Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA semiconductor electroplating system includes a conducting ring and at least one conductive device. The conducting ring is used for carrying a wafer. The conducting ring has at least two connecting points. The wafer has a first surface and an opposite second surface. An isolation layer is located on the second surface. Two ends of the conductive device are respectively connected to the two connecting points of the conducting ring. When the conducting ring is immersed in the plating solution and is energized, a redistribution layer that is to be patterned is formed on the isolation layer. The conductive device is used for transmitting a partial current that passes through one of the connecting points to the other connecting point.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA pulsed direct current sputtering system and method are disclosed. The system has a plasma chamber with two targets, two magnetrons and one anode, a first power source, and a second power source. The first power source is coupled to the first magnetron and the anode, and provides a cyclic first-power-source voltage with a positive potential and a negative potential during each cycle between the anode and the first magnetron. The second power source is coupled to the second magnetron and the anode, and provides a cyclic second-power-source voltage. The controller phase-synchronizes and controls the first-power-source voltage and second-power-source voltage to apply a combined anode voltage, and phase-synchronizes a first magnetron voltage with a second magnetron voltage, wherein the combined anode voltage applied to the anode has a magnitude of at least 80 percent of a magnitude of a sum of the first magnetron voltage and the second magnetron voltage.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTSb—Te-based alloy sintered sputtering target having a Sb content of 10 to 60 at %, a Te content of 20 to 60 at %, and remainder being one or more types of elements selected from Ag, In, and Ge and unavoidable impurities, wherein an average grain size of oxides is 0.5 μm or less. An object of this invention is to improve the texture of the Sb—Te-based alloy sintered sputtering target in order to prevent the generation of arcing during sputtering and improve the thermal stability of the sputtered film.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTElectro-chemical manipulation and charge sensing apparatus includes a chemical/biochemical testing pad positioned on a dielectric substrate, a sensing circuit coupled to the testing pad, the sensing circuit including at least one MOTFT device, and a manipulation and control circuit coupled to the testing pad, the manipulation and control circuit including at least one MOTFT device. The electro-chemical manipulation and charge sensing apparatus can include a plurality of chemical/biochemical testing pads distributed in a matrix formation of rows and columns and positioned on a dielectric substrate.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention provides a biomolecular analysis device which suitably realizes sample adsorption. According to an embodiment of the present invention, a biomolecular analysis device (1) includes: a sample separating section (5); a pressing tool (6); and a transfer film (7) which is provided between the sample separating section (5) and the pressing tool (6). The pressing tool (6) (i) presses, with a fixed pressure, the transfer film (7) toward a second opening (58) of the sample separating section (5) and (ii) restricts a region which is located between the sample separating section (5) and the second buffer solution tank (4) and in which there is a buffer solution.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTMethods and systems for measuring and using the oxidation-reduction characteristics of a biological sample are provided. The system generally includes a test strip and a readout device. A fluid sample is placed in the test strip, and the test strip is in turn operatively connected to the readout device. The readout device provides a controlled current that is sent across the fluid in the sample chamber. In addition, the readout device identifies an inflection point or transition time at which the voltage between contacts of the test strip is changing at the highest rate. The oxidation-reduction capacity of the sample is taken as the integral of the current profile from the time at which current begins to be supplied to the sample to the identified transition time.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA rotating disk electrode cell has a housing with a reservoir configured to receive a sample for an electrochemical experiment. A shaft is positioned in the housing such that the shaft is free to rotate around the longitudinal axis of the shaft and such that both ends of the shaft are located inside of the housing.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTMethods and devices for determining sensing device usability, e.g., for self-monitoring and point of care devices. In one embodiment, the invention is to a method of determining device usability, comprising the steps of providing a device comprising a first electrical pad; a second electrical pad; and a humidity-responsive polymer layer contacting at least a portion of the first and second electrical pads; applying a potential across the first and second electrical pads; measuring an electrical property associated with the humidity-responsive polymer layer; and determining whether the measured electrical property associated with the humidity-responsive polymer layer has exceeded a humidity threshold level associated with the device usability.