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Rechargeable Battery with Aluminium Anode and a Supercapacitor as Cathode

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A new battery is claimed where in the loaded state one electrode is aluminium metal and the second electrode is a supercapacitor with a double layer of aluminium ions with 3 positive charges separated by a dielectric layer from iodine ion with one negative charge. In the unloaded state the new battery has one electrode made of aluminium metal and a second electrode is the supercapacitor consisting in neutral iodine contained in a dielectric layer.In this way the new battery presents an enthalpy difference between the aluminium ions and the aluminium metal which is the ionization energy of 5139 kJ/mole, corresponding to 53.27 Volt.Earlier batteries present an enthalpy difference between aluminium metal and aluminium chloride of 704.2 kJ/mole (Gibbs Energy 628.8 kJ/mole), which corresponds to 6.52 Volt.



Traction Battery Assembly

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A battery assembly includes a plurality of battery cells arranged in an array. The array has first and second longitudinal sides and a plurality of spacers interleaved with the cells to create an air gap between adjacent cells to allow air circulation between the cells. An inlet manifold is disposed on the first longitudinal side and includes an inlet arranged such that air flows into the manifold in a direction substantially parallel to the first longitudinal side. A plate is disposed within the manifold and extends along the first longitudinal side. The plate has a proximal end near the inlet and a distal end. The plate has openings that each define a pass-through area that allows the air to circulate through the plate. The openings are arranged on the plate such that the plate has a larger pass-through area near the proximal end than near the distal end.



COUNTER-FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER FOR BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A heat exchanger for thermal management of battery units made-up of a plurality of battery cells or containers housing one or more battery cells is disclosed. The heat exchanger has a main body portion formed by a pair of outer plates and an intermediate plate defining a primary heat transfer surface on either side of the heat exchanger for contacting a corresponding surface of at least one of the battery cells or containers. The intermediate plate together with the outer plates forming a plurality of alternating first and second fluid flow passages the flow direction through the first fluid flow passages being generally opposite to the flow direction through the second fluid flow passages. The first and second fluid flow passages are formed on opposite sides of the intermediate plate and are fluidly interconnected at corresponding ends creating a counter-flow arrangement through the main body portion of the heat exchanger.



DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MONITORING AN ENERGY STORE AND ENERGY STORE HAVING THE DEVICE

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to a device (710, 720, 730, 740) for monitoring an energy store (20; 30) comprising a plurality of battery cells (5001111-500klmn), which are arranged in a plurality of battery groups (2001-200k, 30011-300kl, 400111-400klm), and a temperature-control device for controlling the temperature of the battery cells (5001111-500klmn) by means of a plurality of partial flows of a temperature-control medium, each of the partial flows being associated with one of the battery groups (2001-200k, 30011-300kl, 400111-400klmn), characterized by: a plurality of sensor apparatuses (720) for sensing temperature measurement values of the battery cells (5001111-500klmn), each of the sensor apparatuses (720) being arranged in such a way that the sensor apparatus can sense the temperature measurement value of one of the battery cells (5001111-500klmn); an apparatus (710, 740) for determining a plurality of average temperature values from the sensed temperature measurement values, each of the determined average temperature values being determined in such a way that the determined average temperature value is associated with one of the battery groups (2001-200k, 30011-300kl, 400111-400klmn); and an apparatus (740) for evaluating the plurality of determined average temperature values and, if one of the determined average temperature values exceeds a temperature threshold value, determining that the partial flow associated with the associated battery group (2001-200k, 30011-300kl, 400111-400klm) has a fault. The invention further relates to a battery system, a vehicle, a method, a computer program, and a computer program product.



BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR ELECTRIC AUTOMOBILE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A battery management system for an electric automobile and a control method are provided. The battery management system includes a temperature monitoring device (10) connected to a battery compartment of the electric automobile for monitoring the battery temperature and transmitting the battery temperature to a main control device (12), a refrigeration circulation channel (11) connected to the battery compartment for circulating a refrigerant so as to refrigerate the batteries. The main control device is connected to an acquisition device and the refrigeration circulation channel, for controlling the refrigerant to be circulated so as to refrigerate the batteries when the battery temperature exceeds a preset upper limit value. With the battery management and the control method, the impact of the high temperature on the service life and the capacity and the like of the batteries can be reduced, and the service life of the batteries can be prolonged.



