Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAccording to one embodiment, a fiber molded article includes fiber impregnated with thermoplastic resin, a plane base portion molded from the fiber, and a wall portion molded from the fiber and extending to an outside of a surface of the base portion to form an outer edge of the base portion. The wall portion has a through-hole. An entire periphery of an inner peripheral surface of the through-hole is covered with a film. The film is formed by melting the thermoplastic resin soaked into the fiber on the inner peripheral surface.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method for providing a tantalum powder with a piece+block structure, comprising the following steps: 1) providing a granulous tantalum powder, and dividing same into a first part and a second part; 2) putting the first part of the tantalum powder in a ball mill for ball milling, taking the powder out after the ball milling and sieving same, and obtaining a tantalum powder in the form of a piece; 3) mixing the tantalum powder in the form of a piece and the second part of the tantalum powder to obtain a mixture, and preferably, the mixing proportion of the tantalum powder in the form of a piece and the granulous tantalum powder being 1:0.1˜1, preferably being 1:0.25˜0.8, and more preferably being 1:0.4˜0.6; and 4) performing the steps of water washing, acid washing, and nodularization on the mixture to finally obtain a tantalum powder with a piece+block structure.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn insulated wire that includes an insulating layer containing crosslinked silicone rubber and that has good wear resistance and good gasoline resistance is provided. An insulated wire is obtained by covering a conductor with an insulating layer containing crosslinked silicone rubber. The insulated wire is configured such that a change in elastic modulus in a radial direction is not more than 20%, the change in elastic modulus being determined using elastic moduli at multiple different positions in a radial direction of the insulating layer based on Equation (1): Change in elastic modulus (%)=[(maximum value of elastic modulus−minimum value of elastic modulus)/maximum value of elastic modulus]×100.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided is a structure having a perpendicular magnetization film which is an (Mn1-x,Gax)4N1-y (0
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA magnetic storage medium according to one embodiment includes a substrate; an onset layer formed above the substrate, the onset layer comprising ruthenium and titanium oxide; and a magnetic oxide layer formed directly on the onset layer. The onset layer is formed directly on a ruthenium underlayer stack having at least one layer of ruthenium formed under a relatively higher pressure and at least one layer of ruthenium formed under a relatively low pressure. A method according to one embodiment includes sputtering using a target of ruthenium and titanium oxide for forming an onset layer above a substrate, the onset layer comprising ruthenium and titanium oxide; and forming a magnetic oxide layer directly on the onset layer. Additional systems and methods are also presented.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTImplementations disclosed herein provide a method of reducing the topography at the alignment and overlay marks area during the writer pole photolithography process in order to reduce the wafer scale variation and reduce the writer pole photolithography process rework rate. In one implementation, an intermediate stage of a wafer for writer pole formation is generated by removing a part of at least one metallic writer pole layer on top of an intermediate stage writer pole wafer to form a recovery trench, depositing an optically transparent material on top of the wafer, wherein the thickness of the optically transparent material is higher than a target recovery trench topography, forming a photoresist pattern on top of the optically transparent material over the recovery trench, etching the optically transparent material, and removing the photoresist pattern and at least part of the remaining optically transparent material.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA flexible display panel and a method of manufacturing the same are disclosed. In one aspect, the flexible display panel includes a flexible substrate configured to display an image. The display also includes a first layer formed over a first surface of the flexible substrate and configured to compress horizontally with a compressive strain force. The display further includes an adhesive interposed between the flexible substrate and the first layer.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA laminate film including: a substrate film made of an alicyclic olefin resin; and a protection film made of an alicyclic olefin resin and disposed directly on one surface of the substrate film, wherein a surface of the substrate film on a side brought into contact with the protection film, or a surface of the protection film on a side brought into contact with the substrate film is a surface to which activation treatment is applied.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA polarizing plate is provided, which includes a polarizer having a thickness d1 less than or equal to 10 μm, a first adhesive layer having a thickness d2 less than or equal to 20 μm, and a first protective film having a thickness d3 less than or equal to 80 μm in this order, the thicknesses d1, d2, and d3 satisfying an expression of 100×d2/(d1+d3)≦2.0. The polarizing plate can further include a second adhesive layer and a second protective film on the other surface of the polarizer.