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TARGET SUPPLY APPARATUS, EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT GENERATING APPARATUS, AND TARGET SUPPLY METHOD

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A target supply apparatus configured to melt a target and supply a molten target into a chamber, the target generating extreme ultraviolet light when the target is irradiated with a laser beam in the chamber, may include: a pair of electrodes spaced from one another and configured to sandwich the target; and a power source configured to supply a current to a solid target sandwiched between the pair of electrodes via the pair of electrodes to melt the solid target to a core of the solid target.



METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MONITORING THE QUALITY OF PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method and system for monitoring the quality of photovoltaic cells is described, the method including for each cell: an excitation step, during which the cell to be monitored is subjected to excitation at a predetermined level of excitation; a step of acquiring at least one luminescence image of the cell to be monitored after excitation; and a step of processing the acquired image. The invention is characterized in that, for each cell, there is provided a preliminary step for determining an excitation level adjusted to the cell, the respective adjusted excitation levels of the different cells to be monitored being adapted such that the luminescence intensities of the signals emitted by the different cells are equal at a given reference luminescence intensity.



ANGLED FACET BROAD-RIDGE QUANTUM CASCADE LASER

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A particular quantum cascade laser includes a ridge-guide. The ridge-guide includes an angled facet that extends across a width of the ridge-guide and a flat facet that extends across the width of the ridge-guide. A first distance between the flat facet and the angled facet along a first side of the ridge-guide is different than a second distance between the flat facet and the angled facet along a second side of the ridge-guide.



RADIOGRAPHY FLAT PANEL DETECTOR HAVING A LOW WEIGHT X-RAY SHIELD AND THE METHOD OF PRODUCTION THEREOF

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A radiography flat panel detector and a method of producing the flat panel detector that includes, in order, a scintillating or photoconductive layer, an imaging array, a first substrate, an X-ray shield including a second substrate, and an X-ray absorbing layer on a side of the second substrate, wherein the absorbing layer includes a binder and a chemical compound having a metal element with an atomic number of 20 or more and one or more non-metal elements.



Method and System for Controlling Convective Flow in a Light-Sustained Plasma

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A system for controlling convective flow in a light-sustained plasma includes an illumination source configured to generate illumination, a plasma cell including a bulb for containing a volume of gas, a collector element arranged to focus illumination from the illumination source into the volume of gas in order to generate a plasma within the volume of gas contained within the bulb. Further, the plasma cell is disposed within a concave region of the collector element, where the collector element includes an opening for propagating a portion of a plume of the plasma to a region external to the concave region of the collect element.



GLOBALLY OPTIMIZED TARGETED MASS SPECTROMETRY (GOT-MS)

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Globally Optimized Targeted (GOT)-MS, combines many of the advantages of targeted detection and global profiling in metabolomics analysis, including the capability to detect unknowns, broad metabolite coverage, and excellent quantitation. A global search of precursor and product ions using a single triple quadrupole (QQQ) mass spectrometer includes SIM incremental scanning or incremental MS scanning performed in the mass range of 40-2000 Da, followed by tandem MS/MS scanning with incremental collision energy for precursor ions to profile product ions.



SYSTEM FOR TRANSFERRING IONS IN A MASS SPECTROMETER

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A system for transporting ions includes: an ion transfer tube having an axis and an internal bore having a width and a height less than the width; and an apparatus comprising a plurality of electrodes, each having a respective ion aperture having an aperture center, the apertures defining an ion channel configured to receive the ions from the ion transfer tube and to transport the ions to an outlet end of the apparatus, wherein at least a subset of the apertures progressively decrease in size in a direction towards the apparatus outlet end, wherein the ion transfer tube is configured such that the ion transfer tube axis is non-coincident with an axis of the ion channel or such that the width dimension of the ion transfer tube bore is parallel to a plane defined by the ion transfer tube axis and the ion channel axis.



