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Preview: About.com African History: Most Popular Articles

About.com African History: Most Popular Articles



These articles are the most popular over the last month.



Published: Thu, 29 Sep 2016 11:11:22 +0000

 



What Everyone Should Know About African Slavery

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Although slavery has existed for almost all of recorded history, the numbers involved in the African slave trade has left a legacy which can not be ignored.



Why Idi Amin Dada Was Known as the 'Butcher of...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Idi Amin, who became known as the 'Butcher of Uganda' for his brutal, despotic rule whilst president of Uganda in the 1970s, is possibly the most notorious of all Africa's post-independence dictators. Find out more in this biography.



What Was the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A brief review of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, with particular reference to the triangular trade and recent statistics.



The Basic Facts You Should Know About South...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

What was Apartheid? Find the answers to your questions in this FAQ.



What Are Political Institutions?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

What are Political Institutions?



The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act (1949) forbid white people from marrying non-white people in South Africa, but did not prevent other inter-racial marriages.



Interracial Marriage Under Apartheid

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Officially, there were no interracial marriages under Apartheid, but pre-existing interracial marriages existed and others embraced illegal relationships



What Led Up to the Colonial Scramble for Africa?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Why was Africa so rapidly colonized?



Which 2 African Countries Were Never Actually...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

There are two countries in Africa which are considered to never have been colonized. The truth, however, is much more complex and open to debate.



What Role Did Islam Play in African Slavery?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

When Africans talk of slavery they inevitably mean the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Is this a true representation of the practice in Africa?



What is Ubuntu and What Does it Mean?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Ubuntu is the southern African word describing a person's connectedness to others that became the centerpiece of the humanist philosophy promoted by Mandela.



Grand Apartheid

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Under Apartheid, the South African government built on earlier discriminatory laws to segregate whole populations and deny black South Africans political rights.



A Full List of African Countries' Independence...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A comprehensive list of African Countries' independence dates and from what prior ruling country.



When and How Did Apartheid Come to an End in...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

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What You Should Know About Apartheid

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

From the Afrikaans' word for 'separation,' Apartheid was a social philosophy which enforced racial and economic segregation on the people of South Africa.



What Is ECOWAS, and what countries are members?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

ECOWAS was created in 1975 to promote economic integration and has evolved into a regional group with legislative, economic, and military functions.



What is Pan-Africanism?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

How has Pan-Africanism developed over the last couple of centuries into a socio-political movement?



4 Types of Slavery in Africa

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Africans were subjected to several forms of slavery over the centuries, including chattel slavery under both the Muslims and Europeans.



Why was Africa called the Dark Continent?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Europeans did not call Africa the Dark Continent simply because they didn't know much about it. Slavery, missionaries, racism, and savagery were all part of this myth.



A Brief History of Eritrea - Part 1

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A brief introduction to the history of Eritrea from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 - Warlords to the referendum on Independence from Ethiopia



How Slaves Were Traded from Africa to the...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Information on how many slaves were shipped from Africa across the Atlantic to the Americas during the sixteenth century can only be estimated as very few records exist for this period. But from the seventeenth century onwards, increasingly accurate records, such as ship manifests, are available.



The Problems African Countries faced at...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

When African states gained their independence from Europe's colonial empires, they faced numerous challenges starting with their lack of infrastructure



How the state assigned race under Apartheid

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Under Apartheid, your race determined everything, but legally, race was a matter of opinion. Here is how the state assigned everyone to a race.



What Was the Federation of Rhodesia and...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland lasted for 10 years, part of Britain's approach to independence in Africa. Find out more about the federation and why it ended.



What Was Ujamaa and How Did It Affect Tanzania?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

What was Ujamaa and how did Nyerere's social and economic policy affect Tanzania in the 1960s and 70s?



Population Registration Act No 30 of 1950

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The Population Registration Act required South Africans to be identified and registered as belonging to one of four distinct racial groups. Find out more...



What Was the Mfecane?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A explanation of the term Mfecane and why the subject is controversial.



Desmond Mpilo Tutu

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

South African Anglican cleric, winner of the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent anti-Apartheid role, chairman of the TRC in late 1990s. Tutu was a powerful moral force in South Africa, and a central figure in the anti-Apartheid struggle.



A Brief History of Niger - Part 1

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A brief introduction to the history of Niger from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 – Early Humans to Military Rule



The Colonial Names of African States

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

What was that colony? Modern Africa states listed according to their former colonial names with an explanation of significant border shifts.



Origins of the trans-Atlantic slave trade

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Portuguese exploration and trade: 1450-1500.



What was the Kingdom of Kush?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The Kingdom of Kush was a powerful ancient African state that lasted for 2400 years and once ruled over Egypt, .



Biography: Sir Seretse Khama

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A biography of Sir Seretse Khama, African nationalist leader and first president of Botswana.



How Stephen Bantu Biko Became an Anti-Apartheid...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A short biography of Steve Biko, founder and martyr of the Black Consciousness movement in South Africa.



