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Process for the preparation of expandable polystyrene by continuous injection of a liquid organic peroxide

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A process for the preparation of expandable polystyrene including the following steps: i°) heating an aqueous suspension including styrene monomer and at least one organic peroxide initiator of formula (I) 1-alkoxy-1-t-alkylperoxycyclohexane in which the alkoxy group contains 1 to 4 carbon atoms, the t-alkyl group contains 4 to 12 carbon atoms, and the cyclohexane ring may optionally be substituted with 1 to 3 alkyl groups each, independently having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, at a temperature ranging from 100° C. to 120° C., ii°) adding a blowing agent selected from the group of alkanes having from 4 to 6 carbon atoms and mixtures thereof. Also, an expandable polystyrene obtainable according to such a process and to insulation parts and packaging including such an expandable polystyrene.



Polypropylene resin expanded particles and polypropylene resin in-mold foaming molded body

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Polypropylene resin expanded particles include polypropylene resin as base material resin having at least two melting peaks on a DSC curve, the at least two melting peaks including (i) a lowest-temperature melting peak of 100° C. or more but 130° C. or less and (ii) a highest-temperature melting peak of 140° C. or more but 160° C. or less, so that the expanded particles: produce an in-mold foaming molded product at a very low mold heating steam pressure; exhibit low distortion, low shrinkage, and a wide range of heating condition for molding, even if the mold heating steam pressure is increased; have satisfactory moldability when the expanded particles are molded by using a mold having a complicated shape or a large mold; and maintain properties such as compressive strength, substantially unimpaired, when the expanded particles make the in-mold foaming molded product.



Renewable polyester compositions having a low density

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A thermoplastic composition that contains a rigid renewable polyester and has a voided structure and low density is provided. To achieve such a structure, the renewable polyester is blended with a polymeric toughening additive to form a precursor material in which the toughening additive can be dispersed as discrete physical domains within a continuous matrix of the renewable polyester. The precursor material is thereafter stretched or drawn at a temperature below the glass transition temperature of the polyester (i.e., “cold drawn”). This creates a network of voids located adjacent to the discrete domains, which as a result of their proximal location, can form a bridge between the boundaries of the voids and act as internal structural “hinges” that help stabilize the network and increase its ability to dissipate energy. The present inventors have also discovered that the voids can be distributed in a substantially homogeneous fashion throughout the composition.



Conversion of corn gluten meal into a solid article through the use of a non-toxic additive

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed are fast-curing, inexpensive corn-gluten resin compositions, methods for making them, methods for forming them into solid articles. In some embodiments, the resin composition includes corn meal gluten and a non-toxic organic acid.



Organo-copper reagents for attaching perfluorosulfonic acid groups to polyolefins

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An ion conducting membrane for fuel cells involves coupling a compound having a sulfonic acid group with a polymeric backbone. Each of the compounds having a sulfonic acid group and the polymeric backbone are first functionalized with a halogen.



Polyurethanes made with copper catalysts

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Polyisocyanate-based polymers are formed by curing a reaction mixture containing at least one polyisocyanate and at least one isocyanate-reactive compound having at least two isocyanate-reactive groups in the presence of a copper catalyst that contains at least one copper atom associated with a polydentate ligand that contains at least one nitrogen-containing complexing site.



Flame retardant polyurethane foams containing biuret linkages

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Polyurethane foams are made using a biuret-modified MDI and/or PMDI as the isocyanate component. The isocyanate is characterized by having a high content of biuret-containing oligomers and, preferably, a low proportion (if any) of biuret-urea oligomers. Flexible, resilient foams made using this biuret-modified isocyanate perform well on flammability tests such as the UNI 9175 CS. E. RF4 test, even without added flame retardants.



