Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn oil strainer 1 has a filter 10 and a casing 20. The casing 20 is provided with an oil inlet hole 43a and an oil outlet hole 33a. The frame 12 of the filter 10 is provided with a notch 12a.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA sludge drying bed for effective separation or decanting of water from sludge and the storage of treated sludge comprising of a sloping floor (6,7) to drain the water towards the sluice door (2) located in the front wall, two side-walls and a valve controlled filler inlet pipe (9) at the back wall where the sludge enters the bed. The sludge drying bed is covered by an openable pitched roof utilising a breathable, waterproof, black membrane as roof material for ventilation, heat absorption and surface water runoff. The sluice door (2) contains alternating plates to facilitate the filling of the sludge drying beds and the decanting of the water at multiple levels within the sludge, with a sump (3) located at the front wall to facilitate the efficient removal of the dried sludge from the beds. A telescopic handle, sludge drying bed cleaning tool is provided to facilitate the cleaning and maintenance of the sludge drying bed. The sludge drying beds are modular in design.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe disclosure relates to an apparatus, system, and methodology for treating nested waste matter, including a delivery system for delivering a volume of untreated material; a confined container having an inlet connected to the delivery system; an energy impingement device introduced transversely into said confined container, where the energy impingement device is configured to deliver a volume of injected fluid and further configured to treat the volume of untreated material in said confined container and wherein the confined container has an outlet for exiting a volume of treated material.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTWater treatment systems and associated methods are generally described. Certain embodiments of the water treatment systems and methods described herein may be used to treat water comprising one or more contaminants (e.g., oil, grease, suspended solids, scale-forming ions, volatile organic material) to remove at least a portion of the one or more contaminants. In some embodiments, at least a portion of the treated water may be used directly in certain applications (e.g., oil and/or gas extraction processes). In some embodiments, at least a portion of the treated water may undergo desalination to produce substantially pure water and/or concentrated brine.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTNovel polyaluminum chlorosilicates (PACSi) and sodium aluminum silicate (SAS) products having improved characteristics useful in the treatment of water and wastewater as compared with polyaluminum chlorides (PAC), are provided herein, as well as new processes for their manufacture, and methods of using PACSi as coagulants and flocculants in the treatment of water and/or wastewater.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention provides a liquid treatment apparatus such as a reverse osmosis apparatus wherein a portion of an inlet liquid permeates through a filter or a membrane e.g. to provide freshwater from saltwater. The apparatus comprises a pump which provides the necessary pressure of the liquid to drive the permeation process, and a recovery unit which transfers pressure of a residue quid to the inlet liquid. The pump and the recovery unit are driven at synchronous and variable speed to control the output and thereby e.g. to adjust for fouling of the filter or membrane. The invention further provides methods of controlling the synchronous speed, e.g. based on a pressure or based on the consumption of the produced liquid.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA gravity driven water filter having: a housing with at least one upwardly extending sidewall that extend upwardly from a bottom of the housing and define an interior volume of the housing; a filter media retention screen covering treated water outlets on a bottom of the housing; and a lid closing a top of the housing and enclosing the interior volume of the housing where the lid includes a plurality of water inlet holes, an upwardly extending vent stack, and finger actuated tabular members radially extending from the vent stack and engaged with the vent stack and a top surface of the lid to permit a rotational force to be applied to the housing.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to a device and a process for purification of grey water. In particular the invention relates to in-home purification of grey water generated from laundry wash and/or rinse liquor for water saving by re-use. Surprisingly it has been found that it is possible to design a device and a process where, by continuous aeration, foam breaking and separation, the laundry wash and rinse water can be made substantially free of surfactants. This water is then preferably filtered to recover fresh water which can be reused for multiple applications.