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn immersion-type surface treatment tank includes a treatment tank body including: a single tank internal space elongated in a plan view, and a nozzle that ejects an electrodeposition paint into the tank internal space. The treatment tank body includes: a first tank inner side surface extending along a longitudinal direction of the tank internal space; a second tank inner side surface facing the first tank inner side surface and extending along the longitudinal direction; and a rectifying plate that is formed halfway in the longitudinal direction and changes a flow direction of the electrodeposition paint such that the electrodeposition paint flowing horizontally along the first tank inner side surface is directed toward the second tank inner side surface. The rectifying plate changes the flow direction of the electrodeposition paint, thereby forming, in the tank internal space, at least two horizontal swirl flows adjacent to each other in the longitudinal direction.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn alkaline water electrolysis diaphragm includes: a polymer porous layer containing at least one polymer compound selected from polyether sulfone having a contact angle of 20 to 90° and polysulfone having the contact angle of 20 to 90°; and an organic fiber fabric layer coupled to the polymer porous layer. The polyether sulfone having the contact angle of 20 to 90° is at least one polymer compound selected from the group made of polyether sulfone, hydrophilic polyether sulfone, cationic polyether sulfone, and cationic hydrophilic polyether sulfone. The polysulfone having the contact angle of 20 to 90° is at least one polymer compound selected from the group made of polysulfone, hydrophilic polysulfone, cationic polysulfone, and cationic hydrophilic polysulfone.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn one aspect there is provided an electrochemical cell without an electrolyte-impermeable barrier. In another aspect there is provided an electrochemical cell comprising a liquid electrolyte, a cathode and at least one cathode product able to be produced at the cathode, and an anode and at least one anode product able to be produced at the anode. The at least one anode product and the at least one cathode product are substantially separated, and the cell is without an electrolyte-impermeable barrier positioned between the cathode and the anode. There is a relatively low ratio of electrolyte volume to electrode geometric surface area of the cathode or the anode (electrolyte volume (m3)/electrode surface area (m2)). The cell can be operated at a relatively low current density. Optionally, an electrolyte-permeable separator may be employed.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA film deposition apparatus comprises: a vacuum chamber; a cylindrical target, a circumferential surface of the target being opposite to a substrate, and the target being disposed in the vacuum chamber so as to intersect a conveyance direction of the substrate; a driving unit configured to rotatively drive the target; a magnetic field creator disposed inside the target; a reactive gas flow unit configured to flow a reactive gas, the reactive gas flow unit being disposed in the vicinity of the target; an optical emission monitor configured to monitor an optical emission intensity of plasma at a location between the substrate and the target and in the vicinity of the target; and a controlling unit configured to control a rotation speed of the target driven by the driving unit, such that the optical emission intensity monitored by the optical emission monitor approaches a preset target optical emission intensity.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA galvanising epoxy-coating production line includes a sandblasting machine an assisting plating machine, a first air knife, a first pre-heater, a hot dip tank, a second air knife, a second pre-heater, an epoxy spray chamber, and a cooling chamber, arranged sequentially in order of workflow. The assisting plating machine, the first air knife, the first pre-heater, the hot dip tank, the second air knife, the second pre-heater, and the epoxy spray chamber are provided with moving channels through which workpieces can pass. Between the devices is provided with a rolling conveyer on which the workpieces run. The production efficiency is high. The electroplated rebars are long.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention provides a hydrophilic film for an ex vivo membrane, which includes: a substrate; anda hydrophilic coating located on at least one surface of the substrate and formed by a hydrophilic composition, in which the hydrophilic composition includes:(a) a reactive adhesive;(b) a surfactant having reactivity; and(c) optionally a polyol.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA micro-channel electrode structure includes a layer and an electrode micro-channel formed in the layer, the electrode micro-channel having an electrode micro-channel bottom forming the bottom of the electrode micro-channel and an electrode micro-channel top forming the top the electrode micro-channel. The electrode micro-channel is at least partially filled with an electrode that extends along the electrode micro-channel and extends from the electrode micro-channel bottom toward the electrode micro-channel top. A fluid micro-channel adapted to carry a fluid is formed in the layer. An electrical power source is connected to the electrode. The fluid micro-channel intersects the electrode micro-channel in the layer to form a micro-channel intersection and the electrode extends from the electrode micro-channel into the micro-channel intersection without occluding the fluid micro-channel.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn electrolysis water-making apparatus (1) generates electrolyzed products by supplying a raw material solution into an electrolytic cell (4) to perform electrolysis, and generates electrolyzed water by diluting the electrolyzed products. The electrolysis water-making apparatus (1) includes a casing (20) configured to accommodate the electrolytic cell (4), and a bracket (30) fixed to the casing (20) in a freely detachable manner, and the bracket (30) includes a pair of rigid walls to which one end and the other end of the electrolytic cell (4) are attached. The pair of rigid walls have a dimension therebetween that can be adjusted according to the linear dimension of the electrolytic cell (4).
