Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA metal air battery includes an air purification module which communicates fluid to a battery cell module, purifies air flowing from an outside, and supplies the purified air to the battery cell module. The air purification module includes: a first air purifier which filters a first impurity of a plurality of impurities in the air flowing from the outside; and a second air purifier which filters a second impurity of the plurality of impurities, which is different from the first impurity.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn electrochemical cell including: an anode assembly having opposite surfaces; and a cathode having at least one folded portion and having ionic continuity with the opposite surfaces of the anode assembly, wherein the anode assembly includes an anode, and an active metal ion conducting membrane that is disposed between the anode and the cathode, wherein the active metal ion conducting membrane has at least one folded portion. Also an electrochemical cell, an electrochemical cell module including the electrochemical cell, and methods of manufacturing the same.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA metal-air battery includes a negative electrode, a positive electrode, an ion conducting membrane disposed between the negative electrode and the positive electrode, a positive electrode current collector disposed on a surface of the positive electrode and including a plurality of pores, and an insulating gas diffusion layer (GDL) disposed on a surface of the positive electrode current collector. A metal-air battery module includes a plurality of metal-air batteries.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn electrode structure includes a first electrode unit, a second electrode unit and a first insulating frame, in which the electrode units are adjacent to each other. The first insulating unit has an airflow space therein and includes an electrically conducive base with an airflow plane and an air cell cathode disposed on an outer surface of the airflow plane. The second insulating unit includes an electrically conductive base and an air cell anode disposed on an outer surface of the electrically conductive base. The first insulating frame spaces and joins the adjacent electrode units to each other such that the air cell cathode and the air cell anode of the adjacent electrode units are opposed to each other. The first insulating frame together with the adjacent electrode units forms an electrolytic solution container.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA metal-air battery includes a battery cell module which generates electricity through metal oxidation and oxygen reduction, a buffer tank which fluidly communicates with the battery cell module and has an internal pressure higher than an internal pressure of the battery cell module, and a first fluid intermittent portion which controls a flow of fluid from the battery cell module to an outside of the battery cell module, based on predetermined open and close periods.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA hybrid system for producing electricity by a metal-air cell and for utilizing hydrogen released during the operation of the metal-air cell for producing energy in the form of electricity, mechanical power or heat energy. The hybrid electric energy system includes at least one metal-air cell and at least one hydrogen conversion unit.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA battery pack having a battery module, a thermoelectric heat pump, and a cooling manifold is provided. The battery module has a first battery cell, a housing, and a first solid cooling fin. A first panel portion of the first solid cooling fin is disposed against the first battery cell. A second panel portion of the first solid cooling fin is disposed on an outer surface of the housing and is coupled to an end portion of the first panel portion. A first side of the thermoelectric heat pump is disposed against the second panel portion, and a second side of the thermoelectric heat pump is disposed against the cooling manifold. The thermoelectric heat pump transfers heat energy from the first solid cooling fin to the cooling manifold in response to a first electrical current flowing through the thermoelectric heat pump in a first direction, to reduce a temperature level of the first battery cell.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method is provided for producing an assembly for an energy supply system, having an energy storage module and a plate-shaped cooling element. Between a contact side of the energy storage module and a contact side of the cooling element, a deformable, adhesive heat conducting layer is applied. Subsequently, the energy storage module and the cooling element are pressed together, wherein by way of the heat conducting layer, a dimensionally stable adhesive connection between the energy storage module and the cooling element is produced, which permanently connects the energy storage module to the cooling element. By way of the adhesive connection, the contact side of the energy storage module is bonded with the contact side of the cooling element in a planar, material-fit, durable, and dimensionally stable manner such that the energy storage module and the cooling element form a structural unit.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA cooling system for a battery reduces a cooling package space using a duplex pipe and can reinforce mechanical strength of the duplex pipe by forming reinforcement ribs in the duplex pipe. The cooling system includes a duplex pipe, and an internal unitary pipe connected to the duplex pipe and arranged at a side of a battery cell, the internal unitary pipe including an internal inlet to flow a cooling fluid into the internal unitary pipe and an internal outlet to flow the cooling fluid from the internal unitary pipe.