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Electrode Design For Electric Field Measurement System

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An electrode arrangement for an electric field sensor device with a transmitting electrode and at least one receiving electrode may have a nonconductive substrate having a first conductive layer and a second conductive layer. A first electrode is arranged within the first conductive layer, wherein the first electrode is a receiving electrode of the electric field sensor device, and a second electrode is arranged within the second conductive layer, wherein the second electrode is a transmitting electrode of the electric field sensor device wherein the second electrode covers a larger area than the first electrode and wherein the second electrode is textured to reduce the capacitance between the first and second electrode.



DEVICES AND METHODS FOR GENERATION AND DETECTION OF SPIN WAVES

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The disclosed technology generally relates to semiconductor devices, and more particularly to a device configured as one or both of a spin wave generator or a spin wave detector. In one aspect, the device includes a magnetostrictive film and a deformation film physically connected to the magnetorestrictive film. The device also includes an acoustic isolation surrounding the magnetostrictive film and the deformation film to form an acoustic resonator. When the device is configured as the spin wave generator, the deformation film is configured to undergo a change physical dimensions in response to an actuation, where the change in the physical dimensions of the deformation film induces a mechanical stress in the magnetostrictive film to cause a change in the magnetization of the magnetostrictive film. When the device is configured as the spin wave detector, the magnetostrictive film is configured to undergo to a change in physical dimensions in response to a change in magnetization, wherein the change in the physical dimensions of the magnetostrictive film induces a mechanical stress in the deformation film to cause generation of electrical power by the deformation film.



PROTECTION DEVICE FOR ELECTRICAL NETWORK

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A device for protecting a medium or high voltage electrical network is provided, including a base part connected to means for measuring values representative of the electrical network and to a trip circuit of the electrical network, an active part that includes means for analogue-digital conversion of the values representative of the electrical network and which is mechanically and electrically connected to the base part in a first position referred to as the normal position, and a removable test part that is mechanically and electrically connected to the active part in a second position referred to as the test position. The test part includes means for mechanically and electrically connecting to the base part such that, in the test position, external terminals of the test part are connected to the trip circuit through the base part.



SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR USING ONE OR MORE FIXTURES AND EFFICIENCY TO DETERMINE PARAMETERS OF A MATCH NETWORK MODEL

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Systems and methods for using multiple one or more fixtures and efficiency to determine fixed parameters of a match network model are described. A value of efficiency that is measured using a network analyzer and a value of predicted efficiency that is determined using the match network model are compared. The comparison is made to determine whether the fixed parameters are to be assigned to the match network model.



METHOD TO ENABLE STANDARD ALTERNATING CURRENT (AC)/DIRECT CURRENT (DC) POWER ADAPTERS TO OPERATE IN HIGH MAGNETIC FIELDS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A power supply (10) and corresponding method (200) supply power in high external magnetic fields. A power converter system (12) converts input power to output power using one or more electromagnetic components (18). One or more ferrous bands (16) encircle the electromagnetic components (18) and shield the electromagnetic components (18) from the high external magnetic fields.



NMR T2 DISTRIBUTION FROM SIMULTANEOUS T1 AND T2 INVERSIONS FOR GEOLOGIC APPLICATIONS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method for estimating a property of a subsurface material includes conveying a carrier through a borehole penetrating the subsurface material and performing an NMR measurement in a volume of interest in the subsurface material using an NMR tool having an antenna disposed at the carrier. The method further includes receiving with the antenna a short build-up signal due to a short magnetization build-up time of the NMR measurement, an echo-train signal with short polarization time due to the NMR measurement, and an echo-train signal with long polarization time due to the NMR measurement. The method further includes inverting, simultaneously, the short build-up signal, the short-polarization-time echo-train signal, and the long-polarization-time echo-train signal using a processor to estimate the property; and transmitting a signal comprising the property to a signal receiving device.



