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Switching power supply circuit

Tue, 21 Jul 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A reactor, a diode, and a switching element connected to a path constitute a booster circuit, and another reactor, another diode, and another switching element connected to another path constitute another booster circuit. The booster circuits also function as a power factor correction circuit for correcting a power factor of the input side. Swing chokes are adopted as the reactors.



Motor control device

Tue, 07 Jul 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A motor control device that controls motion of a control target including a motor and a vibratable element includes a generating unit configured to generate, according to state information representing a state of the control target related to a vibration characteristic of the control target, a first parameter representing the vibration characteristic of the control target, a first calculating unit configured to calculate a second parameter corresponding to a temporal change amount of the first parameter generated by the generating unit, a second calculating unit configured to calculate, using a motion target value, the first parameter, and the second parameter, model torque such that the control target does not excite vibration, and a developing unit configured to develop, according to the model torque calculated by the second calculating unit, a torque command such that the motion of the control target follows the motion target value.



Automatic steering apparatus

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An automatic steering apparatus that can suppress steering wheel vibration and that can also smooth angular control. In the automatic steering apparatus, a motor that steers steered wheels is controlled by a control unit. Information from an angle sensor that generates a signal that corresponds to a steering angle of the steered wheels is sent to the control unit. The control unit corrects a target steering angle of the steered wheels such that angular acceleration of the target steering angle is less than or equal to a limiting value. The control unit controls the motor such that the steering angle of the steered wheels tracks the corrected target steering angle based on the information from the angle sensor.



Manipulator and path generation method thereof

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A manipulator and a method of generating the shortest path along which the manipulator moves to grip an object without collision with the object models a target object and a gripper into a spherical shape, measures a current position of the gripper and a position of the target object and a target position of the gripper, calculates an arc-shaped path in a two-dimensional plane along which the gripper needs to move by calculating an included angle of a triangle consisting of the position of the object and the current position and target position of the gripper, transforms the arc-shaped path in the two-dimensional plane into an arc-shaped path in a three-dimensional space using a transform matrix consisting of the position of the object and the current position and target position of the gripper, thereby automatically generating the shortest path of the manipulator.



Vision correction method for tool center point of a robot manipulator

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A vision correction method for establishing the position of a tool center point (TCP) for a robot manipulator includes the steps of: defining a preset position of the TCP; defining a preset coordinate system TG with the preset position of the TCP as its origin; capturing a two-dimensional picture of the preset coordinate system TG to establish a visual coordinate system TV; calculating a scaling ratio λ of the vision coordinate system TV relative to the preset coordinate system TG; rotating the TCP relative to axes of the preset coordinate system TG; capturing pictures of the TCP prior to and after rotation; calculating the deviation ΔP between the preset position and actual position of the TCP; correcting the preset position and corresponding coordinate system TG using ΔP, and repeating the rotation through correction steps until ΔP is less than or equal to a maximum allowable deviation of the robot manipulator.



Floor-based haptic communication system

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present relates to a system for providing vibration feedback to at least one foot. The system comprises at least one rigid surface for receiving the at least one foot, one vibrotactile actuator for each of the at least one rigid surface, and a suspension mechanism. The vibrotactile actuator is installed underneath the corresponding rigid surface and provides vibration feedback there through. The suspension mechanism supports the at least one rigid surface.



Detecting an abnormality of a switch in a high voltage electrical substation

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

There is provided a method for determining an abnormality during operation of a high voltage disconnect switch, the method comprising: determining a current position of an arm of the high voltage disconnect switch operatively connected to a motor, the motor being operated for driving the arm of the high voltage disconnect switch; determining a torque of the motor corresponding to the current position of the arm; comparing the torque of the motor to a torque threshold for the current position of the arm; and outputting an abnormality signal based on the comparison.