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn isolator for damping heat and vibrations between a heat shield and heat source is provided. The isolator includes a housing and a washer. The housing surrounds a center opening and extends axially from a first end portion to a second end portion and includes an intermediate portion therebetween. The housing has a serpentine shape. The first end portion and the intermediate portion of the housing clamp a washer therebetween, and the second end portion and the intermediate portion of the housing clamp the heat shield therebetween. The washer includes a plurality of through openings between an outer periphery and the center opening for enhancing vibration dampening and minimizing heat transfer from the heat source to the heat shield. The isolator optionally includes a collar member disposed along the center opening of the washer to facilitate mounting of the isolator to the heat source.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn article, for example a turbomachinery article is presented. The article includes a weldable first component having a base portion and a flange portion. The flange portion is outwardly projecting normal to a surface of the base portion; and is joined with the base portion by a solid state joint. The base portion comprises a nanostructured ferritic alloy; and the flange portion comprises a steel substantially free of oxide nanofeatures. The first component is joined to a second component through the flange portion of the first component by a weld joint.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTVehicular resin glass includes: a heat ray reflection coating; a resin glass substrate that covers the heat ray reflection coating; a frame portion that covers a circumferential edge portion of the heat ray reflection coating; and a shield portion that is provided between the resin glass substrate and the heat ray reflection coating and extends from the circumferential edge portion of the heat ray reflection coating over an inner circumferential end of the frame portion.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn adhered roofing system comprising a roof substrate, a thermoplastic membrane including at least one layer that includes a functionalized thermoplastic polymer, and an adhesive securing the membrane to the substrate, where the adhesive includes a cured residue of a polymer having a silicon-containing hydrolyzable terminal group.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA thermoplastic roofing membrane comprising a planar sheet of thermoplastic polymer, optionally having more than one layer, where at least one layer of the membrane includes a functionalized thermoplastic polymer and at least 10 percent by weight filler, based on the total weight of the at least one layer.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn inorganic translucent material includes an inorganic body made of inorganic material. A plurality of inorganic translucent members is pre-embedded in the inorganic body, and two ends of each of the inorganic translucent members are exposed from the surface of the inorganic body, such that the light can pass through the inorganic translucent members so as to provide a light transmittable visual verisimilitude. The inorganic body further includes a plurality of metal enforcing materials assembled therein to improve the structural strength of the inorganic body.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA non-filled artificial turf surface (e.g., field) that can be removed by disconnecting and rolling up a plurality of non-filled artificial turf mats, and reinstalled by unrolling and reconnecting the non-filled artificial turf mats. In a further aspect, the invention is also directed at a method for installing and subsequently removing the non-filled transition artificial turf field in a quick and efficient manner.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe instant invention relates to improved liquid sizing compositions comprising derivatives of diaminostilbene, binders, protective polymers and divalent metal salts for the optical brightening of substrates suitable for high quality ink jet printing.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTNon-woven double layer industrial textiles comprising a plurality of interconnected selectively slit and profiled panels formed from suitable sheet or film materials. Each panel includes two fold regions at each end. Each fold region has an array of slots and strips which form hem loops and hem loop-receiving openings by folding each region beneath and toward the panel body. The panel further includes two seam regions at a central portion of the panel, which when folded, provide seam loops and seam loop receiving openings. Outside free edges of the end fold regions are returned and sealed interior to the double layer so as to avoid fraying of free ends. Each seam region of the folded panel is interconnectable with the corresponding seam region of adjacent similar folded panels by means of a seam connecting member. Additional panels composed of heat- or wear-resistant material can be connected to lateral outside edges of panels forming the textile.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTComposite materials combining both high and low strength fibrous materials. More particularly, composite materials that are useful as lightweight vest covers for tactical vests and that are suitable for the formation of alternatives to conventional Modular Lightweight Load-carrying Equipment (MOLLE).
