Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe diagnostic method for a photovoltaic power system includes: a step of storing measured values of voltage and current outputted by a photovoltaic cell array, and identifying a first time period and a second time period with a lower solar radiation amount than in the first time period; a step of calculating the number of faulty photovoltaic cells on the basis of the measured values in the first time period; a step of calculating the number of faulty photovoltaic cells on the basis of the measured values in the second time period; and a step of comparing the number of faulty photovoltaic cells as calculated for the first time period, and the number of faulty photovoltaic cells as calculated for the second time period, and identifying a series resistance of the photovoltaic cells and a value indicating a degree of loss resulting from a fault in the photovoltaic cells.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA current detection device for a power semiconductor element includes an operational amplifier that fixes an emitter terminal of a sense IGBT to a voltage equal to or smaller than 1 volt of a reference voltage supply, and a current-voltage converter configured to flow in a resistor a current that is greater than and proportional to a current that flows into the operational amplifier from the sense IGBT. The current-voltage converter includes an NMOS transistor that operates with reference to an electric potential of a ground and a resistor provided at a high side of the NMOS transistor, in order to operate from the electric potential of the ground.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method of correcting warping of an acquired image in an MRI system, caused by non-linearities in gradient field profiles of gradient coils is set forth, comprising a) constructing a computer model representing conducting pathways for each gradient coil in said MRI system; b) calculating a predicted magnetic field at each point in space for each said gradient coil in said model; c) measuring actual magnetic field at each point in space for each said gradient coil in said MRI system; d) verifying accuracy of said model by comparing said predicted magnetic field to said actual magnetic field at each said point in space and in the event said model is not accurate then repeating a)-d), and in the event said model is accurate then; constructing a distortion map for mapping coordinates in real space to coordinates in warped space of said acquired image based on deviations of said predicted magnetic field from linearity; and unwarping said warping of the acquired image using said distortion map.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method for automatically updating planning of measurement volumes as a function of object motion during MRI examination of an object in which the planning images a specific subject/object anatomy by MRI, includes defining an object reference pose and a reference coordinate system for the reference pose at a time during MRI examination, with the reference coordinate system being used for planning the measurement volumes. During examination, information is obtained about an object pose change between a current object pose at the time and the reference pose. For each subsequent scan or single acquisition of imaging data during examination, pose change information is used for calculating a new coordinate system for the current pose and updating the planning of measurement volumes as a function of the new coordinate system so the imaged object anatomy remains the same throughout the scans or acquisitions of imaging data irrespective of object motion.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to a method of MR imaging of at least an object (10) placed in an examination volume of a MR device (1). It is an object of the invention to enable fast MR imaging using a multi-echo imaging technique which is robust with respect to motion. The method of the invention comprises the steps of:—subjecting the object (10) to a number of shots of a multi-echo imaging sequence, a train of echo signals being generated by each shot, acquiring the echo signals, wherein each echo signal represents a k-space profile, wherein k-space (20) is divided into a central k-space part (21) and one or more peripheral k-space parts (22, 23), wherein the central k-space part (21) is sampled by a single shot of the multi-echo imaging sequence, and wherein the peripheral k-space parts (22, 23) are sampled by one or more further shots (25, 28) of the multi-echo sequence, and—reconstructing a MR image from the k-space profiles. Moreover, the invention relates to a MR device for carrying out this method as well as to a computer program to be run on a MR device.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention provides a method for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of an area (144) of a subject of interest (120), comprising the steps of issuing a breath-hold command to the subject of interest (120), performing motion detection of the subject of interest (120) to detect a breath-hold condition in the area (144) of the subject of interest (120), upon detection of the breath-hold condition in the area (144) of the subject of interest (120), performing k-space (154) sampling of the area (144) of the subject of interest (120) with a given resolution, processing the k-space (154) samples covering the area (144) of the subject of interest (120) to obtain a MR image of the area (144) of the subject of interest (120). The present invention also provides a MR imaging system (110) for providing an image representation of an area (144) of a subject of interest (120) positioned in an examination space (116) of the MR imaging system (110), wherein the MR imaging system (110) is adapted to perform the method for magnetic resonance imaging according to the above method.