Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided is a method for manufacturing an oxide using a sputtering apparatus including a target unit and a substrate holder. In the target unit, a first target and a second target are located with a predetermined space therebetween so that front surfaces thereof face each other. The substrate holder and a side of the target unit are located with a predetermined space therebetween. The method includes providing a substrate for the substrate holder, generating plasma including an ion between the first and the second targets by application of a potential therebetween, generating a sputtering particle including the oxide by a collision of the ion with the first and the second targets, and depositing the sputtering particle on the substrate while the target unit is moved in a direction parallel to a formation surface of the substrate.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention provides a means capable of determining the surface state of the target to execute accurate and quick cleaning of necessary part. The means includes: a magnet unit capable of forming a magnetic field on the surface of a target; a rotary system capable of driving the magnet unit to change the magnetic field pattern; and an ammeter configured to measure target current when the magnetic field is formed by the magnet unit and discharge voltage is applied to a target electrode to which the target is attached. The position of the magnet unit is variously changed by the rotary system, and the target current is measured at each position and compared with a reference value. It is then determined whether cleaning is necessary at each position, so that cleaning can be performed only for necessary part.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn an electrodeposition treatment of an iron-group metal ion-containing liquid, without being influenced by the properties of the iron-group metal ion-containing liquid, iron-group metal ions are efficiently removed from the liquid by precipitation. An anode chamber 2A provided with an anode 2 and a cathode chamber 3A provided with a cathode 3 are separated from each other by a cation exchange membrane 5, an iron-group metal ion-containing liquid is charged into the anode chamber 2A, a cathode liquid is charged into the cathode chamber 3A, and by applying the voltage between the anode 2 and the cathode 3, iron-group metal ions in the liquid in the anode chamber 2A are moved into the liquid in the cathode chamber 3A through the cation exchange membrane 5, so that an iron-group metal is precipitated on the cathode 3.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA coating apparatus for magnetic data storage disks is operable to transport a disk in a disk holding fixture from a first coating area to a second coating area via roller wheels along a first path. A wheel located along the first path between the first coating area and the second coating area within a sealed enclosure is adjusted such that deflection of the disk holding fixture when traversing the disk transport wheel is reduced, such as by adjusting a leadscrew coupled to the disk holding fixture and a frame of the disk coating apparatus. Adjustment is made with the disk coating apparatus sealed and under vacuum, as the position of the disk transport wheel being adjusted may be different under vacuum than under atmospheric pressure. Adjustment is verified by processing a test disk and measuring forces applied to the test disk during transport through the disk coating apparatus.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present disclosure provides methods for forming a nano-gap electrode. In some cases, a nano-gap having a width adjusted by a film thickness of a sidewall may be formed between a first electrode-forming part and a second electrode-forming part using sidewall which has contact with first electrode-forming part as a mask. Surfaces of the first electrode-forming part, the sidewall and the second electrode-forming part may then be exposed. The sidewall may then be removed to form a nano-gap between the first electrode-forming part and the second electrode-forming part.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method for analyzing a protein and a peptide, includes: providing a capillary for isoelectric focusing; providing a capillary device for separation and analysis having the capillary and a solid-phase extraction column being unified as a single tube-like structure; providing an electrophoresis instrument having the capillary device and the mechanism regulating the pressure difference at both ends of the capillary device; introducing a sample containing a target protein or peptide into the solid-phase extraction column to let the target protein or peptide be adsorbed on the column, and filling the capillary device with a carrier ampholyte solution; starting separation by isoelectric focusing after eluting the target protein or peptide by filling the solid-phase extraction column with electrode solution or acid or base solution, or after firstly eluting the target protein or peptide with an eluting solution containing carrier ampholyte and secondly filling the solid-phase extraction column with electrode solution or acid or base solution; and focusing the eluted target protein or peptide in the capillary for isoelectric focusing.