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA Ga2O3 based crystal film forming method includes epitaxially growing a Ga2O3 based crystal film over a Ga2O3 based substrate. A growth temperature for the crystal film is not lower than 560 degrees Celsius. A VI/III ratio in an atmosphere adjacent to a growing surface when the crystal film is grown is smaller than ½, or greater than 2. A crystal laminated structure includes a Ga2O3 based substrate including a first group IV element, and a Ga2O3 based crystal film including a second group IV element, the crystal film being formed over the substrate, and having a surface roughness (RMS) of smaller than 1 nm, and a thickness of not smaller than 300 nm. A coefficient of variation of a concentration distribution of the second group IV element in a depth direction in the crystal film is not more than 20 percent.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention is related to a method for the production of single crystalline MgTiO3 flakes, in particular in the geikielite crystal structure, to single crystalline MgTiO3 flakes obtained by this method as well as to the use thereof, in particular as pigments in several application media.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn incombustible color-coated steel sheet for household appliances and building materials and a method for manufacturing the same, includes a flame-retardant coating composition that is a colored coating composition coated on a base steel sheet so that the coated steel sheet can have more than a certain level of flame-retardant properties and can also exhibit excellent physical properties, including processability, coating adhesion, corrosion resistance, and hardness.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn electroless plating method of an embodiment includes: a step of preparing a catalyst solution containing titanium alkoxide, a copper ion, a naphthoquinonediazide esterification product, and methoxyethoxyacetic acid; a step of coating a substrate with the catalyst solution; a step of patterning the coating film; a step of converting the coating film to a catalyst precursor film; a step of immersing the catalyst precursor film in a reducing agent-containing aqueous solution to reduce the copper ion to metal; and a step of forming an electroless copper plating film.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method of treating a metal substrate with an anti-corrosion coating comprising at least the following steps: preparing a solution comprising particles of a precursor of the oxide, dipping at least one surface of the metal substrate into the prepared solution and then removing it from the solution, heat treating the surface of the metal substrate in order to generate oxide nanocrystals from the particles of the precursor and form the anti-corrosion coating, and forming a natural oxide layer between the metal substrate and the anti-corrosion coating, the natural oxide layer being enriched with elements from the oxide nanocrystals of the anti-corrosion coating.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA laminated film includes a flexible base material, and at least one thin film layer formed on at least one of surfaces of the base material, and the at least one thin film layer satisfies all of the following conditions (i) and (ii):(i) a silicon atom (Si), an oxygen atom (O) and a nitrogen atom (N) are contained,(ii) when X-ray photoelectron spectrometry is conducted for a surface of the thin film layer, an atomic number ratio of carbon atoms to silicon atoms calculated from a wide scan spectrum satisfies a condition represented by the following formula (1): 0
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA laminated film includes a flexible base material, a first thin film layer formed on at least one of surfaces of the base material, and a second thin film layer formed on the first thin film layer, and the first thin film layer contains a silicon atom (Si), an oxygen atom (O) and a carbon atom (C), the second thin film layer contains a silicon atom, an oxygen atom and a nitrogen atom (N), and the first thin film layer and the second thin film layer are formed by using glow discharge plasma.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention provides: a steel sheet capable of manufacturing a formed product having superior bendability and ultra-high strength when compared with conventional steel sheets for manufacturing a hot press formed product; the formed product having superior bendability and ultra-high strength by using the same; and a method for manufacturing the same.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided are a high-strength steel sheet, which is suitable as a material of automotive parts, and a method for producing the high-strength steel sheet. In the high-strength steel sheet, the C content is 0.15% or less, the area ratio of ferrite is 8% to 45%, the area ratio of martensite is 55% to 85%, the proportion of martensite grains adjacent to only ferrite grains in the entire microstructure is 15% or less, the average crystal grain sizes of ferrite and martensite are each 10 μm or less, and the area ratio of ferrite grains having a size of 10 μm or more to all the ferrite grains included in a portion of the steel sheet which extends from 20 to 100 μm below the surface thereof is less than 5%.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA multi-track laser beam process for surface hardening a low-carbon and low manganese steel. The process includes providing cold rolled close annealed (CRCA) steel sheets having in weight percentage, C: 0.03-0.07, Mn: 0.15-0.25 or 1.4, S: 0.005-0.009, P: 0.009-0.014, Si: 0.005-0.02, Al: 0.04, V: 0.001, Nb: 0.001,and Ti: 0.002 and heating the surface of the steel sheet to an austenizing temperature using a multi-track laser beam, where, upon cooling, phase transformation of the initial microstructure to a harder dual phase structure occurs. The surface temperature of the steel sheet may be controlled based on a comparison of the on-line surface temperature effect with pre-stored data representing the desired surface temperature effect to eliminate any possibility of melting the sheet. The development of the desired microstructure of the sheet, including measurement of the hardness level and the fraction of different phases, may be periodically reviewed.