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA fast 3D T2-weighted imaging system and method is disclosed that uses balanced steady state free precession (bSSFP), variable flip angles, and an interleaved multi-shot spiral-out phase encode ordering strategy to acquire high resolution T2-weighted images quickly while maintaining spatial resolution.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method of configuring a conducting grid of elements interconnected at intersecting nodes by switches is described. The method includes: constructing a background grid by connection of centroids of the cell shape of the conducting grid; identifying a subset of elements in the background grid that intersect the smooth pattern of loops; identifying a subset of elements in the conducting grid that intersect the subset of elements in the background grid; the subset of elements in the conducting grid forming a discretized pattern of loops representing the smooth pattern of loops; for each of the discretized pattern of loops identifying current-in and current-out nodes; altering the on-off state of individual switches in accordance with the discretized pattern of loops; opening the switch between each respective pair of current-in and current out nodes; and applying power to the conducting grid via at least one pair of the input and output current nodes such that the current flow through the elements generates the magnetic field profile.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA low-cost and bench-top magnetic resonance relaxometer can be used for ex-vivo biochemical stress tests on plasma/erythrocytes, enabling deep-phenotyping of an individual's oxidative status, susceptibility and capacity.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTDescribed here are systems and methods for obtaining measurements of both tissue perfusion and permeability with a magnetic resonance imaging (“MRI”) system after the administration of a single dose of contrast agent. To this end, the MRI system is directed to acquire T2*-weighted data, during which the acquired signal values are monitored for a trigger event. When the trigger event occurs, the MRI system is directed to switch from acquiring the T2*-weighted data to acquiring T1-weighted data. The systems and methods of the present invention can thus be used for a fully automated, single acquisition of perfusion and permeability measurements using only a single dose of contrast agent.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to a method of MR imaging of at least two chemical species having different MR spectra. It is an object of the invention to provide a Dixon water/fat separation technique that avoids swaps of water and fat signals in the reconstructed MR images due to large gradients of the main magnetic field B0. The method of the invention comprises the steps of: a) generating echo signals at different echo times by subjecting an object (10) positioned in a main magnetic field to a multi-echo imaging sequence of RF pulses and switched magnetic field gradients; b) acquiring the echo signals; c) correcting the acquired echo signals by virtual shimming, which comprises:—reconstructing single echo images from the echo signals;—selecting a number of voxel positions;—fitting a given mathematical function, which reproduces the spatial variation of the main magnetic field, to the echo time-dependent phase evolution of the single echo image values at the selected voxel positions; demodulating the single echo images according to the spatial variation of the main magnetic field as reproduced by the mathematical function; and d) reconstructing a MR image, wherein signal contributions of the at least two chemical species are separated on the basis of the demodulated single echo images. Moreover, the invention relates to a MR device and to a computer program to be nm on a MR device.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to a method of MR imaging of at least two chemical species having different MR spectra. It is an object of the invention to provide a PSIR-based MR imaging method which enables distinction between myocardial scar and myocardial triglyceride deposition. The method of the invention comprises the steps of: a) generating echo signals at two or more different echo times by subjecting an object (10) positioned in the examination volume of a MR device (1) to an imaging sequence of RF pulses and switched magnetic field gradients, which imaging sequence is an inversion recovery sequence comprising an inversion RF pulse followed by an excitation RF pulse after an inversion recovery time; b) acquiring the echo signals; c) separating signal contributions of the at least two chemical species to the acquired echo signals; and d) reconstructing a phase-sensitive MR image (28, 29) from the signal contributions of at least one of the chemical species. Moreover, the invention relates to a MR device and to a computer program to be run on a MR device.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention relates to a method of MR imaging of an object positioned in an examination volume of a MR device (1), the method comprises the steps of:—subjecting the object (10) to an imaging sequence of RF pulses (20) and switched magnetic field gradients(G), which imaging sequence is a zero echo time sequence comprising: i) setting a readout magnetic field gradient (G) having a readout direction and a readout strength; ii) radiating a RF pulse (20) in the presence of the readout magnetic field gradient (G); iii) acquiring a FID signal in the presence of the readout magnetic field gradient (G), wherein the FID signal represents a radial k-space sample; iv) gradually varying the readout direction; v) sampling a spherical volume in k-space by repeating steps i) through iv) a number of times, with the readout strength being varied between repetitions;—reconstructing a MR image from the acquired FID signals, wherein signal contributions of two or more chemical species to the acquired FID signals are separated. It is an object of the invention to enable silent ZTE imaging in combination with water/fat separation. This is achieved by varying the readout strength such that each position in k-space is sampled at least two times, each time with a different value of the readout strength. Moreover, the invention relates to a MR device and to a computer program for a MR device.