Motion profile generator

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Systems and methods are provided for generating a constraint-based, time-optimal motion profile for controlling the trajectory of a point-to-point move in a motion control system. A profile generator can calculate an ST-curve motion profile that includes a jerk reference that varies continuously over time for at least one of the motion profile segments, thereby producing a smooth, time-optimal trajectory. The profile generator can create the motion profile to conform to a set of motion constraints provided by the user. The profile generator also supports calculation of time-optimal motion profiles having segments that align to the sample time of the motion control system. In some embodiments, the profile generator can efficiently generate the motion profile by performing reference calculations only for those segments that will be used in the final motion profile for a given point-to-point move.



Robot having repeatable disturbance compensation algorithm

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A controller for a substrate transport apparatus. The controller includes a first system and a second system for at least partially controlling a movement of a motor of the substrate transport apparatus. The first system is configured to control the movement of the motor based upon a signal from a position sensor. The position sensor outputs the signal based upon a position of a rotor of the motor relative to a stator of the motor. Torque output of the motor is at least partially controlled based upon the signal from the position sensor. The second system for at least partially controlling the movement of the motor is based upon expected disturbances during movement of an arm of the substrate transport apparatus by the motor, where the second system is configured to at least partially increase and/or decrease the torque output of the motor by first system.



Driver circuit and driving method

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A driver circuit for driving an electrical load includes an input terminal pole connecting the driver circuit to an AC voltage source, an output terminal pole connecting the driver circuit to the load, a rectifier circuit connected to the input terminal pole for converting an AC voltage into a pulsating DC voltage, and a control element connected to the rectifier circuit and to the output terminal pole. The control element has a switch and a controller, the controller switching the switch on and off by means of a pulse train signal, wherein an electrical output value of the driver circuit is adjustable by switching the switch. The controller is configured to vary at least one time-based value of the pulse train signal within one period of the pulsating DC voltage such that a driver current is adjusted at the output terminal pole having a defined waveform within the period.



Motor control with voltage harmonic shaping

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A control system for an electric motor comprises a current sensing means arranged to produce a current sensing output indicative of electric current in the motor, current control means arranged to receive the current sensing output and to output a voltage demand indicative of voltages to be applied to the motor, and voltage demand correction means arranged to generate a correction signal and to use the correction signal and the voltage demand to produce a corrected voltage demand.



Motor driving control apparatus, motor driving control method, and motor using the same

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

There are provided a motor driving control apparatus, a motor driving control method, and a motor using the same. The motor driving control apparatus includes a controller, a duty ratio calculation unit, and a driving signal generation unit. The controller generates a speed control signal by using at least one of a speed signal of a motor device and a speed command signal input from the outside. The duty ratio calculation unit calculates a duty ratio of the speed control signal. The driving signal generation unit generates a driving control signal for controlling driving of the motor device by using the duty ratio.



System, method and apparatus for computing, monitoring, measuring, optimizing and allocating power and energy for a rod pumping system

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A system and methods are provided for controlling a motor of a rod pumping system using previous RPMs of the motor and predicting an RPM of the motor; correcting a power factor of a motor of a rod pumping system; allocating energy consumption and allocating energy generation for a set of wells connected to an electricity meter using an amount of energy generated by each well; and generating an alert if a set of data is beyond a threshold for the set of data.



Motor controlling apparatus

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A motor controlling apparatus includes a first target torque value calculator, a frequency detector, a second target torque value calculator, a torque command value calculator, a torque limiter, and a controller. The first target torque value calculator calculates a first target torque value, which is a target value of an output torque of a motor. The frequency detector detects a motor rotational frequency. The second target torque value calculator calculates a second target torque value based on the rotational frequency. The torque command value calculator mathematically combines (e.g., adds) the first and target torque values to calculate a torque command value. The torque limiter sets the signs of the first target torque value and the torque command value to be equal to limit the torque command value according to the first target torque value. The controller controls the motor based on the limited torque command value.



