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Locationing via phase difference correlation between two frequency pulses derived from a single frequency emitter ultrasonic burst

Tue, 06 Oct 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Ultrasonic locationing of a tag with an emitter transducer operable to emit a single frequency ultrasonic burst. A receiver with at least two microphones is operable to receive the ultrasonic burst. Each microphone receiver contains two narrowband filters to extract frequencies above and below the ultrasonic burst frequency. A processor derives a low frequency waveform indicative of the phase difference between the dual frequency pulses coming from each microphone receiver. A correlator then determines the time difference of arrival (TDOA) between each microphone receiver by correlating the phase difference waveforms. This invention enables the creation of an ultrasonic locationing system requiring microsecond accuracy on TDOA data, as is necessary with microphone spacing of less than one foot, while using a simple single high frequency emitter source.



Matching pursuit-based apparatus and technique to construct a seismic signal using a predicted energy distribution

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A technique includes processing seismic data indicative of samples of at least one measured seismic signal in a processor-based machine to, in an iterative process, determine basis functions, which represent a constructed seismic signal. The technique includes in each iteration of the iterative process, selecting another basis function of the plurality of basis functions. The selecting includes based at least in part on the samples and a current version of the constructed seismic signal, determining a cost function; and interpreting the cost function based at least in part on a predicted energy distribution of the constructed seismic signal to select the basis function.



Underwater communication device

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An underwater communication device (100) is provided with a voice interface (4), a transceiving unit, a voice quality converting unit and a body (1), etcetera. A bone conduction/throat microphone unit, assembled in the voice interface (4), converts the vocal cord vibrations of a diver to voice signals. The voice quality converting unit converts the voice signals to voice signals based on a clearer voice. A transmitting unit, assembled in the transceiving unit, transmits the converted voice signals to the outside. A receiving unit, assembled in the transceiving unit, receives voice data which is transmitted from the outside. A bone-conduction speaker unit, assembled in the voice interface (4), outputs vibrations corresponding to the voice data received by the receiving unit. Attachment equipment (1, 2, 3) are put on a diver in a state where the bone-conduction speaker unit is in attached to the diver. The receiving unit and the bone-conduction speaker unit are integrally attached to the body (1).



Electronic wildlife call

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An electronic wildlife call has electronics and a housing. The electronics includes an electronic sound generator, memory containing at least one sound call, and at least one speaker connected with the sound generator. The housing contains the electronics and has an upper portion and a lower portion. Legs are coupled to the lower portion of the housing. The legs are movable between a deployed position and a stowed position, wherein when the legs are in the deployed position, the housing is elevated above the ground. The housing has a docking port for receiving a remote control. When the remote control is located in the docking port, the power supply in the remote control is recharged and calls are synced.



High-frequency content boost for vibratory seismic source and method

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Computer software, controller and method for generating a desired pilot signal for driving a vibratory source. The method includes steps for selecting a pilot target amplitude spectrum for the vibratory source; determining an initial pilot signal that matches the pilot target amplitude spectrum; associating the initial pilot signal with first and second frequency bands, the second frequency band including a high-frequency end of a range of the vibratory source; band-passing a first part of the initial pilot signal associated with the first frequency band with a first band-pass configuration; band-passing a second part of the initial pilot signal associated with the second frequency band with a second band-pass configuration; level compressing the first and second parts of the initial pilot signal; recombining the first and second parts of the initial pilot signal to form a recombined pilot signal; and processing the recombined pilot signal to obtain the desired pilot signal.



Split-element optical hydrophone

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

There is provided a solid seismic streamer cable for use in seismic surveying in marine environments. The streamer is characterized by a buffer layer 2 which is provided with a cut-out 50 and a sensor element arranged in the cut-out 50. There is also provided an associated hydrophone for integration into the seismic streamer cable. The hydrophone is characteristic in a split-element sensor base 10, 11 being suited for efficient mounting into the cut-outs 50 of the seismic cable. There is also provided an associated accelerometer for integration into the seismic streamer cable. The accelerometer is characteristic by a split-element sensor base 30, 35 for being efficiently arranged into the cut-outs 50 of the seismic cable. A method of producing a seismic streamer cable according to the invention incorporating a hydrophone or accelerometer according to the invention is also provided.



