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Biomass-resource-derived polyester and production process thereof

Tue, 14 Jul 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention provides a resin capable of contributing greatly to solve environmental problems and problems related to exhaustion of fossil fuel resources and having physical properties suited for practical use. The polyester according to the present invention has a diol and a dicarboxylic acid as constituent components and has an amount of terminal acid of 50 equivalents/metric ton or less.



Hydrocarboxylation of aqueous formaldehyde using a dehydrating recycle stream to decrease water concentration

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed is a process for the production and purification of glycolic acid or glycolic acid derivatives by the carbonylation of aqueous formaldehyde. The water in the hydrocarboxylation zone is reduced via reaction with the ester bonds in a recycle stream comprising glycolic acid oligomers and/or methyl glycolate oligomers.



Method for producing reduced coenzyme Q10, method for stabilizing same, and composition comprising same

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An object of the present invention is to provide a substance characterized by ability to reduce oxidized coenzyme Q10 and ability to stabilize reduced coenzyme Q10, which contains nutrients, has a favorable taste, and is excellent in general versatility, and a method for using the same. The present invention relates to a method for producing reduced coenzyme Q10 comprising reducing oxidized coenzyme Q10 with a particular amino acid. The present invention also relates to a method for stabilizing reduced coenzyme Q10 in the presence of a particular amino acid and a composition stabilized by the method.



Systems and processes for the production of isophthalic acid and terephthalic acid

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Various embodiments of the present invention generally disclose systems and processes for the conversion of a feed stream comprising at least one C8 aromatic into a product stream comprising isophthalic acid and purified terephthalic acid (IPA/TA).



Process for producing fluorosulfuric acid aromatic-ring esters

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A production process of a fluorosulfuric acid aromatic-ring ester according to the present invention includes reaction of an aromatic-ring hydroxyl compound with sulfuryl fluoride (SO2F2) in the presence of a tertiary amine except pyridine and methylpyridine. The sulfuryl fluoride, used as the reactant in the production process according to the present invention, is widely adapted as a fumigant and is easily available on a large scale. Further, the target compound can be obtained rapidly with a high yield under moderate reaction conditions in the production process according to the present invention. In this way, all of the prior art problems can be solved in the production process according to the present invention. The production process according to the present invention is thus particularly useful for industrial production of the fluorosulfuric acid aromatic-ring ester.



Polycyclic organic compound, optically anisotropic film and method of production thereof

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The polycyclic organic compounds which are substantially transparent for an electromagnetic radiation in the visible spectral range, an anisotropic optical film comprising at least one polycyclic organic compound and a method of producing thereof are disclosed. The polycyclic organic compounds have a general formula (I) wherein A and B are acid groups, n is the number of phenyl rings in the range from 3 to 10; m is 0, 1, 2 or 3; l is 1, 2, or 3, p is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6, C is a counterion from a list comprising H+, NH+4, Na+, K+, Li+, Cs+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Sr2+, La3+, Zn2+, Zr4+, Ce3+, Y3+, Yb3+, Gd3+, and any combination thereof; k is the number of counterions necessary for compensation of the negative electric charge equal to (−p).



Phenoxyisobutyric acid compounds and method of synthesis

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention provides a process for the synthesis of substituted phenoxymethylpropionic acid and related compounds. The compounds are useful for inhibiting the formation of AGEs (Advanced Glycation End Products).



Resist composition, method of forming resist pattern and compound

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A resist composition which generates acid upon exposure and exhibits changed solubility in a developing solution under action of acid, including a base component (A) which exhibits changed solubility in a developing solution under action of acid, and a photo-decomposable quencher (D0) containing a compound represented by general formula (d0) shown below. In the formula, R1 represents a hydrocarbon group of 4 to 20 carbon atoms which may have a substituent; Y1 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group; R2 and R3 each independently represents a substituent of 0 to 20 carbon atoms other than a fluorine atom; one of R2 and R3 may form a ring with Y1; Mm+ represents an organic cation having a valency of m; and m represents an integer of 1 or more.



Compound and method of producing the same, acid generator, resist composition and method of forming resist pattern

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A resist composition including a base component which exhibits changed solubility in an alkali developing solution under action of acid and an acid-generator component which generates acid upon exposure, the acid-generator including an acid generator consisting of a compound represented by general formula (b1-1) shown below: In which RX represents a hydrocarbon group which may have a substituent exclusive of a nitrogen atom; each of Q2 and Q3 independently represents a single bond or a divalent linkage group; Y1 represents an alkylene group or fluorinated alkyl group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms; and Z+ represents an organic cation exclusive of an ion represented by general formula (w-1).