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA three-dimensional micro-channel structure includes a plurality of layers arranged in a stack, each layer having one or more separate micro-channels having first, second, and third ports spatially aligned in the stack so that the first, second, or third ports each form one or more first, second, or third contiguous areas, respectively, that do not include other ports. Each of the contiguous areas includes at least one port from each of two or more layers in the stack. One or more pipes having an open side each covers only one contiguous area.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA conductive micro-channel structure includes a layer having layer edges and an electrode having first and second portions formed in or under the layer. One or more fluid micro-channels are formed in the layer, expose the first portion of the electrode, and extend to a layer edge to form a fluid port. A conductor micro-channel includes a solid conductor in the conductor micro-channel. The solid conductor is electrically conductive, is electrically connected to the second portion of the electrode, and extends from the second portion to a layer edge to form a conductor port.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention concerns a soil-treatment method and system, comprising at least one electricity generator (10) and at least two electrodes (11, 12), as well as at least one pumping device (20), characterised in that the system comprises at least one geocomposite (2) that contains at least one portion of at least one of said electrodes (11, 12) and which includes at least one filtering layer (21) and/or at least one draining layer (22), and in that at least one portion of at least one of said electrodes (11, 12) comprises carbon.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method for performance optimization of protein chips produced under an external electric field applied in different directions and a device that provides the external electric field in different directions are revealed. Firstly a plurality of protein chips is produced under an external electric field applied in different directions. Then a binding force between protein molecule on the protein chip and a ligand is measured and compared. Thus an angle of the external electric field applied that achieves performance optimization while using the protein molecule to produce the protein chips is found out. The device providing the external electric field in different directions includes a rotatable electric field support rotating around a carrier used for loading the protein chips. The electric field support is disposed with electrodes for providing the protein chips on the carrier the external electric field in different directions.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA spacer for a membrane stack has an upper surface and a lower surface. The upper surface has a raised perimeter surrounding a membrane supporting section. The spacer has one or more protrusions and recesses configured such that the one or more protrusions of a first spacer fit into one or more recesses of a second spacer with the same protrusions and recesses stacked against the first spacer. Optionally, there may be an interference or snap fit. In a stack, membranes are placed on the membrane supporting sections located between spacers. In one embodiment, the bottom of an upper spacer rests on the raised perimeter of a lower spacer. A spacer may have a hole extending from an edge of the spacer to the interior of a flow field within the spacer. The hole allows access to the flow field for diagnostic testing and/or sampling.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA membrane stack may be used, for example, in an electrodialysis or other electrically driven membrane separation device. The stack has a plurality of modules, each containing a number of membranes and spacers bundled together. A module can be removed from the stack, for example for diagnosis or repair by sliding the module out of the stack in a direction parallel to the plane of a membrane or spacer in the stack. A banding mechanism is described for compressing a stack but can be released to allow the stack to be dis-assembled. The banding mechanism is also capable of lifting at least an upper end plate or electrode from the stack. Ports communicate with parts of a stack and may be used to perform diagnostic tests. In an embodiment, the stack has at least two modules as described above and each of the two modules has at least one port.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn EWOD (or AM-EWOD) device includes a reference electrode and a plurality of array elements, each array element including an array element electrode, and control electronics. In a first mode optimized for EWOD actuation, the control electronics is configured to control a supply of time varying voltages to the array element electrodes and the reference electrode, thereby generating an actuation voltage as a potential difference between voltages at the array element electrodes and the reference electrode. The reference electrode includes a first electrical connection and a second electrical connection. In a second mode, the control electronics further is configured to supply an electrical current flow between the first electrical connection and the second electrical connection to generate resistance heat for controlling temperature of the EWOD device. Control may include sensing a temperature of the EWOD device, and switching between operating in the first or second mode based on the sensed temperature.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn a cross section of the gas sensor element which is perpendicular to its lengthwise direction and through which all first to fourth lead portions penetrate, when the cross section is bisected into two regions with respect to the width direction of the gas sensor element, the first lead portion and the fourth lead portion are disposed in one of the regions and the second lead portion and the third lead portion are disposed in the other region, and the second lead portion and the third lead portion are disposed so as to be spaced apart from each other in the width direction with no overlap as viewed in a stacking direction.