SIMULTANEOUS POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE ION ACCUMULATION IN AN ION TRAP FOR MASS SPECTROSCOPY

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An ion reaction device is provided having an ion injection inlet for receiving a plurality of ions and an ion ejection outlet through which ions can exit the device. The reaction device includes a plurality of non-linear rods disposed relative to one another so as to provide an axial region configured to receive a plurality of anions and cations via said ion injection inlet, and a plurality of trapping regions in communication with the axial region in which said anions and cations can be confined. A DC voltage source is adapted to apply a DC voltage across at least two of said rods so as to generate an electric field within at least a portion of said axial region for spatially separating the received anions and cations and guiding the anions into one of said trapping regions and the cations into another one of said trapping regions.



Apparatus for Charged Particle Lithography System

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A charged particle multi-beam lithography system includes an illumination sub-system that is configured to generate a charged particle beam; and multiple plates with a first aperture through the plates. The plates and the first aperture are configured to form a charged particle doublet. The system further includes a blanker having a second aperture whose footprint is smaller than that of the first aperture. The charged particle doublet is configured to demagnify a portion of the charged particle beam passing through the first aperture, thereby producing a demagnified beamlet. The blanker is configured to receive the demagnified beamlet from the charged particle doublet, and is further configured to conditionally allow the demagnified beamlet to travel along a desired path.



MULTI-CHARGED PARTICLE BEAM WRITING APPARATUS AND MULTI-CHARGED PARTICLE BEAM WRITING METHOD

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

According to one embodiment, in a multi-charged particle beam writing apparatus, a blanking plate includes a plurality of first buffers connected in series, second buffers in a plurality of stages connected in series between the first buffer and a blanker, and an error detection processing circuitry performing error detection on data stored in the first buffer and the second buffers. The blanking control data transfers to the corresponding blanker via the first buffer and the second buffers. In a case where the error detection processing circuitry detects an error, the control processing circuitry retransmits the blanking control data to the blanking plate with regard to a shot having the error detected therein and a shot which comes, in a shot order, after the shot having the error detected therein.



INSPECTION OF REGIONS OF INTEREST USING AN ELECTRON BEAM SYSTEM

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A system for scanning a plurality of regions of interest of a substrate using one or more charged particle beams, the system comprises: an irradiation module having charged particle optics; a stage for introducing a relative movement between the substrate and the charged particle optics; an imaging module for collecting electrons emanating from the substrate in response to a scanning of the regions of interest by the one or more charged particle beams; and wherein the charged particle optics is arranged to perform countermovements of the charged particle beam during the scanning of the regions of interest thereby countering relative movements introduced between the substrate and the charged particle optics during the scanning of the regions of interest.



ADAPTIVE SCANNING FOR PARTICLE SIZE USING DIRECTED BEAM SIGNAL ANALYSIS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Methods and systems are provided for a scanning microscope to rapidly form a partial digital image of an area. The method includes performing an initial scan for the area and using initial scan to identify regions representing features of interest in the area. Then, the method performs additional adaptive scans of the regions representing structures of interest. Such scans adapt the path of the scanning beam to follow the edges of a feature of interest by performing localized scan patterns that intersect the feature edge, and directing the localized scan patterns to follow the feature edge.



Inspection Device and Measurement Device

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A detection circuit for accurately detecting a very small foreign material and an inspection/measurement device using the same are provided. The inspection/measurement device includes: an irradiation section that irradiates a laser beam to a surface of a specimen; and a detection section that detects scattered light from the surface of the specimen and generates a detection signal. The detection section includes: a photon counting sensor that outputs M output signals from photo-detecting elements of N pixels (N and N are natural numbers, and M



INSPECTION APPARATUS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An inspection apparatus includes beam generation means, a primary optical system, a secondary optical system and an image processing system. Irradiation energy of the beam is set in an energy region where mirror electrons are emitted from the inspection object as the secondary charged particles due to the beam irradiation. The secondary optical system includes a camera for detecting the secondary charged particles, a numerical aperture whose position is adjustable along an optical axis direction and a lens that forms an image of the secondary charged particles that have passed through the numerical aperture on an image surface of the camera. In the image processing system, the image is formed under an aperture imaging condition where the position of the numerical aperture is located on an object surface to acquire an image.