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA radio frequency antenna device (30) for use in a magnetic resonance imaging system (10), the magnetic resonance imaging system (10) being configured for acquiring magnetic resonance images of at least a portion of a subject of interest (20); the radio frequency antenna device (30) comprising—at least one radio frequency antennae (32) that is configured for being fed with radio frequency power from at least one radio frequency channel and for applying a radio frequency field B to nuclei of or within the portion of the subject of interest (20) for magnetic resonance excitation, —at least one pickup circuit (46), including an electric or electronic device having a non-linear current-voltage characteristic, —wherein the at least one pickup circuit (46) is configured to provide a trigger signal (56) upon a transfer of the electric or electronic device between a state of high impedance and a state of low impedance, the trigger signal (56) being exploitable for shutting down a supply of radio frequency power to the at least one radio frequency antenna (32) that is magnetically coupled to the at least one inductor (48); a method of operating a magnetic resonance imaging system (10) in a safe manner with regard to effects of emitted radio frequency power; and a method of operating a magnetic resonance imaging system (10) with regard to calibration of a magnitude of an emitted radio frequency magnetic field B1.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA magnetism measuring device includes: a wall forming a cell portion; an opening which is open to a portion of the wall; a sealing material which seals the opening; a coating layer which covers the sealing material on an inside of the cell portion; and an alkali metal gas which is sealed in the cell portion.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention addresses the problem of stabilizing signals in magnetic field measurement using optical pumping. In order to solve the problem, disclosed is a light source apparatus (10) that is characterized in having: a light intensity fluctuation detection circuit (130) that detects intensity fluctuation of light outputted from a laser output unit (11); and an acousto-optic modulator (121) that corrects light intensity on the basis of light intensity fluctuation detected by means of the light intensity fluctuation detection circuit (130) such that the light intensity is constant Furthermore, a magnetic field measuring apparatus of the present invention is characterized in having: one sensor unit that passes therethrough light outputted from a light source unit: and a signal control processor that eliminates the light intensity fluctuation on the basis of two lights passed through the sensor unit.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe invention provides for a magnetic resonance imaging system (100) with a radio frequency system (114, 116, 120, 124, 126) for acquiring magnetic resonance data (142, 144, 156). The radio frequency system comprises a coil (124) with multiple antenna elements (126). The MRI system further comprises processor (133) for controlling the magnetic resonance imaging system. Execution of instructions (140, 170, 172, 174) cause the processor to: acquire (200) calibration magnetic resonance data (142) from a first field of view within the imaging zone using the multiple antenna elements, calculate (202, 300, 302, 304, 400) modified magnetic resonance data (144) by interpolating the calibration magnetic resonance data to a second field of view, calculate (204, 500, 502, 504, 602) a coil sensitivity kernel (146) by deconvolving the modified magnetic resonance data, and calculate (206, 604, 610) a coil sensitivity (148) by transforming each coil sensitivity matrix kernel into image space. The second field of view encompasses and is larger than the first field of view.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present disclosure provides a measuring head for detecting a magnetic field provided by a magnet block having three pole surfaces. The measuring head may have three magnetic conductors for conducting the magnetic field. Each magnetic conductor may include an end face, where in at least one arrangement of the three magnetic conductors, the three end faces are arranged in one plane corresponding to the arrangement of the three pole surfaces. The measuring head may also include two sensors configured to detect the magnetic field.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn one embodiment, a TMR field sensor utilizes existing one or more self-test current lines in a configuration to extend magnetic field measurement range without sacrificing measurement sensitivity. The self-test current lines are energized to facilitate magnetic field measurement when the measured magnetic field reaches a threshold. The magnetic field created by self-test coil opposes an external magnetic field being measured to keep the net magnetic field within a desired range where the magnetic field sensor has linear output and desired sensitivity.