Why These South African National Holidays Are...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

When Apartheid ended, the national holidays were changed to days that would be meaningful to all South Africans.



Key Moments in the History of Liberia

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A brief, pictorial history of Liberia, the only African country to have been founded by African-American colonists.



A Pictoral History of Ghana since Independence

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A concise history of Ghana since independence with pictures of key moments and facts about the country.



Apartheid Quotes - Bantu Education

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Bantu Education, the separate and limited experience encountered by non-whites in South Africa when pursuing an education, was a cornerstone of the apartheid philosophy. The following quotes illustrate the diverse viewpoints about Bantu Education from both sides of the anti-Apartheid struggle.



Alphabetical List of All African Countries with...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Alphabetical list of all African countries as of 2015, with state capitals and the names of each state as known within their respective countries.



How Did Goods Get Across the Sahara in Medieval...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Between the 11th and 15th centuries West Africa was a major trading region, exporting goods to Europe, Arabia, India, and China across the Sahara Desert.



When Did Apartheid Start in South Africa?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Unsure when Apartheid started in South Africa? Find the answer in this Apartheid FAQ.



Text of the Freedom Charter

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Freedom Charter. African History.



11 Greatest African Explorers

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Over the centuries, explorers have found the allure of the unknown reaches of Africa irresistible. Find out who was who, where they went, and when.



The Life of Jomo Kenyatta - First President of...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

First president of Kenya and prominent independence leader. Born into dominant Kikuyu culture, Kenyatta became its most famous interpreter of Kikuyu traditions through his book Facing Mount Kenya. Part 2 of his biography, from his political awakening to the Mau Mau Rebellion.



The Legacy of Jomo Kenyatta, the First...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

First president of Kenya and prominent independence leader. Part 1 of his biography, from his early days to his political awakening.



Moving Quotes from Julius Kambarage Nyerere

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A Selection of Quotes by Julius Kambarage Nyerere



Dusé Mohamed Ali

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Dusé Mohamed Ali was an influential Pan-Africanist, a supporter of Islam, and traveled widely throughout the African Diaspora. He founded the 'African Times and Orient Review' in 1911, which spread the call for African nationalism, and later founded 'The Comet' in Lagos, Nigeria.



A Brief History of Zambia

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A brief introduction to the history of Zambia from the time of early humans to the present day.



Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A Gallery of Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade



The Origin and Meaning of Adinkra Symbols

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

What is the meaning of Adinkra Symbols?



A Brief History of Botswana

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A brief introduction to the history of Botswana from the time of early humans to the present day.



History of Zimbabwe – Early Kingdoms to UDI

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A brief introduction to the history of Zimbabwe from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 - Early Kingdoms to UDI



What Caused the Sharpeville Massacre in South...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The Sharpeville Massacre signaled the start of armed resistance in South Africa, & prompted worldwide condemnation of South Africa's Apartheid policies.



The 1979 Kagera War and the Ousting of Idi Amin

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The Kagera War began when Uganda invaded the Kagera region of Tanzania, igniting the long-simmering animosity between the two countries, and their leaders.



Former President of Uganda Idi Amin Dada Quotes

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A selection of quotes by Idi Amin Dada, president of Uganda from 25 January 1971 to 13 April 1979.



"Wind of Change" speech

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

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Group Areas Act No 41 of 1950

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The Group Areas Act No 41 of 1950 forced physical separation between races by creating different residential areas for different races. Find out more…



A Brief History of Mali

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A brief introduction to the history of Mali from the time of early humans to the present day.



The Effects of Abolition in Africa

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The abolition of the trans-Atlantic slave trade ended a horrific trade in human beings, but it also had many unintended consequences in Africa.



What Caused a Student Uprising in Soweto in 1976?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The historical background to the June, 16 1976 protest by high-school students in Soweto, South Africa, where police fired teargas and live bullets



The Role of Islam in African Slavery

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

When Africans talk of slavery they inevitably mean the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Is this a true representation of the practice in Africa?



How Sonni Ali Formed a Great African Empire

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

West African monarch who ruled Songhai from 1464 to 1492, expanding a small kingdom along the Niger River into one of medieval Africa's greatest empires.



Pass Laws

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

What were the Pass Laws in Apartheid era South Africa?



Ancient Egypt: Predynastic Period

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The Predynastic Period of Ancient Egypt saw the development of grouped communities, the worlds first written language, institutionalised religion, and the development of the plough. Archaeologists have divided the Period into four relatively distinct phases to aid their understanding of the social, scientific, and political developments in Egypt at that time.



Selection of Quotes by Seretse Khama

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A selection of quotes by Seretse Khama, first president of Botswana.



Women's Anti-Pass Law Campaigns in South Africa

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

What happened when the South African government tried to force women to carry passes.



The Science and Madness of African Exploration

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Explorers like Livingstone and Stanley became household names in the 19th century, but the exploration of Africa was centuries in the making.



Colors of Ancient Egypt

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Color in Ancient Egypt. African History.



