Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn example laser apparatus of the disclosure may include an oscillator capable of outputting a laser beam, a slab optical amplifier capable of amplifying the laser beam outputted by the oscillator by passing the laser beam through an optical amplification region shaped like a slab and outputting the amplified laser beam, and a mirror disposed on an optical path of the laser beam to enter the slab optical amplifier or the amplified laser beam outputted from the slab optical amplifier, the mirror being movable in a direction parallel to a plane where the laser beam travels in the slab optical amplifier.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA device can include an active optical device (AOD) to at least one of transmit and receive optical signals. The device can also include an interposer having the AOD mounted thereon. The interposer can be in thermal contact with a heat sink and the interposer is mounted on a substrate. The interposer can be formed of a thermally conductive and electrically insulating material. The interposer can include a via to electrically couple the AOD to another electrical device.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA mirror device may include: an optical element configured to reflect part of a laser beam and transmit the other part of the laser beam therethrough; and a holder in surface contact with the optical element to hold the optical element. A flatness of a contact surface of the holder in contact with the optical element may be equal to or smaller than a flatness of the optical element.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA high sensitivity image sensor comprises an epitaxial layer of silicon that is intrinsic or lightly p doped (such as a doping level less than about 1013 cm−3). CMOS or CCD circuits are fabricated on the front-side of the epitaxial layer. Epitaxial p and n type layers are grown on the backside of the epitaxial layer. A pure boron layer is deposited on the n-type epitaxial layer. Some boron is driven a few nm into the n-type epitaxial layer from the backside during the boron deposition process. An anti-reflection coating may be applied to the pure boron layer. During operation of the sensor a negative bias voltage of several tens to a few hundred volts is applied to the boron layer to accelerate photo-electrons away from the backside surface and create additional electrons by an avalanche effect. Grounded p-wells protect active circuits as needed from the reversed biased epitaxial layer.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn one aspect, a mass spectrometer is disclosed that includes a time-of-flight analyzer (TOF), which comprises an accelerator stage comprising a plurality of electrodes and adapted to receive and accelerate a plurality of ions, and a drift chamber disposed downstream of said accelerator stage for receiving at least a portion of the accelerated ions. The TOF analyzer further comprises a pulser coupled to the accelerator stage for applying one or more voltages to said plurality of electrodes, and a controller coupled to the pulser and adapted to cause the pulser to adjust said one or more voltages applied to the electrodes so as to configure the accelerator stage to receive and accelerate positive and negative ions during different cycles of an ion detection period.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention generally relates to mass spectrometry probes and systems for ionizing a sample. In certain embodiments, the invention provides a mass spectrometry probe including a substrate in which a portion of the substrate is coated with a material, a portion of which protrudes from the substrate.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA lens pulsing apparatus and method for transferring ions in a mass spectrometry system from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure which includes a gating apparatus that contains multiple electrostatic lenses. Each of the lenses operates at different voltages. The first lens operates at a predetermined fixed voltage and the second lens operates between two different voltages.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn improved deposition aid for manual sample preparation, particularly on flat MALDI sample supports, comprises a holder for a sample support with several sample sites, which is adapted to standardized sample supports for ionization with matrix-assisted laser desorption and a device which projects a two-dimensional optical image, or a suitable sequence of images, onto the sample sites. The image, or sequence of images, is constructed such that a selected sample site or group of selected sample sites is highlighted in a way which can be perceived by the human eye, at least with respect to neighboring, not-selected sample sites. The deposition aid also includes an interface for confirming the manual deposition and/or a device for the automatic detection of a manual deposition process; and a guidance system which selects a sample site or group of sample sites, and controls the device accordingly.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to a tandem mass spectrometer comprising an ionization source that can produce ions; a mass analyser comprising an ion trap arranged in such a way as to receive ions from the ion source and a detector that can detect ions leaving the ion trap according to the mass to charge (m/z) ratio thereof; ion activation means for activating ions that can fragment at least some of the ions trapped in the ion trap; and coupling means arranged between the ion trap and said ion activation means. According to the invention, the ion activation means consists of a glow discharge lamp that can generate a light beam oriented towards the ion trap, said light beam being electromagnetic radiation in the vacuum ultraviolet wavelength range with photon energies of between 8 eV and 41 eV in such a way as to fragment at least some of the ions trapped in the ion trap.