



Mictlantecuhtli: Mictlantecuhtli, God of Death...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Mictlantecuhtli was the Aztec god of death and the underworld. To honor Mictlantecuhtli, Aztec sacrificed an impersonator of Mictlantecuhtli at night and at a temple named Tlalxicco, which means 'navel of the world.' When Hernan Cortes landed, Aztec ruler Moctezuma II thought that it was the arrival of Quetzalcoatl, signalling the end of the world, so he stepped up human sacrifices to offer the skins of victims to Mictlantecuhtli in order to placate him.



Gay Marriage Will Undermine the Institution of...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

There don’t appear to be valid secular reasons for thinking that allowing gay couples to marry will have any deleterious effects on marriage generally.



Ethics: Descriptive, Normative, and Analytic

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The field of ethics is usually broken down into three different ways of thinking about ethics: descriptive, normative and analytic.



Objective Truth: Are Things True Regardless of...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The idea of objective truth is the idea that no matter what we believe to be true, some things will always be true and other things will always be false. Beliefs have no bearing on the facts of the world around us. That which is true is always true - even if we stop believing it and even if we stop existing at all.



Nietzsche, Nihilism, Nihilists, &...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Nietzsche wrote a great deal about nihilism, but that was due to his concern about its effects on society and culture, not because he advocated nihilism.



Do Godless Morals and Values Exist?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The general attitude is that any religious morality is preferable to a secular morality; there are many reasons to think that this viewpoint is false.



American Flag as Religious Icon

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Discussions of efforts to amend the Constitution typically focus on the desire to ban burning the American flag, but current and past proposals have included criminalizing 'physical desecration' of the American flag. Desecration is defined as violating the 'sacredness' of something. Something is 'sacred' when it is 'holy' or 'worthy of worship, religious veneration.' Thus, efforts to ban the desecration of the American flag are efforts to transform it into an object of religious worship.



A Timeline of the Second Crusade, 1144 - 1150

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Launched in response to the capture of Edessa by Muslims in 1144, the Second Crusade was accepted by European leaders due to St. Bernard of Clairvaux who was determined to reassert Christian domination in the Holy Land.



8 Moral and Social Arguments for Gay Marriage

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

There are many reasons to believe that everyone and society as a whole will be better off now that gay marriage is legal, contrary to the dire predictions of critics.



An Atheist's Guide to Peter the Apostle

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Christians are expected to act much like Peter. Also, the gospels describe Jesus as calling Peter his “rock” upon which the future church would be built.



Freedom From Religion vs. Freedom of Religion...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

This claim is common, but it rests on a misunderstanding of what real freedom of religion entails. The most important thing to remember is that freedom of religion, if it is going to apply to everyone, also requires freedom from religion. Why is that? You do not truly have the freedom to practice your religious beliefs if you are also required to adhere to any of the religious beliefs or rules of other religions.



What is Belief? What Does it Mean to Say "I...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Atheists are frequently challenged to explain why they are so critical of religious and theistic beliefs. Why do we care what others believe? Why don't we just leave people alone to believe what they want? Why do we try to



Agnosticism for Beginners

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

There are a lot of resources here about agnosticism for beginners: what agnosticism is, what it isn't, and refutations of many popular myths about agnosticism. I've discovered, though, that it isn't always easy to direct people to all of the information they need. That's why I've collected here some of the basics about atheism for beginners that I find myself linking to most often.



Popes of the 5th Century

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Here is a list of all of the popes who reigned during the fifth century. The first number is which pope they were. This is followed by their chosen name, the starting and ending dates of their reigns, and finally the number of years they were pope. Follow the links to read short biographies of each pope and learn about what they did, what they believed, and what impact they had on the course of the Roman Catholic Church.



What is Secularism?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Secularism is largely responsible for defining the modern West, for good or for ill. Understanding secularism is thus critical for understanding the West today.



Examining the Nature of Religion and Religious...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

What is religion? What are some varieties of religions? What is theism, and what are some of the varieties of that? Atheists aren't theists, but they can be religious - understanding what theism and religion are is key to understanding why that is true.



Andrew the Apostle: Profile & Biography of...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Andrew, whose Greek name means 'manly,' was one of Jesus' twelve apostles. The brother of Simon Peter and son of Jona (or John), Andrew's name appears on all of the lists of apostles, and his being called by Jesus appears in all three synoptic gospels as well as Acts. Andrew's name comes up multiple times in the gospels - the synoptics show him at the Mount of Olives and John describes him as a one-time disciple of John the Baptist.



How Biogeography Supports Evolution

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Biogeography not only provides significant inferential evidence for evolution and common descent, but it also provides testable predictions. Learn more.



Separation of Church and State: Is It Actually...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Some argue that the only rights we have are those spelled out explicitly in the Constitution, but that's nonsense. It's not how the Constitution works



Modern Humanist Philosophy and Religion

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Humanism as a philosophy today can be as little as an perspective on life or as much as an entire way of life; the common feature is that it is always focused primarily on human needs and interests. Philosophic Humanism can be distinguished form other forms of humanism precisely by the fact that it constitutes some sort of philosophy, whether minimalist or far-reaching, that helps define how a person lives and how a person interacts with other humans.