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTElectrochemical test cells are made with precision and accuracy by adhering an electrically resistive sheet having a bound opening to a first electrically conductive sheet. A notching opening is then punched through the electrically resistive sheet and the first electrically conductive sheet. The notching opening intersects the first bound opening in the electrically resistive sheet, and transforms the first bound opening into a notch in the electrically resistive sheet. A second electrically conductive sheet is punched to have a notching opening corresponding to that of first electrically conductive sheet, and this is adhered to the other side of the electrically resistive sheet such that the notching openings are aligned. This structure is cleaved from surrounding material to form an electrochemical cell that has a sample space for receiving a sample defined by the first and second conductive sheets and the notch in the electrically resistive sheet.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn anode for oxygen generation and a manufacturing method for the same used for industrial electrolyses including manufacturing of electrolytic metal foils such as electrolytic copper foil, aluminum liquid contact and continuously electrogalvanized steel plate, and metal extraction is provided. The anode for oxygen generation and a manufacturing method for the same comprises a conductive metal substrate and a catalyst layer containing iridium oxide formed on the conductive metal substrate wherein the coating is baked in a high temperature region of 410° C.-450° C. in an oxidation atmosphere to form the catalyst layer co-existing amorphous and crystalline iridium oxide and the catalyst layer co-existing the amorphous and crystalline iridium oxide is post-baked in a further high temperature region of 520° C.-560° C. in an oxidation atmosphere to crystallize almost all amount of iridium oxide in the catalyst layer.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn some embodiments a method of depositing a metal-containing layer atop a substrate disposed in a physical vapor deposition (PVD) chamber includes: providing a plasma forming gas to a processing region of the PVD chamber; providing a first amount of RF power to a target assembly disposed opposite the substrate to form a plasma within the processing region of the PVD chamber; sputtering source material from the target assembly to deposit a metal-containing layer onto the substrate, wherein the source material is at a first erosion state; and tuning an auto capacitance tuner coupled to a substrate support while sputtering source material to maintain an ion energy at a surface of the substrate within a predetermined range as the target erodes from the first erosion state to a second erosion state.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA system and method for refurbishing an internal surface of an article of manufacture includes a sputtering unit. The internal surface of the article of manufacture defines an internal cavity. The sputtering unit includes an electrode assembly coupled to a sealing portion. The refurbishing method begins with preparing the internal surface to remove physical damage and contamination. Next, the sputtering unit is interfaced with the article by extending the electrode assembly into the cavity and sealing the sputtering unit to the article with the sealing portion. The internal surface of the article then defines a boundary of a sputtering chamber. A dimensional value is provided that is related to an internal dimension of the cavity. Finally the sputtering unit is operated to deposit material onto the internal surface based upon the provided dimensional value.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method and apparatus is described for reformulating raw gas and/or reducing and/or converting the tar in a raw gas from a gasification reaction. More specifically, a gas reformulating system having a gas reformulating chamber, one or more sources of or means for generating non-equilibrium plasma, and optionally one or more oxygen source(s) inputs and control system is provided. Methods of reformulation and/or reducing the tar concentration in a raw gas from a gasification reaction that uses non-equilibrium plasma are also provided.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to an apparatus and a system for treating acid mine drainage. The apparatus includes first and second reaction baths for receiving acid mine drainage, wherein the first and second reaction baths are provided with inlets and outlets and are separated from each other to prevent communication between acid mine drainages, an electrically connected anode and a cathode installed in each of the first and second reaction baths, and an electron transport medium for connecting the first reaction bath receiving the anode and the second reaction bath receiving the cathode. The electron transport medium blocks the transport of metal cations and allows the transport of electrons between acid mine drainages in the first and second reaction baths. Ferrous ions are oxidized to ferric ions in the acid mine drainage to precipitate hydroxides in the first reaction bath, and hydroxide ions are produced in the second reaction bath.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTMethods and devices are provided for the plasma-catalytic conversion of materials to produce chemical base materials. The methods and devices allow a plurality of chemical processes to be carried out in a plasma-catalytic manner to produce chemical base materials from simple raw materials (for example methane and biogas) with an improved selectivity and energy balance. A hydrocarbon-containing or other starting material is reacted under the action of a plasma to produce chemical base materials, or such a starting material is converted into an intermediate product in a first step under the action of a plasma, and the intermediate product is converted into the desired base material in a subsequent step. The devices for carrying out plasma-catalytic reactions are characterized by a jet pump arranged downstream of the plasma reactor, a tubular recipient (reaction chamber) having a diameter of at least 4 cm, or a catalyst-containing wall of the recipient.