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA membrane treatment plant having at least two stages (53), (69), (75) arranged serially is disclosed. Each stage (53), (69), (75) comprises at least four membrane units (55) arranged in parallel, with each membrane unit (55) having an inlet (57), a feed/concentrate outlet (59) and a permeate outlet (61). Each stage (53), (69), (75) has a common inlet header (51), (67), or (73) and a common outlet header (65), (71) or (77), with the common outlet header (65) (71) of an upstream stage connecting to the common inlet header (67) (73) respectively of an immediately downstream stage. Each membrane unit (55) has an inlet flow control valve (93) connecting between its inlet (57) and the common inlet header of the stage in which it is located, and an outlet flow control valve (63) connecting between its outlet (59) and the common outlet header stage in which it is located. The inlet flow control valve (57) and outlet flow control valve (63) are operable to isolate the membrane unit (55) from its common inlet header and common outlet header to allow cleaning of said membrane unit to take place without disrupting operation of the remaining membrane treatment plant. A control system for the membrane treatment plant is also disclosed.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA customizable multi-stage fluid treatment assembly typically includes a connector, a plurality of cartridges, and a cap. The plurality of cartridges have a treatment medium spaced within an interior volume of the individual cartridges, between the ends thereof. The ends of the plurality of cartridges are configured to receive a fluid, bring the fluid into operative contact with the treatment medium, and dispense the fluid from the opposing end of the cartridge. The connector is coupled with one end of the plurality of cartridges and has an inlet and an outlet for receiving and dispensing the fluid to and from an appliance. The cap is coupled with the other end of the plurality of cartridges, enclosing the fluid treatment assembly, which is configured to be received in a cavity of an appliance. The cartridges of the plurality of cartridges may be individually replaced with cartridges to meet customized needs.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method for the synthesis of molybdenum disulphide foam wherein the porosity of the foam can be controlled. The porosity of the foam is employed to adapt the foam to various processes and specific requirements. The foam molybdenum disulphide structures have internal cavities are interconnected to create a large processing surface area
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to a method for production of a chromatography material. More closely, the invention relates to a method for production of a reverse phase chromatography (RPC) material comprising the following steps: introduction of unsaturated groups onto porous carbohydrate particles and grafting of styrenic monomers on said particles comprising an unsaturated group.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to the development of water purifying compositions based on magnetic nanoparticles decorated activated carbon nanocomposites which display both magnetic character as well as adsorbent characteristics. The addition of adsorbent to impure water containing dye as pollutant enables the fast adsorption of dye leading to discoloration of water whereas magnetic properties facilitates the rapid isolation of pollutant adsorbed nanocomposites powder from the purified water with the aid of a magnet. The present invention also provides a process for the development of such multifunctional adsorbent using a process which enables decoration of adsorbent with 5-50 weight % of magnetic nanoparticles, the enables the realization of magnetic adsorbent having saturation magnetization in the range 0.09 to 28.3 emu/g, dye removal efficiency of >99%, rapid decolourization of methylene blue (MB)/methyl orange (MO) dye polluted water in less than 1 min, magnetic separation time in the range
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention pertains to a process for manufacturing a fluoropolymer membrane, said process comprising the following steps: (i) providing a composition [composition (C)] comprising, preferably consisting of: at least one fluoropolymer [polymer (F)], a water-soluble liquid medium [medium (Mws)] comprising, preferably consisting of at least one solvent selected from the group consisting of diesters of formula (I-de), esteramides of formula (I-ea) and diamides of formula (I-da); R1 (O═)CO-Ade-OC(═O)R2 (I-de) R1O(O═)C-Aea-C(═O)NR3R4 (I-ea) R5R6N(O═)C-Ada-C(═O)NR5R6 (I-da) wherein: R1 and R2, equal to or different from each other, are independently selected from the group consisting of C1-C20 hydrocarbon groups; R3, R4, R5 and R6, equal to or different from each other, are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, C1-C36 hydrocarbon groups, possibly substituted, being understood that R3, R4, R5 and R6 might be part of a cyclic moiety including the nitrogen atom to which they are bound, said cyclic moiety being possibly substituted and/or possibly comprising one or more than one additional heteroatoms, Ade is a C3-C10 divalent alkylene group comprising one or more ether oxygen atoms, Aea and Ada, equal to or different from each other, are independently C3-C10 divalent alkylene groups, optionally comprising one or more ether oxygen atoms and/or one or more functional side groups; (ii) processing the composition (C) at a temperature of at least 100° C. thereby providing a film; (iii) cooling the film provided in step (ii) to a temperature below 50° C.; (iv) contacting the film provided in step (iii) with a non-solvent medium [medium (M NS)] thereby providing a fluoropolymer membrane; and (v) optionally, drying the fluoropolymer membrane provided in step (iv).
