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Preview: About.com Agnosticism / Atheism: Most Popular Articles

About.com Agnosticism & Atheism: Most Popular Articles



These articles are the most popular over the last month.



Published: Sun, 25 Sep 2016 11:12:26 +0000

 



What's the Difference Between Atheists and...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

The difference between being an atheist and being an agnostic should be pretty clear. Learn more about the differences and similarities.



Hillary Clinton's Religious Background &...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Hillary Clinton grew up in a Methodist household, she taught Methodist Sunday school like her mother, is a member of a Senate prayer group, and regularly attends the Foundry United Methodist Church in Washington. Hillary Clinton can be placed in the moderate to liberal wing of American Christianity, but she appears to share a number of attitudes with more conservative American Christians. Clinton's liberalism is a relative matter



Deductive and Inductive Arguments: What's the...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Arguments can be deductive or inductive and you need to know the difference in order to properly create or evaluate an argument. Learn more.



Atheism vs. Agnosticism: What's the Difference?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Many think agnosticism is more 'reasonable' than atheism and thus reject the label of atheist. The idea that atheism is dogmatic is incorrect.



Can Deontology Teach You to Be Ethical Without...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Deontological morality is defined by obedience to a set of independent moral rules. The most common are systems where the rules are established by some god.



How to Critique an Argument

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

An argument might fail on its premises or its inferences. Because of this, it is necessary to distinguish between valid arguments and sound arguments.



What is Religion? Defining the Characteristics...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Identifying basic characteristics common to religions, which taken together make religion distinct from other belief systems.



Hillary Clinton on Religion, Religious Faith,...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Whether she is elected president or not, Hillary Clinton is and will remain for some time a leading figure in the Democratic Party. Her views on matters like religion, the role of religion in government and public life, church/state separation, secularism, faith-based initiatives, reproductive choice, atheists and atheism, religion in public school, and related issues should matter to atheists. Secular atheists need to know where she really stands on religious and secular issues.



What Are Virtue Ethics?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Virtue ethics focuses on the development of sound moral character rather than moral rules. It's believed that having a virtuous character leads to virtuous decisions.



The Problem of Defining Religion, Mythology and...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Defining what religion is and what is not isn't easy and has long been debated, but it is possible to construct a useful, strong definition of religion.



Karl Marx on Religion: The Opiate of the Masses?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Marx is well known for saying that religion is the opiate of the masses, but his perspective on religion is more complex and nuanced than many realize



Why We Need Epistemology to Understand Knowledge

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Epistemology is the study of the nature of knowledge and how we acquire it. Most debates between atheists and theists are ultimately epistemological disagreements.



Religion as Opium of the People

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

According to Karl Marx, religion is like other social institutions in that it is dependent upon the material and economic realities in a given society. It has no independent history; instead it is the creature of productive forces. As Marx wrote, ‘The religious world is but the reflex of the real world.‘. Page 4.



Is It Moral or Immoral to Have an Abortion? 9...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

The legality of abortion is debated more than the morality of abortion, so fundamental ethical questions aren't given the attention they deserve. Some believe that the law shouldn't legislate morality, but all good law is based upon moral values. A failure to openly discuss those values can obscure important discussions.



What Are Barack Obama's Religious Beliefs?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Obama has been accused of being a Muslim and an atheist; the truth is that his background is more secular and diverse than has been traditional.



Thirteen Different Fields of Philosophical...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Philosophy addresses issues from all facets of life - an expert on all of philosophy would have to be an expert on all of life's most fundamental questions.



Why Don't Atheists Believe in Gods? 10 Common...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Atheists are often asked 'why don't you believe in God?' Here are some of the most common reasons why atheists don't believe in any gods.



Pragmatic Theory of Truth

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

An American philosophy developed during the early and mid twentieth century. Pragmatists identified the nature of truth with the principle of action.



What Is an Argument?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

You need to know what an argument is in order to construct a sound, valid argument or to evaluate another person's argument.