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present disclosure provides an anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) sensor. The AMR sensor comprises: a substrate layer; a buffer layer disposed on the substrate layer; a cap layer disposed on the buffer layer; and an intermediate layer disposed between the buffer layer and the cap layer and comprising a ferromagnetic layer and an antiferromagnetic layer. A magnetic moment of the ferromagnetic layer is oriented randomly after the ferromagnetic layer is interfered by an external large magnetic field. The magnetic moment of the ferromagnetic layer can be rearranged by an exchange bias between the antiferromagnetic layer and the ferromagnetic layer, such that the magnetic moment of the ferromagnetic layer is oriented uniformly after the ferromagnetic layer is interfered by a large magnetic field, thereby setting a direction of the magnetic moment of the ferromagnetic layer (SET function). A push-pull full bridge circuit based on the above anisotropic magnetoresistance sensor is also provided.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA magnetic sensor is provided in which in a case where magnetization amounts of the first ferromagnetic layer and the second ferromagnetic layer in the first magnetic sensor element are respectively set to be Mst11 and Mst12 and magnetization amounts of the first ferromagnetic layer and the second ferromagnetic layer in the second magnetic sensor element are respectively set to be Mst21 and Mst22, in a case of Mst11>Mst12, a relationship of Mst21>Mst22 is satisfied, and in a case of Mst11
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn a magnetic detection apparatus that prevents the output waveform from deviating regardless of whether two magneto-resistance elements are displaced relative to a magnet or accurately disposed relative to the magnet, the above two magneto-resistance elements are angled in consideration of a change in the direction of application of the magnetic field during displacement of the positional relationship and the anisotropy of the magneto-resistance elements so that the magneto-resistance elements are oriented in a direction in which the deviation of the output waveform caused by a change in the magnitude of application of the magnetic field during displacement of the positional relationship is cancelled, thereby preventing the detection accuracy of a magnetic moving body (detection target) being affected even if the magneto-resistance elements are displaced relative to the magnet due to manufacturing variations.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA magnetic sensor includes a substrate, magnetoresistive effect elements arranged on a surface of the substrate, a first wiring line arranged on a surface of the substrate, an insulation layer configured to cover the magnetoresistive effect elements and the first wiring line, a soft magnetic body arranged on the insulation layer, and a second wiring line arranged on the insulation layer, wherein the magnetoresistive effect elements each extend in a first direction and are arranged while being separated from each other in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction in a case of viewing in plan the substrate, the soft magnetic body includes a first direction extension portion that extends in the first direction, and when viewed in plan, the first direction extension portion is arranged between the magnetoresistive effect elements, and the second wiring line is connected to the first wiring line.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA magnetic measuring device can be downsized. The magnetic measuring device includes a diamond crystal, a microwave source, a light source array/microwave circuit chip, an image sensor, and a signal controller. The diamond crystal contains a plurality of nitrogen-vacancy pairs. The microwave source generates the microwave that is irradiated to the diamond crystal. The microwave circuit unit in the light source array/microwave circuit chip irradiates the diamond crystal with the microwave. The light source array in the light source array/microwave circuit chip irradiates the diamond crystal with excitation light. The image sensor detects an intensity of fluorescent light generated from the diamond crystal. The signal controller performs image processing of a fluorescent image taken-in by the image sensor, and controls operations of the light source array/microwave circuit chip and the microwave source. The light source array/microwave circuit chip is provided on a first surface side of the diamond crystal, and the image sensor is provided on a second surface side opposed to the first surface of the diamond crystal.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA circuit includes a current source having at least first terminal and a second, control terminal. The current source is configured to receive a current control signal at the control terminal and in response thereto generates a first current signal at the first terminal. The current control signal controls a current level of the first current signal. The circuit also includes at least one sensing element responsive to one or more sense parameters and having an input adapted to couple to the first terminal of said current source. The sensing element is configured to receive one or more current signals comprising at least the first current signal and in response thereto generates a sensed output signal at an output thereof. A corresponding method for operating the circuit is also provided.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA battery management system for a battery pack including a plurality of battery cells connected in series is provided. The battery management system includes a first switching unit coupled to an anode of a first battery cell of the battery pack, having a first P-type transistor coupled to the anode of the first battery cell, a first resistor coupled between the anode of the first battery cell and a gate of the first P-type transistor, and a current mirror coupled to the gate of the first P-type transistor and the first resistor, draining a first mirror current from the first resistor in response to a control signal, so as to turn on the first P-type transistor. The system further includes a detection circuit coupled to the first switching unit.