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to a superhydrophilic biodegradable cross linked foam membrane and a process for preparation of said foam membrane from a seaweed polysaccharides by blending with amino biopolymers/amino acids/proteins/amino compounds followed by crosslinking with a naturally occurring cross linker, genipin. The foam membrane can be used as a substitute for synthetic membrane for varied applications including membrane separation for oil-water emulsions, oil-water mixtures and other aqueous-organic mixtures under ambient conditions. These foam membranes can be recycled and reused more than three times without considerable decrease in flux rate and stability. The separation methodology of the mixtures using the foam membrane of the present invention is gravity-driven and therefore, simple and energy-efficient.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention provides a composite semipermeable membrane achieving high permeate amount and having high capability to inhibit adhesion of foulants to the membrane surface. The present invention relates to a composite semipermeable membrane including: a supporting membrane which includes a substrate and a porous supporting layer; and a polyamide separation functional layer formed on the porous supporting layer, in which an acidic group-containing hydrophilic polymer is introduced onto the surface of the separation functional layer via amide linkage, and relates to a method for producing such a composite semipermeable membrane.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention provides devices, apparatus and systems suitable for achieving volume reduction in a liquid containing a species in suspension and methods of use thereof. The apparatus of the invention comprises (i) a filter device comprising: a tubular first chamber having a filter provided in a surface thereof, a second chamber in fluid communication with the first chamber through the filter, the device being provided with an inlet port opening to the first end of the first chamber, an outlet port opening to the second end of the first chamber, and a filtrate port opening to the second chamber, and (ii) a fluidic pathway from the outlet port, wherein the apparatus is configured to introduce the first liquid and a second fluid immiscible with the first to the first chamber and the apparatus comprises a flow cut-off means in the fluidic pathway from the outlet port.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA laminated filter comprises a housing inner sleeve a filter element and head cover covering the housing, the housing having an inlet and a second outlet. An inner bottom face of the housing has a sealing ring, a bottom end of the inner sleeve being disposed between the sealing ring and an inner side of the housing, and a top end of the inner sleeve being disposed in the head cover. A bottom end of the filter element is disposed at an inner side of the sealing ring, and a top end of the filter element is disposed in the head cover. A gap communicating with the inlet is formed between the inner sleeve and housing The top end of the inner sleeve has first filtrate openings, and the top end of the filter element has first and second baffle structures, the second baffle structures having second filtrate openings.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA fluid flow accessory is provided for coupling to an opening formed in a wall portion. The fluid flow accessory includes a cup having an edge configured to engage a first surface of the wall portion; and a coupling member including coupling arrangement configured for coupling to the cup and a first flange configured to be inserted through the opening in a first orientation thereof with respect to the opening, and for abutting against a second surface of the wall portion in a second orientation thereof with respect to the opening, and a fastening member protruding towards the first flange and being disposed such that in the second orientation it engages a segment of the wall portion thereby limiting the displacement of the coupling member into the first orientation.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA treatment method for a used ion exchange resin, includes: bringing a used ion exchange resin into contact with a reaction solution, the used ion exchange resin having an ion exchange group with at least a radionuclide or a heavy metal element adsorbed thereon, and the reaction solution containing an iron compound, hydrogen peroxide, and ozone; separating at least a part of the reaction solution in contact with the used ion exchange resin from the used ion exchange resin; and decomposing an organic component contained in the reaction solution separated from the used ion exchange resin.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention describes separation systems and methods for separating solids and liquids from one another. The system includes a rotating screen for supporting a slurry of solids and liquid. A fluid manifold is configured to the lower surface of the screen for applying a downward vacuum force through the screen. A cleaning manifold is configured to the screen for cleaning the screen.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed are a backwashing fluid discharge apparatus and a filter unit. The backwashing fluid discharge apparatus includes a plurality of drainage members installed so as to be located within a filter member in order to discharge backwash fluid moved to an inside of the filter member, and the drainage members have different diameters so as to form a plurality of inlet holes for introduction of the backwash fluid, and the drainage members have different lengths such that the inlet holes are located at different heights.