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Synthesis of lithium-metal-phosphates under hydrothermal conditions

Tue, 13 Oct 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of compounds of general formula (I) Lia-bM1bQ1-cM2cPd-eM3eOx (l), wherein Q has the oxidation state +2 and M1, M2, M3,a, b, c, d, e and x are: Q: Fe, Mn, Co, Ni, M1: Na, K, Rb and/or Cs, M2: Mg, Al, Ca, Ti, Co, Ni, Cr, V, Fe, Mn, wherein Q and M2 are different from each other,M3: Si, S, F a: 0.8-1.9, b: 0-0.3, c: 0-0.9, d: 0.8-1.9, e: 0-0.5, x: 1.0-8, depending on the amount and oxidation state of Li, M1, M2, P, M3, wherein compounds of general formula (I) are neutrally charged, comprising the following steps (A) providing a mixture comprising at least one lithium-comprising compound, at least one Q-comprising compound, in which Q has at least partially an oxidation state higher than +2, and at least one M1-comprising compound, if present, and/or at least one M2-comprising compound, if present, and/or least one M3-comprising compound, if present, and at least one reducing agent which is oxidized to at least one compound comprising at least one phosphorous atom in oxidation state +5, and (B) heating the mixture obtained in step (A) at a temperature of 100 to 500° C. and at an autogeneous pressure to reduce Q to oxidation state +2 and to obtain a compound of general formula (I).



Conductive doped metal-glass compositions and methods

Tue, 22 Sep 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Provided herein are conductive glass-metal compositions, as well as methods of making and using such compositions. In one example, the compositions include gold (Au) doped lithium-borate glasses shown to exhibit a transition from ionic to electronic conduction within the same sample. This is achieved via appropriate heat treatment, and particularly by heat treatment after annealing, wherein the post-annealing heat treatment is performed at temperatures below the glass transition temperature (Tg). The methods described herein are believed to introducing polarons formed from the trapping of electrons at partially ionized gold atoms. This unique electrical response provides new functionality to this class of nanocomposites. Additionally, increased thermal conductivity can be provided to an otherwise low conductive glass composition using the inventive methods and other subject matter provided herein.



Curable composition

Tue, 01 Sep 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Provided are a curable composition, a light emitting diode, a liquid crystal display, and a lighting apparatus. The curable composition may have excellent processibility and workability, and excellent crack resistance, hardness, thermal resistance, transparency and adhesiveness after curing. The composition has neither whitening after being applied nor surface stickiness. The composition may be useful as an adhesive or encapsulating material of an optical semiconductor device such as an LED, a CCD or a photocoupler.



Methods of making oxygen scavenging articles containing moisture

Tue, 18 Aug 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An extruded or molded article containing iron based oxygen scavenger, electrolytes, activated carbon, silica gel, or other water absorbing media, and optionally pore formers, is subjected to deformation to create voids or porosity, and subjected to water spraying or dipping to obtain a water activity of 0.4 or higher. The article is placed in a container or package containing oxygen sensitive articles.



Slurry for chemical mechanical polishing

Tue, 14 Jul 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to a slurry for chemical mechanical polishing, comprising an abrasive; an oxidant; an organic acid; and a polymeric additive comprising polyolefin-polyalkyleneoxide copolymer, wherein the polyolefin-polyalkyleneoxide copolymer comprises a polyolefin repeat unit and two or more polyalkyleneoxide repeat units, and at least one polyalkyleneoxide repeat unit is branched.



Light-conversion flexible polymer material and use thereof

Tue, 30 Jun 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A light-conversion flexible polymer material consists of an organic silicone rubber (bi-component addition thermal vulcanizing liquid silicone rubber, 20.0-75.0%), a diluting agent (silicone oil, 10.0-20.0%), a luminescent material (one or more of aluminate, silicate, siliconitride and oxysulfide luminescent materials, 15.0-65.0%) and auxiliary. The polymer material can be bent randomly as required. The polymer material is made by mixing raw materials uniformly in a blending container, inpouring the obtained mixture into a mold and thermal-curing. The polymer material is used on the surface of a blue-light LED and the luminescent material in the light-conversion flexible polymer material can be excitated by light emitted from the blue light LED to give out light, which is combined with residual blue light into white light. The polymer material can be widely used in light-source devices such as lamp, nixie tube and backlight.