METHODS, SYSTEMS, AND COMPUTER READABLE MEDIA FOR MEASURING AND CORRECTING DRIFT DISTORTION IN IMAGES OBTAINED USING A SCANNING MICROSCOPE

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The subject matter described herein includes methods, systems, and computer readable media for measuring and correcting drift distortion in images obtained using the scanning microscope. One method includes obtaining an image series of a sample acquired using scanning-microscope by rotating scan coordinates of the microscope between successive image frames. The method further includes determining at least one measurement of an angle or a distance associated with an image feature as a function of rotation angle from the series of rotated images. The method further includes using the at least one measurement to determine a model for drift distortion in the series of images. The method further includes using the drift distortion model to generate a drift corrected image from the series of images.



System and Method for Imaging a Sample with an Electron Beam with a Filtered Energy Spread

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A selectively configurable system for directing an electron beam with a limited energy spread to a sample includes an electron source to generate an electron beam having an energy spread including one or more energies, an aperture having an on-axis opening and an off-axis opening, a first assembly of one or more electron lenses with selectively configurable focal powers positioned to collect the beam from the source and direct the beam to the aperture, a second assembly of one or more selectively configurable electron lenses positioned to collect the beam, a sample stage, and an electron inspection sub-system including electron optics positioned to direct the beam onto one or more samples. The first assembly includes an off-axis electron lens for interacting with the beam at an off-axis position and introducing spatial dispersion to the beam when configured with a nonzero focal power, thus filtering the energy spread.



APPARATUSES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS FOR ION TRAPS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Apparatuses, systems, and methods for ion traps are described herein. One apparatus includes a number of microwave (MW) rails and a number of radio frequency (RF) rails formed with substantially parallel longitudinal axes and with substantially coplanar upper surfaces. The apparatus includes two sequences of direct current (DC) electrodes with each sequence formed to extend substantially parallel to the substantially parallel longitudinal axes of the MW rails and the RF rails. The apparatus further includes a number of through-silicon vias (TSVs) formed through a substrate of the ion trap and a trench capacitor formed in the substrate around at least one TSV.



Repair Apparatus

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

There is provided a repair apparatus including a gas field ion source which includes an ion generation section including a sharpened tip, a cooling unit which cools the tip, an ion beam column which forms a focused ion beam by focusing ions of a gas generated in the gas field ion source, a sample stage which moves while a sample to be irradiated with the focused ion beam is placed thereon, a sample chamber which accommodates at least the sample stage therein, and a control unit which repairs a mask or a mold for nano-imprint lithography, which is the sample, with the focused ion beam formed by the ion beam column. The gas field ion source generates nitrogen ions as the ions, and the tip is constituted by an iridium single crystal capable of generating the ions.



Method and Apparatus for Stabilizing a Line of Sight of a Radiant Energy System

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method and apparatus for stabilizing a line of sight of a radiant energy system. The line of sight of a main beam is positioned using a first reflector and a second reflector based on a reference beam that is inertially stabilized in a selected direction. The line of sight of the main beam is stabilized using the reference beam to counteract a number of disturbances created within an optical path of the main beam.



MULTIPLE SPECTRUM CHANNEL, MULTIPLE SENSOR FIBER OPTIC MONITORING SYSTEM

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A multiple sensor fiber optic sensing system includes an optical fiber having at least first fiber optic sensors and second fiber optic sensors deployed along its length. In response to an interrogating pulse, the first fiber optic sensors generate responses in a first optical spectrum window, and the second fiber optic sensors generate responses in a second, different optical spectrum window. The responses in the first optical spectrum window are measured in a first optical spectrum channel, and the responses in the second optical spectrum window are measure in a second, different optical spectrum channel and provide simultaneous indications of one or more parameters, such as temperature and pressure, in the environment in which the sensors are deployed.



OBJECT SENSOR

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A sensor comprising a thin film photovoltaic pixel is fitted with optics to provide a field-of-view for the sensing of persons, or other objects, entering or exiting said field-of-view. When a person enters the field-of-view, a processor may sense such entry, then provide signals to other electronic apparatus indicative of such an event.



A DETECTION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETECTING SOMETHING EXISTED IN THE HIGH TEMPERATURE CAVITY

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A detection device for detecting something existed in the high temperature cavity, for detecting the glass substrate sending into or outing of the high temperature cavity, wherein, the detection device comprises a deflection probe and a detection element, the deflection probe comprises a fixed probe and the deflection probe in the same line, which is assembled at the side wall of the high temperature cavity, when the glass substrate is sending into the high temperature cavity and touching the deflection probe, the deflection probe will be connected with the detection element, the detection element will send out a electrical sensor signal for showing the glass substrate is push into the cavity. Therefore, it can be determined in time that the glass substrate and the other elements are still existed in the high temperature cavity or not with some simple machines or detection elements, the detecting process is timely and accurately.