God as Abuser: Similarities Between the...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >God and Spousal



Gender Selection - Ethics and Technology

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Gender Selection - ethical considerations for new technologies



How Does an Atheist View Ethics and Morality?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

You can't debate the nature of morality or even specific moral issues unless you understand what sorts of disagreements can exist and how to address them.



What Is Idealism? History of Idealist Philosophy

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Idealism is a category of philosophical systems which argue that reality is somehow dependent upon the mind rather than independent of the mind.



Theists Fail to Provide Good, Rational, Sound...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Perhaps the most basic reason for not believing in any gods is the absence of good reasons for doing so. Since the burden of support lies first and foremost with those making the positive the claim — the theistic, religious believers who say their god exists — non-believers don't need reasons not to believe. They may help, but they aren't particularly necessary. Instead, what is required are reasons to believe.



The Criteria for Science and Scientific Theories

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Scientific theories all have common characteristics which differentiate them from unscientific ideas like faith and pseudoscience.



What is Belief? What Does it Mean to Say "I...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Atheists are frequently challenged to explain why they are so critical of religious and theistic beliefs. Why do we care what others believe? Why don't we just leave people alone to believe what they want? Why do we try to



When Does a Fetus Become a Person with Rights?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Abortion is the focus of some of the most intense social, cultural, political, religious, and ethical debates in modern American society.



Microevolution vs. Macroevolution: What's the...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

'Microevolution' and 'macroevolution' are often used by creationists who don't understand what they are. There is no real difference between them.



What is Logic? What is Critical Thinking?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

If you want to better evaluate the claims, ideas, and arguments you encounter, you need a better understanding of basic logic and critical thinking.



What is Religion?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Many scholarly and academic attempts to define or describe religion can be classified into one of two types: functional or substantive. Each represents a very distinct perspective on the nature of function of religion. Although it is possible for a person to accept both types as valid, in reality most people will tend to focus on one type to the exclusion of the other.



Why Does Religion Exist?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

There have been as many theories as theorists and all offer important insights on the nature of religion and possible reasons why religion has persisted through human history.



10 Common Arguments Against Gay Marriage

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

The most common and popular arguments against gay marriage, mostly religious in nature, are easy to refute because they're based on serious errors.



Andrew the Apostle: Profile & Biography of...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Andrew, whose Greek name means 'manly,' was one of Jesus' twelve apostles. The brother of Simon Peter and son of Jona (or John), Andrew's name appears on all of the lists of apostles, and his being called by Jesus appears in all three synoptic gospels as well as Acts. Andrew's name comes up multiple times in the gospels - the synoptics show him at the Mount of Olives and John describes him as a one-time disciple of John the Baptist.



The Real Reasons Why People Believe in God

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Theists offer all sorts of reasons for why they believe in a god but the only respectable reason is one which, if proven false, would at the very least cause them to seriously reconsider their belief and perhaps drop it entirely.



What is Secularism?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Secularism is largely responsible for defining the modern West, for good or for ill. Understanding secularism is thus critical for understanding the West today.



Mictlantecuhtli: Mictlantecuhtli, God of Death...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Mictlantecuhtli was the Aztec god of death and the underworld. To honor Mictlantecuhtli, Aztec sacrificed an impersonator of Mictlantecuhtli at night and at a temple named Tlalxicco, which means 'navel of the world.' When Hernan Cortes landed, Aztec ruler Moctezuma II thought that it was the arrival of Quetzalcoatl, signalling the end of the world, so he stepped up human sacrifices to offer the skins of victims to Mictlantecuhtli in order to placate him.



Examining the Definition of Religion and...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Definitions of religion tend to suffer from one of two problems: they are either too narrow or they are too vague and ambiguous.