Urethane foam molded product and method for producing the same

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention provides a urethane foam molded product that has high thermal conductivity with minimal change to its physical properties. A simple method for producing the same is also provided. The urethane foam molded product includes a base material formed of a polyurethane foam, and a thermal conductive filler mixed in the base material and oriented to form mutual connections. The thermal conductive filler is formed of composite particles that include thermal conductive particles formed of a nonmagnetic material, and magnetic particles adhered to the surfaces of the thermal conductive particles. The method for producing the urethane foam molded product includes a raw material mixing process that mixes a foam urethane resin material and the thermal conductive filler to obtain a mixed raw material, and a foam molding process that injects the mixed raw material into a cavity of a foaming die and performs foam molding while a magnetic field is applied so as to substantially uniform a magnetic flux density inside the cavity.



Polythylene aerogels and method of their production

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method for making polyethylene aerogels, including high molecular weight aerogels, commences by in a hydrocarbon solvent (e.g., toluene or benzene) in which polyethylene is insoluble at room temperature, adding polyethylene to the solvent heated to a temperature at which said polyethylene is soluble to form a reaction mixture. A free-radical catalyst is added to the reaction mixture and the reaction mixture is held until the desired gelation of the polyethylene has been achieved. The reaction mixture is cooled to about room temperature; and the hydrocarbon solvent is replaced with a gas (e.g., CO2 or air) to form the polyethylene aerogel. Optionally, the cooled reaction mixture can be contacted with an anti-solvent for polyethylene to replace the hydrocarbon solvent with the anti-solvent. Silica aerogel particles can be encapsulated in polyethylene aerogel by adding the particles to the polyethylene gelation reaction mixture.



Expanded particle of polyethylene-based resin and in-mold expansion molded article of polyethylene-based resin

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A polyethylene resin expanded particle has an expansion ratio of not less than 10 times and not more than 50 times, and in a DSC curve obtained by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), the polyethylene resin expanded particle (i) shows two melting peaks, the two melting peaks being a low-temperature side melting peak and a high-temperature side melting peak, and (ii) further has a shoulder in a region not less than 100° C. and not more than the low-temperature side melting peak temperature, the shoulder having a shoulder ratio which is not less than 0.2% and not more than 3%. This makes it possible to obtain a polyethylene resin expanded particle for producing a polyethylene resin in-mold expansion molded article in which especially an end (edge part) of the polyethylene resin in-mold expansion molded article is excellent in fusion bond level and appearance and which has neither a wrinkle nor a void on a surface thereof, is excellent in surface property (has a beautiful surface), and has a high expansion ratio.



Zwitterionic-bias material for blood cell selection

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention provides a zwitterionic-bias material for blood cell selection, being a copolymer formed by zwitterionic structural units and charged structural units wherein the zwitterionic structural unit comprises at least one positively charged moiety and one negatively charged moiety, a distance between the positively charged moiety and the negatively charged moiety is a length of 1˜5 carbon-carbon bonds, and the zwitterionic structural units and charged structural units are randomly arranged to have zwitterionic-bias.



Electrostatically bound hyperbranched anion exchange surface coating prepared via condensation polymerization using ditertiary amine linkers for improved divalent anion selectivity

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention provides a new design for high capacity stationary phases for dianion selective ion chromatography. The stationary phases include one or more layers which are products of condensation polymerization. Multiple components are of use in forming the first polymer layer and the condensation polymer structure, thereby providing a stationary phase that can be engineered to have a desired property such as ion capacity, ion selectivity, and the like. Exemplary condensation polymers are formed by the reaction of at least one polyfunctional compound with at least one compound of complimentary reactivity, e.g., a nucleophilic polyfunctional compound reacting with an electrophilic compound.



Method of making flexible foaming member from recycled materials

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention provides a method of making a flexible foaming member from recycled material. The present invention relates to a production method to recycling wastes containing rubber, plastic and metal materials and pulverize them into scraps under normal temperatures, then roughly separate the various materials contained in the waste scraps into different layers based on the difference of specific gravity, and further take out the scraps of rubber and plastic materials with lower specific gravity from the waste scraps, then conduct multiple heating and pulverizations under different temperatures to produce composite-material scraps, and then using some composite-material scraps to mix flexible materials and foaming agents, then pressing the mixture into a plate-like foaming material, and conduct vulcanization and foam forming for the plates of foam material to become a elastic foam.