Method and system for direct communication

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Information is communicated to an individual by directing an acoustic signal transcranially to a target region in the brain. The target region is stimulated to produce a cognitive effect, and the cognitive effect is modulated or encoded to carry the desired information.



Downhole telemetry system

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A downhole telemetry system usable with a subterranean well comprises at least one pressure pulse generator, at least one pressure transmitter located in an internal tube space in the well and at least one pressure transmitter located in a tubing annulus. The system comprises a packer providing hydraulic isolation of the tubing annulus and at least one transmitter located below the packer and responding to at least one physical quantity characterizing a bottom-hole zone. The system also includes a data encoder located below the packer to read out the transmitter located below the packer and to respond to at least one physical quantity characterizing the bottom-hole zone, a pressure pulse modulator to modulate pressure pulses generated by the pressure pulse generator, a surface-mounted data-collection unit to converts the output data of the transmitters and to provide a surface-mounted data decoder with data for analysis.



System and method for stick-slip correction

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method of processing downhole measurement data includes: receiving formation measurement data generated by a downhole tool during a logging-while drilling operation over a selected time period; receiving a measured depth corresponding to the selected time period based on data taken at a surface location; receiving tool rotation data generated by measurements of a rotational rate of the downhole tool taken by a downhole sensor during the selected time period; calculating a new depth of the tool as a function of time over the selected time period based on a relationship between the tool rotation data and the measured depth; and correcting an original depth of the measurement data with the new depth.



Neutrally-buoyant borehole investigation tools and methods

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Neutrally-buoyant tools for seismic data collection are provided that may range from several hundred meters to several kilometers in length and have integrated sensors which move along with the borehole fluid in response to a passing seismic wave. The disclosure also provides methods of deploying neutrally-buoyant tools, which includes using a tractor, adding a weight or both to the tool in order to overcome the difficulty of lowering a neutrally buoyant tool into a borehole, and optionally occasionally clamping the tool to the borehole to alleviate tension in the tool. This disclosure also provides methods of acquiring seismic data, which involves positioning a neutrally-buoyant tool in a borehole such that the tool is able to move relatively freely along with the borehole fluid in response to a seismic wave passing through the fluid, firing a seismic source, and using the sensors to collect seismic data generated thereby.



Mobile device with an underwater communications system and method

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A mobile device with an underwater communications system is provided that transmits electromagnetic and/or magnetic signals to a remote receiver. The transmitter includes a data input. A digital data compressor compresses data to be transmitted. A modulator modulates compressed data onto a carrier signal. An electrically insulated, magnetic coupled antenna transmits the compressed, modulated signals. The receiver that has an electrically insulated, magnetic coupled antenna for receiving a compressed, modulated signal. A demodulator is provided for demodulating the signal to reveal compressed data. A de-compressor de-compresses the data. An appropriate human interface is provided to present transmitted data into text/audio/visible form. Similarly, the transmit system comprises appropriate audio/visual/text entry mechanisms. The portable device may be wearable.



Parametric audio system

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Ultrasonic signals are used to transmit sounds from a modulated ultrasonic generator to other locations from which the sounds appear to emanate. In particular, an ultrasonic carrier is modulated with an audio signal and demodulated on passage through the atmosphere. The carrier frequencies are substantially higher than those of prior systems, e.g., at least 60 kHz, and the modulation products thus have frequencies which are well above the audible range of humans; as a result, these signals are likely harmless to individuals who are within the ultrasonic fields of the system. The signals may be steered to moving locations, and various measures are taken to minimize distortion and maximize efficiency.