Modern Humanist Philosophy and Religion

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Humanism as a philosophy today can be as little as an perspective on life or as much as an entire way of life; the common feature is that it is always focused primarily on human needs and interests. Philosophic Humanism can be distinguished form other forms of humanism precisely by the fact that it constitutes some sort of philosophy, whether minimalist or far-reaching, that helps define how a person lives and how a person interacts with other humans.



Ah Puch: Ah Puch, God of Death in Mayan...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Ah Puch (Hun Ahau, Cum Hau, Hunhau, Hunahau, Yum Cimil, 'Lord of Death') was the Mayan god of death, disaster, and destruction. Ah Puch ruled Mitnal, the lowest level of the Mayan underworld. The Mayans believed that Ah Puch stalked them like a hunter stalks his prey. You can't worship Ah Puch so much as try to keep him at a great distance, so to hedge your bets you should mourn with loud wailing in order to scare him away and prevent him from taking anyone else to Mitnal.



Do Godless Morals and Values Exist?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

The general attitude is that any religious morality is preferable to a secular morality; there are many reasons to think that this viewpoint is false.



Why C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien Argued Over...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

CS Lewis and JRR Tolkien were close friends who also had serious disagreements over theology, apologetics, and the quality of Lewis' Narnia books.



Ethics: Descriptive, Normative, and Analytic

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

The field of ethics is usually broken down into three different ways of thinking about ethics: descriptive, normative and analytic.



Existence Precedes Essence: Existentialist...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

'Existence precedes essence' has come to be a classic, even defining, formulation of the heart of existentialist philosophy.



Coherence Theory of Truth

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

The Coherence Theory of Truth, developed by Hegel and Spinoza, often seems to be an accurate description of how our conception of truth actually works. The Coherence Theory of Truth says: a belief is true when we are able to incorporate it in an orderly and logical manner into a larger and complex system of beliefs.



Objective Truth: Are Things True Regardless of...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

The idea of objective truth is the idea that no matter what we believe to be true, some things will always be true and other things will always be false. Beliefs have no bearing on the facts of the world around us. That which is true is always true - even if we stop believing it and even if we stop existing at all.



Affirming vs. Swearing Oaths: What's the...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Court scenes in American movies, television, and books typically show people swearing an oath to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. Usually they swear an oath 'to God' and with a hand on the Bible. Such scenes are so common that most people seem to assume that it's required, but it's not.



Nietzsche, Nihilism, Nihilists, &...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Nietzsche wrote a great deal about nihilism, but that was due to his concern about its effects on society and culture, not because he advocated nihilism.



The Similarities Between Religion and Philosophy

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

There seems to be some confusion at times over just whether and how religion and philosophy should be distinguished from each other. Learn more.



How Biogeography Supports Evolution

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Biogeography not only provides significant inferential evidence for evolution and common descent, but it also provides testable predictions. Learn more.



Introduction to Agnosticism: What Is Agnostic...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Agnostic theism is explored, as well as its relation to agnosticism, and how these two views differ in terms of spiritual belief and doubt in god(s).



Separation of Church and State: Is It Actually...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Some argue that the only rights we have are those spelled out explicitly in the Constitution, but that's nonsense. It's not how the Constitution works



Introduction to the Pentateuch

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

If you want to understand the Bible, you need to understand the Pentateuch. Here in the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Bible, you'll find most if not all of the major themes that recur throughout the Bible as well as important characters and stories that continue to be important.



State Laws on Flag Desecration, Burning, Abuse,...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Why do some state laws ban publicly desecrating the flag instead of banning it in private as well? Why do some specify that it doesn't matter if you deface your privately owned flag? What does it mean to make it a crime to 'cast contempt' upon or 'speak evilly' about the American flag? Why do some state that a crime occurs only when an act outrages the 'sensibilities' of those watching? Why do some states make it a crime to deface or cast contempt upon the Confederate flag?



Alphabetical List of Catholic Popes

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

This list of popes is arranged in alphabetical order. It starts with Adrian and ends with Zosimus. Alternative names are given, years of reign are listed, and all names are linked to short biographies that describe major dates in their papacy, controversies, and important events at the time.