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA cold-rolled and annealed steel sheet is provided, the chemical composition of which comprises, the contents being expressed by weight percent: 0.10≦C≦0.13%2.4≦Mn≦2.8%0.30≦Si≦0.55%0.30≦Cr≦0.56%0.020≦Ti≦0.050%0.0020≦B≦0.0040%0.005≦Al≦0.050%Mo≦0.010%Nb≦0.040%0.002≦N≦0.008%S≦0.005%P≦0.020%, the remainder consisting of iron and unavoidable impurities resulting from the smelting, the steel sheet having a microstructure consisting of, in surface proportion, martensite and/or lower bainite, said martensite comprising fresh martensite and/or self-tempered martensite, the sum of the surface proportions of martensite and lower bainite being comprised between 60 to 95%, 4 to 35% of low carbide containing bainite, 0 to 5% of ferrite, and less than 5% of retained austenite in island form.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA process of applying an adhesive to an elastomer includes the application to the elastomer of a two part adhesive formulation. The adhesive having a Part A including at least a polyol, an adhesion promoter, a chain extender, a catalyst, a water scavenger; and a Part B comprising: polyurethane prepolymer, adhesion promoter and a plasticizer. The two part adhesive formulation is cured to form the adhesive. In contrast to the prior art, no priming or surface activation is required to obtain a high strength bond to the elastomer. The resulting article of an elastomer with the resultant adhesive is sufficiently strong to result in surface peel off of the elastomer. A kit is provided for the repair of an elastomer without resort to priming the elastomer.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention provides a composition comprising the following components: A) an anhydride and/or carboxylic acid functionalized ethylene/alpha-olefin interpolymer having the following properties: i) a melt viscosity (177 C) less than, or equal to, 50,000 cP, ii) a density from 0.855 to 0.900 g/cc; B) a tackifier selected from the following: a) a hydrocarbon tackifier that has a cloud point (DACP) temperature greater than, or equal to, 20 C, b) a rosin ester tackifier with an acid number of less than 25, c) a terpene tackifier, or d) a combination thereof.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided is an adhesive member whose adhesive force has relatively strong directional dependency. Specifically, provided is an adhesive member, which is configured to adhere to an adherend through an intersurface force, wherein when a strain energy release rate is defined as G1c and G2c and an adhesive energy is defined as Δγ1c and Δγ2c respectively, the Δγ1c and the Δγ2c differ from each other so that G1c/Δγ1c≠G2c/Δγ2c is satisfied.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn article includes a non-tacky cured silicone first layer, an optional foamed material and a tacky cured silicone second layer wherein the first layer is directly bound to the second layer and the article is conformable to a body part. The article removably adheres to a body part. Also described is a method of making the article.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA multi-layer film, including: a substrate film; and an adhesion facilitating layer provided on the substrate film, wherein the adhesion facilitating layer is a cured product of a composition that contains a polyurethane, a crosslinking agent capable of crosslinking the polyurethane, and a nonvolatile base, and the polyurethane has a tensile elastic modulus of equal to or larger than 1,000 N/mm2 and equal to or smaller than 5,000 N/mm2.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA screen protection sticker structure, comprising: a plastic layer, having a first surface and a second surface; a masking layer, covering the first surface of the plastic layer, and defining a hollowed-out area; a UV restorative layer, covering the second surface of the plastic layer; an anti-pollution layer, covering the UV restorative layer; and an adhesion layer, configured under the masking layer, to be attached to the screen surface of the electronic product in a detachable fashion.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA polyester-based pressure-sensitive adhesive layer, pressure-sensitive adhesive tape, and double-coated pressure-sensitive adhesive tape each having high durability (high heating humidification storage stability) and good adhesive properties are provided using a polyester-based pressure-sensitive adhesive composition. The polyester-based pressure-sensitive adhesive composition of the invention includes a polyester, a hydrolysis-resistant agent, a tackifier with an acid value of 8 or less and a softening point of 80 to 170° C., and a crosslinking agent, and contains 20 to 100 parts by weight of the tackifier based on 100 parts by weight of the polyester.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided is an adhesive member whose adhesive force has relatively strong directional dependency. Specifically, provided is an adhesive member, which is configured to adhere to an adherend through an intersurface force, wherein when a strain energy release rate is defined as G1a and G2a and an adhesive energy is defined as Δγ1a and Δγ2a respectively, at least one of an elastic modulus or a Poisson's ratio of the adhesive member is nonuniformized so that G1a/Δγ1a≠G2a/Δγ2a is satisfied.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided is an adhesive member whose adhesive force has relatively strong directional dependency. Specifically, provided is an adhesive member, which is configured to adhere to an adherend through an intersurface force, wherein when a strain energy release rate is defined as G1b and G2b and an adhesive energy is defined as Δγ1b and Δγ2b respectively, a horizontal section obtained by cutting the adhesive member parallel to an adhesive surface has an asymmetrized shape so that G1b/Δγ1b≠G2b/Δγ2b is satisfied.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTDescribed herein is a method of manufacturing a fuser member. The method includes mixing a high load fluoropolymer/carbon nanotube composition in a high shear mixer. The method includes mixing the high load fluoropolymer/carbon nanotube composition in the high shear mixer for 3 or more times. A fluoropolymer is added to the high load fluoropolymer/carbon nanotube composition to form a low load fluoropolymer/carbon nanotube composition. The low load fluoropolymer/carbon nanotube composition is mixed in a rubber compounding mixer for 3 or more times. The low load fluoropolymer/carbon nanotube composition is coated on a fuser substrate, cured and polished.