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided are apparatuses and methods for diagnosing failure of a current sensor of a battery system for an eco-friendly vehicle. One apparatus for diagnosing failure of a current sensor of a battery system for an eco-friendly vehicle includes a high voltage battery, a current sensor configured to measure a current output from the high voltage battery, and a controller configured to measure an offset current through the current sensor when an ignition key is turned off or turned on, and diagnose failure of the current sensor on the basis of the measured offset current.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAccording to an embodiment of a switch device, the switch device includes a first switch, a second switch and an evaluation circuit. The evaluation circuit is configured to evaluate a temporal behavior of a node between the first switch and the second switch to detect a possible fault condition of at least one of the first switch or the second switch. A corresponding fault detection method for a switch device having a first switch and a second switch is also provided.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA device testing approach employs optical antennas at test locations of a semiconductor device, usable as either/both radiators or receivers. As a radiator, an antenna responds to localized optical energy at a test location of the device to generate corresponding radiated optical energy that can be sensed and processed by a test system. As a receiver, an antenna receives radiated optical energy as generated by a test system and converts the energy into corresponding localized optical energy for affecting operation of the device. The optical antennas may be formed from metal segments on the same metal layers used for signal interconnections in the device, and thus the disclosed approach can provide enhanced test functionality without burdening the device manufacturing process with additional complexity solely to support testing. The testing approach may be used in different modalities in which the antennas variably act as transmitters, receivers, and reflectors/refractors.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed is a method wherein selective voltage binning and leakage power screening of integrated circuit (IC) chips are performed. Additionally, pre-test power-optimized bin reassignments are made on a chip-by-chip basis. Specifically, a leakage power measurement of an IC chip selected from a voltage bin can is compared to a bin-specific leakage power screen value of the next slower voltage bin. If the leakage power measurement is higher, the IC chip will be left in the voltage bin to which it is currently assigned. If the leakage power measurement is lower, the IC chip will be reassigned to that next slower voltage bin. These processes can be iteratively repeated until no slower voltage bins are available or the IC chip cannot be reassigned. IC chips can subsequently be tested according to testing parameters, including the minimum test voltages, associated with the voltage bins to which they are finally assigned.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTInterfacial delamination of a resin multilayer body from a ceramic multilayer body that occurs in a multilayer circuit board composed of a ceramic multilayer body and a resin multilayer body thereon is reduced, and the warpage of the multilayer circuit board is reduced. A multilayer circuit board includes a ceramic multilayer body that is a stack of multiple ceramic layers and a resin multilayer body that is a stack of multiple resin insulating layers to and is on the ceramic multilayer body. The resin multilayer body contains dummy electrode pads for relaxing shrinkage stress in the resin multilayer body. This lessens the stress on the interface between the ceramic multilayer body and the resin multilayer body because the dummy electrode pads work to prevent the resin multilayer body from shrinking.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA thermal control unit used to maintain a set point temperature on an integrated circuit device under test, has at least one cooling plate configured to facilitate the testing of integrated circuits where the device under test requires efficient cooling.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTExample devices and methods for compensating for monitoring a surge protection device are provided. In some embodiments, a device is configured to couple to a surge protection device. The device comprises a processor that is capable of sending a DC current signal. A serial data interface is electrically connected to the processor and includes at least one shift register. The device also comprises a multiplexer coupled to the serial data interface. The serial data interface is operable to direct the DC current through the multiplexer. The device also comprises an analog to digital converter (optionally embedded within the processor) that is operable to output a digital signal corresponding to a voltage induced by the DC current signal. Returned DC signals represent surge protection device's health and a multitude of other surge module information.