Handheld forestry device

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A rugged hand-held mobile computing device for a forester to collect and use dendrometric data from trees and tree stands is claimed. The device includes a processor which operates in connection with a memory, a user interface, a GPS receiver, a sound sensor capable of emitting an ultra-sonic pulse and a computer readable code embodied on the memory. The device communicates with a transponder by way of the ultra-sonic pulse emitted by the sound sensor. The transponder also emits an ultra-sonic pulse back to device. The device calculates the distance traveled based on the knowledge of the speed of the pulses. The memory, which also includes basic mapping software, uses the data to update a map in real time with the location of the trees and other information collected.



Obstacle detection device

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An obstacle detection device includes one or more emitter ultrasonic sensors, each emitting an ultrasonic wave toward an obstacle, and one or more detection ultrasonic sensors for reception, each detecting a reflected wave from the obstacle. A control unit drives a specific one of the emitter ultrasonic sensors to cause it to emit an ultrasonic wave, stops the emission of the ultrasonic wave by the specific emitter ultrasonic sensor at the time that one of the detection ultrasonic sensors detects a reflected wave from the obstacle, and carries out detection of the obstacle and measurement of the distance to the obstacle from the time that the control unit stops the emission of the ultrasonic wave by the emitter ultrasonic sensor and the time that the reflected wave cannot be detected anymore.



Systems and methods for seismic survey

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The systems and methods described herein relate to systems and methods for synthetic aperture sonar (SAS) or radar including seismic surveying. The systems may include a first number of a plurality of acoustic transmitter elements mounted on one or more vehicles, and a second number of a plurality of acoustic receiver elements mounted on one or more vehicles. Each of the vehicles may include a processor having a synthetic aperture image of a portion of the underwater terrain. The synthetic aperture image may include acoustic data obtained from prior synthetic aperture sonar imaging of the underwater terrain. The plurality of vehicles are arranged to form a planar synthetic aperture sonar array having a third number of phase centers. The third number of phase centers is equal to the first number multiplied by the second number. The transmitters in such systems may be configured to generate orthogonal acoustic signals.



Exploring a subsurface region that contains a target sector of interest

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A system and method are disclosed for exploring a subsurface region that contains a target sector of interest. The method comprises providing information about the harmonic response for the target sector of interest and a seismic source. The method comprises controlling the seismic source to provide seismic waves in a narrowband selected on the basis of the information about the harmonic response for the target sector of interest. The method comprises activating the seismic source so as to introduce seismic waves into the subsurface sector and sensing reflections of the seismic waves at a seismic receiver.



Generating an image of a subterranean structure

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Different values of at least one migration parameter are selected. An imaging technique is applied a plurality of times, where each application of the imaging technique uses a corresponding different one of the different values. Each application of the imaging technique produces a corresponding image of a subterranean structure. An aggregate of the images is computed to produce an output image of the subterranean structure.



Methods and systems for deploying seismic devices

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Methods and systems for acoustically determining reservoir parameters of subterranean formations. A tool comprising at least one seismic source or seismic receiver mounted thereon; a conveyance configured for movement of the acoustic tool in a borehole traversing the subterranean formations; and a source retainer configured or designed for permanent deployment in the borehole to removably retain the acoustic tool in the borehole. The source retainer when deployed provides acoustic coupling with the borehole and removably retains the acoustic tool in the borehole so that, over multiple deployments, the acoustic tool is repeatedly deployed at the same predetermined location and orientation relative to the subterranean formation, and with the same acoustic coupling to the borehole.



RFID transmitter for remote control

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A transmitter for remote control, the transmitter includes an amplifier configured to receive a first audio signal from an electronic device and amplify the first audio signal, a transmission module electrically connected to the amplifier to receive the amplified first audio signal and generating a carrier signal, a power supply connected to the transmission module, and an attenuation circuit electrically connected to the transmission module to receive the carrier signal, wherein the amplified first audio signal is configured to modulate the carrier signal and the first audio signal is one of a left channel audio signal and a right channel audio signal output from the electronic device via an audio connector.