Harold Macmillan's "Wind of Change" Speech

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The. African History.



Gukurahundi

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

What was the Gukurahundi? African History.



A Brief History of Zimbabwe - Part 2

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

An introduction to the history of the African nation. This part confronts the effect of nationalistic shifts and the new constitution.



What Caused the Mau Mau Rebellion in Kenya?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The Mau Mau were a militant African nationalist movement active in Kenya during the 1950s whose main aim was to remove British rule and European settlers from the country.



The Abolition Campaign to end the Trans-Atlanti...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The trans-Atlantic slave trade was at its peak when Britain and the United States abolished it. How did campaigners bring down this centuries-old trade?



Afrikaner Broederbond

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

What was the Afrikaner Broederbond?



Book Review: Transformations in Slavery by Paul...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

An introduction to the history of slavery in Africa which examines how indigenous practices of slavery developed under the influence of international trade. Read this review of Paul E. Lovejoy's Transformations in Slavery.



Biography: Thomas Joseph Mboya

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Thomas Mboya was a Kenyan trade unionist and statesman. Earmarked as Jomo Kenyatta's successor, Mboya was assassinated six years into independence, sparking tribal unrest between Kenyatta's Kikuyu supporters and Mboya's Luo.



Blacks Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination of...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Blacks (Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination of Documents) Act No 67 of 1952 required all black persons over the age of 16 to carry a reference (or pass) book at all times. Find out more...



Early Christianity in North Africa Part 1

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Historical Background, Factors Which Influenced the Spread Of Christianity, Christianity Reaches North Africa



African Slave Traders

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

African slave traders were important participants in the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Why were these traders willing to sell slaves into the horrors of Atlantic slavery?



Who Was Nelson Mandela?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A biography of Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela.



11 Memorable Quotes by Stephen Bantu Biko

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A selection of quotes by Steve Biko, one of South Africa's most significant political activists & a founder of South Africa's Black Consciousness Movement.



Timeline of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A timeline of the trans-Atlantic slave trade from its origins to the final emancipation of slaves in the New World with explanations of key events in the trade.



A chronology of South African Colonization and...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

An atlas of Southern African colonization and independence, explained by country.



A Brief History of Cameroon

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A brief introduction to the history of Cameroon from the time of early humans to the present day.



Biography: Mungo Park

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Mungo Park, a Scottish surgeon and explorer, was sent out by the 'Association for Promoting the Discovery of the Interior of Africa' to discover the course of the River Niger. Having achieved a degree of fame from his first trip, carried out alone and on foot, he returned to Africa with a party of 40 Europeans, all of whom lost their lives in the adventure.



A Brief History of Swaziland

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A brief introduction to the history of Swaziland from the time of early humans to the present day.



Sharpeville Massacre

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

World Condemnation and Political Aftermath



5 Things You Didn't Know About Africa

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

One fact that many people get wrong about Africa and four they will find surprising.



What was the Black Consciousness Movement?

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The Black Consciousness Movement started as a student movement and quickly became the voice and spirit of anti-Apartheid resistance in 1970s South Africa.



John Garang de Mabior

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Colonel John Garang de Mabior was a Sudanese rebel leader and founder of the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) which fought a 22 year civil war against the northern dominated, Islamist Sudanese Government. Was made vice president of Sudan on the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005, shortly before his death.



The Life and Death of Africa's First Nobel...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The life and death of Chief Albert Luthuli, Africa's first winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace and president of the ANC.



Causes and Efforts to Control Soil Erosion in...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Soil erosion in Africa threatens food and fuel supplies. Many efforts to stop erosion have failed, but recent research and policies are charting new directions.



Biography of South African Leader Hendrik...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

National Party Prime Minister of South Africa from 1958 until his assassination on 6 September 1966, Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd was the chief architect of 'Grand Apartheid', which called for the separation of races in South Africa.



Lovedu Rain Queen South Africa's Female Royal...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

The female royal line which has lasted for two centuries in South Africa. The Rain Queen, or Mudjadji, is responsible for protecting the Lovedu from drought and maintaining the favorable cycle of the seasons.



Donald Woods -- Death of an Activist

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Brief biography of South African newspaper editor and anti-apartheid activist Donald Woods.



How Racial Categories Were Recorded in...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

An explanation of how the Apartheid Era Identity Number recorded racial categories in South Africa.



Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, Liberia's 'Iron Lady'

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, described by some of her rivals as an Americo-Liberian, the descendant of Liberia's ex-American-slave colonists, has reached the pinnacle of her political career as Africa's first elected female president. Find out more…



Historical Contributions of Anti-Apartheid...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

An explanation of how the Apartheid Era Identity Number recorded racial categories in South Africa.



A Brief History of Guinea - Part 1

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

A brief introduction to the history of Guinea from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 - Kingdoms to Independence



Read the General Act of the Berlin Conference...

2016-09-29T11:11:22Z

Read the General Act of the Berlin Conference on West Africa from 1885.