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn apparatus for noncontact sensing of a voltage response characteristic and/or maximum open-circuit voltage (MOCV) of photovoltaic semiconductor specimens includes a high intensity wide spectrum light source adapted to emit light through a conductive probe tip; the conductive probe tip is situated in spatial relationship with a vacuum chuck to form a capacitive specimen wafer interrogation space upon which specimen wafers are located; the high intensity light source emits light through the conductive probe tip, said light impinges a specimen wafer located within the interrogation space, and voltage response across the probe tip, wafer interrogation space, and vacuum chuck is amplified and recorded.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method and arrangement for determining a capacitor degradation parameter associated with the degree of degradation of a cell capacitor in a converter cell of a power converter including a plurality of identical converter cells, including redundant converter cells, which converter cell, prior to determining the capacitor degradation parameter, has been bypassed. The method includes a) obtaining a measurement parameter value associated with discharging of the cell capacitor, forming a dc-link, from a measurement start voltage level at a measurement start time to a measurement end voltage level at a measurement end time, and b) determining a value of the capacitor degradation parameter based on the measurement parameter value.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA system for testing electrical continuity of a device to a source wherein there is at least one conductor connecting the device to the source can include a reference capacitive load, an oscillator, and a microprocessor. The oscillator is selectively connected to the reference capacitive load and each conductor connecting the device to the source such that the frequency output of the oscillator is a function of the selected capacitive load of the oscillator. Each conductor connecting the device to the source is connected to the oscillator such that when each one is selectively connected, the output of the oscillator is a function of that conductor's parasitic self-capacitance. The microprocessor can then compare the frequency of the signal generated when each conductor is connected to the oscillator with the frequency of the signal generated when the reference capacitive load is connected.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA testing system includes a vacuum pump, testing equipment and a vibration device. A vacuum tray is configured to provide relative movement between a DUT and the vacuum pump, testing equipment and the vibration device. The vacuum tray includes a vacuum chamber configured to define a sealed vacuum environment around the DUT, and a DUT support carried by the vacuum chamber and configured to support the DUT within the chamber during testing thereof. The DUT support includes a pedestal configured to hold the DUT within the chamber during vibration testing, and an extension that extends outside the vacuum chamber and is configured to connect to the vibration device. An electrical test interface unit is carried by the vacuum chamber and configured to connect between the DUT and the test equipment, and a vacuum interface is carried by the vacuum chamber and configured to connect to the vacuum pump.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn order to reliably determine the supply voltages (Ui) of the individual phases (L1, L2, L3) of a load (4) in a multiphase supply network (2), in particular a three-phase supply network, a measuring module (6) is provided and is used to determine the supply voltages (Ui) from measuring voltages (Ui,mess) with the aid of a matrix operation. The matrix operation is used, in particular, to compensate for potential differences or potential shifts between the measuring system and the supply network (2) without the need for hardware measures, for example a voltage transformer.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA system comprises an integrated circuit package, an inductor that is part of a power supply, and a printed circuit board (PCB) having a metal trace disposed directly below the inductor when viewed from a top-down perspective. The integrated circuit package includes a first terminal, a second terminal, and a novel inductor current detection and calibration circuit. The first terminal is coupled to a first end of the metal trace and the second terminal is coupled to a second end of the metal trace. During operation of the power supply, the novel circuit detects an OCP condition whereby an output current of the power supply exceeds an OCP level. The novel circuit detects the OCP condition in part by sensing a voltage across the metal trace. After calibration at room temperature, the novel circuit performs accurate OCP detection over a range of temperatures without using any temperature sensor near inductor.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method for sensing the current in a high-electron-mobility transistor (HEMT) that compensates for changes in a drain-to-source resistance of the HEMT. The method includes receiving a sense voltage representative of the current in the HEMT, receiving a compensation signal representative of a drain-to-source voltage of the HEMT, and outputting as a compensated sense voltage a linear combination of the sense voltage and the compensation signal.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn apparatus is provided that measures usage of a motor unit having a motor and a motor cable leading to the motor to provide operational power to the motor. The apparatus includes a housing that attaches to the motor cable such that the motor cable passes through an interior region of the housing. A sensor is situated in the interior region of the housing and is operable to sense current that flows in the motor cable. The apparatus has a counter that logs accumulated time of operation of the motor based on an amount of time that current is sensed by the sensor to be flowing in the motor cable.