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method of mass analysis comprises: generating ions from the sample; delivering the ions to a quadrupole; applying a radio frequency voltage, V, to rods of the quadrupole such that the instantaneous electrical potential of each rod is out of phase with each adjacent rod and a non-oscillatory voltage, U, across each pair of adjacent rods such that a subset of the ions having a range of mass-to-charge (m/z) ratios are selectively transmitted through the quadrupole; varying at least one of voltage U and voltage V such that the range of selectively transmitted m/z ratios is caused to vary and varying at least one additional operational parameter; acquiring a data set comprising a series of temporally-resolved images of spatial distribution patterns of transmitted ions at each combination of U, V and the at least one additional operating parameter; and mathematically deconvolving the data set to generate mass spectra.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe degree of ion dissociation which occurs within a first intermediate vacuum chamber (212) maintained at a comparatively low degree of vacuum depends not only on the amount of energy of the ion but also on the size and other properties of the ion. Accordingly, a predetermined optimum level of DC bias voltage is applied to an ion guide (24) so as to create, within the first intermediate vacuum chamber (212), a DC electric field which barely induces the dissociation of an ion originating from a target compound in a sample while promoting the dissociation of an ion originating from a foreign substance which will form a noise signal in the observation of the target compound. The optimum DC bias voltage is previously determined by creating extracted ion chromatograms based on data collected under various DC bias voltages and evaluating the SN ratio using the chromatograms. Consequently, the accuracy and sensitivity of the quantitative determination is improved as compared to a conventional system in which only the signal strength of the target compound is considered.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTScalable electron amplifier devices and methods of fabricating the devices an atomic layer deposition (“ALD”) fabrication process are described. The ALD fabrication process allows for large area (e.g., eight inches by eight inches) electron amplifier devices to be produced at reduced costs compared to current fabrication processes. The ALD fabrication process allows for nanostructure functional coatings, to impart a desired electrical conductivity and electron emissivity onto low cost borosilicate glass micro-capillary arrays to form the electron amplifier devices.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA device for detecting includes a cathode forming a hollow sphere, filled with an ionisation and amplification gas, and an anode placed at the centre of the hollow sphere by the intermediary of a maintaining cane, wherein the anode is formed by an insulating ball and by at least two conductive balls positioned around the insulating ball and at the same predetermined distance from the insulating ball.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to a cathode arrangement comprising: a thermionic cathode comprising an emission portion provided with an emission surface for emitting electrons, and a reservoir for holding a material, wherein the material, when heated, releases work function lowering particles that diffuse towards the emission portion and emanate at the emission surface at a first evaporation rate;a focusing electrode comprising a focusing surface for focusing the electrons emitted from the emission surface of the cathode; andan adjustable heat source configured for keeping the focusing surface at a temperature at which accumulation of work function lowering particles on the focusing surface is prevented.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTTo use a charged particle beam to form a complex and fine pattern by decreasing movement error of a stage, provided is an exposure apparatus comprising a beam generating section that generates a charged particle beam; a stage section that has a sample mounted thereon and moves the sample relative to the beam generating section; a detecting section that detects a position of the stage section; a predicting section that generates a predicted drive amount obtained by predicting a drive amount of the stage section based on a detected position of the stage section; and an irradiation control section that performs irradiation control for irradiating the sample with the charged particle beam, based on the predicted drive amount. Also provided is an exposure method.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA charged particle beam writing apparatus includes a processing circuitry configured to calculate a third proximity effect correction irradiation coefficient where at least one correction irradiation coefficient term up to k-th order term, in correction irradiation coefficient terms of from a first order term to a n-th order term for a first proximity effect correction irradiation coefficient which does not take account of a predetermined effect, are replaced by at least one correction irradiation coefficient term up to the k-th order term, for a second proximity effect correction irradiation coefficient which takes account of the predetermined effect; and a processing circuitry configured to calculate a dose by using the third proximity effect correction irradiation coefficient.