DENSITY MEASUREMENTS USING DETECTORS ON A PULSED NEUTRON MEASUREMENT PLATFORM

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An apparatus for estimating a property of an earth formation and a borehole fluid includes a carrier configured to be disposed in a borehole, and a pulsed neutron measurement assembly including a pulsed neutron source configured to emit neutrons into the borehole and the earth formation, and a gamma ray detector. The apparatus also includes a fluid density measurement assembly including the gamma ray detector and a gamma ray source configured to irradiate a borehole fluid with gamma rays. The gamma ray detector is positioned relative to the gamma ray source to detect both of: gamma rays resulting from neutron interactions and gamma rays emitted from the borehole fluid in response to irradiation from the gamma ray source. The apparatus further includes a processor configured to differentiate a pulsed neutron gamma ray spectrum associated with the interactions from a density gamma ray spectrum.



RADIATION GENERATOR AND POWER SUPPLY CONFIGURATION FOR WELL LOGGING INSTRUMENTS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A well logging instrument includes a radiation generator and a high voltage power supply functionally coupled to the generator. The generator and the supply are longitudinally separated by a distance sufficient for emplacement of a radiation detector. At least a first radiation detector is disposed in a space between the generator and the supply. The instrument includes an electrical connection between the supply and the generator.



NEUTRON-ABSORBING GAMMA RAY WINDOW IN A DOWNHOLE TOOL

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Methods and downhole tools involving neutron-absorbing gamma ray windows are provided. One such method involves emitting neutrons from a neutron source in a downhole tool in a well into a surrounding geological formation. This may produce formation gamma rays through interactions between the neutrons and elements of the geological formation. The formation gamma rays may be detected by a gamma ray detector when the gamma rays pass via a gamma ray window that includes a neutron-absorbing material disposed in a substrate material of the downhole tool. The gamma ray window may be both more transmissive of gamma rays than the substrate material and less transmissive of neutrons than a window without the neutron-absorbing material. This may decrease a neutron flux that would otherwise reach the gamma ray detector and the tool materials surrounding it and thus would otherwise lead to a background signal contaminating a signal corresponding to the detected formation gamma rays.



ELECTRICALLY OPERATED RADIATION SOURCE OPERATING POWER, RELIABILITY AND LIFE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present disclosure describes a neutron generator including an ion source that generates ions; a target that outputs neutrons when the ions impact the target; one or more power supplies that supply electrical power to the ion source and the target; and a control system. The control system determines one or more rules that describe relationships between operational parameters, useful life, reliability, neutron output, environment, and constraints of the neutron generators; determines one or more operational parameter setpoints based at least in part on the one or more rules; and instructs the one or more power supplies to adjust electrical power supplied to the ion source, the target, or both based at least in part on the one or more operational parameter setpoints.



METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CALIBRATING GAMMA RADIATION FLUX LEVELS IN A SOLID STATE GAMMA RADIATION DETECTION SYSTEM

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

One aspect of the present disclosure comprises a method for calibrating a drive level of a non-radioactive calibration source. Another aspect of the present disclosure comprises a method for using a non-radioactive calibration source to verify correct operation of a radiation detector. Another aspect of the present disclosure comprises a radiation detection system that comprises a radiation detector and a non-radioactive calibration source that is used to verify correct operation of the radiation detector.



IMPROVED TEMPERATURE STABILITY FOR A DIGITAL POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY (PET) DETECTOR

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A detector (16) maintains thermal stability between two different operating modes. The detector (16) includes at least one controller (36, 38) which sets the detection sensitivity of the detector (16) to a level disabling the detection of gamma photons. The controller (36, 38) further controls a heat generator (36, 38, 86) to maintain the temperature of the detector (16) at a predetermined temperature. The predetermined temperature is the steady state temperature of the detector (16) when the detection sensitivity of the detector (16) is set to a level enabling the detection of gamma photons. A method (100) for maintaining thermal stability of a detector (16) between two different operating modes is also provided.



