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Thermal treatment apparatus

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A disclosed thermal treatment apparatus includes a supporting member where plural substrates are supported in the form of shelves; a reaction tube that accommodates the supporting member within the reaction tube, and is provided with plural gas supplying pipes arranged in a side part of the reaction tube, thereby allowing a gas to flow into the reaction tube through the plural gas supplying pipes; and a first heating part that heats the plural substrates supported by the supporting member accommodated within the reaction tube, wherein the first heating part includes a slit that extends from a bottom end to a top end of the first heating part and allows the plural gas supplying pipes to go therethrough, and wherein an entire inner surface, except for the slit, of the heating part faces the side part of the reaction tube.



Gaming system, gamine device and method employing audio/video programming outcome presentations

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present disclosure generally includes a gaming system which: receives a wager, upon receiving the wager, randomly generates one of a plurality of different numbers, after the random generation of the number, accesses a database that includes each of the plurality of different numbers, each different number being preassociated with one of a plurality of different audio/video segments and one of a plurality of different game results, the audio/video segments produced for a purpose other than for inclusion on the gaming device, determines which audio/video segment and game result are preassociated with the randomly generated number regardless of any player input, displays the determined audio/video output segment and the determined game result, and determines an outcome value based on the determined game result.



Ceramic article with reduced surface defect density and process for producing a ceramic article

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A machined ceramic article having an initial surface defect density and an initial surface roughness is provided. The machined ceramic article is heated to a temperature range between about 1000° C. and about 1800° C. at a ramping rate of about 0.1° C. per minute to about 20° C. per minute. The machined ceramic article is heat-treated in air atmosphere. The machined ceramic article is heat treated at one or more temperatures within the temperature range for a duration of up to about 24 hours. The machined ceramic article is then cooled at the ramping rate, wherein after the heat treatment the machined ceramic article has a reduced surface defect density and a reduced surface roughness.



Heating furnace and heating method employed by heating furnace

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A hydrogen vacuum furnace (100) is provided with a process chamber (1) wherein a subject (10) to be heated is stored; a heating chamber (2) wherein a heater lamp (25) is stored; and a crystal board (3) for separating the subject (10) and the heater lamp (25) one from the other. In the hydrogen vacuum furnace (100), the subject (10) is heated by a radiant ray applied from the heater lamp (25). The process chamber (1) and the heating chamber (2) are provided with gas feed ports (11, 21) and exhaust ports (12, 22), respectively, for feeding and exhausting a gas. When the subject (10) is being heated, atmospheric pressure in each chamber is adjusted so that the heating chamber (2) is under positive pressure to the process chamber (1) by feeding or exhausting the gas.



Flue gas recirculation method and system for combustion systems

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method and system for improving high excess air combustion system efficiency, including induration furnaces, using a re-routing of flue gas within the system by gas recirculation. Flue gas is drawn from hot system zones including zones near the stack, for re-introduction into the process whereby the heat recovery partially replaces fuel input. At least one pre-combustion drying zone, at least one combustion zone, and at least a first cooling zone exist in these furnaces. At least one exhaust gas outlet is provided to each pre-combustion drying and combustion zone. At least part of the gaseous flow from each system zone exhaust outlet is selectively delivered to an overall system exhaust, the remaining flow being selectively delivered via recirculation to cooling zones. Recirculation flow is adjusted to meet required system temperatures and pressures. The method and system provide efficiency improvements, reducing fuel requirements and greenhouse gas emissions.



Dental furnace

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to a dental furnace wherein a firing chamber is heated up in a first heating-up period at a first heating-up rate of more than 50° K/min, in particular more than 100° K/min, which heats the furnace to at least 1000° C., in particular to 1100-1250° C. The first heating-up period is followed by an intermediate heating period, which is at least five minutes long, in particular at least ten minutes long, the gradient or heating-up rate of which is adapted to the material to be sintered in the dental furnace (10), and wherein this is followed by an end heating-up period (44) during which heating up is effected at a heating-up rate of more than 30° K/min, in particular approximately 50° K/min, and wherein during this the furnace temperature is held for at least five minutes, in particular for at least 25 minutes, above the temperature toward the end of the first heating-up period, and wherein forced cooling of the furnace (10) is performed after this.



