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Randomized value generation

Tue, 07 Jul 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A data processing apparatus is provided for producing a randomized value. A cell in the data processing apparatus comprises a dielectric oxide layer and stress voltage circuitry is configured to apply a stress voltage across the dielectric oxide layer of the cell to cause an oxide breakdown process to occur. Oxide breakdown detection circuitry is configured to determine a current extent of the oxide breakdown process by measuring a response of the dielectric oxide layer to the stress voltage and randomized value determination circuitry is configured to determine a randomized value in dependence on the current extent of the oxide breakdown process.



Method and apparatus for performing logical compare operation

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method and apparatus for including in a processor instructions for performing logical-comparison and branch support operations on packed or unpacked data. In one embodiment, instruction decode logic decodes instructions for an execution unit to operate on packed data elements including logical comparisons. A register file including 128-bit packed data registers stores packed single-precision floating point (SPFP) and packed integer data elements. The logical comparisons may include comparison of SPFP data elements and comparison of integer data elements and setting at least one bit to indicate the results. Based on these comparisons, branch support actions are taken. Such branch support actions may include setting the at least one bit, which in turn may be utilized by a branching unit in response to a branch instruction. Alternatively, the branch support actions may include branching to an indicated target code location.



Multiply and accumulate feedback

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method and apparatus may be used to evaluate a polynomial by initializing a multiply and accumulate feedback apparatus (260) comprising a multiplier stage (264) having an output coupled to an input of an accumulator stage (267) having an accumulator feedback output (269) selectively coupled to an input of the multiplier stage over a plurality of clock cycles; iteratively calculating a final working loop variable z over an additional plurality of clock cycles; multiplying the final working loop variable z and a complex input vector x to compute a final multiplier value; and adding a least significant complex polynomial coefficient to the final multiplier value using the multiplier stage of the multiply and accumulate feedback apparatus to yield a result of the polynomial evaluation.



Montgomery inverse calculation device and method of calculating montgomery inverse using the same

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A Montgomery inverse calculation device includes a plurality of registers each storing a value of a variable, a modulus register storing a modulus, a multiplier performing multiplication on the modulus. A comparator compares the value of the variable stored in each of the registers with an output value of the multiplier and generates a plurality of control signals. A plurality of shifters shifts bits of a value of a variable stored in a corresponding register among the registers in response to at least one first control signal, and a quotient generation block calculates a quotient of mod 2m with respect to values output from some of the shifters in response to a second control signal. A calculation block calculates an updated value of an output value of each of the shifters using the quotient in response to at least one third control signal.



Custom configuration for a calculator based on a selected functionality

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Examples disclose a computing system comprising a computing device with a display surface to detect a selection of functionality from a list of functionalities to be disabled on a calculator. Further, the computing device creates a custom configuration based on the selected functionality. Additionally, the examples also disclose a calculator with a processor to integrate the custom configuration, the custom configuration restricts the selected functionality on the calculator.



Battery module, electric vehicle, authentication apparatus, and discharging control method for battery module

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

There is provided a battery module including: a power storage unit storing power; a first authentication unit carrying out first authentication via a first authentication route; a second authentication unit carrying out second authentication via a second authentication route; and a discharging control unit controlling discharging from the power storage unit to an external appliance, wherein the first authentication unit is operable, when the first authentication has succeeded, to share key information to be used in the second authentication with an authentication party for the second authentication, the second authentication unit carries out the second authentication using the key information shared with the authentication party, and the discharging control unit is operable, when the second authentication has succeeded, to permit discharging from the power storage unit.



Receiving circuit, use, and method for receiving an encoded and modulated radio signal

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A receiving circuit, use, and method for receiving an encoded and modulated radio signal is provided. The circuit comprise a demodulator and a digital filter connected downstream of the demodulator for moving averaging. The filter has at least two FIFO registers and subtractors. Whereby for subtracting an output value of the FIFO register from an input value of the FIFO register a subtractor is connected to each FIFO register. Wherein the filter has a weighting unit, which is connected downstream of each FIFO register, and wherein the filter has an integrator, which is connected downstream of the subtractors for integration.