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA biosensor includes a transistor and a reactive electrode. The transistor has a source, a drain and a gate surface disposed therebetween. The reactive electrode is spaced apart from the gate surface of the transistor, has a receptor immobilized thereon for specific binding with an analyte in a liquid sample, and is configured to contact the liquid sample together with the gate surface of the transistor.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTSensor elements are disclosed for the electrochemically analyzing a body fluid, as well as methods of producing and using the same. The sensor elements include an electrically conductive layer structure applied to a non-conductive carrier substrate, where the layer structure includes a continuous base layer of tantalum, niobium or an alloy thereof, and a metallic cover layer formed on the base layer that covers the base layer either over the entire surface or in some regions. The metallic cover layer includes a more noble metal when compared to the base layer.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn electroplating apparatus has a vessel for holding electrolyte. A head has a rotor including a contact ring for holding a wafer having a notch. The contact ring includes a perimeter voltage ring having perimeter contact fingers for contacting the wafer around the perimeter of the wafer, except at the notch. The contact ring also has a notch contact segment having one or more notch contact fingers for contacting the wafer at the notch. The perimeter voltage ring is insulated from the notch contact segment. A negative voltage source is connected to the perimeter voltage ring, and a positive voltage source connected to the notch contact segment. The positive voltage applied at the notch reduces the current crowding effect at the notch. The wafer is plated with a film having more uniform thickness.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided are a plating apparatus and a container bath, which have a simpler structure than a conventional system and are capable of improving uniformity of a plating thickness. The plating apparatus includes a plating tank which stores a plating liquid, a cathode member arranged inside the plating tank, a plating object arranged inside the plating tank to face the cathode member, an anode jig which contacts with the plating object, and a space formed between the cathode member and the plating object to be a flow passage to which the plating liquid flows from the plating tank. The plating liquid flows into the space from above relative to the space, and is sucked by a pump from below relative to the space.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn object of the present invention is to provide: a novel gene (polynucleotide) encoding an FAD-conjugated glucose dehydrogenase having excellent properties that it has excellent reactivity to glucose, excellent thermal stability, and excellent substrate-recognition performance and also has a low activity for maltose; a process for the production of the enzyme using a transformant cell transfected with the gene; and a method for the determination of glucose, a reagent composition for use in the determination of glucose, a biosensor for use in the determination of glucose and others, each characterized by using the enzyme obtained. The invention relates to a polynucleotide encoding an FAD-conjugated glucose dehydrogenase, comprising a polypeptide containing an amino acid sequence: X1-X2-X3-X4-X5-X6 (wherein X1 and X2 independently represent an aliphatic amino acid residue; X3 and X6 independently represent a branched amino acid residue; and X4 and X5 independently represent a heterocyclic amino acid residue or an aromatic amino acid residue); and others.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA bio-enzyme sensor capable of super-hydrophobic solid-liquid-gas three-phase coexistence and a method for preparing the same. The bio-enzyme sensor comprises, from bottom to top, a base material with super-hydrophobic surface, a catalytic material having the function of catalyzing hydrogen peroxide, and bio-enzyme capable of reacting with a substance to be tested to generate hydrogen peroxide. A sufficient amount of oxygen can be provided for enzymatic reaction by forming a state of solid-liquid-gas three-phase coexistence on the surface of the super-hydrophobic material.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA photocatalyst partial oxidation of methanol reforming process can be rapidly started via the use of a photocatalytic reaction at a reaction temperature below 150° C., and hydrogen having a low carbon monoxide content is produced at a high methanol conversion rate.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to a TRO analyzer of ballast water in a ship, including: a sensor body having a plurality of electrodes and a temperature sensor insertedly disposed in one end thereof; a protection cap coupled to one end of the sensor body to protect the exposed end portions of the plurality of electrodes and the temperature sensor and having a plurality of introducing and discharging holes formed penentratedly on a portion or the whole portion thereof; a sensing chamber formed between the protection cap and the sensor body; and an ultrasonic generator fixedly disposed inside the plurality of electrodes and the temperature sensor on one end of the sensor body to discharge the ballast water introduced into the sensing chamber through the plurality of introducing and discharging holes of the protection cap.