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MedicineWorld.Org brings daily psychology news from various sources to keep you updated on the latest events in the world on this topic. Medicineworld psychology news service is the most comprehensive psychology news service on the internet. We keep an ar



Last Build Date: Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

 



Stress at workplace may increase risk of stroke

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) Japanese men in high-stress jobs appear to have an increased risk of stroke compared with those in less demanding positions, as per a report in the January 12 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. Stress is considered a risk factor for stroke, as per background information in the article. Several models of job stress have been developed and provide clues as to how occupational factors appears to be modified to reduce risk. "The job demandcontrol model is the most often used occupational stress model," the authors write. "It posits that workers who face high psychological demands in their occupation and have little control over their work (i.e., those who have job strain) are at a greater risk of becoming ill than are workers with low psychological demands and a high degree of control in their occupation (i.e., those with low-strain occupations)"........



Experiences of older people

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) It's debilitating, isolating and can lead to severe depression - yet pain is widely accepted as something to be expected and regarded as 'normal' in later life. Now a newly released study from The University of Nottingham examines older people's experiences of pain and how best Government, the NHS and social care agencies can address the issue........



Spirituality To Cope With Chronic Illness

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) Chronic illness can lead to poorer quality of life-especially for adolescents. New research shows that spirituality may help teens cope with their conditions. Two recent studies, led by Michael Yi, MD, associate professor of medicine, and Sian Cotton, PhD, research assistant professor in the department of family medicine, investigated how adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-a condition characterized by chronic inflammation in the intestines-may use spirituality to cope with their illness........



Restoring Trust is Harder

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) In relationships built on trust, a bad first impression can be harder to overcome than a betrayal that occurs after ties are established, a newly released study suggests. While betraying trust is never good for a relationship, the results show that early violations can be especially devastating, and plant seeds of doubt that may never go away, said Robert Lount, co-author of the study and assistant professor of management and human resources at Ohio State University's Fisher College of Business........



Genetic Determinants of ADHD

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) A special issue of American Journal of Medical Genetics (AJMG): Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics presents a comprehensive overview of the latest progress in genetic research of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The issue covers major trends in the field of complex psychiatric genetics, underscoring how genetic studies of ADHD have evolved, and what approaches are needed to uncover its genetic origins........



Getting better results from anxiety treatment

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) A network of emotion-regulating brain regions implicated in the pathological worry that can grip patients with anxiety disorders may also be useful for predicting the benefits of therapy. A newly released study appearing online Jan. 2 reports that high levels of brain activity in an emotional center called the amygdala reflect patients' hypersensitivity to anticipation of adverse events. At the same time, high activity in a regulatory region known as the anterior cingulate cortex is linked to a positive clinical response to a common antidepressant medication. The study will appear in an upcoming issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry.......



How your facial expressions are formed?

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) Facial expressions of emotion are hardwired into our genes, as per a research studypublished recently in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology The research suggests that facial expressions of emotion are innate rather than a product of cultural learning. The study is the first of its kind to demonstrate that sighted and blind individuals use the same facial expressions, producing the same facial muscle movements in response to specific emotional stimuli........



Use your unconscious brain to make the best bets

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) Scientists at the University of Rochester have shown that the human brainonce believed to be a seriously flawed decision makeris actually hard-wired to allow us to make the best decisions possible with the information we are given. The findings appear in today's issue of the journal Neuron Neuroresearchers Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky received a 2002 Nobel Prize for their 1979 research that argued humans rarely make rational decisions. Since then, this has become conventional wisdom among cognition researchers........



Take care of that childhood anxiety disorder

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents should be recognized and treated to prevent educational underachievement and adult substance abuse, anxiety disorders and depression, says a nationally recognized child psychiatry expert from UT Southwestern Medical Center. In an editorial appearing in the Dec. 25 issue of New England Journal (NEJM), Dr. Graham Emslie, professor of psychiatry and pediatrics at UT Southwestern, urges awareness that children need to be treated for anxiety disorders and recommends that related empirical evidence be integrated into therapy guidelines........



Young People and Alcohol

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) As the party season approaches, a timely reminder of the issues surrounding the binge drinking culture are again highlighted by research into 'young people and alcohol' a team lead by Professor Christine Griffin, at the University of Bath. The research, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) suggests several considerations for future policy........



Family Depression May Have Lasting Effects On Teens

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) The country's economic crisis could have lasting effects on children from families that fall into poverty, as per a new paper by scientists from Iowa State University's Institute for Social and Behavioral Research. Their study of 485 Iowa adolescents over a 10-year period (1991-2001) observed that early socioeconomic adversity experienced by children contributes to poor mental health by the time they become teens -- disrupting their successful transition into adulthood by endangering their social, academic and occupational attainment as young adults........



Law Enforcement to Deter Drinking and Driving

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) Recent data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) revealed that an estimated 2 million drunk drivers with three or more convictions will be on the roads this holiday season. In 2007, approximately 1,500 people nationwide were killed in crashes that involved a drunk driver from Thanksgiving through New Year's Day. Scientists from the University of Missouri and the University of Georgia observed that the most important deterrence factors for high-risk drivers are their perceptions of the likelihood of being stopped or arrested and their support for deterrence laws........



How We Make Proper Movements

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) When you first notice a door handle, your brain has already been hard at work. Your visual system first sees the handle, then it sends information to various parts of the brain, which go on to decipher out the details, such as color and the direction the handle is pointing. As the information about an object is sent further along the various brain pathways, more and more details are noticed-in that way, a simple door handle turns into a silver-plated-antique-style-door-handle-facing-right. Information about the handle also reaches the part of your brain responsible for planning movements (known as the pre-motor area), and it comes up with a set of motions, allowing you to turn the handle with your right hand and open the door........



Men, Women Give To Charity Differently

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) To whom would you rather give money: a needy person in your neighborhood or a needy person in a foreign country? As per new research by Texas AandM University marketing professor Karen Winterich and his colleagues, if you're a man, you're more likely to give to the person closest to you ? that is, the one in your neighborhood ? if you give at all........



Women Prefer Prestige Over Dominance in Mates

Tue, 13 Jan 2009 05:51:49 GMT

(image) A new study in the journal Personal Relationships reveals that women prefer mates who are recognized by their peers for their skills, abilities, and achievements, while not preferring men who use coercive tactics to subordinate their rivals. Indeed, women found dominance strategies of the latter type to be attractive primarily when men used them in the context of male-male athletic competitions........