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HEAT SINK

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A heat sink, including a base section in contact with a heating unit, and a heat-dissipating section for dissipating heat received from the heating unit by the base section, in which the base section includes at least one metal layer, and the heat-dissipating section includes a laminate prepared by laminating a metal layer and a graphite layer through an adhesive layer formed by using a composition containing a polyvinyl acetal resin, or a heat sink for dissipating heat from a heating unit, in which the heat sink includes a laminate prepared by laminating a metal layer and a graphite layer through an adhesive layer formed by using a composition containing a polyvinyl acetal resin, and is arranged so as to cover the heating unit.



COOLING SYSTEM FOR AN INDUCTION HOB

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A cooling system for a built-in induction hob with an improved cooling efficiency, and a cooling method thereof. The cooling system comprises an air blower for generating an airflow according to a first direction, a heat-sink device through which air blown by the air blower is conveyed. The cooling system further comprises airflow deflecting means for deflecting said airflow from said first direction to a second direction which significantly deviates from said first direction.



Thermal Bath Systems and Thermally-Conductive Particulate Thermal Bath Media and Methods

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Systems and methods for controlling the temperature of items such as a sample in a vessel or a specimen, in a thermal bath using thermally efficient pellets as the thermal media. The pellets are typically oblong metallic or oblong metallic-coated pellets with rounded edges, a hardened surface, a smooth polished finish, and characteristics that enable efficient thermal communication between the bath's thermal source, the pellets, and the items that are inserted into the mass of pellets. Further, the pellets are dry and moisture and gas impermeable, and they resist microbial growth and are readily decontaminated by several methods including applying an antimicrobial compound to the pellets. The thermal source is controlled to achieve the desired temperature of the items inserted into the pellets.



SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MAINTAINING EFFICIENCY OF A FRACTAL HEAT SINK

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A heatsink comprising a heat exchange device having a plurality of heat exchange elements each having a surface boundary with respect to a heat transfer fluid, having successive elements or regions having varying size scales. According to one embodiment, an accumulation of dust or particles on a surface of the heatsink is reduced by a removal mechanism. The mechanism can be thermal pyrolysis, vibration, blowing, etc. In the case of vibration, adverse effects on the system to be cooled may be minimized by an active or passive vibration suppression system.



HEAT EXCHANGER WITH A CIRCUMFERENTIAL SEAL

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A heat exchanger may include a plate, a seal and a cover. The plate may have at least two receiving grooves having a respective groove base, an intermediate region disposed in a plane between a plurality of rim holes, and a ramp extending between the intermediate region and the respective groove base of the at least two receiving grooves. The seal extends in the at least two receiving grooves. The ramp may be rounded at a transition to the receiving grooves with a first radius and at a transition to the intermediate region with a second radius, and the ramp may be inclined between 20°



STREAMLINED WAVY FIN FOR FINNED TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to a streamlined wavy fin for a finned tube heat exchanger, which comprises a fin body, an airflow inlet on one end of the fin body, an airflow outlet on the other end of the fin body, mounting holes for mounting tubes on the fin body, and several convex/concave ripples consecutively formed from the airflow inlet to the airflow outlet on the fin body in an orientation of an airflow streamlines. A connection line of the wave crests of the same one convex ripple and a connection line of the wave troughs of the same one concave ripple neighboring the same one convex ripple are both streamlines. The present invention efficiently suppresses the flow separation downstream the circular tubes, and obviously reduces the pressure loss of airflow. And at the same time, the surface areas of the fins are increased, heat transfer resistance on the fin side is decreased, the streamlined fluid flow makes that it is not easy to producing a recirculation flow downstream the circular tubes, and heat transfer performance of the fins at the rear part of the tube bank may be obviously improved, which has better fluid flow and heat transfer performances, the fins is not easy to accumulate dust in use, and stability of heat transfer performance is maintained.



Tubing For Heat Exchange, And A Method For Improving Heat Exchange

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

This invention relates to tubing and a method for heat exchange between a first fluid which is in the tubing and a second tubing which is outside of the tubing. The tubing extends between a first end portion and a second end portion. The tubing includes an inner tube and an outer tube which is arranged on the outside of the inner tube. The inner tube being connected to the outer tube in a fluid-tight manner at the first end portion. The first end portion being surrounded by and attached to a fluid-supply pipe and there being in the second end portion, a passage between the inner tube and the outer tube.



ELEMENT FOR A THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The invention provides an element for an easily scalable thermal energy storage, distinctive in that the element comprises: an outer shell being a combined casting form and reinforcement, a solid thermal storage medium in the form of hardened concrete, which concrete has been cast and hardened into said outer shell. Method for building and use of the element, and thermal energy storage comprising elements of the invention.