Myth of Rational Agnosticism - Is Agnosticism...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

It's popular for self-proclaimed agnostics, and more than a few theists who aren't agnostics, to proclaim that agnosticism is more rational and reasonable than atheism. Sometimes agnostics may also include theism as being less rational, but typically atheism is the only target. This reveals the underlying problem: the goal is simply to attack atheism, not to make a case for agnosticism, so both atheism and agnosticism are misrepresented to make the latter look more sensible than the former.



Affirming vs. Swearing Oaths: What's the...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Court scenes in American movies, television, and books typically show people swearing an oath to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. Usually they swear an oath 'to God' and with a hand on the Bible. Such scenes are so common that most people seem to assume that it's required, but it's not.



What Do Atheists Do During Christmas Holidays?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Christmas can be a difficult time of the year for atheists. Although it has become highly secularized in recent years, the holiday has retained strong religious aspects. Many family celebrations of Christmas also include religious rituals which atheists cannot easily participate in without feeling dishonest. Should atheists even care about holidays like Christmas? Should they ignore Christmas, perhaps even create a new holiday as a surrogate? What exactly do atheists do with Christmas?



Gender Selection - Ethics and Technology

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Gender Selection - ethical considerations for new technologies



Is Christmas a Religious or Secular Holiday?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Americans all over the country in all walks of life look forward to getting a day off on December 25, a day which has traditionally (and almost certainly erroneously) been celebrated as the birth day of Jesus Christ, savior for all Christians. What's wrong with that? Nothing, really - except possibly the fact that it is a holiday which is legally recognized/mandated by our government. Should Christmas be treated like a secular holiday?



Coherence Theory of Truth

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The Coherence Theory of Truth, developed by Hegel and Spinoza, often seems to be an accurate description of how our conception of truth actually works. The Coherence Theory of Truth says: a belief is true when we are able to incorporate it in an orderly and logical manner into a larger and complex system of beliefs.



Humanism and the Reformation History

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

It is a historical irony that the Reformation created a political and religious culture in northern Europe that was especially hostile to the spirit of free inquiry and scholarship that characterized Humanism. Why? Because the Protestant Reformation owed so much to the developments of Humanism and the work done by humanists to change how people thought.



Scientifically, God Does Not Exist

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

It is possible to say that, scientifically, God does not exist - just as science is able to discount the existence of a myriad of other alleged beings.



Where Did the Israelites of the Bible Come From?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Who were the Israelites and where did they come from? The Pentateuch and Deuteronomist give explanations, but extra-biblical sources and archaeology produce different conclusions.



What Do Atheists Say About Religion &...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Because atheists are so often seen critiquing religion, it's common for religious theists to wonder what atheists really think about religion and why. The truth is complex, however, because there is no single atheistic opinion about religion. Atheists' critical stance with regards to religion is more a product of cultural trends in the West than of anything internal to atheism itself, which is only the absence of belief in gods. Atheists have a wide variety of opinions about religion.



Can Atheists Be Religious? Are there Religious...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

There is a strong correlation between being an atheist and being irreligious, but there is no necessary and inherent connection between the two.



What Do Religions Say About Birth Control?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

When religious positions on birth control are discussed, we usually hear how contraceptives are forbidden. Religious traditions are more pluralistic and varied than that, however, and even within the religions most publicly opposed to birth control we find that there are traditions which would permit the use of contraceptives, even if only in limited circumstances. It’s important to understand these traditions because not every religion regards birth control as a simplistic issue.



How to Get Excommunicated from the Catholic...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Many ex-Catholics are technically Catholic, at least according to the Catholic Church. Permanently changing that requires getting excommunicated. But how?



Who Were the Canaanites?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The Canaanites play an important role in the story of the Israelites' conquest of their 'Promised Land,' especially in the Book of Joshua, but the ancient Jewish scriptures contain almost no substantive information about them. The Canaanites are the villains of the story because they are living on land promised to the Israelites by Yahweh.



Is Astrology a Pseudoscience?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Many practitioners and followers of astrology are certain that it is scientific. Are they right? When examining astrology for many standards traits of pseudoscience, a different conclusion becomes apparent.



The Real Reasons Why People Believe in God

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Theists offer all sorts of reasons for why they believe in a god but the only respectable reason is one which, if proven false, would at the very least cause them to seriously reconsider their belief and perhaps drop it entirely.



Oversimplification and Exaggeration Fallacies

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Postulating too few causes results in oversimplification; too many causes is exaggeration. These fallacies mask the true causes of an event.



Engel v. Vitale (1962) - Prayers in Public...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

What authority does the government have over religious rituals like prayer? Can the government write specific prayers for public school students to recite every day?