Sensorless brushless motor control device

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A sensorless brushless motor control device includes a first amplification module common to all motor phases and generating an intermediary voltage signal, a voltage divider between each motor phase and a node on which the intermediary voltage signal is generated, and a computation unit. Each voltage divider generates a first corrected electromotive force with a predetermined average value. The computation unit controls the motor on the basis of the first corrected electromotive forces. By using only hardware components, the control device maintains the average of the corrected electromotive forces at the center of the analog acquisition zone of the computation unit.



Vehicle electric machine control strategy

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A vehicle having a traction battery and at least one electric machine for propelling the vehicle is provided. A high voltage DC bus electrically connects the traction battery to the electric machine. A controller monitors and commands power flow through the DC bus, the electric machine, and the battery. In response to a key-off event, the controller immediately discharges the DC bus by providing a current to the electric machines. This discharge continues until the voltage on the DC bus reaches a threshold. As the speed of the electric machine decreases towards a speed threshold, the voltage in the DC bus is maintained. Once the electric machine speed reduces past the threshold, the DC bus discharges the remaining voltage in the DC bus at a rate slower than the first immediate discharge.



Controller for improving control and operation of AC motors

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An electrical controller for electric motors is provided. A control system for an electric motor comprises a supply for supplying excitation current to different windings of the motor at any given time. Furthermore, the amplitude of the excitation current is independently variable of the timing and duration of the application of the excitation current to the windings. This allows increased control of the motor and facilitates the operation of the motor at high mechanical and/or electrical speeds.



Method and apparatus for overvoltage protection and reverse motor speed control for motor drive power loss events

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Apparatus and methods are presented for mitigating overvoltages and limiting reverse motor speeds for motor drive power loss events, in which a first power dissipation circuit is enabled at the motor drive output to limit reverse rotation of a driven motor load when motor drive power is lost, and a second power dissipation circuit in a DC bus circuit is used to mitigate over voltages following restoration of motor drive power.



Method for operating a brushless electric motor

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method for operating a brushless electric motor, the windings being energized by an inverter with the aid of six switches. A detection unit for detecting defective switches, a unit for measuring voltage at the outputs of the inverter, and a microcontroller for controlling the switch and for generating a pulse width modulated voltage supply for the windings are provided. A short-circuited switch causes a torque in the electric motor opposite the actuating direction of the electric motor. The method proposes that after detecting a short-circuited switch, the windings (U. V. W) are energized to generate a motor torque that is, on the whole, positive. An actuating period of the electric motor is divided into a plurality of sectors, wherein, in accordance with the defective switch, individual sectors are deactivated for the actuation of the windings (U, V, W), while other sectors are used to actuate the windings (V, W).



Control device for alternating current motor

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A control device for an alternating current motor according to embodiments includes a current distributor and a phase estimator. The current distributor divides a torque command by using a control phase and outputs a component that contributes to a mechanical output of the motor as a δ-axis current command and a component that does not contribute to the mechanical output as a γ-axis current command. The phase estimator computes a phase at which a γ-axis component of an addition amount of the output of the current controller and a voltage drop amount of inductance of the motor becomes zero and outputs the computed phase as the control phase.



AC motor control apparatus

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A control apparatus of an AC motor improves an electric current estimation accuracy of the AC motor. The control apparatus includes an electric current estimation unit that repeatedly performs an inverted dq conversion, a dq conversion, and a correction process. Based on a d/q axis electric current estimate values of a previous cycle, the inverted dq conversion calculates an electric current estimate value of a sensor phase. The dq conversion calculates a d/q axis electric current correction values based on an electric current estimation error of the sensor phase, which is derived from the electric current estimate value and the electric current detection value detected by an electric current detector. The correction process calculates the d/q axis electric current estimate values of a current cycle by correcting the d/q axis electric current estimate values of the previous cycle by using the d/q axis electric current correction values.