HEAT EXCHANGE DEVICE

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A heat exchange device comprises a thermally conductive substrate, an intermediate layer, and an adsorbent material. The intermediate layer at least partially covers the thermally conductive substrate. A plurality of openings is formed at a surface of the intermediate layer. The openings have an elongated shape in a direction from an outer surface of the intermediate layer towards the thermally conductive substrate, and the adsorbent material at least partially fills the plurality of openings.



PLATE TYPE HEAT PIPE WITH MESH WICK STRUCTURE HAVING OPENING

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A plate type heat pipe includes a sealed tube, a chamber defined in the tube, and working medium received in the chamber. A mesh wick structure is attached to an inner wall of the tube. In one version of the plate type heat pipe, the wick structure defines a single opening. The opening communicates the chamber and thereby provides additional space for flow of vaporized working medium inside the tube. In other versions of the plate type heat pipe, the wick structure defines two or more openings.



THIN HEAT DISSIPATION FOIL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A thin heat dissipation foil includes a first copper foil, a second copper foil, a plurality of bonding blocks and a working fluid. The first copper foil includes a first bonding surface, the first bonding surface defines a plurality of first receiving cavities and a plurality of first bonding recesses surrounding the first receiving cavities. The second copper foil includes a second bonding surface, the second bonding surface defines a plurality of second receiving cavities corresponding to each of the first receiving cavities. Each bonding block is located in the first bonding recess. The bonding block is configured to bond the first bonding surface and the second bonding surface to form a seamless interface, and each first receiving cavity and each second receiving cavity together form a vacuum tube. The working fluid is received in the vacuum tube.



Liquid to Refrigerant Heat Exchanger, and Method of Operating the Same

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A liquid to refrigerant heat exchanger is provided having a stack of nested plates with fluid flow passages defined between the plates. The stack includes a condenser portion and a subcooler portion. A base plate at a bottom end of the stack has a refrigerant outlet port and a receiver bottle joined to it. A receiver flow path extends through a structural connection joining the receiver bottle to the base plate to allow for fluid flow between an internal volume of the receiver bottle and the condenser portion. Another receiver flow path extends through another structural connection to allow for fluid flow between an internal volume of the receiver bottle and the subcooler portion.



Heat Exchanger for Cooling a Flow of Charge Air, and Method of Assembling the Same

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A heat exchanger for cooling a flow of charge air includes a heat exchanger core that is inserted through an aperture of a housing. A leak-free seal is maintained along the periphery of the aperture by the compression of a gasket between a top plate of the heat exchanger core and a planar bearing surface of the housing. Compression of the gasket is maintained by one or more deformable retaining members that are disposed against the top plate.



HEADER PLATELESS HEAT EXCHANGER

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

With respect to a header plateless heat exchanger having as a component a flat tube formed by joining a pair of grooved plates together, air-tightness and liquid-tightness are improved between the portion of the flat tube where the plates are joined together and a header tank. A flat tube is formed by folding tab parts extending from side walls of a first plate back outwards to lie over the outer surfaces of those side walls of the first plate, and placing seating portions of side walls of a second plate on the upper end surfaces of the tab parts, after which a header tank is fitted on each longitudinal end of the flat tube.



PIGGABLE PLATE HEAT EXCHANGER ASSEMBLY

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Piggable plate heat exchanger assemblies enable piggable cleaning of interior surfaces thereof. Piggable plate heat exchanger assemblies include an inner plate member and first and second channel forming members with adjacently positioned first and second channel forming extension plates to enclose the inner plate member to form first and second channels for first and second fluid flow. Other piggable plate heat exchanger assemblies include plate members and first and second end members in conjunction with corresponding plate members positioned at first and second ends of corresponding plate members to form first and bypass channels to flow first and second fluids. Still other piggable plate heat exchangers include a plurality of plate members and a plurality of end members forming in conjunction with the plate members a first channel and a second channel in an interweaving relation for flow of a first fluid substantially normal to flow of a second fluid.



A Fluid Handling Device and a Method of Heating or Cooling a Fluid Flow

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A fluid handling device that is adapted to heat or cool a first fluid flow, the device includes a thermal chamber adapted to heat or cool the first fluid flow in the thermal chamber; and an input channel which is adapted to channel the first fluid flow into the thermal chamber, an outlet channel which is adapted to channel a heated or cooled second fluid flow out of the thermal chamber, such that the thermal energy of the second fluid flow along the outlet channel is higher or lower than the thermal energy of the first fluid flow along the input channel. The outlet channel is thermally connected to the input channel, so that the outlet channel is adapted to transfer thermal energy between the heated or cooled second fluid flow along the outlet channel and the first fluid flow along the input channel to heat or cool the first fluid flow before entering the thermal chamber.