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA screen decanter for screening solids from waste water in a waste water treatment system comprising a drain manifold and a plurality of cylindrical cartridges mounted to the drain manifold, each of the cylindrical cartridges having an outer screen defining a cavity. Each of the cartridges includes a drain standpipe disposed within the cavity in communication with the drain manifold. Each drain standpipe includes a plurality of patterned openings arranged in at least one row along the length and partial circumference thereof and preferably comprises three rows of patterned openings, each row being disposed at a 120° rotational angle from the adjacent row of patterned openings. Each drain standpipe is disposed at a 30° rotational angle from its neighbor drain standpipe such that no row of patterned openings in any of said drain standpipes faces directly at any other row of patterned openings in any other drain standpipe.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn adhesive applied to an inner side of a bottom surface of a plate having a substantially hollow cylindrical shape with a closed bottom fixes one end of the filter material and the plate to each other. A plurality of projections located at different positions in a circumferential direction are formed on the plate, and a leading end of each of the projections comes into contact with the filter material.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to filter devices for purifying liquids, intended for the additional purification of mains water and other liquids for domestic use. A filter module (variants) for a device for purifying liquids consists of two working zones and at least one retaining means. A first working zone is provided with openings for the ingress of liquid and the egress of air. A second working zone is filled with a filler and is provided with at least one outlet opening in the base. The module is assembled with a third working zone containing at least one type of filler. According to a second variant, the first working zone of the filter module contains a filler. Technical result: a filter module with increased functional capabilities, providing effective water purification and the subsequent introduction of mineral substances into the water either being or having been filtered.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTFlow of water is in the same direction during a water-filtering cycle and a filter-cleaning cycle. That feature leads to an especially simple, economical and effective system for (a) producing filtered water and (b) cleaning, during a filter-cleaning cycle, the filter that cleans the water of particulates. No backwash is needed. Forward wash filter cleaning makes use of principles of physics, man-made equipment, and attraction of black sand (e.g., sand containing magnetite) to magnets. Those elements are combined in a novel way to (a) constrain the sand in a compact but permeable filtering layer and (b) allow a forward wash filter-cleaning cycle by simply flowing water through a layer of particulate-laden black sand after the layer has been made less compact by being disrupted during the filter-cleaning cycle. In other words, particulates previously trapped during a water-filtering cycle are washed away in forward-flowing, particulate-laden water during the filter-cleaning cycle.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA filter system having a filter media retainer seal includes: at least one underdrain block having a top wall, a bottom wall, and a pair of side walls extending between the top wall and the bottom wall; a filter media retainer mounted onto the top wall of the at least one underdrain block; and at least one rib positioned between the underdrain block and the filter media retainer. The at least one rib forms a seal between the underdrain block and the filter media retainer, and prevents filter media from entering the underdrain block. The at least one rib can be monolithically formed to the at least one underdrain block. Alternatively, the at least one rib is monolithically formed to the filter media retainer. The rib is crushable and/or it bites into a surface on the adjoining part to reduce or eliminate the need for a separate sealant.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA wastewater separation system for separating waste from water includes an inlet, a hydrocyclone, a decanter, and a recirculating means. The hydrocyclone receives a first amount of wastewater from the inlet and centrifugally processes the wastewater in order to remove at least some of the waste from the wastewater in order to expel treated water and a second amount of wastewater. The treated water exits the system. The decanter is coupled to the hydrocyclone for accepting the second amount of wastewater in order to separate the second amount of wastewater into a collection of waste and a third amount of wastewater. The recirculating means recirculates the third amount of wastewater back to the hydrocyclone for reprocessing.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA metal sequestering material can be contacted with a reaction mixture of a metal-catalyzed reaction to remove transition metals or transition metal complexes. The reaction mixture contains transition metals and a reaction product in solution. These transition metals may be, for example, Pd, Ir, Ru, Rh, Pt, Au, or Hg. The concentration of transition metals in the reaction mixture is reduced to less than 100 ppm or even less than 10 ppm.