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn in-situ coin cell includes a case, a cap coupled to the case, and an energy storage member disposed between the case and the cap, where a through hole is defined in at least one of the case and the cap, the energy storage member includes a current collector adjacent to the through hole, and another through hole is defined in the current collector. The in-situ coin cell may further include a transparent window between the current collector and at least one of the through holes.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method for maintenance, repair and/or optimization of a battery. The battery has, as components, individual cells connected to one another in series and/or in parallel, having electrical terminal contacts which are connected to one another positively and/or firmly, directly or by cell connectors, forming an overlapping region, and/or a battery monitoring unit having a number of connection elements which are positively and/or firmly connected to the electrical terminal contacts and/or to the cell connectors, forming a further overlapping region. To exchange a component, the positive and/or firm connection of the component to be exchanged to at least one component not be exchanged is separated directly next to the overlapping region and a replacement component is connected positively and/or firmly to the overlapping regions of the at least one component not be exchanged by the electrical terminal contacts thereof or the connection elements thereof, forming a respectively new overlapping region.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA battery pack includes a housing connected to a plurality of battery compartments. Each battery compartment configured to accept a battery therein. Each battery compartment has a first electrical contact positioned on a first end of the housing and a second electrical contact positioned on a second end, opposite the first end, of the housing. The electrical contacts are configured for electrical connection to respective ends of a respective battery. An outlet is coupled to the housing for supplying power from the electrical contacts. A printed circuit board is in communication with the electrical contacts configured to connect batteries to supply a predetermined voltage to the outlet when a positive end of each respective battery within the battery compartments is in electrical communication with the respective first electrical contact. The printed circuit board can be configured to dictate series or parallel connection of the electrical contacts.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA high-efficiency, high-temperature, sodium-based electrochemical cell comprises an outer steel casing (12) coated with nickel, elongated parallelepiped in shape, a ceramic electrolyte (14) in the shape of a tubular body made of β-alumina inserted in said outer casing, a plurality of capillary profiles consisting of shaped sheets (16), arranged between said outer casing (12) and ceramic electrolyte (14) with respect to which they leave an interspace, and a current collector (18) of metal material coaxially inserted and stabilised in the ceramic electrolyte (14). Said current collector is formed by a tubular body defining a cavity at least partially filled with PCM (phase change materials) material.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTObjects of the invention are to provide nonaqueous electrolytic solutions that allow nonaqueous electrolyte secondary batteries to achieve improvements in initial battery characteristics and in battery characteristics after durability testing at the same time, and to provide nonaqueous electrolyte secondary batteries containing the nonaqueous electrolytic solutions. An aspect of the invention resides in a nonaqueous electrolytic solution for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery including a positive electrode and a negative electrode capable of storing and releasing metal ions, the nonaqueous electrolytic solution including an electrolyte and a nonaqueous solvent and further including an aromatic carboxylate ester represented by Formula (1), or an aromatic carboxylate ester (I) represented by Formula (2) and at least one compound (II) selected from the group consisting of fluorine-containing cyclic carbonates, sulfur-containing organic compounds, phosphonate esters, cyano group-containing organic compounds, isocyanate group-containing organic compounds, silicon-containing compounds, aromatic compounds other than those of Formula (2), carboxylate esters represented by Formula (3), cyclic compounds having a plurality of ether bonds, monofluorophosphate salts, difluorophosphate salts, borate salts, oxalate salts and fluorosulfonate salts. Another aspect resides in a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery including a negative electrode and a positive electrode capable of storing and releasing lithium ions, and a nonaqueous electrolytic solution including an electrolyte and a nonaqueous solvent, the nonaqueous electrolytic solution being the nonaqueous electrolytic solution described above.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed is a lithium secondary battery including a positive electrode, a negative electrode, a separator and a nonaqueous electrolyte, wherein the positive electrode includes LiaNixMnyCozO2 (a+x+y+z=2, 0.9≦a≦1.1, 0≦x, 0≦y, 0≦z) as a positive electrode active material, and wherein the nonaqueous electrolyte includes (i) fluorinated cyclic carbonate expressed by Chemical Formula 1 below, (ii) propionate-based ester expressed by Chemical Formula 2 below, and (iii) non-halogenated carbonate, so that a mixture weight ratio (i:ii) thereof is 20:80 to 50:50: wherein, in Chemical Formula 1, R1, R2, R3 and R4 are independently any one of F, H and methyl group, and at least one thereof is F, wherein, in Chemical Formula 2, R5 is alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbons.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to a non-aqueous electrolyte solution characterized by containing at least one type of cyclic sulfonic acid ester compound represented by general formula (1). According to the present invention, a non-aqueous electrolyte solution capable of improving battery characteristics can be provided. (In the formula, R1 to R4 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, an alkyl group having 1-6 carbon atoms or an alkoxy group having 1-6 carbon atoms, and Z is a substituted or unsubstituted alkylene group having 1-6 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted fluoroalkylene group having 1-6 carbon atoms, or a divalent organic group having 2-6 carbon atoms in which alkylene unit(s) or fluoroalkylene unit(s) are bonded via one or more ether bonds.)
