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PROCESS CHAMBER AND SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING APPARATUS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Embodiments of the invention provide a process chamber and a semiconductor processing apparatus. According to at least one embodiment, the process chamber includes a reaction compartment, a gas introducing system and a wafer transfer device. The reaction compartment is provided in the process chamber and used for performing a process on a wafer, the gas introducing system is used for providing processing gas to the reaction compartment, and the wafer transfer device is used for transferring the wafer into the reaction compartment. A lining ring assembly is provided in the reaction compartment, and is configured such that a flow uniformizing cavity is formed between the lining ring assembly itself and an inner side wall of the reaction compartment, so as to uniformly transport the processing gas, from the gas introducing system, into the reaction compartment through the flow uniformizing cavity.



Ion Source for Metal Implantation and Methods Thereof

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An ion source for an implanter includes a first solid state source electrode disposed in an ion source chamber. The first solid state source electrode includes a source material coupled to a first negative potential node. A second solid state source electrode is disposed in the ion source chamber. The second solid state source electrode includes the source material coupled to a second negative potential node, and the first solid state source electrode and the second solid state source electrode are configured to produce ions to be implanted by the implanter.



GOLD ION BEAM DRILLED NANOPORES MODIFIED WITH THIOLATED DNA ORIGAMIS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A nanopore structure includes an aperture extending from a first surface to a second surface of a substrate, the aperture having a wall comprising gold ions embedded in the substrate, the wall defining a first diameter; a first deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) layer including a thiolated DNA strand covalently bonded to the embedded gold ions within the wall of the aperture; and a second DNA layer hydrogen bonded to the first DNA layer, the second DNA layer defines a substantially cylindrical nanopore that defines a second diameter within the wall of the aperture, the second DNA layer including a single-stranded DNA strand; wherein the second diameter is less than the first diameter.



Bead Incubation and Washing on a Droplet Actuator

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to bead incubating and washing on a droplet actuator. Methods for incubating magnetically responsive beads that are labeled with primary antibody, a sample (i.e., analyte), and secondary reporter antibodies on a magnet, on and off a magnet, and completely off a magnet are provided. Also provided are methods for washing magnetically responsive beads using shape-assisted merging of droplets. Also provided are methods for shape-mediated splitting, transporting, and dispensing of a sample droplet that contains magnetically responsive beads. The apparatuses and methods of the invention provide for rapid time to result and optimum detection of an analyte in an immunoassay.



NANO-GAP ELECTRODE PAIR AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A system for detecting a biomolecule comprises a nano-gap electrode device including a first electrode and a second electrode adjacent to the first electrode. The first electrode can be separated from the second electrode by a nano-gap that is dimensioned to permit the biomolecule to flow through the nano-gap. The nano-gap can have at least a first gap region and a second gap region. The second gap region can be oriented at an angle that is greater than zero degrees with respect to a plane having the first gap region. The system can further include an electrical circuit coupled to the nano-gap electrode device. The electrical circuit can receive electrical signals from the first electrode and the second electrode upon the flow of the biomolecule through the nano-gap.



GAS SENSOR FOR DETECTING CONCENTRATION OF SPECIFIC GAS COMPONENT

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A gas sensor includes a solid electrolyte, a gas chamber, a reference gas chamber, a pump cell, a monitor cell, and a sensor cell. The gas chamber has a spatial width W0 constant in a width direction W orthogonal to the direction of flow of a gas in a position where the pump electrode, the monitor electrode, and the sensor electrode are provided on the solid electrolyte. An amount of shift ΔX1 of a central position O2 of a gap S in the width direction W between the monitor electrode and the sensor electrode from a central position O1 in the width direction of the pump electrode has relationship of ΔX1≦¼ W1 where the pump electrode has a width W1. In addition, positions ΔY1 of a of a side surface of the monitor electrode and of a side surface of the sensor electrode from the central position O1 in the width direction W of the pump electrode have relationship of ΔY1≦½ W1.



GAS SENSOR ELEMENT, GAS SENSOR, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING GAS SENSOR ELEMENT

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A gas sensor element including a composite ceramic layer including a plate-shaped insulating portion containing an insulating ceramic and having a through hole formed therein and a plate-shaped electrolyte portion containing a solid electrolyte ceramic and disposed in the through hole; and a first conductor layer extending continuously from a first insulating surface on one side of the insulating portion to a first electrolyte surface of the electrolyte portion facing the same direction as the one side of the insulating portion. The first insulating surface is flush with the first electrolyte surface. The electrolyte portion has, on its first electrolyte surface side, an extension portion extending outward from the through hole so as to overlap the first insulating surface. Further, the thickness of the extension portion decreases toward the outer circumference of the extension portion. Also disclosed is a method of manufacturing the gas sensor element.