Methods for generating multi-level pseudo-random sequences

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method for generating multi-level (or multi-bit) pseudo-random sequences is disclosed. This embodiment relates to communication systems, and more particularly to generating multi-level pseudo random symbol sequence. Present day systems do not employ effective mechanisms for generation of multi level PRBS in order to increase the data communication rates. Further, these systems do not cover all the possible transitions for the outputs of the system. The proposed system employs mechanisms in order to generate PRBS signals for producing multi levels signals to the electronic components. The mechanism employs alternate bit tapping techniques. In the alternate bit tapping technique, bits are tapped alternatively to determine the current state and the next state of the system. In addition, the mechanism also covers all the possible states of the output vector with transitions between the output states. This ensures that high data rates are obtained for a given bandwidth of operation.



Method and apparatus for generating and transmitting code sequence in a wireless communication system

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method of generating a code sequence in a wireless communication system is disclosed. More specifically, the method includes recognizing a desired length of the code sequence, generating a code sequence having a length different from the desired length, and modifying the length of the generated code sequence to equal the desired length. Here, the step of modifying includes discarding at least one element of the generated code sequence or inserting at least one null element to the generated code sequence.



Generating a moving average

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Devices, systems, methods, and other embodiments associated with generating a moving average are described. In one embodiment, a method includes inputting a new data value, wherein the new data value is a most recent data value in a series of M prior sequential data values that are input to an accumulator for the purpose of calculating a moving average having a window size of M. The method also includes detecting an error in the new data value and correcting the moving average, based at least in part, on the error.



System and method of operating a computing device to perform memoization including transforming input/output parameters to reduce redundancies and efficiently cache data

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A system (200) and a method (100) of operating a computing device to perform memoization are disclosed. The method includes determining whether a result of a function is stored in a cache and, if so, retrieving the result from the cache and, if not, calculating the result and storing it in the cache. The method (100) includes transforming (104) by the computing device at least one selected from the input parameters and the output parameters of the function, the transforming being based on an analysis of the function and its input arguments to establish whether or not there is a possible relationship reflecting redundancy among the input parameters and output parameters of the function. The transforming may include at least one of: use of symmetry, scaling, linear shift, interchanging of variables, inversion, polynomial and/or trigonometric transformations, spectral or logical transformations, fuzzy transformations, and systematic arrangement of parameters.



Method and apparatus for performing logical compare operations

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method and apparatus for including in a processor instructions for performing logical-comparison and branch support operations on packed or unpacked data. In one embodiment, instruction decode logic decodes instructions for an execution unit to operate on packed data elements including logical comparisons. A register file including 128-bit packed data registers stores packed single-precision floating point (SPFP) and packed integer data elements. The logical comparisons may include comparison of SPFP data elements and comparison of integer data elements and setting at least one bit to indicate the results. Based on these comparisons, branch support actions are taken. Such branch support actions may include setting the at least one bit, which in turn may be utilized by a branching unit in response to a branch instruction. Alternatively, the branch support actions may include branching to an indicated target code location.



Method and apparatus for performing logical compare operations

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method and apparatus for including in a processor instructions for performing logical-comparison and branch support operations on packed or unpacked data. In one embodiment, instruction decode logic decodes instructions for an execution unit to operate on packed data elements including logical comparisons. A register file including 128-bit packed data registers stores packed single-precision floating point (SPFP) and packed integer data elements. The logical comparisons may include comparison of SPFP data elements and comparison of integer data elements and setting at least one bit to indicate the results. Based on these comparisons, branch support actions are taken. Such branch support actions may include setting the at least one bit, which in turn may be utilized by a branching unit in response to a branch instruction. Alternatively, the branch support actions may include branching to an indicated target code location.



Multi-standard multi-rate filter

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method is provided for decimating a digital signal by a factor of M and matching it to a desired channel bandwidth. The method applies the digital signal input samples to a (M−1) stage tapped delay line, downsamples the input samples and the output samples of each tapped delay line stage by a factor of M, and applies each of the M downsampled sample value streams to M allpass IIR filters, respectively. The M allpass IIR filtered sample streams are then summed and scaled by a factor of 1/M. The result can then be filtered by a digital channel filter.



Using memory access times for random number generation

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The disclosure is related systems and methods for using operation durations of a data storage medium to generate random numbers. In one embodiment, a device may comprise a random number generator circuit configured to store a value representing a duration of an operation on the data storage medium, and generate a random number based on the value. Another embodiment may be a method comprising recording durations of access operations to a data storage medium, and generating a random number based on the durations.