Processes for producing succinic acid

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Provided are processes for producing high-purity succinic acid from a succinic-acid-containing liquid through crystallization.



Process for production of adipic acid from 1,6-hexanediol

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Processes are disclosed for the conversion of 1,6-hexanediol to adipic acid employing a chemocatalytic reaction in which 1,6-hexanediol is reacted with oxygen in the presence of particular heterogeneous catalysts including at least one of platinum or gold. The metals are preferably provided on a support selected from the group of titania, stabilized titania, zirconia, stabilized zirconia, silica or mixtures thereof, most preferably zirconia stabilized with tungsten. The reaction with oxygen is carried out at a temperature from about 100° C. to about 300° C. and at a partial pressure of oxygen from about 50 psig to about 2000 psig.



Methods for production of high concentration of arginine bicarbonate solution at high pressure

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Methods of producing arginine bicarbonate solutions in very high concentrations including reacting an arginine slurry containing a first portion of arginine with a source of carbon dioxide gas at elevated pressure and temperature, adding subsequent portions of arginine to the resulting solution and further reacting with compressed carbon dioxide until a final solution containing in excess of 50% by weight are provided which include preparing an arginine solution by subjecting an arginine water slurry to elevated pressure and temperature and reacting the arginine solution with a source of carbon dioxide gas to form a solution comprising arginine and bicarbonate anion and recovering arginine bicarbonate from the solution.



Process for the (AMM)oxidation of lower molecular weight alkanes and alkenes

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A process for producing unsaturated carboxylic acids or unsaturated nitriles by vapor phase oxidation reaction of their corresponding C3 to C5 alkanes, C3 to C5 alkenes, and mixtures thereof, as a hydrocarbon starting material, wherein the process performance is monitored and the path of gasses through catalyst beds is altered. Improved catalyst lifetimes may be achieved.



Ozonolysis operations for generation of reduced and/or oxidized product streams

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to methods for safe and efficient use of hydrogen and oxygen in ozonolysis operations. The invention also relates to an ozonolysis process involving elements of both reductive and oxidative ozonolysis which are integrated in a continuous process. In one embodiment, the ozonolysis process of the present invention uses hydrogen and/or oxygen generated from water and electricity, which may be recycled to generate water and/or electricity.



Process and apparatus for slurry separation of aromatic carboxylic acid

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

In a process for removing aromatic carboxylic acid from a slurry thereof in solvent, the slurry is split into sub streams and each of said sub streams is supplied to a respective rotary pressure filter such that the sub stream pass through the filters in parallel. Gas is passed through the rotary pressure filters in series in an open-loop arrangement.



Modified carbon material and process of making and using the same

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method of making modified carbon materials for use in fabricating fuel cell components. The modified carbon may comprise pendant fluorocarbon groups bonded covalently bonded thereto. In one embodiment, a mixture is formed and comprises carbon material suitable for use in a fuel cell component, an organic solvent, a compound having the general formula I—R wherein R is a fluorocarbon, and a reductant.



Method for producing mono-aminofunctionalized dialkylphosphinic acids and esters and salts thereof by means of acrylnitriles and use thereof

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to a method for producing mono-aminofunctionalized dialkylphosphinic acids and esters and salts thereof by means of acrylnitriles, characterized in that a) a phosphinic acid source (I) is reacted with olefins (IV) to yield an alkylphosphonic acid, salt or ester (II) thereof in the presence of a catalyst A, b) the thus obtained alkylphosphonic acid, salt or ester (II) thereof is reacted with an acrylnitrile of formula (V) to yield a mono-functionalized dialkylphosphinic acid derivative (VI) in the presence of a catalyst B, and c) the thus obtained mono-functionalized dialkylphosphinic acid derivative (VI) is reacted to yield a mono-aminofunctionalized dialkylphosphinic acid derivative (III) in the presence of a catalyst C or a reduction agent, wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7 are the same or different and stand independently of each other, among other things, for H, C1-C18 alkyl, C6-C18 aryl, C6-C18 aralkyl, C6-C18 alkylaryl and X stands for H, C1-C18 alkyl, C6-C18 aryl, C6-C18 aralkyl, C6-C18 alkylaryl, Mg, Ca, Al, Sb, Sn, Ge, Ti, Fe, Zr, Zn, Ce, Bi, Sr, Mn, Cu, Ni, Li, Na, K and/or a protonized nitrogen base, and Y stands for a mineral acid, a carboxylic acid, a Lewis acid or an organic acid, n=an integer or fractional number of 0 to 4 and the catalysts A and C are formed by transition metals, transition metal compounds and/or catalyst systems composed of a transition metal and/or a transition metal compound and at least one ligand, and catalyst B is formed by compounds forming peroxides, peroxo compounds, azo compounds, alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, alkali hydrides, alkaline earth hydrides and/or alkali alcoholates and alkaline earth alcoholates.