Godless Constitution: Constitutional Law...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The Christian Right regularly claims that America is a 'Christian Nation' and was founded on Christian principles. If this is the case, then those principles should be identifiable in America's founding legal document, the Constitution. If the Constitution explicitly reflects Christian principles and doctrines, then the Christian Right is correct that America was founded on Christianity; otherwise, their claims are wishful thinking at best. So where are God and religion in the Constitution?



Who Are the Atheists? What Does Being an...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

There are a lot of misunderstandings about who atheists are, what they believe, and what they don't believe. People become atheists for many different reasons. Being an atheist isn't a choice or act of will - like theism, it's a consequence of what one knows and how one reasons. Atheists are not all angry, they aren't in denial about gods, and they aren't atheists to avoid taking responsibility for their acts. It's not necessary to be afraid of hell and there are advantages to being an atheist.



Is Jesus the Reason for the Season? Godless...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Many conservative evangelical Christians at this time of year want to 'put Christ back in Christmas' and insist that 'Jesus is the Reason for the Season.' Unfortunately, they don't have much of a case.



What Is Monotheism?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

What is monotheism? Learn about the belief in the existence of a single god and how it differs from polytheism and atheism.



Hillary Clinton on Religion, Religious Faith,...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Whether she is elected president or not, Hillary Clinton is and will remain for some time a leading figure in the Democratic Party. Her views on matters like religion, the role of religion in government and public life, church/state separation, secularism, faith-based initiatives, reproductive choice, atheists and atheism, religion in public school, and related issues should matter to atheists. Secular atheists need to know where she really stands on religious and secular issues.



Top Thomas Paine Quotes on Religion

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The quotes of Thomas Paine reveal him not only to be a political revolutionary but also a man who advocated for free thought over religion.



Religious Traditions on the Morality of Abortion

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Not all religious traditions condemn abortion, and those that do don't condemn it in every situation. Religious positions on the morality of abortion are much more varied.



The Similarities Between Religion and Philosophy

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

There seems to be some confusion at times over just whether and how religion and philosophy should be distinguished from each other. Learn more.



Atheism for Beginners

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

An overview with links to lots of resources about atheism, including refutations of many popular myths about atheism.



Quotes From Atheist Carl Sagan on Religion

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Celebrity scientist Carl Sagan was born a Jew, but his quotes reveal he didn't believe in God. Learn about Sagan's atheism in his own words.



Philosophy of Mind: Philosophy of Thought,...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The Philosophy of Mind is a more recent field that deals with questions of consciousness and how it interacts with the body and the outside world. The Philosophy of Mind asks not only what mental phenomena are and what gives rise to them, but also what relationship they have to the larger physical body and the world around us.



The Matrix, Religion, and Buddhism

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The Matrix and Buddhism: Is the Matrix a Buddhism Film? There are many important Buddhist themes throughout the Matrix films - for example, the idea that our reality is really maya, or illusion. But is that enough to call the Matrix movies Buddhist movies?



Abortion Rights and Privacy Rights in America

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Is there a fundamental right to abortion? Is there a right to privacy that protects contraception and use of contraceptives?



Freedom of Religion Requires Freedom From...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

Conservatives insist that the Constitution guarantees freedom of religion, not freedom from religion, and argue against strict separation of church and state. Too often, though, conservatives seem to have a flawed understanding of what freedom from religion really entails and fail to realize that freedom from religion is crucial to religious liberty in general.



Which Religions Believe in One or More God?

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

There are many forms of theism, from believing in one god to believing in many gods. They aren't all the same, and can't be critiqued in the same way.



Do Atheists Go to Church? Why Would Atheists...

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The idea of atheists attending church services seems contradictory. Doesn't that require belief in God? Doesn't a person have to believe in a religion in order to attend it's worship services? Isn't freedom on Sunday morning one of the benefits of atheism? Although most atheists don't count themselves as part of religions which require regular attendance at churches or other houses of worship, you can still find some who do attend such services from time to time or even regularly.



How to Think Skeptically & Critically

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

In order to debate well on any topic and think critically about all of the opinions we encounter, we need the proper skills. Whether reading advertising, listening to politicians, buying a used car, or considering arguments for religion, we need to know how to carefully examine what is being said and consider the validity of the content or structure.



How Fossil Evidence Supports Evolution

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

The fossil record has an important, unique characteristic: it is our only actual glimpse into the past where common descent is proposed to have taken place.



C.S. Lewis: Biography of C.S. Lewis

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

C.S. Lewis was an author, a scholar of English literature and a famous Christian apologist. The son of a lawyer, Lewis grew up in Ireland at a time when northern Ireland was not torn by the bitter strife which would eventually come to characterize its religious situation. Early on he developed a love for reading and learning. He rejected Christianity at an early age, deciding that Christian myths were inferior to others in the world and that the Christian god, if it existed, must be a sadist.



A Timeline of the First Crusad, 1095 - 1100

2016-12-05T11:11:18Z

A timeline of the First Crusade, 1095 - 1100 : Christianity vs. Islam. Launched by Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont in 1095, the First Crusade was the most successful.