Real time telemetry

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A real time telemetry system is disclosed for use with a drilling system including a rotary valve 28 controlling the supply of drilling fluid or mud to a downhole tool. The system comprises receiving data to be transmitted, encoding the data as a duration, and controlling the rotation the rotary valve 28 such that the rotary valve 28 is rotated for the said duration at a predetermined rotary speed to cause the formation of pressure fluctuations or waves in the drilling fluid or mud.



Ultrasonic sensor microarray and method of manufacturing same

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A sensor assembly including one or more capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) microarray modules which are provided with a number of individual transducers. The microarray modules are arranged to simulate or orient individual transducers in a hyperbolic paraboloid geometry. The transducers/sensor are arranged in a rectangular or square matrix and are activatable individually, selectively or collectively to emit and received reflected beam signals at a frequency of between about 100 to 170 Hz.



Combined broadband ocean bottom seismograph with single glass sphere

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention provides a broadband ocean bottom seismograph with a single glass sphere. The seismograph comprises an anchor at its bottom having a frame structure with a rigid ring for accommodating a seismometer chamber. The seismometer chamber comprises a bell-shaped protective hood opening downward where a seismometer sealed chamber is suspended to the inner surface of the protective hood by cables. The bottom of the seismometer sealed chamber protrudes through the opening of the protective hood to be seated in direct contact with the seabed. A functional chamber comprises a plastic instrument chamber and a glass global instrument chamber secured in the plastic chamber. The plastic instrument chamber is fixedly mounted on top of the protective hood. A release mechanism is mounted on the top of the functional chamber, and connected to frame of the anchor via fusible tensioning steel wires.



Method for mobile underwater acoustic communications

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method for mobile underwater acoustic communications includes double differentially (DD) encoding a communication signal to produce a DD-encoded communication signal, applying direct sequence spread spectrum (SS) to the DD-encoded signal to produce a DD-SS communication output signal, and transmitting the DD-SS communication output signal. The method i) increases the SNR via processing gain, ii) eliminates the ISI through multipath suppression, and iii) enables bandwidth efficiency improvement via data multiplexing. The method is shown capable of facilitating simple receiver processing and offering performance robustness against unpredictable channel fluctuations.



System for transferring wireless power using ultrasonic wave

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed is a system of transferring wireless power using an ultrasonic wave, including: an ultrasonic wave generating device converting and transferring electric energy to an ultrasonic wave; and an ultrasonic wave receiving device receiving the ultrasonic wave to convert the ultrasonic wave to electric energy, wherein the ultrasonic wave generating device includes a radiation plate with a plurality of ultrasonic elements and controls an effective area of the radiation plate by turning on/off the plurality of ultrasonic elements so that the ultrasonic wave receiving device is disposed at a position minimizing dispersion effect due to a circular radiation of the ultrasonic wave.



Method and system for monitoring fire based on detection of sound field variation

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed are a method and a system for monitoring a fire based on a detection of sound field variation. The system for monitoring a fire based on a detection of sound field variation includes: a sound generator outputting a sound wave within a defined space according to input voltage; a sound receiver receiving the sound wave within the defined space and obtaining a sound pressure from the received sound wave; and a fire monitor using a sound transfer function representing a ratio of the sound pressure obtained by the sound receiver to input voltage of the sound generator in a preparation mode to calculate reference sound pressure information, using the sound transfer function in a monitoring mode to calculate current sound pressure information, and comparing the reference sound pressure information with the current sound pressure information to determine whether a fire occurs.



System and method for swath overlap detection

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

System and method for rapidly determining the geographic areas where spatial overlap of arbitrarily oriented (i.e. not just parallel) swath sensor data meets a pre-selected specified percentage of swath width.



Discrete volumetric sonar method and apparatus for sub-seabed surveying

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method for imaging formations below the bottom of a body of water includes imparting acoustic energy into the formations along a predetermined length swath at a selected geodetic position. Acoustic energy reflected from the formations is detected along a line parallel to the length of the swath. The selected geodetic position is moved a selected distance transverse to the length of the swath. The imparting acoustic energy, detecting acoustic energy and moving the geodetic position are repeated until a selected distance transverse to the length of the swath is traversed. The detected acoustic energy from all the selected geodetic positions is coherently stacked. The detected acoustic energy is beam steered to each of a plurality of depths and positions along the length of the swath to generate an image for each such depth and position.