DISTRIBUTOR FOR FALLING FILM EVAPORATOR

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A falling film evaporator includes a plurality of evaporator tubes through which a volume of thermal energy transfer medium is flowed, a separator to separate a flow of liquid refrigerant from a vapor and liquid refrigerant mixture, and a distributor operably connected to the separator to distribute a flow of liquid refrigerant over the plurality of evaporator tubes. The distributor includes a distributor inlet to receive the flow of liquid refrigerant from the separator, a sparge channel connected to the distributor inlet to flow the liquid refrigerant therethrough and exiting the sparge channel via a plurality of sparge openings in an upper surface of the sparge channel, and a distribution sheet disposed below the sparge channel through which the liquid refrigerant flows onto the plurality of evaporator tubes. A flow rate of liquid refrigerant through each sparge opening of the plurality of sparge openings is substantially equal.



Heating System with High Heat Retention Transfer Fluid

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A heating system combines a heat source for applying heat energy to a supply of heat transfer fluid including a polyol having five or less pendant hydroxyl groups and a polydimethylsiloxane and a pump that moves the heat transfer fluid through conduits to a heat exchanger. In one configuration, the heating system has a primary circuit including the heat source, delivery line, pump, heat exchanger and return line, and a sub-circuit including a bypass line interconnecting the delivery line and the return line to provide a flow path bypassing the heat source. The sub-circuit includes the bypass line, a portion of the delivery line, the pump, the heat exchanger, and a portion of the return line. Control valves and a control mechanism direct the flow of fluid between the primary and sub-circuit. The heat transfer fluid is a blended mixture of 5-15% glycerin, 20-40% propyl glycol and 45-75% silicone.



METHODS AND FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS FOR ENHANCED THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF PREDOMINANTLY ENCLOSED SPACES

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed are methods and functional elements for enhanced thermal management of predominantly enclosed spaces. In particular, the invention enables the construction of buildings with reduced power requirements for heating and/or air-conditioning systems since under certain conditions less energy for heating or cooling is required to maintain, within certain boundaries, desirable temperatures inside such buildings, habitats, or other enclosed spaces. In some instances the invention is in part based on dynamically changing functional elements with variable properties, or effective properties, in terms of their electromagnetic radiative behavior and/or their thermal energy storage properties, or the spatial distribution of the stored thermal energy, which permits the application of methods and algorithms to control the overall thermal behavior of the entire structure in such a way that desired levels of inside temperature can be reached with reduced consumption of external energy (typically electricity, gas, oil, or coal).In some instances no conventional heating of cooling is required at all, whereas in other instances the expenditure of external energy for conventional heating or cooling is reduced. In some instances the invention enables the reduction of the time to reach desired temperatures inside such buildings, habitats, or other predominantly enclosed spaces.



CONTROLLER AND METHOD FOR MULTI-ZONE AIR HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEM WITH MOTORIZED VENTS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method of controlling a zoned, building air heating, cooling or air conditioning system to control the temperature environment of the individual zones without the use of on-demand heating and cooling sources that consume energy includes collecting data from a plurality of zone temperature sensors; monitoring the temperature sensor data in substantially real-time; generating a trigger signal when zone temperature sensor data is different from predefined zone temperature sensor threshold values; ranking the plurality of temperature-controlled zones based at least on the difference between the real-time zone temperature and the predefined zone temperature sensor threshold value; and adjusting the opening and closing of a plurality of motorized air ventilation ports in the zones according to the rankings of the zones, and activating a fan that moves air between the zones that have open ventilation ports, when the trigger signal is present.



AIRFOIL FRAME FOR COMPUTER ROOM AIR CONDITIONING UNIT

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A computer room air conditioner (CRAC) unit includes a housing having an inlet configured to receive IT air and an outlet configured to exhaust treated air. The CRAC unit further includes a heat exchanger supported by the housing and disposed between the inlet and the outlet of the housing and at least one fan module supported by the housing. The at least one fan module is configured to draw IT air into the housing through the inlet, direct IT air through the heat exchanger, and exhaust treated air through the outlet. The CRAC unit further includes an airfoil frame secured to the housing at the inlet of the housing.