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA detection circuit for detecting an external device with a specific resistance is provided. The detection circuit includes a first resistor, a second resistor, a first converter, a second converter, a device converter, a first current comparator, and a second current comparator. The first resistor has a first resistance. The second resistor has a second resistance. The first converter is configured to convert the first resistance into a first current. The second converter is configured to convert the second resistance into a second current. The device converter is configured to convert the specific resistance into a specific current. The first current comparator is configured to compare the specific current with the first current, and generate a first output signal. The second current comparator is configured to compare the specific current with the second current, and generate a second output signal.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe chip scale current sensor package comprises an IC chip (1) including a sensor (5) for measuring a magnetic field, and an electrically conductive layer (2) applied to a main surface (10) of the IC chip. The sensor is arranged for a measurement of a magnetic field generated by an electric current (6) flowing in the electrically conductive layer, and the electrically conductive layer is insulated from contact pads (4) electrically connecting the IC.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn electric current detector which is mountable on a circuit board on which there is mounted a fluxgate-type magnetic sensor IC chip which detects magnetic flux for electric current detection, including: a substantially ring-shaped core which forms a magnetic-path for magnetic flux induced by detection-target electric current, wherein the core includes a gap which is arranged to become substantially parallel with respect to the circuit board when mounting the aforesaid electric current detector on the circuit board and which is at a place positioned on or on the upper side of the magnetic sensor IC chip in the magnetic-path when mounting the aforesaid electric current detector on the circuit board.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn electrical current transducer is disclosed including a primary conductor bar for carrying the current to be measured, a magnetic core comprising a magnetic circuit gap, a magnetic field sensor having a circuit board and a magnetic field detector positioned in the magnetic circuit gap, and an insulating housing surrounding the magnetic core and magnetic field sensor. The primary conductor bar has connection terminal ends extending outside of the housing configured for connection to an external primary conductor. The primary conductor bar further includes a core passage section having a reduced width in comparison to the connection terminal ends extending outside of the housing thereby providing an indent within which the magnetic field detector is positioned such that a central passage of the magnetic core has a width less than the width of the primary conductor connection ends. The insulating housing comprises a main housing portion overmolded around the core passage section of the primary conductor bar, the main housing portion comprising a magnetic field sensor receiving slot configured to allow slideable insertion of the magnetic field sensor into the primary conductor bar indent for positioning in the magnetic circuit gap.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA testing apparatus with reduced warping of the probe card and a method of reducing warping of a probe card of a testing apparatus are disclosed. The testing apparatus can include a testing head and a platform opposite the testing head, where the testing head and platform move relative to one another to bring a sample into contact with probing tips of the testing apparatus. The testing head can include a probe card printed circuit board, a stiffener, a discontinuous backer and a plurality of probing tips. The stiffener can be coupled to and reinforcing the probe card. The discontinuous backer can extend from the probe card to the stiffener, and can include at least one unfilled void extending from the stiffener to the probe card. The plurality of probing tips can extend from a distal end of the testing head.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA socket includes: a plurality of contact probes; a pin block which is configured to support the plurality of contact probes; and a retainer which is configured to support the plurality of contact probes. The pin block and the retainer are stacked and fixed to each other. The retainer is engaged with the pin block by concavo-convex engagement.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method is described that includes configuring multiple test units of a semiconductor device tester with respective information indicating respective storage space within either or both of an off load processing unit and central control unit of the tester. The method further includes streaming DUT data from the test units to their respective storage space within at least one of the off load processing unit and the central control unit such that the test units continually initiate the sending of their respective DUT data to their respective storage space.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA non-ferrous shaft includes multiple non-integral ferrous tooth components, thereby allowing a sensor to detect the shaft speed.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn aspect of the present disclosure may provide a defect detection apparatus and method for a steel plate, in which a defect in a steel plate may be detected, and particularly, only an inner defect in the steel plate may be detected, even with a relatively low amplification rate.