Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA distillation column system and a plant are for production of oxygen by cryogenic fractionation of air. The distillation column system has a high-pressure column and a low-pressure column, a main condenser, and an argon column with an argon column top condenser. The low-pressure column comprises an upper mass transfer region, a lower mass transfer region and a middle mass transfer region. The argon column top condenser is arranged within the low-pressure column between the upper and middle mass transfer regions and is configured as a forced-flow evaporator.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTContemplated plants for flexible ethane recovery and rejection by allowing to switch the top reflux to the demethanizer from residue gas to the deethanizer overhead product and by controlling the flow ratio of feed gas to two different feed gas exchangers. Moreover, the pressure of the demethanizer is adjusted relative to the deethanizer pressure for control of the ethane recovery and rejection.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTMethod of liquefaction of methane and filling a tank (2) with liquefied methane, said method comprising: a step of liquefaction of the methane comprising an operation of cooling the methane to its saturation temperature,a step of filling the tank with the liquefied methane,a step of reinjection of the vaporized methane into the liquefaction system.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA system and method for cooling and liquefying a gas in a heat exchanger that includes compressing and cooling a mixed refrigerant using first and last compression and cooling cycles so that high pressure liquid and vapor streams are formed. The high pressure liquid and vapor streams are cooled in the heat exchanger and then expanded so that a primary refrigeration stream is provided in the heat exchanger. The mixed refrigerant is cooled and equilibrated between the first and last compression and cooling cycles so that a pre-cool liquid stream is formed and subcooled in the heat exchanger. The stream is then expanded and passed through the heat exchanger as a pre-cool refrigeration stream. A stream of gas is passed through the heat exchanger in countercurrent heat exchange with the primary refrigeration stream and the pre-cool refrigeration stream so that the gas is cooled. A resulting vapor stream from the primary refrigeration stream passage and a two-phase stream from the pre-cool refrigeration stream passage exit the warm end of the exchanger and are combined and undergo a simultaneous heat and mass transfer operation prior to the first compression and cooling cycle so that a reduced temperature vapor stream is provided to the first stage compressor so as to lower power consumption by the system. Additionally, the warm end of the cooling curve is nearly closed further reducing power consumption. Heavy components of the refrigerant are also kept out of the cold end of the process, reducing the possibility of refrigerant freezing, as well as facilitating a refrigerant management scheme.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTAn elongated non-metal, corrosion resistant compressor mounting base plate structure useful for an appliance such as a refrigerator unit including (I) a base plate having a top surface and a bottom surface, wherein the base plate is adapted for receiving a compressor on the top surface of the base plate; (II) a means for receiving and removably affixing a compressor to the top surface of the base plate; and (III) a reinforcement means integral with said base plate; wherein said reinforcement means includes, for example, at least two elongated transverse tubular reinforcement segments integral with the base plate segment, one transverse tubular reinforcement segment at each of the transverse ends of the base plate segment; said reinforcement means being adapted for providing the base plate with sufficient strength and rigidity such that the base plate can withstand the deformation load from the weight of the compressor.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTThe present invention provides a geared motor in which a motor lead can be routed within a case to a position set apart from a motor, and a damper device. In the geared motor that is used in the damper device, the case is provided with a motor lead passage that extends in the Y-direction through a position flanked, in the Z-direction, by a side plate part of a case trunk part and the rotation axis of a driving gear that is included in a gear train. It is therefore possible, with the Z-direction positions of a plurality of motor leads being defined, to extend the motor leads in the Y-direction. The Z-direction dimension of the geared motor can then be reduced because the motor leads will then partially overlap the drive gear in the motor lead passage as viewed from the X-direction.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTDevice and method for making ice cubes, comprising a supplying device for supplying a liquid substance to at least one elongated mould (1) and a refrigerating device for freezing said liquid substance, which at least one mould defines a space for an ice column which is at least substantially closed at least while said liquid substance is being refrigerated. The at least one mould comprises two mould halves (1a, 1b) which are movable relative to each other, so that the mould halves can be moved apart once the ice column has been formed. Method for making ice cubes, comprising the steps of a) supplying a liquid substance to a mould, b) freezing the liquid substance in the mould, and c) removing the ice cubes thus formed from the mould, wherein the liquid substance is supplied in step a) to a mould comprising an at least substantially closed space. Metering device for ice cubes.