Apparatus and method for asymmetrical coast control of an endodontic motor

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An apparatus for controlling asymmetrical coasting of an endodontic reciprocating motor includes a controller operatively connected to the endodontic motor. The controller may include a processing unit that is configured to direct the rotation of the endodontic motor in the forward direction for a coast time and configured to direct the rotation of the endodontic motor in the reverse direction for a coast time. The forward coast time is separately calculated from the reverse coast time. A method for asymmetrically coasting a reciprocating endodontic motor includes rotating an endodontic motor in a forward direction and calculating a forward coast time for the forward direction and coasting the endodontic motor in the forward direction for the calculated forward coast time. After coasting the endodontic motor in the forward direction, the endodontic motor is rotated in a reverse direction. The reverse coast time is different than the forward coast time.



Electric power tool

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An electric power tool is included in a plurality of types of electric power tools. The plurality of types of electric power tools comprise a plurality of types of battery packs having different rated output voltages and a plurality of types of tool bodies, the housings of which are equipped with an attached part on which each of the battery packs is mounted in a freely removable manner. The attached part possessed by the plurality of types of tool bodies equipped with motors having different voltage characteristics is formed so as to be able to mount an arbitrary one of the plurality of types of battery packs having different rated output voltages. This makes it possible to widen the range of available battery packs and enhance convenience.



PWM control of vibration motors for mobile electronic devices

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An improved vibration motor controller and method maintains a substantially consistent vibration over time, despite decreasing battery voltage over time, with the controller used in a mobile communication device, the mobile communication device powered by a battery having a maximum charge voltage and a minimum charge voltage, the controller being operative for monitoring the available voltage at the battery; driving the vibration motor using pulse width modulation with a motor voltage which is less than the minimum charge voltage of the battery; and controlling the pulse width modulation used to drive the vibration motor in a manner to provide a substantially consistent power level despite fluctuations in voltage of the battery.



Portable, electric work apparatus

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to a portable work apparatus having a housing and a work tool which is driven by an electric motor via a gear assembly. A flywheel which rotates about a rotational axis is arranged in the drive train between the electric motor and the gear assembly, which flywheel is connected fixedly to an output shaft so as to rotate with it, which output shaft protrudes into a gear assembly space and has a drive pinion. The output, shaft and the flywheel are mounted in the housing by two bearing locations, the rotational axis of the flywheel and a motor shaft of the electric motor lying coaxially with respect to one another, and the motor shaft of the electric motor being connected fixedly to the flywheel so as to rotate with it. The electric motor is fixed in the housing exclusively via a torque support.



Actuator having an address selector

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A system incorporating an actuator connected to a polarity-insensitive two-wire communications bus. The actuator may have an electromechanical mover, a processor connected to the electromechanical mover, and a potentiometer, having a number of address settings, connected to the processor. A setting of the number of settings of the potentiometer may be a selection of an address for the actuator on the communications bus. There may be additional actuators and a controller connected to the communications bus. Each actuator may have an address which is different from an address of the other actuators connected to the communications bus. If an actuator is substituted with a replacement actuator, then a setting of a plurality of settings on a potentiometer of the replacement actuator may be selected to obtain an address that is the same as the address of the actuator which is substituted.



Robot system

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A robot system includes a planar sign, a robot, a distance direction sensor, and a controller. The controller is configured to control the robot and includes a map data memory and a progress direction determining device. The map data memory is configured to store map data of a predetermined running path including a position of the planar sign. The progress direction determining device is configured to compare a detection result of the distance direction sensor and the stored map data so as to determine a progress direction of the robot.



Robot and control method of optimizing robot motion performance thereof

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A robot and a method of controlling the same are disclosed. The robot derives a maximum dynamic performance capability using a specification of an actuator of the robot. The control method includes forming a first bell-shaped velocity profile in response to a start time and an end time of a motion of the robot, calculating a value of an objective function having a limited condition according to the bell-shaped velocity profile, and driving a joint in response to a second bell-shaped velocity profile that minimizes the objective function having the limited condition.