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed is a solid electrolyte formed by coating an oxide-based lithium ion conductor on a sulfide-based compound. When an all-solid state battery is manufactured using the solid electrolyte of the present invention, interface resistance between the solid electrolyte and electrode materials may be reduced, and possibility of damage of a coated layer on a process of manufacturing the electrode such as pressing may be reduced, thereby improving output and life time of the battery. Further, storage and use may become easy because the solid electrolyte may be protected from moisture and oxygen in the air, thereby improving manufacturing efficiency of the battery.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided are a lithium secondary battery electrolyte and a lithium secondary battery. The lithium secondary battery electrolyte includes a lithium salt, a non-aqueous organic solvent, and a pyrrole derivative. The lithium secondary battery includes a cathode, an anode, a separator, and the lithium secondary battery electrolyte. The secondary battery electrolyte according to the present invention has advantages of excellent stability at a high temperature and high discharge capacity at a low temperature.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn apparatus and method are provided for fastening a fuel cell stack capable of significantly enhancing assembly characteristics and productivity of a stack by preventing insulating plates, when assembled, from being interfered or hampered by other components, while maintaining the stack pressed with appropriate pressure applied thereto. The apparatus includes a loading jig into which a stack is loaded and a press block that is configured to press the stack. Additionally, a pressing maintaining unit is configured to maintain the stack in a pressed state by the press block.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) includes a cathode electrode, a solid oxide electrolyte, and an anode electrode. The electrolyte and/or electrode composition includes zirconia stabilized with (i) scandia, (ii) ceria, and (iii) at least one of yttria and ytterbia. The composition does not experience a degradation of ionic conductivity of greater than 15% after 4000 hrs at a temperature of 850° C.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention describes an ion exchange membrane formed from a biaxially orientated single or multiple-layered β-porous polypropylene film which comprises at least one β-nucleating agent and an ion-conducting polymer and has a Gurley value of at least 10000 s.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA membrane for a proton exchange membrane fuel cell including, by weight with respect to the total weight of the membrane: from 50 to 95% of polymer A; andfrom 5 to 50% by weight of polymer B; A being a cation exchange fluorinated polymer; and B being a hydrocarbon aromatic polymer different from polymer A, and comprising at least one aromatic ring on its polymer chain.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA process of generating a gas includes providing an encapsulation of reactive metal particles, releasing the reactive metal particles from the encapsulation, mixing the reactive metal particles in turbulent water, reacting the reactive metal particles in the turbulent water to generate hydrogen, cooling the turbulent water and the hydrogen with water jets, separating solids and liquids from the hydrogen, and providing the hydrogen to an electrochemical cell.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA modular fuel cell power system includes a coolant source, a reactant source and a plurality of fuel cell modules. Each of the fuel cell modules includes a fuel cell stack and a fluid distribution plant in fluid communication with the reactant source, coolant source and fuel cell stack. The fluid distribution plant controls the flow of reactant between the reactant source and fuel cell stack. The fuel cell stacks are configured to be selectively electrically connected.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA barrier layer for a fuel cell assembly includes a thermally insulating layer having a first surface and a second surface. An electrically conducting layer is formed on the first surface of the thermally insulating layer. The thermally insulating layer is a micro-truss structure. A plurality of columnar members cooperate to form the micro-truss structure, having void spaces formed between the columnar members.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA fuel cell system includes: a fuel cell stack; a fuel gas passage member in which the fuel cell stack is connected in a middle and a fuel gas supply source is connected to one end; a purge valve allowed to switch between an open state and a closed state; a detection part detecting a physical quantity relevant to at least one of the fuel gas supply source, the fuel gas passage member, and the fuel cell stack; a first purge part, at a given purge timing, controlling switchover between the open state and the closed state of the purge valve so as to perform first purge; a first determination part, determining whether second purge is to be performed after the first purge; and a second purge part, controlling switchover between the open state and the closed state of the purge valve so as to perform the second purge.