Method and system for adjusting the flow rate of charge material in a charging process of a shaft furnace

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

In a charging process of a shaft furnace, in particular of a blast furnace, batches of charge material are typically discharged in cyclical sequence into the furnace from a top hopper using a flow control valve. A method and system is proposed for adjusting the flow rate of charge material in such a process. Pre-determined valve characteristics for certain types of material are provided, each indicating the relation between flow rate and valve setting for one type of material. According to the invention, a specific valve characteristic is stored for each batch of charge material, each specific valve characteristic being bijectively associated to one batch and indicating the relation between flow rate and valve setting of the flow control valve specifically for the associated batch. In relation to discharging a given batch of the sequence the invention proposes: using the stored specific valve characteristic associated to the given batch for determining a requested valve setting corresponding to a flow rate setpoint and using the requested valve setting to operate the flow control valve; determining an actual average flow rate for the discharge of the given batch; correcting the stored specific valve characteristic associated to the given batch in case of a stipulated deviation between the flow rate setpoint and the actual average flow rate.



Methods and systems for recovery of CO2 gas in cement-manufacturing facilities, and processes for manufacturing cement

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An object of the present invention is to separate CO2 gas generated in a cement-manufacturing facility in a high concentration and recover the CO2 gas. The present invention includes: feeding a cement material before calcination and a heat medium which has a particle diameter larger than that of the cement material and has been heated to the calcination temperature or higher in a medium-heating furnace (14), to a mixing calciner (12); and recovering the CO2 gas generated by the calcination of the cement material. The heat medium circulates between the medium-heating furnace and the mixing calciner. Another aspect of the present invention includes: feeding a cement material before calcination to a regenerative calciner (112) which has been heated to the calcination temperature or higher and has stored heat therein; and recovering the CO2 gas generated by the calcination of the cement material.



Method and installation for producing clinker

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to a process and a plant for producing cement clinker, which has a furnace system and has essentially the following process steps:—raw material is preheated in a preheater by means of hot offgases from the furnace system,—dust is removed from the hot offgas downstream of the preheater in a preliminary dust removal apparatus to a residual dust concentration of max. 20 g/standard m3,—the offgas which has been subjected to preliminary dust removal is purified in a selective catalytic flue gas purification plant (selective catalytic reduction, SCR),—at least part of the offgas purified in the flue gas purification plant is conveyed in a bypass around a raw material milling plant to a cooling device and cooled there to temperatures of max. 140° C.,—before the residual dust in the offgas is precipitated in a process filter and—at least part of the residual dust precipitated in the process filter is discharged for removal of mercury.



Vacuum sustaining heating systems and methods

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

In order to solve the numerous problems with existing steam, vacuum, and hot water heating systems, presented are novel systems and methods of vapor vacuum heating having several improvements over the prior art, including: condensate return which can operate without steam traps; naturally-induced vacuum; improved vacuum pump operation for sustaining vacuum in such systems; liquid lift apparatus for use with such systems; and other improvements. All innovations presented herein make vapor vacuum heating more efficient and economical for industrial, commercial, and home applications. A field test conducted with these innovations show results of about 26-50% reduced energy usage, implying significant energy savings from the use of the present invention over current heating systems.



Heating apparatus, coating apparatus and heating method

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A heating apparatus including: a first heating part and a second heating part between which a substrate having a coating film is disposed at a substrate position in the film thickness direction; and a distance control part which controls at least one of a first distance between the substrate position and the first heating part and a second distance between the substrate position and the second heating part.



Wafer processing apparatus with heated, rotating substrate support

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A semiconductor substrate processing apparatus (1), comprising a substrate support assembly (30), including a substrate support (32) defining an outer support surface (34) for supporting a substrate or substrate carrier (24) thereon, and a heater (50) comprising a heat dissipating portion (54) that is disposed within the substrate support (32) and that extends underneath and substantially parallel to the support surface (34), said substrate support (32) being rotatably mounted around a rotation axis (L) that extends through said support surface (34), such that the support surface (34) is rotatable relative to the heat dissipating portion (54) of the heater (50).