Proxy calculation system, proxy calculation method, proxy calculation requesting apparatus, and proxy calculation program and recording medium therefor

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A function f(x) is calculated with a calculating apparatus that makes a correct calculation with a low probability. Provided that G and H are cyclic groups, f is a function that maps an element x of the group H into the group G, X1 and X2 are random variables whose values are elements of the group G, x1 is a realized value of the random variable X1, and x2 is a realized value of the random variable X2, an integer calculation part calculates integers a′ and b′ that satisfy a relation a′a+b′b=1 using two natural numbers a and b that are relatively prime. A first randomizable sampler is capable of calculating f(x)bx1 and designates the calculation result as u. A first exponentiation part calculates u′=ua. A second randomizable sampler is capable of calculating f(x)ax2 and designates the calculation result as v. A second exponentiation part calculates v′=vb. A determining part determines whether u′=v′ or not. A final calculation part calculates ub′va′ in a case where it is determined that u′=v′.



Low-delay filtering

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method of frequency-domain filtering is provided that includes a plurality of filters, the plurality of filters including at least one constrained filter(s) W=I, I and at least one unconstrained filter(s) W=1,K− The method includes cascading the W k=i,K unconstrained filter(s). A single constraint window C is applied to the cascaded W=i,K unconstrained filter(s). The W=1,I constrained filter(s) are cascaded with the constrained cascaded Wk=1,K unconstrained filter(s) to form a resulting filter Wll=C(W 1{circle around (x)} . . . {circle around (x)} W){circle around (x)} W . . . W. The frequency domain representation of the single constraint window C may be based, at least in part, on a time domain representation of a single constraint window C that has been circularly shifted such that the frequency domain representation of the constraint window matches a property of the frequency domain representation of the cascaded W=1,K unconstrained filters.



False lock detection for physical layer frame synchronization

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Systems, devices, processors, and methods are described which may be used for the reception of a wireless broadband signal at a user terminal from a gateway via a satellite. A wireless signal may include a series of physical layer frames, each frame including a physical layer header and payload. The received signal is digitized and processed using various novel physical layer headers and related techniques to synchronize the physical layer frames and recover data from physical layer headers for purposes of demodulation and decoding.



Rectangular power spectral densities of orthogonal functions

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

In this application, a set of orthogonal functions is introduced whose power spectral densities are all rectangular shape. To find the orthogonal function set, it was considered that their spectrums (Fourier transforms of the functions) are either real-valued or imaginary-valued, which are corresponding to even and odd real-valued time domain signals, respectively. The time domain functions are all considered real-valued because they are actually physical signals. The shape of the power spectral densities of the signals are rectangular thus, the Haar orthogonal function set can be employed in the frequency domain to decompose them to several orthogonal functions. Based on the inverse Fourier transform of the Haar orthogonal functions, the time domain functions with rectangular power spectral densities can be determined. This is equivalent to finding the time-domain functions by taking the inverse Fourier transform of the frequency domain Walsh functions. The obtained functions are sampled and truncated to generate finite-length discrete signals. Truncation destroys the orthogonality of the signals. The Singular Value Decomposition method is used to restore the orthogonality of the truncated discrete signals.



Systems and methods for medium access control

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Techniques for medium access control. Some techniques include receiving, at a first computing device, a solicitation for at least a first medium access request that specifies at least one time period for transmitting the first medium access request to the second computing device; encoding the first medium access request at least in part by using a compressive sensing encoding technique to obtain a first encoded medium access request; and transmitting the first encoded medium access request to the second computing device during the at least one time period specified in the received solicitation.



Integer divider module

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method includes receiving a dividend and a divisor for performing a division operation. Numbers p and n are found, for which the divisor equals 2n(1+2p). An interim result, which is equal to a reciprocal of 1+2p multiplied by the dividend, is calculated. The interim result is divided by 2n to produce a result of the division operation.