Polyurethane foam toys with no restriction on playing environment and the manufacturing method thereof

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method of manufacturing polyurethane (PU) foam toys with no restriction on playing environment comprises steps as follows: (1) Placing the prefabricated flexible cover into the foaming mold, and then vacuuming to firmly attach the cover to the inner wall of the mold; (2) Spraying adhesives at the periphery and the interior of the flexible cover while maintaining the continuous vacuum pressure; (3) Injecting the mixed polyurethane into the foaming mold; (4) Closing the mold and performing condensation reaction; (5) Opening the mold to get the product. The present invention is about the production of polyurethane form toys by formulating polyurethanes and binding the interior polyurethane body and flexible cover with adhesives. Because of its resilient and sturdy characteristics, the thermoplastic flexible cover provides protection to the interior polyurethane foam body, effectively eliminating problems like mildew growth, difficulties of cleaning and preventing damage.



Skin graft applicator

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A skin graft applicator with a handle member and a roller member is described for use in applying a skin graft to a patient. The skin graft applicator has a manipulator pad for positioning the skin graft, and a roller member for forcing air and fluid from underneath the skin graft ensuring the proper bond between graft and tissue.



Process for making high airflow and low compression set viscoelastic polyurethane foam

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A reaction system comprising (a) a polyisocyanate component and (b) an isocyanate reactive component for preparation of a polyurethane foam having high air flow with low compression set is provided. The isocyanate reactive component comprises (i) from 45 to 70% by weight of one or more PO-rich polyols having a combined number average equivalent weight from 210 to 510, (ii) from 20 to 30% by weight of one or more ethylene oxide polyols having a combined number average equivalent weight from 200 to 500, (iii) from 10 to 25% by weight of one or more ethylene oxide-alkylene oxide polyethers having a combined number average equivalent weight from 300 to 800; and (iv) from 0.5 to 15% by weight of one or more PO-rich polyols having a functionality of 1 to 4 and a combined number average equivalent weight of 2,000 to 6,000.



Porous particles and methods of making them

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Porous particles can be prepared using an evaporative limited coalescence process in which one or more discrete cavities are stabilized within the continuous polymeric solid phase of the porous particles. The one or more discrete cavities have inner walls and are dispersed within the continuous polymeric solid phase. The porous particles further comprise a cavity stabilizing hydrocolloid on the inner walls of the one or more discrete cavities, and an amphiphilic (low HLB) block copolymer that is disposed at the interface of the discrete cavities and the continuous polymeric solid phase.



Foaming agents, foamable compositions, foams and articles containing fluorine substituted olefins, and methods of making same

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Various uses of fluoroalkenes, including tetrafluoropropenes, particularly HFO-1234ze, in a variety of applications, including as blowing agents are disclosed.



Low-density polyurethane shoe soles or sole parts with high rebound resilience and low compression set

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A process for producing a polyurethane shoe sole having an article density of 100 to 350 g/L and being made from an organic polyisocyanate, a polyol, a blowing agent consisting of water, and optionally a crosslinking and/or chain-extending agent, a catalyst, and other auxiliaries and/or additives. First, polyisocyanate, polyol and any crosslinking and/or chain-extending agent are mixed and reacted at a temperature of 110° C. to 180° C. to give a prepolymer having polyisocyanate groups. Second, the isocyanate-terminated prepolymer obtained and any remaining polyisocyanate are mixed with any remaining polyol, blowing agent comprising water, and any remaining crosslinking and/or chain-extending agent and also any catalyst and other auxiliaries and/or additives are introduced into a mold and allowed to fully react to give a polyurethane shoe sole.