Ternary heat-transfer fluids comprising difluoromethane, pentafluoroethane and tetrafluoropropene

Tue, 16 Jun 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to a ternary composition comprising: from 5 to 50% of difluoromethane;—from 2 to 20% of pentafluoroethane; and—from 30 to 90% of tetrafluoropropeae. The tetrafluoropropeae may be 1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene or 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene. This composition can be used as a heat-transfer fluid in vapor compression circuit.



Hybrid host materials for electrophosphorescent devices

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Compounds (including polymers) for use in hybrid host materials which can be used in electroluminescent devices. The compounds comprise at least one electron-transporting moiety and at least one hole-transporting moiety which are joined by a flexible linker. Hybrid host materials comprising the compounds exhibit stability against phase separation, elevated glass transition temperature, morphological stability against crystallization, and isolation of the electron transporting moiety and hole transporting moiety π-systems.



Highly loaded concentrate pellets and preparation of the same

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A highly loaded concentrate pellet composition includes an active ingredient in a concentration of at least about 60% by weight, and a low molecular weight binder in a concentration of up to about 35% by weight. The active ingredient is evenly dispersed in the binder. The binder has a melting point that permits the composition to melt under shear in an extruder. The binder is non-metallocene and non-stearic.



Multifunctional hyperbranched organic intercalating agent, method for its manufacture and its use

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A facile synthesis of amphiphilic hyperbranched polymers consisting of poly(amic acid) and polyimide was developed via “A2+B3” approach from difunctional anhydride and trifunctional hydrophilic poly(oxyalkylene)triamine. Various amphiphilic hyperbranched poly(amic acid)s (HBPAAs) with terminal amine functionalities and amic acid structures were prepared through ring-opening polyaddition at room temperature, followed by thermal imidization process for the formation of hyperbranched polyimides (HBPIs), accordingly. The resulting HBPIs were analyzed by GPC, indicating the molecule weights of 5000˜7000 g/mol with a distribution of polydispersity between 2.0 and 3.8. The amine titration for HBPIs indicated the peripheral total-amine contents to be 8.32˜18.32 mequiv/g dependent on compositions.



Generic approach for synthesizing asymmetric nanoparticles and nanoassemblies

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A generic route for synthesis of asymmetric nanostructures. This approach utilizes submicron magnetic particles (Fe3O4—SiO2) as recyclable solid substrates for the assembly of asymmetric nanostructures and purification of the final product. Importantly, an additional SiO2 layer is employed as a mediation layer to allow for selective modification of target nanoparticles. The partially patched nanoparticles are used as building blocks for different kinds of complex asymmetric nanostructures that cannot be fabricated by conventional approaches. The potential applications such as ultra-sensitive substrates for surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) have been included.



Whitlockite and method for manufacturing the same

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

This invention relates to whitlockite and a method for manufacturing the same. The method includes adding, to water, a calcium ion supplying material and a cation supplying material containing a cation (X) other than the calcium ion to prepare a cation aqueous solution, adding a phosphoric acid supplying material to the cation aqueous solution, and aging the cation aqueous solution including the phosphoric acid supplying material. As a result, whitlockite having high purity and high crystallinity can be mass produced using a simple process.



