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Preview: About.com African History: Most Popular Articles

About.com African History: Most Popular Articles



These articles are the most popular over the last month.



Published: Sun, 04 Dec 2016 11:12:50 +0000

 



Why Idi Amin Dada Was Known as the 'Butcher of...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Idi Amin, who became known as the 'Butcher of Uganda' for his brutal, despotic rule whilst president of Uganda in the 1970s, is possibly the most notorious of all Africa's post-independence dictators. Find out more in this biography.



What Everyone Should Know About African Slavery

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Although slavery has existed for almost all of recorded history, the numbers involved in the African slave trade has left a legacy which can not be ignored.



What Was the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade?

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A brief review of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, with particular reference to the triangular trade and recent statistics.



What Are Political Institutions?

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

What are Political Institutions?



What Led Up to the Colonial Scramble for Africa?

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Why was Africa so rapidly colonized?



Which 2 African Countries Were Never Actually...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

There are two countries in Africa which are considered to never have been colonized. The truth, however, is much more complex and open to debate.



Interracial Marriage Under Apartheid

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Officially, there were no interracial marriages under Apartheid, but pre-existing interracial marriages existed and others embraced illegal relationships



A Full List of African Countries' Independence...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A comprehensive list of African Countries' independence dates and from what prior ruling country.



When and How Did Apartheid Come to an End in...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

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What is Pan-Africanism?

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

How has Pan-Africanism developed over the last couple of centuries into a socio-political movement?



The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act (1949) forbid white people from marrying non-white people in South Africa, but did not prevent other inter-racial marriages.



What You Should Know About Apartheid

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

From the Afrikaans' word for 'separation,' Apartheid was a social philosophy which enforced racial and economic segregation on the people of South Africa.



Grand Apartheid

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Under Apartheid, the South African government built on earlier discriminatory laws to segregate whole populations and deny black South Africans political rights.



What Role Did Islam Play in African Slavery?

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

When Africans talk of slavery they inevitably mean the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Is this a true representation of the practice in Africa?



The Basic Facts You Should Know About South...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

What was Apartheid? Find the answers to your questions in this FAQ.



Alphabetical List of All African Countries with...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Alphabetical list of all African countries as of 2015, with state capitals and the names of each state as known within their respective countries.



What is Ubuntu and What Does it Mean?

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Ubuntu is the southern African word describing a person's connectedness to others that became the centerpiece of the humanist philosophy promoted by Mandela.



A Brief History of Eritrea - Part 1

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A brief introduction to the history of Eritrea from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 - Warlords to the referendum on Independence from Ethiopia



What Is ECOWAS, and what countries are members?

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

ECOWAS was created in 1975 to promote economic integration and has evolved into a regional group with legislative, economic, and military functions.



Why was Africa called the Dark Continent?

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Europeans did not call Africa the Dark Continent simply because they didn't know much about it. Slavery, missionaries, racism, and savagery were all part of this myth.



4 Types of Slavery in Africa

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Africans were subjected to several forms of slavery over the centuries, including chattel slavery under both the Muslims and Europeans.



How Slaves Were Traded from Africa to the...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Information on how many slaves were shipped from Africa across the Atlantic to the Americas during the sixteenth century can only be estimated as very few records exist for this period. But from the seventeenth century onwards, increasingly accurate records, such as ship manifests, are available.



The Problems African Countries faced at...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

When African states gained their independence from Europe's colonial empires, they faced numerous challenges starting with their lack of infrastructure



What Was Ujamaa and How Did It Affect Tanzania?

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

What was Ujamaa and how did Nyerere's social and economic policy affect Tanzania in the 1960s and 70s?



The Colonial Names of African States

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

What was that colony? Modern Africa states listed according to their former colonial names with an explanation of significant border shifts.



Harold Macmillan's "Wind of Change" Speech

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

The. African History.



"Wind of Change" speech

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

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Biography: Sir Seretse Khama

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A biography of Sir Seretse Khama, African nationalist leader and first president of Botswana.



A Brief History of Niger - Part 1

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A brief introduction to the history of Niger from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 – Early Humans to Military Rule



How Sonni Ali Formed a Great African Empire

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

West African monarch who ruled Songhai from 1464 to 1492, expanding a small kingdom along the Niger River into one of medieval Africa's greatest empires.



The Origin and Meaning of Adinkra Symbols

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

What is the meaning of Adinkra Symbols?



Key Moments in the History of Liberia

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A brief, pictorial history of Liberia, the only African country to have been founded by African-American colonists.



The Life of Jomo Kenyatta - First President of...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

First president of Kenya and prominent independence leader. Born into dominant Kikuyu culture, Kenyatta became its most famous interpreter of Kikuyu traditions through his book Facing Mount Kenya. Part 2 of his biography, from his political awakening to the Mau Mau Rebellion.



A chronology of South African Colonization and...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

An atlas of Southern African colonization and independence, explained by country.



A Brief History of Zambia

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A brief introduction to the history of Zambia from the time of early humans to the present day.