Neutron Detection

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method for detecting a neutron includes providing a first voltage to an input electrode of a microchannel plate, providing a second voltage to an output electrode of the microchannel plate, the second voltage being more positive than the first voltage, measuring a signal on the output electrode, and detecting a neutron based on a comparison of the signal at the output electrode with a baseline value.



Radiometric measuring device for carrying out measurements in explosion-prone areas

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to a radiometric measuring device for carrying out measurements in an explosion-prone area, which radiometric measuring device requires only little space at the measurement location and can be economically produced. The radiometric measuring device comprises a measuring unit (7) that can be used in the explosion-prone area. Said measuring unit comprises a scintillator (13), which converts radioactive radiation incident on the scintillator into photons, and a semiconductor detector (15), which is connected to the scintillator (13) and can be operated by means of an inherently safe energy supply and metrologically captures photons arising in the scintillator (13) and reaching the semiconductor detector (15), and converts said photons into electrical measurement signals. Explosion protection measures to be associated exclusively with the ignition protection class of the inherent safety are provided in the measuring unit. The radiometric measuring device also comprises a superordinate unit (11) to be arranged outside of the explosion-prone area and to be connected to the measuring unit (7). The superordinate unit effects an inherently safe supply of the measuring unit (7)—in particular, the semiconductor detector (15), during measuring operation.



VIRTUAL PET DETECTOR AND QUASI-PIXELATED READOUT SCHEME FOR PET

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

When designing detector arrays for diagnostic imaging devices, such as PET or SPECT devices, a virtual detector, or pixel, combines scintillator crystals with photodetectors in ratios that deviate from the conventional 1:1 ratio. For instance, multiple photodetectors can be glued to a single crystal to create a virtual pixel which can be software-based or hardware-based. Light energy and time stamp information for a gamma ray hit on the crystal can be calculated using a virtualizer processor or using a trigger line network and time-to-digital converter logic. Additionally or alternatively, multiple crystals can be associated with each of a plurality of photodetectors. A gamma ray hit on a specific crystal is then determined by a table lookup of adjacent photodetectors that register equal light intensities, and the crystal common to such photodetectors is identified as the location of the hit.



Hybrid-Organic X-Ray Detector With Conductive Channels

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A detector for high-energy radiation, e.g., for x-radiation and/or UV radiation, may include (a) a substrate having a first electrical contact, (b) optionally a first intermediate layer, (c) a layer including an organic matrix of a photoactive material and insoluble scintillator particles distributed substantially homogeneously in the organic matrix, (d) optionally a second intermediate layer, and (e) a second electrical contact, wherein the mixture ratio between the scintillator particles and the organic matrix in layer (c) is selected in such a way that the intermediate space filled with the organic matrix has a distance between two scintillator particles that corresponds to at most five times the depth of penetration of the emitted radiation of the scintillator particles. A method for producing a corresponding detector is also disclosed.



METHODS FOR THE DIAGNOSIS AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF PLASMALOGEN DEFICIENCY MEDIATED DISEASES OF AGING

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention relates to methods for the diagnosis and risk assessment of plasmalogen deficiency mediated diseases of aging. The present invention describes the relationship between plasmalogen biosynthesis dysfunction and the biochemical and clinical manifestations of age related disorders. Specifically the present invention describes an increased prevalence of colon cancer, prostate cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, ovary cancer, kidney cancer, cognitive impairment and dementia in subjects suffering from adult onset plasmalogen biosynthesis disorder (AO-PBD).



Vacuum DMS with High Efficiency Ion Guides

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Differential mobility spectrometry is performed under vacuum. Ions generated in a high pressure region are received from the inlet orifice of a vacuum chamber using a first ion guide located in the vacuum chamber. The first ion guide focuses the generated ions on a DMS device inlet end using a plurality of tapered electrodes. The DMS device is coaxial and adjacent to the first ion guide. The DMS device separates the focused ions using a plurality of electrodes. The inscribed diameter at the DMS device inlet end is larger than the inscribed diameter at the first ion guide exit end to maximize ion transfer. The separated ions are received from the DMS device using a second ion guide coaxial and adjacent to the DMS device. The second ion guide focuses the separated ions on an exit orifice of the vacuum chamber using a plurality of tapered electrodes.



METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING A MOBILITY OF IONS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method and an apparatus for determining a mobility of ions. The method includes the steps of modulating an ion beam with an ion gate which is controlled by a modulation function for generating a modulated ion beam, of guiding the modulated ion beam through a drifting region, of measuring a signal of the modulated ion beam after the modulated ion beam has passed the drifting region and of calculating a correlation of the modulation function and the signal in order to determine the mobility of the ions. The apparatus includes the ion gate, the drifting region through which the modulated ion beam is guidable, a detector by which the signal of the modulated ion beam is measurable after the modulated ion beam has passed the drifting region and a calculation unit by which the correlation of the modulation function and the signal is calculable in order to determine the mobility of the ions. An autocorrelation of the modulation function is a two-valued function.



Travelling Wave IMS With Counterflow of Gas

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method of separating ions according to mass to charge ratio is disclosed. The method comprises: providing a separation device comprising a plurality of electrodes; applying one or more transient DC voltages or potentials to at least some of said electrodes in order to urge ions in a first direction through said separation device; and providing a gas flow in a second direction which is substantially inclined or opposed to said first direction. The opposed gas flow unexpectedly improves the mass to charge ratio separation resolution of the device.



METHODS AND MEANS FOR IDENTIFYING FLUID TYPE INSIDE A CONDUIT

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Methods and means for identifying a fluid type inside of a conduit is provided, including at least the steps of illuminating a fluid in a conduit with ionizing radiation; detecting backscattered electromagnetic radiation returned from one or more surfaces of associated illumination volumes using one or more electromagnetic radiation sensors; converting detected radiation into a corresponding set of planar image data; analyzing the image data using quantitative processing techniques; and creating a depth correlated log representative of the fluid response data. Various logging methods and means are also disclosed, and include at least a forward looking acquisition mode for use while the apparatus remains stationary; a plurality of acquisitions being performed while longitudinally moving the apparatus a predetermined distance through the conduit between acquisition operations; and a plurality of acquisitions being performed longitudinally while moving the apparatus a predetermined distance through the conduit.



APPARATUS FOR SIMULTANEOUSLY MEASURING WHITENESS AND COATING AMOUNT

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An apparatus for simultaneously measuring whiteness and coating amount, according to one embodiment of the present invention, comprises: a light-emitting unit arranged at a predetermined distance from a test piece and irradiating the test piece with light; a filter unit arranged between the light-emitting unit and the test piece and allowing either an infrared ray or a visible ray to selectively pass therethrough; a detection unit arranged at a predetermined distance from the test piece and detecting either the infrared ray or the visible ray to be reflected from the test piece; and a calculation unit connected with the detection unit, calculating the coating amount according to the amount of the infrared ray detected by the detection unit, and calculating the whiteness according to the amount of the visible ray detected by the detection unit. Since the whiteness and the coating amount can be measured by the apparatus for simultaneously measuring the whiteness and the coating amount according to one embodiment of the present invention, work efficiency is increased and capital expenditure for equipment can be reduced.



FLUORESCENCE HYPERSPECTRAL MICROSCOPY SYSTEM FEATURING STRUCTURED ILLUMINATION AND PARALLEL RECORDING

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A fluorescence hyperspectral microscopy system featuring structured illumination and parallel recording includes a light projection sub-system, a detection sub-system, and an electrical controller. The light projection sub-system includes a digital light processing (DLP) module for generating linear excitation light, a first lens set, an optical path allocation element, and an objective lens. The detection sub-system includes a second lens set, a frequency-dividing reflection element, a two-dimensional light detector, and a light collection element. With the detection sub-system performing detection in conjunction with the light projection sub-system, and the electrical controller controlling the DLP module, a two-dimensional moving platform, and the two-dimensional light detector, the fluorescence hyperspectral microscopy system provides increased resolution and can obtain accurate information in spatial and spectral dimensions and hence a four-dimensional hyperspectral image of the object under detection.