Process for producing a polyurethane foam and polyurethane foam obtainable therefrom

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Process for producing a polyurethane foam and polyurethane foam obtainable therefrom A process for producing a polyurethane foam with bimodal cell size distribution, comprising the following steps: providing a mixture in a mixing head, where the mixture comprises: A) a component reactive towards isocyanates;B) a surfactant component;C) a blowing agent component selected from the group consisting of linear, branched or cyclic C1- to C6-alkanes, linear, branched or cyclic C1- to C6-fluoroalkanes, N2, O2, argon and/or CO2,where blowing agent component C) is present in the supercritical or near-critical state;D) a polyisocyanate component; discharging the mixture comprising components A), B), C), and D) from the mixing head where, during the discharge of the mixture, the pressure prevailing in the mixture is lowered to atmospheric pressure.



Oil-absorbent polyurethane sponges with good mechanical properties

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to a method for adsorbing and/or absorbing oil, by bringing oil into contact with a polyurethane sponge with excellent mechanical properties.



Flexible polyurethane foam

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Flexible polyurethane foam is made by mixing prepolymer with foam-forming ingredients comprising isocyanate and water which react to give carbon dioxide. The prepolymer is hydroxyl-tipped, being made by reacting polyol with less than the theoretical proportion of isocyanate required to react with available hydroxyl groups of the polyol. The prepolymer is a new storage stable starting material for use in making flexible polyurethane foam, and the foam produced with the prepolymer has advantageous properties with regard to hydrolysis resistance. The prepolymer may be made with low or high viscosity by appropriate selection of the proportion of isocyanate which reacts with the polyol. At high viscosities cell structure can be advantageously controlled by appropriate gasification or degasification during foaming.



Propylene-based copolymer, propylene-based copolymer composition, molded product thereof and foamed product thereof, and production process therefor

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

To provide a propylene-based copolymer and a propylene-based copolymer composition, each of which has a high melt tension because it has a long-chain branched structure, exhibits excellent molding processability during molding, such as inflation molding, extrusion molding, blow molding, injection molding or vacuum forming, and is capable of favorably providing a foamed product having an excellent expansion ratio and excellent cell uniformity in the foaming stage. The propylene-based copolymer (A) of the present invention comprises 50 to 95% by mol of constituent units [i] derived from propylene, 4.9 to 49.9% by mol of constituent units [ii] derived from an α-olefin of 2 to 10 carbon atoms other than propylene and 0.1 to 10% by mol of constituent units [iii] derived from a non-conjugated polyene (with the proviso that the total amount of the constituent units [i], [ii] and [iii] is 100% by mol), and is characterized by satisfying specific requirements (a) and (c).



Cleaning implement based on melamine formaldehyde foam comprising abrasive particles

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to a cleaning implement based on melamine formaldehyde foams comprising, abrasive particles and to a method of cleaning a hard surface with said cleaning implement.



Polypropylene resin foam particle and molding thereof

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A polypropylene resin foamed bead from which a foamed bead molded article excelling in appearance, heat resistance and mechanical properties can be obtained at the molding temperature lower than that for conventional polypropylene resin foamed beads; and a foamed bead molded article obtained by molding the same. The polypropylene resin foamed bead is characterized by having such a crystal structure that in the first DSC curve obtained when the temperature of the foamed bead sample is raised from ordinary temperature to 200° C. at a temperature rising rate of 2° C./min by a differential scanning calorimetry, there appear a main endothermic peak of 100° to 140° C. endothermic peak apex temperature exhibiting 70 to 95% endothermic peak calorific value based on the total endothermic peak calorific value and two or more endothermic peaks exhibited on the high temperature side with respect to the main endothermic peak.



Reinforced polyamides having improved anti-delamination

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention generally relates to polyamide compositions having improved anti-delamination. More specifically, the present invention relates to novel polyamide compositions demonstrating improved anti-delamination, in which the compositions have at least one reinforcement agent.



Ion exchange membranes

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Highly energy efficient electrodialysis membranes having low operating costs and a novel process for their manufacture are described herein. The membranes are useful in the desalination of water and purification of waste water. They are effective in desalination of seawater due to their low electrical resistance and high permselectivity. These membranes are made by a novel process which results in membranes significantly thinner than prior art commercial electrodialysis membranes. The membranes are produced by polymerizing one or more monofunctional ionogenic monomers with at least one multifunctional monomer in the pores of a porous substrate.