What Is Monotheism?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

What is monotheism? Learn about the belief in the existence of a single god and how it differs from polytheism and atheism.



Where Did the Israelites of the Bible Come From?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Who were the Israelites and where did they come from? The Pentateuch and Deuteronomist give explanations, but extra-biblical sources and archaeology produce different conclusions.



Examining the Nature of Religion and Religious...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

What is religion? What are some varieties of religions? What is theism, and what are some of the varieties of that? Atheists aren't theists, but they can be religious - understanding what theism and religion are is key to understanding why that is true.



Catholic Liberation Theology in Latin America

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

The primary architect of liberation theology in the Latin-American and Catholic context is Gustavo Gutierrez. A Catholic priest who grew up in grinding poverty in Peru, Gutierrez employed Marx’s critiques of ideology, class, and capitalism as part of his theological analysis of how Christianity should be used to make people’s lives better here and now rather than simply offer them hope of rewards in heaven.



Humanism and the Reformation History

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

It is a historical irony that the Reformation created a political and religious culture in northern Europe that was especially hostile to the spirit of free inquiry and scholarship that characterized Humanism. Why? Because the Protestant Reformation owed so much to the developments of Humanism and the work done by humanists to change how people thought.



Agnosticism for Beginners

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

There are a lot of resources here about agnosticism for beginners: what agnosticism is, what it isn't, and refutations of many popular myths about agnosticism. I've discovered, though, that it isn't always easy to direct people to all of the information they need. That's why I've collected here some of the basics about atheism for beginners that I find myself linking to most often.



How Atheists are Singled Out for Their Beliefs...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Every study shows that atheists are more distrusted and despised than any other minority in America. Atheists seem to represent everything Americans fear about modernity.



What is Theism? Who are Theists?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Theism is a lot simpler than most realize: it's just the belief in the existence of at least one god of some sort. It's not a religion or a belief system.



Punishing the Seven Deadly Sins

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Gregory the Great created the definitive list of seven deadly sins: pride, envy, anger, dejection, avarice, gluttony and lust. Each can inspire troubling behavior, but not always. Anger, for example, can be justified as a response to injustice and as a motivation to achieve justice. Christianity's seven deadly sins fail to address behaviors which harm others and instead focus on motivations: torturing and killing isn't a deadly sin if one is motivated by love rather than anger.



Gay Marriage Will Undermine the Institution of...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

There don’t appear to be valid secular reasons for thinking that allowing gay couples to marry will have any deleterious effects on marriage generally.



Lexical Definitions

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Most of the time when encountering a definition, we are looking at a lexical definition. A lexical definition (sometimes also called a reportive definition) is any definition which explains how a word isactually used - it is thus distinct from stipulative definitions which simply propose a possible way to use a word and which may or may not be accepted. Therefore, lexical definitions are capable of being true or false, of being accurate or inaccurate.



How to Get Excommunicated from the Catholic...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Many ex-Catholics are technically Catholic, at least according to the Catholic Church. Permanently changing that requires getting excommunicated. But how?



Oversimplification and Exaggeration Fallacies

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Postulating too few causes results in oversimplification; too many causes is exaggeration. These fallacies mask the true causes of an event.



Do Atheists Go to Church? Why Would Atheists...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

The idea of atheists attending church services seems contradictory. Doesn't that require belief in God? Doesn't a person have to believe in a religion in order to attend it's worship services? Isn't freedom on Sunday morning one of the benefits of atheism? Although most atheists don't count themselves as part of religions which require regular attendance at churches or other houses of worship, you can still find some who do attend such services from time to time or even regularly.



Einstein Quotes on Ethics & Morality:...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

A selection of quotes on ethics, morality, humanity and universal causation from Albert Einstein: Humans, not Gods, define morality.