Thu, 25 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method of manufacturing a dispersion liquid includes preparing a mixed liquid which contains a first solvent, a second solvent having solubility which is equal to or less than 1% with respect to the first solvent, and a compound having a polymerizable functional group; and microcapsulating and dispersing the first solvent or the second solvent by performing liquid plasma treatment on the mixed liquid while applying ultrasonic waves to the mixed liquid by using an ultrasonic wave generating apparatus.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA physical vapor deposition system includes a chamber, a cover plate, a pedestal, and a collimator. The cover plate is disposed on the chamber for holding a target. The pedestal is disposed in the chamber for supporting a wafer. The collimator is mounted between the cover plate and the pedestal. The collimator includes a plurality of sidewall sheets together forming a plurality of passages. At least one of the passages has an entrance and an exit opposite to the entrance. The entrance faces the cover plate, and the exit faces the pedestal. A thickness of one of the sidewall sheets at the entrance is thinner than a thickness of the sidewall sheet at the exit.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA plasma sputtering apparatus according to one embodiment includes a chamber and a reservoir in fluidic communication with the chamber. The reservoir stores a vapor source therein, and is configured to release vapor at a predetermined rate. The vapor released by the reservoir is effective to diminish an etch rate of a first magnetic material, the vapor having a smaller effect on an etch rate of a second magnetic material that is different than the first magnetic material. The apparatus also includes a mount for a substrate and a plasma source.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA plasma producing apparatus for plasma processing a substrate Includes a chamber having an interior surface, a plasma production device for producing an inductively coupled plasma within the chamber, a substrate support for supporting the substrate during plasma processing, and a Faraday shield disposed within the chamber for shielding at least part of the interior surface from material removed from the substrate by the plasma processing. The plasma production device includes an antenna and a RF power supply for supplying RF power to the antenna with a polarity which is alternated at a frequency of less than or equal to 1000 Hz.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention is related to a free-flow electrophoresis method for separating at least one analyte of interest from a mixture of analytes, wherein the method uses a separation medium comprising two or more individual separation media, wherein the two or more individual separation media differ in their pH value, and wherein each of the two or more individual separation media comprise at least one anion of at least one acid and at least one cation of at least one base, wherein the at least one acid is the same in each of the two or more individual separation media and the at least one base is the same in each of the two or more individual separation media.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA nanosensor for detecting molecule characteristics includes a membrane having an opening configured to permit a charged carbon nanotube to pass but to block a molecule attached to the carbon nanotube. The opening is filled with an electrolytic solution. An electric field generator is configured to generate an electric field relative to the opening to drive the charged carbon nanotubes through the opening. A sensor circuit is coupled to the electric field generator to sense current changes due to charged carbon nanotubes passing into the opening, and to bias the electric field generator to determine a critical voltage related to a force of separation between the carbon nanotube and the molecule.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA system for identifying a particle. The system includes a microfluidic device; a microelectrode array including a plurality of electrodes, the microelectrode array disposed within the microfluidic device; a plurality of particles suspended in a solution and delivered to the microelectrode array using the microfluidic device; a signal generator operatively coupled to the microelectrode array; a particle detector adjacent to the microelectrode array; and a controller in operative communication with the signal generator and the particle detector. The controller is configured to apply an oscillating voltage signal to the microelectrode array between a low frequency and a high frequency at a sweep rate, wherein the sweep rate is no more than a maximum sweep rate, and determine a distribution of the plurality of particles relative to the microelectrode array at a plurality of frequency levels between the low frequency and the high frequency.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn aqueous liquid medium for analyzing, purifying or separating species in an element having walls or for treating the walls of an element. The medium includes at least a polymer consisting of several polymeric segments. The polymer is of the irregular block-copolymer or irregular comb-like polymer type and has on the average at least three junction points between polymeric segments of different chemical or topological nature. The medium may be used in methods for analyzing, purifying or separating species and methods for treating an element to be contacted with a fluid and/or species contained in the fluid during preservation, transport, analysis, purification or separation of the fluid.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA DNA/RNA detection technology is provided. The open flow detection technique includes a substrate defining a pair of opposing microchannels, a pair of opposing electrodes in the opposing microchannels, and at least one ion exchanging nanomembrane coupled between the opposing microchannels such that the opposing microchannels are connected to each other only through the nanomembrane, wherein the nanomembrane is functionalized with a probe complementary to the macromolecule. A voltammeter is provided to measure the electrical current or potential across the nanomembrane, and detect a change in the measured electrical current or potential to quantify the presence of the macromolecule