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA method of operating a cooling system that has at least one evaporator containing a refrigerant and at least one adsorbent chamber containing adsorbent configured to provide adsorption of vaporized refrigerant from the at least one evaporator in a cooling mode and provide desorption of the refrigerant to the at least one evaporator in a recharging mode, the method including; controlling the adsorption and desorption of the refrigerant of the at least one adsorbent chamber between the cooling modes and recharging modes during a cooling cycle; ceasing desorption of the refrigerant from the at least one adsorbent chamber; allowing adsorption of the vaporized refrigerant from the at least one evaporator; and maintaining the at least one adsorbent chamber in an adsorbed state at the end of the cooling cycle in a storage mode.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTThe present invention provides a control system for managing lubricant levels in tandem compressor assemblies of a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system. In transitioning from a partial load that operates a first compressor but not a second compressor of a tandem assembly to a full load that operates both the first and the second compressor, a controller of the HVAC system turns OFF both compressors of the tandem compressor assembly to allow time for lubricant levels to equalize between the first and the second compressor.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA refrigerant circuit forming a refrigeration cycle by connecting together a compressor, an outdoor heat exchanger, an expansion valve, and an indoor heat exchanger via a refrigerant pipe; and a control unit controlling a blown-out air temperature by causing the indoor heat exchanger to exchange heat while controlling the refrigeration cycle based on one of a sensible heat capability and a latent heat capability calculated from a cooling capability of the refrigerant circuit and a cooling load of the refrigerant circuit. The control unit includes: a capability judging unit judging the cooling capability of the refrigerant circuit based on the one of the sensible heat capability and the latent heat capability; and a control selecting unit selecting one from between superheat degree control to control a degree of superheat and evaporating temperature control to control an evaporating temperature, based on a determination result obtained by the capability judging unit.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA refrigerant charge meter and a method for determining the actual refrigerant charge in HVAC systems are described. The meter includes means for determining an optimum refrigerant charge from system subcooling and system component parameters. The meter also includes means for determining the ratio of the actual refrigerant charge to the optimum refrigerant charge. Finally, the meter includes means for determining the actual refrigerant charge from the optimum refrigerant charge and the ratio of the actual refrigerant charge to the optimum refrigerant charge.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTDisclosed herein is a technique for reducing a decrease in efficiency in producing an oil separator while maintaining high efficiency in separating a refrigerant and refrigeration oil from each other. An oil separator includes a cylindrical container body, and an injection pipe inserted into the container body and introducing a liquid mixture into the container body. The injection pipe has a bend disposed inside the container body. The bend is bent such that an outer portion of the bend is closer to a sidewall of the container body than an inner portion of the bend is when the container body is viewed from above.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTAn accumulator that is used in a refrigeration apparatus including a plurality of compressors and is provided for the plurality of compressors, the accumulator including an inlet pipe that penetrates a cylindrical container perpendicularly to a central axis of the cylindrical container and conveys gas-liquid mixed refrigerant into the container and a plurality of outlet pipes connected to respective suction sides of the plurality of compressors, wherein the plurality of outlet pipes each have one end located in the container and forming outlet port for conveying gas refrigerant in the container toward the plurality of compressors, and wherein the outlet port of each of the plurality of outlet pipes is concentrated in a central part of the container.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA cooling system comprises a compressor, a condenser, an expansion valve, and a heat exchanger. The latter comprises a vessel for containing a refrigerant, the vessel having an inner space bounded by a closed surface of a vessel wall, the vessel comprising an inlet and an outlet for transport of refrigerant into and out of the inner space through the vessel wall. A tube is disposed at least partly inside the inner space, wherein a first end of the tube is fixed to a first orifice of the vessel wall and a second end of the tube is fixed to a second orifice of the vessel wall to enable fluid communication into and/or out of the tube through the first orifice and the second orifice. A pressure control means controls a pressure in the inner space based on a target temperature.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTThe present application provides a refrigeration system. The refrigeration system may include a compressor and a condenser downstream of the compressor. The condenser may include a refrigerant tube, an outer jacket surrounding the refrigerant tube, and a phase change material positioned between the refrigerant tube and the outer jacket and in contact with the refrigerant tube.