Process for producing ammonia synthesis gas

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention concerns a process for producing ammonia synthesis gas from the reforming of hydrocarbons with steam in a primary reformer (1) equipped with a plurality of externally heated catalytic tubes and then in a secondary reformer (2) together with an oxidant gas. In this process, the reaction of said hydrocarbons with said steam in said primary reformer (1) is performed at an operating pressure of at least 45 bar in the catalytic tubes and a flow of essentially pure oxygen or oxygen-enriched air is added to said secondary reformer as oxidant gas for substantially reforming together with said all the hydrocarbons content of said product gas exiting the primary reformer (1). In the case essentially pure oxygen is used as oxidant gas, a flow of nitrogen is added downstream the secondary reformer (2) to reach a N2/H2 molar ratio corresponding to or close to the stoichiometric ratio for ammonia synthesis. This process allows to obtain high synthesis gas production capacities and lower investment and energy costs.



Reversibly thermochromic compositions

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention pertains to a reversibly thermochromic system comprising a substituted or an unsubstituted 6,11-dihydroxy-naphthacene-5,12-dione and a base and to a reversibly thermochromic composition comprising the reversibly thermochromic system and a carrier material and to novel substituted 6,11-dihydroxy-naphthacene-5,12-diones.



Vegetable oil having high dielectric purity

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A dielectric high purity vegetable oil—free from antioxidants and/or external additives to be used in electric equipment such as transformers, as isolating element and as cooling means and a method for obtaining the same in which the dielectric high purity vegetable oil—is obtained by means of the optimization of the bleaching steps—and deodorizing—from the Refining process—known as Modified Caustic Refining Long-Mix (RBD).



Sputtering target

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A sputtering target including a sintered body including In, Ga and Mg, the sintered body including one or more compounds selected from a compound represented by In2O3, a compound represented by In(GaMg)O4, a compound represented by Ga2MgO4 and a compound represented by In2MgO4, andhaving an atomic ratio In/(In+Ga+Mg) of 0.5 or more and 0.9999 or less and an atomic ratio (Ga+Mg)/(In+Ga+Mg) of 0.0001 or more and 0.5 or less.



Conductive paste and electronic device and solar cell including an electrode formed using the conductive paste

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

According to example embodiments, a conductive paste includes a conductive component that contains a conductive powder and a titanium (Ti)-based metallic glass. The titanium-based metallic glass has a supercooled liquid region of about 5K or more, a resistivity after crystallization that is less than a resistivity before crystallization by about 50% or more, and a weight increase by about 0.5 mg/cm2 or less after being heated in a process furnace at a firing temperature. According to example embodiments, an electronic device and a solar cell may include at least one electrode formed using the conductive paste according to example embodiments.



Lead-free conductive paste composition and semiconductor devices made therewith

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A lead-free conductive paste composition contains a source of an electrically conductive metal, a fusible material, an optional additive, and an organic vehicle. An article such as a high-efficiency photovoltaic cell is formed by a process of deposition of the lead-free paste composition on a semiconductor substrate (e.g., by screen printing) and firing the paste to remove the organic vehicle and sinter the metal and fusible material.



Conductive paste for screen printing

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

There is provided a conductive paste for screen printing. The conductive paste includes: metal nanoparticles (Y) having an average particle diameter of 1 to 50 nm and protected with a polymer compound having a branched polyalkyleneimine chain and a polymer chain selected from the group consisting of a polyoxyalkylene chain, a polymer chain composed of a polyvinyl alcohol, a polymer chain composed of a water-soluble poly(meth)acrylic acid, a polyacylalkyleneimine chain having a hydrophilic substituent, and a polymer chain composed of a polyacrylamide; metal particles (Z) having an average particle diameter of 200 to 600 nm; a deprotecting agent (A) for the metal nanoparticles; and an organic solvent (B). An aliphatic monocarboxylic acid having 6 to 10 carbon atoms is used as the deprotecting agent (A) for the metal nanoparticles. A polyalkylene glycol is used as the organic solvent (B).



Conductive paste and electronic device, and solar cell including an electrode formed using the conductive paste

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A conductive paste may include a conductive component and an organic vehicle. The conductive component may include an amorphous metal. The amorphous metal may have a lower resistivity after a crystallization process than before the crystallization process, and at least one of a weight gain of about 4 mg/cm2 or less and a thickness increase of about 30 μm or less after being heated in a process furnace at a firing temperature.