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to a new reactor for performing, by means of at least one solid reaction member, biological or chemical transformation, or physical or chemical trapping from, or release of agents to, a fluidic medium, which reactor is comprised of a reactor vessel comprising means for enhancing fluidic shear stress, and a transformation device operatively mounted in said reactor vessel. The invention also provides a kit of parts comprising a reactor vessel comprising means for enhancing fluidic shear stress and a transformation device. Finally, the invention provides a method of using said reactor and/or said kit of parts for biological or chemical transformation or physical or chemical trapping from, or release of agents to, a fluidic medium, by means of at least one solid reaction member.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA connector for connecting a dialyzer to a fluid-carrying line is disclosed, wherein the connector includes a coupling portion, especially a male Hansen connector portion, for fluid-tight connection to a connector element, especially a female Hansen connector adapter, of the line. In a flow channel of the connector, a shut-off device is integrated, which below a predetermined pressure or when no fluid communication is provided between the dialyzer and the line shuts off the flow cross-section of the flow channel.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTSystems and methods for recharging zirconium phosphate and zirconium oxide in reusable sorbent modules are provided. The systems and methods provide for recharging any combination of zirconium phosphate and/or zirconium oxide sorbent modules. The systems and methods also provide for linkage of multiple rechargers for sharing of infrastructure.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA blood treatment apparatus with a dialysis filter or with an intake for a dialysis filter, a dialysis liquid inlet line with a first connector to feed dialysis liquid into the dialysis filter, a dialysate outlet line with a second connector to discharge dialysate from the dialysis filter, a blood leak sensor which is configured and arranged to detect blood in or at the dialysis filter, in the dialysis liquid inlet line and/or in the dialysate outlet line, and configured to emit a blood leak signal (BLS) if blood is detected, a short-circuit line to connect the dialysis liquid inlet line and/or with the dialysate outlet line in fluid communication, wherein the short-circuit line comprises for this purpose a third connector and a fourth connector to connect with one of the first and second connector, and a control circuit, respectively.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA device for extracorporeal blood treatment, in particular a dialysis machine, including a peristaltic pump for conveying fluid from a low-pressure side to a high-pressure side, the peristaltic pump comprising a rotor which is rotatable around a rotor axis and a support area which is formed around the rotor axis in an arcuate manner, with an elastically deformable fluid line being able to be positioned between the rotor and the support area and being deformed between the rotor and the support area with rotation of the rotor while forming a cross-sectional constriction, so that upon rotation of the rotor with respect to the support area a fluid in the fluid line is conveyed from the low-pressure side to the high-pressure side. The device includes a machine housing part realized as a formed sheet metal part, wherein the support area is formed in the machine housing part by plastic deformation.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA blood processing filter for removing undesirable components from liquid containing a blood component or blood, comprises: a sheet-shaped filter element; and a container that includes an inlet-side container element and an outlet-side container element that are disposed to clamp the filter element, and has an internal space separated by the filter element into an inlet space and an outlet space, wherein the filter element includes a filtering surface on a side of the inlet space, a filtering surface on a side of the outlet space, and an end surface along peripheries of the pair of filtering surfaces, and the inlet-side container element and the outlet-side container element are provided with a gripper, and the gripper clamps and compresses an outer edge portion of the pair of filtering surfaces, and is caused to adhere to the end surface with melt resin.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA system for increasing the efficiency of separating two liquids through filtration is disclosed. In a detailed example, water (both free and emulsified) is separated from diesel fuel, along with contaminants. The system has a filter medium attached to a support. The support has a tube structure that positions the filter medium away from the top plate. The filter can be positioned in a canister for removing emulsified water from the liquid. This canister can be used in a system to filter liquid stored in a tank that may contain water (emulsified and free) and/or debris. The system and method disclosed is particularly useful for removing emulsified water from diesel, such as ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD), bio-blended diesel, and diesel derivatives.