Top-firing hot blast stove

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

There is provided a top-firing hot blast stove capable of enhancing combustion efficiency in burner system, supplying high-temperature combustion gas to an entire checker chamber, and suppressing damage on a refractory material on an inner wall of a burner duct. A top-firing hot blast stove 10 has a burner system including: a burner 1 for passing fuel gas or combustion air to each of three or more pipe lines in a multiple pipe line structure; and a burner duct 2. A core pipe line 1b and a central pipe line 1c include a swirling flow generating means provided for generating a swirling flow of the fuel gas or the combustion air, while an outermost pipe line 1d carries a linear flow of the fuel gas or the combustion air, so that combustion gas HG including a linear component HG″ and a swirling component HG′ is generated in the burner duct 2. The combustion gas HG is supplied to a combustion chamber 3 from at least one or more of the burner systems in an inflow direction which does not pass through a center position of the combustion chamber 3.



Drying of water damaged buildings

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A drying apparatus for temporary location within a damp or waterlogged room is disclosed. The apparatus includes sensors to sense the level of temperature and humidity within the room, a heater to provide heat for the room, an air circulation fan for selectively circulating heated air within the room or selectively exhausting warm and humid air from the room and for allowing outside ambient air into the room. The apparatus being adapted to cyclically continue until the sensed humidity reaches a required level, the apparatus thereafter indicating, directly or indirectly, the completion of the drying process. A method of drying a room using such apparatus is also disclosed which employs a technique whereby the rate of change of the temperature increase is used to determine when humid air should be exhausted from the room. A time limit can also be use to determine when said exhausting takes place.



Platen control

Tue, 21 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A system and method for maintain a desired degree of platen flatness is disclosed. A laser system is used to measure the flatness of a platen. The temperature of the platen is then varied to achieve the desired level of flatness. In some embodiments, this laser system is only used during a set up period and the resulting desired temperature is then used during normal operation. In other embodiments, a laser system is used to measure the flatness of the platen, even while the workpiece is being processed.



Parallel flow regenerative lime kiln and method for the operation thereof

Tue, 21 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The method according to the invention for operating a PFR lime kiln having at least two shafts, which each have a preheating zone, a combustion zone and a cooling zone, and an overflow channel which connects the two shafts, substantially comprises the following method steps: the two shafts are operated alternately as a combustion shaft and exhaust gas shaft,combustion air and fuel are supplied to the combustion shaft, a corresponding flame length being formed, andthe hot gases which are produced in the combustion shaft reach the exhaust gas shaft via the overflow channel,at least one parameter of the hot gases which is characteristic of the formation of the flame length being established by means of direct or indirect measurement in the region of the overflow channel and the ratio of fuel to combustion air being adjusted in accordance with this parameter in order to adjust a predetermined flame length.



Silicon wafer and method for producing it

Tue, 14 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Silicon wafers having an oxygen concentration of 5·1017 to 7.5·1017 cm−3 have the following BMD densities after the following thermal processes, carried out alternatively: a BMD density of at most 1·108 cm−3 after a treatment for three hours at 780° C. and subsequently for 16 hours at 1000° C., anda BMD density of at least 1·109 cm−3 after heating of the silicon wafer at a heating rate of 1 K/min from a start temperature of 500° C. to a target temperature of 1000° C. and subsequent holding at 1000° C. for 16 hours. The wafers are prepared by a method of irradiation of a heated wafer with flashlamp which delivers energy which is from 50 to 100% of the energy density necessary for melting the wafer surface.



Method of and apparatus for active energy assist baking

Tue, 14 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An Active Energy Assist (AEA) baking chamber includes an AEA light source assembly and a heater pedestal. The AEA baking chamber further includes a controller for controlling a power input to the AEA light source assembly and a power input to the heater pedestal. A method of forming interconnects on a substrate includes etching a substrate and wet cleaning the etched substrate. The method further includes active energy assist (AEA) baking the substrate after the wet-cleaning. The AEA baking includes placing the substrate on a heater pedestal in an AEA chamber, exposing the substrate to light having a wavelength equal to or greater than 400 nm, wherein said light is emitted by a light source and controlling the light source and the heater pedestal using a controller.