Method for preparing a solution of a sulfonated polymer and an amino-phosphonic acid in an aprotic solvent

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method is disclosed for production of solutions of aminophosphonic acids and polymeric sulphonic acids in aprotic solvents. Membranes for membrane methodologies are produced from said solutions. Said membranes can also be doped with phosphoric acid.



Perfluorinated ion exchange resin, preparation method and use thereof

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention provides a perfluorinated ion exchange resin, whose structural formula is shown in formula M. The present invention also provides preparation method of the perfluorinated ion exchange resin, comprising subjecting tetrafluoroethylene monomers and two kinds of sulfonyl fluoride-containing vinyl ether monomers in the presence of initiator to ternary copolymerization. The perfluorinated ion exchange resin provided in accordance with the present invention can fulfill the requirements of mechanical strength and ion exchange capacity at the same time and has good thermal stability.



Polylactic acid resin expanded beads and molded article of polylactic acid resin expanded beads

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Polylactic acid resin expanded beads exhibiting excellent fusion bonding at the time of in-mold molding have such a crystal structure that gives a first time DSC curve when heated according to heat flux differential scanning calorimetry referenced in JIS K7122(1987) and a second time DSC curve when thereafter cooled and then again heated, the second time DSC curve having a fusion peak having a reference peak temperature and the first time DSC curve having at least one fusion peak with a peak temperature higher than the reference peak temperature and another at least one fusion peak with a peak temperature not lower temperature than the reference peak temperature.



Patterning of ionic polymers

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

In one aspect, methods of patterning of thin films of an ionotropic polymer (e.g., poly(acrylic acid)) are provided. These processes can create micron or sub-micron-scale patterns of ionotropic polymers such as cation crosslinked poly(acrylic acid) (CCL-PAA). In one embodiment, patterning may be performed within microfluidic channels by flowing a solution of crosslinking agent (e.g., metal cations such as Ag+, Ca2+, Pd2+, Al3+, La3+, and Ti4+) that can crosslink a portion of an ionotropic polymer in contact with the solution. In another embodiment, methods of patterning ionotropic polymers involve photolithography. Upon patterning a positive photoresist (e.g., diazonaphthoquinone-novolac resin) on a film of CCL-PAA, the exposed regions of CCL-PAA can be etched by an aqueous solution. Advantageously, the patterned, crosslinked polymer may also serve as both a reactant and a matrix for subsequent chemistry. For example, in some embodiments, the initial crosslinking cation can be exchanged for a second cation that could not be patterned photolithographically. Patterned films of CCL-PAA can also be used to host and template the reduction of metallic cations to metallic nanoparticles, and to fabricate porous, low-k dielectric substrates.



Polymer precursors of radiolabeled compounds, and methods of making and using the same

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

One aspect of the present invention relates to novel compounds that can be used to prepare radiolabeled compounds in an effective manner. A second aspect of the present invention relates to a method of synthesizing radiolabeled compounds.



Rubber-containing bituminous mixtures and methods for making and using same

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed are methods for producing rubber-containing bituminous mixtures by pressurizing mixtures of bituminous materials, crumb rubber, and one or more suspension agents with a gas, and then reducing the pressure, creating bubbles of the gas in the mixture. Also disclosed are methods of introducing gas into such mixture by rapid mixing. Mixtures produced by the disclosed methods, such as rubber-containing asphalt mixtures and paving compositions thereof, and their use are also disclosed.



Polishing pad and production method therefor, and production method for semiconductor device

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A polishing pad, having a polishing layer comprising a thermoset polyurethane foam, wherein the polishing layer has an in-plane variation of 12 or less in microrubber A hardness, the variation being obtained by measuring the polishing layer from a polishing surface side of the layer, the thermoset polyurethane foam contains, as raw material components, an isocyanate component and active-hydrogen-containing compounds, and the active-hydrogen-containing compounds comprise a trifunctional polyol having at least one terminated hydroxyl group that is a secondary hydroxyl group, and having a hydroxyl group value of 150 to 1,000 mg KOH/g in an amount of 10 to 50 parts by weight for 100 parts by weight of the active-hydrogen-containing compounds.