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn order to easily form curved holes and straight holes of desired shapes, an electrochemical machining tool of the present invention comprises a tool body including: an electrode made from an electrically conductive material in a cylindrical shape extending along an axial line and having flexibility, an electrolytic solution flowing through an internal flow channel of the electrode toward a tip side; and an insulating layer coated on an outer circumferential face of the electrode so as to expose the tip of the electrode. A fluid outflow hole is formed in the tool body, passing through the tool body in a radial direction and guiding the electrolytic solution flowing through the flow channel outward in the radial direction, and the electrochemical machining tool further comprises a tube-shaped member selectively opening and closing the fluid outflow hole.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA floor scrubbing apparatus includes a reservoir for an aqueous salt solution disposed in the floor scrubbing apparatus. An immersion device comprising a submersible housing with at least two iridium-coated electrodes spaced apart from each other within the submersible housing is adapted to be immersed into the reservoir. The floor scrubbing apparatus also includes a control module electrically coupled to the electrodes, wherein the control module controls application of electricity to cause a first electrode to be positively charged and a second electrode to be negatively charged. At least one of a distance and an angle or angles between the at least two iridium-coated electrodes is adjustable for the control module to control the application of electricity to the electrodes in a manner to perform electrochemical activation (ECA) of the aqueous salt solution in the reservoir to create an ECA product solution.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA system for the generation of hydrogen at a remote location using energy input to the system at a different, central location, comprises a source of high intensity electromagnetic radiation at the central location, a network of optical cables having a least an input end and an output end, the input end being connected to the electromagnetic radiation from the source, a hydrogen generation apparatus located at the remote location and having an input terminal for receiving light emitted from the other end of the network, the apparatus being adapted in use to split water into hydrogen and oxygen when a catalyst within the apparatus is exposed to radiation from the source supplied by the optical cable network, and a storage chamber for storing the hydrogen produced by the hydrogen generation apparatus.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA gas reactor system may be configured for facilitating chemical reactions of gases using shockwaves produced in a supersonic gaseous vortex. The system may include a gas source to provide a gas to a heater and/or a reactor. The reactor may be configured to facilitate chemical reactions of gases using shockwaves created in a supersonic gaseous vortex. The reactor may be arranged with a gas inlet to introduce a high-velocity steam of gas into a chamber of the reactor. The gas inlet may effectuate a vortex of supersonic circulating gas within the chamber. The vortex may rotate at supersonic speed about the longitudinal axis of the chamber. The system may be configured to store an output product of the reactor in a storage tank in fluid communication with the reactor.
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA sputter system and an anode and anode shield assembly that provide for improved grounding for extended sputter cycles.
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTSome embodiments disclosed herein provide methods of reducing reactive molecular species in a reaction carried out in a digital fluidics device having one or more electrodes by using a reaction mixture comprising an electron acceptor additive. In some embodiments, the presence of the electron acceptor additive reduces the presence of reactive molecular species in the reaction mixture. In some embodiments, the presence of the electron acceptor additive reduces the formation of gas bubbles in the digital fluidic device. Therefore, in preferred embodiments, the electron acceptor additive does not form a gas when reduced.
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTHorizontal gel electrophoresis devices and methods of extracting a gel from a gel housing are provided. The devices allow for extraction of gels without having to open the housing comprising the gel. The devices include gel cassettes that simplify the automation of gel electrophoresis and electroblotting of proteins. Also provided are devices that allow for horizontal gel electrophoresis without the need to from a liquid seal between the buffer reservoir and the gel housing. Also described are methods for extracting a gel from a housing without opening the housing.
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA bio-sensor circuit for detecting characteristics of a substance placed thereupon, the bio-sensor circuit has: a printed circuit having at least one electrically conductive contact sensor on a surface of the printed circuit, the electrically conductive contact sensor including a biochemical agent; and an electrically insulative coating affixed to the surface of the printed circuit, the electrically insulative coating having a well associated with the electrically conductive contact sensor, thereby leaving the electrically conductive contact sensor exposed through the electrically insulative coating, the electrically insulative coating being a resinous compound formed by injection molding. An electrochemical change resulting from the interaction of the substance to be characterized and the biochemical agent creates a detectable electrical potential at the electrically conductive contact sensor. A system and method of creating such a circuit via injection molding is also provided.
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn analyte meter having a test strip port is configured to transmit an electric signal through a received test strip with a sample. A pair of electrodes apply the electric signal and receive an electrical response from the test strip. A processing unit analyzes the electrical response and uses the response to determine an analyte level of the sample.