METHODS AND FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS FOR ENHANCED THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF PREDOMINANTLY ENCLOSED SPACES

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed are methods and functional elements for enhanced thermal management of predominantly enclosed spaces. In particular, the invention enables the construction of buildings with reduced power requirements for heating and/or air-conditioning systems since under certain conditions less energy for heating or cooling is required to maintain, within certain boundaries, desirable temperatures inside such buildings, habitats, or other enclosed spaces. In some instances the invention is in part based on dynamically changing functional elements with variable properties, or effective properties, in terms of their electromagnetic radiative behavior and/or their thermal energy storage properties, or the spatial distribution of the stored thermal energy, which permits the application of methods and algorithms to control the overall thermal behavior of the entire structure in such a way that desired levels of inside temperature can be reached with reduced consumption of external energy (typically electricity, gas, oil, or coal).In some instances no conventional heating of cooling is required at all, whereas in other instances the expenditure of external energy for conventional heating or cooling is reduced. In some instances the invention enables the reduction of the time to reach desired temperatures inside such buildings, habitats, or other predominantly enclosed spaces.



EV Muti-Mode Thermal Control System

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A thermal management system that utilizes a multi-mode valve assembly within the drive train control loop to provide efficient thermal control of the drive train components is provided. The multi-mode valve assembly allows the mode of thermal coupling between the thermal control loop and the various drive train components (e.g., vehicle propulsion motor, gearbox assembly, power electronics subsystem, etc.) to be varied in accordance with present conditions.



EV Muti-Mode Thermal Control System

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A thermal management system that utilizes a multi-mode valve assembly within the drive train control loop to provide efficient thermal control of the drive train components is provided. The multi-mode valve assembly allows the mode of thermal coupling between the thermal control loop and the various drive train components (e.g., vehicle propulsion motor, gearbox assembly, power electronics subsystem, etc.) to be varied in accordance with present conditions.



VEHICLE AIR-CONDITIONER SAFETY DEVICE, AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

In a vehicle air-conditioner safety device, in the case in which an abnormality has occurred in a heating device that heats coolant with a heater: it is determined whether or not the abnormality is a restorable abnormality or a non-restorable abnormality; when the abnormality is determined to be the restorable abnormality, it is determined whether or not the restorable abnormality has been removed; heating by the heater is prohibited when the restorable abnormality or the non-restorable abnormality has occurred; and heating by the heater is restored when the restorable abnormality has been removed after heating by the heater is prohibited due to occurrence of the restorable abnormality. With the above-mentioned vehicle air-conditioner safety device, in the case in which the restorable abnormality has occurred in a heating device for a vehicle air-conditioner and the restorable abnormality has not been removed, because heating by the heater is prohibited, it is possible to prevent repetitive restoration and halt of heating by the heater.



SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AIR CONDITIONER FOR VEHICLE

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A system for controlling an air conditioner for a vehicle may include a drive only mode selector configured to select a whole air-conditioning mode or an individual air-conditioning mode, a blower motor configured to provide different volumes of air indoors in the whole air-conditioning mode or the individual air-conditioning mode, a passenger seat mode door configured to be opened by an actuator when the whole air-conditioning mode is selected, and to be closed by the actuator when the individual air-conditioning mode is selected, and a controller configured to control a speed at which the voltage of the blower motor is decreased, or to control a speed at which the voltage of the blower motor is increased.



EV Muti-Mode Thermal Control System

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A thermal management system that utilizes a multi-mode valve assembly within the drive train control loop to provide efficient thermal control of the drive train components is provided. The multi-mode valve assembly allows the mode of thermal coupling between the thermal control loop and the various drive train components (e.g., vehicle propulsion motor, gearbox assembly, power electronics subsystem, etc.) to be varied in accordance with present conditions.



METHOD OF USING A GLASS-MOUNTED HUMIDITY/TEMPERATURE SENSOR IN A VEHICLE TO OBTAIN SUN LOAD AND CONTROL OF HVAC SYSTEM USING SUN LOAD

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Sun load on a cabin of a vehicle is determined without a sun load sensor by affixing a relative humidity/temperature sensor to an inside of a windshield of the vehicle. The relative humidity/temperature sensor includes a relative humidity sensor that senses relative humidity of air at the relative humidity sensor, a temperature sensor that senses temperature of the air at the relative humidity sensor and a glass temperature sensor that senses temperature of glass of the windshield. A controller determines the sun load based on readings from the relative humidity/temperature sensor of relative humidity of the air at the relative humidity sensor, temperature of the air at the relative humidity sensor and temperature of the glass of the windshield.



HEAT EXCHANGE HEADER

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present disclosure relates to methods of manufacture of a header design for a heat exchanger and the header itself comprising a plurality of heat exchange tubes configured to receive coolant and a header containing a profiled opening to receive the plurality of heat exchange tubes wherein the header is configured to be sealingly engaged to a pipe for delivery of coolant between the pipe and the plurality of heat exchange tubes.