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA device for changing an anode inlet and an anode outlet of a fuel cell stack includes an inlet manifold connected the anode inlet of the fuel cell stack and an outlet manifold connected to the anode outlet. An inlet and outlet changing means is disposed inside one of the inlet manifold and the outlet manifold and controls flow directions of the anode inlet and the anode outlet to be the same or opposite to each other.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA moisture exchanger (10) for transferring moisture between two gases, including a plurality of hollow fiber membranes (12). The moisture exchanger (10) includes at least one partition (34) between the hollow fiber membranes (12) and in that the plurality of hollow fiber membranes (12) is subdivided, at least in a section (36) of the length thereof, into zones (38) that are connected in parallel.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA flow battery system includes a first tank having a hydrogen reactant, a second tank having a bromine electrolyte, at least one cell including a hydrogen reactant side operably connected to the first tank through an ¾ feed and return system and a bromine electrolyte side operably connected to the second tank, and a crossover return system. The crossover return system includes a vessel operably connected to the ¾ feed and return system and configured to receive an effluent containing a first portion of the hydrogen reactant and a second portion of the bromine electrolyte, the vessel configured to separate the first portion from the second portion. A first return line returns the first portion of the hydrogen reactant to the first tank and a second return line returns the bromine electrolyte to the second tank.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA heat exchanger, in which heat is exchanged between first and second mediums, includes a housing that includes a first inlet and a first outlet, an internal member that divides a space in the housing into first and second chambers, and first and second external channels, through which the first medium flows, in the respective first and second chambers. The internal member includes a diverging hole that divides the first medium into flows through the first and second external channels, a converging hole that allows the divided first medium to converge, a second inlet, a second outlet, and an internal channel through which the second medium flows. The first and second external channels each include a first bent portion bent inwardly at a peripheral portion of the first or second chamber. The internal channel includes a second bent portion bent inwardly at a peripheral portion of the internal member.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTMembrane electrode assembly comprising a first gas diffusion layer having a first microporous layer on a major surface thereof, wherein the first microporous layer has a major surface, wherein the major surface of the first microporous layer has discontinuous areas therein substantially free of microporous material, and wherein at least a portion of the first discontinuous areas have adhesive therein; and methods for making the same. Membrane electrode assemblies described herein are useful, for example, in fuel cells.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA solid oxide fuel cell that includes a power generation film including first and second electrode layers and a solid oxide electrolyte layer; first and second bases that define first and second gas flow channels; and a via-hole conductor unit connected to the first electrode layer. The via-hole conductor unit has a first via-hole conductor with a first end surface and a second via-hole conductor with a second end surface. The first end surface of the first via-hole conductor is in contact with the second end surface of the second via-hole conductor. A boundary part is between an outer peripheral edge of the first end surface of the first via-hole conductor and a part of the first base adjacent the outer peripheral edge are in contact with the second end surface 9a of the second via-hole conductor 9.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTThere is disclosed a spiral-wound electrochemical cell and components thereof, and aspiral-wound electrochemical cell for forming a chemical reaction product, comprising at least one electrode pair wound about a central axis. The present invention generally relates to configurations, arrangements or designs for gas, liquid and/or electrical conduits, pathways, connections, channels, arrangements or the like, in electro-chemical cells that are spiral-wound or have a spiral configuration, arrangement or design, and methods for their fabrication. More specifically, in various forms, the present invention relates to a core element, end cap(s), an external element containing or providing gas/liquid plumbing and/or electrical connections that provide improved functionality and reduced cost electro-chemical cells.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn energy storage device includes a printed current collector layer, where the printed current collector layer includes nickel flakes and a current collector conductive carbon additive. The energy storage device includes a printed electrode layer printed over the current collector layer, where the printed electrode layer includes an ionic liquid and an electrode conductive carbon additive. The ionic liquid can include 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (C2mimBF4). The current collector conductive carbon can include graphene and the electrode conductive carbon additive can include graphite, graphene, and/or carbon nanotubes.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed is a lithium primary battery using a composite electrolyte, wherein, in order to maximize advantages of a lithium thionyl battery and a lithium sulfonyl battery, electrolytes of the two batteries are mixed to proceed two-stage discharging, thereby making it possible to check the battery usage.