L-ornithine phenyl acetate and methods of making thereof

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed herein are forms of L-ornithine phenyl acetate and methods of making the same. A crystalline form may, in some embodiments, be Forms I, II, III and V, or mixtures thereof. The crystalline forms may be formulated for treating subjects with liver disorders, such as hepatic encephalopathy. Accordingly, some embodiments include formulations and methods of administering L-ornithine phenyl acetate.



Composition for maintaining function of platelets

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A composition for maintaining a function of platelets, the composition comprising, as an active ingredient, a compound represented by the following general formula (I) or a salt thereof, or a solvate thereof: wherein X represents a phenylene group;Y represents any one of a hydrogen atom and —(CH2)mR1;wherein m represents an integer of any one of 0 to 4; andR1 is any one of —NR5COR2, —NR5SO2R2, and —NR3R4;wherein R2 represents any one of a C1 to C6 alkyl group, an aryl group, a C1 to C6 alkoxy group, and the like;R3 and R4 represent a C1 to C6 alkyl group or the like; andR5 represents any one of a hydrogen atom, a C1 to C6 alkyl group, and the like; and Z represents any one of a hydrogen atom and a C1 to C6 alkyl group.



Compound and method of producing the same, acid generator, resist composition and method of forming resist pattern

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A resist composition including a base component (A) which exhibits changed solubility in an alkali developing solution under action of acid and an acid-generator component (B) which generates acid upon exposure, the acid-generator component (B) including an acid generator (B1) consisting of a compound represented by general formula (b1-1) shown below: wherein RX represents a hydrocarbon group which may have a substituent exclusive of a nitrogen atom; each of Q2 and Q3 independently represents a single bond or a divalent linkage group; Y1 represents an alkylene group or fluorinated alkyl group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms; and Z+ represents an organic cation exclusive of an ion represented by general formula (w-1).



Method for preparing high purity mono-hydrolyzed acyl halide compound

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method for preparing a high purity (e.g. greater than 70 wt. %) mono-hydrolyzed acyl halide compound as a precipitate from solution comprising the steps of preparing a solution comprising: i) at least 80 v/v % of a hydrocarbon solvent, ii) water at a molar concentration greater than its solubility limit within the solvent but less that its solubility limit in solution, iii) a tri-hydrocarbyl phosphate compound, and iv) a polyfunctional acyl halide compound at molar ratio to both water and the tri-hydrocarbyl phosphate compound of at least 1:1.



Process for producing (meth)acrylic acid

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A process for producing (meth)acrylic acid comprising the step of repeating a crystallization operation “n” times to produce purified (meth)acrylic acid from crude (meth)acrylic acid, wherein: the each crystallization operation comprises a crystallizing step and a melting step; a polymerization inhibitor is not added to a (meth)acrylic acid melt obtained in the melting step of the first to n−1th crystallization operation(s) and a (meth)acrylic acid solution subjected to the crystallizing step of the second to nth crystallization operation(s); and a concentration of a polymerization inhibitor in a (meth)acrylic acid solution subjected to the crystallizing step of the first crystallization operation is adjusted so that a concentration of the polymerization inhibitor in a (meth)acrylic acid solution subjected to the crystallizing step of the nth crystallization operation is 2 ppm by mass or higher.



Methods for production of arginine biocarbonate at low pressure

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method of producing arginine bicarbonate is provided including reacting an arginine slurry with a source of carbon dioxide gas under elevated temperature and low pressure to form a solution of at least 50% arginine bicarbonate, and recovering arginine bicarbonate from the solution.



Method for the conversion of methylmercaptopropionaldehyde formed from crude acrolein and crude methyl mercaptan

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A reactive rectification column suitable for the production of 2-hydroxy-4-methylmercaptobutyric acid and/or methionine contains a weir having a height of 100 mm or more.