Production method of active material, and active material

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A production method of an active material, and the active material are provided to realize an active material containing metal-containing particles and being capable of achieving satisfactory cycle performance and rate performance. The active material is produced by a method of polymerizing a mixture of a metal ion, a hydroxy acid, and a polyol to obtain a polymer, and a step of carbonizing the polymer. The active material used is one having a carbonaceous porous material, and metal particles and/or metal oxide particles supported in pores of the carbonaceous porous material, and particle diameter of the metal-containing particles are in the range of 10 to 300 nm.



Coatings containing functionalized graphene sheets and articles coated therewith

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Coatings are provided containing functionalized graphene sheets and at least one binder. In one embodiment, the coatings are electrically conductive.



Composition for solar cell electrodes and electrode fabricated using the same

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A composition for solar cell electrodes includes a silver powder; a glass frit; and an organic vehicle, wherein the glass frit includes bismuth (Bi), tellurium (Te), and chromium (Cr).



Thiophene derivative, method for producing same, and polymer of thiophene derivative

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A novel polymer which has high solubility and good processability and is suitable as an electrically conductive material, and a novel compound which is a starting material of the polymer. The novel compound to be used as a starting material is a thiophene derivative represented by formula (I) shown below, In the formula (I), A is S; and B is R2 (R2 is an alkylene group having a carbon number of 2 to 3 and optionally having a substituent), provided that A and B are intramolecularly cyclized to form, together with the thiophene group, a bicyclic heterocyclic structure. The novel polymer that is produced by polymerizing the thiophene derivative is suitable as an electrically conductive material.



Photoelectric conversion material containing fullerene derivative

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention provides a photoelectric conversion material comprising a fullerene derivative represented by the formula C60(R1)5(R2), wherein each R1 independently represents an organic group having a substituent; and R2 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 hydrocarbon group. Further, the present invention also provides a photoelectric conversion device having a self-assembled monomolecular film of the photoelectric conversion material, and a solar cell having the photoelectric conversion device.



Coiled reformer catalyst tube for compact reformer

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method for producing a chemical reaction is provided. This method includes providing at least two helical tubes, wherein the helical tubes comprise: a first axis and a second axis; wherein the first axis and the second axis are normal to each other; a cross-sectional shape of a predetermined contour; and an inlet end and an outlet end. The method includes reforming a first gas stream and a second gas stream into a third gas stream in the presence of a catalyst. The method includes surrounding a heat source with the helical tubes are, and operating the tube with an average catalyst temperature of above 500 F. An apparatus for producing a chemical reaction is also provided. This apparatus comprises at least two helical tubes, wherein the helical tubes comprise: a first axis and a second axis; wherein the first axis and the second axis are normal to each other; a cross-sectional shape of a predetermined contour; an inlet end and an outlet end, wherein the helical tubes contain a catalyst capable of reforming a first gas stream and a second gas stream into a third gas stream. The helical tubes are designed to surround a heat source, and the tube operates with an average catalyst temperature of above 500 F.



Eu2+-activated aluminates nanobelts, whiskers, and powders, methods of making the same, and uses thereof

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Embodiments of the present disclosure relate to visible luminescent phosphors, visible luminescent nanobelt phosphors, methods of making visible luminescent phosphors, methods of making visible luminescent nanobelt phosphors, mixtures of visible luminescent phosphors, methods of using visible luminescent phosphors, waveguides including visible luminescent phosphors, white light emitting phosphors, and the like.



Liquid crystal composition, liquid crystal element, and liquid crystal display device

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A liquid crystal composition including a dioxolane compound represented by the general formula (G1) as a chiral agent is provided. In the general formula (G1), R1 and R2 individually represent any of hydrogen, an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, and an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms and having a phenyl group as a substituent; R1 and R2 may be bonded to each other to form a ring; R3 and R4 individually represent any of hydrogen, an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, and a cycloalkyl group; and R5 to R40 individually represent any of hydrogen, an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms.