Apparatus and method utilizing forced convection for uniform thermal treatment of thin film devices

Tue, 07 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An apparatus for uniform reactive thermal treatment of thin-film materials includes a chamber enclosing a tube shaped space filled with a work gas and heaters disposed outside the chamber. The apparatus further includes a loading configuration for subjecting a plurality of planar substrates to the work gas in the tube shaped space. Baffles are disposed above and below the loading configuration.



Enhanced electricity cogeneration in cement clinker production

Tue, 07 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The disclosure relates to a method to produce electricity in a cement clinker production utilizing a kiln and/or a precalciner as combustion chambers to generate electricity, the method including: a. supplying fuel to the precalciner and/or the kiln in a quantity corresponding to at least 110% of a heat value requirement for clinker production operation of the precalciner and/or the rotary kiln per unit weight of clinker, respectively;b. bypassing a portion of hot flue gases from at least one of (i) the kiln and/or (ii) the precalciner;c. leading hot flue gases to a heat recovery steam generator producing steam;d. producing electricity with a power island including a steam turbine equipped with an electrical generator.



Drying furnace and drying method

Tue, 07 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A drying furnace (20) for drying an object (11) by hot air is provided with a heater (36, 38, 43, 45) that applies radiant heat to a hard-heating region (35, 42) having a larger heat capacity than the other region (37, 44) in the object (11) so as to heat the hard-heating region (35, 42) to a temperature approximate to a temperature of the other region (37, 44).



Crucible and extrinsic facecoat compositions

Tue, 31 Mar 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Crucible compositions and methods of using the crucible compositions to melt titanium and titanium alloys. More specifically, crucible compositions having extrinsic facecoats comprising a rare earth oxide that are effective for melting titanium and titanium alloys for use in casting titanium-containing articles. Further embodiments are titanium-containing articles made from the titanium and titanium alloys melted in the crucible compositions. Another embodiment is a crucible curing device and methods of use thereof.



Sealing mechanism for a vacuum heat treating furnace

Tue, 31 Mar 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An apparatus for sealing a fan drive shaft in a vacuum heat treating furnace is disclosed. The sealing apparatus includes a housing having an annular body and a central opening. An inflatable first seal surrounds the central opening of the annular body. A second seal surrounds the central opening and is adjacent to the inflatable first seal. The sealing apparatus also includes a channel formed in the annular body adjacent to the second seal for conducting a purging fluid into the central opening. A means for injecting the purging fluid into the central opening is operably connected to the channel. A vacuum heat treating furnace and a fan drive system incorporating the sealing apparatus are also described.



Temperature measurement apparatus, method of estimating temperature profile, recording medium and heat treatment apparatus

Tue, 31 Mar 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A temperature measurement apparatus for estimating a temperature profile in a process container, includes a radiation temperature measurement unit configured to measure the temperature of plural temperature measurement areas at a surface of the rotating table in a radius direction of the rotating table by scanning the surface of the rotating table in the radius direction; an operation control unit that controls to start heating of the process container by a heater while keeping the rotating table immobilized, and controls to repeat a scanning operation, in which the radiation temperature measurement unit scans the surface of the rotating table in the radius direction to obtain the temperature of the plural temperature measurement areas while the rotating table is rotated in a circumferential direction of the rotating table, after a predetermined period has passed from starting the heating of the process container.



Apparatus for producing low-oxygen content molybdenum powder

Tue, 24 Mar 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed is an apparatus for producing low oxygen-content molybdenum powders by reducing MoO3. The apparatus includes a body, a cover to close an upper end of the body, a joint to couple the body with the cover, a bracket located in the body, and a micro-sieve located on an upper portion of the bracket. Metal Mo powders having the oxygen content of 3,000 ppm are obtained by using the apparatus for producing low oxygen-content molybdenum powders by reducing MoO3.



Complete recrystallization of semiconductor wafers

Tue, 10 Mar 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The instant disclosure relates to a device and method for recrystallising a silicon wafer or a wafer comprising at least one silicon layer. The silicon wafer or the at least one silicon layer of the wafer is totally molten.