Methods for producing acrylic acid and/or ester thereof and polymer of the acrylic acid and/or ester thereof

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method for producing acrylic acid and/or an ester thereof from a raw material composition containing hydroxypropionic acid and/or an ester thereof, the method including the steps of: (a) evaporating the raw material composition; and (b) dehydrating the evaporated raw material composition by contact with a dehydration catalyst, wherein the total amount of hydroxypropionic acid and/or an ester thereof supplied in the step (b) is controlled to be 70% by mass or more based on 100% by mass of the total amount of hydroxypropionic acid and/or an ester thereof supplied in the step (a).



Triterpenoid compounds and methods of use thereof

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention provides therapeutically active compounds and compositions as receptor antagonists and methods of use thereof. In one aspect, the compounds are useful in modulating pain, inflammation and acute phase reactions by inhibiting the PGE2 receptors including PGE2 EP1, EP2 and EP4 receptors.



Sorafenib derivatives as sEH inhibitors

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention provides compounds for the inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase and associated disease conditions.



Catalyst for preparing carboxylic acids and/or carboxylic anhydrides

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to a catalyst for preparing carboxylic acids and/or carboxylic anhydrides, which has a plurality of catalyst zones arranged in series and has been produced using a vanadium antimonate having a maximum content of crystalline valentinite of 5% by weight. The present invention further relates to a process for gas-phase oxidation in which a gas stream comprising at least one hydrocarbon and molecular oxygen is passed through a catalyst which has a plurality of catalyst zones arranged in series and has been produced using a vanadium antimonate having a maximum content of crystalline valentinite of 5% by weight.



Method for recovering and purifying propionic acid

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention provides a method for purifying and recovering propionic acid from an aqueous mixture containing a fermentation product obtained from a fermentation process using glycerol as substrate, the method comprising optionally acidifying the aqueous mixture to a pH below 4.5, subjecting the aqueous mixture to an extraction with extracting agent containing a heavy extractant and optionally a light extractant as a diluent to obtain an extract comprising the extracting agent and organic acids, and a raffinate comprising water and any unreacted glycerol, and subjecting the extract to vacuum evaporation to separate propionic acid-containing organic acids from the extractant.



Alanyl glutamine compound and preparation method thereof

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A process for preparing a pure alanylglutamine comprises the steps of: 1) reacting N-(α-chloro)-propionyl-glutamine and hydrazine compound to obtain an alanylglutamine crude product; 2) mixing anhydrous methanol and the alanylglutamine crude product to provide a filter cake; 3) dissolving the filter cake in water, heating, adding ethanol, and cooling to yield the pure alanylglutamine.



Method for increasing methionine productivity using a mixture of methyl mercaptan and dimethyl sulfide

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to a method for increasing L-methionine productivity and organic acid productivity. More particularly, the present invention relates to a method which involves adding a mixture containing methyl mercaptan and dimethyl sulfide at a appropriate ratio to O-acetyl homoserine or O-succinyl homoserine and to an enzyme having an activity of converting methionine precursor into L-methionine, so as to perform an enzyme reaction, to thereby improve the conversion rate of L-methionine and organic acid from the L-methionine precursor, and thus increasing L-methionine yield as compared to conventional method.



Reactor and process for propane oxidation

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The amount of propionic acid produced in the process of oxidizing propane to acrylic acid is reduced by using a reactor with a length/diameter ratio >10 and/or maintaining the difference between the target reaction temperature and the peak temperature within the reactor to less than 20° C.



Methanol carbonylation process with rhodium catalyst and a metallic co-catalyst selected from transition metals, zinc, beryllium, indium, tin, strontium and barium

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A carbonylation process for making acetic acid using a metallic co-catalyst composition, effective as a rhodium stabilizer and/or rate promoter, at molar ratios of metal/rhodium of about 0.5 to 40. The process includes reacting methanol with carbon monoxide in the presence of a rhodium-based catalytic metal complex with about 1 to 20 weight percent methyl iodide, less than about 8 weight % water and about 0.5 to about 30 weight percent methyl acetate. The crude acetic acid is flashed and further purified.