Method and apparatus for acoustic data transmission in a subterranean well

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The disclosure describes a method and apparatus for effectively communicating data along an acoustic transmission path. The method comprises driving an acoustic transmitter to send a data signal along the acoustic transmission path, where the signal is distorted by ambient noise. The distorted signal is input to a spaced apart plurality of sensors so that consequent time-delayed signals provide reinforcement of the basic signal and attenuation of the ambient noise component when combined.



Method and apparatus for separating and composing seismic waves

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An approach is provided for a multi-component seismic data processing that separates P-type and S-type seismic waves in an affine coordinate system. A method for separating and composing seismic waves comprises: determining base vectors of the seismic waves; transforming and separating the seismic wave in an affine coordinate system; and obtaining a signal with true amplitudes and eliminating a mode leakage phenomenon. Therefore, the method achieves the wave separation and recovers the amplitudes of separated waves simultaneously, which reduces noises to provide more precisely seismic data and to satisfy the requirement of seismic data analysis and processing.



Method and system for delineating a second wellbore from a first wellbore

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed herein is a method of delineating a second wellbore from a first wellbore. The method includes, emitting acoustic waves from a tool in the first wellbore, receiving acoustic waves at the tool reflected from the second wellbore, and determining orientation and distance of at least a portion of the second wellbore relative to the tool.



Jointly interpolating and deghosting seismic data

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A technique includes representing actual measurements of a seismic wavefield as combinations of an upgoing component of the seismic wavefield and ghost operators. Interpolated and deghosted components of the seismic wavefield are jointly determined based at least in part on the actual measurements and the representation.



Method of conducting a seismic survey

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method of conducting a seismic survey of an area including a region of high seismic velocity regimes in a shallow overburden. According to the method, a zone is identified in which the boundary of the high seismic velocity region has a substantially constant critical angle and a course is plotted through the identified zone. A zone based directional seismic source is applied sequentially, with a directivity angle equal to or close to the measured critical angle. The response is detected using receivers.



Programmable wavelet tree

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An apparatus is provided. In the apparatus, a demultiplexer is configured to receive an input signal, and each of a plurality of sample buffers are coupled to the demultiplexer. A first multiplexer is coupled to each of the sample buffers. A filter is coupled to the first multiplexer. A bypass delay circuit is coupled to the first multiplexer, and a second multiplexer is coupled to the filter and the bypass delay circuit.



Green-light device for driving mice away

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A green-light device for driving mice away includes a casing and a control circuit in the casing, wherein the control circuit comprises a power conversion circuit, a voltage regulating integrated circuit (IC), an amplifying circuit, a control knob, an ultrasonic frequency oscillator circuit, a logical-determination circuit and multiple green-light emitting diodes (LED) coupled to and controlled by the logical-determination circuit. The control knob is configured to be switched to lead the control circuit to create an ultrasonic wave or a special light wave such that mice can be cheated or driven away.



Wading depth estimation for a vehicle

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A predictive method of detecting the depth of water ahead of a wading vehicle comprises providing a wading sensor and an attitude sensor on the vehicle, and using this information to estimate the depth of water at a location ahead of the direction of vehicle movement. Corresponding apparatus is disclosed.



Apparatus and method for adjusting spatial cue information of a multichannel audio signal

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An apparatus for enhancing a multichannel audio signal comprising at least two channels configured to: estimate a value representing a direction of arrival associated with a first audio signal from at least a first channel and a second audio signal from at least a second channel of at least two channels of a multichannel audio signal; determine a scaling factor dependent on the direction of arrival associated with the first audio signal and the second audio signal; and apply the scaling factor to a parameter associated with a difference in audio signal levels between the first audio signal and the second audio sign.