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to the measurement of current profiles of free-flying ion or electron clusters which impinge on a detector electrode of a Faraday detector. The detector electrode here consists of a large number of structural elements in a bipolar arrangement, where neighboring structural elements have opposite polarities and structural elements with the same polarity are electrically connected, and a voltage is applied between neighboring structural elements so that before ions or electrons impinge on the detection electrode, they are essentially deflected onto the structural elements with one of the two polarities. If the current profiles on the structural elements of the two polarities are measured separately and subtracted from each other, a current profile which corresponds to the pure ion or electron current profile is obtained without using a screen grid.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe system described herein relates to a high-voltage supply unit for providing an output voltage for a particle beam apparatus, wherein the particle beam apparatus is embodied as, for example, an electron beam apparatus and/or an ion beam apparatus. The system described herein is based on the fact that it was recognized that a bipolar voltage supply unit can be formed by means of a unipolar first current source and a unipolar second current source, said bipolar voltage supply unit enabling a load current in two directions. The high-voltage supply unit according to the system described herein can be operated in the 4-quadrant operation. In the 4-quadrant operation, a first voltage source for supplying the first current source and a second voltage source for supplying the second current source are embodied as different voltage sources.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTTo realize a multi-beam formation device that can stably machine a fine pattern using complementary lithography, provided is a device that deforms and deflects a beam, including an aperture layer having a first aperture that deforms and passes a beam incident thereto from a first surface side of the device and a deflection layer that passes and deflects the beam that has been passed by the aperture layer. The deflection layer includes a first electrode section having a first electrode facing a beam passing space in the deflection layer corresponding to the first aperture and a second electrode section having an extending portion that extends toward the beam passing space and is independent from an adjacent layer in the deflection layer and a second electrode facing the first electrode in a manner to sandwich the beam passing space between the first electrode and an end portion of the second electrode.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates, inter alia, to a beam guidance system for guiding a beam of charged particles with a magnetic beam deflection unit, wherein the magnetic beam deflection unit has an entry side for entry of the beam of charged particles into the magnetic beam deflection unit in a direction of entry, wherein the magnetic beam deflection unit has an exit side for exit of the beam of charged particles from the magnetic beam deflection unit in a direction of exit. A further aspect of the invention relates to an advantageous particle beam therapy system. The problem of providing improving beam properties and at the same time reducing the amount of space required is solved in that the entry side of the magnetic beam deflection unit is, at least in sections, aligned substantially parallel to the exit side of the magnetic beam deflection unit.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA plasmon generator comprises a plasmon supporting surface and first and second quantum systems respectively defining first and second quantum states with a tunneling junction being present between the first and second quantum systems, the first and second quantum systems being present in an electric circuit to generate a tunneling current between the first and second quantum systems, whereby electrons tunneling between said first and second quantum states loose energy in the process and generate plasmons at the plasmon supporting surface.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA reactivity control device for storing nuclear fuel includes a top tube sheet, plurality of neutron absorber rods fixedly attached to the sheet, and a floating guide plate slideably mounted on the absorber rods for upward and downward movement between a lower position and an upper position. The reactivity control device is insertable into a spent fuel assembly in either wet storage in a spent fuel pool or dry storage in a canister. The absorber rods are inserted into empty guide tubes when the fuel assembly is removed from the nuclear fuel core normally occupied by control rods when in the reactor vessel. During installation, the device is lowered to insert the absorber rods into the guide tubes. The guide plate first engages the fuel assembly as the rods continue to slide through the plate until the tube sheet then engages the plate signaling the device is fully installed.