Tue, 07 Jun 2016 08:00:00 EDTA heating device is provided, comprising a shaped body, which has at least two regions comprising different compositions of a ceramic material with a positive temperature coefficient of electrical resistance. A method for manufacturing a heating device is furthermore specified.
Tue, 18 Aug 2015 08:00:00 EDTA method for manufacturing an electric resistance steel pipe having a good toughness at a welded portion is provided, the method being capable of stably manufacturing an electric resistance welded steel pipe having a desirable toughness at a welded portion although a steel strip serving as a base material has a dimensional variation. Groove shapes and are applied to edges and of an open pipe, an edge shape monitor continuously captures images of the edges and immediately before electric resistance welding, and the captured images are input to an arithmetic processing unit for image processing.
Tue, 02 Jun 2015 08:00:00 EDTA heater control unit controls electric power supplied to a heater provided in a seat. The heater control unit includes an outside air temperature measuring portion that measures an outside air temperature, a seat surface temperature measuring portion that measures a surface temperature of the seat, and a control portion. The control portion controls a time for which an initial electric power larger than an electric power in a steady state after the initial state is output to the heater, according to the measured outside air temperature and the measured seat surface temperature in an initial state immediately after the heater is activated.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA fixing device capable of shifting to a sleep state includes a heat source; a rotatable fixing member that is partly heated by the heat source to heat an unfixed image carrying surface of a recording medium; a rotatable pressing member that is in pressure contact with the fixing member to form a nip portion between the pressing member and the fixing member; a rotation drive unit that directly or indirectly rotates the fixing member; a temperature detecting unit that detects a temperature of the fixing member; and a controller configured to prohibit the fixing device from shifting to the sleep state when the temperature of the fixing member in a region facing the heat source is equal to or more than a predetermined temperature T1 at a point when a predetermined time period t1 has elapsed from the stop of rotation drive of the rotation drive unit.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA system for preventing drowsiness in a driver by employing a thermal grill. The system includes a detection module and an intervention module. The detection module monitors a driver's parameters to determine whether the driver is drowsy. If the driver is determined to be drowsy, the intervention module activates a thermal grill with interlaced hot and cold regions. This activation causes the hot regions to approach one temperature and the cold regions to approach another. Additionally, this activation leads to an uncomfortable sensation for the driver, alerts the driver, and prevents the driver from getting drowsy.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTAn apparatus for fabricating semiconductor devices includes a chamber having a bottom plane, a side wall and a lid. An irradiating unit is at an interior of the chamber. A substrate mounting unit is between the bottom plane of the chamber and the irradiating unit. The irradiating unit includes an irradiating tube and a hole penetrating the central region of the irradiating tube. The irradiating tube has a hollow disk shape, and a lower surface of the irradiating tube is opened to the substrate mounting unit.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTAn electromagnetic heater for heating an irregularly shaped object, including: a cavity within which an object is to be placed;at least one feed which feeds UHF or microwave energy into the cavity; anda controller that controls one or more characteristics of the cavity or energy to assure that the UHF or microwave energy is deposited uniformly in the object within ±30% over at least 80% of the volume of the object.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTApparatus and method are provided for making the longitudinal temperature distribution of the bulbous end of a longitudinally oriented workpiece, such as a rail's head, generally uniform when the head has a non-uniform longitudinal temperature distribution. A combination of crown and skirt electric inductors is used to achieve the generally uniform temperature distribution by modulating the magnetic field intensity produced by current flow through one or more of the combination of crown and skirt inductors as required for the non-uniformly heated regions of the rail's head.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to a cooking control method performed by a cooking apparatus for a food item. The method comprises obtaining a unique identifier and cooking data for the food item, and checking for a record of the unique identifier in a memory of the cooking apparatus. If a record of the unique identifier is located in the memory, then the cooking apparatus will not cook the food item. Otherwise a cooking process based on the cooking data to cook the food item is performed. Accordingly, cooking data for a given instance of a food item can only be used once in order to activate a cooking process performed by the cooking apparatus. The present invention also features product recall as well as the ability to track food item sales via a cooking data communications system.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTAn electronic circuit control arrangement to sustain water discharging from an instantaneous hot water heater at a set temperature or range having a proportional water temperature signal derived from a sensing arrangement in communication with water inlet and outlet ports so as to sense the respective temperatures at each port to provide a comparatively measurable proportional difference between the inlet and outlet temperatures set against referenced parameters, including a comparator that acts as an operable control of a switch adapted to couple and de-couple an alternating current power source to the heating element through a duty cycle of highs and lows to provide a rate to generate and maintain the appropriate coupling and/or de-coupling of the alternating current power source to and from the heating element to achieve the desired referenced temperature and/or range.