Battery Watering Event Detection Using a Temperature Sensor

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method of battery cell monitoring includes measuring a temperature of an electrolyte in a battery cell using a temperature sensor, outputting from the temperature sensor a plurality of electrolyte temperature signals indicative of the temperature of the electrolyte over time, providing the plurality of electrolyte temperature signals to a system controller, determining by the system controller a sudden transition in the electrolyte temperature signals, and logging a watering event data indication in a memory in response to calculating the sudden transition.



WELDING PROCESS FOR BATTERY MODULE COMPONENTS

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present disclosure relates to a battery module that includes a stack of battery cells disposed in a housing, where each battery cell of the stack of battery cells has a terminal, and a bus bar having a body and an indicator disposed on the body, where the bus bar is configured to couple a first terminal of a first battery cell of the stack of battery cells to a second terminal of a second battery cell of the stack of battery cells. The battery module also includes a sensing component disposed on the indicator and configured to monitor a condition of at least one battery cell of the stack of battery cells and a weld physically and electrically coupling the sensing component to the bus bar.



DEVICE FOR HARVESTING MECHANICAL ENERGY THROUGH A PIEZOELECTROCHEMICAL EFFECT

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Mechanical energy harvesting is an increasingly important method of providing power to distributed sensor networks where physical connection to a power source is impractical. Conventional methods use vibrations to actuate a piezoelectric element, coil/magnet assembly, or capacitor plates, thereby generating an electric current. The low charge-density of these devices excludes their application in low frequency and static load sources, with the lowest frequency reported devices limited to 10 Hz. These frequency limitations can be overcome by exploiting the piezoelectrochemical effect, a similar but physically distinct effect from the piezoelectric effect whereby an applied mechanical load alters the thermodynamics of an electrochemical reaction to produce a voltage/current. Piezoelectrochemical energy harvesters are expected to produce orders of magnitude more energy per load cycle than piezoelectrics and comparable power capabilities. These characteristics make piezoelectrochemical energy harvesters ideal for application in low-frequency and static loading scenarios for which conventional mechanical energy harvesting technology is poorly suited. Examples of such load sources include, but are not limited to, human footsteps, vehicular loads, and pressure vessels.



DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING ALKALI STORAGE BATTERY

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Provided is a device for controlling an alkali storage battery including a positive electrode, a negative electrode, and an ion conductor layer that is filled between the positive electrode and the negative electrode. The negative electrode contains a composite alloy that contains a hydrogen storage alloy and a coating layer containing a TiPd phase as a major component, the hydrogen storage alloy has a BCC structure containing Ti and V, a surface of the hydrogen storage alloy is coated with the coating layer, and the TiPd phase contains Ti and Pd at a molar ratio Ti:Pd of 1:1. The device includes a controller. In a case where the voltage of the alkali storage battery is the predetermined voltage or higher, discharging is continued without any change, in a case where the voltage of the alkali storage battery is lower than the predetermined voltage, the discharging is stopped.



VOLTAGE SENSING ASSEMBLY AND BATTERY MODULE INCLUDING THE SAME

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed herein is a voltage sensing assembly including sensing bus bars connected to series connection portions of battery cells for sensing the voltage of the battery cells, a printed circuit board (PCB), to the upper part of which the sensing bus bars are and to the lower part of which a connector is coupled, the connector mounted on the PCB, an insulative mounting member including a receiving part having a shape corresponding to the shape of the PCB such that the PCB is mounted in the receiving part, the receiving part being provided at one side thereof with openings, through which the sensing bus bars extend, and an insulation sheet attached to the front surface of the PCB.



ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION, ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE, LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY CELL, AND MODULE

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention aims to provide an electrolyte solution that suppresses generation of gas. The electrolyte solution of the present invention includes a non-aqueous solvent (I) containing one or both of a fluorinated cyclic carbonate and a fluorinated acyclic carbonate; an electrolyte salt (II); and a compound (III) represented by the following formula (1): wherein R1 is a C1-C20 linear or branched alkenyl or alkyl group or a C3-C20 alkyl group having a cyclic structure; m is 0 or 1; R2 is a C1-C20 linear or branched alkylene group or a C3-C20 alkylene group having a cyclic structure, R1 and R2 each may have an oxygen atom between carbon atoms if R1 and R2 each have two or more carbon atoms, but the oxygen atom is not adjacent to another oxygen atom.



ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL AND ALL SOLID SECONDARY BATTERY

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A main object of the present invention is to provide an anode active material capable of enhancing improvement of heat resistance in an all solid secondary battery. The present invention solves the problem by providing an anode active material comprising an active material particle having carbon as a main component, and a coating layer containing LixPOy (2≦x≦4, 3≦y≦5) and formed on a surface of the active material particle.



DEFORMABLE ORIGAMI BATTERIES

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The invention is drawn to a lithium-ion battery containing a packaging material, an anode current collector, an anode electrode, a separator, a cathode electrode, and a cathode current collector, wherein those components are layered to form a planar battery. The planar battery is folded using rigid origami, such as Miura folding, to yield a folded, deformable lithium-ion battery.



NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION, ELECTRICITY STORAGE DEVICE USING SAME, AND PHOSPHONOFORMIC ACID COMPOUND USED IN SAME

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention provides a nonaqueous electrolytic solution capable of suppressing worsening of heat stability of a negative electrode and improving safety of an energy storage device while maintaining high-load charging and discharging cycle properties at a high temperature, an energy storage device using the same, and a phosphonoformic acid compound to be used for the same. The nonaqueous electrolytic solution having an electrolyte salt dissolved in a nonaqueous solvent contains 0.001 to 5% by mass of at least one selected from a phosphonoformic acid compound having at least one carbon-carbon unsaturated bond, which is represented by the following general formula (I), and a phosphonoformic acid compound having a carbon-carbon unsaturated bond or two phosphonocarbonyl groups, which is represented by the following general formula (II). In the formula (I), each of R1 to R3 is an aliphatic organic group, provided that at least one of R1 to R3 represents a carbon-carbon unsaturated bond-containing aliphatic organic group. In the formula (II), each of R4 and R5 represents an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, or an aryl group, and R4 and R5 may be bonded to each other to form a ring structure. m represents 1 or 2; when m is 1, then R6 represents an aryl group; when m is 2, then R6 represents an alkylene group, an alkenylene group, or an alkynylene group; and a part of hydrogen atoms of R4 to R6 may be substituted with a halogen atom.



LITHIUM-SULPHUR CELL

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A lithium-sulphur cell comprising an anode comprising lithium metal or lithium metal alloy, a cathode comprising a mixture of electroactive sulphur material and solid electroconductive material, an electrolyte comprising a tetrafluoroborate salt and an organic solvent, wherein the tetrafluoroborate salt is present in the electrolyte at a concentration of 0.05 to 0.5M, and wherein the tetrafluoroborate salt is present in an amount, wherein the molar ratio of tetrafluoroborate anion, BF4, to sulphur, S, in the electroactive material is 0.009-0.09:1.



SILICONE-CONTAINING IONIC MATERIALS

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An ionic material that contains a crosslinked polydimethylsiloxane network and an ionic liquid and, optionally, a lithium salt. Also disclosed are a methods of preparing the above-described ionic material, as well as a battery and a capacitor each including the ionic material as an electrolyte.



POLYMER NETWORK SINGLE ION CONDUCTORS

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The disclosure provides for polymer networks that can effectively conduct single ion electrolytes.