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA plasmonic lens is presented comprising a surface for interaction with an input electromagnetic field, wherein this surface has a pattern comprising an arrangement of a plurality of elongated spaced-apart features of a predetermined geometry arranged in a spaced-apart relationship along at least one segment of a spiral curve, each of the pattern features defining an elongated interface for creation of surface waves in response to the interaction with the incident electromagnetic field, such that the pattern provides linear-polarization-independent plasmonic focusing and large area, high contrast, circular polarization dichroic plasmonic focusing.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA thin, lightweight, and highly reliable energy ray detector that enables high-speed reading is provided. An energy ray detector (1) includes TFTs (20) that are arranged in a grid pattern and that each have an active layer formed of a semiconductor having an electrical property changing in accordance with the amount of applied energy ray radiation, and a property detection circuit unit (5) and a controller (60) that detect information regarding the energy ray radiation from changes in the electrical property of the TFTs (20).
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn apparatus for spatially correcting an image frame is disclosed. In some embodiments, the apparatus stores a frame of pixel values and scans a multi-pixel correction window across the frame. Spatial correction is performed on pixels within the window at correction positions during the scan. The spatial correction comprises estimating pixel values at value estimation positions based on one or more pixel values within the window for pixels satisfying a logical condition. The value estimation positions correspond to pixel values which do not fall within the window again during the scan. Further disclosed is an apparatus for detecting high-energy radiation, in which integration circuitry is used for integrating charge responsive to radiation photon interaction events. The circuits are controllable in accordance with an exposure control signal to vary an exposure window duration according to an operating parameter of the apparatus.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA radiation detector 1 includes a Peltier device (electronic cooling unit) for cooling a radiation detecting element, and the heat releasing part of the Peltier device is in thermal contact with a cold finger (thermally conductive part). The cold finger is made of a material with higher thermal conductivity than that of the base, and penetrates the base. The heat from the radiation detecting element is conducted from the heat releasing part of the Peltier device to the cold finger, and is dissipated to the outside of the radiation detector through the cold finger. As such, heat is efficiently dissipated from the radiation detecting element.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA system of the present invention is capable of detecting, imaging and measuring both neutrons and gamma rays. In some cases, the system has a plurality of parallel plates each containing a plurality of detectors. The plates comprise non-PSD organic scintillation detectors, scintillation detectors having pulse-shape discrimination (PSD) properties, and inorganic scintillation detectors. In some other cases, the system has a plurality of scintillation rods radially distributed about a central axis, and the scintillation rods comprise non-PSD organic scintillation detectors, scintillation detectors having pulse-shape discrimination (PSD) properties, and inorganic scintillation detectors. A first plate or rod and a second plate or rod are used in connection to detect, image and measure neutrons and/or gamma rays.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA coated scintillator particle, a scintillator particle coated with a semiconducting photoactive material, a method for producing such scintillator particles, an x-ray detector, a gamma-ray detector, and a UV detector using such coated scintillator particles, a method for producing such x-ray detector, gamma-ray detector, or UV detector, and the use of the coated scintillator particles for detecting high-energy radiation, e.g., radiation, gamma radiation and/or x-rays, are disclosed.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe purpose of the present invention is to provide a pattern measurement device for quantitatively evaluating a pattern formed using a directed self-assembly (DSA) method with high accuracy. The present invention is a pattern measurement device for measuring distances between patterns formed in a sample, wherein the centroids of a plurality of patterns included in an image are determined; the inter-centroid distances, and the like, of the plurality of centroids are determined; and on the basis of the inter-centroid distances, and the like, of the plurality of centroids, a pattern meeting a specific condition is distinguished from patterns different from the pattern meeting the specific condition or information is calculated about the number of the patterns meeting the specific condition, the size of an area including the patterns meeting the specific condition, and the number of imaginary lines between the patterns meeting the specific condition.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA source well divider for use with a nuclear level gauge on a process vessel 24, permits the insertion of multiple radiation sources 12 in the source well. The divider includes a plurality of lengths of flexible inter-locked metallic tubing 18, each length extending into the source well 22 from a nozzle in the vessel 24, forming a plurality of independent sub-wells each permitting the installation of an independently cabled radiation source 12 into the source well.