Multiplier circuit

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A multiplier circuit for multiplying first and second binary values includes a first logic circuit, a priority encoder, a shifter circuit, and an accumulator. The first logic circuit receives the first binary value and a multiplier modifier, and modifies the first binary value based on the multiplier modifier. The multiplier modifier is generated by the priority encoder. The priority encoder also generates a position binary value indicating the position of a most significant set bit in the modified first binary value. The shifter circuit receives the position binary value from the priority encoder and the second binary value and generates an intermediate result. The accumulator accumulates one or more of the intermediate results and generates a final product that is a product of the first and second binary values.



Communication device, reception data length determination method, multiple determination circuit, and recording medium

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A communication device includes a storage unit to store quotients and remainders associated with multiplication values obtained by multiplying a specified integer number, which is expressed in a form of (2β+α) where β is a positive integer number and α is a positive integer number other than integral multiples of 2, respectively, the quotients and the remainders being obtained by dividing the multiplication values by 2β, respectively, a first unit to divide a dividend by 2βand calculate a quotient and a remainder, a second unit to obtain a quotient, which corresponds to the remainder from the storage unit, and a third unit to determine that the data length of the packet data is normal, when a combination of the quotient and the remainder calculated by the first unit is in the storage unit.



Distributed processing system and method for discrete logarithm calculation

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Distributed processing system and method for discrete logarithm calculation. The speed and resource efficiency of discrete logarithm calculation may be improved by allowing a plurality of operation agents to distributively process an operation of generating a modulo multiplication auxiliary table, an operation of generating a pre-calculation table, and an operation of searching for an answer by applying an iterated function for discrete logarithm calculation in a discrete logarithm calculation operation using the pre-calculation table.



Processing of linear systems of equations

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Apparatus and method for processing linear systems of equations and finding a n×1 vector x satisfying Ax=b where A is a symmetric, positive-definite n×n matrix corresponding to n×n predefined high-precision elements and b is an n1 vector corresponding to n predefined high-precision elements. A first iterative process generates n low-precision elements corresponding to an n×1 vector xl satisfying Alxl=bl where Al, bl are elements in low precision. The elements are converted to high-precision data elements to obtain a current solution vector x. A second iterative process generates n low-precision data elements corresponding to an n×1 correction vector dependent on the difference between the vector b and the vector product Ax. Then there is produced from the n low-precision data elements of the correction vector respective high-precision data elements of an n×1 update vector u. The data elements of the current solution vector x are updated such that x=x+u.



Random number generation method and apparatus using low-power microprocessor

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A random number generation method and apparatus using a low-power microprocessor is provided. In the random number generation method, a low-power microprocessor determines whether external power is supplied to a random number generator. The low-power microprocessor updates an internal state of the random number generator based on a first scheme if it is determined that the external power is supplied to the random number generator. The low-power microprocessor updates the internal state of the random number generator based on a second scheme different from the first scheme if it is determined that the external power is not supplied to the random number generator.



Method, apparatus and instructions for parallel data conversions

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Method, apparatus, and program means for performing a conversion. In one embodiment, a disclosed apparatus includes a destination storage location corresponding to a first architectural register. A functional unit operates responsive to a control signal, to convert a first packed first format value selected from a set of packed first format values into a plurality of second format values. Each of the first format values has a plurality of sub elements having a first number of bits The second format values have a greater number of bits. The functional unit stores the plurality of second format values into an architectural register.



Method, apparatus and instructions for parallel data conversions

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Method, apparatus, and program means for performing a conversion. In one embodiment, a disclosed apparatus includes a destination storage location corresponding to a first architectural register. A functional unit operates responsive to a control signal, to convert a first packed first format value selected from a set of packed first format values into a plurality of second format values. Each of the first format values has a plurality of sub elements having a first number of bits The second format values have a greater number of bits. The functional unit stores the plurality of second format values into an architectural register.



Systems and methods for solving computational problems

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Solving computational problems may include generating a logic circuit representation of the computational problem, encoding the logic circuit representation as a discrete optimization problem, and solving the discrete optimization problem using a quantum processor. Output(s) of the logic circuit representation may be clamped such that the solving involves effectively executing the logic circuit representation in reverse to determine input(s) that corresponds to the clamped output(s). The representation may be of a multiplication circuit. The discrete optimization problem may be composed of a set of miniature optimization problems, where each miniature optimization problem encodes a respective logic gate from the logic circuit representation. A multiplication circuit may employ binary representations of factors, and these binary representations may be decomposed to reduce the total number of variables required to represent the multiplication circuit.