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA system and a method for prevention of adhesion of marine organisms to a substrate contacted with seawater are provided. The system comprises a generator (120, 220) for producing an electrical signal (150) operating in desirable frequencies in which the marine organisms can be chased or killed, said generator (120, 220) having at least two output connectors (122, 124, 222, 224), means for oscillating and propagating the electrical signal (150) along a surface of the substrate, said means being adapted to make electrical connection with the at least two output connectors (122, 124, 222, 224) of the generator (120, 220) and being submerged in seawater, and an electric power source (110, 210) connected to the generator (122, 124, 222, 224) for applying a selected voltage to the generator (122, 124, 222, 224) to produce the electrical signal (150).
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn electroplating apparatus applies an electroplated coating to a female thread formed on a pipe end portion of a steel pipe. The apparatus includes an inner seal member, a capsule, a discharge outlet, an opening, a cylindrical insoluble anode, a plating solution supply tube, and a plurality of nozzles. The seal member divides the interior of the steel pipe at a location longitudinally inward of a region on which the female thread is formed. The capsule is attached to the pipe end portion. The outlet is designed to discharge a plating solution inside the capsule therefrom. The opening facilitates discharge of the solution inside the capsule. The anode is disposed in the inside of the pipe end portion. The supply tube projects from an end of the anode. The nozzles eject a plating solution between the outer surface of the anode and the inner surface of the pipe end portion.
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTSputter targets and method of producing same having improved pass through flux (PTF). The targets may consist essentially of Fe—Co wherein the Co is predominantly hcp phase. The targets are prepared via powder precursors wherein at least the Co is made by a gas atomization process. This atomization process includes the steps of subjecting liquid Co to the action of dry argon gas and solidifying the liquid into small droplets. After the requisite powders have been sintered, they may be cold worked at temperatures of about 25-422° C.
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to an aqueous coating composition (A) comprising at least one cathodically depositable binder (A1) and optionally at least one crosslinking agent (A2), for at least partly coating an electrically conductive substrate with an electrocoat material, where the coating composition (A) has a pH in a range from 4.0 to 6.5 and comprises a total amount of at least 30 ppm of bismuth, based on the total weight of the coating composition (A), and where the aqueous coating composition (A) is produced using at least 0.01% by weight of aluminum oxide particles (B), based on the total weight of the coating composition (A), to the use of (A) for at least partly coating an electrically conductive substrate with an electrocoat material, to a corresponding coating method, and to an at least partly coated substrate obtainable by this method.
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA coated article is provided with at least one infrared (IR) reflecting layer. The IR reflecting layer may be of silver or the like. In certain example embodiments, a titanium oxide layer is provided over the IR reflecting layer, and it has been found that this surprisingly results in an IR reflecting layer with a lower specific resistivity (SR) thereby permitting thermal properties of the coated article to be improved.
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAccording to one aspect of the present disclosure, a digital microfluidic system is provided. The digital microfluidic system includes a device, a control electronics, a field programmed gate array (FPGA), and a computer. The device includes a droplet on an electrode array, where the electrode array includes a plurality of electrodes. The control electronics connects to the device and provides an actuation pulse to the electrodes, where the control electronics generates a capacitance-derived frequency signal. The FPGA connects to the control electronics and collects the capacitance-derived frequency signal. The computer connects to the FPGA, the computer uses a frequency of the capacitance-derived frequency signal to calculate a precise droplet position and generates a duration voltage signal.
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAccording to one aspect of the present disclosure, a control-engaged electrode-driving method for droplet actuation is provided. The method includes, a first pulse is provided to a first electrode for kicking off a droplet till a centroid of the droplet reaching a centroid of the first electrode. A second pulse is provided to a second electrode when a leading edge of the droplet reaching the second electrode.
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAccording to one aspect of the present disclosure, a control-engaged electrode-driving method for droplet actuation is provided. The method includes, a first voltage is provided to a first electrode for licking off a droplet. A second voltage is naturally discharged to a third voltage for maintaining a droplet movement. A fourth voltage is provided to the first electrode for accelerating the droplet. Naturally discharging from the second voltage to the third voltage and providing the fourth voltage to the first electrode are repeated. The first voltage is provided to a second electrode when a centroid of the droplet reaching a centroid of the first electrode. Naturally discharging from the second voltage to the third voltage and providing the fourth voltage to the second electrode are repeated.
Thu, 13 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed is a photocatalyst, and methods for its use, that includes graphene nanostructures attached to the surface of a photoactive metal oxide semiconductor selected from SrTiO3 or CeO2, wherein the photoactive metal oxide semiconductor is a microstructure or larger.