Method for transferring energy between at least two energy storage cells in a controllable energy store

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

In a method for transferring energy between at least two energy storage cells in a controllable energy store that serves to control and to supply electrical energy to an n-phase electric machine, which energy store has n power supply arms which each have at least two series-connected energy storage modules which each include at least one electrical energy storage cell with an associated controllable coupling unit, and are connected to one respective phase of the electric machine, in a charging phase, all coupling units of those energy storage modules which are to be used as an energy source are controlled in such a way that the respectively associated energy storage cells are connected into the respective power supply arm.



Boost converter control apparatus

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A boost converter control apparatus for controlling a motor drive system which is provided with a boost converter disposed between an electric power converter and a direct current power supply, the boost converter boosting a direct current voltage of the direct current power supply and supplying it to the electric power converter, is provided with: an operating device provided with a proportional element, an integral element and a derivative element, the derivative element being configured as a bandpass filter, the operating device calculating a PID controlled variable corresponding to an electric current command value of the boost converter for maintaining an output voltage of the boost converter at a command value of an inter-terminal voltage VH of a smoothing condenser; and a controlling device which is configured to control the output voltage of the boost converter on the basis of the calculated PID controlled variable.



Controlling dynamic systems by measuring the short circuit current of a photovoltaic generator

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The dynamic system is part of a dynamic apparatus having at least one photovoltaic generator, at least one battery and at least one device for controlling the dynamic apparatus. The method for controlling the dynamic system on the basis of sunlight involves electrically isolating the photovoltaic generator from the battery, reading the short circuit current of the isolated photovoltaic generator, determining a numerical value based on the short circuit current, said numerical value corresponding to the reading of the short circuit current, and comparing the numerical value determined with at least one reference threshold value. When the numerical value determined corresponds to a value range limited by at least one such reference threshold value, the dynamic system is controlled so as to thereon confer a configuration corresponding to the value range.



Apparatus and method for controlling speed of motor

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed herein are an apparatus and a method for controlling a speed of a motor. An apparatus for controlling a spaced of a motor according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention includes: a PWM conversion unit detecting a hall sensor signal from a motor to output a pulse width modulated signal corresponding to the detected hall sensor signal; a duty detection unit detecting a duty value of the pulse width modulated signal output by the PWM conversion unit; an error calculation unit comparing a PWM duty input from the outside with a duty detected by the duty detection unit to obtain an error; and a speed control unit controlling a speed of a motor based on an error obtained by the error calculation unit.



Control method of electronic parking brake system

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed is a control method of an electronic parking brake system, which variably controls the duty of voltage applied to a motor upon release of the electronic parking brake system. The control method includes controlling voltage applied to a motor to a first duty ratio upon release of the electronic parking brake system, controlling the voltage applied to the motor to a second duty ratio greater than the first duty ratio if locking of the motor occurs and the motor is not operated, and controlling the voltage applied to the motor to the first duty ratio if locking of the motor is released and the motor begins to operate, after the control of voltage to the second duty ratio.



Motor driving apparatus and method

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

There are provided a motor driving apparatus and method, the motor driving apparatus including: a filter controlling unit detecting a frequency of a pulse width modulation (PWM) signal and generating a control signal; a first filtering unit filtering a back electromotive force (BEMF) signal according to the control signal; a second filtering unit filtering a reference signal according to the control signal; and a comparing unit comparing output of the first and second filtering units and generating a motor rotor detection signal.



Method and processing unit for determining the position of the armature of a synchronous machine relative to the stator of the synchronous machine

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method for determining a position of an armature of a synchronous machine relative to a stator of the synchronous machine includes the steps of applying to the synchronous machine a plurality of test current vectors, with each test current vector having identical current magnitude and a different angle in relation to an armature-related d,q coordinate system, during application of the test current vectors to the synchronous machine, determining values of a physical response quantity of the armature proportional to the q component of the test current vectors, determining a first harmonic of the determined values of the physical response quantity as a function of the angle, and determining the position of the armature relative to the stator as a zero crossing of the first harmonic where a first derivative of the first harmonic is positive.