Grain-drying facilities

Tue, 10 Mar 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention provides grain-drying facilities which can effectively use the heat energy of a biomass combustion hot-air that has been generated in a biomass combustion furnace. The grain-drying facilities adopt technical means of providing the grain-drying facilities 1 which include: a biomass combustion furnace 3 provided with a heat exchanger 24 for generating hot air on the basis of a combustion heat of a biomass fuel and an outside air which has been taken in from the outside; and a circulation type grain-drying apparatus 2 provided with a grain-drying portion 7 to which the hot air that has been generated in the biomass combustion furnace 3 is supplied through a pipe 15 for supplying the hot air, wherein the above described circulation type grain-drying apparatus 2 has a grain-heating portion 6 which has a plurality of heating pipes 6a for heating the grains in the above described grain storing/circulating tank 5, and also has an air-exhaust fan 14 that is communicated with an exhaust side opening 6c that is located in one end side of each of the heating pipes 6a, and has a pipe 11 for supplying an exhaust hot-air, which communicates the exhaust hot-air sent from the above described biomass combustion furnace 3 with a supply side opening 6b that is located in the other end side of the heating pipe 6a.



Rotary kiln lining and method

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 08:00:00 EST

Provided is a rotary kiln having a cylindrical shell having an inner cylindrical surface and a longitudinal axis and a kiln lining disposed on the inner cylindrical surface of the shell. The kiln lining includes one or more radial portions of a first size of shaped refractory material disposed on the inner cylindrical surface of the shell along the longitudinal axis for at least a portion of the shell and one or more lifter sections comprising a second size of shaped refractory material that extend along the longitudinal axis for at least a portion of the shell and are between radial portions of the first size of shaped refractory material, wherein the second size of shaped refractory material is greater than the first size of shaped refractory material, such that the second size of shaped refractory material extends orthogonally from the inner cylindrical surface for a greater portion of the diameter of the shell than the first size of shaped refractory material, the second size of shaped refractory materials thereby forming a series of blunt faces. Also included are methods of processing materials using the inventive kiln lining, and methods of assembling the inventive kiln lining.



High uniformity heating

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 08:00:00 EST

A method includes the steps of operating a regenerative burner in cycles, including a firing cycle in which fuel and combustion air are discharged from the burner into a process chamber, and a nonfiring cycle in which a quantity of gas is withdrawn from the process chamber through a regenerative bed associated with the burner. The method further includes steps of detecting and responding to a temperature that differs from a predetermined temperature at a location in the process chamber. In a first step of responding to the detected temperature, a flue damper system is operated to vary a flow of gas within the process chamber relative to the location of the detected temperature. A second step of responding to the detected temperature reduces the quantity of gas to be withdrawn from the process chamber through the regenerative bed in a subsequent nonfiring cycle.



Pin oven with a continuous U-shaped duct

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 08:00:00 EST

An oven configured for drying a container. The oven includes a housing defining an interior space including a supply chamber and a return chamber. A conveyor is configured for movement within a portion of the interior space of the housing defined by a plurality of semi-circular shaped duct sections connected at each end of the semi-circular shaped duct sections to a straight duct section. Each duct section includes two side walls coupled to a back wall defining a continuous U-shaped duct path through which the conveyor moves. The oven is further configured to provide a temperature difference between any two points within the interior space of the oven housing controlled to plus or minus two degrees Fahrenheit, by a uniform air flow throughout the oven. The uniform air flow is facilitated by the sizing and spacing of various circular orifices and slotted orifices in the continuous duct path.



Heat treatment furnace and heat treatment apparatus

Tue, 17 Feb 2015 08:00:00 EST

Provided is a heat treatment furnace, which includes a processing vessel configured to accommodate at least one object to be processed, a heat insulating member configured to cover a periphery of the processing vessel, and a heating unit configured to be arranged along an inner peripheral surface of the heat insulating member. The heat insulating member includes an inner heat insulating member and an outer heat insulating member formed independently of the inner heat insulating member. The outer heat insulating member contains a finely-powdered compressed silica material, and at least an outer surface thereof is covered with an anti-scattering member configured to prevent the finely-powdered compressed silica material from being scattered.