Intelligent patching systems using acoustic control signals and related equipment and methods

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Methods of identifying patching connections in a communications system are provided in which an acoustic signal generator is used to transmit an acoustic signal that includes a unique identifier embedded therein over a patch cord from a first connector port to a second connector port. The acoustic signal is received at the second connector port. The unique identifier is extracted from the acoustic signal. Finally, a patching connection between the first connector port and the second connector port is logged in a database.



Systems and methods for optimizing low frequency output from airgun source arrays

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Systems and methods for optimizing low frequency output of marine sources are described. The marine source arrangements and associated methods disclosed herein seek to fully frequency lock bubbles emitted by airguns in close proximity to one another. In this manner, larger effective bubble volumes can be achieved, thus increasing low frequency output.



Sonar system for automatically detecting location of devices

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Systems and methods are described for determining device positions in a video surveillance system. A method described herein includes generating a reference sound; emitting, at a first device, the reference sound; detecting, at the first device, a responsive reference sound from one or more second devices in response to the emitted reference sound; identifying a position of each of the one or more second devices; obtaining information relating to latency of the one or more second devices; computing a round trip time associated with each of the one or more second devices based on at least a timing of detecting the one or more responsive reference sounds and the latency of each of the one or more second devices; and estimating the position of the first device according to the round trip time and the position associated with each of the one or more second devices.



Audio source localization

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An audio source localization apparatus receives signals from a microphone array (101), and a reference processor (105) generates at least three reference beams with different directional properties. An estimation processor (107) which generates simultaneous direction estimates for two sound sources, comprises a circuit (401) combining signals of the at least three reference beams with a beam shape parameter reflecting a shape of an audio beamform and a beam direction parameter reflecting a direction of an audio beamform for the combined signal. A cost processor (403) generates a cost measure indicative of an energy of the combined signal and a minimization processor (405) estimates values of the beam shape parameter and the beam direction parameter which correspond to a local minimum of the cost measure. A direction processor (407) then determines simultaneous direction estimates for two sound sources from the determined parameter values. Improved direction estimation for two simultaneous sound sources may be achieved.



Reciprocal method two-way wave equation targeted data selection for seismic acquisition of complex geologic structures

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to seismic surveying where complex geologies are likely to create data that is confusing or ambiguous for a conventional matrix of acquisition source points and receiver locations. With some understanding of the geological substructure, the acquisition source points and receiver locations that optimize the imaging may be found by using a reciprocal two-way wave equation propagation method coupled with the best geologic model available. With this, the acquisition source points and receiver locations that optimize the imaging may be used in seismic survey to better resolve the substructure and avoid the inclusion of data that obscures understanding of the substructure.



Method for full-bandwidth source deghosting of marine seismic streamer data

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Seismic data recorded in a marine streamer are obtained, sorted as a common receiver gather. A complex Laplace frequency parameter is used to transform the seismic data from a space-time domain to a spectral domain. An iterative conjugate gradient scheme, using a physically-based preconditioner, is applied to the transformed seismic data, to provide a least squares solution to a normal set of equations for a source deghosting system of equations. The solution is inverse-transformed back to a space-time domain to provide source deghosted seismic data, which is useful for imaging the earth's subsurface.



System for acquiring seismic data in a marine environment, using seismic streamers coupled to means for detecting and/or locating marine mammals

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Discloses herein is a system of acquiring seismic date in a marine environment, which includes: seismic streamers towed by a vessel; and means for detecting and/or locating marine mammals, characterized in that said marine mammal detection and/or location means are secured to said seismic streamers.



Vehicle direction identification device, vehicle direction identification method and program therefor

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A vehicle direction identification device includes: a frequency analysis unit which analyzes amplitude or phase of surrounding sound in each analysis section; a sound source direction identification unit which identifies a sound source direction included in the surrounding sound for each analysis section; a vehicle identification information storage unit which stores first vehicle identification information including a first threshold value; a first vehicle identification unit which calculates a rate of occurrence of each sound source direction and identifies the sound source direction whose rate of occurrence is equal to or exceeds the first threshold value; a second vehicle identification information calculation unit which calculates second vehicle identification information including a second threshold value smaller than the first threshold value; and a second vehicle identification unit which identifies the sound source direction whose rate of occurrence is equal to or exceeds the second threshold value.