A Pictoral History of Ghana since Independence

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A concise history of Ghana since independence with pictures of key moments and facts about the country.



How Stephen Bantu Biko Became an Anti-Apartheid...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A short biography of Steve Biko, founder and martyr of the Black Consciousness movement in South Africa.



The Legacy of Jomo Kenyatta, the First...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

First president of Kenya and prominent independence leader. Part 1 of his biography, from his early days to his political awakening.



11 Greatest African Explorers

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Over the centuries, explorers have found the allure of the unknown reaches of Africa irresistible. Find out who was who, where they went, and when.



A Historical Look at the Mfecane in Africa

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A explanation of the term Mfecane, its history and reasons why the subject is controversial.



Why These South African National Holidays Are...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

When Apartheid ended, the national holidays were changed to days that would be meaningful to all South Africans.



The 1979 Kagera War and the Ousting of Idi Amin

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

The Kagera War began when Uganda invaded the Kagera region of Tanzania, igniting the long-simmering animosity between the two countries, and their leaders.



Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A Gallery of Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade



How Did Goods Get Across the Sahara in Medieval...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Between the 11th and 15th centuries, West Africa was a major trading region, exporting goods to Europe, Arabia, India and China across the Sahara.



A Brief History of Botswana

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A brief introduction to the history of Botswana from the time of early humans to the present day.



Origins of the trans-Atlantic slave trade

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Portuguese exploration and trade: 1450-1500.



How the state assigned race under Apartheid

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Under Apartheid, your race determined everything, but legally, race was a matter of opinion. Here is how the state assigned everyone to a race.



A Brief History of Mali

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A brief introduction to the history of Mali from the time of early humans to the present day.



What Was the Federation of Rhodesia and...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland lasted for 10 years, part of Britain's approach to independence in Africa. Find out more about the federation and why it ended.



Former President of Uganda Idi Amin Dada Quotes

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A selection of quotes by Idi Amin Dada, president of Uganda from 25 January 1971 to 13 April 1979.



Moving Quotes from Julius Kambarage Nyerere

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A Selection of Quotes by Julius Kambarage Nyerere



Desmond Mpilo Tutu

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

South African Anglican cleric, winner of the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent anti-Apartheid role, chairman of the TRC in late 1990s. Tutu was a powerful moral force in South Africa, and a central figure in the anti-Apartheid struggle.



What Caused the Mau Mau Rebellion in Kenya?

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

The Mau Mau were a militant African nationalist movement active in Kenya during the 1950s whose main aim was to remove British rule and European settlers from the country.



The Science and Madness of African Exploration

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Explorers like Livingstone and Stanley became household names in the 19th century, but the exploration of Africa was centuries in the making.



Early Christianity in North Africa Part 1

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Historical Background, Factors Which Influenced the Spread Of Christianity, Christianity Reaches North Africa



What Caused the Sharpeville Massacre in South...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

The Sharpeville Massacre signaled the start of armed resistance in South Africa, & prompted worldwide condemnation of South Africa's Apartheid policies.



Socialism in Africa and African Socialism

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

At independence, socialism was very appealing, but African socialism soon failed, and the turn to Marxist socialism in the 1970s fared little better.



Book Review: Transformations in Slavery by Paul...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

An introduction to the history of slavery in Africa which examines how indigenous practices of slavery developed under the influence of international trade. Read this review of Paul E. Lovejoy's Transformations in Slavery.



What was the Kingdom of Kush?

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

The Kingdom of Kush was a powerful ancient African state that lasted for 2400 years and once ruled over Egypt, .



The Empire of Songhai

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Songhai was a powerful West African state that reached its zenith in the 1400s, following the decline of Mali, and lasted until 1591.



Jomo Kenyatta

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Part 3 of his biography, from the Mau Mau Rebellion to his Presidency.



Explaining the Rapid Decolonization of Africa

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

The decolonization of Africa was almost as fast as the more famous Scramble to colonize the continent had been, and there were five main causes.



Who Was Nelson Mandela?

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A biography of Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela.



Read the General Act of the Berlin Conference...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Read the General Act of the Berlin Conference on West Africa from 1885.



Lovedu Rain Queen South Africa's Female Royal...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

The female royal line which has lasted for two centuries in South Africa. The Rain Queen, or Mudjadji, is responsible for protecting the Lovedu from drought and maintaining the favorable cycle of the seasons.



Biography: Thomas Joseph Mboya

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Thomas Mboya was a Kenyan trade unionist and statesman. Earmarked as Jomo Kenyatta's successor, Mboya was assassinated six years into independence, sparking tribal unrest between Kenyatta's Kikuyu supporters and Mboya's Luo.



Timeline of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A timeline of the trans-Atlantic slave trade from its origins to the final emancipation of slaves in the New World with explanations of key events in the trade.



Afrikaner Broederbond

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

What was the Afrikaner Broederbond?