Fracture Detection Method Using Multi-Axial Induction Tool

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method for identifying fractures from measurements made by a multi-axial electromagnetic induction tool in a wellbore traversing subsurface formations includes determining a value of a fracture orientation indicator from in line components of the multi-axial electromagnetic inducion measurements mode transverse to a tool axis, and parallel to the tool axis. The tool axis is sub-stantially parallel to a bedding plane of the subsurface formations. A value of a vertical fracture indicator is determined using the in line components of the multi-axial electromagnetic induction measurements made transverse to the tool axis, and parallel to the tool axis.



Wear Resistant Electrodes for Downhole Imaging

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Devices and methods for well logging using a wear resistant electrode are provided. A downhole device may include a drill bit, a gauge pad mounted on the drill bit, and a first electrode mounted in the gauge pad. An insulating polycrystalline diamond (PCD) material may surround at least a portion of the first electrode. Additionally, the first electrode may include an electrically conductive wear resistant contact point that maintains constant contact with a wall of a wellbore. Additionally, the first electrode may measure an impedance of a geological formation during a drilling operation.



Wear Resistant Electrodes for Downhole Imaging

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Devices and methods for well logging using a wear-resistant electrode are provided. A downhole device may include a drill collar and a first electrode mounted on the drill collar. Further, the first electrode may include a wear-resistant face. The first electrode may be movably coupled within the drill collar, and the first electrode may be configured to extend and retract into a wellbore to maintain contact with a wall of the wellbore. Furthermore, the first electrode may be configured to measure impedance of a geological formation.



WIDE ACTIVATION ANGLE PINCH SENSOR

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

In an aspect, a pinch sensor is provided, comprising: an elongate non-conductive casing enclosing first, second, and third elongate conductive electrodes; the first and second electrodes being separated by a portion of the casing, a capacitance between the first and second electrodes changing when an obstacle approaches the first electrode to provide a proximity indication of the obstacle to the pinch sensor; and, the second and third electrodes being separated by an air gap formed in the casing, a resistance between the second and third electrodes changing when the second and third electrodes come into contact upon compression of the casing by the obstacle to provide a contact indication of the obstacle with the pinch sensor.



DENSITY GUIDED ATTENUATION MAP GENERATION IN PET/MR SYSTEMS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A lung segmentation processor (40) is configured to classify magnetic resonance (MR) images based on noise characteristics. The MR segmenatation processor generates a lung region of interest (ROI) and detailed structure segmentation of the lung from the ROI. The MR segmentation processor performs an iterative normalization and region definition approach that captures the entire lung and the soft tissues within the lung accurately. Accuracy of the segmentation relies on artifact classification coming inherently from MR images. The MR segmentation processor (40) correlates segmented lung internal tissue pixels with the lung density to determine the attenuation coefficients based on the correlation. Lung densities are computed using MR data obtained from imaging sequences that minimize echo and acquisition times. The densities differentiate healthy tissues and lesions, which an attenuation map processor (36) uses to create localized attenuation maps for the lung.



DETUNING A MRT RECEIVE ANTENNA

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An arrangement for detuning a receive antenna, a detunable magnetic resonance coil, and a magnetic resonance device having a detunable magnetic resonance coil are provided. The arrangement includes a receive antenna having at least one first capacitance, wherein radiofrequency signals from a magnetic resonance examination may be received by way of the receive antenna. The arrangement furthermore includes a switchable detuning circuit containing the first capacitance switched to form an oscillating circuit and a first inductance, and a switching device having a first and a second connection point to deliver a voltage between the first and a second connection point, and one or more transistors. The switching device switches the oscillating circuit to a high impedance level with aid of the one or more transistors on delivery of a positive voltage to the first connection point, preventing a radiofrequency signal from being received by way of the receive antenna.