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed is an apparatus for applying RF energy to an object in an energy application zone via one or more radiating elements at a plurality of modulation space elements (MSEs). The apparatus may include at least one processor configured to cause supply of RF energy to one or more of the radiating elements in a first subset of the plurality of MSEs, at a first power level common to the MSEs in the first subset and for varying time durations, and cause supply of RF energy to one or more of the radiating elements in a second subset of the plurality of MSEs, at power levels lower than the first power level and for a time duration common to the MSEs of the second subset.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA control system and method for a thermal circuit that includes a control unit (1) and a valvular device which regulate the passage of a heat transfer fluid (6) through the inside of a thermal circuit, and a thermoelectric element (3) powering the control unit (1) from the heat of the heat transfer fluid (6). The control unit (1) and/or the valvular device are configured to regulate the circulation of the heat transfer fluid (6) through the inside of the thermal circuit, in order to always maintain a sufficient minimum flow to assure, at all times, the electric power supply of the control unit (1).The method includes using a control system to carry out regulation of the circulation of the heat transfer fluid which assures the electric power supply of part or the entire control system.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTThe heating apparatus of a surface-heating type, includes a rotary member, an opposing member that forms a nip with respect to the rotary member, and a heating member for heating a portion of a rotary member surface other than the nip, in which temperature used for heating the rotary member by the heating member is controlled, and a heating material inserted in the nip to be nipped and conveyed therein is heated using heat of the rotary member. Accordingly, after insertion of the heating material in the nip starts, control temperature of the heating member is increased before the rotary member rotates by one revolution, thereby preventing an uneven heating phenomenon of the heating material in the first revolution and the second revolution or later, and preventing uneven gloss due to the uneven heating phenomenon in the fixing apparatus.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA heating and cooling device is disclosed. The device has an outer covering, and a plurality of heating and cooling coils within the covering. A plurality of flexible air flow chambers inside the covering provide air flow over the heating and cooling coils, and a plurality of vents exit the outer covering from the plurality of air conduits.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA thermal pixel array stimulating device is disclosed providing flexibility between the different pixels of the array to enable wrapping of the device over a curved surface of the human body by connecting the pixel substrates by flexible material or linkages. The distance between the pixels may further optionally be adjustable. A controller may control the temperature pattern generated by the array. The controller may be programmable to provide a temperature pattern. Individual pixels may be provided with sensors to measure stimulus, with the outputs from such sensors being directed to data recordal and display devices. Stimulation modes provided may include at least one of vibratory stimulation, actuation stimulation, thermal stimulation or a combination of two or more of them.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTWelding equipment that includes a tooling cart for transferring interchangeable tooling modules to a welding machine. A latch is mounted to the welding machine for latching the tooling cart to the welding machine, and a latch is provided for latching the tooling modules onto the tooling cart. A two-piece tooling cart includes a removable upper section for securing tooling modules thereto and a reusable lower section for use with other tooling modules. A welding method permits operation of a welding machine using a user interface that permits modular programming of at least one operational sequence of welding machine valves and weld operations for a variety of different tooling modules. An operator inputs a new sequence of operations using the user interface rather than having to rewrite ladder logic just to switch over the welding machine to use with a different tooling module.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTThe invention includes a wire feed system that is used within a welder, the system having a forward drive roll that rotates in a first direction, a reverse drive roll that rotates in a second direction, which is opposite the first direction, wherein the forward drive roll and the reverse drive roll are both located on a first side of a wire, a first idle roll disposed opposite the forward drive roll, a second idle roll disposed opposite the reverse drive roll, wherein the first idle roll and the second idle roll are located on a second side of the wire, an arm that pivotally couples the first idle roll to the second idle roll, and an actuator that displaces the first idle roll to engage with the forward drive roll to advance the wire or displaces the second idle roll to engage with the reverse drive roll to retract the wire based upon a predetermined condition.