Colors in Ancient Egypt: Appearance, Aharacter,...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A discussion of colors in ancient Egypt and the way in which they were an integral part of items and people's natures.



When Did Apartheid Start in South Africa?

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Unsure when Apartheid started in South Africa? Find the answer in this Apartheid FAQ.



The Cold War in Africa

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Newly independent African states came into being in the midst of the Cold War, at a time when foreign support could be easily tapped, by leaders and rebels.



The West African Jihads of the 19th Century

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

In the early 1800s, a wave of Fulani-led jihads led to the expansion of Islam in West Africa and the creation of several new, Islamic states.



Use This Timeline to Understand the Algerian...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A timeline of the Algerian War of Independence from French colonization to the end of the 'Battle of Algiers'.



John Garang de Mabior

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Colonel John Garang de Mabior was a Sudanese rebel leader and founder of the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) which fought a 22 year civil war against the northern dominated, Islamist Sudanese Government. Was made vice president of Sudan on the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005, shortly before his death.



What You Should Know About the History of Kenya

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A brief introduction to the history of Kenya from the time of early humans to the present day.



Biography of South African Leader Hendrik...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

National Party Prime Minister of South Africa from 1958 until his assassination on 6 September 1966, Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd was the chief architect of 'Grand Apartheid', which called for the separation of races in South Africa.



The Role of Islam in African Slavery

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

When Africans talk of slavery they inevitably mean the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Is this a true representation of the practice in Africa?



Sharpeville Massacre

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

World Condemnation and Political Aftermath



History of Zimbabwe – Early Kingdoms to UDI

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A brief introduction to the history of Zimbabwe from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 - Early Kingdoms to UDI



The Abolition Campaign to end the Trans-Atlanti...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

The trans-Atlantic slave trade was at its peak when Britain and the United States abolished it. How did campaigners bring down this centuries-old trade?



Plans of Slave Decks, Slave Ship Brookes

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Plans of Slave Decks, Slave Ship Brookes. Page 12.



Biography: Mungo Park

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Mungo Park, a Scottish surgeon and explorer, was sent out by the 'Association for Promoting the Discovery of the Interior of Africa' to discover the course of the River Niger. Having achieved a degree of fame from his first trip, carried out alone and on foot, he returned to Africa with a party of 40 Europeans, all of whom lost their lives in the adventure.



A Brief History of Guinea - Part 1

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A brief introduction to the history of Guinea from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 - Kingdoms to Independence



Selection of Quotes by Seretse Khama

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A selection of quotes by Seretse Khama, first president of Botswana.



The Gukurahundi Massacres of Zimbabwe

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

What was the Gukurahundi? A discussion of the history of the killings and Robert Mugabe's responsbility.



The Rwandan Genocide -- Part 1

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Why was there such strong antagonism between the Hutu and Tutsi in Rwanda? What Role did European colonization play? Was the 1994 genocide the first outbreak of violence? Find out more about the origins of the Rwandan Genocide.



Exercising Slaves on a Trans-Atlantic Slave Ship

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Exercising Slaves on a Trans-Atlantic Slave Ship. Page 14.



Testing an African Slave For Sickness

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Testing an African Slave For Sickness. Page 10.



The Population Registration Act No 30. of 1950...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Learn about the Population Registration Act--South Africans had to be identified and registered as belonging to one of four distinct racial groups.



A Brief History of Cameroon

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A brief introduction to the history of Cameroon from the time of early humans to the present day.



Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, Liberia's 'Iron Lady'

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, described by some of her rivals as an Americo-Liberian, the descendant of Liberia's ex-American-slave colonists, has reached the pinnacle of her political career as Africa's first elected female president. Find out more…



Julius Kambarage Nyerere

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A Biography of Julius Kambarage Nyerere, the father of Tanzania.



Do You Know What Events Led Up to the Suez...

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Unclear on what happened with the Suez Canal Crisis? Here is a complete timeline of events leading up to the Tripartite Invasion.



Moments in Apartheid: The Treason Trial

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

In 1956, in response to the adoption of the Freedom Charter at the Congress of the People, the Apartheid government in South Africa arrested a total 156 people for high treason. The penalty for this was death.



Slave Decks on the Slave Bark Wildfire

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Slave Decks on the Slave Bark Wildfire. Page 13.



Africa and the Commonwealth of Nations

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

18 countries in Africa are currently part of the Commonwealth of Nations (with Zimbabwe having departed in 2003).



Union Of South Africa

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

The politicking behind the scenes for the formation of the Union of South Africa allowed the foundations of Apartheid to be laid.



11 Memorable Quotes by Stephen Bantu Biko

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A selection of quotes by Steve Biko, one of South Africa's most significant political activists & a founder of South Africa's Black Consciousness Movement.



African Commonwealth Nations A to Z

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

A list of when various African countries joined the Commonwealth of Nations.



Mandates in Africa

2016-12-04T11:12:50Z

Mandates were granted by the League of Nations for former German colonies in Africa. Find out more about who received these mandates and what they were required to do.