RADIOFREQUENCY COIL AND RADIOFREQUENCY COIL ASSEMBLY HAVING THE SAME

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A radiofrequency (RF) coil for use in a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system using a plurality of RF coils includes a main loop coil including a plurality of electrical conductors, and an auxiliary loop coil disposed around the plurality of electrical conductors and including a plurality of electrical conductors.



LOW COST MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFE TOUCHSCREEN DISPLAY

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A magnetic resonance (MR) safe touchscreen display (10) includes a touchscreen (16) and a film (30, 32) that has a high frequency shielding layer (20, 28) and a low frequency shielding layer (18, 26). A bus bar (14) conductively couples the low frequency shielding layer (18, 26) to the high frequency shielding layer (20, 28) around a perimeter of a face of the film (30, 32) and the edge of the film (30, 32). The film (30, 32) is adjacent to a rear face of the touchscreen (16). The bus bar (14) facilitates the connection of the touchscreen (16) and layers (18, 20) to the display (12) to form a Faraday cage around the display components contained within the display housing (11).



MAGNETIC FIELD SENSOR WITH 3-AXES SELF TEST

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A magnetic field sensor is disclosed with built-in self-test coils in a configuration to provide magnetic field stimulation along three axes, with a high field factor, and thus, reduce a power budget of the sensor and physical size of the self-test coils. The magnetic field sensor comprises a first bridge circuit including a plurality of sense elements configured to sense a magnetic field. The magnetic field sensor further comprises re-configurable self-test current lines coupled to a self-test source to perform high field, high power wafer and die level testing and trim, as well as low power in-situ characterization and calibration of the sensor. The self-test current lines may be routed to form a coil with multiple turns around the TMR elements.



MAGNETIC FIELD SENSOR

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Embodiments of the present invention provide a magnetic field sensor. The magnetic field sensor includes at least four XMR elements connected in a full bridge circuit including parallel branches. The at least four XMR elements are GMR or TMR elements (GMR=giant magnetoresistance; TMR=tunnel magnetoresistance). Two diagonal XMR elements of the full bridge circuit include the same shape anisotropy, wherein XMR elements in the same branch of the full bridge circuit include different shape anisotropies.



MAGNETIC FIELD SENSOR WITH INCREASED SNR

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Various means for improvement in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for a magnetic field sensor are disclosed for low power and high resolution magnetic sensing. The improvements may be done by reducing parasitic effects, increasing sense element packing density, interleaving a Z-axis layout to reduce a subtractive effect, and optimizing an alignment between a Z-axis sense element and a flux guide, etc.



MAGNETIC FIELD SENSOR WITH INCREASED LINEARITY

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A system, device, and method are disclosed for a tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) magnetic sensor to effectively increase magnetic field measurement linearity and minimize cross-axis interference. The TMR magnetic sensor comprises a plurality of transducer legs, each having multiple sense elements. The TMR magnetic sensor comprises a plurality of built-in current lines located adjacent to each sense element. The current lines are routed such that two or more sense elements have magnetic responses that have opposing contributions from the cross-axis effect for a given field direction in each transducer leg within the TMR magnetic sensor. Therefore, the overall field response from each transducer leg is internally compensated and the TMR magnetic sensor has an output with minimal cross-axis interference.



GRAPHENE BASED MAGNETORESISTANCE SENSORS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A graphene structure is provided. The graphene structure comprises a substrate layer and at least two graphene layers disposed on the substrate. The at least two graphene layers comprises a gate voltage tuned layer and an effective graphene layer and the effective graphene layer comprises one or more graphene layers. A magnetoresistance ratio of the graphene structure is determined by a difference in a charge mobility and/or a carrier density between the gate voltage tuned layer and the effective graphene layer. The charge mobility and/or the carrier density of the gate no voltage tuned layer is tunable by a gate voltage applied to the graphene structure. A magnetic field sensor comprising the graphene structure is also provided.