Recursive type-IV discrete cosine transform system

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A recursive type-IV discrete cosine transform system includes a first permutation device, a recursive type-III discrete cosine/sine transform device, a cosine/sine factor generation device, a recursive type-II discrete cosine/sine transform device, a second permutation device. The first permutation device performs two-dimensional order permutation operation on N digital signals for generating N two-dimensional first temporal signals. The recursive type-III discrete cosine/sine transform device repeats a type-III discrete cosine/sine transform for generating second temporal signals. The cosine/sine factor generation device sequentially performs cosine/sine factor multiplication and corresponding addition operations for generating third temporal signals. The recursive type-II discrete cosine/sine transform device repeats a type-II discrete cosine/sine transform for generating fourth temporal signals. The second permutation device performs a one-dimensional order permutation operation for generating N one-dimensional output signals. The N one-dimensional output signals are obtained by performing a type-IV discrete cosine transform on the N digital input signals.



Systems and methods for anti-causal noise predictive filtering in a data channel

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Various embodiments of the present invention provide systems and methods for data processing. As an example, a data processing circuit is disclosed that includes a data detector circuit. The data detector circuit includes an anti-causal noise predictive filter circuit and a data detection circuit. In some cases, the anti-causal noise predictive filter circuit is operable to apply noise predictive filtering to a detector input to yield a filtered output, and the data detection circuit is operable to apply a data detection algorithm to the filtered output derived from the anti-causal noise predictive filter circuit.



Random number generation failure detection and entropy estimation

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

In accordance with one or more aspects, an initial output string is generated by a random number generator. The initial output string is sent to a random number service, and an indication of failure is received from the random number service if the initial output string is the same as a previous initial output string received by the random number service. Operation of the device is ceased in response to the indication of failure. Additionally, entropy estimates for hash values of an entropy source can be generated by an entropy estimation service based on hash values of various entropy source values received by the entropy estimation service. The hash values can be incorporated into an entropy pool of the device, and the entropy estimate of the pool being updated based on the estimated entropy of the entropy source.



Method, apparatus and instructions for parallel data conversions

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Method, apparatus, and program means for performing a conversion. In one embodiment, a disclosed apparatus includes a destination storage location corresponding to a first architectural register. A functional unit operates responsive to a control signal, to convert a first packed first format value selected from a set of packed first format values into a plurality of second format values. Each of the first format values has a plurality of sub elements having a first number of bits The second format values have a greater number of bits. The functional unit stores the plurality of second format values into an architectural register.



Method, apparatus and instructions for parallel data conversions

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Method, apparatus, and program means for performing a conversion. In one embodiment, a disclosed apparatus includes a destination storage location corresponding to a first architectural register. A functional unit operates responsive to a control signal, to convert a first packed first format value selected from a set of packed first format values into a plurality of second format values. Each of the first format values has a plurality of sub elements having a first number of bits The second format values have a greater number of bits. The functional unit stores the plurality of second format values into an architectural register.



Data compression for direct memory access transfers

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Memory system operations are extended for a data processor by DMA, cache, or memory controller to include a DMA descriptor, including a set of operations and parameters for the operations, which provides for data compression and decompression during or in conjunction with processes for moving data between memory elements of the memory system. The set of operations can be configured to use the parameters and perform the operations of the DMA, cache, or memory controller. The DMA, cache, or memory controller can support moves between memory having a first access latency, such as memory integrated on the same chip as a processor core, and memory having a second access latency that is longer than the first access latency, such as memory on a different integrated circuit than the processor core.



Fast filtering for a transceiver

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Techniques for fast filtering for a transceiver are presented. A multidimensional filter processor component (MDFPC) can perform configurations and adaptations of multiple digital filters of a transceiver. The MDFPC can treat multiple, separate filters of a transceiver as a single larger multidimensional filter, and jointly update the multiple filters in a single adaptation operation instead of performing multiple adaptation operations on multiple filters. To facilitate multidimensional filter adaptation, the MDFPC can manage respective cross-correlations associated with the inputs of the filters. The MDFPC can facilitate multidimensional filter adaptation by performing multidimensional filter adaptation in the frequency domain, wherein the adaptation can be performed in parallel for multiple frequency sub-channels. For each frequency sub-channel, the MDFPC can perform a filter adaptation, wherein respective filter adaptation matrices can be generated for respective frequency sub-channels to perform the update to facilitate managing different cross-correlations associated with different frequency sub-channels.