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn object of the present invention is to provide a carbon fiber nonwoven fabric which has excellent electrical conductivity and thermal conductivity as an electrode base material for a polymer electrolyte fuel cell and which is useful as a base material excellent in gas diffusibility and drainage performance. The present invention provides a carbon fiber nonwoven fabric on a surface of which a plurality of non-through pores each having an opening area larger than the average pore area of the carbon fiber nonwoven fabric are dispersively formed, the carbon fiber nonwoven fabric having no broken fibers observed on the peripheral edge portions of the non-through pores in plane view.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA single layer air electrode comprising a porous active catalyst framework. The porous active catalyst framework comprises metallic macroparticles, an active catalyst, a substrate and a binder. The porous active catalyst framework acting as both the active catalyst layer and the gas diffusion layer.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTTo provide electrode catalyst which has the catalyst activity and durability at a practically durable level and contributes to lowering of the cost in comparison with the conventional Pt/C catalyst. The electrode catalyst has a support and catalyst particles supported on the support. The catalyst particle has the core part, the first shell part formed on the core part, and the second shell part formed on the first shell part. The core part contains W compound including at least W carbide, the first shell part contains simple Pd, and the second shell part contains simple Pt.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA lithium accumulator includes at least two three-dimensional electrodes separated by a separator and encased together into an accumulator body with an electrolyte that is a non-aqueous solution of a lithium salt in an organic polar solvent. The two electrodes have a minimum thickness of 0.5 mm each. At least one electrode is a homogenous, compressed mixture of an electron conductive component and an active material. The active material is capable of absorbing and extracting lithium in the presence of electrolyte. The porosity of the pressed electrodes is 25 to 90%. The active material has morphology of hollow spheres with a wall thickness of maximum 10 micrometers, or morphology of aggregates or agglomerates of maximum 30 micrometers in size. The separator includes a highly porous electrically insulating ceramic material with open pores and porosity from 30 to 95%.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA bipolar plate can include at least one resin selected from the group consisting of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), polyphenylsulfone, a polymer resistant to sulfuric acid, and combinations of any thereof. The bipolar plate can further include conductive fibers comprise amount of from about 20% to about 50% by volume.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA current collector having high safety, the current collector being capable of stably maintaining the PTC function even when the temperature further increases after realizing the PTC function when used for the electrode structure of electrical storage devices such as non-aqueous electrolyte batteries, electrical double layer capacitors, and lithium ion capacitors; electrode structures; electrical storage devices; and composition for current collectors, is provided. A current collector 100 including a conductive substrate 103 and a resin layer 105 provided onto at least one side of the conductive substrate 103, is provided. Here, the resin layer 105 is obtained by coating a paste onto the conductive substrate 103, followed by cross-linking. The paste includes polyolefin-based emulsion particles 125, a conductive material 121, and a cross-linker 131. The polyolefin-based emulsion particles 125 include a polyolefin-based resin 129, the both end terminals of the polyolefin-based resin 129 being modified with carboxylic acid or carboxylic acid anhydride.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe purpose of the present invention is to provide a carbon black capable of efficiently covering the surface of an electrode active material and enhancing the electric current collection effect as an electroconductive agent of a secondary cell. A carbon black comprising carbon black aggregates (2) in which the ratio PPA/d of the number of primary particles (1) (PPA) and the diameter d (nm) of the primary particles (1) is 8 or higher.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA cathode of an all-solid-state lithium ion battery is prepared by applying a slurry, in which an active material, a conductive material, a sulfide-based solid electrolyte, and a binder are mixed, to a substrate. The binder is a hydrogenated nitrile butadiene rubber (HNBR) having a residual double bond, an amount thereof is more than 0% and equal to or less than 5.5%.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA material and method for a heat-treated polymer coated electrode active material for use in a lithium-ion battery is provided. The heat-treated polymer coated electrode active material includes a heat-treated polymer coating present as a direct conformal layer on at least a portion of the outer surface of the electrode active material. The surface-treated electrode active material improves the capacity retention, reduces gassing, and improves cycle life.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA negative electrode active material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, wherein the negative electrode active material is represented by an elemental composition formula of Met1-Si—O—C—H (wherein Met1 represents one alkali metal element or a mixture of alkali metal elements), including: a silicate salt made of a silicon-based inorganic compound and the alkali metal, and fine particles composed of silicon, silicon alloy, or silicon oxide being dispersed in the silicate salt; and a negative electrode active material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, wherein the negative electrode active material is represented by an elemental composition formula of Met2-Si—O—C—H (wherein Met2 represents one alkaline earth metal element or a mixture of alkaline earth metal elements), including: a silicate salt made of a silicon-based inorganic compound and the alkaline earth metal.