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Preview: About.com 20th Century History: Most Popular Articles

About.com 20th Century History: Most Popular Articles



These articles are the most popular over the last month.



Published: Thu, 08 Dec 2016 11:20:53 +0000

 



A Timeline of the 20th Century

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A timeline of the major, interesting, and intriguing events of the 20th century.



The Sorrowful Story of the Jonestown Massacre

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The Jonestown Massacre occurred on November 18, 1978, when members of the Peoples Temple cult drank poisoned punch as an act of revolutionary suicide.



Must-Know Facts About the Japanese Attack on...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Finding out the basics facts about Pearl Harbor can often be troublesome. This list of Pearl Harbor facts should be a great place to start your research.



33 Facts You Should Know About the Holocaust

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

How many people were killed in the Holocaust? What does the word Shoah mean? What was the largest Nazi concentration camp? Learn the answers to these questions plus much more through these 33 Holocaust facts that everyone should know.



Know These Important Events from the 1980s

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A detailed timeline of historical events in the 1980s, from 1980 to 1989.



The Attack on Pearl Harbor

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

On December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise air attack on the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, damaging or sinking 21 ships and destroying more than 188 aircraft.



Check Out These Resources About the Holocaust

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Whether you are just beginning to learn about the Holocaust or you are looking for more in-depth stories about the subject, this page is for you. You will find basics such as a timeline, a glossary, a map, and pictures plus more in-depth articles on such topics as the yellow star, ghettos, camps, resistance, and much more.



The New, Modern Woman: The Flapper

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

In the 1920s, a new woman was born. Flappers abandoned their corsets, chopped off their hair, and wore make-up. They smoked, drank, danced, and voted.



34 Facts About Nazi Leader Adolf Hitler

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A listing of 34 interesting facts about Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. Through these Hitler Facts find out more about the man who many consider to have been one of the most evil people in the world.



What Everyone Should Know About World War I

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

World War I (1914-1919), was an extremely bloody war, with huge losses of life and little ground lost or won. Fought mostly by soldiers in trenches, World War I saw an estimated 10 million military deaths.



Brief History of the 1940s

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A detailed timeline of the major historical events of the 1940s, from 1940 to 1949.



The 1960s at a Glance

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A detailed history timeline of the 1960s, from 1960 to 1969.



A Timeline of WWI

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

World War I was sparked by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914. Find out what happened after this momentous event in this WWI timeline.



1990s Events You Should Know About

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A detailed history timeline of the 1990s, from 1990 to 1999.



The Great Depression - From the Stock Market...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The Great Depression struck the United States with surprising force. It began on October 29, 1929 with the Stock Market Crash and only ended after over a decade of hardship and suffering.



The Charismatic Nazi Leader Adolf Hitler

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Known as one of the most evil people in history, Adolf Hitler was responsible for World War II and the Holocaust.



Visual Guide to the Great Depression

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Links to a large compilation of pictures of dust storms, farm foreclosures, migrant workers, unemployed, breadlines, soup kitchens, etc.



Jim Jones and the Peoples Temple

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Jim Jones, the leader of the Peoples Temple cult, was responsible for the deaths of over 900 people in the Jonestown compound in Guyana.



Must Know Events that Occured in the 1920s

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A detailed history timeline of the roaring '20s, from 1920 to 1929.



1950s Events You Should Know About

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A detailed history timeline of the 1950s, from 1950 to 1959.



A Profile of Convicted Serial Killer Charles...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Who Was Charles



1970s Events that You Need to Know

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A detailed history timeline of the 1970s, from 1970 to 1979.



Bonnie and Clyde's Fascinating Tale

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

From 1932 to 1934, Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, mostly commonly known just as Bonnie and Clyde, were a young couple who went on a two-year crime rampage that included bank robberies, car theft, and murder.



Agatha Christie's 1926 Disappearance

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

In December 1926, famous mystery writer Agatha Christie disappeared. For eleven days, police searched for her. What happened to Agatha Christie?



A Timeline of All You Need to Know about World...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

World War II (WWII) was a long and bloody war that lasted for six years. Officially beginning on September 1, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland, World War II lasted until both the Germans and the Japanese had surrendered to the Allies in 1945. Find out what happened in this timeline of World War II.



1930s Events You Should Know

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A detailed timeline of the major historical events in the 1930s, from 1930 to 1939.



1900s Events You Should Know About

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A detailed history timeline of the first decade of the twentieth century, from 1900 to 1909.