EYEGLASS RATING WITH RESPECT TO PROTECTION AGAINST UV HAZARD

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An index value is calculated for rating an eyeglass with respect to protection against UV hazard. The index value is based on an integrated UV transmission value through the eyeglass and an integrated UV reflection value related to a back face of the eyeglass. Thus, the index value takes into account actual wearing conditions where UV eye exposure is due either to transmission through the eyeglass or reflection on the eyeglass back face. Respective index values obtained for a set of eyeglasses allow easy sorting of the eyeglasses with respect to UV protection efficiency.



GAS DETECTOR

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A gas detector includes: an infrared camera that images a gas; and a controller including at least an electronic component, wherein the controller determines a temperature range of the infrared camera in which the gas can be imaged, and detects the gas from moving infrared images taken for a predetermined period of time in the temperature range determined.



SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An analyser and related methods for characterising a sample. The analyser includes an integrated laser for emitting electromagnetic radiation in at least one beam at a sample. The electromagnetic radiation can include at least two different wavelengths. A sample detector detects affected electromagnetic radiation resulting from the emitted electromagnetic radiation affected by the sample and provides output representing the detected affected radiation. The analyser also includes a processor for characterising the sample from the detector output representing the detected affected electromagnetic radiation.



Flow Reduction System for Isotope Ratio Measurements

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A system for controlling flow of gas in a continuous flow isotope ratio analyser is provided. The system comprises gas inlet and gas outlet lines for providing gas into and from a measuring cell, and at least one switchable flow restriction on the gas inlet line, for selectively controlling gas flow into the isotope ratio analyser. Also provided is a method for determining an isotope ratio using the system according to the invention.



CHIP ASSEMBLY, FLOW CELL AND FLOW CYTOMETER FOR CHARACTERIZING PARTICLES

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present relates to a chip assembly, a flow cell and a cytometer for characterizing particles in a sample solution. The chip assembly comprises a pair of chips, at least one of the chip defining on its inner surface at least two channels, the two channels defining therebetween a common intersecting area. Each channel is adapted for receiving one or more optical fibers. The chips define a through-hole extending throughout the chip assembly in a transverse direction relative to the channels and passing through the common intersecting area. The flow cell comprises the chip assembly, an excitation fiber and at least one collection fiber extending through respective channels; the collection fiber for collecting light scattered or emitted by particles flowing through the through-hole and excited by an excitation light transported by the excitation fiber. The flow cytometer comprises a light source for generating the excitation light and the flow cell.



SYSTEMS, APPARATUSES, AND METHODS FOR MEASURING SUBMERGED SURFACES

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present disclosure provides systems, apparatuses, and methods for measuring submerged surfaces. Embodiments include a measurement apparatus including a main frame, a source positioned outside a pipe and connected to the main frame, and a detector positioned outside the pipe at a location diametrically opposite the source and connected to the main frame. The source may transmit a first amount of radiation. The detector may receive a second amount of radiation, determine a composition of the pipe based on the first and second amounts of radiation, and send at least one measurement signal. A control canister positioned on the main frame or on a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) attached to the apparatus may receive the at least one measurement signal from the detector and convey the at least one measurement signal to software located topside.



MEASUREMENT CIRCUIT FOR BOLOMETRIC DETECTOR

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to a measurement circuit for a resistive sensor (2), comprising: an integrator (5) of information representative of the difference between a current (Ibol) passing through the sensor and a first reference current (Id); and a circuit (22, 24) for making the output of the integrator depend on a reference level (Vref5).



RADIATION DETECTOR, ARRAY OF RADIATION DETECTORS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A RADIATION DETECTOR

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A radiation detector with a substrate and a membrane, which is suspended above the substrate by a spacer is described, wherein the spacer thermally insulates a radiation sensor, which is formed in the membrane, from the substrate. Further, the spacer includes a first layer, which is electrically conducting and contacts a first pole of the radiation sensor and of the substrate, and a second layer, which is electrically conducting and electrically insulated from the first electrically conductive layer and contacts a second pole of the radiation sensor and of the substrate, wherein the second pole differs in polarity from the first pole.