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA wastewater-lifting system is provided. The wastewater-lifting system includes at least one bulky-material-collecting vessel for wastewater loaded with bulky materials which is guided therethrough, a liquid-collecting vessel for the wastewater which is freed from bulky materials and precleaned in the bulky-material-collecting vessel, and with a wastewater shaft for accommodating the bulky-material-collecting vessel and the liquid-collecting vessel. The liquid-collecting vessel and the wastewater shaft have at least one common wall surface. The liquid-collecting vessel defines a closed-off space with only a partially covered base surface in the wastewater shaft, and is equipped for this purpose with at least one wall surface independent of the wastewater shaft.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA portable water treatment system includes at least one sub-system to treat water including a flocculation system, a chlorination system, and a bio-sand filter system. The water treatment system may include multiple sub-systems for treating water that feed into one another. The sand filter system may include a mini bio-sand filter, a foam filter, or a pressed block filter. The flocculation system may include a tank bottom that urges settling particles toward a sump and a ladle that removes settled particles. A manual pump or siphon may be included in the water treatment system.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA system configured to treat a mixture having target molecules and fluid is provided. The system includes a biological reactor containing bacteria configured to remove target molecules from solution. The system includes a chemical reaction tank configured to receive a chemical additive. The system includes a membrane separation system configured to separate solid target molecules from the fluid. The system includes a second pump configured to pump the mixture from the chemical reaction tank to the membrane separation system, to pump treated permeate from the membrane separation system, and to pump retentate from the membrane separation system. The retentate from the membrane separation system is divided into a first portion and a second portion that returns to the biological reactor. The first portion of the retentate mixes the chemical additive, the feed from the biological reactor, the first portion of the retentate, and the contents of the chemical reaction tank.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTEmbodiments of the invention describe an apparatus, method, and system of wastewater treatment using modular membrane bioreactor (MBR) cartridges. In one embodiment, said method of wastewater treatment includes adjusting the number of activated modular MBR cartridges in a container and adjusting the wastewater processing rate of the container to dynamically change the throughput of a fixed-size wastewater processing container. According to one embodiment, said method can include utilizing modular MBR cartridges to provide for a fault-tolerant wastewater treatment container.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA forward osmosis apparatus is improved. A forward osmosis apparatus, comprising a diluting means for bringing a feed solution and a draw solution comprising a cation source and an anion source in an ionized state into contact through a semi-permeable membrane and diluting the draw solution with water separated from the feed solution by means of the semi-permeable membrane; a separating means for separating the draw solution that has been diluted by the diluting means into the cation source and anion source and into water; anda dissolving means, returning the cation source and the anion source that have been separated by the separating means to, and dissolving the cation source and anion source in, the draw solution that has been diluted;wherein the molecular weight of the cation source in an uncharged state is 31 or greater and the Henry's law constant of each of the anion source and cation source is 1.0×104 (Pa/mol·fraction) or greater in a standard state.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA potable water producing system for disposition at a salt water body and methods of producing potable water are provided. The system includes a wave energy conversion system (AWECS) and a portable filtration-anchor system. The AWECS forms a floating articulated barge having a desalination system including a reverse osmosis membrane. The filtration-anchor system is submerged in the salt water body and includes a sand filter to filter the adjacent salt water for providing the filtered salt water to the desalination system on the articulated barge. Wave action on the articulated barge provides energy to pump the filtered salt water from the sand filter to the reverse osmosis member to produce potable water. The wave action on the articulated barge effects the shaking of the reverse osmosis filter, thereby rendering it self-cleaning. The potable water can be used for various applications, e.g., bottling, replenishing aquifers, ground and/or aquifer remediation, irrigation, etc.