BATTERY TESTER DEVICE

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A battery tester device for measuring remaining battery life in a battery is provided. The battery tester device comprises a length of wire having a first end, a second end, and a middle portion. A light bulb holding mechanism is formed in the second end of the wire. A light bulb is releasably securable within the light bulb holding mechanism with the light bulb electrically connected to the light bulb holding mechanism. Upon insertion of the battery between the first end and the second end of the wire, the light bulb illuminates to indicate the remaining battery life.



BATTERY FUEL GAUGES SHARING CURRENT INFORMATION BETWEEN MULTIPLE BATTERY CHARGERS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

In one embodiment, a fuel gauge system is described that comprises two or more battery chargers on different integrated circuits (ICs) coupled in parallel to a battery for charging the battery. Each battery charger IC generates a current signal indicative of current generated by said each battery charger IC into the same battery. A fuel gauge is responsible for accurately reporting the battery state of charge, based on a combination of voltage, current, and temperature information.



METHOD FOR MONITORING A BATTERY, EVALUATION DEVICE, AND MEASURING SYSTEM

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method for monitoring a first battery in a device, in particular in a motor vehicle, a first magnetometer measuring a magnetic flux density in the battery and/or adjacent to the battery, a second magnetometer measuring a magnetic flux density remotely from the first battery in the device, and in a period, in which no power supply or power withdrawal is provided to or from the first battery, a measurement of the first and the second magnetometer being carried out, and an evaluation unit, for the case in which the magnetic flux density measured by the first magnetometer exceeds a background magnetic flux density measured with the aid of the second magnetometer beyond a predetermined amount, determining and outputting an error status of the first battery.



ALTERNATING CURRENT COUPLED ELECTRONIC COMPONENT TEST SYSTEM AND METHOD

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

This disclosure relates generally to an electrical circuit and method. A capacitive element can be configured to be coupled in series with an electronic package component. A path resistance can be electrically coupled to the capacitive element. A driver can be configured to electrically charge the capacitive element. A voltage detector can be coupled to the capacitive element and configured to identify a condition of the electronic package component based on a measured voltage of the capacitive element.



MONITOR CIRCUIT

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A monitor circuit for monitoring a CUT (Circuit Under Test) is provided. The monitor circuit includes a power switch and a current meter. The power switch is coupled between a supply voltage and the CUT. The current meter is coupled in parallel with the power switch. The current meter is configured to detect a current through the CUT.



RESIDUAL MATERIAL DETECTION IN BACKDRILLED STUBS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A stub of a via formed in a printed circuit board is backdrilled to a predetermined depth. A capacitance probe is positioned within the via. Then the capacitance probe is used to obtain a test capacitance measurement. The test capacitance measurement is compared to a predetermined baseline capacitance measurement. Residual conductive plating material in the backdrilled stub causes the test capacitance measurement to exceed the predetermined baseline capacitance measurement. An indication is made that the predetermined baseline capacitance measurement has been exceeded.



ELECTRIC ARC DETECTION

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method for detecting electric arcs in a closed chamber having no openings larger than 5 mm and defining a gas volume to be monitored. The method includes a step of measuring a sound level captured by a microphone, placed inside the chamber, at frequencies greater than about 60 kHz while filtering out the lower frequencies, and a step of comparing the level with a threshold.



DETECTION OF ECU GROUND FAULT WITH CAN BUS VOLTAGE MEASUREMENTS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method is disclosed for detecting ground faults in a communications system. The method includes measuring a predetermined number of voltage points; determining if the measured voltage points represent recessive or dominant bits; identifying which of the predetermined number of voltage points represent inter-frame bits and which represent frame data bits based on whether the measured voltage points are recessive or dominant; calculating a maximum average voltage for the inter-frame bits; calculating an average frame voltage for all dominant bits within a frame; determining a high average dominant voltage count based on a number of frames for which the average frame voltage is greater than a high voltage threshold; and determining if a ground fault exists based on the average frame voltage and the high average dominant voltage count.