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to a connection device (27) comprising a coupling device (24) and a plug element (34) for a welding torch (10) connected to the coupling device (24) by at least one hose assembly (23), said coupling device arranged at least partially in the housing, wherein a welding wire (13), delivered by a feed unit (29) which is arranged on a motor plate (28), and additional media are conducted to the welding torch (10) via the hose assembly (23) and wherein the hose assembly (23) is connected to the plug element (34). In order to create such a connection system (27), the coupling device is formed by a connection device (30) comprising an end wall (38) and a separating wall (39) of the motor plate (28), wherein the end wall (38) is designed to receive the coupling (35), the connection device (30) is constructed to at least guide and position a pin (37), and the connection device (30) is independent of the housing.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTMethods for producing a continuous hole in a substrate are provided. A laser is used for producing an inner proportion and a diffuser of the continuous hole, wherein an angular position of the laser with respect to the substrate is changed at least three times.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA device for recontouring a gas turbine blade includes at least one support configured to rest on an edge of the gas turbine blade during the recontouring, at least one side bearing configured to rest on an intake side or an outlet side of the gas turbine blade during the recontouring and a machining unit for machining the gas turbine blade. The machining unit is configured to fuse at least one partial area of the edge of the gas turbine blade using a beam of energy that is targeted such that material of the blade solidifies into a new contour, substantially without the addition of supplementary material.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA system is provided that includes a torch power unit, wherein the torch power unit includes a motor and a digital device coupled to the motor and configured to control the motor. A method of operation is provided that includes controlling one or more aspects of a torch power unit via a microprocessor, a digital signal processor, or a field programmable gate array, or a combination thereof. In another embodiment, a system is provided that includes a torch power unit that includes a torch, one or more components comprising a generator, a power converter, a compressor, a motor, a wire feeder, or a combination thereof, and a microprocessor configured to control the one or more components.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA retaining cap for a plasma torch is provided that includes fast securing threads. The retaining cap includes internal threads that couple to external threads of a torch body of the plasma torch. The internal and external threads may be multiple start threads having a thread angle greater than 60°. Plasma torches and plasma cutting systems are also provided.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTAccording to an example embodiment, a machine includes, among other things, a housing and a support situated for supporting a work piece in a selected position relative to the housing. A radiation source is situated for emitting a beam of radiation in the housing. A magnetic field generator is situated for generating a magnetic field in the housing near the support. The magnetic field has a selectively variable strength at a plurality of locations in the housing for selectively steering the beam of radiation toward the support.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTThere is provided a spot welding apparatus. The spot welding apparatus includes a pressing force actuator that causes a movable electrode to move to a pressing force applying position where the movable electrode applies a pressing force to a workpiece together with a fixed electrode, a control pressing force applying actuator that causes a receiving unit to move to a control pressing force applying position where the receiving unit is located adjacent to the fixed electrode and comes into contact with the workpiece so as to apply a control pressing force, and a welding transformer. The control pressing force applying actuator and the welding transformer are linearly aligned at a rear side of the pressing force actuator that is arranged at a front side of a support bracket.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA method and apparatus for joining materials having primarily ferritic properties is described. The method includes joining the ferritic materials using a welding process and a weld material having a primarily austenitic microstructure. The resulting weldment enhances the properties of yield ratio, uniform elongation, toughness and tearing resistance thereby producing superior strain capacity. High strain capacity produces a structure that accommodates high axial loading. The weldment can also accommodate larger than conventional weld flaws while maintaining sufficient strength, tearing resistance, and fracture toughness under high axial loading.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTAn example component finishing method includes immersing a surface of a component within a fluid during a finishing process. The method heats fluid near the surface during the finishing to create a convection current within the fluid that carries a byproduct of the finishing away from the surface.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTProvided is an apparatus for manufacturing a deposition mask assembly for a flat panel display, which prevents a pattern from being distorted in a pattern mask when divided pattern masks are welded to a support fixture. An apparatus for manufacturing a deposition mask assembly for a flat panel display of the present description, which includes a frame mask forming an opening, a support fixture installed in the frame mask, and a pattern mask welded to the support fixture to have a pattern allowing a deposition material to be transmitted therethrough, includes: a welding head disposed in a side of the pattern mask; and a support member supporting the support fixture in an opposite side of the welding head with the pattern mask interposed therebetween.
Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTEmbodiments for an engine system are provided. One example internal combustion engine having at least one cylinder head and at least two cylinders, in which each cylinder has at least one inlet opening for the supply of combustion air into the cylinder, comprises an intake line leading to each inlet opening, an overall intake line where the intake lines of at least two cylinders merge, such that a distributor junction point is formed, and a heating device arranged in the overall intake line which has at least one strip-like heating element, a first narrow side of a cross section of which faces toward intake combustion air flow, wherein the heating device is arranged adjacent to the distributor junction point at which the intake lines merge to form the overall intake line, a spacing between the heating device and the distributor junction point being smaller than the diameter of a cylinder.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA method of forming a thin film resistive heating layer, the method including: forming a polymer layer by extruding a polymer paste, in which an electrically conductive filler is dispersed, by using an extrusion molding operation, on an outer circumferential surface of a cylindrical member; and forming a thin film resistive heating layer by making an outer diameter of the polymer layer uniform by using a ring blading operation.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA heater comprising a housing including an intake aperture and an output aperture. The heater includes a heat exchanger operatively disposed within the housing between the intake aperture and the output aperture. The heat exchanger includes a shell forming a cavity therein, wherein an interior surface of the shell is substantially black in the infrared domain. The heater includes an infrared emission module disposed within the cavity of the heat exchanger and substantially enclosed thereby such that emitted infrared light does not escape therefrom. The infrared emission module includes a first infrared emitter and a second infrared emitter. The heater includes a fan positioned to motivate air into the housing through the intake aperture, across the heat exchanger, and out of the output aperture. The heater also includes a power module functionally coupled to the infrared emission module and the fan and configured to provide operational power thereto.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA cookware system includes a microwaveable metal collecting pan, configured in a bowl shape with a plurality of elongated slots disposed thereon. The collector pan is positioned in a supporting bowl to catch dripping fluids and to provide a basin to hold water during steam cooking. A food item can be placed inside the pan, which is in turn placed inside the bowl and covered with a lid.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed is a cooking apparatus including a cooking chamber to receive materials to be cooked therein, a microwave-heating unit to radiate microwaves to the cooking chamber, a convection-heating unit to supply hot air to the cooking chamber, a grill-heating unit to supply radiant heat to the cooking chamber, a crusty plate configured to be heated by the microwaves, an input unit to receive a user fry-cooking command, and a control unit. When the user fry-cooking command is input, the control unit performs a microwave-heating stage of activating at least one of the convection-heating unit and the grill-heating unit and activating the microwave-heating unit, and performs a slim fry stage of activating the grill-heating unit and the convection-heating unit without activating the microwave-heating unit. Accordingly, the cooking apparatus achieves the fry-cooking process using the microwaves, radiant heat and convection heat without dipping the materials to be cooked in oil.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTAn induction heat cooking device is provided that finishes preheating in a short time and maintains the temperature obtained at the finish of the preheating. The induction heat cooking device includes a heating coil for heating a cooking container by induction, an inverter circuit for providing a high frequency current to the heating coil, an operation unit including an operation mode setting unit for setting an operation mode of the inverter circuit, an infrared sensor for detecting an infrared light that is emitted from a bottom surface of the cooking container, a control unit for controlling an output of the inverter circuit based on an output of the infrared sensor and a setting inputted to the operation unit, and a notification unit.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTAn actively heated mug, travel mug, baby bottle, water bottle or liquid container is provided. The mug, travel mug, baby bottle, water bottle or liquid container can include a body that receives a liquid therein and a heating or cooling system at least partially disposed in the body. The heating or cooling system can include one or more heating or cooling elements that heat a surface of the receiving portion of the body and one or more energy storage devices. The mug, travel mug, baby bottle, water bottle or liquid container can include a wireless power receiver that wirelessly receives power from a power source and control circuitry configured to charge one or more power storage elements and to control the delivery of electricity from the one or more power storage elements to the one or more heating or cooling elements. The mug, travel mug, baby bottle, water bottle or liquid container also can have one or more sensors that sense a parameter of the liquid or sense a parameter of the heating or cooling system and communicates the sensed information to the control circuitry. The control circuitry can turn on, turn off, and/or operate the heating or cooling element to actively heat or cool at least a portion of the body to maintain the liquid in a heated or cooled state generally at a user selected temperature setting based at least in part on the sensed parameter information. The mug, travel mug, baby bottle, water bottle or liquid container can also be paired with a remote device or mobile electronic device to send or receive communications or commands.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA gas metal arc welding system that includes first and second welding torch assemblies arranged to operate in tandem. The first welding torch assembly further includes a rotable torch body; a contact tip connected to one end of the rotatable torch body, wherein the contact tip further includes an angled passage formed therethrough; a consumable wire electrode passing through the rotating torch body and exiting the contact tip through the offset exit hole; and a source of shielding gas. The second welding torch assembly further includes a non-rotatable torch body; a contact tip connected to one end of the non-rotatable torch body; a consumable wire electrode passing through the non-rotatable torch body and exiting through the contact tip; and a source of shielding gas.