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About.com African History: Most Popular Articles



These articles are the most popular over the last month.



Published: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 11:31:00 +0000

 



What Everyone Should Know About African Slavery

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Although slavery has existed for almost all of recorded history, the numbers involved in the African slave trade has left a legacy which can not be ignored.



What Led Up to the Colonial Scramble for Africa?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Why was Africa so rapidly colonized?



What Was the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A brief review of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, with particular reference to the triangular trade and recent statistics.



Why Idi Amin Dada Was Known as the 'Butcher of...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Idi Amin, who became known as the 'Butcher of Uganda' for his brutal, despotic rule whilst president of Uganda in the 1970s, is possibly the most notorious of all Africa's post-independence dictators. Find out more in this biography.



11 Greatest African Explorers

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Over the centuries, explorers have found the allure of the unknown reaches of Africa irresistible. Find out who was who, where they went, and when.



What is Ubuntu and What Does it Mean?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Ubuntu is the southern African word describing a person's connectedness to others that became the centerpiece of the humanist philosophy promoted by Mandela.



A Full List of African Countries' Independence...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A comprehensive list of African Countries' independence dates and from what prior ruling country.



What Are Political Institutions?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

What are Political Institutions?



What Role Did Islam Play in African Slavery?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

When Africans talk of slavery they inevitably mean the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Is this a true representation of the practice in Africa?



Alphabetical List of All African Countries with...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Alphabetical list of all African countries as of 2015, with state capitals and the names of each state as known within their respective countries.



Why was Africa called the Dark Continent?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Europeans did not call Africa the Dark Continent simply because they didn't know much about it. Slavery, missionaries, racism, and savagery were all part of this myth.



The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act (1949) forbid white people from marrying non-white people in South Africa, but did not prevent other inter-racial marriages.



What You Should Know About Apartheid

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

From the Afrikaans' word for 'separation,' Apartheid was a social philosophy which enforced racial and economic segregation on the people of South Africa.



Which 2 African Countries Were Never Actually...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

There are two countries in Africa which are considered to never have been colonized. The truth, however, is much more complex and open to debate.



How Slaves Were Traded from Africa to the...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Information on how many slaves were shipped from Africa across the Atlantic to the Americas during the sixteenth century can only be estimated as very few records exist for this period. But from the seventeenth century onwards, increasingly accurate records, such as ship manifests, are available.



Interracial Marriage Under Apartheid

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Officially, there were no interracial marriages under Apartheid, but pre-existing interracial marriages existed and others embraced illegal relationships



Timeline of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A timeline of the trans-Atlantic slave trade from its origins to the final emancipation of slaves in the New World with explanations of key events in the trade.



The Basic Facts You Should Know About South...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

What was Apartheid? Find the answers to your questions in this FAQ.



4 Types of Slavery in Africa

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Africans were subjected to several forms of slavery over the centuries, including chattel slavery under both the Muslims and Europeans.



When and How Did Apartheid Come to an End in...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Apartheid came



"Wind of Change" speech

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >What was the "Wind



The Colonial Names of African States

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

What was that colony? Modern Africa states listed according to their former colonial names with an explanation of significant border shifts.



When Did Apartheid Start in South Africa?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Unsure when Apartheid started in South Africa? Find the answer in this Apartheid FAQ.



A Pictoral History of Ghana since Independence

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A concise history of Ghana since independence with pictures of key moments and facts about the country.



The Science and Madness of African Exploration

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Explorers like Livingstone and Stanley became household names in the 19th century, but the exploration of Africa was centuries in the making.



The Legacy of Jomo Kenyatta, the First...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

First president of Kenya and prominent independence leader. Part 1 of his biography, from his early days to his political awakening.



What is Pan-Africanism?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

How has Pan-Africanism developed over the last couple of centuries into a socio-political movement?



Origins of the trans-Atlantic slave trade

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Portuguese exploration and trade: 1450-1500.



Full Text of Harold Macmillan's "Wind of...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Made to the South



What Was Ujamaa and How Did It Affect Tanzania?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

What was Ujamaa and how did Nyerere's social and economic policy affect Tanzania in the 1960s and 70s?



Grand Apartheid

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Under Apartheid, the South African government built on earlier discriminatory laws to segregate whole populations and deny black South Africans political rights.



The Origin and Meaning of Adinkra Symbols

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

What is the meaning of Adinkra Symbols?



A Brief History of Zambia

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A brief introduction to the history of Zambia from the time of early humans to the present day.



The Problems African Countries faced at...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

When African states gained their independence from Europe's colonial empires, they faced numerous challenges starting with their lack of infrastructure



What Caused the Mau Mau Rebellion in Kenya?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

The Mau Mau were a militant African nationalist movement active in Kenya during the 1950s whose main aim was to remove British rule and European settlers from the country.