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA cryocooler includes a displacer, a cylinder in which the displacer is accommodated, a Scotch yoke mechanism which drives the displacer, and a housing in which the Scotch yoke mechanism is accommodated. The Scotch yoke mechanism includes a crank, a yoke plate, a second drive shaft, and a first drive shaft. The housing may include a drive mechanism accommodation chamber in which the crank and the yoke plate are accommodated, a first assist chamber in which a distal end of the first drive shaft is accommodated, and a second assist chamber which is provided between the drive mechanism accommodation chamber and a gas chamber or between the drive mechanism accommodation chamber and the first assist chamber. The first assist chamber and the second assist chamber can be adjusted to a higher pressure than the pressure in the drive mechanism accommodation chamber.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA cryocooler is provided that includes: a regenerator piston; a drive coupler; and a link flexure having a proximal end coupled by a first pin to the drive coupler and having a distal end coupled by a second pin to the regenerator piston, where the link flexure forms a vane having flattened opposing faces that are orthogonal to a longitudinal axis for the first and second pin.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA subcooling controller includes a sensor and a processor. The sensor measures one or more of a temperature external to a first heat exchanger that removes heat from carbon dioxide refrigerant, a temperature of the carbon dioxide refrigerant, and a pressure of the carbon dioxide refrigerant. The processor determines that one or more of the measured temperature external to the first heat exchanger, the temperature of the carbon dioxide refrigerant, and the pressure of the carbon dioxide refrigerant is above a threshold and in response to that determination, activates a subcooling system. The subcooling system includes a condenser, a second heat exchanger, and a compressor. The condenser removes heat from a second refrigerant. The second heat removes heat from the carbon dioxide refrigerant stored in a flash tank. The compressor compresses the second refrigerant from the second heat exchanger and sends the second refrigerant to the condenser.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA system includes a first heat exchanger, a flash tank, a first compressor, a condenser, a second heat exchanger, and a second compressor. The first heat exchanger removes heat from carbon dioxide refrigerant. The flash tank stores the carbon dioxide refrigerant from the first heat exchanger. The first compressor compresses the carbon dioxide refrigerant and sends the compressed carbon dioxide refrigerant to the first heat exchanger. The condenser removes heat from a second refrigerant. The second heat exchanger receives the second refrigerant from the condenser. The second heat exchanger further removes heat from the carbon dioxide refrigerant stored in the flash tank. The second compressor compresses the second refrigerant from the heat exchanger. The second compressor sends the second refrigerant to the condenser.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTProvided is an air conditioner including a variable air volume control device. The air conditioner includes: an indoor unit main body including a main outlet through which air is discharged; a blower placed in the indoor unit main body and blowing air toward the main outlet; and a controller adjusting a second discharge rate of air in an air cleaning mode independently of a first discharge rate of air in a heating or cooling mode, wherein the second discharge rate of air is varied within a range different from a range in which the first discharge rate of air is varied.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTAn outside-air processing device includes a main body having a return-air introducing port for introducing return air from a room and a supply-air outlet port for blowing out supply air into the room, a total heat exchanger arranged in the main body and configured to exchange heat between outdoor air and the return air, and to blow out the heat-exchanged outdoor air from the supply-air outlet port as the supply air, and an opening-closing unit configured to open and close a bypass path formed in the main body to bypass between the return-air introducing port and the supply-air outlet port.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTAn air conditioner condenser coil covering and filtering device for preventing dirt, debris, leaves, and the like from clogging an air conditioner condenser unit coils. The device includes a cover having a closed upper end, an open lower end, and one or more sidewalls extending therebetween, defining an interior volume, wherein the interior volume can receive a condenser. A slit extends from the lower end of the cover towards an upper end thereof so as to allow the cover to be moved between an open and closed configuration. A lower end of a sidewall can fold towards the upper end of the cover and secure onto a hook in order to enable the cover to remain in an open configuration for allowing access to the interior volume thereof. Fasteners extending from lateral sides of the slit secure across the slit to allow the cover to remain in a closed configuration.