Blue phase liquid crystal display panel and fabricating method thereof

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A blue phase liquid crystal display panel and a fabricating method thereof are provided. A first substrate and a second substrate are provided, and then a blue phase liquid crystal composition is filled between the first substrate and the second substrate, wherein the blue phase liquid crystal composition includes a blue phase liquid crystal and a reactive monomer. Next, an irradiation process is performed to induce a polymerization reaction in the reactive monomer of the blue phase liquid crystal composition, wherein a light utilized in the irradiation process has a wavelength ranged from 200 nm to 350 nm.



Nematic liquid crystal composition

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A nematic liquid crystal composition of the present invention is used in liquid crystal display devices of the TN mode, OCB mode, ECB mode, IPS mode, or VA-IPS mode. The liquid crystal composition has positive dielectric anisotropy. Since the refractive index anisotropy and the nematic phase-isotropic liquid phase transition temperature are decreased and the increase in the lower limit temperature of the nematic phase is suppressed, the viscosity of the liquid crystal composition is sufficiently low without degrading the nematic phase temperature range. The liquid crystal composition also offers excellent features such as high-speed response, good display quality, and less display failures and is thus suitable as a practical liquid crystal composition.



Etherified melamine/formaldehyde condensates having a high solid content and low viscosity

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Process for the preparation of etherified melamine/formaldehyde condensates, in which first a methylolation of melamine with a formaldehyde component in the molar ratio of from 1:6 to 1:15, preferably at a pH of >7, is carried out. This is followed by an etherification of the resulting hydroxymethylation intermediate in the presence of a C1-C20-alkyl, preferably of a C1-C6-alcohol, particularly preferably of a C1-C4-alcohol, at a pH of 9.5 being established before, during and/or after the distillation. According to the invention, a plurality of hydroxymethylation, etherification and distillation steps follow in order to achieve an etherified melamine/formaldehyde condensate which is distinguished by a high degree of hydroxymethylation, a high solids content and a low viscosity.



Production process for composite oxide, positive-electrode active material for lithium-ion secondary battery and lithium-ion secondary battery

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A production process for composite oxide expressed by a compositional formula: LiMn1-xAxO2, where “A” is one or more kinds of metallic elements other than Mn; and 0≦“x”



Polishing slurry composition

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Provided is a polishing slurry composition, including a non-ionic surfactant represented by the following formula (1) R—(OCH2CH2)x—OH formula (1) wherein x is an integer from 1 to 50, and R is selected from a group consisting of a C3-C50 alkyl group, a C6-C55 benzylalkyl group and a C6-C55 phenylalkyl group.



Cooling agent for cold packs and food and beverage containers

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Safe, stable, non-toxic and recyclable cooling compositions comprising solid particulate compounds that undergo an endothermic process when mixed with water such that the resulting mixture is useful for cooling surfaces, liquids and solids. The compositions always include one or more compounds from a group consisting of endothermic compounds that contain potassium; one or more compounds from a group of endothermic compounds that contain nitrogen; and at least one compound from a group consisting of ammonium phosphate, diammonium phosphate, ammonium polyphosphate, ammonium pyrophosphate and ammonium metaphosphate such that the compound or mixture of compounds in this group is at least 1% by weight of the final composition.



Composition of zeotropic mixtures having predefined temperature glide

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A composition of a zeotropic mixture has a first chemical constituent and at least one second, different chemical constituent. The zeoptropic mixture has a temperature glide of 5° C.-25° C. with regard to its saturated vapor temperature and its saturated liquid temperature. The first chemical constituent is selected from 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane, 1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane, methyl perfluoropropyl ether, 1,1,1,2,3,3-hexafluoropropane and 1,1,1,2,2,4,5,5,5-nonafluoro-4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pentanone.