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA cold metal transfer welding process is defined by the cyclic alternation of an arc phase and a short-circuit phase. During the arc phase, a welding rod is displaced towards the workpiece until it makes contact with the workpiece and during the short-circuit phase the welding rod displacement is reversed and the welding rod is then moved away from the workpiece. The welding current and/or the welding voltage are controlled during the arc phase in such a way that the welding rod melts, forming a droplet and that during the short-circuit phase a breaking of the short-circuit is suppressed using the welding current. A welding installation for carrying out the welding method achieves optimal welding results using the smallest possible number of settings by setting a displacement frequency of the welding rod as a welding parameter using a control organ.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTAn arc welding assembling including a case having a control panel plate having a plurality of apertures, and having front and rear sides; a mounting plate; a plurality of mounting posts interconnecting the control panel plate and the mounting plate, and positioning the mounting plate rearwardly from the control panel plate to define a drive linkage space; a rheostat having an axle and being supported upon the mounting plate, the rheostat's axle extending forwardly through the drive linkage space and protruding from one of the control panel plate's apertures; a turn handle attached to the rheostat axle's forward end; an electric motor supported upon the mounting plate, and having a rotary output within the drive linkage space; a power transfer assembly within the drive linkage space for translating rotary power from the electric motor to the rheostat's axle; and a remote switching transmitter and radio receiver combination connected operatively to the electric motor.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to a method for disconnecting a short circuit (30) during short-arc welding, wherein when a short circuit (30) occurs, a time frame (32) is started, in which a defined current profile is performed to disconnect the short circuit within the time frame (32), and the current is increased if the time frame (32) is exceeded, and a corresponding welding device (1). In order to improve the welding quality, after the specifiable time frame (32) expires during a short circuit (30), said current profile for disconnecting the short circuit (30) is detected and at least one value or parameter in the disconnection of the short circuit (30) is stored or saved, wherein at least one value or parameter in the time frame (32) of the following short circuit (30) is adapted according to the stored value or parameter.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTIn a method and device for machining material, an unfocused beam of laser radiation is focused and directed at the material surface, creating an interface of laser radiation and material to be machined. The beam waist, which results from the focusing the laser radiation, is held in the region of the interface of laser radiation and material. The spacing of the beam waist from the upper or lower side of the interface in the axial direction corresponds at most to triple the value of the penetration depth of the interface into the material. The focusing is effected such that components of the laser radiation are made divergent not just in the propagation direction downstream of the beam waist but also in the beam waist itself and/or also in the propagation direction upstream of the beam waist.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA laser processing device (100) comprises a laser light source (101) for emitting a laser light (L) and a laser light source controller (102) for controlling the pulse width of the laser light (L) and irradiates an object to be processed (1) with the laser light (L) while locating a converging point (P) within the object (1), so as to form a modified region along a line to cut (5) of the object (1) and generate a fracture extending in a thickness direction of the object (1) from the modified region as the modified region is formed. In the laser processing device (100), the laser light source controller (102) changes the pulse width of the laser light (L) according to a data table in which the fracture length, the thickness of the object (1), and the pulse width of the laser light (L) are associated with each other. That is, the pulse width is changed according to the fracture length generated from the modified region. Therefore, the laser processing device (100) can generate a fracture having a desirable length from the modified region.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA laser irradiation apparatus for irradiating a laser beam to a semiconductor layer including a plurality of pixel areas, the apparatus includes a laser generator generating the laser beam, and an optical switching unit time-dividing the laser beam generated from the laser generator and transmitting a plurality of time-divided laser beams to a plurality of optical systems. The apparatus includes a first optical system of the plurality of optical systems that receives a first time-divided laser beam and irradiates a first laser slit beam along a first irradiation direction, and a second optical system of the plurality of optical systems that receives a second time-divided laser beam and irradiates a second laser slit beam along a second irradiation direction that is parallel with the first irradiation direction. The first laser slit beam and the second laser slit beam crystallize partial areas at a same location in the respective pixel areas.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed is a method for connecting a core wire of a wire rod covered with an insulating coating and pulled out from a coil component with a substrate by irradiating a laser beam, the method comprising the steps of: (a) forming a bond part between the wire rod and the substrate, the bond part being made of a material having a high optical absorptance for laser beam; and (b) irradiating a laser beam on an area to be connected under a state that at least one of the wire rod and the substrate is being pulled toward the other.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA welding method for welding workpieces made of highly heat-resistant superalloys is provided. The method includes generating a heat input zone on the workpiece surface by means of a heat source, feeding welding filler material into the heat input zone by means of a feeding device, and generating a relative motion between the heat source and the feeding device on one hand and the workpiece surface on the other hand by means of a conveying device. Furthermore, according to the welding method, the mass feed rate is ≦350 mg/min.