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA method is provided for precooling a cryostat having a hollow cold head turret into which a neck tube protrudes and connects an object to be cooled to the exterior of the cryostat, wherein a cold head having a cold head stage for cooling a cryogenic working medium may be introduced into the neck tube. During a condensation operation the cryogenic working medium flows through a heat pipe into an evaporator chamber which is thermally conductively connected to the object to be cooled. During a precooling phase a precisely fitting, thermally conductive short circuit block is inserted through the neck tube into the heat pipe to provide thermal conduction between the object to be cooled and a cooling device The short circuit block is removed from the heat pipe after the target temperature is reached, and heat is subsequently transmitted through the heat pipe during a condensation operation.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA system and method for a compressor includes a compressor connected to a condenser, a discharge line temperature sensor that outputs a discharge line temperature signal corresponding to a discharge line temperature of refrigerant leaving the compressor, and a control module connected to the discharge line temperature sensor. The control module determines a saturated condenser temperature, calculates a discharge superheat temperature based on the saturated condenser temperature and the discharge line temperature, and monitors a flood back condition of the compressor by comparing the discharge superheat temperature with a predetermined threshold. The control module increases a speed of the compressor when the discharge superheat temperature is less than or equal to the predetermined threshold.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTIntegrated air conditioning and water-harvesting systems are disclosed. In these systems, one subsystem (air conditioning or water-harvesting) may be a primary subsystem and the other subsystem may be a secondary subsystem. As load on the overall system increases to the point the cooling demands for both subsystems cannot be met simultaneously, the system automatically reduces output of the secondary subsystem. In certain embodiments, an atmospheric water-harvester may be connected into the (potentially pre-existing) chilled-water system that provides cooling throughout a building, either via distributed fan-coil units or a centralized air-handling unit. Additionally, providing cooled-air exhaust from an atmospheric water-harvester to a building's cooling system allows substantial quantities of water to be produced at nominal incremental operating cost over a simple, straightforward air conditioning system.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA process for treating an effluent gas stream arising from a manufacturing operation that produces an olefin or an olefin derivative to recover unreacted olefin. The process involves compressing the effluent gas stream, which comprises an olefin, a paraffin, and a third gas, to produce a first compressed stream, then directing the first compressed stream to a membrane separation pretreatment step. The permeate stream withdrawn from this step is enriched in olefin and is sent to a second compressor, which produces a second compressed stream that is then cooled and condensed. The condensation step produces a liquid condensate and an uncondensed gas stream. The uncondensed gas stream undergoes a second membrane separation step to produce another olefin-enriched permeate stream, which is recirculated within the process prior to the second compression step, and an olefin-depleted residue stream, which may be purged from the process.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA ventilation unit for a vehicle air-conditioning device has a filter element, a filter frame, a wall portion, a blower case, and a blower. The filter element is disposed in an air inlet of the vehicle air-conditioning device. The filter frame houses the filter element. The wall portion is provided in a standing position around the filter element housed in the filter frame. The blower case is attached to the filter frame. The filter frame is coupled with the blower case to be drawn out from the blower case together with the filter element in a drawing direction parallel to an upper surface of the filter element. The wall portion is disposed at a location corresponding to at least a rear side of two sides facing each other in the drawing direction and protrudes upward over the upper surface of the filter element.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTThe performance of a transport refrigeration system having a transport refrigeration unit powered by a diesel engine is optimized by matching a capacity output of the transport refrigeration unit to an available shaft power of the diesel engine.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA heater core for performing heat exchange between a coolant and ventilation air to be blown to the interior of a vehicle so as to heat the ventilation air is disposed in a water circulation circuit for circulating a coolant in an engine EG for outputting driving force necessary to move the vehicle. When the temperature of the coolant discharged from the engine EG is low, a heat transport refrigeration cycle device, serving as a heat transport unit for absorbing heat from a downstream coolant at a position downstream more than the heater core and dissipating the heat absorbed from the downstream coolant to an upstream coolant at a position upstream more than the heater core, is operated to increase the temperature of the coolant introduced into the heater core until the temperature of the coolant reaches the temperature necessary to heat the interior of the vehicle, without operation of the engine EG.