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThis work provides an affordable approach for detecting environmental contaminants (e.g., arsenic in groundwater). Electro-chemical analysis of a sample is performed using a disposable three-electrode sensor that can be connected to an electrochemical analyzer (which is not disposable). The disposable sensor has a sample chamber to admit a liquid sample. The sensor includes a substrate disposed within the sample chamber that includes at least one conditioning reagent to condition the sample for electrochemical analysis. Analysis results can be displayed via a mobile device application.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTSelectively permeable membranes for biosensors are provided. In one embodiment, the membrane includes a polymer mixture that includes a polyurethane component, a siloxane component, and a hydrogel component, the components in the mixture in amounts of about 60 to about 80 wt % polyurethane, about 10 to about 20 wt % siloxane, and about 10 to about 20 wt % hydrogel. The membrane has a surface restructured to be hydrophilic, with the restructured surface being crosslinked via reactive end groups on at least one of the polyurethane, the siloxane, and the hydrogel components.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA surface treatment system includes a surface treatment tank, a first guide rail and a second guide rail that extend at a position offset from a position over the upper opening of the surface treatment tank, and a plurality of transfer jigs that respectively hold a workpiece and are supported by the first guide rail and the second guide rail. The transfer jig includes a horizontal arm section, a first guide target section that is guided by the first guide rail, a second guide target section that is guided by the second guide rail, and a vertical arm section that is suspended from the horizontal arm section at a position between the first guide target section and the second guide target section, and holds the workpiece.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn anode for alkaline water electrolysis includes a conductive substrate having at least a surface made of nickel or a nickel-base alloy and a lithium-containing nickel oxide catalytic layer formed on a surface of the substrate. The molar ratio (Li/Ni) of lithium and nickel in the catalytic layer is in the range of 0.005 to 0.15.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn ion exchange membrane electrolyzer includes an elastic body configured to press on a second electrode so as to bring an ion exchange membrane into close contact with electrodes. The elastic body includes a fixed part fixed to one of a base part and the second electrode, and an elastic part that extends from the fixed part, and is configured to press on the second electrode by elastic deformation. The elastic part is formed so as to be plate-like and formed so as to be corrugated along a direction in which it extends, such that a top part on one side is in contact with the base part and a top part on the other side is in contact with the second electrode.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method and a device for carrying out the method for processing surfaces of workpieces, preferably of large substrates, are presented. The intent is to arrange the processing devices on the casing of a drum-type carrier in a vacuum chamber. The workpiece is transported over the drum and optionally made to rotate. The drum-type carriers is rotated in such a way that the intended processing device is turned towards the workpiece and can process it. The surface section to be processed can be selected via translation and rotation.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn apparatus for generating sputtering of a target to produce a coating on a substrate is provided. The apparatus has a magnetron including a cathode and an anode. A power supply is operably connected to the magnetron and at least one capacitor is operably connected to the power supply. The apparatus also includes an inductance operably connected to the at least one capacitor. A first switch and a second switch are also provided. The first switch operably connects the power supply to the magnetron to charge the magnetron and the first switch is configured to charge the magnetron according to a first pulse. The second switch is operably connected to discharge the magnetron. The second switch is configured to discharge the magnetron according to a second pulse.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention provides a method for depositing aluminum on a permanent Nd—Fe—B magnet including a step of cooling the chamber and the arc source by feeding a fluid of water at a cooling temperature of between 0° C. and 5° C. through the chamber and the arc source. The method also includes a step of adjusting a target source and a control magnet of the arc source in the chamber of the multi-arc ion plating apparatus to define a predetermined distance of between 1 cm and 10 cm. The step of depositing the film of aluminum further including steps of applying a current of between 50 A and 70 A and an electrical potential of between 100V and 200V to the target source of aluminum and directing the ions of aluminum using the arc source to the purified permanent Nd—Fe—B magnet for a time period of between 0.5 hours and 5 hours.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided is a magnetic material sputtering target produced from a sintered compact having a B content of 17 at % or more and 40 at % or less, and remainder being one or more elements selected from Co and Fe, wherein the target includes a B-rich phase and a B-poor phase, and a number of the B-rich phases in which a maximum inscribed circle having a diameter of 15 μm or more can be drawn is one or less. The B-rich phase is finely dispersed in the magnetic material sputtering target of the present invention, and the machinability of the target is consequently improved. Moreover, significant effects are yielded in that the generation of particles is inhibited and the yield in the production of thin films is improved when the target is used for sputtering with a magnetron sputtering equipment comprising a DC power supply.