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA scanning method which is a method of identifying a change in the density of an object includes arranging a source of ionizing radiation and an array of radiation detectors Dn, where n is an integer from 1 to N, capable of detecting the radiation in such a way that radiation counts are counted by the detectors as the source and detectors are rotated around the object and normalized counts values are collated in a matrix such that a pattern may be detected within the matrix from which the presence of a change in the density of the object at a location lying on at least one of the radiation paths may be inferred.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA scanning method, which is a method of identifying a change in the density of an object, includes arranging a source of ionizing radiation and an array of radiation detectors Dn, where n is an integer from 1 to N, capable of detecting the radiation in such a way that radiation counts are counted by the detectors as the source and detectors are rotated around the object. Detectors are arranged in conjugate pairs so that missing data due to a malfunctioning detector may be filled in from its conjugate.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn apparatus, a method and a computer program product for defect detection in work pieces is disclosed. At least one light source is provided and the light source generates an illumination light of a wavelength range at which the work piece is transparent. A camera images the light from at least one face of the work piece on a detector of the camera by means of a lens. A stage is used for moving the work piece and for imaging the at least one face of the semiconductor device completely with the camera. The computer program product is disposed on a non-transitory, computer readable medium for defect detection in work pieces. A computer is used to execute the various process steps and to control the various means of the apparatus.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA particle detection apparatus includes a plurality of photodetectors that detect reaction light generated at a particle irradiated with inspection light and generate electric signals in respective channels; pulse detectors that detect pulses of the electric signals in the respective channels; a correlating unit that correlates the pulse of the electric signal in a reference channel being a channel having a highest signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio, with the pulse of the electric signal in a channel other than the reference channel generated within a predetermined time difference range with respect to the pulse of the electric signal in the reference channel; and an attribute specifying unit that specifies an attribute of the particle on the basis of the correlated pulses of the electric signals.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to a calibration standard (7) for a device (1) for image-based representation of biological material (6) which is excited to luminescence at least regionally during the examination. The device (1) has an illumination unit (2) comprising a radiation source, by which an electromagnetic excitation radiation (15) is emittable. Furthermore, a receptacle (3) is provided, which ensures that the biological material (6) arranged on a carrier (5) is positioned within a beam path of the excitation radiation (15). Moreover, the device has at least one image generating unit (4), which receives luminescence radiation (16) emitted by the biological material (6) on account of the excitation by the excitation radiation (15) and generates an image at least of the regions of the biological material (6) which are excited to luminescence. For calibration purposes, the device has a calibration standard (7), which emits a calibration radiation on account of the excitation by the excitation radiation (15), which calibration radiation is captured by the image generating unit (4), and a calibration signal is generatable in a controller (18) taking account of the captured calibration radiation. The technical solution described is distinguished by the fact that the calibration standard (7) has a housing (9) with, enclosed therein, a substance (12) which is excitable to luminescence, and is fixedly connected to the illumination unit (2) or the receptacle (3) with the aid of a fixing means (19).
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTLight emitted from a light casting unit 1 including an LED as its light source is cast into a sample cell 2, and a photodetector 3 is placed at a position where the resultant passing light can be detected. The LED is driven to blink, and a data extracting section 71 extracts data obtained in a period in which the LED is turned on, as data (absorbance data) in which absorption of light by the sample solution is reflected. Moreover, in the case where a fluorescent component is contained in the sample solution, fluorescent light is emitted by the cast light serving as excitation light. Even after the excitation light ceases, the emission of the fluorescent light continues for a short time, and hence the data extracting section 71 extracts data obtained immediately after the LED is turned off, as data (fluorescence data) in which the fluorescent light is reflected. An absorbance computing section 72 calculates absorbance based on the absorbance data, and a fluorescence computing section 73 calculates fluorescence intensity based on the fluorescence data. Accordingly, it is possible to simultaneously perform an absorbance measurement and a fluorescence measurement on one sample while using one photodetector and thus simplifying the configuration of an optical system.