Oxidation furnace

Tue, 17 Feb 2015 08:00:00 EST

An oxidation furnace for the oxidative treatment of fibers, which, comprises a process chamber arranged inside a housing, a blowing device arranged in the center of the process chamber, a suction device arranged in the two opposite end regions of the process chamber, at least one ventilator that circulates the hot air through the blowing device, the process chamber and the suction devices, and at least one heating device arranged in the flow path of the hot circulated air. The blowing device comprises a plurality of vertically interspaced blowing boxes comprising an inlet, and, on opposite sides, outlets for the hot air. Two stacks of vertically interspaced blowing boxes may be provided, said blowing boxes being interspaced one behind the other in the direction of movement of the fibers, and/or the built-in boxes in a stack comprise at least one additional outlet in the upper side and the lower side, for hot air.



Heater for liquefied petroleum gas storage tank

Tue, 10 Feb 2015 08:00:00 EST

A catalytic tank heater includes a catalytic heating element supported on an LPG tank by a support structure that holds the element in a position facing the tank. Vapor from the tank is provided as fuel to the heating element, and is regulated to increase heat output as tank pressure drops. The heating element is internally separated into a pilot heater and a main heater, with respective separate fuel inlets. The pilot heater remains in continual operation, but the main heater is operated only while tank pressure is below a threshold. Operation of the pilot heater keeps a portion of the catalyst hot, so that, when tank pressure drops below the threshold, and fuel is supplied to the main heater, catalytic combustion quickly expands from the area surrounding the pilot heater to the remainder of the catalyst.



Thermal diffusion chamber control device and method

Tue, 10 Feb 2015 08:00:00 EST

Preferably, obtaining internal and external thermal measurement values of a sealed process chamber allows a control system to generate a control signal based on a comparison of the internal and external thermal measurement values to the predetermined value. The control signal is provided to a fluid handling system, wherein the fluid handling system modulates flow of a first fluid around the exterior of the sealed process chamber. The control signal is further provided to a closed loop heat exchange system, wherein the closed loop heat exchange system modulates flow of a second fluid within an interior cavity of the sealed process chamber based on the control signal. The control signal is still further provided to an open loop heat exchange system, wherein the open loop heat exchange system modulates flow of a third fluid within the interior of cavity of the sealed process chamber.



Rotary kiln heat exchanger and method of assembling same

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 08:00:00 EST

Rotary kiln heal exchangers having precast hub and leg assemblies are disclosed. The hub and leg assemblies include interlocking features which secure the heat exchanger components together. A method of installing such heat exchangers in rotary kilns is also disclosed. Installation is relatively fast and simple, and the heat exchangers are capable of withstanding the harsh operating conditions of rotary kilns for extended periods of time.



Compressive rod assembly for molten metal containment structure

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 08:00:00 EST

Exemplary embodiments of the invention relate to a compressive rod assembly for applying force to a refractory vessel positioned within an outer metal casing. The assembly includes a rigid elongated rod having first and second opposed ends, a threaded bolt adjacent to the first opposed end of the elongated rod, and a compressive structure positioned operationally between the elongated rod and the bolt. Compressive force applied by the bolt to the elongated rod passes through the compressive structure which allows limited longitudinal movements of the elongated rod to be accommodated by the compressive structure without requiring corresponding longitudinal movements of the bolt. Exemplary embodiments also relate to rod structure forming a component of the assembly, and to a metal containment structure having a vessel supported and compressed by at least one such assembly.



Electrical heating coal material decomposition apparatus

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 08:00:00 EST

An electrical heating coal material decomposition apparatus includes a closed kiln body with a feed inlet, a discharge outlet, and an electrical heating device arranged in the kiln body. A propulsion and decomposition path of coal material is formed between the electrical heating device and the inner wall of the kiln body. A coal decomposition gas collecting pipe communicates with the propulsion and decomposition path of coal material, and is connected with a gas dust-trapping and liquefying device arranged outside the kiln. The electrical heating device transfers heat to the pulverized coal inside the propulsion and decomposition path of coal material by conduction and irradiation. The pulverized coal absorbs sufficient heat and decomposes into fuel gas, tar gas and coal. The fuel gas and tar gas enters the gas dust-trapping and liquefying mechanism through the decomposed gas collecting tube, where they are collected, dust-trapped, separated and liquefied under pressure.