Bio-based terephthalate polyesters

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Bio-based terephthalic acid (bio-TPA), bio-based dimethyl terephthalate (bio-DMT), and bio-based polyesters, which are produced from a biomass containing a terpene or terpenoid, such as limonene are described, as well as the process of making these products. The bio-based polyesters include poly(alkylene terephthalate)s such as bio-based poly(ethylene terephthalate) (bio-PET), bio-based poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (bio-PTT), bio-based poly(butylene terephthalate) (bio-PBT), and bio-based poly(cyclohexylene dimethyl terephthalate) (bio-PCT).



Process for producing terephthalic acid

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Methods of producing terephthalic acid are described. The methods involve using a substantially pure p-toluic acid stream. The substantially pure p-toluic acid stream, a solvent comprising an ionic liquid and optionally a carboxylic acid, a bromine source, a catalyst, and an oxidizing agent are contacted to produce a product comprising terephthalic acid.



Ammonium fluoroalkanesulfonates and a synthesis method therefor

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An ammonium hydroxyfluoroalkanesulfinate is obtained by using an organic base while sulfinating a bromofluoroalcohol with a sulfinating agent. An ammonium hydroxyfluoroalkanesulfonate is obtained by oxidizing the ammonium hydroxyfluoroalkanesulfinate. An onium fluoroalkanesulfonate is obtained by converting the ammonium hydroxyfluoroalkanesulfonate into an onium salt through esterification. This onium fluoroalkanesulfonate is useful as a photoacid generator in chemically amplified resists and the like.



Methods and compositions for the synthesis of multimerizing agents

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention features methods and compositions for the synthesis of multimerizing agents. An exemplary method for producing AP20187 may comprise: (a) coupling 2-N,Ndimethylaminomethyl-1,3-diaminopropane with AP20792 to produce the dimeric alcohol, AP20793; and (b) coupling the AP20793 so produced with API7362 to yield AP20187. In particular embodiments, the method further includes the step of producing API7362 by coupling API7360 with methyl-L-pipecolic acid, or a salt thereof.



Compositions and methods for blocking ethylene response in plants using 3-cyclopropyl-1-enyl-propanoic acid salt

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention discloses a method of inhibiting an ethylene response in a plant, comprising step of applying to at least one portion of the plant an effective ethylene response-inhibiting amount of a H1-cyclopropene-1-propanoic acid salt (CPAS). A method of prolonging the life of a cut flower, comprising applying to the cut flower an effective life-prolonging amount of CPAS and a method for the production a CPAS, comprising steps of (i) preparing 4-bromo-4-pentenoic acid or derivatives thereof; (ii) producing 1-cyclopropene-1-propanoic acid; and (iii), converting this acid into its water soluble salt, especially its sodium salt are presented. Additionally, a new family of water soluble CPAS inhibitors for ethylene response in a plant is disclosed.



Deep-ultraviolet chemically-amplified positive photoresist

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention discloses a deep-ultraviolet chemically-amplified positive photoresist. The deep-ultraviolet chemically-amplified positive photoresist according to one embodiment of the invention includes a cyclopentenyl pimaric acid, a divinyl ether, a photoacid generator and an organic solvent. The deep-ultraviolet chemically-amplified positive photoresist according to the invention has a good sensitivity and a good transparency.



Radiation-sensitive composition, and compound

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A radiation-sensitive composition includes a compound represented by a formula (1), and a polymer having a structural unit that includes an acid-labile group. In the formula (1), R1 represents a group having a polar group; n is an integer of 1 to 4, wherein, in a case where R1 is present in a plurality of number, the plurality of R1s are identical or different, and optionally at least two R1s taken together represent a cyclic structure; A represents an alicyclic hydrocarbon group having a valency of (n+1); and M+ represents a monovalent onium cation.



Actinic-ray- or radiation-sensitive resin composition, compound and method of forming pattern using the composition

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

According to one embodiment, an actinic-ray- or radiation-sensitive resin composition includes any of the compounds (A) of general formula (I) below that when exposed to actinic rays or radiation, generates an acid and a resin (B) whose rate of dissolution into an alkali developer is increased by the action of an acid. (The characters used in general formula (I) have the meanings mentioned in the description.)



Method of production of a methionine salt

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A reaction system suitable for production of a methionine salt contains a reactive rectification column containing a weir having a height of 100 mm or more.