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to a negative electrode active material, and a method of manufacturing the same. The negative electrode active material includes a low crystalline artificial graphite and an amorphous carbon coating layer formed on the low crystalline artificial graphite, wherein an interplanar spacing d002 of (002) plane is in a range of greater than 0.338 nm to less than 0.3396 nm, as measured by X-ray diffraction (XRD). When the negative electrode active material according to one exemplary embodiment of the present invention is used for lithium secondary batteries, a more stable SEI layer can be formed during reacting with an electrolyte solution, thereby improving initial efficiency and reversible capacity of the lithium secondary battery.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided is conductive carbon which gives an electric storage device having a high energy density. This conductive carbon is characterized in having a hydrophilic solid phase component, where a crystallite size La that does not include a twist in a graphene surface direction and a crystallite size Leq that includes a twist in a graphene surface direction, which are calculated from a Raman spectrum of the hydrophilic solid phase component, satisfy the following relationships: 1.3 nm≦La≦1.5 nm, and 1.5 nm≦Leq≦2.3 nm, and 1.0≦Leq/La≦1.55. When performing a rolling treatment on an active layer including an active particle and this conductive carbon formed on a current collector during manufacture of an electrode of an electric storage device, the pressure resulting from the rolling treatment causes this conductive carbon to spread in a paste-like form and increase in density while covering the surface of the active particles, the conductive carbon being pressed into gaps formed between adjacent active particles and filling the gaps. As a result, the amount of active material per unit volume in the electrode obtained after the rolling treatment increases, and the electrode density increases.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed herein are oxidized carbon blacks, which can be incorporated into electrode compositions for lead acid batteries. In some embodiments, the oxidized carbon blacks have a BET surface area ranging from 650 to 2100 m2/g; an oil absorption number (OAN) ranging from 35 to 500 mL/100 g; and a volatile content of at least 5.5 wt. % relative to the total weight of the oxidized carbon black, as determined by weight loss at 950° C.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA cobalt oxide for a lithium secondary battery, a lithium cobalt oxide, an associated method, and a lithium secondary battery, wherein the cobalt oxide composition includes particles having a particle strength of about 25 MPa to about 50 MPa, has a particle diameter D10 of about 14 μm to about 18 μm, and has a particle diameter difference between a particle diameter D90 and the particle diameter D10 of less than about 15 μm.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method for producing a porous nanocrystalline semiconductor layer (100) is provided, including: a) providing a substrate (10) having a substrate surface; b) coating a semiconductor layer (12) on the substrate surface; c) coating a metal containing layer (14) on the semiconductor layer; d) heat treating the semiconductor layer and the metal containing layer at a temperature and for a time period such that the semiconductor and the metal partially interdiffuse and the semiconductor is at least partially crystallized; and e) least partially removing the metal. Further, a porous nanocrystalline semiconductor layer, a use thereof, an anode, and a secondary lithium-ion battery are provided.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn at least one embodiment, a method of scavenging hydrogen in a lithium-ion battery is provided. The method may comprise including an atomic intermetallic material in at least one of a positive electrode or a negative electrode of a lithium-ion battery and reacting hydrogen present inside the lithium-ion battery with the atomic intermetallic material to form a metal hydride. The method may include preparing a positive electrode slurry and a negative electrode slurry, each slurry including an active material and a binder, mixing an atomic intermetallic material including a proton absorbed state into at least one of the slurries, and casting the slurries to form a positive electrode and a negative electrode. The method may alternately include applying an atomic intermetallic material including a proton absorbed state to a surface of at least one of a lithium-ion battery positive electrode or negative electrode.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA positive electrode material for lithium ion secondary batteries includes central particles composed of LiFexMn1-x-yMyPO4 (0.05≦x≦1.0, 0≦y≦0.14, wherein M represents at least one element selected from Mg, Ca, Co, Sr, Ba, Ti, Zn, B, Al, Ga, In, Si, Ge, and rare earth elements), and a carbonaceous film that covers surfaces of the central particles, in which a specific magnetization is 0.70 emu/g or less, and an amount of water detected by a Karl Fischer titration method (coulometric titration method) in a temperature range of 100° C. or higher and 250° C. or lower is 8,000 ppm or less.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTThis disclosure describes the reduction or elimination of non-active carbon additive by introducing an electronic conductive secondary cathode component in a hybrid composite cathode.