Do Atheists Have No Reason to be Moral? Are...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

For most religious theists, their religion and their god provide the basis for their entire understanding of morality and moral values. They thus find it inconceivable that atheists who don’t believe in any gods and who have no religion could possibly have a basis for morality or even understand what true moral behavior is. Many go further and argue that this is a good reason to reject atheism, saying that it leads to immoral behavior, that it cannot account for the existence of morality, etc.



What Do Atheists Say About Religion &...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Because atheists are so often seen critiquing religion, it's common for religious theists to wonder what atheists really think about religion and why. The truth is complex, however, because there is no single atheistic opinion about religion. Atheists' critical stance with regards to religion is more a product of cultural trends in the West than of anything internal to atheism itself, which is only the absence of belief in gods. Atheists have a wide variety of opinions about religion.



Audience of Mark's Gospel

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

For whom was Mark writing? It is easier to make sense of the text if we read it in light of what the author intended, and that in turn would be heavily influenced by the audience he wrote for. Mark likely wrote for one specific Christian community, the one he was part of. He certainly can’t be read as if he were addressing all of Christendom down through the ages, centuries after his own life ended.



Which Religions Believe in One or More God?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

There are many forms of theism, from believing in one god to believing in many gods. They aren't all the same, and can't be critiqued in the same way.



How to Think Skeptically & Critically

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

In order to debate well on any topic and think critically about all of the opinions we encounter, we need the proper skills. Whether reading advertising, listening to politicians, buying a used car, or considering arguments for religion, we need to know how to carefully examine what is being said and consider the validity of the content or structure.



What's Wrong With Judging Ethical Decisions By...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

What are teleological ethical systems? What are some problems with judging ethical decisions based upon their consequences?



Who Are the Atheists? What Does Being an...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

There are a lot of misunderstandings about who atheists are, what they believe, and what they don't believe. People become atheists for many different reasons. Being an atheist isn't a choice or act of will - like theism, it's a consequence of what one knows and how one reasons. Atheists are not all angry, they aren't in denial about gods, and they aren't atheists to avoid taking responsibility for their acts. It's not necessary to be afraid of hell and there are advantages to being an atheist.



8 Moral and Social Arguments for Gay Marriage

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

There are many reasons to believe that everyone and society as a whole will be better off now that gay marriage is legal, contrary to the dire predictions of critics.



James the Apostle: Profile & Biography

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

James was present at the resurrection of Jarius’ daughter, at Jesus’ transfiguration, and at the Garden of Gethsemane before Jesus was arrested. Learn more.



Osama bin Laden's Goals

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

What does Osama bin Laden want, and why does he want it? These questions can best be answered by studying the development of this tradition of Islamic extremism in the Middle East, especially since World War II. Although these fundamentalist groups preach a theology which values the earliest traditions of Islam, it remains nevertheless a very modern movement which has achieved broad popularity, especially among like-minded thinkers who have created what has become known as Islamism.



Leonardo Da Vinci - Humanist, Scientist,...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Leonardo Da Vinci is thought of first and foremost as an artist but he was also a very important humanist, scientist, and naturalist in the Renaissance.



Who Were the Canaanites?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

The Canaanites play an important role in the story of the Israelites' conquest of their 'Promised Land,' especially in the Book of Joshua, but the ancient Jewish scriptures contain almost no substantive information about them. The Canaanites are the villains of the story because they are living on land promised to the Israelites by Yahweh.



Why Do People Believe in Astrology?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Belief in astrology has a lot to do with the psychological benefits it provides. Learn about the link between astrology and psychology.



Godless Constitution: Constitutional Law...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

The Christian Right regularly claims that America is a 'Christian Nation' and was founded on Christian principles. If this is the case, then those principles should be identifiable in America's founding legal document, the Constitution. If the Constitution explicitly reflects Christian principles and doctrines, then the Christian Right is correct that America was founded on Christianity; otherwise, their claims are wishful thinking at best. So where are God and religion in the Constitution?