Brushless motor driving apparatus and brushless motor driving method

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A brushless motor driving apparatus that rotates and drives a brushless motor, which has a plurality of coils, by switching energization modes corresponding to phases of the brushless motor, sequentially switches the energization modes based on a non-energized phase voltage and a voltage threshold. Also, the brushless motor driving apparatus regulates an upper threshold for energization amount based on the voltage threshold and a change in the non-energized phase voltage at timing of switching the energization mode.



Motor control loop with fast response

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A system and method of controlling a motor are disclosed. The system comprises a current observer for observing a motor current at a sampling rate and a proportionate-integral controller that provides a proportionate path and an integral path and at least forms part of a proportionate-integral control loop based on the motor current. The current observer observes a motor current of the motor at a sampling rate. The proportionate path calculates, for a present cycle of the sampling rate, a proportionate path term for the proportionate-integral control loop based on the motor current. The system outputs a respective motor output voltage to the motor in conformity with the proportionate path term calculated for the present cycle. In conformity with the motor current, the integral path calculates an integral path term for another respective motor output voltage to be used in a later cycle of the sampling rate.



Motor driving device for protecting inrush current

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A motor driving device for protecting inrush current is disclosed, where the motor driving device includes a resistor, a capacitor, an electronic switch, a rectifier and a driving circuit. The capacitor is connected to the resistor in series. The electronic switch is connected to the resistor in parallel. The rectifier is connected to the resistor and the capacitor in parallel and is electrically connected to a power source. The driving circuit is connected to the resistor and the capacitor in parallel and is electrically connected to a motor.



Motor drive circuit

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A motor-drive circuit includes a detection circuit to detect a reverse current to flow in a direction from a first sink-side transistor to a second source-side transistor or in a direction from a second sink-side transistor to a first source-side transistor, a disable circuit to disable a detection output of the detection circuit during a predetermined time period from a start of detection of the reverse current performed by the detection circuit, a first inhibit circuit to inhibit synchronous rectification according to a detection output of the detection circuit when the predetermined time period has elapsed from a start of detection of the reverse current performed by the detection circuit, and a second inhibit circuit.



Quadrant change control in brushless DC motors

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method and apparatus for controlling a change in a quadrant of operation of a brushless direct current motor. A quadrant change in an operation of a motor is identified. In response to identifying the quadrant change, selected ones of a plurality of switches in a switch bridge are selected to be controlled to couple a direct current power source to the windings of the motor to change a direction of an actual current in the windings.



System for controlling the speed of an electric fan

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The system has a driving circuit for the motor of the electric fan, coupled to the electrical system of a motor vehicle and having a plurality of controlled electronic switches, and an electronic control unit arranged to control the driving circuit in such a way as to cause the flow in the motor of a variable average current capable of producing a required speed of rotation, in accordance with a predetermined relationship or function. The control unit is designed to store a predetermined threshold of rotation speed, and to control the motor through the associated driving circuit in such a way that when the rotational speed of the motor exceeds the threshold the driving circuit causes electrical braking of the motor.



Motor driving apparatus and motor apparatus using the same

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A motor driving apparatus includes an automatic gain control circuit on a signal path for transmitting a rotor-position detecting signal (hall voltage signal), and the automatic gain control circuit includes: an amplifier, configured to perform differential amplification on an input signal (step-angle hall current signal) to generate an output signal (amplified hall current signal); and a feedback control portion, configured to monitor the output signal (monitored current signal) to decide a gain of the amplifier.



Motor control device

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A motor control device that can improve stability of sensorless control of a permanent magnetic synchronous motor. Rotor position detection (10) includes motor parameter correction (30) for correcting a parameter (winding resistance of a coil, a magnetic flux amount of a permanent magnet), which is a machine constant of a motor, in order to eliminate an induced voltage difference between a detected induced voltage peak value and a detected estimated induced voltage peak value. The rotor position is detected on the basis of the corrected parameter.