Use of sulfonic acid for recovering glycerol resulting from the triglyceride transesterification reaction

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to the use of at least one sulfonic acid for recovering glycerol resulting from a reaction crude from transesterification of glycerides, in particular of triglycerides of vegetable and/or animal origin. The invention also relates to a process for purifying glycerol obtained as a by-product of triglyceride transesterification during the preparation of fatty acids, fatty esters and/or fatty acid salts, and also to a combined process for preparing, on the one hand, fatty acids, fatty esters and/or fatty acid salts and, on the other hand, glycerol, from triglycerides, using at least one sulfonic acid.



Process for recovering aliphatic monocarboxylic acids from distillation

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A process is provided for recovering aliphatic monocarboxylic acids having from 4 to 11 carbon atoms from the distillation residue obtained in the oxidation of the corresponding aldehyde by means of oxygen or oxygen-containing gas mixtures in the presence of alkali metal carboxylates or alkaline earth metal carboxylates to form the corresponding monocarboxylic acid and subsequent distillation, characterized in that the distillation residue is reacted with an aqueous acid in a tube reactor and the two-phase mixture flowing out from the tube reactor is introduced into a settling vessel in which the organic phase which separates out has a pH of 4.5 or less.



Thermal separation process

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A thermal separation process between a gas ascending in a separating column and a liquid descending in the separating column, which comprise (meth)acrylic monomers, wherein the separating column comprises a sequence of crossflow mass transfer trays, the crossflow mass transfer trays of which have passage orifices for the ascending gas in crossflow direction both in front of and beyond a downcomer for the descending liquid, and such crossflow mass transfer trays and one such crossflow mass transfer tray in a sequence of crossflow mass transfer trays present in a separating column.



Process and system for the separation and drying of carboxylic acid crystals

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

In a process for the separation and drying of crude carboxylic acid crystals from a slurry in a solvent, the slurry is supplied to a filter operating at pressure and at a temperature above the atmospheric boiling point of the solvent. A cake of separated crystals is removed from the filter and passed to a thermal dryer. In a system for the separation and drying of crude carboxylic acid from a slurry in a solvent, a pressure filter device has a slurry inlet and an outlet for a cake of carboxylic acid crystals. The system also has a thermal dryer and means for transporting the cake of carboxylic acid crystals from the pressure filter device to the dryer. The pressure filter device is configured to operate at a pressure and temperature above the atmospheric boiling point of the solvent.



Substituted 3-phenylpropionic acids and the use thereof

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present application relates to novel 3-phenylpropionic acid derivatives, to processes for their preparation, to their use for the treatment and/or prevention of diseases and to their use for preparing medicaments for the treatment and/or prevention of diseases, in particular for the treatment and/or prevention of cardiovascular disorders.



Method for the production of alkylphosphonic acids, esters, and salts by oxidizing alkylphosphonous acids, and use thereof

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to a method for producing monocarboxy-functionalized dialkylphosphinic acids, esters, and salts, characterized in that a) a phosphinic acid source (I) is reacted with olefins (IV) in the presence of a catalyst A to obtain an alkylphosphonous acid, the salt or ester (II) thereof, and b) the obtained alkylphosphonous acid, the salt or ester (II) thereof is reacted with an oxidizing agent or with an oxidizing agent and water or with oxygen and water in the presence of a catalyst B to obtain the alkylphosphonic acid derivative (III), wherein R1, R2, R3, R4 are identical or different from each other and independently represent, inter alia, H, C1-C18-alkyl, C6-C18-aryl, C6-C18-aralkyl, C6-C18-alkylaryl, X and Y are identical or different from each other and independently represent H, C1-C18-alkyl, C6-C18-aryl, C6-C18-aralkyl, C6-C18-alkylaryl, Mg, Ca, Al, Sb, Sn, Ge, Ti, Fe, Zr, Zn, Ce, Bi, Sr, Mn, Cu, Ni, Li, Na, K and/or a protonated nitrogenous base, and catalysts A and B are transition metals and/or transition metal compounds and/or catalyst systems composed of a transition metal and/or a transition metal compound and at least one ligand.



α-keto alkylperacids and methods for producing and using the same

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention provides α-keto alkylperacids and methods for producing and using the same. In particular, α-keto alkylperacids are useful as antimicrobial agents.



Substituted 1-benzylcycloalkylcarboxylic acids and the use thereof

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present application relates to novel substituted 1-benzylcycloalkylcarboxylic acid derivatives, to processes for their preparation, to their use for the treatment and/or prevention of diseases, and to their use for producing medicaments for the treatment and/or prevention of diseases, especially for the treatment and/or prevention of cardiovascular disorders.