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA grease trap (1) device for trapping waste material including water and fats, oils and/or greases (FOGs), and for removing at least some of the FOGs from the water. The device includes a first receptacle (3) having a storage volume (31) for storing waste material in a manner that enables FOGs to float on the surface of the water; an inlet (9) for receiving waste material into the first receptacle; a drain (49) having an inlet (47) positioned to capture FOGs floating at and/or near the surface of the water, and an outlet (51) positioned for transferring waste material out of the storage volume; a valve (53) for controlling the flow of waste material through the drain; an outlet (15) enabling cleaned water to exit the first receptacle; and at least one heat exchanger unit (57,59) arranged to remove heat from the waste material stored in the first receptacle.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn apparatus and method for heating produced fluid from a well, the heating apparatus comprising a produced fluid pathway; a heat generation system comprising a diesel engine, a heated hydraulic fluid pathway, and an engine coolant pathway; and a heat transfer system disposed between the produced fluid pathway and the heat generation system to transfer thermal energy from the heat generation system to a produced fluid contained within the produced fluid pathway.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA filtering system intended to be attached to the water tap in a shower. The system preferably uses two distinct filtering media in order to filter water—charcoal and kinetic degradation fluxion (“KDF”) media. The present invention preferably includes a bypass valve which allows the user to properly gauge and adjust the temperature of the water prior to passing the water through the filter. The present invention preferably includes two check valves as well. One such check valve is located at the filter entrance, and the other cheek valve is located at the filter exit. White the shower is activated, the pressure from the water forces each valve open. However, when the shower is not activated, each valve automatically closes (the valves are normally closed valves). The check valve system allows the KDF media to remain in a saturated state, which increases the efficacy and lifespan of the filtering media.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to wastewater treatment systems with decentralized disposal of treated wastewater and methods of using the same. The invention further relates to methods of converting existing septic systems to a wastewater treatment plant system.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present disclosure relates to a centrifugal separator (1), which comprises a rotatable drum (5) having a wall (50), an annular chamber (7), defined along the longitudinal axis (49) of the rotatable drum (5) and bordering the wall (50), an annular screw feeder (90) accommodated rotatably in the annular chamber (7) for moving a mixture of substances in the liquid phase and in the solid phase longitudinally through the annular chamber (7), and separation nets (100) arranged in the wall (50) of the rotatable drum (5). The separation nets (100) have meshes for filtering the solid phase from the liquid phase by rotation of the drum (5). The separation nets (100) are movable relative to the wall (50).
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention provides a method for easily and efficiently producing cellulose beads which has narrow pore size distribution and pore structure suitable for an adsorbent and of which adsorption performance is excellent without using highly toxic and highly corrosive auxiliary raw material and without industrially disadvantageous cumbersome step. The method for producing porous cellulose beads according to the present invention is characterized in comprising (a) the step of preparing a fine cellulose dispersion by mixing a low temperature alkaline aqueous solution and cellulose, (b) the step of preparing a mixed liquid by adding a water-soluble low molecular organic compound to the fine cellulose dispersion, (c) the step of preparing an emulsion by dispersing the mixed liquid in a dispersion medium, (d) the step of contacting the emulsion with a coagulating solvent.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA microbubble generating device that is capable of generating microbubbles from contaminated water is provided. The microbubble generating device 10 according to the present invention includes a liquid flow path 11 through which a pressurized liquid flows, a discharge path 12 through which generated microbubbles and a liquid are discharged, a throat part 13 that connects the liquid flow path 11 and the discharge path 12, and that has a flow path area smaller than the area of the liquid flow path 11 or the discharge path 12, and a gas supply path 14 for supplying a gas into the liquid flow path 11 or the throat part 13, wherein the gas supply path 14 has an exit end 143 that opens toward the downstream side of the liquid flow.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA spiral wound module in which the membrane sheet is heat and pressure treated to collapse at least some of the pores of the support layer. The treated membrane can then be folded along the heat and pressure treated area to form a crease. Once folded, the membrane sheet can be wound around a perforated inner tube along with a feed channel spacer and a permeate collection sheet. The wound module can then be enclosed into a hard shell with anti-telescoping devices at each end. By collapsing at least some of the pores in the support layer, the membrane becomes less permeable to fluid in the treated area. As such, there will be less or no leakage of unfiltered fluid passing through the fold line of the membrane sheet during operation of the wound module.