ANTENNA SYSTEM

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Broadband antenna system comprising a plurality of antenna elements and a plurality of amplifiers; wherein every antenna element of said plurality of antenna elements is configured for operating in a predetermined frequency range and is associated with an amplifier of said plurality of amplifiers which is configured for said predetermined frequency range; said plurality of antenna elements covering a broadband range.



APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR TESTING OF ACOUSTIC DEVICES AND SYSTEMS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Methods and devices are disclosed for testing an acoustic probe having transducing elements for converting between acoustic and electrical signals. An electrical signal is generated at a frequency with a testing device capable of generating electrical signals over a range of frequencies. The electrical signal is transmitted to at least some of the transducing elements to measure a complex impedance and thereby evaluate a performance of the transducing elements.



ULTRASONIC BASED LOAD CENTER CURRENT MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method and an apparatus are provided for monitoring the currents in a load center, and ultrasonically reporting currents to a data aggregator. The monitoring is performed by branch circuit current monitors which are inductive. The data aggregator receives the current reports from the branch circuit current monitors. The data aggregator manages collisions and transmission medium distortions to ensure reliable receipt of the current reports and stores in a storage location that which it learns about the currents drawn.



CURRENT MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND METHOD USING A ROGOWSKI TYPE CURRENT TRANSDUCER

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A current measurement device (1) for measuring a current through a primary conductor (2) is provided. The current measurement device comprises a current transducer (10) of the Rogowski type, the current transducer comprising a conductor winding (12) connected to a pair of transducer terminals (14) and adapted to induce there between a measurement voltage indicative of a current through the primary conductor (2); a pair of calibration terminals (24) adapted for providing a calibration current to a calibration current path (22) conforming to the primary conductor (2), so that the calibration current induces a calibration response voltage component between the pair of transducer terminals (14); and a control circuit (30). The control circuit (30) comprises a calibration current generator (34) for generating the calibration current and connected to the pair of calibration terminals (24) for providing the calibration current via the pair of calibration terminals (24) to the calibration current path (22), and a voltage analyzer (32) connected to the pair of transducer terminals (14) for receiving the calibration response voltage component induced between the pair of transducer terminals (14).



HIGH SIDE CURRENT MONITORING APPARATUS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A high side current monitoring apparatus monitors a load current flowing into a load apparatus. The high side current monitoring apparatus includes a current mirror unit, an active high voltage unit, a voltage detection unit and a bias unit. The current mirror unit generates a mirrored current and outputs the mirrored current according to the load current. The active high voltage unit is electrically connected to the current mirror unit and receives the mirrored current and works in a linear area to withstand a high voltage. The voltage detection unit is electrically connected to the active high voltage unit and detects a voltage drop across the voltage detection unit and caused by the mirrored current. The bias unit is electrically connected to the active high voltage unit and provides the active high voltage unit with a bias.



Detection of Electrical Theft from a Transformer Secondary

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Techniques for identifying electrical theft are described herein. In an example, a secondary voltage of a transformer may be inferred by repeated voltage and current measurement at each meter associated with the transformer. A difference in measured voltage values, divided by a difference in measured current values, estimates impedance at the meter. The calculated impedance, together with measured voltage and current values, determine a voltage at the transformer secondary. Such voltages calculated by each meter associated with a transformer may be averaged, to indicate the transformer secondary voltage. A transformer having lower-than-expected secondary voltage is identified, based in part on comparison to the secondary voltages of other transformers. Each meter associated with the identified transformer may be evaluated to determine if the unexpected voltage is due to a load on the transformer. If a load did not result in the unexpected secondary voltage, power diversion may be reported.