INFRARED SENSOR MODULE USING ROTARY ULTRASONIC MOTOR

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An infrared sensor module utilizing a rotary ultrasonic motor is disclosed. The infrared sensor module utilizing a rotary ultrasound motor according to one embodiment of the present invention comprises: an infrared sensor for detecting an object that radiates infrared rays; a rotary ultrasonic motor including a piezoelectric diaphragm having a partitioned electrode structure in a pinwheel shape in a plate body formed with a piezoelectric material and a ring-shaped rotator driven by torsional vibrations generated along the side surfaces of the piezoelectric diaphragm; a Fresnel lens rotatably provided by being coupled to the rotator to control intermittent blocking of the infrared rays incident in the front direction of the infrared sensor; an oscillation unit for outputting a square wave required for the rotary ultrasonic motor; and a control unit for controlling the oscillation unit by using a signal detected by the infrared sensor and controlling the driving of the rotary ultrasonic motor.



SMALL VOLUME HIGH EMISSIVITY INFRARED CALIBRATION SOURCE SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A blackbody surface radiator includes a surface having a plurality of adjacent grooves, each groove extending from a groove bottom to a pair of groove tops, each groove top being common with an adjacent groove, the groove bottoms and groove tops having a width of less than 100 micrometers. A mirror-like emissive coating covers the surface.



ENCODERS, ENCODING METHODS AND SYSTEMS AND DEVICES USING THEM

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Certain configurations described herein are directed to encoders and encoding methods. In some instances, an encoder can be used with an article support to identify an absolute position of the article support based on reading the code of the encoder.



Pattern Measurement Device, and Computer Program for Measuring Pattern

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The purpose of the present invention is to provide a pattern measurement device which adequately evaluates a pattern formed by means of a patterning method for forming a pattern that is not in a photomask. In order to fulfil the purpose, the present invention suggests a pattern measurement device provided with a computation device for measuring the dimensions between patterns formed on a sample, wherein: the centroid of the pattern formed on the sample is extracted from data to be measured obtained by irradiating beams; a position alignment process is executed between the extracted centroid and measurement reference data in which a reference functioning as the measurement start point or measurement end point is set; and the dimensions between the measurement start point or the measurement end point of the measurement reference data, which was subjected to position alignment, and the edge or the centroid of the pattern contained in the data to be measured is measured.



PHOTORESPONSIVE, FORM-STABLE PHASE CHANGE COMPOSITES AND PHOTODETECTORS MADE THEREFROM

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Composite materials comprising electrically conductive particles in a form-stable phase change materials (PCMs) are provided. Also provided as radiation sensors incorporating the composites and methods for detecting radiation using the composites. The PCMs comprise crosslinked polyether polyol that undergoes a reversible solid-solid phase change upon heating. Prior to the phase change, the crosslinked polyether polyol comprises microscopic crystalline domains. When the PCM is heated beyond its phase transition temperature these microscopic crystalline domains melt. However, the form-stable PCMs retain their solid form at the macroscopic level.



ROOM DECONTAMINATION APPARATUS AND METHOD

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Provided is a decontamination apparatus for decontaminating an enclosed room. The decontamination apparatus includes a source including a UVC bulb and a reflective shield arranged adjacent to the UVC bulb and configured to reflect UVC light emitted by the UVC bulb toward a region of the enclosed room to be decontaminated. A mounting system that is adjustable secures the source at a desired location within the enclosed room. A controller is operatively-connected to the source to terminate operation of the UVC bulb in response to a determination that an occupant is present within the enclosed room.



DECONTAMINATION COVER FOR DECONTAMINATING AN OBJECT

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Provided is a decontamination cover to be applied over an object to be decontaminated. The decontamination cover includes a sheet-like body formed from a pliable material, and includes an outward-facing surface that is substantially opaque to UVC light and an inward-facing surface that is to be arranged opposite a surface of the object to be decontaminated. A plurality of UVC sources are exposed at the inward-facing surface, and a plurality of spacers are arranged among the UVC sources to maintain a suitable separation between the UVC sources and the surface of the object to be decontaminated. This suitable separation promotes complete coverage of the surface with UVC light emitted by the UVC sources.



HEAT-SANITIZATION OF SURFACES

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Solutions for limiting the undesirable spread of pathogens by indirect contact are provided. The solutions involve heat-sanitization of contact regions on articles or fixtures by flowing selected electromagnetic radiation energy through underlying waveguide structures substantially parallel to the contact regions.