Reference Electrode with a Pore Membrane

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Systems and methods described herein include a reference electrode for being immersed in a bulk solution. The reference electrode comprises a reservoir having reservoir walls defining a reservoir volume filled with an electrolyte; an electrode in the reservoir, in contact with the electrolyte. The reservoir of the reference electrode is closed except for the presence of at least one pore in at least one of the reservoir walls, the at least one pore being filled with electrolyte and being adapted for allowing ionic contact between the electrolyte in the reservoir and the bulk solution into which the reference electrode is to be immersed.



PARTICLE INSPECTION UNIT AND PARTICLE INSPECTION SYSTEM

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

According to one embodiment, a particle inspection system includes an inspection module and a determination module. The inspection module includes a particle inspection chip includes electrodes for detecting existence of particles in a sample liquid by a change in an electrical signal, and a memory element which is provided separately from the electrodes and configured to store whether the inspection chip is a used chip or not. The determination module includes a determination circuit configured to determine the existence of the particles based on a detection signal of the inspection chip, and a control circuit configured to control an operation of the determination circuit from information in the memory element.



ELECTROCHEMICAL DEPOSITION METHOD

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention is to provide a substrate holder which can effect a more complete sealing with a sealing member and makes it possible to take a substrate out of the substrate holder easily and securely, and also a plating apparatus provided with the substrate holder. The substrate holder includes: a fixed holding member and a movable holding member for holding a substrate therebetween; a sealing member mounted to the fixed holding member or the movable holding member; and a suction pad for attracting a back surface of the substrate held between the fixed holding member and the movable holding member.



ELECTROCHEMICAL DEPOSITION METHOD

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention is to provide a substrate holder which can effect a more complete sealing with a sealing member and makes it possible to take a substrate out of the substrate holder easily and securely, and also a plating apparatus provided with the substrate holder. The substrate holder includes: a fixed holding member and a movable holding member for holding a substrate therebetween; a sealing member mounted to the fixed holding member or the movable holding member; and a suction pad for attracting a back surface of the substrate held between the fixed holding member and the movable holding member.



ELECTROCHEMICAL DEPOSITION METHOD

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention is to provide a substrate holder which can effect a more complete sealing with a sealing member and makes it possible to take a substrate out of the substrate holder easily and securely, and also a plating apparatus provided with the substrate holder. The substrate holder includes: a fixed holding member and a movable holding member for holding a substrate therebetween; a sealing member mounted to the fixed holding member or the movable holding member; and a suction pad for attracting a back surface of the substrate held between the fixed holding member and the movable holding member.



GALVANIZED COATING LAYER PRODUCTION LINE

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A galvanized coating layer production line is disclosed. The production line comprises sequentially arranging, according to a workflow, a sand-blasting machine, a fluxing machine, a first air knife, a preheating device, a hot-dip bath, a second air knife, and a cooling chamber. The fluxing machine, the first air knife, the preheating device, the hot-dip bath, and the second air knife are each provided with a moving passageway through which a workpiece may pass; and disposed between the apparatus are rolling conveyors along which workpieces move. Rebar is able to lie flat as it moves one-by-one between the apparatus during the process. This allows for highly efficient production and for the electroplating of long rebar. The production line is easy both to expand and to improve.



LOW STRESS HARD COATINGS AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

In one aspect, coated cutting tools are described herein comprising a substrate and a coating comprising a refractory layer deposited by physical vapor deposition adhered to the substrate, the refractory layer comprising M1-xAlxN wherein x≧0.68 and M is titanium, chromium or zirconium, the refractory layer including a cubic crystalline phase and having hardness of at least 25 GPa.



METHODS OF FORMING MGO BARRIER LAYER

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method of making an MgO barrier layer for a TMR sensor, the method including depositing a first Mg layer in a first chamber, depositing a second Mg layer on the first Mg layer using a reactive oxide deposition process in the presence of oxygen in the first chamber or in a second chamber different than the first chamber, depositing a third Mg layer on the second MgO layer in either the first chamber, the second chamber, or a third chamber, and annealing the first layer, the second layer, and the third layer to form an MgO barrier layer.



NANOPORE SEQUENCING USING REPLICATIVE POLYMERASES AND HELICASES

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to a system of nanopore sequencing using nucleic-acid binding proteins wherein the activity of the said protein and the passage of the sequenced nucleic acid molecule through the nanopore are coordinated. In particular, the present invention enables an easy synchronization of nanopore capture with polynucleotide unwinding, which in turn affords an easy way to repeat the whole process of capture and nucleotide characterization.



System and Method for Creating and Maintaining Liquid Bunker and Reducing Sulfur Contaminants

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method for reducing sulfur and lowering viscosity in bunker oil by the steps of passing bunker oil over a core that ionizes the bunker oil with an electrostatic charge. The core consists of a metal bar being made of an alloy comprising, by weight, 40-70% copper, 10-32% nickel, 15-40% zinc, 2-20% tin and 0.05-10% silver. The metal bar of the core comprises a plurality of grooves, which allows the bunker oil to be agitated as it comes in contact 7ith the core, activating an electrostatic charge. The electrostatic charge of the core creates a magnetic catalytic reaction that causes: (1) a molecular separationmolecular chains within the bunker oil thereby lowering the viscosity of the bunker oil and (2) sulfur to merge with metals and create metal sulfides in the bunker oil thereby reducing the sulfur in the bunker oil.