Multiple Pin Probes with Support for Performing Parallel Measurements

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Multiple pin probes and methods for controlling such multiple pin probes to support parallel measurements are disclosed. The method may include: establishing electrical contact between a multiple pin probe and a subject of measurement; selecting two pins out of a plurality of pins included in the multiple pin probe as current-carrying pins; selecting more than two additional pins out of the plurality of pins included in the multiple pin probe as voltage-metering pins; injecting a current through the current-carrying pins; simultaneously measuring voltage signals through the voltage-metering pins; calculating a simulated a voltage distribution curve at least partially based on the voltage signals simultaneously measured through the voltage-metering pins; and determining one or more processor monitor parameters of the subject of measurement at least partially based on the simulated voltage distribution curve.



Electrically Conductive Kelvin Contacts For Microcircuit Tester

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Terminals (2, 502) of a device under test (DUT) are connected to corresponding contact pads or leads by a series of electrically conductive contacts. Each terminal testing connects with both a “force” contact and a “sense” contact. In one embodiment, the sense contact (770) partially or completely laterally surrounds the force contact (700). In order to increase the contact surface, the force contact, in a spring pin (700) configuration contacts the device under test terminal at that portion of the lead which is curved or angled, rather than orthogonal to the pin.



TEST APPARATUS HAVING A PROBE CORE WITH A LATCH MECHANISM

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A latch assembly that can lock and unlock a probe core with respect to a circuit board is provided. The latch assembly can engage with the probe core to align the probe core with respect to a circuit board, and press down the probe core against the circuit board by rotating to lock the probe core with the circuit board. An installation tool is provided to grip or release the probe core to/from a latch assembly or a probe core carrier. The installation tool can align with the probe core and/or the latch assembly to lock and unlock the probe core with respect to a circuit board.



Detection of Coating Defects on Buried Pipelines Using Magnetic Field Variations Within the Pipeline

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method for in-situ detection of coating defects on a buried pipeline. The pipeline is under cathodic protection or otherwise carries a current applied to its pipe walls. A magnetic field sensor array is placed within the pipeline and moved along its length. As the sensor array travels, it detects the magnetic fields within the pipeline. The sensor output is compared with “expected” data, which represents interior magnetic fields of the pipeline without coating defects. Because electrical current leaks through a coating defect, the current is altered on the pipe wall at the defect. This in turn alters the interior magnetic fields, and a change in the interior magnetic fields indicates a coating defect.



APPLICATION OF ELECTROCHEMICAL IMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY IN SENSOR SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND RELATED METHODS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A diagnostic Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) procedure is applied to measure values of impedance-related parameters for one or more sensing electrodes. The parameters may include real impedance, imaginary impedance, impedance magnitude, and/or phase angle. The measured values of the impedance-related parameters are then used in performing sensor diagnostics, calculating a highly-reliable fused sensor glucose value based on signals from a plurality of redundant sensing electrodes, calibrating sensors, detecting interferents within close proximity of one or more sensing electrodes, and testing surface area characteristics of electroplated electrodes. Advantageously, impedance-related parameters can be defined that are substantially glucose-independent over specific ranges of frequencies. An Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) enables implementation of the EIS-based diagnostics, fusion algorithms, and other processes based on measurement of EIS-based parameters.



DEEP-FRYER OIL MEASURING APPARATUS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A deep-fryer oil measuring apparatus is provided having a tubular probe (2), an oil sensor (4) which is disposed on a distal end of the tubular probe (2), and a handle (3) which is disposed on a proximal end of the tubular probe (2). Here, the handle (3) is disposed so as to be angular to the tubular probe (2).



High Sensitivity Tunable Radio Frequency Sensors

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Systems and methods of determining characteristics of a material under test using highly sensitive, tunable RF sensors are disclosed. For instance, an RF sensor can include one or more interferometers having a reference branch and a test branch. The test branch includes a microstrip resonator and a coupled line filter. The RF sensor can further include a first port associated with each of the one or more interferometers configured to separate signals between a first transmission line and a second transmission line operable to provide a test signal to the resonator. and filter. The RF sensor can further include a signal analyzer coupled to the first port of the one or more interferometers operable to measure one or more scattering parameters. Wherein at least one of the one or more scattering parameters is indicative of one or more characteristics of a dielectric material disposed on the coupled line filter.