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention intends to accurately measure a concentration of an object. An optical sensor (1) includes a detection light source (10) that emits measuring light, a light detection unit (40) that detects light intensity of the measuring light, which has been changed due to a change in optical characteristics of an object detection member (20), and a reference light source (11) that emits reference light. Light intensity of the reference light is detected by the light detection unit (40) without being affected by the change in the optical characteristics of the object detection member. The two light sources are arranged under the same environment.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThis calorie measurement device is provided with the following: a light-emission unit that exposes a food article to light that contains near-infrared wavelengths; a light-reception unit that receives transmitted light that had passed through the food article and/or reflected light that was reflected by the food article; a correction unit that computes a base absorbance for the food article on the basis of the transmitted and/or reflected light and corrects the light intensity measured by the light-reception unit and/or the computed base absorbance on the basis of affecting factors, said affecting factors being those that affect the absorption and reflection of light by the food article but are essentially unaffected by the light-absorption and light-reflection properties of the components of the food article; and an analysis unit that computes an analysis value indicating the caloric content of the food article on the basis of the corrected light intensity measured by the light-reception unit and/or the corrected base absorbance.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to a flow cell (10) comprising a fluid inlet (16) and a fluid outlet (18) separated by a sample flow-through chamber (12) comprising at least one UV-transparent window (22′), wherein the at least one UV-transparent window (22′) is made of a polymer material and has been subjected to Gamma radiation sterilisation. In one aspect, the flow cell is combustible.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThis food-article analysis device is provided with a light-reception/detection unit that receives near-infrared light reflected off of at least one measurement region of a measurement target and/or near-infrared light that has passed through at least one measurement region of said measurement target and generates a signal corresponding to the intensity of the received light, a computation unit that computes sectional nutrition information containing information regarding the caloric content of at least one measurement region and/or information regarding the components thereof on the basis of the signal supplied by the light-reception/detection unit and generates a distribution image by combining a plurality of pieces of sectional nutrition information relating to a plurality of measurement regions with position information for said measurement regions, and a display unit that displays the distribution image supplied by the computation unit.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe disclosure extends to systems, methods, and apparatuses for monitoring the condition and temperature of belts in belt driven machines, and for determining maintenance plans for the belt driven machines.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA system includes a plurality of sensors at distinct and separate locations, each of the distinct and separate locations being equidistant from a region that is configured to pass light that propagates along a beam path, the sensors being configured to sense radiation from an optical element positioned to interact with light that propagates on the beam path; and a controller including one or more electronic processors and a computer-readable medium, the computer-readable medium including instructions that, when executed, cause the one or more electronic processors to receive an output from each of the sensors, the output of each sensor including an indication of an intensity of the radiation detected by the sensor, and analyze the received output to determine a position of the light that propagates along the beam path.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA semiconductor device includes light receiving elements, selection switches, a light receiving circuit and a control circuit. Each light receiving element receives a light and outputs a detection signal according to an intensity of the light. The selection switches are correspondingly provided for the light receiving elements. Each selection switch selectively allows the detection signal to be outputted. The light receiving circuit includes a capacitive coupling element and an amplifying circuit. The light receiving circuit is provided for a prescribed number of the light receiving elements and connected to the light receiving elements through the selection switches. The control circuit switches the selection switches sequentially so that the detection signals of the light receiving elements are received in the light receiving circuit through the capacitive coupling element. The control circuit controls the light receiving circuit to process the detection signals by amplifying the detection signals by the amplifying circuit.