METHOD FOR PRODUCING A MULTICOAT PAINT SYSTEM

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to a method for producing a multicoat paint system on a metallic substrate, in which a basecoat or a plurality of directly successive basecoats are produced directly on a metallic substrate coated with a cured electrocoat, a clearcoat is produced directly on the one basecoat or the uppermost of the plurality of basecoats, and then the one or more basecoats and the clearcoat are jointly cured, and wherein at least one basecoat material used for production of the basecoats comprises at least one aqueous dispersion comprising at least one copolymer, said copolymer being preparable by (i) initially charging an aqueous dispersion of at least one polyurethane, and then (ii) polymerizing a mixture of olefinically unsaturated monomers in the presence of the polyurethane from (i), in which (a) a water-soluble initiator is used, (b) the olefinically unsaturated monomers are metered in such that a concentration of 6.0% by weight, based on the total amount of olefinically unsaturated monomers used for polymerization, in the reaction solution is not exceeded over the entire reaction time, and (c) the mixture of the olefinically unsaturated monomers comprises at least one polyolefinically unsaturated monomer.



COMPACT SCALABLE MODULAR SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TREATMENT OF WATER

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A compact scalable modular system and process for treatment of water. Various water treatment components may be integrated into a scalable module to reduce an overall footprint of the module and accommodate easier installation without significant time and cost. The integrated treatment components in the module may be customized based on the target pollutants to treat, such as soluble and insoluble organic and inorganic substances, or expected quality of effluent water, such as for human consumption, and industrial or environmental usage, to achieve. A two-phase separation system may be used in a combination with any treatment component. One such embodiment includes a treatment component in a combination with a coagulation and flocculation treatment component so that the pollutants may be coagulated and flocculated before the separation process of the coagulants and flocculants. By using settling plates or tubes, the two-phase separation system embodiment may effectively form floatable solids and settlable solids. The floatable solids may be removed from the separation component by a sludge skimmer or a device with a similar function and the floatable solids may be removed from the separation component by a sludge rake or pump.



PROCESS FOR PREPARING OCTACHLOROTRISILANE AND HIGHER POLYCHLOROSILANES WITH UTILIZATION OF HEXACHLORODISILANE

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A controlled preparation of octachlorotrisilane and higher polychlorosilane such as DCTS and DCPS from monomeric chlorosilane, proceeds by exposing the chlorosilane to a nonthermal plasma and recycling chlorosilane that has not been converted to octachlorotrisilane into the plasma.



Circuit-Based Optoelectronic Tweezers

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A microfluidic optoelectronic tweezers (OET) device can comprise dielectrophoresis (DEP) electrodes that can be activated and deactivated by controlling a beam of light directed onto photosensitive elements that are disposed in locations that are spaced apart from the DEP electrodes. The photosensitive elements can be photodiodes, which can switch the switch mechanisms that connect the DEP electrodes to a power electrode between an off state and an on state.



Method of Manipulating a Droplet

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method of manipulating a droplet comprising providing a substrate comprising a surface; an elongated transport electrode disposed on the substrate surface, the elongated transport electrode having a first and a second end and configured to impart a gradient force to the droplet; and one or more wires for providing power to the transport electrode; and providing power to the one or more wires to effect the gradient force and thereby transport the droplet along the length of the elongated transport electrode from the first end to the second end.



FUNCTIONALIZED ZINC OXIDE NANOPARTICLES FOR PHOTOCATALYTIC WATER SPLITTING

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to a photocatalyst composition having visible light activity for hydrogen production through water splitting. More particularly, the present invention discloses a photocatalyst composition comprising a zinc oxide nanoparticles and a conjugated organic moiety selected from the group consisting of oligothiophenes, azo dyes, and perylenes.



Device And Method For Cleaning Dental Appliances

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A device for cleaning a dental appliance is disclosed. The device includes a holding container including an upper portion and a lower portion, the holding container adapted to receive at least one dental appliance; an electrolytic cell for generating chlorine dioxide from a chlorine dioxide precursor; and an electrical current supply including a circuit operably connecting the electrical current supply to the electrolytic cell.



Electronic devices with encapsulating silicone based adhesive

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A flexible electronic device is provided that includes electronics, metal traces, and other components at least partially encapsulated in a protective, corrosion- and fluid-resistant encapsulating adhesive coating. The device include electronics, sensors, and other components disposed on a flexible substrate that is configured to be mounted to a body or disposed in some other environment of interest. The encapsulating adhesive coating is flexible and adheres securely to the electronics, metal traces, and other components disposed on the flexible substrate. The encapsulating adhesive coating prevents voids from forming proximate the components within which water or other chemicals could be deposited from the environment of the device. The encapsulating adhesive coating could include silicone or other flexible highly adhesive substances. The encapsulating adhesive coating could be a conformal coating.