Filling level measuring device with a foldable antenna device

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The invention relates to a fill level measurement device for determining a topology of a bulk material surface, comprising a foldable antenna assembly. The antenna assembly has a folded and an unfolded state. In the folded state, the antenna assembly can be pushed through a relatively small container opening when the measurement device is being fitted to a container. The antenna assembly is unfolded after the measurement device has been attached. This can make fitting less complex.



SELF-CALIBRATING LINEAR VOLTAGE DIFFERENTIAL TRANSFORMER DEMODULATOR

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A calibration system includes an excitation module that introduces an excitation signal to a primary coil of a differential transformer, a measurement module that measures, at a first phase shift, a positive value of an induced signal. The induced signal is caused by the excitation signal on a secondary coil of the differential transformer. The system further includes a calculation module that compares the positive value to a last positive value to form a compared positive value, and a calibration module that changes the first phase shift based on the compared positive value.



ON-CHIP USABLE LIFE DEPLETION METER AND ASSOCIATED METHOD

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed is an integrated circuit (IC) chip having an on-chip usable life depletion meter. This meter incorporates programmable bits, which represent units of usable life. These programmable bits are sequentially ordered from an initial programmable bit to a last programmable bit and are automatically programmed in order, as the expected usable life of the IC chip is depleted. These programmable bits are readable to determine the remaining usable life of the IC chip. Also disclosed is a method that uses the on-chip usable life depletion meter. In the method, the remaining usable life of an IC chip, once known, is used either as the basis for allowing re-use of the IC chip (e.g., for a non-critical application and when the remaining usable life is sufficient) or as the basis for preventing re-use of the IC chip (e.g., for a critical application or when the remaining usable life is insufficient).



CAPACITANCE-TO-VOLTAGE CONVERSION CIRCUIT

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A capacitance-to-voltage conversion circuit including a variable capacitance element, an integration circuit, and first and second sample and hold circuits. Capacitance value of the variable capacitance element varies depending on a physical quantity. The integration circuit outputs a voltage as a result of integration. The first sample and hold circuit samples and holds the voltage. The second sample and hold circuit samples and holds the sampled voltage and performs a simultaneous sampling operation in synchronism with the first sample and hold circuit at the same period as at least an initial sampling period. The second sample and hold circuit performs a sampling operation at a rear-end period in a sampling period of the first sample and hold circuit other than the sampling period.



MEDICAL DEVICE POSITION LOCATION SYSTEMS, DEVICES AND METHODS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Methods, devices and systems for location of the disposition of a medical probe in a subject are disclosed. An array of electromagnetic drive coil sets, each set having two or three dimensionally oriented drive coils, a sensor coil being electromagnetically communicative with the array of electromagnetic drive coil sets, a discrete core wire providing response to electrical stimuli of the subject, and a system controller communicative with and adapted to energize one or more of the electromagnetic coils in the array of electromagnetic drive coil sets are disclosed. The energizing of the one or more of the electromagnetic coils including one or more of energizing the coils singly, or in pairs of x-y and y-z or x-z coils while measuring the response of the sensor coil, whereby the system uses the measurements of the responses of the sensor coil to calculate the location of the sensor coil relative to said drive coil sets.



METHOD AND POSITION SENSOR ARRANGEMENT FOR DETERMINING THE MUTUAL LOCATION OF A FIRST OBJECT AND A SECOND OBJECT

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method and a position sensor assembly for determining a mutual position between a first object (1) and a second object (2). The position sensor assembly includes a first body (3), a second body (4), a control unit, and a sensor circuit, the first body (3) and the second body (4) being mutually displaceable in relation to each other and the second body (4) presenting an unambiguous inductance value for each mutual position between the first body (3) and the second body (4). The sensor circuit includes in its turn a comparator connected to a first branch including the second body (4), a power switch and a measuring resistance connected in series with each other.