Learn About First Lady and UN Delegate Eleanor...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Eleanor Roosevelt was a beloved figure of the 20th century. She fought tirelessly for the rights of the underprivileged throughout her lifetime, especially during her tenure as First Lady of the United States and while serving as a delegate to the United Nations.



Read Bonnie Parker's Poem 'The Story of Bonnie...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Bonnie Parker wrote two poems while she and Clyde Barrow were on the run from the law. This poem, the Story of Bonnie and Clyde, was the second of the two.



A History of Mengele's Gruesome Experiments on...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Josef Mengele's favorite experiments at Auschwitz were on twins. What did he do and why?



The Sad Story of a Woman Responsible for...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Typhoid Mary had no idea that she was infected with typhoid yet her work as a cook infected many. Discover the sad story of Mary Mallon.



All About the Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

From August 13, 1961 to November 9, 1989, the Berlin Wall separated communist East Berlin from West Berlin. For 28 years, the Berlin Wall was a symbol of the Cold War.



All You Need to Know About Prohibition

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Prohibition (1920-1933) was the period in United States history in which the manufacture, sale, and transportation of intoxicating liquors was outlawed.



What Everyone Should Know About World War II

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Lasting from 1939 to 1945, World War II was the largest and bloodiest war the world has ever known.



Photos from the 1941 Attack on Pearl Harbor

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

On the morning of December 7, 1941, Japanese forces attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The surprise attack destroyed much of the United States' fleet, especially the battleships. This collection of pictures of Pearl Harbor includes pictures of planes caught on the ground, battleships burning and sinking, explosions, and bomb damage.



10 Surprising Facts About the Titanic

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

You may already know that the Titanic hit an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. on April 14, 1912 and sunk just over two-and-a-half hours later. But do you know these ten facts?



What Happened in the 1910s?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A list of events in world history in the decade from 1910 to 1919.



A Closer Look at Auschwitz, the Infamous Death...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The history of the death camp where the Nazis killed 1.1 million people - where it was located, gas chambers, medical experiments, liberation, etc.



Read FDR's Famous 'Day of Infamy' Speech

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >At 12:30 p.m.



We Know Who Fidel Castro is Today, but Where...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

In 1959, Fidel Castro took control of Cuba by force and remained its dictatorial leader for nearly five decades.



The Key Events That Grew the Final Solution...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The plan for the Final Solution morphed from guns to gas chambers. Follow its evolution in this section of the Holocaust Timeline.



What Do You Know About Master Trumpeter Louis...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Louis Armstrong was one of the century's most popular entertainers, raising himself out of poverty to become a master trumpeter and key influence in jazz.



What Happened When the Titanic Sank?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

On the night of April 14, 1912, the luxurious ocean liner Titanic hit an iceberg. Just over two hours later, the Titanic sank, losing 1,517 lives.



Who Murdered Rasputin?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

To save the monarchy, several members of the Russian aristocracy attempted to murder Rasputin. On the night of December 16-17, 1916, they tried to kill the holy man. The plan was simple. Yet on that fateful night, the conspirators found that Rasputin would be very difficult to kill.



A Timeline of the Russian Revolution's Major...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Follow the events of the Russian Revolution of 1917 as they unfolded in this timeline of the Russian Revolution.



The 43 Oldest Presidents in U.S. History

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Who is the oldest President in U.S. history? Who was the next oldest? Have fun exploring this list of the oldest U.S. Presidents.



What Everyone Should Know About the Vietnam War

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The Vietnam War (1959-1975) was the prolonged struggle between forces attempting to create a communist government and the U.S. attempting to prevent the spread of communism.



A Short History of the Rwandan Genocide

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Beginning on April 6, 1994, the Rwandan Genocide was the slaughter slaughter of the Tutsis in the African country of Rwanda.



What Happened During the 1917 Russian...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The Russian Revolution of 1917 toppled a monarchy and brought about the first communist country in the world.



What Is the History of the Swastika?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The history of the swastika spans 3,000 years. Does this symbol represent good or evil?



Where Were Nazi Concentration Camps Located?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A Holocaust map of Eastern Europe showing the locations of Nazi death and concentration camps.



All About the 18th Amendment

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution banned the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol. Here is the complete text of the 18th Amendment.



A Timeline of the Genocide in Rwanda

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

While the 1994 Rwandan Genocide resulted in the deaths of 800,000 Tutsi, the hatred between the Hutu and Tutsi had a history dating back to colonization.



Meet Jane Addams, Founder of Hull House

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Social reformer Jane Addams founded the settlement house called Hull House in 1889 in order to help the underprivileged in Chicago.