African Slave Traders

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

African slave traders were important participants in the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Why were these traders willing to sell slaves into the horrors of Atlantic slavery?



Julius Kambarage Nyerere

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A Biography of Julius Kambarage Nyerere, the father of Tanzania.



A Historical Look at the Mfecane in Africa

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A explanation of the term Mfecane, its history and reasons why the subject is controversial.



Why These South African National Holidays Are...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

When Apartheid ended, the national holidays were changed to days that would be meaningful to all South Africans.



What Caused the Sharpeville Massacre in South...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

The Sharpeville Massacre signaled the start of armed resistance in South Africa, & prompted worldwide condemnation of South Africa's Apartheid policies.



Biography: Thomas Joseph Mboya

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Thomas Mboya was a Kenyan trade unionist and statesman. Earmarked as Jomo Kenyatta's successor, Mboya was assassinated six years into independence, sparking tribal unrest between Kenyatta's Kikuyu supporters and Mboya's Luo.



How Stephen Bantu Biko Became an Anti-Apartheid...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A short biography of Steve Biko, founder and martyr of the Black Consciousness movement in South Africa.



Biography: Sir Seretse Khama

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A biography of Sir Seretse Khama, African nationalist leader and first president of Botswana.



Key Moments in the History of Liberia

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A brief, pictorial history of Liberia, the only African country to have been founded by African-American colonists.



How Sonni Ali Formed a Great African Empire

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

West African monarch who ruled Songhai from 1464 to 1492, expanding a small kingdom along the Niger River into one of medieval Africa's greatest empires.



British South Africa Company (BSAC)

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

What was the British South Africa Company (BSAC)?



What Is ECOWAS, and what countries are members?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

ECOWAS was created in 1975 to promote economic integration and has evolved into a regional group with legislative, economic, and military functions.



Biography of South African Leader Hendrik...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

National Party Prime Minister of South Africa from 1958 until his assassination on 6 September 1966, Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd was the chief architect of 'Grand Apartheid', which called for the separation of races in South Africa.



The Population Registration Act No 30. of 1950...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Learn about the Population Registration Act--South Africans had to be identified and registered as belonging to one of four distinct racial groups.



How the state assigned race under Apartheid

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Under Apartheid, your race determined everything, but legally, race was a matter of opinion. Here is how the state assigned everyone to a race.



What Was the Federation of Rhodesia and...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland lasted for 10 years, part of Britain's approach to independence in Africa. Find out more about the federation and why it ended.



Moving Quotes from Julius Kambarage Nyerere

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A Selection of Quotes by Julius Kambarage Nyerere



Dusé Mohamed Ali

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Dusé Mohamed Ali was an influential Pan-Africanist, a supporter of Islam, and traveled widely throughout the African Diaspora. He founded the 'African Times and Orient Review' in 1911, which spread the call for African nationalism, and later founded 'The Comet' in Lagos, Nigeria.



What is Kente?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Kente cloth is the most widely known type of African cloth. It is associated with the Akan people of West Africa and each color has a particular meaning.



Selection of Quotes by Seretse Khama

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A selection of quotes by Seretse Khama, first president of Botswana.



A Brief History of Mali

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A brief introduction to the history of Mali from the time of early humans to the present day.



Inspiring Quotes from Jomo Kenyatta

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Jomo Kenyatta, the first president of Kenya, lived a fascinating life. Read a selection of his most famous quotes.



Former President of Uganda Idi Amin Dada Quotes

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A selection of quotes by Idi Amin Dada, president of Uganda from 25 January 1971 to 13 April 1979.



What Caused a Student Uprising in Soweto in 1976?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

The historical background to the June, 16 1976 protest by high-school students in Soweto, South Africa, where police fired teargas and live bullets



How Did Goods Get Across the Sahara in Medieval...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Between the 11th and 15th centuries, West Africa was a major trading region, exporting goods to Europe, Arabia, India and China across the Sahara.



What You Should Know About the History of Kenya

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A brief introduction to the history of Kenya from the time of early humans to the present day.



Who Was Nelson Mandela?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A biography of Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela.



A Brief History of Niger - Part 1

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A brief introduction to the history of Niger from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 – Early Humans to Military Rule



Apartheid Quotes - Bantu Education

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Bantu Education, the separate and limited experience encountered by non-whites in South Africa when pursuing an education, was a cornerstone of the apartheid philosophy. The following quotes illustrate the diverse viewpoints about Bantu Education from both sides of the anti-Apartheid struggle.



A chronology of South African Colonization and...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

An atlas of Southern African colonization and independence, explained by country.



Colors in Ancient Egypt: Appearance, Aharacter,...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A discussion of colors in ancient Egypt and the way in which they were an integral part of items and people's natures.