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA coating composition of a first triglyceride having a melting point of at least 35° C.; a second triglyceride having a melting point of less than 35° C.; a hydrocarbon-soluble ester-containing polymer; a carboxylic diacid or polyacid having at least 10 carbon atoms; and a metal salt of an alkylarylsulfonate in a hydrocarbon oil, provides good rust protection.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method of imparting hydrophilicity to a surface of a material, which includes providing a base material having a surface; applying and chemically fixing a siloxane oligomer represented by Chemical Formula 1 to the surface of the base material to form a siloxane-modified surface; and applying a glycidol compound represented by Chemical Formula 2 to the siloxane-modified surface; and carrying out a reaction therebetween to form an organosiloxane coating having a N,N-bis(hydroxyalkyl)aminoalkyl group: wherein R1, R2, and R3 are the same or different and are each independently hydrogen or a C1 to C3 alkyl group, A is a single bond or a C1 to C5 alkylene group, and n ranges from 2 to 30; wherein each R is the same or different, and is as defined herein, and L is a substituted or unsubstituted C1 to C3 alkylene group.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA processing fluid for image forming by an aqueous ink includes a flocculant to aggregate a colorant in the aqueous ink, a water-soluble organic solvent, a polymer particle, and water. The polymer particle has a core-shell structure with a core portion including a wax and a shell portion having a lower critical solution temperature of 30 degrees C. or higher.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTComposite resins produced from chemical reactions among a polyglycol epoxide liquid epoxy resin, an aminosilane, tri- and/or tetra-alkoxysilanes and an isocyanate. The hybrid compositions are prepared by an in situ sol-gel process where components of the composition are mixed together sequentially. The composite resins are formed by a coupling reaction between the epoxide groups of the epoxy resin and the amino groups of the aminosilane. The silanes are hydrolyzed to form silanol groups which then undergo polycondensation to form an inorganic polymeric network of an intermediate. Finally, urethane moieties are introduced to the composite resins when unreacted hydroxyl groups from the intermediate react with the isocyanate. These composite resins are evaluated as protective coatings of mild steel substrates, including mechanical strength, anticorrosiveness in a saline medium, and adhesiveness to the mild steel substrates.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to a composition intended for coating polymer films, making it possible to improve the adhesion between the film and a final coating, and to confer good barrier properties on the coated film. The coating composition comprises at least one acrylic and/or methacrylic polymer which has a gel content of at least 50% by weight, relative to the total weight of acrylic and/or methacryclic polymer, at least one crosslinking agent and at least one polyester comprising sulphonyloxy groups, which is water-soluble or water-dispersible.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided is a lustrous coating material composition comprising a flaky titanic acid, a phosphoric acid group-containing resin, and an acrylic resin and being capable of forming a lustrous resin film which has a good silky texture with a high luster and which is sufficiently excellent in not only initial adhesion but also water-resistant adhesion with the occurrence of peeling being sufficiently suppressed.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed are conductive polymer film structures comprising an insulating substrate comprising nucleophile derivatized nanoparticles located at the surface of the insulating substrate; and a conducting polymer:template polymer coating disposed on at least a portion of a surface of the insulating substrate through which a chemical bond forms between at least one anion of the template polymer and nucleophile derivatized nanoparticles located at the surface of the insulating substrate.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA process for the preparation of an antimicrobial coating solution is described. The process comprises the steps of: (i) mixing a chelating agent with titanium alkoxide and fluoroacetic acid; and (ii) adding an aqueous solution to the mixture from step (i). The antimicrobial coating described is visible light activated. The coating is applied to surfaces and then heat treated to form a transparent layer on the surface. This is particularly advantageous where the surface is glass.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA coated strip or sheet comprising including: a steel strip or sheet,a zinc or zinc alloy coating on the steel strip or sheet,a coating system for inhibiting corrosion, anda top coat, wherein the coating system includes a corrosion inhibitive composition that includes graphene and graphene stacks including 2-20 layers of graphene and a coupling agent including an organofunctional siloxane coupled to graphene and the graphene stacks.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTActuatable microstructures and methods of making the same are disclosed. An example a sheet includes a first side including an elastomeric material and a second side opposite the first side. The sheet defines sealed channels. In response to a pressure differential across the elastomeric material, the elastomeric material is to be in a deformed position relative to the sealed channels to define microstructures.