Metal card

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 08:00:00 EST

A method and apparatus for treating a selected region of a metal layer, used to form a metal card, by annealing the selected metal region so the selected region becomes soft and ductile, while the rest of the metal layer remains stiff. The softened, ductile, selected metal region can be embossed with reduced power and with reduced wear and tear on the embossing equipment. Alternatively, the annealed metal layer can undergo additional processing steps to form an assembly which can then be embossed. The method may include the use of a fixture for holding the metal layer, with the fixture having a window region for enabling heat to be applied to soften the region of the metal layer within the window region. The fixture includes apparatus for cooling the portion of the metal layer outside of the window region and for preventing the temperature of the metal layer outside the window region from rising above predetermined limits.



Wall lining of industrial ovens

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 08:00:00 EST

A wall lining of industrial ovens for protecting from corrosion, in particular, a heat-resistant wall made of concrete, steel, sheet metal, or the like. The lining of the wall is made of at least two layers, wherein a layer is pressurized as a blocking layer.



Process and device for the purification of waste gases

Tue, 27 Jan 2015 08:00:00 EST

For the purification of waste gas containing nitrogen oxides in combination with CO, VOCs or nitrous oxide, in particular waste gas resulting from the production of cement clinker, nitric acid, adipic acid, fertilizers and uranium trioxide, a regenerative thermal post-combustion system with at least two regenerators (A, B) is used by means of which the CO, VOCs and nitrous oxide are thermally purified in the combustion chamber (1) at a temperature of 800 to 1000° C. and the nitrogen oxides are thermally reduced with the SCR catalyst (6) by adding a nitrogen-hydrogen compound, wherein the waste gas already thermally purified is removed from the respective two-part regenerator (A or B) at a suitable place at a temperature of approx. 300° C., guided via the SCR catalyst (6) in a constant direction of flow and subsequently fed back to the remaining section (A′, B′) of the regenerator (A or B).



Spike anneal residence time reduction in rapid thermal processing chambers

Tue, 27 Jan 2015 08:00:00 EST

The present invention generally relates to methods of cooling a substrate during rapid thermal processing. The methods generally include positioning a substrate in a chamber and applying heat to the substrate. After the temperature of the substrate is increased to a desired temperature, the substrate is rapidly cooled. Rapid cooling of the substrate is facilitated by increasing a flow rate of a gas through the chamber. Rapid cooling of the substrate is further facilitated by positioning the substrate in close proximity to a cooling plate. The cooling plate removes heat from substrate via conduction facilitated by gas located therebetween. The distance between the cooling plate and the substrate can be adjusted to create a turbulent gas flow therebetween, which further facilitates removal of heat from the substrate. After the substrate is sufficiently cooled, the substrate is removed from the chamber.



Semiconductor package transferring apparatus and method of manufacturing semiconductor device using the same

Tue, 20 Jan 2015 08:00:00 EST

A semiconductor package transferring apparatus is disclosed. The apparatus includes a tray that includes a front side and a rear side opposite the front side, the rear side including a plurality of package covering portions that each correspond to the shape of a semiconductor package and that are arranged to align with corresponding package loading portions on a front side of another tray. Each package covering portion has a surface configured to cover a semiconductor chip disposed below the surface. The apparatus further includes an anti-attachment portion disposed on the surface of one or more of the package covering portions. For each package covering portion on which an anti-attachment portion is disposed, the anti-attachment portion protrudes beyond the surface of the package covering portion.



Multi-operation wafer baking system

Tue, 20 Jan 2015 08:00:00 EST

A multi-operation wafer baking system includes a chassis; a wafer loading device mounted on the chassis for laterally moving a wafer; a cruciform transportation device mounted on the chassis for receiving a wafer from the wafer loading device and including a base, an elevation platform, and a rotation platform mounted on the elevation platform and having four carrier arms for carrying wafers; an annular baking device mounted on the chassis to oppose the cruciform transportation device and including a central turn table, a plurality of wafer racks, and a plurality of baking tray assemblies functioning to receive wafers from corresponding wafer racks for performing a baking operation on the wafer; and an unloading device mounted on the chassis for receiving baked wafers. This system allows for baking wafers in a multi-operation manner to thereby improve throughput.