Flexible polyurethane foam and method of producing same

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A flexible polyurethane foam comprises the reaction product of an isocyanate component and an isocyanate-reactive component in the presence of a blowing agent. The isocyanate component comprises a polymeric diphenylmethane diisocyanate component and a monomeric diphenylmethane diisocyanate component. The monomeric diphenylmethane diisocyanate component comprises 2,4′-diphenylmethane diisocyanate and 4,4′-diphenylmethane diisocyanate. The flexible polyurethane foam is substantially free of supplemental flame retardant additives and exhibits flame retardance under flammability tests according to California Technical Bulletin 117 regulations.



Self-crushing polyurethane systems

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Embodiments of the invention provide for polyurethane flexible foams that do not require a post production crushing step. These “self crushing” flexible foams neither collapse, skin peel, nor form voids upon demolding, and yet maintain excellent physical properties such as uniform cell sizes, high quality surface appearance, compression set, resistance to fatigue, etc.



Method for producing polymers comprising multiple repeat units of bicyclic diamines

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method of forming a polymer is provided, the method comprising: Providing a first monomer comprising one or more aromatic moieties, the first monomer comprising at least two amino groups, each of the amino groups being attached to an aromatic moiety; and contacting said first monomer with formaldehyde or a source of methylene. Polymers made by such a method and uses of such polymers are also described.



Process for producing expanded polyolefin resin particles and expanded polyolefin resin particles

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A process for producing expanded polyolefin resin particles with use as a foaming agent of water contained in an aqueous dispersion medium. The process includes dispersing polyolefin resin particles together with the aqueous dispersion medium into a closed vessel; heating the polyolefin resin particles up to or above a softening temperature of the polyolefin resin particles and pressurizing the polyolefin resin particles; and releasing the polyolefin resin particles into a zone whose pressure is lower than an internal pressure of the closed vessel. The polyolefin resin particles are composed of a polyolefin resin composition including polyolefin resin, polyvalent alcohol and a foam nucleating agent.



Expandable starch beads and method for preparing the same

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Provided is expandable starch beads including a starch-monomer copolymer and a foaming agent impregnated in the starch-monomer copolymer, in which the starch-monomer copolymer is prepared by bonding at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of styrene, α-methylstyrene, lactide, lactic acid, acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, acrylic ester, methacrylic ester, acrylonitrile, acrylamide, and caprolactone to starch, and the foaming agent includes at least one selected from the group consisting of C2 to C7 aliphatic hydrocarbon, C2 to C7 halogenated hydrocarbon, and carbon dioxide. Since the expandable starch beads have the similar properties to expandable polystyrene beads, and thereby can be foam-molded by equipment for foaming the expandable polystyrene beads, it is possible to produce foams with various sizes and various shapes.



Solid support with a grafted chain

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Articles that contain a solid support with a grafted chain extending from the solid support, methods of making these articles, and various uses of the articles are described. More specifically, the grafted chain has a functional group that can react with or interact with target compound. Alternatively, the functional group on the grafted chain can react with a modifying agent to provide another group that can react with or interact with the target compound. The grafted chains are attached to the solid support through a ring-opened azlactone group. The articles can be used to purify the target compound or to separate the target compound from other molecules in a sample.



Interconnected cell porous body and manufacturing method thereof

Tue, 21 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed is a water absorbent material and an interconnected cell porous body which can be optimally used as a flower arranging pedestal and a plant culture medium. The interconnected cell porous body is formed from a resin composition with a polylactic acid-based resin as the main component. The pore walls, formed by joining together the crushed powder fragments formed by crushing the foam of the aforementioned resin composition, form the interconnected cell structure of the aforementioned porous body. The apparent density greater of the interconnected cell porous body is than or equal to 0.01 g/cm3 and a less than or equal to 0.2 g/cm3; the 10% compression stress is greater than or equal to 0.02 MPa and less than or equal to 0.3 MPa; and the compression recovery rate is less than or equal to 95%. The water absorbent material comprises the interconnected cell porous body.