Thu, 23 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTIn one embodiment, a method of forming frozen ice cream pellets includes supplying an ice cream premix into a loading vessel; loading a loading cylinder with the ice cream premix from the loading vessel, the loading cylinder being connected to the loading vessel; applying a machine-controllable force to expel the ice cream premix from the loading cylinder as ice cream premix pellets; and exposing the ice cream premix pellets to a cryogenic fluid, thereby at least partially freezing the ice cream premix pellets.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA multi-motor system, including a plurality of ECMs. The ECMs include a main ECM and a plurality of subordinate ECMs. A first temperature detection unit and a second temperature detection unit detect a temperature T1 and a temperature T2 at different positions, respectively; the main ECM automatically selects an operation parameter according to temperature differences between the temperature T1 and the temperature T2. The main ECM informs each subordinate ECM of the temperature T1 and the temperature T2, and each subordinate ECM selects an operation parameter according to the temperature T1 and the temperature T2. In operation, the main ECM informs each subordinate ECM of the temperature T1 and the temperature T2, and each subordinate ECM selects an operation parameter in accordance with the temperature T1 and the temperature T2.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTAn ECM motor, including: a motor controller and a motor body. A microprocessor of the motor controller is connected to a first temperature detecting unit and a second temperature detecting unit disposed at different positions outside the ECM motor for detecting temperatures at the different positions. In operation, when the temperature difference between the first temperature T1 and the second temperature T2 is smaller than or equal to a preset value T0, a first gear at the rotational speed S1 is selected by the microprocessor and the motor is controlled to run constantly in the first gear at the rotational speed S1. When the temperature difference between the first temperature T1 and the second temperature T2 is larger than the preset value T0, a second rotational speed S2 is selected by the microprocessor and the motor is controlled to run constantly in the second gear at the rotational speed S2.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTArrangements for incremental deployment of stand-alone and hierarchical adaptive cooling and energy harvesting arrangements for use in information technology and other heat-producing equipment are disclosed. The arrangements provide for individual cooling and energy harvesting subsystems, each of which can operate in isolation and be interconnected with additional subsystems in peer and hierarchical relationships. Each subsystem comprises at least one thermoelectric device capable of acting as a thermoelectric cooler and as a thermoelectric generator, a control system, and electronics controlled to selectively configure the thermoelectric device in at least in a thermoelectric cooler operating mode and in a thermoelectric generation operating mode. The thermoelectric device can incorporate quantum-process and quantum-well materials for higher heat transfer and thermoelectric generation efficiencies. The control system of each subsystem can operate in isolation but also work together with the control system of one or more other associated subsystems interconnected in peer or hierarchical arrangements.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTThe invention relates to a method for cooling, purifying and separating a gaseous mixture containing at least one impurity, in which the gaseous mixture is cooled to a temperature no higher than the temperature at which the at least one impurity solidifies in a heat exchanger having cooling passages, the cooling passages being at least partially covered with a coating and/or physically treated and/or chemically treated, the coating and/or the treatment serving to limit or even prevent the solidified impurity from forming and/or adhering to a surface of the passages; at least one portion of the solidified impurity exiting the cooling passages of the heat exchanger is collected; and the gaseous mixture is withdrawn from the heat exchanger.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA temperature controllable receiving and/or holding device comprising: (a) at least one temperature control element for the heating and/or cooling of at least one cavity as well as an object received therein, and (b) at least one operating element situated in physical proximity to the at least one cavity for the activating, deactivating, and/or controlling of a heating function or a cooling function of the at least one temperature control element, which operating element especially with the temperature control element activated and/or the object received in the cavity is optically highlighted and/or identified in an operating console of a vehicle interior; wherein the temperature controllable receiving and/or holding device receives an object, and the temperature controllable receiving and/or holding device is part of a vehicle interior, with the at least one cavity for receiving of the object.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTAn article comprises a structure having an outer surface extending along a longitudinal axis. At least a portion of a cross section of the outer surface is convex. Fluid control channels extend along a channel longitudinal axis along at least a portion the convex surface. The channel longitudinal axis makes an angle between 0 and 90 degrees with respect to the longitudinal axis of the outer surface. The fluid control channels are configured to allow capillary movement of liquid in the channels and across the convex surface.