COMPOSITION FOR HIGHLY CONDUCTIVE POLYMER ELECTROLYTES

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention is directed to a composition containing a block copolymer, a metal ion and a cross-linked polymer comprising polyalkoxide. The composition has increased ion conductivity as well as mechanical strength. The composition is useful for a solid polymer electrolyte of a secondary battery.



BATTERY

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Provided is a battery including a first positive electrode collector, a first negative electrode collector, a first power generating element, a second power generating element, and a first insulating part. The first and second power generating elements each include a positive electrode active material-containing layer, a negative electrode active material-containing layer, and an inorganic solid electrolyte-containing layer. In each of the first and second power generating elements, the inorganic solid electrolyte layer is in contact with the positive electrode active material-containing layer and the negative electrode active material-containing layer. The positive electrode active material layers of the first and second power generating elements are in contact with the first positive electrode collector. The negative electrode active material layers of the first and second power generating elements are in contact with the first negative electrode collector. The first insulating part is disposed between the first and second power generating elements.



NA BASED SECONDARY BATTERY

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Provided is a Na based secondary battery including: an anode containing sodium or a sodium alloy; a cathode containing a metal halide, which is a halide of at least one metal selected from a group consisting of alkali metals, transition metals, and Groups 12 to 14 metals, and a solvent dissolving the metal halide; and a sodium ion conductive solid electrolyte separating the cathode and the anode from each other.



Housing for Multiple Fuel Cell Stacks

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Systems and methods are provided for arranging processing units in a common volume to allow for processing of a fluid flow as part of a mass and/or heat transfer process. Fuel cells are examples of processing units that include separate flow paths for processing two input fluid flows with mass and/or heat transfer between the separate flow paths. The arrangements described herein can allow a gas phase fluid flow to be delivered to a first process flow path of processing units in a common volume. The gas phase fluid flow can be delivered in a relatively uniform manner without the use of an intervening manifold to distribute gas from the common volume into the processing units.



A PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF PBI BASED MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY (MEA) WITH IMPROVED FUEL CELL PERFORMANCE AND STABILITY

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention discloses a process for the preparation of poly-benzimidazole (PBI) based membrane electrode assembly (MEA) with improved fuel cell performance and stability. It discloses a simple strategy to overcome the leaching of phosphoric acid (PA) from the membrane during fuel cell operation by an in-situ Current-Voltage (I-V) assisted doping of membrane with PA. The invention provides an improved method for the preparation of membrane electrode assembly (MEA) wherein said MEA possess high stability and improved fuel cell performance achieved by overcoming the leaching of phosphoric acid during cell operation.



FUEL CELL SYSTEM

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

In order to make a power generation quantity of a cell for fuel cell increase in a short time when a drop in moistness of the cell causes the power generation quantity of the cell to decrease, a cathode of the cell includes a conductive material, catalyst, and ionomer which covers the conductive material and catalyst. If an output voltage value of the cell is lower than a predetermined threshold voltage value and an electrical resistance value of the cell is higher than a predetermined threshold resistance value, control for increasing an oxidizing gas amount which increases an amount of oxidizing gas sent to the cell is performed.



EXHAUST DRAIN VALVE FOR FUEL CELL

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An exhaust drain valve includes a valve casing, a primary flow passage introducing an anode-off gas and a produced water from an inlet of the primary flow passage to an inside, a secondary flow passage discharging the anode-off gas and the produced water from an outlet of the secondary flow passage to an outside, a valve seat being formed at a primary flow passage outlet, and a valve body moving forward and backward. The primary flow passage includes an orifice being communicated with the primary flow passage outlet, an introduction flow passage having a diameter larger than a diameter of the orifice, the introduction flow passage being communicable with the inlet, and a step portion being formed orthogonal to an axial direction of the introduction flow passage, the step portion connecting the orifice and the introduction flow passage by having a step between the orifice and the introduction flow passage.



DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTROLYTES IN A FLOW BATTERY

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method of determining a distribution of electrolytes in a flow battery includes providing a flow battery with a fixed amount of fluid electrolyte having a common electrochemically active specie, a portion of the fluid electrolyte serving as an anolyte and a remainder of the fluid electrolyte serving as a catholyte. An average oxidation state of the common electrochemically active specie is determined in the anolyte and the catholyte and, responsive to the determined average oxidation state, a molar ratio of the common electrochemically active specie between the anolyte and the catholyte is adjusted to increase an energy discharge capacity of the flow battery for the determined average oxidation state.



METHOD OF CONTROLLING FUEL CELL SYSTEM

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

There is provided a method of controlling a fuel cell system comprising a fuel cell, a tank that is configured to store a fuel gas filled through a filler port of fuel gas provided in an outer plate of a vehicle, and a main stop valve that is configured to change over between opening and closing to open and close a fuel passage arranged from the tank to the fuel cell. The method comprises controlling the main stop valve to change over from opening to closing in response to detection of an operation for gas filling to fill the fuel gas into the tank, when a control accompanied with opening of the main stop valve is performed during a stop of the vehicle.



REBALANCING ELECTROLYTE CONCENTRATION IN FLOW BATTERY USING PRESSURE DIFFERENTIAL

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A flow battery that includes an electrochemical cell having first and second half-cells and an ion-selective separator there between wherein a fluid pressure differential across the ion-selective separator for a controlled amount of time is selectively utilized to urge a concentration imbalance of the electrochemically active species between the first and second electrolytes toward a concentration balance.



TURBINE FOR DECOMPRESSION OF EXHAUST GAS AND A FUEL CELL SYSTEM INCLUDING SAME

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A turbine for decompression of air, including a spiral housing, including a spiral housing inlet for inflow of an airflow, a turbine wheel chamber situated in the spiral housing, in which at least one turbine wheel is mounted rotatably about an axis of rotation and which has at least one turbine outlet, a circulation channel situated in the spiral housing and extending azimuthally to the axis of rotation in at least some sections for guiding the airflow onto the turbine wheel, the circulation channel having an inside surface in which at least one outlet channel extending azimuthally to the axis of rotation is situated, the outlet channel having an outlet duct and the circulation channel having a circumferential line in its cross section, the circumferential line being subdivided so that a first partial length of the circumferential line of the circulation channel being shorter than a second partial length.



GAS CIRCUIT FOR A SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND A SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL SYSTEM

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A gas circuit for a solid oxide fuel cell system may comprise an anode gas segment in which an anode gas exiting from a gas space of an anode of a solid oxide fuel cell flows, a recirculation segment for recirculating at least a part of the anode gas back to a combustion gas processing appliance arranged in the gas circuit and in which fuel is processed to combustion gas for the solid oxide fuel cell, wherein a conveying appliance for recirculating the anode gas, and a division appliance that divides the anode gas into a recirculation stream and a residual gas stream to be discharged from the gas circuit, are arranged in the gas circuit, wherein the conveying appliance is arranged upstream of the division appliance in the anode gas segment. The present disclosure further relates to a solid oxide fuel cell system having a gas circuit.



METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN OPERATING POINT CHANGE OF A FUEL CELL STACK AND A FUEL CELL SYSTEM

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method for controlling an operating point change of a fuel cell stack (10) operated with an anode operating medium and with a cathode operating medium, in which the fuel cell stack (10) is controlled in such a way that, starting from an initial electric power (L1), the fuel cell stack generates a target power (L2) requested by an electrical consumer (51), which is greater than the initial power (L1) is provided. It is provided that the electric power generated by the fuel cell stack (10) is controlled in accordance with a predetermined current-voltage profile (S1, S2, S3), so that a voltage present at the fuel cell stack (10), starting from an initial voltage (U1) corresponding to the initial power (L1), passes through a local voltage minimum (Umin) and then increases to an end voltage corresponding to the target power (L2).