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTExample embodiments relate to a cathode layer of a lithium secondary battery. The cathode layer includes a three-dimensional carbon structure and a plurality of silicon particles. The three-dimensional carbon structure includes a plurality of cavities without a binder, and the plurality of silicon particles are disposed in the plurality of cavities.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method for producing a nickel cobalt complex hydroxide includes first crystallization of supplying a solution containing Ni, Co and Mn, a complex ion forming agent and a basic solution separately and simultaneously to one reaction vessel to obtain nickel cobalt complex hydroxide particles, and a second crystallization of, after the first crystallization, further supplying a solution containing nickel, cobalt, and manganese, a solution of a complex ion forming agent, a basic solution, and a solution containing said element M separately and simultaneously to the reaction vessel to crystallize a complex hydroxide particles containing nickel, cobalt, manganese and said element M on the nickel cobalt complex hydroxide particles crystallizing a complex hydroxide particles comprising Ni, Co, Mn and the element Mon the nickel cobalt complex hydroxide particles.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTThis electricity storage device comprises an electrode assembly, a case, an electrode terminal and a conductive member. The electrode assembly comprises a positive electrode, a negative electrode and a separator. The separator comprises a first separator part and a second separator part. The separator has a container part that contains portions of the positive electrode other than a tab. The separator has a welded part and a tab facing part. The welded part has facing parts that are positioned on both sides of the tab facing part. The facing parts face the electrode terminal with the conductive member being interposed therebetween. The facing parts are larger in shrinkage amount associated with thermal welding than the other portions of the welded part.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA cell wiring module is configured to include a plurality of connection members connecting adjacent electrode terminals of a plurality of single cells having positive and negative electrode terminals. The cell wiring module includes a first unit housing a housed connection member, and a second unit connected to the first unit by a linking connection member different from the housed connection member. Sliding occurs in the connection direction of the connection members between the linking connection member for connection and at least one of the first unit and the second unit.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA bus bar module includes a plurality of first bus bars, a plurality of second bus bars, a resin-made case, a resin-made case, and a resin-made bridging member. The first bus bars electrically connect electrode terminals to each other in a first electrode row arranged in the same direction included in a battery assembly that is a plurality of batteries superimposed in the same direction, and electrically connect the electrode terminals of the two adjacent batteries to each other in the one electrode row. The second bus bars electrically connect electrode terminals of the two adjacent batteries to each other in a second electrode row in the battery assembly. The case holds the first bus bars. The case holds the second bus bars. The bridging member bridges these cases.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA battery module is disclosed. In one aspect, the battery module includes first through third battery packs electrically connected to one another. The battery module also includes a bus pattern. The bus pattern includes i) a main body including an input/output point of a charging/discharging path and ii) first through third branching portions that branch from the main body and extend to first through third contact points of the first through third battery packs, respectively. A first distance is defined as the distance between the input/output point and the first contact point, a second distance is defined as the distance between the input/output point and the second contact point and a third distance is defined as the distance between the input/output point and the third contact point. The first distance is less than the second distance, and the second distance is less than the third distance.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided is a secondary battery that exhibits excellent retention of an electrolyte solution in an electrode body and excellent high rate charging and discharging characteristics. A secondary battery provided by the present invention includes an electrode body, which has a positive electrode, a negative electrode and a separator that electrically isolates the positive electrode from the negative electrode, and an electrolyte solution. In addition, the secondary battery has a non-woven fabric layer between the separator and the positive electrode and/or between the separator and the negative electrode. At least some of the fibers that constitute the non-woven fabric layer have one non-through hole in each of the fibers, with the non-through hole having an opening in one end of the fiber in a length direction thereof and extending in the length direction of the fiber. The length (LW) from the opening of the non-through hole to the deepest part of the non-through hole in the length direction is 50% or higher of the entire length (LF) of the fiber.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA separator for a rechargeable lithium battery and a rechargeable lithium battery including the separator, the separator including a substrate, and a heat-resistant porous layer on at least one side of the substrate, the heat-resistant porous layer including a composite particle, wherein the composite particle includes a first particle and a second particle attached to a surface of the first particle, and the first particle is different from the second particle, and at least one of the first particle and the second particle includes an organic material.