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA damper apparatus possible to suppress abnormal sounds immediately after the locking of gears has been released is provided. In a first lock mechanism of the damper apparatus, a first arcuate outer-peripheral part peripherally adjacent to a teeth-missing gear in a drive gear enters a portion of a plurality of teeth in which some teeth are narrowed in the axial direction to restrain a sector gear, the teeth being meshed with the drive gear in the sector gear. In the tooth nearest to the first arcuate outer-peripheral part in the teeth-missing gear, the curvature of a first tooth flank on the side opposite the first arcuate outer-peripheral part is less than the curvature of a second tooth flank on the first arcuate outer peripheral part side, and the tooth has a curved surface continuous from the first tooth flank to the second tooth flank.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTAn ice making tray has a water basin with a thermally conductive floor and a flexible grid positioned therein to define a plurality of ice making compartments. A motor is coupled to the basin to rotate the basin and grid to an inverted position, and a link is coupled between the motor and drive such that the grid is rotatable out of the basin and is flexed to release ice cubes formed therein.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTAn air conditioning system according to the present invention changes a target supply temperature based on a magnitude relationship between an operating frequency of a first compressor and a first frequency at which an operating efficiency of the first compressor reaches a maximum, and a magnitude relationship between an operating frequency of a second compressor and a second frequency at which an operating efficiency of the second compressor reaches a maximum.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA variable refrigerant charge refrigeration/air conditioner system is described that allows the refrigerant charge for the system to be altered based on operating or environmental factors. The system includes a main refrigerant loop holding a volume of refrigerant corresponding to a first level of refrigerant charge, a compressor in the main refrigerant loop, a condenser in the main refrigerant loop, and an evaporator in the main refrigerant loop. A branch refrigerant loop allows the alteration of the refrigerant charge using a control valve in the branch refrigerant loop and a receiver in the branch refrigerant loop. The receiver acts to hold a volume of refrigerant when the control valve is open, thereby removing the volume of refrigerant from the main refrigerant loop. A return path from the receiver to the main refrigerant loop allows refrigerant to flow back into the main loop from the receiver.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTAn air conditioning service system includes an oil receptacle, a coupling port in fluid communication with the oil receptacle through an oil injection line, a solenoid valve configured to selectively allow the oil to flow from the oil receptacle into the oil injection line, a memory including program instructions stored therein, and a controller operably connected to the solenoid valve and the memory. The controller is configured to execute the program instructions to obtain at least one viscosity signal associated with a viscosity of the oil, obtain a volume signal indicative of an amount of oil to be charged, determine a time period based upon the obtained at least one viscosity signal and the obtained volume signal, control the solenoid valve to an open condition, and control the solenoid valve to a closed condition after the determined time period has passed since opening of the solenoid valve.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA cooling system is disclosed so that an operator cabin can be cooled even if the engine is off. An accumulator can be used to store high-pressure refrigerant until its release. When the compressor is off, the accumulator can release the high pressure refrigerant through the pressure reducer and to the evaporator where heat in the operator cabin can be removed by the refrigerant. An absorption bed with activated carbon can be used to adsorb the refrigerant from the evaporator in order to create a pressure gradient in A/C system. The refrigerant in the accumulator can also be used to subcool a refrigerant in the condenser through a heat exchanger. This allows the operator cabin to be cooled faster up on engine start up. The adsorption bed can also be used to create a pressure gradient in the cooling system.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA vessel for containing a refrigerant comprising an inner wall and an outer wall arranged concentrically and having an inner space bounded by the inner wall and outer wall, an inlet and an outlet for transport of refrigerant into and out of the inner space; a tube inside the inner space arranged turn around the inner wall; an input tube fluidly connected to the inner space and arranged to allow flow of the refrigerant through the input tube into the inner space; an output tube connected to the inner space and arranged to allow flow of the refrigerant out of the inner space into the output tube; a compressor arranged to receive the refrigerant from the output tube and to compress the refrigerant; and a condenser arranged to receive the compressed refrigerant fluid from the compressor, to condense the refrigerant, and to forward the compressed refrigerant into the input tube.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTIn a cryogenic regenerator including a regenerator tube, a partitioning tube, whose tube wall is perforated by uniformly distributed through-holes, inside of which regenerator packing is provided, and having rib rings wrapped peripherally around its outer wall, is arranged coaxially inside the regenerator tube, with a buffer cavity between the regenerator-tube inner wall and the partitioning-tube outer wall. In a pulse-tube refrigerator including the regenerator and a gas reservoir, the regenerator, thanks to the designing of its reservoir and through-holes, draws in radial flows such that the form of heat exchange in the same regenerator cross-section goes from being simple thermal conduction to being heat exchange in which heat convection is coupled with thermal conduction, enhancing radial heat transfer and enabling rapid equilibration of temperature gradients along the regenerator periphery, and, by effectively keeping non-uniformity phenomena inside the regenerator under control, making improved refrigerator efficiency possible.