DESIGN OF BIPOLAR PLATES FOR USE IN CONDUCTION-COOLED ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present disclosure is directed towards the design of bipolar plates for use in conduction-cooled electrochemical cells. Heat generated during the operation of the cell is removed from the active area of the cell to the periphery of the cell via the one or more bipolar plates in the cell. The one or more bipolar plates are configured to function as heat sinks to collect heat from the active area of the cell and to conduct the heat to the periphery of the plate where the heat is removed by traditional heat transfer means. The boundary of the one or more bipolar plates can be provided with heat dissipation structures to facilitate removal of heat from the plates. To function as effective heat sinks, the thickness of the one or more bipolar plates can be determined based on the rate of heat generation in the cell during operation, the thermal conductivity (“k”) of the material selected to form the plate, and the desired temperature gradient in a direction orthogonal to the plate (“ΔT”).



BIPOLAR PLATE HAVING HALF PLATES OF VARYING THICKNESS AND FUEL CELL STACK HAVING SAME

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A bipolar plate (10) for a fuel cell, including a first half plate (20) having a first thickness (21) and a second half plate (30) having a second thickness (31), the first half plate (20) and the second half plate (30) each being situated with one of their flat sides facing one another, and the first half plate (20) forming a first flow field (22) on its outer side for a first operating medium and the second half plate (30) forming a second flow field (32) on its outer side for a second operating medium is provided. It is provided that the first thickness (21) of the first half plate (20) is on average smaller, at least in sections, than the second thickness (31) of the second half plate (30).



CONDUCTIVE FILM, FUEL CELL-USE GAS DIFFUSION LAYER, FUEL CELL-USE CATALYST LAYER, FUEL CELL-USE ELECTRODE, FUEL CELL-USE MEMBRANE-ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY, AND FUEL CELL

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Provided is a conductive film having excellent conductivity and gas diffusivity that is useful, for example, as a material forming a gas diffusion layer or a catalyst layer of an electrode in a fuel cell. The conductive film includes carbon nanotubes having an average diameter (Av) and a diameter standard deviation (σ) satisfying a relationship 0.60>(3σ/Av)>0.20 and a conductive carbon that is different from the carbon nanotubes. A content ratio of the carbon nanotubes relative to the conductive carbon (carbon nanotubes/conductive carbon) is from 1/99 to 99/1 as a mass ratio.



ALLOYS AS CATHODE MATERIALS FOR LITHIUM-AIR BATTERIES

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A Li-air battery is provided. The battery comprises: an anode compartment containing lithium or a lithium alloy as active metal; a cathode compartment supplied with an O2 source; and a lithium ion conductive membrane separating the anode compartment from the cathode compartment. The cathode compartment comprises an air electrode with a skin alloy platinum or palladium catalyst.



HIGH SURFACE AREA FLOW BATTERY ELECTRODES

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A flow cell battery includes at least one anode compartment and at least one cathode compartment, with a separator membrane disposed between each anode compartment and each cathode compartment. Each anode compartment and cathode compartment includes a bipolar plate, a fluid electrolyte, and at least a carbon nanomaterial on the surface of the bipolar plate, wherein the fluid electrolyte flows around the carbon nanomaterial.



GAUNTLET LEAD-ACID BATTERY SYSTEMS

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A lead-acid battery electrode including a tubular bag. The tubular bag includes a textile fabric, wherein the textile fabric includes a consolidated binder with thermoplastic properties and at least one electrically conductive additive.



ELECTRODE MATERIAL, SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME, AND MANUFACTURING METHODS THEREOF

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Example embodiments relate to electrode materials, secondary batteries including the electrode materials, and methods of manufacturing the electrode materials and the secondary batteries. An electrode material may include a foam structure having a plurality of pores and a plurality of nanostructures disposed in the plurality of pores. The foam structure may include a graphene foam structure. The plurality of nanostructures may include at least one of a nanoparticle and a nanorod. The plurality of nanostructures may include a material capable of accommodating/discharging ions. The electrode material may be used as an anode material of a secondary battery.