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed herein is an electrode assembly configured to have a structure in which two or more unit cells are sequentially stacked or a structure in which two or more unit cells are folded using a long sheet type separation film, wherein the unit cells include bi-cells, each of which includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode, and a separator, at least one of the bi-cells includes a safety electrode configured such that an electrode active material is applied only to one major surface of an electrode current collector, the safety electrode includes a first surface, to which no electrode active material is applied, and a second surface, to which the electrode active material is applied, and the at least one of the bi-cells including the safety electrode is configured such that a safety separator, having a thickness equivalent to 110% to 220% of a thickness of a separator disposed between a positive electrode and a negative electrode or between a negative electrode and a positive electrode excluding the safety electrode, is added to the first surface and/or the second surface of the safety electrode.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA battery pack, including a battery cell; a case providing an accommodation space in which the battery cell is disposed; inert gas filled in the accommodation space; and a gas inlet/outlet portion in the case, the gas inlet/outlet portion in contact with the accommodation space, the gas inlet/outlet portion being for injecting gas into the accommodation space and discharging gas from the accommodation space.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA module for an electrochemical battery including plural accumulators electrically connected together by connection elements, a mechanism for electrical connection of the module with an exterior and a continuous envelope made from a dielectric polymer material that covers exterior surfaces of the accumulators, and connection elements that do not cover the mechanism for electrical connection of the module with the exterior. The continuous envelope is made by soaking to ensure coating of the accumulators and of the one or more connecting elements. The plural accumulators are distributed into plural layers, arranged in relation to each other so that one or more passages are made between the accumulators, wherein the continuous envelope covers a surface of the accumulator or accumulators delimitating the passages between the accumulators.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA battery pack is disclosed. The battery pack includes a battery holder, a lead terminal, a bus bar, and a pack case. The battery holder includes a cell holder accommodating a plurality of battery cells and a flange extending outwardly from the cell holder. The lead terminal includes a lead plate and a lead tab, the lead plate covering electrodes of the battery cells, and the lead tab extending from the lead plate toward the flange. The bus bar is configured to form an electrical path between the lead tab and an external terminal. The pack case includes a coupler, and the external terminal is formed on the pack case. A fastener is inserted into the bus bar, the lead tab, and the flange, and the fastener is engages with the coupler.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTA battery pack has a sealed case. Battery modules are accommodated in the sealed case. An opening in the main body is closed by a rectangular plate-shaped lid member. The lid member has a releasing portion and a joint portion. When the internal pressure of the sealed case increases, the lid member is deformed away from an opening edge of the opening. This discharges gas from the sealed case through the releasing portion. In addition, the joint between the joint portion and the opening edge is maintained even when the internal pressure of the sealed case increases, deforming the releasing portion, and the gas inside the sealed case starts to be discharged. A protrusion of a rib is provided between the releasing portion and the joint portion.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe power storage device includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode, an electrolyte, and an exterior body. The positive electrode includes a positive electrode current collector and a positive electrode active material layer in contact with the positive electrode current collector. The negative electrode includes a negative electrode current collector and a negative electrode active material layer in contact with the negative electrode current collector. The positive electrode active material layer and the negative electrode active material layer overlap with each other. The positive electrode, the negative electrode, and the electrolyte are surrounded by the exterior body. When a length of the positive electrode active material layer is Py, a width of the positive electrode active material layer is Px, a length of the negative electrode active material layer is Ny, and a width of the negative electrode active material layer is Nx, Py>Px, Ny>Nx, and Ny>Py+Nx−Px are satisfied.
Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed herein is a battery cell having an electrode assembly mounted in a variable cell case in a state in which the electrode assembly is impregnated with an electrolyte, the battery cell being configured to be flexibly deformed in response to the shape of a device, in which the battery cell is mounted, wherein an uppermost end electrode and/or a lowermost end electrode of the electrode assembly in the direction in which electrodes are stacked is provided on an electrode current collector thereof, facing the inner surface of the cell case, with an electrode mixture including inert particles, 10 to 100% of the inert particles being distributed on the surface of the electrode mixture such that a concave-convex structure is formed in the surface of the electrode mixture in vertical section.