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTProvided is a cryogenic refrigeration system. The cryogenic refrigeration system includes a cryogenic refrigerator, and a heat dissipation module configured to cool the cryogenic refrigerator. Here, the heat dissipation module includes a condenser configured to condense a refrigerant that cools the cryogenic refrigerator, and a heat exchanger connected to the cryogenic refrigerator to circulate the refrigerant between the cryogenic refrigerator and the condenser, thereby cooling the cryogenic refrigerator.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTThe present invention refers to methods for controlling a double suction compressor for application in refrigeration systems, capable of meeting the different demands for cost, efficiency and control of temperatures by means of techniques of complexity levels and different configurations of the elements from the control loop (temperature sensors, actuators, controllers, etc.). The proposed solutions include the description of a method for controlling and adjusting the refrigeration capacities of a refrigeration system equipped with a double suction compressor, the refrigeration system comprising compartments to be refrigerated and comprising at least two evaporators (20) positioned in the compartments to be refrigerated (60,70), the double suction compressor (10) being controllable to alternate its compression capacity, the method comprising steps of (i) Continuously measuring at least a temperature coming from a temperature sensor (SET,SCT) associated with at least one of the evaporators (20) and (ii) acting in the compressor's (10) compression capacity, from the measurement of step (i).
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTA device and a method for converting low temperature thermal energy into high temperature thermal energy using mechanical energy with a rotor for a working medium passing through a closed cycle. The rotor has a compressor unit with compression channels and an expansion unit with expansion channels, and has heat exchangers for exchanging heat between the working medium and a heat exchange medium. The device has an impeller which can be rotated relative to the rotor. The impeller is arranged between supply channels 9 which conduct the flow of the working medium in the heat pump and at least one rotor discharge channel which discharges the flow of the working medium in the heat pump. The supply channels have outlet sections which extend up to a point directly upstream of an inlet opening of the impeller such that flows of the working medium are conducted out of the supply channels.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTIn an ejector refrigeration cycle, an inlet of a nozzle portion of an ejector is connected to a refrigerant outlet side of a high-stage side evaporator, a refrigerant suction port of the ejector is connected to a refrigerant outlet side of a low-stage side evaporator, and an internal heat exchanger is provided for exchanging heat between a high-pressure refrigerant flowing into a low-stage side throttle device for decompressing the refrigerant flowing into the low-stage side evaporator, and a low-stage side low-pressure refrigerant flowing out of the low-stage side evaporator. Because a difference in enthalpy between the inlet and outlet of the low-stage side evaporator can be enlarged, the cooling capacities exhibited by the respective evaporators can be adjusted to be closer to each other even if the flow-rate ratio Ge/Gn of the suction refrigerant flow rate Ge to the injection refrigerant flow rate Gn is set to a relatively small value so as to make it possible to improve the COP of the cycle.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTThe invention discloses a movement mechanism for a panel mechanism of a household appliance wherein, the movement mechanism includes: a rotary disc (21), rotatably provided, a first support (22) is fixedly provided on the rotary disc (21), and a free end of the first support (22) having a first connection portion; and a second support (23), the second support (23) and the rotary disc (21) being hinged to a second connection portion, a first end of the second support (23) having a third connection portion, and the third connection portion being movable along a predetermined track when the rotary disc (21) rotates.
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 08:00:00 ESTAn inside unit of an air conditioner that includes a cabinet in which an fan installed on the ceiling of the inside space and a heat exchanger are accommodated, a front panel mounted on an opening surface of the cabinet, and forming an inlet port through which inside air is suctioned into a depressed inside area and a panel outlet port through which heat-exchanged air is discharged, a vane provided on the panel outlet port and controlling opening degree of the panel outlet port by the rotation, an air guide formed to be extended along an outside end of the panel outlet port and formed of a heat insulating material, a slide preventing protrusion formed to protrude from the front panel in which the air guide is mounted, and a protrusion accommodating groove depressed in the bottom surface of the air guide corresponding to the slide preventing protrusion and the slide preventing protrusion is received in the protrusion accommodating groove.