Method and apparatus for a geographically determined Jewish religious clock and electrical device combination with holiday and preference modes

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An independently functioning or centrally controlled wall light switch is configured to operate in normal mode and a Jewish holiday mode wherein the state of the light is fixed, regardless of the user's physical manipulation of the light switch. The control system automatically activates holiday mode by combining a geographically determined Jewish religious clock executed by software and hardware that utilizes the current time, date and geographical location of the apparatus in accordance with the Jewish definition of time and laws for calculating numerous religiously significant shifting daily points in time. The control system further incorporates several energy saving and preference modes by utilizing a particular day's calculated religious points in time in conjunction with holiday behavior patterns common to most Jewish families to provide the user with a greatly simplified means of programming an automatically adjusting on/off light timer and dimming overlay functionality during holiday mode.



System and method for electro-cardiogram (ECG) medical data collection wherein physiological data collected and stored may be uploaded to a remote service center

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A data collection unit obtains physiological data from a subject interface on a subject. The subject interface can be connected to the data collection unit. When the subject interface is connected to the data collection unit, subject interface contacts on the subject interface make contact with data collection unit contacts on the data collection unit. Some of the data collection unit contacts are for communicating physiological data from the subject interface to the data collection unit. Some of the contacts are for powering the data collection unit upon the subject interface being connected to the data collection unit and for powering down the data collection unit upon the subject interface being disconnected from the data collection unit.



Execution unit with inline pseudorandom number generator

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A circuit arrangement and method couple a hardware-based pseudorandom number generator (PRNG) to an execution unit in such a manner that pseudorandom numbers generated by the PRNG may be selectively output to the execution unit for use as an operand during the execution of instructions by the execution unit. A PRNG may be coupled to an input of an operand multiplexer that outputs to an operand input of an execution unit so that operands provided by instructions supplied to the execution unit are selectively overridden with pseudorandom numbers generated by the PRNG. Furthermore, overridden operands provided by instructions supplied to the execution unit may be used as seed values for the PRNG.



Processor and operating method

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed is a processor that is able to efficiently execute DFT operations without having part of a basic operational circuit idle even during non-DFT-operation processing. The processor (1) has an operational means (operation unit) (2) and a control means (control unit) (3). The operation means (2) has a plurality of shift addition-and-subtraction means connected such that CORDIC (COordinate Rotation DIgital Computer) operations can be executed. The shift adding-and-subtracting means also execute shift addition-and-subtraction processing of butterfly operations that process shift addition-and-subtraction for one stage or more. The control means (3) instructs the operation means (2) to execute either CORDIC operations or butterfly operations, based on a plurality of data received from the outside.



Phase-to-amplitude converter for direct digital synthesizer (DDS) with reduced AND and reconstructed ADD logic arrays

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A sine wave generator for a Direct Digital Synthesizer (DDS) converts a digital phase input into a digital sine wave output. Sine values and slopes are stored in read-only memory (ROM) for coarse upper phase bits in a first quadrant. A quadrant folder and phase splitter reflects and inverts values from the first quadrant to generate amplitudes for all four quadrants. Each sine value and slope is stored for a range of lower phase bits. A Delta bit separates upper and lower phase bits. Delta conditionally inverts the lower phase bits, the sine value, and the final polarity. A reduced AND logic array multiplies the slope by the conditionally inverted lower phase bits. A reconstructed ADD logic array then adds the conditionally inverted sine value. The conditionally inverted polarity is added to generate the final sine value. Sine generation logic is streamlined with conditional inversion based on the Delta bit.



Individual-specific information generation apparatus and individual-specific information generation method

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The generation of individual-specific information having a good reliability and uniqueness is made possible with a little circuit scale. For this purpose, in an individual-specific information generation apparatus, a plurality of digital circuits are in the same circuit configuration. Each of the digital circuits outputs a fixed or a random number output value individually without their output with respect to a certain input being determined unambiguously among the digital circuits. In each of the digital circuit, an order is defined in advance. A random number judgment unit judges whether the output value is a random value or fixed, for each of the plurality of digital circuits. An individual-specific information generation unit generates the individual-specific information based on information of the order defined in the digital circuit judged by the random number judgment unit as having a fixed output value among the plurality of digital circuits and the output value.