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided are a sputtering target composed of a Cu—Ga sintered compact that has a further reduced oxygen content and can suppress abnormal discharges, and a method for producing the same. The sintered compact has a component composition containing a Ga content of 20 at % or higher and less than 30 at % with the balance being Cu and inevitable impurities, and has an oxygen content of 100 ppm or lower and an average grain size of 100 μm or less, and exhibits the diffraction peaks assigned to the γ and ζ phases of CuGa as observed in X-ray diffraction, wherein the main peak intensity of the diffraction peaks assigned to the ζ phase is 10% or higher relative to that of the diffraction peaks assigned to the γ phase.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA simple and efficient electrolysis device for making electrolyzed water from pure water, comprising a controllable electrolysis power supply, an electrolytic electrode plate assembly connected to said power supply, said component being immersed within the to-be-electrolyzed water when in operation. A gap is provided between an anode and a cathode of the electrolytic electrode plate assembly, the gap distance being greater than 0 mm and less than 10 mm, said gap being designed according to the principle of optimal minimization, being less than 0.1 mm when necessary. The area of the surfaces, on either side of the gap, of the anode and the cathode of the electrolytic electrode plate assembly are designed according to the principle of optimal maximization, within the occupied set space. Also disclosed is a simple electrolysis method for making electrolyzed water from pure water.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTSystems and methods for electrochemical separation are provided. An electrochemical separation device may include at least one cell pair wound around an electrode to from a bundle having a racetrack configuration.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn electrodialysis unit 8 for treating water, such as a treatment in order to kill microorganisms, comprises: a membrane cell, an anode flow path 52 for directing a portion of an incoming water flow to an anode side of the membrane cell, a cathode flow path 50 for directing a portion of an incoming water flow to a cathode side of the membrane cell, a temperature monitoring device 9a for monitoring the temperature of the water and a heater 9b for increasing the temperature of the water in the anode flow path 52 before it reaches the membrane cell, wherein the heater 9b is arranged to operate to increase the temperature of the water in the anode flow path 52 when the original water temperature is below a predetermined level. A membrane 71 is located between the electrodes (cathodes 68 and anode 70).
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided are an ion exchange membrane electrode assembly including an ion exchange membrane which is on an electrode, is made of an ion exchange resin, and has a modulus of elasticity of 50 MPa or less, a method for producing the ion exchange membrane electrode assembly, and a capacitor deionization device.
Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to a process of use for deoxidizing silicon particles comprising at least the steps consisting in: (i) having surface-oxidized silicon particles that have a mean size of less than or equal to 10 μm, (ii) formulating said particles into the form of aggregates having a mean size ranging from 20 to 300 μm, (iii) bringing said aggregates from step (ii) into contact with a thermal plasma conveying hydrogen radicals under conditions suitable for the deoxidation thereof and for the non-evaporation thereof, and (iv) recovering a material deoxidized according to step (iii) in a liquid silicon bath.
Thu, 11 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTEmbodiments provided herein describe solid-state lithium batteries and methods for forming such batteries. A first current collector is provided. A first layer is formed above the first current collector. The first layer includes lithium and cobalt. The first layer is annealed. A second layer is formed above the annealed first layer. The second layer includes lithium and cobalt, and the annealed first layer and the second layer jointly form a first electrode. An electrolyte is formed above the first electrode. A second electrode is formed above the electrolyte. A second current collector is formed above the second electrode.
Thu, 11 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to a device for removing water from a battery housing (100) or a battery separator, comprising a body (310) having a plurality of capillaries (3201-3207) and electrodes (330, 340) for producing an electric field, and a control device (350) for controlling the electric field for removing water through means of the capillaries (3201-3207), a battery housing, a battery separator, a battery system, a vehicle, a method, a computer programme and a computer programme product.
Thu, 11 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTSome embodiments provide a magnetron sputtering apparatus including a vacuum chamber within which a controlled environment may be established, a target comprising one or more sputterable materials, wherein the target includes a racetrack-shaped sputtering zone that extends longitudinally along a longitudinal axis and comprises a straightaway area sandwiched between a first turnaround area and a second turnaround area, a gas distribution system that supplies a first gas mixture to the first turnaround area and/or the second turnaround area and supplies a second gas mixture to the straightaway area, wherein the first gas mixture reduces a sputtering rate relative to the second gas mixture. In some cases, the first gas mixture includes inert gas having a first atomic weight and the second gas mixture includes inert gas having a second atomic weight, wherein the second atomic weight is heavier than the first atomic weight.