Low-temperature and average-temperature refrigeration

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to binary compositions of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene and difluoromethane, as a heat transfer fluid in compression, low-temperature and average temperature refrigeration systems, with exchangers operating in counterflow mode or in split flow mode with counterflow tendency. The invention also relates to a heat transfer method.



Freestanding films with electric field-enhanced piezoelectric coefficients

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method to produce low-temperature sinterable powders which are then subsequently used to fabricate freestanding piezoelectric films with very large electric-field-enhanced piezoelectric response is provided. The −d31 coefficient for PMN-PT layers can be as high as 2000 pm/V, larger than that of commercial single crystalline PMN-PT bulk materials, at 10 kV/cm (or 20 V over the 20-micron film thickness). In contrast to single crystals, the polycrystalline freestanding films are easy to fabricate and can be made into any size. The films are also easily miniaturized. The method can be applied to nearly any piezoelectric material.



Permanent magnet and manufacturing method thereof

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

There are provided a permanent magnet and a manufacturing method thereof enabling carbon content contained in magnet particles to be reduced in advance before sintering even when wet milling is employed. Coarsely-milled magnet powder is further milled by a bead mill in a solvent together with an organometallic compound expressed with a structural formula of M-(OR)X (M represents V, Mo, Zr, Ta Ti W or Nb, R represents a substituent group consisting of a straight-chain or branched-chain hydrocarbon, X represents an arbitrary integer) so as to uniformly adhere the organometallic compound to particle surfaces of the magnet powder. Thereafter, a compact body of compacted magnet powder is held for several hours in hydrogen atmosphere at 200 through 900 degrees Celsius to perform hydrogen calcination process. Thereafter, through sintering process, a permanent magnet 1 is formed.



Gel-type polymer electrolyte for dye-sensitized solar cell and dye-sensitized solar cell comprising the same

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present disclosure relates to gel-type polymer electrolyte for a dye-sensitized solar cell, a dye-sensitized solar cell comprising the gel-type polymer electrolyte, and a method for manufacturing the dye-sensitized solar cell.



Lithium-ion-conducting materials

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Lithium-ion-conducting ceramic materials are disclosed having characteristics of high lithium-ion conductivity at low temperatures, good current efficiency, and stability in water and corrosive media under static and electrochemical conditions. Some general formulas for the lithium-ion-conducting materials include MI1+x+z−δMIIIxMIVayMIVb2−x−yMVzP3−zO12 and MI1+x+4z−δMIIIxMIVayMIVb2−x−y−zP3O12, wherein MI comprises Li, Na, or mixtures thereof; 0.05



Liquid crystal composition, liquid crystal display device, and method for producing liquid crystal display device

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Several aspects of the present invention provide a liquid crystal composition capable of shortening the takt time and achieving excellent display qualities, and a liquid crystal display device and a method for producing a liquid crystal display device which use the liquid crystal composition. The liquid crystal composition of several aspects of the present invention includes a liquid crystal material and one or more kinds of radical polymerizable monomers, at least one kind of the radical polymerizable monomers being a compound generating radicals through a self-cleavage reaction by exposure to light and having at least two radical polymerizable groups.



Polymer/liquid crystal composite and liquid crystal display device including the same

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The occurrence of a defective orientation of a polymer/liquid crystal composite is suppressed. In addition, the occurrence of defective display of a liquid crystal display device including the polymer/liquid crystal composite is suppressed. In the polymer/liquid crystal composite exhibiting a blue phase, a plurality of domains are included and defective orientations easily occur at boundaries between the domains. Thus, by lowering orientation periodicities at boundaries between the domains, a defect-free orientation to high orientation periodicities at the boundary between adjacent domains can be obtained. Specifically, the polymer/liquid crystal composite exhibiting the blue phase includes the plurality of domains each of which has a size of 3 μm or less.