How Fossil Evidence Supports Evolution

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

The fossil record has an important, unique characteristic: it is our only actual glimpse into the past where common descent is proposed to have taken place.



Religious vs. Secular Humanism: What's the...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

The nature of religious humanism and the relationship between humanism and religion is of profound importance for humanists of all types. According to some secular humanists, religious humanism is a contradiction in terms. According to some religious humanists, all humanism is religious - even secular humanism, in its own way. Who is right?



Atheism and Anti-Theism: What's the Difference?...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Atheism is the absence of belief in gods; anti-theism is a conscious and deliberate opposition to theism. Many atheists are anti-theists, but not all.



God or god? To capitalize or not to Capitalize

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Should 'god be capitalized or not? Many atheists use a lowercase 'g' while Jews, Christians, and Muslims, always capitalize the G. Who is right?



Logical Arguments, Reasoning, and Critical...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Why bother to learn about logic and arguments? The most immediate and obvious benefit is that it helps you improve the quality of the arguments you use.



An Atheist's Guide to Peter the Apostle

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Christians are expected to act much like Peter. Also, the gospels describe Jesus as calling Peter his “rock” upon which the future church would be built.



How Extremist Wahhabism Differs from Peaceful...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Understand what Wahhabi Islam teaches, what's so dangerous about it, and why those teachings differ from other branches of Islam.



Albert Einstein Quotes on Life After Death

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Albert Einstein's denial of the existence of life after death suggests that he didn't believe in any gods and is part of his rejection of traditional religion.



10 Quotes by Albert Einstein on Personal Gods...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Albert Einstein consistently and unambiguously denied believing in personal gods who answered prayers or involved themselves in human affairs.



Philosophy of Mind: Philosophy of Thought,...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

The Philosophy of Mind is a more recent field that deals with questions of consciousness and how it interacts with the body and the outside world. The Philosophy of Mind asks not only what mental phenomena are and what gives rise to them, but also what relationship they have to the larger physical body and the world around us.



Atheism for Beginners

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

An overview with links to lots of resources about atheism, including refutations of many popular myths about atheism.



If Flag Desecration is a Crime, What is...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Attempts to ban flag desecration, either through statute or through constitutional amendment, would ban much more than most people seem to realize. Usually people only think about trying to stop burning the American flag, but the truth is that past and current laws against flag desecration cover far more than just burning the flag. Perhaps if people thought more about just what they are outlawing, they wouldn't be so quick to support flag desecration bans.



Can Atheists Be Religious? Are there Religious...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

There is a strong correlation between being an atheist and being irreligious, but there is no necessary and inherent connection between the two.



Ethics and Reality TV: Should We Really Watch?

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Reality shows have become a fixture on American TV, but are they as real as advertised? And what are the ethical implications of creating or watching them?



Myth of Rational Agnosticism - Is Agnosticism...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

It's popular for self-proclaimed agnostics, and more than a few theists who aren't agnostics, to proclaim that agnosticism is more rational and reasonable than atheism. Sometimes agnostics may also include theism as being less rational, but typically atheism is the only target. This reveals the underlying problem: the goal is simply to attack atheism, not to make a case for agnosticism, so both atheism and agnosticism are misrepresented to make the latter look more sensible than the former.



Evolution Meets the Criteria for Scientific...

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

Creationists frequently complain that evolution isn't valid or genuine science, but exactly the opposite is the case: evolution meets the criteria generally accepted by scientists as defining science and the vast majority of scientists accept evolution as science. Evolution is the central organizing framework for the biological sciences and is just as scientifically valid as analogous theories in other scientific fields: plate tectonics, atomic theory, quantum mechanics, etc.



A Timeline of the First Crusad, 1095 - 1100

2016-09-25T11:12:26Z

A timeline of the First Crusade, 1095 - 1100 : Christianity vs. Islam. Launched by Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont in 1095, the First Crusade was the most successful.