Paper-Based Lithium-Ion Batteries

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method for fabricating a paper lithium ion cell including depositing a first lithium-metal oxide composition onto a first electrically conducting microfiber paper substrate to define a cathode, depositing a second, different lithium-metal oxide composition onto a second electrically conducting coated microfiber paper substrate to define an anode, separating the cathode and the anode with a barrier material, infusing the cathode and the anode with electrolytes, and encapsulating the anode, the cathode, and the barrier material in a housing.



ACTIVE MATERIAL COMPOSITE PARTICLE, ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL LAYER, AND ALL SOLID LITHIUM BATTERY

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An active material composite particle is capable of suppressing a reaction with a sulfide solid electrolyte material at high temperature. The active material composite particle may include an oxide active material of rock salt bed type and a coat layer containing lithium niobate formed on a surface of the oxide active material, wherein a thickness of the coat layer is in the range of 25 nm to 94 nm.



POSITIVE-ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL POWDER, POSITIVE ELECTRODE CONTAINING POSITIVE-ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL POWDER, AND SECONDARY BATTERY

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Provided is cathode active material powder or a cathode that is capable of improving the cycle characteristics of nonaqueous electrolyte rechargeable batteries at high voltage and exhibiting excellent capacity retention. The powder has a composition of: Lix−wNawCo1−yMyO2+z (0.950≦x≦1.100, 0



POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, AND ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The invention provides a high-capacity positive electrode active material capable of sufficiently exploiting the excellent characteristics of magnesium metal or the like as a negative electrode active material, such as high energy capacity; a method for producing the same; and an electrochemical device using the positive electrode active material. A positive electrode 11 includes a positive electrode can 1, a positive pole pellet 2 having a positive electrode active material and the like, and a metal mesh support 3. A negative electrode 12 includes a negative electrode cap 4 and a negative electrode active material 5 such as magnesium metal. The positive electrode pellet 2 and the negative electrode active material 5 are disposed so as to sandwich a separator 6, and an electrolyte 7 is injected into the separator 6. The positive electrode active material, which provides the feature of the invention, is synthesized by a step of reacting a permanganate, such as potassium permanganate, with hydrochloric acid preferably having a concentration of 3 to 4 mol/l to produce a precipitate, and a step of filtering the precipitate, thoroughly washing the filtered precipitate with water, and then subjecting the washed precipitate to heat treatment preferably at a temperature of 300 to 400° C. for not less than 2 hours, thereby giving a manganese oxide.



STABILIZED ANODE FOR LITHIUM BATTERY AND METHOD FOR ITS MANUFACTURE

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed is an anode for a lithium battery comprising a body of carbon, such as graphitic carbon, having a layer of a Group IV element or Group IV element-containing substance disposed upon its electrolyte contacting surface. Further disclosed is an anode comprising a body of carbon having an SEI layer formed thereupon by interaction of a layer of Group IV element or Group IV element-containing substance with an electrolyte material during the initial charging of the battery.



Electrode Active Material For Nonaqueous Electrolyte Secondary Battery, And Nonaqueous Electrolyte Secondary Battery

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An electrode active material for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery includes: a core part including at least one of an inorganic oxide and a carbon-composite inorganic composite oxide; and a shell part for carbon coating on the core part. The electrode active material has a specific surface area of 6.0 m2/g or more. The electrode active material has a moisture content of 400 ppm or less, which is measured by a Karl Fischer method such that the electrode active material is heated in a heat-evaporating manner, and continuously maintained at 250° C. for 40 minutes without exposing to an atmosphere after the electrode active material is exposed to the atmosphere to absorb moisture to be saturated.



IMPROVED LITHIUM METAL OXIDE CATHODE MATERIALS AND METHOD TO MAKE THEM

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A coated cathode material comprises a lithium metal oxide particulate having a surface at least partially coated with a coating comprised of a complex metal oxide of aluminum and a second metal that is lanthanum, yttria or combination thereof. The coated cathode material may be made by providing a lithium metal oxide particulate which is then contacted with a precursor compound that forms a complex metal oxide upon heating. The coated lithium metal oxide is then heated to a temperature sufficient to form the complex metal oxide, wherein the complex metal oxide is amorphous and contains aluminum and a second metal that is lanthanum, yttria or combination thereof and the complex metal oxide is bonded to the lithium metal oxide.