Paste and polymer transducer including coating film formed from same as electrolyte film or electrode films

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Paste which is prepared by any solid concentration and is excellent in terms of handleability, applicability, and storage stability; an electrolyte film or electrode film which is an even and highly flexible coating film formed in a desired thickness from the paste through a few repetitions of an application/drying step; and a polymer transducer which can be industrially and economically produced and shows excellent performance. The paste comprises: a solid polyelectrolyte (A) consisting of a block copolymer containing; a polymer block (a-1) which is represented by chemical formula (1) and a polymer block (a-2) which has substantially no ionic group and is rubbery at room temperature; an organic solvent (B) having a boiling point at 150° C. or higher; and non-dissociable particles (C) which are insoluble in the organic solvent (B) and have a major-axis length of 1-100 μm and an aspect ratio of 5 or less. The polymer transducer comprises an electrolyte film and a pair of electrode films between which the electrolyte film is sandwiched, wherein the electrolyte film or the pair of electrode films has been formed by drying and solidifying the paste into a film shape.



Layered compound-metal particle composite and production method therefor, and suspension, film and flexible solar cell using same

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A layered compound-metal particle composite 3 is obtained by the addition, to an organically modified layered compound 1 formed by the intercalation of organic ions between layers of a layered compound, of both an aqueous colloidal metal solution 2 in which metal particles are dispersed as a metal colloid in water, and a nonaqueous solvent which is a poor solvent for the metal colloid and has an excellent ability to swell the organically modified layered compound 1.



Conjugated polymer composition for solar cell and flexible electronics applications

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A polymer composition for solar cell and flexible electronics devices, where the polymer is a p-type conducting polymer. The p-type polymer comprises a benzothiadiazole acceptor and indeno-fluorene donor. Further, a solar cell and flexible electronic device article may be made from the polymer.



Methods of preparing metal quantum clusters in molecular confinement

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Methods for the synthesis of metal quantum clusters within the framework of a porous gel matrix are described. For example, Ag25(glutathione)18 quantum clusters are synthesized in a cross-linked polyacrylamide gel matrix. The methods can be performed on large-scale and yields monodispersed metal quantum clusters.



Stabilizer composition for polymers

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to a composition, which comprises (a) a compound of formula (A-1) (b) a compound of formulae (B-1), (B-11), (B-111) or (B-IV) wherein Z1 is linear C12-alkyl or linear C18-alkyl, and (c) a compound, which is a further sterically hindered phenolic antioxidant. The composition is used for stabilization of an organic polymer against degradation by heat, light and/or oxidation. The organic polymer is for example a styrene-butadiene copolymer, a styrene-isoprene copolymers or polybutadiene.



Heteroleptic (allyl)(pyrroles-2-aldiminate) metal-containing precursors, their synthesis and vapor deposition thereof to deposit metal-containing films

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed are metal-containing precursors having the formula Compound (I) wherein: —M is a metal selected from Ni, Co, Mn, Pd; and —each of R-1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, and R10 are independently selected from H; a C1-C4 linear, branched, or cyclic alkyl group; a C1-C4 linear, branched, or cyclic alkylsilyl group (mono, bis, or tris alkyl); a C1-C4 linear, branched, or cyclic alkylamino group; or a C1-C4 linear, branched, or cyclic fluoroalkyl group. Also disclosed are methods of synthesizing and using the disclosed metal-containing precursors to deposit metal-containing films on a substrate via a vapor deposition process.



Colloidal Coomassie stain

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Colloidal formulation for staining proteins and methods of their use are provided.



Anode material of excellent conductivity and high power secondary battery employed with the same

Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Provided is an anode material for an electrode mix comprising a carbon material and a lithium titanium oxide (LTO), wherein a ratio of an average particle size of LTO relative to that of the carbon material is in a range of 0.1 to 20%, and LTO is distributed mainly on a surface of the carbon material. The anode material of the present invention can prevent excessive formation of a SEI film, and is of a high capacity due to a high energy density and exhibits excellent output characteristics and rate characteristics. Further, it has superior electrolyte wettability which consequently results in improved battery performance and life characteristics.