Tue, 19 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to a dental furnace wherein a firing chamber is heated up in a first heating-up period at a first heating-up rate of more than 50° K/min, in particular more than 100° K/min, which heats the furnace to at least 1000° C., in particular to 1100-1250° C. The first heating-up period is followed by an intermediate heating period, which is at least five minutes long, in particular at least ten minutes long, the gradient or heating-up rate of which is adapted to the material to be sintered in the dental furnace (10), and wherein this is followed by an end heating-up period (44) during which heating up is effected at a heating-up rate of more than 30° K/min, in particular approximately 50° K/min, and wherein during this the furnace temperature is held for at least five minutes, in particular for at least 25 minutes, above the temperature toward the end of the first heating-up period, and wherein forced cooling of the furnace (10) is performed after this.
Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA Kalina Cycle control system monitors one or more operating parameters of the Kalina Cycle. The system calculates one or more optimal operating parameters that allow the Kalina Cycle to operate at an increased efficiency. The system automatically adjusts the one or more actual operating parameters to the optimal parameters to increase the efficiency of the Kalina Cycle. Methods of increasing the efficiency of a Kalina Cycle include automatically adjusting one or more operating parameters to an optimal configuration.
Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTThe heating apparatus includes a heat generating member which generates heat when power is supplied from an AC power supply, a temperature detection device which detects temperature of the heat generating member, a current detection device which detects a value of current flowing in the heat generating member; and a control unit which controls the temperature of the heat generating member by controlling power supplied to the heat generating member, in which the control unit detects a drop of an input voltage of the AC power supply based on a maximum suppliable power ratio determined by using a value of current suppliable to the heat generating member, the current value detected by the current detection device, and a ratio of power supplied to the heat generating member obtained based on the temperature detected by the temperature detection device.
Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTWhile reliably cutting an object to be processed, the strength of the resulting chips is improved. An object to be processed 1 is irradiated with laser light L, so as to form modified regions 17, 27, 37, 47 extending along lines to cut 5 and aligning in the thickness direction in the object 1. Here, modified regions 17 are formed such that modified region formed parts 17a and modified region unformed parts 17b alternate along the lines, and modified regions 47 are formed such that modified region formed parts 47a and modified region unformed parts 47b alternate along the lines. This can inhibit formed modified regions 7 from lowering the strengths on the rear face 21 side and front face 3 side of chips obtained by cutting. On the other hand, modified regions 27, 37 located between the modified regions 17, 47 are formed continuously from one end side of the lines 5 to the other end side thereof, whereby the cuttability of the object 1 can be secured reliably.
Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA movable microchamber system with a gas curtain is disclosed. The microchamber system has a top member with a light-access feature and a stage assembly that supports a substrate to be processed. The stage assembly is disposed relative to the top member to define a microchamber and a peripheral microchamber gap. An inert gas is flowed into the peripheral microchamber gap to form the gas curtain just outside of the microchamber. The gas curtain substantially prevents reactive gas in the ambient environment from entering the microchamber when the stage assembly moves relative to the top member.
Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA microwave heating apparatus includes, within a heating room, a placement table having a horizontal placement surface for placing an object to be heated, and a plurality of feeding portions which are placed on a wall surface of the heating room for supplying microwave electric power to the heating room. The microwave heating apparatus is adapted to relatively move the position of the straight line connecting two feeding portions to each other, with respect to the object to be heated, through a movement mechanism portion, and to detect a phase difference between the microwave electric powers which minimizes reflected electric power returning from the heating room to the two feeding portions, for detecting the state of placement of the object to be heated on the placement table.
Tue, 12 May 2015 08:00:00 EDTA heating apparatus for heating a subcompartment in a compartment of an appliance is disclosed. The heating apparatus includes an electromagnetic member disposed in the compartment, and a metal member thermally coupled to the subcompartment. The metal member is magnetically coupled to the electromagnetic member to generate an eddy current in the metal member in response to a magnetic field generated by the electromagnetic member for heating the subcompartment. A related heating method and a refrigerator incorporating such a heating apparatus are also disclosed.