SENSOR-LESS CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR DETECTING A ROTOR POSITION

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

In accordance with an embodiment, a sensor-less detection circuit is provided that includes a first voltage adjustment circuit coupled for receiving an induced voltage and a second voltage adjustment circuit coupled for receiving a common voltage. A differential amplifier has an inverting input terminal coupled to the first voltage adjustment circuit and a noninverting input terminal coupled to the second voltage adjustment circuit. In accordance with another embodiment, a method for detecting a motor rotor position is provided that includes receiving a first back electromotive force that is at a first voltage level and shifting the first back electromotive force from the first voltage level to a second voltage level. The first back electromotive force is filtered to generate a first filtered voltage; and a first motor rotor position signal is generated in response to comparing the first filtered voltage with a reference voltage.



SENSOR-LESS CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR DETECTING A ROTOR POSITION

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

In accordance with an embodiment, a sensor-less detection circuit is provided that includes a first voltage adjustment circuit coupled for receiving an induced voltage and a second voltage adjustment circuit coupled for receiving a common voltage. A differential amplifier has an inverting input terminal coupled to the first voltage adjustment circuit and a noninverting input terminal coupled to the second voltage adjustment circuit. In accordance with another embodiment, a method for detecting a motor rotor position is provided that includes receiving a first back electromotive force that is at a first voltage level and shifting the first back electromotive force from the first voltage level to a second voltage level. The first back electromotive force is filtered to generate a first filtered voltage; and a first motor rotor position signal is generated in response to comparing the first filtered voltage with a reference voltage.



STATIONARY MAGNET VARIABLE RELUCTANCE MAGNETIC SENSORS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A position sensor includes a rotor configured to be coupled to the rotatable element for rotation therewith, a non-rotationally mounted stator, a magnet non-rotationally disposed adjacent to the stator and spaced apart from the rotor, a first magnetic sensor non-rotationally mounted between the stator and the rotor, and a second magnetic sensor non-rotationally mounted between the stator and the rotor. The rotor is constructed at least partially of a magnetically permeable material and including a first rotor pole. The stator is spaced apart from the rotor and includes a first stator pole and a second stator pole, which are spaced radially apart from each other. The first magnetic sensor is disposed adjacent the first stator pole and radially offset from the second stator pole, and the second magnetic sensor is disposed adjacent the second main pole and radially offset from the first stator pole.



SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING BLADE CLEARANCE FOR ASYMMERTIC ROTORS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A system and methods are provided for determining blade clearance for asymmetrical rotors. In one embodiment, a method includes detecting displacement data of a rotor blade coupled to a shaft, receiving tachometer data determined for rotation speed of the shaft, and resampling the displacement data of the rotor blade based on the tachometer data. Resampling may include sampling the displacement data at constant increments of shaft rotation. The method may also include determining blade clearance based on the resampled displacement data.



BIOMOLECULE SEQUENCING DEVICES, SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Devices, systems and methods for sequencing protein samples are provided. In some examples, currents generated when a monomer passes through between electrodes of a nanogap electrode pair are measured for each of several different distances, so that monomers are identified when compared to a reference physical quantity of a known monomer, which may be obtained from a current measured with a similar inter-electrode distance(s) at which each of plural kinds of monomers are identifiable and ordered with predetermined accuracy and based on a detected physical quantity obtained from a tunneling current, which may be further normalized by the use of one or more reference substances.



IMAGING USING GATED ELEMENTS

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Exemplary methods and systems may image an object of interest using one or more waveguide assemblies including gated elements. The gated elements may be configurable in a transmission state, a reception state, or a passive state. The exemplary methods and systems may deliver electromagnetic energy (e.g., microwave energy) to an object of interest using a gated element of a waveguide assembly configured in a transmission state and sample scattered field using a gated element of another waveguide assembly configured in the reception state while the remainder of gated elements are configured in the passive state.