Find Out Why the Great Smog of 1952 Kickstarted...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A thick fog engulfed London from December 5 to 9, 1952, mixing with black smoke emitted from homes and factories to create a deadly smog that killed 12,000 people.



Why Do Many Consider Josef Mengele to Be Evil?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Dr. Josef Mengele was the notorious SS doctor that performed pseudoscientific medical experiments on twins and others at Auschwitz.



Why Was There Trench Warfare in World War I?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

In World War I, many soldiers were forced to fight in trenches, with horrible conditions such as mud, water, blood, gore, rats, artillery, and more.



How Did the Nazis Come to Power in Germany?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The Nazi Party began as one of thousands of innocuous political groups that formed after Germany's defeat in World War I; however, it soon grew increasingly powerful, eventually taking over all of Germany. Led by Hitler, the Nazis started World War II and were responsible for the horrors of the Holocaust. Find out how the Nazi Party formed and how it grew so powerful.



100 Famous African-American Men and Women of...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

African-American men and women have made great contributions to American society throughout the 20th century. In this article, you will find a listing of 100 African Americans who truly achieved greatness by either advancing civil rights or making major impacts in science, government, sports, or entertainment.



What Was the Fatty Arbuckle Scandal?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

In 1921, Roscoe Fatty Arbuckle was arrested and tried for the murder of a young starlet named Virginia Rappe. The public was against him but the jurors could find no evidence.



Concentration and Death Camps Chart

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A chart showing the location, opening, closing, and death count at each of the major concentration and death camps within the Third Reich.



Anne Frank, Who Went Into Hiding and Wrote an...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Anne Frank, a Jewish teenager who spent two years hiding in a Secret Annex in Amsterdam, is remembered for the diary she kept of her experiences.



10 Things You Don't Know About Albert Einstein

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Most people know that Albert Einstein came up with the formula E=mc2. But do you know these 10 things about this scientific genius?



What Happened at the Groovy Woodstock Festival...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

From August 15-18, 1969, 500,000 young people from across the US converged on Max Yasgur's 600-acre dairy farm in Bethel,NY for a concert that made history.



What Happened During the Stock Market Crash of...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

After a boom on the stock market that enticed many everyday people to invest their entire savings, the stock market crashed on October 29, 1929.



Why Did King Edward VIII Abdicate?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

In 1936, King Edward VIII became the very first British monarch to voluntarily give up his throne when he abdicated in order to marry Mrs. Wallis Simpson.



The Life and Crimes of Al Capone, Iconic...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Al Capone was a notorious gangster who ran an organized crime syndicate in Chicago during the 1920s. Capone, who was both charming and charitable as well as powerful and vicious, became an iconic figure of the successful American gangster. Find out more about this fascinating man in this biography of Al Capone.



How Henry Ford's Assembly Line Changed...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

On December 1, 1913, Henry Ford introduced the first automobile assembly line at his Highland Park plant in Michigan.



How Did Mikhail Gorbachev Accidentally End the...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Mikhail Gorbachev, the last General Secretary of the Soviet Union, brought an end to the Communist country after lifting many oppressive sanctions.



How Was King Tut's Tomb Discovered?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

In November 1922, Howard Carter discovered not just an unknown ancient Egyptian tomb, but one that had lain nearly undisturbed for over 3,000 years. What lay within King Tut's tomb astounded the world.



30 Facts About Auschwitz That You Need to Know

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Thirty facts that help you learn about Auschwitz, the largest and deadliest Nazi concentration and death camp.



What Was the First Nazi Conentration Camp?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The very first Nazi concentration camp, Dachau, was opened just weeks after Adolf Hitler become chancellor of Germany in 1933.



The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped the atomic bomb known as Little Boy on Hiroshima, Japan. Three days later, they dropped another atomic bomb, this time on Nagasaki.



Words to Start a War: Read Churchill's 'Iron...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

On March 5, 1946, Winston Churchill spoke at a small college in Fulton, Missouri. This famous speech, officially called The Sinews of Peace but more commonly called the Iron Curtain speech, described the split of Europe into democratic and Communist spheres.



A Complete List of All United States Presidents

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A list of the U.S. presidents, starting with George Washington (1789-1797), organized chronologically.



Who Were the First to Reach the Top of Mount...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Tenzing Norgay reached the top of Mount Everest at 11:30 a.m. on May 29, 1953.



The Unhappy History that Led to the Russian...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The Russian Revolution had roots that went back decades. It began with an unhappy people and ended with a weak-minded leader.



Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Woodrow Wilson, the 28th president of the United States, tried his best to keep the U.S. out of World War I; however, Germany's acts of aggression forced his hand.



Clyde Barrow Wrote a Letter to Henry Ford

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

On April 10, 1934, Clyde Barrow wrote a letter to Henry Ford thanking him for the wonderful cars he builds. Learn more about the letter and why cars were so important to Clyde.



How Did the Charleston Dance Get So Popular?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The Charleston Dance, which is quick and fun, became an extremely popular dance craze of the Roaring Twenties, beginning in 1923.



Columbine Massacre - School Shooting of April...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

On April 20, 1999, in the suburban town of Littleton, Colorado, two high-school seniors, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, enacted an all-out assault on Columbine High School.



Model, Actress, and Sex Symbol, Marilyn Monroe

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Marilyn Monroe's life began as a neglected girl who then became a model, pinup girl, actress, and a major movie star, before dying at age 36.



Who Was Saddam Hussein?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Saddam Hussein was the ruthless dictator of Iraq from 1979 until 2003. During the Iraq War in 2003, Saddam was caught and ultimately executed.



Why Would Pol Pot Kill Over 1.5 Million of His...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

From 1975 to 1979, Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot killed an estimated 1.5 million of his own people as part of the Cambodian Genocide.



The Montgomery Bus Boycott

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The Montgomery Bus Boycott, which challenged segregation on buses, was led by Martin Luther King and began the Civil Rights Movement.



See Images of Adolf Hitler, History's Monster

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A large collection of pictures of Hitler, including pictures of Hitler giving the Nazi salute, as a soldier in World War I, official portraits, standing with other Nazi officials, wielding an axe, attending Nazi Party rallies, and much more.



Who's Made the List for TIME's Man of the Year?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Since 1927, TIME Magazine has chosen a man, woman, or idea that for better or worse, has most influenced events in the preceding year. View the listing of TIME's picks over the decades.



How Did the Dust Bowl Exacerbate the Great...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

During the Great Depression, an ecological disaster affected millions of Americans living in the Great Plains. This area, affected by both an eight-year drought and massive soil erosion, became called the Dust Bowl because of the huge dust storms that made living and farming in the area untenable. Learn more about the Dust Bowl of the 1930s.



How Many of These 100 Famous Women Do You Know?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Some of the names on this list may sound familiar, others may not; however, each one of these women had an impact on the 20th century. Browse through this list and discover the fascinating stories of these 100 famous women.



The 5 Most Heinous Crimes of Saddam Hussein

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein gained notoriety for murdering thousands of his own people. These are five of Hussein's most heinous crimes.



What Did Hitler Say in Mein Kampf?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Mein Kampf, which means My Struggle, was a two-volume book written by Adolf Hitler during and right after his stay in Landsberg prison.



What Happened During the Munich Massacre?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The Munich Massacre was a terrorist attack during the 1972 Olympic Games. Eight Palestinian terrorists killed two members of the Israeli Olympic team and then took nine others hostage. The situation was ended by a huge gunfight that left five of the terrorists and all of the nine hostages dead.



Queen Victoria, the Longest Ruling Monarch of...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Queen Victoria ruled over the United Kingdom for nearly 64 years (1837-1901), making her the longest-ruling British monarch in history.



How Did Communism Fall From the World Stage?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Beginning with the creation of the Soviet Union, communism began to gain footing in many countries around the world, vying for control of the world against capitalism. However, in the second part of the 20th century, communism began to weaken. Find out what happened to bring down communism as a world power.



A Timeline of the Titanic's First -- and Last...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

A timeline of the fateful voyage of the RMS Titanic, including dates about the Titanic's construction and its sinking in 1912.



How'd the Rolling Stones Get Started?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

The Rolling Stones, formed in 1962, have been together for five decades, making them the longest performing rock band of all time.



From Peasant to Revolutionary, the Life of...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Pancho Villa was a Mexican revolutionary leader who is often remembered as a folk hero.



An A to Z List of the Most Famous People of the...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Links to biographies of some of the most famous and important people that shaped the 20th century. Page 2 of an alphabetical listing. (L to X)



The 10 Most Influential Scientists of the 20th...

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Scientists had a profound impact on the 20th century. Their discoveries changed how we viewed both ourselves and our surroundings. Learn more about these famous scientists as well and their discoveries in this list of the ten most influential scientists of the 20th century.



How Did the Oreo Get its Name?

2016-12-08T11:20:53Z

Since Oreo cookies debuted in 1912, over 362 billion have been sold, making them the best-selling cookie in the United States.