Supply means of a rotating furnace used for calcination of oil green coke

Tue, 13 Jan 2015 08:00:00 EST

A system for calcination of oil green coke has a rotating furnace and a rotating cooler, the furnace being serviced by boiler, a combustion chamber and a chimney. There is a feeding system defined by a first mat carrying the green coke into a silo and another mat transporter to feed the furnace. At the end of the silo there are two discharge breadths for the oil green coke, where each breadth has two drawer-like feeders for feeding the green coke onto the mat transporter and, from this to the inside of the rotating furnace through a fall set.



Recuperated isothermal melter and related methods

Tue, 06 Jan 2015 08:00:00 EST

An energy efficient metal melter has a portion of melting energy supplied to it by a combustion process for heating a melter charge to a temperature where the melter charge can no longer maintain its shape. A portion of melting energy is also supplied by an electrical process for adding remaining transformational and sensible heat. The combustion process preferably uses a hydrocarbon fuel energy source selected from a distillate compound, gas compound or both and the electrical energy comes from a source selected from an external power grid, a generator and combinations thereof.



Heating method for maintaining a stable thermal budget

Tue, 06 Jan 2015 08:00:00 EST

The present invention discloses a heating method for maintaining a stable thermal budget. By following the primary procedure with a virtual procedure in such a manner that the total duration of the whole heating process remains constant, it is beneficial to maintain a stable thermal budget and further to maintain a stable device performance.



Closed loop temperature heat up and control utilizing wafer-to-heater pedestal gap modulation

Tue, 30 Dec 2014 08:00:00 EST

Methods and apparatuses that decouple wafer temperature from pre-heat station residence time, thereby improving wafer-to-wafer temperature uniformity, are provided. The methods involve maintaining a desired temperature by varying the distance between the wafer and a heater. In certain embodiments, the methods involve rapidly approaching a predetermined initial distance and then obtaining and maintaining a desired final temperature using closed loop temperature control. In certain embodiments, a heated pedestal supplies the heat. The wafer-pedestal gap may be modulated may be varied by moving the heated pedestal and/or moving the wafer, e.g., via a movable wafer support. Also in certain embodiments, the closed loop control system includes a real time wafer temperature sensor and a servo controlled linear motor for moving the pedestal or wafer support.



Selective adjustment of heat flux for increased uniformity of heating a charge material in a tilt rotary furnace

Tue, 23 Dec 2014 08:00:00 EST

A method of heating a charge material by controlling heat flux in a tilt rotary furnace is disclosed. Combustion by the burner forms a heat release profile including a high heat flux region. The positioning of the high heat flux region is controllable by providing a controlled amount of secondary or staged oxidant. The burner is configured and controlled to position a region of high heat flux at a position corresponding to an area requiring greater heating, such as the area of maximum charge depth in the furnace to provide substantially uniform melting and heat distribution.



Substrate treatment installation with adjustable thermal insulation for controlling substrate temperature

Tue, 16 Dec 2014 08:00:00 EST

A substrate-treatment installation includes a vacuum chamber, a substrate treatment device within the vacuum chamber, a substrate transport device within the vacuum chamber for guiding a substrate along a longitudinal direction in a substrate transport plane past the substrate treatment device, and a device for controlling substrate temperature. The substrate temperature controlling device includes a heat-absorbing cooler on one side of the substrate transport plane and an insulation member selectively displaceable between at least two different positions to vary extent of thermal shielding of the heat-absorbing cooler relative to the substrate transport plane by the insulation member.



Drying apparatus for pourable material and method for producing a drying apparatus for pourable material

Tue, 16 Dec 2014 08:00:00 EST

A drum or drum segment for a drying apparatus of pourable material having built-in components arranged within the drum, which is rotatable about its central axis. The built-in components thoroughly mix and convey the pourable material from a drum entrance to a drum exit while guiding through a tempered gaseous transport fluid. Several support rings are arranged between the built-in components and the drum. The support rings are arranged to be statically supporting, but compensate tensile and compressive stresses in an elastic manner. The support rings are connected to the built-in components, a support frame and the drum, or a combination thereof A method for producing the drum or drum segments includes pre-mounting modules of built-in components and inserting the modules of built-in components into the drum or the drum segment.