Tire processing method and tire processing device

Tue, 21 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

In a tire constituted with a thermoplastic material and a material different from the thermoplastic material, the thermoplastic material and the material different from the thermoplastic material are easily and efficiently separated. While a tire 10 formed of a thermoplastic material is being turned, heated air is ejected from a nozzle 46 of a heating apparatus 44, and the surface of a crown portion 16 is melted. An end portion of a cord 26 embedded in a helical arrangement, which is formed of a material different from the thermoplastic material, is extracted from the melted region, and is sequentially wound onto a reel 58.



Electrocatalysts using porous polymers and method of preparation

Tue, 21 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method of producing an electrocatalyst article using porous polymers. The method creates a porous polymer designed to receive transition metal groups disposed at ligation sites and activating the transition metals to form an electrocatalyst which can be used in a fuel cell. Electrocatalysts prepared by this method are also provided. A fuel cell which includes the electrocatalyst is also provided.



Fluorine containing ionomer composite with ion exchange function, preparation method and use thereof

Tue, 21 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Provided is a composite which is comprised of one or more ion exchange resin(s) and a porous fluorine containing polymer membrane (2), wherein the porous membrane and the resin form a carbon-chain crosslinked structure, so that the film prepared from the composite is of good airtightness and stability, as well as high ion exchange capacity and high conductivity. The preparation method of the composite, the product prepared from this composite and the application thereof are also provided.



Polyurethane foam article and method of forming same

Tue, 21 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A polyurethane foam article comprises a first lift, a second lift, and a pass-line therebetween. The polyurethane foam article comprises the reaction product of an isocyanate-reactive resin composition, an isocyanate, and an indicator dye in the presence of a blowing agent. The indicator dye imparts a color in the first and second lifts and at the pass-line at a first temperature below a decomposition temperature of the indicator dye. The indicator dye chemically decomposes to impart a change in color in the first and second lifts and at the pass-line at a second temperature which is at or above the decomposition temperature of the indicator dye.



Processes using supercritical medium to produce polymers

Tue, 14 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Processes for making water-absorbent cross-linked polymers, such as polyacrylic acids/polyacrylates, using supercritical medium; and water-absorbent polymers, e.g. particles thereof, obtained by such processes, where such particles may be porous.



Aqueous polyurethane-polyurea dispersions

Tue, 14 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to aqueous polyurethane-polyurea dispersions which stabilize a foam—produced by mechanical expansion—without addition of further foam-stabilizing components in such a way that aqueous foams are obtainable which are stable both during temporary storage and during processing, so that they can be applied in the form of foam also by customary application methods and substantially retain the foam structure even after drying.



Mesoporous polymer colloids

Tue, 14 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention provides a particulate material comprising porous polymeric microparticles having a mesoporous structure. A process for making the particles is also presented. The process comprises impregnating a porous microparticulate template material with a liquid comprising one or more monomers. The one or more monomers are then polymerized in and/or on the template material to form a polymer, and the template material is then removed to produce the particulate material.



Glass bubbles, composites therefrom, and method of making glass bubbles

Tue, 14 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present disclosure provides a plurality of glass bubbles having an average true density of up to about 0.55 grams per cubic centimeter and a size distribution including a median size in a range from about 15 micrometers to 40 micrometers. A hydrostatic pressure at which ten percent by volume of the plurality of glass bubbles collapses is at least about 100 megapascals. In some embodiments, the plurality of glass bubbles is a graded fraction preparable by classifying a second plurality of glass bubbles, wherein the second plurality of glass bubbles has a higher percentage of glass bubbles with a size of up to ten micrometers than the first plurality of glass bubbles. Composites including the plurality of glass bubbles are also disclosed.



Liquid formulation

Tue, 14 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A formulation for foaming a thermoplastic polymer, for example PVC, comprises a carrier, exothermic and endothermic chemical blowing agents and 1 wt %, preferably less than 0.2 wt % of water. The liquid formulation can readily be used for foaming PVC and other thermoplastics.