More Quotes: Nelson Mandela

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A selection of quotes by Nelson Mandela



A Brief History of Mauritania

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A brief introduction to the history of Mauritania from the time of early humans to the present day.



A Brief History of Swaziland

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A brief introduction to the history of Swaziland from the time of early humans to the present day.



The Afrikaans Medium Decree that Led to the...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

The decree that Afrikaans had to be used as a language of instruction in schools contributed to the 16 June 1976 Soweto uprising in South Africa.



Africa and the Commonwealth of Nations

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

18 countries in Africa are currently part of the Commonwealth of Nations (with Zimbabwe having departed in 2003).



What was the Kingdom of Kush?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

The Kingdom of Kush was a powerful ancient African state that lasted for 2400 years and once ruled over Egypt, .



The Gukurahundi Massacres of Zimbabwe

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

What was the Gukurahundi? A discussion of the history of the killings and Robert Mugabe's responsbility.



How Racial Categories Were Recorded in...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

An explanation of how the Apartheid Era Identity Number recorded racial categories in South Africa.



Read the General Act of the Berlin Conference...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Read the General Act of the Berlin Conference on West Africa from 1885.



Socialism in Africa and African Socialism

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

At independence, socialism was very appealing, but African socialism soon failed, and the turn to Marxist socialism in the 1970s fared little better.



Do You Know What Events Led Up to the Suez...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Unclear on what happened with the Suez Canal Crisis? Here is a complete timeline of events leading up to the Tripartite Invasion.



Text of the Freedom Charter

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Freedom Charter. African History.



The Role of Islam in African Slavery

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

When Africans talk of slavery they inevitably mean the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Is this a true representation of the practice in Africa?



Women's Anti-Pass Law Campaigns in South Africa

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

What happened when the South African government tried to force women to carry passes.



Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, Liberia's 'Iron Lady'

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, described by some of her rivals as an Americo-Liberian, the descendant of Liberia's ex-American-slave colonists, has reached the pinnacle of her political career as Africa's first elected female president. Find out more…



A Brief History of Botswana

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A brief introduction to the history of Botswana from the time of early humans to the present day.



A Brief History of Eritrea - Part 1

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A brief introduction to the history of Eritrea from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 - Warlords to the referendum on Independence from Ethiopia



Donald Woods -- Death of an Activist

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Brief biography of South African newspaper editor and anti-apartheid activist Donald Woods.



Early Christianity in North Africa Part 1

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Historical Background, Factors Which Influenced the Spread Of Christianity, Christianity Reaches North Africa



Union Of South Africa

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

The politicking behind the scenes for the formation of the Union of South Africa allowed the foundations of Apartheid to be laid.



Soweto Student Uprising, pt 2: Students...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

On 16 June 1976 high-school students in Soweto, South Africa, protested for better education. Police fired teargas and live bullets into the marching students. Part 2: Students organize a protest.



African Commonwealth Nations A to Z

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A list of when various African countries joined the Commonwealth of Nations.



What was the Black Consciousness Movement?

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

The Black Consciousness Movement started as a student movement and quickly became the voice and spirit of anti-Apartheid resistance in 1970s South Africa.



World War II in Africa Timeline: July 1940

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

One month into war in Africa and both sides were testing the waters – the British had to deal with the potential threat of a French fleet under the command of Germany, whereas Italy was looking to secure its position in East Africa…



A Brief History of the Ivory Trade in Africa

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

International trade in African ivory dates back to Antiquity. A brief look at the major eras in the African ivory trade from the Roman Empire to the twentieth century.



Biography: Mungo Park

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

Mungo Park, a Scottish surgeon and explorer, was sent out by the 'Association for Promoting the Discovery of the Interior of Africa' to discover the course of the River Niger. Having achieved a degree of fame from his first trip, carried out alone and on foot, he returned to Africa with a party of 40 Europeans, all of whom lost their lives in the adventure.



Memorable Quotes by Nelson Mandela

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A selection of quotes by Nelson Mandela



Sharpeville Massacre

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

World Condemnation and Political Aftermath



A Very Short History of Côte d'Ivoire

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A potted history of Côte d'Ivoire



A Brief History of Mozambique - Part 1

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A brief introduction to the history of Mozambique from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 - Indigenous Peoples to Independence



Understanding the Pass Laws of Apartheid

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A description of the Pass Laws in Apartheid-era South Africa, the contents of the much-hated pass books, and the consequences of violating pass paws.



A Brief History of Cameroon

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A brief introduction to the history of Cameroon from the time of early humans to the present day.



A Brief History of Benin

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

A brief introduction to the history of Benin from the time of early humans to the present day.



The Life and Death of Africa's First Nobel...

2017-02-27T11:31:00Z

The life and death of Chief Albert Luthuli, Africa's first winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace and president of the ANC.