LITHIUM ELECTRODE FOR A LITHIUM-ION BATTERY, AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A lithium electrode includes a first lithium layer, made of lithium or lithium alloy, a current collector on a first side of the lithium layer, and a lithium-ion-conducting protective layer on a second side of the lithium layer opposite the first side. An intermediate layer completely covers the second side of the lithium layer and is between the lithium and protective layers. The protective and intermediate layers have an electrical conductivity of less than 10−10 S/cm. The lithium electrode may be a rechargeable lithium-ion battery'S anode. A lithium layer, made of lithium or a lithium alloy, is applied to a current collector, an intermediate layer having an electrical conductivity of less than 10−10 S/cm is applied to the lithium layer so that the intermediate layer completely covers the lithium layer, and a lithium-ion-conducting protective layer having an electrical conductivity less than 10−10 S/cm is applied to the intermediate layer.



Anode for lithium batteries, lithium battery and method for preparing anode for lithium batteries

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

In forming an anode by using metallic lithium as the anode active material, the present invention provides an anode for lithium batteries which can be produced with high productivity and in which dendrite generation is prevented, so that high safety can be secured. The anode for lithium batteries according to the present invention comprises a structure, comprising a conductive material layer in which carbon nanotubes are anchored, with a part of the carbon nanotube extending from at least one face of the surfaces of the conductive material layer, and a deposited layer formed by depositing metallic lithium on the carbon nanotubes in the structure.



NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Provided is a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery that includes a laminate film exterior container housing an electrode body and an electrolyte solution. In the nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery, the electrode body includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode, and a separator. The positive electrode includes a positive electrode active material layer formed on a positive electrode current collector. The negative electrode includes a negative electrode active material layer formed on a negative electrode current collector. The positive electrode active material layer includes secondary particles of a lithium nickel cobalt manganese composite oxide. The secondary particle includes a group of primary particles of a lithium nickel cobalt manganese composite oxide with a layered crystal structure. The primary particle has a cross-sectional area of 1.50 μm2 or less. The layered crystal structure has a lattice constant “c” of 14.240 Å or less.



COMPLEX FOR ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, ANODE INCLUDING THE COMPLEX, LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE ANODE, AND METHOD OF PREPARING THE COMPLEX

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A complex for anode active material, the complex including: a conductive framework having a spherical skein shape; and metal particles dispersed in the conductive framework. Also an anode including the complex, a lithium secondary battery including the anode, and a method of preparing the complex.



NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME, NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL...

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A negative electrode active material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, including negative electrode active material particles containing silicon compound expressed by SiOx where 0.5≦x≦1.6, silicon compound containing lithium compound, wherein test cell combining electrode containing negative electrode active material particles and counter electrode composed of metallic lithium exhibits a first efficiency of 82% or more, and charge capacity of test cell at voltage of electrode of 0.17V ranges from 7% to 30% of first discharge capacity of test cell when test cell is successively subjected to constant current charge until voltage of electrode reaches 0.0V, constant voltage charge until a current is decreased to one tenth of a current at the constant current charge, and a constant current discharge until the voltage of the electrode reaches 1.2V. This negative electrode active material can increase the battery capacity and improve the cycle performance.



CURRENT INTERRUPTION DEVICE AND ELECTRIC STORAGE DEVICE

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A current interruption device disclosed in the present specification includes: a first conductive member and a second conductive member that are facing each other; an insulating seal member disposed therebetween; and an insulating cover accommodating the first conductive member, the second conductive member, and the seal member. The seal member separates a space between the first and second conductive members into an inner space and an outer space which communicates with the space within the casing. In a plan view, the seal member is positioned in an entire area outside of contact portions of the seal member with the first and second conductive members within a range where the first and second conductive members are facing each other. The cover is disposed along outer circumferential edges of the first and second conductive members, and the seal member is in contact with the cover.