High speed and low power circuit structure for barrel shifter

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A barrel shifter uses a sign magnitude to 2's complement converter to generate decoder signals for its cascaded multiplexer selectors. The sign input receives the shift direction and the magnitude input receives the shift amount. The sign magnitude to 2's complement converter computes an output result as a 2's complement of the shift amount using the shift direction as a sign input, assigns a first portion (most significant bit half) of the output result to a first decoder signal, and assigns a second portion (least significant bit half) of the output result to a second decoder signal. This encoding scheme allows the decoder circuits to be relatively simple, for example, 3-to-8 decoders for an implementation adapted to shift a 64-bit operand value rather than the 4-to-9 decoder required in a conventional barrel shifter, leading to faster operation, less area, and reduced power consumption.



Computing device with automated conversion of units

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method for computer-implemented unit-conversion method, the method comprising identifying a first numerical value in a first system of units displayed on a computing device, converting the first numerical value in the first system of units into a second numerical value, and displaying the second numerical value and the second system of units on the computing device.



Efficient computation of driving signals for devices with non-linear response curves

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Apparatus comprising an input connected to receive an input signal, a lookup table comprising a plurality of input entries and first and second output entries for each input entry. The look up table receives the input signal and returns a lower input entry, an upper input entry, the second output entry for the lower input entry, and the first output entry for the upper input entry. A first subtractor subtracts the lower input entry from the input signal to produce a first difference. A second subtractor subtracts the input signal from the upper input entry to produce a second difference. First and second multipliers multiply the first and second differences by the first output entry for the upper input entry and the second output entry for the lower input entry, respectively, to produce first and second products. An adder adds the first and second products to produce an output signal.



Multi-element electroacoustical transducing

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An acoustic apparatus including circuitry to correct for acoustic cross-coupling of acoustic drivers mounted in a common acoustic enclosure. A plurality of acoustic drivers are mounted in the acoustic enclosure so that motion of each of the acoustic drivers causes motion in each of the other acoustic drivers. A canceller cancels the motion of each of the acoustic drivers caused by motion of each of the other acoustic drivers. A cancellation adjuster cancels the motion of each of the acoustic drivers that may result from the operation of the canceller.



Reception device and reception method

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present technique relates to a reception device and a reception method which can improve equalization performance. An equalization processing unit has a time domain equalization unit which equalizes a received signal in a time domain and a frequency domain equalization unit which is provided in parallel to the time domain equalization unit and which equalizes the received signal in a frequency domain, and performs control of switching between the time domain equalization unit and the frequency domain equalization unit. The present technique can be applied to, for example, equalize a signal of data transmitted by way of single carrier transmission or data transmitted by way of multicarrier transmission.



Efficient resource state distillation

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Systems and methods are provided for generating at least one high fidelity resource state. A classical code and punctured to provide a first set of generators and a second set of generators. The first set of generators is mapped to a set of stabilizer generators, and the second set of generators is mapped to a set of logical operators. A set of resource states are prepared in physical qubits. A decoding process is performed on the resource states according to a quantum code represented by the set of stabilizer generators and the set of logical operators, and qubits corresponding to the stabilizers are measured.



Efficient complex multiplication and fast fourier transform (FFT) implementation on the ManArray architecture

Tue, 21 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Efficient computation of complex multiplication results and very efficient fast Fourier transforms (FFTs) are provided. A parallel array VLIW digital signal processor is employed along with specialized complex multiplication instructions and communication operations between the processing elements which are overlapped with computation to provide very high performance operation. Successive iterations of a loop of tightly packed VLIWs are used allowing the complex multiplication pipeline hardware to be efficiently used. In addition, efficient techniques for supporting combined multiply accumulate operations are described.



Method and apparatus for distributing objects

Tue, 21 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method and apparatus for distributing objects. In one embodiment, the method comprises computing a modulus operand based on a number of objects to be distributed and a number of objects pertaining to a first category; computing a modulus operation based on a number of distributed objects and the modulus operand; and distributing a first object or a second object based on a result of computing the modulus operation.