AC motor control apparatus

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A control apparatus for a three-phase AC motor includes a current sensor and a current estimation section. The current sensor detects current flowing through one phase of the motor. The current estimation section repeats dq transformation and inverse dq transformation in a predetermined cycle. In the dq transformation, a d-axis current estimation value and a q-axis current estimation value in a rotating coordinate system of the AC motor are calculated based on the detected current and a previous current estimation value of another phase of the AC motor. In the inverse dq transformation, a present current estimation value of the other phase to be obtained at a time of angle advance of one period of the cycle is calculated based on smoothed values of the d-axis current estimation value and the q-axis current estimation value.



Actuation systems comprising an active-material actuator

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An actuator system for use in selectively engaging an input to an output. The actuator system includes an input sub-system having an input component configured to connect to an input element which is in turn connected to a work source. The actuator system also includes an output sub-system being connectable to the input sub-system for receiving work from the work source via the input sub-system. The actuator system further includes an actuator sub-system having an active material and an actuating component. The actuator sub-system is configured so that the active material, when activated, causes the actuating component to move from a first state to a second state to disengage the input and output sub-systems.



System for coupling at least one DC source to a controllable energy store and associated operating method

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to a system for coupling at least one DC source (9) to a controllable energy store (2), which is used for controlling and supplying electrical energy to an n-phase electric machine (1), where n≧1. In this case, the controllable energy store (2) has n parallel energy supply branches (3-1, 3-2, 3-3), which are connectable firstly to a reference rail (T−) and secondly to in each case one phase (U, V, W) of the electric machine (1). An intermediate circuit (10) is connectable on the output side via a controllable coupling circuit (12) to the energy supply branches (3-1, 3-2, 3-3) of the controllable energy store (2) and on the input side to the at least one DC source (9). An associated operating method provides for a current flow from the at least one DC source (9) into the energy supply branches (3-1, 3-2, 3-3) of the controllable energy store (2) or the phases (U, V, W) of the electric machine (1) to be controlled with the aid of the controllable coupling circuit (12).



Method for operating a closing device, and a closing device

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to a method for operating a closing device, wherein a closing element (2), with the aid of a drive motor (4) controlled by a control unit (7), can be displaced in a closing direction up against a stop edge, wherein the control unit (7) can be shifted into a normal-operation mode, in which position-related information is sensed as the current position of the closing element (2), and into a sleeping mode, in which no sensing of position-related information takes place, the method having the following steps: —interrogating whether a wake-up condition, in which the control unit (7) goes from the sleep mode into the normal-operation mode, is present; —if the presence of the wake-up condition is established, and if the closing element (2), prior to assuming the sleep mode, last moved in the closing direction, the position-related information is subjected (S25) to a predetermined correction value in order to correct the position-related information, in respect of an actual position of the closing element (2), into an opening direction.



Electric motor braking system for rotolinear actuator

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The electric motor consists of a rotor fitted with permanent magnets and comprises a stator the armature of which is made up of two parts: a stack of laminations forming round teeth and a solid tube-shaped field frame made of a material of the stainless steel kind enveloping the said stack of laminations. This armature constitutes a non-disengageable braking system that produces a damping effect in the face of possible movements of its rotor which are brought about and/or imposed by the members with which it collaborates. This motor can be used for driving a roto-linear actuator device with satellite rollers which is used as an actuator for maneuvering the control surfaces of an aircraft, for example an aileron.



Automated assembly apparatus and method of assembling components by using automated assembly apparatus

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

While a second component is brought into contact with a first component, the first component and the second component are rotated with respect to each other around a specific rotation axis, and rotation of the first component and the second component is stopped when a moment created around the rotation axis exceeds a predetermined threshold.



Systems and methods for crossover delay to prevent power module faults

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Systems and methods detect when a transition from a first power module to a second power module is taking place and generates a lockout pulse when the transition is detected. The lockout pulse initiates the blocking of a predetermined number of gate pulses from reaching the second power module. When the predetermined number of gate pulses are blocked, the systems and methods reset to allow complete gate pulses to reach the second module, and continues to detect when the next transition takes place.