Active compensation for mud telemetry modulator and turbine

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An arrangement having a piston configured to move along an axial pathway a rotating seal configured to seal an inside environment from an outside environment, the rotating seal configured to be acted upon by a pressure exerted from the piston, a differential pressure sensor measuring a pressure difference between a first fluid from the outside environment and a second fluid on the inside environment, a motor connected to the piston, the motor configured to actuate the piston to a position along an axial pathway and an electronic feedback control system connected to the motor, the electronic feedback system configured to interface with the differential pressure sensor and maintain a pressure generated by the piston onto the rotating seal to a desired pressure.



Ultrasonic receiving circuit

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An ultrasonic occupancy sensor for detecting presence or absence of an occupant in a space includes an ultrasonic receiving circuit having a synchronous rectifier that allows the circuit to detect small-magnitude ultrasonic waves having a Doppler shift. The sensor comprises an ultrasonic transmitter for transmitting ultrasonic waves at an ultrasonic operating frequency, and a controller that drives the transmitting circuit with complementary drive signals to control the ultrasonic operating frequency. The synchronous rectifier receives the drive signals from the controller and rectifies an amplified input signal to generate a rectified signal, which is filtered by a filter to generate a filtered signal. The controller receives the filtered signal and determines that the space is occupied if the magnitude of the filtered signal exceeds a threshold. The ultrasonic occupancy sensor may also include a low phase-noise oscillator circuit coupled to the controller for setting an internal operating frequency of the controller.



Ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus and carrier signal generating circuit

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

In order to simplify a manufacturing process and reduce cost and power consumption by providing an ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus including a carrier signal generating circuit excellent in IC implementation, a carrier signal generating circuit for generating an output voltage Vo applied to an ultrasonic probe 41 includes cascaded source follower type NMOSFETs 11 to 14, a variable current source 31, and a constant current source for biasing 32. The probe 41 can be made to generate the output voltage Vo with arbitrary amplitude by controlling a gate voltage V4 by controlling the output current value of the variable current source 31. In addition, a voltage applied to each NMOSFET can be divided by connecting the NMOSFETs 11 to 14 in a multi-stage manner. Accordingly, the withstand voltage of the NMOSFET may be low.



Tracking geologic object and detecting geologic anomalies in exploration seismic data volume

Tue, 05 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method and system are described for identifying a geologic object through cross sections of a geologic data volume. The method includes obtaining a geologic data volume having a set of cross sections. Then, two or more cross sections are selected and a transformation vector is estimated between the cross sections. Based on the transformation vector, a geologic object is identified within the geologic data volume.



Acoustic reception

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A pressure-balanced acoustic-signal-receiving apparatus and methods therefor. The apparatus may comprise a first housing, a first actuator, a second housing, and a second actuator. The first housing may comprise a fluid chamber, a passage connecting a first and second portion of the fluid chamber, a tubular-contact assembly, an isolating member within the fluid chamber and coupled to the assembly, an acoustic-signal receiver within the isolating member and coupled to the assembly, and a communication member coupled to the receiver. A method for receiving an acoustic signal generated within a wellbore may comprise receiving the acoustic signal with a tubular-contact assembly, sensing the acoustic signal with an acoustic-signal receiver positioned within a fluid chamber and coupled to the assembly, equilibrating fluid pressures in the first and second portions of the fluid chamber, and transmitting information generated by the acoustic-signal receiver through a communication member.



Deghosting using measurement data from seismic sensors

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Measurement data is received from first and second seismic sensors, where the first and second seismic sensors are oriented in opposite directions. Each of the first and second seismic sensors has a sensing element responsive to pressure and particle motion. The signals can be combined to remove the particle motion component of the measurement data and obtain pressure-only data. Alternatively, the signals can be combined to deghost the received measurement data.