Thu, 11 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method for rapid switching between operating modes with differing beam currents in a charged particle system is disclosed. Many FIB milling applications require precise positioning of a milled pattern within a region of interest (RoI). This may be accomplished by using fiducial marks near the RoI, wherein the FIB is periodically deflected to image these marks during FIB milling. Any drift of the beam relative to the RoI can then be measured and compensated for, enabling more precise positioning of the FIB milling beam. It is often advantageous to use a lower current FIB for imaging since this may enable higher spatial resolution in the image of the marks. For faster FIB milling, a larger beam current is desired. Thus, for optimization of the FIB milling process, a method for rapidly switching between high and low current operating modes is desirable.
Thu, 11 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA nanopore sensor is provided, including a nanopore disposed in a support structure. A fluidic passage is disposed between a first fluidic reservoir and the nanopore to fluidically connect the first fluidic reservoir to the nanopore through the fluidic passage. The fluidic passage has a passage length that is greater than the passage width. A second fluidic reservoir is fluidically connected to the nanopore, with the nanopore providing fluidic communication between the fluidic passage the second reservoir. Electrodes are connected to impose an electrical potential difference across the nanopore. At least one electrical transduction element is disposed in the nanopore sensor with a connection to measure the electrical potential that is local to the fluidic passage.
Thu, 11 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA particle manipulation device includes a substrate and a microchannel included in the substrate and configured to receive a fluid including particles therein. A biasing structure is formed on the substrate adjacent to, but outside the microchannel. The biasing structure is configured to dispense radiation at a frequency to bias movement of the particles within the microchannel from outside the microchannel.
Thu, 11 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTKits, systems, and methods are provided for transferring biological macromolecules from an electrophoresis slab gel to a blotting membrane using conductive polymer electrodes.
Thu, 11 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to gold wires and electrodes fashioned from natural fibres. In particular, fine natural fibres such as coir fibre, jute fibre, sisal fibre, banana fibre, and human hair, which are mechanically strong and flexible, were used as templates over which an 80-200 nm layer of gold was coated by sputter coating. The composite materials were shown to have low electrical resistivity and functioned normally as electrodes in conventional electrochemical applications such as cyclic voltammetry and anodic stripping voltammetry. Although the present invention focused on the use of single fibres and gold coating exclusively, bundles of naturally aligned fibres and coatings of metals other than gold are logical extensions of the invention.
Thu, 11 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to droplet-based surface modification and washing. According to one embodiment, a method of splitting a droplet is provided, the method including providing a droplet microactuator including a droplet including one or more beads and immobilizing at least one of the one or more beads. The method further includes conducting one or more droplet operations to divide the droplet to yield a set of droplets including a droplet including the one or more immobilized beads and a droplet substantially lacking the one or more immobilized beads.
Thu, 11 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn O2 sensor includes a sensor element using a solid electrolyte layer and a pair of electrodes placed at a position to interpose the solid electrolyte layer, detects an exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine as an object of a detection, and outputs an electromotive force signal depending on an air-fuel ratio of the exhaust gas. The sensor element is connected with a constant current circuit supplying a constant current that is prescribed. A microcomputer calculates a resistance value (element resistance) of the sensor element, and performs a restriction on the constant current supplied by the constant current circuit on the basis of the element resistance.
Thu, 11 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn end pressure plate is provided for an electrochemical cell stack or an electrolyser module. The end pressure plates comprise a load transfer plate for maintaining even pressure over the faces of the structural plates, and a backing plate for supporting load transferred from the load transfer plate.
Thu, 11 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA bypass electrolyzer system provides a system for separating oxygen and hydrogen from water, whereby electrodes are respectively disposed in first and second housings spaced apart by at least one membrane supported by at least one membrane holder. At least one bypass line connects the first and second housings so that during operation, hydrogen can pass to through the bypass line to the oxygen side and then back through the membrane to assist in equalizing pressure across the membrane during operation.
Thu, 11 Aug 2016 08:00:00 EDTA plating apparatus (1) includes: a holding member (2) that holds a plated object (W); a spacer (4) that is stacked on the holding member (2) via a first seal member (3) in an annular shape surrounding the plated object (W), and has a through portion (45) from which the plated object (W) is exposed and which stores a plating solution; and an anode member (6) that is stacked on the spacer (4) via a second seal member (3) in an annular shape surrounding the through portion (45), and has an anode layer (62) arranged to face the plated object (W) which is exposed from the through portion (45).