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present disclosure concerns a high frequency imager including a pixel matrix, each pixel including a high frequency oscillator, a transmission line positioned at a distance from an active surface of the imager smaller than the operating wavelength of the oscillator, a first end of the line being coupled to the oscillator, and a read circuit coupled to a second end of the line.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA scanning measuring device, in particular a laser scanner, profiler, total station or tracker, comprising at least a base for the placement of the device, a housing mounted on the base, a shaft mounted in the housing such that it can rotate about an axis of rotation and bearing a beam deflection unit in a rotationally fixed manner, a beam generating unit, which generates a transmitted beam which is transmitted into the environment by the beam deflection unit, a beam receiving unit, which receives a received beam reflected from the environment, a controllable positioning means which drives the shaft, wherein the shaft is supported by at least one pair of angular contact rolling bearings set in an O arrangement, and the angular contact rolling bearings are arranged on the shaft such that the rolling contact lines of the associated angular contact rolling bearings meet substantially on the axis of rotation.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn optical encoder for measuring rotation is provided. The optical encoder includes an optical disk having a diffraction grating track and an index track. The index track being disposed radially inward from the diffraction grating track. The diffraction grating track having a plurality of equally spaced lines that create an alternating light/dark pattern. The index track includes a pattern with at least two sequences, the at least two sequences being equally spaced about the diameter of the index track, each of the sequences having at least one mark and each of the sequences having a different number of marks from the other sequences.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTIt is provided a reflective optical sensor device including a support substrate; an optical material layer disposed over said support substrate, said optical material layer having a thickness of 0.5 μm or larger and 3.0 μm or smaller; a ridge optical waveguide having an incident face to which a light from a semiconductor laser is incident and an emitting face for emitting an emission light with a desired wavelength; a Bragg grating with convexes and concaves formed within said ridge optical waveguide; and a propagating portion disposed between said incident face and said Bragg grating. The reflective optical sensor device satisfies relationships represented by formulas (1) to (3) below. 0.8 nm≦ΔλG≦6.0 nm (1) 20 nm≦td≦250 nm (2) nb≧1.8 (3) (ΔλG in the formula (1) is a full width at half maximum of a peak of a Bragg reflectivity; td in the formula (2) is a depth of each of convexes and concaves forming the Bragg grating; and nb in the formula (3) is a refractive index of a material forming the Bragg grating.)
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to a zinc sulphide phosphor and to a process for producing same. The invention further relates to a security document or document of value, to a security feature and to a method for detecting same. The phosphor according to the invention can act as electroluminescent phosphor and thus be excited by an electrical field, and this can result in emission of electroluminescent light in the blue and/or green colour region of the visible spectrum. The phosphor can moreover be excited by UV radiation in the wavelength range from 345 nm to 370 nm, and can thus emit photoluminescent light in the blue colour region of the visible spectrum. The phosphor can moreover be excited by UV radiation in the wavelength range from 310 nm to 335 nm, and can thus emit photoluminescent light in the green colour region of the visible spectrum.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method and system to improve asepsis during dental delivery includes a self-contained water delivery apparatus and a vacuum apparatus both of which provide disinfection of biohazards occurring during dental procedures. A UVC LED light emitting unit, with sanitary connections, may be releasably connected to the delivery and vacuum apparatus for improved maintenance and cleaning. A reservoir egress connector provides releasable engagement, fluid agitation, and unrestricted UV light transmission to improve water quality, reduce biofilm water contamination, reduce cross contamination, and reduce the potential spread of pathogens. The mounting system for the UVC LED light unit allows the apparatus to be used to decontaminate portable dental delivery units and vacuum units upon closure. A reflective interior of the cases improves irradiation of the enclosed system, reducing the risk and spread of pathogens.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn air purification assembly for includes a housing that is structured to have an inlet opening and an outlet opening. The housing may be positioned proximate a return air duct of a forced air system. A purification unit is positioned within the housing and the purification unit is in fluid communication between the outlet opening and the inlet opening. The purification unit purifies air urged from the return air duct of the forced air system.